It has been argued that such thinking is inappropriate for acute psychiatric care as the bed performs a different function in mental health treatment than it does in other medical disciplines. This is because, for psychiatric patients, the bed is not the place of treatment; it is merely somewhere to sleep. Instead, treatment occurs in other areas of the ward where spaces are put aside for recreational and occupational activities, individual and group treatments, 43 Leff, J., & Warner, R., (2006). Social inclusion of people with mental illness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Below Fig. 12 NHS Modular Ward Design 3D Plan
and socialisation. Hence, it can be suggested that while the design requirements for fundamental elements of mental health treatment were understood by nineteenth century architects of psychiatric hospitals, the designers of modular NHS psychiatric wards have failed to pick up on the unique aspects of treatment of psychiatric disorders.43 As a result, many psychiatric admissions wards in general hospitals are cramped and claustrophobic. There is a lack of space for individual and group activities, and a lack of privacy for patients.