Nurturing life in the children's land

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Nurturing life in the Children s Land



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Manual 2 Nurturing Life in the Children's Land a manual for children about how to improve our enviroment with love in a home, school, neighborhood and community Author: Joaquín Leguía Orezzoli Asociación para la Niñez y su Ambiente - ANIA (Association for Children and their Environment) Address: Dos de Mayo 237, Barranco, Lima, Perú Telephone: (511) 628-7948

COLLABORATORS llustration: Juan Carlos Semino, Alfredo Suárez Desing: Yllari Briceño Editing: Joaquín Leguía, Yllari Briceño English translation: Stephen Light Consultants: Jackie Ryan, Clare Morgan, Lung Ogle ISBN: 978-9972-2916-5-4 Hecho el Depósito Legal en la Biblioteca Nacional del Perú Nro. 2012-07918 Registro de Proyecto Editorial: 11501041200496 First Edition 2010 Print Run: 500 copies


yje would like to express our appreciation to children who nurture life and spread joy in their Children’s Lands and to the young people and adults who share this dream and help to maKe it a reality. This second manual is based on the experiences of the promoters of Children's Lands, and has been produced with the support and friendship of: "PatricK Matthiesen, the Matthiesen Foundation, and the whole ANJA team, including volunteers and friends.


Many people have forgotten that animals, plants, water, air and the earth are closely related to us. They are liKe our brothers and sisters. When they are destroyed or polluted, our health and our well-being are also affected. I f water is contaminated and we drinK it, then we get sicK; if the earth is full o f garbage, then our fruits and vegetables will be polluted as weiu if the air is dirty, then our lungs will be damaged; and if birds have nowhere to nest, then their chicKs will not survive and we wont see them flying across the skies. Imagined world without birdsong... How sad it would be? As we all wish to live in a better place, we must strive to maKe a difference. My mission is to maKe Children's Lands with you, and with all the children on this planet. We have been given a sacred duty to care for the land and for all o f creation. When we create a Children's Land, we do not "own� the land, we become the guardians, the protectors and the friends o f all the life on our land.

5 In the Children's Land we are free to nurture life and promote biodiversity with love and joy. We can put all of our magic, energy and imagination into our land so that life can flourish in all forms and colors. We can plant, sing, paint, dance, play, give thanKs, learn, embrace and taKe part in activities that care for and celebrate nature. When we become adults, the seeds of hope that were sown in our Children's Land will have flourished in our hearts, and we will respect and care more for nature, other people, and ourselves. We must not forget that A LL children are VERY IM PORTANT and are needed to improve the world. With Children's Lands we will contribute to the health and joy of all living creatures on our planet. Adults will provide us with the motivation, spaces, orientation and recognition needed to maKe our dreams come true. They will also protect the land so that there is no place for violence, indifference and destruction. In this way, our rights will be defended in accordance with the CJnited Nations Children'sTUghts Convention.

6 Appreciation 03 presentation.... o? In d e x.... 06 2. Giving thanKs to Mother E a rth .... 07 2. From Vision to actio n .... 9 3. Enclosing your T iN i.... 22 Before starting.... 22 For not very large T iN is.... 22 For large T iN is.... 2i ?. Components o f the TiNi Components ‘f. i Managements o f natural resources.... 27 Growing and care o f plants.... 28 Tools Types o f plant we can grow Growing edible plants Planting native trees Plant Monitoring Card ■Rearing and care o f animals.... 32 Attracting small animals to the TiNi Attracting birds to the TiNi Constructing a small pond Nurturing and protection o f natural sp aces.... 38 <f.2 Environmental H ealth.... 39 Keeping the land clean and healthy.... ‘to Management o f solid waste The v "R; "Reduce, "Reuse, "Recycle, "Respect Build a recycling center Produce natural fertilizer Types o f organic fertilizer Build an eco-silo Build a compost heap Keeping water clean and healthy.... 52

INDEX Ta«e care o f and clean water Water or irrigate plants with recycled water gave the water in your TiNi. home or school Keeping the air clean and healthy.... 5i CJse renewable energy in your TiNi •••• 55 Wind energy goiar energy <f.3 Socialization and Expression.... 57 Socializing in the T iN i.... 59 C reate a Hugging Center C reate a Values Seat Expression in the TiNi •••• 62 Paint texts and signpost your TiNi Learn to make an Offering to the Earth C reate a song fo r your Tini The rights o f children.... 69 Organization and Management.... 73 G et hold o f resources fo r implementing the T iN i.... 75 How do we find resources fo r the TiNi? How do we find the resources we d o n 't have fo r our TiNi? Learn how to write a letter asking fo r support fo r yourTiNi Promote the Children's Land and the positive changes it generates.... 80

Display the results of the TiNi Promote your TiNi in the Media C reate a website or blog about your Children's Land ■Register yourself in the Children's Land Virtual Network 5. Creating a Children's Land in plant p o ts.... 89 Steps to create your TiNi in plant p o ts.... 91 6. Multiplying TiNis with other children.... 95




Each time you develop a new activity in theT¡N¡, maKe time to thanK pachamama, our Mother Earth, for all that she gives us. Do this in your own way. When you thanK her, you transmit loving energy which helps her to heal herself and to heal us. For example, inspired by friends from different cultures liKe Japan, I wrote the following, and I read it every time I start to do something in my T¡N¡:




Thank you sister earth and. sister m ountain; thank you broth er a ir and broth er wind; thank you sister w ater and sister ocean; thank you sister plant and broth er animal; thank you broth er sun and sister moon; fo r giving us food and shelter; fo r giving us a place to laugh and play; fo r filling o u r dream s w ith colors; and giving us the chance to give love while doing what we love.

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It is important to do things in your TiNi that contribute*. 1) j o your well-being

2) To the wen-being o f your family and other people 3) To nature It is also important to do things that are possible in the context o f the natural and social environment in which you live. All o f these factors should be reflected in your Vision.


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12 before starting Before doing anything in your TiNi. we recommend that you delimit it and/or make a fence. This wi 11help you to: ■-at * •».

Let other people Knowthe location and perimeter of theTiNiProtect theTiNiSpatially organize theTiNi.

How you delimit the TiNi and make the best kind o ffe n c e will depend on its size, area, geographic location, type o f ecosystem (for example, if it rains or not, if theTiNi is on land or water) and the resources you have available, to delimit or fence your TiNi we recommend the following steps:

for not very la\ge TiHis B Ask your adult partners for help. Fencing the TiNi will be easier. <B Define the perimeter o f your TiNi with whitewash, stones, stri in some other way. @ Choose the materials you will use to make your fence, it can be made from-. * plants, also known as a hedgerow * Stones * ‘Recycled pieces o f wood or plywood * Branches ^ CJsed tires * Bricks * Cane * Mesh ^ Wire * "Recycled bottles * Other materials you can think of, or which you can obtain.


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I f your jiN i is in a large natural space, such as a mountain, laKe or beach, the fence or delimitation should not prevent wild animals from roaming through it freely, you can maKe other smaller fences to protect spaces such as an organic garden patch or a small farm. We recommend the following: @ Get the help o f one or more o f your adult partners. @ It will be easier to delimit theTiNi or marK its perimeter or area, rather than fence it. S Choose the way to delimit and/or fence your JiNi-­ Put staKes or a tall pole with a pennant at the corners o f the land. This method will also serve to delimit an area o f water. Place large rocKs at each corner o f the JiN i and paint them or write on them. MaKe a trail to delimit the perimeter. In a visible location, put a large sign with a map o f the TiNi. Plant bushes or trees along the perimeter to create a hedgerow. Use staKes and one or two rows o f wire to marK the perimeter.

