Page 1

december 2012

Your free take-home copy - exclusive to Airlink passengers

TM

december 2012

Best Christmas reads ever

freedom for executives on the move

Man vs mouse

Time to rock the boat

Inflight entertainment


Interact

freedom for executives on the move

december 2012

Your free take-home copy - exclusive to Airlink passengers

TM

december 2012

freedom for executives on the move

Best Christmas reads ever

Man vs mouse

Time to rock the boat

Inflight entertainment

reading between the lines page 62

That winning formula It’s commonplace in boardrooms. Management strategies are likened to teamwork in sports. After reading an article by HR consultant, Caroline Perez, I am pondering how winning at sports can be successfully applied to the corporate world. For starters, having a winning mindset and a positive attitude are said to be ideals that are carried over from sports. However, according to Perez, there is a chicken and egg question: Which came first: sports, or those attitudes? Common sense seems to dictate that the attitudes came first. After all, these are attitudes essential for survival, and are with us at our most primal level. There are also a lot of differences between a professional athlete and a white collar worker. For starters career length. A pro-athlete has a much shorter career, and tends to have the most money-making capabilities during the earlier part of that career. An office worker tends to have to move up through the ranks, and to peak in earnings at a much older age. Their priorities and views are hence very different. Even more glaring is the fact that in sports, there is only ever one winner. There is no such thing as a ‘win win’ situation. In business, it doesn't always have to be as competitive. In fact, negotiation is often the key to successful business deals. Business can have multiple winners, and adversaries forming mutually beneficial alliances to ensure that everybody wins. So can we really draw parallels between sport and business? You be the judge of that.

PUBLISHER Urs Honegger EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Gerard Peter MANAGING EDITOR Kate Kennedy SENIOR SUB EDITOR Vanessa Koekemoer SUB EDITORS Brigitte Billings, Noleen Fourie EDITORIAL CO-ORDINATOR Mariska Van Wyk DTP STUDIO MANAGER Paul Kotze DESIGNERS Cronje du Toit, Roelof Meintjes TRAFFIC & PRODUCTION MANAGER Celeste Jacobs ADVERTISING sales@panorama.co.za +27 11 468 2090 GROUP ADVERTISING SALES MANAGER Deborah Bishop-Williams SENIOR ADVERTISING SALES EXECUTIVE Arlene Sanford 083 473 5002 arlene@panorama.co.za ADVERTISING SALES EXECUTIVE Tsibo Wasa 083 452 7722 tsibo@panorama.co.za ENGLAND/WALES/SCOTLAND: Interactive Airline Partnerships, James Rolls. 13 Brook Business Centre, Cowley Mill Road, Uxbridge UB8 2FX Tel: +44-1895-258008 Fax: +44-1895-258009

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PRINTERS Ultra-Litho, Johannesburg DISTRIBUTION Republican News Agency ISSN 1025-2657

July-Sept 2012 18278 (total)

Skyways is printed on partially recycled paper

Skyways Magazine is published monthly and distributed via Airlink. All rights reserved. Reproduction of this magazine in whole or in part is prohibited without prior written permission of Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. Copyright © 1994-2012 Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. The views expressed in Skyways Magazine are not necessarily those of Panorama Publications or Airlink, and the acceptance and publication of editorial and advertising matterial in Skyways Magazine does not imply any endorsement or warranty in respect of goods or services therein described, whether by Skyways Magazine or the publishers. Skyways Magazine will not be held responsible for the safe return of unsolicited editorial contributions. The Editor reserves the right to edit material submitted and in appropriate cases to translate into another language. Skyways Magazine reserves the right to reject any advertising or editorial material, which may not suit the standard of the publication, without reason given. Skyways Magazine is published by Panorama Publications on behalf of Airlink. PUBLISHED BY Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. Private Bag X4, Kyalami, 1684, South Africa. 92 Campolino, Kyalami. Tel: 011 468 2090 Fax: 011 468 2091


contents contents

REGULARS 8 Be scene Hot and happening 10 Bits and bytes The world in brief 16 Panorama Picture perfect moments 84 Flight plan Your Airlink timetable 91 Brainteasers Sudoku and battleship puzzles 94 Quiz Put your grey matter to the test 96 Talespin Running the rat race MIND 18 Empowerment deal A long-lasting solution to food scarcity 22 Paws and effect Canine rhino-poaching busters 26 Power to the people Investing in human capital 28 Legal eagle Understanding the letter of the law 42 Conundrum Is going green a good move? 74 Think out of the box It’s time for business to get uncomfortable

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FESTIVE CHEER 50 Epicurean feast Christmas recipes 62 Ode to the classics Best books of all time 66 Get it right What women really want for Christmas 68 Captain’s choice Gift guide 88 Joy to the world Christmas quotes captured for prosperity 92 Fact finder Ten things you didn’t know about the festive season

50 lunch is served

my mom's a monkey

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coast of dreams

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contents contents

taking on the germans

60 great depression

44

BODY 54 Raise your glass Through the grapevine 56 Sky boutique Be a brandy connoisseur SOUL 36 East meets best Exploring the Garden Route 40 Tourist information Can we whether the storm? 60 Blue Monday A teen, murder and a classic song MOTORING 44 Special FX Infiniti makes SA debut

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TRADE 30 Gadgets and gizmos 32 App your life 34 Tech review 72 Property talk


CM/ESK120002

Switch and save this holiday You’ve worked hard all year long. The time has arrived to switch off and recharge – lay back on a pool lounger and watch the sun set over the sea, a purple mountain range, or the immensity of South Africa wind savannah. And when you check into your favourite hotel, go one step further and give your electricity use a break too - make your stay an energy efficient one by following these energy saving tips: • Switch off electrical appliances such as televisions, cell phone chargers and laptops when you are not using them … and save • Switch off appliances in standby mode – it uses almost 50% of the energy that an electric appliance would normally use … and save • Switch off lights in unoccupied rooms or when you leave your room … and save • Switch off the air-conditioner when you don’t really need it; open windows to allow cool, fresh air in from outside … and save • (If it’s really necessary to switch on the air-conditioner set the temperature to the energy saving ‘golden zone’ of between 18 – 22ºC) • Take a shower instead of a bath; showers use less hot water • Don’t open the bar fridge unnecessarily or leave the door open too long as this allows cold air to escape and warm air in, causing it to use more electricity to maintain the correct temperature • If you need hot water use the plug and don’t leave the taps running • Only fill the kettle with as much water as you need for your morning cup of tea or coffee

Switch and save this holiday … and arrive back home rested and refreshed!

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2

40

The approximate number of teeth a pack-a-day smoker will lose every 10 years

The number of Americans sent to the hospital for dog bites every minute

CALENDAR local acts to play alongside one of the hottest names in electronic music.  23 November to 10 December  Ballito, Durban, Umhlanga, Plettenberg Bay i www.ragefestival.co.za GAUTENG

Mzansi Fela Festival

Thousands of arts lovers and enthusiasts are expected to converge in Limpopo for this year’s instalment of the Mapungubwe Arts Festival. The prestigious festival, which is a flagship project of the Department of Sport, Arts and Culture (DSAC) promises to be another runaway success. With an eight-day programme, visitors can expect an all-encompassing thrilling encounter. Events lined up for the festival include theatre, kwaito and jazz, fashion shows, film and video, and cultural displays showcasing an assortment of traditional foods and performances.  16 to 18 December 2012  Polokwane Cricket Club i Computicket K WA Z U L U - N ATA L

Ballito Prawn & Jazz Festival

This fun festival promises something for the whole family: for the food connoisseur a variety of prawn dishes deliciously prepared by local

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4U Rage Festival For the first time ever, 4U Rage Festival is bringing an international flavour to the festivities. Four top international DJs will be hitting the KZN coast as part of the fun this summer. On 1 December, Dimitri Vegas and Like Mike are headlining an event at the Wavehouse in Umhlanga with local stars Goldfish, Pascal & Pearce and new girl Toya Delazy as supporting acts. On 3 December, Nervo will headline the Stimorol ‘Alien Abduction’ party at the DLI Hall. DJs Kent, Euphonik and Royal K will be the

WIN

LIMPOPO

Mapungubwe Arts and Cultural Festival

restaurants, festival favourites in the Food Court – a family picnic setting for you to relax and enjoy your prawn feast as the mellow sounds of jazz fill the air. A weekend of international and local jazz talent taking centre stage and entertaining all festival visitors over the three-day period. From the Landrover experience to the Mazda Aerobatic displays each day has great entertainment for the whole family. The Crafters Market and Collectable Fair will offer exquisite selections of handcrafted articles and rare collectables and antiques – shop to the sounds of jazz.  15 to 17 December 2012  Seaton Delaval Salt Rock i Leanne on +27 (0)82 459 9567

Since its inception in 2007, The Mzansi Fela Festival has been regarded as the training ground for upcoming artists as well as a platform for established artists, and is testimony to the festive spirit of Tshwane. The festival features music, dance, theatre, poetry and comedy performed only by local artists.  1 to 12 December 2012  Pretoria i 072 192 8311 CAPE TOWN

NYE celebration

Clos Malverne, the popular winelands hotspot in the heart of the beautiful Devon Valley outside Stellenbosch, will pull out all the stops on New Year’s Eve with a lavish Clos Malverne Food and Wine Experience, sharing for one night only eight of its most prestigious vintages, each paired with a matching dish. To add extra sparkle to this royal sensory indulgence, guests will toast the New Year with a glass of the estate’s first Brut Rosé bubbly which will only make its debut later in 2013.  31 December  Clos Malverne i 021 865 2022

A Blackberry 9320. Simply answer the following question: Name one headline act performing at The Wavehouse in Umhlanga. Send your answers to skyways@panorama. co.za. Competition closes 15 December. T&Cs apply.


$175 million

The amount the movie How The Grinch Stole Christmas, has raked in thus far

2 to 6

years in which the kneecaps of young children are formed, as babies are born without them

TECHNOLOGY

British engineers produce fuel from air A British company has developed breakthrough technology that can create synthetic petrol using only air and electricity.

BIZARRE

Pilot lands jet at wrong airport

A pilot was recently suspended from flying after landing an Indonesian passenger jet at the wrong airport in a ‘serious’ breach of safety. The Sriwijaya Air plane, carrying 96 passengers and six crew members, was meant to land at Minangkabau International I N N O VAT I O N

Kevlar reinforced socks could last forever Finding a hole in your sock is a distressing moment for anyone. But now an American entrepreneur claims to have found an answer.

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Cameron Carter, a 23-year-old from Chicago who attended the US Air Force Academy, decided to take the military technology usually found in bulletproof vests, and put them into socks. The resulting product is called Socrates, and are guaranteed to never develop holes or wornout bottoms. Carter has turned to online site Kickstarter to fund the project, and has already

airport in the city of Padang, but instead descended to the Tabing air force base about 12km away. “This incident was very serious and very dangerous for passenger safety as (the plane) landed at a wrong airport,” ministry spokesman Bambang Ervan said, adding that a probe by the aviation safety watchdog is underway. Source: IOL

almost tripled his original aim, raising $28,000 (about R243,900). “Most people wear socks every day, all day, but continue to buy flimsy products,” said Cameron on the firm’s website. The sock is primarily made from fabric with built-in lycra. The Kevlar sections are carbon threaded around the toe and heel areas where wear and tear is greatest. The firm is selling the socks online for $25 (R217) for two pairs. The product has already become a huge success, with more than 700 people having signed up. Once production has begun, the firm is also planning to expand by manufacturing women’s socks and different designs. Source: Daily Mail

Experts hailed the astonishing breakthrough as a potential ‘game-changer’ in the battle against climate change and a saviour for the world’s energy crisis. The technology removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The ‘petrol from air’ technology involves taking sodium hydroxide and mixing it with carbon dioxide before ‘electrolysing’ the sodium carbonate that it produces to form pure carbon dioxide. Hydrogen is then produced by electrolysing water vapour captured with a dehumidifier. The company, Air Fuel Synthesis, then uses the carbon dioxide and hydrogen to produce methanol, which in turn is passed through a gasoline fuel reactor, creating petrol. The fuel that is produced can be used in any regular petrol tank and, if renewable energy is used to provide the electricity, it could become completely carbon neutral. Source: The Telegraph

H E A LT H

New way to treat leukaemia

Canadian scientists have found that cancer cells from leukaemia sufferers are killed when they are exposed to a type of matter known as cold plasma. These streams of ionised gas, similar to the material found inside decorative plasma balls and plasma televisions, are thought to trigger


5 years

The amount of time an average person over 50 will have spent waiting in lines

the built-in self-destruct mechanism in the cancerous cells while healthy cells remain unscathed. The researchers now believe it will be possible to develop a dialysis style treatment where the blood of leukaemia patients is passed through plasma streams to destroy the cancer cells. The researchers now plan to do more work to see how healthy red and white blood cells are affected by the plasma to ensure it will not have any toxic effects if used as a treatment. Source: The Telegraph

Drive your way to Durbs or wherever you like, with Avis. Rent with Avis and stand the chance to win a summer holiday to the value of R50 000 or one of three monthly local getaways to the value of R10 000. ENVIRONMENT

Baby, make those green jeans talk Most jeans are blue – but in future, every pair could be green. That’s because a chemist and a fashion designer have created environmentally-friendly denim which removes harmful emissions from the air. The jeans are coated with particles of titanium dioxide, which reacts with light and air to neutralise nitrogen oxide – the pollutant emitted by vehicles and factories. The pair behind the product is Professor Tony Ryan, a chemist at Sheffield University, and Professor Helen Storey of the London College of Fashion. The by-product – harmless, water-soluble nitrates – washes away when the trousers are laundered. Just as catalytic converters help to reduce pollution as drivers travel around, the jeans could help make the planet greener as people go about their daily lives. An estimated 1.3 million deaths around the world each year are linked to poor air quality. All sorts of garments could be used as catalytic clothing, but jeans are considered the best medium for the process because they are so common. Source: Daily Mail

Rent from as little as R149* per day and earn DOUBLE Voyager Miles – that’s 500 Voyager Miles for qualifying weekend rentals booked on www.flysaa.com. Not a Voyager Member? Sign up as a Voyager member and for an Avis Preferred Card, and get 1000 Bonus Voyager Miles just for joining. Promotion runs from 1 September until 31 December 2012. T’s & C’s apply.

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1 month

40,000

The lifespan of the average housefly

The amount of Americans injured by toilets every year

Get the answer Just in case our puzzles are sending you around the bend, here are the solutions. Puzzles can be found on page 91.

Sudoku Easy

Challenging

BIZARRE

Woman raised by monkeys in jungle The story of a Yorkshire housewife who spent five years of her childhood living with a colony of Capuchin monkeys in Colombia is to be told for the first time in a book and planned television documentary.

