Page 1

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

kXyw \oXn {]mam-Ww

No

○ ○ ○

22

hcn-kwJy H‰ {]Xn : 25 cq] h¿jw : 100 cq] Zznh¿jw : 200 cq] hntZiw : 500 cq]

ln.1435 dPv_v ˛ da-fzm≥ 2014 sabv ˛ Pqsse

saUn-°¬ tImtf-Pn-s\bpw hnip-≤-]-Z-hn-bn-te-°p-b¿ØpI .................. 8 ac-W-s∏-´-h¿ Pohn-°p-∂-sX-ßs\? .......... 12 em \-_nø _AvZo' F\n°p tijw \_n-bn√ Xs∂ ................ 16 am‰-an-√mØ {]]-©h - y-hÿ am‰p-∂h - ¿ ...... 27 amXr-\nµ! {]IrXn hncp-≤X! ..................... 31 J_-dnse in£ ......................................... 37 Xdm-holv: sI. sP. bp. hns‚ ^Xvh ........ 40 ahm-Jo-Øp-en-∂mkn ................................... 41 \ap-s°m-cp-an®p t]mcmSmw ....................... 43 \mi-aS- b - p∂ {]Ir-Xnbpw \mi-an-√mØ Cuiz-c\pw ........................... 45 kwKo-Xhpw D]-I-c-W-ßfpw...................... 47 ap…ow hn[hbp-sS "C±'sb°p-dn®v Nne-Nn-¥-Iƒ ............................................. 49 Ime-am-‰a- d- n-bmØ tIcf lnem¬ IΩn‰n . 54 F.-F.-kp-√-an-sb `’n-°p-∂-h-cm-scm-s°? ........................... 56 DΩp-ldmw \_n-bpsS D‰-_‘p Xs∂ idlp apkvenw .......................................... 61 JmZn-bm-\n-bpsS s]cpw-I-≈-߃ ............. 64 _lp-`m-cymXzw \oXn-s°-Xntcm? ................ 67 ssZhnI ZrjvSm-¥ß - ƒ I¨ap-ºn¬! ....... 69 DΩ-bpsS Im¬°o-gn-emWv kz¿Kw ........... 72 Kw`o-cao \ - m-aß - ƒ ..................................... 74

○ ○ ○ ○

CkvemanI _m¶v bmYm¿∞y-am-Ip-tºmƒ

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

hnØpw sImSp-hm-fpw

- nse 62 hnNn-¥\w hmcn-Ib

\bn® ba≥ _‘w

51 apPm-lnZv ]nf¿∏n-te°v

19

33

23 {io\m-cm-b-W-Kp-cp-hns‚ ssZh-Z-i-Ihpw Xzco-J-Øp-Im-cpsS emC-eml C√-√mbpw

tcmK-߃ ip≤o-I-c-W-ß-ƒ

Vol: 1 Issue: 8 Reg. No. KERMAL 14999/11/1/2012-TC RNI No. 2012/45754 Price Rs. 25/-

No^v FUn-‰¿ {]^. tUm. Sn.-hn. tImb-°p´n ^mdqJn alfanarmagazine@gmail.com Mail: hitechdtp@gmail.com

drkkfarooqui@gmail.com

A¬^-\m¿ ^mdqJv tImtfPv ]n.-H. tImgn-t°mSv 673 632 tIc-f, C¥y. 0495˛ 2441429, 9446258195

Un.-‰n.-]n & teHu´v : sslsSIv Np¶w: 9947 41 46 47


IØp-Iƒ

A¬^-\m¿ C\nbpw Pm{KssX

A¬^-\m¿ FUn-‰¿ Ah¿Iƒ°v, \nkm¿ AlvaZv Xe-t»cn- Fgp-Xnb IØv ImWp-hm-\n-Sb - m-bn. ""C\nbp-ff e°-Øn¬ B hnjbw (N-{µ-am-k\ - n¿Æbw, Ie-≠¿) thWsa-∂n-√ F∂-`n-{]m-bs - ∏-Sp∂p''. Ct±lw th≠{X Nn¥n-°m-sX-bm-WnXv ]d-bp-∂s - X∂p hy‡w. N{µ-Øn-øX - n-Is - f-∏‰ - n-bp-ff t_m[w apkveow temIØp \jvSs∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. Cu Ime-L´- Ø - n¬ Cu hnjbw C\nbp-ff e°-ßf - n¬ Hgn-hm-°W - s - a-∂mWv At±lw A`n-{]m-bs - ∏-Sp-∂Xv. C°-gn™ Ppam-Zn¬ A∆¬ amkw XpS-ßn-bXv F∂mWv F∂p teJ-I\p sXfn-bn°m≥ ]‰ptam? A√m-lp-hns‚ {]]-©h - y-hÿ bpw Iev]\ - {- ]-Im-chpw Cu amkw XpSßnbXv Rmb-dm-gvNb - m-Wv. kuZn-At- d-_y-bnepw Ata-cn-°b - nepw Rmb-dmgvN Ppam-Zn¬ A∆¬ XpS-ßn-b-t∏mƒ ChnsS C¥y-bn¬ XpS-ßn-bXp Xn¶-fm-gvN-bm-Wv. ]nt∂bpw Nne-bn-S-ßfn¬ sNm∆m-gvNb - pw. CXn¬ \n∂pw a\- n-em-bXv teJ-I\pw temIØv C∂p Pohn-®n-cn-∏pff aX-]fi n-X∑ - m¿°pw F∂p th≠ ]e tUmIvSt- d-‰p-Iƒ t\Snb Bfp-Iƒ°p t]mepw XnøXnt_m[w \jvSs - ∏-´n-´p≠v F∂m-Wv. kuZn-bnse ^lZv cmPm-hn\p tUm. Da¿ A^vkepw Iq´cpw DΩp¬Jpdm Ie-≠¿ \nb-aß - ƒ am‰p-hm≥ Fgp-XnbX-Sn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ imkv{Xo-bI - e - ≠ - ¿ \nb-aß - ƒ Ah¿ am‰n shbv°p-Ibpw sNbvX hnhcw teJ-I\v Adnbn-√. teJ-I≥ ]d-bp-∂Xp Xmsg sImSp-°p∂Xp icn-bm-sW-∂m-tWm? 1435H - 15 ˛ Rmb¿ | 1435H - 15 ˛ Xn¶ƒ | 1435H - 15 ˛ sNm∆. Hscm‰ Xnø-Xn°p aq∂v Znh-kß - ƒ.

CXp icn-bm-sW∂p hmZn-°p-∂-hsc t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥ N{µ-am-k-sØ-∏-‰n-bp-ff At\Iw teJ-\ß - ƒ A¬^-\m-dn¬ \nc-¥cw C\nbpw hcp-sa∂p {]Xo-£n-°p-∂p. Fw. Aen-a-Wn-Iv^m≥

kº-∂ao amknI ""apPmlnZv {]ÿm-\sØ XI¿°m≥ kwL-S\ - b - n¬ Ib-dn-°q-Snb apkven-bm-°∑ - msc Xncn-®d - n-bm≥ Ign-bmsX h∂Xpw, kp∂n-Iƒ ke-^n-If - mbn I¨sh¿´v sNbvXXpw A‘hn-izm-kß - ƒ Xulo-Zns‚ IÆm-Sn-bn-eqsS ImWm≥ {ian-°p-∂Xpw apPm-lnZv ]fin-X∑ - m¿ a\- n-em-°msX t]mbn'' F∂ Fw.-F. amd-t©-cn-bpsS A`n-{]mbw (A¬^-\m¿ e°w 21) \qdp iX-am\w icn-bmbn tXm∂p-∂p. sFIy-kwLw t\Xm-°ƒ cq]o-Ic - n® tIcfm \ZvhØp¬ apPm-ln-Zo≥ Hcp \q‰m≠v ]n∂n-Sp-tºmƒ ]nf¿∏p-Isf A`n-ap-Jo-Ic - n-t°≠n h∂Xv ta¬]-d™ Xncn-®d - nhv \jvSs - ∏-´h - ¿ kwL-S\m Xe-∏Øv FØn-bX - p-sIm≠v Xs∂-bmWv F∂v Ct∏m-gsØ kw`h hnIm-kß - ƒ hnfn-t®m-Xp-∂p. hnπ-hI - c - hpw bmYm¿∞y-t_m-[yap-≈Xpw kXy-k‘ - h - p-amb \ncq-]Ww \S-Ønb teJ-I\p A`n-\µ - \ - ß - ƒ. A¬^-\m-dns‚ Xmfp-If - n¬ kº-∂X Hcp-°p∂ CØcw Xqen-II - ƒ AXy-]q¿∆w Xs∂. teJ-I\pw ]{Xm[n-]¿°pw \∑ hc-s´. ˛ Dkvam≥tIm-b, Xncq¿


ImgvNs- b-Sp-°p∂ an∂¬∏n-W¿ ako-lp-±÷ - m-ep-If - psS ^nXv\I - f - n¬ \n∂v A_vZp- emw kp√-ansb A√mlp Im°-s´. lZokv \ntj[n F∂v Bt£-]n-°p∂ `bm-\I - c - mb Akq-bm-ep-°ƒ Xm¶ƒ°p Np‰n-ep-ap-≠v. sh≈n-shfn®w hnX-dp∂ Kw`o-ca - mb Aß-bpsS teJ-\ß - ƒ A‘-Im-cØ - n¬ X∏n-ØS- b - p-∂h - ¿°p shfn®w \¬tI-≠X - m-Wv. ]t£, B an∂¬]n-Wd - n¬ Ah-cpsS ImgvNI - ƒ dm©-s∏-Sp-Ib - m-Wv. AXn-i‡ - amb Aß-bpsS Xqen-I°p apºn¬, \ymb-ßf - psSbpw sXfn-hp-If - p-sSbpw apºn¬ ]nSn®p \n¬°m\m-Im-Øh - ¿ Xm¶-fpsS XI¿® kz]v\w ImWp-∂p. hnd-Ins\ A·n Xn∂p∂ t]mse Xm¶-fpsS ip`m]vXn hnizmkw Ah-cpsS Ak-ln-jvWp-Xsb Im¿∂p Xn∂pw. kwi-ba - n-√. Xm¶ƒ H´pw `bs∏-SmsX apt∂m´p t]mhp-I. Xm¶-sf-t∏mse ASn-bp-d® BZ¿i-im-en-bmb A¬^-\m¿ FUn-‰¿°pw A√mlp ssÿcyw \¬I-s´. Ime-Øns‚ sh√p-hnfn a\- n-em°n kss[cyw H‰-bm-\mbn A¬^\m¿ \S-Øn-s°m-≠p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv `mcn® _m[yX Xs∂. AXv `wKn-bmbn \n¿∆-ln-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ A¬^-\m-dn\v F√m Biw-kI - fpw t\cp-∂p.

˛ A_vZp-√° - p´n, at©cn

kz]v\hnizm-kn-Iƒ A¬^-\m¿ 21˛mw e°-Ønse Fs‚ teJ-\t- ijw Nne `oj-Wn-°Ø - p-Iƒ t]mepw h∂p-sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂p. JmZn-bm-\n-k-sØ-°p-dn®v \nc-¥-camb ]T-\hpw teJ-\-ßfpw A¬^-\m-dn¬ A\nhm-cy-am-Wv. kz]v\t- em-IØ - mWv AlvaZo AwK-ßf - psS hf¿® ImWp-∂X - v. 2014 am¿®v e°w kXyZq-X\ - n¬ henb ZrjvSm-¥ß - f - mbn ]d-bp-∂Xv Ipsd Bfp-Iƒ kz]v\Ø - n-eqsS AlvaZ- n-If - m-bX - ns\ Ipdn-®m-Wv. C{X Zp¿_-eamb hnizm-kn-Itfm Ch¿ F∂-Xn¬ A¤p-Xs - ∏-Sp-Ib - m-Wv. Hcp-]mSv kz]v\ß-fpsS IY. kz]v\-Øn¬ akolv auDu-Zns\ ImWp-∂p. At±lw £Wn-°p∂p. kz]v\m-S-I≥ DSs\ hnizm-kn-bm-Ip-∂p. \√ Xam-ib - m-Wv Cu ]pXp-\_nhmZ-°m-cpsS P¬]-\ß - ƒ. Ckvem-ans\ ASn-ÿm-\-]-c-ambn a\- n-em-°n-b-h-cpsS apºn¬ JmZn-bm-\n-I-fpsS bmsXmcp ]cn∏pw thhp-I-bn√. Alva-Zn-Iƒ°Xv a\- n-em-Im-Ø-Xn¬ kl-X-]n-°p-I-b-√m-sX¥p sNøpw. ˛ A_vZp¬ amen-Iv, Xncp-hn-ezm-ae

{]tXyI Adn-bn∏v A®-Sn-®n-e-hp-I-fpsS h¿≤-\hp ImcWw A¬^-\m¿ kmº-ØnI {]Xn-k-‘nbn-em-Wv. B¿°pw kuP-\y-ambn Ab-°p-∂n-√. \mep e°-sa-¶nepw In´n-b-h¿ hm¿jnI hcn-kwJy AS®v kl-Ic - n-°m-\t- ]-£n-°p-∂p. hcn-kwJy Xosc AS-°msX amknI ssI∏-‰n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂h - ¿s°√mw IpSn-»nI Xo¿°-Ws - a-∂d - n-bn®v IØb-®n-´p-≠v. Bh-iy-an-√m-Øh - ¿ B hnhcw t^mWn-eq-sStbm sat -Pn-eq-sStbm Adnbn-°p-hm≥ k∑-\ v ImWn-°p-Ibpw AXp-h-sc-bp≈ IpSn-»n-Im-_m-[yX Xo¿°pIbpw sNø-Ww. kw`m-h\ - I - f - b - ®pw Cu kwcw-`sØ hnP-bn-∏n-°m≥ apgp-h≥ A¬^\m¿ hmb-\° - m-tcmSpw A`y¿∞n-°p-∂p. hmbn-®m¬ D]-Im-cs - ∏-Sp-sa∂p tXm∂p-h¿°v DZm-ca - X - n-Iƒ tIm∏n kvt]m¨k¿ sNbvX A{U- p-If - b - ®v kl-Ic - n-°p-I. A√mlp A\p-{K-ln-°-s´. sN°v/UnUn FSp-t°-≠Xv

KOYAKUTTY T.V A/c No. 57064977570 SBT FEROKE Br. 70191 IFSC: 0000191

aWn-Hm¿U-dp-Iƒ Manager, Alfanar, Nuz'ha Complex Farook College P.O 673632, Kozhikode

]pXp-°nb hcn-kwJy H‰-{]Xn 30/˛ hm¿jnIw 120/˛ Zznhm¿jnIw 240/˛ 5 h¿jw 550/˛


FUn-t‰m-dn-b¬

6

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

N

cn-{X-sa-gpXn F´m-aXv apPm-lnZv kwÿm\ ktΩ-f\w AXn-Kw-`o-c-ambn \S-∂p. apPm-lnZv {]ÿm-\Ø - n¬ Ign™ Zi-IØ - n-ep-≠mb I\Ø \mi-\j - vS߃ sIm≠v a\ v ZpxJn® At\-Im-bn-cß - ƒ°p sXs√mcp Bizm-khpw {]Xo£bpw a\x-ka - m-[m-\hpw \¬Inb alm-kt- Ω-f\ - a - m-bn-cp∂p FS-cn-t°m´v \S-∂Xv. apkvenw-If - nse F√m hn`m-Ks - Øbpw kt¥m-jn-∏n-®n-´p≠v F∂-XmWv kXyw. Iq´m-bva, A®-S° - w, Kuc-ht- a-dnb N¿®-Iƒ, skan-\m-dp-Iƒ, {]_-‘ß - ƒ, emfnXyw, kv{Xo km∂n-≤yw F√m-sa√mw FSpØp ]d-bm-hp-∂-hn[w sa®-s∏-´Xpw Kw`o-ch - p-am-bn-cp-∂p. 43 sk£-\p-If - n-embn \qdp-IW - ° - n¬ hnj-bß - ƒ N¿® sNøs∏-´p. (H-s∂m-gn-sI, temIw apgp-h≥ tIcf apkvenw-Iƒ {]tXy-In®pw N¿® sNøp∂ N{µ-amk \n¿Wb am\-Zfi s - a¥v F∂Xv). Hcp e£w {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ \mep-Zn-hkw Ign-®p-Iq-´n. A©p e£-Øn-e[ - nIw Bfp-If - psS ]¶m-fn-Øa - p-≠mbn. Hcp \q‰m-≠mbn tIcf apkvenw-Iƒ°p shfn®w \¬In-h∂ \thm-∞m-\Øns‚ XpS¿{]-h¿Ø-\ß - fp-ambn apt∂m´v F∂v Blzm\w sNbvXmWv B almk-tΩ-f\w ]ncn-™X - v. A√m-lp-hn\v Bbn-ca - m-bncw kvXpXn-Iƒ. FÆn-bm-sem-Sp-ßmØ \∑-Iƒ \thm-∞m\ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn-eqsS tIcf apkvenw P\-X°v ImgvN-sh® Cu {]ÿm\w Ct∏mƒ t\cn-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ {]Xn-k‘n hfsc Zp¿LSw ]nSn-®Xp Xs∂. AsX-ßs\ ]cn-lc - n-°p-sa-∂X - n\p Hcp tbmPn® Xocp-am\w Dcp-Øn-cn-tb-≠X - p-≠v. ISp-∏t- a-dnb kwL-S\m k¶p-NnX-Xzam-Wn-∂sØ G‰hpw henb apkzo-_Ø - v. hn´p-hogvN, kln-jvWp-X, klh¿Øn-Xzw, kmtlm-Zc - yw, sFIyw, Fs∂ms° AXn-Kw-`o-chpw at\m-lc - h - p-ambn ]d-bm-\-√msX {]tbm-K-h¬°-cW cwKØv h´-∏q-Py-amWnh. Cu A‘-amb "XJveoZv' \thm-∞m\ {]ÿm\w XI¿Ø-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m-eXv ]q¿∆ i‡ntbmsS Xncn®v h∂n-cn-°p-∂p. Xulo-Zn¬ \n∂v hyXn-N-en-®-h¿ F∂v aS-hq¿ hn`m-KsØ Bt£-]n-®h - ¿ Xs∂ in¿°ns‚ NmW-I° - p-gn-bnse HØ-\S- p-hn¬ sN∂p hoWp. acn-®p-t]mb Huen-bm, Aºn-bm, alm-∑msc hnfn®p klmbw tXSmw F∂p ]d-bp∂ bmYm-ÿn-Xn-Isc IS-Øn-sh´n Pn∂p-I-tfmSv klmbw tNmZn-°¬ in¿°√ F∂-Xn¬ FØn-s∏-s´∂p am{X-a√ - , At∏-cn¬ \thm-∞m\ {]ÿm-\-sa∂ s]cpwI∏¬ s\Sp-sI-∏n-f¿∂p. temI apkvenw Ncn-{X-Øn¬ F{Xbpw Zp¿_-ea - mb Hcp lZo-kns‚ t]cn¬ C{X henb ]nf¿∏v apkvenw DΩØn¬ D≠m-bn-´n-√. henb alm-∑m-cmbn kzbw sIm´n-∏mSn \S∂ "]fin-Xh - r-≤∑m¿' hoWn-Xt√m InS-°p∂p in¿°≥ ]Sp-Ip-gn-bn¬ F∂v \njv]£ - ¿°p t_m[yam-bn. A√mlp F√m-hs - cbpw c£n-°s - ´. ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ apg-°nb "\thm-∞m-\-Øns‚ XpS¿{]-h¿Ø-\-ßfpambn apt∂m´v' F∂ {]kvXmhw km£m¬I-cn-°pI Xs∂ thWw. Im¬\q-‰m-≠n\p apºv Ah-km-\-ambn \thm-∞m-\-Øns‚ c≠p ine-Iƒ°p IqSn \thm-∞m\ \mb-I∑ - m¿ ASn-Ød - b - n-´n-cp-∂p. H∂v: hnhm-l, kmº-Øn-I, Poh-Im-cpWy, {]t_m[-\c - w-KsØ kmaq-ly-t£a \thm-∞m-\Ø - n-\p- th-≠n-bp≈ hnπ-hI - c - a - mb am‰w Ipdn-°m≥ "_nkvan' cq]o-Ic - n-°s - ∏-´p. _yqtdm Hm^v Ckvem-anIv tkmjy¬ B‚ v anjy-\dn C≥^¿ta-j≥ (BISMI) F∂m-WX - ns‚ ]q¿Æ-cq-]w. _nkvan 1978emWv cq]o-I-cn-®-Xv. sI.-]n. apl-ΩZv aue-hn-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ hnπhw krjvSn-®psIm-≠p-Xs∂ AXv apt∂-dn. _nkvan-bpsS `c-WL - S- \ - b - n¬ At\Iw e£y-߃ {]Jym-]n-®n-cp-∂p. tIhew kv{Xo[-\c - l - nX hnhm-lØ - n\p c≠n-WI - sf ]nSn®p tN¿Øp-sIm-Sp-°m≥ th≠n am{X-am-bn-cp-∂n√ AXv. kmaq-ly-t£-aw, Poh-Im-cpWyw, CXc aX-ÿc - n-te-°p≈ {]t_m-[\w, hnZym-tI-{µ-ßf - psS ÿm]-\w, kmº-

\thm-∞m\w Af-ap-´p-tºmƒ!

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ØnI Agn-aX - n-Iƒ°pw [q¿Øn-\p-sa-Xn-cn-ep≈ t]mcm´w XpSßn hnhm-lZ- p-cm-Nmc-߃ hsc, At\Iw Imcy-߃. ]n∂oSv Hcp ]S-tbm´w Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p. _nkvan tIcfw \nd-™p-\n-∂p. ]utcmlnXyw sR´n-hn-d® - p. {]ÿm-\Ø - nse aq∏-∑m-cmb Nne tImSo-iz-c∑ - m¿ Cf-In-him-bn. AtXmsS kwL-S-\bv°v A¬]w ISn-™m-Wn-tS≠n h∂p. sI.-]n.-bpsS ac-W-tØmsS ]pXnb t\XrXzw AtX-s‰-Sp-Ø-h-tcmSv shdpw s]Æp-sI-´n-°p-∂Xn¬ am{Xw AXns\ HXp-°n-\n¿Øm≥ I¬]n-®p. AtXmsS _nkvan "NØ-Xns\m-°ptam Pohn-®n-cn-°nepw' F∂-Xp-t]m-se-bm-bn. Ct∏mƒ G´nse B ]ip ]p√p Xn∂p-∂n-√. AtXmsS AXnse \thm-∞m\w kvXw`n-®p. ]s£, al-\o-bamb B BZ¿iw a‰p GXm-s≠√m apkvenw hn`m-Kß - fpw kwL-S\ - I - fpw Gs‰-SpØp. AXp am{Xta t\´-ambn ImWm-\m-Iq. ]s£, ]q¿W-ambn hnP-bn-∏n-s®-Sp°m≥ aph-lvln-Zp-Iƒ°p am{Xta Ignbq F∂ bmYm¿∞yw ad-∂p-Iq-Sm. c≠m-at- Ø-Xv, 1978¬ Xs∂ as‰mcp \thm-∞m\ hnπ-ha - mbn tIcfm lnem¬ IΩn‰nbpw cq]o-Ir-Xa - m-bn. L´w-L´- a - mb ]cn-h¿Ø-\Ø - n-eqsS IrXy-amb {]]© hyh-ÿ° - \ - p-kc - n® IW°v {]Im-ca - p≈ Xnø-Xn-If - n¬ Xs∂ Ckvem-anse Bcm[-\-Iƒ sNøp-∂-hn[w N{µ-am-k-\n¿W-b-Ønse imkv{Xo-b-hiw \S-∏n-em-°p-I, Ckvem-anI Ie-≠¿ apkvenw-Iƒ°n-Sb - n¬ i‡-ambn {]N-cn-∏n-°p-I, Jmkn-am-cS- °-ap≈ ]utcm-ln-Xy-Øns‚ CXp-kw-_-‘-amb lp¶v Ah-km-\n-∏n-°pI AhcpsS sX‰mb amk-ap-d∏ - n-°¬ ]cn-]mSn Ah-km-\n-∏n®p t\mºp s]cp-∂m-fp-If - n¬ sFIy-ap-≠m-°pI XpS-ßn-bh - s - bm-s°-bm-bn-cp∂p tIcf lnem¬ IΩn-‰n-bpsS cq]oI-cW e£y-ßf - mbn Rß-sf-sbms° t\Xm-°ƒ ]Tn-∏n-®X - v. (C-t∏m-gsØ t\Xm°ƒ ]nSn-®p-\n¬°m≥ ]mI-Øn¬ Zp¿hym-Jym-\n-°p-∂p-sh-¶n-epw). CXpw Kw`o-camb hnπhw krjvSn®p cwK-sØ-Øn. Jmkn-am-cn-fI - n-bm-Sn. ]utcm-lnXyw \n∂p hnd-®p. P\-߃ amk-\n¿W-bØ - n-s‚bpw apkvenw sFIy-Øn-s‚bpw {]m[m-\yhpw Ckvem-anI hyh-ÿbpw a\- n-em-°n, tIcf lnem¬ IΩn-‰n-bpsS Xocp-am-\߃°p apkvenw tIcfw ImtXm¿Øp. P\-߃ e£y-Øn-te°v IpXn-°p-Ib - mbn-cp-∂p. s]cp-∂m-fp-Iƒ t]mepw H‰bv°p \S-Øs - ∏-´p. hnI-ehpw Aim-kv{Xo-bhp-amb coXn-bn-ep≈ amk-ap-d∏ - n-°¬ hyhÿ {]Im-ca - m-sW-¶nepw tIcfw apgp-hs\-¶nepw Htc Znh-k-Øn¬ t\mºv, s]cp-∂m-fp-Iƒ \S-Ø-s∏-Sp∂ Ah-ÿ-bnte°p h∂p-tN¿∂p. F∂m¬, CXnepw tImSo-iz-c∑ - m¿ CS-s]-´p. _nkn-\k - p-Im¿ \nb-{¥n-®p. cmjv{Sob Xß-∑m¿ IÆp-cp-´n. Bflo-b-t\-Xm-°ƒ ]W-°m-scbpw cmjv{So-b-°m-scbpw Iq´p-]n-Sn-®p. kΩ¿±-Øns‚ hgn-bn¬ \thm-∞m\ {]ÿm\sØ Xf-®p. da-km-\n¬ ]©-\-£{X tlm´-ep-I-fn¬ Nocm-°™n IpSn-®v, ]mbkw \pW™v sI´n-∏n-Sn®p DΩ-sh®v \a-kvI-cn®p ]ncn-bp-∂-Xn¬ tIcfm lnem¬ IΩn‰n _en \S-Øn. Ct∏mƒ Jmkn-am-cpsS amk-ap-d∏ - n-°e - n\p dmwap-fnI-fmbn \thm-∞m\ t\Xm-°ƒ Xcw-Xm-Wp. C∏-d-™Xv kXy-a-s√∂p ]d-bm≥ ss[cy-ap-≈-h¿ ]d-b-s´. Npcp-°Ø - n¬ \thm-∞m\w Af-ap´n \n¬°p-Ib - m-Wn-t∏mƒ. ]dbq: "Im¬ \q‰m≠n-\p-≈n¬' apPm-lnZv {]ÿm\w F¥p ]pXnb \thm-∞m-\-amWv apkvenw-I-fnep-≠m-°n-bXv? Ass\-Iy-Øn\pw XΩn¬ X√n\pw kpµcamXrI krjvSn-®-X-√msX. Fs‚∏m∏m-s°m-cm-\≠ - m¿∂v AXns‚ Xgºv Fs‚ ]rjvSØ - n-enXm F∂p ]d-™h - s - \-t∏mse \thm-∞m-\Ø - ns‚ A\-¥c - m-hI - m-in-If - mbn thj-an-Sp-∂h - ¿ _Smbn hnSp-Ib - m-Wv. \thm-∞m-\Ø - ns‚ XpS¿{]-h¿Ø-\h - p-ambn apt∂m´v F∂v ]d-bp-∂h - c - S- °w BZyw th≠Xv Cu {]ÿm-\Ø - nse BZy-Im-esØ sFIy-kwL-Øn-te-°p-hc - n-I. AN-©e - a - mbn Xulo-Zn¬ ASn-bp-d®p \n∂v ]c-temIw e£yam°n Ckvem-ans\ imkv{Xo-b-ambn ]pXp-tem-I-Øn\p ka¿∏n-°m≥ Xøm-dm-hpI. "_nkvan'bpsSbpw tIcf lnem¬ IΩn-‰n-bp-sSbpw {]k‡n Xncn-®d - n™v B XpS-ßn-sh® \thm-∞m\w ]q¿Øo-I-cn-°p-I. \thm-∞m-\-Øn\p apPm-lnZv {]ÿm\w ]pXnb AP≠ Xøm-dm-°p-I. in¿°n-√mØ apkvenw tIcfw; Pmd-ßfpw J_¿]q-PI - fpw BƒssZ-hß - f - p-an-√mØ apkvenw DΩ; kmº-ØnI Agn-aX - n-Ifpw Po¿Æ-X-I-fp-an-√mØ kaq-l-krjvSn; ]hn{X IpSpw__-‘-ß-fp≈ kap-Zmbw; imkv{Xo-b-amb ImgvN-∏m-Sn-eqsS Ckvem-an-s\bpw Jp¿-B-\n-s\bpw CX-c-a-Xÿ¿°v ]cn-N-bvs∏-Sp-Øp∂ kwhn-[m-\w. aZy-]m-\n-I-fn-√m-Ø, \a-kvImcw Dt]£n-°mØ hn\-bm-ºn-X-cmb apkvenw-I-fpsS \mSv. CXp-t]m-ep≈hbmWv \thm∞m-\Ø - n\p AP-≠I - fmbn C\n htc-≠X - v. A√mlp A\p-{l-ln-°s - ´.' ˛ FUn-‰¿

7


hnizmk Z¿i\w˛ 20 tImb-°p´n ^mdqJn

saUn-°¬ tImtf-Pn-s\bpw hnip-≤-]-Z-hn-bn-te-°p-b¿ØpI a\p-jysc alm-hn-ip-≤-cmbn {]Jym-]n-°m≥ am¿∏m-∏°v am{Xw ssZhw A[n-Imcw \¬Intbm? A√ am¿∏m∏ ssZhw Xs∂tbm? Cßs\ hnip-≤-cm-°-s∏-´-h-cpsS Xncp-\m-fp-Iƒ BtLm-jn-°mw. Xncp- k z- c q- ] - ß ƒ {]Xn- j v T n- ° mw, BƒØm- c - b n¬ hW- ß mw, Ah¿°v t\¿® hgn-]m-Sp-If - n-Smw, B hy‡n-bpsS {]m¿∞-\I - fpw Nn{X-ßfpw A®-Sn-°mw. Ah-tcmSp a\-ap-cpIn {]m¿∞n-°mw.

bmsXm-cm-fp-sSbpw

bmsXmcp hkvXp-hn-s‚bpw cq]-ßtfm hn{K-lßtfm D≠m-°n-sh-bv°-cp-sX∂pw Ahsb Bcm-[n-°-cp-sX∂pw (ss__nƒ) I¿i-\a - mbn hne-°nb aX-amWv ss{IkvXh aXw. F∂m¬ temIw apgp-h≥ tbip-hns‚ {]Xn-ab - p-≠m°n thZ-{K-ŸsØ A]-lk - n°pw hn[w alm-\mb Hcp ssZh-kr-jvSnbpw a\p-jy\pamb tbip-hns\ \n¿e÷w Bcm-[n-°p-∂-h-cmWv {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ. Hcp \q‰m-≠n\p apºv acn®p aÆ-Sn™ Nmh-db - ® - s - \bpw Fhp-{]m-kymΩ-sbbpw Ct∏mƒ am¿∏m∏ hnip≤ ]Zhn \¬In ss{IkvXh ItØmen°m temI-Øn\p ]qPn-°m\pw Bcm-[n-°m\pw c≠p hn{K-lß - ƒ IqSn \¬In-bn-cn-°p-∂p. ]t≠ hmgvØs - ∏-´h - c - m-bn-cp∂ Ah¿ J_-dn¬ InS∂v Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂-h-cn¬ A¤p-X-߃ krjvSn-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-W-s{X. CXv {^m≥knkv am¿∏m∏ AwKo-Ic - n-®t- XmsS Ah¿ alm-hn-ip-≤c - m-bn-Øo¿∂p!

hnip≤ Nmh-d® - ≥ A¬t^m¨k-Ωbv°p tijw ImØ-enIv `mc-Xk - ` - bv°v e`n® hnip≤-cm-Wn-h¿ c≠p-t]-cpw. 19˛mw \q‰m-≠n¬ tIcf k`-bpsS shfn-®-am-bncp∂ Nmh-d-b-®≥ 1805¬ P\n-®p. 1829¬ sshZn-I-]´w e`n-®p. At±lw 1831¬ a∂m\w kn.-Fw.-sF. k` ÿm]n-®p. 1846¬ {] pw kwkvIrX kvIqfpw Bcw-`n-®p. ]≈n-Iƒ tXmdpw ]≈n-°q-S-ßfpw \{km-Wn-Zo-]nI ]{Xhpw XpS-ßn. BZy D]-hn-ime tIc-fØ - n¬ XpS-ßn-bXpw At±-la - mWv. 1871¬ Znhw-KX - \ - m-bn. Hcp \q‰m-≠n\p tijw 1986¬ A¬t^m¨k-Ωbvs°m∏w Nmh-db - ® - s - \bpw tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a≥ am¿∏m∏ hmgvØs - ∏-´h-cmbn {]Jym-]n-®p.

Fhp-{]m-kyΩ Nmh-d-b-®≥ ÿm]n® kn.-Fw.kn k\ym-kn\n k`-bnse AwK-am-bncp∂ Fhp-{]m-kymΩ 1877¬ P\n-®p. 1896¬ Bflo-bP - o-hn-XØ - n\p Aº-g8

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


°m´v aT- Ø n¬ tN¿∂p. 1900¬ k\ym-k{- hXw kzoIcn-®p. 1913 apX¬ 1916 hsc H√q¿ sk‚ v tacokv aTØn¬ aZ¿ kp{]n-b-dm-bn-cp∂p. 1952¬ Znhw-K-X-bm-bn. AΩ-bpsS {]m¿∞\m a[yÿ- X - b n¬ At\- I ¿°v tcmK-im-¥n-bn-eqsS A¤p-X߃ A∂p-Xs∂ \S-∂n-cp∂p-h-s{X. 1990¬ Ah-cpsS I√d Xpd∂v `uXn-Im-h-injvS-߃ aTw It∏-f-bv°p≈n-te°p am‰n. 2002¬ Ah¿ "[\y'bmbn {]Jym-]n-°-s∏´p. 2006¬ taP¿ B¿®v _nj∏v I¿±n-\mƒ h¿°n hnX- b - Ø n¬ Fhp- { ]m- k yΩsb hmgvØ-s∏-´-h-fmbpw {]Jym- ] n- ® p. Cu hcp∂ HIvtSm-_¿ 2014 Nmh-d-b-®s\bpw Fhp- { ]m- k y- Ω sbbpw hnip-≤c - mbn {]Jym]n-°p∂ NSßv \S-Øs - ∏-Sp∂-Xm-Wv.

tijw cq]Xm tImSXn CXv ÿnco- I - c n- ® p. ]n∂oSv {]tXyI ss{S_yq- W ¬ ÿm]n®v ]T\w \S- Ø pIbpw hnh-cß - ƒ tiJ-cn-°pIbpw XpS¿∂v I¿±n\mƒamcpsS πo\dn Akw ªn tcJ-Iƒ ]cn-tim-[n®p AwKo-I-cn®p hØn-°ms‚ ]cn- K - W - \ - ° - b - ® p. {^m≥ knkv am¿∏m-∏°p Nmh-db - ®s‚ J_-dn¬ \n∂v "A¤pX-hc - ß - ƒ' shfn-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂p. AXn-\m¬ Nmh-db - ® - s\ am¿∏m∏ hnip≤-\mbn {]Jym-]n®p! (apkvenw bmYm-ÿn-XnI hn`m-K-Øns‚ acn-®p-t]mb Huen- b m- ° - s f- ° p- d n- ® p≈ k¶¬∏-߃, hnizm-kß - ƒ, [mc-W-Iƒ, {]Nm-c-W-߃ Ah- c n- t e- s °- Ø n- t ®¿∂ hgn Ct∏mƒ hmb-\° - m¿°p \∂mbn a\- n-em-bn-cn-°p-at√m. \_n(- k ) ]d™p:

hnip-≤\ - mIpw hgn: Pohn-XI - m-eØv ]cn-ip-≤nbpsS ]cn- a fw ]c- Ø nb kmaq- l nI ]cn- j v I ¿Ømhmbncp∂p Nmh- d - b - ® ≥. 1807¬ acn-®p-t]mb A®≥ 2009 sabv 27\v ssZh-tØmSp≈ a[y- ÿ - X - b n¬ (apkv e nw- I - f psS `mj- b n¬ ˛ i^m-AØv/kq¬^m/ hkzoe F∂p- ] - d - b mw) ]mem IØo-{U¬ CS-h-Ibnse sIm´m-cØ - n¬ tPmkns‚bpw tacn- b p- s Sbpw aIfmb adn-b-bpsS tIm¶Æp-Iƒ {]m¿∞-\-bn-eqsS kpJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-Sp-Øp-hs{X. tUmIvS¿amcpw a‰pw CXp km£y- s ∏- S p- Ø n- b 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

""NmWn\p NmWm-bn, apg-Øn\p apg-ambn blq-Zn-\-{km-Wn-Isf Fs‚ A\p-bm-bn-Ifn-ep≈ Nne¿ ]n≥]‰pI Xs∂ sNøpw. Hcp DSp-ºn≥ amfØn¬ sRßn-sRcpßn Hcm-hi - y-hp-an√msX Ah¿ Ib-dp∂Xp I≠m¬ Chcpw ap≥]n≥ Nn¥n-°msX ]n∂mse Ib-dpw.''

""NmWn\p NmWm- b n, apgØn\p apg-ambn blq-Zn -\{km-Wn-Isf Fs‚ A\p-bmbn-I-fn-ep≈ Nne¿ ]n≥]‰pI Xs∂ sNøpw. Hcp DSpºn≥ amf-Øn¬ sRßn-sRcpßn Hcm-h-iy-hp-an-√msX Ah¿ Ib-dp-∂Xp I≠m¬ Chcpw ap≥]n≥ Nn¥n°msX ]n∂mse Ib-dpw'').

hmgvØ-s∏-´m¬: Ccn- ß m- e - ° pS It√‰n≥I-cbv°v kao]w ]pen-∏md-°p∂v IÆ≥Ip-∂n-ho-´n¬ sP≥k-s‚bpw do\-bp-sSbpw aI-\mb It√-‰pw-Ic _n.-hn.Fw. kvIqƒ HºXmw ¢mkpIm-c\ - mb Pqh-en-\mWv Fhp{]m-ky-Ωb - psS a[yÿw hgn sXm≠-bn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂ amcI-amb apg ˛ ssXtdm-t•mk¬knÃv ˛ t`Z-am°n In´nb-Xv. ]g-Inb Syqa¿, izk-\\m-fØ - n\pw A∂-\m-fØ - n-\pan-Sb - n¬, ikv{X-{Inb Akm[y- a m- b , BZyw kwkm- c tijn \jvS-s∏´, Poh-\pt]mepw A]- I - S - I - c - a m- b ncp∂ Cu tcmK-Øn\p XpS¿ NnIn’ t]mep- a n- √ m- b ncp∂p! AΩ-tbmSv a\-ap-cpIn {]m¿∞n®p. AΩ a[yÿ bmbn kpJ-s∏-SpØn A¤p Xw krjv S n- ® p. CØcw A¤p-X-߃ ]cn-K-Wn-°p ∂ tdmanse tImS-Xn-bn-enXp ka¿∏n-®p. Fhp-{]m-kyΩ hmgvØ-s∏-´-h-fm-bn-Øo-cm≥ CXn-t\-°mƒ C\n F¥v? Aßs\ a\p-jysc almhn-ip-≤c - mbn {]Jym-]n-°m≥ am¿∏m-∏°v am{Xw ssZhw A[n-Imcw \¬Intbm? A√ am¿∏m∏ ssZhw Xs∂tbm? 9


Cßs\ hnip-≤c - m-°s - ∏-´h - cpsS Xncp-\m-fp-Iƒ BtLmjn-°mw. Xncp-kz-cq-]-߃ {]Xn-jvTn-°mw, BƒØm-cbn¬ hW- ß mw, Ah¿°v t\¿® hgn-]m-Sp-If - n-Smw, B hy‡n-bpsS {]m¿∞-\I - fpw Nn{X-ßfpw A®-Sn-°mw. AhtcmSp a\-ap-cpIn {]m¿∞n°mw.

ssZhw cq]w sIm≈p∂p Cu hnip-≤-]-Z-hn-bn-seØm≥ IS-º-Iƒ [mcm-f-ap≠v. IrXy-amb am¿§-tc-Jb - p-

t]mkvØp-e-tØm¿ ˛ ]cntim- [ n®v hne- b n- c pØn AwKo-I-cn-®m¬ hy‡nsb "[\y' ]Z- h n- b n- t e- ° pb¿Øpw. [\y-bm-bm¬ AhcpsS {]m¿∞-\-Ifpw Nn{Xßfpw A®- S n- ° mw. ac- W tijw hy‡n- b psS a[y ÿw hgn A¤pXw \S-°Ww. CXv \ma-Ic - W tImSXn°p sXfn-bW - w. At∏mƒ hmgvØs - ∏-´h - c - psS KW-Ønem-bn. HºXv ssZh-im-kv{X⁄¿ AS- ß nb kanXn hni-Ie - \w sNbvXp ÿnco-

Imcy-Øn¬ \ma-Ic - W \S-]Sn- I - f n¬ Cf- h p- ≠ v . AXn\m¬ c‡- k m- £ n- I - f mbn acn-®h - sc Npcp-ßnb kabw sIm≠v hnip-≤c - m-°m≥ Ignbpw.

ssZhw Na-bp∂ BƒssZ-h-߃ Hcmƒ ]cn- i p- ≤ - s \∂v Xocp-am-\n-°m≥ Cu {]]-©Øn¬ A√m-lp-hn-\-√msX B¿°p Ignbpw? hnip-≤cmbn {]Jym-]n-°p∂ A[nIm- c n- b mb am¿∏m- ∏ - a msc hsc sImSpw ]m]-ß-fn¬

hmgvØ-s∏´ tijw hy‡n-bpsS a[y-ÿ-X-bn¬ ho≠pw Hc-¤pXw kwi-bm-Xo-X-ambn sXfn-bn-°-s∏-S-Ww. CXpw apºn-e-tØ-Xp-t]m-sesb√mw ]cn-tim-[n®v t_m[y-s∏-´m¬ AwKo-Ic - n-°pw. XpS¿∂v Xncp-kwL-Øns‚ ip]m¿i ]cn-tim-[n®v am¿∏m∏ hnip-≤\ - mbn {]Jym-]n-°p∂-Xn\p A\p-aXn \¬Ipw. c‡-km-£n-If - psS Imcy-Øn¬ \ma-Ic - W \S-]S- n-If - n¬ Cf-hp-≠v. AXn-\m¬ c‡-km-£n-If - mbn acn-®h - sc Npcpßnb kabw sIm≠v hnip-≤c - m-°m≥ Ign-bpw.

≠v. Hcmƒ hnip-≤\ - m-sW∂v hnizm-kn-Iƒ°v t_m[y-ambm¬ cq]- X m - X - e - Ø n¬ sa{Xms\ Adn- b n- ° pw. hy‡n acn®v 5 h¿jw ]n∂n´m¬ \ma-Ic - W \S-]Sn XpSßpw. hnip- ≤ ¿°mbp≈ Xncp- k w- L - Ø n¬ \n∂v A\p-aXn In´n-bm¬ sa{Xm≥ kan- X nsb \nb- a n- ° pw. Akm- [ m- c W ]pWy- ß ƒ t_m[y- s ∏- ´ m¬ Abmsf ssZh-Zm-k≥ F∂v {]Jym-]n°pw. CXv hØn-°ms\ Adnbn- ° pw. hØn- ° m≥ AXv Xncp-kw-LØ - n\p ssIam-dpw. Xncp- k w- L - Ø - e - h ≥ ˛ 10

I-cn-°pw. kwi-ba - p-≠m-bm¬ sa{Xm-∑mcpw I¿±n-\mƒamcpw AS-ßp∂ kanXn ho≠pw ]cn- t im- [ n- ° pw. th≠n- h ∂m¬ thm´n-\n-Spw. hmgvØs∏´ tijw hy‡n- b psS a[y-ÿ-X-bn¬ ho≠pw Hc¤pXw kwi-bm-Xo-X-ambn sXfn-bn-°-s∏-S-Ww. CXpw apºn-et- Ø-Xp-t]m-se-sb√mw ]cn-tim-[n®v t_m[y-s∏-´m¬ AwKo- I - c n- ° pw. XpS¿∂v Xncp-kw-LØ - ns‚ ip]m¿i ]cn-tim-[n®v am¿∏m∏ At±lsØ hnip-≤\ - mbn {]Jym]n- ° p- ∂ - X n\p A\p- a Xn \¬Ipw. c‡-km-£n-If - psS

]nSn-°s - ∏´ Ncn{Xw ItØmen°m k`m Ncn- { X- Ø n¬ Xs∂-bp-≠m-bn-´p-≠v. ]mXn-cnamcpw I¿±n-\mƒamcpw sa{Xm∑mcpw a‰pw F{Xtbm t]¿ k`-sbbpw ssZh-sØbpw h©n®v k`- b psS ISpØ in£m-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ°p hnt[b-cm-°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. ""\n m-cam-b-sXm-gn®v alm-]m-]-ßfn¬ \n∂pw \oN-I¿Ω-ßfn¬ \n∂pw AI∂p \n∂h¿°v \ns‚ \mYs‚ hnime ]m]-tam-N-\-ap-≠v. \nßsf `qan- b n¬ \n∂v krjvSn-®p-≠m-°nb kµ¿`Ønepw amXm-°f - psS K¿`m1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


i- b - Ø n¬ inip- ° - f m- b ncp∂ kµ¿`-Ønepw A√mlp-hm-Ip∂p \nß-sf-∏‰n G‰hpw Adn-™h - ≥. AXn\m¬ \n߃ \nßsf Øs∂ hnip- ≤ - c m- ° - ≠ . G‰hpw kq£v a X ]men°p-∂-h-\m-sc∂p A√m-lphmWv Adn-bp-∂h - ≥.'' (hn.-Jp. 53: 32) apkvenw-I-fnse Xzco-JØp-Imcpw bmYm-ÿn-XnI _lp- ] - £ hpw acn- ® - h ¿ A√m-lp-hnt\mSv a[yÿw ]d™v Imcy-߃ t\Sn-Øcp∂ CS- b m- f - ∑ m¿ ˛ kq¬^m ˛ a[y-h¿Øn-Iƒ ˛ hkzoe ˛ ip]m¿i-°m¿ ˛ ip^- B - A - v ˛ BsW∂p Dd®v hniz-kn-°p-Ibpw AhtcmSv {]m¿∞n- ° p- I bpw t\¿® hgn-]m-Sp-I-f¿∏n-°pIbpw B{K-lm-`n-em-j-߃ G‰p-sNm-√p-Ibpw {]m¿∞-\Ifpw hnfn-Ifpw tI´v DØcw sNøp- s a∂v hniz- k n- ° pIbpw sNøp- ∂ - X ns‚ bYm¿∞ t{kmX v ss{IkvX-h-X-bpsS ta¬∏d™ ]®-bmb sXfn-hp-Iƒ Xs∂- b m- W v . ssZh- Ø n¬ ebn®p tNcp- I , ssZhØns‚ hnip-≤n-bn¬ \n¿∆mW-s∏-Sp-I, Hcp-thf ssZh-ambn- Ø - s ∂- b m- b n- Ø o- c p- I , ssZhhpw a\p-jy\pw H∂mbn-t®-cpI XpS-ßnb k¶-ev]߃. AXn-te°v Jpe-^mAv ˛ \pP-_m-Av ˛ JpØ-_mAv ˛ AJvØm_v ˛ Huen-bmAv ˛ F∂n-XymZn ]Z-hn-Ifpw ÿm\- a m- \ - ß fpw ]d™v bYm¿∞ GI-ssZh hnizmkn-Isf Ipgn-bn¬ NmSn®p sIm≠n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. kv { Xo 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

apkvenw-If - nse Xzco-JØp-Imcpw bmYm-ÿnXnI _lp-]£ - hpw acn®-h¿ A√m-lp-hnt\mSv a[yÿw ]d™v Imcy߃ t\Sn-Øc - p∂ CSbm-f∑ - m¿ ˛ kq¬^m ˛ a[y-h¿Øn-Iƒ ˛ hkzoe ˛ ip]m¿i-°m¿ ˛ ip^-BA - v- ˛ BsW∂p Dd®v hniz-kn°p-Ibpw Ah-tcmSv {]m¿∞n-°p-Ibpw t\¿® hgn-]m-Sp-I-f¿∏n-°pIbpw B{K-lm-`n-em-j߃ G‰p-sNm-√p-Ibpw {]m¿∞-\I - fpw hnfnIfpw tI´v DØcw sNøp-sa∂v hniz-kn-°pIbpw sNøp-∂X - ns‚ bYm¿∞ t{kmX v ss{IkvX-h-X-bpsS ta¬∏-d™ ]®-bmb sXfn-hp-Iƒ Xs∂-bm-Wv.

]pcpj BƒssZ- h - ß ƒ, Bflob t\Xm-°ƒ, kq^oh-cy-∑m¿, Huen-bm-°ƒ Ahsc√mw tcmK-im¥n \¬Ipas{X! ChnsS aZ¿ sXtc-kIfpw A¬t^m≥k-Ωa - m-cpw, Nmh-db - ® - \pw Fhp-{]m-ky-Ωamcpw Ah-cpsS I√-dI - f - n¬ InS∂v `qan-bn¬ Pohn-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂-h-cpsS \ne-hn-fnIfpw A`y¿∞-\I - f - pw thZ \m -bm-X-\-I-fpw {]m¿∞-\Ifpw tI´v ssZh- t ØmSv

a[yÿw ]d-™v tcmK-im¥n-bp-≠m-°nbpw IjvS\ - j - vS߃ ]cn- l - c n®pw Zpcn- X ßfpw Zpc-¥ß - fpw XSpØpw A\p-{K-lm-in- p-Iƒ sNmcn™pw ]m]- ß ƒ s]mdpØpw temIw hmgp-Ibm-sW-¶n¬ F√mw ImWpIbpw tIƒ°p-Ibpw \nb{¥n-°p-Ibpw krjvSn®v kwc£n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp-sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ alm-Im-cp-Wyhm\pw Icp- W m- \ n- [ n- b psams° Bbn-´p≈ {]]-©\m-Y-\mb A√mlp ]ns∂ F¥n- \ mWv ? F¥n\p Ahs\ Bcm- [ n- ° Ww? c£-I\ - mbn kzoI-cn-°Ww? tIm¶Æp J_- d n¬ \n∂v kpJs∏- S p- Ø n- s °m- S pØ Nmh-db - ® - \pw sXm≠-bnse apg kpJ-s∏-Sp-Ønb Fhp{]m-ky-Ωbpw alm-hn-ip-≤s - c¶n¬ At\- I m- b ncw a\pjy¿°v lrZ- b hpw IÆpIfpw Ic-fp-I-fpw InUv\n-Ifpw XpS- ß nb ico- c m- ¥ c _mlym- h - b - h - ß ƒ am‰nsh®pw kpJ-s∏-Sp-Ønbpw sImSp- Ø p- s Im- t ≠- b n- c n°p∂ saUn-°¬ tImtf-PpIƒ, Bip-]{- Xn-Iƒ, sshZyim-eI - ƒ F√mw hnip-≤] - Z- hn-bn-te°v k¿°m¿ Db¿ Øn {]Jym- ] n- ° - W - s a∂v Bh-iy-s∏-Sm-a-t√m.