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Management of Natural Ttesources*. his includes actions which enable us to heal, use and p ro tect natural spaces or habitats and th e species o f plants and animals th a t live in them.

Environmental Health: This includes actions which enable us to reduce pollution o f th e air, w ater and land, Keepingthem clean and healthy.

Socialization and Expresiรณn*. This includes actions which enable us to socialize, play and show w hat we feel and thinK about life.

Organization and Management*. This includes actions which enable us to organize ourselves and obtain resources fo r implementing and maintaining th e TiNi, and fo r promoting it. You can apply these components wherever you maKe your TiNi -a plant pot, garden, parK, forest, mountain, beach or any other space. Below we present the Components o f the TiNi with a list o f actions which can be implemented for each component. A s you read them you will probably see that you have already included many o f them in the Vision o f your TiNi_____



This component includes actions which enable us to heal, use and protect natural spaces or habitats and the species o f plants and animals that live in them. It enables us to create green areas and conserve biodiversity with magic and love. A s a result, we will succeed in developing Knowledge, values and practices that will help us to live in harmony with our Mother EarthHere we present a list o f possible actions for the management o f natural resources which you can develop in yourTiNi:

There are many varieties of plants that you can plant, maKe use o f and protect in your TiNi. "Remember that plants are living beings liKe you and for healthy growth they need light, water, earth, nutrients and plenty of love.

19 In a Children's Land in the village of Boca Amigo in the Madre de Dios region of Peru, they were evaluating the fruit trees which each child had planted and adopted to take care of. It was the turn of Liseth, a seven year-old girl. Her plant had grown a lot and was bigger than her, and a boy said to her: “See, Liseth. Vour plant grew because it eats a lot and you didn't grow because you don't eat much”. And she answered: “Plants don't grow just because they eat. They grow because they also receive love”.

Types o f plant we can grow Edible plants*, those which feed us with their leaves, roots, fruits, seeds, etc. Aromatic plants: those which smell good and can be used with food to give it a special flavor. Medicinal Plant: those which cure illnesses and injuries. Decorative plants: those which beautify the landscape. Leguminous plants: those which provide nutrients for the soil and fo r us too. Host plants for pollinators: those which attract pollinating animals such as butterflies, bees and hummingbirds. Insectivorous plants-, those which feed on insects and other very small animals. Plants for construction: those which produce materials for construction, such as ropes, roofs, fences, etc. Native plants and trees-, those which originated in the place where you live. They are good because they are adapted to the soil, provide nutrients and use water in the subsoil appropriately.

Tools To grow plants we will need gardening tools, such as: -Spade -"RaKe -picKax -Watering can, buckets or recycled bottles -Hosepipe -Water sprayer -Small stones or gravel -prepared soil -Compost or organic fertilizer -plant pots or window boxes -Seeds -Seedlings -Cuttings o f plants or flowers for transplanting Canes or sticks Wheelbarrow String or rope

Let's get gardening tools!

When you decide which plants to grow and care for, remember to: efFind out what plants are available in your locality for planting. gf Find out which plants are native species, ef “Research the benefits o f the plants, gf investigate ancestral and modern methods for growing plants. gf Find an expert in plants to teach you how to plant them and nurturethem. gf I f necessary, fence in your TiNi to protect the plants while they grow. I f you can, create a hedgerow made from plants, gf you will find plenty o f interesting information in booKs, on the internet and from people who Know about plants, s f The more varieties o f plants you have in your TiNi the better. I f the place where you live is very cold in winter, then you c a n in c lu d e a greenhouse in your TiNiA greenhouse could even beyourwhoieTiNi!


Growing edible plants Do you li'Ke fruits and vegetables? All o f them are healthy and it is very easy to see them grow in your own TiNi. Get busy and you will have a place filled with life and food for your home or school. to use organic fertilizer. It is much better if we maKe the fertilizer ourselves. We shouldn't use chemical insecticides because they can contaminate our food.

What would you like to plant? Depending on the ecosystem where we live, we can use seeds to sow vegetables such as lettuces, cabbages, tomatoes, carrots, cucumbers, beans, pumpKins, onions, radishes, turnips and chard; fruits such as watermelons, strawberries and melons; herbs such as lemon verbena, parsley, chamomile, mint and oregano. You can also transplant seedlings. These are shoots from seeds or tiny plants which will later become large fruit or vegetable plants. It is best to maKe “beds� so that the plants can grow protected in the TiNi. We can maKe square beds, but it is much more fun to maKe beds in more unusual shapes. Why not try a star shape, or a dinosaur, or any other new idea you might have.

Steps for growing edible plants b T Obtain the following materials*.

-picKax -g!pade -â– RaKe -Wateringcan or bucKet -Seeds or seedlings -Organic fertilizer (compost) -prepared soil -Wooden boards or tree barK (for mailing-cne oeui; -Nails and a hammer


s f A sk an adult to help you nail the boards for the beds. & Place the prepared soli in the beds to fill them, or put it directly on top o f the earth. ef Add compost and turn the soi|. & MaKe holes in the soil, put the seeds or seedlings in the holes and cover them with earth. You should leave a certain distance between each seed, or between each plant. ef Water frequently. gf Put a sign nexttothe plant with its name on it. @f Write affectionate messages to the seeds or seedlings so that they will grow with love.

Table o f deiic/ous vegetables


We should read carefully the instructions on the seed packet or find out the distance that ought to be left between the seedlings, how long they taKe to grow, the right season to plant, when to water and how to taKe care o f what we plant. We can also asK someone from our family who Knows about plants and has planting experience.


26 Planting m & w®@em A tree is a living thing that provides us with many

Why are trees important? ® It is home to thousands o f birds, Insects and other animals. © It provides us with delicious foods. B Itgivesusmedicines. © We can play in it and hanga swing from its branches. m It gives us shade and Keeps us cool in summer and sheltered in winter. B It gives us its wood to build houses and furniture. m It enhances green areas.

27 It serves as a windbreak. Its branches can be used to make fences and Its leaves can serve as food for livestock. Trees purify the air because they produce oxygen and absorb the carbon dioxide (C02 ) emitted by vehicles. They beautify the landscape and give us joy with the changing colors o f their leaves. The paper we write on is made from the bark o f trees.

For nature, one o f th e most harmful o f human a c tiv itie s is Indiscrim in ate deforestation (cutting down to o many trees). In P eru approximately 250,000 hectares o f fo re sts are c u t down every year.

You can recycle and reuse paper and cardboard, and In this way you stop more trees being c u t down.

28 Steps fo r pia nti ng trees: i Identify the native species available.

<8 Obtainthe following materials: - Seedling (or seedlings) at least vo cm tall. It is best to plant mature seedlings because in this way you can be sure your tree will adapt well. -Spade or shovel -Wooden cane or pole -String or rope -Watering can - Compost or fertilizer d Trees need plenty o f natural light and space to grow. We need to choose a safe place within the Ti/Vli which is not too close to cement so that the roots will have space to grow. I f you plant more than one tree, or if there is more than one tree on your land, leave enough space between them for them to grow healthily. Make a hole in the earth slightly larger than the bag or pot containing the seedling. P ut a little fertilizer or compost in the bottom..