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Marina Chapman learned to catch birds and rabbits with her bare hands after being abandoned in the jungle by kidnappers, it was reported. The Tarzan-like episode was brought to an end when she was discovered by hunters, but her ordeal continued when she was sold to a brothel in the city of Cucuta, and groomed for prostitution. She escaped and spent years on the streets, sometimes being arrested and kept in a cell, but was eventually taken in by a Colombian family to work as a maid in her mid-teens, and took the name of Marina Luz, according to the account given to a newspaper. Later during her mid-twenties she travelled with a neighbouring family who went to stay in Bradford on business for six months – and stayed after she met John Chapman, then a 29-year-old bacteriologist, at a church meeting. They married in 1977. She and her family have now decided to tell her story to help highlight the horrors of human trafficking in South America. Chapman believes she was born in about 1950 and that she was kidnapped when she was five before being abandoned in the jungle. Experts say monkeys have been known to accept young humans into their fold and there has been a previous case in which a fouryear-old Ugandan boy was left in the jungle for

Battleships Easy

Medium

more than a year to live with Vervet monkeys before being rescued and adapting well to life with people. The book about her life has already been sold in seven countries and a television documentary is also being planned. Source: Telegraph

STRANGE BUT TRUE

and was picked up by an ambulance in front of the shop, the Broward County Sheriff’s Office said in a statement. Archbold was later pronounced dead at a hospital, and the medical examiner's office will be performing an autopsy to determine the cause of death. Source: IOL

Man dies after winning roach-eating contest

You are what you eat, so the saying goes. A US man died after winning a cockroach and worm eating contest at a Florida reptile house in October. Edward Archbold, 32, had eaten several dozen roaches and worms as part of the contest to win an exotic python. He later began vomiting

Will you eat ant larvae or scorpions? Read Braintainment magazine. On sale now for knowledge


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225 tons

The weight of the world’s largest Christmas present – the Statue of Liberty

7

The amount of times the average computer user blinks a minute

ECONOMY

R230,000 for bottle of ‘liquid gold’ An anonymous South African recently bought what could be the most expensive bottle of whisky in the country.

SCIENCE

Researchers identify the biggest risk to long distance space flights Forget aliens. Sneezing on a rocket could be the biggest risk to long-distance space flight, claim scientists. Zero gravity causes germs to float around for ages, increasing the risk of infection for astronauts. When someone sneezes or coughs on Earth, the germs fall to the ground within three to six feet (91cm to 1,8m), but without gravity they just float around infecting more surfaces. In a spacecraft, power limitations prevent

extensive air filtration and the air is recirculated, meaning astronauts cannot use some hospital disinfectants and hand hygiene products as they could emit hazardous vapours. Scientists compare the many surfaces in the closed quarters of a spaceship to a university dorm room or bathroom, as they act as reservoirs for germs that can spread in the unique environment. And as no new germs are going to join the astronauts on board once they take off, expanded pre-flight screening may help too – looking for all strains of Staphyloccocus aureus, which can cause a range of infections, from pimples and boils to life-threatening diseases such as endocarditis and toxic shock syndrome.

Despite proactive global antismoking campaigns, it seems that tobacco companies are still enjoying good returns.

Source: IOL

Source: IOL

An orangutan famous for puffing on cigarettes recently gave birth at an Indonesian zoo.

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BUSINESS

British American Tobacco revenues grow

November 2011 and the birth is the first at the zoo since Tori was born.

Source: Daily Mail

ANIMAL

14

Source: News24

British American Tobacco (BAT‚ BTI) has reported 4% growth in revenue at constant rates of exchange in the nine months ended September 2012 despite lower group volumes. The revenue growth was driven by continued good pricing. Reported revenue was down 1%‚ adversely impacted by exchange rate movements, and organic revenue growth at constant currency was 3%‚ the company said. Looking ahead‚ the group said the environment continues to be challenging‚ with industry volumes under pressure. In this environment the expansion of illicit trade remains a threat‚ driven by excise increases and pressure on consumers’ disposable income.

Famous smoking orangutan gives birth

Tori, 15, gave birth in the central Javanese city of Solo. The delivery took place naturally without human intervention. Visitors had for ten years tossed cigarettes to the famous smoking orangutan, who was moved to a 200-metre island at the zoo in July to force her to quit cold turkey. She mated with a 20-year-old orangutan in

The buyer from Johannesburg apparently paid R230,000 for one of the three bottles of the Balvenie Fifty single malt whisky. Only three bottles of the Balvenie Fifty were imported out of a total of 88 released globally in September. The second bottle was opened and drunk at a retail price of R8,000 a tot. “Someone obviously had the money to spare,” Balvenie brand ambassador to SA, Jonathan Miles, was quoted as saying.


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Return to sender A night time view of the iconic Cibeles Palace in Madrid, Spain. Known as the Palace of Communication, this cathedral-like landmark was built in 1909 by Antonio Palacios as the headquarters of the postal service. It was home to the Postal and Telegraphic Museum until 2007 when the building became the Madrid City Hall. Over the years the palace and the fountain that surrounds it have become symbolic monuments of the city.

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free | mind

Reap and

rewards Thriving in drought and desperate times

Top: Peter Schrider was declared endangered in 1974, when there w Left: ya provide an elastic fibre with a crimp that is perfect for knitted fabric, while Suri is

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two small

communities in Zimbabwe’s Mwenezi district are not merely surviving, but thriving in one of the worst-hit areas of this year’s drought.

Food for Assets programmes aim at building community resilience through creation and rehabilitation of productive community assets in Zimbabwe

Part of the garden at an irrigation scheme in Mwenezi, southern Zimbabwe being rehabilitated through WFP’s Food for Assets programme

For farmers across the globe, droughts are a doubleedged sword; they do not reap what they sow and many then struggle to make ends meet as they no longer have the income they need to feed their families. Growers in Zimbabwe’s south-east, drought-prone Mwenezi district are no exception. Mwenezi has no industry or formal employment, so opportunities to earn money apart from farming are minimal. But now, two vulnerable communities are no longer relying on erratic rainfall. Thanks to a regular water supply, they are looking forward to harvesting crops throughout the year. “If there is water, there is a way to improve your life,” says Maina Chuma, 41, one of the farmers benefitting from The World Food Programme (WFP) Food for Assets programme in Mwenezi. Each day, Chuma works alongside140 neighbours to build sturdy, cement-lined canals that transport water from a nearby dam to irrigate their vegetable plots. In exchange, she receives a monthly family food ration for the project’s duration. WFP’s Food for Assets programme uses food as an incentive for people to work on community projects that increase their resilience to shocks like droughts. Once built, the asset is then owned and managed by the community. In Mwenezi, Chuma says this fosters a strong community spirit. “We’re not just workers, working for someone else’s benefit,” she says. “These plots are ours, and we get the reward.”The irrigation system helped boost Chuma's tomato harvest this year, allowing her to buy a goat in October with the proceeds. She now aims to purchase cattle.

Plot holders rest after a day’s work

Community outreach A plot holder carries watering pipes to one of the gardens at an irrigation scheme

Participants at a WFP Food for Assets project in Mwenezi take turns to build a canal that will water their plots from nearby Nkomati dam to their gardens once completed

“We meet at the project to sell or swap produce, and share information or problems. Because we’re producing more, it encourages everyone because they want a regular income too,” she says. Chuma is also a village health worker, trained by UNICEF and the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare. She uses the farmers' gatherings at the Mwenezi project to explain to people how they can protect themselves from HIV through abstinence and the use of condoms, as well as the importance of testing. “If people are busy working and have a regular income, they won’t have time to think about negative acts such as theft, promiscuity, or damaging property,” she says. “Bewitching other people’s lives will be a thing of the past.” “If people are promiscuous, able-bodied people can fall to the [HIV] disease, and then the whole community loses strength. In areas like this, it affects everyone.”

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free | mind

Residents build canals to draw water from a nearby dam to their plots in dry Mwenezi, southern Zimbabwe

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Tawanda Shonhiwa, a field monitor from WFP’s implementing partner, Mwenezi Development Training Centre (MDTC), says that since the farmers joined WFP’s Food for Assets programme in August, people are more motivated to work. “This irrigation project has been developing since 2004, however prior to this year, people worked on a voluntary basis and attendance wasn’t regular. Since people started receiving food for their efforts, every day the fields are full of people working,”he says. The project has brought other improvements.“In previous years, the community was using earth canals, which wasted precious water and reduced the soil’s nutrient value because of the silt movement,”Shonhiwa says. Cattle owners also benefit from various Food for Assets projects. While local climate conditions are harsh, Mwenezi is well suited for cattle rearing, as the grass is rich with nutrients and the low rainfall reduces the chances of diseases. But cattle, like humans, need adequate food and water, and the minimal rains at the beginning of this year have left not just people but also their livestock with scarce food supplies. In rural areas, owning cattle is equivalent to having savings in a bank. In September alone, 157 cattle deaths were recorded in Mwenezi, mainly due to the lack of water. Currently there are few water points in the district, and many cattle continue to weaken as they walk long distances in search of water.

Now these cows can find drinking water closer to home, thanks to another Food for Assets project in a different corner of Mwenezi that involves rehabilitating the Nkomati dam and fencing off a community vegetable garden. The dam also supplies water for the garden's irrigation system. “The dam has been there for years, but it needed repairing and we wanted to fence it, build silt traps and repair the borehole as well,” says Patient Hlungwani, Chairman of the Nkomati Dam Project Implementing Team. “The fence around the garden is very important, because stray cattle used to get into the garden and destroy the crops,”he explains.“We must protect the garden as it has the double benefit of nutrition and income.” The WFP supports 136 Food for Assets projects around Zimbabwe, benefitting more than 130,000 people. In 2013, that number will increase to 250,000 people.“By promoting self-reliance and reducing dependency on traditional aid, this programme helps communities lift themselves out of poverty,” says WFP Country Director Felix Bamezon. “The most important part of the Food for Assets programme is the asset created, not the food given for a few months,” Bamezon says. "These communities own, manage and maintain the projects, and that is what will sustain them in the years to come.” Text and Photography | Victoria Cavanagh


free | range

Doggone! Enthusiastic canines are on the trail of poachers

The workingdog heritage of Weimaraners and good temperament make the breed well suited for anti-poaching assignments

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Off the beaten track, in the private game reserves that border the Kruger National Park, a new animal can be found, streaking through the long grass, still and silent, nose down on a scent: dogs. These are not wild dogs – this is Canis lupus familiaris, the domestic dog, here to do the kind of job for which the dog was originally tamed upwards of 30,000 years ago. The dogs roaming the game reserves are trained to track down wounded game, poached animals and, of course, poachers.

These are working dogs, and it’s clear from the expressions on their faces that they love their jobs. They leap into the game vehicle that ferries them about with enthusiasm, their ears pricked and eyes keen; and with youth on their side, they return from a long day of physical work, still panting happily and eager to play. The oldest of the group of dogs used by K9 Conservation is Landa, a large Weimaraner who is a little over two and a half years old. Manzi, the second Weimaraner, is a year younger; Assegai, a Belgian Malinois, is just over two, while the other Malinois, Makulu, is heading for his first birthday, and promises to be a huge boy in his prime. Vixen, a German Shepherd,


his velvety grey coat, is sometimes called the ‘grey ghost’, and was bred for use by the aristocracy when hunting big game (boars, bears and deer) in the Duchy of Saxe-Weimar, in what is now Germany. Interestingly, the Weimaraner has slightly webbed toes, and is very comfortable in water.

One of the handlers with Makulu, Conraad with Landa and Catharine with Anubis and Manzi

Tiger, tiger

is nearly two, but it’s the pitch-black Shepherd, Anubis, named after the Egyptian jackal-headed god, who looks like he’s becoming the biggest dog in the bunch, given his size at just six months. Anubis has got a lot of training to do to catch up with the older dogs, but his working-dog heritage means he’ll be a quick learner. All these dogs were chosen because the desire to work is imprinted in the genes of their breeds: German Shepherds were bred to guard flocks, and have long been used for protection, detection, and search and rescue, as are the Malinois (known also as Belgian Shepherds). These dogs are also often used to track and apprehend suspects. The Weimaraner, with

Conraad de Rosner has worked with Weimaraners for nine years. De Rosner is a member of the Game Rangers Association and has been working as a ranger, as well as in game management and game capture, for about 20 years. At the same time, he has extensive experience in anti-poaching work. His first Weimaraner, with whom he worked for more than six years, was called Zingela, a powerful superintelligent male who made a brief appearance on the front pages of the newspapers in 2012. Zingela was trained to follow scents and to obey specific commands, such as ‘search leopard’, so when the tiger Panjo escaped from the back of Goosey Fernandes’ bakkie, it was a natural idea to call in De Rosner and Zingela. And sure enough, it took the dog exactly one hour to locate the tiger. After quartering a wide area, Zingela pointed in the direction of the big cat. De Rosner says that when the owner was followed by a crowd of media it spooked poor Panjo, and Zingela had to put his nose down once more to find the frightened cat who had bolted into the long grass. But this was, as De Rosner says, perhaps Zingela’s least important achievement: he had, with De Rosner, notched up a number of arrests of poachers, thieves and other criminals, and in so doing, made a significant contribution to conservation. Zingela sadly died when he was hit by a vehicle, but De

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free | range

Even after a hard day’s work, the dogs still have enough energy to play with their handlers

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Rosner went on to create a company, K9 Conservation, aimed at using the incredible abilities of dogs like Zingela to fight the scourge of poaching (www.K9Conservation. co.za). At a time when animals in game reserves are under increasing threat – not least of which is the threat of rhino poaching – it makes sense to utilise the agility, strength, obedience and powerful scenting abilities of dogs to protect the wild game in our reserves. De Rosner is managing director of K9 Conservation and works closely with his partner, Catharine Corrett, who has relocated from Britain to work as operations manager.

A hard day’s work The dogs are paired with a group of dedicated dog handlers who have learnt to train their dogs using praise and reward, a method that clearly works well. They are trained to find bullets at a poaching scene, to track the poachers back from the scene of a crime to where they came from, and to follow the scent of animal parts (because while rhino poaching is a major focus, poaching for bush-meat and muti is also a big concern). Poachers apparently often use the bull-bars on their vehicles to knock game over, and the dogs pick up the scent on the vehicle from far away, telling their handlers through their body language that they’re onto something. The dog handlers are then able to track the vehicle and when the person’s premises are searched, invariably animals or body parts are found. The dogs will also pick up the scent along the perimeter fence where game has been pulled under the fence and it can then be tracked to the poacher’s home. And they are able to lead the handlers to find animals that have been wounded by poachers; often a veterinarian is then

brought in and the animal can be treated and saved. Corrett is paired with a dog, too, but she goes out on conservation initiatives, helping scientists and conservationists track game, for example, or following darted animals. “Our teams are out on observation all day, every day,” says De Rosner. Their constant presence in an area soon becomes known to the local poachers. “Our mandate is to protect the rhino, so if we find a large group together, we’ll stay with them.” But while they are out, the dog handlers are constantly training their dogs as well. A dog’s day of duty is eight hours long, but, De Rosner points out, that includes an hour of grooming and some time just playing and blowing off steam after returning to base. The dogs also go out on regular night patrol, as that’s when poachers are often active – young Anubis is likely to be especially useful at night when he’s fully trained. With his black coat, in the dark he simply melts away. They run free in the bush, because there’s a hazard to being on a leash: if you run into a dangerous situation, both dog and handler are hampered. The bond between dog and handler is clearly very tight, and these dogs are not treated like property, but more like a family member. They sleep indoors at night due to the risk posed by the local predators, and the young company is able to feed them densely nutritious food which fuels them for their physically demanding jobs. And once off duty, nothing’s more fun than racing after a plastic bottle or a ball thrown by your handler.

