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january 2014

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Hero of humanity Nelson Mandela, 1918-2013

“What counts in life is not the mere fact that we have lived. It is what difference we have made to the lives of others that will determine the significance of the life we lead.�

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Interact january 2014

Your free take-home copy - exclusive to Airlink passengers


january 2014

freedom for executives on the move

Hero of humanity Nelson Mandela, 1918-2013

“What counts in life is not the mere fact that we have lived. It is what difference we have made to the lives of others that will determine the significance of the life we lead.” SkyDec Cover.indd 4

2013/12/11 6:48 AM

Nelson Mandela, 1918-2013

freedom for executives on the move

Thank you for the magic, Madiba By the time you read this, our beloved Madiba would have been laid to rest. Over the past weeks, there have been so many poignant words used to pay homage to Tata. Rather than rehash those words, we bring you an excerpt from the iconic statesman’s presidential inauguration speech in 1994 as tribute to the man, the humanitarian, the leader and the inspiration to us all. “Our daily deeds as ordinary South Africans must produce an actual South African reality that will reinforce humanity's belief in justice, strengthen its confidence in the nobility of the human soul and sustain all our hopes for a glorious life for all. “… I have no hesitation in saying that each one of us is as intimately attached to the soil of this beautiful country as are the famous jacaranda trees of Pretoria and the mimosa trees of the bushveld. Each time one of us touches the soil of this land, we feel a sense of personal renewal. The national mood changes as the seasons change. “We are moved by a sense of joy and exhilaration when the grass turns green and the flowers bloom. We, the people of South Africa, feel fulfilled that humanity has taken us back into its bosom, that we, who were outlaws not so long ago, have today been given the rare privilege to be host to the nations of the world on our own soil. “The time for the healing of the wounds has come. The moment to bridge the chasms that divide us has come. The time to build is upon us. Let there be justice for all. Let there be peace for all. Let there be work, bread, water and salt for all. Let each know that for each the body, the mind and the soul have been freed to fulfil themselves.” Rest in peace Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela. You may have left us but your spirit will live on forever. The Skyways team

PUBLISHER Urs Honegger

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Gerard Peter MANAGING EDITOR Deanne Dudley SENIOR SUB EDITOR Vanessa Koekemoer SUB EDITORS Noleen Fourie, Nicolette Els CONTRIBUTORS Dale Hayes, John Knowlton

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DISTRIBUTION Republican News Agency ISSN 1025-2657

PRINTERS Ultra-Litho, Johannesburg

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Skyways Magazine is published monthly and distributed via Airlink. All rights reserved. Reproduction of this magazine in whole or in part is prohibited without prior written permission of Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. Copyright © 1994-2013 Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. The views expressed in Skyways Magazine are not necessarily those of Panorama Publications or Airlink, and the acceptance and publication of editorial and advertising matterial in Skyways Magazine does not imply any endorsement or warranty in respect of goods or services therein described, whether by Skyways Magazine or the publishers. Skyways Magazine will not be held responsible for the safe return of unsolicited editorial contributions. The Editor reserves the right to edit material submitted and in appropriate cases to translate into another language. Skyways Magazine reserves the right to reject any advertising or editorial material, which may not suit the standard of the publication, without reason given. Skyways Magazine is published by Panorama Publications on behalf of Airlink. PUBLISHED BY Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. Private Bag X4, Kyalami, 1684, South Africa. 92 Campolino Road, Kyalami. Tel: 011 468 2090 Fax: 011 468 2091

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contents contents

12 bits & bytes


01 14

REGULARS 8 Be scene Events calendar 10 Airlink spreads its wings New additions to the flight schedule 12 In brief News from around the world 18 Panorama Your world in pictures 75 In-flight entertainment Sudoku and Battleship 76 Find it fast Sky Café directory 82 Flight plan Your Airlink timetable 86 Leafing over Witty words about New Year’s resolutions 88 Egg-citing 10 things you didn’t know about Fabergé eggs 90 Didya know? Skyways quiz 96 Talespin Making a futile fashion statement

32 take it to the limit

SOUL 20 Streets of gold On tour in downtown Jozi 24 Time travel Turn the clock back 300 years in Tulbagh 28 Fantastic five Our top accommodation picks for 2013 67 Read right Book reviews 68 Gardens of inspiration Beechwood: A sense of perfection 72 On that note The real meaning behind a Bruce Springsteen classic 92 Captain’s choice Get dressed to the nines snow patrol


lyrical legend


MIND 32 When the tough get going Taking on the Kalahari Augrabies Extreme Marathon 36 Walk the talk Labour law negotiations 38 School’s in New buildings give hope to young learners 40 Click to learn The benefits of online training 44 Cry me a river Controlling your emotions in the workplace 48 Environment watch Protecting our food resources BODY 62 Let’s go outside Simple-to-prepare à la carte recipes 66 Through the grapevine Masters share their favourite wines MOTORING 54 Snow Patrol Nissan Patrol tested in Lesotho TRADE 46 Tech review 58 Property


Of South Africans have access to running water

126,000,000,000,000 The amount of energy in horsepower that the sun provides our planet with every day


Cape Minstrel Carnival

This annual event is Cape Town’s longest-running street party, dating back almost 200 years. Expect bright colours and thousands of musicians, singers and dancers.  1 to 31 January 2014  Cape Town i

Kirstenbosch Summer Concerts The breathtaking botanical gardens transform into an outdoor concert venue on Sunday afternoons, featuring a line-up of local talent. So bring your friends and family, pack a picnic basket and come enjoy!  Until 6 April 2014  Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens i

The Parlotones live GAUTENG

Bastille live in SA

Bastille, one of the fastest rising bands on the international circuit, is coming to perform live in Cape Town and Jo’burg in 2014. Topping the charts all over the world, and placing in the top five on iTunes with their famous songs – Pompeii, Bad Blood and Flaws – Bastille have now become firm favourites in SA too. Catch them live in Jo’burg at Emmarentia Dam in an openair concert set among the beautiful scenery. Cape Town event sold out.  11 January 2014


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 Emmarentia Dam i

Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band live He’s sold 120 million albums worldwide, has won numerous awards in his 30-year career and was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1999. Bruce Springsteen makes his way to our shores this January with performances in Jo’burg and Cape Town.  2 6 to 29 January 2014 at The Bellville Velodrome in Cape Town and 1 February 2014 at FNB Stadium in Jo’burg. i

This multiplatinum-selling SA rock band will perform in front of 600 people at an intimate event that takes place at a unique venue in a forest. Tickets are R300.  4 January 2014  Hope @ Paul Cluver i

L’Ormarins Queen’s Plate The eyes of the international horseracing fraternity will be on Cape Town when England’s Glorious Goodwood holds a highprofile race during the 11th running of South Africa’s most prestigious equestrian event, the L’Ormarins Queen’s Plate. The Glorious Goodwood Peninsula Stakes will be the second internationally recognised

97.5km/h The highest speed at which an ostrich has been clocked

1,16 million

People live in the Northern Cape, the least populated province

 15 January 2014  Church Street i or 021 886 8275 K WA Z U L U - N ATA L

Kearsney Striders Half Marathon

race on the card along with the L’Ormarins Queen’s Plate, the only horserace in South Africa which grants its winner automatic entry to the Breeders’ Cup, the world’s biggest race day held annually in the USA.  11 January 2014  Kenilworth Racecourse, Cape Town i


The Rocky Horror Show Do the Time Warp and enjoy the interactive aspect of this cult classic. Certain nights are dress-up performances,

Stellenbosch Street Soiree Every month the lower part of Church Street becomes a bustling hive of activity, featuring good wine, delicious eats and local music. R30 gets you a glass so you can taste an array of wines while sampling the street food and listening to local minstrel group, the Mystros.

so don fishnets and feather boas and get into the swing of things!  24 January to 30 March 2014  Pieter Toerien Theatre, Montecasino i

Starting in the suburb of Botha’s Hill, this is a circular route and the direction alternates each year. Part of the route is along the Comrades route and up to the Alverstone Tower. Walkers are welcome to take part in the walkers’ event which is approximately 16km long.  Sunday 19 January 2014  Botha’s Hill i 082 777 6393 MPUMALANGA

Wildflower Day

What better way is there to celebrate summer than at the annual Wildflower Day in Chrissiemeer, Mpumalanga. The area produces exquisite flowers from August to February, including field flowers, wild orchids and many more. Spend the day exploring and discovering new and beautiful flowers. Join one of the groups where a local wildflower guide will take you on a walk and introduce you to some of the many varietals.  18 January 2014  Chrissiemeer i 076 039 8285


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40,000 tons This amount of meteoric dust hits the Earth each year

Airlink spreads its wings New services suit same-day returning travellers

How to get there

10 01 14

Book online at, contact your travel agent or SAA Central Reservations on 011 978 1111.

Airlink recently introduced new services on the routes Johannesburg, Bloemfontein, Kimberley and Richards Bay. The services are in response to popular demand and will be at ideal times in order to satisfy the requirements of the same-day returning travellers in both directions. Airlink offers its customers and travel trade partners a choice of service providers on these important domestic routes. The new services will be offered at attractive pricing and will enable customers to earn Voyager Frequent Flyer Miles. The services will be backed by Airlink’s customer centricity, operational reliability and high service standards. In addition, Airlink has added afternoon flights to its Johannesburg-Skukuza schedule, which commences in June 2014. A second Johannesburg-Skukuza flight, commencing on 1 August 2014, has been made available for sale in the global distribution systems. Airlink will now

1.25 seconds The time it takes for moonlight to reach the Earth

be offering two daily return flights operating between Johannesburg and Skukuza. From June 2014 Airlink will also be offering a daily return flight between Cape Town and Skukuza. It is anticipated that in due course a Durban-Skukuza flight will also be added. Airlink’s Johannesburg-Skukuza flights depart at 10:00 and 13:20 and have been specifically timed to connect with the morning international arriving flight wave banks, as well as other connecting domestic and regional flights. The Cape Town-Skukuza flight departs at 10:35, arriving at Skukuza at 13:05. The expanded schedule will provide tour operators and agents with additional flexibility when confirming their travellers' itineraries. The reintroduction of scheduled air services to Skukuza airport, which is located within the Kruger Park in close proximity to SANParks’ Skukuza Camp, is a significant step forward in the process of improving visitor convenience and access to this world-renowned wildlife destination. Airlink is the largest independent regional airline in southern Africa, linking more passengers to the smaller towns, cities and regional centres than any other local airline, servicing more than 32 destinations in southern Africa, and utilising a fleet of Jetstream 41 aircraft, ERJ 135 jet aircraft and BAe RJ85 aircraft. The airline currently carries more than one million passengers annually by way of 35,000 flight missions. Text and photographs | Supplied


The number of tennis balls used in the 2013 Wimbledon Championship


The number of species of bacteria in the human colon


All eyes on you

The next time you walk into a shop, consider this: you may not be using your phone, but it is giving out a unique signal that the retailer may be monitoring.


face scanner may check your age and gender while sensors pick up your body heat to help locate popular parts of the store. Consumers have become used to players like Amazon closely following their shopping habits online, triggering targeted product recommendations, advertising and offers. To counter the online threat, ‘bricks and mortar’ retailers are playing catch-up, using increasingly sophisticated technology to improve staffing, layout and marketing. “Our customers are trying to run their stores or malls more efficiently,” said Bill McCarthy, Europe and Middle East head of ShopperTrak, the US firm behind the Godiva counters. The ability to track customers on their smartphones in the vicinity of a store should help bricks and mortar retailers fend off the online threat in other ways too, said Dan Wagner, head of e-commerce and mobile payment firm Powa Technologies. “Geolocation is what is going to transform the leverage that a physical retailer has versus an online retailer,” he said. “If I transmit my location to the retailer, they could say I have a store 300 yards away. You could drop by in half an hour and I’ll have your goods for you. Amazon can’t do that.” Source: IOL

12 01 14


A close shave in more ways than one The next time you head to the barber for your close-shave haircut, be sure to pack your own clippers.


University of Cape Town study on the health risks associated with close-shave haircuts has found that there needs to be increased education on adequate sterilisation of barber equipment between each customer. Nonhlanhla Khumalo, head of dermatology at the university, conducted two studies on health risks of the haircut popular among African men. These men were also predisposed to folliculitis keloidalis nuchae (FKN) scars on the back of the head. ‘Haircut-associated

bleeding’ was a newly recognised entity which was found to affect about 25% of African men who chose to wear their hair in this style. During a population study in Langa (Cape Town) it had emerged that 32% of participants noted haircut-associated bleeding. This had prompted the study on the health risks associated with the chiskop haircut. “The risk of transmission of blood-borne infection via haircuts is likely to be low, but requires formal quantification,” Khumalo said. “The simple message is, if you wear a close-shave haircut, make sure your barber uses a steriliser or (clearly labelled) antiviral spray on clippers; methylated spirits are not enough. Otherwise, take your own clipper for him to use.” Source: IOL



The year that boxing became a legal sport

The number of functions that the human liver performs

each game. The original post read: “The referee seems to have picked up an injury, looks like he cannot continue.” Details of the incident continued before the abandonment was confirmed by the club. “Someone came forward to officiate the game, but #ColwynBay has protested against this as the person smelt of alcohol.” “All the players are going off now, it looks like the game may have been abandoned.” The FA said it could not comment on the incident until the full details had been received from all parties. Source: The Mirror


Rise of the drug-resistant superbugs The rise of drug-resistant superbugs could make routine operations deadly within a generation, experts have warned.


Turmeric spice beats the blues A spice used in curry may help tackle depression.


n a trial in Canada, young people with bipolar disorder are being given supplements containing curcumin, the main component of turmeric, a bright yellow spice. The patients at the Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto have symptoms of depression despite taking a traditional mood-stabilising treatment. Curcumin will be added to their medication for two months. Previous research has shown curcumin acts on a compound called brainderived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which helps in the development and functioning of nerve cells. Patients experiencing acute bipolar episodes have been found to have lower levels of BDNF; levels increase when they recover. Source: IOL


Drunk referee causes football match postponement An FA Trophy clash between Altrincham and Colwyn Bay was postponed after a possible standin referee was deemed too drunk to officiate.


ollowing an injury to the appointed referee in the 83rd minute, a PA system at Llanelian Road made an appeal for a standin official to cover the final minutes, with Altrincham 2-0 up. One supporter, claiming to be a grade five qualified referee, offered his services, which were refused by hosts Colwyn Bay in a bizarre turn of events. The Welsh side protested against the second appointment, insisting the referee was too drunk to officiate the game. The incident was one of several included on Altrincham’s official Twitter account, which conducts a blow-by-blow commentary for

nless immediate action is taken, death rates could return to the rates seen a hundred years ago as growing numbers of infections become resistant to our most powerful antibiotics. Writing in a special editorial in The Lancet, leading health experts said modern medicine could soon face a ‘dire setback’ unless the issue was made a global priority. It is the latest in a series of warnings about antibiotic resistance which has raised legitimate fears that in just a few years, simple infections may no longer respond to medical treatment, making routine surgery such as a hip replacement deadly. They are calling for improved protection of our current stock of antibiotics and better incentives for the pharmaceutical industry to develop new drugs. But with antibiotics liberally used in agriculture, and available over the counter in many countries, these efforts will be undermined without a united global effort. No new class of antibiotic has been discovered since 1987. In contrast, a new infection emerges on an almost yearly basis. Source: Daily Mail

13 01 14



The average number of snails that French citizens eat per year

The age of the oldest bird on record. His name was Cocky, a cockatoo who lived in London Zoo


How does the albatross glide?