29 <S Plant the tree and then spread earth over the hole and to the sides. Don't forget to remove the plant from the pot or bag very carefully.

0 Plant a cane or pole next to the tree and tie it to the stem or trunk with a piece o f string or rope, in this way you will help the tree to grow straight.

0 "Remember to water it every two days while it is small. Don't water it too much. @ Measure how much the tree has grown every month. Study the monitoring card you can use.




This card can help us to Know how much our plant is growing. Each month we fin out the plant's card, and after several months we win be surprised by how much it has grown. We recommend that you plant fruit trees because in a few years you will have delicious fruit to eat, to o ffer to other people and to share with many animals. We can grow apples, oranges, peaches, mangos, elderberries, lemons, blacKberries and many other different fruits, depending on the region where your TiM is located. ■Remember that as wen as water and nutrients, to grow healthy and strong thetree will need your love and care.

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Date-....................... Place:, Name o f the p la n t... Family or species:...... Height:...................... Numberof branches: Number o f flowers:...

Numberof {eaves:

Shape o f leaf:........... Drawing op the leaf: Card created wftftthesupportop

ThlcKness o f stalK or trunK: Animals that visit the plant:

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In Peru, u’Ke in other countries, there exists a great variety o f species o f animals, but human activities are disturbing and destroying the habitat in which they live. They are forced to io o k for new homes, and often they cannot find the foods they need to survive, which makes it difficult for them enjoy a . peaceful life.

When we maKe a TiNi, many animals can live there freely and others can visit us. In this way we help them to have a place where they can eat and rest.


From the TiNi we can taKe care o f and value the diversity o f existing species, both wild and domesticated, and maKe use o f their benefits without mistreatingthem.

Some of • the actions you can undertake in your Children's Land are:

"Rear small animals which enrich urban and rural habitats, such as toads, snails, ladybugs and earthworms. Create special habitats to attract pollinators like bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Create shelters and water bowls for wild birds. â– Rear the right domesticated animals for the space and ecosystem where your TiM is located, such as a mule, llama, sheep, dog, goose, horse, cow, chicken, duck, guinea pig, etc. Build a dog house. Take care o f abandoned or injured domesticated animals.

"Rear and protect fish and other aquatic animals. protect wild animals that live in or visit theTiNiMake signposts or start campaigns against the keeping and sale o f wild animals. When wild animals are captured and transported fo r sale, more than 70% die in the process in very sad conditions.

When you decide which animals to rear and taKe care of, remember to:

0 Find out which animals are right for your TiNi, depending on the size and location o f your Children's Land. Š "Research the benefits these animals provide. Š Contact somebody who is an animal expert so they can teach you how to rear them, taKe care o f them and protect them. L ook for plenty o f interesting information in booKs, on the internet and from people who Know about animals. Write down information in your diary and taKe photos o f the animals that live in or visit the TiNi. W th time you will see how your TiNi helps many animals and, in th is way, improves the world.

/Ittractrrcg small atiimls to the Titii You can help to create refuges so that small animals will have a place to live and rest in freedom! You can create a micro-habitat where toads, earthworms and woodlice will be able to live; a place that will be visited by butterflies, bees and birds.

35 â– Remember: ^ T h e land should be wen taken care of, with different species o f Plants growing. ^ Snails like damp places and plants with large leaves. I f the land is well fertilized, there will always be earthworms in the soil. We can look fo r them by making a hole with a small stick, taking care not to injure them. g f l f w e put a little sugar on a leaf, many ants will come to eat it. Ants work as a team and they are very strong. Watch how they work but don't hurt them! I f we leave some trunks, pieces o f wood or a rock in a corner o f theTiNi for a few weeks, when we look under it we'll discover many insects living there, such as woodiice. gfBees like flowering climbing plants and fruit trees. Observe them, but ^ don't bother them! Butterflies will visit your jiN i if you sow plants with flowers where they will be able to feed on the nectar. They like to lay their eggs in these plants, which are known as hosts.

36 Attracting birds to the Titli The green areas we create and taKe care o f are important for animals that travel, such as birds. When they move from one place to another, many birds stop to rest in gardens or special Places where they feel safe. Our TiNi can be a magical Place where birds protected?

To attract them we recommend the following: ©Birds liKe to bathe in the summertime. Create a small pool o f water or provide them with a shallow bowl o f water so they can bathe at their leisure. ©Give them food. On a bird table or a Plate, located In a safe place, leave ground maize, breadcrumbs, birdseed or corn. © Many birds liKe to maKe their nests in climbing plants and trees, plant a tree and a climbing plant in yourTlNi to ensure that the blrdswiiihaveahome. © Hummingbirds liKe flowers with nectar, such as fuchsias, so include these types o f flowers in your TiNi- Hummingbirds are particularly Important, because just liKe butterflies and bees they help to pollinate plants In cities, villages and the countryside, multiplying life for the well-being o f all. ©Watch the birds that visit your TiNi, taKe photos or draw them and maKe a note o f the bird species in your diary, in this way you will have a record o f the diversity o f birds which your TiNi is helping to protect.

Covstrvctivg a small pond

A pool ^ or small pond in your TiNi will serve as a drinKing place for several animals, particularly birds, and as a home for aquatic animals, y

â– Remember: Choose a special Place in theTiNi to locate the pond. MaKe a hole in the ground so centimeters deep and one meter in diameter, approximately. I f the TiNi is small then the hole can be smaller. Put sand in the hole to maKe the ground harder, i f you don't have any sand, then newspaper can be used. Cover the hole with a sheet o f plastic with no holes in it, and put rocKs around the edges o f the plastic to hold it securely in place. You can try other ways to maKe your pond watertight. Fill it with water and obtain some aquatic plants such as water hyacinths. Fill the pond with water regularly, because the sun will dry it out. place a stlcK in the pond that win enable any small animal that falls in the water to climb up and escape.

38 Over time, cioseiy observe the birds and other animals that come to visit, such as toads or dragonflies. I f you Keep very quiet and still, they will not be scared. I f we never harm the animaisthat visit, then more win come and ourHNi will be fined with life. I f your TiNi is very small, then you can use a plastic or clay bowl and bury it up to its rim. This will be your pond.. MaKe sure you Keep the water clean so that it doesn't become a breeding place fo r mosquitoes which can cause dengue and other illnesses. I f your pond contains ftogs or fish, they win eat the mosquito larvae.

The Children's Lands can be located in or include a forest, mountain, laKe, mangrove or other similar natural space. For example, in the Peruvian Amazon there are: Schools with an area o f forest for the children. Communities which have given the children an area o f forest. - Homes with several hectares o f land and families who have their children and grandchildren a beautiful area o f forest to use l ^ n d protect. i p In this type o f TiNi it is very important to have the help o f a person who Knows the natural space where it is located very wen. He or she will teach you about the things you can do there, the things you do, and the things you have to be careful of. is important to understand and respect nature in order to live with it. N

There are many people in the world and we all produce a lot o f garbage. This garbage is thrown into rivers and oceans and discarded on the land, where in some cases it is buried or burned. In this way it pollutes water, air and land. It harms animals, plants and human beings.

