Child and Adolescent Mental Health Unit, Cornwall
In fact, modern psychiatric design for independent, contained and specifically designed mental health units arguably reflects many of the principles first promoted by those in favour of moral treatment. This is because modern psychiatric facilities continue to segregate patients according to the mental health issues they have been diagnosed with and emphasise the importance of activity, domesticity and occupational therapy. One recent example of how these principles are reflected in architecture is the new design for the Child and Adolescent Mental Health Unit, Cornwall, designed by P.M. Devereux (2015). See Fig. 13 and 14.
The design for the proposed Child and Adolescent Mental
47 AFH, (2015). AFH design
Health Unit for Cornwall possess both shared and private spaces.
For example, the building is divided into two 6-bed clusters and one
projects. Architecture for Health.
3-bed clusters. Each cluster has swing zones that allow beds to move
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in a way, which means that more or fewer people can sleep in one
room if required. Also, each cluster or group in the building has a
lounge, a quiet room and access to a courtyard garden.47
Each cluster is closed off from other clusters although each
cluster has access to a shared dining facility and activity room. 48 Ibid.
Classrooms are also provided for patients along with music and kitchen facilities and therapy rooms.48 These features allow patients
to have privacy if required as well as participate in group activities. Furthermore, the design allows for segregation by age group under the care of trained staff with staff facilities located at the centre of the building to ensure that staff can observe and access patients at
From Top Right to Bottom
Fig. 13 Design for Child and Adolescent Mental Health Unit, Cornwall (P.M. Devereux, 2015) Fig. 14 Axonometric Model
all times. Further shared space is provided in the form of gym and cafĂŠ. These facilities allow residents to meet family and friends in an appropriate space that echoes a social rather than a hospital or institutional environment.49 In other words, recent psychiatric hospital design is beginning to realise that the wishes of patients in terms of environment are an important aspect of treatment and, ultimately, recovery from mental illness.