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“Casagrande is one of Europe’s new young breed of architects hing that envelope beyond ‘accepted norms’ and the ‘standard perimeters’ of design practice, mbracing sustainability, humanism, and the public’s right to an appropriate architecture and self-esteem.” Narkiewicz-Laine

Concept / Design: Andreea Mihaiu Coordinator / Colaborator: Dinu Dumbravician DTP: Aurelian Ardelean Photography: source google / post production Adrian Mihaiu Text source: google / edit Andreea Mihaiu, Andra Pavel Print: Digital printed at Square Media



Arch cont goes natu and agai

Designing is not sufficient.

esign should ot replace eality.

To be part of this,

The built human environment is a mediator between human nature

hitectural trol s against ure thus also inst

The building must grow out of the location; it must react to its environ it must be a reflection of life and also be itself, as every other living being.

LIFE AND WORK Casagrande’s works and teaching are moving freely in-between architecture, urban and environmental design and science, environmental art and circus adding up into crossover architectural thinking of “commedia dell’architettura”, a broad vision of built human environment tied into social drama and environmental

Marco Casagrande is a Finnish Architect born in 1971 awareness. He views architects as design shamans merely in Turku, Finland. He graduated from the Helsinki interpreting what the bigger University of Technology Department of Architecnature of the shared mind is ture in 2001. From the early stages of his career transmitting. Casagrande started to mix architecture with other disciplines of art and science landing with a series of ecologically conscious architectural installations around the world. The widely published works have been exhibited three times in the Venice Architecture Biennale (2000, 2004 and 2006) and in Havana Biennale 2000, Firenze Biennial 2001, Yokohama Triennial 2001, Montreal Biennial 2002, Puerto Rico Biennial 2002, Demeter Hokkaido 2002, Alaska Design Forum 2003, Echigo – Tsumari Triennial 2003, Taipei on the Move 2004, London Architecture Biennial 2004, Sensoria Melbourne 2004, Taiwan Design Expo 2005, Urban Flashes Mumbai 2006, 7 — ELEVEN City 2007, World Architecture Festival 2009, Hong Kong & Shenzhen Bi-City Biennial 2009 and Victoria & Albert Museum 2010 among others. The works have been awarded in the Architectural Review’s Emerging Architecture 1999, Borromini Award 2000, Mies Van Der Rohe Award 2001, Lorenzo Il Magnifico Award 2001, La Nuit Du Livre Award 2006, World Architecture Community Awards 2009, World Architecture Festival Award 2009, Architectural Review House Award 2010 and World Architecture Community Awards 2010 competitions.


There is no other reality than nature.�

Casagrande has been teaching in a numerous universities since year 2000 including the Tokyo University Tadao Ando Laboratory, Aalto University, Helsinki University of Art and Design and Bergen School of Architecture. He was a visiting professor at the Taiwanese Tamkang University 2004 — 2008 and currently runs an independent cross-disciplinary research centre Ruin Academy in Taipei in cooperation with the Aalto University’s SGT Sustainable Global Technologies Centre. Casagrande views cities as complex energy organisms in which different overlapping layers of energy flows are determining the actions of the citizens as well as the development of the city. By mixing environmentalism and urban design Casagrande is developing methods of punctual manipulation of the urban energy flows in order to create an ecologically sustainable urban development towards the so-called 3rd Generation City. Architecture is in the position to produce the acupuncture needles for the urban chi. A weed will root into the smallest crack in the asphalt and eventually break the city. Urban acupuncture is the weed and the acupuncture point is the crack. The possibility of the impact is total, connecting human nature as part of nature.


The theory of the Third Genera urban development as the ruin organic machine ruined by nat and urban acupuncture as: a c nipulation of the collective se City is viewed as multi-dimens ism, a living environment.

ation City views the future n of the industrial city, an ture including human nature cross-over architectural maensuous intellect of a city. sional sensitive energy-organ-

How do you think architecture will change in the next 50 years? Architecture will start acting more as a mediator of a larger conversation between different disciplines and sociological layers. Architecture will be design shamanism taking care of the connection between the modern man and nature. The development of the Third Generation City is interesting. His theory of the Third Generation City

Your recent project, Chen House, received a World Architecture Award in 2008. What aspects of Chen House do you think contributed to winning the award? Beauty. Also the thinking of ruin.



