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WELCOME! Welcome to Eisenbrauns special spring 2013 catalog! Within these covers, you will find every Eisenbrauns title published in the last six months, some forthcoming titles (see especially pp. 23–24), and books from associated publishers. Whatever your field of specialty—archaeology, the ancient Near East, languages, or biblical studies—you will find a book addressing those interests. Please visit our web site at http://www.eisenbrauns.com for the best nonconference prices on these and other Eisenbrauns titles. If you wish to be kept informed of the newest releases and other related title information, you may subscribe to our BookNews New and Noteworthy e-mails (http://listmail.eisenbrauns.com/listmail) or the New and Noteworthy RSS feed (http://www.eisenbrauns.com/pages/RSSFEEDS). Cover design: Andy Kerr.

SALES INFORMATION Address for Orders and Inquiries: Scholar ’s Source, c/o Eisenbrauns, Inc., P.O. Box 275, Winona Lake, IN 6590-0275 USA Phone Number: (574) 69-2011 E-mail Orders: orders@eisenbrauns.com E-mail Inquiries: customer_service@eisenbrauns.com Fax Order (U.S.): (800) 36-7921 Web Site / Online Orders: www.eisenbrauns.com Other Fax Calls: (574) 69-6788

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Eisenbrauns Specializing in the ancient Near East and biblical studies since 1975

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Table of Contents 1SFGBDF Part 1: Early History of Interpretation &DDMFTJBTUFTJO1SFNPEFSO3FBEJOH#FGPSF ╘Э╘б &SJD4$ISJTUJBOTPO 2PIFMFUBOEUIF3BCCJT 3VUI4BOECFSH &DDMFTJBTUFTBOEUIF3FGPSNFST "M8PMUFST 4XFFUBOE-BXGVM%FMJHIUT1VSJUBO*OUFSQSFUBUJPOTPG&DDMFTJBTUFT $SJTUJBO(3BUB Part 2: History, Form, and Rhetoric %FUFSNJOJOHUIF)JTUPSJDBM$POUFYUPG &DDMFTJBTUFT 5SFNQFS-POHNBO*** 5IF#PPLPG2PIFMFU╙У)BTUIF4NFMMPGUIF 5PNCBCPVU*U╙Ф.PSUBMJUZJO2PIFMFU BOE)FMMFOJTUJD4LFQUJDJTN -FP(1FSEVF 2PIFMFUBOE3PZBM"VUPCJPHSBQIZ .BSUJO"4IJFMET 'SBNFE4USVDUVSFJO&DDMFTJBTUFT %BWJE+)#FMENBO 5IF1PFUSZPG2PIFMFU +PIO')PCCJOT

Part 3: Key Concepts and Passages &QJTUFNPMPHZJO&DDMFTJBTUFT3FNFNCFSJOH 8IBU*U.FBOTUP#F)VNBO 3ZBO10╙С%PXE ╙У3JEEMFEXJUI"NCJHVJUZ╙Ф&DDMFTJBTUFT ╙НBTBO&YBNQMF %PVH*OHSBN 5IF.FBOJOHPGтАл╫Ф╫С╫ЬтАмJO2PIFMFU"O *OUFSUFYUVBM4VHHFTUJPO 3VTTFMM-.FFL 4QFBLJOHJOUPUIF4JMFODF5IF&QJMPHVFPG &DDMFTJBTUFT .BSL+#PEB Part 4: Language and Grammar 5IF(SBNNBSPGтАлямктАмBOEтАл╫Рямк╫итАмJO2PIFMFU 3PCFSU)PMNTUFEU 5IF7FSCJO2PIFMFU +PIO$PPL ╙У"SBNBJTNT╙ФJO2PIFMFU.FUIPEPMPHJDBM1SPCMFNTJO*EFOUJ╒▒DBUJPOBOE *OUFSQSFUBUJPO &WB.SPD[FL

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Part 5: Interpreting Qohelet 5IF5IFPMPHZPG&DDMFTJBTUFT $SBJH(#BSUIPMPNFX &DDMFTJBTUFTBOEUIF$BOPO 4UFQIFO(%FNQTUFS 'SFTI1FSTQFDUJWFTPO&DDMFTJBTUFT╙У2PIFMFU GPS5PEBZ╙Ф *BJO1SPWBO 1SFBDIJOH2PIFMFU %BOJFM$'SFEFSJDLT 4PMPNPO╙СT4FYVBM8JTEPN2PIFMFUBOEUIF 4POHPG4POHTJOUIF1PTUNPEFSO $POEJUJPO 1FUFS+-FJUIBSU 8PSLT$JUFE *OEFYFT

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Eisenbrauns Specializing in the ancient Near East and biblical studies since 1975

Of Courtiers and Kings The Biblical Daniel Narratives and Ancient Story-Collections &YQMPSBUJPOTJO"ODJFOU/FBS&BTUFSO$JWJMJ[BUJPOT by 5BXOZ-)PMN )PMNÓ‘TCPPLJTBOJOOPWBUJWFBQQSPBDIUPUIFCJCMJDBMCPPLPG%BOJFM*UQMBDFT%BOJFM BHBJOTUUIFCBDLHSPVOEPGTUPSZDPMMFDUJPOT BOBODJFOUHFOSFUIBUCFHBOJO&HZQUJOUIFNJE TFDPOENJMMFOOJVNÔœÔ?ÔĄ5IJTXPSLGPDVTFTPO%BOJFMÓ?BOEQSPWJEFTEFUBJMFEDPNQBSJTPOTXJUITQFDJŐąDCPEJFTPGTUPSZDPMMFDUJPOTBOEPUIFSSFMBUFENBUFSJBMGSPNUIFBODJFOU /FBS&BTU*OUIJTSFHBSE TQFDJBMBUUFOUJPOJTHJWFOUP&HZQUJBODPVSUUBMFT BMBSHFDPSQVT NPTUMZ OFHMFDUFE CZ QSFWJPVT CJCMJDBM TDIPMBST 5IVT  UIJT CPPL CSJOHT OFX FWJEFODF BOE GSFTIJOTJHIUTUPUIFŐąFMEPG%BOJFMTUVEJFT XIJDIJOSFDFOUZFBSTIBTHFOFSBUFEDPOTUBOU JOUFSFTU FTQFDJBMMZBTJUQFSUBJOTUPUFYUVBMJTTVFTBOEMJUFSBSZNBUUFST 4FUUJOH%BOJFMBHBJOTUBOFYQMJDJUEFŐąOJUJPOPGUIFTUPSZDPMMFDUJPOHFOSFSFEFŐą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

Table of Contents Preface Abbreviations Chapter 1. Introduction Chapter 2. The Story-Collection Genre: Survey and Prospect 2.1. Defining the Genre 2.2. Basic Characteristics of the StoryCollection 2.3. Literary Processes: Composition and History 2.4. Prospect for Daniel Chapter 3. The Story-Collection and Related Material in Antiquity 3.1. Greece and Rome 3.2. India and Persia

3.3. The Near East and Egypt 3.4. Summary Chapter 4. The Book of Daniel in Light of the Story-Collection Genre 4.1. The Story-Collection Definition and Daniel 1–6 4.2. Literary Processes: The Book of Daniel as Collections (Plural) 4.3. Summary Chapter 5. The Book of Daniel in Light of Ancient Near Eastern StoryCollections and Related Material 5.1. Sources and Analogues to the Daniel Legenda 5.2. Sources and Analogues to Daniel Structure

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2

5.3. Sources and Analogues to Specific Daniel Stories 5.4. New Insights on the Composition of the Book of Daniel 5.5. Summary Chapter 6. Conclusions 6.1. Daniel Set against a StoryCollection Typology 6.2. Daniel Set Against the Background of Ancient Near Eastern Story-Collections and Related Material 6.3. Stages of the Book of Daniel Bibliography Indexes

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Eisenbrauns Specializing in the ancient Near East and biblical studies since 1975

Linguistic Studies in Phoenician In Memory of J. Brian Peckham Edited by 3PCFSU%)PMNTUFEUBOE"BSPO4DIBEF Linguistic Studies in Phoenician: In Memory of J. Brian Peckham JT B DPNQJMBUJPO PG BSUJDMFTXSJUUFOPOCFIBMGPGUIFMBUF1SPGFTTPS+#SJBO1FDLIBN BOFYDFQUJPOBMTDIPMBS XIP XBTJOTUSVNFOUBMJOGVSUIFSJOHUIFDBVTFPG1IPFOJDJBOTUVEJFTPWFSUIFQBTUEFDBEFT)FIBE BMPWFBOEQBTTJPOGPS1IPFOJDJBBOE1IPFOJDJBOBOEXBTBNBTUFSGVMUFBDIFSJOIJTEJTDJQMJOF1SPGFTTPS1FDLIBNӑTUFBDIJOHBOESFTFBSDIGPDVTFEPO1IPFOJDJBOTUVEJFT SFTVMUJOH JOIJTPhoenicia: Episodes and Anecdotes from the Ancient Mediterranean XIJDIIFձOJTIFEKVTUQSJPSUPIJTQBTTJOHJO4FQUFNCFS BOEJTOPXJOQSFTT &JTFOCSBVOT  5IJTDPMMFDUJPOPGTUVEJFTEFEJDBUFEUPIJTNFNPSZJTBJNFEBUBEWBODJOHPVSVOEFSTUBOEJOHPGUIFHSBNNBUJDBMBOEIJTUPSJDBMGFBUVSFTPGUIF1IPFOJDJBOMBOHVBHF BGBWPSJUFUPQJD UIBU1SPGFTTPS1FDLIBNSJHPSPVTMZTUVEJFEBOEUBVHIU5IFձSTUTFUPGTUVEJFTDPODFOUSBUFTPO MJOHVJTUJDGFBUVSFTPG1IPFOJDJBORVB1IPFOJDJBO*UJODMVEFTJOWFTUJHBUJPOTPGQIPOPMPHZBOENPSQIPMPHZ BTXFMMBTMJOHVJTUJDBQQSPBDIFTUPTZOUBYBOEUFYUMFWFMQSBHNBUJDT5IFTFDPOETFUPGTUVEJFTTFFLTUPTJUVBUFBTQFDUTPGUIF1IPFOJDJBO MBOHVBHFUZQPMPHJDBMMZPSXJUIJODPNQBSBUJWF FUZNPMPHJDBM BOEIJTUPSJDBM4FNJUJDT5IFSFTVMUJTBHSPVQPGFTTBZTDPWFSJOHUPQJDTSBOHJOHGSPNDBTFFOEJOHT OFHBUJPO QSPOPNJOBMVTBHF BOEQIPOPMPHZUPEJBMFDUPMPHZ FUZNPMPHJFT BOEUFYU MJOHVJTUJDT(JWFOUIFVTFPG1IPFOJDJBOUISPVHIPVUUIF.FEJUFSSBOFBOMJUUPSBM UIJTWPMVNFDPOUBJOTTPNFUIJOHPGJOUFSFTU GPSOVNFSPVTBSFBTPGJOWFTUJHBUJPO JODMVEJOHDPNQBSBUJWF4FNJUJDT "OBUPMJBO FBSMZ.FEJUFSSBOFBO BOEFWFO)FCSFX BOECJCMJDBMTUVEJFT &JTFOCSBVOT 'PSUIDPNJOH .BZ$BYJW QBHFT&OHMJTI$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN)0--*/(6*

Table of Contents 1IPFOJDP1VOJD5IF7JFX#BDLXBSEӎ 1IPOPMPHZWFSTVT1BMFPHSBQIZ Robert M. Kerr (Leiden) 5IF3PBE/PU5BLFO"O*OEFQFOEFOU 0CKFDU1SPOPVOJO $FCFM*SFT%Bßñ"Ӎ# Paul G. Mosca 0O/FHBUJPOJO1IPFOJDJBO Naʾama Pat-El 5IF1IPFOJDJBO8PSETmškbBOEʿrrJOUIF 3PZBM*OTDSJQUJPOPG,VMBNVXB KAIӍ BOEUIF#PEZ-BOHVBHF PG1FSJQIFSBM1PMJUJDT

Philip C. Schmitz 5IF4ZOUBYBOE1SBHNBUJDTPG4VCKFDU 1SPOPVOTJO1IPFOJDJBO Robert D. Holmstedt 'SPOUFE8PSE0SEFSJO1IPFOJDJBO *OTDSJQUJPOT Aaron Schade

1IPFOJDJBO$BTFJO5ZQPMPHJDBM$POUFYU Rebecca Hasselbach "#SJFG$BTFGPSUIF-BOHVBHFPGUIF ӓ(F[FS$BMFOEBSӔBT1IPFOJDJBO Dennis Pardee *OEFYFT

5IFӓ/BSSBUJWF*OձOJUJWFӔJO1IPFOJDJBO BOE*UT#BDLHSPVOE "%JTDPVSTF"OBMZTJT"QQSPBDI Andrés Piquer Otero 5IF-JOHVJTUJD1PTJUJPOPG0ME#ZCMJBO Holger Gzella

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Eisenbrauns Specializing in the ancient Near East and biblical studies since 1975