Conraad de Rosner with Landa

Text | Mandi Smallhorne Photography | Mandi Smallhorne, Catharine Corrett, Cathy Williams

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Power to the people A business needs to reward and invest in its human capital

a business

is nothing more than an idea without people in place to take action and make the business happen, and how well a business runs is a direct reflection of its employees. Over time, a practice known as performance management has been put in place in most businesses to ensure that employees not only do the jobs they were hired to do, but do them well and be proud of the work they get done.

There are five key areas of performance management – planning, monitoring, developing, rating and rewarding employees. Incentivising employees is the best way to keep them motivated and happy at work

Get your ducks in a row Planning is just what it sounds like: planning out not only what tasks need to get done, but the ways in which getting them done should happen. Employee participation in this process is critical because by involving them, they feel more a part of the process and less like puppets who are trained to jump on command. Also, involving employees in the planning process improves morale. It further helps to make sure that there aren’t any gaps in communication to keep the plans from coming to fruition. After the planning stage, all employees should have a clear idea of what is expected from them.

Keep an eye on the ball

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Monitoring employees is not about simply checking up on them to see if they are doing their job, coming to work on time or the length of their lunch breaks. It is about ensuring that their tasks are getting done efficiently and also takes into consideration how well the employees are able to function. Monitoring ensures that unrealistic expectations aren’t set by management or the employees and keeps track of not only what is being accomplished but what has yet to be worked on.

All about growth Given the current global economic downturn and the advent of new business tools and technology, it is important to keep employees evolving to meet the ever increasing standards of a post millennial workplace. It could involve teaching new skills, implementing new procedures to make the work processes more accessible. It sometimes means assigning new responsibilities to employees who appear to have outgrown their old ones. Development ensures growth of employees and the business.

Report card It is imperative that employees are rated and given feedback on a regular basis. Rating can address areas in which the employee needs to grow as well as the areas in which they excel. It provides a clear map to where the employee stands at that date and time and it’s important to make sure the employee keeps up a good rate of development within the business.

Give something back Rewarding employees is perhaps the most important part of performance management. A happy employee is a productive employee and rewarding someone whose work is exceptional is a key factor in making sure that their level of work doesn't deteriorate. Everybody likes to make sure that they are appreciated. Studies have shown that employees who are rewarded for a job well done are far more motivated to keep performing at a high level than those who are berated or punished for being less than satisfactory. Performance management is a method by which a business owner can ensure that his or her business is constantly growing and achieving at the level they desire. It’s an easy system to put in place and is the most effective system in making sure that business goals are achieved. Text | Arno Visagie Photography | Supplied


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REASONABLE DOUBT What does labour law regard as unfair?

lvan lsraelstam is Chief Executive of Labour Law Management Consulting. He may be contacted on 011 888 7944 or ivan@labourlaw advice. co.za. This article first appeared in The Star.

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Of all the terms used in labour law the one that keeps most judges, arbitrators, employers and legal practitioners awake at night is the term ‘unfair’. The term is not defined in any of the statutes, which leaves the decision of what is ‘unfair’ to whoever is applying their mind to each individual case where unfairness is being alleged. It would, ironically, be unfair to blame the legislators for failing to provide a definition of the term because the concept has such wide connotations and is so susceptible to subjective interpretation. However, every employer needs to have a grasp of the legal meaning of the term

in order to avoid the legal repercussions of doing anything unfair to his employees. The Soule Dictionary of English Synonyms lists under ‘unfair’ the synonyms: “unjust, inequitable, partial, dishonest, dishonourable, disingenuous, one-sided, unequal, insincere, uncandid, false, hypocritical, faithless, oblique, truthless.” Some of these terms, such as dishonest and faithless, can relate to unfairness in specific contexts but do not assist us in our search for the meaning of ‘unfair’ in the area of labour law. Also, terms such as ‘onesided’ and ‘unequal’ contain strong elements of what ‘unfair’ means in labour law. The Collins Concise Dictionary defines ‘unfair’ as “characterised by inequality or injustice; dishonest or unethical.” Again, the concept of inequality plays


a role in defining what is unfair. However, inequality or one-sidedness does not fully explain the concept of unfairness in labour law because there are many examples of one-sidedness that are not seen in labour law as unfair. For example, giving company cars to managers and not to lower level staff is onesided but is not, per se, unfair. On the other hand, it is hard to find an example of unfairness that does not have an element of one-sidedness.

The letter of the law Section 23(1) of the Constitution of South Africa states that “everyone has the right to fair labour practices”. The word ‘right’ in this legal provision is useful because infringing the rights of an employee is likely to be seen as unfair in labour law.

The Labour Relations Act (LRA) stipulates that “every employee has the right not to be unfairly dismissed; and subjected to unfair labour practice.” Section 187 of the LRA provides that a dismissal is automatically unfair if it has an unfair reason. The section then lists the reasons for dismissal that would be unfair. For example, if the employee was fired because he or she had exercised the right to take action against the employer in terms of the LRA, this retaliatory dismissal would be automatically unfair. Again, we have an example of the employer’s interference with an employee’s right being defined as ‘unfair’. Section 188 of the LRA deems a dismissal to be unfair, even if it is not automatically unfair, if the employer fails to prove that the reason for the dismissal is a fair reason; and that the dismissal was effected in accordance with a fair procedure. This section explains neither what is meant by ‘a fair reason’ nor what a ‘fair procedure’ is. However, common law has established guidelines in these regards and these guidelines have been codified in Schedule 8 of the LRA. For example, item 7(b) includes a requirement that any person deciding whether a misconduct dismissal was fair must, among other things, determine whether the dismissal was an appropriate sanction for the contravention of the rule that was contravened by the employee. The word ‘appropriate’ here again gives us a clue as to what is ‘unfair’. That is, if the employer’s decision or action is inappropriate it could be unfair in labour law. The word ‘appropriate’ in a labour law context implies that the employer’s action must be appropriate in the context of the specific situation in which the action was taken. Another way of putting this is that ‘the punishment must fit the crime’. If the employee is fired for a minor infringement or where circumstances reduce his or her liability, a dismissal would usually be inappropriate and therefore unfair. The challenge is then to decide what penalty is appropriate in each circumstance. This is not a simple matter but the general rule of thumb is that to consider dismissal for an offence that has had a most serious consequence would not be unfair unless relevant extenuating circumstances exist. The act of an employer would be seen to be unfair if it infringes the employee’s rights, is onesided, unnecessary and/or inappropriate under the circumstances. Text | lvan lsraelstam

The word 'unfair’ is open to interpretation in labour law

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Stats

On screen

A new dimension in television

Grey fuzz. It’s a terrible sounding term for one of the only chinks in the LM9600’s armour. Truth be told the slight loss of visual fidelity in the darker greys is something most folks would barely notice and with a TV like this it could likely be remedied with a firmware update, which is a good thing because otherwise this TV is close to awesome. With a bezel smaller than most phones (<3mm) it often feels like your image is floating undefined at the front of the

room. As the flagship for LG’s latest range, said image is endowed with every perk possible with a plethora of manual tweaks and calibration options. A high refresh rate combined with frame substitution and remarkable brightness do much to bolster the inherent lien of passive 3D, which in itself is so well processed that crosstalk is non-existent.

Score: ★ ★ ★

Stats

Get the picture Can a camera be both great and small?

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The Olympus SZ-31MR is the latest bridge camera to come from the Japanese company and uses a solid metal body that can be comfortably held with one hand. The SZ-31MR’s claim to fame is a 24x zoom which is the equivalent of a 600mm zoom once the sensor weaves its magic. While not quite as crisp as the Canon or Sony superzooms, the builtin mechanical Image Stabilisation works miracles when the zoom is fully extended and can even handle taking photos on a bumpy road without blurring. The 3-inch touch screen is responsive but for the most part will go unused under normal shooting conditions – its

LG LM9600 Screen size 47-inch Native resolution 1920x180 3D Yes, polarised glasses Inputs 4xHDMI In, 3x USB 2.0, LAN, Component, Composite, VGA Outputs Digital Audio Out

functionality will not be wasted for those who want to make corrections on location. The navigation control is a mix of d-pad and jog wheel and works splendidly as both allow for effortless image and option browsing. The Olympus SZ-31MR is a decent bridge camera; it might lack the features of a DSLR but it manages to cram a lot into its tiny package.

Score: ★ ★ ★ Michael Reed is the Hardware writer for PCFormat, a monthly computer technology and gaming magazine.

Olumpus SZ-31MR Price R4,000 Manufacturer Olympus Sensor BSI CMOS 16.8 Megapixel Lens 24x zoom, 4.5–108.0mm focal length (25–600mm equiv. 35mm), f/3–6.9 Screen 3-inch touch screen Video mode 1080P 30 fps


110236

This simulated image of the Air View feature shows how you can quickly preview photos in folders.

Be creative

Introducing the . With amazing new features making it more advanced and easier to use. The crystal-clear 5.5Ë? HD Super AMOLED screen makes reading messages, news or updates a pleasure. Air View saves you time by allowing for fast, simple document and email previews with just a wave of the S-pen, and it all runs fast and smoothly thanks to the powerful Quad Core processor and Androidâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s new Jelly Bean operating system. Finally, creativity comes naturally to everybody. Follow us on

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0860 726 7864 Available in Marble White and Titanium Grey.


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App your life Business, cars and children The Google Play Store is growing on a daily basis and thanks to powerful devices like Samsung’s Galaxy S II and HTC’s One X, the range of apps is only going to grow larger with the types of apps being only limited to a developer’s imagination. We hope you find this issue's harvest useful.

Bloomberg Radio+ Bloomberg is one of the biggest names in providing business and finance news. The Bloomberg Radio+ app provides access to the Bloomberg radio station. To enhance the information being provided on the various programmes, the Bloomberg Radio+ app provides further information including graphs and bios of the guest speakers. The app also features a scrolling ticker as well as the ability to save and download shows for later listening.

Xero

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Accountants are a necessary evil in the world of business, but keeping track of your small business' accounts is something that needs to be done on a daily basis. Xero allows you to keep track of your business' cash flow as well as allowing

you to invoice customers, submit expense claims and upload receipts while you are on the road. Xero can be integrated into PayPal as well as your other bank accounts, although it would be wise to consult with your bank to make sure they support Xero.

SMS, my Car and Me SMS, my Car and Me is a clever app that activates when you connect your Android phone to a Bluetooth handsfree kit or put your phone into car mode. The app will read out any messages that come through through SMS, email, Facebook, Whatsapp, GTalk, Google Voice or KakaoTalk. The app can read 23 different languages and supports voice-to-text in any language. Calls can be automatically answered and the caller’s ID will be read out to the driver. It’s not free and will set you back about R40, but SMS, my Car and Me is one of the most

feature-rich hands-free apps on the market.

KinderPhone Handing your phone over to your child can be an unnerving experience. Anyone who has had their boss called by accident knows that letting your child play with your phone unsupervised is a bad idea. KinderPhone changes your Android phone into a child-friendly device and limits your child’s options with the device. The app allows the child to phone a limited number of people and can have pictures assigned to all the contacts so your child can be sent to school with a means of getting hold of you in case of an emergency. KinderPhone also limits access to media and apps so your child will not be exposed to inappropriate content. Text: Michael Reed is Hardware writer for PCFormat


Free delivery. More free time. Getting a new cellphone, laptop or modem shouldn’t be a hassle. With MTN Direct it’s as easy as it is simple – just phone the call centre or go online, find the cellphone, laptop or modem you like and order it. We’ll do the rest and deliver it to your front door free of charge. So you can spend more time doing what you love and less time running around.

TJDR/MetropolitanRepublic/53741/E

MTN Direct www.mtndirect.co.za or call 083 123 3667. Go online Choose your cellphone Call to order Direct delivery to your door. MTN, MTN Service Provider & MTN Direct Terms and Conditions apply – see www.mtn.co.za


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Revolutionary innovators

Mircea Dincâ

Using sponges to improve and store alternative fuels Dincâ's sponges, custom-engineered at the molecular level, have microscale chambers with useful properties

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Clean energy tends to come with drawbacks. Hydrogen has such low density that it’s hard to compress a useful amount of it into a container small enough to be practical; natural gas is more costly to transport and transfer than liquid fuels; batteries hold relatively little energy for their size and weight. But MIT chemistry professor Mircea Dincâ has come up with a promising way to solve all these problems: sponges. Dincâ uses organic and metallic materials to form his sponges, which are so thoroughly riddled with microscopic chambers that in some cases, the surface area of just a gram would cover a football field if laid out flat. By mixing and matching these building blocks, he is able to control the size of the tiny chambers. Different configurations have different chemical and electrical properties. Getting enough hydrogen on board a hydrogenpowered car requires either ultrahigh-compression

tanks or cryogenic fuel tanks, but neither of these methods stores enough hydrogen to meet the US Department of Energy’s target: a vehicle that can travel 300 miles without refueling. Dincâ came up with a sponge capable of trapping twice as much hydrogen as ordinary tanks in a given volume. Adding a bit of heat or relieving some pressure coaxes the sponge to release the hydrogen when it’s needed. Dincâ’s sponges also make great sites for catalytic reactions, because the whole inner surface can be coated with a catalyst; the reaction can be controlled by altering the size of the sponge’s pores. He is developing variants of the sponges that could transform methane into a liquid fuel by efficiently catalysing reactions that strip oxygen from air. He is also working on turning these sponges into materials for batteries and for organic photovoltaics. Text | Kevin Bullis Illustration | Courtesy of Mircea Dincâ


Christina Fan Prenatal testing for genetic conditions from a sample of the mother’s blood There’s never been a great way to safely and accurately test what’s going on in the womb. The mother’s bloodstream contains some fetal cells, but not many of them, so a maternal blood sample rarely yields enough for a useful analysis. Now Christina Fan has come up with an approach to measuring the chromosomes and genes in the fetus without having to isolate the fetal cells, enabling her to develop tests for Down syndrome and a range of inherited and other conditions. While still a graduate student in bioengineering at Stanford, Fan developed a DNA sequencing technique as well as an algorithm for estimating how many of certain chromosomes – such as chromosome 21, the one implicated in Down syndrome – should be present in a sample of the mother’s blood if the fetus is contributing the expected number. Any excess in the sample means the fetus has more than the normal number of the chromosome, indicating that the child is likely to have Down syndrome. There are other blood tests for this condition, which affects cognitive and physical development, but these tests are much less accurate. There are also more accurate tests performed on fluid drawn from the amniotic sac, but collecting this fluid carries a small chance of triggering a miscarriage. Fan realised that to expand her work to other inherited conditions, she had to go beyond simply counting chromosomes and look at the genes associated with those conditions. She was able to adapt her chromosome technique for these other condition by calculating, from an analysis of both the mother’s and father’s cells, how much of a certain type of gene ought to turn up in a

In her lab, Fan is developing better ways to spot genetic disorders in fetuses

Skyways with MIT's Technology Review brings you the latest innovations in the tech field

sample of the mother’s blood. If the sample contains higher levels than expected, the excess is coming from the fetus. “We used this method to build the entire inherited fetal genome from maternal blood,” she explains. Some of the conditions that are detectable this way can be prevented from causing problems if they’re treated promptly at birth. The metabolic disorder phenylketonuria, for example, can be managed through diet if that begins when the patient is a newborn.

