EARLY WARNING INDICATOR AND INTERVENTION SYSTEMS Research indicates that three early warning indicators—poor Attendance, poor Behavior, and Course failure in English or math – the ABCs – are valid predictors of whether or not a student will drop out of school. If a sixth grader in a high-poverty school has even one of these indicators, he or she has less than a 20 percent chance of graduating from high school on time. Early Warning Indicator and Intervention Systems (EWS) centralize data in a single location so that educators can frequently review this data, determine what interventions are needed to meet each student’s unique needs, and monitor the interventions’ effectiveness. Absence of enough people power in schools can often stand in the way of effective use of EWS, but City Year AmeriCorps members help make EWS possible. Corps members partner with teachers and administrators to identify students with an earlywarning indicator pointing to a need for extra attention, then work together to ensure that the right students receive the right supports at the right time. For chronically absent students, for example, corps members aim to uncover issues at the root of a student’s absences and help to put the proper supports in place to improve his or her attendance, whether it’s providing a wake-up call or helping to coordinate a ride to school. City Year corps members implement the research-based Response to Intervention framework (RTI) to provide student supports. The RTI framework includes three tiers of support: Tier 1 – school-wide supports, Tier 2 – targeted extra help for struggling students and Tier 3 – intensive interventions for the most at-risk students. Using the RTI framework, City Year teams provide school-wide (Tier 1) supports as well as collaborate with educators at the beginning of the school year to analyze early warning indicator data to determine a “focus list” of up to 20 students per City Year AmeriCorps member who require evidence-based, individualized interventions to achieve their full potential (Tier 2 supports).
A summary of our 2012-2013 year of service.