Nncn-°m≥ ad-∂p-t]mb Znh- k - a mWv Pohn- X Ønse G‰hpw D]-tbmK-iq-\y-amb Znh-kw. (Nm¿fn Nmπn≥) 11


Jp¿-B≥ Nn¥-Iƒ A_p¬ _\mØv, Ip‰n-®nd

12

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

""Fs‚ c£n-Xm-th, ac-Ws - ∏-´h - tc \o Fßs\ Pohn-∏n-°p∂p-sh∂v F\n-s°m∂v ImWn-®p-X-cptam? F∂p C{_mlow ]d™ kµ¿`w! A√mlp tNmZn®p: \n\-s°¥m AXn¬ hnizmk-ant√? C{_mlow ]d™p: F\n°p hnizm-ka - m-Wv. F¶nepw Fs‚ a\x- a - m-[m-\Ø - n-∂Xp thW-at√m! A√mlp ]d™p: \o \mep ]£n-Isf ]nSn-°q. Ahsb sImØn-\p-dp°n Iq´n-°e¿Øq. Ah-bpsS Hmtcm Awihpw Hmtcm ae-bnepw sIm≠p-hbv°p-I. F∂n-´h - sb \o hnfn-°p-I. Ah \ns‚-bS- p-°t- e-t°mSn hcp-∂X - m-Wv. A√mlp {]Xm-]h - m\pw bp‡n-⁄\ - p-am-Wv.'' (hn.Jp: 2: 260) Cu {]]-©sØ ip≤-iq-\y-X-bn¬ \n∂v krjvSn-®p-≠m-°nb A√m-lp-hns‚ Cu hN\w hnizm-kn-Iƒ°pw Ahn-izm-kn-Iƒ°pw A¤p-Xhpw Aº-c∏pw D≠m-°p-sa-∂Xn¬ kwi-b-an-√. hnizm-knIƒ A√m-lp-hn\p F√mw Ign-bp-sa∂pw Ah¿ k¿∆-⁄-\p-amsW∂pw hniz-kn-°p-∂X - n-\m¬ Ah¿°m-iz-kn-°mw. hnip≤ Jp¿B-\n¬ {]Xn-]m-Zn-°p-∂h - s - b√mw sFXn-ly-ßtfm sI´p-IY - I - tfm BsW-∂mWv \nco-iz-c, bp‡n, `uXn-Ih - m-Zn-If - mb \ntj-[n-Iƒ ]dbm-dp-≈X - v. icocw sImØn-\p-dp°n Iq´n-°e - ¿Ønb tijw ]e-`mK-ßf - n¬ NnX-dnb amwk, ico-c`- m-Kß - s - f√mw Hcp a\p-jy-\mb C{_mlow(-A)s‚ hnfn-bm¬ IqSn-t®¿∂p ho≠pw ]q¿∆ cq] ]£n-Ifmbn HmSn-h-cn-I-sb-∂Xv sI´p-I-Y-b-√msX as‰-¥mWv? CXm-W-hcpsS bp‡n-kl - a - mb Nn¥-sb-∂mWv [cn-°p-∂X - v. hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ Ah-Xc - n-∏n® ImesØ Ad-_n-Ifpw Ahn-izm-kn-Ifpw CXv ]q¿∆nI-cpsS sFXn-ly-am-sW∂v ]d-bm≥ Imc-Whpw C∆n-[-Øn-ep≈

ac-W-s∏-´-h¿ Pohn-°p-∂-sX-ßs\?

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


○ ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Nn¥m-a-c-hn-∏nepw ]Wbw sh®-hc - m-Wv. R߃ almhn-hc - ÿ cpw _p≤n-cm-£k - ∑mcpw hnZym-kº - ∂ - c - p-am-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v thZ-{K-Ÿ-ßfpsSsbms° Zmky-th-e°v Rß-sf-sbm-cn-°epw In´n√. R߃ _lp-am-\n-Ifmbn kzbw Db¿∂-]-Z-hnbn¬ \n¬°p- ∂ - h - c m- W v . \mw ]e-t∏mgpw _‘-s∏Sp∂ `uXn-Ih - m-Zn-Iƒ _lp`q-cn-`m-Khpw CØcw hmZ°m-cm-Wv. hn.- J p¿- B ≥ c≠mw

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

sFXn-ly-ßfpw sI´p-IY-Ifpw F∂p tXm∂p∂-hbpw bYm¿∞ Ncn{X bmYm¿∞yßfpw Hcp-t]m-se-b√ - . hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ CXnlm-kI - r-Xn-b√ - . GXp IY-Iƒ, Ncn-{X-߃, kw`-hß - ƒ D≤-cn®mepw AXn¬ A¥¿eo-\a - mb KpW-]mT-ßfpw Nn¥m-iI - e - ß - fpw FSpØp ]d-bpIbpw AXn-eqsS hnizmkn-It- fmSv Pm{K-Xc - mIm\pw Blzm\w sNøp∂p-≠v. Jp¿-B≥ {]Xn]m-Zn® Hscm‰ IY-\Ønepw IY-bn-√mbva ImWp-Ib - n-√. KpW-]m-Tan-√mØ Hcp-]t- Z-it- am, XXz-tam, BZ¿itam Jp¿-B\ - n¬ ImWpI Akw-`-hy-am-Wv.

A≤ymbw 260˛mw kq‡Øns‚ Bi-ba - mWv ta¬]d-™X - v. \nco-iz-c\pw bp‡nhm-Znbpw `c-Wm-[n-]-\p-amb \wdq-Zn-t\m-Sp≈ {]hm-NI - ≥ C{_m-lo-ans‚ hmKzm-Zm-\¥cw A√mlp At±-lsØ AN-©e NnØ-\m-°m-\p-XIp∂ Hcp DZm-l-cWw ]Tn∏n-°p-∂p. F√mw XI¿∂Sn™ Hcp \m´n-eq-sS-bp≈ Hcp k©m- c n- b psS IY. k¿∆hpw \in®p \mam-ht- ij-amb B \mSv B¿°mWv AXp-t]mse ho≠pw ]p\xkr- j v S n- ° m- \ m- h pI F∂bmƒ Bi-¶-s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wv. At∏mƒ B Nn¥m-i‡ - s\ acWw ]nSn-Iq-Sn. XpS¿∂v Hcp \q‰m- ≠ n\p tijw Abmƒ Poh≥ Xncn-®p-In´n Dbn¿sØ- g p- t ∂- ‰ p. AbmtfmSv A√mlp tNmZn-®p. \o F{X-Imew acn-®p-In-S∂p? Abmƒ: Hcp Znh- k tam GXm\pw aWn-°q-dp-I-tfm. A√mlp: A√, \o \qdph¿jw Ign®p Iq´n-bn-cn-°p∂p. A∂p Ign-°m-s\m-cpßnb Blm- c - ] m- \ o- b ߃°v tIsSm∂pw ]‰n-bn√. F∂m¬ \ns‚ hml-\am- b n- c p∂ IgpX t\sc adn®pw \pcpºn {Zhn® F√pIƒ IqSn- t ®¿∂v amwkw h∂p s]mXn™v AXnt∏mƒ Fgp-t∂¬°p-∂p. \o P\-߃s°mcp ZrjvSm¥ a\p-jy-\m-Im-\m-WnXp \mw sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. \n¿÷ohm-h-ÿ-bn¬ \n∂v GXpw ]p\x-krjvSn \S-Øm-\m-Ipsa∂pw ka- b hpw C—m- i ‡nbpw A\n- h m- c y- a mb ImØn- c n∏pw ITn- \ - { ]- b Xv\hpw AXy-\n-hm-cy-am-sW∂p- a p≈ al- \ ob ]mTw Abmƒ kzbw A\p- ` - h -

A¤p-XI - Y - I - ƒ apl-ΩZ- v(k - ) ]d-™X - n-\m-em-Wv. CsX√mw C∂pw sI´p-I-Y-Iƒ Xs∂! Ing°p \n∂p- Z n- ° p∂ kqcys\ ]Sn-™mdp \n∂p-Zn∏n-°pI F∂ Imcyw \wdqZn\v Ign- b n- √ ! CX- d n- b p∂ C{_m-low(-A) sh√p-hn-fn-®p. F¶n¬ AXv A√m-lp-hn\pw Ign- b n√. bp‡n- h m- Z n- b mb Rm≥ F√mw tIƒ°p∂ A√m-lp-hns\ sh√p-hn-fn-°p∂p. Ing°p \n∂p-Zn-°p∂ kqcy-N{- µ-∑msc \msf apX¬ ]S-®h - ≥ ]Sn-™m-dp-\n∂v DZn∏n-°s´! bp‡n-hm-Zn-I-fpsS CØcw At\Iw tNmZy߃, \ymb- h m- Z - ß ƒ Db¿∂p-h-cp-∂p. F¥m-Wnhbv°v hnizm-kn-Iƒ adp-]Sn ]d-bpI!? sFXn-ly-ßfpw sI´p-IY - Ifpw F∂p tXm∂p-∂h - bpw bYm¿∞ Ncn{X bmYm¿∞yßfpw Hcp- t ]m- s e- b - √ . hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ CXn-lm-kIr-Xn-b√ - . GXp IY-Iƒ, Ncn{X-߃, kw`-h-߃ D≤-cn®mepw AXn¬ A¥¿eo-\amb KpW-]m-Tß - fpw Nn¥mi-Ie - ß - f - pw FSpØp ]d-bpIbpw AXn-eqsS hnizm-kn-ItfmSv Pm{K- X - c m- I m\pw Blzm\w sNøp-∂p-≠v. Jp¿B≥ {]Xn-]m-Zn® Hscm‰ IY\- Ø nepw IY- b n- √ mbv a ImWp- I - b n- √ . KpW- ] m- T - a n√mØ Hcp-]-tZ-i-tam, XXztam, BZ¿itam Jp¿-B\ - n¬ ImWpI Akw- ` - h y- a m- W v . ]Zm¿∞-tem-IsØ imkv{Xob-X° - ∏ - pdw Ah-bnse ]cws]m-cp-fp-Iƒ°pw _u≤nI afi-e-Øn\pw {]m[m-\y-ap≈Xp ad®p hbv°p-I-bmWv bp‡n-hm-Zn-Iƒ A[n-Ihpw sNøm- d p- ≈ - X v . hnizm- k nIƒ°v F¥pw hniz-kn-°mw. Ah¿ _p≤nsb aX-Ønepw 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

13


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

bm- b n- I - s fbpw temI- k a£w amXr- I m- a- l - \ o- b cm°n ka¿∏n- ° p- ∂ p. ]nXmhpw \m´p-Imcpw `c-WIq- S hpw _ln- j v ° - c n- ° pIbpw B´n HmSn-°p-Ibpw XI¿°m≥ {ian-°p-Ib - p-sams°- b m- b n´pw AXn- s \sb√mw XrW- h ¬KWn®v A\- i z- c - \ m- b n- Ø o- c p- ∂ p. temI- a n∂v At±- l sØ kvacn-®p-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°p-∂p. a\p-jy-a-\- p-Isf kºq¿Æ- a mbpw \in- ∏ n°p∂ k¿∆ A‘-hn-izm-k\m- N mc Zpjv N n- ¥ - I - f n¬ \n∂pw a\p- j y- I p- e sØ tamNn-∏n-°m-\p-X-Ip∂ BZ¿i-Øn\p AkvXn-Xz-taIp-∂p. {]]-©Ø - ns‚ almkr- j v S m- h ns\ temI¿°p

Igp-Xb - psS F√p-Ifpw icocm- h - b - h - ß fpw Abmƒ t\m°n- \ n¬s° ]p\ ¿\n¿Ωm-W{- ]-{In-b°p hnt[b-am-Ip-∂p. At±lw AXv I≠p-\n∂v kvX_v[-\m-bnØo-cp-∂p. CØcw A¤p-Xß-fpsS AXy-]q¿∆-IY Hcp alm- a - \ o- j n- b mb C{_mlow(-A)\p AXn-i-‡-amb {]tNm-Z-\hpw Bth-ihpw AKm-[⁄ X - bpw \¬Im-\pX-Ip-∂p. ]n∂o- S Xm B C{_mlow(-A) \wdq-Zns‚ A·n-IpfisØ AXn-P-bn-°p-∂p. acp`q a[y-Øn¬ A\-izc ssZh- t Klw ]Wn- b p- ∂ p. XymK- Ø ns‚ aq¿Øo- ` m- h ambn amdp-∂p. Xs‚ IpSpw_-sØbpw At\Iw A\p-

Øn¬ \n∂p ]Tn-®p-sh∂pw A√mlp C{_m-lo(-A)s\ sXcy-s∏-Sp-Øn. Abmƒ°p bmYm¿∞yw t_m[y- a msb∂pw A√mlp DW¿Øp∂p. XI¿∂v Po¿Wn®v \in®p- t ]mb \mSn- s \bpw C∆n[w ]p\¿\n¿Ωn- ° msa∂pw Abmsf ]Tn-∏n-°p∂p. temI- ⁄ m- \ hpw im kv{X-Nn-¥-bp-ap≈ Hcmƒ°v Hcp-]mSv Imcy-߃ CXn¬ \n∂pw {Kln-°m-\m-Ipw. ITn\-{]-b-Xv\w, XymK-t_m-[w, k©m-ci - oew, AKm-[N - n-¥, Pn⁄m-k, XnI™ ip`m]v X n- h n- i zm- k w, krjv S n- I fnse ssPhnI hyXn-bm-\] - T-\w, {]Ir-Xn-bnse A¤pX {]Xn-`m-kß - s - f-°p-dn® Nn¥ F∂-sXms° a\p-jy-kn-≤nI-fm-°n-bm¬ AØ-c-°m¿ D∂- X cpw amXr- I - I fpw ZrjvSm-¥-ßfpsS \m´-°p-dnI- f p- a m- b n- c n- ° p- s a∂ ]mT߃. `£-W] - m-\o-bß - f - psS \miw s]s´∂p kw`-hn-°pw. tImSm-\p-tImSn _mIvSo-cn-bIƒ \nan-j-߃ sIm≠h \in- ∏ n- ° pw. km[m- c W {]IrXw AXm-Wv. Pohn-IfpsS ico- c hpw s]s´∂p \in-°pw. F√p-Ifpw {Zhn-t®°mw. F∂m¬ C°- Y - b n¬ {]Ir- X n- h y- h - ÿ - I - s f√mw AXy- ] q¿∆ kw`- h - a mbn Iem-in-®n-cn-°p-∂p. temIsc A¤p- X - s ∏- S p- Ø n- b n- c n- ° p∂p. \qdp-h¿jw Hcp a\p-jyi-co-c-Øn\p ac-Wm-\-¥cw H∂pw kw`-hn-®n-´n-√. AtX ico- c - h p- a mbn Abmƒ ]p\¿P-\n-°p-∂p. Dd-°n¬ \n∂p- W ¿∂- h - s \- t ∏mse `£- W - ] m- \ o- b - ß ƒ°pw bmsXm∂pw kw`-hn-®n-´n-√. 14

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

sshd- k n- s \- b m- W v , `qX- e Øn¬ \n∂v 30 ao‰¿ XmgvNbn¬ Is≠- Ø n- b - X v . 10 h¿jw apºv Is≠- Ø nb Hcp `oa≥ sshd-kns‚ hn`mK- Ø n¬s∏- ´ - X mWv Cu ssk_o- c nbw sshd- k pw. hen- ∏ - I q- S p- X - e p≈ Cu sshd- k ns\ km[m- c W ssat{Im- k vtIm- ∏ n- e qsS Xs∂ \nco-£n-°m≥ Ign™p-sh∂pw D≤-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂p. At∏mƒ Cu alm-{]-]©-Ønse Hcp ]p≈n-bpsS ÿm\w t]mep- a n- √ mØ `qtKm- f - Ø nse a\p- j y¿ F¥-dn-™n-´m-Wn-{X-b-[nIw Al-¶-cn-°p-∂-sX∂ Nn¥ ta¬ Jp¿- B ≥ hmIyw DW¿Øn-hn-Sp-∂p. Afi-ISm-l-ß-fp-sS-sb√mw {kjvSmhpw {]]-©\ - m-Y\pw \nb- ¥ mhpw k¿∆- ⁄ - \ pamb A√m-lp-hns‚ hn⁄m`-fim-c-Ønse Hc-Wp-am-{XamWv ta¬kq- ‡ - Ø nse Bibw F∂p \ap°v {Kln°mw. bp‡n-bn-√m-Ø, Al¥- \ n- d ™ lrZ- b - ß - f n¬ hnizm-kØ - n\p Ib-dm≥ CSap- ≠ m- I m- d n- √ . ]cabmYm¿∞y- ß sf \ncm- I - c n°m\pw \ntj-[n-°m\pw Hcp hn\o-X\ - mb a\p-jy-Kp-Wß - fp-≈h - ¿°p Ign-bp-Ib - p-an-√. A√mlp alm-{]-Xm-]h - m\pw bp‡n-am-\p-amWv F∂v ]d™mWv Cu hN\w kam-]n°p-∂Xv F∂Xv IqSp-X¬ {]k‡n \nd- ™ - X - s {X. Poh≥ F∂ {]tl-fn-Ib - psS A\- ¥ - k m- [ y- X - I - s f- ° p- d n®p≈ a\p- j y- ⁄ m\w hfsc Zp¿_- e - s a∂ alØmb ]mThpw Cu kq‡w \ap°v \¬Ip-∂p.

○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Øp- d ™ aÆn- ∂ - S n- b n¬ 30000 h¿jw kpip-]vXn-bn-embn-cp∂ "]ntØm sshdkv ssk_o-cnb' F∂ `oa≥ sshd-kn\p Poh≥ sh®p-hs{X. s]¿a- t {^mÃv F∂v hnfn-°p∂ DØ-c{- [p-ht- a-Je - bnse XWp-Øp-d™ aÆn∂n-S-bn¬ \n∂mWo sshdkns\ Is≠-Øn-b-Xv. ]pdsa-bp≈ km[m-cW Xm]-\ne-bn-te°v Cu sshd-kns\ sIm≠p-h-∂-t∏m-gmWv Poh≥ XpSn-®Xv F∂v ]mcoknse {^©v Kth- j - I ¿ dnt∏m¿´p sNøp- ∂ p. ssk_o-cnbw A]-I-S-Im-cnbmb sshd-k√ - . BtKm-fX - m]\ ^e-ambn s]¿a-t{^mÃv Dcp-Ip-tºmgpw FÆ J\-\Øn-\mbn Ipgn-°p-tºm-gpw `ojWn Db¿Øp∂ {]m No\ sshd-kpIƒ ho≠pw k{In-bam-Im-\p≈ km[y-XbmWv ]T\w \¬ Ip∂ ktµ-iw. kpZo ¿L-Imew \n›-ea - mbn-cp∂ tijw sshdkn\p Poh≥ shbv °p-∂Xv imkv{X-temIØv BZym-\p-`h - a - mWn-Xv. {^m≥knse FbvIvkvam-sc-sk√n bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-bnse \mj- W ¬ sk‚¿ Hm^v kb‚ n- ^ nIv dnk¿®nse s{]m^k¿ gmMv ssa°¬ s¢h-dn-bm-WnXp dnt∏m¿´v sNøp-∂X - v. (s{]m-ko-UnwKv Hm^v \mj-W¬ A°m-Zan Hm^v kb≥kv ]pXn b e°w ImWp-I). \nbm-s≠¿Øm¬ a\p- j y¿ `qap- J Øv Ign-™n-cp-∂p-sh∂p ]d- b p∂ ImesØ

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

F∂ hm¿Ø \mw Cu ASp-Ø-Zn-hkw Adn-™p. ssk_o-cn-bm-bnse XWp-

"ap∏-Xn-\m-bncw h¿jØn-\p-tijw sshd kn\p Poh≥ sh®p'

]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-Sp-°p∂p. C°- Y - s b- ° p- d n®v CsXmcp sFXnlyw am{Xsa∂p ]d- b m≥ shºp∂ bp‡n-hmZn lrZbw alm-aen-\hpw `ocpXzw \nd-™Xpw N]- e hpw \n¿∆o- c yhpw bmYm¿∞y-t_m-[-an-√mØ anYy-bn¬ hncm-Nn-°p-∂X - p-ambn-cn-°pw. \n›-bw. F∂m¬ C∂sØ IY-I-sf-¥mWv? bp‡n- h m- Z n- I - f psS henb {]am-Wa - mb imkv{Xw F¥p]-d-bp∂p?

15


Xncp-sam-gn-s∏m-cpƒ \nZm-D¿d-lvam≥. hn.Sn

"em \-_nø _AvZo' F\n°p tijw \_n-bn√ Xs∂

16

""A_q- l m- k nw(- d ) ]d- b p∂p: Rm≥ A_q- l p- s sd- b n- d (- d ) tbmsSm∏w A©p-h¿jw Ign®p Iq´n-bn-´p-≠v. At±lw ]d-bp-∂Xv Rm≥ tI´p. "\_n (k) ]d-™p : C{km-bo-eysc {]hm-NI - ∑ - mcmWv \bn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂X - v. Hmtcm \_nbpw Imew \oßp-tºmƒ X¬ÿm-\Øp as‰mcp \_n Xs∂ ]n≥Km-an-bmbn hcpw. F∂m¬ F\n°p tijw {]hm-N-I≥ C√ Xs∂. Jeo-^-am¿ D≠m-bn-cn°pw. Ah¿ At\-Ia - p-≠m-Ipw' A\p-Nc - ∑ - m¿ tNmZn-®p. At∏mƒ R߃ F¥p sNø-W-sa-∂mWv Xm¶ƒ \n¿Zt±-in-°p-∂-Xv? At±lw ]d™p: \n߃ Ah-¿ Hmtcm-cp-Øt- cm-Sp-ap-ff {]Xn⁄ \nd--th-‰p-I. Ah-tcm-Sp-ff IS-∏m-Sp-Iƒ \n¿∆-ln-°p-I. ]ns∂, A√mlp Ahsc Npa-Xe - s - ∏-Sp-Øn-bX - n-s\-°p-dn®p Ah≥ Xs∂ tNmZyw sNbvXp-sIm-f-fpw.'' (_pJ-cn, apkznw, AlvaZ - v, C_v\p-am-P) {]hm- N - I - \ n¬ \n∂v At\Iw hn⁄m- \ - ß ƒ temI- Ø n\p \¬Inb alm-\mb A_q-lp-ssd-bvdt- bm-sSm∏w A©p-h¿j-°mew Ign®p Iq´nb A_q-lmknw dnt∏m¿´v sNøp∂ Cu lZokv Ip‰-a‰ {]kn≤-amb \_n-h-N-\-am-Wv. GsXmcp P\-X-tbbpw {]hm-N-I-∑mcpsS km∂n-≤yw sIm≠v [\y-am-bm¬ AXn¬∏cw A\p-{Klw thsdbn-√. C{km-bo¬ kap-Zm-ba - m-Is´ {]hm-NI - ∑ - m-cpsS irwJ-eb - m¬ \bn°-s∏-´-h-cmWv. Hmtcm {]hm-N-I\pw ac-W-s∏-´p-t]m-bm¬ X¬ÿm\Øp as‰mcp \_nsbØs∂ A√mlp \ntbm-Kn®n-cp-∂p. F¥n-s\∂m¬ ITn-\-lr-Z-bcpw hmin-°mcpw Zpc-l-¶m-cn-Ifpw \ntj-[-`mhw IqSn- b - h - c p- a mb blq- Z - h ¿§sØ \_n- a m¿°- √ msX \nb- { ¥n®p sIm≠p t]mhpI Akm-[y-am-bn-cp-∂p. {]hm-N-∑m-sc-t∏mepw ]o-Un∏n-°p-∂-Xnepw ]e-t∏mgpw sIm√p-∂-Xnepw Ah¿ Hcp Xcw lcw ImWp-∂h - c - m-bn-cp-∂p. henb alm-\mb Ah-cpsS G‰hpw D∂-X\ - mb {]hm-NI - ≥ aqkm (A) bmbn-cp-∂p. At±-ls - Ø-t∏mepw Ah¿ h´w Id-°n-b-Xn\p IW-°n-√m-bn-cp-∂p. ss__n-fnepw hnip≤ Jp¿-B\nepw B Ncn-{X-ßs - fms° hni-Za - mbn {]Xn-]m-Zn-®n-´p-≠v. a\pjyhwi-Øn\p ]IzX h∂p tN¿∂p. hy]m-c h - n-\n-ab Bhiy--߃°mbn Ad-_n-Iƒ temI-hp-ambn ]e-hn-[- _-‘-ß-en-eqsS i‡-amb kvt\l-irw-Je ÿm]n-®p. At∏m-gmWv apl-ΩZv(k) Ahcn¬ {]hm-NI-\mbn \ntbm-Kn-X\ - m-Ip-∂X - v. GXm≠v `qtKm-fØ - ns‚ \Sp-hn¬ \n¬°p∂ a° tI{µo-Ic - n-®m-WnXv Bcw`n-°p-∂X - v. temIØnse {]_-e -a-Xhpw i‡n-I-fp-am-bn-cp∂ PqX, ss{IkvX-h-cpsS ]nXm-a-l-\mb C{_mlnw (A) s‚ aX-amb bYm¿∞ C…m-ans‚ 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

°p- ∂ - h ¿, kXy- h - g n- b n¬ \n∂pw Hcn©pw amdmØ \nkzm¿XY tkh-I∑mcmb ]cn-jv°¿Øm-°ƒ, Ahsc \njvIf - ¶ - a - mbn ]n≥Xp-Sc - p∂ A\p-bmbnhrµ-߃. temI Øp Ch-sc√mw IqSn ap…ow DΩ-Øns\ sISm-hn-f° - mbn kq£n®p kwc-£n-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Cß-s\-bp-ff Kw`o- c - a mb kwhn- [ m\w temIØv as‰mcp aXØnt\m {]ÿm-\-Ønt\m C√. Cu hº≥ ]-≤X - n-sb°p-dn-®m-Wn-hnsS ZqX¿ {]hNn-°p-∂-Xv. F\n°p tijw C\n-

○ ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

bmbn Xeapd Xe- a pd ssIamdn A¥y-\mƒ hsc IÆn-b‰-- msX \ne-\n¿Ø-s∏Sm≥ kw-hn-[m-\-ap-≠m-°n. A¤p-XI - c - a - mb XymK-hg - n-Ifn-eqsS C∂pw B Jp¿B≥ temIØv \ne-\n¬°p-∂p. apl- Ω Zv \_n(- k ) bpsS Ime-tijw H∂p c≠p \q‰m≠n- \ p- f - f n¬ Xs∂ AhnSpsØ I¿Ω- ß - f p- t Sbpw hm°p-If - p-tSbpw AwKo-Im-cØn-t‚bpw kXy-k-‘-amb Ncn-{Xhpw Pohn-X-N-cym- hn-hc-W-amb kp∂Øpw B›cy-I-c-amb {]{In-b-I-fn-eqsS kwc-£n-°-s∏-´p.

kºq¿Øn-°mbn apl-ΩZv \_n (k) ssZh-Zq-Xp-ambn, a\p-jy-hw-i-Øn-te-°m-I-am\- a mbn \ntbm- K n- ° - s ∏- ´ p. Xs‚ 40 mw hb p apX¬ 64 hb v XnI-bp-∂Xv hscbp-ff Ime-b-f-hn¬ kw`-h_- l p- e - a mb amXr- I m- P ohnXw am\- h ¿°mbn A t±lw Iv g v N sh- ® p. Xm≥ {]Jym- ] n® apgp- h ≥ XXzßfpw BZ¿i-ßfpw IrXyamb I¿Ω-k-c-Wn-bn-eqsS {]mtbm- K n- I - a m- ° n- s °m≠v At±lw imiz- X - \ m- b nØo¿∂p. Pn{_o¬ amem-Jbn-eqsS e`n® Znhy-t_m-[\ - -

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

\q‰m≠pIƒ F{X ]n∂n´mepw, Xe- a p- d - I ƒ F{X amdn- a - d n™p h∂mepw bYm¿∞ C…m-ans\ Jp¿B-\n-eq-sSbpw Ip‰-a‰ \_nN-cym- hn-h-c-W -{]-am-W-ß-fneq-sSbpw Is≠-Øm≥ bm sXmcp {]bm-k-hp-an-√msX i‡-amb N´-°q-Sp-ap-≠m-bn. F°m-eØpw AXv X\-Xmb cq]- Ø n¬ bpKm- ¥ - c - ß - f nte°p ]I-cm≥ tbmKy-cm-bh¿ - kzlm-_n-Iƒ, Xm_nD-Iƒ, Xm_n-DØ - m-_n-DI - ƒ, Ah-cpsS ]mXbn¬ \n∂v hyXn-N-en-°msX A\p-K-an-

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

amb hnip-≤J - p¿-B≥ A\pk- c n®v \qdp iX- a m\w tbmKyX t\Snb Hcp hº≥ Xe-ap-dsb Xs∂ {l-kz-Ime-Øn-\p-f-fn¬ At±-lØneqsS ka¿∏n-Xa - m-bn. temIN- c n- { X- Ø n¬ AXp- h sc I≠n-´n-√m-ØXpw C\n-sbm-cn°epw Bh¿Øn-°-s∏-Sm≥ km[y-Xb - n-√m-ØX - p-amb HcpØa kwLsØ (kz-lm-_nIƒ) bmWv AXn- e qsS temI-Øn\p In´n-bX - v. hnip-≤-Jp¿-B-\ns‚ A{]-am-ZnXzw \ne-\n¿Øns°m≠v Imem- X n- h ¿Øn1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

\q‰m≠pIƒ F{X ]n∂n-´mepw, Xe-ap-dI - ƒ F{X amdn-ad - n™p h∂mepw bYm¿∞ C…m-ans\ Jp¿-B\ - n-eq-sSbpw Ip‰-a‰ \_n-Nc - ym- hn-hc - W - - {]-am-Wß - f - n-eq-sSbpw Is≠-Øm≥ bmsXmcp {]bm-kh - p-an-√msX i‡-amb N´-°q-Sp-ap-≠m-bn. F°meØpw AXv X\-Xmb cq]-Øn¬ bpKm-¥-c-ß-fn-te°p ]I-cm≥ tbmKy-cm-bh¿ - kzlm-_n-Iƒ, Xm_n-DI - ƒ, Xm_n-DØ - m-_n-DI - ƒ, Ah-cpsS ]mXbn¬ \n∂v hyXn-N-en--°msX A\p-K-an-°p-∂-h¿, kXy-h-gn-bn¬ \n∂pw Hcn©pw amdmØ \nkzm¿XY tkh-I∑mcmb ]cn-jv°¿Øm-°ƒ, Ahsc \njvIf - ¶ - a - mbn ]n≥XpS-cp∂ A\p-bmbnhrµ-߃. temIØp Ch-sc√mw IqSn ap…ow DΩ-Øns\ sISmhn-f-°mbn kq£n®p kwc-£n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Cß-s\-bp-ff Kw`o-c-amb kwhn-[m\w temIØv as‰mcp aX-Ønt\m {]ÿm-\Ø - nt\m C√.

sbmcp {]hm-NI - ≥ hcm-\n-√. Imc-Ww, Bh-iy-an-√m-ØX - psIm-≠p--X-s∂. Jeo-^-am-cp≠m- I pw. Ah- s cs‚ _m [yX Gs‰-Sp-°p∂ Fs‚ ]n≥Km- a n- I - f m- W v . Ah¿ Imem-Im-e-ambn At\-I-ap≠m- I pw. Ncn{Xw AXn\p km£n-bm-W-t√m. Jeo^ F∂ t]cnepw A√m-sXbpw ]fin- X - ∑ m¿, ]cn- j v ° ¿ Øm-°ƒ, aX-t\-Xr-Xz-kw-LS-\I - ƒ GXp-am-Imw. {]hm-NIs‚ ZuXyw - {]t_m- [ \hpw kwkv ° - c - W - h pw Ah¿ Gs‰- S p- Ø p- s Im≠v 17


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

≠m°n \_n-thjw sI´n-bmSp∂h¿ ]e Bh- i y߃°pw {]hm-N-Is‚ a‰t\Iw hN-\ß - ƒ kµ¿t`mNnXw FSp-Øp-≤c - n-°m-dp-≠v. F∂m¬ Cu \_n- h- N\w Ah¿°v ISpØ Ae¿Pn-bmWv . Alv a Zv _pJm- c n, apkznw, C_v\p-amP XpSßn GXm-s≠√m lZokp {KŸßfnepw Ip‰-a‰ ]c-ºc - b - n¬ hyXy-kvX] - Z- ß - e - n-eqsS CX√mØ At\Iw lZo-kp-If - neq-tSbpw apl-ΩZv \_n°p tijw {]hm- N - I - \ n- √ ; Pn{_o¬ amemJ sIm≠p-h∂ `qan- b n- t e- ° p- f f Znhyt_m-[\ - a - mb hlvbv Fs∂t∂-°p-ambn \ne-®p; {]hmNI tIm´bpsS hnS-hp-≠m-bncp∂ GI-aq-e° - √v Rm\m-bncp- ∂ p; Fs‚ \ntbm- K tØmsS B I√v sh®v B tIm´ ]q¿Æ-am-bn; {KŸ-ßfn¬ Jp¿- B ≥ A¥n- a - { KŸw, {]hm-N-I-irw-J-e-bn¬ Rm\-¥y-I-Æn-bm-Wv; F\n °p tijw \_n hcm-\n-√; aqkm°v tijw klm- b nbmbn lmdq¨ \_nsb \nb-an-°-s∏-´n-cp-∂p; F\n°p tijw \_n-Xz-aps≠-¶n¬ Da-dns\ A√mlp \_n-bm-°p-am-bn-cp-∂p; F∂nß-s\-bp-ff At\-I-a-t\-I \- _ n- h - N - \ - ß - f m¬ BbncØn Ccp-\qdv sIm√-°mew ap…ow temIw AwKo-Ic - n® bmYm¿∞ysØ \ntj-[n®v \ntj- [ n- I - f mbn Xo¿∂ AlvaZ- n-Is - f∂ JmZn-bm-\nIƒ DXn¿Øp hnSp∂ apgph≥ P¬∏-\ß - ƒ°pw ta¬ \_n- h - N \w \nXy- i m¥n \¬Ip-∂p.

\n߃ \nß-fpsS IS∏m-Sp-Iƒ `wKn-bm°n \n¿∆-ln-°p-I. Ah¿ h√-Xnepw hogvN hcpØn-bm¬ \n߃ {]tIm]n-Xtcm A®-S° - e - w-LItcm AXn-{I-an-Itfm BImsX Ah-cpsS A¥na Xocp-am\w A√mlp-hn-te°v hnSp-I. F√mw ImWp-∂, tIƒ°p-∂, \nb-¥n°p∂ k¿∆c£-I\ - mb A√mlp AXp Xocp-am\n-®p-sIm-ffpw F∂ ip`m]vXn hnizm-ktØmsS Xh-°t- emsS im¥-ambn Pohn-°p-I.

18

Iƒ `wKn-bm°n \n¿∆-ln-°pI. Ah¿ h√-Xnepw hogvN hcp-Øn-bm¬ \n߃ {]tIm]n-Xtcm A®-S° - e - w-LI - tcm AXn- { I- a n- I tfm BImsX Ah-cpsS A¥na Xocp-am\w A√m- l p- h n- t e°v hnSp- I . F√mw ImWp-∂, tIƒ°p∂, \nb- ¥ n- ° p∂ k¿∆ c£-I\ - mb A√mlp AXp Xocp-am-\n-®p-sIm-ffpw F∂ ip`m]vXn hnizm-k-tØmsS Xh- ° - t emsS im¥- a mbn Pohn-°p-I. C{Xbpw kzjv S - a mb ta¬h-N-\-Øn¬ kwi-b-cln-Xa - t\y ‘F\n°p tijw \_n- b n√ Xs∂’ F∂p hy‡-am-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. F∂m¬ \_nXzw Na™v {]hmNI- X- k v X n- I - b p-

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

temI-sØ-hn-tSbpw Ckvemw ]® ]nSn®p \n¿Ø-s∏-Sp∂ kwhn- [ m- \ w. C…mw Hcp temI-{]-ÿm-\a - mbn. Hscm‰ Jeo^ temIw apgp-h≥ `cn°m≥ thW- s a∂ hminsbm∂pw C…m-an-\n-√. AXv F°m-eØpw {]mtbm-Kn-Ih - pa- √ . cmPy- ß fpw cmjv { Sßfpw kaq- l - ß fpw `qan apgps° ]S¿∂p ]¥-en®p InS- ° p- ∂ p. `mjm, tZi, h¿Æ, h¿§, PmXn t`Z-ßsfm- ∂ p- a n- √ msX A√m- l phns‚ Zo≥ -hnip- ≤ - J p¿B≥ -\_n-Ncy -C…m-an-Ikw-kv°mcw CsXms° Ip‰a‰ coXn- b n¬ GXm≠v temI-Øns‚ ap°p-aq-e-I-fnse√mw C∂pw \ne-sIm-ff - p∂Xv \ap-°-\p-`-h-t`-Zy-am-Wt√m. {]hm-N-I≥ ]d™p: c≠v alm- I mcyw Rm≥ \n߃°mbn Ah-ti-jn-∏n®n-cn-°p-∂p. ‘A√m-lp-hns‚ hN-\a - mb Jp¿-B≥. Fs‚ amXrIm Poh-X-N-cy. CXp apdpsI ]nSn°pw Ime- a {Xbpw \n߃ ]ng®p t]mIn√ Xs∂’. (_pJm-cn, apkznw) apkveow-temIw Fhn-sSsb-¶nepw kz¬]w ]ng-®pt]m-Ip-∂p-s≠-¶n¬, ImcWw Cu c≠v {]am- W - ß ƒ ssIhn-Sp-∂-Xm-sW-∂mWt√m {]hm-NI - ≥ ]d-™Xns‚ s]mcpƒ. \mw F¥psN- ø - W - s a∂v {]hm- N - I ≥ ]d-bp-∂Xpw AXp-Xs - ∂.- \n߃ Fs‚ ]n≥Km-an-Isf A\p-K-an-°p-Ibpw Ah¿°h- I m- i - s ∏- ´ Xv hI- s h®p sImSp- ° p-- I bpw Ahsc A\p- k - c n®p apt∂m´p t]mhp- I bpw sNøp- I . \n߃ \nß-fpsS IS-∏m-Sp-

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


[\-hn-Nmcw tUm.-Sn.-Fw.-tXm-akv sFkIv

CkvemanI _m¶v bmYm¿∞y-am-Ip-tºmƒ

tI

c-f-Øn¬ k¿°m¿ ]n¥p-W-tbmsS Hcp CkvemanI [\-Im-cy- ÿm-]\ - Ø - n\p th≠n A©p h¿j-ambn \S-Øp∂ {]bmWw ^e-{]m-]vXn-bn-em-bn. 'A¬_-dm°' F∂mWv BZyw C´n-cp∂ t]cv. AXv "tNc-am≥ ^n\m≥jy¬ k¿∆okv ss{]h‰v enan-‰Uv' F∂m-°n. Ckvemw F∂p tI´m¬ lmen-fI - p∂ Nnecp-≠v. CkvemanI [\-Imcy ÿm]\w F∂v t]cp tIƒt°≠ Xmakw kp{_-“Wyw kzman sslt°m-SX - n-bn¬ tIkv ^b¬ sNbvXp. ico-A-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ {]h¿Øn°p∂ _m¶v cq]-hX - v°c - n-°p-∂X - n¬ \n∂v tIcf k¿°mdns\ XSb-W-sa-∂m-bn-cp∂p Bh-iyw. Ign™ CS-Xp-]£ - - P-\m-[n-]X - ya - p-∂Wn k¿°m¿ FSpØ Cu ap≥ssI tZio-b, A¥¿tZ-iob {i≤ t\Sn. Fs∂ C‚¿hyq sNøm≥ h∂ Hcp ]m›mXy sSen-hn-j≥ Soans‚ tNmZyhpw CXm-bn-cp-∂p. "IΩyq-Wn-Ãmb \n߃ CØcw aXmNm-c{- ]-Im-ca - p-ff ÿm]\w Bcw-`n-°p-∂X - v F¥psIm≠v?' Ah¿°p-ff adp-]Sn CXm-bn-cp-∂p. "Fs‚ hnizm-k-a√ Imcyw, P\-ß-fpsS hnizm-k-amWv. a‰p-f-f-h¿°v lm\n-I-c-as√¶n¬ GXv aX-hnizm-kn°pw kz¥w hnizm-k {- ]-Imcw Pohn°p- ∂ - X n- \ p- f f kuI- c y- s am- c p- ° p- ∂ - X n- \ v aX\nc- t ]£ k¿°mdn\pw IS- a - b p- ≠ v . Ckv e mw aX- h nizm- k - { ]- I mcw 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

19


{]h¿Øn °p∂ Hcp ]en-ic-ln-X-[-\-Imcy ÿm]\w XpS-ßm-\p-ff ap≥ssI FSp°m\pw CS-Xp-]£w Xs∂ th≠n h∂p. ]ecpw Icp- X p∂Xp t]mse Ckv e manIv [\Imcy ÿm]\w F∂p ]d™m¬ apkveoßsf [\-]c- a mbn klm- b n- ° m- \ p- f f Hcp ÿm]-\-a-√. GXv aXÿ\pw Cu ÿm]-\Ø - ns‚ klmbw kzoI- c n- ° mw. F∂m¬, Hcp \n_-‘-\-bp≠v. ]∂n-bn-d®n sIm≠p-ff DXv]∂ - ß - ƒ, aZyw, ab-°p-acp∂v XpSßn Ckvemw \njn≤- s a∂v Icp- X p- ∂ - h - b psS Dev ] m- Z - \ - Ø nt\m A«oe hnt\m-Z-{]-h¿Ø\ß ƒt°m th≠n ÿm]\w klmbw \¬Ip-Ib - n-√. Iº\n- b n¬ apX¬ apS- ° m≥ Xøm-dp-ff GXv aX-ÿ\pw Ub- d - I v S ¿ t_m¿Un¬ AwK-am-Ip-∂X - n\pw XS- a - n√. A¬ _dm-°ns‚ Ub-dIv S ¿ t_m¿Un¬ XpS°w apXte Aapkv e oßfpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Ckv e mw aXØn\v B flob hnizmk {]am- W ߃s°m∏w kmaq- l n- I , kmº- Ø n- I - { Iaw kw_‘n®pw Imgv - N - ∏ m- S p- ≠ v . kzØn\pw Itºm-f-Øn\pw ]c-am-[nImcw I¬∏n-°p∂ H∂√ AXv . temIsØ kºØv A√m- l p- h ns‚ Ir]-bm-Wv. AXns‚ {SÃn am{X-amWv DS-aÿ ≥. Irjn, hyh- k m- b w, hmWnPyw F∂n-hb - n-eqsS Cu kºØv h¿≤n∏n-°pI F∂Xv a\pjys‚ IS-a-bm-Wv. ]t£, ]Ww sIm≠v ]Ww s]cp20

∏n- ° p∂ {]h¿Ø\߃ ]mSn-√.-Im-cWw ]W-Øn\v AXn¬ Xs∂ aqey-an-√.- AXp-sIm-≠mWv "dn_' As√¶n¬ ]eni CS-]m-Sp-Isf ldm-ambn AYhm \njn-≤ambn Ckv emw Icp-Xp-∂X - v. ]en-i am{Xa√, Dul-°® - h - Shpw NqXm-´hpw Agn-aX - nbpw ldm-am-Wv. Itºm-f-Øns‚ ]c- a m- [ n- I mcw Ckv e mw AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂n-√. IpØIbpw AXncp Ihn™ Ak-a-Xzhpw ]mSn-√. F√mh-cp-tSbpw ASn-ÿm\ Bhiy-߃ \n¿∆-ln°-s∏-SW - w. F√m- h - c p- w Ah- c psS kzØns‚ Hcp `mKw ]mh-

2009-˛1- 0 se _P-‰n-em-bncp∂p CkvemanI [\Imcy ÿm]-\s - Ø-°p-dn®p-ff \n¿t±iw apt∂m´p sh®-Xv. CXns\ XpS¿∂v 'GWÃv B≥Uv bßv' F∂ I¨kƒ´ ≥knsb-s°m≠v hni-Zamb km[yXm ]T\w \S-Øn. Iº-\nbpw cPnÿ sNbvXp. F∂m¬, Hcp Imcyw hy‡-am-bn-cp∂p. C¥y-bn¬ \ne-hn-epff \nb-aN - ´- ° - q-Sn-\p-ffn¬ ]en-ic - l - n-X_ - m¶v Bcw-`n°m≥ Ign-bn-√. AXp-sIm≠v Hcp _m¶nXc [\-Im-cy-ÿm-]\ - a - mbn-´mWv Iº\n cPn-ÿ sNbvX-Xv.