Like this article? For more intelligent reads check out for knowledge

Text | Karen Weintraub Photography | Jake Stengel

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Fl wer p wer Exploring South Africaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s famed Garden Route

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The Garden Route offers arguably the best scenery in South Africa. It’s a 200km section of the South African coastline stretching from the town of Mossel Bay to just the other side of the Tsitsikamma National Park. It’s full of dramatic gorges, freshwater lakes and lush forests. It’s most famous for the coastline from Mossel Bay to Port Elizabeth with its never-ending expanse of breathtaking beaches and lukewarm waters. This stretch of coast also envelops some amazing towns such as George and Knysna.

One of the heartbeats of the Garden Route is George. The outskirts are quite industrial, however when you get right in to the city centre there are some interesting old buildings. Here you can visit an ostrich farm, the famous Cango caves and visit the Cango Wildlife ranch where you can see cheetahs, Bengal tigers and rare white lions. On leaving George you will come across a little place called Wilderness; this serene part of the Garden Route has an endless expanse of rivers, lakes and beaches. It’s an ideal place to relax and soak up the beauty of the area.

Starting point Although the majority of visitors start their Garden Route drive in Cape Town, Mossel Bay is considered the official start. Compared to other more famous towns along this route, Mossel Bay is astonishingly large. It has

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How to get there

Airlink offers daily flights from Cape Town and Durban to George. See page 84 for the flight schedule.

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various shops, bars and restaurants to explore. Here you can spend your days playing golf at the excellent clifftop Pinnacle Point Golf Resort. You can also walk the numerous coastal trails or alternatively take the plunge and cage dive with Great White Sharks.

Sea change The peaceful and picturesque town of Knysna is regarded as the oyster capital of South Africa. Remarkable seafood restaurants are dotted everywhere and the waterfront harbour provides a wide choice of shops and boutiques to visit. However, if adventure is more your thing, the

lush forests, lagoons and rivers offer endless places to explore. The Elephant sanctuary is also a must-see attraction. There’s also plenty to offer in Plettenberg Bay. You can play golf, hike, canoe, water ski, fish, paraglide and horseride, to name a few. Visit the Plettenberg Game Reserve, where you can see a wide variety of South Africa’s indigenous wildlife. Birds of Eden and Monkeyland are both just a short drive away and are well worth a visit. Tsitsikamma National park is also close by, with a range of adventure sports on offer such as canopy tours and zip-wiring down waterfalls. You can even leap off the 708 foot (216m) Bloukrans Bridge with a piece of elastic tied around your ankles, officially the world’s highest bungee jump. Tenikwa Wildcat Sanctuary is also a must, a reserve helping injured cats back into the wild. Oudtshoorn is a great place to visit, especially if it’s raining everywhere else on the Garden Route. Oudtshoorn is the capital of the Little Karoo, which is classed as semi-desert so you can count on the weather being pretty good most of the year round.

Everybody’s welcome Known as ‘The friendly city’, Port Elizabeth oozes relaxed hospitality. Whether you’re having a coffee, browsing in shops, or walking on the beach you will never encounter a crowd. There are the usual watersports and outdoor activities should you feel energetic, but after all the activities and sightseeing you’ve probably seen along the Garden Route, this is the perfect place to simply chill out. Text | Jack Potter and Claire Dinnie


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A silver lining South Africa’s tourism industry has the potential to ride the storm

what

a difference two years can make. In 2010, the tourism sector accounted for a substantial 8,7% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and out-performed the global tourism index by more than 8%. Fasttrack to 2012 and it’s relatively subdued – a far cry from the 2010 hype.

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This is understandably so. Business confidence in the build-up to the 2010 Fifa World Cup spectacle was so overwhelming that it masked the country’s vulnerability

to the economic and financial turmoil engulfing the global financial market. Hotel, lodge and bed and breakfast owners keen to cash in on the anticipated influx of soccer fans embarked on various expansion projects to boost their bed capacities. According to research by global accounting firm, PriceWaterhouse & Coopers (PWC), an additional 9,700 beds spread across the country, representing a 20% increase in existing capacity, were added prior to the World Cup. As expected, tourists, football fans and business people alike thronged to our shores to witness the globe’s biggest sports jamboree. Aside from the fact that South Africa managed to stage one of the most successful sporting tournaments right


under the nose of a debilitating financial meltdown, projected economic spin-offs from the games proved to be over the mark. Over-supply of beds against demand slashed forecast earnings for contrarian hoteliers and lodge owners who hedged their bets on the 2010 boom. That was only the beginning of the downward spiral. It’s actually debatable as to whether some businesses that splurged on the World Cup did indeed recoup their return on investment.

In the line of fire As reality of the extent of the exposure to the global financial crisis filters through, the prognosis is that the local tourism sector is trapped in a rut. The fact that tourists spread in South Africa’s traditional Eurozone markets, notably Britain, France, Germany and the Scandinavian region, have borne the brunt of steep austerity measures adopted by their respective governments in the wake of the Eurozone debt crisis, is not helping to lift the country’s tourism fortunes. So, does this mean that the future carries dark forebodings for the local tourism sector? In fairness, the dip in fortunes of the sector is to an extent a reflection of the cyclical nature of the tourism industry. In the aftermath of the 2010 World Cup, fundamentals for a strong tourism sector growth are firmly in place. South Africa’s technology, road network and general tourism-related infrastructure rates among the best in the world and as such, entrepreneurs in this sector need to adopt a more competitive pricing regime that competes favourably on the global stage in the wake of the strong Rand. They need to be more creative and innovative in positioning the country as a preferred tourist destination. Right now, not much leverage is being made from the country’s successful staging of the World Cup which in large measure helped to erase the negative perceptions associated with the country.

portfolio has swollen to R2,4bn, has shifted its strategy from investing in the conventional hotel accommodation and B&Bs to funding opportunities in niche, adventure, sports tourism and community-based projects with potential to create jobs. There is also a strong focus to tap into less developed areas outside of the Johannesburg, Durban and Cape Town areas, which are currently in oversupply, and will include niche areas such as the backpacker market. Also, there is huge potential for South African hoteliers to branch out onto the rest of the African continent, where appropriate accommodation facilities are sorely lacking. There is no denying the fact that the tourism industry can add more to the country’s coffers. What’s needed is a vision and a proper plan to turn the corner and reach its full potential. Text | Katinka Schumann Photography | Supplied

Broadening the horizons Furthermore, there is an acute need to shift focus from the Eurozone clientele to targeting the often savvy yet high net-worth tourists spread across the Middle East and the Asian market, notably China and India. On evidence, it’s the Middle East-based clients who have continued to sustain Australia’s tourism sector. Given the local burgeoning middle-income group, entrepreneurs need to focus on improving distinctive domestic tourism offerings throughout the country and tapping into the broader African market. There are other measures in place to boost the tourism sector. A case in point: development financier, the Industrial Development Corporation (IDC) whose tourism

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The great debate Is going green good or bad?

saving

the planet has been the mantra of governments, companies and conservation groups worldwide, and for good reason. Global warming and emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide have created a lasting effect on our environment. Solutions to these problems include deriving energy from water, wind and tide turbines, hybrid cars and ethanol-based fuel. However, it must be remembered that the world is still reeling from the effects of the 2008 global financial meltdown. In a struggling economy, it is hard to think about the future. For example, hybrid cars cost more than conventional vehicles. This means that the financial payback doesn’t catch up until a few years down the road. Ethanol-based fuel is also an alternative, made from crops such as maize, and it is widely used throughout the world. The problem lies with the fact that it costs more to produce and still releases emissions into the air. A whole month’s supply of maize for a family is equal to the amount used to fill one tank of gas. Perhaps the best solution for producing energy is through wind and tide turbines. These effectively use the power generated from tides in a river or wind currents high in the hills to produce clean, reliant energy. Going green is believed to be another word for cutting back and becoming less ‘energy-reliant’. Cutting back can lead to job loss and inappropriate use of scarce

resources around the globe. When revenues thrive and businesses stay healthy, stocks rise and people begin to become more confident, which fuels consumer spending. However, when jobs are lost, consumers lose that confidence and don’t have the spending power they once had, creating a negative effect on the economy. Granted, the world is energy-reliant, but it needs to do it in a cleaner way. Cleaner energy use can not only help us live better as individuals but can aid businesses in saving money and increasing revenues. Businesses have the option of creating teams within their structure that specialise in utilising this opportunity. This will create jobs and cut down on energy use at the same time. The present need for small as well as large companies across the world is to strike a balance between sustainable business activities and natural systems. Today, only when a company’s business activities cause no damage to the environment, will it be considered better business. In addition, natural resources should be used in a balanced manner so that the demands of future generations are also met. A durable and long-lasting business model is the ideal of every business but it can be difficult to create the magic mix that will see a business move from strength to strength throughout the years. The right or wrong decisions we all make can have their effect on certain companies and our economy as well. Either way, the impact can turn out to be good or bad, and the way things are looking now, we can’t afford to slide any further. Text | Kevin Long

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free | motoring

INFINITY FX30d GT PREMIUM

Taking on the

Germans Infiniti has arrived in SA, and the company's flagship model, the FX, is poised to take on German luxury SUVs such as the BMW X6, Mercedes M-Class and Porsche Cayenne. But does the FX truly have what it takes to convince buyers that it is an attractive alternative to the established Teutonic brands?

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There are two kinds of people in this world: those who know who Sebastian Vettel is, and those who don't. Those who are familiar with this double world champion Formula 1 racing driver tend to hail from places such as the UK, Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and yes, the southern tip of Africa. Places where young men who can pilot fast cars through tight bends are regarded as gods. Those who have never heard of Vettel, however, hail from a strange continent called North America â&#x20AC;&#x201C; a place where racing is watched more for its spectacular crashes than the driving prowess of its competitors, and where the ability to make a right turn in a race car is oddly useless. Of course, North America is also the land of Infiniti. To be sure, Infiniti is a Japanese brand, but it was created by parent company Nissan in the late 1980s as a way of competing at the top-end of the US vehicle market. So considering that Infiniti is a brand closely associated with the US, it is surprising to discover that the company recently employed Sebastian Vettel as a brand ambassador. Vettel even helped to design a special edition of the FX that was seen at the Goodwood Festival of Speed in July. Why is this ostensibly 'American' brand aligning itself with a German F1 driver? Because Infiniti is going global. Infiniti entered the Russian market in 2006 and the Chinese scene in 2007. In 2008, the brand was launched in Western and Central Europe. And now, after recent launches in Indonesia, Panama and Malaysia, it has arrived in SA.

Features and equipment The vehicle leading Infiniti's charge into the South African market is the opulent and eye-catching FX, an SUV that will be forced to compete with plush German barges such as the Cayenne, X6 (and X5), M-Class and Audi Q7. Does the FX have what it takes to compete with these well-established vehicles? Yes, it does. The FX boasts all the features one would expect to find in a luxury German SUV. For example, standard features on all FX models include speed-sensitive power steering, six airbags, rain and light sensors, follow-me-home lighting, dual-zone climate control, power tailgate, rear-view camera and parking sensors, auto-dimming rearview mirror and cruise control. The GT Premium and S Premium models also have impressive added features such as Lane Departure Warning, Lane Departure Prevention Forward Collision Warning, Intelligent Brake Assist and Intelligent Cruise Control. Interior upgrades include a touch-screen with satellite navigation, a DVD player and 11-speaker Bose sound system. The FX S and S Premium models also boast two innovative added systems. The first is the Rear Active

Steering system, which allows the rear wheels to be turned by up to one degree for improved handling. The second system, Continuous Damping Control, delivers continuously altered damping forces to provide the best possible ride on any given surface. Overall, the features and specifications provided by the entire FX range are on a par with what one would expect to find in similar German SUVs. The only feature that is sorely absent is a spare wheel (the vehicle has a tyre repair kit). The FX's most important attribute, though, is its novelty. Not only is the FX a completely new vehicle on South African roads, which in itself causes other motorists to take notice, but it has an exterior design that is unlike any other SUV. With its long bonnet and shiny grille, it is an attractive vehicle that suggests a high level of sportiness. Given Infiniti's origins, one would be inclined to view Lexus as the company's closest competitor, but that would be a mistake, especially when it comes to the FX. The FX is a fun and flashy SUV that has its sights set on vehicles such as the X6 and Cayenne. This is a vehicle for someone who wants a luxurious and sporty SUV that sets him or her apart from the rest â&#x20AC;&#x201C; someone, in other words, who wants a whole lot of attention.

Leisure wheels is South Africa's foremost adventure motoring magazine. For this reason Skyways has chosen to work with Leisure wheels when it comes to providing you with motoring information. For more on the topic of adventure motoring, look out for the current issue of Leisure wheels, on sale now. www.leisurewheels.com

Accommodation Infiniti South Africa is eager to be seen as a stand-alone luxury brand, and not simply as a division of Nissan. Accomplishing this, however, will be difficult when the interior of an Infiniti looks and feels a lot like that of Nissan, albeit a very plush one. Many of the switches, buttons and knobs inside the FX will be instantly recognised by those familiar with vehicles such as the Pathfinder. Is this a problem? Not really, since these items don't lessen the overall feeling of quality. A few knobs have been adopted from Nissan vehicles, but this is still a very luxurious SUV.

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The interior of the FX is comfortable and plush. It is also well equipped, offering loads of impressive features. That said, quite a few of the knobs and switches are also used in other Nissan vehicles but overall the cabin remains impressive

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Comfortable leather seats, plenty of soft-touch surfaces and high-quality finishes all conspire to create a sense of opulence. There is no shortage of comfort and entertainment features. Standard items include climate control, Bluetooth connectivity for phones and audio streaming, steeringmounted controls, USB and iPod connectivity, electric glass sunroof, seven-speaker audio system and MP3 CD player. The FX provides a comfortable ride, regardless of where you are seated. The rear is spacious and the front passenger seat is electrically adjustable in eight directions, but it is the driver who will enjoy the experience most. Piloting the FX is fun. It has a high, commanding driving position but still manages to feel sporty. The long,

arching bonnet is reminiscent of a sports car. The chunky steering wheel feels good to grasp. The aluminium pedals encourage you to put your foot down. Yes, the FX certainly feels sporty, but does it deliver the goods?

Performance A brash vehicle such as the FX seems to demand a roaring V8 engine. And indeed, a five-litre V8 petrol powerplant that offers 287kW of power and 500Nm of torque is available for the FX. But that is not the model that most potential buyers will be looking at. SA buyers will be far more interested in the frugal three-litre diesel model. This three-litre V6 is the first oilburner to see the inside


along. Its seven-speed automatic transmission also works well with the engine, swapping cogs effectively. The only noticeable niggle is a slight reluctance to accelerate. The lag isn't terrible, but it is noticeable. The throttle isn't as instantly responsive as one would want in a sporty vehicle. The FX30d's fuel consumption was very impressive, though. It managed an average of 9,9 l/100km during our test. A combined cycle of 9 l/100km should be achievable with a bit of careful driving.