The mighty albatross can use his huge 3.5m wings to circumnavigate the globe in just 46 days.


ut his ability to travel 16,000km in a single journey, without expending almost any energy, has long confounded scientists. Now, a team of researchers believe they have worked out how these majestic creatures are able to stay aloft in the skies without flapping their enormous wings. The researchers, led by Gottfried Sachs of the University of Technology, Munich, used advanced GPS tracking on a group of 16 wandering albatrosses. This allowed them to measure each bird’s position 10 times a second and to within a few centimetres, providing a detailed record of their flight path. They found that once in the air, the birds performed a flying trick that seemed to involve characteristic





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Western Sahara Mauritania

Senegal Gambia Guinea Sierra Leone Liberia



Eritrea Chad

Burkina Faso Cote D’Ivore Ghana



Benin Nigeria Togo



Cnrt. African Rep.


Equatorial Guinea Gabon


Congo DRC


Rwanda Burundi Tanzania




Malawi Zambia Zimbabwe


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Babies were born in South Africa in 2013

repetitive up and down manoeuvres – a technique known as ‘dynamic soaring’. Dynamic soaring involves the birds gaining height by angling their wings while flying into the wind. They can then turn and swoop along for up to 100m at speeds of up to 108km/h. By repeatedly using this method, the scientists believe the wandering albatross can travel thousands of miles without flapping his wings. Source: Daily Mail


Mystery of the kettle whistle solved The sound that a boiling kettle makes has always baffled scientists.


ow, a group of Cambridge University researchers say they have found the reason – and it’s to do with the speed steam is funnelled through the spout when

you’re making that all-important brew. They explained that as a kettle boils, the air moves faster and wobbles when it travels through the narrowest part of the spout. Then as the steam escapes it creates tiny ‘vortices’ – whirlwindlike eddies that can produce sound at certain frequencies. Although the finding might sound

trivial, it could help solve other problems. Researcher Ross Henrywood said: “Pipes and vehicle exhausts are classic examples. Once we know where the whistle is coming from, we can potentially get rid of it.” Source: IOL

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The average number of children per woman in SA


Of the South African population is estimated to be living with HIV

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Woman makes bomb threats because she was late for court A woman in Connecticut, USA, made seven anonymous bomb threat calls to courthouses, law enforcement agencies and newsrooms all because she was late for her own hearing.


n December, Jennifer Chirico (30) admitted to making the threats back in March, according to the Hartford Courant. Federal prosecutors say Chirico wanted to postpone her hearing for a minor criminal charge. On 8 March, she and others reportedly told several agencies that she had set up bombs due to explode that morning. She attempted to disguise her voice on the phone. She targeted courts in Waterbury, Harford and New Haven. No bombs were found at the sites, but Chirico was arrested and released on a $10,000 bond at the time. She faces one count of telephonic bomb threats, which carries a maximum term of imprisonment of 10 years. Source: Huffington Post

16 01 14


Perfectly preserved baby dino skeleton unearthed Dinosaurs, traditionally, are big and fierce. But researchers have unearthed a perfectly preserved skeleton of a baby dinosaur who's more Disney than dangerous-looking.


he remains are of a baby horned dinosaur called a Chasmosaurine, found in Dinosaur Provincial Park in Alberta, Canada. Chasmosaurine is a distant cousin of the more famous Triceratops (the creature who was ill on Jurassic Park). The Chasmosaurine was found by Professor Phil Currie of the University of Alberta. “The

big ones just preserve better. They don’t get eaten, they don’t get destroyed by animals. You always hope that you’re going to find something small and that it will turn out to be a dinosaur,” Currie stated. Professor Currie’s field team estimate that their baby dinosaur was about three years old when he died. He measures over 1.5m in length, but would have been 5m long and heavier than an Indian elephant had he reached adulthood. Analysis of the soil suggested that the dinosaur’s final resting place was watery – and so he had probably drowned. Professor Currie added: “I think he may have just gotten trapped out of his league in terms of water current.” Source: Daily Mail

Tribute to Mandela

No one is born hating another person because of the colour of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite.

18 01 14

Nelson Mandela 1918-2013

Nelson Mandela with (from left) RW Charlton (Wits VC), Justices Richard Goldstone, Ismail Mohamed and Arthur Chaskalson at the 1996 Wits reunion of students from the 1940s and 50s

A young Madiba dressed in traditional garb

A copy of signatures (including those of Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo) at the establishment of the ANC Youth League in 1944

19 01 14

free | soul

Roof of Africa The Carlton Centre – known as the Roof of Africa – stands 223m tall and offers incredible 360-degree views from its observation deck on the 50th floor. The building has been the tallest skyscraper in Africa since 1971, and will only be surpassed by the Alger Medina in Algiers, which will stand 430m tall when completed. In its heyday the Carlton Centre was a city block of pure opulence, housing boutiques and upmarket shops. Next door to the Carlton Centre was the Carlton Hotel, which was the hotel to stay at in its day and has seen many a famous soul in its past. The centre also housed the Skyrink, which was an indoor ice rink about 19 floors up. Both the hotel and ice rink are now closed, but it is quite a lively mall consisting of most of the major chains that are healthy trade, good trade.

Gold rush


Johannesburg has plenty to offer any visitor and one of the best ways to explore all of these sites is a day sightseeing tour. Here are a few of the Jo’burg gems you can see in a single-day visit to the City of Gold.

Themed around the Johannesburg gold rush in the late 1800s, Gold Reef City is an entertainment complex that comprises a theme park and casino. History and entertainment come together at the complex, which is situated on an old gold mine. In addition to water slides and rollercoasters, the old mining-style theme park is a heritage hotspot. Visitors can explore the park’s museum houses and learn about gold mining. You can also watch smelted gold being poured into casts, enjoy traditional gumboot dancing and even try your hand at panning for gold. The famous Apartheid Museum, a stone’s throw from the casino, offers a look into a different kind of South African history. The museum conveys the full story of apartheid in brilliant yet disturbing detail.

Get a move on The James Hall Museum of Transport (JHMT) is the

Hit the Take a sightseeing tour to experience the magic of Jozi

20 01 14

largest and most comprehensive museum of land transport in South Africa, with thematic displays and exhibits in the various exhibition halls. It was established by the late Jimmie Hall together with the City of Johannesburg in February 1964. The JHMT gives visitors a rare glimpse of Johannesburg’s transport history, dating back more than a century. There is also a fascinating collection of memorabilia, artefacts and special interest vehicles as well as an extremely rare and exciting steam vehicle collection.

Taste the good life

from Braeside Butchery in Parkhurst, and beers from Darling Brewery. Rest your feet at the large wooden table and benches stretching the length of the main hall, or enjoy the fabulous views over the city from the upperlevel outdoor terrace.

Quench your thirst with a cold one at the SAB World of Beer tour

Picture perfect The Bensusan Museum of Photography is named after Dr AD Bensusan, a former mayor of Johannesburg and a man who devoted himself to promoting the art and science of photography in this country. It was donated to the city in 1968. The collection includes rare and

The latest addition to Jozi’s thriving food market scene is located in a former office building in vibrant Braamfontein. It’s a wonderful way to spend a Saturday. Highlights include seasonal fruit and veggies from the Free State, delicious mini-Mediterranean quiches, meat

21 01 14

free | soul

valuable precision-made photographic equipment. For example, a very early Daguerre camera – bought by his English rival, WH Fox Talbot, in 1839, the year that the invention of photography was announced to the world – is on display. The collector’s gallery shows how, one-byone, seemingly impossible obstacles to photography’s evolution were solved by ingenious engineering solutions. The museum also collects the pictures made using this equipment – from the earliest wet-plate prints, to experiments in 3D such as stereoscopic views and holograms, to digital images.

Showstopper The Market Theatre, based in the vibrant inner-city suburb of Newtown in Johannesburg, was opened in 1976, operating as an independent, non-racial theatre during the country’s apartheid regime. It is named after the site on which it stands, which was originally a produce market, also known as the Old Indian Market or the Newtown Market, which closed after 60 years of trade and relocated to another part of the city.

Mineral wealth

Visitors can experience the many unique facets of Jozi in a single day

22 01 14

As Johannesburg is a city founded on the discovery of mineral wealth, a visit to the Geology Museum housed inside Museum Africa is a must. This well-equipped museum showcases more than 17,000 artefacts, and it aims to explain how fascinating South Africa’s geology really is, and how it has shaped the country as it is today. Various displays take you through a number of geological worlds, with a special focus on gold, which sees its richest concentration right here in South Africa. There are also a number of special rooms which deal with important and fascinating issues, including a look at how continents, and Africa, reached their present-day state. With a wealth of attractions both in the Museum Africa complex and in the surrounding Newtown precinct, the Geology Museum offers a great addition to your inner-city experience, as you will learn about the country from a raw, natural viewpoint.

For the love of science Sci-Bono is a world-class science centre that supports maths, science and technology education and offers innovative, dynamic learning experiences that contribute to building South Africa’s science, engineering and technology capacity.

Drinks break Beer is one of South Arica’s long-lived heritages. A popular attraction for tourists is now also a household learning curve, by getting more knowledge about beer and its brewing process at the SAB World of Beer. The country is perhaps better known for its wines, but beer brewing also boasts a long and glorious history. The first local brewery was established as early as 1658, whereas wine production can be traced back to 1659. Today, South Africa boasts one of the world’s largest brewers, SABMiller, which operates locally as South African Breweries. The SAB World of Beer takes you on a journey of the process of beer brewing, from the planting, harvesting and curing of barley, hops and malt to the final product’s delivery at your favourite bar or pub. It also lets you in on the earliest secrets of the craft and its ancient origins in Babylonia, Mesopotamia. Visitors will be taken on a greenhouse tour to see how barley and hops are grown and tended, as well as a full-scale brewery tour. This takes about 90 minutes, and afterwards you can enjoy two of your favourite beers on the house at the centre’s Tap Room. Text | Cathrine Pate Photography | Mediaclub South Africa

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Time travel Step back 300 years in charming Tulbagh

The Tulbagh Oude Kerk (circa 1743), now a museum, is the oldest Dutch Reformed church in South Africa

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A stroll through Tulbagh takes you back 300 years as you marvel at South Africa’s only town still featuring authentic Cape Dutch architecture. A mere 120km from Cape Town, the tranquil dorp named after Ryk Tulbagh, the Cape’s governor from 1751 to 1771, was founded in the early 18th century by

Dutch and French Huguenot settlers. Nestled in the Western Cape’s Breede River Valley, it was discovered by Dutch explorers venturing into the hinterland in 1658, and grants of land were made to farming families by Governor Simon van der Stel in 1699, the year he retired to live on his farm Constantia. Houses began appearing in Church Street a few years after the settlers completed building their church in 1743, making it the oldest church in the country. Today

it’s no longer used for worship but has been turned into a fascinating museum. The 32 historical homes near the church constitute the largest concentration of national monuments in a single street in South Africa. It is difficult to believe that most of these attractive buildings were severely damaged in the 1969 earthquake, but thanks to surviving photographs they were all painstakingly restored to their former glory. In addition to the Cape Dutch houses, the few remaining Victorian

and Edwardian buildings were also skilfully renovated. You can begin your stroll through history at the Oude Kerk Museum, laid out in the shape of a Greek cross, which was a traditional design for the early Cape churches. Outside the church is a cannon that saw service in the Cape interior during the 1700s and was restored in 1988 for the 300-year commemoration of the Huguenots arriving at the Cape of Good Hope. Tombstones in the churchyard reflect family histories and local tragedies such as the great influenza epidemic of 1918. Many simple cement crosses replaced the original tombstones that were washed away in the early 1950s, when the aptly-named Malkops River flooded the town. The many descendants of settlers with names like Theron, Joubert, de Bruyn, de Lange, Combrink, Malherbe, van der Merwe, Marais, Fuchs, Vos, Thibault and others can trace their origins to this quaint rural town. Ambling along under the shady oaks, visitors to the town will be delighted to find a potted history of each building on a plaque at the front gate. Readers Restaurant at no. 12, for example, was originally owned by Dr Nicolaas Fuchs, a surgeon who arrived from Denmark in 1754. It was taken over by the Kerkraad in 1756 for the Reader (of Scriptures) and 116 years later, on 9 May 1872, the famous Boer War scout Danie Theron was born there. On 6 March 2002, a monument to Theron was unveiled at the Union Buildings in Pretoria by former president Nelson Mandela, who commented that the new South Africa needed more Danie Therons to meet the challenges of the future. Film actress Charlize

The interior of the Oude Kerk Museum with its stone floor, antique furniture and central pulpit

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This cannon outside the Oude Kerk Museum saw service in the Cape in the 1700s and was restored in 1988

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Theron is the great-great-niece of the Boer hero. House no. 42, originally a parsonage for the predikant, was sold in 1796 to Dr L’Amour Manille, a colourful medical practitioner who was investigated by the medical commissioner for ‘scandalous behaviour’. No doubt the good doctor tried to live up to his Christian name as a lover of note, for his licence was suspended. But he was later reinstated and restricted to the country areas where doctors were scarce. House no. 38, which now stocks local home products, was built in 1796 and occupied in the early 1800s by Mr Gysbert Keet, whose long-suffering wife produced 11 sons. The absence of a gable over the front door indicates that the original owner lacked the funds to complete it in the traditional way. No. 32 became the first English free school in 1822 and no. 28, built in the early 1800s, was known as the Toll House, home of the first toll collector at nearby Roodezands Kloof. House no. 24, erected by Mr W. de Lange in 1820, is the only H-shaped gabled house in the street. Forty’s Restaurant at no. 40 is a T-shaped building with straight end-gables and a concavo-convex front gable. The property was sold to Magtheld Combrink in 1801 and she probably had the Cape Dutch house built soon afterwards. No. 20, granted to J. Marais in 1818, still has its original wagon-house.

Apart from its historical attractions, the Tulbagh Wine Route is well known for its 15 lovely wine estates, so a visit to the former ‘Land van Waveren’ would be incomplete without sampling the award-winning wines they produce. The estates include Theuniskraal, Saronsberg, Montpellier, and Twee Jonge Gezellen which has been owned by the same family since 1710. The Montpellier farm was originally granted to Huguenot settler Jean Joubert in 1714, and the farmhouse is another excellent example of a Cape Dutch home with its ‘holbol’ gable and intricate decorations. Although many cultivars are grown in this lush area of the Cape Winelands, Tulbagh is best known as Shiraz country. And at the Schoonderzicht estate, brandylovers will find one of the few remaining copper brandy stills in South Africa. This farm was granted to P.J. Theron in 1796, although the gable of the homestead bears the date 1795. The verdant valley also produces peaches, pears, grain, olive oil and 70% of South Africa’s plums. Tulbagh has been celebrated for the stunning beauty of its setting, especially in spring when a multitude of wild flowers and blossoming fruit trees produce a glorious floral display. But the locals maintain that their historical valley is an ideal destination in any season. Text and photography | Richard Rhys Jones

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Beechwood A sense of perfection

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Beechwood’s garden is the result of one man’s passion for plants. Christopher and Susan Greig acquired the Hyde Park property less than a decade ago. Since then, the 1.2-hectare site has been remodelled, retaining some of the existing features and trees while bringing a completely new, personal touch. The result is an urban haven, which combines a sense of perfection with a variety of natural-looking landscapes.