41 The Environmental Health component includes actions we can undertaKe from our T M that will enable us to reduce the pollution o f air, water and land, Keeping them clean and healthy. Here we present some environmental health actions you can develop from yourTi'Ni*-

The land is where plants grow. Plants serve as food and shelter for animals and humans. It is very important not to spoil the land because plants don't liKe to eat garbage. Never throw away plastic, metal or batteries on the land, because they contaminate it. i f you find garbage in your T i'NK p ic k it up right away and put it in a garbage can. Here are some actions you can introduce in your TiNi:

Management of solid waste Learn about types o f solid waste or residue . There are two types o f waste-, organic and inorganic. ORGANIC- Also Known as biodegradable waste, these are natural residues that can decompose and become part o f nature again through the actions o f microorganisms. For example, the remains o f food, wood, ashes, excrement, etc decompose easily and can then be used as fertilizer. They can be recycled easily in your ecosiio or compost heap. INORGANIC: Also Known as non-biodegradabie waste, these things do not experience natural processes o f decomposition and they taKe a long time to breaK down. Most o f them can be used again, including glass, paper, cardboard, containers, plastics and all synthetic materials.

The R: Reduce, reuse, recycle, respect Learn to manage solid waste, reducing what you throw away, reusing and recycling it and respecting nature and the worK o f the people who maKe the things you use in your TiNi. home or community, in this way we will help to maKe the world a cleaner place. ru e

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Reduce This means decreasing or lowering the amount of garbage we produce. - CJse more cloth bags and fewer plastic bags. - Avoid buying products with lots of packaging. -Buy products in pacKagingthat can be recycled easily. -Avoid usingdisposabie plates, cups and cutlery. - Use both sides o f a sheet of paper. - Separate the garbage so that you can recycle it afterwards.

Recycle This means using old materials to produce new things. - Paper and cardboard can be recycled easily. You can maKe recycled paper with them. - Some metals can also be recycled. - Glass can be melted down and used to maKe new objects. Some plastics can also be recycled to maKe bucKets, bottles, blanKets, etc.

This means using things more than once. - Glass and plastic bottles can be used again to hold water and as vases, plant pots or ornaments, etc. - It is easy to use plastic packaging to store several things for your TiNi, as wen as old tires, pieces o f wood and boxes.

Respect This means respecting nature by choosing products that don't harm the environment when they are made, as well as respectingthe worK of all the people who through their efforts helped provide us with an object, food item or piece of clothing.

- Buy foods cultivated in areas close to your home because in this way you avoid the unnecessary use of fuel for transport. - Don’t serve yourself food that you are not going to eat. "Remember the worK o f all the people who participated in the planting and harvesting, the water used, the fertilizer and the energy used to produce the food. - Choose organic products, not products with artificial ingredients, and those which did not need pesticides or chemicals during their growth.

44 fivild a recycling center [yf Use different colored trashcans or boxes in which you can separate the garbage for recycling. ^ Learn the colors that represent different types o f waste. These colors are recognized and used throughout the world.


Paint a fun sign for each container, indicating what should be put in it.

^ Show your family and friends what to put in each trashcan. ^ Try to reuse things made from glass or plastic, or give them to a recycling center. Find out who recycles in your city or district.

^ "Recycle paper and cardboard yourself. ^

put organic waste in your eco-silo or compost heap every day.


Carefully collect the batteries used in your home, neighborhood or school and take them to one o f the special battery containers that can be found in some supermarkets or recycling centers. Batteries are very harmful; one A A battery contaminates 20 square meters o f land.


With others in your home, school or neighborhood, organize the transporting o f waste to a collection center where it can be properly treated.


Create incredible ornaments using old, recycled objects. You will help to reduce waste and your TiNi will look more original.

46 Produce natural fertilizer Learn about types o f fertilizer: There are many ways to improve the land so that it will contain more nutrients for plants. Chemical and natural fertilizers are available, it is much better to use natural or organic fertilizers. Organic waste decomposes easily and quicKiy and maKes good fertilizer for all Kinds o f plants. When we throw leftover food, plants and leaves on the earth, little bugs Known as decomposers worK hard to eat this waste and transform It into fertilizer.

Types o f organic fertilizer Compost: Natural fertilizer made from the remains o f leaves, fruit or food, you can maKe It yourself in your TiNi and It is a good way to A perfect wayto improve recycle organic waste. the earth is to produce our Humus: The remains o f worms which supply the fertilizer in an eco-siio or earth with nutrients. You can buy humus in compost heap. When we do markets or stores. this we are also recycling Guano o manure-. This Is the excrement o f waste and reducingthe different Kinds o f animals, you can buy it in amount of garbage in our markets or special stores, or get it from home or school. farms.

8vikf an eco'Silo

Stepsfor building an eco-silo &

Get hold o f the following tools-. - ÂŁpade or other digging tool. - Large plastic bucKet with lid and diameter o f at least 30 cm. A sk an adult to cut the bottom from a plastic bucKet with a lid (a large cooKing oil container, for example).


Then, with a spade or other digging tool, maKe a hole in the earth at least one meter deep. The width o f the hole should be the same as that o f the bucKet.


Place the bucKet in the hole, leaving the lid level with the surface o f the earth, just liKe the diagram shows.

gT "Right! Now collect all the leftovers o f food in a special bucKet inthe Kitchen, including fruit peel, eggshells, leftover vegetables, leaves, uneaten food, ashes, etc.

A n eco-silo is a hole in th e ground where we put organic material so th a t it can decompose and become fertilizer.

48 & Throw the organic waste from the bucKet into the eco-siio. Always Keep the lid o f the ecosilo closed. e f From time to time, throw some sawdust into the eco-si|oso that it won't smell bad. & When the eco-siio is full, cover It with earth and after five months you can use it as fertilizer. Bf Build a new eco-siio anywhere in the Children's Land, and In this way the whole area will be more fertile. & I f possible, plant a tree, creeper or plant over what was your eco-siio. it win grow much better with all the new nutrients contained in the soil.

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gteps for building a compost heap*.

Get hold o f the following tools: - Hammer and nails. -A wooden box with no base or four boards that you can nail together to maKe a square (minimum 70 cm X 70 cm).

compost heap serves the same purpose as an eco-silo, but it is built above th e ground. I t provides us with fertilizer th a t we can use to feed plants.

g f geiect a part o f the TiNi which isn't used much, maybe at the bacK or near a wall. &

MaKe the wooden box or nail the boards together and put the construction on the ground. And that's alH


On the compost heap you can throw fallen leaves, roots, branches, dead flowers, dried stems and grass cuttings, as well as eggshells, fruit and vegetable peel and even pieces o f wood that are o f no use (without nails or paint).


Spread a little manure over the organic waste to help it to decompose.


SPread some earth over the top to Keep flies away.

it is very important to add water to the compost heap from time to time. It should be Kept damp always..

g f A fte r a few weeks, you will see how the leaves start to decompose and create a darK earth Known as compost. g f Use the compost to feed the plants in yourjiN i, either in the ground or in plant pots. g f "Remember to turn over the compost heap every 15 days, you can use the compost after approximately 3 months.