Driving The FX handles impeccably, managing the difficult trick of being both sporty and comfortable. It flattens out bumps and lumps on ugly tracks, but is also capable of zipping effectively through corners. Yes, it is still a high-riding SUV, but it is tremendous fun to drive, especially on gravel roads. It doesn't mind being chucked into corners, and it won't punish you harshly when your skill runs out. Its movements always feel composed and predictable. This is also true on poor dirt roads. Very few of the SUVs that we have taken on our regular test route have inspired so much confidence and remained so surefooted on bad sections. Noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) levels remained low throughout the test, despite the FX's large 20-inch wheels. It is worth noting that the GT Premium model that we tested was not equipped with Infiniti's Rear Active Steering and Continuous Damping Control systems, making its performance even more impressive.

Verdict

of an Infiniti engine bay, and is the same V9X engine that is used in the Nissan Navara and Pathfinder. It produces 175kW of power and 550Nm of torque. Unfortunately, the engine can't quite live up to the looks of the FX. The vehicle is so dramatic and eyecatching that the rather ordinary diesel engine inevitably disappoints. The engine isn't terrible by any means, but it is a bit unremarkable. The FX, after all, is a luxurious and sporty high-end SUV, and the V9X engine can seem a bit unrefined and agricultural for a vehicle in this class. The rumble of the oilburner is just a bit too noticeable. That said, the engine performs respectably enough if you ignore the sportiness of the FX's other attributes. It accelerates nicely and never struggles to scoot the bulky FX

The FX30d is an excellent vehicle. It is luxurious, provides a superb driving experience and offers a very respectable collection of standard features. It is also competitively priced, especially if you consider the number of standard features. The question remains, however: does the FX offer enough to coax drivers out of their German SUVs? This is doubtful, largely because local buyers have a weakness for German vehicles. Yes, the FX is on a par with SUVs from companies such as Audi and BMW, but when the local market is obsessed with German vehicles, simply being on a par with them is not enough. That said, the FX boasts striking good looks that should help it establish itself as a funky and flashy alternative to the established brands. It won't sell in massive numbers but should generate a devoted following.

Standard features Foglamps Yes Height/reach adj steering Yes/Yes Tuner/DVD player Yes CD shuttle No USB terminal Yes Bluetooth Yes Aux input Yes Automatic aircon Yes Satellite navigation Yes Electric windows Yes Adj exterior mirrors Yes Remote central locking Yes Alarm/immobiliser Yes/Yes Leather upholstery Yes Driver/passenger airbags Yes/Yes Sidebags/curtain bags Yes/Yes

Text and Photography | Supplied

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panorama

When night falls

Zebras in Chobe National Park quench their thirst while hippopotami peer on from beneath the water. Like human fingerprints, a zebra's stripe is unique. No two zebras are alike. The average lifespan of a zebra in the wild is 25 years. The animals often co-exist with herds of eland and oryx.

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STARTER

Christmas is synonymous with food. Whether it’s having the family over for lunch or gathering with friends for something less formal, we are sure these recipes will go down well.

Ingredients Stuffed turkey roll Serves 2 150g turkey breast 80g goat’s cheese 10g chopped sage 15ml cranberry jelly 10g fresh cranberries 40ml red wine 30ml brown sauce (see recipe) 10g salt and pepper 5g five spice

Ingredients Smoked mozzarella stack Serves 1 80g local smoked mozzarella cheese, 10cm x 10cm 30g basil leaves 20g basil pesto 60g plum tomatoes, cut into 1cm slices 10g cracked black pepper Blue cheese tarts Makes 1 50g puff pastry 30g blue cheese 25g roasted cherry tomatoes 15g fresh herbs 10g tomato jam (apricot jam if need be)

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Smoked mozzarella stack Layer cheese, tomatoes, basil leaves and pesto from one end of the dish to the other to make up a four layer stack. Drizzle with olive oil and fresh cracked black pepper.

SNACK Blue cheese tarts Heat oven to 160°C. Place puff pastry in a mould of your choice then add the jam, cherry tomatoes and top with the blue cheese. Bake for 20 minutes, then top with more blue cheese, tomatoes and fresh herbs. Lace with a red wine reduction.

Brown sauce 2 tbsp clarified butter 1 cup onions, diced ½ cup carrots, diced ½ cup celery, diced 2 tbsp all-purpose flour 6 cups brown stock ¼ cup tomato purée 1 bay leaf ½ tsp dried thyme 3-4 fresh parsley stems


MAIN Stuffed turkey roll

Heat oven to 180°C. Cut the turkey open and flatten out into a 15cm x 15cm square. Mix goat’s cheese, sage and fresh cranberries together. Place the mixture on one end of the turkey, then roll. Place on a piece of foil that is twice the size of the rolled turkey. Wrap it by holding the ends of the foil like you are wrapping a sweet. Once done, tightly squeeze the ends and place in the oven for about 45 minutes.

Sauce Bring red wine to a boil. Add ¼ cup of sugar, then reduce for a few minutes. Add the cranberry jelly with 30ml of the brown sauce and serve with the turkey.

Brown sauce In a heavy-bottomed saucepan, melt the butter over a medium heat until it becomes frothy. Add the carrots, celery and onions and sauté for a few minutes until lightly browned but not burned. With a wooden spoon, stir in the flour a little bit at a time, until it is fully incorporated and forms a thick paste or roux. Lower the heat and cook the roux for another five minutes or so, until light brown, taking care not to burn it. The roux will have a slightly nutty aroma at this point. Using a wire whisk, slowly add the stock and tomato purée to the roux, whisking vigorously to make sure it’s free of lumps. Bring to a boil, lower heat, add the herbs and simmer for about 50 minutes or until the total volume has reduced by about one-third, stirring frequently to make sure the sauce doesn’t scorch at the bottom of the pan. Use a ladle to skim off any impurities that rise to the surface. Remove the sauce from the heat. For an extra smooth consistency, carefully pour the sauce through a wire mesh strainer lined with a piece of cheesecloth. Serve hot. If not serving the sauce right away, keep it covered and warm until you’re ready to use it.

Festive fare Deck the halls with lots of jolly guests with these Christmas recipes

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DESSERT Ingredients

Filling Serves 4 100g butter 100g sugar 190g bakerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s mix 130g Granny Smith apples, peeled and chopped 120g cranberries zest of 3 oranges 1tsp mixed spice Âź tsp ground nutmeg 1tsp salt 1tsp orange juice 1tsp lemon juice 1tsp icing sugar Sweet chocolate pastry 250g butter 125g castor sugar 1 whole egg 375g flour 25g cocoa powder 1tbsp castor sugar, and extra for sprinkling

Chocolate Christmas mince pie Melt the butter and combine all ingredients.

Sweet chocolate pastry Cream the butter and sugar and add the egg. Sift the dry ingredients and add to the butter and sugar mix. Mix until just combined, being careful not to over-mix, then knead lightly by hand to combine. Wrap in plastic cling wrap and place in the fridge for half an hour. Spray a 36 x 12cm loose bottom quiche baking tin. Roll out the chocolate pastry and line the tin with the pastry. Spoon in the filling. Roll out more pastry, cover the filling and sprinkle with castor sugar. Prick the top with a knife to allow the air to escape during the baking process. Bake for 30 to 40 minutes, until the pastry is cooked through.

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COC A I LS KT Mojito

Cranberry Spritzer Makes 1 50ml whisky 25ml cranberry juice Soda water or lemonade to fill 50g fresh cranberries

Method In a tall glass pour the whisky and cranberry juice. Add three to four ice cubes and cranberries and fill with soda water. Garnish with mint leaves and serve.

Makes 1 35ml rum 12 mint leaves 1 tbsp castor sugar ½ fresh lime, cut in 2 and squeezed for its juice, donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t discard 50ml soda

Method Place mint leaves in bottom of glass and crush with a pestle (called muddling) to release the flavour. Add the rum, castor sugar, lime juice, squeezed lime wedges and three to four ice cubes or crushed ice. Top up with soda water and garnish with mint leaves before serving.

These recipes brought to you by Christmas Magazine. Visit www.coolmags.co.za for exciting offers.

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free | soul

Through the

grapevine Raise your glass with South Africa’s top winemakers

Savour the nectar of the gods

Winemaking is a logical career destination for someone with an intense love of nature and an on-going fascination with science, which is why Laborie winemaker, Christiaan Coetzee, feels that winemaking is where his heart belongs.“The fact that wines are constantly evolving and can sometimes change even within the same glass continues to fascinate me,” he says. Coetzee has chosen the following three wines to celebrate the festive season.

2008 Laborie Blanc de Blancs On the palate this complex Blanc de Blancs will bring all your senses alive with a fine mousse, creamy texture, chalky and limy notes finished with a fresh

and balanced zesty acidity. The nose promises hints of roasted nuts, brioche, nougat, apple and fresh lime. Serve well-chilled. This wine can be enjoyed on its own or with oysters, delicate seafood dishes and salads.

2009 Cathedral Cellar MCC This wine is a skillful blend of the two classic MCC varietals, 80% Chardonnay and 20% Pinot Noir from selected vineyards around the Western Cape. The Chardonnay contributes freshness, elegance and minerality whereas the Pinot Noir enhances the body, red fruit and lingering after-taste. On the nose and palate of this wine you will find chalky, light yeasty and biscuity notes complemented by grapefruit, lime and a well balanced linear acidity. The fine mousse contributes to the finesse of this refreshing wine.

2008 Graham Beck Blanc de Blancs This is a 100% Chardonnay blend, of which 50% is fermented in barrel and the balance in stainless steel tanks. The fine mousse and creamy texture is complemented by a chalkiness and balanced acidity. On the nose brioche, clean fruit and lemon creams come to mind. Text and Photography | Supplied

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sky | boutique

connoisseurâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 56 12 12


aromatics,

palate-weight and snifters. These heady words are used to describe South Africaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s fine brandy. So the next time this distinguished drink comes up in conversation, show that you are a brandy connoisseur with these pointers.

Know the alphabet In South Africa, some of the terms you find on the labels of brandies are used more from a sense of tradition than anything else. The following initials are found most often on local brandies: V.S.O.P.E.F.B. This stands for Very Special Old Product Extra Fine Brandy. Three types of brandy are distilled in South Africa. The most ubiquitous is blended brandy, bottled at 43% alcohol by volume (ABV). An example of this would be Oude Meester V.S.O.B. that is often served with a mixer as a tall, refreshing drink. Today, much of the really exciting product innovation takes place among potstill brandies, made in the traditional style of cognac. Attracting much international acclaim, they tend to be the most complex of the three, with bounteous fragrances and the greatest depth of flavour. Their intensity comes from the rich, fruity aromas concentrated during distillation in traditional copper potstills that combine with spicy, vanilla and woody characters imparted during wood maturation in French oak. Interestingly, local laws are more stringent than in cognac when it comes to ageing. Whereas cognac must be aged for a minimum of 24 months, South African potstilled brandies have to be at least three years old before bottling but are frequently matured for far longer. They are bottled at 38% ABV. Potstill is ideally enjoyed neat, with a block or two of ice or a dash of water or soda to bring its fruity

Bring on the brandy

ner

cor

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sky | boutique

Raise your glass A brandy glass, snifter, or balloon, has a unique look and it is more a form of stemware than a glass itself. The reason for this is that brandy glassware is shortstemmed, and there is a wide vessel that opens quite wide at the bottom but narrows at the top. The large surface area of the brandy glass helps the brandy evaporate within the glass. The narrow opening on top of the brandy glassware then traps in the aroma within the glass. Due to its shape, a snifter is supposed to be cupped within your hand as this warms up the brandy because of the heat from your hand.

flavours to the fore. It is also very popular as a cocktail base, as it is very versatile in combining with fruit, spice, coffee, chocolate and cream. The third style of brandy made locally is vintage brandy, also bottled at 38% ABV. It has a very distinctive woodmaturation character, far more noticeable than in potstill and blended brandies. It must contain a minimum of 30% potstilled brandy matured for at least eight years, with the balance produced in a continuous still, also matured in wood for at least eight years. Distiller Van Ryn’s makes a muchacclaimed 10 Year Old Vintage Brandy.

Age matters Brandies are generally made by blending from a range of barrels. The age claim on the bottle tells you the age of the youngest brandy component in the blend. It also tends to be the largest component. So an 18-year-old brandy actually includes brandies even older. Younger brandies are not generally only lighter in colour but they have fresher, more herbaceous and fruity aromas and flavours. Older brandies in general acquire a deeper colour from the contact with oak, and a rounder, fuller body with traces of wood spice characters like cinnamon, clove, vanilla and walnuts. The choice of youthful or mature can be dictated by mood, occasion or company. Older brandies tend to be more layered in character. Younger brandies have a lighter palate weight, making them particularly well-suited to the local South African climate.

Serving suggestion The beauty of brandy, according to master distiller Brink Liebenberg, is that there are no hard and fast rules. However he does suggest that if you want to derive the maximum pleasure from what’s in the glass, opt for a brandy snifter. Its shape is designed to let you comfortably nose the brandy first, so you can become accustomed to the alcohol. First, you will pick up the top notes of fruit and vanilla. As you smell deeper into the glass, you will detect the richer, more complex flavours. Although you are meant to swirl wine in the glass to release its aromas, don’t do this with brandy. It should be kept stable in the glass otherwise you tend to lose some of its precious volatile flavours.

Timeless enjoyment Brandy should be stored at room temperature. Theoretically once bottled, it shouldn’t undergo any changes but once you have opened it and at least half the contents have been consumed, it’s best to drink the balance within six months, as the exposure of the liquid to the atmosphere can introduce subtle changes to the aroma and taste. Brandy can be kept indefinitely until opened.

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Text and photography | Supplied


Make this Festive Season one to remember, with your one-stop Christmas guide

On sale now! Get your copy at a newsagent or retail store at R69.95 OR order your copy through www.coolmags.co.za and it will be delivered to your door for only R59.99. Alternatively call 011 468 2090


free | soul

BLUE MONDAY

BLUE MON Murder inspires art

mondays

are notoriously unpopular. Many people feel murderous on Monday mornings about having to leave the weekend behind, but it was one person’s extreme reaction to this feeling that led to the birth of a hit song.

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I Don’t Like Mondays by the Boomtown Rats was written by Bob Geldof in 1979. The song was inspired by 16-yearold Brenda Ann Spencer, who went on a shooting spree to ‘liven up the day’. Spencer was a high school student who lived across the street from the Grover Cleveland Elementary School in San Diego, California. On 29 January 1979, she opened fire on children in the school playground with a rifle which was apparently a Christmas gift the previous year from her father, Wallace. She managed to kill two adults, including the school principal, and injure eight children before she stopped. Police surrounded her home and waited for seven hours before the teenager surrendered. In that time she spoke to a reporter on the phone. When asked why she did it, she said: “I just started shooting, that’s it. I just did it for the fun of it. I don’t like Mondays. I just did it because it’s a way to

cheer the day up. Nobody likes Mondays.” The silicon chip inside her head/ Gets switched to overload/ And nobody’s gonna go to school today/ She’s going to make them stay at home/ And daddy doesn’t understand it/ He always said she was as good as gold/ And he can see no reason/ ‘Cause there are no reasons/ What reason do you need to be shown? Bob Geldof and his band were touring Atlanta when he heard the news story about the shooting. He composed the song practically on the spot, but originally intended it as a reggae number. Back in Los Angeles after the tour a studio demo was recorded with grand piano and vocals. I Don’t like Mondays was first introduced onstage in Scotland, and by then it had been transformed dramatically. Geldof explained in an interview how the writing of the song came about: “I was doing a radio interview in Atlanta and there was a telex machine beside me. I read it as it came out. Not liking Mondays as a reason for doing somebody in is a bit strange. I was thinking about it on the way back to the hotel and I just said“silicon chip inside her head had switched to overload.” I wrote that down. And the journalists interviewing her said: “Tell me why?” It was such a senseless act. It was the perfect senseless act and this was the perfect senseless reason for doing it. So perhaps I wrote the perfect senseless song to illustrate it. It wasn’t an attempt to exploit tragedy.”