Diachrony in Biblical Hebrew -JOHVJTUJD4UVEJFTJO"ODJFOU8FTU4FNJUJD edited by $ZOUIJB-.JMMFS/BVE©BOE;JPOZ;FWJU 3FBEFST PG UIF )FCSFX #JCMF TJODF MBUF BOUJRVJUZ IBWF PCTFSWFE UIBU TPNFUJNFT UIF TBNF XPSEIBTEJհFSFOUNFBOJOHTJOEJհFSFOUDPOUFYUTBOEUIBUEJհFSFOUXPSETTPNFUJNFTIBWFUIF TBNFNFBOJOHJOTJNJMBSDPOUFYUT5IFZIBWFBMTPNBEFTJNJMBSPCTFSWBUJPOTBCPVUHSBNNBUJDBM DPOTUSVDUJPOT5IFTFMJOHVJTUJDQIFOPNFOB DBUBMPHFECZTDIPMBSTTJODFUIFMBUF.JEEMF"HFTJO DPNNFOUBSJFT MFYJDPOT BOEHSBNNBST BSFXFMMLOPXOUPDPOUFNQPSBSZTUVEFOUTPGUIF)FCSFX #JCMF0OFFYQMBOBUJPOGPSUIFTFQIFOPNFOBJTUIBUUIFZBSF BUMFBTUJOQBSU NBOJGFTUBUJPOTPG EJBDISPOZMBOHVBHFTDIBOHFPWFSUJNF $ZOUIJB.JMMFS/BVE©QSFTFOUTUIFUIFPSFUJDBMVOEFSQJOOJOHTPGUIJTUPQJDJOBSFBEFSGSJFOEMZ JOUSPEVDUPSZFTTBZBUUIFCFHJOOJOHPGUIFWPMVNF0OUIFQVSFMZQIPOPMPHJDBMMFWFM %FBO'PSCFT BOE'SBODJT"OEFSTFOQSFTFOUFWJEFODFUIBUTPNFPGUIFWBSJBUJPOTJOUIF)FCSFXTQFMMJOHDPOWFOUJPOTPGVTJOHDPOTPOBOUBMDIBSBDUFSTGPSWPXFMT NBUSFTMFDUJPOJT SFղFDUDIBOHFPWFSUJNF #MPDI 'BTTCFSH )PMNTUFEU (JW³O 3FOETCVSH BOE1BVMJOWFTUJHBUFNPSQIPMPHJDBMGFBUVSFTBOEUIFJSDIBOHJOHVTBHFPWFSUJNF .PSQIPTZOUBDUJDGFBUVSFTPG#)GPSNTBSFFYBNJOFEFYUFOTJWFMZCZ$PPL &ISFOTW¤SE 1BVM 3FOETCVSH /PUBSJVT /BVE© BOE (JW³O4ZOUBDUJDGFBUVSFTBSFUSFBUFEJOFTTBZTCZ#BS"TIFS4FHBM (JW³O 1BU&M 1BVM 3FOETCVSH BOE&ISFOTW¤SE5IF#) MFYJDBMJOWFOUPSZBOEGBDUTBCPVUJUTEJTUSJCVUJPOBSFFYBNJOFECZ%SFTIFS )VSWJU[ 1BVM BOE3FOETCVSH'FBUVSFTPG#)SFղFDUJOHTPDJPMJOHVJTUJDWBSJBUJPOBSFFYBNJOFEJOEFUBJMCZ1PMBLBOE3FOETCVSH5IFTFJODMVEFMFYJDBM NPSQIPMPHJDBM BOETZOUBDUJD GFBUVSFTPGMBOHVBHF5IFFTTBZCZ4PLPMPհFYBNJOFTUIFMPOHBOEEJBMFDUBMMZGSBHNFOUFEIJTUPSZPG"SBNBJDBOEJMMVTUSBUFTUIF JOUFSUXJOFEOBUVSFPGEJBMFDUBMBOEEJBDISPOJDWBSJBUJPO-BNBOE1BSEFFMPPLBUUIFSFMBUJWFMZTIPSUIJTUPSZPG6HBSJUJDUFYUTUP EFUFSNJOFXIBUTPSUTPGMBOHVBHFDIBOHFDBOCFEFUFDUFEJOUIPTFUFYUT NBOZPGUIFNMJUFSBSZ'JOBMMZ UIFFTTBZCZ,PVXFOCFSH EFTDSJCFTUIFMPOHBOEJNQPSUBOUIJTUPSZPG"LLBEJBOBOEJUTFRVBMMZMPOHIJTUPSZPGUFYUVBMUSBOTNJTTJPOUPEFUFSNJOFIPXUIF MBOHVBHFPG"LLBEJBOWBSJFEUISPVHIPVUJUTMPOHIJTUPSZ*OIJTGBTDJOBUJOHDSJUJDBMSFWJFXBOEDPODMVEJOHFTTBZ ;FWJUTIPXT UIBUUIFWBMJEJUZPGNFUIPETFNQMPZFEJOUIFMJOHVJTUJDEBUJOHPGUFYUTIBWFCFFODIBMMFOHFECZ*BO:PVOH 3PCFSU3F[FULP BOE .BSUJO&ISFOTW¤SE)FDPODMVEFTUIBU FWFOUIPVHIUIFJSQVCMJDBUJPOTNBZOPUIBWFDIBOHFENBOZNJOET UIFZIBWFDBUBMZ[FE OFXJOUFSFTUJOEJBDISPOJDRVFTUJPOTBTUIFZBհFDU#)BOEIBWFESBXOUIFBUUFOUJPOPGZPVOHSFTFBSDIFSTӎTPNFPGXIPTFXPSL BQQFBSTJOUIJTWPMVNFӎUPUIFJTTVFTJOWPMWFE &JTFOCSBVOT YWJJJ QBHFT&OHMJTI$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN.*-%*"$)3

Table of Contents Part 1: Introduction %JBDISPOZJO#JCMJDBM)FCSFX -JOHVJTUJD1FSTQFDUJWFTPO $IBOHFBOE7BSJBUJPO  $ZOUIJB-.JMMFS/BVE© Part 2: Theoretical and Methodological Perspectives on Diachrony .FUIPEPMPHJDBM*TTVFTJOUIF%BUJOHPG-JOHVJTUJD'PSNT $POTJEFSBUJPOTGSPNUIF1FSTQFDUJWFPG $POUFNQPSBSZ-JOHVJTUJD5IFPSZ #&MBO%SFTIFS #JCMJDBM)FCSFXBTB%JBDISPOJD$POUJOVVN  5(JW³O %JBDISPOZJO#JCMJDBM)FCSFXBOEB5IFPSZPG-BOHVBHF $IBOHFBOE%JհVTJPO +BDPCVT"/BVE© %FUFDUJOH%FWFMPQNFOUJO#JCMJDBM)FCSFX6TJOH %JBDISPOJD5ZQPMPHZ +PIO"$PPL )JTUPSJDBM-JOHVJTUJDTBOE #JCMJDBM)FCSFX 3PCFSU%)PMNTUFEU Part 3: Examining Diachrony in Biblical Hebrew Orthographic Features %XFMMJOHPO4QFMMJOH "%FBO'PSCFTBOE 'SBODJT*"OEFSTFO

Morphological Features 5IF5IJSE1FSTPO.BTDVMJOF1MVSBM4VճYFE1SPOPVO -mwBOE*UT*NQMJDBUJPOTGPSUIF%BUJOH PG#JCMJDBM)FCSFX1PFUSZ:JHBM#MPDI 5IFKethivQere ‫ הוא‬%JBDISPOZ  ִ BOE%JBMFDUPMPHZ4UFWFO&'BTTCFSH %JTDFSOJOH%JBDISPOJD$IBOHFJOUIF#JCMJDBM)FCSFX 7FSCBM4ZTUFN .BSUJO&ISFOTW¤SE 5IF"SDIBJD4ZTUFNPG7FSCBM5FOTFTJO ӓ"SDIBJDӔ#JCMJDBM1PFUSZ 5BOJB/PUBSJVT Syntactic Features %JBDISPOJD4ZOUBDUJD4UVEJFTJO )FCSFX1SPOPNJOBM3FDJQSPDBM $POTUSVDUJPOT&MJU[VS"#BS"TIFS4JFHBM 4ZOUBDUJD"SBNBJTNTBTB5PPMGPSUIF*OUFSOBM $ISPOPMPHZPG#JCMJDBM)FCSFX /BǖBNB1BU&M Lexical Features 5IFӓ-JOHVJTUJD%BUJOHPG#JCMJDBM5FYUTӔ $PNNFOUTPO.FUIPEPMPHJDBM(VJEFMJOFT BOE1IJMPMPHJDBM1SPDFEVSFT  "WJ)VSWJU[ 5IF&WPMVUJPOPG-JUFSBSZ)FCSFXJO#JCMJDBM5JNFT 5IF&WJEFODFPG1TFVEPDMBTTJDJTNT+BO+PPTUFO

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4

4JHOTPG-BUF#JCMJDBM)FCSFX JO*TBJBIӍ 4IBMPN.1BVM Sociological and Dialectal Considerations -BOHVBHF7BSJBUJPO %JTDPVSTF5ZQPMPHZ  BOEUIF4PDJPDVMUVSBM#BDLHSPVOE PG#JCMJDBM/BSSBUJWF'SBOL)1PMBL /PSUIFSO)FCSFXUISPVHI5JNF'SPNUIF4POHPG %FCPSBIUPUIF.JTIOBI (BSZ"3FOETCVSH 5FYU$SJUJDBM$POTJEFSBUJPOT %JBDISPOZJO#JCMJDBM)FCSFX-FYJDPHSBQIZ BOE*UT3BNJձDBUJPOTGPS 5FYUVBM"OBMZTJT  $IBJN$PIFO Part 4: Comparative Semitic Perspectives on Diachrony 0VUMJOFPG"SBNBJD%JBDISPOZ .JDIBFM4PLPMPհ %JBDISPOZJO6HBSJUJD +PTFQI-BNBOE%FOOJT1BSEFF %JBDISPOZJO"LLBEJBOBOEUIF %BUJOHPG-JUFSBSZ5FYUT  /+$,PVXFOCFSH Part 5: Afterword /PU4P3BOEPN5IPVHIUT$PODFSOJOH -JOHVJTUJD%BUJOHBOE%JBDISPOZJO #JCMJDBM)FCSFX ;JPOZ;FWJU *OEFYFT

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Time and the Biblical Hebrew Verb The Expression of Tense, Aspect, and Modality in Biblical Hebrew -JOHVJTUJD4UVEJFTJO"ODJFOU8FTU4FNJUJD by +PIO"$PPL 5IF #JCMJDBM )FCSFX WFSCBM TZTUFN DPOUJOVFT UP FYFSDJTF TDIPMBST  BOE JO UIJT CPPL +PIO $PPLJOUFSBDUTXJUIUIFSBOHFPGBQQSPBDIFTUPUIFQFSFOOJBMRVFTUJPOTPOUIF)FCSFXWFSCJO BGBJSNJOEFEBQQSPBDI4PNFPGIJTBOTXFSTNBZBQQFBSEFDFQUJWFMZUSBEJUJPOBM)PXFWFS IJT BQQSPBDIJTEJTUJOHVJTIFEGSPNUIFUSBEJUJPOBMBQQSPBDIFTCZJUTNPEFSOMJOHVJTUJDGPVOEBUJPO 0OFEJTUJOHVJTIJOHTJHOJTIJTFNQMPZNFOUPGUIFQISBTFÓ“BTQFDUQSPNJOFOUÓ”UPEFTDSJCFUIF#JCMJDBM)FCSFXWFSCBMTZTUFN"TXJUIBMNPTUBOZPGUIFXPSMEÓ‘TWFSCBMTZTUFNT UIJTBTQFDUQSPNJOFOUTZTUFNDBOFYQSFTTBXJEFSBOHFPGBTQFDUVBM UFOTFE BOENPEBMNFBOJOHT .FUIPEPMPHJDBMMZ  $PPL FTDIFXT TUBUJTUJDBM NFBOT PG WBMJEBUJPO BOE ESBXT PO EJBDISPOJD UZQPMPHZBOEHSBNNBUJDBMJ[BUJPOBTBOÓ“FYUFSOBMÓ”NFBOTPGWBMJEBUJOHIJTUIFPSZPGUIF#JCMJDBM )FCSFXWFSCBMTZTUFN5IFTFÕ±FMETIBWFQSPWJEFEBXFBMUIPGEBUBPOWFSCBMTZTUFNTBOEEJBDISPOJDDIBOHFTUPUIFTFTZTUFNT JOUIFXPSMEÓ‘TMBOHVBHFT'PSBOZUIFPSZUPCFWBMJE JUTIPVMEBDDPSEHFOFSBMMZXJUIXIBUJTLOPXOBCPVUWFSCBMTZTUFNTBOEUIF XBZTUIBUUIFZUFOEUPDIBOHFPWFSUJNF5IFBVUIPSIBTDPNFUPGSBNFIJTEJTDVTTJPOOPUXJUIUIFDFOUSBMRVFTUJPOÓ“5FOTFPS BTQFDU Ó”CVUXJUIUIFRVFTUJPOÓ“8IBUJTUIFSBOHFPGNFBOJOHGPSBHJWFOGPSN BOEXIBUTPSUPGDPOUFYUVBMGBDUPST TZOUBHN EJTDPVSTF FUD IFMQVTUPVOEFSTUBOEUIJTSBOHFJOSFMBUJPOUPBHFOFSBMNFBOJOHGPSUIFGPSN Ó”'JUUJOHMZ IJTBDDPVOUPGUIFUIFPSZ PGEJTDPVSTFNPEFTFOETPOBOFYFHFUJDBMOPUFXJUIBOFYQMJDBUJPOPGUIFJOUFSBDUJPOPGWFSCTBOEUIFJSEJTDPVSTFDPOUFYUJOUXP QBTTBHFTGSPNUIF)FCSFX#JCMF $PPLÓ‘TCSJMMJBOUXPSLBEESFTTFTPMERVFTUJPOTXJUIBGSFTIBQQSPBDIUIBUJTTVSFUPQSPWPLFEJBMPHVFBOEOFXSFTFBSDI &JTFOCSBVOT YWJ QBHFT&OHMJTI$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN$005*.&"/