߃°p \evI-Ww. k°mØn-t‚bpw kZ-JØn-t‚ bpw ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n-ep-ff D ƒt®¿∂ hnI-k\ k¶¬∏amWv Ckv e man- t ‚- X v . I tºmfw kmaq-lnI\n-b-{¥W-Øn\v Iogvs∏-SW - w. Cu Bi-bß - f - psS XpS¿®-bmbn HcnkvemanI tkmjy-enÃv Nn¥m- [ mc Ncn{X- Ø n¬ \ap°v ImWm≥ Ign- b pw. tkmhn-b‰v hnπ-h-Im-eØv at[y-jy-bnepw AºXv Adp]-Xp-If - n¬ Ad_v tZio-bX - bnepw \ap- ° nXv kv ] jv S ambn ImWm- \ m- I pw. Cu Nn¥I- f psS Df- f - S - ° sØ °pdn®pw ]cn-Wm-asØ-°pdn®pw hyXykvX A`n-{]m-b߃ D≠v . ]t£, AhnX¿°n-Xa - mb Hcp Imcy-ap-≠v. C∂sØ BtKmf apX-emfnØ {Ia-tØmSv Ckveman\v s]mcp- Ø - s ∏- S m- \ m- h n- √ . ^n\m≥kv aqe-[-\-Øns‚ B[n-]X - y-amWv ChnsS \Sam-Sp-∂-Xv. Dul-°-®-h-Shpw NqXm-´h - p-amWv CXns‚ apJap-{Z. 1980- ¬ ^n\m≥jy¬ BkvXn-Iƒ 12 e£w tImSn tUmf- d m- b n- c p- ∂ p. 2001-- ¬ CXns‚ XpI 206 e£w tImSn tUmf-dm-Wv. temI Dev]m-Z\w 65 e£w tImSn am{Xw. c≠m- b n- c - Ø n¬ temI-hym-]mcw 606 e£w tImSn tUmf¿. ]t£, hntZi- \ m- W - b - hn- \ n- a bw 1500 tImSn tUmf¿. \mep ZnhksØ hntZ-ih - n-\n-abw aXn Hcp h¿jsØ I®-hS- Ø - n-\v. _lp-cmjv{S Iº-\n-I-fpsS 20-˛50 iX-am\w em`hpw ]Wan- S - ] m- S p- I - f n¬ \n∂m- W v . ]Ww sIm≠v ]Ww D≠m°p∂, As√-¶n¬ hyh-kmb-Ønepw Irjn-bnepw I®1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


h- S - Ø nepw D≠m- I p∂ an®sØ X´nsbSp- ° p∂ hyh- ÿ - b mWv B[p- \ nI ^n\m≥kv Im∏n-‰e - n-kw. Cu ÿnXn hntijw tkmjy-enkhpw Ckv e map- a m- b p- f f kl- I - c - W - Ø ns‚ hensbmcp km[yX Xpd-°p-∂p≠v. 2009-˛-10 se _P-‰n-em-bncp∂p CkvemanI [\-Imcy ÿm]- \ - s Ø- ° p- d n- ® p- f f \n¿t±iw apt∂m´p sh®-Xv. CXns\ XpS¿∂v 'GWÃv B≥Uv bßv ' F∂ I¨kƒ´ ≥knsb-s°m≠v hni-Za - mb km[yXm ]T\w \S-Øn. Iº-\nbpw cPn-ÿ sNbv X p. F∂m¬, Hcp Imcyw hy‡- a m- b n- c p- ∂ p. C¥y-bn¬ \ne-hn-ep-ff \nba- N - ´ - ° q- S n- \ p- f - f n¬ ]en- i cln-X-_m¶v Bcw-`n°m≥ Ign-bn-√. AXp-sIm≠v Hcp _m¶n-Xc [\-Im-cy-ÿm-]\ - am-bn-´mWv Iº\n cPn-ÿ sNbvX-Xv. _m¶v A√m- b n- c p- ∂ - X n1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

\m¬ Cu ÿm]- \ - Ø n\v sN°nS]mSp- I ƒ ]mSn- √ . ]t£, Hmlcn hnX- c Ww sNømw. dnk¿∆v _m¶v A\ph- Z n- ® m¬ sUt∏m- k n‰pw kzoI-cn-°mw. Cu sUt∏mkn‰pIƒ°v ]en-ib - √ {]Xn^-ew. ImcWw Iº\n ]eni-c-ln-X-amb CS-]m-Sp-Itf \S- Ø q. AXn¬ \n∂p- f f em`-hn-ln-X-amWv \nt£-]I¿°p \evIp-I. Fßs\ ]en-i-c-ln-X-amb CS-]m-SpIƒ B[p- \ nI temIØv \SØmw F∂-Xn-\v \ΩpsS \m´n¬ Xs∂ At\Iw amXr-II - f - p-≠v. CXn\p ]pdsa, temIØv Ht´sd ]co-£W- ß fpw \S- ° p- ∂ p- ≠ v . Hcmƒ ]Ww apS°n as‰mcmƒ I®- h - S - t am Dev ] m- Z \tam \SØn em`w ]¶pshbv ° p∂ "ap- Z md_'bmWv {][m-\s - ∏´ Hcp coXn. sh©z¿ Im∏n‰¬ ^≠p- I - f psS {]h¿Ø\w t]mse-bm-Wn-Xv. Cu ^≠pIƒ kwcw-`-I¿°v hmbv]

\evIp-I-b-√. adn®v kwcw-`Øns‚ hmWn-Py -km-[y-XIƒ ]cn- K - W n- ® p- s Im≠v apX¬ apS- ° p- I - b mWv sNøp∂-Xv. em`-Øn¬ Hcp ]¶v ^≠n\p e`n-°p-∂p. IqSnb hnebv°v Xncn®p hmßm-sa∂ Icm-dns‚ ASnÿm-\Ø - n-ep-ff hnev]\ - sb 'apdm-_l' F∂p hnfn-°p∂p. hmbv]b - n-√mØ CS-]mSp-Iƒ CXp-hgn \S-Øm≥ ]‰pw. Ct∏mƒ Cu XXzØns‚ ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n-ep-ff Ckv e manIv t_m≠p- I ƒ ]e cmPy-ßf - nepw {]m_-eyØn-ep-≠v. _n.-H.Sn CS-]m-SpI-tfbpw Hcp ]en-i-c-ln-Xkw- c w- ` - a m- ° mw. tNc- a m≥ ^n\m≥jy¬ k¿∆okv Iº\n Ct∏mƒ hJ^v kzØp-°ƒ CXp-t]m-semcp amXr-Ib - n¬ hnI-kn-∏n-°p-∂Xn- \ p- f f ]co- £ - W - Ø n\v IÆq- c n¬ XpS- ° - a n´v Ign™p. C¥y- b n¬ C∂v GXm≠v A©p- e £w 21


G°¿ hJ^v kzØp-°ƒ D≠v Ft∂m¿°Ww. Xh-Wbmbn AS®p Xo¿°m-hp∂ H‰n- b n- e qsS b{¥- k m- a - { KnIfpw sI´nSßfpw a‰pw hmßn \¬Ip∂ k{º- Z mbhpw Iº\n Bhn-jv°-cn®n-´p-≠v. CPm-d-lns‚ Hcp hIt`Z- a mbn CXns\ Im Wmw. hntZi C¥y-°m-cS- ° - ap-ff hy‡n-Iƒ°pw ÿm]\- ß ƒ°pw Iº- \ n- b n¬ sjb-dp-I-sf-Sp-°mw. CØcw Hcp ]co-£Ww tIc-fØ - n¬ Bcw-`n-®X - ns‚ kmº- Ø nI bp‡n ]enisb Xf-fn-∏d - b - p∂ \m´nse aX-hnizm-kn-If - psS kºm-Zy߃ am{X-a-√, temIsØ Ckv e manI ^≠p- I - f psS hym]vXnbpw IW-°n-se-Sp°p- I - b p- ≠ m- b n. C∂v CkvemanIv ^≠v BkvXnIƒ 1.6 e£w tImSn tUmf¿ hcpw. {]Xn-h¿jw 20 iXam\w sh®mWv Ah hf-cp∂-Xv. Ad_n cmPy-߃°v s]t{Smƒ hn‰p In´p∂ AXn`o- a - a mb tUmf¿ tiJcw ^n\m≥kv Im∏n- ‰ - e ns‚ At∏m-kvX-e-∑m-cmb _lpcmjv { S IpØI _m¶p- I fpsS ]°-emWv kq£n-°p∂-Xv. thsd t]mwh-gn-Iƒ C√. Cu `oa≥ s]t{Sm-tUmf¿ tiJcw BtKm- f - ^ n\m≥kv kº-Zvhyhÿ-bpsS Hcp kp{]-[m\ LS-Ia - m-Wv. Cu ^≠p-Iƒ BI¿jn-°m\mbn _lp-cmjv{S IpØI _m¶p-Iƒ Xß-fpsS km[mcW _m¶nßv CS- ] m- S pIƒs°m∏w Ckv e manIv hn≥tUm Xpd∂p XpS-ßn-bn´p-≠v. Cu k¶ev ] w tIc- f Ønse {Sj-dn-bn¬ {]mh¿ 22

CØcw Hcp ]co-£Ww tIc-fØ - n¬ Bcw-`n-®Xns‚ kmº-ØnI bp‡n ]en-isb Xf-fn-∏d - b - p∂ \m´nse aX-hnizm-kn-IfpsS kºm-Zy-߃ am{X-a√, temIsØ CkvemanI ^≠p-If - psS hym]vXnbpw IW-°n-se-Sp-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. C∂v CkvemanIv ^≠v BkvXn-Iƒ 1.6 e£w tImSn tUmf¿ hcpw. {]Xn-h¿jw 20 iXam\w sh®mWv Ah hfcp-∂X - v. Ad_n cmPy߃°v s]t{Smƒ hn‰p In´p∂ AXn-`o-aa - mb tUmf¿ tiJcw ^n\m≥kv Im∏n-‰e - ns‚ At∏m-kvX-e-∑m-cmb _lp-cmjv{S IpØI _m¶p-If - psS ]°-emWv kq£n-°p-∂-Xv. Øn-Ia - m-°p-sa-∂mWv bp.-Un.F^v k¿°mdns‚ BZy _P‰n¬ {]Jym-]n-®X - v. Hcp kzX{¥ [\-Imcy ÿm]\w Ipd®p \mƒ {Xni-¶p-hn-embn. ]pXnb \o°w XnI®pw A{]-mtbm-Kn-Ihpw Ckvem anIv XØz߃°v hncp-≤h - pam-Wv F∂ hna¿i\w A∂p Xs∂ Db¿∂n-cp-∂p. {Sj-dnbnse CkvemanIv hn≥tUmbn-eqsS kzoI-cn-°p∂ ]Ww ldm-amb Imcy-߃°v D]tbm- K - s ∏- S p- ∂ n√ F∂v Fßs\ Dd∏p hcp-Øpw? A\p-`h - Ø - ns‚ ASn-ÿm-\Øn-em-bn-cn-°-Ww. Ipd®p \mfsØ Aam- ¥ - Ø n\p

tijw Ct∏mƒ tNc- a m≥ ^n\m≥jy¬ k¿∆okv enan‰Uv Bcw-`n-°m≥ Xocp-am-\am-b-Xv. ]t£, dnk¿∆v _m¶n\v ]pXnb kwcw- ` - Ø ns‚ km[y-XI - ƒ t_m[y-s∏-´n-√. CkvemanIv [\-Im-cy-ÿm-]\- Ø ns‚ km[y- X - I sf A\p- I q- e n®v dnt∏m¿´v \¬Inb ]fin- X - \ mWv C∂sØ dnk¿∆v _m¶v Kh¿Æ¿ cLpdmw cmP≥. Cu dnt∏m¿´mbn-cp∂p tIcf k¿°m¿ C°m- c y- Ø n- s eSpØ ap≥ssIbv°v {]tNmZ-\a - mb Hcp Imcyw. ]t£, At±lw Kh¿Æ- d mbn´pw dnk¿∆v _m¶ns‚ ]ncn-apdp°w Ab-bp-∂n-√. Hmlcn aqe-[\ - Ø - n-eqsS ^≠v kzcq]n-°mw. ]t£, sUt∏mkn‰p-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°m≥ ]mSn√ F∂mWv Ah-cpsS Ct∏mgsØ \ne-]m-Sv. \ne-hn-ep-ff \nb-a{- ]-Imcw sUt∏mkn‰v kzoI-cn-°p∂ ÿm]-\ß - ƒ Ah¿ \¬Ip∂ ]en-i-\nc°v \n¿Æbn®v dnk¿∆v _m¶ns\ Adnbn- t °- ≠ Xp≠v. ]en-ic - l - nX [\-Imcy-ÿm-]\w Fßs\-bmWv ]eni \n¿Æbn°pI? Hcp ]t£ ]qPyw ]eni \n ¿Æbn®v dnk¿∆v _m¶ns\ Adnbn- ° p- I - b m- b n- c n°pw {]Xn-hn-[n. hntZ-i^ - ≠ - p-Isf BI¿jn-°p-∂X - n\p th≠n If- f - ∏ - W - Ø n\pw \nIpXn sh´n- ∏ n\pw hsc HØmi sNbvXp-sIm-Sp-°p∂ `c-Wm[n-Im-cn-Iƒ C°m-cy-Øn¬ ImWn-°p∂ Im¿°iyw Hcp Xam-i-bm-Wv. (I-S-∏mSv: amXr-`q-an)

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


]T\w \_o-¬ lwk _mw•q¿

{io\m-cm-b-W-Kp-cp-hns‚ ssZh-Z-i-Ihpw Xzco-JØ - p-Im-cpsS emC-eml C√-√mbpw A°m-eØp apkvenw \thm-∞m\ \mb-I∑ - m-cp-ambn CuSp‰ _‘w ]pe¿Øn-bn-cp∂ \mcm-bW Kpcp-hn¬ Ckvem-anse GI-ssZ-h-kn≤m¥w i‡-ambn kzm[o-\n-®n-cp-∂p. AtXm-sSm∏w lnµp-°-fnse Xmgv∂ PmXn-°msc D∂-Xn-bn-se-Øn-t°-≠X - p-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂p. Ahsc BI¿jn-°m\pw sslµh [¿Ωm-[n-jvTn-Xm-Z¿i-߃ ssIsh-Sn-bm\p≈ hnap-JX - bpw At±-lsØ \njv]£ - \ - mb aXm-Nm-cn-bm°n am‰nbn-cp-∂p. PmXo-bi - m-]Ø - n¬ \n∂v c£-s∏-Sm≥ Ckvem-an¬ tN¿∂psIm-≈m≥ IogvPm-Xn-°m¿°v At±lw au\m-\p-hmZw \¬In.

kzman

{io\m-cm-b-WKpcp \qdp h¿j- ß ƒ°v apºv 1914¬ "ssZh-Z-iIw' F∂ t]cn¬ efn-Xa - mb Hcp {]m¿∞-\m-IrXn cNn-®n-´p-≠v. Zm¿i-\n-I-cm-bmepw kvtXm{X-Io¿Ø-\-ß-fnepw {]m¿∞-\b - nepw kmtcm-]t- Zi- Ø n- e p- s a√mw BXy¥nIamb kXyw Is≠Ønb Hcp Ejn-h-cy-\m-bncp∂p At±- l - s a- ∂ mWv F√m-hcpw hniz-kn®p t]mcp∂- X v . PmXn- N n- ¥ - b psS A¿∞- a n- √ mbv a hy‡- a m°m≥ "PmXn-e-£W'sa∂ IrXn At±lw cNn-®-Xn\p ]pd- s a, Poh- I m- c pWy alXzw hnh-cn-°p∂ "PohIm- c p- W y- ] - © Iw' F∂ IrXnbpw A\p-I-ºm-Z-iIw F∂ ]pkvXI - hpw A°m-eØp-Xs - ∂-bmWv cNn-®s - X∂v \S- c m- P - K pcp ]d- b p- ∂ p- ≠ v . ""Hcp PmXn Hcp aXw Hcp ssZhw a\p- j y\v , Hcp tbm\n- s bm- c m- I m- c w, Hcp t`Z- h p- a n- √ - X n¬'' F∂ 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

kp{]-kn≤ hN\w PmXn-Nn¥-bpsS IS-bv°¬ IØn-shbv°p-∂X - m-bn-cp-∂p. PmXn-t`Z-an-√mØ H‰ a\p-jy-hw-isØbpw GI- \ mb ssZhsØbpw At±lw kz]v\w I≠p.

Kpcp-hns‚ Ckvemw a\ v A°m- e Øp apkv e nw \thm- ∞ m\ \mb- I - ∑ m- c pambn CuSp‰ _‘w ]pe¿Øn-bn-cp∂ \mcm-bW Kpcp-hn¬ Ckvem-anse GIssZ-h-kn-≤m¥w i‡-ambn kzm[o- \ n- ® n- c p- ∂ p. AtXmsSm∏w lnµp-°f - nse Xmgv∂ PmXn-°msc D∂-Xn-bn-se-Ønt°- ≠ - X p- a p- ≠ m- b n- c p∂p. Ahsc BI¿jn- ° m\pw sslµh [¿Ωm-[n-jvTn-XmZ¿i-߃ ssIsh-Sn-bm-\p≈ hnap- J - X bpw At±- l sØ \njv ] - £ - \ mb aXm- N m- c nbm°n am‰n-bn-cp-∂p. PmXo-bim-]-Øn¬ \n∂v c£-s∏Sm≥ Ckv e m- a n¬ tN¿∂p-

sIm-≈m≥ IogvPm-Xn-°m¿°v At±lw au\m- \ p- h mZw \¬In. {]hm- N I aX߃°p kΩ- X - a m- b n- ´ p≈ ssZh- k - ¶ ¬]w At±- l Øn¬ cq]-s∏-´-X-ß-s\-bmWv. kz¥w aX-Øn¬ \n∂v ap‡-am-Im≥ Ign-bp-∂p-an-√. A°m-eØ - W - t- ±lw "ssZhZ- i Iw' F∂ {]m¿∞- \ mIrXn cNn-°p-∂X - v. inh-Kncn aT- Ø nse Xs‚ hf¿Øp_m- e - ∑ m¿°p k‘ym {]m¿∞- \ - ° mbn ae- b m- f Ønsegp- X nb efn- X - a mb sIm®p-Ir-Xn-bm-W-Xv. AXnse ssZh- t Øm- S p≈ \njvI-f-¶-amb t\¿°p-t\sc-bp≈ {]m¿∞\ Cßs\ hmbn-°mw. ""ssZhta! ImØp-sImƒIßp ssIhn-Sm-XnßpRß-sf, \mhn-I≥ \o `hm-_v[ns°m cmhn-h≥ tXmWn \n≥]-Zw F∂p XpSßn A∂- h kv{XmZn ap´msX ˛ X∂p-c£n®v Rßsf ˛ [\y-cm23


Hcp krjvSn-bn-te°pw lrZbw Xncn-bmsX A√m-lp-hn-¬ am{Xw hnebw {]m]n-°¬ e£y-am-°n-b-h¿ F∂-h-Im-i-s∏-Sp-∂p. "JZvcn-øØv' (a-\p-jyI¿Ω-ßf - n¬ bmsXmcp ssZh-hn-[nbpw _m[-Ia - √ - . F√mw a\p-jys‚ kzbw IrXn F∂v hmZn® Iq´¿) F∂ {]ÿm\w DS-se-Sp-Øt- ∏mƒ Ahsc ]cmP-bs - ∏-Sp-Øm\pw XI¿°m\pw Hcp adp-I£n ˛ P_vcn-øØv ˛ (a-\p-jy\p bmsXmcp Ign-hp-an-√. H∂nepw ]¶p-an-√. k¿∆hpw A√mlp A∏-t∏mƒ \¬Ins°m≠n-cn-°p-∂p. k¿∆hpw hn[n-Xs∂ F∂p hmZn-°p∂ I£n) P∑w sIm≠p. Ah-cpsS BZ¿iw ISw hmßn-b-h-cmWv kq^n-bm-°ƒ. Xzco-JØ - p-Im¿ AXns‚ {]tbm-‡m-°f - p-am-Wv. °p∂ \osbm∂p ˛ Xs∂ R߃°p Xºp- c m≥ ˛ Bgnbpw Xncbpw Im‰pw ˛ Bghpw t]mse Rßfpw ˛ ambpw \n≥ aln- a bpw ˛ \obp- s a- ∂ p- ≈ n- e m- I - W w.'' F∂- X p- h sc Id- I - f ™ GI- s sZ- h - Ø ns‚ apºn¬ ka¿∏n-°p∂ {]m¿∞-\m-KoX-am-WX - n¬ \mw ImWp-∂X - .v hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\-S-°-ap≈ thZ-{K-Ÿß - f - nse {]hm-NI - a- X - ß - t fmSv ]q¿Æ- a mbn tbmPn-°p∂ ssZh-hn-izm-kZ¿i-\hpw {]m¿∞-\-bpw.

sslµh Z¿i\w F∂m¬, sslµh `mc-Xan- Ø p- I - f n¬ F∂pw CgtN¿∂ _lp- s sZ- h - Ø ns‚bpw AssZz-Xm-Z¿i-Øns‚bpw Bcy-hn-izm-k-Øns‚bpw XXz-imkv{Xw k∂nth-in-∏n® {]m¿∞\mKoXamWv ]n∂oSv \mcm- b W Kpcp-hn¬ \n∂v Dd-hs - b-Sp-°p∂-Xv. ssZhm-hX - m-cw, ssZhØn-e-en™p tNcp∂ \n¿ ∆m-Ww, Rm≥ Xs∂ ssZh tam ssZhmw- i tam Hs° Bbn-Øo-cp∂p-sh∂ k¶ ¬]w. B k¶¬]-Øn-e-[njvTn-Xa - mb Bcm-[\m I¿Ωßfpw {]m¿∞-\I - fpw A¿®24

\-I-fpw. ssZh-Z-i-I-Øn¬ ]n∂oSv ]d-bp∂p: ""\obt√m krjv S nbpw krjv S m- h mbXpw krjvSn-Pm-ehpw ˛ \obt√m ssZh-ta, krjvSn˛°p≈ kma-{Kn-bm-bXpw ˛ \obt√m ambbpw amb-˛hnbpw ambm-hn-t\m-Z\pw ˛ \obt√m ambtb ˛ \o°n kmbqPyw \¬Ip- a m- c y\pw.'' At\Iw tZh-X-Isf Bcm-[n-°p∂ aX-k{- º-Zm-bØn\p XneIw Nm¿Øptºmgpw BXy- ¥ n- I - a mb A≤ym-fln-I-X-bv°mWv Bcy-aX - m-Nm-cy-∑m¿ Du∂¬ \¬Im- d p- ≈ - X v . ta¬{]m¿ ∞\m KoX-Øn-eqsS \mcmbW Kpcphpw Ahn-sS-bmWv FØn-t®-cp-∂-sX∂p ImWmw. GsX-¶nepw tZho, tZh∑msc k¶¬]n-°msX GIssZ-hsØ (a-≤y-ÿ-∑mtcm CS-bm-f-∑mtcm ip]m¿i-I tcm IqSm-sX) Aß-s\-Ø s∂ t\cn´v kwt_m- [ \ sNbvXv {]m¿∞n-°p∂ {]m¿ ∞- \ - I ƒ `mc- X - Ø n¬ ˛ lnµp-aX - Ø - n¬ ˛ C√ Xs∂. F∂m¬ \mcm- b W Kpcphns‚ ta¬{]m¿∞-\-bn¬ BZy-`mKw ssZhsØ t\cn ´p {]m¿∞n-°p∂ hn[-am-Wv.

GI\pw GI-k-Xy-hp-amb ssZhsØ am{Xw B{i-bam°n ˛ apkvenw-Is - f-t∏mse ˛ \S-Øp∂ Id-If - ™ {]m¿ ∞-\. AXn-ib - I - c - s - a∂p ]db-s´, Kpcp-hns‚ ka-\z-bmZ¿i-Øns‚ \nZ¿i-\-amWv ]n∂oSv At±-l-Øn¬ \mw ImWp-∂X - v. (ap-lΩ - Zv \_n(k)-bpsS ]nXr-hy≥ A_qXzm-en-_ns‚ \ne-hm-cØ - n-te°mWv {io\m- c m- b - W - K pcp FØn-t®-cp-∂-sX∂p D]-an°mw. BZ¿i-kv^p-SX - b - nepw kn≤m-¥-ß-fnepw ssÿcyØnepw apl-ΩZ- ns\ Ah-KWn-°m-\m-Ip-∂n√ A_q-Xzmen-_n\v. F∂m¬ apl-ΩZ- n¬ \n∂v hyXn- N - e n- ∏ n- ° p∂ Xs‚ ]mc- º cy aXm- Z ¿iØn¬ A¶-em-∏n-em-hp-I-bmW-t±lw sNbvX-Xv.) Ahkm\w ]ca bmYm¿∞yØn\p apºn¬ ]X-dn-t∏m-bn. CØ-cs - am-ch - ÿ b - n¬ \mcmb-WK - p-cphpw AI-s∏-Sp-Ib - mWp-≠m-b-Xv.

_p≤-aXw A´n-ad - n™p _p≤-a-Xm-Nm-cy-\mb {io_p- ≤ ≥ bYm¿∞- a mb Id-If - ™ XuloZv ˛ GIssZ- h - k n- ≤ m¥ ˛ BWv {]t_m-[\w sNbvXn-cp-∂X - v. 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


AXyp-∂-Xn-bn-ep≈ {kjv Smhpw \mY\pw hn[n-I¿Ømhp- a mb ssZh- s Ø- b mWv At±lw ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-ØnbXpw B ssZh- Ø ns‚ ktµ-i-hm-l-I\pw `‡-\pam-Wv Xms\∂pw At±lw hnfw- _ cw sNbv X - X pw. F∂m¬ At±-lØ - ns‚ B aXsØ sslµh sslPm°nw-Kn-eqsS as‰m-∂m-bmWv ]n¬°m-eØv temI-Øn\p apºn¬ Ah-Xc - n-∏n-°s - ∏-´X - v. XqWnepw Xpcp-ºnepw I√n epw apc-Snepw Im™n-c° - p-‰nbnepw ap≈nepw apc-Snepw aq¿°≥ ]mºn-ep-sa√mw ˛ kI-e-Po-h-Pm-e-ß-fnepw ˛ "\nd- ™ p- X p- f pºn ebn®v tN¿∂ ]c-ak - X - y-am-bn-´p≈' F∂ B¿°pw {Kln-°m-\mImØ hnizmk kwkvIm-cam-bn-´mWv Ah-Xm-cs - a-Sp-ØXv . Ah- k m\w _p≤≥ ssZh- Ø n¬ ˛ hnebw ˛ \n¿∆mWw {]m]n®p F∂m Wv ]d-™p-sh-®-Xv. kXy sØ A´n- a - d n®v `mc- X ob sslµ-h-an-Øn¬ ap°n-s∏mcn®p F∂p kmcw. AXp-Xs∂-bmWv \mcm-bW - K - p-cp-hnt‚-Xnepw \mw ImWp-∂X - v.

Xzco-JØpw emC-em-lbpw ta¬]-d-™-Xns‚ Hcmh¿Ø- \ - a mWv {Ko°n¬ \n∂pw t]¿jy-bn¬ \n∂pw a‰p-ambn Pem-ep-±o≥ dqan-sbt∏m-ep-≈h - c - n-eqsS Ckvem-ante°p IS-∂p-h∂v kq^n-kambn cq]m-¥-c-s∏´v Xzco-JØmbn Ah- X m- c - s a- S p- Ø n´p≈ BZ¿iw. tImSm- \ ptImSn \£-{X-ßfpw £oc]-Yß - fpw ¢Ã-dp-Ifpw KmeIvkn-Ifpw F√mw AS-ßp∂ 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

Cu alm- { ]- ] - © - ß - f p- s Ssb√mw {kjvSmhpw kwc-£I\pw \nb-¥m-hp-amb atlm∂-X\pw GI-\p-amb A√mlp-hn-s\-°p-dn®v F¥mWp Xzco-J-Øp-Im-cpsS [mcW? A√mlp Bcm-sW∂ cl kyw X߃°p am{Xta Xpd∂p-In-´n-bn-´p≈q F∂v P¬]n°p∂ Xzco- J Øp ssiJ∑m¿ A√m-lp-hn¬ DS™p tNcm\pw ebn®v H∂m-Im\pw Ah-km\w A√mlp Xs∂bm- I m\pw A¿lX t\Snsb∂v _Umbn hnSp-∂X - p-ImWmw. Hcp krjvSn-bn-te°pw

Pohn-X-Im-e-Øm-bmepw ac-W-ti-j-am-bmepw {]hm-NI - t- \mSv klmbw tNmZn-°mw. B tNmZyw bYm¿∞-Øn¬ A√m-lphn-t\m-Sp-X-s∂-bm-Wv. At∏mƒ dkq¬(-k) a[y-h¿Øn-bm-Wv. A√mlp-hns‚ Huen-bm-°t- fmSp≈ klm-bt- X-´hpw C{]-Imcw Xs∂. Xh pepw CkvXn-Kzm-kbpw acn-®h - t- cmSpw A√m-Øh-tcmSpw BImw. CXn-eS-ßnb clkyw a\- nem-Im-Øh - c - mWv Xh pepw CkvXn-Kzm-kbpw ]m]-am-sW∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv. Ien-aØ - p-Øu-loZn¬ CsX√mw BIm-sa∂p-≠v. Cßs\ t]mIp∂p Xzco-JØv hmZ-߃.

lrZbw Xncn-bmsX A√m-lphn-¬ am{Xw hnebw {]m]n°¬ e£y-am-°n-bh - ¿ F∂h-Im-is - ∏-Sp-∂p. "JZvcn-øØv' (a-\p-jy-I¿Ω-ß-fn¬ bmsXmcp ssZh- h n- [ nbpw _m[- I - a - √ . F√mw a\pjys‚ kzbw IrXn F∂v hmZn® Iq´¿) F∂ {]ÿm \w DS-se-Sp-Øt- ∏mƒ Ahsc ]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-Øm\pw XI¿°m\pw Hcp adp-I£n ˛ P_vcn-øØv ˛ (a-\p-jy\p bmsXmcp Ign- h p- a n- √ . H∂nepw ]¶p-an-√. k¿∆hpw A√mlp A∏-t∏mƒ \¬In s°m≠n-cn-°p-∂p. k¿∆hpw hn[n- X s∂ F∂p hmZn°p∂ I£n) P∑w sIm≠p. Ah- c psS BZ¿iw ISw hmßn-b-h-cmWv kq^n-bm°ƒ. Xzco-JØ - p-Im¿ AXn s‚ {]tbm-‡m-°f - p-am-Wv.

in¿°ns‚ hgnsb lnIvaØv F∂ cl-ky⁄m\w kn≤n- ® - h - c mWv R߃. R߃°- √ msX a‰m¿°pw A√m-lp-hn-t\mSv klmbw tNmZn-°m≥ Ign-bn√. bmsXmcp krjvSn-tbmSpw bmsXmcphn[ klm-bhpw tXSmsX k¿∆hpw A√m-lphn-t\mSv am{Xw tNmZn-°m≥ Kw`o-c-]-cn-io-e\w t\Sn-bh¿t° Ign-bq. ImcWw D]Im- t cm- ] - { Z- h - ß ƒ GXpw (Hcp krjv S nbpw H∂pw Hcmƒ°pw H∂n\pw klm-bn°m- \ m- I n- √ . F√m klmbhpw A√m-lp-hn¬ am{Xw \n£n-]vX-am-Wv ˛ Pn_vcn-øØns‚ ho£-Ww) A√m-lphn¬ \n∂p am{Xta D≠m-Iq. acn-®-hcpw Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂hcpw CXn¬ Xpey- c m- W v . AXn-\m¬ Hcmsf klm-bn25


°pI F∂ hnj- b - Ø n¬ Cu krjv S n- I ƒ°m¿°pw kzbw Hcp tbmKy-X-bp-an-√. apl-ΩZv \_n(-k)°p t]m epw B tbmKy-Xb - n-√m-bn-cp∂p-hs - {X. F∂m¬ \_nbpw kzlm- _ n- I fpw hnizm- k nIfpw klmbw sNøp-sa∂p hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\n¬ ]d-bp∂-Xns‚ ]cw-s]m-cp-fp-Iƒ cl-ky-⁄m-\-ap-≈-h-cpsS Ah- [ m- \ - X - t bm- s S- b p≈ hymJym-\ß - ƒ sImt≠ a\ n-em-Iq. AsXms° t\Snb A¥¿⁄m-\n-Iƒ Rß-fs{X. (k-Xym-kX - y-߃ Iq´n°- e ¿Øn- b mWv hmZ- ß sf√mw D∂-bn-°s - ∏-Sp-∂X - v). emC-em-l-C-√-√m-bpsS A¿∞w R߃°p am{Xta a\-   n- e m- b n- ´ p≈q AXv kzbw ]Tn-°m-s\m∂pw Ignbn-√. GsX-¶n-ep-samcp apd∫n- b mb ssiJns‚ km £m¬ ASn-a-bm-bn-Øo¿∂ apco-Zp-I-fmbmte ˛ Xzco-JØn-eqsS ˛ B kn≤n-In-´q. Ien-ab - psS s]mcp-fd - n-bm-Øh- c mWv A√m- l p- h n- t \mSv am{Xta {]m¿∞n- ° mhq F∂v ]d- b p- ∂ - h ¿. {]m¿ ∞\ A√m-lp-thmSv am{Xw F∂ hnj-b-Øn¬ XuloZns\ Nne¿ (ap-Pm-ln-Zp-If - mW-h¿) ]cn-an-Xs - ∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn°p- ∂ p. Pohn- X - I m- e - Ø mbmepw ac-W-ti-j-am-bmepw {]hm- N - I - t \mSv klmbw tNmZn- ° mw. B tNmZyw bYm¿∞-Øn¬ A√m-lp-hnt\m-Sp-Xs - ∂-bm-Wv. At∏mƒ dkq¬(-k) a[y-h¿Øn-bmWv. A√m-lp-hns‚ Huen-bm°-tfm-Sp≈ klm-bt- X-´hpw C{]-Imcw Xs∂. Xh- pepw Ckv X n- K zm- k bpw acn- ® - h tcmSpw A√m- Ø - h - t cmSpw 26

BImw. CXn-e-S-ßnb cl kyw a\- n-em-Im-Øh - c - mWv Xh- pepw CkvXn-Kzm-kbpw ]m]-am-sW∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. Ien-a-Øp-Øu-lo-Zn¬ CsX√mw BIm- s a- ∂ p- ≠ v . Cßs\ t]mIp∂p XzcoJØv hmZ-߃.

ebn-®p-tN-cp∂ ssZhw Npcp-°-Øn¬ hn{K-l-]qP- I ¿ ssZh- Ø n- t e- s °Øm≥ hn{K- l sØ a[yh¿Øn-tbm, ip]m¿i-Itcm CS-bm-ftcm Imc-W-°mtcm Hs°-bmbn k¶¬]n-°p-∂Xp-t]m-se, F√m-‰nepw A√mlp, a\p-jy≥ A√m-lp-hn¬ sN∂p- t N¿∂v ebn- ° pw, A≤ym-flnI hgn-bn-eqsS Icÿ-am-°p∂ cl-ky-⁄m-\nIƒ°v ssZh-I¬]-\-I-sfm ∂pw _m[n-°n√ ˛ ImcWw Ah¿ Xs∂ A√mlp BbnØo-cp-Ib - m-Wt√m ˛ \a-kvIcn-t°-≠X - n-√. ico-AØ - nse \nb-aß - s - fm∂pw _m[-Ia - √ (_m-[-I-am-Ip-∂-h-cp-ap-≠v) ˛ ssZh- k v a - c - W - b psS BgØns‚ Bg-Øn-te-s°-Ønbm¬ ]ns∂ ssZhsØ Hm¿°m-\mbn \n›-bn® \akvImcw t]mep≈ C_m-ZØp- I ƒ th≠- X n- √ t√m ˛ Bcm-[-\-I-tfm, ico-AØp \nb-aß - tfm _m[-Ia - √ - m-XmIp∂ Ahÿ {]m]n-°m≥ Ipsd ]Z-hn-Ifpw ÿm\-°b- ‰ - ß fpw Xzco- J - Ø p- I m¿ ]d-™p-≠m-°p-∂p-≠v. Xulo-Zns‚ Bkzm-Zy-I-camb A\p- ` q- X n- b n- t e°v sNs∂- Ø m≥ Ah≥ Dƒ °m- g v N - b p≈ Hcp hgn- I m´nsb tXtS- ≠ n- h - c p- a - s {X. Jpe- ^ m- A - v , JpØ- _ m- A - v , \pP- _ m- A - v , Kukp- I ƒ,

Ahp- X m- Z p- I ƒ, \pJv _ m- D Iƒ Aßs\bßs\ ]nimNp- ° ƒ tXm∂n- ∏ n- ° p∂ At\Iw \ma-ßf - n-ed - n-bs - ∏Sp∂ Zd-PI - f - p≠v Xzco-JØ - pI-fn¬. hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\nsebpw Ip‰-a‰ {]hm-NI - h - N - \-ßf - n-sebpw a‰p Ncn-{X-ßfn- s ebpw hN- \ - ß - s fbpw kw`-hß - s - fbpw Bh-iym-\pkmcw Zp¿hym-Jym\w sNbv Xv CsX√mw ÿm]n-s®-Sp°m≥ anSp-an-Sp-°-∑m-cm-Wn∂sØ At\Iw t]cp-If - d - nb-s∏-Sp∂ Xzco-JØ - p-Im¿. lnµp-a-X-Øn-sebpw ss{Ikv X h k\ym- k - Ø nsebpw ]utcm- l n- X y- Ø nsebpw _p≤-a-X-Øn-sebpw \mcm-bW - K - p-cp-hns‚ AssZzX-Øn-s‚-bp-sams° BsIØpI Acn-s®-SpØ Ckvemans‚ tasºmSn tN¿Øv {]Ncn- ∏ n- ° - s ∏- S p∂ BZy¥yw Ckv e m- a ns\ XI¿°m≥ km[y-am-°p∂ Bi-b-k-ap—-bß - fpw AXns‚ hn[m-Xm°-fp-amWv Xzco-J-Øp-Ifpw AXns‚ {]Nm- c - I - c p- s a∂v CXn¬ \ns∂√mw t_m[y-amIp-∂p. ChnsS {io\m-cm-bW - Kp- c p- h ns‚ AssZz- X hpw Xzco-J-Øp-Im-cpsS Iena ˛ emC- e m- l - C - √ - √ mlv ˛bpw ka- \ z- b n- ∏ n- ° p∂ i‡nbmWv Xzco-JØv F∂v a\ n-em-°m≥ {]bm-ka - n-√.

Aÿn-If - m¬ ]WnX Cu ico-csØ c‡hpw amwk hpw ad-®n-cn-°b - m-Wv. Po¿ W-Xbpw ac-Whpw anYym`n-am-\hpw Ip‰w ]d-®nepw AXn-\I - Ø - mWv hkn-°p∂-Xv. ([¿a-]Z- w) 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


am‰-an-√mØ {]]-©h- y-hÿ am‰p-∂-h¿

Fw.-A-en-a-Wn-Iv^m≥

""A

√m-lp-hns‚ ]°¬ amk-ßf - psS FÆw 12 BWv. hm\-ßfpw `qanbpw ]S® \mƒ apX¬ Ch-bn¬ \mev amk-߃ ]hn-{X-am-Wv'' F∂p Jp¿--B≥ \sΩ Adn-bn-°p-∂p. Jp¿-B≥ P\-߃°v hniZo-Ic - n-°p-hm-\mbn A√mlp \ntbm-Kn® aplΩ-Zp-ap-kvX-^m-k-e-√m-lp-A-sse-ln-h-k√w Cu amk-߃ N{µ-am-k-ßfmsW∂pw AXns‚ Afhv N{µs‚ {`a-Wa - \ - p-kc - n®v 29Hm 3- 0Hm Znh-kß - f - msW∂pw P\-ßsf ]Tn-∏n-®p. N{µ-am-kØ - n-øX - n-Iƒ am{Xta P\-߃ D]-tbm-Kn-°mhq F∂pw hni-ZoI-cn-®p. Jp¿--B\ - n¬ kqd-Øp¬_-Jd - b - n¬ 189 m- w hN\w ""P\-߃ N{µ-°e-I-sf-∏‰n tNmZn-°p-∂p. Ah P\-߃°pw l÷n\pw Xnø-Xn-bm-Wv'' F∂p hfsc hy‡-amb `mj-bn¬ A√mlp ]d-™p. AXns\ hni-Zo-Ic - n®p-sIm≠v dkp¬Icnw (k) Adnbn-®-Xn-{]-Im-c-am-Wv. ""A√mlp N{µ-°-eIsf P\-߃°v Xnø-Xn-If - mbn \n¿Æ-bn-®n-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. Ahsb t\m°n t\mºp XpS-ßp-I, Ahsb t\m°n s]cp-∂mƒ BN-cn-°pI. t\m°m≥ km[n°msX {]bm-kI - c - hpw kwi-bm-hÿ - bpw D≠m-bm¬ ap∏Xp ]q¿Øn-bm-°pI. Ah-bpsS ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ Xs∂ _en-I¿Ωhpw \-SØ - pI F∂v.'' lnem¬ I≠p \n∂ tijw Nne¿ km£yw hln-°p-Ibpw amkw XpSßn-b-sX∂p `mc-hm-ln-Iƒ Adn-bn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp∂ BNmcw A∂p≠m-bn-cp-∂p. AXns\ dkq¬ (k) AwKo-Ic - n-®n-√. AXn-s\-Xn-cmbn dkq¬ Iev]n-®Xv ""kzqap-en-dp-AvbØnlo'' AXns‚ (A-ln-√) ImgvNbv°v t\mºp1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

27


Xp-S-ßpI F∂m-Wv. ]t£ ]n∂oSp P\w ]gb BNm-cØn- t ebv ° v aS- ß p- I bpw ""lnem¬ I≠m¬ t\mºp XpS- ß pI'' F∂ Zp¿hyJym\w \evIp-Ibpw sNbvXp t]m∂p. A_- ≤ - ß - f psS XpS°w Chn-sS-bm-Wv.

Ft∏m-gmWv lnem¬ ImWp-∂Xv? CXmcpw ]cn-tim-[n-°m-dn√. lnem¬ F∂p ]d- b p∂Xv hf-cp∂ Ie-Iƒ°mWv. BZysØ hf-cp∂ Ie ImWp-∂Xv amkm-cw-`Ø - n¬ BZysØ Znhkw kqcy≥ AkvXa - n®p Ign-™m-emWv.

]e-\m-Sp-If - nepw CuZp¬^nØ¿ BN-cn-®-Xv. 1/2/1965 Xn¶-fmgvN \yqap¨ Zn\-am-bncp-∂p. (A-am-hm-kn) A∂p {ioaq¿t°mØp cmap- Æ n- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p e£Zzo]v AUv a n- \ n- k v t {S‰¿. tImgn- t °m´p s]cp- ∂ mƒ Ign™v Ah¿ Zzo]ntebv°p t]mIp-hm≥ I∏en¬ bm{X-bm-bn. ]ns‰ Znhkw _p[-\mgvN Zzo]n-se-Øn-b-t∏mƒ km[mc- W - t ]mse t_m´p- I sfm∂pw I∏- e n- t ebv ° p h∂n- √ . Ah¿°v Zzo]ntebv ° p Cd- ß p- h m- \ p- f f kuIcyw I∏- e n¬ C√.

t°m-bn¬ \msf (hym-gm-gvN) s]cp-∂m-fm-sW∂ hm¿ØbmWv At±-lØ - n\p In´nb- X v . Ijv S w! C\n- s b¥p sNøpw? I∏¬ ssUtUm-°nßn-\mbn DSs\ t_mws_bn¬ FtØ-≠-Xm-Wv. an\nt°m- b n¬ Cd- ° m- \ p- f f ssaZbpw ]©-km-cbpsam s° I∏-en-ep-≠v. AXp Cd°msX tImgn- t °mt´°v Xncn-°p-∂Xv {]bm-k-am-Wv. henb \jv S - a p- ≠ m- I pw. I∏¬ DS≥ Xncn®p t]mIp Ibpw thWw. At±lw F¥p sNø-Ws - a-∂d - n-bmsX Aº- c - ∂ p. t{]m{Km- a p- I ƒ ap≥ Iq´n \n›-bn-®n-cn-°p-∂-

lnem¬ F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv hf-cp∂ Ie-Iƒ°m-Wv. BZysØ hf-cp∂ Ie ImWp-∂Xv amkm-cw-`Ø - n¬ BZysØ Znhkw kqcy≥ AkvXa - n®p Ign-™memWv. Cu BZysØ N{µ-°e H∂mw Xnø-Xn-bpsS Ie-bm-sW∂ t_m[w ap…ow kaqlw am\n-®n´p \q-‰m-≠p-Iƒ Ign-™p. Ft¥m Imc-Wh - i - m¬ CXphsc c≠p ldap-I-tfbpw A√mlp ImØp kq£n-®p. Ahcpw ]d-bp∂Xv lnem¬ I≠-Xn\p tij-amWv \mw amkw XpS-ßp-∂Xv F∂mWv. ]t£ A∂p lnem¬ ImWp-Ib - n√ F∂-XmWv kXyw. Cu BZysØ N{µ- ° e H∂mw Xnø-Xn-bpsS Ie-bmsW∂ t_m[w ap…ow kaqlw am\n-®n´p \q-‰m-≠pIƒ Ign-™p. Ft¥m ImcW-h-im¬ CXp-hsc c≠p ldap- I - t fbpw A√mlp ImØp kq£n-®p. Ahcpw ]d- b p∂Xv lnem¬ I≠Xn\p tij-amWv \mw amkw XpS- ß p- ∂ Xv F∂mWv . ]t£ A∂p lnem¬ ImWp- I - b n√ F∂- X mWv kXyw. 1965- ¬ D≠mb kw`hw CXp ]cn-tim-[n-°p-hm-\mbn Fs∂ \n¿_-‘n-®p. 2/2/ 1965 sNm∆m-gvNb - n-emWv tIcf-Ønepw kuZn-bnepw a‰p 28

C∂sØ samss_-ep-Is - f-∏‰n kz]v\w t]mepw ImWm Ø Ime-am-bn-cp∂p AXv. Ah¿ hb¿se neqsS Zzo]p-ambn _‘-s∏-´-t∏mƒ a\- n-em-bXv A∂p Zzo]pIm¿°v CuZp¬^n- Ø ¿ kpZn-\-am-Wv F∂m-bn-cp-∂p. apkvenwIƒ A∂p I∏-entebv ° v Fßs\ hcpw? Aßs\ an\n- t °m- b n- t e bv ° v I∏¬ Xncn- ° p- h m≥ AUn-an-\n-bvt{S-‰¿ DØ-c-hn´p. ]nt‰ Znhkw GXmbmepw s]cp- ∂ mƒ D≠mhn√t√m F∂mWv At±lw Icp-Xn-b-Xv. A∂p sshIn´v an\n-t°mbn¬ FØn-b-t∏mƒ an\n-

Xm-Wt√m. à H∂p sX‰n-bm¬ F√mw sX‰pw. Imcyw \S-°pI-bn√ AXp-sIm≠p an\nt°m-bnse 9 aq∏-∑m-tcbpw Ban-t\bpw I∏-en-tebv°v ASn- b - ¥ n- c - a mbn hcm≥ Iev]n-®p. Ah¿ DSs\ Xm{Xn Xs∂ I∏-en-seØn AUvan\n-kvt{S-´¿ Ahsc Imcyw t_m≤y- s ∏- S p- Ø n. AhntSbpw kp∂n apPm- l nZv F∂ c≠p hn`m- K - a p- ≠ v . apPm- l nZp aq∏≥ ]d™p P\- ß - f psS s]cp- ∂ mƒ 8 aWn-tbmsS Ign-bpw. AXn\p tijw P\-߃ h∂p F√m km[\ßfpw Cd-°n-Øc - pw. 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


AUv a n- \ n- k v t {S- ´ ¿ hnj- a nt°-≠X - n-√. Aßs\ F√m aq∏-∑mcpw kΩ-Xn-°p-Ibpw F√m-hcpw cm{Xn Xs∂ I∏en¬ \n∂pw Zzo]n-te°v Cdßp-Ibpw sNbvXp. AUvan\nkvt{S-´dpw a‰p Kh¨sa‚ v DtZym-K-ÿcpw t]meokpw F√m-hcpw Ah-cpsS _w•mhp-I-fn-tebv°v t]mhpIbpw sNbvXp. ]ns∂ D≠mb kw`hw ck-I-c-am-Wv. apPm-ln-Zp-ItfmSv i{XpX ]men-®-h¿ KqUm- t em- N \ \S- Ø n, _mU-hn-t√Pv JØo-_ns‚ t]cn¬ Hcp Zpcm-tcm-]Ww D≠m°n Hcp l¿Pn {io cmap-Ænbv°v sImSp-Øp. Cu l¿Pn Xnc-°n¬ ]cntim-[n°msX At±lw ]n∂oSp t\m°p- h m- \ mbn sh®p. BcmWv sIm≠p-h∂sX∂p At±lw {i≤n- ® n- c p- ∂ n- √ . cmhnse t\m°n-bt- ∏m-gmWp kwKXn Kuc- h - a m- s W∂v At±-lØ - n\p a\- n-em-bX - v. _mUJØo- _ v JpØp_- b n¿ ]d- ™ - X m- b n´mWv Fgp- X n- b n- ´ p- f - f - X v . AXm-bXp kvIqƒ Ip´n-Iƒ ]XmI hW°w sNøp-∂Xv aX- Ø n¬ ]mSn- s √∂pw lm^v{Su-k¿ [cn®p kvIq fn¬ t]mIp- h m≥ ]mSns√∂pw a‰pw At±lw {]kwKn-®p-sh-∂p-amWv Df-fS- ° - w. At±lw CXp DSs\ At\z- j n- ° - W - s a∂p ]d™p-sIm≠v t]meo-kns\ Ab-®p. JØo-_ns\ hnfn-°m≥ th≠n h∂-t∏mƒ JØo_p anº-dn¬ {]kw-Kn-°p-I-bmWv. CXp Ign-bp-∂Xp hsc \nev ° - W - s a∂p P\- ß ƒ t]meo-kn-t\mSv Bh-iy-s∏´p. JpØp_ Ign™p Cd1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

ßnb DSs\ t]meokv At±lsØ ]nSn- I q- S p- I bpw AdÃv sNbv X v tÃj- \ ntebv ° v sIm≠p t]mIpIbpw sNbvXp. s]cp- ∂ m- f ns‚ Znhkw an\n-t°m-bn¬ hoSp-I-fn¬ `£Ww ]mIw sNøp-Ib - n-√. Hmtcm hnt√-Pnepw s]mXp-kZybmWv D≠m-Ip-I. s]cp∂m-fn\v tijw F√m-hcpw kZybv°v Hcpßptºm-gmWv t]meokv h∂v JØo_ns\ sIm≠p t]mb-Xv. At±-lØns‚ IqsS XSn-b∑ - m-cmb Nnecpw t]mbn-cp-∂p. t]meokv tÃj- \ n¬ tNmZyw sNbv X v t ∏mƒ JØo_v Ip]n-X\ - m-Ip-Ibpw BcmWv Cßs\- b p- f f IØp- I ƒ Ab- ® - s X∂p t]meo- k n- t \mSv tNmZn- ® p. tÃj-\n¬ acymZ ]men-°W- s a∂v ]d- ™ p- s Im≠v t]meokv At±-lsØ a¿±n®p. CXp- I ≠p sIm≠v ]pdØp \n∂n- c p∂ BfpIƒ kln- ° m- ≥ hømsX IpXn-®p-I-b-dp-Ibpw Imh¬°m- c s‚ tXm°v hen®p s]m´n- ° p- I bpw sNbvXp.

AhnsS F√mw _l-fa - mb-t∏mƒ JØo_p ]pdØp hcn- I bpw HmSn- h ∂v P\ßsf Adnbn- ° p- I bpw sNbvXp. `£Ww Ign-®p-sIm-≠ncp-∂-h¿ `£Ww Dt]-£n°p-Ibpw ssI t]mepw IgpImsX t]meokv tÃj-\nte°v HmSp-Ibpw sNbvXp. s]cp-∂mƒ Zn\-Øn¬ Cßs\sbmcp kw`-ha - p-≠m-bm¬ Fs¥√mw kw`-hn-°p-sa∂v \ap°v Duln- °m- hp- ∂- XmWt√m. shdpw 5 t]meo-kp-Imcpw Ipd™ Ic-°mcpw Zzo]p-\nhm-kn-Isf Fßs\ t\cnSpw. Ipd®p Ign-™-t∏mƒ F√m Zzo]p-Imcpw AhnsS HmSn- s b- Ø n. F√m- h cpw Um°v _w•m-hns‚ ap∂n¬ XSn- ® p- I q- S n. IØo- _ p- a m¿ t\XrXzw sImSpØv AhnsS Xs∂- b mWv . ]n∂oSv XIv_o¿ apg-°hpw Kw`o-ca - m°n. cmhnse XSn®p IqSnb P\w AhnsS \n∂p \oßp∂n-√. \a-kv°m-chpw Ahn- s S- Ø - s ∂. Ct∏mƒ 29


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

F∂nh sIm≠v Fs∂ sIm√m≥ Ah¿ ChnsS XSn®p IqSn-bn-cp-∂p. AhcpsS t]cv Fgp-Xn-Ø-cm≥ Ah-cm-h-iy-s∏-´p. AhnsS \m´p- a q- ∏ - ∑ m¿ Ah¿°v tZjy-ap-ff \nc-]cm-[n-I-fpsS t]cpw Fgp-Xns°mSp-Øp. Aßns\ ]´mf- ° m¿ Ah- s c- s b- √ m- h tcbpw AdÃv sNbvXp. 300 Hmfw Bfp- I sf Hcp ÿeØv Iymºn- e m- ° n. Iptd Bfp- I sf a¿±n- ° pIbpw sNbvXp. Cu kw`-ham-bn-cp∂p apkvenwI-fpsS hn`n∂ Znh-kß - f - nse s]cp∂m-fn-s\-∏‰n Nn¥n-°p-hm≥ Fs∂ t{]cn-∏n-®X - v. ]≠p-Im-eØp hm¿Ømhn-\n-a-b-_-‘-ßfpw C∂tØ-t]mse KXm-KX - h - p-an-√mØ- X n- \ m¬ P\- ß - f psS Adnhp tISp ImcWw s]cp∂mƒ ]e Znh- k - ß - f n¬ At\ym\yw AdnbmsX sNbvXn-cp-∂p. AsX-ß-s\bmWv Ct∏mƒ icn-bm-hpI? Aßs\ Zo\ns‚ Iev]-\bm- h ptam? F∂m¬ Ct∏mgpw AtX Ahÿ XpS- c p- I - b mWv sNøp- ∂ sX∂p ]d- b p- h m≥ hfsc hnj-a-ap-≠v. ame-Zzo-]p-I-fn¬ ap∂qtdmfw Zzo]p-If - n¬ BƒØma-k-ap-≠v. apºv Ahn-tSbpw t\mºpw s]cp-∂mfpw ]e Znh-k-ß-fn-em-bn-cp-∂p. Ct∏mƒ F√mhcpw Hcp Znhk-Øn¬ sNøp-∂p. F∂m¬ e£-Zzo-]p-If - n¬ hyXy-kvXZn-h-k-ß-fn-em-Wv. Ct∏mƒ tIc-fØ - nepw ]e Znh-kß - fmbn s]cp-∂mƒ BN-cn-°p∂Xp C…mw-A\ - p-hZ- n-®X - √ - .