"

All the playing’s stopped in the playground now She wants to play with her toys a while. And school’s out early and soon we’ll be learning And the lesson today is how to die. Tell me why? I don’t like Mondays. I want to shoot The whole day down.

DAY

I Don’t Like Mondays went on to become a number one hit in 32 countries, including the UK, where it stayed in the number one position for four weeks during the summer of 1979. It was the band’s second number one single. It also won the Best Pop Song and Outstanding British Lyric categories at the Ivor Novello Awards in the UK. The song was not quite as successful in America though. Spencer’s family attempted to prevent the single from even being released in the USA, but they were unsuccessful. I Don’t Like Mondays only reached number 73 on the US Billboard Hot 100. The song was played regularly by certain American radio stations throughout the 1980s, but radio stations in San Diego chose not to play the track for some years out of respect for those who were influenced by the shooting. Various artists did cover versions of I Don’t Like Mondays, most notably Tori Amos on her album Strange Little Girls. Bob Geldof performed this song along with members of the Boomtown Rats at the Live 8 concert in Hyde Park, London in 2005. Live 8 was a series of concerts which was held in the G8 nations and South Africa. Geldof helped to organise these concerts in order to pressure world leaders to get rid of the debt of African nations. Text | Noleen Fourie

"


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Timeless classics The best Christmas reads ever penned

Christmas

MUST-READS THIS SEASON

is a time for reflection, rest and revitalisation for the year ahead. It’s also a time to relax, and what better way to do it than with a good book? Skyways has compiled a list of some of the greatest Christmas stories ever told that are still as entertaining now as they were when they were written.

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The Casual Vacancy By JK Rowling

This is Rowling’s first foray into the adult market. Pagford is, seemingly, an idyllic English town, with a cobbled market square and an ancient abbey. However, what lies behind the pretty façade is a town at war. Rich at war with poor, teenagers at war with their parents, wives at war with their husbands, teachers at war with their pupils… Pagford is not what it first seems.

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The Top Gear Years By Jeremy Clarkson Ten years ago, at an ex-RAF aerodrome in Surrey, Clarkson and his friends built a world that was rather more to his liking: they called it Top Gear HQ. With this corner of Surrey sorted out, Clarkson and the boys decided to have a crack at the rest of the world. And all along he was writing about it all. Here, collected for the first time, are the fruits of his labours: the cars, the high jinx, the pleasure and


The Gift of the Magi By O Henry

BOOKS

A Christmas Carol By Charles Dickens This is one of Dickens’ greatest novels of all time, as well as being the definitive story of Christmas. The author manages in less than one hundred pages to encapsulate one of the most powerful stories of mankind – the ability of anyone, no matter how bad, to change their life if they really want to. It’s thought-provoking, well-written, emotional,

the pain. The Top Gear Years is Clarkson at his pithy, provocative, hilarious best.

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Simple and Delicious Recipes from the Heart By Alida Ryder Based on the popular food blog, Simple & Delicious features both quick and easy recipes and slow-cooking recipes, giving you the best of both worlds. Handwritten notes and familystyle meals remind you of your grandmother’s

and humorous. A Christmas Carol debuted in 1843 and tells the story of cruel miser Ebenezer Scrooge who has never met a shilling he doesn’t like and he hates Christmas most of all. When Scrooge is visited by his old partner, Jacob Marley, and the ghosts of Christmas Past, Christmas Present, and Christmas Yet to Come, he learns eternal lessons of charity, kindness, and goodwill.

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recipe books, but the recipes and flavour combinations keep it fresh and modern. Stunning images and charming stories accompany each recipe making this one of only a few blog-style cookbooks in the world.

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The Gift of the Magi by the great American author, O Henry, is a treasured Christmas short story that is timeless and loved all over the world. Written in 1906, this bittersweet story is about a poor young married couple sacrificing the only valuable things they own in order to buy each other a perfect Christmas present. One dollar and eighty-seven cents is all the money Della has in the world to buy her beloved husband a gift. She has nothing to sell except her only treasure – her long, beautiful brown hair. Even though the story is more than a century old, it has been revisited, retold, adapted into short films, repackaged into operas, musicals and parodies. It’s a story that embodies selfless love, generosity and sacrifice, which makes this short story an ever-popular Christmas tale in this season of gift-giving.

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The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe By CS Lewis It is not necessarily an obvious choice, but this has all the hallmarks of a classic Christmas book. The children walk through the wardrobe and find themselves in an eternal winter which can only be broken if they defeat the White Witch by liberating Lord Aslan. The beauty of this story is that it can be read as simple fantasy or with the religious undertones that CS Lewis intended – pure escapism.

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Hercule Poirot’s Christmas By Agatha Christie

While this may not be automatically considered within the best Christmas books of all time, it is certainly a very well-plotted Christie novel which will keep you guessing until the end. The story surrounds the murder of a tyrannical patriarch, Simeon Lee, who is murdered on Christmas Eve while the family gathers downstairs. It’s a great whodunnit for the festive season. BOOKS

The Nutcracker By ETA Hoffman

This tale, written in 1816, has fascinated and inspired artists, composers, and audiences for almost two hundred years. It has retained its freshness because it appeals to the sense of wonder we all share. The plot revolves around a young girl, Clara, who has been given a beautiful Nutcracker doll by her grandfather. Clara is excited about the new doll, and she wants to stay up all night with it, but her

The Night Before Christmas

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✶✶✶✶✶

✶✶✶✶✶

How the Grinch Stole Christmas By Dr Seuss

Clark’s epic poem introduced us to the phrase “‘Twas the night before Christmas…” Since it was first published in 1823, the poem has enchanted children with the story of St Nicholas climbing down the chimney and filling all the stockings before springing back to his sleigh. It remains a classic Christmas read till this day.

It would be hard to leave this book off the list of best Christmas reads of all time. The Grinch hates Christmas, and wants to stop it from coming. So he forms a devious plan: to impersonate Santa Claus and to steal the Whos’ presents. But come Christmas morning, the Grinch is in for a shocking surprise. He did not stop Christmas from coming. And the Grinch realises something new: that maybe Christmas doesn’t come from a store and means a lot more.

✶✶✶✶✶

✶✶✶✶✶

By Clemence C Clark

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family sends her off to bed. After everyone has left and the family is asleep, Clara sneaks downstairs to look at her Nutcracker doll. She eventually falls asleep, and with a little help from her grandfather’s magic, her dream begins. Interestingly, what today appears as a fairy tale of a young girl’s magical dream began as a morbid story filled with dark undertones. Hoffman never intended the story to be for children, as his words portrayed a bleak view of humanity and relationships.


free | soul

Find a way to her heart

What women really want for Christmas

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Men, has this ever happened to you? It’s Christmas Eve and you make a last-minute dash to the mall to find the perfect gift for your sweetheart. You’re stumped. You are out of time and besides, you have already bought her everything. Here are a few useful tips to score major brownie points and show that you know what she wants. Chocolate and flowers are great during the year, but not at Christmas. Any man who surprises his sweetheart with chocolates under the tree, is really saying:“our relationship is sweet but pretty ordinary.” Men, you may think that gift vouchers and cards are sure winners. You can’t go wrong with these, can you? While it may seem like a failsafe bet, a gift voucher is more suited for your grandmother, but certainly not for your loved one. Anyone who risks nothing will probably not go wrong, but there is no guarantee that it won’t go pear-shaped either. This applies to love as much as it does in giving a gift. By giving books a man proves he is erudite and somewhat stylish, especially if the book speaks to the passions of the lady of your heart. However, giving her a book may be regarded as too small a present. Still, it is not a bad idea, but stay away from the dieting and self-improvement shelves in the book store. Perfume is not a gift, it is a warning. It screams: “I am stuck and don’t know what to get you.”Yet, despite this, fragrances, soaps, lotions and scented candles are on the list of top-selling Christmas gifts.

Fashion versus functionality Gadgets are generally in order as gifts. That’s because they are considered to be special treats and not your normal everyday purchase. The only problem is that men often tend to buy the gadgets they want. I admit, most women are not

up to speed with the latest gadgets. Some of us can’t be bothered whether it’s an iPhone 4 or iPhone 4s. Rather buy her that Louis Vuitton bag she has been eyeing for a while. Get her what she really wants and she will gladly oblige when you bring home those tall boy speakers for your man cave.

The double gift Unforgettable memories are made when you spend time with her. So, how about treating her with a VIP ticket to the ballet followed by a romantic dinner? She will know that you put a lot of thought and effort into this gift and you want to share the experience with her. Just make sure she enjoys ballet. If you have the cash to splash or if you have raked up plenty of loyalty points, planning a short romantic getaway is a sure winner. The fact that you have spent money and time has a very high romance factor. Finally, there’s jewellery. It has always had a reputation of being the perfect gift. However, the selection is difficult. If you want to say it with jewellery, don’t leave it till the last minute to buy it. Your search should begin at least six months in advance. Pay attention when you saunter the malls or window shop. Take note of what she has her eye on. Once a woman has laid eyes on the piece she has set her heart on, she will always return to the scene of pleasure. Yes, it's exhausting, but trust me, putting a little effort into buying her a gift is a worthwhile investment. Who knows, she might just forgive you when you come home late at night after going on a lash with the boys. Text | Marie Ursula Dove Photography | Supplied

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free | mind

Captain’s choice Airlink’s Christmas gift recommendations ‘Tis the season of giving and Airlink has chosen these super gifts for the whole family… or you can just spoil yourself and buy them for yourself.

Price: R1,100-R2,300 Close shave The Philips SensoTouch 3D range has been designed to minimise skin irritation giving a more comfortable, gentle shaving experience with great results. Available from leading retailers

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Java express With a clever, modular design, Nespresso’s U has been created using convenient, sophisticated technology, and can be customised to fit contemporary living spaces and interiors. Alongside all its cutting-edge functionality, its body is made from over 30% recycled materials while it automatically switches to OFF mode after nine minutes’ inactivity. Available at Nespresso outlets nationwide

Price: POA

Price: R40,000

Price: R200

Price: R22,550

Ultimate Braai Master Justin Bonello and his 30 new friends take you on a journey across South Africa, where the great outdoors becomes your kitchen, your cooler box converts into the kitchen table and the roaring fire replaces your stove. This book is not only about the road trippers and the mouth-watering recipes they create, but also about the astonishing places in South Africa that many of us only get to dream about. Available from all major retailers

Weber Summit S-670 The Summit S-670 gas grill is Weber’s top-of-the-line grilling masterpiece. There’s a highheat Sear Station, enhanced lighted control knobs, LED tank scale, side burner, Tuck-Away rotisserie system with separate fork and spit storage, smoker box and burner, and so much more. www.weber.com

Right on time The TAG Heuer Carerra 1887 Chronograph Watch is inspired by motor racing. The timepiece is fitted with sapphire crystal. This is cut from a polished slice of solid sapphire that has been created by the fusion and crystallisation of alumina. Sapphire is so hard that only a diamond can scratch it. Available at Tag Heuer stores nationwide

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free | mind

Price: R324,00 Steve Jobs Steve Jobs by Walter Isaacson is based on more than 40 interviews with the late Apple founder conducted over two years â&#x20AC;&#x201C; as well as interviews with more than a 100 family members, friends, adversaries, competitors, and colleagues. Isaacson has written a riveting story of the roller-coaster life and searingly intense personality of a creative entrepreneur whose passion for perfection and ferocious drive revolutionised six industries: personal computers, animated movies, music, phones, tablet computing, and digital publishing. Available from leading retailers

Price: R12,200 Up close and personal DEV-3 digital recording binoculars deliver a detailed view with 10x magnification and recording in high definition and 3D so you can relive your outdoor adventures at home. Improved image stability and visibility in low light conditions deliver sharper, brighter images, at the start and end of the day. Available from online stores and leading electronic stores nationwide.

Timamoon is a sexy hideaway between

The most seductive lodge on the planet.

Sabie and the Kruger. Seductive Moroccan, Zanzibar-style luxurious lodges have mosquito net draped four-poster beds, fireplaces and baths to float away in. Dip into your own private pool with views of magical forests and mountains. Dine on exotic foods in a candle-lit restaurant built on stilts. Tel: +27 (0)13 767 1740 info@timamoonlodge.co.za www.timamoonlodge.co.za


free | mind

Key advice for property sellers

Consider it

Owning a home means you have an asset that can constantly appreciate in value

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for many,

purchasing a home will probably be the largest financial investment they will ever make. It is possibly going to be their biggest asset and bring them their greatest return on investment over the long term.

Whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s more, there are few investments that the owner can enjoy and make use of while it appreciates in value. For these reasons it is important for homeowners to put plenty of time and consideration into the inevitable possibility that they will one day

sell their home, according to Adrian Goslett, CEO of RE/MAX Southern Africa. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Although property is a long-term investment, a buyer should always buy a home with the consideration that in reality they will eventually sell it. Whatever the time frame, the process of buying and selling should remain the same, with the primary objective being to maximise the return on the investment at the realisation of the sale,â&#x20AC;? he adds. Sellers who want to achieve the highest possible return on their investment will need to follow a certain formula that combines three main elements. These elements are fair market value, an excellent marketing plan and a well presented and prepared home.


market, the more profit will be lost. Statistically speaking, property sold within the first month of being on the market will sell for the seller’s asking price, provided the home is marketed at a fair market value. Thereafter, the chance of the property being sold for the initial asking price becomes progressively less likely, with statistics indicating that houses that have been on the market for 24 weeks or more sold for as much as 10% less than the original asking price.

An excellent marketing plan Some things are better left to the professionals and this is where real estate agents come into the picture. The value added service that an experienced estate agent from a reputable brand will provide in the marketing strategy of the property will be invaluable. They will take photos of the home for sale, list them on notable property search websites, pay for the costs of advertising, arrange viewings and show days and manage offers. Aside from access to all legal requirements and documentation for the sale transaction, estate agents also have a network of contacts and sites that they access to source potential buyers. An estate agent’s wealth of knowledge about the ins and outs of selling a property, along with a statically proven marketing plan will ensure that the property is sold in the shortest possible time for a fair market value.

