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february 2014

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february 2014

INDABA

20th

insight for executives on the move


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february 2014

insight for executives on the move

MIN NG

2013/12/06 5:19 PM

INDABA

20th

2014/01/17 11:18 AM

Spotlight on mining pg 42

freedom for executives on the move

A good deed should go unpunished You probably haven’t heard of Sthandiwe Hlongwane. Coming from an impoverished background, she must have been over the moon when a newly built house was handed over tolast month. Sadly, that joy was short-lived for Hlongwane and her family. Why? The house she was given was built by the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) near President Jacob Zuma’s Nkandla homestead, much to the annoyance of a group of ANC supporters. As a result Hlongwane now fears that she and her family will be attacked if they stay in their new home. It begs the question: why is a good deed reason to be angry? This being an election year, you can expect politicking on all levels. It’s that time when politicians engage with the masses with powerful political rhetoric and acts of kindness conveniently captured on camera. Whether it is the ruling party, the opposition or the newcomers, you can be assured that their motorcades will make their way to disadvantaged areas where they will hug the local residents, hand out food parcels, textbooks and maybe open a new clinic. It’s all part of the election circus that has rolled into town. Twenty years into democracy, the ruling party still faces challenges when it comes to service delivery. Granted, much has improved, but there are still many people living without the basics such as water or proper housing. Any help they can get to live up to their election promises should be accepted with open arms, even if it comes from the opposition. In fact, the government should laud such charitable acts rather than berate them. After all, aren’t we all striving for the same goal: a better life for all?

PUBLISHER Urs Honegger

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Gerard Peter MANAGING EDITOR Deanne Dudley SENIOR SUB EDITOR Vanessa Koekemoer SUB EDITORS Noleen Fourie, Nicolette Els

DTP STUDIO MANAGER Paul Kotze DESIGNERS Cronje du Toit, Roelof Meintjes TRAFFIC & PRODUCTION MANAGER Celeste Jacobs

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July-Sept 2013 18309 (total)

Skyways is printed on partially recycled paper

Skyways Magazine is published monthly and distributed via Airlink. All rights reserved. Reproduction of this magazine in whole or in part is prohibited without prior written permission of Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. Copyright © 1994-2014 Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. The views expressed in Skyways Magazine are not necessarily those of Panorama Publications or Airlink, and the acceptance and publication of editorial and advertising matterial in Skyways Magazine does not imply any endorsement or warranty in respect of goods or services therein described, whether by Skyways Magazine or the publishers. Skyways Magazine will not be held responsible for the safe return of unsolicited editorial contributions. The Editor reserves the right to edit material submitted and in appropriate cases to translate into another language. Skyways Magazine reserves the right to reject any advertising or editorial material, which may not suit the standard of the publication, without reason given. Skyways Magazine is published by Panorama Publications on behalf of Airlink. PUBLISHED BY Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. Private Bag X4, Kyalami, 1684, South Africa. 92 Campolino Road, Kyalami. Tel: 011 468 2090 Fax: 011 468 2091


Pemba

Ndola Lusaka Kasane Maun

Livingstone Harare

Phalaborwa Skukuza Nelspruit Maputo Manzini

Kimberley

Richards Bay Pietermaritzburg

Maseru

Durban Mthatha East London Cape Town

Antananarivo

Beira

Gaborone Johannesburg

Bloemfontein

Tete

Bulawayo

Polokwane

Upington

Nampula

George Port Elizabeth

Vilanculos


contents contents

10 in brief

REGULARS 8 Hot and happening Events calendar 10 Bits and bytes News from around the world 16 Panorama Your world in pictures 68 Brainteasers Sudoku and Battleship puzzles 78 Find it fast Sky Café directory 86 Flight plan Your Airlink timetable 90 The pen is mightier A word or two on being a literary genius 92 Love bites 10 surprising facts about Valentine’s Day 94 Didya know? Skyways quiz 96 Talespin Life’s lessons learned through a fairytale

6

02 14

42 mining update


SOUL 20 Limpopo A gateway to Africa 24 The Zambezi A unique African safari 50 Gardens of inspiration A landscaping masterpiece in the Cape 63 What’s love got to do with it? Taking note of an all-time hit 72 Read right Book reviews size matters?

46

unrequited love

63

MIND 26 The call of the wild One woman has dedicated her entire life to conservation 30 Money matters Habit-forming financial advice 32 Judgement call Understanding the letter of the law 35 A sparkling future Lending a helping hand to young graduates 38 Gadgets Through the Google glass 42 Trend report Focus on South Africa’s mining industry 54 Shop talk Investing in commercial property BODY 56 The most important meal of the day Breakfast recipe ideas 60 Sky cellar Champagne, the drink of kings MOTORING 46 Small contender Does the Triton meet expectations? TRADE 40 Tech review


14 Feb AD

189 million

The date St. Valentine was hanged, marking the start of the traditional celebration

flowers are sold in the US on Valentine’s Day

CALENDAR Facilities include a 5,000-capacity marquee village and 184 picnic sites.  2 February 2014  Kenilworth Race Course, Cape Town i www.jbscotch.co.za K WA Z U L U - N ATA L

Midmar Mile

WESTERN CAPE

African Mining Indaba The African Mining Indaba is the world’s largest mining investment conference, the world’s third largest mining conference, and Africa’s largest mining event. The event attracts a large gathering of the most influential stakeholders including financiers, investors, mining professionals and government officials.  3 to 6 February 2014  Cape Town International Convention Centre i info@miningindaba.com

Cape Town Art Fair The Cape Town Art Fair takes place at the BMW Pavilion at the V&A Waterfront following the huge success of the inaugural fair last year. There will be more galleries and installations than before at this showcase of South Africa’s best contemporary art and top artists in the year that the Mother City is the World Design Capital of 2014.  27 February to 2 March 2014  V&A Waterfront i www.artfaircapetown.co.za

J&B Met The stage is set for one of South Africa’s biggest summer racing, fashion and entertainment occasions. With an expected crowd of at least 50,000, the demand for space is always exceptional.

8

02 14

The Midmar Mile is the world’s largest open-water swimming event. The event draws thousands of competitors each year, from serious international athletes and Olympic medallists to recreational swimmers. A unique feature of the race is that while the distance covered is always a mile, depending on rainfall and the water levels in the dam, the distance swum varies from year to year. In years with poor rainfall, competitors are subject to the infamous Midmar sprint start: a bedlam of bodies sprinting across the muddy lake shore and through the shallows until the water is deep enough to swim.  8 to 9 February 2014  Midmar Dam, Pietermaritzburg i info@midmarmile.co.za

GAUTENG

Lovers Rock Annual Vintage and Classic Car Show See a display of between 150 and 200 of the finest motor cars. Gates open bright and early at 8am for visitors and 7am for exhibitors. The event is open until 6pm, so you have the entire day to browse around and see what is on show. Visitors can also make a day of it by bringing their picnic baskets and swimming gear. A food court will also be available as well as a tuck shop.  2 February 2014  Lovers Rock Family Resort, Magaliesberg i www.sa-venues.com

Beeld Holiday Show The Beeld Holiday Show allows consumers to view hundreds of holiday destinations and activities under one roof, ranging from camping, caravanning, 4x4 excursions, safaris and ocean-side venues to overseas travel. This year’s show will focus on six main categories: Accessories, Accommodation, Wheels, Activities, Publications, Clubs and Services.  14 to 16 February 2014  Gallagher Convention Centre i www.beeldskou.co.za


73%

10%

of flowers bought on Valentine’s Day are purchased by men

of all marriage proposals take place on Valentine’s Day

HISTORY

New Zealand kiwi comes from Oz

WIN

One of two Civvio Bluetooth travel speaker and hands-free kits!!!

In a finding likely to be a bitter blow for many New Zealanders, researchers have found the country’s iconic kiwi bird probably descended from an ancestor who flew in from Australia.

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P

alaeontologist Trevor Worthy of Adelaide's Flinders University said fossilised remains suggest the flightless bird did not evolve from the extinct giant moa, as has long been assumed. Instead, he said an ancestor of the kiwi dating back 20 million years discovered in the South Island was more closely related to another giant flightless bird, the emu, who is still common in Australia. Worthy said it was not uncommon for birds to ‘jump’ from Australia to New Zealand, citing the mallard duck, the little banded dotterel and the cattle egret as three species which regularly fly back and forth. New Zealanders have long complained about their trans-Tasman neighbours appropriating everything from champion race horse Phar Lap to actor Russell Crowe, and any Australian claim to the kiwi is likely to intensify the rivalry. Source: News24

E N T E R TA I N M E N T

Beyoncé breaks records At the end of 2013, music fans snapped up more than 800,000 digital versions of Beyoncé’s new album in just three days, smashing an iTunes record.

nhance your listening experience with compact Bluetooth speakers housed in an attractive zip-up protective case with nifty carabiners for ease of attachment. Compatible with multiple types of MP3 players, computers and phones, PSPs and other Bluetooth devices. Includes microphone and ‘call answer’ and ‘hang-up’ button which allow for wireless hands-free calling. Valued at R450 each. Visit www.civvio.com for more information. To enter send an email with the competition code SW MP3 in the subject line to skyways@panorama. co.za. Please include your name, physical address and a daytime contact number. Competition ends 28 February 2014. T&C's apply.

T

he eponymous album titled simply Beyoncé sold 828,773 copies through the weekend, easily eclipsing a record set by Justin Timberlake after the March release of The 20/20 Experience, according to Apple. Source: News24

BIZARRE

Bling thief caught

A US man faces burglary and tampering charges after an x-ray machine revealed a dark mass near his stomach while he was being booked into jail.

L

10 02 14

ocal officials say the mass turned out to be two necklaces stolen during a burglary in Florida. Twenty-one-year-old Joseph Ramos was arrested when he was stopped for driving a vehicle that was stolen during the burglary. Various items from the home were inside the vehicle. When Ramos was being booked into jail, he stepped on the SecurPass x-ray

machine and the dark spot was identified as the necklaces. He underwent surgery to remove them. The owner later identified the items. Jail officials have been using the x-ray machine since June to detect items concealed on inmates. Source: Daily Mail


3%

7.67m

of pet owners say they would rather spend Valentine’s Day with their pet

the world’s longest living snake, a reticulated python called Medusa

BIZARRE

Man wins lotto and donates all his winnings

Get the answer

When Tom Crist’s mobile rang on his way to play golf last May, the last thing he was expecting was a call to say he’d just won $40 million in the lottery.

Sudoku

Just in case our puzzles are sending you around the bend, here are the solutions. Puzzles can be found on page 68. Easy

Challenging

N

ot knowing what to do with the money, Crist kept the win a secret even from his own four children, hung up the phone, and finished his round. After some thought, the 64-year-old went public, saying that he will donate every single cent to cancer charities after his wife, Jan, died from the disease in February last year, aged just 57. The couple had been married for 33 years. Speaking to CBC News, the former company CEO said: “I’ve been fortunate enough through my career, 44 years with a company. I did very well for myself. I’ve done enough that I can look after myself, and for my kids, so they can get looked after into the future. I don’t really need that money.” He added that his wife would be ecstatic to know he was donating the win, and says he will start with the Tom Baker Centre which helped treat Jan during her illness. Crist retired as CEO of EECOL Electric in September, following the company’s CAD$1,14 billion sale in December last year. Source: Daily Mail

12 02 14

Battleship Easy

Medium


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69 days

the longest period of time trapped underground – by the infamous Chilean miners in 2010

£100

the cost of the world’s most expensive pizza, served at Gordon Ramsay’s Maze restaurant in London

movements like cars in a traffic jam, a new study has shown.

N AT U R E

Penguin traffic jams

Emperor penguins maintain the tight huddle that protects them from the harsh conditions of an A5 Ad (Size adjusted) 1/13/14 4:44 PM 1 Antarctic winter withPage stop-and-go

G

erman researchers said an individual penguin only needs to move a mere 2cm in any direction for his huddling neighbour C

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Y

CM

MY

to react and also make a small step to stay close to him. These tiny movements then flow through the entire group – which includes thousands of penguins – like a wave. The stop-and-go motion plays a vital role in keeping the huddle as dense as possible to protect the penguins from the cold, while the wave also helps smaller huddles merge into larger ones. Researchers from the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), in Bremerhaven, Germany, used a mathematical model to recreate the positions, movements and interactions of individual penguins in a huddle. In a previous study, the same group of researchers studied time-lapse videos and showed that instead of remaining static, penguins in a huddle actually move every 30 to 60 seconds, causing surrounding penguins to move with them. Source: Daily Mail CY CMY

K

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N AT U R E

Diamonds found in Antarctica A type of rock that often bears diamonds has been found in Antarctica for the first time, hinting of mineral riches in the vast, icy continent that is off limits to mining. A 1991 environmental accord banned mining for at least 50 years under the Antarctic Treaty that preserves the continent for scientific research and wildlife, from penguins to seals.

people live in China, the world’s most populous country

doubt the find could be commercial, largely due to Antarctica’s remoteness, cold and winter darkness. Minerals including platinum, gold, copper, iron and coal have previously been found in Antarctica. The kimberlite deposit is also confirmation of how continents

drift. The region of East Antarctica was once part of a continent known as Gondwana connected to what is now Africa and India, which also have kimberlite. Source: News24

W

riting in the journal Nature Communications, an Australian-led team reported East Antarctic deposits of kimberlite, a rare type of rock named after Kimberley, famed for a late 19th century diamond rush. These rocks represent the first reported occurrence of genuine kimberlite in Antarctica. Geologists

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Unsurpassed beauty The Taj Mahal in Agra, India is regarded as the most extravagant gift of love ever. Built entirely of white marble, it was commissioned by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Meaning Crown Palace, it is a mausoleum that houses the grave of queen Mumtaz Mahal at the lower chamber. The grave of Shah Jahan was added to it later. Taj Mahal was constructed over a period of 22 years, employing 20,000 workers. The architectural design uses the interlocking arabesque concept, in which each element stands on its own and perfectly integrates with the main structure. It uses the principles of self-replicating geometry and a symmetry of architectural elements.

17 02 14


Where do mosquitoes go in winter? How do you manipulate your child’s genetic sequence? Can we reverse the effects of global warming?

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free | soul

Gateway to

Africa

Limpopo has fast become a favourite destination for leisure and adventure travellers worldwide

limpopo

the northernmost province of South Africa, is a region of infinite scenic beauty with a great diversity of both natural and man-made attractions, rich cultural heritage and an abundance of wildlife and nature-based tourism opportunities.

The province shares borders with three neighbouring countries: Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. For this reason, Limpopo is also known as the gateway to other African countries. Locally, it borders with Gauteng, North West and Mpumalanga. Named after the Limpopo River, which

20 02 14

flows through the province and forms its northern boundary, Limpopo is the country’s fifth largest province and has a population of about 5.5 million. The largest part of the province is rural, with a few major cities including Phalaborwa, Thabazimbi and the capital Polokwane, which was established in 1884 by the Voortrekkers. Limpopo is a scenic gem treasured by nature lovers and eco-tourists, with picturesque contrasting natural landscapes ranging from tropical forests to semi-desert areas, as well as various mountain ranges. Bushveld is the most common type of vegetation, consisting of trees, shrubs and grass – the ideal environment for the province’s opulent wildlife. Game parks and conservations have become a staple of Limpopo, and


Limpopo’s various tourist attractions include: • Kruger National Park Established in 1898, the Kruger National Park is the largest wildlife sanctuary in South Africa at nearly two million hectares, and a well-known and popular international tourist destination. It is home to all of the Big Five, so named because of the danger they pose when hunted, in addition to numerous other species, as well as birds, insects and trees. There are also various sites of historical and cultural significance. The park can be experienced through day visits as well as overnight stays in any of the camps situated throughout the park.