The garden was originally designed in the 1940s by renowned South African landscaper Joane Pim, but by the time the Greigs moved in, all that remained of Pim’s work were a few mature American oaks, some jacarandas and a large front lawn facing the house. Unusually for South Africa, the house is built from wood, with a wood-shingle roof. Entering the property through the wooden gates, one gets an impression of space and a sense of serenity. A circular driveway sweeps around a lawn surrounded by a collection of very old trees, including water oaks (Quercus nigra), whose massive, straight, dark trunks contrast with the bright green lawn, and provide welcome shade in summer. Most of the trees are exotic: copper beech (Fagus sylvatica ‘Purpurea’),

tulip trees (Magnolia × soulangeana), Chinese hackberry (Celtis sinensis), primrose trees (Lagunaria patersonia), false acacia (Robinia pseudoacacia ‘Frisia’) and Japanese maple (Acer japonicum), but there are indigenous species too, like yellowwood (Podocarpus spp.) and pompon trees (Dais cotinifolia). On the right of the house, two Japanese cherry trees (Prunus serrulata) lead the eye towards the swimming pool area, which is surrounded by a hedge of common boxwood (Buxus sempervirens), with pin oaks (Quercus palustris) in the background and a seating area to one side. Chris is a vegetarian and Susan an accomplished cook, so it comes as no surprise that Beechwood boasts a superb vegetable garden, located close to the kitchen. The classic geometric style incorporates raised brick beds around a central fountain. Seasonal vegetables include lettuce, tomatoes, runner beans, cabbages, carrots and artichokes. Although the vegetable garden is carefully tended, it achieves a natural look by allowing some of the plants to reseed. Sage (Salvia officinalis), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), true lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), wild scabious (Scabiosa columbaria), forgetme-not (Myosotis sylvatica) and alliums are among the

A profusion of small shrubs, perennials and annuals provide a vibrant mix of flowers and foliage, colour and texture

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This article is extracted from Keith Kirsten’s latest book, Gardens to Inspire, which highlights 25 of the best gardens in South Africa. For more than 30 years Keith Kirsten has informed, entertained and inspired gardening enthusiasts. Kirsten has featured on radio and television shows such as Morning Live’s Weekend Gardening. He has also published more than seven books, including the recent Create a Garden with Keith Kirsten and Gardening with Keith Kirsten, which sold over 100,000 copies.

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herbs and edible flowers that proliferate. Small clay pots placed on the surrounding steps contain herbs for use in the kitchen, while larger pots incorporate topiaryshaped boxwood (Buxus sempervirens). The fountain contains the edible pond blossom (Aponogeton spp.), better known as waterblommetjie. The garden incorporates several ‘rooms’ that can be discovered by following different paths. From the front lawn, a curved path, shaded by large pin oaks (Quercus palustris), leads to a small lawn enclosed by a canopy of jacarandas (Jacaranda mimosifolia) and surrounded with wide, mixed borders of small shrubs, such as viburnum, common elder (Sambucus nigra), wart leaf (Ceanothus ‘Cascade’), butterfly bush (Buddleja davidii) and river bells (Mackaya bella). In the beds, a profusion of small shrubs, perennials and annuals provide a vibrant mix of flowers and foliage, colour and texture. Here you’ll find shrubby teucrium, rose campion (Lychnis coronaria), pinks (Dianthus × hybrids), gaura (Gaura lindheimeri), wild rhubarb (Acanthus mollis), lady’s mantle (Alchemilla mollis), arums (Zantedeschia aethiopica), plantain lilies (Hosta spp.), Cape agapanthus (Agapanthus africanus), borage (Borago officinalis), heliotrope (Heliotropium arborescens), comfrey (Symphytum officinale), globe thistle (Echinops ritro), wallflower (Erysimum × kewensis), delphinium (Delphinium × elatum), peach-leaved bellflower (Campanula persicifolia), spur-flowers (Plectranthus spp.), meadow rue (Thalictrum delavayi), columbine (Aquilegia spp.), Lenten rose (Helleborus orientalis), common foxglove (Digitalis purpurea), angelica (Angelica archangelica), and various ornamental grasses. An aquatic garden is situated at the bottom of a gentle slope. A large pond, about a metre deep, allows the

cultivation of species such as giant rhubarb (Gunnera manicata), day lily (Hemerocallis × hybrids), common arrowhead (Sagitaria latifolia), sedges (Cyperus spp.), and a multitude of irises and nympheas. The surrounding trees include indigenous wild peach (Kiggelaria africana), ash-leaved maple (Acer negundo ‘Flamingo’), camphor laurel (Cinnamomum camphora) and a small forest of bamboo (Phyllostachys spp.). One disagreeable aspect of jacarandas is the abundance of flowers falling in October, as these are characteristically toxic. Although the mauve and purple flowers create a surrealist effect when floating on the water, they have to be regularly removed in order to avoid poisoning the koi and other aquatic creatures. From the pond area, a path leads beneath a long pergola, made up of columns topped with wooden beams and metallic arches, which provide a framework for ‘Pierre de Ronsard’ climbing roses and Chinese wisteria (Wisteria sinensis). At the centre is a formal rose garden, built around a wide fountain and surrounded with perfectly trimmed hedges of common boxwood. The symmetrical beds, which are planted by variety, include the amber-mauve ‘Spiced Coffee’; fragrant apricot-coloured ‘Garden & Home’; pink-tinged ‘Brümilda van Rensburg’; green-petalled ‘Penguin’; shapely green, pink and white ‘Table Mountain’; and apricot-coloured ‘Just Joey’. Clay pots and urn-shaped metal pots complete the design. A window through the vegetation offers a view towards the house. A passionate plant lover, Christopher Greig is always ready to try new species and different varieties in order to increase the diversity of his garden. Text and photography | Supplied


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When the tough Taking on the Kalahari Augrabies Extreme Marathon

100 athletes put themselves through a gruelling 242km extreme marathon

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The Northern Cape province is fast gaining a prominent spot on the South African tourism map. Visitors to the country’s largest province can experience the thrill of Orange River rapids, a trip to a vineyard, a visit to see the majestic Augrabies Falls, and a game drive in the Augrabies Falls National Park, all balanced with good food, relaxing sundowners, and the luxury of air-conditioned, wellappointed accommodation at the end of the day. That said, it can get extreme in the Northern Cape.

In mid-October last year, an Airlink flight arrived in Upington carrying an unusual group of people with a rather more intense interaction with the desert lying ahead. They came from around the world and across South Africa, each with several months of preparation behind them, and all with one aim in mind – to run for 242km through the Green Kalahari. This was the 14th Kalahari Augrabies Extreme Marathon (KAEM), the big daddy of multi-day trail runs, a prestigious desert ultra-run ranking alongside international events like the Marathon des Sables and the Gobi March. Starting at the Augrabies Falls National Park, the KAEM follows rugged trails, 4x4 tracks and dirt roads through the park and surrounding farmlands. With temperatures ranging between 40 and 50°C, the runners tackle sandy riverbeds, open plains, lush vineyards, the

get going rocky banks of the Orange River, and baking, steepwalled canyons. In this ultimate test of athlete versus Africa, they run by day and sleep under communal gazebos at night, crossing the finish line seven days later longing for cold drinks, fresh food and clean clothes. Race coordinator Nadia Arndt says: “Each stage follows a marked route between overnight camps, with runners’ daily times accumulated to give their final time and position. Runners must carry everything they need. We check that they have adequate food, clothes, cooking and sleeping kit, and that they carry their compulsory torch, whistle, blister and rehydration medication, and space blanket.” Daily distances vary between 26km and 45km. The punishing 75km on the legendary ‘long day’ on day four sees the athletes running under the noonday sun and

the Kalahari moon, before a rest on day five. The mix of sandy riverbeds, rocky scrambles, runnable Jeep track and technical trail is devised by race director Estienne Arndt, who yearly adds a few new twists and turns to the route. “But they tend to get upset with me, there’s always too much sand!” chuckles Arndt. Each day, crew members set up checkpoints at 8 to 10km intervals, replenishing the runners with 1.5ℓ of water, and providing temporary respite from the heat and exertion. Medical staff are always on hand to continually assess the condition of the athletes and deal with any blisters, sunburn or dehydration.

Are you out of your mind? What kind of person takes on such an extreme challenge? Basically, there is no ‘typical’ KAEM runner. These men

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Top: Competitors came from all corners of the globe to take part in the extreme marathon Left: The race took its toll on the participants in more ways than one

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and women come from all walks of life, have varying levels of athletic ability, and range in age from 18 to over 60. Some are definitely ‘in it to win it’, others are there to ‘walk it and talk it’, but racing snake or hiker, each has in common the determination to cover nearly 250 brutal, hot kilometres from start to finish, totally reliant on their own resources, mainly simply to know that they can, but often also in support of a charity or cause. Leading from gun to tape, the 2013 race was won in a time of 22h02.57 by 29-year-old Daniel Rowland, a Zimbabwean living in Chile. Rowland’s recent wins include the notorious Atacama Crossing, and he achieved the second-fastest time ever (by less than a minute) in the history of the KAEM. The leading lady was 2011’s first female, Maretha Combrinck, who also placed first throughout the race. By contrast to this strategised attack at the front, runners at the back of the pack displayed their determination not only to finish the race, but to support others to do likewise. After a finish in 2006 and five subsequent withdrawals, 62-year-old Patrick Hobbs, finally, to great acclaim from fellow runners, made it through each successive day and over the line; Edward Chapman (59) became the first person to complete seven KAEMs – while ensuring that novice Gabriel Colyn completed his race, too. Frenchman Jessy Lestrat, an elite athlete who had come eighth the previous year, was the last over the line, in 73h30.33. Daniel had taken less than a full day to complete the course; Jessy had spent almost two working weeks out there. With him, and guided by him, was countrywoman and blind runner Patricia Choulet. Like

every other competitor, Choulet had overcome every obstacle that the Kalahari placed in her path – except that she could not see the massive boulders heaped in the riverbeds, the crazy tumbles of rocks blocking the ravines, the powdery banks of silt criss-crossed by gullies, the welcoming flags of a checkpoint beckoning ahead, the contents of her backpack lying strewn about her in the communal gazebo. With all these challenges, Jessy helped her, shepherding her through the race, and providing constant physical, mental and emotional support for 242 hot, tough, gritty, demanding kilometres. Each athlete crossed the flag-decked finish line with far more than they started with in terms of self-knowledge, friendship and the camaraderie of shared struggle. They became part of the fabled KAEM family, which sees old faces return year after year to welcome the new ones and find them their place under the shelter and in the story of this race. So, do you want to take on the desert, hand to hand

and foot by foot? Are you keen to see how far you can push your limits and still rise the next day to push them again? You might just find your niche, somewhere between the elite athlete and the weekend hiker. You might just discover things about yourself out there in the sunsets, rivers, rocks, sand and space of the Kalahari, that no-one can take away from you, ever. Text | Laura Bannatyne Photography | Hermien Burger Webb

Registration for KAEM 2014 is already open. Places are limited to 100 participants only. For more info, contact Nadia Arndt at nadia@ extrememarathons. com or go to www.

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The power of persuasion

lvan lsraelstam is Chief Executive of Labour Law Management Consulting and author of Walking the New Labour Law Tightrope. For more information visit www. labourlawadvice. This article first appeared in The Star

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Polished negotiation and labour law skills are essential tools in business The CCMA deals with more than 160,000 dispute cases every year. Many more thousands of labour disputes are dealt with via numerous bargaining councils set up within specific industries. The typical types of dispute that are dealt with by these forums include unfair dismissals, unfair labour practices, sexual harassment and unfair discrimination. Most often these disputes arise because employers either do not know or understand labour law, are not experts in implementing the law or believe that they can get around the law. This lack of legal understanding among employers

is so commonplace that the number of disputes at the CCMA would be far greater but for the reluctance on the part of many employees to take their cases further. That is, many employees, especially those at higher levels, prefer to ignore unfair treatment at the hands of employers. This is because these senior employees and executives are intimidated by the employers and their teams of lawyers. It could also be that they don’t know how to gather proof of their complaints. Many don’t want the hassle of a CCMA process and are afraid that prospective new employers may be put off by an employee known to have taken an employer to the CCMA. As a result the employee or executive gives up and finds another job. They forget that, by doing so, they have allowed unfair action to be swept under the carpet and may have sacrificed a number of years of service. As a result of the employee’s reluctance to take up the matter

many types of unfairness are perpetuated. These include, among others, sexual harassment, forced resignations, unfair retrenchments, firing for misconduct, poor performance terminations, scapegoating, nepotism and favouritism. Despite the mistreatment many employees either resign and drop the matter or accept a small settlement to keep quiet. Strangely enough this capitulation occurs most frequently in the R20,000 to R100,000 per month remuneration bracket. This is possible because employees at this level are not unionised or do not want to tarnish their reputations by taking the employer to the CCMA. However, most employers who settle do so because they fear the CCMA, want to avoid hassles, time wasting and costs, do not want their name dragged through the mud or are unsure of the strength of their case.

Money talks Employees often accept a settlement because they are nervous about the possibility of having to represent themselves at the CCMA and are concerned about their

reputations. Also, many fear the cost of litigation and prefer to take a quick settlement. Where there is a financial settlement the employee usually gets the short end of the stick by accepting a one- to three-month settlement package. However, it is very often in the interests of both the employee and the employer that a fair settlement is reached. The party that wins the settlement negotiations will be the one who has the wherewithal to provide proof of his case and best understands labour law. In most instances, the victorious party also has access to a labour law expert with strong negotiation skills. Should the employee or the employer want to achieve a favourable out of court settlement the above three ingredients are available in the market. For example, a reputable labour consultant will not only be able to negotiate a favourable settlement, but should be able to do so at a reasonable hourly rate or contingency fee. A favourable settlement for an employer is up to three months, but employees often want more than that. Text | Ivan Israelstam Photography | Shutterstock

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Firm foundation Modular classrooms open windows of opportunities for young learners It’s no secret that providing basic education in many regions of South Africa is a serious challenge. Often the greatest challenge is the lack of proper classrooms. As a result, various government departments and implementing agencies together with a local manufacturer of prefabricated buildings, Kwikspace Modular Buildings, are addressing the lack of sufficient education infrastructure and providing rapidly deployable facilities.