Beware of overpricing your home as it could dissuade potential buyers

Presentation and preparation

Fair market value The importance of a home that is priced within the correct bracket cannot be overstated, says Goslett. For a seller to achieve the best possible price for their home, they need to ensure that the asking price is within the correct price range for the market. “Many sellers make the mistake of overpricing their property to give them room to negotiate with prospective buyers. While this may have worked during the boom period, it doesn’t work in a recovering market that favours buyers,” explains Goslett. Overpricing will merely chase potential buyers away and result in the property staying on the market for far longer than it should. The longer a property remains on the

Homeowners will need to ensure that their home is well maintained and cared for while they live there so that when they decide to sell, the home is ready and looking its best without needing costly upgrades just before sale. According to Goslett, homeowners who keep their home updated and organised throughout the years will improve the way they live in their homes and ultimately add to the home’s value. The outside of the property will be just as important as the inside, so sellers should make sure that their home has curb appeal by maintaining their lawn and landscaping. In addition, two rooms in particular that help sell a home are the kitchen and bathroom. They do not necessarily have to be high-end or luxurious – just updated, clean and well designed. The investment made in these areas of the home can definitely translate into the difference between a speedy and profitable sale, as opposed to a listing that languishes on the market. Property remains a solid asset class that continues to perform well over the longer term. However, homeowners do have to play their part to ensure that the property reaches its full potential. Text | Courtesy property24.com

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free | mind

Rock the boat

Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s time to get uncomfortable

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Comfort is a good thing, right? We look for comfort in the furniture we choose, we enjoy comfort food on a cold, rainy evening; we even have heated seats in our cars. Being comfortable is satisfying, desirableâ&#x20AC;Ś even safe. Comfort is what we strive for every day, perhaps without even realising it. Our natural, human instincts actually drive us toward safety and comfort. Why, then, must we get uncomfortable?

Your comfort zones serve no purpose other than prohibiting your own growth and keeping you from achieving. It may be a bitter pill to swallow but the truth is, you cannot grow and be comfortable at the same time. Growth feels uncomfortable because it pushes you out of your comfort zones. To grow, you must develop your potential, and that potential always lies just beyond your comfort zones. Everyone has comfort zones that they must systematically push past in order to achieve. So where do we start? If everything in our makeup and every instinct we have is hard-wired for comfort, how do we break through that?


99

5

R1 was R1 now fr9o 323 4 m

Blokart Land Sailing The latest fun and fast activity to sweep across southern Africa

Sitting in the comfortable sling seat with the sheet rope in one hand and the steering bar in the other racing along the beach or tearing around a track with the wind roaring in your ears. That is the basics of Blokart land yacht sailing. Adrenalin fun for the whole family, where the wind blows. The whole kit packs up into a bag small enough to fit most car boots and takes 10 minutes to set up and learn how to control. No getting wet, no complicated lines or inflatable pockets. Just clip together the stainless steel frame and interlocking carbon fibre mast pieces according to which size sail you require for the conditions – and you’re ready to go land sailing. get Great for team racing, corporate days or just good family fun.

20% off

on all orders placed before18th Dec 2012 www.blokart.co.za • email: harry@htucker.com • Tel: 011 083 6884

Why not “try before you buy” and head down to the Muizenberg Sunrise Beach Blokart track where you can rent a Blokart and enjoy the thrill


free | mind

The benefits of a positive attitude

despite the pessimism and negative thinking that saturates your surroundings. Intentionally choosing to maintain an effective, positive attitude will be your most significant lesson in life. Your daily management of the choice of attitude, on a moment-by-moment basis, is a key element in your future achievement.

Although it can take some time to eliminate negative thinking, you’ll find that there are many benefits to having a positive attitude.

Go back to school Developing confidence in a new skill requires practicing something that you have never done before. Whether it is cold calling, practising your prospecting techniques, or learning a new software program, developing a new skill will not be easy, but you will develop confidence from the experience of successful attempts. You try something, it works, and you have more confidence for the next attempt. Of course, those successful attempts are often surrounded by unsuccessful ones. The experience is usually uncomfortable in some way. Resist the urge to revert back to your normal routine when you experience discomfort. It is in this uncomfortable position that you experience growth, and growth is foundational to achievement.

Motivation – When you have a positive attitude, you’ll benefit from motivation. That motivation will help you accomplish things and reach the goals that you have in life. Problems disappear – The problems in your life suddenly turn into opportunities. These opportunities allow you the ability to grow and learn – simply because you have an attitude that is positive.

Be accountable

Choose to have a positive attitude

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A positive attitude is a predetermined habit of thought dominated by hope, and positive expectancy. If you do not assume personal responsibility for developing your own effective, positive attitudes, the world around you will shape your attitudes with average thinking, which is usually negative and unproductive. You must choose to maintain a positive expectancy

It is important to seek an ‘outside-in’ perspective to bring about the kind of change you need for sustainable achievement and growth. This perspective can come from a mentor or group of people with like-minded interests to whom you choose to be accountable for your goals. When you choose to be accountable, you make a commitment to do what you say you are going to do and consistently increase your performance until you reach your goals. Without that accountability, it is much easier to slide back into old patterns of ineffective actions and behaviours. In order to achieve, you must posture yourself in a way that allows you to get uncomfortable. Pushing past your comfort zones into new territory is not easy or even natural since your brain instinctively views this growth and change as a threat and encourages you to retreat to more comfortable activities. That is why unproductive habits are so difficult to change. It is also why mediocrity is the norm, and achievement is the exception. Make yourself the exception by choosing to have a positive attitude, learning and practising a new skill, and being accountable to a mentor. You can rise above those comfort zones; get uncomfortable, and you can take control of your achievement and destiny. Text | Suzanne Glover


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panorama

Meeting place A tribal warrior performs the Fancy Dance at the annual Pow Wow of the San Manuel Band of Native Americans in San Bernardino.The San Manuel Band of Serrano Mission Native Americans is a federally recognised American Indian tribe located in California. They are the indigenous people of the San Bernardino highlands, passes, valleys and mountains who share a common language and culture.

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This is your complimentary copy of Skyways. Should you wish to hang on to any information, please take this copy of the magazine with you.

sky | cafe

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sky | cafe

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REAL AFRICA REAL CLOSE TO CAPE TOWN

Stay at the Kimberley Club Beautifully renovated boutique hotel 21 En-suite Bedrooms, Modern Facilities Wireless Internet Services, A-la-Carte Restaurant Best Buffet Sunday Lunches in town

The ideal venue for functions, weddings and conferences. Tel 053-832 4224 Fax 053-832 4226 Email info@kimberleyclub.co.za Website www.kimberleyclub.co.za BIG 5 SAFARI UNDER 2 HOURS FROM CAPE TOWN WEDDINGS CONFERENCING INCENTIVES DAY TRIP SAFARIS OVERNIGHT SAFARIS 4 STAR LUXURY ACCOMMODATION BIG 5 GAME DRIVES QUAD BIKE SAFARIS HORSE BACK SAFARIS CHILDRENS ADVENTURE AREA ROCK ART SITE VISIT TO KAROO OSTRICH FARM ARC AQUILA RESCUE CENTRE DAILY TRANSFERS TO AND FROM CAPE TOWN

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This is your complimentary copy of Skyways. Should you wish to hang on to any information, please take this copy of the magazine with you.

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sky | cafe

CI2793 - Vsolution Skyways Ad (134X79mm) R.pdf

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2012/08/29

4:58 PM

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This is your complimentary copy of Skyways. Should you wish to hang on to any information, please take this copy of the magazine with you.

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83

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TIMETABLE effective 01 NOVEMBER 2012

F L I G H T S – Domestic FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Cape Town - George - Cape Town SA8621

Cape Town

-

George

07:15

08:05

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8625

Cape Town

-

George

09:30

10:20

6

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8639

Cape Town

-

George

13:30

14:20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8635

Cape Town

-

George

16:45

17:40

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8622

George

-

Cape Town

08:30

09:20

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8630

George

-

Cape Town

10:45

11:35

6

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8638

George

-

Cape Town

14:45

15:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8636

George

-

Cape Town

18:10

19:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

Cape Town - Kimberley - Cape Town SA8617

Cape Town

-

Kimberley

16:30

18:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8618

Kimberley

-

Cape Town

18:30

20:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Cape Town - Nelspruit - Cape Town SA8663

Cape Town

-

Nelspruit

10:00

12:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8664

Nelspruit

-

Cape Town

13:15

15:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

Cape Town - Upington - Cape Town SA8645

Cape Town

-

Upington

09:45

11:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8646

Upington

-

Cape Town

11:30

12:50

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Durban - Bloemfontein - Durban SA8531

Durban

-

Bloemfontein

06:50

07:55

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8533

Durban

-

Bloemfontein

13:40

14:45

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8535

Durban

-

Bloemfontein

15:15

16:40

7

J41

Airlink

SA8537

Durban

-

Bloemfontein

16:30

17:35

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8532

Bloemfontein

-

Durban

08:15

09:15

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8534

Bloemfontein

-

Durban

15:05

16:05

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8536

Bloemfontein

-

Durban

17:30

18:35

7

J41

Airlink

SA8538

Bloemfontein

-

Durban

18:00

19:00

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Durban - George - Durban SA8515

Durban

-

George

09:40

11:30

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8514

George

-

Durban

11:50

13:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Durban - Nelspruit - Durban SA8507

Durban

-

Nelspruit

06:45

08:05

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8505

Durban

-

Nelspruit

13:45

14:45

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8503

Durban

-

Nelspruit

13:45

15:05

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8508

Nelspruit

-

Durban

08:25

09:45

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8504

Nelspruit

-

Durban

15:25

16:45

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8510

Nelspruit

-

Durban

17:35

18:35

7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Johannesburg - Nelspruit - Johannesburg SA8823

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

06:30

07:20

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8827

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

09:00

09:50

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8843

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

10:00

10:55

1 2 3 5 6

J41

Airlink

SA8841

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

11:10

11:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8845

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

15:30

16:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8829

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

16:25

17:15

7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8849

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

17:30

18:20

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8824

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

07:50

08:45

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8828

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

10:10

11:05

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8842

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

13:35

14:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8830

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

15:05

16:00

7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8846

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

16:40

17:30

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8844

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

17:30

18:35

1 2 3 5 6

J41

Airlink

SA8848

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

18:45

19:40

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Johannesburg - Phalaborwa - Johannesburg SA8851

Johannesburg

-

Phalaborwa

06:25

07:35

1 2 3 4

J41

Airlink

SA8853

Johannesburg

-

Phalaborwa

11:45

12:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8857

Johannesburg

-

Phalaborwa

16:10

17:20

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

SA8852

Phalaborwa

-

Johannesburg

08:00

09:20

1 2 3 4

J41

Airlink

SA8854

Phalaborwa

-

Johannesburg

13:15

14:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8858

Phalaborwa

-

Johannesburg

17:50

19:10

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

Golf Bags: 1 bag at 15kg free baggage allowance – golf bags must be pre booked with your booking agent.

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TIMETABLE effective 01 NOVEMBER 2012

F L I G H T S â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Domestic FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

SA8801

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

06:35

07:25

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8809

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

11:40

12:40

1 2 3 4 5 6

J41

Airlink

SA8809

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

11:40

12:30

7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8817

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

13:15

14:05

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8815

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

17:05

17:55

1 2 3 4 5 7 ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8802

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

07:55

08:50

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8810

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

13:00

14:05

1 2 3 4 5 6

J41

Airlink

SA8810

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

13:00

13:55

7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8818

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

14:25

15:20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8816

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

18:15

19:10

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Johannesburg - Pietermaritzburg - Johannesburg SA8747

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

07:00

08:00

1 2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

SA8735

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

09:50

11:10

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8741

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

15:30

16:30

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8739

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

18:00

19:00

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8730

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

06:45

07:45

1 2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

SA8732

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

08:30

09:30

1 2 3 4 5 6

AR8

Airlink

SA8738

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

15:00

16:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8742

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

17:00

18:00

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

Johannesburg - Upington - Johannesburg SA8767

Johannesburg

-

Upington

09:20

10:50

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8769

Johannesburg

-

Upington

15:45

17:15

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8768

Upington

-

Johannesburg

11:15

12:50

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8770

Upington

-

Johannesburg

17:35

19:10

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Port Elizabeth - East London - Port Elizabeth SA8480

Port Elizabeth

-

East London

07:00

07:45

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8488

Port Elizabeth

-

East London

16:30

17:15

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8481

East London

-

Port Elizabeth

08:05

08:55

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8489

East London

-

Port Elizabeth

17:35

18:25

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

Port Elizabeth - Bloemfontein - Port Elizabeth SA8491

Port Elizabeth

-

Bloemfontein

09:15

10:45

1 4

J41

Airlink

SA8492

Bloemfontein

-

Port Elizabeth

12:10

13:45

1 4

J41

Airlink

Johannesburg - Mthatha - Johannesburg SA8751

Johannesburg

-

Mthatha

06:15

07:20

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8753

Johannesburg

-

Mthatha

08:20

09:25

6

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8755

Johannesburg

-

Mthatha

16:05

17:10

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8752

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

07:45

09:00

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8754

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

09:45

11:00

6

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8756

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

17:30

18:45

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

F L I G H T S â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Regional FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

Durban - Maputo - Durban SA8290

Durban

-

Maputo

10:10

11:25

1 2 3 4 5

7

J41

Airlink

SA8291

Maputo

-

Durban

11:45

13:05

1 2 3 4 5

7

J41

Airlink

Johannesburg - Antananarivo - Johannesburg SA8252

Johannesburg

-

Antananarivo

10:00

14:10

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8253

Antananarivo

-

Johannesburg

15:00

17:40

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Johannesburg - Polokwane - Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Beira - Johannesburg SA8214

Johannesburg

-

Beira

11:30

13:10

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8215

Beira

-

Johannesburg

13:30

15:20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Airlink's REGIONAL AND DOMESTIC flights check-in Terminal B counters B89 - B101 at OR Tambo International Airport.