○ ○ ○

Nmhpw. AXp-sIm≠v DSs\ F√m- h cpw ho´n- t ebv ° v t]mhp-I. F√m-hcpw ho´nte°v t]mbn. apgp-h≥ kam[m-\-am-bn. ]´mfw Cdßn Um°p _w•m- h n- t e°v ^v f mKv am¿®p sNbv X p. ChnsS Ah¿ FØn- b - t ∏mƒ G{]n¬^qƒ t]msebmbn. ChnsS H∂pw kw`-hn-®n-´ns√∂v Ah¿ Icp-Xn. \mhnI- Ø - e - h ≥ cmap- Æ nsb NoØ ]d-™p. \n߃s° ¥m {`m¥mtWm Rßsf F¥n-\mWv ChnsS hnfn®p hcp- Ø n- b - X v . ChnsS Hcp ]p√n\p t]mepw H∂pw kw`hn-®n-´n-√t√m F∂p ]d-™p. Aßns\ AU-an-\n-kvt{S‰¿ Aº-c∂ - p. At±lw ]d™p Ah- s c- √ m- h cpw HmSn- ° - f ™p. IØnbpw hmfpw

30

]≠p-Im-eØp hm¿Ømhn-\n-a-b-_-‘-ßfpw C∂-tØ-t]mse KXm-KX-hp-an-√m-ØX - n-\m¬ P\ß-fpsS Adnhp tISp ImcWw s]cp-∂mƒ ]e Znh-k-ß-fn¬ At\ym\yw AdnbmsX sNbvXn-cp-∂p. AsX-ßs\-bmWv Ct∏mƒ icnbm-hpI? Aßs\ Zo\ns‚ Iev]\ - b - mhptam? F∂m¬ Ct∏mgpw AtX Ahÿ XpS-cp-Ib - mWv sNøp-∂sX∂p ]d-bp-hm≥ hfsc hnj-aa - p-≠v.

sshIpt∂c-ambn , P\w ASßp-∂n-√. \m´p-aq-∏∑ - m¿ kam[m-\n-∏n-°p-hm≥ {ian-°p-∂p. ^e- a n- √ . {io cma- \ pÆn \mKm-em‚n¬ `cWw \SØnbn-cp∂ Bfp IqSn-bm-bn-cp∂p. At±lw ]d- ™ p. ""Rm≥ Chsc kam-[m-\s - ∏Sp- Ø mw. F\nbv ° v \mKmem‚p-Im-cpsS kz`m-ha - d - n-bmw. Zzo]p-Imcpw Ah-sc-t∏m-sebm- W v . Rm≥ ]d- ™ m¬ Ah¿ tIƒ°pw''. ]t£ \m´p-aq-∏-∑m¿ At±-lsØ ]pdØphcm≥ A\p-hZ- n-®n√. Ah¿ ]d™p \n߃°v Fs¥-¶nepw kw`-hn-°p-Ibm- s W- ¶ n¬ R߃°v DØcw ]d-bm≥ ]‰p-Ib - n-√. R߃ {ian°mw. \n߃ AIØp Xs∂ Ccn-°p-I. Ct∏mƒ a{Kn_v \a-kv°mchpw Ign-™p t\cw Ccp-´pI-bm-Wv. Ic-°m¿ hf-sc-b[nIw `b-s∏-´p. Ipd®p apºv It®cn IØn® kw`-hhpw IΩyq- W n- ‰ n- l mƒ IØn® kw`- h hpw D≠m- b n- c p- ∂ p. Ct∏mƒ Ch¿ XosIm-fpØn- s b- ¶ n¬ F¥p sNøpw F∂v Ah¿ `b-∂p. DSs\ sSe{Kmw sImSp- ° p- h m≥ Ah¿ cmap-Ænsb \n¿_-‘n®p. At±lw sSe{Kmw FgpXns°mSp-°p-Ibpw ]n≥`m- K Øp Im´n- e qsS sSe{Kmw hb¿se v Hm^oknseØn°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Ah¿°v cm{Xn Dd-ßphm≥ t]mepw km[n- ® n- √ . Aßns\ `b-Øm¬ Ign-®pIq-´n. cmhnse Bb-t∏mƒ t\hn- ° - ∏ ¬ hcp- ∂ - X mbn I≠p. At∏mƒ \m´p-aq-∏∑m¿ P\-ß-tfmSp ]d-™p. C\n \n߃ ChnsS \nev°cp-Xv. ]´mfw Cdßn shSn sh®m¬ Iptd Bfp- I ƒ

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


\ncq-]Ww

Cu lZokv \nß-sf-Sp-°ptam? ˛ 3 /

A_vZp-dl - n-am≥ Ccn-th‰n

amXr-\nµ! {]IrXn hncp-≤X! "kzlo-lp¬ _pJm-cn-bn¬

Xmsg ImWpw hn[w Hcp lZokp ImWmw'. "A_p-lp-ssd-d(-d) bn¬ \n∂v \nth-Z\ - w. \_n(k) bn¬ \n∂v (\_n(k) Cßs\ ]d-bp-∂-Xmbn tI´p). _\q- C-{km-Cu-ey¿ D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-s√-¶n¬ amwkw No™p t]mhp-I-bn-√m-bn-cp-∂p. l∆m-Av D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-s√-¶n¬ kv{XoIƒ kz¥w `¿Øm-°≥ - amsc h©n-°p-Ib - n-√m-bn-cp-∂p. (_p-Jmcn, krjvSn-∏ns‚ Bcw`w F∂ A≤ym-bw) Cu lZo-kns‚ Bibw Gsd Zpcq-l-X-sb∂v am{X-a√ {]IrXn hncp≤hpw ISpØ amXr-\nµ Dƒs°m-≈p∂-Xp-am-Wv. C{kmCuey¿ D≠m-bXmWv amwkw No™p-t]m-Im≥ Imc-Ws - a-∂m-Wt√m lZo-kns‚ BZy-]I - p-Xn. bAvJq_v \_n (A) bpsS a°-sf-bm-Wt√m _\q- C{kmCu¬ F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv. Ah-cpsS ]ndhn Imc-Wa - mWv amwkw No™v t]mIp-∂s - X∂v! ""HmXn-∏T - n®-h-cmcpw Cu lZo-kn\v hni-Zo-I-cWw \evIn-b-Xmbn {i≤-bn¬s∏´n-´n-√! ImWmØ `mh-Øn¬ ad-®n´p t]mb-Xm-hmw. _pJm-cn-bpsS ]cn-`m-j-Icpw CXp-kw-_‘ - n®v h√ hni-Zo-Ic - W - hpw \evIn-bX - mbn ImWp-∂n-√. "k\Zv ' kzlo-lmb _pJm-cn-bnse lZo-kp-Is - fms° kzoI-cn-°m≥ ap…ow-Iƒ _m[yÿ-cm-sW∂v Ah-sc√mw ]d-bp-∂p-≠v! Cu lZo-kns‚ k\-Zn-\m-hs´ bmsXmcp XI-cmdpw C√-Xm-\pw. \ap°o lZo-kns\ hni-Ie - \w sNømw. C{kmCuey¿ D≠m-bX - p-sIm-≠mWv amwkw Po¿Æn-°m≥ Imc-Ws - a∂v ]d-bp-tºmƒ, C{km Cuey¿ (b-AvJq_v \_n-bpsS k¥-Xn-Iƒ) D≠m-Ip∂-Xn\p apºv amwkw No™v t]mIm-dn-√m-bn-cp∂p F∂m-Wt√m A¿∞w. Cu hkvXp-Xsb temI-Nc - n{Xw AwKo-Ic - n-°p-∂pt≠m? `qan-bnse GsX-¶nep-samcp kaq-lØ - n¬ GsX-¶n-ep-samcp Ime-L´- Ø - n¬ amwkw Po¿Æn-°mdp-≠m-bn-cp-∂n√ F∂v tcJ-s∏-SpØn-bn-´pt≠m? ssZhn-I{- K-Ÿß - f - mb C©oen-tem, Xu-dm-Øn-tem, k_q-dn-tem, hnip≤ Jp¿ B\ntem (_\q C{km Cuen-s\-°p-dn®v Cu {KŸ-ß-sfms° Gsd kwkm-cn-°p-∂p-≠-t√m) Cu "amwk-°Y' sb kw_-‘n®v Hcp hnZqc kqN-\s - b-¶n-ep-apt≠m? C\n t\m°mw. GsXmcp hkvXp-hns‚ krjvSn-tbm-sSm∏w Xs∂ AXns‚ {]Ir-Xn-bpw- A-Xn\v \evI-s∏-Sp∂p F∂v Jp¿-B≥ Ak-∂n-KvZ-ambpw Bh¿Øn®p ]d-bp∂p≠-t√m. AXn\v {]tXyIambXv sXfn-hmbn D≤-cn°p∂n-√. Jp¿Bs‚ kphn-Zn-Xa - mb {]Jym-]\ - a - m-WX - v. AXn-\m¬ amwkw krjvSn-°s - ∏-´t- ∏mƒ Xs∂ AXns‚ {]IrXn (A-sX-t∏m-gmWv Po¿Æn-°pI, s]mSn™v t]mhp-I, aÆm-bn-Øo-cp-I, No™v \mdp-I, DWßn Ah-tijn-°pI XpSßn AXns‚ At\Iw kz`m-h-߃)bpw \evI-s∏-´n-´p-s≠∂ Imcyw Jp¿-Bs‚ B {]Jym-]\ - Ø - n-epƒs∏-Sp∂ Imcy-am-Wv. AXn¬ kwibn-°m≥ ]mSn-√m-Ø-Xp-am-Wv. F∂m¬ _pJm-cn-bnse "k\-Zn'\v bmsXmcp tISp-an-√mØ Cu lZokv ]d-bp-∂tXm? C{km Cu¬ k¥-Xn-If - p-≠m-bXv 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

31


apX-emWv amwkw Po¿Æn°m≥ XpS-ßn-bs - X∂v! Jp¿-B\v IS-I-hn-cp≤w! Ncn{X km£yw sImt≠m, imkv{XK- t h- j Ww sImt≠m, ssZhn-I-h-N-\-߃ sImt≠m ]n≥_ew e`n°mØ ip≤ Akw-_‘ - w. C\n lZo-kns‚ c≠mw ]IpXn t\m°mw. H∂mw ]Ip- X n- b p- a mbn AXn\v bmsXmcp _‘-hp-an-√. AXv hnSmw. F∂m¬ H∂mw ]IpXn- t b- ° mƒ Kpcp- X - c - a mWv AXnse Bi-bw. Hcp kv{Xo `¿Øm-hns\ h©n-®p-sh∂v ]d-™m¬ GXv cmPyØpw GXv `mj- b nepw AXn\v Hc¿∞w Xs∂-bm-Wp-f-f-Xv. `¿Øm- ° - ∑ msc Aßs\ h©n-°p∂ kv{XoIƒ GXv ImeØpw GXv kaq- l Ønepw D≠m- b n- ´ p- ≠ v . F ∂m¬ kv{XoIƒ Aßs\ `¿Øm-°∑ - msc h©n-°m≥ ImcWw BZy- a m- X m- h mb l∆m-Av(d) kz¥w `¿Ømhmb BZ-ans\ h©n-®Xv sIm≠m- s W- ∂ mWv Cu lZokv [z\n- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ - X v . \DuZp_n√mlv! BZy-am-Xm-hmb l∆m°pw BZy-]n-Xm-hmb BZ-an\pw ss]im-Nn-It- {]-cW-bm¬ sX‰v kw`-hn-®X - mbn Jp¿B\pw ]q¿∆-th-Zß - fpw ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. F∂m¬ l∆mAv (d) BZ-ans\ h©n®p F∂v Hcp thZ-{K-ŸØ - nepw ]d- b p- ∂ n- √ . A_- ≤ sØ h©-\-sb∂v ]d-bp-I-bn-√t√m. A_≤w ]e Imc-Wß-fm¬ kw`-hn®p t]mIp-∂Xm-Wv. Hcmsf Ipcp-°m-\mbn t_m[- ] q¿∆w Hcp- ° p- ∂ XmWv h©-\. AXv ISpØ ]m]-am-Wv. Cu lZo-knse, BZy-amXm-hmb l∆m-s°-Xn-sc-bp32

ff ]cm-a¿iw AXoh KpcpX-c-am-Wv. Ct∏m-gpw, F√m°m- e Øpw kv { XoIƒ `¿Øm-°∑ - msc h©n-°p-∂psh-¶n¬ AXn\p ImcWw Ah- c psS "X≈'bmWv . "X≈'bp sS kz`m-h-amWv Fs∂m- s °- b mWv lZoknse Zxkq-N\ ! Cu lZokv kzlo-lp¬

BZy-am-Xm-hmb l∆m°pw BZy-]n-Xmhmb BZ-an\pw ss]im-Nn-I-t{]-c-Wbm¬ sX‰v kw`-hn-®Xmbn Jp¿B\pw ]q¿∆-th-Zß - fpw ]dbp-∂p-≠v. F∂m¬ l∆m-Av (d) BZans\ h©n®p F∂v Hcp thZ-{K-ŸØ - nepw ]d-bp-∂n-√. A_≤sØ h©-\s - b∂v ]d-bp-I-bn-√-t√m. A_≤w ]e Imc-Wß-fm¬ kw`-hn®p t]mIp-∂-Xm-Wv. Hcmsf Ipcp-°m-\mbn t_m[-]q¿∆w Hcp-°p∂-XmWv h©-\. AXv ISpØ ]m]-am-Wv. _pJm- c n- b n¬ hmbn®pw ]Tn®pw t]mb-h¿ CXns‚ A¿∞w (A¿∞- i q- \ yX As√-¶n¬ A\¿∞w) F{Xbm-sW∂v At\z-jn-°msX t]mbn-´p-s≠-¶n¬ AXn-s\¥mhmw ImcWw? Camw _pJm- c nbv ° v Hcn- ° epw sX‰p ]‰p- I - b n- √ F∂ A‘-hn-izm-ktam? C…mw B km[y-Xsb km[q-I-cn-

°p-∂n-√. ]cn-ip-≤ -{]-hm-NI-s\m-gn-sI-bp-ff GsXmcp hy‡nbv ° pw sX‰p- I ƒ kw`- h n°mw F∂ [mcWsb Ac- ° n- ´ p- d - ∏ n- ° p- I bmWv C…mw sNøp-∂X - v. "alv d n'\v \nb- { ¥- W ta¿s∏- S p- Ø m≥ {ian® c≠mw Jeo^ Dadn(d)s‚ \o°w sX‰m-sW∂v {]Jym]n-® h\n-Xb - psS A`n-{]mbw icn-sh-bv°p-Ibpw ""Da-dn\v sX‰n-t∏mbn' F∂p ]d™v aXrI ImWn- ° p- I bpw sNbvXn-´p-ff {]ÿm-\a - m-WnXv. Chn-sS-bn-t∏mƒ A_q-_°-dn\pw Da-dn-\p-sa√mw sX‰p ]‰mw. Camw _pJm-cnbv°v sX‰v ]‰p-I-bn√ Fs∂mcp A]-I-S-I-c-amb Nn¥m-KXn hf¿∂p h∂v Ign-™n-´p-≠v. B Nn¥m- K - X nsb FXn¿ °m≥ ss[cyw ImWn-t°≠Xv Ime-L´- Ø - ns‚ A\nhm-cy-X-bm-Wv. Camw _pJm-cnsb hna¿ in-°m≥ ]mSn-s√∂ [z\nbn¬ Nne-sc-gp-Xp∂ Ipdn-∏pIƒ kl-Xm]w am{X-amWv A¿ln- ° p- ∂ - X v . Ah¿ shdpw Ipdn-s∏-gp-Xp-∂-Xn\v ]Icw Cu lZo- k p- I sfms° kzoI-cn-°p-∂p-s≠¶n¬, AXns‚ ASn-ÿm-\sa-s¥-∂mWv hy‡-am-t°≠-Xv. tNmZn-°s´, ta¬ lZoknse c≠m- i - b - ß fpw \n߃ kzoI-cn-°p-∂pt≠m? kzoI-cn-°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬, Camw _pJm-cnsb c£n-°m\mbn \n߃ Jp¿-Bt\bpw a\p-jy-Ip-e-Øns‚ al-Xnbmb amXm-amXm-hn-s\bpw \nµn-°p∂p F∂t√ AXn\¿∞w?

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


tcmK-߃ ip≤o-I-c-W-ß-ƒ tUm. ]n.-F. Icow

tcm

K-ßsf kw_-‘n®v {]IrXn NnIn-’I - c - psS ImgvN∏ - mSv Ahsb i{Xp-°fmbn ImW-cpXv an{X-ßf - mbn IW-°m-°Ww F∂mWv. imkv{X-⁄≥am¿ AXv hni-Zo-Ic - n-°p-∂X - v Xmsg ]dbpw {]ImcamWv. tcmK-߃ F∂ t]cn¬ Adn-bs - ∏-Sp-∂h - s - b√mw ico-cØ - ns‚ ip≤oIcW {]h¿Ø-\ß - f - m-Ip∂p. Huj[ {]tbmKw sIm≠v Ahsb XS- s - ∏-Sp-Øc - p-Xv. AXm-bXv icocw \S-Øp∂ NnIn-’bmWv tcmK-߃. tcmKw ia-\] - c - a - mb Hcp \S-]S- n-bm-Wv. kulr-Z]q¿W-amb Hcp {]{In-bb - m-Wv. AXns\ XS-tb≠ Imcy-an-√. sX‰p ]‰m-ØXpw am‰-an-√m-ØX - p-amb {]Ir-Xn-bpsS \nb-am-he - n-bm-WX - v.

O¿±n NnIn’ O¿Zn F∂Xv Bam-ib - Ø - n¬ tiJ-cn-°s - ∏´ hnj-am-en-\y-ßsf h∂-hg - ntb ASn-t®m-Sn-°p∂ ASn-b¥ - nc \S-]S- n-bm-Wv. hnjw Ign-®h≥ O¿Zn-°pw. O¿Zn-°p-∂n-s√-¶n¬ O¿Zn-∏n-°e - mWv NnIn-’. kZy°v `£Ww Ign-®h - s - c√mw O¿Zn°p∂Xv Ah-cpsS hb-‰n-te°v B `£-WØ - n-eqsS sN∂ hnj-hk - vXp-hns\ ]pd-Øm-°m≥ th≠nbm-Wv. K¿`nWn-bpsS {]`m-XI - me O¿Zn, Ip™ns‚ ico-cØ - n-te°v AΩ-bpsS ico-cØ - n¬ \n∂pw {]th-in-°m≥ km[y-Xb - p≈ A]-IS hkvXp-°sf \o°w sNøm≥ th≠n-bm-Wv. Chn-Sß - fn-se√mw O¿Zn A\p-{K-la - m-Wv. F¶n¬ F∂pw Fhn-sSbpw O¿±n A\p-{K-la - m-bncn°pw F∂v \mw a\- n-em-°W - w. A-Xn-\m¬ O¿Zn-°m≥ A\p-hZ- n°p-I. acp-∂p-sIm≠v AXns\ XS- s - ∏-Sp-Øc - p-Xv. Aßs\ sNbvXm¬ ]pd-Øp-t]m-tI≠ hnjmw-iß - ƒ ico-cØ - n¬ sI´n-In-S°pw. AXv `mhn-bn¬ ]pXnb {]iv\ß - f - p-≠m-°pw. 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

33


hb-dn-f°w hb-dn-f°w F∂Xv IpS¬ IgpIn hrØn-bm°p∂ G¿]m-Sm-Wv. IpSen¬ ae-Øn-s‚bpw a‰v hnj amen-\y-ßf - p-sSbpw Ah-in-jvSß - ƒ sI´n-°n-S°p-∂p-≠m-hmw. Ah-sb ico-cØ - n¬ \n∂v Pemwiw kzoI-cn®v IgpIn hrØn-bm°p-Ib - mWv ico-cw. AXns\bpw acp-∂vsIm-SpØv XSb-cp-Xv.

XpΩepw kvXpXnbpw s]mSn-]Se߃ izmktØm-sSm∏w AI-Øp-Ibdp∂p. Ahsb ]pdwX≈n tcmK-ap‡n \¬Ip-IbmWv XpΩ¬. Hmtcm XpΩen-t\m-sSm-∏hpw ssZhØn\v \µn-{]-Im-in-∏n-°W - sa∂ Ckvem-an-Im-[ym-]\w {]IrXn NnIn’m imkv{X⁄≥am¿ icn-sh-bv°p∂p. aq°n-eqsS I^w Hen-®ndßn hcp-∂Xv XS-tb≠ Bh-iy-an-√. ico-cØ - n¬ \n∂pw ]pdwX≈-s∏-Sp∂ aq{Xw-, aew t]mse-bp≈ hnk¿Py-h-kvXp-hm-Wv. ]pdØpt]mIm≥ A\p-h-Zn°pI. acp-∂p-sIm≠v XS™m¬ aq°S∏pw Xe-th-Z\bpw BkvXv-abpw t]mep≈ tcmK-߃ {]Xy£-s∏-Spw.

B-kvXa®pa Npa F∂Xv izmk-tImi-Øn¬ ASn™pIqSn-°n-S°p∂ I^sØ izmktImiw X≈n-Ø≈n ]pdtØ-s°-dn-bp-Ib - m-Wv. Cu Npa \n¬°m≥ th≠n acp∂v Ign-®m¬ ico-cØns‚ kzm`m-hnI ]pdw-X≈¬ {]{Inb XS-bs - ∏-Spw. 34

F√p-s]m-´n-bm¬ thZ-\n°p-∂Xv ho≠pw AXv ]g-b-]Sn tbmPn-∏n-°p∂ tPmen Bcw-`n-®X - p-sIm≠m-Wv. H∏w B `mKw Cf-ImsX kq£n-°W - sa∂ I¬]-\b - p-am-Wv. πmÃ-dn-Sp-Itbm ac-°jvWß - ƒ sh®v sI´pItbm sNbvXm¬ am{Xw aXn. ssZhw a\p-jy¿°v \¬Inb G‰hpw henb A\p-{K-la - mWv thZ\ F∂v Btcm-Ky-im-kv{X⁄≥am¿ ]d-bm≥ ImcWw CXm-Wv. AXv `mhn-bn¬ BkvXa tbm a‰p izmk-tImi tcmK-ßtfm {]Xy-£s - ∏Sm≥ Imc-Wa - m-tb-°pw. N¿a-tcm-Ks - a-∂Xv c‡Øn-e-Sn-™p-Iq-Snb Agp-°pIsf Xz°n-eqsS ]pd-tØs°m-gp-°p∂ coXn-bm-Wv.

thZ\ NnIn’ thZ-\- FhnsS {]Xy-£s∏-´m-epw B ÿeØv Hcp dn∏-b¿ \S-°p-Ib - m-Wv. As√-¶n¬ B `mK-Øn\v hn{iaw sImSp-°W - s - a∂ I¬]\-bm-Wv. lrt{Zm-KnbpsS s\©p-th-Z\ c‡-[a-\n-bnse XS- sØ \o°w sNøm≥ th≠nbp≈ \S-]S- n-bm-Wv. InUv\n tÃm¨ ]pdtØ°v t]mIm≥ th≠n Xøm-sd-Sp°p-tºm-gmWv thZ\ A\p-`h - s - ∏-Sp-∂X - v. K¿`m-ib - Ø - nse Ip™v

]pd-tØ-°n-d-ßn-h-cp-tºmgmWv {]kh thZ\bp≠mIp-∂X - v. Xe-°I - Øv ssk\-kn¬ sI´n-°n-S°p∂ I^sØ \o°w sNøm≥ XpS-ßp-tºmƒ Xe-th-Z\ A\p-`h - s - ∏-Sp∂p. F√p-s]m-´n-bm¬ thZ\n-°p-∂Xv ho≠pw AXv ]g-b] - Sn tbmPn-∏n-°p∂ tPmen Bcw-`n-®-Xp-sIm-≠mWv. H∏w B `mKw CfImsX kq£n-°W - s - a∂ I¬]-\-bp-am-Wv. πmÃ-dn-SpItbm ac-°j - vWß - ƒ sh®v sI´p-Itbm sNbvXm¬ am{Xw aXn. ssZhw a\p-jy¿°v \¬Inb G‰hpw henb A\p-{K-la - mWv thZ\ F∂v Btcm-Ky-im-kv{X⁄≥am¿ ]d-bm≥ ImcWw CXm-Wv.

{]ta-lØ - n\v hn{iaw {]tal tcmKn-bpsS £oWw Abm-tfmSv hn{i-an°m≥ I¬]n°pI-bm-Wv. Abm-fpsS Zmlw Pemw-iap≈ ]g-ßfpw ]®-°d - n-kem-Upw ]®-sh-≈hpw Bhiy-s∏-Sp-Ib - m-Wv. thhn® Blm-cß - ƒ Hgn-hm°p∂XneqsS {]ta-lØ - n\v DS-\Sn ]cn-lmcw e`n-°p∂p. Cu kXyw Xncn-®d - n-bp∂-h¿ tcmK-ßs - f-°≠v Aº-c° - p-Ib - n-√. Adn-bmØ-h¿ Aº-c∂ - p-t]m-Ipw. a™-∏n-Øhpw sXm≠-ho°hpw hr°-tcm-Khpw Xeth-Z\ - bpw k‘n-hm-Xhpw hkq-cnbpw ]pÆpw hnj-amen-\y-ßf - n¬ \n∂v c£-s∏Sm≥ icocw ssIs°m≠ c£m-\-S-]-Sn-I-fm-sW∂v Hcp km[m-cW tUmIvS1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


tdmSv ]d-™p-t\m-°q. Abmƒ tIm]w sIm≠v s]m´n-sØ-dn-°pw. \nßfpsS A⁄-Xsb ]cn-lkn-°p-Ibpw \nß-tfmSv kl-X] - n-°p-Ibpw sNøpw.

{]hm-NI - s‚ NnIn’ {]kn≤amb Hcp {]hmNI hN\ap≠v. "A√mlp bmsXmcp tcmKsØbpw Cd-°p-∂n-√, AXns∂mcp ia-\hpw/acp∂pw Cd-°n-s°m-≠-√m-sX. AXp]t£, ]Tn-®h - t∂ a\ nemhp-I-bp-≈q. ]Tn°mØh∂v a\- n-emhn√' CXn∂v A¿∞w ]d™-hcpw hymJym-\sagp-Xnb-hcpw Btcm-Ky-imkv{Xw ]q¿W-ambn ]Tn-°msX ]e hnh-ct- °-Sp-Ifpw FgpXnsh-®n-´p-≠v. acp∂pIƒ sIm≠v NnIn’n°¬ \n¿_‘amsW∂v sX‰mbn hymJym\n°pIbmWv sNbvXncn°p∂Xv. tcmK-߃ F∂m¬ ia\-߃ Xs∂-bm-sW∂ {]IrXn NnIn-’-I-cpsS Is≠-Øe - ns\ ASn-hc - b - nSp-∂X - mWv ta¬ {]kvXm-hn°-s∏´ {]hm-NI hN-\ß - sf-√mw. AXm-bXv ico-cØn¬ Hcp tcmKw {]Xy-

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

£s∏Sp∂-Xn-∂p-th≠n ssZhw DØ-ch - n-Sp-tºmƒ bYm¿∞-Øn¬ AhnsS ia-\] - c - a - mb Hcp \S-]Sn Bcw-`n-°p-I-bm-Wv. AsX, tcmKw hcp∂Xv Hcp ia\ambn-s°m≠mWv. Cu kXyw Xncn-®d - n-bp∂-h¿ tcmK-ßsf°≠v Aº-c° - p-Ib - n-√. Adn-bmØ-h¿ Aº-c∂ - p-t]mIpw F∂mWv {]hm-NI - \pw ]dbp-∂-Xv. {]Ir-Xn-Nn-In’m imkv{X-⁄¿ Ime-ßfmbn ]d-™p-sIm-≠n-cn°p∂ Cu kXyw ]e¿°pw DƒsIm-≈m≥ Ign-bm-Xn-cn-°p-∂-Xns‚ clkyw Ah¿°v BtcmKy-im-kv{Xhpw icoc imkv{Xhpw t\cmw-hÆw ]Tn-°m≥ km[n®n´n√mØXp sIm≠mWv.

acp-∂p-Iƒ elcn tcmK-ßsf `b-s∏-tS-≠Xn-s√∂w ]m]-ap-‡n-bmsW∂pw £an-®n-cp-∂m¬ ]pWyw t\Sm-sa∂pw {]hmNI≥ ]d-™t- ∏m-ƒ F¶n¬ NnIn-’n-t°-≠-Xpt≠m, NnIn-’n-°m≥ ]mSpt≠m XpS-ßnb kwib-߃ D∂bn°s∏´p.

AXn∂v {]hm-NI - s‚ adp]Sn {it≤-ba - m-Wv. NnIn’n-°p-∂X - n\v hntcm-[s - am∂p-an-√. \n›-ba - mbpw tcmK-tØm-sSm∏w ia-\hpw D≠v. NnIn-’n-®n-s√-¶nepw t`Z-s∏Spw F∂¿∞w. ]t£, C°mcyw DƒsIm≈m≥ am{Xw hnjbw ]Tn°mØ-h¿°v NnIn-’n°m-hp-∂X - m-Wv. aen\ hkvXp-°ƒsIm≠pw \njn≤ hkvXp°ƒsIm≠pw BI-cpXv F∂v am{Xw. cmkacp∂pIƒ \njn≤ elcn hkvXp°fmsW∂v t\csØ ]cma¿in®pht√m. tcmKn-Isf ip{iq-jn-°pIbpw Ah¿°p-th≠n {]m¿∞n-°p-Ibpw sNbvX tijw {]hm-NI - ≥ ]d-bpam-bn-cp-∂p. "kmc-an√ ssZhm-\p-{K-l-Øm¬ CsXmcp ip≤o-I-c-W-amWv.' Cu c≠v {]hm-NI hN-\ßfpw Iq´n hmbn-®m¬ Nn{Xw ]q¿Øn-bm-bn. tcmKsa-∂m¬ ico-c-ip-≤o-I-c-Wam-Ip-∂p. tcmK-tØm-sSm∏w ia-\hpw IqSn-bp-≠v.

tcmKw ]m]-ap-‡n°v icocw kzbw NnIn-’n°p-∂p.- A-s√-¶n¬ \mw tcmKn-bm-Ip-tºmƒ {]IrXn

35


kpJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn°p-∂p. CXp-Xs - ∂-bmWv A{_lmw ]d-™X - v: ""Rm≥ tcmKn-bm-Ip-tºmƒ ssZhw kpJ-s∏-Sp-Øns°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.'' {]hmN-I≥ tcmK-ßsf ]gn-°c - psX∂v ]d-™n-´p-≠v. thZ-\bpsS {]bm-kß - ƒ Hcmƒ kln-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°ptºmƒ AXp-hgn At±lw ]m]ap‡-\m-bn-Øo-cp∂p. ]m]ap‡n F∂m¬ tcmKap‡n F∂p-IqSn A¿∞-ap≠v. \mw ico-ct- ØmSv sNbvX ]m]-ßf - mWv "tcmKw' F∂ t]cn¬ {]Xy-£s - ∏-Sp-∂X - v. AXv icoc ip≤o-Ic - Ww Xs∂. "tcmKn kln®pw £an®pw InS-∂m¬ hr£w Ce-s]mgn°pw {]Imcw ]m]-߃ sImgn-™p-ho-Wp-sIm-≠ncn°pw' F∂ {]hm-NI hN-\Ø - ns‚ A¿∞w tcm Ksa∂Xv Hcp NnIn ’m˛ia\ {]{InbbmWv F∂pXs∂bmWv. Huj[ {]tbmKw sIm ≠v ico-cØ - ns‚ ip≤o-IcW {]h¿Ø-\ß - sf (tcmK-ßs - f) XS- s - ∏-SpØcpXv F∂ tUm. sFkIv P∂nwKkns‚ hm°p-Iƒ, "ico-cØn\v tZmjw sNøp∂ hkvXp-°ƒ sIm≠v NnIn ’ ]mSn√' F∂ {]hm-NI hN-\Ø - ns‚ s]mcpƒ hy‡-am-°p-∂p. acp-∂p-Iƒ Ign-°p-tºmƒ ip≤o-I-cW {]{Inb XS- s - ∏-Sm≥ am{Xw ico-cØ - n≥ta¬ B acp-∂p-Iƒ tZmjw sNbvXpIq´p-∂p. Aß-s\-bmWv tcmKw kpJ-s∏-´X - mbn tXm∂p-∂X - v. bYm¿∞Øn¬ tcmKw ASn-®a - ¿Øs∏-SpI-bm-Wv. {]hm-NI hN-\ß - f - psS 36

"icn-bmb PohnXw P\߃ {]mIvSokv sNbvXp XpS-ßp-tºmƒ tUmIvS¿am¿°v {]mIvSokv \n¿Øn ]mStØ-°n-dßmw. tcmKØns‚ ImcWw sX‰mb PohnX coXn-bm-Wv. tcmKw a\p-jys‚ i{Xph-√, an{X-am-Wv. BtcmKyw \ne-\n¿Øm\p≈ DØ-ch - m-ZnØw tUmIvS¿°-√, tcmKn-°mWv. NnIn-’b - n¬ tUmIvS¿°p≈ ÿm\w \n mcam-Wv.'

Bflm-hv {]IrXn NnIn-’I¿ Is≠-Øn-bX - n∂v ti jhpw {]hm-NI - s‚ "kz¥°m¿' Ccp-´n¬ X∏p-Ibpw Huj-[-Nn-In-’-I-cpsS ASn-aI - f - m-hp-Ibpw sNøp∂Xv Zptcym-Ks - a-∂√msX¥p]-d-bm≥!

Atem-∏Xn Zpc¥w Atem-∏Xn acp-∂p-If - mIs´ IqSp-X¬ A\¿∞߃ hcp-Øn-sh-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Atem∏Xn acp∂p-I-sf√mw {U§p-I-fm-Wv. {U§p-Iƒ F∂m¬ ab°p acp-∂v, DtØ-PI hkvXp F∂m-W¿∞w. ab-°p-a-cp∂p-sIm≠v tcmK ia\w km[y-am-Ip-∂-sX-ßs\? P∂nwKvkv Nn¥n-®p. Ah ico-cØ - n¬ ]pXnb {]Xnk-‘n-Iƒ D≠m-°p-∂p-ap≠v. acp-∂p-If - n¬ \n∂p≈

hntam-N-\-Øn\pw acp∂phgn-bp≈ {]Xn-k‘n-Iƒ°v ]cn-lmcw tXSnbpap≈ \nc-¥c At\z-jWßfpw ]T-\ß - f - pw tcmKn-If - n¬ ]pXnb ]co£-Wß - ƒ \S-Øm≥ At±lsØ t{]cn-∏n-®p. acp-∂n-√msX tcmK-߃ kpJ-s∏-Sp-Øm-sa∂ tUm. sP∂nw-Kvkns‚ {]Jym]\w Xß-fpsS sXmgn-en\v `ojWn Db¿Øp-sa∂v a\ n-em-°nb tUmIvS¿am¿ ˛ Ah¿ t\csØ P∂nw-Kvknt\mSv Akq-b] - q-≠h - c - m-bncp-∂p ˛ At±lsØ Ipcnin-te-‰W - s - a∂v hnfn®p ]d™p. acp-∂m-sW∂v hnizkn-∏n-®p-sIm≠v tcmKnIƒ°v ]®-sh≈hpw tKmXºpKpfnIbpw sImSpØXv h©-\b - m-Wv. Huj[ imkv{X-Øn¬ Un{Kn FSp-Øt- ijw NnIn’-bn¬ Huj-[sØ Hgnhm-°p-∂Xv Xs‚ _ncpZsØ \ncm-I-cn-°-em-Wv. h¿K h©-I≥ IqSn-bmWv P∂nw-Kvkv. CsX-√m-am-bncp∂p A[n-t£-]ß - ƒ. P∂nwKvkv im¥-\mbn adp-]Sn ]d-™p. "icn-bmb PohnXw P\-߃ {]mIvSokv sNbvXp XpS-ßptºmƒ tUmIvS¿am¿°v {]mIvSokv \n¿Øn ]mStØ-°n-dßmw. tcmKØns‚ ImcWw sX‰mb PohnX coXn-bm-Wv. tcmKw a\p-jys‚ i{Xp-h√ - , an{Xam-Wv. BtcmKyw \ne\n¿Øm-\p≈ DØ-ch - mZnØw tUmIvS¿°-√, tcmKn-°m-Wv. NnIn-’-bn¬ tUmIvS¿°p≈ ÿm\w \n mcam-Wv.'

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


{]ivt\m-Øcn F. A_vZp- emw kp√an

J_-dnse in£ a\p-jy≥ ac-Ws - ∏-´Xv apX¬ ]c-tem-IØv sh®v ]p\¿Po-hn∏n-°s - ∏-Sp-∂X - p-hs - c-bp≈ Ah-ÿs - b-bmWv J_¿ PohnXw F∂-Xp-sIm≠v hnh-£n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. A·n-sIm≠v Np´v PUsØ `kvaa - m°n kap-{Z-Øn¬ Hgp-°s - ∏-Sp-∂h - ¿, PUsØ a’yhpw ]£n-Ifpw Xn∂p \in-∏n-°s - ∏-Sp-∂h - ¿, PUsØ `{Z-ambn kq£n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h¿ Ch¿s°√mw Xs∂ J_¿ Pohn-Xa - p-s≠∂v ]cn-ip≤ Jp¿-B≥ hy‡-am-°p-∂p-≠v.

? tNmZyw: F√m a\p-jy≥am-scbpw J_-dn¬ sh°p-∂n√. Nne¿ A·n-°n-cb - mbn \Zn-If - nepw a‰pw Hgp-°s - ∏-Sp-∂p. Nne¿ hnam\ A]-IS- Ø - nepw a‰pw s]´v IØn-°c - n-bp-∂p. Nne-cpsS PUw Nne a\p-jy-∑mcpw Pohn-Ifpw Xn∂p-∂p. Nne¿ Xqßnb \ne°v ac-sIm-ºn¬ sh®p Bcpw ImWmsX PUw \in-®p-t]m-Ip-∂p. Nne-cpsS PUw Zm\w sNbvXp Bip]-{Xn-I-fnepw hnZym¿∞n-I-fpsS apºn-ep-ambn Ign-bp-∂p. Nne¿ amk-߃t°m h¿j-߃t°m Znh-k-߃t°m tijhpw J_-dS- ° - s - ∏-Sp-∂p. At∏mƒ Ch¿°v J_¿ in£ D≠m-hp-I-bnt√? \mw J_-d-S°w Xma-kn-∏n-®m¬ J_¿ in£bpw Xma-kn∏n-°s - ∏-Sptam? Xosc J_-dS- ° - mØ ]£w J_¿ in£ Xosc D≠m- h p- I - b nt√? \n߃ J_¿ in£sb FXn¿°p-∂pt≠m? ˛ Fw. A_vZp¬ Ako-kv, tImgn-t°mSv = DØcw: Rm≥ "aønØv kwkvI-c-W-ap-d-Iƒ' F∂ {KŸ-Øn¬ Fgp-Xn-bXp ]cn-]q¿Æ-ambn Xmsg D≤-cn-°p∂p. \nß-fpsS kwi-b-߃°v CXv \nhm-c-W-am-Ip-sa∂v hniz-kn-°p∂p: a\p-jy≥ ac-Ws - ∏-´Xv apX¬ ]c-tem-IØv sh®v ]p\¿Pohn- ∏ n- ° - s ∏- S p- ∂ - X p- h - s c- b p≈ Ah- ÿ - s b- b mWv J_¿ PohnXw F∂-Xp-sIm≠v hnh-£n-°s - ∏-Sp-∂X - v. A·n-sIm≠v Np´v PUsØ `kva-am°n kap-{Z-Øn¬ Hgp-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h¿, PUsØ a’yhpw ]£n-Ifpw Xn∂p \in-∏n-°s - ∏-Sp-∂h - ¿, PUsØ `{Z-ambn kq£n-°s - ∏-Sp-∂h - ¿ Ch¿s°√mw Xs∂ J_¿ Pohn-Xa - p-s≠∂v ]cn-ip≤ Jp¿-B≥ hy‡-am-°p-∂p≠v. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""]ns∂ Ah≥ Ahs\ (a-\p-jys\) acn-∏n-°p-Ibpw Ahs\ Ah≥ (A-√m-lp) J_-dn¬ adhv sNøp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. ]ns∂ Ah-\p-t±-in-°p-tºmƒ 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

Ahs\ Db¿sØ- g pt∂¬∏n-°p-∂p.'' F√m a\pjy¿°pw t\cn-Sp∂ ÿnXnsb- ° p- d n- ® mWv ChnsS A√mlp {]kvXm-hn-°p-∂X - v. Cu J_¿ Pohn- X - Ø n¬ Db¿sØ-gp-t∂¬]n-°-bn√msb∂v A√mlp Cu BbØnepw a‰p ]e ÿeßfnepw hy‡-am-°p-∂p-≠v. PUhpw Bflmhpw XΩn¬ tbmPn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠p≈ ]p\¿Po-hnXw ]c-tem-IØp sh®mWv kw`- h n- ° p- I . F∂m¬ J_¿ Pohn- X Ønepw a\p-jy¿ Bflo-bamb Hcp- Xcw in£bpw c£bpw A\p-`h - n-°s - ∏-Sp-∂Xm-Wv. Cu bmYm¿∞yw ]cnip≤ Jp¿- B ≥ [mcmfw ÿe-ß-fn¬ hy-‡-am-°p∂p-≠v. Nne Bb-Øp-Iƒ am{Xw Xmsg D≤- c n°mw: ""[n°m-cn-Iƒ ac-W- sh-{]mf- ß - f n- e m- b n- c n- ° p- t ºmƒ \nß- f psS Bflm- ° sf ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-°p-ho≥ F∂v ]d-™p-sIm≠v ae-°p-Iƒ 37


Xß- f psS Ic- ß ƒ \o´p∂Xv Xm¶ƒ ImWp-I-bmsW-¶n¬ (A-sXmcp `bm\I ImgvN-bm-bn-cn-°pw). A√m- l p- h ns‚ t]cn¬ kXy-hn-cp-≤-ambn \n߃ ]d-™-Xp-sIm≠pw Ahs‚ ktµ-i-߃ hn´v \n߃ Al- ¶ - c n- ® - X psIm≠pw C∂v \n߃°v t\cnb in£ {]Xn-^ew \ ¬ I - s ∏ - S p - ∂ - X m - W v . '' (A¬ A≥Bw: 93). Camw _pJmcn \¬Inb A¿∞-amWv Rm≥ Bb- Ø n∂v \¬In- b n- ´ p- ≈ - X v . ac- W tØmSp IqSn-Xs∂ t\cnb Hcp Xcw in£ A\p- ` - h -

Cu A\p-`q-Xn-bp-≠m-hp-I. F√m Ip‰-hm-fn-Iƒ°pw CXv D≠m-hp-∂X - m-Wv. ""A√m-lphns‚ am¿§-Øn¬ arXyp hcn- ® - h ¿ ac- W - s ∏- ´ - h - c msW∂v \n߃ [cn-t°-≠. F∂m¬ Ah¿ Ah-cpsS \mY¶¬ Poh-\p-≈h - c - s - {X. Ah¿°v Blmcw \¬Is∏-Spw. A√mlp Ahs‚ HuZm-cy-Øn¬ \n∂v \¬Inb-Xp-sIm≠v Ah¿ kt¥mjn®p sIm≠n-cn-°pw. AhtcmSv h∂p-tN¿∂n-´n-√mØ Ah-cpsS ]n∂n-ep-≈-hsc Ipdn- ® p≈ kt¥m- j hm¿Ø Ah¿°v Adnbn®p sIm≠n-cn-°pw. Ah-

hy‡-am-°p-∂p-≠v. Npcp-°Øn¬ Bflm-°ƒ°v A\p`-hs - ∏-Sp∂ CØ-cØ - n-ep≈ A\p-`q-Xn-If - mWv J_-dnse in£m c£- s b- ∂ Xp sIm≠v Dt±-in-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. ]c-tem-IØv hcp-tºmƒ Dd°- Ø n¬ \n∂v BcmWv Rßsf DW¿Øn- b Xv F∂ tNmZyw Cu ]d-™Xn\v FXn- c m- h p- ∂ n√. Dd°n¬ a\p- j y≥ `b- s ∏- S pØp∂ kz]v \ - ß fpw \√ kz]v\-ßfpw Z¿in-°m-dp-≠t√m. `oI- c - k z- ] v \ - ß ƒ Z¿in®p sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ Hcp hy‡nsb Ahs‚ Dd-°n¬ \n∂v hnfn®p DW¿Øn-

""cmhn-sebpw sshIp-t∂-chpw \c-IØ - n-t∑¬ Ahsc shfn-hm°-s∏-Spw. A¥y-Zn\w \ne-\n¬°p∂ Znhkw ^n¿-Hus‚ Iq´sc G‰hpw ITn-\a - mb in£-bn¬ \n߃ {]th-in-∏n-°p-ho≥ F∂p ]d-bs - ∏Spw'' (A¬ap-Av-an≥: 45) Bflo-ba - mb Hcp Xcw Z¿i-\amWv ChnsS A√mlp ]d-bp-∂X - v. ^n¿-Hu\v am{X-a√ Cu A\p`q-Xn-bp-≠m-hp-I. F√m Ip‰-hm-fn-Iƒ°pw CXv D≠m-hp-∂X - m-Wv. s∏´p XpS- ß p- s a∂v Cu BbØv hy‡- a m- ° p- ∂ p. J_-dnse in£sb ÿncs∏- S p- Ø p- h m≥ Camw _pJmcn Cu BbØp D≤cn-®n-´p≠v (_p-Jmcn 1 ˛ 183). ""cmhn- s ebpw sshIpt∂- c hpw \c- I - Ø n- t ∑¬ Ahsc shfn-hm-°-s∏-Spw. A¥y-Zn\w \ne-\n¬°p∂ Znhkw ^n¿-Hus‚ Iq´sc G‰hpw ITn-\-amb in£bn¬ \n߃ {]th-in-∏n°p- h o≥ F∂p ]d- b s∏Spw'' (A¬ap-Av-an≥: 45) Bflo-ba - mb Hcp Xcw Z¿i\-amWv ChnsS A√mlp ]dbp-∂-Xv. ^n¿-Hu\v am{X-a√ 38

cpsS ta¬ bmsXmcp `btam ZpxJtam C√. A√mlp-hn¬ \n∂p≈ A\p-{Klhpw HuZm-cyhpw sIm≠v Ah¿ kt¥m- j n- ° pw. \n›bw A√mlp kXy-hnizm-kn-I-fpsS {]Xn-^ew ]mgm- °p- I - b n-√.'' (Bep Cwdm≥ 169 ˛ 170) J_¿ Pohn- X - Ø n¬ A\p-`-h-s∏-Sp∂ Bflo-bamb A\p-`q-Xn-bmWv ChnsS A√mlp hnh-cn-°p-∂X - v. B A\p-`qXn F√m kXy-hn-izmkn-Iƒ°pw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂Xm-Wv. lZo-kp-Ifpw BbØns‚ Xs∂ Ah-km-\` - mKhpw Cu bmYm¿∞yw

sb∂p hnNm-cn-°pI. Ah≥ Fgp- t ∂‰v \n∂v BcmWv Fs∂ Dd-°n¬ \n∂v hnfn®p- W ¿Øn- b - s X∂v tNmZn®m¬ Ah≥ Dd-°n¬ `oI-ckz- ] v \ - ß ƒ H∂pw Xs∂ Z¿in-®n-´n-√m-sb∂v hcn-I-bn√-t√m. CXp-t]mse Xs∂bmWv adp-hi - hpw J_-dn¬ sh®v a\p- j ys\ ]IpXn Poh≥ CSp-Ibpw Ahs\ Ccp-Ønb tijw c≠p ae°p-Iƒ Ccp-ºns‚ ZfipIƒ sIm≠v Ahs\ ASn°p-sa-s∂√mw ]d-bp∂ lZokp-Iƒ Hcn-°epw AXns‚ _mly- a mb A¿∞- Ø n¬ hnh-£n-°m-hp-∂-X-√. lZo1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


kp- I ƒ kzlo- l m- s W∂v AwKo-I-cn-®m¬ Xs∂ a\pjys‚ Bflm-hn\v A\p-`-hs∏-Sp∂ A\p-`q-Xn-Iƒ am{Xam-Wn-Xv. PUw ac-W-tØm-SpIqSn \in-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-IbmWv sNøp-I. ]c-tem-IØv sh®v am{X-am-Wn-Xn\v \h-PohnXw \¬I-s∏-Sp-I. ]cn-ip-≤ Jp¿- B - \ n\pw a\p- j ys‚ {]mY-anI _p≤n°pw FXncmbn hcp∂ dnt∏m¿´p- I ƒ hymJym-\n-t°-≠-Xm-sW∂v lZokv ]fin- X - ∑ msc√mw Xs∂ GtIm-]n®p A`n-{]m-bs∏-´n-´p-≠v. CØcw dnt∏m¿´pIƒ \n¿Ωn- X - a m- s W∂v k¶¬]n®p Dt]- £ n- ° p- ∂ Xn\pw hntcm- [ - a n- √ m- s b∂v C_v\p-l-P¿(d) hy‡-am-°nbn-´p-≠v. (a-ønØv kwkvIc - W apd-Iƒ: J_¿ PohnXw. t]Pv 163 apX¬) Cu ]pkvXI - Ø - n¬ Rm≥ Fgp-Xn-b-Xp-t]mse a¿lqw Aen AIv _ ¿ aue- h nbpw Rm\pw IqSn- s b- g p- X n- b Xpw tUm. Dkv a m≥ kmln_v

BZyw apX¬ Ah-km\w hsc hmbn®v BapJw Fgp-Xn-b-Xp-amb "AØulo-Zp¬ apkvXJow' F∂ {KŸ- Ø nepw J_¿ in£ Bflo-b-am-sW∂v Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-≠v. {]kvXpX {KŸ- Ø nse Nne `mK߃ ImWp-I. "\n›bw J_¿ in£bpw Bflmhn-t\m-Sp≈ hnNm-cW - bpw bmYm¿∞y-am-Wv. F∂m¬ PUhpw Bflmhpw XΩn¬ tbmPn∏n-®p-sIm-≠p≈ Pohn-∏n°¬ Jnbmaw hsc kw`hn-°p-Ib - n-√. J_¿ in£ Bflm- h ns\ ico- c - Ø nte°v Xncn-®p-sIm-≠p-h∂ tij-amWv F∂v an≥lmen¬ \n∂v am{X-amWv D≤cn- ° - s ∏- S p- ∂ - X v . Cbmƒ Zp¿∫-e\p-am-Wv.' (C-_v\plkw: 1˛22) (A-Øu-loZp¬ apkvXJow: t]Pv 110) 1986¬ BWv Cu ]pkvXIw {]kn-≤o-I-cn°p-∂X - v. C{]-Imcw J_¿

in£ Bflo- b - a m- s W∂v Ckvem-anse A\p-jvTm\ apdIƒ F∂ Fs‚ {KŸØnepw [mcmfw Bb-Øp-Iƒ D≤- c n- ® p- s Im≠v Rm≥ ka¿∞n-®n-´p-≠v. (t]Pv: 421) J_- d nse tNmZy- Ø n¬ \n∂v c£-s∏-Sphm≥ th≠n Xkv_oØv sNm√¬ kp∂Øm-sW∂pw AXns‚ cq]w hsc Fs‚ {KŸ- ß - f n¬ Rm≥ Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-ap-≠v. (DZm: aønØv kwkvIc - W apd-Iƒ t]. 117). (C-kvem-anse A\pjv T m\ apd- I ƒ: t]. 421) 1996¬ BWv Cu ]pkvXIw Fgp-Xp-∂X - v. J_-dns\ in£ Bflobw am{X- a m- s W∂v ]gb A¬a-\m-dns‚ tIm∏n-Ifn¬ Fs∂ hna¿in- ° p∂ {Kq∏nse ]fin-X∑ - m¿ Xs∂ [mcm-f-ambn Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-≠v. CsX√mw e°w klnXw a≥kq-den sNΩmSv {]kn-≤oI-cn® "kp√-an°v ]d-bm-\p≈Xv' F∂ Fs‚ kn.-Un.bn¬ hni-Zo-I-cn-®n-´p-≠v.

