Feeding a horse can be confusing, what with all the different feeds available. Also, the amount and type of feed given will depend on the horse’s type, age, weight, health, workload, the climate and what is locally available.
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Basically, there are four areas you should cover in feeding your horse 1.
Water Cool, fresh water should always be available, but limit amounts immediately after exercise.
Fodder / Forage Hay, grass, oats leaves or just good old teff or eragrostis should be available to the horse at all times, to eat as and when he pleases.
Feed / concentrate Compound feeds are specially formulated rations for horses which provide a complete balanced diet. There are many different types, formulated for different needs. Follow the feeding instructions on the bag. You can also feed so-called ‘straights’, which are the basic components of compound feed, like oats, barley, sugar beet, molasses, oil and chaff. Ration and balance therefore depend on you. Adding them to compound feeds may unbalance the diet. Either way, ask your vet for advice on what would best suit your horse. Generally, feeds are given to your horse once to three times a day.
Supplements Salt licks are widely considered a good addition to any horse camp, but like any other supplements, it can affect your horse’s health. Supplements should only be administered after consulting with your equine vet.
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