• Mapungubwe World Heritage Site

Afrikaans phrase op die koppie, which literally means ‘on the hill’. Every year in August thousands of people flock to the festival to enjoy local and international bands over the course of three days. In 2008, it was ranked as the fourth best music festival in the world.

• Magoebaskloof Spring Festival September in Limpopo brings the Magoebaskloof Spring Fair. Visitors enjoy a choice of local gardens on show, as well as craft markets. One of the highlights of the Spring Fair is the exhibition of orchids.

The Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape is situated on the banks of the Limpopo River. It was the capital of an Iron Age African civilisation, and today is of great cultural and historical significance. Mapungubwe Hill, the site of ancient graves which were discovered in the 1930s, attained world heritage status in 2003. The inhabitants were wealthy, and left behind many treasures.

• Sunland Baobab

• Amarula Lapa

• Modjadji Nature Reserve

Phalaborwa is home to the famous Amarula Cream Liqueur, where just 10km outside of the town visitors can enjoy promotional tasting at the visitor centre. Amarula Cream, made from the fruit of the indigenous marula tree, dates back to 1989.

The 530-hectare Modjadji Nature Reserve boasts fascinating plantlife in the form of the Modjadji cycad (Encephalartos transvenosus), once the main diet of the prehistoric mammal-like reptiles who lived here. This natural forest is protected by succeeding generations of modjadji (‘rain queens’), the area’s hereditary rulers. This is the largest concentration of a single cycad species in the world.

• Oppikoppi Music Festival Oppikoppi is a colloquial abbreviation of the

Limpopo shares borders with three neighbouring countries

In addition to its fauna, Limpopo also has fascinating flora, of which the baobab tree is one of the most impressive examples. On Sunland Farm, a massive baobab specimen, which has a hollowed inside due to its age, has been converted into a wine cellar and bar, providing a unique African experience.

21 02 14


free | soul

Top: Local residents have found ingenious ways of making a living

How to get there

22 02 14

Please refer to flights schedule on page 86 www.flyairlink.com

a pillar of its economy. Further increasing its tourism appeal is the rich cultural history of the historical inhabitants of the area. The province is divided into five regions: Capricorn, Waterberg, Vhembe, Mopani and Sekhukhuni. The climate is generally hot with plenty of sunshine, and during the summer months the heat can be pleasantly interrupted by afternoon thundershowers. Towards the Lowveld, temperatures can get even hotter.

Heartbeat of the province Mining, agribusiness and tourism make up Limpopo’s three largest areas of business. English is used as a business language, but other native languages of the province include Xitsonga, Setswana, Isindebele, Tshivenda, Sepedi and Afrikaans. Agriculturally, Limpopo is one of South Africa’s

richest areas with abundant resources producing livestock, fruits and vegetables, cereals and tea, maize meal, wheat and cotton and is often referred to as the ‘bread and fruit basket’ of South Africa. The Soutpansberg is a water-rich area, ideally suited to the cultivation of Limpopo’s agriculture, while the Waterberg district is largely dominated by cattle farming. Tzaneen is located at the foot of the Drakensberg and farms produce citrus fruits, wood, tea and coffee. Limpopo is home to major mining activities, including the mining of diamonds, iron ore, coal, copper and phosphates. Phalaborwa and Thabazimbi are two of Limpopo’s major mining towns. Thabazimbi has large amounts of iron ore as its name, meaning ‘mountain of iron’, indicates. The iron was discovered in 1919 and has been mined since the 1930s. Phalaborwa was established in 1957, and is located near the Kruger National Park. Due to its rich array of wildlife, Limpopo features numerous wildlife parks and game farms, including the Kruger National Park, Mabalingwe, Lapalala Wilderness, Nylsvlei Nature Reserve, Blouberg Nature Reserve, Ben Lavin Nature Reserve and the Hans Merensky Reserve. The parks attract many visitors to the province every year, both local and international. Text | Nicolette Els Photography | MediaClub South Africa


Enjoy the emptiness of the Makgadikgadi with a self drive camping safari at Lekubu island, and then the luxury of a guided night safari in abundant Chobe National Park and the chance to witness lion cubs at play. Truly a land of contrasts.

From contemplation to captivation

Botswana: adventure, redefined Photos: Frans Lanting

www.botswanatourism.co.bw


free | soul

The

Zambezi Zambia’s finest safari feature

The Zambezi, Africa’s fourth largest river, hails from a small brook at the upper northwest corner of Zambia. It then flows through Angola and borders Namibia, Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe before finally cutting through Mozambique where it empties its waters into the Indian Ocean through a delta.

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There are a number of towns and settlements along the Zambezi River. The major ones include Mongu, Lukulu and Livingstone in Zambia, Victoria Falls and Kariba in Zimbabwe, and Songo and Tete in Mozambique. Interestingly, more than 70 different languages are spoken by the people along the Zambezi. Most of these depend on the Zambezi for their livelihood and have a fascinating culture as well as unique practices. The Bundu people of Zambia, for example, believe that there is a live spirit called Nyaminyami in the river. They believe that the spirit offers them protection and therefore regularly perform rituals at the riverbank to appease the spirit.

The Zambezi River ebbs and flows depending on season. If there is prolonged rain, the river swells up and bursts its banks in particular areas, displacing thousands of people. On the other hand, if there is no rain, the waters recede. The river is divided into three sections: the upper Zambezi, middle Zambezi and lower Zambezi. Though the river has a lot to offer with every square kilometre it passes through, it arguably has the best of its features in Zambia and Zimbabwe. Perhaps the most spectacular feature along the Zambezi is the magnificent Victoria Falls. Known as the smoke that thunders, Victoria Falls is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The deafening roar of the falls as millions of litres of water cascade down its rocky cliff can be heard from many metres away. From the falling water rises a glistening blanket of mist which makes the sight all the more enchanting. The best time to tour the falls is during the dry winter season which runs from July to August. Around the rainy season the blanket of mist gets so thick that it makes it impossible to catch a glimpse of the falls. The peak of the dry season is also not best because the falls are at their dullest during this time. If you wish to, you can catch a helicopter ride and get a bird’s eye view of the falls. However, most people prefer the experience from the ground where they can feel the spray of the falls on their faces. Not far from the falls stands the grand Victoria Falls Bridge. The bridge is a prized piece of fine architecture that joins Zambia and Zimbabwe, while also providing an expansive view of the Zambezi and the adjacent rainforests. The most popular activity at the bridge is

bungee jumping. The fall is 111m long, making it the second highest bungee distance in the world. Other notable sights along the Zambezi include the expansive Kariba and Cahora Bassa dams. Both dams are quite popular for their fishing activities. The most common fish in these areas are tiger fish, yellow-belly bream and red-breasted bream, among others. The dams are also a source of hydropower. The Kariba Dam supplies power to Zambia and Zimbabwe while the Cahora Bassa Dam supplies power to both Mozambique and South Africa. There are a number of game parks and reserves dotted all along the Zambezi – offering some of the most rewarding African safaris. The most popular of these include the Zambezi National Park, the Victoria Falls National Park, the Mana Pools National Park and the Wild Horizons Elephant Camp. Here, visitors can watch a wide array of wild animals along game drives or in fenced and controlled reserves. The Zambezi is world famous for its white water rafting expeditions. The rocky


riverbeds of the Zambezi and the steep, gorged terrain as well as pressure pools provide an excellent flowing strip for the exciting rapids. The Zambezi rapids have been classified as grade five, meaning that they are very difficult to negotiate, very fast, violent and unpredictable, as they have no clear pattern that a negotiator can get used to, therefore making each trip different from the next. The rapids are also popular because they have little bare rock, allaying fears of injury and therefore allowing kayakers to make the most of the experience. There is a wide array of hotels and lodges to choose from along the Zambezi. They range from outdoor tent and mattress camping lodges to luxury fivestar hotels. Whichever you choose, they all promise different adventures that are bound to make your stay memorable. Text | Samuel Maina Photography | Shutterstock

How to get there

Please refer to flights schedule on page 86 www.flyairlink.com


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Answering the

call 26 02 14

of the

wild


You won’t find Joan Young in shopping malls and suburbia. Her favourite spots are out in the wild, exploring the wonders of nature. Recently retired from her career as a tour guide for national parks, including the Kruger National Park, she has no plans to retire to a swing seat on the porch. Since her retirement, she lives and sleeps wherever her car is parked, in far-flung places across South Africa, doing voluntary research work and running educational programmes. Some people take a less conventional route. They are explorers, adventurers and risk takers. Passionate about a cause, they live for that thing which inspires them. Joan Young is one such individual. She has an intimate understanding of big cats and other wildlife, finding herself in situations that are adventurous and gruelling, often in extreme temperatures. Young has spent most of her life as a tour guide in the Kruger National Park, where she worked for 23 years. Now retired, she is a friend of SANParks and does interpretation, mostly in the Kruger National Park on a voluntary basis. She is also an honorary ranger in the Lowveld region. She has experienced incredible things in the wild and had some close calls. “One time in Timbavati (a private reserve) I was following some leopard tracks in a riverbed,”Young said. “On one side, the bank grew higher and higher and I climbed up to investigate a noise I heard at the top. Cautiously peeking over the rim, I came nose to nose with a buffalo. Until today I don’t know who got the biggest fright, him or me!” When Young is taking photographs, a lot of time is sometimes spent waiting for an insect, reptile or animal to come close. It takes loads of patience. On many occasions she has had buck, birds, squirrels, mongoose, monitor lizards and other creatures walk to within touching distance of her. “I think that, because of my lack of fear and feeling of being at ease in the bush, animals do not sense me as being a threat and are comfortable having me around. In all the years I have spent in the bush, I have never been bitten or stung by anything,”Young said. The signs were there from an early age that she was likely to work with wildlife in one way or another, having a fascination for pets like chameleons and tortoises. However, it wasn’t until Young was about 27 years old that she discovered wildlife in a big way. On a visit to the Kruger National Park, shortly after entering the park, she saw a hyena and her cub lying on the road. “I fell in love then and there and have had this ongoing love affair with wildlife ever since,”Young said.

She has gathered a lifetime of anecdotes and special moments. “One time I had an elderly couple with me who lived nearby the large zoo in Amsterdam. At a watering hole where I stopped, there was a dry tree in the middle of it. I said, ‘There is a hippo.’The lady asked, ‘Where? In the tree?’” On another occasion in the Kruger National Park a visitor told Young that she only wanted to see frogs.“She was not interested in anything else Kruger had to offer, not even the lions!” Young is completely self-taught. When she started out as a tour guide, she bought three books: Palgrave’s Trees, Roberts Birds and Mammals of the Southern African Subregion (Reay Smithers) and absorbed everything in them. From there she expanded to other subjects, contacting and learning from renowned experts.

Joan Young imparts her conservation knowledge to avid learners

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Find Young’s blog at www.saphotographs. blogspot.com

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She eats, breathes and sleeps nature. “Most of the time I wear old, torn clothes and people will discover me lying on my belly under a bush or tree watching what insects are doing to survive,”Young said.“I walk in the bush turning over leaves and stones to see what is under them. So many small eco-systems are to be found in surprising places.” Young’s enthusiasm shines as brightly as ever. “I am extremely inquisitive and want to know everything, so I will have to live to be at least 200 years old!”she said. She holds children enthralled with her knowledge of nature. Young maintains that children are our future. “They are the ones who will preserve our wildlife sanctuaries and yet thousands of them have never seen or heard of things like a tortoise, chameleon and praying mantis. Without educating them, our parks stand no chance of survival.” Rather than regaling children with tales of lion and leopard (although this has its place), Young tries to make them aware of how important it is to conserve nature from the smallest insect to the largest mammal. “It does not do any good just telling them about conservation, but if you show them an insect/flower/

animal and tell them something interesting about it, a light bulb goes on inside their heads and you can see the interest written on their faces. It is then that I know I have another convert who will respect all aspects of nature and not try to destroy it.” She started studying entomology in recent years and has found that there is a great lack of knowledge in South Africa. “The few scientists we have are all up to their ears in work and never get the chance to do much field work. This is where I come in… All distribution maps are way out of date and with the ease of transport, I am finding things in places they are not supposed to be.” Young has found moths, butterflies, scorpions, mantis and other insects which no one can name. Young has cured a person of arachnophobia through her blog. She tries to break the cycle of fear that children have for creatures like spiders.“So many misconceptions are passed down from parents who are afraid and so teach their children the same thing. When I use my favourite expression ‘spiders don’t eat people’ it always gets a smile.” Text | Samantha Barnes Photography | Supplied


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A safe

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Habit-forming financial advice

Proper planning results in better financial wellbeing in the future

Most of us are saving for a sizeable nestegg. However, it is important to note that good financial habits start at the very beginning. Start these good habits now and you will have you a whole heap-ofhappy down the line.

Get smart

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Not every job comes with pension or medical aid. So when your cost-to-company is the whole sum of it, learn a few facts. Make sure you have considered what you will be able to do and how you will be able to live once that salary has gone into your bank account. But make sure you are looking after your health at the same time.

Medical aid It is disturbing to know how many South Africans are without medical aid cover. Consider the implications should you be in a serious accident and how you will cope with the costs of adequate hospital care. Join an established, recognised medical aid that will cater to your health requirements.

Reduce tax If your employer doesn’t cover your pension and your salary is solely yours to coordinate, you are entitled to a 15% tax benefit from your total, non-pensionable income when contributing to a Retirement Annuity Fund (RAF). For example, if you are earning R10,000 per month and allocate R1,500 every month to your RAF, you will only be taxed on R8,500. You should therefore be able to transfer more funds into your RAF annually


and – over a 20 to 30 year period – compound interest is going to put a more realistic kick-back-and-relax smile on your face at retirement age. Furthermore, you are entitled to a further saving when it comes to your medical aid contributions. The tax benefit for medical aid is capped at R720 per month. This means that if you are spending R1,000 on your medical aid every month, R720 of that is tax-free (that’s an impressive R8,640 a year). Add this to your alreadyreduced taxable income from your RAF contribution and you will see that your new monthly taxable income goes from R10,000 gross to R7,740. These are attractive benefits that should get you started on the very frank issues surrounding your 65th birthday as well as peace of mind regarding your health and well-being.

Convenient and practical The days of needing to make someone else rich to explain the ins and outs to you are over. Get online and get going. The high profile investment companies will have an online portal you can access from the comfort of your office.

Money matters • •

• •

Careful consideration should be given to biting off more expenses than you can chew. Learn to budget. Base your financial choices on your living expenses, rent, fuel and essentials before considering luxuries. Once you do start considering luxuries, make sure they are proportionate to your income. Your monthly premium on your RAF should be revised annually in accordance with salary increases, annual bonuses and tax refunds. Invest your refund into your RAF for a further tax-deduction and a greater lump sum at age 65.