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With the power to significantly reduce poverty and enhance the future of South Africa’s economic strength, basic education has come under much scrutiny over the years as a shortage of teachers, textbooks and infrastructure in many instances have inhibited this outcome. The magnitude of the need for greater schooling facilities in South Africa is indicated by the fact that in 2011, when statistics were released, 3,544 of the 24,793 public schools in our country were without electricity supply, 2,402 were without water supply and 19,541 did not have a library, according to the National Education Infrastructure Management System (NEIMS) report. Also pointing to the need for better schooling infrastructure in South Africa, the Department of Basic

Education indicates in its Annual Performance Plan for 2013 and 2014 that R23,9 billion is allocated to the education infrastructure grant for the Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) period and R8 billion is allocated over this period to the school infrastructure backlogs grant in order to improve schooling infrastructure where mud buildings or insufficient infrastructure currently exists. The impact that suitable education infrastructure has on the learning environment cannot be underestimated or ignored. It is critical that learners and teachers are granted safe and hygienic school environments for effective teaching and learning to take place. In order to build up a promising future for the youth of today, the foundational factors that contribute to a good education, such as suitable classroom infrastructure, must be rectified. Thus, in order to urgently eliminate the problem of poor infrastructure and ultimately the sub-standard level of education that may result, the erection of modular buildings has been implemented as a means of speeding up the process of delivering better schooling facilities. The provision of these buildings has paved the way forward as an ideal solution as they have a long lifespan and are rapidly deployed. Learners and teachers where these projects have been completed have thus been able to settle into their new learning routines in the least amount of time possible. A classroom block of two to four rooms can be completed within a five-day work week and a complete school, from site preparation to handover, can be delivered in just 24 days. The implementation of these modular buildings has also meant that learners have been provided with ablution facilities, promoting a clean and healthy environment. The modular buildings are manufactured using fully insulated polyurethane-injected panels – technology which is continually being enhanced. It has been proven that this technology allows temperatures to be effectively controlled and noise to be significantly reduced, and thus teachers and learners are able to function in a comfortable learning environment. More than 2,200 modular classrooms have been delivered by Kwikspace across South Africa over the past two years. A school made up entirely of modular buildings can accommodate as many as 1,000 learners and more than 50 staff members. In the Eastern Cape, a total of 553 classrooms and 29 science labs in addition to toilets and fencing to a number of regions have been completed since the beginning of 2012. Developments in the Western Cape over the past two years have involved the erection of

250 classrooms in total. This included the delivery of four complete schools and numerous individual classrooms. In Gauteng, given the high migration rate to the province, a backlog of nearly 200 schools resulted and thus Kwikspace has been able to provide this region with a solution by supplying over 400 classrooms, Grade R classrooms and ablution facilities recently. With one of the highest rates of public investment in education globally, the South African Government certainly realises the significant role that education plays in the lives of learners and in the growth of our country. Therefore, dimming the negative light falling over this sector and making the attainment of a decent education possible, the provision of modular classrooms has been, and continues to be, an exciting contribution to a better future for individuals and our country. Text | Lesley Miles Photography | Supplied

More than 2,000 modular classrooms have been erected throughout South Africa

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Back to


Keep employees on top of their game

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There is a strong chance that employees who feel like there is room for growth within an organisation will stay with the company and eventually move into management positions. That’s mainly down to the fact that they understand what their own needs are and also what is required of them. As such, it is vital that such employees are equipped with the skills and expertise to rise through the ranks of a company by ongoing training, internally and externally. Training your own staff rather than hiring from outside is ultimately less costly in terms of time and financial investment. Internal training also has the benefit of ensuring that employees are familiar with the corporate culture and instils a sense of loyalty towards the organisation that trained them. That said, often training programmes are halted due to budgetary constraints. One viable solution to this dilemma is e-learning. The main aim of e-learning, delivered via specially designed apps, is to increase productivity by making learning available anytime, anywhere, allowing learners to absorb information more effectively and to study at their own pace. The always-available nature of this form of learning empowers employees to take their own initiative and to plan learning activities according to their personal goals and needs. It is important to remember that in-house e-learning courses can only be effective if the content is delivered in a way that is engaging and easily understood. When organisations consider e-learning as the training medium for their employees, there are many things to take into consideration before embarking on this journey. The first and perhaps most vital step to be taken is mapping out the objectives of what you need to achieve through e-learning. It’s fairly straightforward to create course material that conveys what you as an organisation needs your employees to know and understand, but it is far more challenging to create material that appeals to them and gets them engaged in what they are learning about.

There are many things that can be done in order to make the content more engaging. Here are a few examples.

Problem-solving Recent studies have shown that learners who are actively engaged in an activity are up to 10 times more likely to remember it. Instead of a series of screens which are filled with long-winded paragraphs of text, rather give the learner something to think about or a puzzle to solve – this will keep them focused on solving the puzzle and prevent them from becoming irritated or bored with the content.

Keep it relevant If the material that the learner is required to learn does not relate to them in any way, it will be tough for them to retain the information. Learning needs to be reinforced in ways that the student can relate to. If it’s not relatable, it is unlikely to have any impact on them.

Get their attention According to molecular biologist and author Dr John Medina, you only have a matter of seconds in which to grab someone’s attention. Dr Medina maintains that in order to retain the attention of your students, something emotionally relevant needs to take place every 10 minutes.You could start by providing them with a moving case study, or by telling them about a personal experience that you have had by means of a video – whatever it is, it needs to be something that piques their interest and keeps them focused on the task at hand.

Feedback Effective feedback is a critical component in the learning process. Providing learners with continuous feedback enhances the learning experience and motivates them to keep on trying.

Autonomy By allowing the learner to make their own decisions, it challenges them to demonstrate their understanding of what they have been learning about. Leading them to explore before making an important decision will keep the learner engrossed in the lesson, while also promoting the retention of information.

Avoid information overload Avoid overloading the student with lengthy material; rather keep things as concise and to the point as possible. Our brains are only able to process small ‘bytes’ of information at a time, irrespective of the format in which the material is presented.

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Keep it simple

Strategically place real-time rewards within the learning programme. When a learner achieves a certain percentage for a section of the course, they are rewarded by the company. Small things like being able to leave work 20 minutes earlier on a Friday can have a huge impact on the employee and their drive to learn.

While creativity can certainly get the learners’ attention, too much of it can distract from the actual content of the course. Try to keep it simple but appealing.

Repetition Try to reinforce everything that the student learns as many times as possible, without driving them to boredom. Having the same message communicated to them more than once and in different formats, is more likely to stick in their minds.

Competition Competition, particularly when incorporated into learning, can be a powerful motivator. Much like rewards, competition can make the learner work even harder to achieve success. An example of a great competition idea would be something like different departments competing to attain the highest score overall during training, and rewarding the winning team with something like a dinner on the company. Training is a vital component of any successful organisation, and the more engaging you make your content, the more likely you are to see dramatic results from your employees. While companies may design apps to be visually appealing, there’s always a danger that the relevance of their content could be neglected. It’s important that great care is taken to ensure that the learning objectives are meticulously mapped out before e-learning courses are designed. Learning should always be the key objective, and education, rather than technology, should drive the decision-making process when it comes to designing e-learning apps. Text | Kirsty Chadwick Photography | Shutterstock

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Cry me a river: Emotions at work In today’s stressful work environments, can you wear your heart on your sleeve?

Emotional intelligence Emotional intelligence, introduced by psychologists Peter Salovey and John D. Mayer in the journal Imagination, Cognition, and Personality, refers to the way we perceive, reason with, understand and manage our emotions

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Stressful situations are all too common in the workplace and when emotions come into play, they can be even tougher to handle. Is it acceptable to show emotion at work and, if so, how can you do this without damaging your career or work relationships?

Emotion 101 Women and men respond differently when it comes to displaying emotion. From an early age men are taught not to show emotion, to be tough and professional, and will often reveal their emotion through bouts of anger. Women, on the other hand, are taught to be highly expressive and thus they frequently reveal their

emotions, especially by crying. Studies have shown that women cry an average of 5.3 times a month, compared to the 1.4 times men cry. Society, however, expects us to put on a different mask for the workplace, and we often get judged when that mask slips.

Mixing business and emotion According to Anne Kreamer, author of It’s Always Personal, Navigating Emotion in the New Workplace, our emotions were developed as survival mechanisms. Our biological system that responded to physical threats in the past, now responds to the cognitive threats we face at work, whether it be harsh critique from a boss or an underhanded attack from a colleague. Emotion in the workplace is often unavoidable and while it may influence the way your colleagues or bosses view you, suppressing those emotions can also

emotion, so that employers show more empathy and employees find more balanced approaches.”

Managing emotions Bond University professor of management, Cynthia Fisher, conducted a study on emotions in the workplace, called Emotions at Work: What do people feel, and how should we measure it? According to her research, the most common negative emotions experienced in the workplace include frustration, worry, anger, dislike and disappointment or unhappiness. Here are a few tips on how to handle these emotions:

Frustration in the workplace often leads to problems at home

Frustration Frustration usually occurs when we feel stuck in a situation. Whether it is a frustrating person or project, try to look at the situation in a new light. Find something positive about the project or person and try to move on rather than focusing on your frustration. Worry Worrying can easily take over your life, especially when there’s talk of layoffs or salary cuts. Don’t give into office gossip – this is one of the biggest triggers to negativity. Try deep-breathing exercises and focus on how you can improve the situation. Anger One of the most destructive emotions that people display in the workplace, anger is also a difficult emotion to handle. Put a lid on it by recognising early signs of anger. We’re still able to control what we experience, so when you start to get angry, stop, take a few breaths and reassess the situation. make matters worse. Kreamer points out that women usually don’t feel like they can express anger at work, believing they’ll be viewed as ‘bitches’. Often though, this anger is released in the form of tears, which can be even more upsetting and humiliating. On the other side, two-thirds of men believe showing anger is an effective management tool, although an outburst of anger has been found to devaluate and demotivate staff. Researchers found that suppressing emotion can be compared to physical labour and even cause major mental stress. However, replacing emotional ‘labour’ with emotional intelligence could have a surprisingly positive effect on our work life. Kreamer suggests becoming aware of one’s own emotional response patterns and trying to handle them professionally at work. In her opinion, it is important to acknowledge emotion at work – “we need to demystify the role of

Dislike It’s an all too common scenario – having to work with someone you really dislike. However difficult it might be, it is still important to remain professional. Be respectful and try to set the example. Disappointment/unhappiness These two emotions are difficult to break and can have a major impact on your productivity at work. If the outcome was not what you were expecting, whether it was accepting a position in a different department or a project taking a turn for the worse, realise that you can still adjust your goals. Write down all the things that make you unhappy and try to find solutions. Lastly – smile! You might be surprised to find your mood lifted once you give in and smile a little. Text | Danica Potgieter Photography | Shutterstock

Resources From crying to temper tantrums: how to manage emotions at work: http://tinyurl. com/afd4hf9. Managing your emotions at work: controlling your feelings… before they control you: http:// Big girls don’t cry: stylist-network/ big-girls-dont-cry. The crying game: http://

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Paper thin solar cells

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Stanford professor Xiaolin Zheng often works in the esoteric fringes of nanoscience, but she also likes to find simple ways to fabricate complex materials that can be put to use in practical applications like solar-fuel systems, solar cells, and batteries. Last year she created solar cells in the form of flexible stickers – only a 10th as thick as plastic wrap – that can be applied to a window, a piece of paper, the back of a mobile phone, or anything else you want. These solar cells produce just as much electricity as rigid ones made of the same materials. Zheng got the inspiration for this invention from her father. One day when they were talking on the phone – he in China, she in California – he said that it should be possible to put solar cells on the walls of buildings, not just the roof. And Zheng’s daughter, like many kids, loves stickers. All this was in the back of Zheng’s mind when she read a research paper about graphene, a novel type of nanomaterial. The researchers grew the material on a layer of nickel on top of a silicon wafer. When they put the whole thing in water, the nickel separated from the surface, taking the graphene with it. “I couldn’t believe that soaking in water would do this,” she says. Zheng has demonstrated this water-­soaking approach as a way to peel off thin-film silicon solar cells grown on a rigid substrate. It turns out the phenomenon – called water-assisted subcritical debonding – had been known since the 1960s, but no one before had tried using it to make flexible electronics. She hopes the technology will be scaled up beyond the one-squarecentimetre devices she’s made so far, so that the sides of buildings can one day be papered with solar cells as her father suggested. Text | Katherine Bourzac

A Printer for Bionic Body Parts

Designing Greener Buildings

Big Data Calls the Plays

Demo p104

Reviews p94

MIT News p16


VOL. 116 NO. 5 | SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2013 | $5.99 US


Ben Milne wants to demolish the credit card industry and transform how we’ll pay for everything. Meet him and 34 other world-changing innovators under the age of 35.

SO13_cover.indd 2

Skyways with MIT’s Technology Review brings you the latest innovations in the tech field

8/7/13 12:34 PM

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Investing in aquaculture for food security

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security is clearly more than just food production, nutrition or food aid. Alleviating hunger, a severe manifestation of poverty, depends in the long run on sustainable and broad-based economic growth and income generation. In many poor countries, these depend on a productive, competitive and sustainable agriculture sector. To achieve these conditions, countries must invest in rural areas to strengthen agriculture, aquaculture, the food system and infrastructure, and restore and conserve critical natural resources for agricultural production. This requires both public and private investment – domestic and foreign. Food security is defined as: “…all people, at all times, having the physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food in order to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life” (World Food Summit Plan of Action 1996). Aquaculture can contribute to improved food security and nutrition through various channels: local food supplies can be improved through the increased availability of low-cost fish; employment opportunities and incomes can be raised; and consumption of fish can be increased directly. While increasing the quantity and variety of fish and other foods consumed by the poor will reduce undernutrition, such dietary improvements are not automatic benefits of aquaculture development. Food consumption and good nutrition are not determined solely by how much food is produced or available. Households must have physical and economic access to an adequate amount and variety of food, and household heads and caregivers must have the time, knowledge and motivation to make the best use of the household’s resources to meet the food and other basic needs of all members. The key to securing the maximum nutritional benefits from aquaculture development is to ensure that the poor and undernourished gain greater access to the increased supplies of fish and that they can enhance their aquaculture-derived income. Fish can make a unique contribution to efforts to improve and diversify dietary intakes and promote nutritional well-being among most population groups. Fish has a highly desirable nutrient profile, providing an excellent source of high-quality animal protein that is easily digestible and of high biological value. Fatty fish, in particular, is an extremely rich source of essential fatty acids, including omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), so important for normal growth and mental

Aquaculture may help stabilise abalone numbers

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What is aquaculture? Aquaculture is the farming of saltwater and freshwater organisms such as molluscs, fish, crustaceans and aquatic plants in controlled conditions. Certain types of aquaculture involve algaculture, shrimp farming, fish farming, oyster farming and the raising of cultured pearls. Algaculture is a type of aquaculture that includes the farming of algae species. Microalgae make up most of cultivated algae. Fish farming is the most common type, which involves raising commercial fish in enclosures and tanks for food. Some of the fish types kept include trout, catfish, salmon and tilapia. Some countries rely heavily on aquaculture to provide for their ever-growing population, such as China. China recently accounted for about 70% of the aquaculture production worldwide. About 90% of all United States shrimp consumption is imported or farmed. South Africa has an emerging aquaculture. According to the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, aquaculture in South Africa is divided into freshwater aquaculture and marine aquaculture. Freshwater fish culture is severely limited by the supply of suitable water. The most important areas for the production of freshwater species are Limpopo, the Mpumalanga Lowveld and Northern KwaZuluNatal. Trout is farmed along the high mountain area in Lydenburg, the Kwazulu-Natal Drakensberg and the Western Cape. Other freshwater species cultivated on a small scale include catfish, freshwater crayfish and tilapia species. Marine aquaculture is a fast-developing sector, with a focus on mussels, oysters, abalone, seaweed and prawns. Of these, mussel farming is the best established. Abalone culture is now well established, centred in the Hermanus area on the Cape south coast. There is also an experimental offshore farm off Gansbaai for salmon.

Effects on the environment

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Since aquaculture has spread rapidly, there are some individuals showing concern about the impact on the environment. Aquaculture can be more damaging environmentally, compared to exploiting wild fisheries. The concerns involve handling of waste, side effects of antibiotics, contesting between wild and farmed types and giving feed for carnivorous fish sought after by consumers. Sufficient research and improvements in commercial feeds triggered the reduction of the environmental effects. Farming carnivorous fish such as salmon boosts the pressure on wild fish. New studies present that enough diets for salmon and other carnivorous fish can be created from protein sources aside from fishmeal, thereby minimising pressure on fishery resources.

development, especially during pregnancy and early childhood. Fish is also rich in vitamins and minerals, particularly calcium, phosphorus, iron, selenium and iodine in marine products. Fish can therefore provide an important source of nutrients, particularly for those whose diets are monotonous and lacking in animal products. Increasing the availability of fish in the diet increases palatability and leads to increased consumption of a range of foods, thereby improving overall food and nutrient intake. Furthermore, evidence is increasing that the consumption of fish enhances brain development and learning in children, protects vision and eye health, and offers protection from cardiovascular disease and some cancers.The fats and fatty acids in fish, particularly the long chain n-3 fatty acids, are highly beneficial and difficult to obtain from other food sources. Of particular importance are eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid.

