The Professional Book of Tea By Andrew Lee
Contents. Page 3: What is tea? Page 4: Who discovered tea? Page 5: How does tea get from the plant to the cup? Page 6: Good and bad things about tea Page 7: Quiz Page 8: Quiz continued. Page 9: FACTS! Page 10: Glossary Page 11: References Page 12: Quiz Answers (No Looking)
What is tea? Tea is a drink which is made by pouring hot water over cured leaves that grow on the Camellia sinensis plant. It was originally from China and has become the second most popular drink in the world after water. It is usually served hot or cold and is sometimes served also with biscuits. You can have hot tea or cold tea.
3 Note: Words in BOLD will be in the glossary.
Who discovered tea? According to legend, tea was discovered by the Chinese emperor Shennong in 2737 BCE. When the emperor and his army were resting on a trip to a far away region, a tea leaf from a Camellia sinensis bush fell into his hot cup of water and the water turned brownish. But it was unnoticed and the water was brought to him. The emperor drank it and found it very refreshing, and thus tea, or cha, was discovered.
This is a statue of Shen Nung.
How does tea get from the plant to the cup? Many teas are produced in many different ways. In this book, I would like to give an example of tea production by explaining the process of producing green tea. 1. The green tea is plucked by hand and and spread onto bamboo trays. It is then put out in the open for 1 or 2 hours. 2. The tea leaves are then heated to prevent oxidation and to preserve freshness. 3. The leaves are rolled into various shapes and then dried. 4. The tea is put into packets or teabags and sold. 5
Good and bad things about tea. There are a lot of good things about tea, but there are also some bad things. Here are a few facts about the second most popular drink in the world. Good things: Tea can boost your brains concentration with concentration and focus, fight illnesses, and beat stress. Bad things: If you drink too much tea, you can have sleep problems and kidney disease because there is a lot of caffeine in tea. If you drink too much tea, you can also get cancer, hyperthyroidism, and arthritis. 6
Quiz! • • • • •
Q1: What is the Latin name for the tea plant? Q2: Who discovered tea? Q3: What is cancer? Q4: What does tea have a lot in it? Q5: What is the other name for tea?
Quiz continued! • • • • •
Q6: What is the most poplar drink before tea? Q7: When was tea discovered? Q8: What are the good things about tea? Q9: What are the bad things about tea? Q10: Where is tea originally from?
FACTS! These are some interesting facts about tea!
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Glossary • BCE: the initials of `before the Common Era’ • Camellia sinensis: the Latin name for the tea plant. • Oxidation: the process or result of oxidizing or being oxidized. • Cancer: the disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body • Hyperthyroidism: over activity in the neck. • Arthritis: painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints
References The Fragrant Leaf. “Green Tea Production”, accessed 8 September, 2012. http://www.thefragrantleaf.com/greentea.html. J.L. Athey, 3 March 2009, “Advantages and Disadvantages of Tea”, Simplici~Tea, accessed 8, September 2012. http://tranquilitea.wordpress.com/2009/03/03/advantages-anddisadvantages-of-tea/. TeaChat, accessed 9 September 2012. http://www.teachat.com. MatchDocter, accessed 9 September 2012 http://www.matchdoctor.com
Quiz Answers • Q1 Answer: Camellia sinensis • Q2 Answer: Shen Nung • Q3 Answer: the disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body • Q4 Answer: Caffeine • Q5 Answer: cha • Q6 Answer: water • Q7 Answer: 2737 BCE • Q8 Answer: Tea can boost your brains concentration with concentration and focus, fight illnesses, and beat stress. • Q9 Answer: If you drink too much tea, you can have sleep problems and kidney disease because there is a lot of caffeine in tea. You can also get cancer, hyperthyroidism, and arthritis. • Q10 Answer: China 12