Table of Contents $IBQUFS5IF4FNBOUJDTPGUIF#JCMJDBM)FCSFX7FSCBM4ZTUFN 5IFPSFUJDBM$POTJEFSBUJPOT 5IF&YQSFTTJPOPG"TQFDUJO#) 5IF&YQSFTTJPOPG.PEBMJUZJO#) 5IF&YQSFTTJPOPG5FNQPSBMJUZJO#) 5IF5".4ZTUFNPG#)JO%JBDISPOJD5ZQPMPHJDBM 1FSTQFDUJWF $IBQUFS4FNBOUJDTBOE%JTDPVSTF1SBHNBUJDTPGUIF#JCMJDBM )FCSFX7FSCBM4ZTUFN 0O%JTDPVSTF1SBHNBUJD"QQSPBDIFTUP#) 4PNF&MFNFOUTPG%JTDPVSTF4USVDUVSF 5IF4FNBOUJDTPG5FNQPSBMJUZJO#)%JTDPVSTF 5IF5FNQPSBMBOE.PEBM*OUFSQSFUBUJPOPG%JTDPVSTF $PODMVTJPO 8PSLT$JUFE *OEFYFT *OEFYPG"VUIPST *OEFYPG4DSJQUVSF

$IBQUFS"5IFPSZPG5FOTF "TQFDU BOE.PEBMJUZ 1SFNPEFSO5SFBUNFOUTPG5FOTFBOE"TQFDU 5IF31PJOUBOE.PEFSO5FOTF5IFPSZ "1SJNFSPO"TQFDU 5IF31PJOUJO5FOTF"TQFDU5IFPSZ 5IF31PJOUBOE%JTDPVSTF "1SJNFSPO.PEBMJUZ ".PEFMPG5FOTF "TQFDU BOE.PEBMJUZ $PODMVTJPO $IBQUFS5FOTF "TQFDU BOE.PEBMJUZJO#JCMJDBM)FCSFX "1SJNFSPOUIF#JCMJDBM)FCSFX7FSCBM4ZTUFN 5IF&TUBCMJTINFOUPGUIFÓ“4UBOEBSEÓ”5IFPSZPGUIF#JCMJDBM )FCSFX7FSCBM4ZTUFN 5IF#JCMJDBM)FCSFX7FSCBM4ZTUFNJO)JTUPSJDBMBOE$PNQBSBUJWF1FSTQFDUJWF #JCMJDBM)FCSFX7FSC5IFPSZJOUIF-BTU)BMG$FOUVSZ )FCSFX7FSC5IFPSZBUUIF#FHJOOJOHPGUIFTU$FOUVSZ

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Poetic Astronomy in the Ancient Near East The Reexes of Celestial Science in Ancient Mesopotamian, Ugaritic, and Israelite Narrative )JTUPSZ "SDIBFPMPHZ BOE$VMUVSFPGUIF-FWBOU by +FŐ°SFZ-$PPMFZ .PEFSOTDJFODFIJTUPSJBOTIBWFUZQJDBMMZUSFBUFEUIFTDJFODFTPGUIFBODJFOU/FBS&BTU BTTFQBSBUFGSPNIJTUPSJDBMBOEDVMUVSBMDPOTJEFSBUJPOT"UUIFTBNFUJNF CJCMJDBMTDIPMBST  EPNJOBUFECZUIFPMPHJDBMDPODFSOT IBWFIJTUPSJDBMMZVOEFSTUPPEUIF*TSBFMJUFHPEBTTFQBSBUF GSPNUIFOBUVSBMXPSME$PPMFZÓ‘TTUVEZ CSJOHJOHUPCFBSDPOUFNQPSBSZNPEFMTPGTDJFODF IJTUPSZPOUIFPOFIBOEBOECJCMJDBMTUVEJFTPOUIFPUIFSIBOE TFFLTUPCSJEHFBHBQDSFBUFE CZUIDFOUVSZTDIPMBSTIJQJOPVSVOEFSTUBOEJOHPGBODJFOU/FBS&BTUFSODVMUVSFTCZJOWFTUJHBUJOHUIFXBZTJOXIJDIBODJFOUBVUIPSTJODPSQPSBUFEUIFJSDVMUVSFTÓ‘DFMFTUJBMTQFDVMBUJPO JOOBSSBUJWF *OUIFMJUFSBUVSFPGBODJFOU*SBR DFMFTUJBMEJWJOBUJPOJTEJTQMBZFERVJUFQSPNJOFOUMZJOJNQPSUBOUXPSLTTVDIBTEnuma EliĹĄBOEErra and IĹĄum*OBODJFOU6HBSJUBTXFMM UIFTLZXBTPCTFSWFEGPSEFWPUJPOBMSFBTPOT BOEBTUSBMEFJUJFTQMBZ JNQPSUBOUSPMFTJOTUPSJFTTVDIBTUIFBaal CycleBOEShahar and Shalim&WFOUIPVHIUIFWFOFSBUJPOPGBTUSBMEFJUJFTXBT SFKFDUFECZCJCMJDBMBVUIPST JOUIFMJUFSBUVSFPGBODJFOU*TSBFMUIF4VO .PPO BOETUBSTBSFPGUFOEFQJDUFEBTBDUJWF DPOTDJPVTBHFOUT*OUFYUTTVDIBT(FOFTJT +PTIVB +VEHFT BOE+PC UIFTFDFMFTUJBMDIBSBDUFST UIFTFÓ“TPOTPG(PE Ó” BSFMJWJOH EZOBNJDNFNCFSTPG:BIXFIÓ‘TSPZBMFOUPVSBHF XJMMGVMMZQFSGPSNJOHDPVSUMZ NBSUJBM BOEDBMFOESJDBMSPMFTGPS UIFJSTPWFSFJHO 5IFTZOUIFTJTPŐ°FSFECZUIJTCPPL UIFŐąSTUPGJUTLJOETJODFUIFEFNJTFPGUIFQBO#BCZMPOJBOJTUTDIPPMNPSFUIBOB DFOUVSZBHP JTBCPVUBODJFOUTDJFODFJOBODJFOU/FBS&BTUFSOMJUFSBUVSF &JTFOCSBVOT JY QBHFT&OHMJTI$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN$0010&5*$

Select Contents  The Study of Ancient Near Eastern Celestial Science and Literature

2.6. Miscellaneous Celestial-Science Material

 *OUSPEVDUJPO 1.2. Pan-Babylonianism  6OEFSTUBOEJOH.FTPQPUBNJBO "TUSPOPNZ 1.4. The Problem in Assyriology 1.5. The Problem in Biblical Studies 1.6. The Problem in Ugaritology 1.7. Bridging the Gap  $FMFTUJBM4DJFODFJO"ODJFOU/FBS &BTUFSO-JUFSBUVSF

 Celestial Science in Mesopotamian Literature

 Celestial Science in Mesopotamia

4.1. The Celestial Sciences at Ugarit 4.2. The Celestial Sciences in Ugaritic Literature

2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4.

Introduction Pre–Old Babylonian Celestial Sciences Celestial Divination Material Celestial Divination Supportive Material: Didactic and Practical Tools 2.5. Celestial Divination Interpretive Material

3.1. 3.2. 3.3. 3.4. 3.5.

Introduction Divination Catasterisms and Other Celestial Aetia Miscellaneous Conclusion

 Celestial Science at Ugarit and in Ugaritic Literature

 Celestial Science in Ancient Israel 5.1. Introduction 5.2. Celestial Terminology in the Hebrew Bible

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5.3. 5.4. 5.5. 5.6.

Astral Religion Celestial Divination The Calendars of the Hebrew Bible Celestial Science in Ancient Israel

 Celestial Science in Ancient Israelite Literature 6.1. Introduction 6.2. Celestial Agents, Astral Religion, and Calendar 6.3. Joshua 10 6.4. Judges 5 6.5. The Shadow on the Steps of Ahaz 6.6. Genesis 1:14–18 6.7. The Stars in Job

Bibliography Indexes

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Temples and Sanctuaries from the Early Iron Age Levant Recovery after Collapse )JTUPSZ "SDIBFPMPHZ BOE$VMUVSFPGUIF-FWBOU by 8JMMJBN.JFSTF 5IF WJTJPO GPS UIJT JNQSFTTJWF XPSL PO UFNQMF BSDIJUFDUVSF JO UIF -FWBOU HSFX PVU PG UIFBVUIPSМЉTXPSLPO3PNBOUFNQMFEFTJHOTPOUIF*CFSJBO1FOJOTVMBBOEDPOUJOVBMSFGFSFODFTUP4FNJUJDJOН▓VFODFTPOUIFEFTJHOTPGTBODUVBSJFTCPUIPOUIF1FOJOTVMBBOEJO/PSUI "GSJDB*UXBTBTTVNFEUIBU1IPFOJDJBODPMPOJ[BUJPOIBECSPVHIUXJUIJUUIFGVMMН▓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нюнЮнА BOEUIFBOOFYBUJPOPGUIF-FWBOUJOFSFHJPOJOUPUIF"TTZSJBO&NQJSF XIFO.FTPQPUBNJBBHBJO CFDBNFIJHIMZJOН▓VFOUJBMJOUIFSFHJPO 5IFUPQJDDPODFSOTUFNQMFTUIBUXFSFQSPEVDFEEVSJOHUIFQFSJPEXIFOUIF-FWBOU XBTJUTPXOFOUJUZBOEQPMJUJDBMMZJOEFQFOEFOUPG&HZQU .FTPQPUBNJB PS"OBUPMJB%VSJOHUIJTQFSJPE UIFEFTJHOTDIPTFO GPSJODMVTJPOJOUIJTCPPLNVTUSFН▓FDUMPDBMDIPJDFTSBUIFSUIBOSFTVMUJOHGSPNJNQPTFEPVUTJEFDPODFQUT 5IFBSDIJUFDUVSFUIBUFNFSHFEJOUIFXBLFPGUIFEPXOGBMMPGUIF-BUF#SPO[F"HFBOEUIFTVCTFRVFOUSFFNFSHFODFPG TPDJBMDPIFTJWFOFTTNBOJGFTUFETJHOJН▒DBOUDIBOHFTJOGPSNBOEGVODUJPO5IFН▒WFDFOUVSJFTVOEFSSFWJFXSFWFBMFYDJUJOH EFWFMPQNFOUTJOTBDSFEBSDIJUFDUVSFBOETIPXUIBU BMUIPVHIUIFBSDIJUFDUTPGUIFН▒STUNJMMFOOJVNнюнЮнАNBJOUBJOFEJNQPSUBOUMJOFTPGDPOUJOVJUZXJUIUIFEFWFMPQNFOUTPGUIFQSFWJPVTUXPNJMMFOOJB UIFZXFSFBMTPDBQBCMFPGDSFBUJOHOPWFMGPSNT UPNFFUOFXOFFET *ODMVEFEJOUIJTGBTDJOBUJOHWPMVNFBSFQBHFTPGQIPUPT ESBXJOHT Н▓PPSQMBOT BOENBQT &JTFOCSBVOT YJW QBHFTNBOZJMMVTUSBUJPOT$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN.*&5&.1-&

Table of Contents "OPUIFS4UVEZPG-FWBOUJOF5FNQMFT (FPHSBQIZBOE1FPQMF *SPO"HF5FNQMF3FNBJOT $POUJOVJUZ /FX'PSNT 4PDJFUBM'PSDFTBOE&BSMZ*SPO"HF 5FNQMF#VJMEJOH -FWBOUJOF"SDIJUFDUVSF(PFT8FTU $PODMVTJPO #JCMJPHSBQIZ .BQTBOE*MMVTUSBUJPOT *OEFYFT *OEFYPG"VUIPST *OEFYPG"ODJFOU4PVSDFT *OEFYPG#JCMJDBM4PVSDFT *OEFYPG"ODJFOU4JUFT *OEFYPG5PQJDT

