January is the beginning of the new year and time to make new year resolutions. I travel throughout Anhui province in January and feel the warmth of the early spring in my heart. Although the cold air from the north, causing the bone-numbing cold waves, often sweeps southward down over the beautiful land of the province during the winter months, yet, here the melodious birds and swelling buds are all traditional signs of approaching spring. The arrival of spring’s warmth stirs the land back to life. As New Year’s Day had just passed, the provincial Bureau of Statistics released a piece of good news that Anhui’s GDP in 2009 exceeded one trillion yuan. After a few days, a piece of more exciting news came from Beijing: the National Ministry of Science and Technology and the National Commission of Development and Reform had listed Anhui, Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces as pilot provinces for national technology innovation projects. On January 12, a piece of exciting news came from Beijing: the State Council had officially approved “Plan of Wanjiang Urban Belt Demonstration Area to Undertake the Industrial Relocation”. This is a major initiative by the CPC Central Committee and State Council to promote the country’s regional coordinated development so as to inject new impetus and vigor to accelerate the rise of Anhui.”
Prospects of 2010 Anhui Economic and Social Development
A Gratifying Answer Sheet of 2009 In the past year of 2009, people in Anhui united and worked hard to overcome the temporary difficulties to submit a gratifying answer sheet of economic and social development despite of the raging international financial crisis, the province’s GDP hit 1.00529 trillion yuan, calculated by comparable prices, an increase of 12.9 percent. The increase was 4.2 percentage points higher than that of the nation. This indicates that the province has maintained a doubledigit growth for six consecutive years. Above-scale industrial added value reached 398.79 billion yuan, an
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increase of 22.6 percent. The increase was 11.6 percentage points higher than that of the nation, ranking the province third in the nation and first in the country’s central region. The whole society of the province completed an investment into fixed assets reaching 926.32 billion yuan, up by 36.2 percent which is more than 6.2 percentage points higher than that of the nation. The total retail sales of social consumer goods accounted for 352.78 billion yuan, an increase of 19 percent, 3.5 percent higher than that of the nation. The province’s fiscal revenue reached 155.12 billion yuan, an increase of 17 percent; the local fiscal revenue growth was 5.5
percentage points higher than the nation’s average, ranking it 9th in the nation and first in the central region of the country. The people’s livelihood achieved significant results throughout the year. The urban resid e n t s ’ p e r c a p i t a disposable income in the province was 14,086 yuan, an increase of 8.4 percent;
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agricultural workers per capita net income was 4504 yuan, an increase of 7.2 percent. The balance of savings deposits of urban and rural residents at the end of the year was 661.95 billion yuan, an increase of 97.16 billion yuan. The consumer prices fell 0.9 percent.
Sailing in 2010 The new year marks the beginning of the second decade of the new century, and also the last year of the province’s implementation the “Eleventh Five-Year
Plan”. At the recently-concluded Third Session of the Eleventh Provincial People’s Congress, Governor Wang Sanyun called on the delegates of the provincial congress who represent the 67 million people of the province: we should further unite people of the province, agglomerate their wisdom and strength with pioneering and innovative efforts, forge ahead, make great efforts to promote the sound and rapid economic and social development, and strive to push the province to the forefront in the drive of the rise of central China. The main objectives of the economic and social development of this year are: the province’s GDP will grow by more than 10 percent, fiscal revenue will increase by 12 percent, total fixed asset investment will increase by 20 percent, total retail sales of social consumer goods will grow by 17 percent, per capita disposable
income of urban residents will increase by 8 percent, per capita net income of the agricultural workers will increase by 7 percent, consumer price inflation will be controlled at 3 percent or so, 450,000 new jobs will be created for urban dwellers, registered unemployment rate in urban areas will be kept within 4.5 percent, natural population growth rate will be maintained within 0.75 percent, the objective set by the “Eleventh Five-year Plan” for the energy consumption, chemical oxygen demand, sulfur dioxide emissions for each unit production will be fully completed.
Speed up the Construction of Wanjiang City Belt With the approval of “Plan of Wanjiang Urban Belt Demonstration Area to Undertake the Industrial
Relocation”, the curtain of constructing Wanjiang city belt has been gradually opened. Overseas and domestic investors, especially those who are based in the Yangtze River Delta and the central government controlled enterprises are even more optimistic about investment into this piece of prosperous land, have started proceeding business in Wanjiang urban belt on a large scale. At present, “an axis with dual-core and two wings” and six industrial bases, including the raw materials and equipment manufacturing, on the basis of “Wanjiang Urban Belt Demonstration Area to Undertake the Industrial Relocation”, have been started. More than 40 central government controlled enterprises and enterprises based Jiangsu Province have signed cooperation agreements with Anhui Province, including the China Aviation Industry Group, China Salt Industry Group, China Resources Group, Nanjing National Hi-tech Industry zones. China Salt and Salt Chemical Industry Base has been designated in Hefei Circular Economy Demonstration Park, the base construction has been fully started. According to the plan, an annual output of 1 million tons of compound fertilizer, soda ash and 300,000 tons chloralkali products will be accomplished by the year of 2014. When being put into production, the base will become one of nation’s most important three salt chemical industry bases.
Draw a New Map of Independent Innovation Innovation is an inexhaustible motive force for development of a region. Only by continuously improving the ability of independent innovation can the development always maintain new advantages. According to the requirements of the National Technology Innovation Project, Anhui will promote its technology
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innovation system with the focus on the construction of the Hefei-Wuhu-Bengbu Independent Innovation Comprehensive Pilot Zone through speeding up upgrading of industrial technology in “Wanjiang Urban Belt Demonstration Area to Undertake the Industrial Relocation”. According to the province’s proposal of pilot innovation implementation projects, the province will achieve to double innovation projects. That is to say, by 2015, the province’s total output value of hi-tech industry will achieve 1 trillion yuan; the amount of patents will exceed 25,000 pieces; innovative (pilot) enterprises above the provincial level will exceed more than 300; the total amount of R & D investment by whole society will reach 300 billion yuan, about twice higher than that in 2009. The province will arrange a budget of 500 million yuan each year for HefeiWuhu-Bengbu Independent Innovation Comprehensive Pilot Area and national technology innovation special funds of 200 million yuan for the pilot project in Anhui, of which, 100 million yuan will
be disbursed from the special funds of Hefei-Wuhu-Bengbu Independent Innovation Comprehensive Pilot Area. All of the province’s municipalities have to set up appropriate special funds, mainly for incentives for innovation-oriented enterprises, key industrial technology research and development, public service platform construction, the introduction of key technologies, R & D institutions and high-end talents, and supporting facilities for major national projects. The province will accelerate the development of strategic new industries and cultivate electronic information, energy saving and environmental protection, bio-medicine, photovoltaic, new energy vehicles, and cultural creative and other strategic industry. By 2010, the industrial output value of new industries will reach 300 billion yuan, with an average annual increase of 30 percent, accounting for more than 15 percent of the province’s gross industrial output value.
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