51 Water is composed o f one oxygen atom and two hydrogen atoms. Most o f the planet's water is contained in the oceans and polar ยกce caps, while the rest is held In clouds, rainfall and rivers. It can also be found in the subsoil. In land-based ecosystems fresh water (rivers, laKes, glaciers, etc.) are very important for the survival o f plants, animalsand people. Around 70% o f the human body is made from water, just liKe the surface o f Planet Earth. Without water there would be no life on the planet. Plants, animals and people cannot live without water. Water pollution is mostly caused by human activity, in cities and in Industry water is used in great quantities, and it Is contaminated with residues or waste which end up In the rivers and the sea. This endangers thousands o f plants and animals that live there. That Is why it Is important to io o k after water, Keep it clean and use it sparingly and re-use it when possible, in this way you will help our planet and Keep your body healthy.

52 'hese are some o f the actions you can taKe in your Children's Land, home and^ school:

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Take care of and clean water TaKe good care o f the places with water in your TiNi or wherever the water for your TiNi comes from, such as faucets, wens, ponds, springs, streams, valleys, a river, laKe, beach, mangrove, reef or a section o f ocean. There should be no garbage o f any Kind, but if there is, you can organize adults and children to help you collect it.

Vfater or irrigate plants with recycled water Collect the water used to boil pasta, water in which vegetables or rice were washed, water in which beans or some other foodstuffs were soaKed. Instead o f throwing this water down the drain, you can use it in your TiNi- Stay alert or asK for this water to be Kept in a bucKet so that it won't be wasted. Collect the water from the shower in a bucKet while you are waiting fo r it to run hot, and use it to water the plants.


Be careful: D on't use water that is hot or contains detergent!

Sat/e the water r» ¡four Tifli, home or school


I f you live in a very arid or dry place, and there is no potable water in your home, save water in buckets with lids and only use what you need. Plant native trees which don't need much water or plants such as cacti. I f you use a hosepipe to water the plants, don't be wasteful. Only use the water you need and maKe sure the hosepipe doesn't have any o holes. While you are brushing your teeth, turn o ff the faucet, it is best to use a cup o f water to clean your teeth. Turn o ff the shower while you soap yourself or shampoo your hair. Turn o ff the faucets properly and ten your family if there are any —

Wesave t h e w a te r!-

A t carnival time play without wastingwater. You can put up signs in your home to remind everyone not to waste water. Collect rainwater and use it for drinKing, washing, cooKingand watering.


CJse a drip watering system. 1=111 a two-liter plastic bottle in u^hich you have made small holes in the base and bury it in the ground so that it will s io p la e te r the plants ^I'thout ) wastingwater. )


The best way to Keep the air clean and healthy from yourTiNi is by*. Planting trees so that as they grow they will absorb the carbon dioxide CC02) from the air which is emitted by vehicles. protect trees that already exist because they are storing a lot o f C 0 2 in their trunKs and they produce oxygen. â– Reduce contamination o f the land because when there is a lot o f garbage it decomposes and produces gases that contaminate the air we breathe. Although it may not be located within your TINI. If someone In your family owns a vehicle that hasn't been serviced or emits blacK smoKe, try to convince them to have it checKed so that it won't continue to emit that smoKe which pollutes the air with a lot o f C 02.

ate re®@«iÉfe ssm ^n iw §em W Sl Solar, wind, hydraulic, biomass and geothermal power are all examples o f renewable energies. They are available permanently, appear to be inexhaustible and are more environmentally friendly than other form s o f I energy. O f th ese sources o f energy, th e easiest ones to use in your TiNi are wind and solar power.

Vfind energy: This is the power produced by the wind. You could have a small windmill in yourTiNi.

Soiar energy: This is the energy produced by the sun. In your TiNi you could use the following: gf

^ lif

S°lar light bulbs S°lar dehydrator S°lar oven or stove S°lar water recirculator S°lar battery recharger Line for drying ciothesa


56 £-xarr\pí©s:

Solar dehydra+or

I f the Children's Land is in your home, and if you thinK it is a good idea, asK your mom to help you to hang a line over your TiNi for drying clothes, sheets and towels. In this way you will be able to use the water that drips down for your plants and at the same time you will create shade so that the soil stays damp for longer.



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T h e socialization and expression component includes actions which enable us to maKe friends, play and express what we feel and thinK about th e Earth and life. In this way, we con serve and appreciate positive aspects o f local culture and our spirituality.

Within or close to our TiNi we can create places where we can get together with other children and adults to have fun and strengthen our friendship. In these spaces we can meet to organize ourselves and manage our resources. We can decorate our TiNi with adornments made from recycled items, create fun games, or maKe necKiaces with seeds and cards with leaves and dried flowers, or anything else we can thinK of. y je can maÂŤe pathways from different colored stones to guide us, hang dream catchers to protect us, or create colorful railings and fun labyrinths. We can asK adults to teach us about new art forms such as maKing recycled paper, painting or creating music and theater. Friends within the TiNi can also teach us new things. Every child has a special talent. â– Remember that everything can be used to create magic in your TiNi: a pair o f boots, a bucKet, a tray, plastic bottles, a wooden box, a tin can. "Remember that the most important thing is to do things with love a nd inspire others to act.

S êêÉIgS w g î ® ê te « In your Children’s Land you can create spaces fo r socializing, playing, camping and mating friends with other children and adults. What you can do there will depend on where your jiN i is located and how large it is. Here we o ffer you some ideas. Create a shelter where you can meet with other children, protected from the sun and rain. & Create a volleyball court. Create a soccer pitch. & Create a Place for the youngest children to play. MaKe a swingfrom wood or an old tire. & Hang a rope to swing on. ÇetupahammocK. & Create a camping area Create a hideout or a tree house. & Create a Hugging center. & Create a Va Iues £eat. Create trails and magical bridges that will be fun and which can also be used by people who find it difficult to walK or are in wheelchairs.

60 Create a Hvggitig center U se a trunK or a special stone and place it in a lovely place in th e TiNi t o maKe your Hugging C enter. I f someone fe e ls sad they can sit th ere and everyone ujin Know th a t they need a big hug and lots o f affectio n . P ain t a creative sign and prepare yourself to give plenty o f hugs!

61 Create a ifafoes Seat This is a special Place where we paint the values we are going to defend in our TiNi- These values can include: Peace Honesty Solidarity Fairness "Responsability Love for life You can arrange benches, chairs or tree trunKs in a circle or any shape you liKe. Each seat should represent a value and every time we sit there we will remember that value and practice it happily. This can also be an excellent place to meet and talK about the TiNi. run workshops or receive visitors.



H^pmsfoti °mthe W f In your Children's Land you can say and do what you feel and thinK with love. There are many ways to express your feelings and thoughts. Use your art, creativity and spirituality to create magic in theTiNi.

■Remember that your TiNi is the ideal place to express the most positive aspects o f your culture and your mother tongue.

Here are some forms o f expression th a t you can initiate from your Children's Land:

Paint and signpost your TiNi MaKe an offering to the Earth a song for the VNi Write a poem about the TiNi Write a story about the TiNi a character in your TiNi who can be Ania's friend a flag fo r the TiNi a dance for the t ¡N¡ script and shoot a video in your TiNi Create a labyrinth in your TiNi with rocKs or plants.