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In the Beginning: Essays on Creation Motifs in the Bible and the Ancient Near East 4JQISVU-JUFSBUVSFBOE5IFPMPHZPGUIF)FCSFX4DSJQUVSFT by #FSOBSE'#BUUP #FSOBSE'#BUUPTQFOUUIFCVMLPGIJTDBSFFSFYBNJOJOHUIFBODJFOU/FBS&BTUFSODPOUFYU PGUIF)FCSFX#JCMF XJUIQBSUJDVMBSJOUFSFTUJOUIFJOŐ˛VFODFPGUIFTVSSPVOEJOHDVMUVSFTPO UIF CJCMJDBM DSFBUJPO TUPSJFT 5IJT DPMMFDUJPO HBUIFST TJY PG IJT NPTU JNQPSUBOU QSFWJPVTMZ QVCMJTIFEFTTBZTBOEBEETUXPOFXDPOUSJCVUJPOT*OUIFFTTBZT #BUUPJEFOUJŐąFTWBSJPVTDSFBUJPONPUJGTQSFWBMFOUJOUIFBODJFOU/FBS&BTUBOEJOWFTUJHBUFTUIFSFŐ˛FYFTPGUIFTFNPUJGT JO(FOFTJTÓ?BOEPUIFSCJCMJDBMBDDPVOUTPGUIFQSJNFWBMQFSJPE)FEFNPOTUSBUFTIPXUIF CJCMJDBMXSJUFSTBEBQUFEBOESFTQPOEFEUPUIFDSFBUJPOJEFBTPG.FTPQPUBNJB &HZQU 6HBSJU  BOEFMTFXIFSF 5IF BSUJDMFT JO UIF WPMVNF XFSF XSJUUFO BT JOEFQFOEFOU FTTBZT /FWFSUIFMFTT  UIFZ BSF VOJUFECZUIFNF5ISPVHIPVU #BUUPNBLFTDMFBSIJTVOEFSTUBOEJOHPGUIF)FCSFX#JCMFBTBQBUFOUMZVOJRVFUFYU ZFUPOF UIBUDBOOPUQPTTJCMZCFVOEFSTUPPEJOEFQFOEFOUPGHSFBUFSDVMUVSBMTQIFSFJOXIJDIJUEFWFMPQFEIn the BeginningXJMMTFSWF BTBOJOEJTQFOTBCMFSFTPVSDFGPSUIPTFJOUFSFTUFEJOCPUIUIFCJCMJDBMJEFBTPGDSFBUJPOBOEUIFNZUIPMPHZPGUIFBODJFOU/FBS &BTUUIBUJOŐ˛VFODFEUIFN &JTFOCSBVOT 'PSUIDPNJOH .BZ$BWJ QBHFT&OHMJTI$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN#"5*/5)&#

Select Contents 1. The Ancient Near Eastern Context of the Hebrew Ideas of Creation 1. Introduction 2. Egyptian Ideas of Creation 3. Mesopotamian Ideas of Creation 4. Canaanite Ideas of Creation 5. Hebrew Ideas of Creation

2. Paradise Reexamined 8BTB1BSBEJTF.PUJG,OPXOJO .FTPQPUBNJB 2. Is There a Paradise Motif in Genesis?

3. The Institution of Marriage in Genesis 2 and in Atrahasis 1. The Institution of Marriage in Atrahasis 2. Implications for Genesis 2:23–24

4. 5IF%JWJOF4PWFSFJHO5IF*NBHFPG (PEJOUIF1SJFTUMZ $SFBUJPO"DDPVOU 1. Divine Sovereignty in the Ancient Near East 2. Yahweh’s Kingship in the Hebrew Bible 3. The Image of the Deity in the Priestly Creation Story

5. The Sleeping God: An Ancient Near Eastern Motif of Divine Sovereignty 1. The Motif within Its Ancient Near Eastern Setting 2. Biblical Appropriations of the Motif of Sleeping Deity

6. 5IF3FFE4FBRequiescat in Pace

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7. 5IF$PWFOBOUPG1FBDF"/FHMFDUFE "ODJFOU/FBS&BTUFSO.PUJG 1. The Biblical Covenant of Peace 2. Primeval Pattern A 3. Primeval Pattern B 4. The Motif of Planting Peace

8. The Malevolent Deity in Mesopotamian Myth 1. Introduction 2. Gods Proper Who on Occasion Act as Malevolent Deities 3. The Chaos Monster Tradition 4. Marduk: The Inscrutable Divine Sovereign

Indexes Index of Authors Index of Scripture

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Eisenbrauns Specializing in the ancient Near East and biblical studies since 1975

Run, David, Run! An Investigation of the Theological Speech Acts of David’s Departure and Return (2 Samuel 14–20) 4JQISVU-JUFSBUVSFBOE5IFPMPHZPGUIF)FCSFX4DSJQUVSFT by 4UFWFO5.BOO *OUIJTCPPL 4UFWFO.BOOIJHIMJHIUTUIFSPMFPGUIFPMPHZJOUIFTUPSZPG%BWJEÓ‘TEFQBSUVSFBOESFUVSOBTUPMEJO4BNVFMÓ?.BOOÓ‘TNFUIPEPGOBSSBUJWFBOBMZTJTFNQMPZT BQIJMPTPQIZPGMBOHVBHFDBMMFETQFFDIBDUUIFPSZ)JTQSJNBSZJOUFSFTUJTXBZTJOXIJDI TQFFDIBDUUIFPSZIBTCFFOBQQMJFEUPCJCMJDBMOBSSBUJWF BOEIFDPODFOUSBUFTTQFDJŐąDBMMZPO TQFFDIBDUTUIBUJODMVEFUIFPMPHJDBMQSPQPTJUJPOBMDPOUFOU UIBUJT XPSETVTFEUPEFOPUF(PE *OUIJTXBZ .BOOBOBMZ[FTUIFUIFPMPHJDBMTQFFDIBDUTPGUIFOBSSBUJWFBOEUIFOTVHHFTUTB XBZUPWJFXUIFOBSSBUJWFJUTFMGBTBTQFFDIBDU 5IFUIFTJTPGUIJTTUVEZJTUIBUTQFFDIBDUUIFPSZJMMVNJOBUFTUIFJOUFHSBMSPMFPGUIFPMPHZJOUIFTUPSZPG%BWJEÓ‘TEFQBSUVSFBOESFUVSO5IFPMPHZJTOPUNFSFMZPOFBTQFDUPGUIFTUPSZCVUJTJOGBDUBDBUBMZTUOFDFTTBSZUPUIFQMPU'VSUIFSNPSF  UIFBDUPGUFMMJOHUIFTUPSZBT4BNÓ?EPFTJTUIFWFSZBDUPGQPSUSBZJOH%BWJEÓ‘TGBJUIJO:Ô¨ŐŠÔ¨%BWJEÓ‘TTQFFDIBDUT EFNPOTUSBUFUIBUIFCFMJFWFTUIBU:Ô¨ŐŠÔ¨JTTPNFPOFXIPJOUFSWFOFTBOEXIPŐąOETXBZTUPCSJOHIJTCBOJTIFEPOFTCBDLUP IJN5IFOBSSBUJWFQPSUSBZBMPG%BWJEÓ‘TGBJUIDBOCFVOEFSTUPPEBTBOJMMPDVUJPOBSZBDU XJUIUIFQPUFOUJBMFŐ°FDUPGFODPVSBHJOHBOBVEJFODF BQFSMPDVUJPOBSZBDU*OPUIFSXPSET .BOEFNPOTUSBUFTUIBUUIJTTUPSZDBOJOTQJSFBOZSFBEFSTXIPTFF UIJTOBSSBUJWFBTBTUPSZOPUPOMZBCPVU%BWJECVUBCPVUUIFNTFMWFT &JTFOCSBVOT 'PSUIDPNJOH "QSJM $BWJ QBHFT&OHMJTI$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN."/36/%"7

Table of Contents 1. How to Do Things with Theological Words 2. An Overview of Perspectives on the Function of 2 Sam 14–20 To Record Historical Events To Answer the Question of the Succession to David’s Throne To Serve a Political Agenda To Provide a Work of Art To Portray David To Teach A Proposal: To Portray David’s Faith in Yhwh

3. Speech Act Theory and David’s Departure and Return

4. Theological Words from the Wise 2 Samuel 14:1–23 Storyteller Level

5. Theological Words from the Banished 2 Samuel 15:1–22 Words from Absalom: 2 Samuel 15:1–12 Words from Ittai the Gittite: 2 Samuel 15:13–22

16:20–17:24 2 Samuel 17:25–20:25

2 Samuel 15:23–37 Words to Zadok: 2 Samuel 15:23–29 Words to Yhwh: 2 Samuel 15:30–37

Speech Act Theory 7. Theological Words from Opponents The Application of SAT to 2 Samuel 16:1–19 Narrative Discourse Words from Ziba: Storytelling as Speech Act Opponent of Mephibosheth Recent Applications of SAT to (2 Sam 16:1–4) Stories of King David Words from Shimei: An Application of SAT to the An Opponent of David Story of David’s Departure (16:5–15) 10# 8JOPOB-BLF */ Ó˜ 1IPOF Ó˜ 'BY and Return 9

8. Words from a Storyteller: 2 Samuel 9. Words for the Return of a King:

6. Theological Words from a Banished King

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Words from Hushai: Opponent to Absalom (16:16–19)

10. David’s Departure and Return as Illocutionary and Perlocutionary Act Telling a Story that Portrays David’s Faith: An Illocutionary Act Running with David: A Perlocutionary Act

Select Bibliography Indexes

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Eisenbrauns Specializing in the ancient Near East and biblical studies since 1975

Toward a Poetics of Genesis 1–11 Reading Genesis 4:17–22 in Its Ancient Near Eastern Background #VMMFUJOGPS#JCMJDBM3FTFBSDI4VQQMFNFOU by %BOJFM%F8JUU-PXFSZ %BOJFM -PXFSZ DPNNFODFT UIJT XPSL CZ TVHHFTUJOH UIBU IJTUPSZ JT B TVCKFDUJWF FOUFSQSJTFӎJU JT DPOUSPMMFE CZ UIPTF XIP SFDPSE JU 5IF QPXFS PG UIF QSFTFOU EFDJEFT XIBU JT DPVOUFEBTIJTUPSZ BOEIPXUIFSFTUPGVTBSFUPMEBCPVUUIFQBTUTIBQFTPVSWJFXPGJUBOE  DPODPNJUBOUMZ PVSPVUMPPLGPSUIFGVUVSF*OUIJTTFOTF UIFO IJTUPSZGVOEBNFOUBMMZTIBQFT UIFGVUVSF'FXRVFTUJPOTBSFNPSFCBTJDUPIVNBOFYJTUFODFUIBOWho am I? Where did I come from? What is my place in this world?5IFFBSMJFTUDIBQUFSTPG(FOFTJTIBWFPSJFOUFE IFBSFSTBOESFBEFSTGPSNJMMFOOJBJOUIFJSBUUFNQUTUPBEESFTTUIFTFDPODFSOT"OETP JOTFWFSBMSFTQFDUT (FOFTJTTIBQFTUIFGVUVSF *OUIJTTUVEZ -PXFSZTFUTPVUUPVOEFSTUBOENPSFBDDVSBUFMZBODJFOU/FBS&BTUFSOMBOHVBHFBOEDMBJNTBCPVUPSJHJOT  TQFDJձDBMMZDMBJNTGPVOEJO(FOӍ)FVTFT(FOӍBTBUFTUDBTFSFQSFTFOUJOHUIF)FCSFXUSBEJUJPOFYQMBJOJOH IPXUIFXPSMEDBNFUPCFDJWJMJ[FE-PXFSZPCTFSWFTUIBUUIJTQBTTBHFTFSWFTBGVODUJPOXJUIJOUIFMBSHFSOBSSBUJWFPG(FO ӍBLJOUPPUIFSBODJFOU/FBS&BTUFSOUSBEJUJPOTPGDJWJMJ[FECFHJOOJOHT.PSFPWFS JUPDDVQJFTBQMBDFJOUIFPWFSBSDIJOH ӓOBSSBUJWFPGCFHJOOJOHTӔDPSSFTQPOEJOHUPXIBUXFձOEFMTFXIFSFUISPVHIPVUUIFBODJFOUXPSME-PXFSZGPDVTFTNBJOMZ PO.FTPQPUBNJB MFBWJOHPUIFSDVMUVSFTGPSMBUFSTUVEZ 5IJTTUVEZBJNTUPEFNPOTUSBUFUIBUNVDIPGUIFMBOHVBHFPG(FOӍJTTJNJMBSJONBOZXBZTUPJUT.FTPQPUBNJBO DPVOUFSQBSUT.PSFFYQMJDJUMZ IFSFJTBOFYQMPSBUJPOPGUIFOBUVSFPGUIFMBOHVBHFBOEUFSNTPG(FOӍUPBTDFSUBJOXIBU USVUITJUDPNNVOJDBUFTBOEIPXJUDPNNVOJDBUFTUIFN"UJUTDPSF UIJTJTBTUVEZPGUIFHFOSFBOEHFOFSJDDMBJNTPGQSPUP IJTUPSZBTGPVOEJO(FOӍ &JTFOCSBVOT 'PSUIDPNJOH "QSJMYJJ QBHFT&OHMJTI$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN-08508"3%

Table of Contents 1. *OUSPEVDUJPO 0SJFOUBUJPO 5IF*TTVF 5IF1BSBNFUFST

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5. 5PXBSEB1PFUJDTPG1SPUPIJTUPSZ

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Bibliography Index of Authors Index of Scripture

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Eisenbrauns Specializing in the ancient Near East and biblical studies since 1975