BƒssZ-h-ß-fpsS X´n∏v A\m-Nm-ch - pw A‘-hn-izm-khpw BƒssZ-hß - f - psS ]´n-Ib - n¬ s]Sp-∂-Xm-Wv. Rm≥ D≤-cn-°p-∂Xv hymk≥ ]d™ Imcy-ß-fmWv... BƒssZ-hß - ƒ ip≤ X´n-∏m-Wv. Fs∂ B{I-an-®Xv sXΩmSn-I-fm-Wv. aqeyw A]-l-cn-°-s∏-Sp-tºm-gmWv a\p-jy≥ B{I-a-ßfn-te°v Xncn-bp-∂X - v. Xß-fpsS hnizm-khpw {]ÿm-\hpw Hcm-fpsS hm°p-Iƒ sIm≠v XI-cp-∂X - m-Ic - p-Xv. AXn-\p≈ B¿÷hw \jvSs∏-Sp-tºm-gmWv Kp≠m-bnkw h¿≤n-°p-∂X - v. hkv{Xw Iodn hen®v t]∏-´nsb X√p-∂X - p-t]mse Hcp kzmansb B{I-an-°p-∂Xv tIc-fØn-e√ - msX as‰m-cn-SØpw \S-°p-Ib - n-√. (kzman kµo-]m-\-µ-Kn-cn, dnt∏m¿´v: amXr-`q-an)

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

39


40

tIcf PwCø-Øp¬ Dea 16. 6. 2006\p \evInb ^Xvh

C…mw \ap°v Hcp-°n-Ø∂n-cn-°p-∂p. Ipd®v kabw Cam-an-t\m-sSm∏w \a-kv°cn®v ]n∂oSv £oWw sImt≠m, Dd°w h∂Xp sImt≠m IqSp-X¬ ]pWyw t\Sm≥ Dt±-in®p sImt≠m, ho´n¬ t]mbn Ddßn AØmg ka-bØv \a-kv°-cn-°p-∂-Xn\v Bcpw hntcm[w ]d-™Xmbn Adnbn-√. adn®v ]mXn-cm-hn\v tij-ap-ff \akv°m-chpw {]m¿∞\bpw ]pWy-I-c-am-sW∂Xn\v Jp¿-B-\nepw kp∂-Ønepw sXfn-hp-If - p-≠v. B kabØv PamAØmbn \akv°c - n-°p-∂X - n\v c≠v ]pWyhpw e`n-°p-sa∂pw a\- n-em-°m-at√m.

Htc kXyw

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

kv°-cn-°p-∂Xv ]pWy-I-cam-Wv. 2. Jnbm-ap-ss√¬ cm{XnbpsS A¥y-bm-aØ - nem-Ip∂-XmWv IqSp-X¬ t{ijvTam-bn-´p-f-f-Xv. D_-øp_v\p IAv_v (d)s‚ Iogn¬ da-km-\n¬ Jnbm-ap-ss√¬ ]p\x-kw-LSn-∏n® Da¿(d) AXn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p-I- D≠m-bns√∂v am{X-a√ adn®v ]mXn-cm-hn\v tijw \a-kv°c - n-°e - mWv DØ-as - a∂v {]kvXm-hn-°pIbpw sNbvXp. AXv sIm≠m-Wt√m Jpe-^mD¿dm-in-Zp-Iƒ AS-°a - p-ff {][m-\n-Iƒ Cu \ne-]m-SpIƒ kzoI-cn-®n-´p-f-fXpw! ]e Imc-Wh - i - mepw cm{XnbpsS A¥y-bm-aØn¬ \n¿∆-ln-°m≥ IgnbmØ Zp¿_-ec - mb BfpIƒ°pw Jnbm-ap-ss√-ens‚ {]Xn-^ew Ign-bp∂ Afhn¬ e`n-°m-\p-ff Hcp kwhn-[m\w F∂ \nebv°mWv CXv a\- n-emt°-≠X - v. Da¿(d)s‚ Imew apX¬ CXv hsc \ncm-t£]w AXv \S-∂p-hcp-∂Xpw AXp sIm≠p Xs∂. Npcp-°Ø - n¬ sFOn-Iamb CØcw Imcy-߃ Hmtcm-cp-Ø-cp-tSbpw Ign-hn\-\p-kc - n®v sNbvXv ]pWyw kºm-Zn-°m-\p-ff Ah-kcw

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Jnbm-ap-ss√¬: Cu \a-kv°mcw CimC\p tijw kp_vln\v apºmbn ]Xn-s\m∂v dIvAØn¬ Ihn-bmsX GXv kabØpw \n¿∆-ln°m-sa∂v \_n(-k)bpsS Ncy-bn¬ \n∂v hy‡-am-bn-´p-≠v. F∂m¬ Hcp dafm-\n¬ \_n (k) ]f-fn-bn¬ sh®v ct≠m aqt∂m Znhkw Pam AØmbn \a-kv°c - n-°pIbpw ]n∂oSv AXv \n¿_‘am-°-s∏-Sptam F∂ Bi-¶b - m¬ XpS-cmXn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. (C-Xn\v sXfn-hmbn _pJm-cn-bnse 1129˛-mw \º¿ lZokv D≤-cn°p∂p). ]n∂oSv Da¿(d)s‚ Jnem-^Øv ImeØv Cim \a-kv°m-cØ - n\v tijw Bfp-Iƒ ]f-fn-bn¬ H‰bmbpw hyXykvX kwLß-fmbpw \a-kv°c - n-°p∂Xv At±lw I≠-t∏mƒ Ahsc Hcp Cam-ans‚ Iogn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n-°p-IbmWv sNbvXX - v. (CXn\v sXfn-hmbn _pJm-cn-bnse 2010-mw \º¿ lZokv D≤-cn-®n-´p≠v.) c≠v Imcy-߃ CXn¬ \n∂v a\- n-em-Ip-∂p. 1. Jnbm-ap-ss√¬ da-km\n¬ PamAØmbn \a-

Xdm-holv : sI. sP. bp. hns‚ ^Xvh

_p≤\pw tbiphpw aplΩZpw am\-hc - m-insb \bn°p-∂Xv Htc kXy-[¿a ]Z-Øn-te-°m-sW∂p k{]-am-W-k-lnXw am\hsc t_m[y- s ∏- S p- Ø phm≥ klm- b - I - a mb kXv{K-Ÿ-ß-fp-≠v. (kzman hniz-`{- Zm-\µ i‡n-tbm-Kn) 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


Fw.-hn. A_vZp-dl - n-am≥, shfn-bØ - p-\mSv

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ff iA_mt\m Ign™p t]mbtXm F∂v a\- nem-IpI-bn-√. sIm√hpw IqSn D≠mbmte AXv a\- n-em-Ip-Ib - pffq F∂ t_m[w Ah¿°p≠m- b n. Aßn- s \- b mWv Ah¿ ln{P- b n¬ \n∂v FÆm≥ XpS-ßn-bX - v. ln{P- h ¿jw Fßns\ XpS-ß-W-sa-∂-Xnepw Ah¿°v {]iv\-߃ D≠mbn. \_n (k) ln{P sNbvXXv d_o-D¬ A∆-enem-bn-cp-∂p. d_o-D¬-A-∆¬ aq∂m- a sØ amk- a m- b XpsIm≠v AXp- a p- X ¬ h¿jw XpS- ß pI km[yas√∂v Ah¿ a\- n-em-°n. Aßns\ Iptd N¿®-Iƒ°p tijw apl-d-an¬ \n∂mWv h¿jw XpS-tß-≠Xv F∂ Xocp-am-\-Øn-se-Øn. Aßns\ 9 amkw ImØncp∂ tijw, apldw h∂t∏mƒ ln{P- h ¿jw 'H∂v ' F∂v Ipdn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. H∂mw XnøXn GXp Znh-kam-Wv F∂pw Ah¿ Is≠Øn. apldw H∂v hymgm-gvNbm-bn-cp-∂p. Zp¬l÷v amkØns‚ Ah-km-\Z- n-hk - a - mb _p[-\mgvN Hcp kqcy-{K-lWhpw kw`-hn-®p. amkm-hkm-\-Zn-h-k-Øn-emWv kqcy{K- l Ww kw`- h n- ° p- ∂ - X v . AXp-sIm≠v ]nt‰ Znhkw H∂m-bn. ]n∂oSv Kth-jWw \S- Ø nb imkv { X- ⁄ ∑mcpw Ncn- { X- I m- c - ∑ mcpw apldw H∂v hymgmgvN Bbncp-∂p-sh∂v ÿnco-I-cn-®n-´p≠v . 01-01-01 H=15-07-622

hymgw F∂Xv Ipdn-°s - ∏-´ncn-°p-∂p. CXv ]gb {KŸß-fn¬ ImWm-hp-∂X - m-Wv. ]n¬°meØv Xnø- X nbpsS (Date) {]tbmKw A[nI-am-bt- ∏mƒ Ah¿ Jp¿-B\n¬ ]d™ aoJmØv F∂Xpw ahm- J oØv F∂Xpw D]-tbm-Kn-®n-´n-√. Ah¿ AXn\p ]I-c-ambn "XmcoJv' F∂ ]pXnb ]ZamWv D]-tbm-Kn-®X - v. XmcoJv F∂Xv ]pXnb hm°-√. Ad_-bn-te°v IS∂p IqSn-bX - mWv. AXp-sIm-≠mWv lnb a-hm-Jo-Øp-en-∂mkn F∂Xv sXfn-hmbn a\- n-emIm-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. C_v\p-I-_o¿ t]mse-bp-ff X^vko-Zp-Ifn¬ Cu A¿∞w ImWm-sa¶nepw Ah- c psS ImeØv Xs∂ 'XmcoJv' F∂ ]ZamWv Xnø-Xn-°p-]-tbm-Kn-®Xv. F√m `mj-If - nepw Cßns\-bp-ff am‰-߃ Ime-{I-taWsb hcm-dp-f-fq. F∂m¬ Ad-_n-bn¬ hfsc Ipd™ hm°p-Iƒ am{Xta Aßns\ amdn-bn-´p-ff - q. Cßn-s\-bp-ff a‰p ]Z- ß ƒ 'e_≥', 'kømd', 'ssee', 'CZm' apXemb At\Iw ]Z- ß ƒ ImWm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. N{µ-\mWv XnøXn ImWn°p-∂X - v, kqcy≥ ka-bh - pw. Hcp LSn-Im-c-Øns‚ aWn°q¿kq- N n- b pwkabkqNnbpw t]mse-bm-WvC-h. Hcp LSn-Im-c-Øns‚ aWn-°q¿ kqNn FSp-Øp-If- ™ m¬- aWn- ° q- d ns‚

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

""Ah¿ Xm¶-tfmSv tNmZn°p-∂p. Aln-√sb∏‰n ]dbp- I . Ah P\- ß ƒ°pw l÷n\pw Xnø-Xn-I-fm-Wv. hoSp-I-fntebv°v ]n≥hm-Xnen¬ IqSn IS- ° p- ∂ - X n¬ KpW-an-√. kq£vaX ]men°p- ∂ - X n- e mWv KpWw. AXn\m¬ ho-Sp-I-fn-tebv°v AXns‚ hmXn- e n- e qsS Xs∂ IS- ° p- I . F∂m¬ \n߃ hnP-bn-°pw.'' CXv Jp¿B\nse 2:189 s‚ kmcam-Wv. ChnsS Xnø-Xn-Iƒ F∂Xn\p Jp¿-B\n¬ h∂n-´p-ffXv 'ahm-JoXv' F∂m-Wv. AXns‚ GI- h - N \w 'aoJmØv' (Date) F∂m-Wv. Cu ]Zw Jp¿-B\n¬ ]e ÿeØpw h∂n-´p-≠v. ahmJoØv ChnsS am{Xta h∂n´p-f-fq. Jp¿-B-\ns\ Jp¿-B≥ sIm≠v hymJym-\n-°-W-sa∂mWv F√m hymJym- X m°fpw ]d-™n-´p-ff - X - v. Jeo^m Da¿ (d) hns‚ Imew hsc P\- ß ƒ°v XnøXn ( Date ) Bhiyw h∂n-´n-√. Ah-cn¬ A[n-It]cpw FgpØpw hmb-\bpw Adnbp-∂h - c - m-bn-cp-∂n-√. HcpsN°ns‚ (Cheque) Imcy-ØnemWv CXn- s \- ∏ ‰n N¿® D≠m- b - X v . AXn¬ iA_m≥ C{Xmw XnøXn F∂mWv Fgp-Xn-bn-cp-∂-Xv. GXv iA_m\msW∂v Fßs\ CXn¬ \n∂v a\ n- e m- ° pw F∂v Hcp klm_n tNmZn-®p. hcm-\p-

ahm-Jo-Øp- en-∂mkn

41


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

○ ○

∂p N{µs‚ DZ-btam AkvXa-\tam tKmN-ca - √ - . CXmWv '\yqaq¨tU' AYhm Aamhmkn Znh-kw. CXv amkØns‚ Ah-km-\sØ Znhk-am-Wv F∂v a\- n-em-°phm≥ Hcp {]bm-k-hp-an-√. "hamP-Ae - A - s - se°pw ^n±o\n-an≥l-dPv' F∂v A√mlp Jp¿-B\ - n¬ ]d-™Xp sX‰√. F∂m¬ lnem- e ns‚ ]n∂m se HmSn- \ - S - ° p- ∂ h¿°v Hcn- ° epw amkß fpsS XpS°w In´p-∂n-√. A h¿ he-bp-Ib - m-W.v Ah-cpsS Cu {]h¿Ø\w Jp¿-Bs‚ Cu hN\w A¿∞-c-ln-XamWv F∂v sXfn-bn-°p-Ib - mWv. 'lDu-Zp-_n-√mln'. lnem ¬ t\m´- Ø n\v GXm≠v Bbn-ct- Ømfw h¿jw ]g-°ap-≠v. Cu A‘-hn-izmkw A{Xbpw Bg-Øn¬ Dd-®n-cn°p-Ib - m-Wv! BZysØ Znh- k sØ N{µ- ° e aKv c n_v kabw Ign-bp-∂Xp hscbpw c≠masØ Ie Cjm Ign- b p∂Xp hscbpw ImWm-hp-∂Xm- W v . AXns\ \nco- £ n®m¬ amk-ßf - psS XpS°w icn-bmtWm F∂v a\- n-em°mw. amk-Øn¬ F{X Znhk- ß - f p- ≠ mIpw F∂Xpw a\-   n- e m- ° mw. A√mlp \ΩpsS Zo\ns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ {]bm-k-߃ D≠m-°n-bn-´n√. Ffp-∏-amWv D≠m-°n-bncn- ° p- ∂ - X v . B¿°pw Ft∏mgpw {]bm- k - c - l n- X ambn sIm≠p-\-S-°m-hp∂ GI-aX - a - m-Wnkvemw. \ap°v ]q¿Æambpw Jp¿- B - \ nte°v aSßmw. A√mlp Xu^oJv sNø s´!

42

N{µ≥ hf-cp-Ibpw Npcpßp- I bpw sNøp∂- X mbn \mw ImWp-∂p. kqcy-\n¬ \n∂v AI-ep-∂X - mbpw ASp°p-∂X - mbpw \ap°v A\p`-h-s∏-Sp-∂p. CXn\p ImcWhpw Jp¿-B≥ hni-Zo-Ic - n®p. h°p- √ p≥ ^o ^e°n≥b- k v _ - l p≥ F√mw AXns‚ ]Ÿm-hn¬ \o¥ns°m- ≠ n- c n- ° p- I - b m- W v . - \ ΩpsS IÆn\p ImWp∂ henb BImi `qan- I fpw IÆn\p ImWmØ sNdnb temI-ß-fp-sa√mw Id-ßp-Ibm- W v F∂pw imkv { Xw sXfn-bn-®p. kp_vlm-\√ - mlv ! CsX√mw Id- ß p∂ t]mse \tΩmSpw IA_ Np‰p-hm≥ A√mlp Iev]n®p. CXn¬ Nn¥n- ° p- ∂ h¿°v ZrjvSm-¥ß - f - p-≠v. N{µ≥ hf- c p- t ºmƒ kqcym-kvX-a-\-Øn\p tijhpw Npcp- ß p- t ºmƒ kqcy≥ DZn- ° p- ∂ - X n\p

ap≥]pw- \-ap°v \nco-£n-°mhp-∂-Xm-Wv. BZysØ Ie Zriy-am-Ip∂Xv amk-Øns‚ BZysØ Znhkw kqcy≥ AkvXa - n-®Xn\p tij- a m- W v . AXpsIm≠p Xs∂ lnem¬ t\m°p-∂-h¿°v amk-ßfpsS XpS°w I≠p-]n-Sn-°m\m-hn-√. Ah¿°v Ft∏mgpw Ht∂m ct≠m Znhkw \jvSs∏-Spw. CXp amkw I≠p-]nSn-°p-hm≥ dkq¬ ImWn® am¿§- a - √ . Jp¿B- \ n¬ C√mØXv dkq¬ (k) I¬∏n-°p-I-bp-an-√t√m. Jp¿- B ≥ kwkm- c n- ° p∂Xv Ah-km-\sØ Ie-sb∏- ‰ n- b m- W v . Ah- k m\w D¿÷p-\p¬JZow t]mse Bbn aSßp∂p. CXv Ft∏mƒ ImWp- s a- ∂ Xv t\m°p-∂h - ¿°dnbmw. amkw Ah- k m- \ n- ° p- h m≥ Hcp Znhkw _m°n-bp-f-f-t∏mƒ CXns\ Ings° N{I-hm-fØn¬ ImWmw. kp_plp \a- k v ° - c n- ® - X n\p tijw Ingt° N{I-hmfw t\m°nbm¬ aXn. kqtcym-Zb - Ø - n\v GXm≠v Hcp aWn-°q¿ apºv AXm-bXv ^P¿ _m¶v kabØv A∂v N{µ≥ DZn°p-∂Xn-\m¬ kq£n®p t\m°nsb-¶n¬ am{Xta ImWp-Ib - pf-fq. hfsc sXfn™ BImi-am-sW¶n¬ Ffp-∏-Øn¬ Xs∂ ImWm-hp-∂X - m-W.v kqcy≥ DZn-®m¬ kqcy{]Imi- Ø n¬ B t\cnb Ie ImWp-I-bn-√. I≠m¬ ]ns‰ Znhkw apX¬ AXns\ Ingt° N{I-hm-fØn¬ ImWp-Ib - n-√. ]ns‰ Znhkw kqcy\pw N{µ\pw Hcp ÿeØv ÿnXn sNøp∂-Xn-\m¬ A

Znh-kß - ƒ FÆp-∂Xv Fßns\?

FÆw In´p-Ib - n-√. F∂m¬ ka- b - k qNn FSp- Ø p- I - f ™m¬ aWn- ° q- d p- I ƒ ImWm-hp-∂X - m-Wv. GXm≠v ka- b - h pw ]d- b m≥ ]‰pw. an\p-´p-Iƒ IrXy-am-Ip-Ib - n√. CXmWv N{µs\ am‰nsh® Ie-≠-dp-I-fpsS KXn! Ah¿°v Znh- k - Ø ns‚ FÆw icn°p In´p-Ib - n-√. A√mlp Jp¿- B - \ n¬ Adn- b n- ® Xv A{ipw- k ph¬J-adp-_n-lp-kv_m≥''? kqcy\pw N{µ-\pw IW-°n\v th≠n- b mWv F∂m- W v . AXp- s Im≠v \mw Ah c≠pw AS- ß nb Ie- ≠ dmWv D]-tbm-Knt°≠-Xv.

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


Xdm-holv: N¿® ˛ 3 tUm. _°¿.-F.-dl - vam≥

\ap-s°m-cp-an®p t]mcmSmw cm{Xn Ft∏mƒ thW-sa-¶nepw kuIcym¿∞w sNøm-\\ - p-hm-Za - p≈ D¬IrjvS C_m-ZØ - mWv cm{Xn \a-kvIm-cw. temI apkvenw-Iƒ \√ \ne-bn¬ \S-Øn-hc - p∂ A\p- h - Z - \ o- b hpw kuI- c y- { ]- Z hpw t{ijvT-I-chpw akve-l-Øp≥ BΩ-bpamb B C_m-ZØ - ns‚ bYm¿∞ kXyw ]d™p tI´- t ∏mƒ Atß°v t]Sn tXm∂n-bXv Fs‚ Ip‰-a√ - .

A

_vZp-d-ln-am≥ Ccn-th-‰n- Xs‚ BZy teJ-\-Øn¬ ]d- ™ - X p- X s∂ ho≠pw Bh¿Øn- ® n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. Rm≥ ]d™ \nc-h[n Imcy-߃°p adp-]Sn ]cm-a¿in-®n-´p-an-√. "]≈n-I-fnse Xdm-holv ASn-ÿm-\-c-lnXw Xs∂' F∂v Bh¿Øn®p ]d-™X - p-sIm≠v ASn-ÿm-\c - l - n-Xa - m-sW-∂ph-cn-√. {]hm-NI - s‚ ]n∂n¬ XpS¿∂-h¿ ]≈n-bn¬ Xs∂bm-bn-cp-∂p. P\-ß-fpsS h¿≤n® Bth-i-Øm¬ ^¿fm°ptam F∂ `b-Øm¬ Rm≥ XpS-cm-Xn-cn-°p-∂p-sh∂v {]hmN-I≥ Xs∂ hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂p. {]hm-N-I≥ \ncym-X-\m-btXmsS A°m-cWw \oßn-sb∂ hkvXpX {]m[m-\y-a¿ln°p-∂p. da-fm-\nse cm{Xn Hº-Xn\pw ]Øn-\p-an-Sb - n¬ kwLSn-∏n-°¬ kp∂-Øm-°m≥ {ian-®p-sh∂p ]d-™Xp icn-b√. ka-bØ - ns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ X¿°-an-√t- √m... \ng¬ shSnth-≠-Xn-√. Da¿(-d)hpw D_-øn_v\p IAv_pw Xao-ap-±m-cnbpw a‰-t\Iw kzlm-_n-amcpw Hcp _nZv-AØv ÿm]n-®p-sh∂p ]d-bp-∂Xnse Kpcp-Xc - m-hÿ - s - b-°p-dn®pw 1429 sIm√w ]g-°t- ØmsS B _nZv-AØv C∂pw \ne-\n¬°p-∂p-sh∂pw ]d-bmtam F∂-Xn\pw Ccn-th‰n au\-Øn-em-Wv. Da¿(-d) AXn¬ ]s¶Sp-°msX G‰hpw t{ijvT-I-c-amb ka-btØ°m-°n-sb-∂Xn¬ temI-Ømcpw Ip‰w ]d-™n-´p-an-√. AXv At±-lØ - ns‚ sXc-s™-Sp-∏m-Wv. cm{Xn Ft∏mƒ thW-sa-¶nepw kuIcym¿∞w sNøm-\-\p-hm-Z-ap≈ D¬IrjvS C_m-Z-ØmWv cm{Xn \a-kvIm-cw. temI apkvenw-Iƒ \√ \ne-bn¬ \S1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

Øn-hc - p∂ A\p-hZ- \ - o-bhpw kuI-cy-{]-Zhpw t{ijvT-Ichpw akvel - Ø - p≥ BΩ-bpamb B C_m- Z - Ø ns‚ bYm¿∞ kXyw ]d™p tI´-t∏mƒ Atß°v t]Sn tXm∂n-bXv Fs‚ Ip‰-a√ - . Hcp-]mSv lZo-kp-Iƒ D≈sX√mw ]cn-anX t]Pp-Iƒ am{Xw A\p- h - Z n- ° p∂ A¬^-\m-dn¬ D≤-cn-t°-≠Xn√ F∂-Xn-\m-emWv F√m lZo-kp-Ifpw D≤-cn-°m-ØX - v. am{X-a√ CXp kw_-‘a - mb At\Iw lZo-kp-Iƒ ImWpIbpw ]Tn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn´p≈ Ccn-th-‰n-tbmSv kqN-\Iƒ aXn-bm-Ip-sa∂p [cn-®p. kZp-t±-iy-Øn¬ am∏m-°p-I. ]e ]e A≤ym-bß - f - n-em-bn´mWv _pJmcn D≤cn®sX¶nepw hnjbw cm{Xn \a-kvIm-cs - Ø-°p-dn®v Xs∂bm-Wt- √m. \_n(-k) ho´n¬ \n∂p \a-kvI-cn-®p. kzlm_n-am¿ ]≈n-bn¬ kwL-Sn®p. Da¿(-d) ho´n¬ t]mbn H‰°p \a-kvI-cn-®p. AtX Da¿ P\-߃°p ]≈n-bn¬ Pam- A - Ø m°n \n¿∆- l n°m≥ kuI- c y- s am- c p- ° n. At\Iw kzlm- _ n- a m¿ AXn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Øp. \_n(k) kwL-Sn-∏n-®n-´n√ F∂ hmNIw Bh¿Øn- ° p- ∂ Xn¬ A¿∞-an-√. Jp¿-B≥ 43


\_n(-k) P\-ßsf \∂mbn ]Tn-∏n-®p. AXv t{ImUo-Icn®p apkzv l ^m- ° n- b Xv kzlm-_n-If - m-bn-cp∂p F∂Xp- t ]m- s ebpw CXns\ ImWmw. apkzvl^n-em-°nbXv _nZv - A - Ø m- s W∂p `mj- b n¬ ]d- b m- s a- ¶ nepw kmt¶-XnI \n¿∆-N\ - h - n-t[-ba- √ - t √m. Aß- s \- Ø - s ∂bmWv Da- d ns‚ Xdm- h olv kw_-‘a - mbn ]d™ _nZvAØv {]tbm-K-sa∂v apgph≥ lZokv hymJym- X m°fpw hy‡-am-°n-bXv X≈n°-fb - m≥ \ap°p \n¿_-‘_p-≤n-sb-¥n-\mWv? P\- ß ƒ \_n- s b- Ø pS¿∂p \a-kvI-cn-®Xv \_n(k) Adn-™n√ F∂p ]d-bp∂Xv icn-b-√. Adn-™-XpsIm-≠mWv aq∂mw Znhkw ^¿fm-°p-sa∂ Xs‚ `bw P\- ß sf Adn- b n®Xpw \memw Znhkw {]hm-N-I≥ hcm-Xn-cp-∂-Xpw. cm{Xn \akv I m- c sØ hm°mepw {]h¿Øn- b mepw \n¿Ø-

em°n F∂ [z\n A]-I-SI-c-am-Wv. X¬°mew {]hmN- I ≥ ths≠∂p sh®p. ho´n¬ \n∂v \a-kvI-cn-°ma∂ A\p- h mZw sIm≠v ]≈n-bn¬ ]mSn-√s - ∂m-∂p-an√-t√m. ]≈n ÿm]n-®n-cn-°p∂Xp Xs∂ \a- k v I - c n°m\pw C_m- Z - Ø p- a mbn _‘-s∏-´s - X√mw A\p-jvTn°m-\p-am-sW-∂n-cns° P\ß-fpsS "ieyw' Xo¿°m≥ Da¿(- d ) sNbv X - X m- s W∂v ]d™v sIm®m-t°-≠-Xn-√t√m. \a-kvImcw ]≈n-bn¬ ieytam? Ccn-th‰n ]d-bp-∂t]mse hm°mepw {]h¿Ønbmepw \_n \n¿Ø¬ sNbvX-Xm-sW-¶n¬ Da¿(-d) AXv ]≈n- b n¬ HºXv aWn°pw ]Øn-\p-an-S-bn¬ ÿm]n-°m≥ Xp\n-™p-sh∂Xv ISpØ Btcm-]W - a - mbn- Ø o- c p- ∂ - X m- W v . Fs‚ BZysØ {]Xn- I - c - W - ° pdn∏v Hcn-°¬IqSn Ccn-th‰n hmbn- ° p- I . F√m- ‰ n\pw AXn¬ adp-]S- n-bp-≠v.

C∂v Xo{h- k - e - ^ n- I ƒ Im´n- ° q- ´ p- ∂ Xpw hymJym\n®v C√mØ ^fzm-Ce - p-Iƒ sI´n- ∏ - d - b p∂Xnepw \aps°m- c p- a n®p t]mcm- S mw. C°mcyw Fs‚ teJ- \ Øn¬ h∂Xv Hcn-°¬ IqSn Bh¿Øn- ° - s ´. ""CtXmsSm∏w Ccn-th-‰n-tbmSv tbmPn°p∂ Imcy- a m- W v , C√mØ{X al- \ o- b X Xdm- h oln\p \¬In ^¿fzm-bX - n-t\°mƒ Kmw`ocyw \¬Ip-∂X - v. F∂m¬ G‰hpw t{ijv T Icw cmh-¥y-Øn¬ Xs∂ F∂- X n- t \mSv B¿°pw hntbm-Pn-∏p-≠m-Im≥ km[yX-bn-√.'' (A¬^-\m¿ e°w 20, t]. 37). CtXmsS Rm≥ Cu N¿® Ah-km-\n-∏n-°p∂p. Cu N¿®- b n¬ C\n Ccn- t h- ‰ nbpw tUm. _°¿.-F.-d-lvam-\p-a-√mØ- h ¿t° Ah- k cw A\p-h-Zn-°p-I-bp-≈q. (F-Un-‰¿)

AP-ø-cm-cmWv? Da¿ _n≥ JØm-_v(-d) Xs‚ ssk\ym-[n-]-\m-bn-cp∂ kAvZv_v\p A_o-hJ - zm-kv(d - )\p Ab® ktµiw: ""Xm¶fpw IqsS-bp-≈h - cpw {i≤n®p sImƒI, \nß-fpsS i{Xp-°ƒs°-Xn-cn¬ AXn-{Iaw \S-Ø-cp-Xv. kz¥w ]´m-f-Øns‚ sX‰p-I-sf-bmWv i{Xp-°-fpsS sX‰p-I-sf-°mƒ `b-s∏-tS-≠Xv. apkvenw-Iƒ hnP-bn-°m-\nS hcp-∂Xv ]e-t∏mgpw FXn-cm-fn-If - psS ssZh[n-°m-cß - ƒ Imc-Wa - m-Wv. Aß-s\-b√ - m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ \ap-°h - sc AXnP-bn-°m≥ Ign-bp-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. Ah¿ \sΩ-°mƒ FÆ-Øn¬ A[n-Ihpw Bbp-[k - ÷ - c - p-am-Wv. \mapw Ah-sc-t∏mse sX‰p sNbvXm¬ Ah¿ \Ωsf Ihn-®p-sh-bv°pw. i‡n sIm≠p-am{Xw \ap-°-hsc Iog-S-°m-\m-In-√. BZ¿im-[n-jvTnX I¿Ω-ßf - mWv \ΩpsS G‰hpw henb i‡n.'' (C-_v\pJ¬Zp≥) 44

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


thZm¥ Z¿i\w sI.sI

\mi-aS- b - p∂ {]Ir-Xnbpw \mi-an-√mØ Cuiz-c\pw {]IrXn \mi-ap-ff- X- m-Ip-∂p. Cuiz-c≥ \mi-an-√m-Øh- \pw

\nXy-hp-am-Ip-∂p. B Htc-sbmcp Cuiz-c≥ \iz-ca - mb {]Ir-Xntbbpw Pohm-flmhn-t\bpw \nb-{¥n-°p-∂p. B Cuiz-cs\ [ym\n- ° p- ∂ - X p- s Im≠pw Cuiz- c - \ p- a mbn IqSn- t ®- c p- ∂ - X psIm≠pw XmZmflyw {]m]n-°p-∂X - p-sIm≠pw Ah-km\w Pohmflm-hn\v amb-bn¬ \n∂p tam£w {]m]n-°p-hm≥ km[n-°p-∂p. (tizXm-iz-X-tcm-]-\n-j-Øv. 128)

ip`-Zn\w! Cuiz-cs\ [ym\n-°p-tºmƒ \mw Ahn-SpsØ A\¥-amb KpWß-sf-bmWv Nn¥\w sNøp-∂X - v. B KpW-߃ \mw Hmtcm-cp-Øtcbpw Cu hniz-sØ-bm-sIbpw \ne-\n¿Øp∂ al-XvKp-Wß - f - mWv. Aßs\ kXyw,- kvt\-lw, A-lnw-k,- Zb XpS-ßnb KpW߃ Fs¥∂pw Ah Pohn-XØ - n-s\-ßs\ Bh-iy-am-Ip-∂p-sh∂pw \mw a\- n-em-°p-∂p. Cu Xncn-®d - nhv Pohm-flm-hns\ AYhm hy‡nIsf anYym-[m-c-W-I-fn¬ \n∂pw kXy-t_-m[Ønte°v \bn-°p∂p. (Nn-¥m-k-cn-’m-K-cw. t]Pv:188) 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

45


Cu D]-\n-jØv hN-\߃ hnip≤ Jp¿-B\nse Xmsg ]d-bp∂ hN-\ß - sf IqSp--X¬ s]men-a-bp-f-f-Xm°p- ∂ p. ""`qan- b n- e p- f - f - h sc√mw \mi-aS- b - p∂-hc - m-Ip∂p. atlm-∂X - \pw AXy-Zmc-\p-amb \ns‚ c£n-Xm-bh≥ am{Xw Ah-ti-jn-°p∂-Xm-Wv.'' (hn.Jp:55:26,27) ""Ahs‚ Xncp-h-Z\(AkvXn-Xz) samgnsI {]]-©Ønse k¿∆hpw \mi-a-Sbp-∂-Xm-Wv.'' (hn.Jp:28:88) {]]-©w apgp-h≥ XI¿∂p Xcn-∏W - a - m-Ip-Ibpw atlm-∂X\pw alm- { ]- X m- ] nbpw AXy-Pz-e-\p-amb A√mlp am{Xw _m°n-\n¬°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ B Kw`o- c - a mb cwKsØ A√mlp Xs∂ Ahs‚ Xncp-h-N-\-ß-fn¬ C{]-Imcw ]d-bp-∂p. ""{KŸt∏-Pp-Iƒ Npcp´pw t]mse

BIm-isØ \mw Npcp-´nsb-Sp-°p∂ Zn\w! G‰-hpamZyw krjvSn-bm-cw-`n-®-Xpt]mse \mw ]ns∂bpw Bh¿Øn-°pw. \mw _m[yX-tb‰ hmKvZm-\-a-t{X-b-Xv. AXv \mw \S- ∏ n- e m- ° pI Xs∂ sNøpw.'' (hn.Jp:21:104) ""A√m- l p- h ns\ IW°m- t °≠ coXn- b n¬ Ah¿ IW- ° m- ° n- b n- √ . Dbn¿sØ-gp-t∂ev]p \mfn¬ `qan apgp- h ≥ Ahs‚ ssI∏n- S n- b n- e m°pw. BIm- i - ß ƒ Ah s‚ heXp ssIøn¬ Npcp´n- s h- ° - ∏ - ´ - h - b p- a m- b n- c n°pw. Ah≥ alm ]cn-ip≤≥. Ah¿ ]¶p-tN¿°p-∂Xn¬ \ns∂√mw Ah≥ AXo-X-\m-bn-cn-°p-∂p.'' (hn.Jp:39:67)

{]]-©-a-Jnew XI¿°s∏- S pw. GIm- [ n- c m- P - \ mb {kjv S m- h mb A√mlp am{Xw Ah- t i- j n- ° pw. ]n∂oSv C∂sØ LS-\-Isf√mw ASn-apSn am‰n-adn®v `qanbpw BIm-iß - fpw ]p\xkr-jvSn-°-s∏-Spw. A∂mWv a\p-jy-I¿Ω-ß-fpsS IrXyamb {]Xn-^ew \¬I-s∏Sp∂ \mfmb ]c- t emIw Bcw-`n-°p-∂X - v. B cwKhpw A√mlp hnh-cn-°p-∂-Xn-ßs\-bm-Wv. ""Ah¿ shfn°p hcp∂ Znh-ka - m-WXv. Ah sc kw_-‘n® bmsXmcp Imcyhpw A√m-lp-hn-¶¬ tKm]y- a m- b n- c n- ° n- √ . B Znhkw B¿°mWv A[nImcw? GI\pw k¿∆m-[n-]Xn- b p- a mb A√m- l p- h n\p am{Xw!'' (hn.Jp:40:16).

Zcn-{Z-k-ap-Zm-b-Øns‚ Po¿Æ-apJw Imk¿tKmUv Fkv.s- sh.-Fkv 60˛mw hm¿jnI ktΩ- f - \ - ∏ - ¥ - e n¬ 25000 t]¿°p ktΩ-fn-°m≥ hmZn-ssXz-_b - n¬ ]Sp- I q- ‰ ≥ Hcp- ° - ß - f p- ≠ m- b n- c p- ∂ p. amenIv Zo\m¿ ba-\n¬ \n∂v h∂ ]mb°- ∏ - e ns‚ cq]m- I r- X n- b n- e p- ≈ - X mWv Iymºns‚ {][m-\t- h-Zn. s]mXp-kt- Ω-f\-th-Zn-bpsS cq]w amenIv _v\p Zo\m¿ ÿm]n® Xf-¶c Ppam-ak - vPn-Zn-s‚-Xm-bncp-∂p. ss]XrI kXy-߃ Dƒs°m≈m≥ X° Xc-Øn-ep≈ thZn-I-fmWv _m°n-sb√mw. hn⁄m-\w, hnt\m-Zw, IuXp-Iw, F∂nh kwtbm-Pn-∏n®v Zriy˛-{imhy hnkvab - ß - ƒ Xo¿Ø {]Z¿i-\w. IpØp_v an\m¿, dufm-ic - o-^v, {]hm-NI-cpsS hnS-hm-߬ {]kwKw \S∂ P_ep¿d-lva -Xp-S-ßn-b-h-bpsS \n¿Ωn-XnIfpw Hcp-°n-bn-cp-∂p. ktΩ-f-\-Øn-ep46

b¿Øm- \ p≈ sImSn- a cw PmY- b mbn Imk¿tKmUv amenIv Zo\m¿ aJm-an¬ \n∂v sIm≠p-h∂ - p. ]Xm-IP - mY tImgnt°mSv hc-°¬ aJm-an¬ \n∂m-cw-`n-®p. AtX, tImSn-Iƒ s]mSn-s]m-Sn-® p. kap-Zm-b-Øn\p F¥p-In-´n. hne-bn-cpØmw. s]cp-Ip∂ sIme-]m-X-I-߃, S¨I-W° - n¬ kz¿Æ-°S- Ø - n¬ ]nSn-°s∏-S¬, aZy-]m\ Zpc-¥ß - f - psS then-tb‰w. hnhm-l-[q¿Øpw ASn-s]mfn Ddqkp¬kh-ßf - pw, XI¿∏≥ \_n-Zn\ PmYIfpw aueo-Zp-If - pw. Kw`o-ca - mb in¿°≥ Bcm-[-\-Ifpw hoSn-cn-°-ep-’-h-ßfpw Db¿∂p-hc - p∂ ]Sp-Iq-‰≥ sIm´m-cß - fpw amfn-II - fpw _w•m-hp-If - pw... Aß-s\-bßs\ ]e-Xpw. (P-Av-^¿ kzmZn-Jv, Imk¿tKm-Uv) 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


I¿Ω-`qanI F.-F. kp√an

kwKo-Xhpw D]-I-c-W-ßfpw ? tNmZyw: {]Nm-cØ - nep≈ h√ kwKo-tXm-]I - c - Whpw Ckvemw hntcm-[n-®n´pt≠m? ˛ Fw.-sI. djoZv, Beph = DØcw: \_n(-k)bpsS ImeØv D≠m-bncp∂ GsX-¶nepw ]m´p D]I-cWw \njn-≤a - m-°n-bXv H‰ kzlo-lmb lZo-knepw h∂n-´n-√. F∂m¬ Ahsb ]e cw-Kß - f - n-embn A\p-hZn-®Xp lZo-kp-If - n¬ ÿnc-s∏´p hcn-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p-≠v. lm^nfv F∂v C_v\p-l-P¿(-d) hnti-jn-∏n® C_v\p lkw(-d) Fgp-Xp∂p: ""NXpcw-Kw, ]p√mw-Ip-g¬, hoW, kwKo-tXm-]I - c - W - w, kmcwKn, Iºn hmZyw, Xw_p-cp apX-em-bh F√mw Xs∂ A\p-hZ- \ - o-ba - m-Wv. Ch Bsc-¶nepw \in-∏n-®m¬ 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

Ah≥ DØ-ch - m-Zn-bm-Ipw. {]Xna Hgn-sI. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: (`q-an-bn¬ D≈sX√mw Rm≥ \n߃°p th≠n krjvSn-®p) (I-®hSw Rm≥ \n߃°v A\p-hZ- n-®p) (\n-߃°v \njn-≤a - m-°n-bXv Xo¿®bmbpw Ah≥ hnhcn®pX∂p). Ch \njn-≤amWv F∂-Xn∂v Jp¿-Bs‚tbm lZo-kn-s‚tbm {]kvXm-h\ h∂n-´n-√. Chbn¬ h√Xpw \in-∏n-®m¬ AXns‚ hne \¬Ip-hm≥ \in-∏n-®h - ≥ DØ-ch - m-Zn-bmIp-sa∂v Camw A_q-l\ - o^(-d) A`n-{]m-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. Hcp lZokpw Ch hntcm-[n°p-∂X - mbn h∂n-´n-√. h∂Xp F√mw Xs∂ a\pjy-\n¿Ωn-X-am-Wv.'' (ap-l√ 9 ˛ 59) kzlm-_n-h-cy-∑m-cpsS

ho´n¬ AXn-Yn-Iƒ h∂m¬ Ahsc k¬°-cn°p-hm≥ th≠n kwKo-tXm]-Ic - Ww D]-tbm-Kn-°m-dps≠∂v _pJm-cnbpw apkvenapw D≤-cn® lZokn¬ ]d-bp∂p: ankvl¿ F∂mWv {]tbm-Kn-®X - v. CXns‚ A¿∞w ImWpI: Iºn-hm-Zyw, kmcw-Kn, hoW, Xw_p-cp, s]cp-ºd (A¬a≥l¬). A_q-k¿Av Xs‚ ho´n¬ AXn-YnIƒ hcp-tºmƒ C{]-Imcw kwKo-tXm-]I - c - W - ß - ƒ D]tbm-Kn-°m-dp-s≠∂v lZokn¬ ]d-bp-∂p. \_n(-k) Bbn-i(-d)-tbmSv Ct±lw s]cp-am-dn-b-Xp-t]mse Rm≥ \nt∂mSv s]cp-amdpw F∂p ]d-bp-∂p. Ct±lw lm¿tam-Wnbw ]mSn-®Xns\ \_n(-k) Hgn-hm-°p∂n-√. Cu hnj-bØ - n¬ 47


kwKo-Xhpw kwKoX D]-Ic-Wß - fpw \_n-Nc - y-bn¬ Fs∂mcp {KŸw 55 lZokp-Iƒ D≤-cn-®p-sIm≠v Rm≥ A\p-hZ- \ - o-ba - msW∂v ÿm]n-®n-´p-≠v. F{Xtbm h¿j-߃°v apºv Cd-°nb Cu ]pkvXI-Øn\v Ch ldm-am-sW∂v P¬]n-°p-∂h - ¿ adp-]Sn Fgp-Xn-bn-´n√. Ch-cpsS sXfn-hp-Iƒ°v Rm≥ Cu {KŸ-Øn¬ hy‡-ambn adp-]Sn Fgp-Xp-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p-≠v. CXns‚ tIm∏n e`n-°p-hm≥ B{Kln-°p∂h¿ Fs∂ kao-]n°p-I. Kƒ^nse Nne Ad_n-If - psS A`n-{]mbw apPmln-Zp-Iƒ°v CS-bn¬ F√m hnj-b-Ønepw {]N-cn-∏n-°phm≥ B{K-ln-°p∂ NnecmWv Ch \njn-≤a - msW∂v P¬]n-°p-∂X - v. ChcpsS hen-sbmcp ]fin-X\mWv apl-ΩZv kzmenlv A¬ Dssk-an-≥. At±-lØns‚ ^Xvhb - n¬ ]d-bp∂Xp kqcy≥ `qan°v Np‰pw Nen-°p-Ib - m-Wv. `qan kqcy\v Np‰pw Nen-°p-Ib - √. kqcy≥ `qan°v Np‰pw Id-ßp-∂Xp sIm≠mWv cmhpw ]Iepw D≠m-Ip-∂Xv. CXmWv hnip≤ Jp¿B\pw kzlo-lmb lZokp-Ifpw ]d-bp-∂X - v. aKvcn_v ka-bØv kqcy≥ {]`mXw hsc A√m-lphns‚ knwlm-k\ - Ø - ns‚ Nph-´n¬ kpPqZv sNbvXp InS-°pw. {]`m-Xa - m-Iptºmƒ Ing°v \n∂v DZn-°phm≥ A√mlp kqcy\v A\p-aXn \¬Ipw.'' CXpw lZo-kn¬ ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. 48

apkvenapw D≤-cn® lZo-kn¬ ]d-bp∂p: ankvl¿ F∂mWv {]tbm-Kn-®-Xv. CXns‚ A¿∞w ImWpI: Iºn-hmZyw, kmcw-Kn, hoW, Xw_p-cp, s]cp-ºd (A¬a≥l¬). A_q-k¿-Av Xs‚ ho´n¬ AXn-Yn-Iƒ hcp-tºmƒ C{]Imcw kwKo-tXm-]I - c-Wß - ƒ D]-tbm-Kn°m-dp-s≠∂v lZokn¬ ]d-bp-∂p. \_n(-k) Bbn-i(-d)tbmSv Ct±lw s]cpam-dn-b-Xp-t]mse Rm≥ \nt∂mSv s]cp-amdpw F∂p ]d-bp-∂p. Ct±lw lm¿tam-Wnbw ]mSn®-Xns\ \_n(-k) Hgn-hm-°p-∂n-√.

CXv \mw hniz-kn-t°-≠Xnt√?' C{]-Im-c-sa√mw Cu \q‰m-≠nepw Jp¿-Bs\bpw lZo-kp-Is - fbpw sX‰mbn hymJym-\n®p ]dbp∂ ]fin-X∑ - m-cmWv kwKo-Xhpw kwKo-tXm-]I - c-Wß - fpw Jp¿-B\pw lZokpw \njn-≤a - m-°n-bn-´ps≠∂v ]d-bp-∂X - v. \ΩpsS kvIqfpIfn¬ \memw ¢mkn¬ ]Tn-°p∂ Hcp Ip´n°v t]mepw Adnbmw `qan kqcy\v Np‰p-amWv

Nen-°p-∂-sX-∂v. kqcy≥ `qan°v Np‰pw Id-ßp-∂Xp sIm≠√ cmhpw ]Iepw D≠m-Ip-∂Xv. {]XypX `qan kzbw Id-ßp-∂Xv sIm≠mWv cm]-I-ep-Iƒ D≠m-Ip-∂X - v. kqcy≥ Hcp ÿeØp AkvXa - n-°ptºmƒ as‰mcp ÿeØv DZn-°p-∂p. AkvXa - n-®psIm≠v {]`mXw hsc Hcp ÿeØp ÿnc-ambn InS°p-∂n√ F∂ bmYm¿∞yw. Ch¿ N{µ-am-kØ - ns‚ am\-Zfiw ImgvNb - m-Wv, IW°v sIm≠v Dd-∏mb Adnhv e`n-°p-Ib - n√ F∂v ]d-bp-∂X - nepw \mw A¤pX-s∏-tS-≠X - n-√. C_v\p lP¿(-d) t]mepw ^Xvlp¬ _mcn-bn¬ imkv{Xob Adn-hn\v FXncmbn H‰-s∏´ lZo-kp-Iƒ h∂m¬ AXp sXfn-hn√ F∂v ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. imkv{Xob Adnhpw imkv{Xob \nK-a\hpw c≠m-Wv. \nK-a\w sX‰p-∂Xm-Wv. kqcys‚ AkvXa - \ - Øn\v tijw C{X an\p´v N{µ≥ N{I-hm-fØ - n¬ Ds≠-∂Xv imkv{Xo-ba - mb IW°pw Adn-hpamWv. \nK-a\ - a - √ - . kqcy≥ Ifn-aÆns‚ XSm-IØ - n¬ AkvX-an-°p-I-bm-sW∂pw Cu ssiJ-∑m¿ Jp¿-B\ns‚ _mlyw ]nSn®v ÿm]n-°p-hm≥ Xøm-dmIpw. `qan ]Øncn amXncn ]c-∂X - m-sW∂pw Jp¿Bs‚ _mlym¿∞w ]nSn®v Ch¿ ÿm]n-°p-∂Xm-Wv. 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


Nn¥

Fw.-Jm-enZv, \ne-ºq¿

ap…ow hn[hbp-sS "C±'sb°p-dn®v Nne- Nn-¥I - ƒ

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-h-fmWv Hcp hn[- h - s b- ¶ n¬, Ahƒ F¥n\v ]nt∂bpw \mep amkw ]Øv Znhkw C± ]men-°Ww? AtX t]mse H´pw {]k-hn-°mØ h‘yIfmb `mcy-amcpw B¿Øhw hfsc aptº \ne® hr≤-]Xv\n-I-fp-sam∂pw C±-bn¬ \ns∂m-gn-hm-°-s∏-Sm-Ø-sX¥p-sIm≠v? At∏mƒ K¿`w ÿnco-Icn-°-e√ apJy Imcy-sa∂v a\- n- e m- h p- ∂ p. acn® `¿Øm- h n\v th≠n- b p- f f {]m¿∞- \ - I - f nepw a‰pw Ign®p Iq´p- I , Ae- ¶ mc ÿm\-߃ shSn-bp-I, Ignbp-∂{X shfn-bn¬ t]mImsXbpw A\y-]p-cp-j-∑m-cpambn ImWm- \ n- S - h - c p- Ø msXbpw ]p\¿hnhm-l-sØ∏‰n kwkm- c n- ° m- s X- b psams° \ne-sIm-ff - pI XpS-

F∂ ]Zw sIm≠v bYm¿∞Øn¬ hnh- £ n- ° p- ∂ - s Xs¥ms° F∂pw a‰pw Adnbm≥ B{K-la - p-ff - h - ¿ Gsdbp-≠n-hnsS Ct∏-gpw. {]kvXpX Ime-b-f-hn¬ hn[-h-Iƒ°v ]p\¿hn-hm-lØn\v hne-°p-f-f-Xn-\mepw, F∂m¬ K¿`n-Wn-bmb hn[h- b psS C± {]khw htcbpf- f q- s h∂Xn- \ mepw ap≥ `¿Øm- h n¬ \n∂v hn[h K¿`n-Wn-bm-bn-´pt≠m F∂- d n- b - e mWv C±- b psS Xmev]cyw F∂v ]d-bp-∂h - cp-≠v. CXv ]t£ A{X icnbmbn tXm∂p-∂n-√.˛ hn[-hbpsS aq{Xw ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ tUmIvS¿am¿ Xs∂ ]d™p Xcp- a t√m. hn[- h °v K¿`apt≠m F∂Xv C°meØv am{X- a - √ m, `¿Ømhns‚ acWw kw`-hn-°p∂ ka- b Øp Xs∂ ct≠m,aqt∂m amkw K¿`n-Wn-bmbn

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

XpS¿∂p-ff \mep amkhpw ]Øv Znh- k hpw Imew hn[h C± BN-cn-°W - s - a-∂Jp¿-B-\nI Iev]\ kw_‘® Nne Ahy-‡X - I - fpw kwi- b - ß fpw {i≤- b n¬ s]Sp-Øp-I-bm-Wn-hnsS Dt±iyw. ]gb ImeØv C±-bpsS t]cn¬ kap-Zm-bØ - n¬ ]e A‘- a mb [mc- W - I ƒ ]ecpw sh®v ]pe¿Øn-bn-cp∂pt]m¬-˛h - n-[h - I - ƒ {]mY-anIm-hi - y-߃ t]mepw th≠ amXncn \n¿∆- l n- ° msX, shfn®w Ipd™ apdn-If - n¬ \mep amkw ]Øv Znhkw Ign®p Iq´m-dm-bn-cp-∂pht{X ]Xn-hv. Aan-Xa - mb AØcw coXn-If - n¬ \ns∂ms° C∂v kap- Z mbw ap‡- a m- b n- c n°p∂p F∂Xv Bizmkw Xs∂. F¶nepw F¥n-\mWv C±, F¥mWv C…mw C± sIm≠pt±-in-°p-∂-Xv, C±

`¿Øm-hns‚ ac-WsØ

acn® `¿Øm-hn\v th≠n-bp-ff {]m¿∞-\I - f - nepw a‰pw Ign®p Iq´pI, Ae-¶mc ÿm\-߃ shSn-bp-I, Ign-bp-∂{X shfn-bn¬ t]mImsXbpw A\y-]p-cp-j∑ - m-cp-ambn ImWm-\n-Sh - c - p-Øm-sXbpw ]p\¿hnhml-sØ-∏‰n kwkm-cn-°m-sX-bp-sams° \ne-sIm-ff - pI XpS-ßn-bh - ° - pff Hcp Zo£m-Im-ea - m-bmWv C±sb ImtW-≠Xv F∂ \ne-]m-SmWv ]e¿°p-ap-ff - X - v. C∏-db - p∂Xv am{X-amWv icn-sb-¶n¬ , cP-]p-{X-h\ - nX-Iƒ°nS-bn¬ \ne-\n-∂n-cp∂ kXn F∂ Zpcm-Nm-csØ Hm¿Ωn-∏n°p∂ H∂m-hns√ C…m-anse C±bpw?