Group effort Economic feasibility studies have shown that aquaculture is economically feasible under many different circumstances. Many types of low-cost, low-risk, simple technologies have emerged since the turn of the century. Comparative studies between rice, rice-fish and fishfarming systems in sub-Saharan Africa demonstrated that farmers investing in aquaculture increased their household incomes considerably with only minor investments. In Europe, USA, China and other Asian countries the increases in production and the number of people active in aquaculture over the last decade have shown that production systems ranging from extensive to highly intensive can be economically feasible. Most of the world’s farmers are small-scale farmers. As a group, they are the biggest investors in agriculture and aquaculture. They also tend to have inadequate or precarious access to food themselves. If they can make a profit with their farming, they can feed their families throughout the year and reinvest in their farms by purchasing fertiliser, better quality seed and basic equipment. Small producers face many obstacles beyond their control: lack of credit, insecure land tenure, poor transport, low prices and poorly developed business relations with agribusinesses – to say nothing of natural factors such as drought, flood, pests and disease. Investment in infrastructure in rural areas, especially in water, roads, power and communications, has a crucial role in kindling agricultural growth. If countries get these conditions right, dramatic benefits to aquaculture and poor rural households can be expected. Text | Bibha Kumari / MediaClub South Africa

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A rather intimidating-looking Curtiss P-40 Warhawk aircraft on display during the Royal New Zealand Air Force’s recent 75th anniversary celebration. The Curtiss P-40 Warhawk was an American singleengined, single-seat, all-metal fighter and groundattack aircraft that first flew in 1938. The Warhawk was used by most Allied powers during World War II, and remained in frontline service until the end of the war. It was the third most-produced American fighter aeroplane. When production of the P-40 ceased in November 1944, 13,738 had been built.

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Snow Patrol An adventure weekend in search of snow

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(incl vat)

The Adventure Motoring Magazine

Other Countries R27,98 (excl Tax)



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Leisure wheels is South Africa's foremost adventure motoring magazine. For this reason Skyways has chosen to work with Leisure wheels when it comes to providing you with motoring information. For more on the topic of adventure motoring, look out for the current issue of Leisure wheels, on sale now.

Southern Africa isn’t exactly known for its abundance of snow. In fact, short of the celebrated snow that dusts the cap of Kilimanjaro, the African continent is almost bereft of the white stuff. But there is one country where you can be reasonably sure to encounter it, provided your timing is right. We headed for the Mountain Kingdom in a Nissan Patrol, with high hopes of frolicking in the snow. “Perhaps there is something to this whole climate change thing,” we muse as we leave the Free State town of Fouriesburg. We are heading towards Lesotho via the nearby Caledonspoort border post. The Mountain Kingdom stretches out in front of us, but there is little evidence of snow. Only the tallest peaks boast a sparse sprinkle of white. At the Fouriesburg Country Inn, where we had spent the previous night, we were told that this had been one

of the warmest and snow-free winters the normally freezing region had experienced in many years. We were very disappointed, since we had hoped to spend the day driving and playing in the snow. The various accoutrements needed to clothe and accessorise a snowman were packed in the rear of the Patrol, ready to be used. A large flask had been filled with coffee. Earmuffs and mittens were on hand. South Africans have the same sort of relationship with snowy landscapes that Europeans share with the African savannah. For European visitors, the wildlifefilled grassy plains are a truly majestic and surreal sight, since it is far removed from their daily lives. Sure, we appreciate the bushveld as well, but we can’t quite match their childlike glee, simply because we know it so well. Now, when it comes to snow, the tables are turned. While Europeans often view it as nothing more than a slushy menace that blocks up roads and seeps into expensive shoes, we enthuse like children when there’s a little snow. We love the stuff, and crave to toss around snowballs and build snowmen. So, with exactly these aims in mind, we decided

Engine Four-cylinder, in-line, DOHC, common rail, direct injection Capacity 2,953cc Power 110kW @ 3,600r/min Torque 371Nm @ 2,000r/min Gearbox Five-speed manual 4x4 system Part-time 4WD with rear diff lock and low range Fuel tank 95ℓ + 40ℓ Seating capacity Five persons Luggage capacity 668ℓ to 2,287ℓ Maximum payload 750kg Tyre size 265/70R16 Ground clearance 215mm Wading depth 700mm Service plan None Service intervals 15,000km Warranty Three-year/100,000km Price R683,100

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Nissan Patrol 3.0 TD GL 4x4 When planning our trip, we wanted a rough-andtough 4x4 – something that could handle difficult terrain. The legendary Patrol was an obvious choice. With a robust and reliable engine, solid axles at the front and rear, low-range gearing, a rear diff lock, 215mm ground clearance and 700mm wading depth, the Patrol can handle whatever you throw at it. They don’t come much tougher than Nissan’s big SUV.

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to travel to Lesotho during a long weekend early in August. After all, Lesotho is really the only southern African destination where one can count on regularly finding snow in winter. Obviously there are better prospects of snow in the mountains, and there is a bigger chance that it will last in the icy conditions. Not only is Lesotho a mountainous country, but it also has a high average elevation. In fact, it is the country with the highest low point of all – 1,400m above sea level. (The country with the lowest low point, by the way, is Jordan, with an elevation of -422m at the Dead Sea.) But travelling to Lesotho to enjoy the snow can be a tricky business. The weather, especially at high altitudes, is unpredictable, and a fun day trip can quickly become a hazardous adventure if the weather turns. The narrow mountain roads, dangerous at the best of times, can become impassable in rainy, snowy conditions. Temperatures can drop well below freezing, so a mountain pass in a blizzard is not a place you want to spend the night. But, as we were to discover, Lesotho doesn’t necessarily become a frozen no-go zone during the winter months. As we crossed the border – a quick and painless process – we hardly saw any evidence of snow. We headed through Butha-Buthe, towards the Afriski Mountain Resort. Surely, we reasoned, if there was one spot where we would find snow it was at one of Africa’s few skiing destinations.

As we climbed higher into the mountains and started negotiating the winding passes, we at last noticed faint traces of snow – on some peaks far off in the distance. Then there were patches of snow next to the road, and a small dam covered by ice and lined with a narrow band of snow. But there was hardly enough around to construct a single respectable snowman! Our timing was clearly off. According to the locals, the area had been covered in snow last winter. The road we were travelling on had even been closed. But as we approached Afriski, things began to look up a bit, with larger and larger areas covered in white. It wasn’t quite a snowy landscape, but it was beginning to look as though a snowball fight was a distinct possibility. On the main road, right above Afriski, we found a narrow track that led up to a particularly snowy hill. We slipped the Patrol into four-wheel drive, and headed up the slope. It led to a beautiful pool that was completely iced over. Though there wasn’t a lot of snow, there was enough to toss a few snowballs around, and even attempt to make a couple of snow angels. The Nissan managed to get its tyres onto the snow a bit, though there wasn’t nearly enough to trouble the Patrol. After playing in the snow for a while, and enjoying a warm cup of coffee while admiring the stunning Lesotho mountains, it was time to tick that final goal off the checklist: build a snowman. We continued along the narrow track until it crested the hill and eventually rejoined the main road a bit further on. Right next to the main road, we found a snow bank that was perfectly suited to the task. There

were even a couple of rather unimpressive snowmen that had been built by previous visitors. Ours would be far better than those! But as we started building, we soon realised that constructing a snowman isn’t nearly as much fun as we’d expected. It was taking shape rather slowly, and our hands were stinging with cold, and getting numb. A quicker way of building the snowman would have to be found. We studied a forlorn-looking, abandoned snowman nearby. It was a sad creature – horribly thin with an odd, elongated head. Someone had stuck a cigarette into the corner of its mouth. It was an embarrassment to snowmen everywhere. So it was decided that it would become an ‘organ donor’ for our far more impressive creation. It was unceremoniously kicked over, and its head and torso carried over to the foundation of our snowman. In record time, the remains of the roadside abomination were transformed into an attractive snowman. Our mission was complete! We hadn’t encountered the large quantities of snow we’d hoped for, and we hardly got to do any snow driving, but it had still been a fun outing. Like those European tourists who start smiling and snapping away with their cameras as soon as they spot an impala in the Kruger Park, our minor encounter with snow had made us very happy. Text and photography | GG van Rooyen

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Nature's Designing the beauty that is Elephant Point

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One of nature’s greatest gifts to man is the elephant. A stoic beast who is kind and loving, a creature of rocksolid family values and a propensity to remember where he has been, where he is going and what his purpose in the circle of life is. Perhaps even more staggering is the way in which he mourns and respects his dead, returning to ‘burial’ sites to pay homage to loved ones lost, not dissimilar to his human counterparts.

It is this grandiose creature, who continues to enthral and enrapture people the world over, who has been the inspiration for the latest development, currently being constructed by Legacy, in the heart of the Sabie River region, Elephant Point. Elephant Point, in its development phase, is situated on one of the most beautiful stretches of the South African bushveld. It is a 290-hectare private reserve bordering the Kruger National Park and through which the mighty Sabie River runs, providing a glorious backdrop to an area where elephants themselves still roam free. The development has been architected and designed by Didi Maresch from JD Maresch Architects, an Austrian who came to South Africa in 1967, and has

been working with Legacy CEO Bart Dorrestein for decades on a variety of projects around the continent. “I have worked in the Pilanesberg, in Kenya and assisted with the original design and build of Kwa Maritane as an architect and a friend to Legacy, but have never been given such a beautifully natural canvas as I have with Elephant Point,” he says. “As an architect you must follow the trends in the industry and you must stay ahead of the latest concepts in designs and building, but you must also pay attention to your client’s brief and, most importantly, you must do justice to the surrounding environment. There is 4.5km of river frontage courtesy of the Sabie River, so we had to spend a lot of time on the site looking at what works with the river and what captures it at its best. A number of the proposed elements in the initial design have, as a result, had to change due to the changing nature of the environment and the contrasts between seasons.” The environment has been the biggest inspiration in the creation of Elephant Point, but it has also been the greatest challenge. Didi says on one of his first visits to the site he arrived to see 35 elephants in the river, frivolously wading, splashing and washing. Not wanting to take away from this marvel, he again went back to the drawing board and changed some of the positions of the homes to ensure they didn’t discourage the elephants. “The views are breathtaking and we needed to harness that for each resident,” states Didi. It is with this in mind that the current development team is building not only beautiful homes with magnificent views, but also homes where each resident is assured of their privacy and gets an optimal taste of the bush that surrounds them. According to Peter Foaden, managing director of Magic Breakaways, one of the key features of the area is its biodiversity and the role that the community has played in its development.“Many years ago this area was farming land.

The new lodge development is perched up against the hillside offering elevated views down onto the Sabie River and straight into the Kruger National Park

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The property will be home to 65 lodges as well as a five-star, 60-room luxury hotel

While it is nestled right next to the Kruger, its predominant use was agricultural, so it fell to ruin,” states Peter.“While a lot of people think developers come into areas to break them down, we did exactly the opposite at Elephant Point. We came in to build it back up and revive its natural glory. What was formerly a buffer zone between the local people and the Kruger is now a beautiful area with fantastic biodiversity and that is presenting itself as a true natural and conservation asset to the region. Perhaps more exciting is that the local community is also behind the project,”adds Peter.

To ensure the right balance has been struck at Elephant Point, none of the houses have been built too high, ensuring they don’t hide any of the river frontage. They have also been designed to follow the natural flow of the river so that they meld into its banks like they were purposefully placed there by nature herself. The houses, when finished, will also not have game fences around each one. This will encourage the wildlife to carry on as normal in the area. “In my mind it is the most beautiful site, there is simply no other commercially available site where you can have a view of the Sabie as well as the Kruger Park,” adds Didi. Adding impetus to Peter’s comments around the involvement of the local community, Didi says: “This is tribal land and we have to respect that so we have leased the land from the community. We have also employed the community on site and we pay them their monthly lease fees, which has encouraged job creation and has provided massive upliftment for people who have been part of a very remote area where employment options have been few and far between.”

If you are looking to stake a claim of Elephant Point you can do so by leasehold arrangement, where the property will be leased to individual owners for a 50year period, renewable for 20 years after that. This ensures that the community continues to benefit from the development. You can also, at any stage, place your home in the Legacy-managed and -run rental pool, which will ensure a return on your investment, as well as earning potential from day one. Alternatively you can acquire fractional ownership, which is available by acquiring an interest in the Legacy Private Residencies luxury lodges to be built at the resort. The property will be home to 65 lodges as well as a five-star, 60-room luxury hotel on the slope of the Sabie River’s bank, which will form the centre of the development and will provide residents and guests access to a myriad facilities such as conference venues, a private health spa, top dining areas and restaurants as well as world-class amenities. Security will be provided by Legacy, and gates and game fences will be set up around the outer boundary

of the property to ensure the safety and security of the residents, but letting the animals roam free between neighbours. In addition, Elephant Point is a mere fivehour drive from Johannesburg or simply 60 minutes from the Mpumalanga Kruger airport following a 45-minute flight from Johannesburg. As per the conception of the development, the lodges or homes will have to meet a certain standard exterior design. While each owner will be able to develop the inside of their own homes to whatever specification they choose, the outsides will need to follow a standard format so as to ensure consistency as well as keep to the brief of not encroaching on the environment. If you have dreamt of owning your own acre of Africa, then Elephant Point is the ideal place to make an investment. It is naturally beautiful, offers access to game and flora in abundance, and is private and secure enough to enjoy family holidays at, yet still offers access to facilities and amenities that you would expect to find in the city. Text and photography | Supplied

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Let’s go outside Light meal recipes for summer

Lazy summer days at the beach call for à la carte dining. One of the best places to enjoy an outdoor dining experience in Cape Town is the Shimmy Beach Club. Voted one of the top 10 beach bars in the world, with its awe-inspiring views of the ocean and close proximity to the V&A Waterfront, Shimmy Beach Club is a true jewel on Cape Town’s oceanfront. The restaurant recently appointed executive chef Adrian Cook and head chef Johann Breedt, who bring more flavour to the destination. This month they share recipes from the restaurant’s new à la carte menu.


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25 vine cocktail tomatoes, cut in half 3 balls buffalo mozzarella, torn into nine pieces 200g rocket, washed and stems picked off 20g basil leaves, washed and stems picked off 100g basil pesto Maldon sea salt and freshly ground black pepper to season

Caprese salad (Serves four) 1.


In a large mixing bowl, toss the rocket with the basil pesto and season lightly with Maldon sea salt and freshly ground black pepper. Sprinkle the rocket on a platter down the centre



of the plate. Scatter the tomatoes loosely over the top of the rocket, followed by the torn mozzarella and basil leaves. Serve with a fresh focaccia or lamb loin burger.