What are you most proud of in your career or any aspect of life? I can feel nature. Who do you think is the most over – rated architect, and who do you think deserves more credit / recognition? MDRDV among many others is like a hair dressing saloon of architecture. Normal people should be recognized – no architect architecture. Also grandmothers are good.

What inspired you to become involved in Architecture? What inspires you now? Nature inspires me including human nature and architectonic beauty. Environmental drama. What other interests do you have? Favourite places in the World: Enduro and Forest.




What aspect of Architecture do you find most important? What is fundamental to your practice and your design process? To be present. One has to die a bit to be reborn.





Which of your projects has been the most rewarding and why? Many of the projects have been very rewarding. Land(e)scape was as the first project to reach architectural scale and being able to hold on to your original idea, protect your architecture and burn it. This project also presented me the essence of being present in art.





What would students learn from reviewing the body of architectural projects you have completed? Do you have any advice for upcoming students? Anybody gets anything he wants. Try to think, what do you want. Also accident is good.

Do you think that Architecture tends to be trendy today? Trends and style is nonsense. No trends, no style – just architecture.

What changes would you like to see in the Architectural profession? Architects need forced labour in simple conditions. Mysticism, shamanism, punk, physicality and drama should hit back. Some sort of religious anger is needed to ruin the industrial city.

views the post industrial urban condition as a machine ruined by human nature and architects as design shamans merely interpreting what the bigger nature of the shared mind is transmitting.



What would be your ultimate design project? Mixture of a shopping centre and jungle.

What is your favourite time of the day, and why? After a good working day I deserve a beer.

Favourite Book: Heart of Darkness. Favourite Music: Motorhead.



Who would you most like to work with on a project? I want to design shelters in nature for honest people.

What are you doing at the moment? Starting a new ultra-ruin in Taiwan.


he visitors are describing the andworm as a willow cathedral finely tuned to celebrate he site specific conditions of he Wenduine tidal beaches.




ic an rg o


structur e

he 45 meters long and 10m wide and high installation moves freely in-between architecture and environmental art and is constructed entirely out of willow fol-

Sandworm by Finnish environmental artist and architect Marco Casagrande is an organic structure / space SANDWORM / creature realized on the dunes of the Wenduine coastline, Belgium. The visitors are describing the Sandworm as a willow cathedral finely tuned to celebrate the site specific conditions of the Wenduine tidal beaches. The space is used for picnics, relaxation and post industrial meditation.


lowing the local knowledge of working with sand and willow. Casagrande worked hard with his team of young architects and local experts for 4 weeks in order to create something that he describes as weak architecture — a human made structure that wishes to become part of nature through flexibility and organic presence.




l a c i n a h mec



Cicada is an organic void in the mechanical texture of modern Taipei, a cocoon

sof t

vibratio n

The space will sw will offer him a sand years back things are the sa ture and the spac This unique envir ed as an urban a penetrating the h ziness in order to and get in touch local knowledge pei basin with na

Cicada is an organic void in the mechanical texture of modern Taipei, a cocoon for post-industrial metCICADA amorphosis for industrial insects. The architecture is based on the Local knowledge of human scale flexible bamboo structures containing a high level of improvisation and insect mind — Open Form. As one enters the Cicada, the surrounding city disappears. The cocoon is an interior space but totally outside — it is breathing, vibrating, soft and safe. The cocoon of Cicada is an accidental mediator between the modern man and reality. There is no other reality than nature.


wallow the modern man and possibility to travel a thouin order to realize, that the ame. Cicada is insect architecce is a public sphere. ronmental art work also actacupuncture for Taipei city hard surfaces of industrial lao reach the original ground h with the collective Chi, the e that binds the people of Taiature.