Find a balance. Discipline, patience and responsibility will lead the way to a happier, financially-healthy future. You don’t need to have it all at once so don’t commit to an endless debt-cycle. Text | Berno Lategan Photography | Shutterstock


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For the

record Why are formal disciplinary hearings so vital?

lvan lsraelstam is Chief Executive of Labour Law Management Consulting and author of Walking the New Labour Law Tightrope. For more information visit www. labourlawadvice. co.za. This article first appeared in The Star

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every

year thousands of employers lose cases at the CCMA and bargaining councils because they have failed to recognise the rights of employees during the disciplinary process.

A very large proportion of employers have had their dismissal decisions overturned not because the dismissal was considered inappropriate, but because the hearing itself was unfair. It may have been that the chairperson was biased, the accused did not get a chance to cross-examine the evidence against him or relevant documents were not presented. It may have also been that mitigating circumstances were not heard or alternatives to dismissal were not given consideration at the hearing. While CCMA and bargaining council arbitrators have repeatedly and consistently flayed employers for all or some of the above omissions, certain employers still maintain that there is no need for a formal hearing. Part

of the reason for this misconception is the ambiguous wording of “Fair procedure” of Schedule 8 of the Labour Relations Act (LRA) which reads: “Normally, the employer should conduct an investigation to determine whether there are grounds for dismissal. This does not need to be a formal enquiry. The employer should notify the employee of the allegations using a form and language that the employee can reasonably understand. The employee should be allowed the opportunity to state a case in response to the allegations.” This item does state that the enquiry need not be a formal one. However, the same item requires that the employee be allowed the opportunity to state a case in response to the allegations. The courts have consistently interpreted the latter requirement to mean that the accused employee must be given the right to an unbiased chairperson, to testify, to bring documents, to call witnesses and cross-examine evidence brought against him. The question then is how can an employer provide for these legal rights without setting up a proper enquiry where all the witnesses and documents are presented and cross-examined? Also, how can a business prove


that all of these rights have been afforded to the employee without taking proper minutes? Thus, in order to be able to ensure that the employer complies with the employee’s rights and in order to be able to prove such compliance, the employer has no choice but to set up a formal hearing, the record of which becomes part of the evidence at the CCMA. In the case of Schoon vs MEC, Department of Finance (2003) the High Court of Appeal decided that the chairperson of a disciplinary enquiry cannot rely on the disciplinary code alone but must also take into account the provisions of the Promotion of Administrative Justice Act 3 of 2003. Also, the Court decided that the employer’s refusal to allow the accused the right to legal representation at an internal disciplinary hearing was unconstitutional. This startling decision strongly indicates that the Courts see internal disciplinary hearings as very formal processes. Furthermore, where an employee is suspected of poor performance it is not enough to have an informal discussion with the employee about the problem and then to fire him next week. The LRA sets down specific steps to be followed before a dismissal for poor performance can even be considered. For example, the employee must have received sufficient evaluation, guidance, counselling and training. Even then, the employee’s poor performance must have continued after he received the said evaluation and guidance. Furthermore, to justify dismissal there needs to be an investigation into the alleged poor performance and proof that there is no other way of remedying the performance problem. Again it is not practical to comply properly with such stringent requirements in an informal manner because informal processes are difficult to control and to prove. Thus, whether the employee is a probationer, an experienced worker or a senior executive, it is far safer to formalise all procedures related to misconduct and poor performance. Also, the officials who carry out the corrective procedure need to be highly skilled in legal procedure in order to make sure that each and every legal right of the employee is strictly adhered to. This includes the employee’s right to an unbiased chairperson. A presiding officer unskilled in chairing hearings risks breaking rules of impartiality that he/she is not even aware of. This is likely to destroy the employer’s case at the CCMA. Therefore, managers must either be thoroughly trained in the disciplinary process or the employer must hire a reputable labour law expert to chair its hearings. Text | Ivan Israelstam Photography | Shutterstock


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A SPARKLING FUTURE Learnership academy equips graduates for the business world

every year

thousands of students graduate from tertiary institutions across the country, armed with a qualification and a desire to succeed in the working world. Oftentimes, however, they lack the practical knowledge and skill-sets required to succeed. This emphasises a need for a platform to equip graduates adequately for the real world. Larry and Gavin Brown, co-owners of Browns The Diamond Store, are no strangers to what a solid foundation can achieve. They have, after all, succeeded in taking their grandfather’s legacy as one of South Africa’s finest diamond jewellery craftsmen, to new and exciting heights. Growing up, their grandfather Jack Friedman nurtured and cultivated a love and passion for jewellery design and excellent craftsmanship in his grandsons, while their natural talent and dedication ensured that they became the experienced jewellers that they are today. “Browns is synonymous with quality. Quality takes years of training, skill and most of all time. We ensure quality by investing time in our most valuable asset, our people. Having a mentor who guides, and most importantly educates, is an invaluable gift, especially when finding your passion at a young age and entering the business world,” says Larry Brown. It was this principle that led the Browns brothers to

launch the Browns Learnership Academy (BLA) in 2012. They realised that there was an urgent need to bridge the gap between the graduate and the employee – something which was not being achieved through conventional educational systems. Every year Browns would receive several applications from jewellery designers and manufacturing graduates who had completed their studies and were seeking employment opportunities. However, they would have to be turned away due to insufficient levels of knowledge and training. “The BLA programme is aimed at providing graduates with the opportunity to gain invaluable workplace experience and high level hands-on training. Most applicants come from institutions that offer a level three and four qualification, in accordance with the National Qualifications Framework. We were finding that new graduates needed more training to assimilate the techniques and skills required in jewellery factories such as ours, which use state-of-the-art equipment, intricate designs and precious metals, all of which some graduates had never been exposed to,” says Lawrence Mamabolo, Academy Director at Browns The Diamond Store. Applicants are put through a series of interviews in which they are assessed on their attitude, aptitude and

The learnership academy is intended to give graduates valuable workplace experience

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Students are taught a host of skills required to become master jewellers

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knowledge of the industry as well as manufacturing experience. A passion for jewellery is essential and the interviews and assessments are designed to provide an opportunity to better understand applicants’ skill levels as well as their personality and background. After the screening process is complete the best candidates are selected to join the Learnership Academy. The company runs two Learnership Programmes per year and to date the fourth in-take are being trained. Between eight and 10 learners are accepted into each programme, allowing the trainer to focus on each learner and to bring out the best in each student. “The students not only receive on-the-job training with a basic stipend, but as their skills grow they are also rewarded with excellent production incentive bonuses. They are trained in precious stone setting, waxing, casting, soldering and assembling, plating and polishing, laser engraving and administrative functions.” According to Mamabolo: “We expose all of our learners to the entire spectrum of jewellery manufacture, giving them the opportunity to find and focus on the area in which they are strongest and in which they’d like to specialise in. Each area of speciality has a quality controller who oversees each student’s work to ensure they are keeping in line with our standard of quality.”

Although the Academy is open to students who don’t necessarily want to be employed by Browns, once students have completed the programme the company strives to find positions for as many of the qualifying learners as possible. To date, the company has accepted 29 out of the 33 successful graduates into their full-time employment. Graduate Musawenkoisi Mlangeni from Rockville says that, apart from the skills he learnt, the biggest change his qualification will make to his life is the chance it’s given him to provide for his family. “I can now take responsibility and take care of my family and child. I also now handle myself better in the face of challenges.” Twenty-eight-year-old Atela Tamahana from Qhumbu in the Eastern Cape has some advice for the next group who enter the Academy. “Do the basics right and apply them. Be disciplined and respect everyone.” “At the heart of it all, is our interest in education and our responsibility to create employment opportunities for South Africans. We are passionate about developing the next generation of South Africa’s jewellers. In a sense The Academy offers us an opportunity to pay it forward,” concludes Mamabolo. Text | Eliza Clark Photography | Supplied


free | mind

Through

the

Glass Currently a high-tech toy for developers and the lucky few, do these connected specs have a consumer future? Specifications Display 640x360. “Equivalent of a 25-inch 1080p screen viewed from 2.5m away.” Memory 16GB, plus Google Cloud storage Camera Five-meg/720p Audio Bone conduction Connectivity G Wi-Fi, Bluetooth Quoted battery Life 24 hours

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For an in-depth review and more information, read the January issue of PCFormat

The buzz around Glass, Google’s 'smart' eyewear, has been as unmissable as, well, Google Glass on someone’s face. From privacy concerns that have seen it barred from bars and casinos to a pre-launch campaign that saw it handed to such luminaries as Clerks director Kevin Smith, Lieutenant Worf from Star Trek: TNG and Soulja Boy of Crank That fame. It’s grasped the attention of the world like few other gadgets, but what’s it like to wear every day? And is it really the future of tech, and of social interaction? First up, yes, you will look decidedly odd wearing Google Glass, at least early on, when you’re the only person in town with it. If you’re okay with that, good for you: the tech and ethos of Glass really are fascinating. The hardware is light at 42g, and feels more comfortable than most prescription specs. It looks fragile but is actually surprisingly resilient and can survive being dropped and thrown about much more than you’d expect.

The heads-up display hovers in the top right-hand corner of your vision, and at first feels very strange and intrusive. However, after a few hours that subsides and you find yourself forgetting you’re wearing it, a lot of the time. The design means that when the screen is switched off, you can see through it and act like a normal, noncyborg type. On the left-hand side of the specs is the touchpad. You use this to scroll through menus, organised as a series of flip cards. Some of the cards have folded edges, which means they contain more information – for instance, clicking on an email lets you view past conversations. It works reasonably well, but if you subscribe to several apps and are getting email, news headlines and social updates things can become a little laboured, scrolling through dozens of cards. The current apps are very limited, too. The idea is that the developers who have been handed the specs so far will rectify this situation by the time Glass – or its successor – is released to the public. You can send and receive texts, emails and calls, and see updates from social networking app Path, while taking pictures and videos, then upload them to other social networks. There are also basic apps from CNN, The New York Times and a handful of others giving very simple text and picture info. Audio is conveyed via a special


B E R R Y G L O B A L

forces-style, bone-conducting speaker and there’s a mic in the arms. The former sometimes gives an odd buzzing sensation, but generally works well. Google’s own apps are the most polished, as you’d expect, with Maps and Google Now both very impressive. Unsurprisingly, you need an Android phone to get the most out of Glass, and setup is very easy; just download the MyGlass app, join it to your Wi-Fi network and choose the apps you want to use from a list. Taking five-meg photos and 720p video is ridiculously simple, too – just tap the touchpad or quickly lift your head to wake Glass, then say, ‘take a picture’ – no rummaging in your bag for your camera, and it beats getting your phone out of your pocket, too. It’s the alerts that’ll really improve your day, though. Getting an email or a tweet that mentions you popping up in your eyeline is something you very swiftly warm to, and being able to reply by voice command means you’re never out of touch. It’s a whole new way to communicate and it’s addictive. That’s a good thing, because if you head out of the house wearing Glass in the morning, taking it off halfway through the day isn’t terribly practical – you can’t fold it up and there’s no easy means of storing it, apart from a bulky carrying bag. Battery life is relatively good. You get almost a full day’s use if you don’t capture too many videos or take part in too many Google+ Hangouts – that kind of activity really does drain the battery apace. Juicing it up is quick via USB, and you’ll get close to a full charge in an hour. Glass is the trailblazer in the wearable tech market. Yes, there are a few adventure sports goggles that offer augmented reality displays, but there’s really no direct rival to Google. It’s very much in the early stages of development and the consumer hardware and software that goes on sale next year will surely be very different to the 'Explorer Edition' available today, which is why we felt it unjust to rate it at present. Google is yet to release a price for the consumer model – developers and prize winners paid R15,000 for the privilege of trying out these early models – but analysts estimate between R8,500 and R12,000. Text | Garth Holden Photography | Supplied

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A new

frontier The slow and steady revival of gene therapy

The technology has been bedeviled by disappointment. But promising treatments for cancer, blindness, and other disorders are now in or nearing late-stage human trials.

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It has been a tantalising idea for decades: to cure cancers and other disorders caused by a defective copy of a gene by giving patients a healthy version of the gene. But researchers have struggled to make gene therapy safe and effective. Failed and fatal trials have threatened to doom the technology. Finally, however, gene therapy seems to be making important progress. Although few governments have approved the sale of gene therapies, and the United States has approved none, that could change in coming years. Several gene therapies are in advanced trials, including treatments for metastatic melanoma and prostate cancer. A big step forward came last year, when the European Medicines Agency gave the Dutch biotech startup UniQure permission to sell its treatment for lipoprotein lipase deficiency, which can be deadly. That approval came as a relief to many people in the field, who had been waiting for a break in the clouds hanging over the technology since the 1990s. The treatments generally require a modified virus to deliver healthy copies of genes into patients’ bodies, and some early trials failed because of the immune response they prompted. But in recent years, researchers have figured out how to prevent or mitigate that immune reaction. “It’s been an interesting evolution for gene therapy,” says Katherine High, a researcher at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, who is overseeing a latestage trial of a gene therapy for a hereditary form of blindness. “You see a resurgence in terms of investors, and in truth, a number of problems have been solved.” Still, it is likely to be a few years before a treatment is approved in the U.S. Although UniQure has European approval in hand, the company says it has

not yet submitted an application to the Food and Drug Administration. UniQure’s treatment delivers a gene that is needed for the body to break down fats; without it, patients can develop a painful and even deadly inflammation of the pancreas. To deliver it, UniQure uses a modified version of a virus that most of us already carry. The choice of virus used to deliver a gene therapy depends in part on where the treatment needs to go in the body and whether the viruses are intended to replicate themselves. Some viruses, for instance, are designed to


Heartbeat biometric Instead of entering passwords all day long, you could prove you are you simply by wearing the Nymi, a wristband that measures distinctive characteristics in your electrocardiogram. Unlike other biometric identifiers, such as fingerprints or iris patterns, the electrical signals generated by your heart can be read without your having to stop to do

spread throughout the body to kill cancer cells. In the trial that High is overseeing in Philadelphia, the patients have a disorder that causes blindness at an early age. The treatment calls for doctors to inject genes borne by a virus just behind a patient’s retina. The patients in this stage of the experiment already have received the treatment in one eye; now the other will be tested. The earlier round was promising: some patients’ vision improved to the point that they were no longer legally blind. And some patients have been stable for nearly six years. The trial is scheduled to end in April 2015.

anything. And because the Nymi can communicate wirelessly with payment terminals, cars, and devices over the Bluetooth lowenergy standard, wearers could authenticate themselves simply by getting within close range. First, however, the Canadian startup that makes the Nymi has to get developers to create applications that work with the wristband.

