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CONSONANTS SOUNDS IN ENGLISH


CONSONANTS CONSONANTS are sounds produced with an egressive flow of air coming out of the mouth or the nose accompanied by obstruction or friction in the articulators.


CONSONANTS CLASSIFICATION CHART


CONSONANTS CAN BE CLASSIFIED ON DIFFERENT KIND OF TYPES:


THE POSITION OF THE PALATE ORAL SOUNDS

NASAL SOUNDS

• /p/

/ttʃ

/l/

• /m/

• /t/

/b/

/ɮ/

• /n/

• /k/

/d/

/dtʒ /

• /f/

/g/

• /ŋ/

• /θ/

/v/

• /s/

/ð/

• / ʃ /

/z/

• /h/

/j/

• /w/

/r/


PLACE OF ARTICULATION LABIODENTAL

BILABIAL

• Is made with both lips: /p/ /b/ /w/

/m/

• The lower lip articulates with the upper teeth /f/ /v/


DENTAL

ALVEOLAR

• The tongue tip articulate with the upper teeth

• The tongue tip and blade articulates with the alveolar ridge:

/ð/ /θ/

/t/ /d/ /n/ /l/ /s/ /z/


POST-ALVEOLAR • The blade articulates with the alveolar ridge: /r/

PALATO-ALVEOLAR • The tip, blade, and front of the tongue articulates with the hard palate: /dtʒ/ / ɮ /   /ʃ/  /ttʃ/


PALATAL

VELAR

• The front of the tongue articulates with the hard palate

• The back of the tongue articulates with the soft palate

/j/

/k/ /g/ /ŋ/


• Sounds involving an obstruction or narrowing of the glottis /h/

GLOTTAL


MANNER OF ARTICULATION PLOSIVES

AFFRICATES

• A complete closure at sime point in the vocal tract, behind which the air pressure builds up and can be released with a sudden burst (plosion).

• Affricates are consonants articulated with a structure of form closure of mouth followed by a slow release. ttʃ dtʒ

/p/ /b/ /t/ /d/ /k/ /g/


FRICATIVES • Fricatives are produced with a structure almost approximation.

SEMI VOWELS • These are also consonants articulated with an open approximation. They are vowel like in quality and function like consonats.


BIOGRAPHY: • http://www.learnlanguagesonyourown.com/places-of-articulation.html

Consonants sounds in english  
Consonants sounds in english  
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