63 & Make and hanga dream catcher in your TiNig f Paint a wall with a subject associated with the TiNi. e f paintasignforyourTiNi. & Paint an artistic design on the fence around theTiNi. e f Create a game in your TiNi. & D^aw your TiNi. g f Write a love letter to yourTiNi. & MaKe a sculpture in yourTiNig f Create a model o f yourTiNi. g f Create an Andean sundial Known as an Intiwatana. g f Create a special meal with ingredients from yourTiNiCreate handcrafts with materials from your

^ Create a photo album for yourTiNi^ paint rocKs o f an shapes with different colors and arrange them in yourTiNi-

64 MaKe recycled paper and paint and decorate it with plants from your TiNi[^C reate a TiNi Day and celebrate it with whoever you want. el promote the rights o f children from your TiNi with messages or activities you create. Create an area where you can get rid o f all g f your toy weapons (guns, grenades, Knives, etc.) and motivate other children to do the same.

Paint texts and signpost your VUi Paint and put up signs in your Children's Land expressing with love thoughts and feelings about your TiNi, what grows there and the environment. You can write messages in any language, but we recommend that you write in your mother tongue. This might be Spanish^ Quechua, French, AshaninKa, Portuguese, English, Japanese or any other language. You can maKe signs with*. -The name o f your TiNi. - Names o f the species o f plants that live there. - Messages about protecting the planet. -The rights o f chi Idren. -The names o f the trails. -The spaces for you, your family and nature. -Am apoftheTiN i. -A diagram o f th eT N i. - Other ideas you can thinK of!.

You can use rocKs, pieces o f wood, a wall or other materials for painting texts and signpostingyourTiNi. "Remember to use, as much as possible, non-toxic and durable paint that will resistthesun and rain.

66 (earn to make an Offering to the Earth T h e Earth o ffe rs us many marvelous g ifts and all th a t we need to live. T h a t is why, in A ndean culture, people maKe O fferings to th e Earth in special ceremonies in which they have an opportunity to thanK pachamama, or M other Earth fo r all th e wonders th a t she gives us.

Let's maKe an Offering to the Earth: e f Try to get hold o f the following items-.

A robe, blanket, tablecloth or piece o f cloth. Leaves from trees or any other leaves you can find. Some flowers. Beans or maize seeds, or other seeds you can find. Some other offering you would liKe to maKe to the Earth (fruit, potatoes, etc.) A beautiful rocK. Incense (to purify the atmosphere). A clay pot or milK can fo r burning the incense. A spade. A tape measure.

67 s f Invite members o f your family and friends to participate. @f Choose the offerings you want to maKe to the Earth (a flower, a candy without a wrapper, etc.). g f Arrange an the offerings on the cloth you have placed on the ground. & Dig a hole in the ground large enough to accommodate the whole offering (not including the cioth or blanket). e f A sk an adult to light the incense and place it in the pot or can. e f Everyone should then hold hands and form a circle around the offering and the hole. First we salute the north, followed by the south, east and west, after which the children should give thanKs and make a wish for the world. g f Each person should puttheir offering in the hole. Cover the hole with earth and celebrate as a group with a song or a dance. & Put some o f the flowers over the spot where the offering is buried so that you will remember this special moment. g f MaKe offeri ngs throughout the year d uri ng sped a I moments for you and yourTiNi-


Create a song for your Titli gome Children's Lands have created their own songs. To write their song, the


children are helped by adult partners and volunteers who give them ideas so that the song will be fun and very special. Here we provide an example to help inspire you to create your own song for your TiNi:

“Huasoroco” rR jver o f Gold”): Created by the children o f the H uasoroco j i N i with young volunteers in Puerto Maldonado, in the Madre de Dios region o f Peru. Huasoroco

“TaKe Care o f the Earth”: Created by th e c h ild re n fro m th e A n ia Neighborhood and promotors in gan Juan de Miraflores, Lima, Peru. TaKe Care o f the Earth L o o k after the Earth and she'll iook after you

There is a Children's Land in Peru Where you can sing Come and see this wonderful thing And bring your friends too Huasoroco Hey, what a crazy place Huasoroco Where there's plenty of space Huasoroco Come and eat a coconut Huasoroco Come and visit a palm leaf hut Here there's so much to Know The seeds you'll sow The plants that will one day grow And the fruits o f tomorrow

Sow life and the world win change too L o o k after plants and the world will iook after

you The Children's Land is love £ow joy and the world win change too Sow plants and they'll thanK you Sow life and you'll save the world L o o k after plants and you'll help us all Sow plants and the world win taKe care of you Sow plants and breathe air that is pure and new The Children's Land is love In the Children's Land we sow love And we understand the world's true value A Children's Land is filled with love And in Barrio de Ania we thanK you

The Rights of Children

[\Zf The right to life.

You can promote some o f these rights from your Ti'Ni:

The right to express your opinion freely in all matters which affect you, and for your opinion to be taKen into consideration.


The right to meet with other children and to freedom of association. The right to have access to information.

71 The right to an education that [yf The right to enjoy your own will prepare you for an active culture, to practice your own and responsible life as an adult religion and use your own in a free society with respect for language. others and for the environment.

The right to good health.

^ The right to a proper standard o f living for your physical, mental and emotional

72 The right to play, to rest and participate in recreational, cultural and artistic activities.

[yf The right to be protected against whatever might cause you physical and emotional harm.

To learn more about the‘Rights o f Children, we recommend that you: ChecK out this linK on the internet and you will find documents that list and explain the rights of children o f different ages: http://www.savethechildren.esA/er_doc.php?id=86 Find an NGO that promotes the rights o f children and contact them. One o f the organizations that worK on these issues is called Save the Children. In your local authority offices find out who is in charge o f looKing after the "Rights o f Children and contact them.



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T he Organization and Management component includes actions th a t will enable you to*. Get organized: this means identifying the people who will be your partners and the materials you will need to plan, implement and promote your TiNiPlan: create a Vision o f your TiNi and establish a Plan to maKe it a reality. Manage resources-, obtain what you need to maKe your TiNi a reality, including the people who will help you with specific tasKs, materials and some money. promote your TiNi: maKe your TiNi weii-Known through media such as radio, newspapers, a magazine, television, a special event or the internet. The organization and management component should be developed constantly, during the beginning, implementation and development o f your TiNi"Remember that this component will not only help you to create your TiNi, but also to maintain it and maKe it sustainable overtime.

Here are some actions you can taKe in your Children’s Land-.

Most of the actions for starting your TiNi are described in Find adult and child partners. Obtain a physical space. Create a Vision for your TiNipromote the Vision o f our Children’s Land. Create a name for the TiNi and a logo. Form a Children’s Committee or Children’s Club. Hold a handover and inauguration ceremony for the space.


Get hold of resources for implementing the Tiffl Howdo we find resources for the Titii? Bf We can find many useful things in our own home, at school or in the homes o f our grandparents or aunts and uncles. Often nobody uses these things and they can give them to us. You could looKfor: Glass or plastic bottles, pieces o f wood, cups, empty buckets, plant pots, rope or string, old tires, wooden poles, e mpt y w o o d e n or cardboard boxes, paint, gardening tools, paintbrushes, scissors, a hosepipe, garden rocks, PVC tubing, newspaper, notebooks with blank pages, pencils, glue, trash cans, etc.