The building is realized on a wasteland of a ruined build Bild



s ct se in social

The building is realized on a wasteland of a ruined building site in-between the Shenzhen City Hall and BUG DOME an illegal workers camp. The design is inspired by insects. The bamboo construction methods are based on local knowledge from rural Guanxi brought into the city by the migrating construction workers. The space is used during the SZHK Biennale for underground bands, poetry reading, discussions, karaoke and as a lounge for the illegal workers from the neighboring camp.


he building offers a shade, a stage and a fireplace. The Bug Dome is an un-official social club for illegal workers from the Chinese countryside.







The house is realized on an old Japanese cherry-farm in the Datun — mountains of North – Taiwan. It is designed as

ds in w

e flexibl

The house is realized on an old Japanese cherry-farm in the Datun — mountains of North — Taiwan. It is CHEN HOUSE designed as a vessel to react on the demanding wind, flooding and heat conditions on the site. The bio-climatic architecture is designed to catch the cool breeze from the Datun river during the hot days and to let in the small winds circulating on the site between the fresh water reservoir and the farmlands. A fire place is used during the winter for heating and for cooking tea. In connection with the bathroom is a small sauna.


The house is not strong or heavy — it is weak and flexible. It is also not closing the environment out, but designed to give the farmers a needed shelter.




he Design-Build process was an intensive workshop for the V채stlands Art Academy, Norway.



glo w



Floating sauna for the Rosendahl village by the Hardangerfjord in Norway. The sauna is situated in FLOATING SAUNA the center of the village. It glows like a lantern when the things are cooking.


he Design-Build process was an intensive workshop for the V채stlands Art Academy, Norway.







move m

A dramatic architectural installation designed to draw attention to the plight of the Finish countryside.

onu m e





A dramatic architectural installation designed to draw attention to the plight of the Finish countryLANDSCAPE side. The most unusual finalist was the wonderful architectural installation in Finland by Marco Casagrande and Sami Rintala. The whole was in many ways a contemporary interpretation of monument, poetic, moving, its only remaining presence on film and video. It is to be hoped that the heroic march of the three on the nation’s memories and its attitude to its agricultural past.

It is (or was) bo ditional Finnish practices and a growth of the now surround All jury membe extremely pow


oth a celebration of the trah landscape and farming a protest against the endless low density suburbs which every Finnish settlement. ers agreed that the idea was werful, and that it must be




l e s e i d



This is an architectonic installation in Anchorage Alaska by Finnish architects

a se


The interior is trast to the ru floor is made the origin of a like diesel, ins “The work smells like diesel.” People were complaining. “Is this a slap against the face of Alaska, or a REDRUM piece of fine-art?” This is an architectonic installation in Anchorage Alaska by Finnish architects Casagrande & Rintala. The work is commissioned by Alaska Design Forum. 3 Alaska Railroad oil tanks cut into total 12 pieces and turned into a tempel structure opposite the Federal Building of Anchorage in the crossing of C-Street and 7th Avenue.


s painted bright red in conusty and brutal exterior. The of 3500 kg of oyster shells, all Alaskan oil. Outside smells side smells like sea.






industr ple tem


Potemkin stan post industria ple, the Acrop re-think of th tion between ern man and n

nds as a al tempolis to he connecthe modnature.




he park is founded on an illegal garbage dump. The architecture was drawn on site in 1:1 scale on snow by walking the lines with snow-shoes and then built up when

Potemkin stands as a post industrial temple, the Acropolis to re-think of the connection between the POTEMKIN modern man and nature. The rice farming village of Kuramata is dying. The younger generations have moved to Nijgata, Tokyo and other cities and the traditions of hundreds of years are about to disappear very rapidly; traditions that are based on a harmonious coexistence between man and nature — human nature as part of nature.

he snow melted. Potemkin celebrates Local Knowledge and by providing an industrial ruin it is providing hope.




c i r t a i h c y ps


i sk



The anarch mental art the first pr national la

hic environt work won rice of the andscape


A protest against land’s Koli Natio ski resort. In the lecting unwanted pitals around the tala made 1000 the verdant land gesture of surren

Landscape installation realized in Koli Nature Park, summer 2000, 1000 White Flags made of sheets 1000 WHITE FLAGS from mental hospitals on three meters long iron bars mounted to a downhill-skiing range in Koli Nature Park in order to celebrate the madness of the businessmen who cut down the ancient forest in this one of Finlands most beautiful spots. Winning entry of a national competition. The anarchic environmental art work won the first price of the national landscape art competition Settlement and launched the natural restoration process of the national park’s ancient forests.


