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Stress fracture

www.londondanceclinic.co.uk


What is it? Stress fracture is a chronic injury, not an acute event and is caused when a specific part of a bone experiences more repetitive load than it can tolerate.


Common sites Stress fracture is a chronic injury, not an acute event and is caused when a specific part of a bone experiences more repetitive load than it can tolerate.

Although stress fractures can occur in any bone which takes repeated stresses, there are 3 common places where dancers experience a stress fracture:

1. Base of the 2nd metatarsal (foot bone).

2. Along the 5th metatarsal (foot bone along little toe side).

3. Around the femoral neck (hip).

4. Vertebral body


Common causes • Low to normal load activities performed without enough rest

• Muscle fatigue

• Low-energy availability

• Faulty mechanics

• Intrinsic and extrinsic biomechanical factors

• Amenorrhea, low body weight, inadequate nutritional status: The Female Athlete Triad


Symptoms The only way to know if you have a stress fracture is through x-rays of the involved area; sometimes the physician may order a bone scan.

Common symptoms of a stress fracture are:

• Pain during and sustained after activity.

• Pain that does not go away with rest

• Pain at night.

• Able to pin point the exact spot along the bone where the pain is.

• In some cases persistent, focal swelling at the painful site.


Treatment 1) Rest is the best treatment strategy for a stress fracture.

2) Supportive footwear - eg sneakers

3) Your physician may require that you immobilize the injured area to allow proper healing through rest

4) If you have a longer second toe, padding the adjacent toes may help distribute forces evenly when en pointe.

5) Modify your dance-training schedule to reduce repetitive loads.

6) Seek consultation with your health care provider if you suspect The Female Athlete Triad

7) A kinetic chain/ biomechanical examination is also advised.e of your leg.

 


www.londondanceclinic.co.uk info@ www.londondanceclinic.co.uk

London Dance Clinic 30 Cumberland Mansions

Seymour Place - London W1H5TF


Stress fracture