Another possibility comes from Bluebird Bio, a company based in Cambridge, Massachusetts, which has published results from patients who have seemingly been cured of a genetic blood disease. The company is about to start testing its approach to a hereditary neurological disorder that is often fatal in young boys. In a different form, gene therapy could also become an option for cancer treatment. At a meeting this summer, Amgen announced that it had met its goals for an advanced test of a gene therapy for melanoma that has spread from the skin to other parts of the body. The Amgen treatment, which was engineered from a virus that normally causes cold sores, takes a two-pronged approach to fighting cancer. The virus selectively infects cancer cells, where it replicates until the cell bursts. While growing inside the cell, the virus also produces a protein that rouses the immune system. When the cell breaks open, immune cells are attracted to the tumor site to fight the disease. In a test in people with late-stage melanoma that had spread, the cancer disappeared entirely in 11% of the patients. In some cases, even tumors that didn’t receive injections vanished – a promising indication of how well the cancer-killing viruses radiate in the body. In an additional 15% of patients, individual tumors shrank by at least half. Fuller results are expected in the first half of 2014. The completion of such clinical trials is no guarantee that the technology will become widely used. However, companies and hospitals are starting to build manufacturing plants capable of producing large amounts of virus-based cures. UniQure, for example, is building a 55,000-square-foot plant in Massachusetts to manufacture commercial-grade gene therapy products. It expects production to begin by early 2015. Text | Susan Young Photography | Adrian Johnson

“As a venturefunded company, we can’t think in generational terms.” – Mike Decelle, CEO of Sun Catalytix, explaining why the MIT spinoff stopped pursuing a technology to inexpensively pull hydrogen from water. It is now focusing on batteries that can store energy on the electrical grid.

41 02 14


spotlight | mining

The mining sector has become increasingly diversified over time, progressively exploiting South Africa’s enviable mineral resources endowment. A case in point is the gold mining subsector. Today, it is a mere shadow of its past glory, accounting for only 20.6% of mining sales in 2012 – a fraction of the 67.1% recorded in 1980 or the 49.2% claimed in 1994. Steeply falling gold production as deposits became increasingly difficult to access underpinned the adverse trend.

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The PGMs (platinum group of metals) segment, in turn, has grown notably in importance, representing 18.6% of the mining sector’s sales in 2012, compared to a mere 5.5% share in 1980 and 11.4% in 1994. Similarly, the coal segment saw its contribution rise from 9.7% in 1980 to 20.4% in 1994, and further to 25.7% by 2012, propelled by domestic power generation requirements and export demand. Iron ore represented


Trend

report The changing face of South Africa’s mining industry

the 1970s through to the 1990s, but has since recovered slightly to 524,000 by 2012. The mining sector’s average share of overall GDP rebounded in the 2000s, largely on the back of the global commodities boom, which was supported by the emergence and expansion of new sources of demand for various minerals. The value added (GDP) by the mining sector in 2012 totalled R267 billion. Key segments of the mining sector have been under considerable pressure since the onset of the global economic downturn. The platinum segment is a case in point, due to the impact of weaker demand for motor vehicles (and hence for catalytic converters) in world markets. The slowdown in China in recent times has also weakened demand for a variety of commodities and their respective prices, impacting on the domestic mining sector as a whole. In addition, demand-side challenges have been compounded by production stoppages related to safety and industrial relations issues, particularly since 2012.

Did you know that gold accounted for less than 21% of South Africa's mining sales in 2012?

Linkage to the rest of the economy

17.1% of mining sector sales in 2012, with other important segments including manganese, chromite, copper, nickel, zinc as well as quarrying products. The mining sector’s relative contribution to South Africa’s exports has declined since 1970, with the value of mining exports being somewhat lower in real terms. Mining exports amounted to R308 billion in 2012. Mining sector employment contracted enormously from

The mining sector plays an invaluable role in the South African economy, particularly through its contribution to foreign exchange earnings generation, but also in terms of value addition and employment. Moreover, it generated a total income of R497 billion in 2012, paid R101 billion in remuneration to its workers, contributed R21 billion in corporate taxes to the fiscus and paid R12 billion in dividends to its shareholders. Its fixed investment expenditure totalled R75 billion in 2012. More than 81% of the mining sector’s overall spending on its intermediate input requirements, valued at R169 billion in 2012, was sourced from domestic suppliers of goods and services. The import leakage (direct import requirements) was thus estimated at approximately R33 billion. Its spending in the local economy, often referred to as ‘backward linkages’, benefitted the following sectors supplying goods and services to the mining sector: machinery and equipment; transport equipment; wood products; fabricated metal products; non-metallic minerals (cement, bricks, and the like); chemicals and petroleum products; electricity; water; transport services; construction and civil engineering; finance and business services. The mining sector’s ‘forward linkages’, or its supply to consumers of mineral products, largely pertain to sectors such as basic metals (mainly the basic iron and steel sector, which consumes iron ore); motor vehicles, parts and accessories (for example PGMs for catalytic converters); chemicals (for example phosphates for the

43 02 14


spotlight | mining

of job creation and value-add in the following sectors: financial and business services (around 10% of the value added by this sector and 181,040 of its employment were either directly or indirectly associated with mining sector activities in 2012); trade, catering and accommodation (10% of value added and 163,417 jobs); and, among others, transport, storage and communications (24% of value added and 84,461 jobs).

Teaming with the manufacturing sector

A need for specialised mining equipment and machinery also benefits the manufacturing sector

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fertiliser industry); petroleum refineries (for example coal for Sasol’s operations); electricity (for example coal for Eskom’s power generation); construction and civil engineering (for example building materials); and other industries such as jewellery manufacturing. In 2012, the direct impact of the mining sector on GDP amounted to R267 billion, employing 524,000 workers. Its spending on the consumption of goods and services in the domestic economy resulted in an additional R70.7 billion in value-add and the employment of 206,920 people directly linked to that procurement. These beneficiary sectors were in turn supplied by other sectors – the so-called ‘indirect impact’ – with the valueadd thereby generated being worth a further R43 billion and sustaining 126,970 jobs. The earnings expenditure by all of those employed in the domestic economy (for example in retail stores and entertainment) is known as the ‘induced impact’, which in turn is estimated to have generated R155.5 billion in value-add and to have sustained some 487,620 jobs. Adding all of this together reflects the direct plus indirect impacts of the mining sector across the economy – that is, a R536.1 billion contribution to GDP and sustaining 1.35 million jobs. Through the substantial inter-industry linkages with supplying and supporting industries elsewhere in the economy, the sector’s overall contribution to the South African economy is thus significantly larger than its own direct impact. The impact of mining and its related activities throughout the economy is particularly evident in terms

Furthermore, a greater interface between mining and manufacturing would not only benefit the two individual sectors but the economy at large. An increased supply of mining sector products for further processing or value addition by an expanding domestic manufacturing base would tend to reduce the mining sector’s vulnerability to external demand conditions. In the process, it would lower the commodity concentration of South Africa’s export basket, contributing to mitigating the susceptibility of the current account of the balance of payments to commodity price fluctuations, and potentially also reducing exchange rate volatility. It would contribute towards expanding and diversifying the country’s industrial base, as well as related services sectors. Economies of large-scale production could lead to improved competitiveness in a number of manufacturing sub-sectors, impacting positively on domestic procurement, including demand for mining sector products, potentially raising the export propensity of South African manufacturing and reducing import penetration. Greater collaboration in research and development efforts with respect to mining technology, as well as in developing innovative applications of mining and/or beneficiated products, could have positive spin-offs for sectoral competitiveness, again raising demand for both mining and manufacturing output. Such cooperation could also extend to infrastructure sharing and improved logistics co-ordination, potentially reducing the associated costs. An enhanced interface between mining and manufacturing would thus tend to have positive implications for the domestic operating environment, including cost structures, thereby raising South Africa’s attractiveness as an investment destination for both local and foreign investors. Significant employment creation and skills development would be among the likely outcomes, improving welfare and providing a greater degree of socio-economic stability. Source | Industrial Development Corporation Photography | Supplied


knowledge profile TM

EXCELLENCE IN STEEL BSi Steel Limited is a South African JSE Alternative Exchange listed group of companies with strong ties to the greater Southern African market. The company’s primary product range consists of mild (carbon) steel in all its different forms.

Steel is a “green” product; it is structurally sound and manufactured to strict specifications and tolerances. It is also energy efficient. Any excess material is 100% recyclable.

83,000 tons of steel was required to build Golden Gate Bridge (San Franciso). Now if you want to make a similar bridge only half of the steel would be required because technology had increase the steel strength.

BSI Steel has 9 branches in the SADC countries offering on the ground support. These Branches are well positioned to supply mines and infracstructural development.

Steel allows for improved quality of construction and less maintenance, while offering improved safety and resistance.

BSi Steel Plate Solutions, specialises in pre-processing of steel plate and sheet for the convenience of fabricators and end users. The company employs state-of-the-art equipment and qualified technical personnel, who ensure products and services of high quality. Comprehensive stocks of Mild and Structural steels are available. Pressure Vessel, Wear Resistant and High Strength steel are also stocked. BSi Plate Solutions specialises in the processing of these materials which often require specialised treatment during profiling, machining and fabrication.

The earliest known production of steel is a piece of ironware excavated from an archaeological site in Anatolia) and is about 4,000 years old. Other ancient steel comes from East Africa, dating back to 1400 BC.

0861 BSI STEEL Head Office:011 861 7600 www.bsisteel.com


free | soul

smaller MITSUBISHI TRITON

Is

better?

46 02 14


mitsubishi’s

Triton double cab recently received a few upgrades – including a new 2,5ℓ oilburner – but are these changes enough? With so many great bakkies on the market, can the aging Triton still compete? Since the launch of the Triton in 2007, the local bakkie market has changed substantially. Not only has Volkswagen entered the fray with the technologically impressive Amarok, but popular bakkie makers such as Ford, Mazda and Isuzu have all released new versions of their vehicles. Although Mitsubishi is apparently working on a brand-new double cab, the release of this vehicle is probably still a couple of years away so, for now, the Triton soldiers on. Thankfully, though, it has evolved a bit over the years, and there have been several changes to both its styling and mechanical bits. Most notably, it has just been fitted with a new 2,5ℓ diesel mill that promises good fuel economy while still providing adequate oomph.

Features and equipment The Triton’s well-known 3,2ℓ Di-D engine is no more. In fact, almost the entire derivatives list has been scrapped, and it is now available with only one engine option – a four-cylinder 2,5ℓ diesel mill. Moreover, the Triton range has been greatly simplified overall. In addition to the fact that the bakkie is now only available with a 2,5ℓ diesel engine, the double cab model line-up has been reduced to just two models – a 4x2 version and a 4x4 version. But while the 4x4’s 2,5ℓ mill has been boosted to generate 131kW of power at 4,000r/min and 400Nm of torque at 2,000r/ min, the 4x2’s oilburner still generates the same 100kW of power and 314Nm of torque that the outgoing 2,5ℓ model produced. How does the new 131kW 2,5ℓ oilburner perform? Quite impressively. Although not class-leading in terms of power and refinement, the engine is on a par with many of those found in other popular double cabs, and even bests the popular Hilux’s D-4D engine when it comes to power and torque. That said, the Triton’s torque isn’t generated as low down on the rev range (the Hilux’s 343Nm of peak torque kicks in as low down as 1,400r/min), so the engine feels as though it needs a bit of coaxing before it really gets going. But once the Triton starts cruising, the engine feels

powerful and responsive. In fact, it feels as though it could have benefited from a sixth gear. The engine is mated to a five-speed manual gearbox – no auto option is available – and can overtake without hassle at highway speeds. Fuel economy was impressive. During our test, which included quite a bit of 4x4 driving, we averaged 10,2ℓ per 100km. With some gentle driving, the Triton should be able to dip below 10ℓ per 100km fairly easily. The new engine isn’t the Triton’s only impressive feature. Like the Pajero and Pajero Sport, Mitsubishi’s bakkie boasts a Super Select 4x4 system. This means that the driver can choose between 2H, 4H with an open centre differential, 4H with a locked centre differential, and 4L. The ability to switch to 4H without locking the centre diff is a neat trick, which effectively provides the Triton with full-time 4WD – something unique in the segment.

Specs Price R419,900 Service plan Five-year/90,000km Service intervals 10,000km Warranty Three-year/10,000km

Accommodation The Triton’s age is most obvious in the cabin. It is quite clear that this design has been around for a while, and it seems a tad outdated when compared to those of bakkies such as the Isuzu KB and VW Amarok. While most newer bakkies now sport SUV-like interiors, the Triton’s cabin still seems rather utilitarian. A lot of hard plastics can be found inside. But there are some features. It has automatic air conditioning, a USB jack, Bluetooth capability, electric windows and leather seats. It also has two airbags (driver and passenger). Space is more than adequate, with the rear being able to accommodate a pair of adults pretty easily.

47 02 14


free | soul

LEISURE

Leisure

R31,90

(incl vat)

The Adventure Motoring Magazine

Other Countries R27,98 (excl Tax)

WHEELS

www.leisurewheels.co.za

DECEMBER 2013

Towing in the Namib dunes?

116

ADVENTURE

THE ADVENTURE MOTORING MAGAZINE

14 SUVs VISIT THE KHWAI CONSERVANCY IN BOTSWANA

NISSAN AND SAFARI CENTRE BUILD AN EXTREME NAVARA

DECEMBER 2013 ISSUE NO 116

SCOTT RAMSAY DISCUSSES HIS YEAR IN THE WILD PROJECT FIND OUT HOW TO ENTER THE EXCITING NEW HILUX TROPHY WHY DOES A 4x4 OVERHEAT? JAKE VENTER EXPLAINS ALL A MITSUBISHI PAJERO SPORT HEADS OFF TO SUNNY MOZ NEW COLUMNIST: EBEN DELPORT GOES ON PATROL

Leisure wheels is South Africa's foremost adventure motoring magazine. For this reason Skyways has chosen to work with Leisure wheels when it comes to providing you with motoring information. For more on the topic of adventure motoring, look out for the current issue of Leisure wheels, on sale now. www.leisurewheels.com

Gravel performance and handling The Triton’s performance on gravel is good. Most noticeably, the cabin remains remarkably comfortable and quiet, even on very bad dirt roads. Noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) levels are low for a bakkie, and the suspension does an admirable job of smoothing out corrugations. As mentioned, the ability to engage 4WD without locking the centre differential is a nice feature, especially when you venture onto a smooth gravel road or wet tar. When you engage 4H without locking the centre diff, 33% of power is sent to the front wheels, and 67% to the back. However, the system reacts to traction loss, and can send up to 50% of power to the front wheels if needed. The system provides that added bit of confidence you need when dealing with an unpredictable road surface. Like all bakkies, the Triton has a tendency to feel a bit skittish on bad gravel roads, but its overall performance is impressive. It might lack some of the electronic wizardry that some newer vehicles use in order to improve safety, but it nevertheless feels solid and surefooted.

Trail capability

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On the trail, the Triton really comes into its own. It is one of the smaller bakkies on the market, so it navigates narrow paths and tight turns with relative ease. The low-range gearing taps every drop of power from

the new engine, and most obstacles can be tackled in second gear, with first reserved for only the toughest of inclines. The throttle response isn’t overly sensitive, making it great for rock crawling at very low speeds, although it did idle a bit high for two of the steep descents on the trail. With two bash plates fitted underneath the vehicle and 220mm of ground clearance, there’s little danger of damaging the fuel tank or oil sump over obstacles – the only real threat to clearance being the sidesteps. The 2,5ℓ diesel engine has impressive power on inclines, and despite a lack of traction control, the Triton powered up very loose surfaces where traction was periodically lost. The electronically-controlled rear diff lock engages almost instantly and – just as important – disengages within moments as well. This made steep inclines with tight turns at their crest far easier to handle. On steep and slippery descents, the light weight at the back of the Triton becomes quite obvious, with the rear wheels losing traction quite often. It would be advisable to have some cargo in the bakkie when tackling trails. The ground clearance and reasonable articulation – paired with a very short overhang at the front – makes the Triton quite capable over tight, rocky obstacles. With no modern features such as hill descent control or ESP, the Triton may seem less capable than its competitors. However, its performance on tough trails showed otherwise and proved that the right engine, gearbox and ground clearance combination can get drivers much farther than one might imagine.