49


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

C± F∂ \nb-a-Øns‚ kmt¶-Xn-Ih - i - ß - ƒ IW-°nse-Sp-°p-tºmƒ Nne kwib- ß fpw tNmZy- ß fpw _m°n-bm-hp-∂p. AXm-b-Xv, C± Imew am{X-amWv Hcp hn[- h °v ]p\¿hn- h m- l Øn\v hne-t°¿s∏-Sp-Øn-bn´p- f f aX- Ø nse GI kµ¿`w. F¶n¬ {]khw aqews]s´∂v C± hnap-‡amb hn[-h°v Ah-fm-{K-ln°p- ∂ p- s h- ¶ n¬ thsd hnhmlw Ign-°m≥ A\p-hmZ- a p- ≠ m- h p- a - t √m. AX- √ m, ]p\¿hn-hm-l-Øn-\p-ff hne°v am{Xw \mep amkw ]Øv Znhkw Xs∂ {]k-hn®-hƒ°pap≠v F∂mtWm Icp-Xs - ∏-Sp-∂X - v ? Cu Imeb-fhv ]q¿Øn-bm-bn´pw {]kh- k - a - b - s a- Ø msX K¿`nWnbmbn XpS-cp∂hƒ°pw C± Xo¿∂- X n\v tijhpw ]p\¿hn-hm-lØn\p-ff hne°v {]khw hsc XpScpI Xs∂ sNøpw F∂t√ Icp-tX-≠-Xv.-˛-C-√m-sb-¶n¬ ap≥`¿Øm-hns‚ Ip™ns\ hb- ‰ n¬ Npa∂p sIm≠mbmepw K¿`n-Wn-bmb hn[h B{K-ln-°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬ ]p\¿ hnhmlw Ign-°p-∂Xv sX‰m-sW∂v hcnt√? {]Xy- £ - Ø n¬ Df- f - X ntesd [m¿Ωn-Ihpw kmt¶Xn- I - h p- a mb Iptd {]iv \ ߃ C± F∂ C…m-anI Iev]\ IS∂v ˛ AXv N¿® sNø-s∏-tS-≠-Xn-t√.... sNøs∏- S - W - s a∂v Xs∂- b mWv Cu Df-fh - s‚ ]£w

○ ○

50

Snepw Hcn-°-ep-a-Xn√ F∂v Icp-Xp-∂Xv hnh-c-t°-Sm-Wv, ]g-©≥ [mc-Wb - m-Wv. `mcybpsS `¿Ømhv F∂- √ , adn®v CW-Iƒ (AkvhmPv) F∂ kwt_m-[\ hnfn-t®mXp∂ ]Zw sIm≠mWv Jp¿B≥ Zº-Xn-Isf hnti-jn-∏n®n-´p-f-fXv F∂v A`n-am-\]q¿∆w hnhm-lk - Z- - p-If - n¬ kZm {]kw-Kn-°p∂ ]finX-∑m¿, iº-fa - n-√mØ eohv GSpØmbmepw hn[h C± BN- c n- ° - W w, hn[- h ≥ (widowan) H∂pw sNtø-≠Xn-√, F∂ ^Xvh \¬Ip-∂Xns‚ kmwKXyw a\- n-em°m≥ {]bm-ka - p-≠v. hntcm-[m-`m-k-am-b-\p-`-hs∏- S p∂ thsdbpw Nnecp≠o C± Imcy-Øn¬. K¿`nWn- b mb hn[- h - b psS C± Imew {]khw hsc. F∂pf- f Xv Ahƒ°p- ≠ m- h p∂ {]bm- k - ß ƒ°p- f f Hcp Cfhv F∂ \ne- ° m- s W¶n¬ {]k- h n- ° p∂ F√m hn[-hI - ƒ°pw AXn-\¿l-Xbp-≠m-th-≠-Xn-t√˛ `¿Ømhns‚ ac-Wt- ijw aWn°qdp-Iƒ°p-f-fn¬ {]k-hn-°p∂-hƒ C± BN-cn-t°-≠X - n√. F∂m¬ B ac-WØ - n\v sXm´p-ap-ºmbnt∏mbn {]k-hsa-¶n¬, B hn[h C±-bpsS F√m Nn´-h´- ß - fpw ]men-°pIbpw thWw. kam-\k - m-lN-cy-ßfn-ep-ff Ccp-ht- cmSpw Xpey- \ oXn F∂ XØzw ChnsS ewLn°s∏- S p- I bt√-˛ \oXn-bpsS aX-amb C…m-an¬ Aßns\ D≠m-hptam, _‘-s∏-´-h¿ Nn¥n®v adp-]Sn ]d-bs´?

ßn-bh - ° - p-ff Hcp Zo£m-Ime-am-bmWv C±sb ImtW≠Xv F∂ \ne- ] m- S mWv ]e¿°p- a p- f - f - X v . C∏- d - b p∂Xv am{X-amWv icn-sb-¶n¬, cP-]p-{X-h-\n-X-Iƒ°nS-bn¬ \ne-\n-∂n-cp∂ kXn F∂ Zpcm- N m- c sØ Hm¿Ωn- ∏ n°p∂ H∂m- h ns√ C…manse C±bpw? As√-¶n¬ F¥p- s Im≠v {]kv X pX \njvI¿j-X-Iƒ Hc-f-thm-fsa-¶nepw `mcy- acn® `¿Ømhns‚ Imcy- Ø n¬ aXw \n›-bn®n√? `mcy-am¿ Df-ft- ∏mgpw, Hcp `mcy acn-°p∂ AtX Znh-khp-sams° ]pcp-j\v thsd hnhmlw Ign-°m≥ A\p-hmZ- a p- ≠ v . \_n(- k ) bpsS Imew sXmt´ AXn-\p-Zm-lc- W - ß - f p- ≠ v . At∏mƒ {]kvXpX tNmZy-Øn\v {]k‡n-bn-√m-bn-cn-°mw. ]t£, ]pcp- j ≥ IpSpw- _ sØ t]mt‰- ≠ - h \pw XZv Bhiym¿∞w bm{X sNtø-≠h - \p- s am- s °- b m- I - b m- e mWv kv{Xo°v am{Xta C±m th≠Xpffq F∂v sh®Xv A\ymbw F∂ ]d- ® n- e n- \ p- a n√ H´pw {]k-‡n! ]pcp- j - ∑ m- t cm- s Sm∏w tXmƒ tN¿∂v kap- Z mb tkh-\-Øn-te¿s∏-Sp-∂Xpw, Ah-tc-°mƒ Db¿∂ DtZymKhpw hcp-am-\h - p-ap-ff ap…ow `mcy-am-cp-ff Ime-am-Wn-Xv. `mcybpw `¿Ømhpw tN¿∂v tPmen-sb-Sp-Ømepw Pohn°m≥ Ign-bmØ kml-Nc - yØn¬, `¿Øm- h n\v am{XamWv kmº-ØnI _m[yXIƒ˛ `mcy°v Hcp Np‰p-]m-

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


]p\¿hm-b\/ AØn°ms´ Bflob ke-^nkw

apPm-lnZv ]nf¿∏n-te°v \bn® ba≥ _‘w

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Zmdp¬ lZokv t\Sn-sb∂v ba-\n¬ \n∂p-ff am[y-a-dnt∏m¿´pIƒ ]d- b p- ∂ p.

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

2001 hsc C≥¿s\-‰v,- sSen-hn-j≥,- ]-{Xw, t- ^mt´m-{Km^n F∂nh A\ph-Zn-°m-Xn-cp∂ ZΩmPv 2001 ¬ \ne-]mSv am‰n. C‚¿s\-‰v,-ssh-ZypXn F∂nh A\p-hZ - \ - o-ba - m°n. AXp-hsc hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°v hnhml-tam,-`m-cy-am-cp-sam-Øpff hmktam A\p-hZ- n°m-Xn-cp∂ Ah¿ s]mSp∂s\ AsX√mw A\p-hZ-\o-ba - m-°n. ssiJv apJv_n¬ _n≥ lmZnbpsS ac-Wt- Øm-sS-bmbn-cp∂p AXv. Gsd Zpcql-XI - f - p-ff Cu tI{\Øn-te°v AƒPo-cn-b,]m-°nÿm≥,- A-ta-cn-°, X - p¿°n,- ss\-Po-cn-b, Ct¥m-t\-jy, Cw•≠v XpSßn hnh[ cmPy-ßfn¬ \n∂v Bfp-Iƒ FØp-∂p-≠v.

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

kw

L- S \ Xn∑- b msW∂ hmZw ba-\nse ZΩmPn¬ \n∂mWv AØn-°mt´°v FØn-bX - v. kwL-S\ ke^n BZ¿i- a - s √∂pw kwL-S-\-I-tfm-sSm∏w \n¬°p-∂h - ¿ "lnkv_n-Iƒ' (kw- L - S - \ m- { ]- h ¿Ø- I ¿) ]ng- ® - h - c m- s W∂pw Ah¿ ke- ^ n- I - f s√∂pw \mSp \osf kpss_dpw kwLhpw ]d™p \S- ∂ p. F∂m¬ A¥¿tZ-iob am[y-a-߃ 2011 apX¬ ba-\n¬ \n∂v ]pd-Øp-hn´ dnt∏m¿´p-Iƒ Ah-cpsS hmZw Im]-Sy-amsW∂v hy‡-am-°p-Ib - m-Wv. ba-\n¬ Ad_v hnπhw XpS-ßnb kµ¿`Øn¬ ba\nse A_vZp-ff kpsslen\v ]n¥pW \evIp-Ib - m-bncp∂p ba- \ nse Zmdp¬ lZokv sNbvX-Xv. AtX-kabw lqZzn-Iƒ F∂-dn-bs - ∏Sp∂ inbm t]mcm-fn-Iƒ ba\nse ZΩm-Pn\p t\sc B{IaWw i‡-am-°n. t\csØ Xs∂ tXm°p-Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn°p-Ib - pw {]Xym-{I-aW - Ø - n\v Xøm-dm-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbv X n- c p∂ ZΩm- P n\v ]t£ inbm A{I-an-If - psS AXn- { I- a - Ø n¬ ]nSn®p \n¬°m- \ m- b n- √ . CtX kabw ba-\nse A¬JzbvZ A\p-Iq-en-I-fpsS ]n¥pW

Sn.-dn-bmkv tam≥ kwL- S \ Xn∑- b m- s W∂v hmZn-®h - ¿ A¬JzbvZ A\pIqe kwL- S - \ - I sf ZΩmPn¬ klm-bn-If - m°n sh®psh∂v am[y-aß - ƒ. \yq dn∏ªnIv ]{X-Øn¬ ba-\nepw kndn- b - b nepw am[y- a - { ]h¿Ø- I - \ mbn tPmen t\m°p∂ Xntbm- ] mUvt\mkv 2012 P\p-hcn 30\v Fgp- X nb teJ- \ - Ø n¬ C°mcyw hy‡-am-°p-∂p. ba- \ nse A_v Z p- f f kpssl¬ `c-W-Iq-S-Øn¬ \n∂v F√m B\p- I q- e yßfpw ]‰n- b n- c p- ∂ p ZΩmPnse Zmdp¬ lZo-kv. 2011 Ah-km-\t- ØmsS Ah-cpsS {]Xm]w Ah-km-\n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. A_vZp-ff kpsslen-s\-Xn-cmb t]mcm´w sX‰msW∂v ^Xv h bn- d - ° m≥ Ah¿°v bmsXmcp aSn-bp-ap≠m-bn-√. F∂m¬ Ah¿°v kz¥w Xm¬∏- c y- Ø n\p th≠n kmbp[ kwL-ßf - pambn Iq´p IqSm-t\m, tNcmt\m,- B- b p[w Iøn- s e- S p°mt\m bmsXmcp aSn-bp-ap≠m-bn-√. P\-߃ hnπhw \S- Ø p- t ºmƒ ]m]hpw kz¥w \ne-\n-ev∏n-\p-th≠n Ah¿ bp≤- Ø n- t e¿s∏- S ptºmƒ Pnlm-Zp-am-Ip∂ ZznapJ-hm-Z-amWv Zmdp¬ lZokv ]pd-sØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. 51


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

]cm-P-b-߃ G‰p hmßptºmƒ Xs∂ tIc-f-Øn¬ Xcw XmW A[n-Im-c- t]mcm-´ß - ƒ XpS-cp-Ib - m-Wv. CPvvXn-lm-Zns‚ (K-th-jW-Øns‚) hmXn-ep-I-fmWv Ah¿ BZyw Xmgn´p ]q´n-bXv. Hcp \q‰m-≠ns‚ ]g-°a - pff \thm-∞m\ Bi-b-ßsf√mw ap≥Ime {]m_-eytØmsS \h Bflob ke^n-Iƒ d±v sNbvXp If-™p. Jp¿-B≥ ]cn-`mj apX¬ B[p-\nI hnZym-`ymkw hsc tIc-fob ap…nw-߃ t\Snb apgp-h≥ CuSp-sh-∏p-It- fbpw \ncm-I-cn-°p-Ibpw \ntj-[n°p-Ibpw sNbvXv sIm≠m

○ ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

kwL-S\ - I - ƒ Xn∑-bmWv F∂-XmWv Bflob ke^n- I - f psS {][m\ hmZw. lnkv_v (-I£ - n-Xzw) Xn∑-bmsW∂v hmZn-°m≥ Nne lZokp-I-tfbpw Ah¿ Zp¿hymJym- \ n- ° p- ∂ p. Ckv e mw I£n-Xz-tØbpw,h¿§o-b-Xtbbpw,tN-cn-Xn-cn-hp-I-tfbpw AwKo-Ic - n-°p-∂n-√. {Kq∏v hg°p-Ifpw hn`m-Kob {]h¿Ø\- ß fpw Xn∑- b mWv F∂ Imcy-Øn¬ kwi-b-hp-an-√. F∂m¬ CtX lnkv_n\v (A- d _n ]Z- a mWnXv ) kwL-S\ F∂v A¿∞w- Btcm-]n®v tIc-fØ - nse apPmlnZv {]ÿm-\-Øn\v t\sc

2001 hsc C≥¿s\-‰v,- sSen-hn-j≥,- ]-{Xw, -t^m-t´m{Km^n F∂nh A\p-hZ- n-°mXn-cp∂ ZΩmPv 2001 ¬ \ne]mSv am‰n. C‚¿s\-‰v,-sshZypXn F∂nh A\p-hZ- \ - o-bam-°n. AXp-hsc hnZym¿∞nIƒ°v hnhm-lt- am,-`m-cy-am-cpsam-Øp-ff hmktam A\p-hZn-°m-Xn-cp∂ Ah¿ s]mSp∂s\ AsX√mw A\p-hZ- \ - ob-am-°n. ssiJv apJv_n¬ _n≥ lmZn-bpsS ac-Wt- ØmsS-bm-bn-cp∂p AXv. Gsd Zpcq-l-X-I-fp-ff Cu tI{\Øn-te°v AƒPo-cn-b,- ]m°nÿm≥,- A- t a- c n- ° , Xp¿°n,- ss\-Po-cn-b, Ct¥m-

52

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Wv kpss_¿ a¶- S bpw kwLhpw ]S ]pd-s∏-´-Xv. kap- Z m- b - Ø n- \ - I - t Ø°v bmsXmcp shfn-®hpw IS∂p hc-cp-sX∂ \n¿_-‘_ - p-≤nbp-ff - Xp t]mse Ah¿ XßfpsS ]pØ≥ hmZ-ap-Jß - ƒ Hmtcm-∂mbn ]pd-sØ-Sp-Øp. Cu Bib t{kmX- p-IfpsS {][m\ Dd-hnSw ba\nse Zpcq-lX - b - p-ff ssiJv apJv_n¬ _o≥ lmZn A¬ hmZn-bm-Wv. Xs‚ Pohn-XImew apgp-h≥ kwi-b-ßfpsS \ng¬ At±- l sØ hnSmsX ]n¥p-S¿∂n-´p-≠v. Adp-]n-¥n-cn-∏≥ Bi-bß - ƒ Ah- X - c n- ∏ n®v _lp- ` q- c n-

hna¿i\w D∂-bn-°p-Ib - mWv Ah-cpsS coXn. A¥¿tZ-io-b-X-e-Øn¬ Xm≥ IqSn ]¶m- f n- b mb aqhv s a‚ v ]cm- P - b - s ∏- S ptºmƒ Xs∂ tIc-fØ - nepw At±- l - Ø ns‚ \o°-߃ ap…ow kapZm-bØ - n¬ Akzÿ-XI - ƒ krjvSn-°p-∂p-≠v. apPm- l nZv {]ÿm- \ - Ø n\v BZ¿i hnip≤n t]msc ∂pw, A- X ns‚ ke^o a≥l-Pn-te°v Xncn®v sIm ≠p t]mI-Ws - a∂pw hmZn®v \S- Ø nb H∂c Zim_v Z w \o≠p-\n∂ {]h¿Ø-\-ßfpsS A\n-hm-cy-amb XI¿®bmWv Ct∏mƒ D≠m-bn-cn-°p∂-Xv. {]Xy-bi - vkv{X-]c - a - mb

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

t\- j y, Cw•≠v XpSßn hnh[ cmPy- ß - f n¬ \n∂v Bfp-Iƒ FØp-∂p-≠v. Bcw`w apX¬ C∂p hsc Zpcq-l-X-I-fpw,- ssh-cp[y-ßfpw \nd-™p-\n-ev°p∂ ZΩm-Pn-s\-bm-bn-cp∂p kpss_¿ a¶S Xs‚ Bflob- t I- { µ- a mbn A\p- b m- b nIƒ°v ]cn-Nb - s - ∏-Sp-Øn-bX - v. ZΩm- P n- s \- X nsc Ad_v temI- Ø - S °w hna¿i- \ ߃ Db-cp-tºmƒ ba-\ns‚ BZ¿i- ß ƒ sX‰m- s W∂v ]d™v \√ ]nff Na-bm\mWv kpss_¿ a¶S {ian°p- ∂ - X v . AXns‚ e£y߃ F¥m- s W- ∂ - X ns\ Ipdn®pw Zpcq-lX - I - ƒ D≠v.

Bcw`w apX¬ C∂p hsc Zpcq-lX - I - f - pw,- ssh-cp-[y-ßfpw \nd-™p-\n-e° v p∂ ZΩm-Pn-s\-bm-bn-cp∂p kpss_¿ a¶S Xs‚ Bflo-b-tI-{µ-ambn A\p-bmbn-Iƒ°v ]cn-Nb - s - ∏-Sp-Øn-bX - .v ZΩm-Pn-s\-Xnsc Ad_v temI-ØS- °w hna¿i\-߃ Db-cp-tºmƒ ba-\ns‚ BZ¿i-߃ sX‰m-sW∂v ]d™v \√ ]nff Na-bm-\mWv kpss_¿ a¶S {ian-°p-∂X - v. AXns‚ e£y-߃ F¥m-sW∂-Xns\ Ipdn®pw Zpcq-lX - I - ƒ D≠v.

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


F∂m¬ apPm-lnZv {]ÿm\hpw, ap…ow thƒUv eoKpw, PwC-ø-Øp¬ ssJ-cn-øbpw lnkv_ns‚ ]cn-[n-bn¬ hcnIbpw sNøp-∂p. km-aq-ly-kw-L-S-\-I-fn¬ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂-h¿ ]ng-®-hcm- s W∂pw _nZv - C - I - f msW∂pw {]kw- K - ß - f nepw Fgp- Ø nepw \S- Ø p∂ hna¿i\w I£n-Xz-Øns‚ ]cn- [ n- b n¬ hcp- ∂ - X m- W v . Xß-f√ - m-Øh - c - psS A`n-{]mb-ßsf√mw ]ng-®X - m-sW∂v ap{Z- b - S n- ° p∂ G¿∏mSpw I£n-Xz-Øns‚ ]cn-[n-bn¬ hcp- ∂ - X m- W v . ]c- k v ] cw kemw sNm√-cp-sX∂ AØn°ms´ ^Xvhbpw I£n-XzØn¬s∏-Spw. F∂m¬ I£nXzhpw hn`m- K o- b - X bpw hf¿Øp∂ Xß-fpsS \ne]m-Sp-Iƒ ]nghv ]‰m-ØX - mbn ka¿∞n-°p-Ibpw kap-Zm-bØns‚ \∑bv ° v th≠n \ne-sIm-ff - p-∂h - sc ]ng-®h - cm-sW∂v ap{Z-b-Sn-°p-I-bpamWv Ch¿ sNøp-∂X - v. aX-Øns‚ am\-hnI aqeyß-fn¬ Xosc Xm¬]-cy-an-√. B kao-]-\-amWv Bflob ke^n-k-Øns‚ apJ-ap-{Z. kmaq- l n- I - C - S - s ]- S - e p- I tfmSpw cmjv{So-b -{]-h¿Ø\-ß-tfmSpw Ahcn¬ hnapJX I≠n-cp-∂p. {]mNo-\amb IΩyq-Wn‰n PohnX coXn-bn-eqsS kzbw ip≤o-Icn-°m-sa∂pw Xn∑-Isf sNdp°m- s a- ∂ p- a mWv Bflob ke-^n-kØ - ns‚ {]Xy-bimkv{Xw. (IS-∏mSv: h¿Ø-am\w 14/12/13)

○ ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

F∂ Imcy-Øn¬ kwi-bhpan- √ . F∂m¬ CtX lnkv_n\v (A-d_n ]Z-amWn- X v ) kwL- S \ F∂ A¿∞w Btcm-]n®v tIc-fØnse apPm-lnZv {]ÿm-\Øn\v t\sc hna¿i\w D∂bn- ° p- I - b mWv Ah- c psS coXn. ke- ^ n- b - Ø v , Alv e p p∂ F∂o ]Z-߃ Ah¿ lnkv _ ns‚ ]cn- [ n- b n¬ s]Sp- Ø p- ∂ n- √ . (Jp¿- B \ntem lZo-kntem ap…owßsf ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ AØcw hm°p-Iƒ D]-tbmKn-®n-´p-an-√). ZΩm-Pnse XßfpsS tI{µ- Ø n\v Zmdp¬ lZokv F∂p t]cn- ´ Xpw lnkv_n¬ s]Sn-√. AØn°ms´ Xmh-f-Øn\v Zmdp¬ lZokv F∂v Ct∏mƒ t]cn´n-cn-°p-∂p. AXpw lnkv_n s‚ ]cn-[n-bn¬ hcp-∂n-√.

]c-kv]cw kemw sNm√cp-sX∂ AØn-°ms´ ^Xvhbpw I£n-XzØn¬s∏-Spw. F∂m¬ I£n-Xzhpw hn`m-Ko-bXbpw hf¿Øp∂ XßfpsS \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ ]nghv ]‰m-ØX - mbn ka¿∞n-°p-Ibpw kapZm-bØ - ns‚ \∑bv°v th≠n \ne-sIm-ff - p-∂hsc ]ng-®h - c - m-sW∂v ap{Z-b-Sn-°p-I-bp-amWv Ch¿ sNøp-∂X - v.

]£w ]fin- X - ∑ m¿°pw A\-`n-aX - \ - m-bn-cp∂p ke^n hna- X ≥. ]mfinXyw sImt≠m,-ss[-j-WnI kw`m- h - \ - I ƒ sImt≠m a…ow temIØp anI- ® p\n¬°p∂ Bfp-a√ At±lw. 1979se a°-bnse ldw B{I-a-Øns‚ KqVm-tem-N\-bn¬ ]¶p hln-®h - s - \∂v BtKmf am[y-aß - ƒ ssiJv apJv_n-ens\ hnti-jn-∏n-®n´p- ≠ v . AØcw Zpcql hy‡n-Xz-hp-ambn kpss_¿ a¶-Ssb Iq´nbn-W-°n-bXv BcmWv F∂Xv C∂pw Zpcql-ambn XpS-cp-∂p. ba- \ p- a m- b p- f f _‘w s]mfn-™t- ∏mƒ aZo-\b - nse ssiJv d_olv _n≥ lmZn A¬ aZv J - e n- b psS ^Xv hbmWv kpss_¿ A\p-bmbn-Iƒ°v apºn¬ Ah-Xc - n-∏n°p- ∂ - X v . Ad_v ke- ^ nIƒ°n- S - b n¬ Gsd hna¿ i\ hnt[- b - \ m- b n- ´ p- f f ]fin-X\ - mWv ssiJv d_olv. CXc {]ÿm-\ß - t- fmSv Atß-b‰w hntZzjw ]pe¿ Øp∂ aZvJen hn`m-K-Øn s‚ \ne- ] m- S p- I ƒ Ad_v kaq-l-Øn¬ aZvJen aqhv sa‚ v F∂- d n- b - s ∏- S p- ∂ p. "ke-^nø aZJ-enø' F∂pw AXns\ hnfn-°m-dp-≠v. kwL- S \ Xn∑- b mWv F∂-XmWv Bflob ke^n- I - f psS {][m\ hmZw. lnkv_v (I-£n-Xzw) Xn∑bm-sW∂v hmZn-°m≥ Nne lZo- k p- I - t fbpw Ah¿ Zp¿hym-Jym-\n-°p-∂p. C…mw I£n-Xz-tØ-bpw, h¿§o-bX - tbbpw, tNcn-Xn-cn-hp-It- fbpw AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂n-√. {Kq∏p hg-°p-Ifpw hn`m-Ko-b -{]h¿Ø-\-ßfpw Xn∑-bmWv 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

53


hnNn-¥\w Fw.-Jm-enZv \ne-ºq¿

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

teJ-I-s\-t∏m-ep-f-f-h¿ Nn¥n-t°≠ Imcy-am-Wn-Xv. tIhew Zqcw IqSp-Xe - p≈Xp sIm≠mWv C_v\pA∫mkv Ipssd_v I≠ hnhcw kzoI-cn-°m-Xn-cn-°p∂-sX¶n¬ AXv am{Xw ]d™v C{X-b[ - nIw Ipssd-_ns\ hnkvXc - n°msX Xs∂ At±-lØn\v Xocp-am\w {]Jym-]n°m-at- √m. AXn-\m¬ '{]mtZ-inI ]ndhn hmZ'Øn\v Cu kw`hw sXfn-hm-°p-∂-Xn-e¿∞an√. Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw Hmtcm CSØpw I≠ tijw am{Xsa∂ \nbaw amk-∏n-dh - nbv°n-√. hmkvXh - Ø - n¬ Hcn-SØv amk-∏n-dhn I≠m¬ B hnhcw hnizmky-amw-hn[w e`n-°p-∂h¿s°√mw AXv kzoI-cn°¬ aXØn¬ \n¿_‘am-Wv. AØcw Hcp hnhcw kzoI-cn-°m\pw Xf-fm\pw Hcp Zqc-]c - n[n \n¿Æbw Ckvemw \S-Ønbn-´pt≠m? ChnsS KWn-Xim-kv{X-Øns\ am{Xw Bkv]-Za-a-°p-∂-h-cp-≠v. Ah-cpsS Imcy-a√ ]d-bp∂-Xv. ImW-Ww, I≠m¬ am{Xta imkv{X-{]-Imcw ImWm≥ km[y-Xb - p-≠mbmepw kzoI-cn-°p-sa∂v

B

KÃv 9 se 'hnNn-¥\w' hmcn-Ib - nse lZokv ]mTw ]w‡n-bn¬ sI.-]n. Ip´n-ap-lΩ - Zv kp√-an-bpsS "amk∏n-dhn Z¿i\w' F∂ Ipdn∏v hmbn-®X - n-\m¬ Ipdn-°p-∂Xm-Wn-Xv. Ah¿ {]kn-≤o-Ic - n-°n√ F∂-Xn-\m¬, C∂v temI-sØ-√m-h¿°pw `qan-bpsS Hcp `mKØv Ccp´m-hp-tºmƒ adp-`m-KØv ]I-em-hp-sa-∂d - n-bmw. hyXykvX CS-ßf - n¬ ka-bß - ƒ hyXy-kvXa - m-sW∂dn-bmw. \_n(k)bptSbpw klm-_Ø - n-t‚bpw Ime-°m¿°pff [mcW, `qan \o≠p-]c - ∂p InS-°p-Ib - m-sW∂pw, kqcy\pw N{µ-\p-sa√mw DZn-°p-∂Xpw AkvXa - n-°p-∂Xpw temIsØ-√m-bn-SØpw Htc t]mse Htc ka-bØ - m-sW∂psams°-bm-hW - w. hym]-Ia - mbpw AXn-th-KX - b - n-ep-ap-ff bm{XI-tfm, C∂-sØ-t∏m-se-bp-ff hm¿Øm hn\n-ab kuIcytam C√m-Xn-cp-∂X - n-\m¬, ag s]øp-tºmƒ `qan-bn¬ F√m-bn-SØpw Hcp t]mse s]øp-Ib - m-sW∂v [cn-®n-cp-∂h¿ \ΩpsS ]g-a° - m-cn¬ Xs∂ D≠m-bn-cp-∂pht{X! AXn\m¬ C∂sØ \ΩpsS Adnhpw Ah-ÿbpw sh®p sIm≠v teJ-I≥ Ipssd_v kw`-hsØ t\m°n ImWp∂Xpw \nK-a\-ßf - n-se-Øp-∂Xpw icn-bm-hn-√. Hcp dwkm\n\v apºv iman-se-Ønb Ipssd_v F∂-bmƒ AhnsS sh®v amk-∏n-dhn I≠ hnhcw, i∆m¬ ]nd-hnbv°v Ipd-®p\mƒ apºv aZo-\b - n-seØn C_v\p A∫m-kn-t\mSv ]d-bp∂Xpw, F∂m¬ iman¬ Ipssd_pw apBhnbpw I≠Xns‚ ]nt‰ Znh-ka - mWv aZo-\b - n¬ dwkm≥ ]ndhn I≠-Xv F∂-Xn-\m¬ aZo-\b - nse ImgvN {]Imcw Imcyw Xocp-am-\n°m≥ C_v\p- A∫mkv Xøm-dm-hp-∂X - p-sam-s°-bmWv {]kvXpX kw`-hw. t\mºpw s]cp-∂mfpw a‰pw {]mtZ-in-Ia - mbn ImW-s∏Sp∂ ]nd-hnsb ASn-ÿm-\a - m-°n-bmWv th≠-sX∂pf-fX - ntebv°v sXfn-hm-Wn-sX∂t{X teJ-Is‚ ]£w. ChnsS Htc Hcp tNmZyw.- Zn-hk - ß - ƒ°v tij-amWv Ipssd_v dwkm≥ amk-∏n-dhn I≠ Imcyw aZo-\b - n¬ h∂v ]d-bp-∂Xv. t\sc adn®v amk-∏n-dhn I≠ DSs\ Xs∂ imanse Kh¿Æ-dmb apB-hn-bsb "t^mWn¬ hnfn®p' C∂p-ff t]mse hnhcw Adnbn-®ncps∂¶nepw, C_v\p- A∫mkv ta¬ ]d™ {]Im-ca - p-ff \ne-]m-sS-Sp°pam-bn-cp-t∂m?

Ime-am-‰-a-dn-bmØ tIcf lnem¬ IΩn‰n

54

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

s\bpw sNbvXp sImf-fs´. IW°pw ImWepw Htc kabw ASn-ÿm-\a - m°p∂psh∂p ]d-bp∂ tIcf lnem¬ IΩ-‰n-°m¿ C\n-sb-¶nepw Hcp Imcyw a\- n-em-°n-bm¬ \∂v. Xß-fpsS \ne-]m-Sn¬ Xs∂ sshcp-≤y-ap-f-fXv a\- n-em°n, tIcf lnem¬ F∂ {]tbmKw Dt]-£n-°W - w. tIcf lnem¬ IΩ-‰n, I¿Æm-SI lnem¬ IΩ-‰n, Xan-gv\mSv IΩ‰n Fs∂ms° ]dbm≥, Cu kwÿm-\ß - fpsS AXn-cp-Is - fm∂pw \_n \n›-bn®v X∂-X√ - . s\{lp `mjm-Sn-ÿm-\Øn¬ D≠m-°nb Ch-sbßns\ aXØn¬ _m[Iamhpw. Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cØv 100 In.-ao.-am{Xw Zqc-Øp-ff \mK¿tIm-hn¬ amk-∏n-dhn Z¿in-®m¬ AXv ]‰n-√, F∂m¬ 1000In.-ao.- Zq-cØ - pff Imk¿tIms´ ]nd-hn]‰pw. sI.-F≥.-Fw.s‚ coXn-bnse hntcm-[m-`mkw t\m°q. Ipd®v sIm√w apºv ke-^n-Iƒ Gsd-bpff I¿Æm-SI - b - nse _´vIen¬ D≠mb amk-∏n-dhn kzoI-cn®v hS°≥ tIc-fØnse Nne¿ s]cp-∂m-fmtLm-jn-®t- ∏mgpw, tIcf lnem¬ IΩ‰n AXv kzoIcn-°m-Xn-cn-°p-I-bmWv D≠mb-Xv. Ime-L´- Ø - n\v Hcn°epw tbmPn-°mØ tIcf lnem¬ IΩ‰n F∂ t]¿, Npcp-ßn-bXv lnem¬ IΩ‰n F∂v am{X-am-°n-sb¶nepw amXrI ImWn°ptam ?

hn⁄m\w D]-tbm-Kn-®d - nbp-I, I≠ tijw DSs\ B hnhcw hm¿Øm-hn-\n-ab-kw-hn-[m\w D]-tbm-Ks - ∏SpØn Ign-bp-∂{X CS-ßfn¬ FØn-°pI F∂Xv am{X-am-Wv. AXn\v sI.F≥.-Fw. kwhn-[m\w Hcp°p-Ib - mWv th≠-Xv. A√msX C°mcyw Ah¿ Xß-fpsS kzm[o-\a - fi ew \ne-\n¿Øm\p-ff H∂m°p-Ib - √m th≠-Xv. C∂XmWv sNøp∂-Xv. aZo-\bpw imapw (kn-dnb) XΩn-ep-ff Zqcw Ckvemanse amk-∏n-dhn Z¿i\w kzoI-cn-°p-∂-Xn\v teJ-I≥ Ipssd_v Imcyw ]d™v ASn-ÿm-\a - m-°nbXv ]cn-lm-ky-am-bn-t∏m-bn. Ipssd_v t]mbXpw amk∏n-dhn I≠Xpw Iptd°qSn Zqc-{]-tZ-iØm-bn-cps∂-¶n¬, B Zqc-am-°mtem, Ckveman¬ CXn-\pff ]cn-[n. A√m-lp-hn-t\mSp-ff - X - n-t\-°mƒ kwL-S\ - tbmSv Iqdpw `‡nbpw Df-fh¿t° \_n-bn-te°v a¿^qAv t]mep-a√ - mØ {]kvXpX lZokv kw`-hsØ-°p-dn®v Cßns\ FgpXm\pw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°m\pw km[y-amhq! (A-√mlp \sΩ ImØv c£n-°s - ´.) KWnXimkv{X {- ]-Imcw t\mºv, s]cp-∂m-fp-Iƒ A\p-jvTn-°m-sa∂v Icp-Xp∂-h¿ Ah¿°v sXfn-hps≠-¶n¬ Aßs\ sNbvXp sImf-fs - ´. Hcp IW°pw kzoI-cn-°m≥ ]mSn-√, amk∏n-dhn Z¿in® hnhcw hnizkvXc - m-bh - ¿ ]d-™m¬ kzoI-cn-°-emWv th≠Xv F∂v ]d-bp-∂h - ¿ Aß

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

]d-bp-∂h - ¿ Xs∂, kz¥w a°fpw IpSpw-_ß - fpw hntZ-iØv I≠-Xns‚ ASnÿm-\Ø - n¬ t\mºpw s]cp-∂mfpw A\p-jvTn-°ptºmƒ, Xß-fpsS \m´n¬ I≠n√ F∂p am{Xw ]d™v AXn¬ \n∂pw hn´p \n¬°p∂Xv icn-bmtWm? aX]cambn sX‰t√ AXv? amk-∏n-dhn BZyw D≠mbXv Ata-cn-°b - n¬ FhnSs-b¶nepw BsW∂v Xs∂ shbv°p-I. B hnhcw \ap°v In´ptºmƒ, Znhkw amdn-°g - n-™n-cn-°psa-∂X - n\m¬ Ahn-Sp-ØpIm-cpsS IqsS \ap°v t\mºpw a‰pw A\p-jvTn°m-\m-hn√ F∂Xv icn-bmWv. ]t£, B amk-∏n-dhn hnh-cØ - ns‚ ASn-ÿm-\Øn¬ \ap°v ASpØ \mƒ apX¬ AXm-hm-at√m. AXn\v ]ns∂ thsd ]ndhn Z¿i\w ImØn-cn°p-∂X - ns‚ h√ Bh-iyhp-apt≠m? temIØv Cu Bh-iy-Øn\v A√mlp Hcp N{µs\ am{Xta krjvSn-®n-´p-f-fq. AXv Hmtcm {]mh-iyhpw FhnsSbmWv Zriy-am-IpI F∂v ap≥Iq´n Adnbm≥ C∂v Ign-bpw. Ign-bp-sa∂v IcpXn AXp {]Imcw ap≥Iq´n Xocp-am-\n-°p-∂ns√¶n¬ th≠. ]t£, ImWp-∂h - ¿ I≠ tijw ImØn-cn-°p-∂Xv thsd GXv N{µ\v th≠n-bm-Wv. ChnsS bYm¿∞ aXt\XrXz-Øns‚ IS-a, dwkm\pw i∆m-ep-sa√mw temIØv BZyw ImWm≥ km[y-Xbp-ff {]tZiw GXmsW∂v hm\-imkv{X

55


F.-F.-kp-√-an-sb `’n-°p-∂-h-cm-scm-s°?

56

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Nn-Xa - mbn kemw kp√anbpw sNøm- d p- ≠ v . _rl- Ø mb lZokv \nXm- \ - i m- k v { XØnse AXn k¶o¿Æ-ßfmb {]iv\ß - ƒ hsc Ab⁄- e - f n- X - a m°n At±lw ]pd- s Ø- S pØv IrXy- a mb hn[n-Iƒ Is≠Øn \sΩ hn⁄m-\n-I-fm°n am‰p-∂p≠v. C°m-cy-Øn¬ C∂sØ apPm-lnZv ]fin-X- \n-c-Ifnse H´p-an° t]cpw At±l-tØmSv IS-s∏-´-h-cm-sW∂Xn¬ c≠p ]£- a n- √ . At±lw {]hm-NI - - Xn-cp-hN - \- ß - f n¬ Ip‰- a - ‰ - X mbn dnt∏m¿´v sNø-s∏´ Hscm‰ lZo-kn-t\bpw \ntj-[n-°p∂n-√. am{X-a√ lZo-kp-IfpsS kwc- £ - W - Ø n\p X∂m-em-Ip∂ Kw`o-c t- k-h\-߃ sNbvXv sImt≠bncn-°p∂p F∂-XmWv hkvXpX. A√mlp At±-l-Øn\v Bbp- c m- t cmKyw \¬In A\p-{K-ln-°s´. Cu al¬hy- ‡ nsb ASpØ Ime-Ømbn Nne¿ hfsc tam-ia - mb `mj-bnepw

A

¬^-\m-dns‚ XpS°w apX¬ AXn∂pw kºp- j v S - a m- ° p∂ Hcp al¬hy- ‡ n- b mWv tIc- f Øn¬ C∂-dn-bs - ∏-Sp∂ apl±okpw {]- K ¤]fin- X - \ pamb F.-A_ - vZp- emw kp√an, FS- h Æ. lZo- k p- I - f nsebpw I¿Ω- i mkv { X hn⁄m-\-ß-fn-sebpw aWnap-Øp-Iƒ s]dp-°n-sb-SpØv {]uV-amb teJ-\ß - f - m°n km[m-c-W-°m-cs‚ lrZ-bØn-se-Øn°pw hn[w kabm-ka - bw A¬^-\m-dn-te-°t±lw Ab-°p-∂p. bmsXmcp {]Xn- ^ - e hpw ]‰msX \nkzm¿∞- a mbn A©p h¿j-ambn CXv XpS-cp-∂p. At±lw C°m- e - a - { Xbpw Fgp-Xnb F√m {KŸ-ßfpw teJ-\-ßfpw \mw hmbn-®n´p-≠v. C∂p-hsc At±lw Hscm‰ lZo-kn-t\bpw \ntj[n-®X - mbn I≠n-´n-√. ap≥Kman-I-fnse alm-c-Y-∑m-cmb ]fin-X-∑m¿ lZo-kp-Isf apSn-\m-tc-gm-bn-°odn N¿® sNøp-∂-t]mse ]fin-tXm-

""lZokv \ntj[ Btcm-]Ww F∂ AP-≠bpw \¥n-kw-hm-Zhpw'' F∂ A_nDkmabpsS Hcp teJ\w 2014 am¿®v 21 se i_m-_n¬ h∂n´p-≠v. BZ-c-Wob ]fin-X≥ F.-A-_vZp- emw kp√-ansb lZokv \ntj-[n-bmbn `¬kn-°p-∂-hsc i‡-ambn t\cn-Sp∂ \s√mcp teJ-\a - m-WX - v. Pn∂p- hn-hmZ hnj-bØ - n¬ Jfi-\∏ - S- b - n¬ kemw kp√an ap≥\n-cb - nse H∂m-asØ Aiz-cq-V\ - m-Wv. At±-lamWv Pn∂p-Iƒ Ccp-∏p-d-∏n® ]me-a-c-s°mºv sh´n-ap-dn-®-Xv. AXn\m-emWv Pn∂p hn`mKw kemw kp√-ansb lZokv \ntj[n F∂ H‰-aqen sIm≠v XI¿°m≥ {ian-°p-∂X - v. IÆn¬ tNmc- b n- √ mØ hn[hpw B{I- a n- ° p- I bpw hna¿in- ° p- I bpw tXtPmh[w sNbvXp-sIm-≠n-cn-°pIbpw sNøp-∂p. A¬ -Ckvemlv amknI, hnNn-¥\w hmcn-I, -k-Xy-[m-c,- kp-∂nthmbvkv,- A¬-C¿^mZv XpSßn- b h C°m- c yØm¬ ap≥]-¥n-bn¬ \n¬°p-∂p. CXn-se√mw FgpXn hnSm-dpff Pev]-\-߃°pw AhmkvX-h-߃°pw C…m-anI Jp¿-B\nI hncp-≤-B-i-b߃°pw A⁄-X-Iƒ°psa- X nsc At±lw Xs‚ kzX-kn-≤-amb ssien-bn¬ [m¿Ωn-I-tcm-j-tØmsS ]fin-tXm-Nn-Xa - mbn t\cn-Sptºmƒ Ch¿°m¿°pw AXn\p apºn¬ ]nSn®p \n¬°m≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. At±l-Øns‚ AKm[ ]mfinXy-Øn\p apºn¬ Ah¿ ap´p hnd- ° p- ∂ p. Cu ASpØ ImeØv N{µ-amk \n¿Æ-bhp- a mbn _‘- s ∏´v \yqaqWpw amk-∏n-d-hnbpw F∂ Hcp ]pkvXIw (kp-√a - n-bp-sS 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

""lZokv \ntj[ Btcm]Ww F∂ AP- ≠ bpw \¥n- k w- h m- Z hpw'' F∂ A_nDkmabpsS Hcp teJ\w 2014 am¿®v 21 se i_m-_n¬ h∂n´p-≠v. BZc- W ob ]fin- X ≥ F.- A _v Z p- emw kp√- a nsb lZokv \ntj- [ n- b mbn `¬kn-°p-∂h - sc i‡-ambn t\cn-Sp∂ \s√mcp teJ-\a - mW-Xv. Pn∂p- hn-hmZ hnj-bØn¬ Jfi- \ - ∏ - S - b n¬ kemw kp√an ap≥\n-cb - nse H∂m-asØ Aiz-cq-V\ - m-Wv. At±-la - mWv Pn∂p-Iƒ Ccp∏p- d - ∏ n® ]me- a - c - s °mºv sh´n-ap-dn-®X - v. AXn-\m-emWv Pn∂p hn`mKw kemw kp√ansb lZokv \ntj[n F∂ H‰-aqen sIm≠v XI¿°m≥ {ian- ° p- ∂ - X v . Df- f Xp ]d™n´v hnet∏m- h m- Ø - X n\m¬ hymPmtcm-]W - ß - f - p-∂bn-°pw. AXpw Gip∂n-s√¶n¬ Ko_¬kn-b≥ kn≤m¥- { ]- I mcw i‡- a mbpw hym]-Ia - mbpw {]N-cn-∏n-°pw. Cu X{¥-amWv kemw kp√an-s°-Xn-cn¬ Agn-®p-hn-´n-cn°p- ∂ - X v . Ch¿ am{X- a - √ , lZokv \ntj[ B-tcm-]W - hp-ambn Hcp ]‰w Ip´n-Iƒ, HutZym- K n- ° m¿, Ct∏mƒ

Adn-bp-hn≥ hnti-j߃, H∂v:

Fhn- s S- b m- s W- ∂ - d n- b msX Nne apXn¿∂-h¿ F∂n-hc - nte- b v s °√mw Cu Btcm]Ww Hcp Xcw kmUnkw t]mse ]I¿∂n- ´ p- ≠ v . ]{¥≠v h¿jw apºv CXn\mbn Hcp KmwKns\ Ibdq-cn-hn-´n-cp∂p. Xulo-Zn-√mØ- h ≥, aX- Ø n¬ \n∂v sXdn-®-h≥ (am-cn-Jv) F∂v Ih-e-Iƒ tXmdpw Bt{Imin- ® hcp- a p- ≠ v . Ch- s csbms° aq°pIb- d n´v \n¿Øn-bn-s√-¶n¬ {]ÿm\w samØ- Ø n¬ Zpjv t ]cv t]td≠n hcpw. kemw kp√-ansb sSe-t^mWn- e qsS hmZ- { ]- X n- h m- Z Øn\p £Wn®v A]-IS- s - ∏Sp-Øm≥ {ian-°p-∂h - c - p-ap-≠v. Cßs\ kemw kp√-ansb c£n-°m≥ i‡-ambn {]Xntcm-[-te-J\w Fgp-Xn-bXv F¥p- s Im≠pw {]iw- k \obw Xs∂. i_m-_n\pw teJ-I\pw A`n-\-µ-\-߃. A√mlp A\p-{K-ln-°-s´. F∂m¬,

c≠v : aq°p-Ib - s - d-hnsS? amkm- c w`w \_n- b psS kp∂-Øn¬ F∂ A_qkm-PnXm A¬a-Zo\n F∂bmƒ Xøm-dm-°n, tIcfm \Zv hØp¬ apPm-ln-Zo≥, a¿Ikp-±-Av-h, B¿.-Fw.-tdm-Uv, Imen-°‰v ˛ 2 {]kn-≤o-Ic - n® 12 ^pƒt]-Pp-ff Hcp k¿°pe¿teJ lnPvd IΩ‰n Hm^v C¥y°pw A¬^-\m-dn\pw Ab-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. AXnse XpS°w C{]-Im-ca - mIp-∂p. ""lnPvd lnem¬ IΩn‰n Hm^v C¥y {]kn-≤o-I-cn® amkm-cw`w {]am-W-ß-fn¬ F∂ ]pkvXIw ImWm≥ CS- b m- b n. Cu ]pkv X Iw Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-ff - Xv F A_vZp emw kp√-anbpw GXm-\pw

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

{]kn-≤o-Ic - n-®s - X∂p \ymbambpw kwi-bn-°p-∂p. GXmbmepw amk-∏n-dhn {]am-Wß-fn¬ F∂ kp√an AS-°ap- f f \mev ]fin- X - ∑ m¿ IqSn-t®¿∂v Xøm-dm-°n-bn-´pff Ccp-\qdv t]Pp-ff B {KŸ-Øn\v C∂p-hsc Hscm‰-bmfpw I. a. F∂ Hc-£cw t]mepw adp-]S- n-bmbn samgn™n- ´ n- √ . F√m- h - c p- t Sbpw hmb AS-®p-sIm-≠p-ff - X - m-bncp∂p B {KŸw F∂¿∞w.