Poetic Imagination in Proverbs Variant Repetitions and the Nature of Poetry #VMMFUJOGPS#JCMJDBM3FTFBSDI4VQQMFNFOU by ,OVU.BSUJO)FJN 'PSUIFMBTUZFBSTPSTP UIFSFJHOJOHQBSBEJHNGPSUIFTUVEZPG)FCSFXQPFUSZ QBSBMMFMJTN JO QBSUJDVMBS  IBT CFFO EFWFMPQFE CZ #JTIPQ 3PCFSU -PXUI  XIP QSPQPTFE UISFF DBUFHPSJFT PG QBSBMMFMJTN TZOPOZNPVT  BOUJUIFUJD  BOE TZOUIFUJD )FJNӑT TUVEZ PG WBSJBOU SFQFUJUJPOTJO1SPWFSCTFODPVOUFSTQBSBMMFMJTNPOGPVSMFWFMT8IJMFJOUSBMJOFBSQBSBMMFMJTN JTUIFNPTUGSFRVFOULJOEPGQBSBMMFMJTN UIFSFBSFOVNFSPVT PDDBTJPOTXIFOPOFPSCPUI WFSTFTJOBWBSJBOUTFUEJTQMBZMFTTUIBOӓQFSGFDUӔ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հFSFODFT5IFTFEJBHSBNTBSFUIFOGPMMPXFECZEFUBJMFEFYQMBOBUJPOTPGUIFTJNJMBSJUJFTBOEWBSJBUJPOT ,FZUPUIJTJOWFTUJHBUJPOJTUIFTFBSDIGPSMJOLTCFUXFFOUIFWBSJBOUTBOEUIFJSTVSSPVOEJOHWFSTFT MJOLTTVDIBTSFQFUJUJPOT PGTPVOEBOETFOTF4PNFUJNFT)FJNDPODMVEFTUIBUBWBSJBOUJTMJLFMZUPIBWFCFFOBEBQUFEGSPNJUTWBSJBOUDPVOUFSQBSU T  FMTFXIFSFJOPSEFSUPձUJOUPJUTQSFTFOUDPOUFYU$POWFSTFMZ IFTPNFUJNFTBSHVFXJUIHPPESFBTPOUIBUBHJWFOWBSJBOUJT UIFPSJHJOBMGSPNXIJDIBOPUIFSWBSJBOUIBTCFFOBEBQUFE 3FBEFSTXJMMձOEFTTFOUJBMOFXUPPMTJOPoetic Imagination in ProverbsGPSUIFBOBMZTJTPG)FCSFXQPFUSZ QBSUJDVMBSMZ JOSFHBSEUP8JTEPNQBTTBHFTJOUIF#JCMF5IFCPPLXJMMQSPWFQSPձUBCMFGPSQSFQBSBUJPOGPSDMBTTSPPNMFDUVSFT JOQFSTPOBMFYFHFTJT BOEJOSFTFBSDIGPSQVCMJDBUJPOQSPKFDUT/PTUVEFOUPSTDIPMBSPGCJCMJDBMQPFUSZXJMMXBOUUPCFXJUIPVUUIJT JNQPSUBOUDPOUSJCVUJPOUPUIFTUVEZPG#JCMJDBM)FCSFXQPFUSZ XIJDIQMPXTOFXHSPVOEBOEPQFOTVQOFXWJTUBT &JTFOCSBVOT YYJW QBHFT$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN)&*10&5*$

Table of Contents Part 1 *OUSPEVDUJPO3FWJFXPG3FDFOU-JUFSBUVSF BOE.FUIPEPMPHZ  7BSJBOU3FQFUJUJPOTJOUIF#PPLPG 1SPWFSCT  5IF3FQFUJUJPOPG1SPWFSCTJO0UIFS "ODJFOU/FBS&BTUFSO1SPWFSC $PMMFDUJPOT  5IF%FTJHOPG1PFUJD-JOFTJOUIF0ME 5FTUBNFOU)FCSFX#JCMF  4VSWFZPG4DIPMBSTIJQPO1BSBMMFMJTN JO#JCMJDBM1PFUSZ  -FWFMTPG1BSBMMFMJTNJOUIF#PPLPG 1SPWFSCT  .FUIPEGPSUIF4UVEZPG.BDSP-FWFM 7BSJBOU3FQFUJUJPOTJOUIF#PPLPG 1SPWFSCT

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7BSJBOU4FUTӍ 7BSJBOU4FUTӍ 7BSJBOU4FUTӍ 7BSJBOU4FUTӍ 7BSJBOU4FUTӍ Part 3 7BSJBOU3FQFUJUJPOTBOE&EJUPSJBM 4USBUFHJFT $PODMVTJPO *OEFYFT *OEFYPG"VUIPST *OEFYPG4DSJQUVSF *OEFYPG4VCKFDUT

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Prophets, Prophecy, and Ancient Israelite Historiography edited by .BSL+#PEBBOE-JTTB.8SBZ#FBM 5IFFTTBZTCZNFNCFSTPGUIF$BOBEJBO4PDJFUZGPS#JCMJDBM4UVEJFTQVCMJTIFEJOUIJT WPMVNFTIPXDBTFUIFXPSLPGMFBEJOHBVUIPSJUJFTPOBODJFOU*TSBFMJUFBOE+FXJTIIJTUPSJPHSBQIZBTJUJOUFSTFDUTXJUIUIFQIFOPNFOPOPGQSPQIFDZ"EFFQEJWJEFFYJTUTCFUXFFOUIF USBEJUJPOTPGIJTUPSJPHSBQIZBOEQSPQIFDZJOUIFBDBEFNJDTUVEZPGUIF)FCSFX#JCMF BOE UIFDPODFSOPGUIFDPOUSJCVUPSTJTUPDMPTFUIBUHBQ UPFYQPTFUIFDMPTFSFMBUJPOTIJQCFUXFFO UIFTFUXPUSBEJUJPOTJOUIFMJUFSBUVSFPGUIF)FCSFX#JCMF 5IF ձSTU TFDUJPO PG UIF CPPL FYQMPSFT QSPQIFDZ BOE QSPQIFUT JO BODJFOU *TSBFMJUF BOE +FXJTIIJTUPSJPHSBQIJDCPPLT 5PSBI %FVUFSPOPNJTUJD)JTUPSZ $ISPOJDMFT &[SBӍ/FIFNJBI  4FDPOE5FNQMF+FXJTIIJTUPSJPHSBQIZ 5IFTFDPOETFDUJPOTVSWFZTIJTUPSJPHSBQIZJO*TSBFMJUF BOE +FXJTI QSPQIFUJD CPPLT *TBJBI  +FSFNJBI  &[FLJFM  #PPL PG UIF 5XFMWF  %BOJFM  1 Enoch 5IF DPOUSJCVUPSTFOHBHFEJWFSTFNFUIPEPMPHJDBMQFSTQFDUJWFTJOUIFTFTUVEJFT UIF HPBMձSTUCFJOHUPTIPXUIFSPMFUIBUUIFQSPQIFUTQMBZFEXJUIJOUIFHSFBU)FCSFXIJTUPSJPHSBQIJDXPSLTBOE TFDPOE UPEFNPOTUSBUFUIFSPMFUIBUIJTUPSJPHSBQIZQMBZTXJUIJOUIFHSFBU)FCSFXQSPQIFUJDXPSLTUIJT NBLFTJUDMFBSUIBUUIFJOղVFODFJTCJEJSFDUJPOBM Prophets, Prophecy, and Ancient Israelite HistoriographyXJMMCFPGWBMVFGPSBEWBODFETUVEFOUTBOETDIPMBSTXPSLJOH POIJTUPSJPHSBQIJDBOEQSPQIFUJDNBUFSJBMTJOUIFBODJFOU*TSBFMJUFBOE+FXJTIUSBEJUJPOT GFBUVSJOHUIFCFTUPGSFTFBSDIBOE BOBMZTJTBOEJOUFSBDUJOHXJUINBOZNBKPSBODJFOUMJUFSBSZUSBEJUJPOTPGIJTUPSJPHSBQIZBOEQSPQIFDZ &JTFOCSBVOT YJJ QBHFT&OHMJTI$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN#0%1301)&

Table of Contents *OUSPEVDUJPO Part 1: Prophets and Prophecy in Israelite Historiographic Books ӓ'BDFUP'BDFӔ.PTFTBT1SPQIFUJO&YPEVTӍ                                                          #FSOPO-FF 5IF4IBQJOHPGB1SPQIFU+PTIVBJOUIF%FVUFSPOPNJTUJD)JTUPSZ                                                  (PSEPO0FTUF 3FDZDMJOH)FBWFOӑT8PSET3FDFJWJOHBOE3FUSJFWJOH%JWJOF3FWFMBUJPOJOUIF)JTUPSJPHSBQIZPG+VEHFT                  .BSL+#PEB 4BNVFM"HPOJTUFT"$POղJDUFE1SPQIFUӑT3FTJTUBODFUP(PEBOE$POUSJCVUJPOUPUIF'BJMVSFPG*TSBFMӑT'JSTU,JOH    +3JDIBSE.JEEMFUPO 1SPQIFDZBT1SFEJDUJPOJO#JCMJDBM)JTUPSJPHSBQIZ                                                            +PIO7BO4FUFST +FSPCPBNBOEUIF1SPQIFUTJO`,JOHTӍ1SPQIFUJD8PSEGPS5XP,JOHEPNT                                -JTTB.8SBZ#FBM 1SFTVNQUVPVT1SPQIFUT1BSUJDJQBUJOHJOB%FVUFSPOPNJD%FCBUF                                                      ,-/PMM 1SPQIFDZ*OղVFODJOH)JTUPSZ%JBMPHJTNJOUIF$ISPOJDMFSӑT"IB[/BSSBUJWF                                         1BVM4&WBOT $ISPOJDMFTBOE*UT3FTIBQJOHPG.FNPSJFTPG.POBSDIJD1FSJPE1SPQIFUT4PNF0CTFSWBUJPOT                          &IVE#FO;WJ Deus ex MachinaBOE1MPU$POTUSVDUJPOJO&[SBӍ                                                           -JTCFUI4'SJFE *TUIF(PWFSOPS"MTPBNPOHUIF1SPQIFUT 1BSTJOHUIF1VSQPTFTPG+FSFNJBIJOUIF.FNPSZPG/FIFNJBI               %BWJE4IFQIFSE 5IF6TFBOE/PO6TFPG1SPQIFUJD-JUFSBUVSFJO)FMMFOJTUJD+FXJTI)JTUPSJPHSBQIZ                                 "OESFX81JUUT Part 2: Historiography in Israelite Prophetic Books 5IF1PFUJDTPG)JTUPSZBOEUIF1SPQIFDZPG%FVUFSP*TBJBI                                                 %BOJFMMF%VQFSSFBVMU 1FSTPOBM.JTTJWFTBOE/BUJPOBM)JTUPSZ5IF3FMBUJPOTIJQCFUXFFO+FSFNJBIBOE                                .BSL-FVDIUFS &[FLJFMӑT1FSTQFDUJWFPG*TSBFMӑT)JTUPSZ4FMFDUJWF3FWJTJPOJTN                                                  #SJBO1FUFSTPO 5IF0SEFSJOHPGUIF5XFMWFBT*TSBFMӑT)JTUPSJPHSBQIZ                                                             (SBDF,P 5IFӓ&YJMJDӔ1SPQIFDZPG%BOJFM%PFT*U3FղFDU-BUF1SF.BDDBCFBOPS&BSMZ)FMMFOJTUJD)JTUPSJPHSBQIZ             3BMQI+,PSOFS 3F 7JTJPOBSZ)JTUPSZ)JTUPSJPHSBQIZBOE3FMJHJPVT*EFOUJUZJOUIF"OJNBM"QPDBMZQTF                           $PMJO.5PհFMNJSF *OEFYPG"VUIPST *OEFYPG4DSJQUVSF

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Leaders and Legacies in Assyriology and Bible The Collected Essays of David B. Weisberg by %BWJE#8FJTCFSH %BWJE8FJTCFSHCFDBNFGBTDJOBUFECZ"TTZSJPMPHZBTBOVOEFSHSBEVBUFBU$PMVNCJB6OJWFSTJUZ"MSFBEZFOEPXFEXJUIBTUSPOHCBDLHSPVOEJO)FCSBJDB IFTPPODBNFUPLOPXUIBU IFOFFEFEUIFEFFQFSJNNFSTJPOPGBHSBEVBUFQSPHSBN BOEIFFOSPMMFEBU:BMFUPQVSTVFJU %BWJE╙СTJOUFSFTUTTPPOGPDVTFEPOUIF$IBMEFBO%ZOBTUZPG/FCVDIBEOF[[BSBOEUIF"DIBFNFOJE%ZOBTUZPG$ZSVTUIF(SFBU8FJTCFSH╙СTUIFTJTTVDDFFEFEJOJMMVNJOBUJOHUIFXJEFS TJHOJ╒▒DBODFPGTPNFQSFWJPVTMZVOQVCMJTIFEDVOFJGPSN UFYUT GSPN UIJT QFSJPE  BT XFMM BT FBSOJOHIJNUIFEPDUPSBUF5IFUIFTJTBQQFBSFEJOUIFSFDFOUMZFTUBCMJTIFE:BMF/FBS&BTUFSO 3FTFBSDIFT   VOEFS UIF TPNFXIBU EBVOUJOH UJUMF Guild Structure and Political Allegiance in Early Achaemenid Mesopotamia BOE%BWJE╙СTDBSFFSXBTMBVODIFE 8FJTCFSH╙СTPFVWSF BTFYFNQMJ╒▒FECZUIFOFBSMZUISFFEP[FOFTTBZTDPOWFOJFOUMZBTTFNCMFEJOUIJTWPMVNF BUUFTUCPUIUPIJTQSPEJHJPVTJOEVTUSJPVTOFTTBOEUPUIFMPTTUIBUUIF╒▒FMEPG"TTZSJPMPHZIBTTV╒░FSFE JOIJTVOUJNFMZEFNJTF"TJTDMFBSGSPNUIFUBCMFPGDPOUFOUT IFDPOUJOVFEUPNBLFNBKPSDPOUSJCVUJPOTUPUIFTUVEZPGUIF /FP#BCZMPOJBOQFSJPE FTQFDJBMMZSFHBSEJOHQPMJUJDBMBOENJMJUBSZIJTUPSZBOEUIFEPJOHTPGBODJFOUSPZBMT CVUIFBMTP P╒░FSFETFNJOBMJOTJHIUTJOPUIFSBSFBT JODMVEJOH.BTPSFUJDTUVEJFT SBCCJOJDT TPDJBMBOEFDPOPNJDMJGFPGUIFBODJFOU/FBS &BTU BTXFMMBTUIFJOUFSGBDFCFUXFFONPEFSODVMUVSFBOETUVEZPGUIFBODJFOUXPSME &JTFOCSBVOT YWJJJ QBHFT&OHMJTI$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN8&*-&"%&3