Overlanding suitability Like most double cabs, the Mitsubishi Triton is well suited to overland travel. Its 2,5ℓ oilburner is powerful yet promises to be quite frugal on long overland journeys. Thanks to its Super Select 4x4 system, it will undoubtedly be able to deal with any off-road situation thrown at it. If you’re looking for a double cab that can be used as a leisure or overland vehicle, the Triton won’t disappoint.

Verdict The Mitsubishi Triton is a vehicle that, despite showing its age in certain respects, remains a solid buy. It isn’t a class leader on any front, but it is a total package that won’t easily disappoint. Moreover, it is well priced (R419,900), which is why we have given it such a high overall rating. With an excellent sticker price and an oilburner that promises to be reasonably frugal, the Triton represents fantastic value for money. Text | Anzet du Plessis Photography | Supplied


from this... ...to this

kitchens

DNV oshore workshops

workshops

Container World supplies full turnkey solutions for remote areas, even with extremely tight deadlines and complicated requirements. Previous projects have ranged in size from camps for twenty to ďŹ ve hundred employees, and have included the provision of basic or executive accommodation facilities, secure storage facilities and basic or executive ablution facilities, as well as fully equipped industrial kitchens and canteens, basic or executive oďŹƒces and boardrooms, containerised generating plants and water and sewage treatment plants. Container World has serviced, and continues to service, both major and junior mining companies, as well as oil and gas companies including Eni in Mozambique, international and integrated energy company, petrochemicals giant Sasol, and gold mining companies such as Barrick Gold and Rand Gold.

Durban +27 (0)31 201 2226 Johannesburg +27 (0)11 392 1284 Cape Town +27 (0)21 511 2598 www.containerworld.co.za

Visit us at Mining Indaba Stand: 1819


free | soul

Proudly sustainable A landscaping masterpiece in the Cape

50 02 14


an axis

of water runs through Ida Raimondo’s hillside garden, extending in an almost invisible line from a small fountain in the entrance courtyard, through the house and down the central walkway, to end in a larger fountain at the foot of the slope. As with many of Raimondo’s garden ideas, the concept of a long axis was gleaned from a trip abroad; in this case, to Tuscany’s Villa Cetinale, with its sweeping vista down the valley towards a ruined monastery perched on the opposite hill. Raimondo’s garden looks towards Table Mountain’s Back Table, which shines like velvet in the morning sun, and every crag and crevice of which is visible at this close range: Castle Rock, Nursery Ravine, Skeleton Gorge and adjacent Devil’s Peak.But embracing her garden’s unforgiving topography took time. Raimondo’s engineer husband, Frank, spontaneously purchased the Bishopscourt property shortly before relocating the family from Pretoria to Cape Town in 1986.“I took one look at this slope and said, ‘How could you have bought this?’”she recalls with amusement.“All I could see was my four little children falling down it.” After renovating the house, Raimondo, a self-taught landscaper, started covering its exterior with plants: ivy to hide brickwork on the road-facing wall and, over the entrance façade, a romantic froth of star jasmine, which is clipped annually after blooming to promote luxuriant new growth. On the garden side she planted wisteria, which now surrounds the house in a fringe. In fact, the building is hidden so successfully by foliage that it is almost invisible from the road, only recognisable by its tall palm tree. A series of cascading terraces, connected by a long stairway, lead first to a formal garden with groomed lawn and clipped hedges, and then to a wilder lower section. One has the sense of being in the grounds of a Tuscan villa. “It’s in the blood,” says this thirdgeneration Italian South African with a smile. Raimondo initially planted flowers to view from the house, only to have them turn away to face the sun. Her roses struggled so on the north-facing slope that she eventually pulled them up. Reading The Education of a Gardener by Russell Page changed her approach: a garden endowed with a spectacular view needs no flowers. “You have to walk down the steps and turn towards the house to see flowers; from the house you won’t see any. This is to keep the garden green and quiet,” Raimondo explains. On the top terrace, a place to sit, eat and talk, plants are clustered in pots: echeverias, euphorbias, salvias and

magnolias, with specially ordered lotuses on the way. Water gurgles from three small Persian-style fountains, the design reminiscent of artichokes, surrounded by an infinity pattern of pale green tiles. Inspired by a trip to Iran, the water feature is a favourite splashy play zone for Raimondo’s grandchildren. Outside the kitchen door, she picks herbs and vegetables. Kale, thyme, rocket, celery, chives and strawberries in pots grow beside aquilegia, dark purple poppies, and her signature plantings of echinops and echinacea. The idea for a cantilevered deck, where the family sits for most meals, came from a trip to India, where palaces cantilever into panoramic views. From this table, the mountain is perfectly framed by an arch of creeping Solanum jasminoides. Frogs chirp from a pool on the lower terrace, and three assorted dogs loll in the shade. The slope down to the next terrace features a rolling wave of lavender, clipped balls of plumbago, lemon trees in Tuscan-style pots, red-tinged artichokes, Japanese anemones, and occasional poppies and comfrey. “It’s very simple planting, just repeated. I believe in strong planting: a lot of the same thing, to avoid a fruit-salad effect,” Raimondo says. Twenty-two different varieties of agapanthus stand in pots on either side of the path, one every two steps. The steps themselves have an ‘Italian villa’ appearance, being almost entirely covered in soft daisy ground cover (Erigeron karvinskianus) and Virginia creeper. Delicate hues draw the eye on the top terrace. ‘Ada’s Joy’, a pale pink bougainvillea that bleaches in the sun, blends harmoniously with faded apricot walls. The entrance courtyard is a symphony of white: plectranthus, white azaleas in terracotta pots, camellias, gardenias, square-clipped Indian hawthorn (Rhaphiolepis), an understorey of Iris japonica paired with low-growing

Rather than invest in costly equipment, Raimondo prefers to give her garden the personal touch

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free | soul

52 02 14

This article is extracted from Keith Kirsten’s latest book, Gardens to Inspire, which highlights 25 of the best gardens in South Africa. For more than 30 years Keith Kirsten has informed, entertained and inspired gardening enthusiasts. Kirsten has featured on radio and television shows such as Morning Live’s Weekend Gardening. He has also published more than seven books, including the recent Create a Garden with Keith Kirsten and Gardening with Keith Kirsten, which sold over 100,000 copies.

comfrey (Symphytum officinale) and, unifying it all, star jasmine (Trachelospermum jasminoides) and plume poppy (Macleaya cordata) with its spires of pinkish-white flowers. Blues, purples and lemon yellows predominate in the beds. Phlomis, plum-coloured prunus and purple vitex mingle with Melianthus major. “I play with colour but it’s subtle; you have to look carefully,” says Raimondo, pointing out the exquisite purple leaf undersides of Penstemon digitalis ‘Husker Red’. “I like to repeat colour tones of leaf more than flower because it holds the garden together through the seasons. Flowers come and go, so you need to think about leaves: the shape, texture and colour.” Bladdernut (Diospyros whyteana) and locally indigenous plants are used for hedges. A dogwood hedge on the second terrace has plumbago at its roots, clipped into a collar and left to flower in a froth of white in summer. Bright orange clivias bloom beside magenta azaleas along a shadowy wheelbarrow path. Between the old pines that conceal the roofs of Bishopscourt, Ida planted indigenous trees, selected from a list she obtained from Kirstenbosch of trees that occur naturally on Table Mountain, including African holly (Ilex mitis), forest spoonwood (Cassine peragua), Cape beech (Rapanea melanophloeos) and assegai (Curtisia dentata). Symmetry, as seen in matching clipped cones at the top of the steps (Buddleja saligna, a ‘fantastic plant to clip’), serves a purpose.“I believe you need formality to hold the garden

together, and then you can go crazy with softness,” Ida says. “‘Sustainable’ is a way of life here. Rain water is collected from every roof on the property and stored in 14 large tanks to irrigate the garden. Instead of an expensive watering system, I’d rather spend money on my gardeners’ salaries. It’s a real joy to work with them,”Raimondo says. “Besides, if you just flick a switch, you know everything’s alright but you’re not really looking to see how the plants are doing. While watering, one observes, seeing plants that need cutting back or require extra water.” In the bottom garden, bees, compost-making chickens and security-guard geese co-exist. The tennis court has been transformed into a kitchen garden, where herbs and vegetables grow in car tyres and wooden bins. No organic material leaves the property; all garden refuse is chipped and turned into mulch. Family celebrations take place under a large plane tree. Thanks to judicious planting, there is usually something growing at one’s feet: in winter, it’s daffodils, narcissus and snowdrops; when spring arrives, bulbs like Geissorhiza, Moraea and Sparaxis pop up. “I adore indigenous bulbs. A bit of the property had never been touched, so I saw what grew there, and that encouraged me,” says Raimondo. “That patch beside the tree gives me enormous pleasure. As it does a family and, perhaps, generations still to come.” Text | Keith Kirsten Photography | Supplied


2014

Mining, Agricultural & Commercial Exhibition 28th May – 1st June 2014

Kitwe, Zambia

6SHOWSTAND666

666MODULE6

7777Discount available for early bookings8888 Contact: Karen O’Neil Tel: 260-212-238011/238012 Fax: 260-212-238013 E-mail: cacss@zamnet.zm Web: www.cacss.co.zm Cell: 260 966 783075


free | mind

Setting up shop Six factors to consider when investing in commercial property It should come as no surprise that property investment remains strong and more people are expressing an interest to get on board. With the buy-to-let market becoming somewhat saturated, the canny investor would and should consider investment in commercial property as the chances for increase in value and the income generated will only grow as the economy becomes stronger in the next few years. The benefits are obvious but not everything is sunshine and roses in life, so here are six points to think about when investing in commercial property.

1

Empty property Commercial property is generally slightly more difficult to fill than residential properties,

especially during an economic downturn as businesses don't have the money to fund relocation. You should therefore be prepared for times when the property may be empty in between tenancies.

2

An expensive venture Commercial mortgages can be more expensive. Taking out a commercial mortgage is inevitably a more costly undertaking than a home loan. Also, the price of a commercial mortgage is still higher, as are interest rates. When purchasing any property you will normally be required to obtain buildings insurance because the property acts as security for the loan, but you need to bear in mind that insurance costs tend to be higher on commercial properties. You will also need liability insurance so that you're covered if someone has an accident on the premises.

3

Costs of buying are high You will generally find that the costs involved in buying a commercial property are higher than


a residential property. Additionally, your legal and valuation fees are likely to be more expensive than when purchasing a residential property.

4

Expect rougher conditions Companies will fall and fail during an economic downturn, meaning commercial landlords can take quite a hit during the lean years. Obviously this doesn't happen in a recession for residential landlords. There might be a small drop but people still need a roof over their heads. Be prepared for any sudden turn in the economy as a commercial property owner.

5

It’s a highly regulated sector Understandably, the commercial property sector is a closely regulated government. Planning consent, zoning and other laws prevent residential areas from being affected by or turned into commercial areas. The law requires you to make your property accessible for disabled users, fire safety regulations must be adhered to and communal areas must be looked after by the landlord, not the tenant.

6

Commercial property regulations Commercial property comes with the huge responsibility of ensuring that the building complies with regulations. You need to consider everything to do with health and safety including disabled access, fire doors and fire extinguishers, emergency lighting and power, as well as maintenance of the building in general to ensure that no accidents happen. As with all aspects of a business venture, think very carefully before purchasing property, it is a major undertaking and can be very costly if it is not thought through properly. It is vital that you do your research and find a good property in a location that is in demand and that will be an asset, not a liability. More and more people understand the opportunities offered by commercial investment. While large institutions and pension funds have been big players in commercial property in the past, it is possible to get a great commercial mortgage deal and profit from such a venture as an individual investor.

Remember, there are more regulations that govern the owning of commercial property

Text | Timothy Frodsham Photography | Shutterstock

POWER OF PILOT


free | body

Sunny side up Start the day with a wholesome breakfast

“I love breakfast,” says Jessica Latimer, owner of the private luxury guest house Cape View Clifton in Cape Town. Her ambition when she opened the Cape View Clifton in November 2012 was to turn breakfast into a stylish, lavish and stimulating affair while at the same time ensuring a homely and rustic experience for her guests. Latimer’s vision became a reality thanks to the talent of Celeste Agulhas and her assistant Charmaine Davids. “These ladies ensure that breakfast at Cape View Clifton caters for all tastes – from health fanatics to those looking for something more deliciously decadent,” says Latimer. Here she shares three recipes that will start your day on the right note.

Ingredients 1¼ cups allpurpose flour 1 teaspoon baking powder ¼ teaspoon salt ½ cup unsalted butter, room temperature 2/3 cup granulated sugar 125g Philadelphia cream cheese, room temperature 2 large eggs 1 tablespoon vanilla extract 2 tablespoons lime zest 1 cup fresh blueberries

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Philadelphia cream cheese icing: 125g cream cheese, room temperature 4 tablespoons unsalted butter, room temperature 1½ cups castor sugar 1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Blueberry lime loaf 1.

2.

3.

Preheat oven to 180°C. Butter a 9x5 loaf pan and line the bottom of the pan with parchment paper – butter the parchment as well and set aside. In a medium bowl, whisk together the flour, baking powder and salt. Set aside. In a blender, beat together the cream cheese, butter and sugar until light and fluffy, about two minutes. Add the eggs, one at a time, thoroughly mixing each time. Add vanilla extract and lime zest, mixing until combined. Pour flour mixture over the batter mixture and using a large rubber spatula, gently fold in the

4.

flour until it is completely mixed in and there are no pockets of dry flour. Lastly, gently fold in the blueberries. Transfer batter to prepared loaf tin. Bake for 55 to 65 minutes, or until toothpick inserted in the centre comes out clean. Allow to sit until cool (at least 30 minutes) and then remove from the pan. In a blender or large bowl, cream butter and cream cheese until smooth. Add castor sugar and beat on low speed until combined, then on high until frosting is smooth. Beat in vanilla extract. Carefully frost on top of the cooled cake and store in fridge until ready to serve.


Bircher muesli Mix together raw, whole rolled oats, flaked almonds, raisins, a good pinch of cinnamon and low fat plain yoghurt. Mix thoroughly and leave, covered overnight in the fridge. Just before serving, add a little milk to loosen the mixture up. Spoon into glass bowls and sprinkle grated apple on top. Squeeze a little lemon juice and another dash of cinnamon over and serve.