Howdo we find the resources we don't have for ovrTitfif ^ There are some things that we won't be able to find easily or which might be far from our homes, such as seeds, seedlings o f trees, the seal or the cashbox. t o get these things, we will have to learn to ask forsupport. g f We can ask for help not just from our parents, but also from the school, our grandparents or aut,ts and uncles, the local authorities, carpentry workshops and the stores in the community, etc. ^ Some local authorities have plant nurseries, which are special places where they look after the plants for the whole district. We can ask them to give us some tree seedlings, edible plants or ornamental plants. ^


Carpentry workshops have leftover wood or sawdust that can be very useful to us. Stores, warehouses, markets and supermarkets can give us cardboard and wooden boxes, sacks, bottles, etc. For all o f these things we can write a fetter asking for support.

Other ideas*. g f Throw your birthday party in your TiNi and asK friends to give you gifts that win help you to implement your Chi idren's Land. g f Sell lemonade, healthy snacKs or other foods which you have helped to prepare. I f you grow condiments in your TiNi, that would be even better! g f p ro d u ce h an d crafts with th e natural resources you have in your TiNi. You can also maKe things with recycled materials such as plastic and paper. g f collect used plastic bottles and/or paper and sen them if there is a buyer nearby. s f MaKe a Seed BanK. Every time you eat fruit or vegetables, collect the seeds and dry them in the sun. Then put them in glass jars with the names o f the plants and gradually you will be able to sow them in your TiNi or give them to other children. Seeds are one o f life's true treasures! s f Find out where there is a fair near you and visit it with an adult partner and other children to sell or exchange your products. They will io o k better if you add some special detail liKe recycled wrapping paper you have painted yourself.

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& I f possible, encourage tourists to visit your TINi and at the end o f their visit give them a small gift you and your friends have made, such as a small decorated stone or seed. You can organize this with your adult partners! g f A sk an adult you trust to help you with something specific in which he or she Is an expert. For example, if you need to Know about plants, find someone who Knows about gardening, worKs on a farm or has plenty o f Knowledge and wisdom on this subject and who will be able to teach you. Grandparents are good candidates for this role. & Find volunteers who want to help you to implement, maintain and promote your jiN l. Young people and older adults are the best candidates for this. Ask for help from your adult partners to find these people. e f I f where you live has a local authority with a budget fo r supporting projects, find out what you need to apply. You can asK your adult partners to help you with this and include other children so that everyone will benefit. g f CJsing the logo o f the TiNI and a special phrase, or slogan, create t-shirts and sticKers and sen them or exchange them. & Invent other ways to manage the resources o f your JiNl-

79 {earn bow to write a letter asking tor support for your Titfi you can write one or more letters to asK for support from people or institutions that might be able to help. You can sign these letters yourself, or have all your friends sign them too. gf

CJsethe letter to explain what the children are doing in the Children's Land and what specific help is needed fo r the TINI«A w . z.006 Don't forget to put the T»Ni seal on the letter so the readers win Know that you are serious. To deliver the letter, asK for ml/v^ j mX/viosi (h ipch help from your adult partners.


In exchange for what we are given, we can offer hugs, songs, gifts o f small stones we have painted or other nicethings..

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Promote the Children's land and the posWve changes it generates Display the results of the TiNi Each day our TiNi will be filled with more life. I t Is Important to observe hou) ยกt gradually changes from th e very beginning, in this way we will be able to show photos, drawings, videos, written anecdotes and information about how our TiNi creates changes in us, other people and nature.

This Information will be very Important because you will be able to use it to show the achievements in your TIN! to other people and to the media ef

TaKe photos o f your TiNi from the same angle every month. In this way you win be able to paste them in your diary and you'll see how your TINi changes and fills with life and magic. Write regularly in your TiNi Diary about what you feel and thlnK regarding your TiNi and what it has added to your life since you established It.


Write stories or anecdotes, both positive and negative, about what happens in your TiNi. Also write about how, over time, the people who participate begin to change. Write about the plants you have planted, describing how they are growing, when you harvest those which require harvesting, and when they produce flowers.

81 Write aboutthe animals that live in or visit your TiNi- I f you can, identify the species and write down their names. You can also draw them or taKe a photo and paste it in yourTiNi Diary. &

I f you have access to a video camera, then maKe a video about your TiNi- Interview someone, or have somebody interview you. When someone visits the TiNi, get them to sign the visitors' booK or your TiNi Diary, so that you will have the memories o f all your friends and family members.

82 Promote your VUi in the media There are several ways in which you can promote your TiNiThrough promotion you will be able to obtain and manage more resources. You will also inspire other people to develop their own TiNis. Here we give you a few ideas*.

i With the help o f an adult partner or friend, get in touch with the print media (a newspaper or a magazine) or television or radio, so that they can interview you and help you to promote your TiNiÂŤÂŁ> Create a virtual newsletter where you can post news on the internet every month or two months about your TiNi and how to take care o f the planet. Create a bulletin board and update it every weeK. With the help o f your adult partners, maKe a video about your TiNi and post it on YouTube. Create your website or blog. "Register yourself in the Virtual Network o f Children's Lands on the internet






Niños reciben 3 mil m2 para una TINI = ICA. En em otiva ceremonia los niños del caserío de San Antonio recibieron un terreno de 3,000 metros cuadrados para la im plem entación de una Tierra de Niños (TINI), área en el que los niños fortalecerán su autoestim a e identidad con su ambiente. Raquel Legua es ¡a promotora de esta nueva T in i. ¡a

Create a website or b b J abovt M * Children* ( f


A sk an adult partner or friend to help you to create your own website, where you will be able to post the photos and videos you have of your TiNi and write anecdotes and stories about it, or anything else you feel and would liKe to express with love. A sk an adult partner or friend to help you to create your own blog and post your photos, anecdotes, stories and thoughts


Register yourself in the Children^ land Virtual Network I f you have internet acc e s, and a FacebooK accou n t, register your TiN i in th e G LO BA L NETWORK OF C H IL D R E N '£ L A N D ? an be part o f th e V irtual N etw ork ¡n which children, youth and prom oters from all o ver th e world participate. M ake frien ds, share ideas, f in d solutions, share your accom plishm ents, and help improve your T»Ni and others.

To register, follow these steps: e f Login to your accou n t on FacebooK ef

in th e search box type: "Red Global de Tierra de Ninos.


A n ¡mage will appear in th e box, ciic ¡t, and automatically you will enter th e group Wall.


Once on the Wall, hover ¡n the upper right side below, and click on join the groups. When you have been accepted, you can begin participating.


R ed Global T ierra d e Niríos fl f i Grupo cerrado La Red Global de Tierra de Niños ha sido creada para enlazar a todas aqueles personas o grupos que implementan Tierra.,, V« más Personas que q uizá conozcas

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90 With plant pots we can build magical gardens on rooftops, patios, terraces or inside our home. TiNIs In plant pots are especially Important for: & Children who live In apartments or homes without gardens. & Schools that don't have green areas. ef Pre-Kindergarten children, primary schools or child care centers. & Children who are in wheelchairs or confined to bed. ef Children with different abilities.

â– Remember that to maKe your TiNl in plant pots you will need at least three plants:

One for you.