Table of Contents Part 1: Political and Military History and Ancient Royals -PZBMUZBOE%FBUI4PNF"ODJFOU/FBS&BTUFSO.FUBQIPST ;BCBZB BO&BSMZ,JOHPGUIF-BSTB%ZOBTUZ3JC)BEEB╙СT6SHFOU5POF" /PUFPO&" 3JC╬ФBEEV╙СT6SHFOU5POF"/PUFPO&" 5IF-FOHUIPGUIF3FJHOPG╬ФBMMV─бV*O─бV─бJOBL &TBSIBEEPOBOE&HZQU"1SFMJNJOBSZ*OWFTUJHBUJPO "4BMFPG1SPQFSUZGSPNUIF5JNFPG&TBSIBEEPO ╙У,JOHPG-BOET╙Ф 5IF/FP#BCZMPOJBO&NQJSF 5IF╙У"OUJRVBSJBO╙Ф*OUFSFTUTPGUIF/FP#BCZMPOJBO,JOHT 3PZBM8PNFOPGUIF/FP#BCZMPOJBO1FSJPE "╙У%JOOFSBUUIF1BMBDF╙ФEVSJOH/FCVDIBEOF[[BS╙СT3FJHO /PUFTPO/FCVDIBEOF[[BS╙СTUI:FBS 1PMZUIFJTNBOE1PMJUJDT4PNF$PNNFOUTPO/BCPOJEVT╙С'PSFJHO1PMJDZ

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Part 3: Social and Economic History

Part 2:Texts and Legacies

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A M─Бr Ban┼лtu5FYUGSPNUIF5PXOPG)VCBU "/FP#BCZMPOJBO5FNQMF3FQPSU Pirq┼лtiPS┼аirk┼лti 8BT*─бUBSBCV╬╛VS╙СT'SFFEPN"╒│SNFEPS8BT)F 3FFOTMBWFE

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Part 4: Critical Self-ReямВection

Assyriology

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Bible, Masorah, and Rabbinics +BDPC8BSET0╒░&OEBOHFSNFOU 8PPMBOE-JOFO.BUFSJBMJO5FYUTGSPNUIF5JNFPG/FCVDIBEOF[[BS $IBSBDUFS%FWFMPQNFOUJOUIF#PPLPG3VUI 5IF3BSF"DDFOUTPGUIF5XFOUZ0OF#PPLT #SFBLJOUIF.JEEMFPGB7FSTF4PNF0CTFSWBUJPOTPOB.BTTPSFUJD'FBUVSF

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Eisenbrauns Specializing in the ancient Near East and biblical studies since 1975

Sacred Killing The Archaeology of Sacrifice in the Ancient Near East edited by "OOF1PSUFSBOE(MFOO.4DIXBSU[ 8IBUJTTBDSJձDF )PXDBOXFJEFOUJGZJUJOUIFBSDIBFPMPHJDBMSFDPSE "OEXIBUEPFTJU UFMMVTBCPVUUIFTPDJFUJFTUIBUQSBDUJDFJU Sacred Killing: The Archaeology of Sacrifice in the Ancient Near EastJOWFTUJHBUFTUIFTFBOEPUIFSRVFTUJPOTUISPVHIUIFFWJEFODFGPSIVNBO BOEBOJNBMTBDSJձDFJOUIF/FBS&BTUGSPNUIF/FPMJUIJDUPUIF)FMMFOJTUJDQFSJPET%SBXJOH POTPDJPDVMUVSBMBOUISPQPMPHZBOEIJTUPSZJOBEEJUJPOUPBSDIBFPMPHZ UIFCPPLBMTPJODMVEFT FWJEFODFGSPNBODJFOU$IJOBBOEBSJWFUJOHFZFXJUOFTTBDDPVOUBOEBOBMZTJTPGTBDSJձDFJO DPOUFNQPSBSZ*OEJB XIJDIFOHBHFTPNFPGUIFLFZJTTVFTBUTUBLFSacred KillingWJWJEMZ QSFTFOUTBWBSJFUZPGNFUIPETBOEUIFPSJFTJOUIFTUVEZPGPOFPGUIFNPTUQSPGPVOEBOEEJTUVSCJOHSJUVBMBDUJWJUJFTIVNBOTIBWFFWFSQSBDUJDFE &JTFOCSBVOT WJJJ QBHFT&OHMJTI$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN1034"$3&%

Table of Contents "SDIBFPMPHZBOE4BDSJձDF                                                                            (MFOO.`4DIXBSU[ 0O$BLUJ'JMMFE#PEJFTBOE%JWJOJUJFT "O&UIOPHSBQIJD1FSTQFDUJWFPO"OJNBM4BDSJձDFBOE3JUVBMJO$POUFNQPSBSZ4PVUI*OEJB  XJUIBO*OUSPEVDUJPOCZ"OOF1PSUFS                                                                   (JMMJBO(PTMJOHB 4PDJPQPMJUJDBM*NQMJDBUJPOTPG/FPMJUIJD'PVOEBUJPO%FQPTJUTBOEUIF1PTTJCJMJUZPG$IJME4BDSJձDF "$BTF4UVEZBU‡BUBMI¶Z¼L 5VSLFZ                                                                     4IBSPO.PTFT )VOUJOH4BDSJձDFBU/FPMJUIJD‡BUBMI¶Z¼L                                                                   /FSJTTB3VTTFMM 0O)VNBOBOE"OJNBM4BDSJձDFJOUIF-BUF/FPMJUIJDBU%PNV[UFQF                                             &MJ[BCFUI$BSUFS #MVEHFPOFE #VSOFE BOE#FBVUJձFE 3FFWBMVBUJOH.PSUVBSZ1SBDUJDFTJOUIF3PZBM$FNFUFSZPG6S              "VCSFZ#BBETHBBSE +BOFU.POHF BOE3JDIBSE-`;FUUMFS 3FTUPSJOH0SEFS%FBUI %JTQMBZ BOE"VUIPSJUZ                                                                +JMM"`8FCFS .PSUBM.JSSPST$SFBUJOH,JOUISPVHI)VNBO4BDSJձDFJO5IJSE.JMMFOOJVN4ZSP.FTPQPUBNJB                       "OOF.1PSUFS 4DSJQUTPG"OJNBM4BDSJձDFJO-FWBOUJOF$VMUVSF)JTUPSZ                            #SJBO)FTTF 1BVMB8BQOJTI BOE+POBUIBO(SFFS )VNBOBOE"OJNBM4BDSJձDFBU(BMBUJBO(PSEJPO5IF6TFTPG3JUVBMJOB.VMUJFUIOJD$PNNVOJUZ                      .BSZ.`7PJHU 4BDSJձDFJOUIF"ODJFOU/FBS&BTU0հFSJOHBOE3JUVBM,JMMJOH                                            #FBUF1POHSBU[-FJTUFO 0O4BDSJձDF"O"SDIBFPMPHZPG4IBOH4BDSJձDF                                                         3PEFSJDL$BNQCFMM *OEFYPG"VUIPST

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New Perspectives on Household Archaeology edited by #SBEMFZ+1BSLFSBOE$BUIFSJOF1'PTUFS 5IF GPVOEBUJPOBM UFOFUT PG IPVTFIPME BSDIBFPMPHZ XFSF FTUBCMJTIFE NPSF UIBO UISFF EFDBEFTBHPCZBOUISPQPMPHJDBMBSDIBFPMPHJTUTTFFLJOHNVMUJTDBMBSBQQSPBDIFTUPUIFBSDIBFPMPHJDBMSFDPSE5IFTUVEZPGUIFIPVTFIPMEBTUIFCBTJDVOJUPGTPDJFUZBOEBTBXJOEPXUP MBSHFSTPDJBM FDPOPNJD BOEQPMJUJDBMDIBOHFSFղFDUFEJOUIFFWFSZEBZBDUJPOTPGJOEJWJEVBM QFPQMFIBTTJODFCFDPNFJOUFHSBMUPBSDIBFPMPHJDBM QSBDUJDF )PXFWFS  UIF TVCձFME UPEBZ SFNBJOTBTEJWFSTFJOUIFPSFUJDBMVOEFSQJOOJOHTBTJUJTJOQSBDUJDBMBQQMJDBUJPOT 5IJTWPMVNFӎQSPDFFEJOHTPGBUISFFEBZDPOGFSFODFIFMEBUUIF6OJWFSTJUZPG6UBIӎ SFWJTJUT DPODFQUVBMJ[BUJPOT PG UIF IPVTFIPME JO CPUI QBTU BOE QSFTFOU TPDJFUJFT  FWBMVBUFT UIF DVSSFOU QMBDF PG IPVTFIPME BSDIBFPMPHZ XJUIJO UIF XJEFS ձFME PG BOUISPQPMPHJDBM BOE BSDIBFPMPHJDBMSFTFBSDI BOEQSFTFOUTUIFOFXFTUUFDIOJDBMBEWBODFTJNQMFNFOUJOHBIPVTFIPMEBSDIBFPMPHJDBMGSBNFXPSLNew Perspectives on Household ArchaeologyFYIJCJUTUIF CSFBEUIBOEEFQUIPGTUVEJFTJOIPVTFIPMEBSDIBFPMPHZDVSSFOUMZCFJOHVOEFSUBLFO JODMVEJOHTUVEJFTPOIPVTFIPMEUJNF DZDMFTJO&BSMZ#SPO[F"HF$ZQSVT UIFTPDJPUFDIOJDBMBTQFDUTPGCBSMFZDVMUJWBUJPOJO/FPMJUIJD+PSEBO BOEVSCBOOFJHICPSIPPETJOUIFFBSMZ*OEVT7BMMFZUSBEJUJPO.PSFUIBOTJNQMZSFղFDUJOHUIFӓTUBUFPGUIFձFME ӔUIJTWPMVNFIJHIMJHIUTUIF TJHOJձDBOUDPOUSJCVUJPOT/FBS&BTUFSOBSDIBFPMPHJTUTBOEUIFJSFBTUFSO.FEJUFSSBOFBODPMMFBHVFTBSFNBLJOHUPBEWBODFUIF TUVEZPGBODJFOUIPVTFIPMETBOEUPBQQMZUIJTJOGPSNBUJPOUPMBSHFSRVFTUJPOTPGTPDJPDVMUVSBMJNQPSUBODF &JTFOCSBVOT YJJ QBHFT&OHMJTI$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN1"3/&81&3

Table of Contents *OUSPEVDUJPO)PVTFIPME"SDIBFPMPHZ JOUIF/FBS&BTUBOE#FZPOE   $BUIFSJOF1'PTUFSBOE#SBEMFZ+1BSLFS

%PNFTUJD1SPEVDUJPOBOE4VCTJTUFODFJOBO 6CBJE)PVTFIPMEJO6QQFS.FTPQPUBNJB            #SBEMFZ+1BSLFS

Section 1. Household in Theoretical Perspective

Section 4. Urban Households

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Section 2. Methodological Advancements in Household Studies 1BSUJDMFTPGUIF1BTU.JDSPBSDIBFPMPHJDBM4QBUJBM"OBMZTJT PG"ODJFOU)PVTF'MPPST                         *TBBD*56MMBI )PVTFIPME.BUUFST 5FDIOJRVFTGPS6OEFSTUBOEJOH"TTZSJBO)PVTFT       -ZOO3BJOWJMMF 4IJGUJOH)PVTFIPME&DPOPNJDTPG 1MBOU6TFGSPNUIF&BSMZUP-BUF/BUVձBO1FSJPET PGUIF4PVUIFSO-FWBOU                          "SMFOF.3PTFO %FձOJOH)PVTFIPMET.JDSP$POUFYUVBM"OBMZTJTPG &BSMZ/FPMJUIJD)PVTFIPMETJOUIF;BHSPT *SBO      8FOEZ.BUUIFXT

Section 3. Food and Subsistence at the Household Level 'FFEJOH)PVTFIPMET".VMUJQSPYZ.FUIPEGPS"OBMZTJTPG 'PPE1SFQBSBUJPOJOUIF)BMBG1FSJPEBU 'ñTUñLMñ)¶Z¼L 5VSLFZ         .BSJF)PQXPPEBOE4JEEIBSUIB.JUSB *OUFHSBUJOH)PVTFIPME"SDIBFPMPHZBOE"SDIBFPCPUBOZ "$BTF4UVEZGSPN6CBJE,FOBO5FQF  4PVUIFBTUFSO"OBUPMJB             1IJMJQ(SBIBNBOE"MFYJB4NJUI #FZPOEUIF)PVTFBOEJOUPUIF'JFMET $VMUJWBUJPO1SBDUJDFTJOUIF -BUF11/#                  $IBOUFM&8IJUFBOE/JDIPMBT18PMհ