Ingredients Onion marmalade 200g red onion, thinly sliced 50g brown sugar 100mℓ red wine 50mℓ grenadine In a hot pan on high heat, fry the onion with a little bit of oil, just enough to caramelise slightly. As soon as a rich, light brown colour has been reached, add the sugar, wine and grenadine. Reduce on a medium heat until two thirds of the liquid has been cooked away. Take off the heat and allow to cool down. Set aside for use on the lamb burger. Tzatziki 150g cucumber, grated 15g garlic, grated 5g ginger, grated 5g parsley, finely chopped 15mℓ lemon juice 1 teaspoon lemon rind 15mℓ extra virgin olive oil

Lamb loin burger (Serves four) Cooking the lamb 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Preheat the oven to 180°C. Season the lamb with coarse salt and freshly ground black pepper. Sear the meat in a hot pan over high heat to get a good, rich dark brown colour all around. Place it in the oven, in the pan if heat-resistant, and cook for 15 minutes. This will be medium, a pink rosy colour in the centre. Take it out and let the meat rest for five minutes, just so that the juices can redistribute within. While you are waiting for the meat to cook, start building the sandwich.

Building the burger 1.

Toast the open sides of the sliced ciabatinni very lightly. Spread some hummus on both sides and place a handful of spinach on top of the bottom part. Slice the lamb loin in slices and equally divide among the rolls. Place the onion marmalade on top and sprinkle some Parmesan cheese. Put back the top and serve with the tzatziki and sweet potato chips.

Ingredients 800g rolled, deboned and tied rack of lamb (ask your butcher to prepare this for you). This should be two rolls. 200g onion marmalade 4 fresh ciabatinnis 100g shaved Parmesan 100g baby spinach, washed and stems picked off 150mℓ tzatziki 100g hummus, ready prepared Sweet potato chips Coarse salt and freshly ground black pepper to season

Mix all the ingredients together until well combined. Place in the fridge to chill, ready for use on the burger.

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Ingredients 250g mixed summer berries (strawberries, blackberries, mulberries, raspberries) 150g granulated sugar 75mℓ water 75mℓ vodka 1 vanilla pod, seeds scraped out 250mℓ pistachio ice cream 5g shredded mint

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Vodka and vanilla summer berry salad with pistachio ice cream (Serves four) 1.


In a small saucepan, heat up the sugar and the water over high heat until it comes to the boil (do not stir with a metal spoon as your sugar will recrystallise). Take off the heat and let the bubbles settle. Add the vodka and the vanilla and place in


the freezer to cool quickly, about five minutes. Pour the syrup over the berries in a mixing bowl and fold the syrup through. Place it back in the fridge and let stand for about two hours before serving. When ready to serve, fold through the shredded mint and divide the berries in glasses. A martini glass is very effective visually. Ball the ice cream equally and scoop on top.

from this... this


DNV oshore workshops


Container World supplies full turnkey solutions for remote areas, even with extremely tight deadlines and complicated requirements. Previous projects have ranged in size from camps for twenty to ďŹ ve hundred employees, and have included the provision of basic or executive accommodation facilities, secure storage facilities and basic or executive ablution facilities, as well as fully equipped industrial kitchens and canteens, basic or executive oďŹƒces and boardrooms, containerised generating plants and water and sewage treatment plants. Container World has serviced, and continues to service, both major and junior mining companies, as well as oil and gas companies including Eni in Mozambique, international and integrated energy company, petrochemicals giant Sasol, and gold mining companies such as Barrick Gold and Rand Gold.

Durban +27 (0)31 201 2226 Johannesburg +27 (0)11 392 1284 Cape Town +27 (0)21 511 2598

Visit us at Mining Indaba Stand: 1819

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Through the

grapevine Wine selection tips from the experts

Zanie Viljoen started her winemaking career as a cellar assistant at Delheim Estate in 2005 and has much to look forward to as the new winemaker for the company, as it has recently installed South Africa’s most advanced technology for the production of MCC. First of its kind in the country, the Italian and French designed and produced machinery now allows for the complete inhouse handling of production, where previously part of it was outsourced, and a substantial increase in the production of MCC and still wines. More importantly, however, the machinery makes use of the highest level of engineering. Viljoen’s wine selection includes:

Brut Méthode Cap Classique (MCC) NV This particular Cap Classique was the brainchild of the late Anthonij Rupert and was born out of his belief that MCCs in South Africa had great potential, as is evident today. After his untimely passing his brother, Johann Rupert, paid homage to his brother by continuing with his dream when he took over the business. This vision has resulted in a first-class MCC made from a blend of Chardonnay (60%) and Pinot Noir (40%) grapes. It is a hand-crafted wine best described as elegant, fresh and lively, rich in minerality, displaying hints of brioche, citrus and framboise. The Chardonnay yields a fresh lime character, accentuated by the high natural acidity, while the Pinot Noir provides hints of perfume notes.

Cape of Good Hope Chenin Blanc 2012 This wine displays exotic spices of cinnamon and clove which gently overlay a floral delicacy and stone fruit vibrancy, with a rich, full-flavoured and powerful mouthful in which the fruit speaks loudest. It is rounded and rich with bold fruit mix flavours – dried citrus peel and sultana with fleshy peaches and sundried pineapple. Adding a counterbalance is taut acidity, creamy, leesy texture with restrained oak and vanilla notes, resulting in a wine with lovely minerality. This is an elegant wine with a sophisticated, wonderful body and length of flavour.

Vriesenhof Pinot Noir 2010 Winemaker Zanie Viljoen

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Red or white? Semi-sweet or dry? Every month, Skyways brings you top wine selection tips from the experts to make your fine dining experience an extra special occasion. Zanie Viljoen, winemaker of the La Garonne MCC Méthode Cap Classique (MCC) Cellar for the L’Ormarins brand, shares her three favourite wines with you, the reader.

Complex aromas entwine to form a vivid picture of a fresh, loam forest floor with strong aromas of mushrooms and minerality. The palate shows a rich and deep wine with earthiness and minerality. The wine displays strong notes of plum, cherries and spicy leather which is well balanced with dried apricots and mushrooms to produce a complex, well-rounded wine. It’s best enjoyed with meat dishes such as lamb or venison, and fish dishes such as fresh tuna or Norwegian salmon.

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The Bite in the Apple By Chrisann Brennan

The Bite in the Apple is an intimate look at the life of Steve Jobs by the mother of his first child, providing rare insights into Jobs’ formative, lesser-known years. Jobs was a remarkable man who wanted to unify the world through technology. For him, the point was to set people free with tools to explore their own unique creativity. Chrisann Brennan got to know this better than anyone. She met him in high school, at a time when Jobs was passionately aware that there was something much bigger to be had out of life, and that new kinds of revelations were within reach. The book is the very human tale of Jobs’ ascent and the toll it took, told from the author’s unique perspective as his first girlfriend, co-parent, friend, and – like many others – object of his cruelty. Brennan writes with depth and breadth and talks with passion about an idealistic young man who was driven to change the world, about a young father who denied his own child, and about a man who mistook power for love.


Into the Past By Phillip Tobias

Phillip Vallentine Tobias (1925-2012) was one of South Africa’s most honoured and decorated scientists. Best known for his pioneering work at South Africa’s famous hominid fossil sites, in the course of his career he developed the reputation of being one of the world’s leading authorities on the evolution of humankind. In this memorial edition, material from an unfinished second part of his autobiography describes his collaboration with Louis and Mary Leakey on the fossil remains they found in Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. The challenges Tobias and the Leakeys collectively posed to the international scientific community, and the far-reaching consequences their analysis of the finds would have on our understanding of Africa as the birthplace of modern humans, are recounted in Tobias’ inimitable style, and make for riveting reading.



What a Wonderful World By Marcus Chown Why do we breathe? What is money? How does the brain work? Why in the world did life invent sex when asexual reproduction is so much less bother? How does capitalism work – or not, as the case may be? Why, when we share 99% of our DNA with chimpanzees, does the 1% make such a huge difference? How can something invisible that comes down a wire power our civilisation? How do computers work, and what will computers never be able to do? How did an advanced breed of monkey like

The Best Stories and Humour of Herman Charles Bosman By Herman Charles Bosman This reissued collection contains the best of Bosman’s stories and humour, previously published in two volumes: Starlight on the Veld: Best of Herman Charles Bosman’s Stories and Recognising Blues: Best of Herman Charles Bosman’s Humour. Starlight on the Veld is a collection of 25 of Bosman’s finest stories – the most striking and the most memorable

us get to dominate the Earth? Why is there something rather than nothing? In What a Wonderful World, Marcus Chown, bestselling author of Quantum Theory Cannot Hurt You, widens his usual scope to explain not only how the scientific world works, but how the whole world works. He stops along the way to show us why the Atlantic is widening by a thumb’s length each year, why you age more slowly on the ground floor of a building than the top floor, how money permits trade to time travel, what the crucial advantage was humans had over Neanderthals and why we all could be living in a giant hologram.

✶✶✶✶✶ such as In the Withaak’s Shade and The Rooinek. Recognising Blues gathers together some 30 pieces across the full extent of Bosman’s career, from schoolboy gags through to last laughs. As Bosman himself said, he was known for having a vein of humour running through his work that made him popular with his faithful readers. This collection includes well-known gems like A Bekkersdal Marathon and A Visit to Shanty Town, where his satirical irony ran at full force, through to some previously uncollected essays and reports which show him always to have been South Africa’s most genial commentator.


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, the Skyways team visited Cape Town and were pleasantly surprised by our stays at three unique accommodation offerings that epitomise what a stay in the unique Mother stays inCity theisMother City all about.

Rooms with a view Three

Recently, the Skyways team visited Cape Town and were pleasantly surprised by our stays at three unique accommodation offerings that epitomise what a stay in the Mother City is all about.

Beautifully suspended

Cape View Clifton couples luxurious accommodation with stunning views

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A stay in Clifton should be on the bucket list of anyone who visits Cape Town. One of the Mother City’s more affluent areas, luxurious accommodation options are nestled on cliffs that have commanding views of the Atlantic Ocean. Here you will see locals and tourists soak up the sun on some of the most beautiful beaches in the world. When night falls, the area becomes a playground for the rich and famous. It is here that you will find Cape View Clifton, a luxury guest house that is well suited to the business or leisure traveller. Owned by Jessica Latimer, Cape View Clifton boasts a unique combination of luxury and a warm, homely atmosphere. It has five well-appointed suites, all with majestic sea views that are enjoyed best from a private balcony. In addition, there are two selfcatering units, ideal for a family or small group stay. I was put up in one of the four Deluxe suites. Uniquely designed and decorated, it has its own private sea-facing balcony, offering unobstructed views of Clifton and the Twelve Apostles. From the king-size bed and walk-in

closets to the spacious lounge area and deluxe bath, I was truly living large in one of the country’s most elite areas. Cape View Clifton is conveniently located, making it easy to get to some of the city’s top tourist attractions, such as the V&A Waterfront, Hout Bay and Table Mountain. In addition, it is in close proximity to Clifton’s renowned dining promenade, where one can enjoy a fine meal in a vibrant yet still relaxed atmosphere. There are plenty of luxury lodgings available in Clifton, but the one thing that sets Cape View Clifton apart is that personal touch that Latimer insists on. For starters, each suite has its own private concierge to cater for your individual needs. Furthermore, a meal at the guest house is really a personal affair. On the night that I chose to dine in, I was treated to a three-course meal prepared specially for me, making me feel more at home at the guest house. Arguably the best feature of Cape View Clifton is its Honesty Bar, where you can choose from a variety of drinks and snacks. It is based on a trust system where you take what you want, record the transaction in a book and pay when you check out. Now, it may not seem like a big deal, but the Honesty Bar is a small act of trust that makes the guest feel a new sense of respect and a feature that more establishments should introduce. Text | Gerard Peter

Oil’s well Like many of us who love the taste of olive oil, I regularly use it in my food, without really knowing how to distinguish between a good and a bad olive oil. I used to think that any oil that says ‘extra virgin’ on the label is good and if it’s an imported product, it must be even better. So great was my surprise when I did an olive oil tasting at the Cascade Country Manor and Olive Estate near Paarl. Situated in the foothills of the majestic Klein Drakenstein Mountains, Cascade Country Manor is surrounded by the beauty of the Cape Winelands. A scenic drive through vineyards and olive groves brings one to the stately neo-classical hall which is Cascade Country Manor. Yes, it does remind strongly of the country home of an English lord, and therefore it comes as no surprise that the estate was established by the Duke of Bedford during the 1950s. He purchased the farm and named it Paarl Waterfall Park, built a large manor house and established the olive groves – ‘Waterfall Park’ because there is a gigantic natural waterfall behind the manor house. And a splendid sight it is indeed – fresh mountain water cascading over a rock face from high up in the mountains. Today the farm is owned by Maike and Volker Goetze,

who converted the manor house into a hotel and spa. With 15 individually designed suites, a restaurant and a fully equipped health spa, Cascade Country Manor offers an escape from the rush of city life. Volker, who bottles his olive oil under the estate’s own label, has a passion for the golden liquid. He generously shares his knowledge (and oil) with guests during his olive-tasting sessions on the manor’s veranda. I thought all olive oils tasted more or less the same, but that’s not at all the case. Volker started by giving us a selection of imported oils to try. Yes... they tasted like oil, but did not have much flavour. He then brought out a selection of award-winning, locally produced oils and what a difference. Before even touching the tongue, one could distinguish the different flavours – pepper and a clear cutting grass aroma. A good extra virgin olive oil has a harmonious balance of bitterness and pepperiness with a tinge of fruity oliveness. The quality and character of good olive oil is largely dependent on the climate, making the Western Cape a great olive-producing region. Our local oils regularly win major international awards and are something South Africans can be truly proud of.

Live like an English lord even if it is for just a short while

Text and photography | Johann Theron

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Cape View Clifton Cascade Country Manor Winchester Mansions

Traces of the past

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There’s always a bit of a buzz along Seapoint’s promenade. People walk their dogs at all times of the day, fitness fanatics and supermodels do their daily

training on the pavement, while others simply stroll from viewpoint to viewpoint. That’s why staying at one of the seafront hotels is a rather eventful experience and Winchester Mansions is certainly one of the best. Built during the first half of the previous century, the building reflects the Neo-Cape Dutch style of the 1930s and many of the elements and fittings are true to this era. Rooms are spacious and many offer a view of the Atlantic Ocean, while the hotel’s restaurant, Harveys, is well known for its excellent South African (with a European twist) cuisine. The hotel also includes conference facilities, a function venue and a health spa. A highlight is Winchester Mansions’ famous Jazz Brunch. Every Sunday morning, lovers of good food and soothing music take their seats in the hotel’s courtyard. To ensure a table at this popular weekly event, booking well in advance is an absolute must. Text and photography | Johann Theron

Since 1994

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bungle Far from being a patriotic cry, Born in the USA was certainly lost in translation

Born down in a dead man’s town The first kick I took was when I hit the ground You end up like a dog that’s been beat too much Till you spend half your life just covering up Born in the USA I was born in the USA (x2) Born in the USA Got in a little hometown jam so they put a rifle in my hand Sent me off to a foreign land to go and kill the yellow man Born in the USA I was born in the USA (x3) Born in the USA Come back home to the refinery Hiring man says “son if it was up to me” Went down to see my V.A. man

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He said “son don’t you understand now” Had a brother at Khe Sanh fighting off the Viet Cong They're still there he’s all gone He had a woman he loved in Saigon I got a picture of him in her arms now Down in the shadow of penitentiary Out by the gas fires of the refinery I’m 10 years burning down the road Nowhere to run ain’t got nowhere to go Born in the USA I was born in the USA Born in the USA I’m a long gone daddy in the USA Born in the USA (x3) I’m a cool rocking daddy in the USA

bruce springsteen

roars out Born in the USA with such passion that you can’t help but feel proud to be American – even if actually you aren’t. But Americans felt the same, and this song became a patriotic anthem when it was released in 1984. It became a huge hit and was heard whenever you turned on a radio. Americans got caught up in the catchy chorus “Born in the USA! I was born in the USA!” and the song became all about belonging to the land of stars and stripes. Even politicians jumped on the bandwagon. Ronald Reagan said the following during his 1984 re-election campaign: “America’s future rests in a thousand dreams inside our hearts. It rests in the message of hope in the songs of a man so many young Americans admire: New Jersey’s own Bruce Springsteen.” He didn’t directly mention Born in the USA, but with the song being so popular in that year it was clear that he was talking about it. Springsteen later referred to this during a concert, telling the crowd:“The president mentioned my name the other day, and I kinda got to wondering what his favourite album must have been… I don’t think he’s been listening to this one.” Hold on a minute – why did he say that? The lesserknown fact is that all these people, including the president, were way off in their interpretation of the song. What they should’ve done was look past the chorus, at the rest of the lyrics. Born in the USA is not a song that celebrates a country, not even close. It is in fact a protest song.