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free | body

armaine Davids te Agulhas and Ch y morning From left: Celes er ev en in the kitch whip up a storm

Ingredients

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½ green pepper, finely chopped 1 clove garlic, diced Ÿ onion, finely chopped 1 bird’s eye chilli, deseeded and finely chopped 1/3 cup whole kernel corn Coriander, a good handful, chopped 3 eggs, beaten Grated cheddar cheese Salt and pepper Nachos and fresh coriander for garnishing

Mexican frittata In a little olive oil, fry the onion until it is translucent and then add the garlic, green pepper and chilli. Once softened, add the corn and coriander. Add the

egg and season. Once the egg has cooked through, add the cheese and place under the grill until melted and bubbling. Serve with nachos and fresh coriander.


free | body

Liquid gold A guide to champagne

The origin of champagne, like almost anything else, is disputed. The most common folklore is that a monk named Dom Pérignon introduced bubbles into the wine by mistake. However, he then went on to clarify and improve the drink dramatically and it came to be liked by French aristocracy. This led to the royal image of champagne. The other theory is that sparkling wine was first commercially produced in the region of Languedoc in the 1530s.

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From its introduction in the early 17th century, champagne has been synonymous with royalty and the nobility, leading to it being called ‘the drink of kings’. In fact, few other drinks capture the imagination quite like champagne. Champagne is sparkling wine but with a unique quality; its grapes are grown within the Champagne region of France. Under EU and World Trade laws only sparkling wine produced in this region can be classed as champagne. Grapes grown anywhere else are classified as normal sparkling wine. What makes the Champagne region different?

Other than the history and heritage of the region, it predominantly comes down to the region’s microclimate and soil. The weather and chalky limestone soil conditions of the Champagne region are ideal for producing the grapes for sparkling wine. The three main grape varieties which produce champagne are Pinot Noir (red) Pinot Meunier (red) and Chardonnay (white). It is usually a blend of twothirds red and one-third chardonnay. As such, most of the vineyards in the Champagne region grow the red variety grapes. The spectrum of champagne styles and taste can be broken down into: • Vintage: Only produced in exceptional years and is predominated by grapes from that harvest year. The vintage year is always displayed on the bottle. • Non-vintage: By far the most common and popular champagne and is made from a blend of multiple years. • Prestige Cuvée: Considered to be the Champagne Houses’ best wine. Although mainly a vintage year, it can also be non-vintage. • Rosé: Known for its romantic and seductive nature, rosé champagne is always dry (brut), making it more full-bodied and ideal for main courses. Rosé champagne can be a blend of all the varieties, but with a dash of extra Pinot Noir during fermentation. • Blanc de Blancs: Champagne blended from 100% Chardonnay grapes. It can have vibrant flavours and tends to be lighter and more acidic than most champagnes. • Blanc de Noirs: Considered to be the rarest blend of champagne and is only blended from the red variety grapes. It tends to be full-bodied and very dry. • Brut: Most champagne tends to be a form of brut or dry, and as a rule must have less than 10g of sugar. • Demi-Sec: This blend is the sweetest champagne and usually served with dessert. The vast majority of the grapes grown in the Champagne region are grown by small, independent vineyards, and are then sold to the larger Champagne Grande Marques such as Moët & Chandon, Dom Pérignon, Krug, Bollinger and Veuve Clicquot. As much as ever champagne is still the aspiration drink of choice. Whether it is celebrities, politicians or royalty, champagne was throughout its unique history the drink of champions. Text | Paul Singh Photography | Supplied


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free | soul

Unanswered love

Losing My Religion has nothing to do with keeping the faith

Have you ever been in love? Horrible isn't it? It makes you so vulnerable. It opens your chest and it opens up your heart and it means that someone can get inside you and mess you up.

Love can be a wonderful thing, but this quote from Neil Gaiman aptly describes how this emotion can sometimes cut like a knife. This is especially true when it comes to that crush you have on someone who doesn’t even notice you. And since this happens to many people, it is understandable that there are many, many songs about unrequited love. One of these songs, despite what many people think about the title, is Losing My Religion by R.E.M. The title of the song, along with a lot of religious imagery in its video, led many to think that this song deals with religious issues. However, Michael Stipe, vocalist of R.E.M., told Rolling Stone magazine that he wanted to write a classic obsession song. In fact, he wanted this song to be more obsessive than The Police’s hit Every Breath You Take. Why then the misleading title? ‘Losing my religion’ is actually an expression that was often used in the Southern region of the US where

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free | soul

Stipe grew up. It means that something has pushed you so far that you would lose your faith over it, literally that you are at your wits’ end. Stipe once said that he explained this “about 7,000 times. Now, some people still think that it’s a song about religion, but it’s not. It’s just a song about having a crush.” Losing My Religion came to be purely by accident. R.E.M. guitarist Peter Buck had just bought himself a mandolin and was casually trying to teach himself how to play while watching television, recording himself as he practised. When he listened to the recording, he discovered the tune that would become Losing My Religion. In his own words: “When I listened back to it the next day, there was a bunch of stuff that was really just me learning how to play mandolin, then there was what became Losing My Religion, and then a whole bunch more of me learning to play the mandolin.” Stipe added the lyrics, and a hit was born.

Lovelorn lyrics Stipe said the following about the song: “This song is beloved around the world. It wasn’t our fault, it just

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happened, and it’s one of those freak things and we’re really proud of it. When you have a crush on somebody, and you think that they understand that but you’re not sure, and you’re dropping all kinds of hints, and you think that they’re responding to these hints but you’re not sure – that’s what this song is about.” When you take a closer look at the lyrics it becomes very clear that the narrator is pining for someone. Just a few examples: “The lengths that I will go to” shows how this person will do anything for his loved one, and “the distance in your eyes” refers to the lack of interest showed by said loved one. “I set it up” describes how the narrator tries to create situations where the truth will come out. “That’s me in the corner” – he is all alone; “that’s me in the spotlight” – yet he feels that he is right in front of her without being noticed. “Oh no I’ve said too much, I haven’t said enough” shows how he is feeling unsure about whether he maybe hinted too strongly, yet wanting to say more to let her know how he feels.

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Did you know? •

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The video for Losing My Religion was the first to show Michael Stipe dancing. The director called his dance style ‘spastic’, and thought it would look great in the video. The video is partly based on Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings, which tells the story of an angel who falls down from heaven. Stipe is a big fan of Marquez, and obsession and unrequited love happen to be the main theme of the writer’s masterpiece, Love in the Time of Cholera. Losing My Religion was originally given the working title Sugar Cane. A common misinterpretation of the song is that it is about the death of John Lennon, as people interpreted the lyric “what if all these fantasies come flailing around” as a reference to Lennon’s last album Double Fantasy.

“Every whisper, of every waking hour, I’m choosing my confessions” indicates how he is constantly thinking about her, planning what to say to her. The song continues along these lines, clearly depicting how close this person is coming to ‘losing his religion’. Text | Noleen Fourie Photography | Shutterstock

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free | mind

Some like it h t Meet Corette Barham, the fire dancing queen

fire dancing

is not a run-of-the-mill hobby. It is most often associated with freespirited people into things like eco-living and alternative lifestyles. Married woman and mom to five children, Corette Barham, breaks the mould. Besides enjoying and teaching fire dancing in her spare time (how she finds the time in a busy household is a feat in itself), Barham enjoys a career as the change manager for Liberty Health. After three years of practice, Barham finally lit up about three months ago

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Corette Barham defies convention, which may explain her attraction to fire dancing. She lit a fire hoop for the first time about three months after taking up fire dancing three years ago.“It was scary, exciting and amazing, all at the same time,” Barham says. She is married to Wayne and together they have five children: two sons (22 and 24) and three daughters (aged 12, 14 and 15). The girls have all done fire performances at school and at some family events. Wayne is also a fire performer using hoops as well as staves as props. Rather than her family being dead-set against her taking up what could be a dangerous pastime, they gathered around neighbours to share in the moment of her first impromptu performance. “I remember getting everything ready to light up my hoop so I could show my family what I mean by ‘fire-hooping’, when all of a sudden my dad gave a loud whistle,” 35-year-old Barham says.

Puzzled and unsure what to expect, she turned around to see people from neighbouring houses streaming into her parents’ front yard. “All of them ready for a fire show,” says Barham. “It turns out my dad was boasting to all the neighbours that I’m going to hoop with a hoop that is on fire and the whistle was the signal for when I’m about to start!” Fire dancing requires one to be mindful and focused. A fire dancer can get hurt, or hurt someone else if they do not respect that which they are playing with. Fire dancing grounds Barham ‘in the now’, it clears her mind and allows her to be in the moment. “You need to be responsible and have respect for the fire you are dealing with,” Barham cautions. “You also need to be attentive to and aware of the safety precautions that need to be in place. Fire dancers always wear comfortable, form-fitting clothing made from natural fibres, as materials like cotton do not ignite as readily as synthetics.” A rigorous checklist is conducted before each performance. This includes identifying the performance area and ensuring that all wicks and parts of the hoop are tightened securely. A wet towel is put out (for putting out equipment) as well as a fire extinguisher. The dipping station also needs to be set up and secured – safely out of the way. This eliminates the danger of it


being stepped in or over and of paraffin being spilled. It is not the fire or dancing in circles off the hoops that enthrals Barham the most, but rather the connection with the people watching.“I always make sure I engage and connect so my performance isn’t just a showcase of the tricks I can do, but a dance with my audience,” she reflects. No one really knows when fire hooping started. According to Barham, fire dancing evolved from the Maori dancing with poi (a ball or a stone on a rope that was used as an exercise especially to help female hands become flexible for weaving and men’s hands strong for battle). Fire dancing is not something that can be learnt overnight. Whatever your choice of prop is, Barham explains, you’ll start out playing without fire until you have mastered the art and can confidently play without dropping your hoop. The average hooper is ready for some fire action after about two to three months of practice. Barham’s work colleagues are extremely supportive of her fire dancing. Some have even attended her weekly classes in Plumstead, Cape Town. “It is quite different from what I do on a daily basis,” Barham says. Fire dancing students generally report back on it being a confidence booster, while others mention the stress relief that they derive from it. The reason that fire dancing relieves stress is that you have to give it all your attention so there’s little time to continue worrying about the problems that fill your mind. “You have to let go and more often than not, it allows you to change focus and let your mind think about something else,” says Barham. This explanation sounds like the reasoning of a change manager rather than a fire performer. Barham’s favourite fire dancing spot is in front of Jameson Hall at UCT. “It’s the most amazing spot overlooking Cape Town’s lights. Another spot is Clifton 2nd Beach, which is mostly protected from the Cape Town South Easter,” she says.

Asked whether fire dancing has changed her as a person, Barham sums it up beautifully: “It has opened up a world to me that I previously only envied from the sidelines. Fire dancing is an art, but it is also something that binds our community of flow artists together. Doesn’t matter where in the world you are, if you see a fire dancer there is an instant connection.” Barham cannot imagine her life without fire dancing, which goes to show her passion for this pastime.

Barham brings new meaning to the term playing with fire

Text | Samantha Barnes Photography | Supplied

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1,000

people live in Vatican City, the world’s least populous country

battleship Each Battleship puzzle represents a section of ocean with a hidden fleet of one battleship, two cruisers and three submarines. The ships may be oriented horizontally or vertically within the grid such that no ship touches another, not even diagonally. Any remaining squares in the grid contain water segments, which are shown as a symbol of water or as an X. The numbers on the bottom and on the right of the grid show how many squares in the corresponding rows and columns are occupied by ships. The object is to discover where all six ships are located.

10,924m

the deepest part of the ocean, the Marianas Trench near Guam

sudoku

Try the addictive game of Sudoku. The aim is to fill each block with a number from 1 to 9. Each number must not appear more than once in each row, column and square. If you can’t finish this puzzle during your flight, please take this free copy of Skyways with you. The cabin attendant will make sure that the next passengers get their own magazine, with a clean Sudoku for them to puzzle over! Puzzles taken from www.krazydad.com

1 x Battleship

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Medium

challenging

Puzzles supplied by Conceptis, www.conceptispuzzles.com

Easy

easy

2 x Cruisers 3 x Submarines

Solutions can be found on page 12


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panorama

The music plays on A statue of Czech songwriter and activist Karel Hasler at an old castle in Prague. Born in 1871, Hasler created more than 300 compositions, many of which became popular folk songs. With his engaged patriotic approach he helped to strengthen the national consciousness of Czech people during times of danger and oppression. Following his death in the concentration camp, his songs became a symbol of national resistance during the Second World War.

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free | soul

John F. Kennedy: An Unfinished Life 1917-1963 By Robert Dallek

BOOKS

Knowing Mandela By John Carlin After serving 27 years of a lifetime sentence for conspiring to overthrow South Africa's apartheid government, Nelson Mandela emerged to become both the catalyst and the symbol of post-apartheid South Africa. He served as the country's first black president and has since been internationally acclaimed as a powerful and vigilant humanitarian. John Carlin began covering South African politics while serving as the London Independent's Bureau Chief

Lessons from the Boot of a Car By Reg Lascaris

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Reg Lascaris, one of South Africa's most celebrated marketers, literally started out from the boot of an old car. The road leading from the one point to the other has been long, uneven and often difficult, but in one respect it never failed: there was always a lesson to be learnt. Lascaris, together with his partner

in South Africa in 1989, and formed a relationship with Nelson Mandela in the decades since. Mandela has called Carlin's journalism 'courageous' and 'absolutely inspiring'. Now, Carlin reflects back on the man he has studied and admired for much of his career. The book begins with Mandela's release from prison in 1990, and ends with the last time Carlin saw Mandela faceto-face in the early 2000s. Spanning decades, and chronicling both personal and national memories, Carlin's tribute to Mandela is a fitting retrospective on a life well lived and its enduring legacy.

✶✶✶✶✶ John Hunt, sparked not only some of the most iconic ad campaigns in the world, but the transformation of the South African advertising industry into a 21st century powerhouse. This is where the famous Nando’s campaign was born; these were the men the ANC turned to for their first election campaign. Lessons from the Boot of a Car traces a journey by an extraordinarily successful entrepreneur, reciting at each point the lessons learnt – career and business lessons as much as they are lessons for life.

✶✶✶✶✶

Drawing upon firsthand sources and never-before-opened archives, prize-winning historian Robert Dallek reveals more than we ever knew about Jack Kennedy, forever changing the way we think about his life, his presidency and his legacy. Dallek also discloses that, while labouring to present an image of robust good health, Kennedy was secretly in and out of hospitals throughout his life and was administered last rites on several occasions. He never shies away from Kennedy's weaknesses, but also brilliantly explores his strengths.

✶✶✶✶✶

Architects of Poverty By Moeletsi Mbeki

Of an estimated one billion people in the world who are trapped in a cycle of grinding poverty and despair, a disproportionate number live in sub-Saharan Africa. In this challenging account, Moeletsi Mbeki analyses the plight of Africa and concludes that the fault lies not with the mass of its people but with its rulers – the political elites who contrive to keep their fellow citizens poor while enriching themselves. Concentrating mainly on South Africa, his country of birth, and Zimbabwe, his home when he was in exile, Mbeki tells a tale of lost opportunities and extinguished hopes. Yet Mbeki is no Afro-pessimist. Along with his candid exposé of the problems, he poses some suggestions about what needs to be done to break the stranglehold of the African elites on political power and to set sub-Saharan Africa once more on the road to development.