Section 5. Synthetic Household Studies 5IF6SVL1IFOPNFOPO"7JFXGSPNUIF)PVTFIPME   $BUIFSJOF1'PTUFS )PVTFIPME$POUJOVJUZBOE5SBOTGPSNBUJPO JOB1SFIJTUPSJD$ZQSJPU7JMMBHF   %BWJE'SBOLFMBOE+FOOJGFS.8FCC )PX)PVTFIPMET$BO*MMVNJOBUFUIF)JTUPSJDBM3FDPSE 5IF+VEBIJUF)PVTFTBU(BUI PGUIF1IJMJTUJOFT            +FհSFZ3$IBEXJDLBOE"SFO..BFJS )PVTFIPME"SDIBFPMPHZJOUIF4PVUIFSO-FWBOU "O&YBNQMFGSPN*SPO"HF5FMM)BMJG              +BNFT8)BSEJO

Section 6. Afterword "CPVUUIF"SDIBFPMPHJDBM)PVTF 5IFNFTBOE%JSFDUJPOT                          3PHFS.BUUIFXT (FOFSBM*OEFY

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Sepphoris I: The Pottery from Ancient Sepphoris 4FQQIPSJT&YDBWBUJPO3FQPSU Edited by &SJD..FZFSTBOE$BSPM.FZFST

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Gezer VII The Middle Bronze and Later Forti๏ฌcations in Fields II, IV, and VIII (F[FS1SPKFDU by +PF%4FHFS XJUIDPOUSJCVUJPOTCZ4FZNPVS(JUJO +BNFT8)BSEJO +PIO30TCPSOF  BOE,BSFO&4FHFS *O 3"4.BDBMJTUFSQVCMJTIFESFQPSUTPOIJT1&'FYDBWBUJPOTBU5FMM(F[FS JODFOUSBM*TSBFM JODMVEJOHOPUJDFPGIBWJOHUSBDFENPSFUIBO NFUFST BMNPTUBGVMM NJMF PGEFGFOTFXBMMTBSPVOEUIFTJUF/PX BDFOUVSZMBUFS BEFUBJMFESFBTTFTTNFOUPG UIFTFGPSUJีฑDBUJPOTJTQSPWJEFEJOUIFQVCMJDBUJPOPGGezer VII: The Middle Bronze and Later Forti๏ฌcations in Fields II, IV, and VIII FEJUFECZ+PF%4FHFSBOE+BNFT8)BSEJO 5IJTWPMVNFGFBUVSFTXPSLBU(F[FSTQPOTPSFECZ)FCSFX6OJPO$PMMFHFBOE)BSWBSE 6OJWFSTJUZCFUXFFOBOE SFQPSUJOHPOFYDBWBUJPOTBU.BDBMJTUFSำ‘Tำ“4PVUIFSO(BUFำ” 'JFME*7 BOEBMPOHIJT ำ“*OOFSำ”BOEำ“0VUFSำ”XBMMTZTUFNT CPUIPOUIFTPVUIFSO 'JFME** BOEOPSUIFSO 'JFME7*** ีฒBOLTPGUIFTJUF5IFTFFYDBWBUJPOTQSPEVDFENVDIOFXEBUB FOBCMJOHBDPOีฑEFOUEBUJOHPGUIF4PVUIFSO(BUFDPNQMFYBOEUIF*OOFS8BMMTZTUFNUP UIFMBUUFSQBSUPGUIF.JEEMF#SPO[FQFSJPE ิœิิก BOEPGUIF0VUFS8BMMUPUIF-BUF#SPO[F**BOETVCTFRVFOU )FMMFOJTUJDFSBT"NPOHBSJDIBSSBZPGDVMUVSBMSFNBJOT JOUSBNVSBMPDDVQBUJPOPGUIF.JEEMF#SPO[F"HFZJFMEFEBHPME KFXFMSZIPBSEBOEFBSMZFWJEFODFPGBMQIBCFUJDXSJUJOH &JTFOCSBVOT 'PSUIDPNJOH +VOF 1QYY QMBOTNBOZJMMVTUSBUJPOT$%&OHMJTI$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN4&((&;&3

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Table of Contents 4UPOF5BCMFUTӎ/PTӍ 4UFMFTӎ/P .JOPS7BSJBOUTBOE$PNNFOUT *OEFYPG.VTFVN/VNCFST *OEFYPG&YDBWBUJPO/VNCFST *OEFYPG/BNFT $PODPSEBODFTPG4FMFDUFE1VCMJDBUJPOT 4DPSFTPG*OTDSJQUJPOT PO$%30.

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Previously Published in the series:

The Royal Inscriptions of Esarhaddon, King of Assyria (680–669 bc) 3PZBM*OTDSJQUJPOTPGUIF/FP"TTZSJBO1FSJPE

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The Royal Inscriptions of Tiglath-Pileser III (744–727 bc) and Shalmaneser V (726–722 bc), Kings of Assyria 3PZBM*OTDSJQUJPOTPGUIF/FP"TTZSJBO1FSJPE

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The Correspondence of Tiglath-pileser III and Sargon II from Calah/Nimrud 4UBUF"SDIJWFTPG"TTZSJB by .JLLP-VVLLP 5IFJNQPSUBOUDPSQVTPG/FP"TTZSJBOQPMJUJDBMBOEBENJOJTUSBUJWFMFUUFSTEJTDPWFSFEJO BODJFOU$BMBI QSFTFOUEBZ/JNSVE CZ4JS.BY.BMMPXBOJOUIFFBSMZTIBTCFFOQBSUJBMMZ BDDFTTJCMF UP "TTZSJPMPHJTUT JO NBSWFMMPVT IBOEDPQJFT BOE QSFMJNJOBSZ USBOTMJUFSBUJPOTBOEUSBOTMBUJPOTTJODF UIBOLTUPUIFQJPOFFSJOHFÕ°PSUTPGUIFMBUF)8'4BHHT /FWFSUIFMFTT IJTMPOHBXBJUFEFEJUJPOPGUIFFOUJSFDPSQVT XIJDIBQQFBSFEJO MFGUB HSFBUEFBMPGSPPNGPSJNQSPWFNFOU5IJTDSJUJDBMFEJUJPO CBTFEPODBSFGVMTUVEZPGUIFPSJHJOBMTJOUIF#SJUJTI.VTFVNBOEUIFIJTUPSJDBMCBDLHSPVOEPGUIFMFUUFST DMBSJÕ±FTBIPTUPG QSPCMFNTBOEEFUBJMTQFSUJOFOUUPUIFSFJHOPG5JHMBUIQJMFTFS***JOQBSUJDVMBS BOEGPSUIFÕ±STU UJNFNBLFTUIJTFYUSBPSEJOBSZDPMMFDUJPOPGMFUUFSTDPNQMFUFMZBDDFTTJCMFUPUIFIJTUPSJBO /FP"TTZSJBO5FYU$PSQVT1SPKFDU MYYJW QBHFT&OHMJTI Cloth*4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN-66$033&4 Paper*4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN-66$033&41

Table of Contents Introduction 5IF$PSSFTQPOEFOUT *OUSPEVDUPSZ'PSNVMBF %BUBCMF-FUUFST Ó“/JNSVE-FUUFSTÓ”BOE0UIFS-FUUFSTGSPN $BMBI 3FMBUJPOTCFUXFFO"TTZSJBBOEIFS/FJHICPVSTJOUIF4FDPOE1BSUPGUIFUI $FOUVSZ#$ #BCZMPOJB 5IF/PSUIBOE&BTU 5IF8FTUBOE/PSUIXFTU.VLJO[FSJ 3FCFMMJPO %FQPSUBUJPOT 0O4PNF*OÕ²VFOUJBM'JHVSFTJOUIF/JNSVE -FUUFST 0OUIF1SFTFOU&EJUJPO /PUFT "CCSFWJBUJPOTBOE4ZNCPMT

Transliterations and Translations -FUUFSTGSPNUIF3FJHOPG5JHMBUI QJMFTFS*** -FUUFSTGSPN$FOUSBM"TTZSJB -FUUFSTGSPNUIF8FTUFSO1SPWJODFT -FUUFSTGSPNUIF/PSUIFSOBOE/PSUIXFTUFSO1SPWJODFT -FUUFSTGSPNUIF&BTUFSO1SPWJODFT -FUUFSTGSPN#BCZMPOJB -FUUFSTGSPNUIF3FJHOPG4BSHPO** -FUUFSTGSPNUIF,JOHBOEUIF$SPXO 1SJODF -FUUFSTGSPN$FOUSBM"TTZSJB -FUUFSTGSPNUIF8FTUFSO1SPWJODFT -FUUFSTGSPNUIF/PSUIFSOBOE/PSUIXFTUFSO1SPWJODFT -FUUFSTGSPNUIF&BTUFSO1SPWJODFT -FUUFSTGSPN#BCZMPOJB 7BSJBBOE6OBTTJHOFE

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Glossary and Indices -PHPHSBNTBOE5IFJS3FBEJOHT (MPTTBSZ *OEFYPG/BNFT 1FSTPOBM/BNFT 1MBDF/BNFT (PE 4UBSBOE5FNQMF/BNFT 4VCKFDU*OEFY -JTUPG5FYU)FBEJOHT #Z1VCMJDBUJPO/VNCFS #Z/-/VNCFS #Z.VTFVN/VNCFS -JTUPG3FDFOU+PJOT -JTUPG*MMVTUSBUJPOT Collations, Copies and Plates

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Eisenbrauns Specializing in the ancient Near East and biblical studies since 1975

The Limits of a Text Luke 23:34a as a Case Study in Theological Interpretation +PVSOBMPG5IFPMPHJDBM*OUFSQSFUBUJPO4VQQMFNFOU by +PTIVB.BSTIBMM4USBIBO )PXEPFTPOFMJNJUBCJCMJDBMUFYU CanPOFMJNJUJU ShouldPOF 5IFTFRVFTUJPOTESJWF POFUPFYBNJOFDPSFBTTVNQUJPOTPGCJCMJDBMJOUFSQSFUBUJPO BTTVNQUJPOTBCPVUUIFBJNTBOE BUUJUVEFTPOFCSJOHTUPUIFUBTLPGSFBEJOHUIF#JCMF*TUIFBJNPGCJCMJDBMFYFHFTJTUPVODPWFS XIBUSFBMMZIBQQFOFE UPEJTDPWFSUIFBVUIPSӑTJOUFOUJPOT UPBUUFOEUPUIFJOUFSQSFUBUJPOTPG SFBEFSTӎBODJFOUBOEPSDPOUFNQPSBSZ 'VSUIFSNPSF TIPVMEUIFJOUFSQSFUFSBQQSPBDICJCMJDBMUFYUTGSPNBQPTJUJPOPGOFVUSBMJUZ TVTQJDJPO BOEPSGBJUI 4USBIBOӑTCPPLBJNTUPPհFSa OPUthe TFUPGBOTXFSTUPUIFTFRVFTUJPOTCZCSJOHJOHIJTUPSJPHSBQIJDBMUIFPSZ IFSNFOFVUJDBMUIFPSZ BOEUIFPMPHZJOUPDPOWFSTBUJPO BDPOWFSTBUJPO DFOUFSFEBSPVOEBDBTFTUVEZUIBUEFBMTXJUIMJNJUJOHUIFNFBOJOH T PGBOFOJHNBUJD(PTQFM UFYUӓ'BUIFS GPSHJWFUIFN GPSUIFZLOPXOPUXIBUUIFZEPӔ -VLFB #PSSPXJOHJOTJHIUGSPN"VHVTUJOFӑTDe Doctrina Christiana UIJTCPPLPհFSTBSFOFXFE FDDMFTJBMMZMPDBUFETUSBUFHZGPSEFBMJOHXJUIQPMZTFNZJOCJCMJDBMUFYUT BTUSBUFHZUIBUIPMETUPHFUIFSNBOZPGUIFTUSFOHUITPհFSFECZDPOUFNQPSBSZUIFPMPHJDBMJOUFSQSFUFST &JTFOCSBVOT YJW QBHFT&OHMJTI1BQFS *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN453-*.*54

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Eisenbrauns Specializing in the ancient Near Eastthe and Media biblical studies since 1975 Archaeology, Bible, Politics, and

Proceedings of the Duke University Conference, April 23–24, 2009 %VLF+VEBJD4UVEJFT edited by &SJD..FZFSTBOE$BSPM.FZFST "SDIBFPMPHJDBMEJTDPWFSJFTSFMBUJOHUPUIF#JCMFBSFQSPNJOFOUJOUIFQVCMJDTRVBSF&WFO BSDIBFPMPHJDBMDPOUSPWFSTJFTOPSNBMMZDPOձ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ӎGPSXIFOMFHBMOPSNTSFDPHOJ[FEJOJOUFSOBUJPOBMMBXBOEBSDIBFPMPHJDBMTUBOEBSETBSFWJPMBUFE DIBPTSFJHOT 5IJTWPMVNFPQFOTBEJBMPHVFCFUXFFOTDIPMBSTBOEUIFNFEJB QSPWJEJOHCPUIXJUIQFSTQFDUJWFTUIBUXJMMFOBCMFUIFNUP CFDPNFCFUUFSBUDPNNVOJDBUJOHXIBUUIFZEPUPBXJEFBVEJFODF"OEJUPհFSTMBZDPNNVOJUJFTXIPMFBSOBCPVUBSDIBFPMPHZBOEUIF#JCMFUISPVHIUIFQPQVMBSNFEJBJOGPSNBUJPOUIBUXJMMNBLFUIFNNPSFTFOTJUJWFUPUIFXBZEJTDPWFSJFTBOE JTTVFTBSFQSFTFOUFE &JTFOCSBVOT Y QBHFT$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN.&:"3$)"&