Most misunderstood song ever So while people were happily singing along about how they were “born in the USA,” Springsteen couldn’t help become a bit agitated, since this was not what he was trying to say at all. When looking at the following lyrics, it becomes apparent that things are a little less lighthearted than we thought:“Got in a little hometown jam/ So they put a rifle in my hand/ Sent me off to a foreign land/ To go and kill the yellow man.” In Born in the USA, Springsteen takes a look at the Vietnam War. It is partly a tribute to friends of Springsteen who had experienced the war, some of whom never returned, and it also criticises the way the Vietnam veterans were treated upon their return. Vietnam was the first war that America didn’t win,

and America wasn’t happy about this. While American veterans of other wars received a hero’s welcome upon their return, the soldiers who fought in Vietnam were mostly ignored when they returned to their home country. Considering this, the ‘proud’ line “Born in the USA” becomes bitterly ironic. The song tells the story of a middle-class man who was sent to the war, and in one part this man describes the fate of his brother, who also had to fight for his country: “I had a brother at Khe Sanh/ Fighting off the Viet Cong/

(More) things you didn’t know about Born in the USA •

• •

Car manufacturer Chrysler offered Springsteen $12 million to use the song in an ad campaign. The rocker turned them down – he has never allowed his music to be used to sell products. The Born in the USA album cover features a photo of Springsteen’s butt against the backdrop of an American flag. It took some convincing for Bruce to agree to this. Some saw it as him urinating on the flag. The drum solo towards the end of the song was completely improvised. While recording, Springsteen suddenly turned towards drummer Max Weinberg, and signalled to him to start drumming, which he did. Born in the USA was recorded live in the studio in only three takes. When touring in 1996 and 1999, Springsteen performed acoustic versions of the song, in an effort to help people hear the lyrics so that they could understand what the song is about. And one to make you feel old: Born in the USA was the first CD manufactured for commercial release in the US. Back then CDs were still something new, and discs were imported from Japan, where it had only been introduced in 1982.

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The Boss will perform his smash hit in South Africa later this month

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They're still there, he's all gone/ He had a woman he loved in Saigon/ I got a picture of him in her arms now.” The brother here can be in the literal or figurative sense – in some live shows Springsteen replaced it with the word ‘buddy’. The song was originally going to be called Vietnam (which might have prevented all the confusion about its meaning). Then Springsteen was sent the script for a movie that was going to be called Born in the USA, and this made him change his mind about the title. The poor director of the movie had to choose a different name when he was ready to start filming a few years later, since Born in the USA had become too associated with the song. Springsteen helped him out by providing a

song called Light of Day, and this also became the name of the 1987 film starring Michael J. Fox and Joan Jett. Born in the USA, from the album of the same name, is one of Springsteen’s best known singles. And even though the misinterpretation of the song bothers him, he considers it one of his best. And rightly so. It topped the charts in the States as well as the UK, the Recording Industry Association of America placed it 59th out of 365 on their Songs of the Century list, and Rolling Stone ranked it 275th on their list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. Not bad for a song that nobody understood. Text | Noleen Fourie Photography | Shutterstock

battleship Each Battleship puzzle represents a section of ocean with a hidden fleet of one battleship, two cruisers and three submarines. The ships may be oriented horizontally or vertically within the grid such that no ship touches another, not even diagonally. Any remaining squares in the grid contain water segments, which are shown as a symbol of water or as an X. The numbers on the bottom and on the right of the grid show how many squares in the corresponding rows and columns are occupied by ships. The object is to discover where all six ships are located.


Try the addictive game of Sudoku. The aim is to fill each block with a number from 1 to 9. Each number must not appear more than once in each row, column and square. If you can’t finish this puzzle during your flight, please take this free copy of Skyways with you. The cabin attendant will make sure that the next passengers get their own magazine, with a clean Sudoku for them to puzzle over! Puzzles taken from

1 x Battleship



Puzzles supplied by Conceptis,



2 x Cruisers 3 x Submarines

Solutions can be found on page 16

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Experience nature at it's best

Need to get away from the busy city life? Get in touch with yourself and find peace with the sounds and smells of nature . Mpumalanga offers a wide variety of activities and sites that will blow your mind. Even if you just want to sit back and admire nature and wild life, you will be able to do all that in the Lowveld.

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WELCOME TO THIS UNIQUE AND INVITING RETREAT Experience the warm friendliness of Richards Bay and its picturesque surroundings, coupled with the relaxed hospitality and convenience of the centrally situated Protea Hotel Richards Bay. Accommodation is comfortable, fully air-conditioned and stylishly decorated, including ďŹ ve suites.

Nelspruit Office Tel:+27 (0)13 752 8163 Fax: +27 (0)13 752 6176 After hour: +27 (0)71 364 6694 Cnr of Samora Machele Drive & Ferreira Str Gound Flour, Absa Square,1200 White River Office Tel: +27 (0)13 750 2342 Fax: +27 (0)13 750 1760 After hour:+27 (0)82 837 7794 Shop 8A, White river Square Chief Khumalo Drive R40, 1240 Managers Details Sibusiso Nkosi: +27 (0)82 507 02778 Email:

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NEARBY ATTRACTIONS. Combine the beauty of this warm, lush, subtropical region with the savannah of the many game reserves, Zulu traditionalism with tranquil walks on miles of pristine beaches along the Tuzi Gazi Coast. PHDS 27112/13


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F L I G H T S – Domestic FLIGHT







When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Cape Town - George - Cape Town SA8621 SA8625 SA8639 SA8641 SA8635 SA8622 SA8630 SA8638 SA8642 SA8636

Cape Town Cape Town Cape Town Cape Town Cape Town George George George George George


George George George George George Cape Town Cape Town Cape Town Cape Town Cape Town

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Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

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Bloemfontein Bloemfontein Bloemfontein Durban Durban Durban

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ER3 J41 ER3 ER3 J41 ER3

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George Durban

09:40 11:50

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Nelspruit Nelspruit Durban Durban Durban

06:45 13:45 08:25 15:10 17:35

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J41 ER3 J41 ER3 ER3

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07:00 17:20 08:35 18:55

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07:30 16:15 09:15 18:00

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J41 J41 J41 J41

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:30 09:00 10:00 11:10 15:30 16:25 17:30 07:40 10:10 13:35 15:05 16:40 15:45 18:45

07:20 09:50 10:50 11:55 16:15 17:15 18:20 08:35 11:05 14:25 16:00 17:30 16:40 19:40

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 5 6 1 2 3 4 5


Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:25 11:45 16:20 08:00 13:15 17:50

07:35 12:55 17:30 09:20 14:35 19:10

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7

J41 J41 J41 J41 J41 J41

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

Cape Town - Kimberley - Cape Town SA8617 SA8615 SA8618 SA8616

Cape Town Cape Town Kimberley Kimberley


Kimberley Kimberley Cape Town Cape Town

Cape Town - Nelspruit - Cape Town SA8663 SA8664

Cape Town Nelspruit

- -

Nelspruit Cape Town

Cape Town - Upington - Cape Town SA8645 SA8647 SA8646 SA8648

Cape Town Cape Town Upington Upington


Upington Upington Cape Town Cape Town

Durban - Bloemfontein - Durban SA8531 SA8535 SA8537 SA8532 SA8536 SA8538

Durban Durban Durban Bloemfontein Bloemfontein Bloemfontein


Durban - George - Durban SA8515 SA8514

Durban George

- -

Durban - Nelspruit - Durban SA8507 SA8505 SA8508 SA8506 SA8510

Durban Durban Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit


Johannesburg - Bloemfontein - Johannesburg SA8401 SA8407 SA8402 SA8408

Johannesburg Johannesburg Bloemfontein Bloemfontein


Bloemfontein Bloemfontein Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Kimberley - Johannesburg SA8421 SA8427 SA8422 SA8428

Johannesburg Johannesburg Kimberley Kimberley


Kimberley Kimberley Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Nelspruit - Johannesburg SA8823 SA8827 SA8843 SA8841 SA8845 SA8829 SA8849 SA8824 SA8828 SA8842 SA8830 SA8846 SA8844 SA8848

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit


Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Phalaborwa - Johannesburg SA8851 SA8853 SA8857 SA8852 SA8854 SA8858

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Phalaborwa Phalaborwa Phalaborwa


Phalaborwa Phalaborwa Phalaborwa Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Golf Bags: 1 bag at 15kg free baggage allowance – golf bags must be pre-booked with your booking agent.

82 01 14

TIMETABLE effective 01 JANUARY 2014

F L I G H T S – Domestic FLIGHT







SA8801 SA8809 SA8809 SA8817 SA8817 SA8815 SA8802 SA8810 SA8810 SA8818 SA8818 SA8816

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Polokwane Polokwane Polokwane Polokwane Polokwane Polokwane


Polokwane Polokwane Polokwane Polokwane Polokwane Polokwane Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

06:35 11:40 11:40 14:20 14:20 17:05 07:55 13:00 13:00 15:30 15:40 18:15

07:25 12:30 12:40 15:10 15:20 17:55 08:50 13:55 13:55 16:25 16:35 19:10

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6 1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3 ER3 J41 ER3 J41 ER3 ER3 ER3 J41 ER3 J41 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

07:00 12:15 16:00 18:15 06:45 08:30 14:00 17:25

08:00 13:15 17:00 19:15 07:45 09:30 15:05 18:25

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7


Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

07:15 14:20 09:00 16:00

08:35 15:40 10:30 17:30

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

J41 J41 J41 J41

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

07:10 11:00 15:30 09:00 12:50 17:20

08:40 12:30 17:00 10:35 14:25 18:55

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7


Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

07:00 16:15 08:05 17:20

07:45 17:00 08:55 18:10

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

J41 J41 J41 J41

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:15 08:20 16:15 16:15 07:50 09:55 18:00 18:00

07:30 09:35 17:30 17:30 09:05 11:10 19:15 19:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 7 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 7 5


Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

Johannesburg - Pietermaritzburg - Johannesburg SA8747 SA8735 SA8741 SA8739 SA8730 SA8732 SA8736 SA8742

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Pietermaritzburg Pietermaritzburg Pietermaritzburg Pietermaritzburg


Pietermaritzburg Pietermaritzburg Pietermaritzburg Pietermaritzburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Richardsbay - Johannesburg SA8441 SA8447 SA8442 SA8448

Johannesburg Johannesburg Richardsbay Richardsbay


Richardsbay Richardsbay Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Upington - Johannesburg SA8761 SA8767 SA8769 SA8762 SA8768 SA8770

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Upington Upington Upington


Upington Upington Upington Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Port Elizabeth - East London - Port Elizabeth SA8480 SA8488 SA8481 SA8489

Port Elizabeth Port Elizabeth East London East London


East London East London Port Elizabeth Port Elizabeth

Johannesburg - Mthatha - Johannesburg SA8751 SA8753 SA8755 SA8755 SA8752 SA8754 SA8756 SA8756

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Mthatha Mthatha Mthatha Mthatha


Mthatha Mthatha Mthatha Mthatha Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

F L I G H T S – Regional FLIGHT





10:10 11:45

11:25 13:05

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

10:00 15:00

14:10 17:40

11:30 13:30



Durban - Maputo - Durban SA8290 SA8291

Durban Maputo

- -

Maputo Durban

7 7

J41 J41

Airlink Airlink

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7


Airlink Airlink

13:10 15:20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7


Airlink Airlink

10:40 12:50

12:05 14:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7


Airlink Airlink

07:20 17:30 08:55 19:05

08:15 18:25 09:50 20:00

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

J41 J41 J41 J41

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

11:45 13:55

13:25 15:45

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7


Airlink Airlink

Johannesburg - Antananarivo - Johannesburg SA8252 SA8253

Johannesburg Antananarivo

- -

Antananarivo Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Beira - Johannesburg SA8214 SA8215

Johannesburg Beira

- -

Beira Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Bulawayo - Johannesburg SA8110 SA8111

Johannesburg Bulawayo

- -

Bulawayo Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Gaborone - Johannesburg SA8450 SA8458 SA8451 SA8459

Johannesburg Johannesburg Gaborone Gaborone

- Gaborone - Gaborone - Johannesburg - Johannesburg

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Johannesburg - Polokwane - Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Kasane - Johannesburg SA8306 SA8307

Johannesburg Kasane

- Kasane - Johannesburg

Airlink's REGIONAL AND DOMESTIC flights check-in Terminal B counters B89 - B101 at OR Tambo International Airport.

83 01 14

TIMETABLE effective 01 JANUARY 2014

F L I G H T S – Regional FLIGHT







Nelspruit - Livingstone - Nelspruit SA8870 SA8871

Nelspruit Livingstone

- -

Livingstone Nelspruit

11:35 13:45

13:10 15:25

1 2 3 5 6 1 2 3 5 6


Airlink Airlink

06:35 15:45 09:00 18:20

08:30 17:40 11:05 20:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 7


Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:30 16:15 16:15 08:50 18:45 18:45

08:20 18:05 18:05 10:35 20:30 20:30

1 2 3 4 5 3 4 1 2 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 3 4 1 2 5 7


Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:50 10:05 12:40 16:05 17:00 18:30 08:05 08:05 08:05 11:10 13:50 17:10

07:35 10:50 13:25 16:50 17:45 19:15 09:00 09:00 09:00 12:05 14:45 18:05

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7


Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink

06:40 09:45 14:45 13:00 13:00 08:10 11:00 16:00 14:35 14:35

07:35 10:40 15:40 14:00 14:00 09:05 11:55 16:55 15:45 15:45

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6 7


Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

11:45 14:00

13:15 15:40

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7


Airlink Airlink

10:55 10:55 14:00 14:00

13:25 13:25 16:35 16:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7


Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:20 09:45 15:15 09:00 13:00 17:55

08:30 12:15 17:25 11:15 15:30 20:10

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5


Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

11:30 14:50

14:20 17:45

1 3 4 5 6 1 3 4 5 6


Airlink Airlink

10:35 13:25

12:40 15:45

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5


Airlink Airlink

11:30 13:45

13:10 15:30

1 2 3 5 6 1 2 3 5 6


Airlink Airlink

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Johannesburg - Lusaka - Johannesburg SA8160 SA8164 SA8161 SA8165

Johannesburg Johannesburg Lusaka Lusaka


Lusaka Lusaka Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Harare - Johannesburg SA8100 SA8102 SA8102 SA8101 SA8103 SA8103

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Harare Harare Harare


Harare Harare Harare Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Manzini - Johannesburg SA8012 SA8992 SA8994 SA8014 SA8996 SA8998 SA8013 SA8991 SA8997 SA8993 SA8995 SA8015

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini


Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Maseru - Johannesburg SA8050 SA8052 SA8062 SA8060 SA8060 SA8051 SA8053 SA8063 SA8061 SA8061

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Maseru Maseru Maseru Maseru Maseru


Maseru Maseru Maseru Maseru Maseru Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Maun - Johannesburg SA8300 SA8301

Johannesburg Maun

- -

Maun Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Nampula - Johannesburg SA8230 SA8230 SA8231 SA8231

Johannesburg Johannesburg Nampula Nampula


Nampula Nampula Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Ndola - Johannesburg SA8158 SA8154 SA8156 SA8159 SA8155 SA8157

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Ndola Ndola Ndola


Ndola Ndola Ndola Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Pemba - Johannesburg SA8204 SA8205

Johannesburg Pemba

- -

Pemba Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Tete - Johannesburg SA8220 SA8221

Johannesburg Tete

- -

Tete Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Vilankulos - Johannesburg SA8260 SA8261

Johannesburg Vilankulos

- Vilankulos - Johannesburg

Day 1 = Monday, Day 7 = Sunday For reservations visit, your travel agent or SAA Central Reservations on +27 11-978 1111 • Flight schedules subject to change • Contact your booking agent for these conditions EXCESS BAGGAGE AND SPORTING EQUIPMENT: Refer to Important information & Conditions of Carriage Clause 8 Baggage 8.3 Whilst every effort has been made to ensure accuracy of content of the published timetable, both operational and strategic issues cause timetable changes. Due to the forward lead time required for publication, these often cannot be duly reflected. Should this occur, Airlink and its agents are not responsible for any errors, omissions, losses or detriments arising from the publication.