✶✶✶✶✶


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focus | northern cape

Did you know? •T  he Northern Cape is home to the world’s largest telescope, the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), which is being built at Carnarvon. Sutherland is the site of the southern hemisphere’s largest astronomical observatory, the multinational-sponsored Southern African Large Telescope, or SALT. • The only tram service in South Africa runs several times a day between the City Hall and the Mine Museum in Kimberley. This vintage tram – introduced in 1887 – was refurbished to enhance the tourist experience of historical Kimberley. Its route between the City Hall and the Big Hole includes historical buildings and places of interest. • The Northern Cape is also playing an integral part in the global Bloodhound Project. This international initiative is an attempt to set a new world land speed record by building a car capable of reaching 1,600km/h.

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Northern

Cape Learn more about South Africa’s largest province

The Northern Cape is by far the largest province, yet it has the country’s smallest population. The province’s capital is Kimberley, known as the diamond capital of the world. Other major cities in the Northern Cape include Upington, De Aar, Kuruman and Springbok. The Northern Cape has always been best suited to the explorer and the pioneer and this remains the case, with a huge variety of natural, archaeological, palaeontological and cultural attractions throughout the province. This includes a number of visit-worthy sites in the near vicinity of Lime Acres/Daniëlskuil such as the Wonderwerk Cave, private nature reserves and Die Oog in Kuruman. And no visit to the province is complete without a visit to the Big Hole in Kimberley. The last remaining true San (Bushman) people live in the Kalahari area of the Northern Cape. The area, especially along the Orange and Vaal rivers, is rich in San rock engravings. A good collection can be seen at the McGregor Museum in Kimberley. The province is also rich in fossils. The Northern Cape is also home to the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park, part of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, an international park shared with Botswana. Other National Parks include Augrabies Falls National Park, Mokala National Park, Namaqua National Park, Richtersveld Transfrontier Park and Tankwa-Karoo National Park. The Namaqualand region in the west is famous for its Namaqualand daisies. The southern towns of De Aar and Colesberg, in the Great Karoo, are major transport nodes between

Johannesburg, Cape Town and Port Elizabeth. In the northeast, Kuruman is famous as a mission station and also for its ‘Eye’. Adrenaline junkies, adventure seekers and outdoor enthusiasts are spoilt for choice with activities ranging from rock climbing to white river rafting, 4x4 trails, adventure motor-biking, paragliding and fly-fishing.

Economy The economy of a large part of the Northern Cape, the interior Karoo, depends on sheep-farming, while the karakul-pelt industry is one of the most important in the Gordonia district of Upington. For retail options, Kalahari Mall, Upington's first super-regional shopping centre has a variety of shops, services and leisure options. Situated on the corner of Dr Nelson Mandela Drive and Van Riebeeck Street shoppers can enjoy more than 70 stores, ranging from well-known retail outlets to an impressive mix of speciality stores. Kalahari Mall is en route to the popular Kgalagadi Transfontier National Park, Augrabies Falls National Park, the Orange River Wine Route and the Flowers of Namaqualand. Food production and processing for the local and export market is also growing significantly. The area between Kimberley and the Bushmanland is not only the birthplace of the modern diamond mining industry – which still continues to be a significant contributor to the provincial economy to this day – but it is also known for some of the world’s biggest limestone, iron ore and manganese mines, while some of the world’s scarcest and most precious minerals are also extracted here. For a directory of accommodation and services in the Northern Cape, turn to page 76.

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focus | northern cape

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sky | cafe

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THR_IF_SKYWAY_180x245_0214.indd 1

2014/01/09 10:02 AM


This is your complimentary copy of Skyways. Should you wish to hang on to any information, please take this copy of the magazine with you.

sky | cafe

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sky | cafe

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OSS 80 02 14


This is your complimentary copy of Skyways. Should you wish to hang on to any information, please take this copy of the magazine with you.

sky | cafe

81

02 14


sky | cafe

MPUMALANGA

FOR BOOKINGS 0861 11 9000 proteahotels.com/richardsbay

Experience nature at it's best

YOUR GATEWAY TO THE TUZI GAZI COAST.

Experience the warm friendliness of Richards Bay and its picturesque surroundings, coupled with the relaxed hospitality and convenience of the centrally situated Protea Hotel Richards Bay. Accommodation is comfortable, fully air-conditioned and stylishly decorated, including ďŹ ve suites.

NEARBY ATTRACTIONS. Combine the beauty of this warm, lush, subtropical region with the savannah of the many game reserves, Zulu traditionalism with tranquil walks on miles of pristine beaches along the Tuzi Gazi Coast. PHDS 27112/13

WELCOME TO THIS UNIQUE AND INVITING RETREAT

Need to get away from the busy city life? Get in touch with yourself and find peace with the sounds and smells of nature . Mpumalanga offers a wide variety of activities and sites that will blow your mind. Even if you just want to sit back and admire nature and wild life, you will be able to do all that in the Lowveld.

Nelspruit Office Tel:+27 (0)13 752 8163 Fax: +27 (0)13 752 6176 After hour: +27 (0)71 364 6694 Cnr of Samora Machele Drive & Ferreira Str Gound Flour, Absa Square,1200 White River Office Tel: +27 (0)13 750 2342 Fax: +27 (0)13 750 1760 After hour:+27 (0)82 837 7794 Shop 8A, White river Square Chief Khumalo Drive R40, 1240 Managers Details Sibusiso Nkosi: +27 (0)82 507 02778 Email: sibusison@lowveldtrvl.co.za

82 02 14


Take control of your vehicle fleet whether it is one private vehicle or one hundred trucks. Be the “Pilot”of your entire fleet, with Digit’s control “tower” software. The user interface allows you to review logbooks, plot route history, generate fuel and expense reports and manage drivers, all without a connection to the internet. Our unique way of live tracking means full high speed tracking can be done with a minimal connection speed, saving you on data costs and most importantly, time. Innovative technology means our customers can monitor fuel levels live, send drivers instructions on their navigation system screens and identify drivers per vehicle

This is your complimentary copy of Skyways. Should you wish to hang on to any information, please take this copy of the magazine with you.

sky | cafe

www.digicell.co.za

83 02 14


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Established 1968

(PTY.) LTD. (EDMS.) BPK.

Specializing in: • Sales of commercial & industrial properties • Letting of commercial & industrial properties • Valuations, all type of property, plant & equipment • Sales of farms • Auctions (properties, loose assets)

Take a break from the ordinary

Tel Nr: (015) 287 3300 Email: adrinette@elistroh.co.za

087 820 2472 083 463 5450 Louis Trichardt

rae@avocavalehotel.com

Casambo Exclusive Guest Lodge An exclusive retreat that offers Luxury Accommodation in fully self contained units.

FEEL LIKE YOU'RE MISSING A PIECE OF THE PUZZLE WHEN IT COMES TO ADVERTISING?

Ideally situated only 5 minutes from Kruger Mpumalanga International Airport 5 star function and wedding venue with state of the art equipment, trendy VIP lounge, Vibey cigar lounge and a wooden deck overlooking beautiful appointed gardens.

CONTACT US TO HELP YOU WITH YOUR ADVERTISING STRATEGY.

SALES@PANORAMA.CO.ZA

Call: 013 007 0163 or Cell 072 277 6830 e-mail: stay@casambo.co.za website: www.casambo.co.za

84 02 14


Since 1994

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TIMETABLE effective 01 FEBRUARY 2014

F L I G H T S – Domestic FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Cape Town - George - Cape Town SA8621 SA8625 SA8639 SA8641 SA8635 SA8622 SA8630 SA8638 SA8642 SA8636

Cape Town Cape Town Cape Town Cape Town Cape Town George George George George George

-

George George George George George Cape Town Cape Town Cape Town Cape Town Cape Town

07:15 09:30 13:30 14:30 16:45 08:30 10:45 14:45 15:40 18:10

08:05 10:20 14:20 15:20 17:40 09:20 11:35 15:35 16:30 19:05

1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 AR8 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 AR8

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

16:30 16:50 18:30 18:45

18:05 18:25 20:05 20:20

1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

10:00 13:15

12:35 15:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink

09:45 10:45 11:30 12:50

11:05 12:05 12:50 14:10

1 2 3 4 5 7 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 7

ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

Bloemfontein Bloemfontein Bloemfontein Durban Durban Durban

06:50 15:15 16:35 08:15 17:30 18:00

07:55 16:40 17:40 09:15 18:35 19:00

1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5

ER3 J41 ER3 ER3 J41 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

George Durban

09:40 11:50

11:30 13:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink

Nelspruit Nelspruit Durban Durban Durban

06:45 13:45 08:25 15:10 17:35

08:05 14:45 09:45 16:15 18:35

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41 ER3 J41 ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

07:00 09:40 11:20 17:20 08:35 12:55 14:35 18:55

08:00 11:00 12:35 18:20 09:35 14:15 15:50 19:55

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5

AR8 J41 J41 AR8 AR8 J41 J41 AR8

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

07:30 16:15 09:15 18:00

08:40 17:25 10:25 19:10

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

J41 J41 J41 J41

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:30 09:00 10:00 11:10 15:30 16:25 17:30 07:40 10:10 13:35 15:05 16:40 15:45 18:45

07:20 09:50 10:50 11:55 16:15 17:15 18:20 08:35 11:05 14:25 16:00 17:30 16:40 19:40

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 5 6 1 2 3 4 5

ER3 ER3 ER3 AR8 AR8 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 AR8 ER3 AR8 ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:25 11:45 16:20 08:00 13:15 17:50

07:35 12:55 17:30 09:20 14:35 19:10

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7

J41 J41 J41 J41 J41 J41

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

Cape Town - Kimberley - Cape Town SA8617 SA8615 SA8618 SA8616

Cape Town Cape Town Kimberley Kimberley

-

Kimberley Kimberley Cape Town Cape Town

Cape Town - Nelspruit - Cape Town SA8663 SA8664

Cape Town Nelspruit

- -

Nelspruit Cape Town

Cape Town - Upington - Cape Town SA8645 SA8647 SA8646 SA8648

Cape Town Cape Town Upington Upington

-

Upington Upington Cape Town Cape Town

Durban - Bloemfontein - Durban SA8531 SA8535 SA8537 SA8532 SA8536 SA8538

Durban Durban Durban Bloemfontein Bloemfontein Bloemfontein

-

Durban - George - Durban SA8515 SA8514

Durban George

- -

Durban - Nelspruit - Durban SA8507 SA8505 SA8508 SA8506 SA8510

Durban Durban Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg - Bloemfontein - Johannesburg SA8401 SA8403 SA8404 SA8407 SA8402 SA8405 SA8406 SA8408

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Bloemfontein Bloemfontein Bloemfontein Bloemfontein

-

Bloemfontein Bloemfontein Bloemfontein Bloemfontein Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Kimberley - Johannesburg SA8421 SA8427 SA8422 SA8428

Johannesburg Johannesburg Kimberley Kimberley

-

Kimberley Kimberley Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Nelspruit - Johannesburg SA8823 SA8827 SA8843 SA8841 SA8845 SA8829 SA8849 SA8824 SA8828 SA8842 SA8830 SA8846 SA8844 SA8848

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit

-

Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Nelspruit Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Phalaborwa - Johannesburg SA8851 SA8853 SA8857 SA8852 SA8854 SA8858

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Phalaborwa Phalaborwa Phalaborwa

-

Phalaborwa Phalaborwa Phalaborwa Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Golf Bags: 1 bag at 15kg free baggage allowance – golf bags must be pre-booked with your booking agent.

86 02 14


TIMETABLE effective 01 FEBRUARY 2014

F L I G H T S – Domestic FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

SA8801 SA8809 SA8809 SA8817 SA8817 SA8815 SA8802 SA8810 SA8810 SA8818 SA8818 SA8816

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Polokwane Polokwane Polokwane Polokwane Polokwane Polokwane

-

Polokwane Polokwane Polokwane Polokwane Polokwane Polokwane Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

06:35 11:40 11:40 14:20 14:20 17:05 07:55 13:00 13:00 15:30 15:40 18:15

07:25 12:30 12:40 15:10 15:20 17:55 08:50 13:55 13:55 16:25 16:35 19:10

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6 1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3 ER3 J41 ER3 J41 ER3 ER3 ER3 J41 ER3 J41 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

07:00 12:15 16:00 18:15 06:45 08:30 14:00 17:25

08:00 13:15 17:00 19:15 07:45 09:30 15:05 18:25

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8 ER3 AR8 AR8 AR8 AR8 ER3 AR8

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

07:15 15:00 09:00 16:40

08:35 16:20 10:30 18:10

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

J41 J41 J41 J41

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

07:10 11:00 15:30 09:00 12:50 17:20

08:40 12:30 17:00 10:35 14:25 18:55

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

07:00 16:15 08:05 17:20

07:45 17:00 08:55 18:10

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

J41 J41 J41 J41

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:15 08:20 16:15 16:15 07:50 09:55 18:00 18:00

07:30 09:35 17:30 17:30 09:05 11:10 19:15 19:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 7 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 7 5

ER3 ER3 ER3 AR8 ER3 ER3 ER3 AR8

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

Johannesburg - Pietermaritzburg - Johannesburg SA8747 SA8735 SA8741 SA8739 SA8730 SA8732 SA8736 SA8742

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Pietermaritzburg Pietermaritzburg Pietermaritzburg Pietermaritzburg

-

Pietermaritzburg Pietermaritzburg Pietermaritzburg Pietermaritzburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Richardsbay - Johannesburg SA8441 SA8447 SA8442 SA8448

Johannesburg Johannesburg Richardsbay Richardsbay

-

Richardsbay Richardsbay Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Upington - Johannesburg SA8761 SA8767 SA8769 SA8762 SA8768 SA8770

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Upington Upington Upington

-

Upington Upington Upington Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Port Elizabeth - East London - Port Elizabeth SA8480 SA8488 SA8481 SA8489

Port Elizabeth Port Elizabeth East London East London

-

East London East London Port Elizabeth Port Elizabeth

Johannesburg - Mthatha - Johannesburg SA8751 SA8753 SA8755 SA8755 SA8752 SA8754 SA8756 SA8756

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Mthatha Mthatha Mthatha Mthatha

-

Mthatha Mthatha Mthatha Mthatha Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

F L I G H T S – Regional FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

10:10 11:45

11:25 13:05

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

10:00 15:00

14:10 17:40

11:30 13:30

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

Durban - Maputo - Durban SA8290 SA8291

Durban Maputo

- -

Maputo Durban

7 7

J41 J41

Airlink Airlink

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink

13:10 15:20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink

10:40 12:50

12:05 14:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink

07:20 17:30 08:55 19:05

08:15 18:25 09:50 20:00

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

AR8 AR8 AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

11:45 13:55

13:25 15:45

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink

Johannesburg - Antananarivo - Johannesburg SA8252 SA8253

Johannesburg Antananarivo

- -

Antananarivo Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Beira - Johannesburg SA8214 SA8215

Johannesburg Beira

- -

Beira Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Bulawayo - Johannesburg SA8110 SA8111

Johannesburg Bulawayo

- -

Bulawayo Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Gaborone - Johannesburg SA8450 SA8458 SA8451 SA8459

Johannesburg Johannesburg Gaborone Gaborone

- Gaborone - Gaborone - Johannesburg - Johannesburg

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Johannesburg - Polokwane - Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Kasane - Johannesburg SA8306 SA8307

Johannesburg Kasane

- Kasane - Johannesburg

Airlink's REGIONAL AND DOMESTIC flights check-in Terminal B counters B89 - B101 at OR Tambo International Airport.