0 n efo r nature.

One for your family or other people.

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Get hold o f 3 plant pots or a large one that can hold 3 plants. For plant pots you can use a wooden box, a trough, a two-liter plastic bottle cut open, an old tire or other objects that you can reuse. MaKe sure that the containers you use as plant pots have holes in the bottom so that water can pass through instead o f being trapped inside. Find plates to put under the plant pots so that they will catch the water you give to the plants.

92 2- Get hold o f earth mixed with compost. When you fill the plant pot it is best to use loose soil or soil prepared with plenty o f compost so that the plants win have enough nourishment. Get hold o f small stones or gravel. These will help the water to drain away wen and pass through the hole in the plant pot. They can also be used as decoration. . s Get hold o f a watering can. To water the plants you can also use a bucket, pitcher or clean disposable bottle.

m. Get hold o f paintbrushes, temperas, paint and water. With this material you can paint the plant pots or containers and add more color and beauty to your TiNi- To achieve this we recommend the following: Clean the plant pot well and remove all traces o f dirt. & Place the plant pot on a piece o f newspaper, it is best to paint the pot before you put the plant in it. & paint the plant pot however you like and leave it to dry. you can use sticks, seeds or painted beans on it too. Use non-toxic paint.

•4* Find different adornments to give the plant pots a special personal touch. You can use toys, colored seeds, little cardboard or wooden signs or anything else you can thinKof. Find the right plants for your TiNi- Plants are the most important component o f your TiNi- To ensure that the plants grow wen, we recommend the following*. Ask someone who Knows about plants to help you choose the right ones and teach you how to iook after them. Find out how much light and water each plant needs.

g f I f over time you notice thatthere is too little soil, then add more, preferably with compost. g f Give your plants love; speaK to them and transmit positive energy so that they wi 11 grow hea Ithi ly.

To grow wen, some plants need direct light, while others prefer partial shade or complete shade. Depending on the place where you locate yourTiNi, you will need to evaluate the amount o f light you will have, and then decide the best plants for your Children's Land. Also, some plants need a lot of water, while others need less and some hardly any water at all. For example, if you don't have much water where you live geraniums and cacti are ideal. They are resistant and don't need water every day.

m. i f you are in a wheelchair or confined to your bed, then asK your adult partner to put the plant pots where you can reach them easily. A table on wheels could be the perfect place to locate your jiN i. It will also be easy to move it into the light so that your plants will be healthy.

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Teach the younger members o f your family how to maKe a TiNi* They can create their own, you can share a part o f yours with them, or they might even inherit your TIN once you thinK the right moment has come. I f the "pNi is fun o f life and magic, and it is located in a visible place, liKe the area in front o f your home, then people will see it, talK about it and visit so that they can maKe their own Children’s Land. Teach your neighbors and friends how to maKe a TINi- When they have finished their own TiNis, get together and help other children to maKe even more.

Once you have implemented your TiNi and it is fun o f life and magic, you will be ready to teach other children how to create their own. By doing this you will not only be contributing with your own TiNi. b u t a lso m u ltip lyin g y o u r contribution to the planet by helping others to create new TiNiS-

In less time than you thinK, the children you helped to maKe their jiN is will inspire and teach other children, and in this way whole communities and countries will be inspired to change their environment. And one day, perhaps when we are old, we will see how a small action can grow and where once there was no life, new life can be created, and that hope can be created where before there was no hope, and love can grow where once there was none.


Never doubt that a small action performed with love can make a great change in the world. Never doubt that you were born with a special ability and when you put it into practice you will help to improve the world. Never feel as if you are alone because there are adults and children whose mission in life is to help you maKe your dreams come true. And remember that you belong to the great family o f all the living beings o f which nature is composed.

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You have just completed the steps to Implement, develop and promote your Children's Land. â– Remember th at there is a third manual fo r you to



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© C re a te a dynamic coming together in every meeting.

® TaKe photos o f all the activities. © Keep the Minutes B ook and yourTiNi Diary uptodate. @ Clean and tidy a fte r each activity. @ Apply the <f$$: reduce, reuse, recycle and respect. © GivethanKsto Mother Earth.

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United N ations Ed u catio nal, Scien tific and Cultural O rganization O rganisation d e s N ations U n ies pou r l'éducation, la s c ie n c e et la culture

E d u catio n S ector D ivisión of E d u catio n for P e a ce and Su sta in a b le Developm ent J o a q u ín L e g u ia D ire c to r E je c u tiv o A s o c ia c ió n p a ra la N iñ e z y el A m b ie n te - A N IA P e rú

O rganización d e la s N a c io n e s U n id as p a ra la E d u cación , la C ie n cia y la Cultura

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S u b je c t: C h ild re n ’s La n d P rogram m e D e a r M r L e g u ia , T h e Children’s Land Programme in itia te d b y th e A s s o c ia tio n fo r C h ild re n a n d th e ir E n v iro n m e n t (A N IA ) is fu lly in lin e w ith th e o b je c tiv e s a n d p rio ritie s s e t o u t b y th e United Nations Decade o f Education for Sustainable Development (DESD, 2005-2014), c o -o rd in a te d b y U N E S C O . W e h a v e d e c id e d to re c o g n iz e it a s a n o fficial a c tiv ity w ith in th e U n ite d N a tio n s D e c a d e o f E d u c a tio n fo r S u s ta in a b le D e v e lo p m e n t. T h is is a q u ite tim e ly initia tiv e a n d h e lp s in p ro m o tin g a n e w vis io n o f a m o re ju s t a n d s u s ta in a b le w o rld . It o ffe rs a v e ry c re a tiv e w a y to g e t k e y s u s ta in a b ility m e s s a g e s to c h ild re n a n d y o u n g a d u lts , a n d to e x c h a n g e id e a s a ro u n d s u s ta in a b ility is s u e s . B a s e d on th e s ta te d o b je c tiv e s o f th e Children’s Land Programme, U N E S C O is c o n fid e n t th a t th is initative w ill b e a v e ry v a lu a b le c o n trib u tio n to th e s e c o n d h a lf o f th e U N D e c a d e fo r E d u c a tio n fo r S u s ta in a b le D e v e lo p m e n t. P le a s e fin d a tta c h e d a z ip file c o n ta in in g th e D E S D lo g o in v a rio u s fo rm a ts fo r u s e o n th e m a te ria ls d e v e lo p e d b y A N IA fo r th e Children’s Land Programme, a n d fo r its v a rio u s re la te d e v e n ts . W e will w id e ly d is s e m in a te in fo rm a tio n a b o u t th e Children’s Land Programme to v a rio u s E S D s ta k e h o ld e rs in d iffe re n t c o u n trie s . W is h in g y o u m u c h s u c c e s s in c o n tin u in g fo rw a rd to h e a rin g o f its d e v e lo p m e n ts , s in c e re ly ,

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l/ B e rn a rd C o m b e s In fo rm a tio n O ffic e r S e c r e ta ria t o f th e U N D e c a d e o f E d u c a tio n fo r S u s ta in a b le D e v e lo p m e n t

7, place de Fontenoy 75352 Paris 07 SP, France : +33 (0)1 45 68 08 69 Fax : +33 (0)1 45 68 56 35


Association for Children and their Environment