t the development of Finonal Park as a cross-country summer of 2000, after cold sheets from psychiatric hose country, Casagrande & Rin0 White Flags to punctuate dscape of one ski-slope as a nder to insanity.




sus at ni ba el

l a g ille

74 y it n u m m co


A formally illegal se ment of urban farme in Taipei, Taiwan. Af a participatory planning action between Casagrande Laborato GAPP (Global Artivis


A formally illegal settlement of urban farmers in Taipei, Taiwan. After a participatory planning action TREASURE HILL between Casagrande Laboratory, GAPP (Global Artivist Participation Plan), local NGO`s, Treasure Hill community and Taipei City Government the area has been restored into a model community of environmentally sustainable urban living in Taiwan.



A “must-see location” by New York Times.





We got the invita-




tion to participate in the Venice Biennale 2000. The director of the Biennale architect Massimilliano Fuksas wanted us to realize an architectural installation commenting on the theme of the exhibition: Citta Less Aes


he barge “Topogigio” was abandoned and filled with dirt and water. We could work with this. All the materials are recycled or borrowed. Even the trees.This is a temporary collage of material streams.

They said: “We got the invitation to participate in the 60 MINUTE MAN Venice Biennale 2000. The director of the Biennale architect Massimilliano Fuksas wanted us to realize an architectural installation commenting on the theme of the exhibition: Citta Less Aesthetics, More Ethics. What we wanted was to have an industrial ship and plant a forest inside. Then sail with this ship from Finland to Venice. Our biologist friends told us that the vegetation would die somewhere around the Biskaya Bay, the climate change would be too big. Trees don´t sail. We ended up in North-Italy with a van with our mobile working crew and started to look after a ship.”


Eventually we found a barge in the port of Chioggia, some 50 km south of Venice Big reward after 7 weeks of work was to sail with the forest and open it up as a public park in Venice. Is an architectonic installation by Finnish architects Casagrande & Rintala for the enice Biennale 2000.




Colophone Concept:

Binding: Cusatura în lant continuu, este un tip de cusatura la care pasii de coasere au continuitate neîntrerupta în interiorul uneia si aceleiasi fascicule iar buclele de coasere sunt scurte, descendente pe traseu, cu priza pe sub bucla inferioara, si ascendente la capete. Buclele pasate. Prizea de coasere este exclusiv pe ligamentele specifice. Paper: Grid: increment every 12.148 pt, start 0 pt, gridline every vertical 12.148 pt, gridline every orizontal 8.562 pt, subdivisions 1 / Margins top 36.444 pt, bottom 36 pt, inside 34.25 pt, outside 34.253 pt / Columns 7, gutter 8.648 pt Type: Sci Fly Sans Body text: Size 9 pt / Leading 10 pt / Tracking 0 pt / Kerning Optical / Optical Margin Alignment 12 pt / Alignment Left / Case Normal / First line indent 24 pt / Single column / Hyphenation 5 - 3 - 3 - 4 - 36 pt / Underline width 0.5 pt, offset 2 pt / Align to baseline grid Headline: Size 30 pt / Leading 36 pt / Tracking 0 / Kerning Optical / Optical Margin Alignment 12 pt / Alignment Left / Case Caps / Single column / Underline width 5pt, offset 4 / Align to baseline grid Colontitle: Size 12 pt / Trackin 0 pt / Optical Margin Alignment 12 pt / Alignment Left / Case All Caps / Single column / Underline weight 2 pt offset, 1,56 pt / Align to baseline grid

Content 6 10 12 18 24 30 36 42 48 54 60 66 72

Life and work Interview Sandworm Cicada Bug dome Chen house Floating sauna Landscape Redrum Potemkin 1000 White flags Treasure hill 60 minute man

who have expanded the traditional boundaries of archite to include architecture as environmental art and sculpture urban design that reflects and respects human values, dig

Marc Casagrande  

Marco Casagrande book

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