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The Sumerian Poem Enmerkar and En-Suḫkeš-Ana: Epic, Play, Or? Stage Craft at the Turn from the Third to the Second Millennium b.c. "NFSJDBO0SJFOUBM4FSJFT&TTBZ by $MBVT8JMDLF 5IJTUIPSPVHIFEJUJPOPGB4VNFSJBOQPFNGFBUVSJOHUIFIFSP&ONFSLBSNBLFTVTFPG NBOZOFXMZJEFOUJձFEFYFNQMBSTPGUIFDPNQPTJUJPO*OBEEJUJPO JOIJTDPNNFOUBSZ $MBVT 8JMDLFNBLFTBHPPEDBTFUIBUTUPSZBOETDSJQUXFSFDSFBUFEGPSQFSGPSNBODF QPTTTJCMZBU BTQFDJձDFWFOUBUBTQFDJձDQMBDF UIBUJT BUUIFESJOLJOHQBSUZ,JOH"NBS4VǕFOBHBWF BUUIFUIFIPVTFPGUIFTPOPGUIFձSTUHPWFSOPSPG)BNB[JJOUIFTFDPOENPOUIPGUIFZFBS "NBS4VǕFOBJOUIFDBQJUBM6S5IFUFYUXBTJOUFOEFEUPTFSWFBTBTDSJQUGPSQFSGPSNBODF  QFSIBQTUIFFBSMJFTULOPXOӓESBNBUJDUSFBUNFOUӔPGBUSBEJUJPOBMUBMF "NFSJDBO0SJFOUBM4PDJFUZ Y QBHFT&OHMJTI1BQFS *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN8*-46.&3*

Conditional Structures in Mesopotamian Old Babylonian -BOHVBHFTPGUIF"ODJFOU/FBS&BTU by &SBO$PIFO $PIFOӑTNPOPHSBQIUBLFTVQUIFJTTVFPGDPOEJUJPOBMTUSVDUVSFTJO0ME#BCZMPOJBOGSPNB MJOHVJTUJDQPJOUPGWJFX5IFHFOSFTUIBUGPSNUIFDPSQVTGPSUIFTUVEZBSFMFUUFST BTXFMMBT MBXDPMMFDUJPOTBOEPNFOT5IFJORVJSZDPODMVEFTXJUIBHFOFSBMEJTDVTTJPOPGUIFMJOHVJTUJD OBUVSFPGFBDI HFOSFBOEUIFSFMBUJPOPGUIJTEJհFSFOUOBUVSFUPUIFGVODUJPOTPGUIFGPSNT $POEJUJPOBMTPGUFOFYQSFTTNPEBMJUZ UIFTVQQPTJUJPO PSUIFQPUFOUJBMGBDUPS CVUBSFBDUVBMMZ NVDINPSFUIFZJOUFSGBDFXJUINBOZMJOHVJTUJD TVCTZTUFNT DMBVTFDPNCJOJOH TUSBUFHJFT  JOUFSDMBVTBMSFMBUJPOT GPSJOTUBODF UIFTZOUBDUJDSFMBUJPOTIJQCFUXFFOQSPUBTJTBOEBQPEPTJT  TZOUBDUJDQBUUFSOT TZOUBDUJDVOJUTBCPWFDMBVTFMFWFMT UIFFTTFODFPG0ME#BCZMPOJBONBDSP TZOUBY UFOTFSFMBUFEJTTVFT UIFGVOEBNFOUBMPQQPTJUJPOCFUXFFOTQFDJձDBOEHFOFSJD BOE NPSF"MMPGUIFDPOEJUJPOBMQBUUFSOT UIFSFBSFTFWFSBMEJհFSFOUQBUUFSOT BSFQSPWJEFEXJUIBTZOUBDUJDDIBSBDUFSJ[BUJPO TP UIBUUIFQFDVMJBSJUZPGFBDIDPOEJUJPOBMTFRVFODFJTEJհFSFOUJBUFEGSPNBMMPUIFSQPUFOUJBMTFRVFODFT -BOHVBHFFYQFSUTXJMMձOE JOBEEJUJPO BOJOEFQUI EFUBJMFEEJTDVTTJPOBCPVUUIFWBMVFTPGWBSJPVTWFSCBMBOEPUIFS QSFEJDBUJWFGPSNTJOWBSJPVTDPOEJUJPOBMTUSVDUVSFTPDDVSSJOHJOUIFDPSQVTUIFEJհFSFODFTCFUXFFOTVQFSձDJBMMZTJNJMBS DPOEJUJPOBMQBUUFSOTBSFTUBUFEBOEFYQMBJOFE BOEUIFGVODUJPOTPGUIFWBSJPVTDPOEJUJPOBMQBUUFSOTBSFEFTDSJCFE.BOZ USBEJUJPOBMMZEJճDVMUQPJOUTBSFUSFBUFEBOEHJWFOTVJUBCMFTPMVUJPOT5IFDPODMVEJOHTFDUJPOTPGFBDIDIBQUFSJODMVEFMJOHVTUJDHMPTTFTBOENPSFHFOFSBMEJTDVTTJPOTUIBUBMMPXMJOHVJTUJDUZQPMPHJTUTUPQFFLJOUPUIFDPOEJUJPOBMTZTUFNPG0ME #BCZMPOJBO 5IFUBCMFPGDPOUFOUTMJTUFECFMPXJTTUJMMTVCKFDUUPTMJHIUSFWJTJPO &JTFOCSBVOT Y QBHFT&OHMJTI$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN$0)$0/%*5 10# 8JOPOB-BLF */ Ә 1IPOF Ә 'BY &NBJMDVTUPNFS@TFSWJDF!FJTFOCSBVOTDPN

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Eisenbrauns Specializing in the ancient Near East and biblical studies since 1975

The Private Lives of Women in Persian Egypt by "OOBMJTB"[[POJ 5IF&MFQIBOUJOFUFYUTIBWFCFFOWBSJPVTMZTUVEJFE NBJOMZXJUISFTQFDUUPUIFJSJNQBDUPO +FXJTIIJTUPSZ"GFXNPOPHSBQITPOUIFMFHBMBTQFDUTIBWFBMTPCFFOQVCMJTIFE#VUTDIPMBSTIBWFQBJEMJUUMFBUUFOUJPOUPUIFSFNBSLBCMFFWJEFODFJOUIFTFTPVSDFTBCPVUXPNFOBOE UIFJSMJWFT*OThe Private Lives of Women in Persian Egypt "[[POJBJNTBUձMMJOHUIJTHBQ CZSFFYBNJOJOHBMMPGUIF&HZQUJBO"SBNBJDEPDVNFOUTGSPNUIFQFSJPEPG1FSTJBOEPNJOBUJPOUIBUGPDVTPOUIFXPNFOӎUIFJSTPDJBMTUBUVT UIFJSFDPOPNJDBDUJWJUJFT BOEUIFJSQSJWBUF MJWFTӎJOSFMBUJPOUPTZODISPOJDBMMZSFMBUFENBUFSJBM *O PSEFS UP DPMMFDU BMM QPTTJCMF JOGPSNBUJPO BCPVU UIFTF BTQFDUT PG XPNFOӑT MJWFT  UIF BVUIPSBOBMZ[FTUIFMFHBMEPDVNFOUT BENJOJTUSBUJWFUFYUT BOEMFUUFSTJOEFUBJMBOEJOUIFJS PSJHJOBM MBOHVBHFT 5ISFF XPNFO SFDFJWF TQFDJBM BUUFOUJPO JO UIJT TUVEZ   UIF XFBMUIZ +VEFBO .JQUBIJBI    UIF &HZQUJBO TMBWF 5BNVU  BOE   5BNVUӑT NBOVNJUUFE EBVHIUFS  :FIPZJġNBǕ5IFZXFSFDIPTFOCFDBVTFUIFJSSFMBUFEUFYUTDPOUBJONPSFJOGPSNBUJPOUIBO NPTUBOEBMTPCFDBVTFUIFXPNFOIBEEJհFSFOUMFHBMBOEFDPOPNJDTUBUVTFT'VSUIFSNPSF  BNPOHUIFNTFMWFT UIFTFUISFFXPNFOIFMEUIFQPTJUJPOTPGEBVHIUFS XJGF NPUIFS TJTUFS  TMBWF FYTMBWF BOETMBWFPXOFS &JTFOCSBVOT 'PSUIDPNJOH +VMZ $B`Y QBHFT&OHMJTI$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN";;13*7"5

La famille dans le Proche-Orient ancien: Réalités, symbolismes et images Proceedings of the 55th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Paris, July 6–9, 2009 Edited by -JPOFM.BSUJ 1SPDFFEJOHTPGUIFUI3FODPOUSF"TTZSJPMPHJRVF*OUFSOBUJPOBMF 1BSJT  &JTFOCSBVOT 'PSUIDPNJOH 4FQUFNCFS1QDB&OHMJTI 'SFODI (FSNBO$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN3"*

Time and History in the Ancient Near East Proceedings of the 56th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Barcelona, July 26–30, 2010 Edited by -MVJT'FMJVFUBM 1SPDFFEJOHTPGUIFUI3FODPOUSF"TTZSJPMPHJRVF*OUFSOBUJPOBMF #BSDFMPOB  &JTFOCSBVOT 'PSUIDPNJOH +VMZ$BQBHFT&OHMJTI (FSNBO 'SFODI$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN3"* 10# 8JOPOB-BLF */ Ә 1IPOF Ә 'BY &NBJMDVTUPNFS@TFSWJDF!FJTFOCSBVOTDPN

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Eisenbrauns Babylonian Creation Myths .FTPQPUBNJBO$JWJMJ[BUJPOT by 8(-BNCFSU 1SPG-BNCFSUXBTBUXPSLPOUIJTNBHOVNPQVTGPSNPSFUIBOZFBSTMBNFOUBCMZ IF EJFETIPSUMZBGUFSEFMJWFSJOHUIFNBOVTDSJQUBOENVDIPGUIFNBUFSJBMTGPSUIFCPPL'PSUVOBUFMZ  CFDBVTF UIF XPSL XBT MBSHFMZ DPNQMFUF  BOE XJUI UIF TJHOJձDBOU BTTJTUBODF FTQFDJBMMZ  PG "OESFX (FPSHF  IJT XPSL IBT OPU CFFO MPTU *O BEEJUJPO UP B NBKPS TFDUJPO PO Enūma Eliš UIFXPSLJODMVEFTFEJUJPOTPGBOEEJTDVTTJPOPGWJSUVBMMZFWFSZLOPXO#BCZMPOJBOUFYUDPOUBJOJOHSFGFSFODFTUPDSFBUJPOBOEDSFBUJPOSFMBUFEBDUJWJUJFT &JTFOCSBVOT 'PSUIDPNJOH MBUFTVNNFSDBQBHFT QMBUFT&OHMJTI$MPUI *4#/ -JTU1SJDF IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN-"..&4010

Other Forthcoming Titles

Royal Rituals and Cultic Texts 4UBUF"SDIJWFTPG"TTZSJB by 4JNP1BSQPMB 'JOOJTI'PVOEBUJPOGPS"SDIBFPMPHJDBM3FTFBSDI 'PSUIDPNJOH MBUF$MPUI $MPUI*4#/IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN1"330:"-3 1SJDFOPUTFU 1BQFS*4#/IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN1"330:"-31 1SJDFOPUTFU Subscribers to the series will receive this publication automatically at 20% discount. Orders must be placed with Eisenbrauns.

The Standard Babylonian Myth of Nergal and Ereškigal 4UBUF"SDIJWFTPG"TTZSJB$VOFJGPSN5FYUT by .JLLP-VVLLPBOE4JNPOFUUB1PODIJB 'JOOJTI'PVOEBUJPOGPS"SDIBFPMPHJDBM3FTFBSDI 'PSUIDPNJOH MBUFTQSJOH1BQFS IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN-66/&3("-  UFOUBUJWF 

The Babylonian Theodicy 4UBUF"SDIJWFTPG"TTZSJB$VOFJGPSN5FYUT by 5BLBZPTIJ0TIJNB 'JOOJTI'PVOEBUJPOGPS"SDIBFPMPHJDBM3FTFBSDI 'PSUIDPNJOH MBUFTQSJOH1BQFS IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN04)5)&0%*  UFOUBUJWF 

Megiddo V: The 2004–2008 Seasons 4POJBBOE.BSDP/BEMFS*OTUJUVUFPG"SDIBFPMPHZ.POPHSBQI #Z.BUUIFX+"EBNT &SBO"SJF &SJD)$MJOF *TSBFM'JOLFMTUFJO /PSNB'SBOLMJO .BSJP"4.BSUJO %BWJE6TTJTILJO &JTFOCSBVOT 'PSUIDPNJOH TVNNFS$MPUIWPMVNFTNBOZJMMVTUSBUJPOTTPMEPOMZBTBTFU IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN"%".&(*%% 

Esther, Queen of the Jews: The Status and Position of Esther in the Old Testament $POJFDUBOFB#JCMJDB 0ME5FTUBNFOU4FSJFT by 5BM%BWJEPWJDI &JTFOCSBVOT 'PSUIDPNJOH +VOF1BQFS IUUQXXXFJTFOCSBVOTDPNJUFN%"7&45)&3 


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Eisenbrauns New Titles Spring 2013