87 02 14


TIMETABLE effective 01 FEBRUARY 2014

F L I G H T S – Regional FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

Nelspruit - Livingstone - Nelspruit SA8870 SA8871

Nelspruit Livingstone

- -

Livingstone Nelspruit

11:35 13:45

13:10 15:25

1 2 3 5 6 1 2 3 5 6

ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink

06:35 15:45 09:00 18:20

08:30 17:40 11:05 20:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:30 16:15 16:15 08:50 18:45 18:45

08:20 18:05 18:05 10:35 20:30 20:30

1 2 3 4 5 3 4 1 2 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 3 4 1 2 5 7

ER3 AR8 ER3 ER3 AR8 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:50 10:05 12:40 16:05 17:00 18:30 08:05 08:05 08:05 11:10 13:50 17:10

07:35 10:50 13:25 16:50 17:45 19:15 09:00 09:00 09:00 12:05 14:45 18:05

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3

Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink

06:40 09:45 14:45 13:00 13:00 08:10 11:00 16:00 14:35 14:35

07:35 10:40 15:40 14:00 14:00 09:05 11:55 16:55 15:45 15:45

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6 7

ER3 ER3 ER3 AR8 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 AR8 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

11:45 14:00

13:15 15:40

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink

10:55 10:55 14:00 14:00

13:25 13:25 16:35 16:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8 ER3 AR8 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:20 09:45 15:15 09:00 13:00 17:55

08:30 12:15 17:25 11:15 15:30 20:10

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5

ER3 AR8 ER3 ER3 AR8 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

11:30 14:50

14:20 17:45

1 3 4 5 6 1 3 4 5 6

ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink

10:35 13:25

12:40 15:45

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink

11:30 13:45

13:10 15:30

1 2 3 5 6 1 2 3 5 6

ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Johannesburg - Lusaka - Johannesburg SA8160 SA8164 SA8161 SA8165

Johannesburg Johannesburg Lusaka Lusaka

-

Lusaka Lusaka Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Harare - Johannesburg SA8100 SA8102 SA8102 SA8101 SA8103 SA8103

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Harare Harare Harare

-

Harare Harare Harare Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Manzini - Johannesburg SA8012 SA8992 SA8994 SA8014 SA8996 SA8998 SA8013 SA8991 SA8997 SA8993 SA8995 SA8015

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini

-

Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Maseru - Johannesburg SA8050 SA8052 SA8062 SA8060 SA8060 SA8051 SA8053 SA8063 SA8061 SA8061

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Maseru Maseru Maseru Maseru Maseru

-

Maseru Maseru Maseru Maseru Maseru Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Maun - Johannesburg SA8300 SA8301

Johannesburg Maun

- -

Maun Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Nampula - Johannesburg SA8230 SA8230 SA8231 SA8231

Johannesburg Johannesburg Nampula Nampula

-

Nampula Nampula Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Ndola - Johannesburg SA8158 SA8154 SA8156 SA8159 SA8155 SA8157

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Ndola Ndola Ndola

-

Ndola Ndola Ndola Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Pemba - Johannesburg SA8204 SA8205

Johannesburg Pemba

- -

Pemba Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Tete - Johannesburg SA8220 SA8221

Johannesburg Tete

- -

Tete Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Vilankulos - Johannesburg SA8260 SA8261

Johannesburg Vilankulos

- Vilankulos - Johannesburg

Day 1 = Monday, Day 7 = Sunday For reservations visit www.flyairlink.com, your travel agent or SAA Central Reservations on +27 11-978 1111 • Flight schedules subject to change • Contact your booking agent for these conditions EXCESS BAGGAGE AND SPORTING EQUIPMENT: Refer to www.flyairlink.com Important information & Conditions of Carriage Clause 8 Baggage 8.3 Whilst every effort has been made to ensure accuracy of content of the published timetable, both operational and strategic issues cause timetable changes. Due to the forward lead time required for publication, these often cannot be duly reflected. Should this occur, Airlink and its agents are not responsible for any errors, omissions, losses or detriments arising from the publication.

88 02 14

MEMBER


Jetstream 4100 - Regional Turboprop Airliner Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Cruising Speed

29 19.25m 18.29m 5.74m 2 600kg 25 000ft 500km/h

ERJ 135-LR - Regional Jet Airliner and Corporate Jet Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Cruising Speed

37 26.34m 20.04m 6.75m 5 000kg 37 000ft 800km/h

Avro RJ85 - Regional Jet Airliner Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Seating Classes Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Maximum Cruising Speed

83 2 28.60m 26.21m 8.61m 9 362kg 35 000ft 780km/h


8,848m

the height of the world’s tallest mountain, Mt. Everest

17 million km² the surface area of Russia, the world’s largest country

“I wrote a book. It sucked. I wrote nine more books. They sucked, too. Meanwhile, I read every single thing I could find on publishing and writing, went to conferences, joined professional organisations, hooked up with fellow writers in critique groups, and didn’t give up. Then I wrote one more book.” – Beth Revis “Who is better off? The one who writes to revel in the voluptuousness of the life that surrounds them? Or the one who writes to escape the tediousness of that which awaits them outside? Whose flame will last longer?” – Roman Payne “I finished my first book 76 years ago. I offered it to every publisher on the English-speaking earth I had ever heard of. Their refusals were unanimous, and it did not get into print until, 50 years later, publishers would publish anything that had my name on it.” – George Bernard Shaw “You can't judge a book by its cover but you can sure sell a bunch of books if you have a good one.” – Jayce O'Neal “Readers have a loyalty that cannot be matched anywhere else in the creative arts, which explains why so many writers who have run out of gas can keep coasting anyway, propelled onto the bestseller lists by the magic words ‘author of’ on the covers of their books.” – Stephen King

THE PEN IS MIGHTIER… Writing may be an art, but publishing a book is a cut-throat business. Here are some wise words about what it takes to be the next JK Rowling or Lewis Carroll.

90 02 14

“The book trade invented literary prizes to stimulate sales, not to reward merit.” – Michael Moorcock “In the end, what makes a book valuable is not the paper it’s printed on, but the thousands of hours of work by dozens of people who are dedicated to creating the best possible reading experience for you.” – John Green “A person who publishes a book appears wilfully in the public eye with his pants down.” – Edna St. Vincent Millay “Always be ‘opportunity-ready’ – the greatest door-opening opportunities often come in the form of objections.” – Lisa Washington


6,825km the length of the Nile, the world’s longest river

“Three carefully stringed words are worth more than a book of gibberish. It's not the word count but the impact of those words that counts.” – Richelle E. Goodrich “NEWSPAPER: What great paper is the earth; what a typeface is the day; what ink is the night! – Everyone prints, everyone reads; no one understands.” – Xavier Forneret “Online review sites are the slushpiles of feedback.” – S. Kelley Harrell “Technological change is discontinuous. The monks in their scriptoria did not invent the printing press, horse breeders did not invent the motorcar and the music industry did not invent the iPod or launch iTunes. Early in the new century book publishers, confined within their history and outflanked by unencumbered digital innovators, missed yet another critical opportunity, seized once again by Amazon, this time to build their own universal digital catalogue, serving e-book users directly and on their own terms while collecting the names, email addresses and preferences of their customers. This strategic error will have large consequences.” – Jason Epstein “Apparently, my hopes, dreams and aspirations were no match against my poor spelling, punctuation and grammar.” – Red Red Rover “What you have not published, you can destroy. The word once sent forth can never be recalled.” – Horace, Satires and Epistles

THE UIF INTRODUCES NEW TOLL FREE NUMBER The Unemployment Insurance Fund enhances service delivery system by introducing a new toll free number. The toll free is an additional contact mechanism for the clients to reach the UIF Call Centre. The number is approved by Icasa therefore it can be used by all clients to access the UIF information and services free of charge. However, clients are not barred from using the call centre number which is still 012 337 1680.

“Publishing a book is like being pregnant. By the end, you're just ready to get that baby out!” – Carmen DeSousa “There are three certainties in a writer's life: death, taxes and rejection letters.” – T.L. Rese “I have to declare in all candour that no one interested in being published in our time can afford to be so naive as to believe that a book will make it merely because it's good.” – Richard Curtis “If you can dream it, you can do it!” – Patricia Gligor

THE TOLL FREE NUMBER IS 0800 843 843 OR 0800 UIF UIF


June 2014

9.65cm

ten YOU DIDN’T The month that Airlink begins flights to Skukuza

The height of the world’s smallest living dog, a Chihuahua named Miracle Milly

THINGS

know about… Valentine’s Day 1

The ancient Romans celebrated the Feast of Lupercalia on 14 February in honour of Juno, the queen of the Roman gods and goddesses. Juno was also the goddess of women and marriage. Valentine’s Day may have been named after Valentine of Terni, a priest who married Roman soldiers against orders from Claudius II. He was arrested and killed on 14 February 269. It is said that an almond tree near his grave burst with pink flowers and all the birds chose mates, hence the term ‘lovebirds’. More than $1 billion worth of chocolate is purchased for Valentine's Day in the US every year. In the Middle Ages, young men and women drew names from a bowl to see who would be their Valentine. They would wear this name pinned onto their sleeves for one week for everyone to see. This was the origin of the expression ‘to wear your heart on your sleeve’.

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In 1537, England's King Henry VII officially declared 14 February the holiday of St. Valentine's Day. Casanova, well known as ‘The World's Greatest Lover’, ate chocolate to make him virile. The red rose was the favourite flower of Venus, the Roman goddess of love. One of the most extravagant gifts of love is the Taj Mahal in India. It was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as a memorial to his wife. Every Valentine's Day, the Italian city of Verona, where Shakespeare's lovers Romeo and Juliet lived, receives about 1,000 letters addressed to Juliet. In the 1800s doctors commonly advised their heartbroken patients to eat chocolate, claiming it would soothe their pain. To this day, many women find comfort in a box of chocolates when dealing with heartbreak.

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54.6cm

The height of the world’s shortest living man, Chandra Bahadur Dangi of Nepal

1650

The year British parliament tried to ban the wearing of lipstick

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The number of species of penguin in the world

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The age Spartan children were taken from their mothers and put through military training

Didya know? Can you solve our quiz? A. Hot dogs 1. Which German writer, whose residence is still an attraction in Frankfurt, wrote Faust? 2. According to John Mellencamp, who can be found sitting on Jackie’s lap “suckin’ on a chilli dog, outside the Tastee Freeze”? 3. Which animated character uttered his first words, “Hot dogs! Hot dogs!” in 1929? 4. Who has a dog named Hot Dog in the Archie comics?

Clue to A5

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Which breed of dog is this? What activity are you engaged in if you are performing a ‘downward dog’? Answers 1. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 2. Diane. From the song Jack & Diane. 3. Mickey Mouse. Mickey sells hot dogs in a short called The Karnival Kid. 4. Jughead 5. Dachshund 6. Yoga B. Cheats 1. Which country hosted the 1986 World Cup game that saw Maradona’s ‘Hand of God’ goal? 2. Which iconic Manchester-born guitarist joined English band The Cribs and features on their 2009 single Cheat on Me? 3. Which Olympic sprinter had his 1988 100m gold medal rescinded after he tested positive for a banned steroid?

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In which world-famous French novel does Emma cheat on her husband Charles with Rodolphe Boulanger? 5. How does the female cheetah cheat? 6. Which former Springbok rugby captain’s marriage ended in divorce after he was publicly accused of cheating on his wife? Answers 1. Mexico. Argentina beat England 2-1. 2. Johnny Marr, formerly of The Smiths. 3. Ben Johnson 4. Madame Bovary 5. She mates with several males. Her litter typically has several different fathers. 6. Joost van der Westhuizen. He filed for divorce from wife Amor Vittone in 2010. C. Dangerous animals 1. Name three of the ‘Big Five’ African animals. 2. Which 2005 documentary tells the story of Timothy Treadwell, a bear expert who was killed by a bear? 3. According to legend, what killed Cleopatra? 4. In The Lord of the Rings, to what fiery creature does Gandalf say “You shall not pass!”? 5. Which computer has a series of operating systems named after big cats, including Jaguar, Panther and Snow Leopard? 6. Which FC Barcelona footballer shares a feline nickname with an astrological sign? Answers 1. Buffalo, elephant, leopard, lion, rhinoceros. Although coined as a hunting term, safaris of all kinds now use it. 2. Grizzly Man 3. An asp, a venomous snake. 4. The Balrog 5. Mac 6. Lionel Messi. Barcelona fans call him Leo.


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S O U TH AF R I C A

the scope in degrees that an owl can turn his head

Clue to B1


talespin

Tiger and the three pigs After years of terrorising the countryside, hunting deer, poaching livestock and killing game, Tiger grew long in the tooth. Finally, he knew it was time to retire. So he packed his bag: “Poor selfesteem? Check. Poor body-image? Check. Poor self-image? Check. Self-portrait? Uh… oh well, three out of four ain’t bad.” David Leonhardt is a motivational and humour writer. See more at thehappyguy.com

Tiger ambled into town and came to stand before the Three Little Pigs Retirement Home Inc. He rang the bell, and the first little pig appeared on the landing above. “What do you want?” asked the little pig. “I come here to retire,”Tiger replied. “Ooooh. I don’t think so,”the little pig declared.“You’re not like us. You’ve got big teeth. Very dangerous. We can’t let you in.” Tiger, having poor self-image, went to the dentist to improve these apparent deficiencies, and had his teeth removed. The next day, he returned to the Three Little Pigs Retirement Home Inc. “What do you want?” asked the second little pig. “I have no more teeth. I come here to retire,” Tiger replied once more. “Ooooh. No, no, no. That just won’t do,” the little pig exclaimed. “You’re different. You have sharp claws. You scare us. We can’t let you in.”

No teeth, no claws, no self-portrait

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Tiger took his poor self-esteem and even worse bodyimage to the manicurist and had his claws removed. The next day, he returned to the Three Little Pigs Retirement Home Inc. “What do you want?” demanded the third little pig.

“I have no more claws. I come here to retire,” Tiger repeated. “Ooooh. Let me see,” the little pig muttered as he disappeared from sight. Tiger heard much whispering and commotion behind the big wooden doors. “Okay, come in,” said the little pig. Tiger strolled through the doors, and there stood the three little pigs, grinning from ear to ear. Suddenly they jumped on Tiger. Squealing with delight, they beat him up and sent him packing. No teeth. No claws. Yippeeee! Finally they got even with Tiger for terrorising the animals. Tiger should have known better. He should have accepted who he is and not tried to conform to someone else’s image of him. What tiger in his right mind lets a pig paint his portrait? He should have painted a self-portrait instead. Do you seek to improve your body or your bodyimage? Do you seek to improve your claws or your nails, or to improve your self-esteem? What do you see when you look in the mirror? Who paints your portrait? Text | David Leonhardt


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SkyWays Magazine February 2014  

SkyWays Magazine February 2014