85 12 12


TIMETABLE effective 01 NOVEMBER 2012

F L I G H T S – Regional FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

Johannesburg - Bulawayo - Johannesburg SA8110 SA8111

Johannesburg Bulawayo

- -

Bulawayo Johannesburg

10:40 12:50

12:05 14:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink

11:35 14:20

13:50 16:55

1 2 3 5 6 1 2 3 5 6

J41 J41

Airlink Airlink

06:35 15:45 09:00 18:20

08:30 17:40 11:05 20:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ

-

135 135 135 135

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:30 16:15 16:15 08:50 18:45 18:45

08:20 18:05 18:05 10:35 20:30 20:30

1 2 3 4 5 1 3 4 5 2 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 3 4 5 2 7

ERJ AR8 ERJ ERJ AR8 ERJ -

135

135

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:50 10:05 12:40 16:00 17:00 19:00 08:05 08:05 08:05 11:10 13:50 17:05

07:40 10:50 13:25 16:45 17:45 19:45 09:00 09:00 09:00 12:05 14:45 18:00

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ

-

135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135

Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink

06:40 09:45 13:30 08:10 11:15 14:45

07:35 10:50 14:25 09:05 12:25 15:40

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ

-

135 135 135 135 135 135

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

11:45 14:00

13:15 15:40

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135 ERJ - 135

Airlink Airlink

11:05 14:10

13:35 16:45

1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135 ERJ - 135

Airlink Airlink

06:20 09:45 15:15 09:00 13:00 17:55

08:30 12:15 17:25 11:15 15:30 21:10

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5

ERJ - 135 AR8 ER3 ERJ - 135 AR8 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

11:30 14:55

14:20 17:50

1 3 5 6 1 3 5 6

ERJ- 135 ERJ- 135

Airlink Airlink

10:50 13:40

12:55 16:00

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink

Nelspruit - Livingstone - Nelspruit

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

SA8870 SA8871

Nelspruit Livingstone

- -

Livingstone Nelspruit

Johannesburg - Lusaka - Johannesburg SA8160 SA8164 SA8161 SA8165

Johannesburg Johannesburg Lusaka Lusaka

-

Lusaka Lusaka Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Harare - Johannesburg SA8100 SA8102 SA8102 SA8101 SA8103 SA8103

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Harare Harare Harare

-

Harare Harare Harare Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

135 135

Johannesburg - Manzini - Johannesburg SA8012 SA8992 SA8994 SA8014 SA8996 SA8998 SA8013 SA8991 SA8997 SA8993 SA8995 SA8015

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini

-

Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Maseru - Johannesburg SA8050 SA8052 SA8062 SA8051 SA8053 SA8063

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Maseru Maseru Maseru

-

Maseru Maseru Maseru Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Maun - Johannesburg SA8300 SA8301

Johannesburg Maun

- -

(effective 15 June 2012)

Maun Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Nampula - Johannesburg SA8230 SA8231

Johannesburg Nampula

- -

Nampula Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Ndola - Johannesburg SA8158 SA8154 SA8156 SA8159 SA8155 SA8157

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Ndola Ndola Ndola

-

Ndola Ndola Ndola Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Pemba - Johannesburg SA8204 SA8205

Johannesburg Pemba

- -

Pemba Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Tete - Johannesburg SA8220 SA8221

Johannesburg Tete

- -

Tete Johannesburg

Day 1 = Monday, Day 7 = Sunday For reservations visit www.flyairlink.com, your travel agent or SAA Central Reservations on +27 11-978 1111 • Flight schedules subject to change • Contact your booking agent for these conditions EXCESS BAGGAGE AND SPORTING EQUIPMENT: Refer to www.flyairlink.com Important information & Conditions of Carriage Clause 8 Baggage 8.3 Whilst every effort has been made to ensure accuracy of content of the published timetable, both operational and strategic issues cause timetable changes. Due to the forward lead time required for publication, these often cannot be duly reflected. Should this occur, Airlink and its agents are not responsible for any errors, omissions, losses or detriments arising from the publication.

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MEMBER


Jetstream 4100 - Regional Turboprop Airliner 9 29 19.25m 18.29m 5.74m 2 600kg 25 000ft 500km/h

Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Cruising Speed

ERJ 135-LR - Regional Jet Airliner and Corporate Jet Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Cruising Speed

10 37 26.34m 20.04m 6.75m 5 000kg 37 000ft 800km/h

Avro RJ85 - Regional Jet Airliner 8 83 2 28.60m 26.21m 8.61m 9 362kg 35 000ft 780km/h

VOLCANO 27673

Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Seating Classes Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Maximum Cruising Speed


293

The amount of ways to make change for a dollar

A good conscience is a continual Christmas. Benjamin Franklin

12 12

The percentage of Christmas presents that will be broken by the New Year

Christmas is, of course, the time to be home – in heart as well as body. Garry Moore

The lovely thing about Christmas is that it’s compulsory, like a thunderstorm, and we all go through it together. Garrison Keillor

Christmas isn’t a season. It’s a feeling. Edna Ferber

According to an ancient Sardinian legend, the bodies of those who are born on Christmas Eve will never dissolve into dust but are preserved until the end of time. Grazia Deledda

Christmas renews our youth by stirring our wonder. The capacity for wonder has been called our most pregnant human faculty, for in it are born our art, our science, our religion. Ralph W. Sockman

Christmas, here again, let us raise a loving cup, peace on earth, goodwill to men, and make them do the washing up. Wendy Cope

Christmas waves a magic wand over this world, and behold, everything is softer and more beautiful. Norman Vincent Peale

Christmas carols always brought tears to my eyes. I also cry at weddings. I should have cried at a couple of my own. Ethel Merman

I didn’t know the full dimensions of forever, but I knew it was longer than waiting for Christmas to come. Richard Brautigan

Christmas is not a time nor a season, but a state of mind. To cherish peace and goodwill, to be plenteous in mercy, is to have the real spirit of Christmas. Calvin Coolidge

I don’t think Christmas is necessarily about things. It’s about being good to one another, it’s about the Christian ethic, it’s about kindness. Carrie Fisher

Christmas is the day that holds all time together. Alexander Smith

88

10

Christmas, my child, is love in action. Every time we love, every time we give, it’s Christmas. Dale Evans


10:10

3 seconds

The time displayed on watches in most advertisements

The memory span of a gold fish

BRAIN PAIN

Wrap your head around these brain teasers and see what you can make of them 1: Strange toupee turmoil

All except one of the following ten sentences have something distinct in common. What is this thing that they have in common and which sentence therefore doesn't belong in the group? 1. True, we were pert to tee it up. 2. Yet we quit our trip pretty wet. 3. Pity you wore your toupee. 4. Wipe your toupee up top. 5. Peter put it out to rot. 6. Poor you! 7. I owe you, Pete. 8. I wrote up your report. 9. Prior to two, you were quite put out. 10. I urge you to try to retire your pique!

2: Triskaidekaphobia?

Christmas, children, is not a date. It is a state of mind. Mary Ellen Chase I love Christmas. I really do love Christmas. I love being with my family and I love snow. I love the music and the lights and all of it. Christina Applegate

Answers

He who has not Christmas in his heart will never find it under a tree. Roy L. Smith

Over the centuries, many choice words have been used to describe Christmas

1: All of the sentences except the last one are comprised strictly of the letters found on the topmost row of letters of a standard keyboard. This is not the case for the last sentence containing the letter ‘g’ which is found on the second row of letters of the keyboard. 2: The franchise is a sports team, part of a national league that places a number on the jersey of each of its players. The number 13 was retired as a way to honour the player who bore that number.

Christmas... is not an external event at all, but a piece of one’s home that one carries in one’s heart. Freya Stark

A well-respected franchise of a national association absolutely refuses to place the number thirteen on any of their merchandise. Although they use nearly every other two-digit number, something about that particular number prevents them from using it. They are not superstitious in the least. In fact, they have a truly honorable reason for not using the number thirteen. What is that reason?

brought to you by

Text | Lida-Marie Saayman Photography | Jiri Vaclavek

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Since 1994

Don't miss a single issue with www.Coolmags.co.za. It's never been easier to subscribe to your favourite magazine. Simply log on to www.Coolmags.co.za and subscribe to a host of interesting and entertaining magazines.


7 in 10

The number of dogs who get Christmas gifts from their owners

battleship Each Battleship puzzle represents a section of ocean with a hidden fleet of one battleship, two cruisers and three submarines. The ships may be oriented horizontally or vertically within the grid such that no ship touches another, not even diagonally. Any remaining squares in the grid contain water segments, which are shown as a symbol of water or as an X. The numbers on the bottom and on the right of the grid show how many squares in the corresponding rows and columns are occupied by ships. The object is to discover where all six ships are located.

1 in 20

The number of people that have an extra rib

sudoku

Try the addictive game of Sudoku. The aim is to fill each block with a number from 1 to 9. Each number must not appear more than once in each row, column and square. If you canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t finish this puzzle during your flight, please take this free copy of Skyways with you. The cabin attendant will make sure that the next passengers get their own magazine, with a clean Sudoku for them to puzzle over! Puzzles taken from www.krazydad.com

1 x Battleship

Medium

challenging

Puzzles supplied by Conceptis, www.conceptispuzzles.com

Easy

easy

2 x Cruisers 3 x Submarines

Solutions can be found on page 12

91 12 12


4

60,000 The amount of parts in the Boeing 747-400

ten YOU DIDN’T THINGS

know about… 1 2

Visit www.coolmags.co.za for exciting offers.

White Christmas, by Bing Crosby, is the number one selling Christmas single of all time. Every year there are approximately 20,000 ‘rent-a-Santas’ across the United States. They usually undergo seasonal training on how to maintain a jolly attitude and also receive practical advice, such as not to accept money from parents while children are looking, and to avoid garlic, onions and beans for lunch. Seven out of 10 British dogs get Christmas gifts from their devoted masters. In Poland, spiders and spider webs are common Christmas tree decorations because, according to legend, a spider wove a blanket for baby Jesus. The Druids believed that Mistletoe fell from heaven and grew onto a tree that sprang from earth. Mistletoe thus represented the joining of heaven and earth, and God’s reconciliation with mankind. A kiss under Mistletoe therefore symbolised acceptance and reconciliation. In the Netherlands, St Nicholas is known as Sinterklaas. Dutch children are told that he

3 4 5

92 12 12

6

CHRISTMAS

The average number of times men in their early twenties shave a week

sails from Spain on his feast day, 6 December. They fill their shoes with hay and sugar for his horse and awake to find them filled with gifts such as nuts and candy. Austrian children get to celebrate the arrival of ‘Ol Saint Nick, but they also have to brace themselves for the arrival of his evil counterpart, Krampus. Where Saint Nicholas rewards good behaviour with treats and toys on 6 December, the demonic Krampus arrives on 5 December looking to punish all the bad children. It is estimated that over 400,000 people become sick each year from eating tainted Christmas leftovers. Finnish people honour their departed loved ones on Christmas Eve by visiting the cemeteries and leaving candles on the graves of their family members. The first postage stamp to celebrate Christmas was issued in Austria, in 1937.

7

8

9

10

Text | Lida-Marie Saayman Photography | Alexander Chaikin


7 years

The period that the Eiffel Tower needs to be repainted

205,726 The number of slots in Nevada by 1999

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32.56m

1,250,000

The length of the worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s largest Christmas stocking ever made

The amount of jelly beans produced every hour by the two factories of the Jelly Candy Company

Didya know? Put your grey matter to the test

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Have a cracker with our Christmas quiz! Questions 1. What date is St Stephen's Day? 2. In Charles Dickens' novel, A Christmas Carol, who was Scrooge's dead business partner? 3. The song White Christmas was first performed in which 1942 film? 4. London's Trafalgar Square Christmas tree is traditionally given by which country? 5. In the song The Twelve Days of Christmas, '...my true love brought to me nine...' what? 6. Name the original eight reindeer from the Twas the night Before Christmas poem. 7. Which Christmas carol includes the lyrics '...To save us all from Satan's power, when we were gone astray...'? 8. What colour are the berries of the mistletoe plant? 9. In the inspirational 1946 film, It's a Wonderful Life, what is the name of George Bailey's guardian angel? 10. What are the names of the three wise men said to have brought gifts to the baby Jesus? 11. What is New Year's Eve called in Scotland? 12. What Christmas item was invented by London baker and wedding-cake specialist, Tom Smith, in 1847? 13. In what year was Band Aid's Do They Know It's Christmas the UK Christmas chart-topping record? 14. Which country did St Nicholas come from? 15. Who wrote How the Grinch Stole Christmas? Answers 1. 26 December 2. Jacob Marley

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

Holiday Inn Norway Ladies dancing Comet, Cupid, Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Donner, Blitzen God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen White Clarence (Oddbody) Balthasar, Melchior, Caspar Hogmanay Christmas cracker 1984 Turkey Dr Seuss


1 in 15

The number of children under the age of 18 affected by asthma

822

The amount of houses Santa would have to visit every second to deliver all the worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s presents on Christmas Eve

Folklore may have turned Santa Claus into a toy distributor who mans a sleigh led by eight flying reindeer, but he is actually based, loosely, on a real person. Born around the year 270, St. Nicholas was the Bishop of Myra, a town in what is now Turkey. He earned a reputation as an anonymous gift giver, says MSNBC, by paying the dowries of impoverished girls and handing out treats and coins to children â&#x20AC;&#x201C; often leaving them in their shoes, set out at night for that very purpose. Since his death, Nicholas has been canonised as the patron saint of children

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talespin

The superior mind

Man vs Mouse A classic David and Goliath experience

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i’ve never

thought of myself as a brave man, but it’s nice to know if you’ll be able to handle yourself in a dangerous situation. One morning on my drive to work such an occasion occurred. I was cruising down the road and singing offkey to the radio when I suddenly had the gut-wrenching feeling that I wasn’t alone. I could sense the presence of evil even before I saw the black, beady eyes and the long, fang-like teeth that would have chilled the blood of a navy seal.

I swerved the car like a madman, not caring about my own well-being or the safety of others as I tried to disgorge from my car this demonic creature from the depths of hell. But the brute held on. Clinging to my wiper blades like a trapeze artist was a mouse. And I’m not talking Mickey Mouse here; this mouse was mean, evil and cunning. I could see it in his eyes. Once I’d gotten over my initial panic I knew I had nothing to fear. I had the superior mind. Besides, he was on the outside while I was safe, entombed within a metal fortress. I locked the doors and prepared to do battle. If I couldn’t shake him off, perhaps I could flood him out. My fingers wrapped around the control to the window washer and I chuckled softly to myself, knowing that this mouse had met his match. I plunged the button down and water cascaded over him in a furious waterfall while I laughed the laugh of the victorious. But then the creature lifted first one leg and then the other, and I swear he slowly washed under each armpit. Then, with a final twist of his tail, which

I knew in rodent language had to be an obscene gesture, he slithered under the hood and out of sight. My morning at work passed slowly as I waited for lunch to arrive so I could continue my bout with the creature. Armed with an ice scrapper and an umbrella, I popped the hood and prepared to do battle. The cowardly beast had fled. In his haste he had left behind a scattering of acorn shells, leaves and pine needles. I took great pleasure in brushing his meagre possessions off of my engine and onto the cold, dark pavement. We both knew who had the superior mind – until I got home that night and cast a final glance at the battlefield, that space between the hood and windshield where the wipers come to rest. There, staring up at me with demonic lust, were those black, beady eyes. Showing absolutely no concern for my own safety, I grabbed my weapons of choice, my trusty ice scrapper and umbrella, threw open the hood and prepared to confront the monstrous beast. Oh, how that ninja mouse led me on a merry chase. Jumping and scrambling from engine part to engine part, the cowardly fiend was afraid to stand still and fight me like a man. Meanwhile, I followed always a second behind, banging from air filter to carburettor, my weapons a blur of angry motion. In desperation, the beast dove down a small crevice and disappeared into the bowels of my car. Two days passed and there has been no further sign of the evil beast. He has met his match and instinct has taken him to haunt a new location. I was free of the rodent. On the third morning, the little boy who lives next door came by to visit. He was sad. It seems that a couple of days ago his pet mouse had got loose and ran away. Text | Gary Mosher Photography | Shutterstock


Did you know that the Mpumalanga Gambling Board is the first gambling regulator in South Africa, post the legalisation of gambling in 1994?

16 years advocating for the balance between consumer choice and responsibility!

CEO â&#x20AC;&#x201C; B Mlambo

www.mgb.org.za


Skyways Magazine December 2012  

Skyways Magazine December 2012

Skyways Magazine December 2012  

Skyways Magazine December 2012

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