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

At\-I{- K-Ÿß - ƒ {]kn-≤oI-cn-®n-´p≈) bphX {]kn--≤oI-cn-°p-Ib - p-≠m-bn. AXnse `mjm-]c - hpw Dkzq-en-]c - hpw Jp¿- B ≥,- l - Z okv hncp≤ Zp¿hym-Jym-\-ß-sfbpw sX‰mb hmZ-ßsfbpw i‡ ambn t\cn-´p-sIm≠v {KŸIm- c \p ]‰nb `oam- _ - ≤ ßsf Nq≠n- ° m´n apJw t\m°msX At±lw kXymhÿ kss[cyw ]pdØp sIm≠p h∂p. "amkm-cw`w {]am-Wß - f - n¬' F∂ lnPvd IΩ‰n Hm^v C¥y {]kn-≤oI-cn® B ]pkvXIw At±l-Øns‚ {][m\ ta¬t\m´-Øn-em-bn-cp∂p Xøm-dm-°nb-Xv. "\yqaqWpw amk-∏n-dhnbpw' F∂ cN- \ - b psS {KŸ-Im-c≥, kemw kp√-anbpsS kl- { ]- h ¿Ø- I \pw Htc thZn-bnse {]t_m-[I\pw ]finX kwL- S - \ bnse t\Xm-hp-amb A_vZp ¬ laoZv aZo\n Ah¿I-fmWv. F∂m¬ AXn¬ kp√an B {KŸ-Im-cs\ bmsXmcp hn[ hy‡n-lX - ybpw \S-Ønbn- ´ n- √ . Bt£- ] n- ® n- ´ n- √ . am\y- X - t bm- s Sbpw ]fintXm-Nn-X-ambpw sXfn-hp-IfpsS i‡- a mb ]n≥_- e tØmsS {KŸ-Im-cs‚ apgph≥ P¬]-\-ßfpw Zp¿hymJm- \ - ß fpw A]- l m- k yßfpw IpØp- h m- ° pIfpw sXdn- h n- f n- I fpw t\cn- S p- I bmWv sNbv X - X v . (ap…ow kap- Z m- b - Ø n\v At\Iw al¬ IrXn- I ƒ \nc- ¥ - c ambn kw`m-h\ sNbvXp-sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ al¬ÿm-]-\amWv bph- X . F∂m¬ {]kvXpX ]pkvXIw (\yqaq Wpw amk-∏n-d-hnbpw) BcpsS-sbms° I\Ø kΩ¿±Øn\pw `oj-Wn°pw hgßn th≠ hn[w FUn- ‰ nwKv t]mepw sNømsXbmWv

57


58

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

bm¬ Ah¿ F¥p thjhpw kzoI-cn-°m\pw Xøm-dm-hpw. Jp¿- B \pw kp∂Øpw kzlm-_Ø - ns‚ amXr-Ibpw Ah¿s°mcp {]iv \ - a - √ . Ip©≥ \ºym¿ ]d-™X - pt]mse Zo]-kvXw`w alm›cyw F\n°pw In´Ww ]Ww CXmWv CØcw ]fin-X-∑m-cpsS kz`mhw. sX‰p- I ƒ Nq≠n- ° mWn°mØ ]£w aWn-Iv^m\n-If - psS kn-tbm-WnÃv hebn¬ hoWp t]mIm≥ km[yX- b p- ≠ v . InXm- _ p- I - f nse D≤- c - W n- I ƒ [mcm- f - a mbn ]pkvXI - Ø - n¬ sImSp-Øn-´p≠v. AXn¬ Ah¿ Im´n-°q´nb ssII-SØ - ep-Iƒ shfnhm°n ]pdØp sIm≠p-ht- c≠- X p- ≠ v . A_v Z p- emw kp√an D≤-c-Wn-I-fn¬ ]et∏mgpw Ir{Xnaw \S-Øm-dps≠∂v ]ecpw ]d-bp-∂Xv tI´n-´p-≠v. AXv FXn-cm-fn-IfpsS Zpcmtcm]- W - a msW∂mWv Rm≥ hnNm-cn-®Xv . Pn∂v , - ] n- i m- N v , - k nlv d v F∂ t]cn¬ F.- A - _ v Z p emw kp√an Fgp-Xnb Hcp ]pkvXIw hmbn-°m-\n-Sb - m-bt∏mƒ FXn- c m- f n- I - f psS Btcm- ] - W - Ø nepw Nne hkvXp-XI - ƒ D≠v F∂v a\ n-em-°m-\m-bn. B ]pkvXI- Ø n¬ 128- ˛ mw t]Pn¬ C_v\p Iko-dn¬ \n∂p-ff Hcp D≤-cWn sImSp-Øn-´p≠v. AXn-ßs - \-bm-Wv.'' C{Xbpw \mw hmbn®p Ign- ™ m¬ C\n- b - t ßm´v \mw {]Xo- £ n- ° p- ∂ - s X¥mWv? ‘amk-∏n-dhn {]am-Wß-fn¬’ F∂ {KŸ-Øn¬ kemw-kp-√an D≤-cW - n-If - n¬ ImWn-®n-´p-ff Ir{Xn-a-߃, ssII-SØ - e - p-Iƒ, apdn-®p-am‰-∏-´-Xns‚ BZy-`m-K-߃, ]q¿Æ-cq-]w, lZokp \ntj[-߃ CsXms° AWn-\n-

c-Øp-sa-∂t√? F∂m¬ B ]pkv X - I - Ø nse Hc- £ - c sØ- t ∏mepw teJ- I ≥ sXmSpItbm GsX- ¶ nepw Ir{Xnaw ]pdØp sIm≠p hcn-I-tbm-G-sX-¶nepw ssII-S-ج shfn-hm-°pItbm apdn®p am‰n-bXv sXfnbn-°p-Itbm \ntj-[Ø - ns‚ ]q¿Æ- c q]w hy‡- a m- ° pItbm sNbvXn-´n-√. ]Icw kemw kp√-an-bpsS Pn∂v, ]nim-Nv,- knlvdv F∂ at‰tXm ]pkv X - I - Ø n¬ \n∂pffsX∂pw ]d-™p-ff D≤c- W n; ]n.- h n.- l - ≥tImb F∂-bmƒs°-gp-Xnb IØnse BZy- ` m- K hpw AXn\v kemw kp√- a nsImSpØ adp-]S- nbpw; At±l- Ø ns‚ {]kw- K - Ø nse hmN- I - ß ƒ; Fw.- F - k v . - F kn¬ \S∂ hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Zh - nti-jß - ƒ; lnPvd IΩ-‰nsb ]pe`yw ]d-b¬; Aen-a-WnIv ^ ms\ hna¿in- ° ¬; i_m- _ n¬ h∂ kemw kp√- a n- b psS teJ- \ - \ n- c q]Ww; At±lw s]mXp-tÃPn¬ {]kw- K n- ® - X v ; aZo\n F∂n-h¿ Fgp-Xnb _p°n se t{ijvTX - I - ƒ; AXp-hmbn- ° m- \ p- f f Blzm- \ hpw AXnse D≤-cW - n-Ifpw. lZokns\ am{X- a - √ , CPv a m- C s\bpw \ntj-[n-°p-∂p-sh∂ Btcm-]-Ww..... Npcp-°n-∏-d™m¬, h¿Æn-°-s∏-tS≠ IpXn-csb sXßn¬ sI´n sXßns\ AXn- a - t \m- l - c ambn h¿Æn® t]mse A¥w hn´v teJ-I≥ IØn°-bd - p-∂p. BcmWo A_pkm-Pn-X- A¬a-Zo\n F∂ AXyp÷z- e - ] - fi n- X - X mcw F∂p am{Xw a\- n-em-Ip-∂n√. teJ-I≥ A√m-lp-hns\ `b- s ∏´v kq£v a - X - t bmsS Pnhn-°p∂ ]fin-X-\m-Wv.

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Bfp-I-fp-am-Wv. F.-A-_vZp emw kp√an Fßs\ CXn¬s∏-´p? At±-lØ - ns‚ t]cmWv BZy-ambn sImSp Øn-´p-ff - X - v. {]kvXpX ]pkv X- I - Ø nse \nc- h [n D≤cWn-I-fnepw {]kvXm-h-\-Ifnepw Ah-km\w hsc {]amW- ß - f n¬ Ir{Xnaw \SØnbpw Zp¿hym- J ym\w sNbvXp-amWv \¬In-bn-cn-°p∂-Xv. Iptd InXm--_ p- I - f psS t]cpw t]Pp \ºdpw sImSpØm¬ AsX√mw {]am-W_ - ‘- ß - f m- s W∂pw s]mXpP\w AsX√mw hniz-kn-°psa-∂p-amtWm CXns‚ {]km[-I¿ Icp-Xn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. A√m- l p- h ns\ `b- s ∏´p kq£vaX - t- bmsS Pohn-°p∂ ]fin- X - ∑ m¿ sX‰p- I ƒ I≠m¬ AXv Nq-≠n-°m-Wn°m\pw AXv Xncp-Øm\pw _m[y-ÿ-cm-Wv. amkm-cw`w {]am-Wß - f - n¬ F∂ ]pkvXI-Øn¬ \nc-h[n InXm-_p-Ifnse D≤-c-Wn-Iƒ sImSp Øn-´p-≠v. Ah-bn-e-[n-Ihpw kµ¿`-Øn¬ \n∂-S¿Øn-sbSp-ØtXm As√-¶n¬ Ah¿ °v ]‰mØ `mK-߃ Hgnhm°n Ah-cpsS \yqaq¨ AYhm IdpØhmhp kn≤m ¥w ka¿∞n- ° m≥ Hcp hn^-e-{iaw \S-Øn-btXm BWv. kqdØp Xu_-bnse BbØv {i≤n-°p-I. kXy-hn-izm-kn-I-tf, ]fin-X-∑m-cnepw ]ptcm-lnX- ∑ m- c nepw s]´ [mcmfw t]¿ P\- ß - f psS [\w A\ym-b-ambn Xn∂p-Ibpw A√mlphns‚ am¿K-Øn¬ \n∂v Ahsc XS-bp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. A¬] ]mfin-Xy-ap-f-fh¿ apdn-ssh-Zy-∑m-sc-t∏mse A]- I Sw hcpØnsh°pw. ]Whpw AwKo-Im-chpw In´n-

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

○ ○

kzoI-cn-°m≥ Bh-iy-s∏-´ncp-∂p. CXp-hsc AXn\p adp]Sn t]mepw In´n- b n- ´ n- √ . AXv IqSp-X¬ kwibw P\n∏n-°p-∂p. At∏mƒ kemw kp√-ansb sh®v NqXm´w \SØp-I-bmtWm F∂v tNmZn®m¬ i_m_v ]nW-ßc - p-Xv. apPm-lnZv 8 -mw kwkvY - m\ FS- c n- t °mSv -ktΩ- f - \ Øn¬ kemw kp√an "Fs‚ A¥na {]kw-Ka - mWo ktΩf- \ - Ø n- t e- X v , _lp- a m- \ y\mb kn.- ] n.- D - a ¿ kp√an £Wn-®X - n-\mepw \njvIf - ¶ - cmb {]h¿Ø-Isc \ncm-is∏- S p- Ø m- X n- c n- ° m- \ p- a p- t ±in®p ]s¶- S p- ° p- I - b m- W v . C\n-sbm-cn-°epw apPm-ln-ZpI- f psS s]mXp- k - t Ω- f \Øn¬ Rm≥ {]kw-Kn-°pI-bn√' F∂p hnS ]d™ Xns‚ s]mcpƒ Ct∏m-gmWv ]nSn- I n- ´ n- b - X v . ]mhw B ip≤-lr-Z-b-\mb al¬hy‡nsb Cß- s \- s bms° in£n- ° m≥ \n߃s° ßs\ Ign-bp-∂p? IqsS°q´n tXmfn-en-cp∂p sNhn-Ifpw Igp-Øp-aS- °w ISn®p Xn∂p∂-h¿ Cu {]ÿm-\Ø - nepw hmgp- ∂ pthm?! a¿°- k p- ± Avh DW¿∂p {]h¿Øn-°sa-∂-t]-£n-°p-∂p. i_m_n-t\mfw ]g-°a - n-s√-¶nepw kl-Po-hn-bmb A¬^-\mdns‚ Cu kzcw \n m-ca - mbn ImWm- X n- c n- ° pI. F√mh¿°pw \∑ hc-s´. (]-Xn-hn¬ \n∂v sX‰n aq¿®- b n¬ Fgp- X n- b Xv hnj- b - Ø nse Kuchw A{Xbpw ISp-∏-ap-f-f-Xn-\mem-Wv. A¬^-\m¿ hmb-\°m¿ £an-°p-I) (tImb-°p´n ^mdq-Jn)

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

i_m_v Fgp-Xn-bXv \mw I≠p. A_p-km-Pn-X-A¬aZo\n Fgp- X n- b Xpw \mw I≠p. F¥m-WnXv? c≠pw a¿I- k p- ± - A v - h - b n¬ \n∂v . c≠v temJ-I-∑mcpw A]-c\m-a-[m-c-nIƒ. hmb-\-°m¿ GXp kzoI-cn-°-Ww. a¿°kp-±A - vh - b - n¬ kz¥w t]scgpXn teJ\w {]kn-≤o-I-cn°m≥ am\y-∑m-cmb Bfn-√mXmtbm? F√mw Uyqπn-t°‰mtbm? kemw kp√an lZokv \ntj[n Xs∂ F∂v A_q-km-PnX ]d-bp∂p. A√ ]ca hnip-≤s - \∂v A_q- D - k ma ]d- b p- ∂ p. c≠pw Hcp a¿°-kn¬ \n∂nd-°nb km[-\-߃ Xs∂. Hcp Imcyw Cu teJ-I\v Adn-bmw. a¿I-kp-±A - vh ]pdsa-sb-¶nepw kemw kp√ansb _lp-am-\n-°p-∂h - cpw

kv t \ln- ° p- ∂ - h - c p- a mWv . X¬°mew At±- l - Ø nte°v Ah¿ Bh-iy-°m-cpam-Wv. At±-l-an-√mØ aShq¿ hn`mKw ^yqkv t]mb _ƒ_p-t]mse Bbn-cn-°pw. A_q Dkma F∂- b mƒ auehn A_v Z pƒ P∫m¿ Xr∏-\®n BIm-\mWv km[yX. ]e XhW B t]cn¬ teJ- \ - ß ƒ h∂n- ´ p- ≠ v . F∂m¬ IÆp- a - S ®v ]m¬ IpSn-°p-tºmƒ Bcpw Im-Wp∂n- s √∂v [cn- ® n- c n- ° p- ∂ A_q kmPnZ A¬ aZo\n F∂ hymP≥ Bcm-sW∂v F{X Nn¥n-®n´pw a\- n-emIp-∂n-√. Aßs\ Hsc-gp-ØpIm- c \pw Xqen- I m- \ m- a hpw aq°p-ap-f® tijw BZyw tIƒ°p-I-bm-Wv. a¿I-k√ CXns‚ ]nXm-sh-¶n¬ a¿°kp- ± - A v - h sb XI¿°m≥ I® sI´n- b n- d - ß nb B hy‡nsb I≠p-]n-Sn®v \nc]-cm-[nØw sXfn-bn-t°≠ _m[yX a¿°-kp-±-Av-h-°p≠- t √m. tamln- ® Xv In´m™m¬ {]ÿm-\sØ H‰psIm- S p- ° p- ∂ - h ¿ F∂psa∂pw F√m hn`m- K - ß fnepw D≠m- I m- d p- s ≠∂v tI´n-´p-≠v. Cu hymP≥ ho´n\-IØv F√m-h¿°pw tase X´pw ]pd-Øn-cn-°p∂h-\mIm- \ mWv kv [ yX. lnPv d IΩn‰n Hm^v C¥y- ° m¿ a¿°-kp-±-Av-h-bn¬ \n∂-b®p- I n- ´ nb A_q- k m- P nX A¬ aZo--\n-bpsS teJ\w In´nb DSs\ AXm- c msW∂pw CsX-¥m-sW∂pw tNmZn®v IØp Xøm-dm°n sImSp-Øn-cp-∂p. a¿°-kp-±Av-h-bpsS t]cn¬ hymP-ambn-d° - n-bX - m-sW-¶n¬ AXmcm-sW∂v At\z-jn®p I≠p]n- S n®v th≠ \S- ] - S n- I ƒ

If-f-s\-∏n-Sn°q

sX‰v Fhn-sS-°≠ - mepw XncpØp-hm≥ NmSn-∏p-ds - ∏-Sp-∂h - \m-Wv. Xs‚ alm-]m-fin-XyØn\p apºn¬ A¬]∑m¿s°m∂pw \n¬°m-\mIn√ Fs∂ms° CS-bv°nsS X´n-hn-Sp-∂p-≠v. \√Xp hcs´. AX-ßs\ kam-[m-\n-°s´. F∂m¬ kemw kp√-ansb-°p-dn-®m-I-s´, A¬]-]mfin-Xy-ap-f-f-h≥, apdn-sshZy≥, ]Whpw AwKo-Im-chpw In´n-bm¬ F¥p thjhpw sI´m≥ Xøm-dp-ff - h - ≥, Jp¿B\pw kp∂Øpw kzlm _n amXr-I-Ifpw {]iv\-am°m-Øh - ≥, Ip©≥ \ºym¿ ]d™ IYm-]m-{Xw, aWnIv ^ m- \ p- I - f psS kntbmWnÃp he-bn-e-I-s∏-´-h≥, D≤-c-Wn-I-fn¬ Ir{Xn-ahpw ssII-SØep-Ifpw \S-Øn-bh≥...... Aß- s \- b - ß - s \ [mcm-fw.

59


hna¿i\w

DΩp-ldmw \_n-bpsS D‰-_‘p Xs∂ ˛ idlp apkvenw

60

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

s\√pw ]Xncpw Xncn-t°≠Xv a‰p≈ ]n¬°m-e° - mcm-Wv. Camw \hhn idlp apkven-an¬ AXv hy‡-am°n. dnt∏m¿´¿am¿ DΩpldmw Bcm-sW∂v lZokn¬ ]d-bm-ØX - n-\m¬ dkq-ep-√m-ln(-k)sb sX‰n≤m-cW - m-P\ - I - a - mbn Ah-Xcn-∏n-°p-∂Xv Kpcp-X-c-am-Wv. \_n(-k) Ahsc kµ¿in°p-Ibpw `£Ww Ign-°pIbpw Ah-cpsS aSn-bn¬ Xe-sh®p InS-°p-Ibpw Ah-cpsS ho´n¬ A¥n-bpd-ßp-Ibpw Ah¿ Xe-apSn NoIn-s°m-Sp-°p-I-bpsams° sNbvXn-´p-s≠¶n¬ Ah¿ \_n-bpsS D‰_‘p Xs∂-bm-bn-cn-°p-at√m. ]ns∂ AXn¬ kwibn-°p-∂Xv Hcp Xcw am\kn-It- cmKw Xs∂-bm-Wv. _pJm-cn-bn¬ \pW-If - ps≠∂p ÿm]n-°m-\p≈ hy{K-Xb - n¬ bmYm¿∞yßsf Xa- o-Ic - n-°p-∂Xv \oXn-b-√. \Ωnse Hcphs\t∏mse {]hm-NI - s\ ImW-cp-Xt- √m. {]hm-NIs‚ hnip-≤nbpw alXzhpw Adn-bp∂ Bcpw AXn-sem∂pw bmsXmcp kwi-bhpw ]pe¿Øp-Ib - n-

"Cu

lZokv \nß-sfSp-°ptam' F∂ A_vZp-dln-am≥ Ccn-th-‰n-bpsS teJ-\Ø - n¬ (A¬^-\m¿ e°w 21) _pJmcn dnt∏m¿´v sNbvX DΩp-ldmw-an-s\-°p-dn-®p≈ lZokv dnt∏m¿´v sNbvXn-cp-∂p. Ah¿ \_n(-k)-bp-am-bp≈ _‘-sa¥v F∂v tNmZn-®p Ipsd _lfw sh®-Xmbn ImWp-∂p. Camw \hhn apkven-ans‚ hymJym-\Øn¬ hfsc hy‡-ambn ""DΩp-ldmw \_n(-k)-bpsS hnhmlw \njn-≤a - mb D‰_-‘p-hm-sW∂ ImcyØn¬ apkvenw ]fin-X∑m¿°n-Sb - n¬ GIm-`n{]mbw Xs∂-bm-Wp-≈sX∂v'' (C-Øn-^m-Jp¬ Deam-CA - em A∂lm an≥ alvdan dkq-en-√m-lv) hy‡-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. lZokv dnt∏m¿´-dmb A\kv _v\p amen-tIm(-d) lZokv D≤-cn® _pJmcntbm DΩp-ldmw \_nbpsS BcmWv F∂p ]dbm-ØX - n¬ A{X henb tI m-°m-s\m-∂p-an-√. Ah¿°p e`n® Ip‰-a‰ ]cº-cb - n-eq-sS-bp≈ Cu lZokv dnt∏m¿´v sNbvXp. AXnse Bi-bß - f - psS

Ip™n-ap-lΩ - Z - v, ae-∏pdw √. ap≥Km-an-If - mcpw ]pe¿Øn-bn-´p-an-√. ape-IpSn _‘-Ønse ktlm-Zc - nbmtWm A√ a‰p h√-hc - pamtWm F∂ kwi-bta ap≥Km-an-Iƒ Ah-cpsS N¿®-bn¬ D∂-bn-®n-´p-≈q. an¬lm-ans‚ aI-fmb DΩpldmw C_m-ZØ - p_v\p kzman-Øns‚ `mcy-bmsW∂pw hy‡-am-°n-bncns° {]tXy-In-®pw. _pJmcntbm lZokv dnt∏m¿´tdm DΩp-ldmw Bsc∂p ]d-bmØ-Xn-\m¬ {]hm-NI - \ - n-µbm-Ws - X∂v H‰-bS- n°p ]dbm≥ ]mSn-√. _pJm-cn-bpsS hni-Zo-I-cW {KŸ-ß-fnepw a‰-t\Iw hymJym\ {KŸß-fnepw apkven-ans‚ idlnepw Ah¿ \_n-bpsS D‰-_-‘p-hm-sW∂pw hnhmlw \njn-≤a - mb (alvdw)-hc - m-sW∂pw D≈Xn¬ ]fin-X∑ - m¿ GI-kzc-ap-s≠-∂p≈ {]kvXmhw ad-®p-sh-t°-≠-Xn-√. AXp hnizm-k-Øn-se-Sp-°p-IbmWv lrZbw ip≤-sa¶n¬ \mw th≠-Xv. A√msX \_nsb kwi-bn°p-I-b-√. Ip‰-a‰ ip≤-amb lZokp-Iƒ Xe-ap-d°p ssIamdm≥ temIw I≠-Xn¬ 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

AXp-h∂ - n-√. AXp kzm`mhn-Ia - mWp Xm\pw. {]hm-NI-Xz-Øns‚ hnip-≤n-bm¬ (a-Avk - zqw) kpc-£n-X\ - mb \_n(-k)-sb-°p-dn®v hnh-cn°-s∏-Sp-∂X - ns\ ip≤-lr-Zb-tØmsS ImWp-hm\pw h©-I∑ - m¿°p Iq´p \n¬°m-hp∂ hn[w hfs®m-Sn®p Nn¥n®v Ipc-ßpIƒ°v tImWn-sh®p sImSp-°p-Ib - p-a√ kZp-t±-iyap-≈h - ¿ sNtø-≠Xv. al\ob tkh-\ß - ƒ sNbvX alm-∑m-sc-°p-dn®v \ap°v

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

sht®-‰hpw XymKw kln-®Xn¬ H∂m-a\ - mb _pJmcnsb {]hm-NI - \ - n-µI - ≥ F∂p hcp-Øp-am-dp≈ ISpØ {]tbm-Kß - ƒ A]e-]\ - obw Xs∂. alm-\mb _pJmcn a\p-jy-s\∂ \ne°v A]q¿∆-ambn sX‰pIƒ h∂n-cn-°mw. A]q¿∆w Nne lZo-kp-If - n¬ ImWp∂-Xp-t]m-se. lZo-kp-Iƒ tiJ-cn-®t- ∏mƒ DΩp-ldmw Bcm-sW∂v IrXy-ambn e`n-®n-√m-bn-cn-°pw. AXn\m¬ lZo-kns‚ ]Z-ßf - n¬

\√ [mc-WI - f - p-≠m-Is - ´. Hmdn-b‚-en-Ãp-Ifpw kntbmWn-Ãp-If - p-amb lZokp \ntj-[n-Iƒ Cf-°n-hn-Sp∂ kwi-bt- cmKw \ΩpsS lrZb-ßsf Hcn-°epw _m[n°msX kq£n-°p-I. {]hmN-Is‚ hy‡n-XzsØ XI¿°p∂ ]cm-a¿i-߃ \ΩpsS Dul-ßf - n¬ ÿm\w sImSp-°m-Xn-cn-°pI. "Dul-߃ A[n-Ihpw ]m]-am-sW∂' Jp¿B\ns‚ D]-tZiw \mw ad°m-Xn-cn-°p-I.

[oc-Xbpw Io¿Ønbpw ""Camw AlvaZv _v\p lº¬(-d), Jp¿-B≥ krjvSn-bm-sW∂ Jeo^m apA-vXkznw _n√m-bpsS hmZ-KXn AwKo-I-cn-°m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ Pbn-en-e-S-°-s∏´v `oI-c-a¿±\w G‰phm-ßn. P\-an-fI - n. Jeo^ `b-∂p. At±-lsØ tamNn-∏n-°m≥ \n¿_-‘n-X\ - m-bn. At±l-Øns‚ [ocX Ncn-{X-Øn¬ At±-lsØ Io¿Øn-am-\m-°n. a‰p ]fin-X∑ - m-sc-t∏mse `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bpsS apºn¬ `ocp-hmbn \n∂ncp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ Ncn-{X-Øn¬ Aß-s\-sbmcp IYm-]m{Xw Hcn-°epw D≠m-Ip-am-bn-cp-∂n-√.'' (C-_v\p-ssØ-anb AØ-ao-an)

\nco-iz-cs‚ {]m¿∞\ ""bYm¿∞ {]m¿∞\ Hmtcm-cp-Øc - p-sSbpw D≈n¬ \S-t°-≠X - m-Wv. F∂mepw AXn\p aX-]c - a - mb Hcp NS-ßns‚ kz`mhw ssIh-∂n-cn-°p-∂p. \nco-iz-ch - m-Zn-Iƒ t]mepw {]m¿∞n-®p-t]m-Im-dp-≠v. Cuiz-ct- \m-Ss - √-¶nepw. Aßs\bp-≈h - cpw s]mXpN-Sß - p-Iƒ XpS-ßp-tºmƒ au\m-Nc - W - s - a-¶nepw \S-Øp-∂p.'' ({io-\m-cm-bWKpcp "ssZh-Z-iIw')

aS-b\pw _p≤n-im-enbpw ""hnem]w aS-b∑ - m-scbpw I¿tam-∑p-JX _p≤n-im-en-Is - fbpw krjvSn-°p-∂p.'' (Un-kv\n)

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

61


KpW-Imw£

hnNn-¥\w hmcn-Ib - nse hnØpw sImSp-hm-fpw

62

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Ipep°n IpØn-a-dn-™p. Cu Ah-kcw ]c-am-h[n apX-em-°m≥ aS-hq¿ hn`m-KØnse bph- ] - fi n- X - \ nc H∂msI Pn∂m-Z¿i-Øn-s∂Xn-cn¬ _Z¿ bp≤w {]Jym]n-®p. ¢n]vkv, I´nw-Kp-Iƒ, hmZ- { ]- X n- h m- Z w, Imf- ] q´v {]kw-Kt- h-Zn-Iƒ, Bbp-[ß - fm-°n. bp≤m-\-¥cw k¿∆ Pn∂p-Ifpw Ifw-hn-´p. kwLS\ ]nf¿∂pw hoWp. At∏mƒ ho≠pw ]g-bX - n-t\°mƒ henb iq\y-Xb - m-bn. Bsfm-gn™ N¥-ssa-Xm\w t]mse. At∏m-gmWv Ncn{Xw krjvSn-®p-sIm-≠p≈ FS-cnt°mSv ktΩ- f \w Ac- ß sØ-Øn-b-Xv. sshIn-bp-Zn® hnth-I-tØmsS B ktΩf\w Kw`o- c - a m- ° n- s °m- S p°m≥ Xß-fpsS _m°n-h∂ A\p-bm-bn-Iƒ°v au\m-\phmZw \¬In-bn-cp-∂p. A√mlp-hns‚ al-Ømb A\p-{Kl- Ø m¬ 8˛mw apPm- l nZv kwÿm\ ˛ FS-cn-t°mSv ˛ ktΩ-f\w ]q¿∆-Ime £o W-sa√mw Xo¿Øv, Id-I-f™, A®-S° - ] - q¿Æ, kwkv Im- c - k - º - ∂ , alm- k w- ` - h ambn amdn. apPm-lnZv {]ÿm \ {]`m-hI - mew Hm¿Ωn-∏n-®p. A®-S-°w, emfn-Xyw, Kmw`ocyw, hnj- b - s sh- h n- [ yw, sk£-\p-If - psS imkv{Xob

dnb amXncn ]pXp-ap-Pm-ln-ZpI- f mbn Ib- d n- ° q- S n- b - h ¿ km£m¬ apkv e n- b m- ° ƒ Xs∂- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p- s h∂p t_m[y-am°pw hn[w Pn∂p hnj- b - Ø n¬ sImºp- I ƒ

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ktΩ-f\w hnP-bn-∏n°m≥ F√m hn`mKw apPm-ln-Zp-Ifpw kl-Icn®p IeymWw awK-fa - m°nb ÿnXn°v ]gØns‚ hen∏w IqSnt∏mbn F∂p ]d-tb-≠Xn-√m-bn-cp-∂p hnNn-¥\w hmcn-I° - v. 2014 am¿®v 21se ap≥t]-Pn¬ "FS-cnt°mSv ktΩ-f\w ˛ 8˛mw apPm-lnZv ktΩ-f\w F∂Xv tImS-Xn-be£yw' F∂p Fgp-Xn-hntS-≠-Xn-√m-bn-cp-∂p. tImSXn ]ncn-™n-´mWv hnNn-¥\ - Ø - n\p \ymbw tXm∂n-bX - v. ktΩ-f\ - Øn\p apºv 2013 Unkw_-dntem P\p-hc - n-bntem ]d-™n-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ Ie-°p-am-bn-cp-∂n-t√.

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Pn±: \thm-∞m-\Ø - ns‚ Zo]- i nJ Gs‰- S p- ° m≥ kaqlw sFIy- t ØmsS apt∂m´p hc-W-sa∂v Pn± Ckvemlo sk‚¿ knwt]mkn-bØ - n¬ \n®v Hm^v {SqØv {]t_m-[-I\pw sF.-F-kv.Fw. kwÿm\ sshkv {]kn- U - ≠ p- a mb ico^v tate-Xn¬ ]d-™p. Ign™ h¿jw hnip≤ a°- b n- e ncp∂v _lp- a m- \ y- \ mb lpssk≥ aS-hq¿ apPm-lnZv sFIy- s Ø- ° p- d n®v i‡ambn Bh-iy-s∏-´p. ]s£, apPm-lnZv sFIyw D≠m-°p∂-Xn-\p-]-Icw Hcn-°¬IqSn ]ncn-®p-hn-Sepw AUvtlm°v cq]o- I - c n- ° epw X√pw ]nSnbpw ]≈n-Ifpw ÿm]\-ßfpw Hml-cn- sh-°-epamWv Ac- t ß- d n- b - X v . Hcp hn`m-K-sØ-°qSn ASn-®n-d°nb Ah¿ ]mdn-∏d - ∂ - p-t]mb-t∏mƒ Gsd kt¥m-jn-®h¿ aS-hq¿ hn`m-K-am-bn-cp-∂psh- ∂ - X mWv Ac- a \ clkyw. Imc-Ww, aS-hq¿ hn`mKsØ 2002¬ ]pd-Øm-°n-bt∏mƒ kwL-S-\-bn¬ h√msØmcp iq\yX A\p-`h - s - ∏´p. AXv \nI-Øm≥ kakvX apkven-bm-°∑ - m¿°pw Xo{h ke- ^ n- I ƒ°pw hmXn¬ ae¿s° Xpd-∂p-sIm-Sp-Øp. ]n™m-W° - S- b - n¬ aqcn Ib-

\mJnZv AlvZmkv

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

""lpssk≥ aS- h q¿ hn`mKw tIm´-°-ense FScn-t°mSv \S-Ønb kwÿm \ ktΩ-f\ - s - Ø-°p-dn®v 8˛mw apPm-lnZv kwÿm\ ktΩf\w F∂v ]ckyw sNbvX Xv hy‡-amb tImS-Xn-b-e£y-am-Wv.'' (hn-Nn-¥\w 21/ 3/14) "aS- h q- c n- I ƒ' F∂ ÿncw {]tbmKw am‰n lpssk≥ aS-hq¿ hn`mKw F∂ am\y- ] - Z - Ø n- t e°v hnNn-¥\w amdn h∂p F∂ Xv kzmK-Xm¿lamWv. ]s£ s\m¥p-s]‰ aI≥ acn-®n-´mbmepw acp-a-I-fpsS IÆocv I≠m¬ aXn F∂ AΩm-bnA- Ω - b psS at\m- ` m- h hpw IqSn amdn-°n-´n-bm¬ sFIyØn\p sNdn-sbmcp hmXm-b\- s a- ¶ nepw Xpd- ∂ p- I n- ´ pw. \thm-∞m\ kaql sFIysØ-°p-dn®v kpµ-ca - mbn Hcp t]Pn¬ hnØp- ] m- I n- b n´v AXns‚ ap≥t]-Pn¬ sF Iyw ]q¿Æ-am-bn-Ø-I¿°p ∂ sImSp-hmfpw IqSn Db¿ Øn-∏n-Sn-°p-∂-Xnse kwkv Imcw Hcn-°epw \thm-∞m\ {]ÿm-\-Øn-t‚-X√ F∂v khn-\bw Hm¿Ωn-∏n-°-s´. AØcw Xcw- X mW ]Wn apA-van-\p-Iƒ°v H´pw `qjW-a-√t√m!

Zm\-XymKw Zm\- s a- ∂ Xv XymK- a m- W v . Ft‚-sX∂pw Ft‚Xp am{Xsa-∂p-ap≈ CSp-ßnb ZpjvNn¥- I - f psS XymKw. Pohn- X Øns‚ GsX-¶nepw Awiß-fn¬ AXn-√msX \ap-s°ßs\ a\p- j y- c m- I m≥ km[n°pw?

○ ○ ○

¥-\-Øn\p \ymbw tXm∂nb-Xv. ktΩ-f-\-Øn\p apºv 2013 Unkw-_-dntem P\p-hcn-bntem ]d-™n-cp-∂p-sh¶n¬ Ie-°p-am-bn-cp-∂n-t√. hj-f-Øcw ]d-bp-∂-Xn-\mbmepw Hc- h - k - c hpw Hcp am\y-Xbpw tht≠!

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

"aS-hq-cn-Iƒ' F∂ ÿncw {]tbmKw am‰n lpssk≥ aS-hq¿ hn`mKw F∂ am\y-]Z- Øn-te°v hnNn-¥\w amdn h∂p F∂Xv kzmKXm¿lamWv. ]s£ s\m¥p-s]‰ aI≥ acn-®n´m-bmepw acp-aI - f - psS IÆocv I≠m¬ aXn F∂ AΩm-bn-AΩ - b - psS at\m-`m-hhpw IqSn amdn°n-´n-bm¬ sFIy-Øn\p sNdn-sbmcp hmXm-b\ - s - a¶nepw Xpd-∂p-In-´pw. \thm-∞m\ kaql sFIy-sØ-°p-dn®v kpµc-ambn Hcp t]Pn¬ hnØp-]m-In-bn´v AXns‚ ap≥t]-Pn¬ sFIyw ]q¿Æ-am-bn-ØI¿°p∂ sImSp-hmfpw IqSn Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn-°p-∂Xnse kwkvImcw Hcn°epw \thm-∞m\ {]ÿm-\-Øn-t‚-X√ F∂v khn-\bw Hm¿Ωn∏n-°-s´.

ka-\zbw, kv{Xo km∂n-≤yk-º∂w Ip‰-a‰`-£W - h - n-XcWw F√m- s a√mw hfsc {]uVw. t`jv a°tf t`jv F∂m- b n. Hscm‰ \yq\X am{Xw sXfn- ™ p- \ n∂p ˛ Fs¥-∂m¬, BIm-i-Øn\p Nph-´n¬ `qan- ° p- ] - c n- b n¬ GsXs≠√m hnj-bß - fpw aq∂mep-Zn-hk - ß - f - n¬ 43 sk£-\pI- f n- e mbn N¿® sNbv X p. kp{]-he - n-∏a - p≈ t\m´okpw th≠n-h∂ - p. F∂m¬ temI apkv e nw- I - f n¬ A¿∞- h Ømb Kuc-ht- a-dnb BtKmf-N¿®-bmb ˛ tIc-f-Øn¬ hfsc khn- t i- j - a mbn ˛ N{µ-amk \n¿Æ-b-hp-am-bp≈Xv I, am, A£cw t]m epw N¿®°p hcp-Øn-bn-√. Hu Fs¥mcp _p≤n! F s¥mcp "ss[cyw'! N¶q‰w! t\Xm- ° sf ˛ _lpØv tPmdmbn sIt´m, an≠-cp-tX. ]Sn-™m-dp-Zn-°m-dp≈ N{µ≥ Ing-t°m-´m-bn-t∏m-Ipw. N¿® sNø-cp-tX, Hcn-°e - pw. "Aen aWn- I v ^ m\n'Isf- ° p- d n®v Ip‰-ambn ]d-bm-\m-bmepw Ah-kcw sImSp-°c - ptX! GXm- b mepw Imcy- Ø nte°p IS-°mw. ktΩ-f\w hnP- b n- ∏ n- ° m≥ F√m hn`mKw apPm-ln-Zp-Ifpw klI-cn®p IeymWw awK-f-am°nb ÿnXn°v ]g-Øns‚ hen∏w IqSn-t∏mbn F∂p ]d-tb-≠X - n-√m-bn-cp-∂p hnNn¥\w hmcn-I° - v. 2014 am¿®v 21se ap≥t]- P n¬ "FS- c nt°mSv ktΩ- f \w ˛ 8˛mw apPm-lnZv ktΩ-f\w F∂Xv tImS- X n- b - e £yw' F∂p Fgp-Xn-hn-tS-≠X - n-√m-bn-cp-∂p. tImSXn ]ncn-™n-´mWv hnNn-

(tSmƒtÃm-bn) 63


BcmWo ao¿km-Kpemw ˛ 2

{]ÿm\w

JmZn-bm-\n-bpsS s]cpw-I-≈-߃ A_vZp¬ amen-Iv, Xncp-hn-ezm-ae

64

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

D≠m-bn-´p-≈q. sXfn-bn-°m\m- I msX ÿe- I m- e t_m[w Xs∂ \jvS-s∏´ JmZn-bm\n kmln_v ]ns∂ ]d- ™ p- I q- ´ nb \pWIƒ°pw Zp¿hym- J ym- \ ߃°pw im]- h m- ° pIƒ°pw IW- ° n- √ m- b n- c p∂p. A√mlp kwi-b-c-lnX-at\y t\csØ {]Jym]n® kqd: A≥-Ba - nse 93˛mw hN\w ImWpI: ""A√m- l p- h ns‚ t]cn¬ I≈w sI´n- ® - a - b v ° p- I tbm, X\n°v bmsXmcp Znhy-t_m-[-\hpw \¬Is∏-SmsX "F\n°v t_m [\w e`n- ® n- c n- ° p∂p' sh∂p ]d-bp-Itbm sNbv X-h-t\-°m-fpw, A√mlp Ah-X-cn-∏n-®-Xp-t]m-se-bp≈Xv Rm\pw Ah-X-cn-∏n°m- s a∂v ]d- ™ - h - s \°mfpw henb A{Ian Bcp-≠v. B A{I-an-Iƒ ac-W-sh-{]m-f-Øn-em-bn-cn-

°p∂ cwKw \o I≠n-cp∂p-sh-¶n¬! \n߃ \nßfpsS Bflm-°sf ]pd-Ønd-°p-hn≥ F∂p ]d-™psIm≠v ae-°p-Iƒ AhcpsS t\sc Xß- f psS ssIIƒ \o´n-s°m-≠n-cn°pw. \n߃ A√m- l phns‚ t]cn¬ kXy-a-√mØXv ]d-™p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂Xn-s‚bpw Ahs‚ ZrjvSm¥-ßsf Al-¶c - n®v X≈n°- f - ™ n- c p- ∂ - X n- s ‚bpw ^e-ambn C∂v \n߃°v lo\-amb in£ \¬Ip-∂XmWv F∂v ae- ° p- I ƒ ]d-bpw.'' (hn.Jp: 6: 93) {]t_m- [ - \ - Ø n- \ mbn \sΩ-tØSn hcp∂ JmZn-bm\n-It- fmSv \nß-fpsS {]hmN-I≥ AlvaZ- ns‚ Ad-_nbnepw Cw•o-jnepw Ddp-Zphnepw a‰pw Ds≠∂p ]dbp∂ hlvbns‚ kam-lmcw H∂p ImWn-®p-Xcq F∂p ]d-™m¬ AXv Rß-fpsS

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

{]hm-N-IXzw In´n-sb∂hIm-i-s∏´v At\Iw Jp¿-B≥ Zp¿hymJym- \ - ß fpw Ckv e m- a nI {]am-Wß - f - n¬ A´n-ad - nbpw \S- Ø nb ao¿km- K pemw AlvaZpw Xs‚ A\p-N-c∑mcpw G‰p-]m-Snb G‰hpw henb \pW At±-lØ - n\p A√m-lp-hn-¶¬ \n∂v Znhyt_m-[\ - a - mbn hlvbv h∂p F∂-Xm-Wv. AXv sXfn-bn°-Ws - a∂v apkvenw temIw Imcy-ambn Bh-iy-s∏-´n-√. ImcWw, \p_p- ∆ Øv F s∂-t∂-°p-ambn Ah-km-\n∏n-®t- XmsS amemJ aptJ\ \¬I-s∏-Sp∂ hlvbv Ahkm- \ n- ® p- s h∂v temI- a pkvenw-Iƒ Dd-∏mbpw a\- nem-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. JmZn-bm\n-bp-ambn X¿°hpw hmZ-{]Xn-hm-Z-ßfpw \S-∂-t∏mƒ Nne hy‡n- I ƒ hlv b v sXfn-bn-°m≥ Bh-iy-s∏´ H‰-s∏´ kw`-hß - ƒ am{Xsa

X\n°v

{]t_m-[\ - Ø - n-\mbn \sΩ-tØSn hcp∂ JmZn-bm-\n-It- fmSv \nß-fpsS {]hm-NI - ≥ AlvaZ - ns‚ Ad-_n-bnepw Cw•o-jnepw Ddp-Zp-hnepw a‰pw Ds≠∂p ]d-bp∂ hlvbns‚ kam-lmcw H∂p ImWn-®p-Xcq F∂p ]d-™m¬ AXv Rß-fpsS Iøn-ep-≠v, AhnsS tI{µ-Øn-en-cn-∏p-≠v, ImWn®p Xcmw F∂pw ]d™v FSp-°m≥ t]mbn´v Xncn-®p-hc - m-dn-√. "XZvInd' F∂ {KŸ-ap-s≠-¶nepw A\p-bm-bn-Iƒ t]mepw ImWm-dn-√. lnµp-°ƒ°v KoX-bp-≠v. PqX¿°v Xudm-Øp-≠v, {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ°v ss__n-fp-≠v. apkvenw-Iƒ°v Jp¿-B-\pap-≠v. AXp-t]mse Ft¥ JmZn-bm-\n-If - psS AlvaZo hlvbns‚ kam-lm-c{- K-Ÿa - n-√m-ØX - v.

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

N- I s‚ \ho- \ - a - X sØ Dt]-£n-°p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-bXv . A√mlp Xnc- s ™- S pØp- s h- ∂ - h - I m- i - s ∏- S p∂ \_n°v sImSp- Ø - b ® hlv b v Abmƒ°p- X s∂ a\- n- e m- I p- ∂ n- s √- ¶ n¬ temIØv AXm¿°p a\- nem-Ipw. Hcp lnµp _me t\mSpw ao¿k AXns‚ A¿∞w tNmZn-®n´pw In´mXn-cp-∂-t∏m-gmWv A∫mkv Aen-°-b-®-Xv. Nne "A°hlvbp'Ifpw ao¿k°p a\ n-em-bn-´n-√-s{X.

sI´n-®-a-bv°p∂ I≈-߃

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

am‰n-a-dn-®p. ImcWw AXp km£m¬ ssZhnI ktµihpw Znhy- t _m- [ - \ hpw Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p. JmZn- b m\n kmln_v h∂p t]mbn´v \q‰m≠v H∂pI- g n- ™ p. temI- Ø n\p ]pXp-Xmbn F¥p {]tXyI shfn-®a - m-Wv, BZ¿i-am-Wv, XXz-im-kv{X-am-Wv, `c-WL - S-\-bm-Wv, kwkvIm-c-amWv Alva-Zn-øØv \¬In-bn-´p≈Xv? hnip≤ Jp¿-B\ - nse Bb- Ø p- I - f n¬ IS- b v ° tem \Sp-hntem A‰tØm AtX- t ]m- e p≈ at‰- s X¶nepw ]Z- ß tfm hmN- I ßtfm G®p-Iq´n JmZn-bm\n-bpsS hlvbmbn Ah-Xcn-∏n®p X´n-∏p-Iƒ \S-Ønbn-´p-≠v. apkvenw ]fin-X∑m¿ AX-∏t- ∏mƒ ]nSn-IqSn JmZn- b m- \ n- I sf tNmZyw sNbvXn-´p-ap-≠v. bmsXmcp Znhy-t_m-[-\hpw e`n-°msX, Rm≥ \_n- b m- W v , F\n°v Znhy- t _m- [ - \ - a ps≠-∂-h-Im-i-s∏´v apsskena F∂-bmsf \_n(-k) t\cn´ Ncn{Xw Adn-bp∂ apkvenw-Iƒ°v JmZn-bm-\n-IfpsS P¬]- \ - ß - f n¬ bm sXmcp ]pXp-abpw tXm∂p∂n-√. Cw•ojv Adn-bmØ JmZn- b m\n kmln- _ n\v Cw•o-jn¬ h∂ hlvbp-IfpsS A¿∞w t]mepw AdnbmsX AXn¬ ]‰nb sX‰pIƒ Xncp-Øm≥ Bh-iy-s∏´p- s Im≠v ao¿ A∫mkv Aenjm F∂ Xs‚ A\pbm- b n°v ao¿km- K pemw IØ- b - ® p. IØp- h m- b n® A∫m-ken Cu hymP-{]-hm-

Iøn-ep-≠v, AhnsS tI{µØn- e n- c n- ∏ p- ≠ v , ImWn®p Xcmw F∂pw ]d™v FSp°m≥ t]mbn´v Xncn-®p-hc - mdn-√. "XZvInd' F∂ {KŸap- s ≠- ¶ nepw A\p- b m- b nIƒ t]mepw ImWm-dn-√. lnµp- ° ƒ°v KoX- b p- ≠ v . PqX¿°v Xudm- Ø p- ≠ v , {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ°v ss__n- f p- ≠ v . apkv e nwIƒ°v Jp¿- B - \ pap- ≠ v . AXp-t]mse Ft¥ JmZnbm- \ n- I - f psS Alv a Zo hlvbns‚ kam-lm-c-{K-Ÿan-√m-Ø-Xv. At±- l hpw kz¥w A\p- b m- b n- I fpw Hcp- ] mSv Fgp- X n- ° q´n AsX√mw hlvbm-sW∂v Ko¿hmWw hn´-Xp-sIm≠v A√m-lp-hn¶¬ \n∂p≈ hlv b mIptam? temI-Øn\p e`yamb thZ- { K- Ÿ - ß - s f√mw AXmXp ImesØ P\-ßsfbpw Xe- a p- d - I - s fbpw i‡- a mbn kzm[o- \ n- ° pIbpw bpKm-¥c - ß - f - n-te°v AXns‚ shfn-®hpw am¿§Z¿i- \ - ß fpw Xcw- K - a mbn Nen-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p-≠v. et£m- ] - e £w A√, ˛ tImSn- ° - W - ° n¬ ˛ P\ßsf ]cn- h ¿Øn- ∏ n- ° pIbpw B {KŸ- ß sf tI{µo- I - c n®v At\- I - a t\Iw CuSp‰ cN-\-Ifpw Nn¥-I-∑m-scbpw ]fin-X∑m- s cbpw Bcm- [ - I - h r- µ sØbpw alm- ∑ m- s c- b psams° P\n- ∏ n- ° p- I bpw hf¿Øp-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p≠v. hnip≤ Jp¿-B\ - m-Is´ temI-Øns‚ KXn Xs∂

A√mlp ]d- ™ psh∂pw ]d™v ]®-°-≈߃ At±lw kpe-`a - mbn Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v. Dd-°Øn¬ A√m- l p- h ns\ kµ¿in-®p. {]h-N\ - ß - f - psS tcJ- I - f n¬ A√mlp Nph∂ ajn-sIm≠v H∏n-´psIm-Sp-Øp. t]\-ap-\-bn-ep≠mb A[n-I- ajn A√m lp IpS- ™ p. B ajn Xs‚ `rXy≥ A_v Z p√ k\q-cn-bpsS tIm´nepw s - Xm∏n- b nepw h∂p- ] - X n- ® p. lJo-JØ - p¬ hlvbv F∂ JmZn-bm-\n-bpsS ]pkvX-IØn¬ CØcw ]e P¬]\-ßfpw ImWmw. ""kao-atb A≥Pmta BYw'' F∂ IrXn-bn¬ Cukm-\_ - n(-A)bpsS apØ-»n-am¿ thiy-Ifm-sW∂p hlvbv h∂-Xmbn tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. A°m-cysØ-°p-dn®v Nn¥n®p Xm≥ Xf¿∂p-t]m-bn, bmsXmcp adp-]-Snbpw Is≠-Øm-\mbn√ F∂pw ao¿k P¬]n65


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

N- \ - h pw. AXn- \ p- t ijw ao¿k- b psS "B{¥- i qe' tcmKw (\n¬°mØ hb-dnf- ° hpw c‡- { km- h - h pw) aq¿≤\yw {]m]n- ® p. auem\m k\m-D√m Pohn-®ncns° Xs∂ I°q- k n¬ hoWp acWw ]qIn-bmWv ao¿k-bpsS A¥y-ap-≠m-bXv. Aßs\ A√mlp hymPhm-Znsb temI-Øp-\n∂v 1908 sabv 26\v Xncn®p hnfn-®p. hnip≤ Jp¿- B - \ n- s \bpw {]hm- N - I - h - N - \ - ß - s fbpw apl-ΩZv \_n(-k)-sbbpw C{X-am{Xw NqjWw sNbvXv Ah-bpsS ad-hn¬ {]hm-NIXzw Na™ ao¿k°pw JmZn- b m- \ n- I ƒ°pw Cu temIØv G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ tZjyhpw i{Xp- X bpw apkvenw-It- fm-Sm-Wv. PqX-∑mtc-°mƒ ITn-\∑ - m-cm-bn-´mWv apkvenw-Isf Ah¿ ImWp∂-Xv. (Xp-S-cpw)

tcmK-ßf - p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v At±lw Xs∂ ]d-™n-cp∂p. G‰hpw Kpcp- X cw andmJv ˛ hnjm-Z-tcmKw ˛ lnÃo-cn-b, NnØ-{`aw (am-enJq-en-b), £b-tcmKw apXem-b-h-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ao¿kbpsS ac- W - Ø n\p Hcp h¿jw apºv JmZn-bm-\n-kØns‚ IWvT-tIm-Sm-enbpw A¥-I\pw alm-]-fin-X-hcy- \ p- a mb auem\m Y\mD√m Aar-Xvk-cn-s°-Xnsc Hcp im] {]m¿∞- \ bpw {]h-N\ - hpw \S-Øp-Ib - p-≠mbn. Xs‚ im]w kzoI-cn-°s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p-sh∂v At±-lØn\p shfn-]mSpw D≠m-bs{X. {]h-N\w Xs‚ \_nXz-hm-Z-Øns‚ ZrjvSm-¥-ambn- c n- ° p- s a∂v ao¿k ]ckyhpw sNbvXp. ""\Ω-fn-cph-cn¬ ˛ (ao¿kbpw auem\-bpw) ˛ kXy-hm≥ Pohn-®ncns° hymP-hmZn Zmcp-Wambn acWw hcn-°pw.'' CXmbn-cp∂p B im]hpw {]h-

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

°p-∂p. Hcp hy‡n h∂v Fs‚ ]mZ-ßf - n¬ Npw_-\a¿∏n- ® p. At∏mƒ Rm≥ ]d™p: Rm≥ Xs∂- b mIp∂p lP- d p¬ Akv h Zv (A¿_Cu≥ 4, t]. 15). Hcp shfn- ] m- S n¬ A√mlp Xt∂mSv ]d- ™ - X mbn ao¿km ]d-bp∂p: ""ssZhw Xs‚ knwlm-k-\-Øn-en-cp∂p- s Im≠v \ns∂ ]pIgvØp-∂p. \ns‚ ASp-tØ-°h≥ \S-∂p-h-cp-∂p.'' (A¬ _pjvdm, hmfyw 1, t].56). FÆn-bm-sem-Sp-ßmØ CØ-cw \pW-Iƒ At±-lØn- t ‚- X mbn \nd- ™ p- I hn™v Hgp-Ip∂p Ah-cpsS {KŸ-ß-fn¬. A√m-lp-hns‚ t]cn¬ hymPw ]d- b p- ∂ - h ¿ ClØnepw ]c-Ønepw \nµy-∑mcm-bn-cn-°p-sa∂ A√m-lphns‚ {]Jym-]\w ao¿kbn¬ Aß-s\-Øs∂ km¿ ∞- I - a m- b - X mbn ImWmw. At±-l-Øn\v H∂-c-U-k≥

Ah¿ ]d-bp-∂Xv Im]-Sy-Ønse kXyw: \So-\S- ∑ - m¿ am{X-amWv kXy-k‘ - X - b - p≈ Im]-Sy-°m¿. Ah-cpsS hnNm-cß - ƒ t]mepw Ah¿ ISw hmßn-bX - m-bn-cn-°pw.

