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BCN

ZERO EMI SSION


STUDIO 1 [IAAC 2010] Andreana Papantoniou Carolina Libardi Erina Filipovska


Barcelona [41°21’N 02°10’E]

Transforming An Existing City into 0 emissions The Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia is involved in a research project to transform the city of Barcelona in a Zero Emission city. To make that possible, the students were asked to map the city from an energetical point of view, and then propose strategies to make the goal possible. This booklet shows the CO2 mapping process for the barrios of La Sagrea, Congrés, Navas and Camp del’Arpa, and the consequent proposals to reduce them.

THE AREA


a monofunctional area

PUBLIC SPACES 9% OTHER USES 5%

the uses

RESIDENTIAL AREAS 86%


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The Analysed Area

To be able to perform precise calculations of CO2 emissions in the barrio, the group decided to narrow down the analyzed area to 18 blocks. The blocks were chosen in the crossing between the barrios of La Sagrera, CongrĂŠs and Navas, and containing parts of Avinguda Meridiana and Carrer Felipe II, the busiest streets of the area, and important conections between the barrios and the rest of the city. The chosen blocks were numbered for an easier identification.

3

5

15

16

14

13

4

12

6 7

17

8

18 11 9 10


Emission 0.42 kg / Day

Transportation 24.78 %

Greens 0.30 %

Emission 100 kg / Day

CO2 EMISSION X ABSORPTION final map

Buildings 74.92 %


-

Apsorption CO2 - 144 kg / Day

=

Emission CO2 - 50.291 kg / Day

To transform Barcelona into a 0 Emissions city, what is the first thing we have to know?

1. Green Areas are not enough to compensate CO2 emission inside the urban areas

That doesen’t mean vegetation is to be discarded. It should be used as a strategy to improve insulation of buildings and to promote the psicological effect of a greener city.

2. Neighborhoods cannot be monofunctional To avoid daily displacement of people going to work, neighborhoods should be, at the same time, a place of housing and work.

3. Design “Smart Buildings” Buildings are responsible for a big part of the emissions of CO2 inside urban areas. The emissions come from energy usage, such as electricity and natural gas. Buildings should be resource-efficient and well insulated.


CO2 EMISSION BUILDINGS final map

Emission 100 kg / Day


#STOREYS

#DWELLINGS

BUILDING USES

Buildings are responsible for 74.92% of the CO2 emissions in the analized area. The majority of the buildings are used for housing, and CO2 emissions in those cases come from energy resources. To transform Barcelona into a 0 Emissions city, buildings should be redesigned and transformed into resorce-efficient entities. Considering the city as a living organism, the buildings are the cells, and they have to be energy efficient in order to keep the balance of the sistem.


CO2 EMISSION TRANSPORTATION final map

Emission 100 kg / Day


CO2 ABSORPTION GREEN AREAS final map


from monofunctional into hybrid

Neighborhoods can’t be monofunctional. Inhabitants should live and work in the same area of the city, in that way, avoiding unneeded displacement. 24.78% of the CO2 emissions, in this specific barrio, come from transportation. If people didn’t have to leave the area daily, the reduction on the amount of pollution would be significant. The proposal is to transform the barrio in a hybrid of residential + commercial + functional. Housing buildings should be replaced and/or work as working spaces.

the proposal

Changing the uses


“Plug-in Offices” Bridges Horizontal Conections

Elevator - vertical conections

“Plug-in” Smart Facades


upgrading and conecting

conceptual proposal


IAAC TEAM Areti Markopoulou Jordi Pages Lluis Viu Marco Galofaro Marta MalĂŠ Willy Muller Vicente Guallart


NCB

OREZ IME OISS

Barcelona 0 Emission / Final Presentation  

Transforming Barcelona to a 0 emission city; transforming the barrio into independent unit and the buildings into self sufficient

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