84 01 14


Jetstream 4100 - Regional Turboprop Airliner Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Cruising Speed

29 19.25m 18.29m 5.74m 2 600kg 25 000ft 500km/h

ERJ 135-LR - Regional Jet Airliner and Corporate Jet Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Cruising Speed

37 26.34m 20.04m 6.75m 5 000kg 37 000ft 800km/h

Avro RJ85 - Regional Jet Airliner Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Seating Classes Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Maximum Cruising Speed

83 2 28.60m 26.21m 8.61m 9 362kg 35 000ft 780km/h

free | soul

revolution New Year’s

Seven secrets of the wealthy for a better financial future

you’ve done

it before – made a commitment to work hard at gaining financial independence. However, it is not always that simple and often you make no inroads. But you can make 2014 the year that you break the cycle and achieve your financial goals by following these expert tips.


86 01 14

Invest in yourself Investing in yourself is the single most important investment you can make. Take the time, make the effort and invest the resources required to obtain knowledge of financial matters, money management, investment options and wealth creation, including the so-called ‘secrets’ of the wealthy who have created their financial prosperity.


Retain control of your money Warren Buffett warns: “Never invest in something you don’t understand.” Avoid investment instruments that are complex, shrouded in jargon and require expensive advice and management. Some types of investments, such as exchange traded funds (ETFs) and buy-to-let property, are surprisingly simple, and do not require you to relinquish control of your money to any institution or individual at exorbitant fees, hoping they will deliver on their promises through investment vehicles you don’t really understand.


Have a long-term perspective A long-term perspective cultivates discipline and the ability to delay short-term gratification in favour of achieving more important long-term financial

The key to shifting from being a liability owner to an asset owner is to avoid more debt at all costs, pay off all your existing debt as quickly as possible, start saving up (at least three months’ salary), and then begin to invest in assets that can generate income for you.


Use only ‘good’ debt intelligently While the wealthy avoid short-term, high-interest debt such as credit cards, store cards and personal loans at all costs, they use longer-term, low-interest debt intelligently to invest in assets that will not only grow in value over time, but will also produce an ongoing passive income. In financial circles, this is known as ‘gearing’. A pertinent example is buying a property through a home loan, and renting the property out to create an ongoing passive income, while also earning capital growth over time.


Focus on income, not capital growth Most ordinary salary-earners attempt to accumulate enough capital to secure a comfortable retirement, but statistics show this is almost impossible given the devastating effect of inflation and poor investment returns. The wealthy do not focus on accumulating capital or even capital growth, they focus on creating ongoing, never-ending passive income to sustain themselves financially, not only in retirement – regardless of how long they may live – but also well before and well after. They do this by investing in income-generating assets, such as a buy-to-let property, which generates not only an ongoing, inflation-linked passive income for life but also, as a bonus, steady capital growth over the long term.

objectives. Stick to your long-term investment plans and avoid making emotional decisions based on short-term market volatility and fluctuations.


Become an asset owner, not a liability owner The poor own liabilities that cost them ever more in compounding interest, leaving them with ever less disposable income every month and forcing them to acquire ever more liabilities just to survive. It is a vicious cycle. The wealthy, on the other hand, own assets that not only increase in value over time, but also produce a passive income, such as savings that earn interest above inflation or an investment that pays dividends; a business; royalties on a book; a patent or a franchise operation; or a property that is rented out.

Make 2014 the year of financial independence


Invest in property The world’s wealthiest invest in property, and for many good reasons. It is a simple and straightforward investment alternative that is easy to understand and allows them to increase their income-earning abilities. It also allows them to retain direct control of their money – which is invested in brick and mortar where they can see and touch it, not at the mercy of the volatile stock markets or salaried asset managers. Property investment further allows the wealthy to maintain a long-term perspective, because it is an illiquid asset and cannot be acquired or disposed of in a moment of panic or euphoria. It allows the wealthy to acquire an asset that generates an ongoing, inflation-linked passive income, as well as capital growth over time, using ‘good’ long-term, low-interest debt intelligently. Text | Dr Koos du Toit Photography | Shutterstock

87 01 14


47.9 years

ten YOU DIDN’T Of overall household spend in SA goes to housing, water, electricity and fuel

The median mortality age in SA


know about… Fabergé eggs Fabergé’s jewelled eggs, produced by the House of Fabergé between 1885 and 1917, are remnants of the fabulous wealth of Russia’s imperial family. The first Fabergé egg was crafted by Peter Carl Fabergé for Tsar Alexander III, who had decided to give his wife, the Empress Maria Feodorovna, an Easter egg in 1885, possibly to celebrate the 20th anniversary of their betrothal. As it was being made, each egg was a closely guarded secret. Inside, each contained a surprise. The first egg opens to reveal a golden yolk, inside of which, on a nest of golden straw, sits a hen of four-colour gold with ruby eyes. After Alexander’s death in 1894, his son Tsar Nicholas II continued the tradition, each year giving one to his mother Maria and one to his wife

1 2 3

Intrigued? Read Braintainment magazine for more interesting facts. On sale now. for knowledge

88 01 14


Alexandra Feodorovna, up to the fall of the dynasty during World War I in 1917. Throughout Alexander’s reign, only one Fabergé egg was made each year. It was presented to the tsar at Easter. When Nicholas II ascended the throne, Fabergé began making two eggs, one for the new tsar to give to his wife, Alexandra, and the other for the tsar’s mother. While most Fabergé eggs were produced for the Romanov family – Fabergé’s company made 50 for Alexander III and Nicholas II before the revolution – a few were also commissioned by wealthy collectors. Each egg was a masterpiece. In 1891, for example, Fabergé presented the Azova egg, carved from a solid piece of green jasper and covered with gold and diamond scrollwork





Of South Africa’s population live in Gauteng

in Louis XV style. A tiny replica of the ship Pamiat Azova, made in gold and set on a piece of aquamarine, was inside. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, the Fabergé collection was dispersed and many of the eggs were later sold in the West. Malcolm Forbes had the largest privately owned collection of Fabergé eggs, and after he died his heirs authorised Sotheby’s in 2004 to auction off his collection. But before the auction took place, a private sale took place and the entire collection was bought by Viktor Vekselberg and taken back to Russia. In 2007, a previously unknown egg surfaced that Fabergé had created for the Rothschild family. The egg, translucent pink with a clock built into its surface, sold at auction for approximately R140 million.

1 in 3

The number of men who will wait until Christmas Eve to finish their shopping




89 01 14

29.2% 31 Of the South African population is 15 and younger

The number of people who have died in the UK since 1996 by watering their Christmas tree while the lights were plugged in

Didya know? Can you solve our New Year's quiz?

B. Hip hop 1. Which classic hip hop song does Rosie the rapping granny sing in The Wedding Singer? 2. Which former US vice president’s wife lobbied for the parental advisory labels now affixed to select CDs? 3. Which two words did Tupac Shakur have tattooed across his abdomen? 4. What audio-processing software, made famous by T-Pain, is used in the studio to keep musicians’ voices on pitch? 5. Which brand of sneakers did hip hop group Run-DMC celebrate? Answers 1. Rapper’s Delight 2. Tipper Gore, Al’s wife. 3. Thug life 4. Auto-Tune 5. Adidas. “We travel on gravel, dirt road, or street/ I wear my Adidas when I rock the beat.” Clue to 2

90 01 14

A. Fantasy 1. In which film is the protagonist told, “You take the red pill… and I show you how deep the rabbit hole goes”? 2. Which superhero debuted in 1962 in the comic book Amazing Fantasy No. 15? 3. Oscar Wilde wrote about whose picture – a portrait of someone who never aged? 4. What is the “answer to the ultimate question of life, the universe and everything”? 5. Which online role-playing game was once invaded by a plague that researchers used as a model in the event of a real-world outbreak? Answers 1. The Matrix 2. Spider-Man 3. Dorian Gray 4. 42. In The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, it is the answer given by Deep Thought. 5. World of Warcraft

C. Eggs 1. Complete the Beatles lyrics: “I am the eggman, they are the eggman…” 2. Which company is synonymous with the jewelencrusted eggs crafted for Russian royalty prior to the 1917 revolution? 3. What is the full birth name of Dr Seuss, author of Green Eggs and Ham? 4. What is the name for an adult male duck? 5. Which dancer is associated with a dish consisting of beaten egg whites and white sugar? Answers 1. I am the walrus. 2. Fabergé 3. Theodor Seuss Geisel 4. Drake 5. Anna Pavlova. New Zealand and Australia have both laid claim to this dessert.


Of the South African population is 60 and older

559,631 The number of reported deaths in South Africa in 2013

Clue to C1

91 01 14

57.7 years Life expectancy for baby boys born in 2013


Of the Earth’s surface is permanently covered with ice

I’m a little bit older, a little bit wiser, a little bit rounder, but still none the wiser. Robert Paul The proper behaviour all through the holiday season is to be drunk. This drunkenness culminates on New Year’s Eve, when you get so drunk you kiss the person you’re married to. P.J. O’Rourke New Year’s resolution: to tolerate fools more gladly, provided this does not encourage them to take up more of my time. James Agate Make as many New Year’s resolutions as possible so you have lots of future failures to choose from. Anonymous Making resolutions is a cleansing ritual of selfassessment and repentance that demands personal honesty and, ultimately, reinforces humility. Breaking them is part of the cycle. Eric Zorn An optimist stays up until midnight to see the new year in. A pessimist stays up to make sure the old year leaves. Bill Vaughan New Year’s Day is every man’s birthday. Charles Lamb Cheers to a new year and another chance for us to get it right. Oprah Winfrey

RINGING IN THE NEW Wise and quirky quotes about New Year’s resolutions

92 01 14

New Year’s Day: now is the accepted time to make your regular annual good resolutions. Next week you can begin paving hell with them as usual. Mark Twain Many people look forward to the new year for a new start on old habits. Anonymous May all your troubles last as long as your New Year’s resolutions. Joey Adams I think in terms of the day’s resolutions, not the year’s. Henry Moore


The consecutive number of dot balls that South African Hugh Tayfield bowled in a 1956/57 Test match against England

I made no resolutions for the new year. The habit of making plans, of criticising, sanctioning and moulding my life, is too much of a daily event for me. Anaïs Nin Good resolutions are simply cheques that men draw on a bank where they have no account. Oscar Wilde A New Year’s resolution is something that goes in one year and out the other. Anonymous One resolution I have made, and try always to keep is this: to rise above the little things. John Burroughs Never tell your resolution beforehand, or it’s twice as onerous a duty. John Selden Tomorrow is the first blank page of a 365page book. Write a good one. Brad Paisley The object of a new year is not that we should have a new year, but rather that we should have a new soul. G.K. Chesterton No one’s ever achieved financial fitness with a January resolution that’s abandoned by February. Suze Orman If you asked me for my New Year’s resolution, it would be to find out who I am. Cyril Cusack Drop the last year into the silent limbo of the past. Let it go, for it was imperfect, and thank God that it can go. Brooks Atkinson Ring out the old, ring in the new, Ring, happy bells, across the snow: The year is going, let him go; Ring out the false, ring in the true. Alfred, Lord Tennyson Be always at war with your vices, at peace with your neighbours, and let each new year find you a better man. Benjamin Franklin


Meeting point Playful California sea lions come together for a kiss underwater. The California sea lion is one of five species of sea lion. His natural habitat ranges from southeast Alaska to central Mexico, including the Gulf of California. The animals are particularly intelligent and can be trained to perform various tasks. Because of this, California sea lions are commonly found in public displays in zoos, circuses and oceanariums, where they are known as the classic 'seals' and are trained by the US Navy for certain military operations.

94 01 14

95 01 14


New baby buying

y z n f re the news

of conception has barely been passed along when it happens. Through some inexplicable method of communication the word goes out to all female relatives of the child-to-be. “Let the buying begin!” And boy does it ever begin. Why should a newborn be dressed to the nines when he doesn’t even understand what fashion sense is?

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Of all reasons to go shopping this has to be the best, and what wonderful places to shop. There are whole stores dedicated entirely to baby stuff. Some of those stores even have designer clothes for the newborn. Women who haven’t darkened the children’s section in years are now picking up tiny outfits and cooing, “Isn’t this cute?”Those are the magic words and soon after hearing them the darling outfit along with more things than you can imagine will be coming home with you. Your house starts to fill with small packages and books containing large pictures of teddy bears and Mother Goose. Otherwise normal grown women read them out loud – to you. Then, of course, there is the baby shower. Have you ever wondered why they call it a shower? Maybe because the mother-to-be is showered with all the things one can dream a baby might possibly ever need. How did our forefathers get by with just a blanket to keep the baby warm? What about that baby wrapped in swaddling clothes? The lucky child will no doubt be the best-dressed newborn around. However, one might ask a couple of

questions about this fact. Do you think the newborn will really be concerned with fashion? Will it matter that the animal booties match the animals on his cap? Will other newborns think less of your child or grandchild if he is not in style? Could it lead to a lack of self-esteem? You may have a great memory, but seriously, do you remember one single thing that you wore during your first year of life? In fact, can you remember much of anything you wore before becoming a fashion maven in high school? Infants will likely be content if they are fed, dry and warm. Those darling outfits with professional sports team logos on them really don’t have great significance for the child. While these things will take on importance in later life, at this age it is clearly meaningful only to those who purchase them. Whatever happened to hand-me-downs? Those are the old baby clothes lovingly stored in a chest somewhere that are still as good as new. After all, babies grow so fast they never wear anything out. Instead of buying baby clothes, maybe we should buy something for a teenager to wear. By that time there’s really a need for clothing. The child’s parents will be broke and counting the days until he leaves for university, or just leaves. Of course, it is doubtful this suggestion will be treated with the seriousness it deserves. Text | Jack Keane

TAG Heuer Boutiques; Sandton City & V&A Waterfront. Also at selected fine jewellers nationwide. For further information please call 011.669.0500.

Skyways Magazine January 2014  

Skyways Magazine January 2014