(lm-kven-‰v)

ssIbv]p‰ kXyw: ""{]IrXn hn`-h-߃ NqjWw sNbvXv h≥InS Iº-\n-Iƒ sImgp-Øt- ∏mƒ Irjn sNbvXp Pohn-®n-cp∂ BZn-hm-kn-Iƒ°v `qan \jvSs - ∏-´p. kwÿm\-Øns‚ sX°pw hS-°p-ap≈ h\-ta-J-e-bnse Irjn-`qan J\\w \S-Øp∂ _lpcmjv{S Iº-\n-I-fpsS ssIbn-em-bn. Irjn Xf¿∂p. C¥y-bpsS s\√d a‰n-S-ß-fn¬ \n∂v Acn sIm≠p-ht- c-≠n-h∂ - p.'' (hn.Sn kt¥mjv Ipam¿)

ASn-s]mfn _nkn-\kv: kwÿm-\Øv aZy-hn¬]-\b - n-eq-sS-bp≈ hcp-am\w HºXn-\m-bncw tImSn (90 aney≥)cq-]b - mbn sdt°m¿Un-´p. CXp-hgn JP-\m-hn-te°v e`n°p∂ hcp-am-\Ø - n¬ h¿≤-\b - p-≠m-sb∂v FIvsskkv hIp-∏p-a{¥n ]d™p. Cu kmºØnI h¿jw Ign-bp-tºmƒ AXv 9250 tImSn Ihn-bp-sa∂pw At±lw ]d-™p. Ign™ kmº-ØnI h¿jw 8818 tImSn cq]-bm-bn-cp∂p hchv! (Sn.-hn.-sI.-sI.) 66

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


Bi¶

kv{Xo]Yw

Sn.-Sn.-ap-lΩ - Zv Ip´n, IÆ-aw-Kew

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

apgp-h≥ kv{XoIƒ°pw H∂mw `mcy-bm-hm≥ Ahkcw e`n-°msX hcp-tºmƒ Icp-Wm-\n-[n-bmb {kjvSmhv Ah¿°v \memw `mcy hsc Bhm-\p-ff AhImiw \¬In-bn-cn-°p-∂p. F∂m¬ kzm¿∞n- I - f mb ]pcp-j∑ - m¿ Hcp kv{XobpsS am{Xw _m[yX G¬°p∂p. _m°n- b p- f - f - h sc NqjWw sNøm≥ Xm¬] cy-sa-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. I\ym- k v { Xo, tZh- Z mkn k{º- Z m- b - ß ƒ CXns‚ `mK-am-Wv. Nqj-I-∑m¿°v A\p-Iq-e-amb \nb-a-߃ \n¿Ωn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. Nqjn-XIƒ°v am\y-amb ÿm\w \¬Im\pw {ian- ° p- ∂ p. AXn- \ m¬ Zp¿\- S - ∏ p- I m¿ \m´n¬ s]cpIn hcp- ∂ p. Ah¿°v th≠ kuI-cysam- c p°n sImSp- ° pI h≥InS hyh- k m- b - a mbn hf¿∂p sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂p. c≠mw hnhm-l-߃ ChcpsS Xmev ] - c y- ß ƒ°v FXn-cm-Wv. AXn-\m¬ Ah¿ c≠mw hnhmlw \ne-hnep-ff `mcy-am-cpsS Ah-Imi- Ø n- e p- f f Itø- ‰ - a mbn Nn{Xo-I-cn-°p-∂p. AXn-s\Xnsc Ah-sc-s°m≠v {]NcWw \S-Øn-°p-∂p. kw`-h-

A©mw hm¿jn-I∏ - X - n-∏n¬ kv{XoIfpsS Ah-Im-iß - fpw hnhml-{]m-bhpw F∂ teJ-\Øn¬ Cßs\ ImWp-∂p. ""hf-sc-b-[nIw \nb-¥-W߃°v hnt[-ba - mbn I¿°i- a mb \nb- a - ß - f neqsS A\p-h-Zn-°-s∏´ H∂mWv _lp-`m-cym-Xzw. F∂m¬ ap…ow- I - f n¬ s]´ Nne¿ \nb- a - e w- L \w \SØn tXm∂n-bX - p-t]mse s]Æp sI´p-∂p-≠v. Nne-cpsS Cßs\-bp-ff c≠mw-sI´v C…mans\ hna¿in-°p-hm-\p-ff Ah-kcw \¬I-em-Wv.'' Cu hmN- I - ß - f nse A]-I-S-ßfpw hnh-c-t°-SpIfpw Npcp°n hnh-cn-°pI {ia-Ic - a - m-Wv. Hcp kv{Xosb kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw IpSpw-_P - o-hnXw \bn-°m-\pff Ah-Imiw \nb-{¥n-°s∏- S p- ∂ p- s h- ¶ n¬ as‰√m Ah-Im-iß - fpw A{]-k‡ - am-Wv-. Hmtcm Pohn-I-fnepw kv{Xo]p-cpj A\p-]mXw {]Ir-Xn-bmWv \n¿Æ-bn-®n-´pf- f - X v . a\p- j y¿°n- S - b n¬ F°m-eØpw Fhn-tSbpw kv{XoIƒ Aev]w IqSp-Xem-bn-cn-°pw. a\p-jy-cpsS CS-s]-S-ep-≠m-bm¬ Ahÿ amdmw.

A¬^-\m¿

_lp-`m-cymXzw \oXn-s°-Xntcm? tem-IsØ bmYm¿-∞y-ßf - dn-bmsX \njvIf - ¶cmb aXt\-Xm-°fpw Fgp-Øp-Imcpw BSns\ ]´n- b m- ° p- ∂ - h cpsS ]cn-lm-kØ - n¬ IpSpßp- ∂ p. Ah¿°v th≠n C…m- a nI \nb- a - ß sf Zp¿hym- J ym\w sNbv X v am∏p-km-£n-Ifmbn \n¬°p-∂p. `mcy-am¿°n-Sb - n¬ \oXn ]men-°m≥ Ign-bmØh¿ Hcp hnhmlw Ign-®m¬ aXn F∂ D]-tZiw Ign-®m¬ F¥v I¿°-ia - mb \nb-{¥W- a mWv Jp¿- B - \ ntem kp∂-Øntem DffXv? aq∂v iX- a m- \ - t Ømfw kv { Xo Iƒ°v kl-`m-cy-bp-≠m-hp∂-tXmsS Xocp∂ {]iv\ta C°m- c y- Ø n- e p- f fq F∂ncns° \oXnsb C{X henb Imcy-ambn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p∂Xv AXncp Ihn-®et√? Cu Bi¶ Hgn- h m- ° m≥ AtX A≤ym- b - Ø n¬ Xs∂ \oXnsb Jp¿-B≥ \n¿h-Nn-°p-∂Xv ImWp-I. ""\n߃ F{X Xs∂ B{K- l n- ® mepw kv { XoI ƒ°n-S-bn¬ \oXn ]pe¿ Øm- \ m- h n- √ . Hcp- h sf _‘n-X-sb-t∏mse B°pw-hn[w a‰-hf - n-te°v Nmbm-Xn-cn-°p-I. \∂mbn 67


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Xm- ° p- ∂ p. {kjv S m- h ns‚ \nb- a - Ø n- t e°v Xncn®p t]mImØ Ime- t Ømfw kv{Xo[-\w, kv{Xo]o-U-\w, hnhm-lt- am-N\w F∂n-hs - °Xn- s c- b p- f f k¿∆- { ]- N - c Whpw {]b-Xv\hpw ]mgvthe-bm-bn-cn-°pw. AXn-\m¬ IpX-{¥-°m-cpsS Ip{]-Nc - W - ߃°v apºn¬ A]-I¿jXm-t_m-[-tØmsS \n¬°p∂Xn\v ]Icw ktlm- Z - c - k - a p- Z m- b - Ø nse Xpey- Z px- J n- X ¿°v IqSn kXyw a\- n-em-°m≥ {ian°p-Ib - mWv \mw th≠-Xv.

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

A]- a m- \ n- X - I - f m- h p- I tbm Bfl- l Xy sNøp- I tbm sNøp-∂p. Cu Ahÿ `b-∂mWv ta¬hn- e m- k - a n- √ m- Ø - h - s cs°m≠pw A\y-`m-j-°m-c\mb adp- \ m- ´ p- I m- c - s \s°m≠pw ]ecpw s]¨a°sf a\-an√m a\t msS sI´n®p hnSp-∂-Xv. kz¥w a°ƒ°v Cu KXn hcm-Xn-cn-°m-\mWv ]m¿∏nSw hn‰pw hcs\ tee- Ø n¬ ]nSn-°p-∂-Xv. AXn\pw IgnbmØ Zo¿L-Zr-jvSn-bp-ff - h - ¿ K¿`-Øn¬ sht®m P\n® tijtam Ip™ns\ C√m-

s]cp-am-dp-Ibpw kq£vaX ]men-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂psh-¶n¬ A√mlp s]mdp°p-∂-h\pw Icp-Wm-\n-[nbp-am-bn-cn-°pw.'' (am-CZ 129) bmYm¿∞yw CXm- b ncns° Nne- c psS Aev ] Øcw ImcWw A\- h [n kv { XoIƒ Ahn- h m- l n- X Ifpw hn[-h-Ifpw hnhm-ltam- N n- X - I - f p- a mbn Hcp Ip™n\v t]mepw P∑w \ev I m- \ m- h msX H‰- s ∏´p Ign- b p- ∂ p. kz¥- t ØmSpw kaq-lt- ØmSpw a√-Sn®v Ignbm-\m-hmsX Nne-sc-¶nepw

aA-vZ-\n-bpsSsbmcp "hn[n'! ""H‰-°m-en¬ sRm≠n \S-°p∂, IÆp-I-fn¬ Iqcn-cp´p ]S¿∂, amc-I-tcm-K-ß-fm¬ \c-Ib - m-X\ A\p-`h - n-°p∂ Hcp a\p-jy≥ cmPy-tØmSv bp≤w sNøm-\n-dß - n-bn-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv. hntZi cmPy-ßf - n¬ \n∂v C¥y-bn-te°v Bbp-[ß - ƒ ISØn ChnsS kwlm-cXm-fih - a - m-Sp-Ib - m-Wv. Cß-s\-sbms° Hcp k¿°m¿ \oXn-]o-TØ - n\p apºmsI t_m[n∏n-°p-tºmƒ, aA-vZ\n F¥m-sW-∂d - n-bp∂ tIc-fØ - nse P\-߃ ImWn-°p∂ \n w-KX-bmWv a\x- m£n \jvSs - ∏-Sm-Øh - sc Jn∂-cm-°p-∂X - v. aA-vZ\n Pbn-en¬ Xs∂ Xf®n-Ss - ∏-Ss´ F∂m-{K-ln-°p-∂p≠v kwÿm-\sØ cmjv{Sob hyh-ÿ.'' ""Aßv Kzm≠-\mtam XS-hd - b - n¬ \c-In-°p∂ hntZ-in-If - psS t]cn¬ t]mepw IÆoscm-gp-°p-Ibpw Iq´-{]m¿∞\ \S-Øp-Ibpw sNøp∂ ]fin-X-in-tcm-a-Wn-Iƒ aA-vZ\n F∂ hnI-emw-K\ - mb ]fin-Xs‚ Imcy-Øn¬ {]Z¿in-∏n-°p∂ "R߃ amhn-em-bn-°mcm' F∂ at\m-KXn CXns‚ sXfn-hm-Wv. k¶p-NnX cmjv{Sob ]£-]m-Xn-Xz-Øns‚ ap∂n¬ a\ v I√m-hp∂ Zpc-hÿ bpw CtXm-sSm∏w AS-bm-fs - ∏-Sp-tØ-≠X - p-≠v.'' ""At±-lØ - ns‚ `mj-bnse sNdn-sbmcp ]ng-hn-\v, ssieo-`w-KØ - n-\p, ]Z-hn-\ym-kØ - nse BVw-_c - Ø - n-\v, `mh-lm-hm-Zn-If - nse [mcm-fn-ØØ - n\v sImSpØp Xo¿t°-≠n-h∂ ]ngbmWv At±-lØ - ns‚ H∂-cZ- i - Iw buh-\Ø - n¬ \n∂v X´n-°n-g® - s - X∂ Ibvt]-dnb kXyw Ncn-{X-Øn¬ Ipdn-®n-Ss - ∏´p Ign-™p.'' (Imknw Ccn-°q¿, am[yaw: 31/03/2014)

]Tn-∏n-t°-≠Xv ""kvIqfp-I-fn¬ F√mw ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂p-≠v. ]t£, Pohn-X-Øn-ep-≠m-Ip∂ sh√p-hn-fnIsf°pdnt®m Pohn-XØ - nse ]cm-Pb - ß - sf Fßs\ ssIImcyw sNøWw F∂-Xn-s\°p-dnt®m ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂n-√. icn°pw CXp-IqSn tNcp-∂X - t√ hnZym-`ym-kw.'' (P-b-kq-cy) 68

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


imkv{Xw \∑bv°v

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Wv. a\p-jy-Po-hn-Xhpw Cu {]Ir-Xn- \nb-aß - f - psS ]cn-[nbn¬ s]Sp-∂p. {]IrXn hyhÿ°v hncp- ≤ - a mb GXv {]h¿Ø- \ hpw tZmj- ^ - e ߃ Df-hm-°p-∂Xpw AXpsIm≠p Xs∂ \njn-≤h - p-amWv. ""AXn-\m¬ kXy-Ønep-d®p \n∂v aXsØ kao]n-°p-I. ssZhw a\p-jysc GsXmcp {]Ir- X n- b n¬ krjvSn-®n-cn-°p-∂pthm B {]Ir- X n- b m- W - h - \ p- f - f - X v . A√m- l p- h ns‚ krjv S n hyh- ÿ - b n¬ bmsXcp am‰hpw kw`-hy-a-√. AXm Wv h{I-Xb - n-√mØ \nb-aw. ]t£ a\p- j y- c - [ n- I hpw Imcyw {Kln- ° p- ∂ n- √ .'' (hn.Jp: 30: 30).

2.πqt´m-bv°p-a-∏pdw Ip≈≥{Klw:

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

e-ßf - psS kz`mh khn-ti-jX-Iƒ am‰n adn-°m≥ Ir{Xna t{Ima- t km- a p- I ƒ°v Ignt™-°mw. a\p-jy\pw {]IrXn°pw `oj-Wn-bmb PohnIsf krjv S n- ° m≥ Cu kmt¶-XnI hnZy°v Ign-bpsa-∂X - n-\m¬ imkv{X-tem-IØn¬ ]ecpw CXns\ hna¿in-°p-∂p-≠v. (k-b≥kv tP¿W¬ 2014) imkv{X-\∑Iƒ ZpjvSX - Iƒ°pw {]IrXn hncp-≤h - pam-°m≥ a\-jy-\h - I - m-ia - n-√. {]]© hyh-ÿsb AXv XInSw adn-°pw. hn.-Jp¿-B≥ ]d-bp∂p: ""ssZhm-\p-{K-lØn¬ \µn {]Im-in-∏n-°p∂-Xn\p ]Icw IrX-Lv\X ImWn- ° - c p- X v . '' (hn.Jp: 14:28, 2:211). {]Ir-Xn-bpsS Xmfw sX‰n-°m-\n-S-h-cp∂ I¿Ω- ß ƒ ss]im- N nI t{]c-I-am-Wv. ""B ]nimNv hgn-sX-‰n-°pw. hymtam-ln∏n-°pw. I∂p-Im-en-I-fpsS ImXp- I ƒ apdn- ∏ n- ° pw. {]]© {]IrXn hyh-ÿbpsS k¥p-en-XXzw Aet¶m-e-s∏-Sp-Øm-\p-]-tZ-in°pw.'' (hn.Jp: 4:119). A√mlp GXp hkvXphpw krjvSn-®n-´p-ff - Xv k¥p-en-Xamb {]Ir-Xn-tbmSv IqSn-bm-

ap\o¿ hS-°m-t©cn

\ΩpsS kuc- b q- Y Ønse G‰hpw AI-eØ - n¬ Dff πqt´m- b v ° p- a - ∏ pdw as‰mcp ‘Ipf-f≥ {Kl’sØ Kth-j-I¿ Is≠-Øn-bn-cn°p-∂p. 2012 hn.]n 113 F∂p \ma- I - c - W hpw sNbv X p. πqt´m ÿnXn sNøp∂ Inb]¿s_¬‰n\pw kuc- b qY AXn¿Øn-bmbn Icp-Xp∂ ‘Du¿‰v ¢ukn’\pw CS-bn-ep-

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Ir{Xna Poh≥ c£n°m≥ P\n-XI kmt¶-XnI imkv { X- ⁄ - ∑ m¿ \nc- ¥ c Kth- j - W - Ø n- e m- W - t √m. k¶o¿Æ-tIm-i-ß-fnse t{Imatkmw Nne Kth-jW - im-kv{X-⁄-∑m¿ Ct∏mƒ ]co-£-W-im-e-bn¬ \n¿Ωn®n-cn-°p-∂p. sNSn-If - p-sSbpw arK-ßf - psSbpw kz`m-hk - h - nti- j - X - I ƒ Cjv S m- \ p- k cWw am‰n ]p\-cq-]-I¬]\ sNøm-\p-ff {ia-߃°nXv Du¿÷w ]I¿∂n-cn-°p-∂p. \yqtbm¿°v k¿∆-Ie - m-ime C≥Ãn- ‰ yq´v Hm^v knÃw P\n- ‰ nIv Kth- j - I - c psS Is≠-Ø-em-Wn-Xv. aZy-ap-≠m-°m-\p-]-tbm-Kn°p∂ boÃv tImi-ß-fn¬ Ir{Xn-aa - mbn \n¿Ωn® t{Imatkm- a p- I ƒ k∂n- t h- i n- ∏ n®mWv Kth-jI - ¿ km[m-cW - tIm-iß - s - f-t∏mse CXns\ {]h¿Øn-∏n-®X - v. _mIvSo-cn-bI- f nse Un.- F ≥- F .sb t\ctØ Ir{Xn-aa - mbn Kthj- I ¿ D≠m- ° n- b n- c p- ∂ p. t{Ima-tkm-ap-I-fpsS Cg-]n-cnbepw th¿s]-Sepw tImi-hn`-P\ - Ø - n\p AXy-¥m-t]-£nX-am-Wv. AXn-\m¬ Poh-Pm-

1. Ir{Xna t{Imatkmw:

ssZhnI ZrjvSm-¥ß - ƒ I¨ap-ºn¬!

69


Jnew A¿∏n-°-s´. ""Ggp BIm-i-ßsf ASp-°p-Ifmbn krjv S n- ® - h - \ mWv A√m-lp. B ]c-aI - m-cp-WnIs‚ krjv S n- ∏ n¬ bm sXmcp \yq\-Xbpw ImWpI-bn√ Xs∂. AtX, Hcn°¬ IqSn \ns‚ ZrjvSn ]mbn-°p-I. h√ \yq\-X bpw ImWp-∂pt≠m? th ≠m, ]e- X - h W Bh¿ Øn®p t\m°ns°m≠n-cn°q. \ns‚ IÆv ]c-h-ibmbns°m≠p Xncn®p hcnI Xs∂-bm-bn-cn°pw ^ew'' (hn.Jp: 67:3,4)

3. imkv{X-tem-It- Ø°v \h Bc-I≥ a’yw:

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

πqt´m kqcy-\n¬ \n∂v 40 Akvt{Sm-W-an-°¬ bqWn‰v AI-e-Øn-em-Wv. F∂m¬ 2012hn.]n113 F∂ Cu {Klw 80 Akv t {Sm- W - a n- ° ¬ bqWn‰v AI-eØ - n-em-Wt- {X. skUv\ 72 Akvt{Sm-W-an°¬ bqWn‰v AI-eØ - n-epw. kuc-bq-Y-Øns‚ hnZq-c_m-ly-ta-J-e-bn¬ C\nbpw CXp- t ]m- e p- f - f h D≠m- I psa∂m-Wn-t∏mƒ Kth-j-I¿ A\p-am-\n-°p-∂-Xv. H∂n\p ]pdta Ah- k m- \ n- ° mØ Kth-jW - X - zc a\p-jy-lr-Zb - Ønepff Ime- a - { Xbpw CØcw Kth- j W ]co£W {ia- ß ƒ XpS¿∂psIm-≠n-cn-°pw. A\yq-\a - mb Cu alm- { ]- ] ©w F¥p am{Xw A¤p-XI - cw! tImSm\p-tImSn kuc-bq-Y-ß-fp-ff Cu _rlØv {]]- © Øns‚ \mY\p kvXpXn-If - n-

Bc-Is‚ P\p- n¬s∏´ Hcp ]pXnb a’yw Xncp-h√ ]pd-a-‰-Øn-\-Sp-Øp-ff IdpØ-h-S-t»-cn-°-c-bn¬ Is≠Øn- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. sIm√w Nhd Kh: tImtfPv kpthm-

ff {]tZ- i ØmWo sNdp{Klw ÿnXn sNøp-∂-Xv. ]Øp h¿jw apºv Is≠Ønb as‰mcp Ipf-f≥ {Klamb ‘sk Uv\’°v kao]-am-Wn-Xns‚ ÿm\w. Nnen-bnse sktdm- C ‚¿ Ata-cn-°≥ H_vk¿th-‰d - nbnse 13 ASn hnkvXm-ca - p-ff Zqc-Z¿in\n D]- t bm- K n®v kv t Im¿´v sjt∏Upw lhmbv sPan\n H_vk¿th‰-dn-bnse NmUvhnIv F.-{Sp-Pntembpw tN¿∂mWv ]pXnb Cu {KlsØ Is≠-Øn-bXv . πqt´m- b v ° - ∏ pdw as‰m∂pw D≠m-In√ F∂ [mcW CtXmsS Xncp-Øs - ∏´p. πqt´mbpw skUv\bpw Dƒs∏-Sp∂ πm\-t‰m-bn-UpIƒ F∂ {Kq∏n¬ CXns\ Kth-jI - ¿ Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn°p-∂p. CtXmsS kqcy-\n¬ \n∂v G‰- h p- a - I - s e- b p- f f hkvXp πqt´m Bbn-cp-∂psh∂ ]Z- h nbpw ]n∂oSv s k U v \ - ° m - b n cp∂psh∂Xpw c≠p t]¿°pw \jv S - a m- b n. kqcy\pw `qanbpw XΩn¬ 15 tImSn In. ao‰¿ AI-ea - m-Wv. CXns\ Hcp Akvt{Sm-W-an°¬ bqWn‰v F∂v ]d-bpw. 2340 In.-ao-‰¿ hnkvXm-c-ap-ff 70

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

cp∂ P\p- p- I - f n¬ s]´ Bc- I ≥ kv ] njo- k p- I ƒ. Ct∏mƒ \mep h¿§-am-bn. `£y-tbm-Kyhpw Ae-¶m-c-a’y- h p- a mbn ImWmhp∂XmWv. Bgw Ipd™ Pem-ib - ß - f - n¬ Pohn-°p-∂p. \Zn-I-fpsS hi-ß-fn-ep-ff Ip‰n-s®-Sn-I-fnepw ]md-°-√pIƒ°n-S-bn-ep-amWv kt¶-Xambn Xnc-s™-Sp-Øn-cn-°p-∂Xv. CXn\v ‘C‚¿\m-j-W¬ IΩo-j≥ Hm^v kpthm-fP - n°¬ t\ma≥ tIz®¿’ AwKoImcw e`n®p Ign- ™ p. temI- i mkv { X Um‰m t_¶n¬ cPn-ÿ sNø-s∏´p Ign-™p. H∂-c-\q-‰m-≠n\p tij- a mWv tIc- f - Ø n¬ \n∂p BZy-ambn temI-imkv{X-P-\p- n¬s∏´ ]pXnb Bc-Is\ Xncn-®-dn-™-Xv. _lp- a m\y imkv { X⁄\pw Kth- j - I - \ p- a mb Fw. Aen-aW - n-Iv^m≥ e£Zzo]v Xoc-Øp-\n∂v ap∏-ØnA©v h¿j-߃°p apºv Hcp {]tXy-IX - cw a’ysØ Is≠Øn imkv { X- t em- I Øn\p ka¿∏n- ® n- c p∂Xpw ChnsS kv a cn- ° p- I - b m- W v . ‘A _ q - U - ^ v U - ^ v a m - W n Iv^m≥’ F∂mWv imkv{XtemIw AXn\p \ma-Ic - Ww sNbvXX - v. AXp-hsc Is≠Øn-bn-´n-√m-ØXpw At\Iw

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

fPn hn`mKw Akn- à ‚ v s{]m^-k¿ amth-en-°c XSØn-em¬ kztZin amXyqkv πmaq-´n-emWv Cu a’ysØ tiJ-cn-°p-Ibpw Xncn-®d - n-bpIbpw sNbv X - X v . CXns‚ hniZ imkv { X- t e- J \w tP¿W¬ Hm^v FIvkv]n-cnsa‚¬ kpthm- f - P n- b psS ]pXnb e°-Øn¬ {]kn-≤oI-cn-°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. aWn-a-e -\Zn- b psS {][m- \ - ` m- K Øp \n∂m- W n- X ns\ e`n- ® - X v . "amt{Im- · m- X kv `mkn- t b‰kv' F∂m-Wn-Xns\ \ma-IcWw sNbvXn-´p-ff - X - v. CXp-hsc e`y-amb CtX P\p- n¬ s]´ a‰p a’y-ßfp-am-bp-ff hyXymkw hy‡ambn Xncn- ® - d n- ™ n- ´ p- ≠ v . ]m¿iz-ß-fnepw apI-fnepw {_u¨ \ndw, Nph- ´ n¬ a™, ]m¿iz- ß - f n¬ IpdpsI 27 ISpw a™ hcIƒ. Hmtcm tPmSn hcIƒ°n- S - b nepw shf- f - \ n- d Øn-ep-ff Ft´m H≥]tXm s]m´p-Iƒ, apXp-Inse NndIn\pw hm¬®n-d-In\p apºpff Nnd-Inepw Xnc-›o-\a - mbn [mcmfw a™-tcJ-I-fp-≠v. apXp-®n-dI - n¬ [mcmfw apf-fpI-fp-ap-≠v. Iev]m-cI - ≥, ]\B-cI - ≥, hb-\m-S≥ Bc-Iƒ F∂n-hb - m-bn-cp∂p CXp-hs - cbmbn tIc- f - Ø n¬ I≠n-

khn-ti-jX - I - fpw Df-fX - m-bncp∂p B a’yw. Poh-Pm-e-a-Jn-esØ-bpw hmW- c p- f p∂ {]]- © - \ mYs‚ al-XzsØ hnfn-t®mXp∂ CØcw Kth- j - W ßfpw ]T-\-ßfpw ssZhmkvXn-Xz-Øn-te-°p-ff Nn¥sb DXn¿Øp hnSp-∂p. alm-{k-jvSm-hm-bh - ≥ am{Xw Bcm- [ n- ° - s ∏- S mhq F∂ ktµ-ihpw \¬Ip∂p. ""\n߃°v ImWm-hp∂ XqWp- I - s fm- ∂ p- a n- √ msX BIm- i - ß sf Ah≥ krjv S n- ® n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. `qan \nß-sfbpw sIm≠v Cf-ImXn-cn-°p-hm-\mbn AXn¬ Ah≥ Dd® ]¿∆-X-߃ \m´n- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. F√m Xcw P¥p- P m- e - ß - t fbpw AXn¬ hn\y-kn-®n-cn-°p∂p. hm\Øp \n∂v shffw sNmcn-bp-Ibpw hninjv-Samb CW- s bmØ kkytPm-Sn-I-tfbpw apf-∏n-®n-cn°p-∂p. CsX√mw A√m-lphns‚ krjv S n- b m- I p- ∂ p. F∂m¬, Ah\p ]pd-sa-bpf- f - h ¿ krjv S n- ® n- ´ p- f - f Xv F¥m- s W∂v \nß- s f\n°p ImWn®p Xcq. A√, A{I-aI - m-cn-Iƒ hy‡-amb hgn-tI-Sn-em-Ip-∂p”. (hn.Jp: 31:10,11)

a\p-jy¿ c≠p-Xcw ""\ΩpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ c≠p-Xcw a\p-jy-cp-≠v. Nne¿ \ap-°p-th≠n ImØn-cn°p-∂p. Nne¿°p-th≠n \mw ImØp-\n¬°p-∂p.'' (F-kv.F - ≥. s_l¿am≥) ""Adn-hn-√m-bvab - psS k¥-Xn-bmWv ap≥hn[n'' 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

(thmƒ´-b¿) 71


kwkvImcw s{]m^. ]n. apl-ΩZv Ip´-t»cn

DΩ-bpsS Im¬°o-gn-emWv kz¿Kw DΩm.... F∂v \o´n hnfn°p-tºmƒ, D-Ωb - psS Hm¿ΩIƒ Df-fn¬ Db¿∂p hcptºmƒ lrZ-b-Øn¬ Ae-adn-bp∂ hnIm-cß - sf A£c-ßf - n-eqsS {]Im-in-∏n-°m≥ Hcp Ihn°pw KZy-Im-c\pw Ign-bn-√. {]bm-kØ - n-\p-ta¬ {]bmkw kln®v ]Øp amkw hb-‰n¬ t]dn \S∂v s\m¥p {]k- h n® DΩ. Ip™ns‚ ]nd-hn-bn-ep-ff kt¥mjw F√m hnj-a-ßsfbpw Ah¿°v a[p-ct- h-Z\ - bmbn am‰p- I - b m--b n- c p- ∂ p. {]Ir- X n- b psS DS- a - b mb ssZh-Øns‚ i‡n F{X A¤p- X - I cw! Ip™n\v Bh- i y- a mb Blmcw Ah≥ DΩ-bpsS amdn-SØ - n¬ Xs∂ \nt£-]n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. bYm¿∞- Ø n¬ Ah¿ NpcØns°mSp-°p∂ ape∏m¬ Ah-cpsS lr-Zbw Nmen® a[p-hm-Wv. Ip™p-߃ F{X hepXm-bmepw DΩ-am¿°v Ah¿ F∂pw a°ƒ Xs∂. kv t \l- h m- ’ - e y- ß ƒ°v Hcp Ipdhpw D≠m-hp-Ib - n-√. DΩsb hn´v Ah¿ Zqsc-sbhn- s S- s b- ¶ nepw t]mbm¬ DΩ-bpsS lrZ-bØ - ns‚ Hcp `mKw ]ns∂ Ah-tcm-sSm-∏am-bn. Ah¿ kpc-£n-Xc - mbn Xncn-®p-h-cm-\p-ff {]m¿∞-\bm-sW-t∏m-gpw. {kjvSm-hn\v DΩ-tbmSpw 72

Ip™n-t\m-Sp-ap-ff A]m-camb Zbm-hm-bv]n\v hy‡-amsbmcp DZm-lc - Ww: ^tdmhm N{I- h ¿Øn \m´n¬ P\n°p∂ B¨Ip- ´ n- I - s fsb√mw sIm√m≥ hn[n® kµ¿`w. aqksb {]k-hn® DΩ-tbmSv Ip™ns\ s]´nbn-e-S®v ]pg-bn-sem-gp-°m≥ ssZhw tXm∂n∏n°p- ∂ p. Ip´n X∂n-te°p Xs∂ Xncns®-Øp-sa∂ {]Xo£ DΩbn¬ DW¿Øp-∂p. ^tdm-hmbpsS sIm´m-c-Øn-se-Ønb Ip´nsb ape-bq-´n hf¿Øm≥ ]‰nb kv{XoIsf ]‰n-bp-ff XIr-Xn-bmb At\z-j-Ww. Ah-km\w Ip´n ape IpSn°m≥ DΩ- b psS ASpØv Xncn- s ®- Ø p- ∂ p. Hcp DΩbpsS a\- ns‚ thZ\ Adnbp∂ A√m-lp-hns‚ bp‡n! Ah-fpsS IÆn\v Ipfn¿Ωtb-Im\pw ZpxJw am‰m\pw th≠n- b mWv ssZhw Cßs\ sNbvXX - v. DΩ-bpsS lrZ-bØ - ns‚ Imcyw AXy¤p-XI - cw Xs∂. {]kn≤ Ad_n Fgp-ØpIm- c - \ mb an°m- C u¬ \psFa AXv shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp∂Xv Cßs\: Ip´n DΩbpsS kao- ] Øv \n∂v th¿]n-cn-™m¬ DΩ°v c≠v lrZ-bhpw c≠v ico-c-hp-ambn. DΩ-am¿ Ip-´n-Isf Fs‚ Ictf, ItÆ Fs∂ms° hnfn- ° m- d n- t √. CsXm∂pw

Ahsc kw_- ‘ n- ® n- S tØmfw `wKn-hm-°p-I-f-√. Ip™n\v Fs¥-¶nepw hnja-ap-≠m-Ip-tºm-tg°pw DΩm°v Dc´n hnj-a-am-bn. Ahs‚ Rcºn¬ \n∂v Hcp Xpffn tNmc Hen-°p-tºm-tg°pw DΩ- b psS lrZbw s]m´n [mc-[m-cb - mbn Hgp-IpI-bm-bn. Ah-s\-sb-ßm\pw acWw ]nSn-Iq-Sn-bmtem AhcpsS lrZbw ]e-h´w a-cn°p-∂p..... CXmWv DΩ! kvt\lhpw hm’-eyhpw Dcp°n tN¿Øv cq]-s∏-Sp-Ønb Hcp D¬°rjvS s - sN-X\ - yw. DΩ,- A-Ω,aΩn F∂n-ßs\ `mjm-hyXym-ka - \ - p-kc - n®v F¥v t]cv hnfn-°s´ a F∂ A£-cØns‚ km∂n-[y-ap≠v Ahbn¬. a F∂v D®-cn-°m≥ Ip™n\v Fs¥m-sc-fp-∏w. Np≠p-Iƒ H∂v Iq´nØp-d°p-Itb th≠q. DΩ- b psS I\n- h ns‚ am[pcyw \pI-cm≥ a\p-jy≥ GXv \m´n-em-bmepw Ahs‚ lrZbw shºp-∂p. DΩ-bpsS k∂n-[n-bn-se-Øn-bm¬ A\p-`-h-s∏-Sp∂ BÀmZw Ah¿Æ-\o-bw. DΩ A¥n-aa - mbn th¿]ncn-bp-tºm-gp-ff thZ\ Akl-\obw Xs∂. c≠v IÆpw \jvS-s∏´ A‘- \ mb Ad_n°hn AΩ th¿]n-cn-™t- ∏m-gp-ff 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥


thZ\ Cßs\ ]I¿Øp∂p. ""Rm≥ A‘- \ mbn krjvSn-°s - ∏-´p. Fs‚ DΩbpsS IÆn-em-bn-cp∂p Fs‚ IÆns‚ shfn-®w. F\n°v Fs‚ DΩ \jvS-s∏-´p. ]S®-h-t\, Rm\n-t∏mƒ c≠p h´w A‘-\m-bn.'' {]kn≤ A‘ kmln-XyIm- c - \ mb tUm. Xmlm lpssk≥ Xs‚ Zpcn- X ]q¿Æ-amb Pohn-X-Ønse GIm-{ibw DΩ s\‰n-Ø-SØn¬ A¿∏n-°p∂ Npw_-\am-bn-cp∂p F∂v hy‡-am-°nbn-´p-≠v. as‰mcp Ad-_n-°hn DΩ-bpsS I\n-hns\ h¿Wn°p- ∂ Xv Cßs\: Fs‚ [\hpw Iq´p-Imcpw hne-]nSn® Ihn- X - I fpw F√mw F\n°v \- j v S - s ∏- ´ p. F∂m¬ apØp-Iƒ ]Xn® Inco-St- Ø-°mƒ hne-]n-Sn-∏pff Hcp \n[n F\n-°p-≠v. AXv Fs‚ DΩ-bpsS s\©n\-IsØ I\n-hm-Wv. kvt\l\n-[n-bmb, I\n-hns‚ ISemb Cu DΩ-sb∂ a\p-jyPo-hn-tbm-Sp-ff a°-fpsS ISa F{X-bm-Wv. Pohn- X - Ø n¬ G‰hpw \√ kl-hmkw Btcm-Sm-bncn- ° Wsa∂ tNmZy- Ø n\v {]hm-NI - ≥ ]d™ adp-]Sn DΩ-tbmSv F∂m-Wv. kz¿Kw DΩ-bpsS Im¬∏m-Z-߃°v Nph-sS-bm-Wv. DΩ-bp-tSbpw D∏-bp-tSbpw Xr]vXn t\Sm≥ Ign- b p- ∂ - h - \ mWv ssZhØns‚ Xr]vXn-°¿l-\m-hpI. DΩ {]hm- N - I s\ FXn¿°p∂ i{Xp-°-fpsS ]£-Øv. Ah¿ hnizm-kn-\nbmb aIsf kµ¿in-°m≥ hcp-∂p. kzoI-cn-t°-W-tam, klmbw k¬tI- W tam? 1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

{]hm-NI - ≥ Ahsc kzoI-cn®n-cp-Øm\pw th≠ klm-b߃ \¬Im\pw Akv a tbmSv I¬∏n- ° p- ∂ p. DΩbpsS BZ¿i-Øn-tem,-ka - o-]\-co-Xn-bntem F¥v t]mcmbva-I-fp-≠m-hs´ Atßm-´pff kao]- \ - Ø n¬ hogv N hcp-Øp-∂-Xn\v AsXm∂pw Imc-Wa - m-bn-°q-Sm. DΩ-bpsS shdp∏v kºm-Zn-°p-∂-Xns\ sIme- ] m- X - I - Ø n\v Xpeyamb Ip‰-ambn {]hm-N-I≥ hnti-jn-∏n-°p-∂p. A√mlp ldmw B°nb Ip‰w. DΩbpw D∏bpw ac-Ws - ∏´mepw Ah¿°p th≠n \∑ sNbvXv ]pWyw t\Smw. AhcpsS ]c-temI c£bv°p th≠n {]m¿∞n- ° p- I , Ah¿°v KpWw In´m≥ th≠n Zm\w sNøp-I. a°sf B‰p- t \m‰v hf¿Ønb DΩ hm¿[-Iy-Ønse-Øn-bm¬ Ah¿°v a°fn¬ \n∂v G‰hpw \√ ]cnN-cWw e`n-°W - w. F∂m¬ a°ƒ hr≤sc Ah- K - W n°p∂ Hcp ]pXnb kwkv°mcw temIØv hf-cpI-bm-Wv. ae- b m- f - Ø ns‚ {]nb IYm-Im-cnbpw Ih-bn-{Xn-bpamb Ia-em-kp-cø a°-fpsS Ah- K - W \ t]dp∂ hr≤bmb Hcp DΩ-bpsS Nn{Xw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p-sIm≠v AΩ Fs∂mcp IhnX Fgp-Xn-bn´p-≠v. AXnse Nne hcn-IfpsS Bibw ChnsS ]I¿Ø-s´: ""apSn t\¿Øp, \c- ® v , {]£p- _ v [ - a mb IS- e n¬ Nm™pw Ncn™pw \oßp∂ I∏¬ t]mse AΩ \S-°p-∂p. Ah-cpsS

I¨X-S-Øn¬ I¨a-jn-∏mSp- I - f n- √ , hkv { X- Ø n¬ I™n- ∏ - i - b n- √ . hd- ° Øv sI´-hs - f∂v tXm∂n-∏n-°p∂ Ahƒ kpa-øb - m-Imw, Ia-ebm-Imw, sIm®p-t{X-ky-bmImw. {]k- h - t ijw AΩsb∂ t]cn¬ am{Xw Adn-bs∏- S p- ∂ - h ƒ. aq{Xw \\® hncn-bn¬ kzbw InS-∂h - ƒ, O¿±nbpw aehpw tImcn-°f-™-hƒ. Im¥n-sI´ XdhmSv hnf-°v. {]am-Wn-If - mb a°sf iey-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Hcn°epw COn- ° m- Ø - h ƒ. a°sf `b-°p-∂h - ƒ. GIm¥- X bmw I™n tam¥n Xf¿∂-hƒ.'' Nne a°-fpsS AXy¥w lo\-amb {]hrØn Cßs\: a°ƒ AΩ-°-b® sN°pambn _m¶n¬ sN√p-tºmƒ ¢m¿°p-am¿ ]cn-lk - n®v Nncn°p-∂p. h≠n-s®°v! Ct∏mƒ ]pecn Ahƒ°v cmhm-Wv. a°sf sXmSp-hm≥ t]mepw `mKyw e`n-°m-Øhƒ. AΩ- s b∂ hnip≤ Pohn-bpsS B[p-\n-IN - n-{Xw. "" a m X m - ] n - X m - ° - f n ¬ c≠p t]cpw As√- ¶ n¬ Ah-cn¬ Hcmƒ hm¿[-IyØn-se-Øn-bm¬ Ah-tcmSv sO F∂v ]d- b - c p- X v . Ib¿Øv kwkm-cn-°-cp-Xv. Xmgva ImWn®v Ah¿°v Imcp- W y- ® n- d Iv Xmgn- Ø ns°m-Sp-°p-I. dt∫ Ah¿ Fs∂ sNdp∏Øn¬ hf¿Ønb t]mse \o AhtcmSv ImcpWyw ImWn-t°Wta F∂v {]m¿∞n-°p-I.'' (Jp¿-B≥) (I-S-∏mSv: N{µn-I)

73


Civ°m¬

Kw`o-cao \ - m-aß - ƒ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

bpsS ImeØv h±v, kphm-Av, bKzqkv, bDuJv, \kv¿ t]mse-bp-≈h - c - m-bn-cp-∂p. ]pdsa \_n-am-scbpw ae-°p-Is - fbpw \n›-bn-®n-cp∂p. AXp-t]mse Xzco-JØp {]ÿm\w Hcp]mSv XkvXn-II - fpw ÿm\-]Z- h - n-Ifpw Zd-PIfpw k¶¬∏n®v a¨a-d™ ssiJ-∑msc Hcp Xc-Øn¬ ]qPn®p {]m¿∞n®p sIm≠ncn-°p-∂p. imC-dp¬ _dmdn ]d™p: ""a¬Jp-Øp-_p, a¬Jpe-^m-D, a∂p-P_ - mD a¬ Kukp, a¬ HuXmZp, a∂p-J_ - mDu am lmZn-ln¬ AkvamD amZm J¬^lm em ssiD≥ C√m A∂lm AkvamDu'' ""F¥mWo JpØp-_v, F¥mWo Jpe-^mA-v, \pP-_m-Av, F∂p ]d-™m-se-¥m, Cu Kukpw HuXmZpw \pJ- _ mDw Hs° F¥mWv? Cu _lp-\m-aß - ƒs°√mw ]n∂nse-¥p≠v? Hcp Np°p-an√! Ipsd Kw`o-ct- ]cp-Iƒ ]d-bp-∂p-sh-∂-√m-sX.'' A√mlp kqd: \Pv a n¬ ]d- b p∂p: ""\nßfpw \nß-fpsS ]nXm-°fpw \ma-IcWw sNbvX Nne t]cp-I-f-√msX as‰m∂p- a √ Ah. Ah- s b- ∏ ‰n A√mlp bmsXmcp {]am-Whpw Cd-°n-Ø-∂n-´n-√. Dul-sØbpw a\- p-Iƒ C—n-°p-∂-Xns\bpw am{X-amWv Ah¿ ]n¥p-S-cp-∂-Xv. Ah¿°v Xß-fpsS c£n-Xm-hn-¶¬ \n∂v k∑m¿Kw h∂n-´p-≠p-Xm-\pw. F∂n-´pw.'' (hn.-Jp. 53: 23)

○ ○

Xpeyw ssZh-Im-cpWyw GsX-¶n-ep-samcp PmXnt°m aX-hn-`m-K-Ønt\m h¿§Ønt\m tZi-Ønt\m am{X-ambn ]cnan-X-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´n-√. a\p-jy-sc-√mcpw AXn¬ Xpey-cm-Wv. (hn¬k¨ N¿®v)

Atd-_y≥ P\X _lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[\ - °pw A√mlp A√m-Øh - ¿°p≈ t\¿® hgn-]mSp-Iƒ°pw, Xh- p-en-\pw, CkvXn-Kzm-k°pw At\Iw _nw_-ßs - fbpw acn®p a¨a-d™ alm-c-Y-∑m-scbpw \n›-bn®p h®n-cp-∂p. emØ, D , a\m-Ø, lp_vev, \mCe XpSßn-bh - ¿ AXn¬ Nne-Xm-Wv. \qlv \_n(-A)-

Kw`o-c-\m-a-߃!

C{_mlow Jeo-ep-≈m-jmlv \qcn-bpsS ]Xn-s\m-∂m-aXv ]md-∏pdw Ddqkv ap_m-d° - nt\m-S\ - p-_‘ - n®v \S∂ s]mXp-tbmKw DZvLmS\w sNbvXv kwkm-cn-°p-tºmƒ tI´Xv: ""Hcp hnizmkn ssIh-cn-t°≠ ]Z-hn-IfmWv kzmen-ln-ø-Øv, ilo-Zn-ø-Øv, kn≤oJn-øØ - v, hmcn-kp-∂_n XpS-ßnb ]Z-hn-Iƒ.'' (Jp-Xp-_p¬ aim-CJv kønZv apl-ΩZv Bcn-^p-≤o≥ Poem-\n) ? Civ°m¬: hmcn-kp-∂_ - n-bn¬ {]hm-NI≥ apl-ΩZv \_n(-k)-bpsS Ddqkv ap_md°v \S-Øm-\p≈ F{X I¬]-\I - ƒ D≠mbn- c p∂p? \_n(- k ) h^m- Ø mb h¿jw apX¬ kzlm-_n-Ifpw Xm_n-DI - fpw Xm_nD-Øm-_n-D-Ifpw DØ-a-\q-‰m-≠nse DØ-a∑mcpw Xe-apd Xe-ap-d-bmbn F{X Ddqkv ap_m-d°v \S-Øn-t∏m-∂n-´p≠v? H∂p ]d™p X∂m¬ \∂m-bn-cp-∂p. Z¿Km ico-^p-Iƒ sI´n-s∏m°n Ahn-Sß - f - n-se√mw Ddqkv ap_md°v \SØn Kw`oc t\¿®- h - g n- ] m- S p- I ƒ hmßp-∂-Xnse ]Zhn kzmen-ln-ø-Øn-tem, ilo-Zn-øØ - n-tem, kn≤o-Jn-øØ - ntem, hmcnkp- ∂ - _ n- b ntem Dƒs∏- S pI F∂ Civ°mepw F√m-hn[ in¿°n¬ \n∂pw ap‡-cm-Ip-hm≥ AºXp hb- p-hsc Pohn°p-∂-bmƒ ta¬]-d™ Xcw F{X Ddqkv ap_m-d-°n-se-¶nepw ]s¶-Sp-Øm-emWv Cu \mep ]Z-hn-Iƒ In´p-Is - b∂pw ]d™pXcpa-t√m.

Ckvlm-Jen sNm¢n

74

1435 dP_v˛d- a-fm≥

Al fanar Magazne may july 2014,1435 rajab ramadan  

Al Fanar Magazine, Manager, Alfanar, Nuz'ha Complex Farook College P.O 673632, Kozhikode Phone :0495˛ 2441429, 9446258195 Vol: 1 Issue: 8 R...

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you