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106

The Castle Area and Váci Utca

Walk ONE

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Church F Holy Trinity Column G Memorial to the Soldiers of 1848/49

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the fishmarket was nearby and this part of the wall was traditionally A Statue D the defended by the name. of While the tourists are of Guild of Fishermen, hence Statue St. Stephen, at the Pope dinnerInnocent table, the Halászbástya used to first be visited couples XI kingby ofteenage Hungary intent on a first kiss as soon as the musicians left.

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Matthias Church (Mátyás-templom) 5E I. Szentháromság tér.

C  real F  Fishermen’s Trinity Column The name of the Bastion church is the “Church ofHoly the Blessed Virgin in Buda”, but it (Halászbástya) is universally known as the Mátyás (Matthias) Church. Its popular G Memorial to the soldiers name derives from the fact that the great Hungarian king Matthias held both of 1848/49 of his weddings here. Originally it was the church of the German burghers. The main eastern gate and the long apse are from the 13th century, the latter was built after the French pattern ending in a regular seven-sided polygon. The central part of the church was built around 1400. In Turkish times all the furnishings were removed and all the decorated walls whitewashed. Later it was converted into a Baroque church and by the middle of the 19th century PARK_Budapest_belivek_v065.indd 106-107

107

held there in the summer. At the opening ceremony, the president of Hilton International called this hotel the most beautiful pearl in the whole string. Matthias Church reflected in the large glass panes of the hotel has long been a favourite subject of amateur photographers. Fishermen’s Bastion (Halászbástya) 5C ••• This lookout terrace, which is totally unfit for defense purposes, has five round towers and a main tower with several floors. In the Middle Ages the fish market was nearby and this part of the wall was traditionally defended by the Guild of Fishermen, hence the name. But this structure was only built between 1890 and 1905. While the tourists are at the dinner table, the Halászbástya is visited by teenage couples intent on a first kiss.

Walk ONE

Hotel Hilton 5B I. Hess András tér 4. ••• This hotel, which was designed by Béla Pintér, was the most elegant in Budapest when was completed in 1976. It wasPage given60a warm welcome, by both walk 1 itang 2006/11/22 17:39 architects and experts on historic buildings, for its seemingly perfect mix of old and new. One side of the hotel is the wall of the former Jesuit cloister, which was built in a late rococo style 60 WALK ONE and decorated with plaits. The Gothic remains of a Dominican A Statue Popeenclosed Innocent XI Hilton Hotel hotel C Fishermen’s church areofalso by Bthe modern in such Bastion a way Statue ofand St Stephen, firstmusic King ofperformances Hungary E Matthias that(Halászbástya) they can beDvisited, open-air are

The Castle Area and Váci Utca

Matthias Church (Mátyás-templom) 5E I. Szentháromság tér ••• The official name of this church is the “Church of the Blessed Virgin in Buda”, but it is universally known as the Mátyás (Matthias) Church. Its popular name derives from the fact that the great Hungarian king Matthias held both of his weddings here. Originally, it was the church of the German burghers. The main eastern gate and the long apse date from the 13th century, and the latter was built after the French pattern ending in a regular seven-sided polygon. The central part of the church was built around 1400. In Turkish times all of the furnishings were removed and the decorated walls were whitewashed. Later, it was converted into a Baroque church and by the middle of the 19th century it looked rather miserable. (See the photo on page 91.) Between 1873 and 1896 it was restored by Frigyes Schulek, who preserved all of the original elements that were found as the walls were pulled down. His dream was to make a new building that would retain what was inherited from the past. The row of chapels along the north wall was added by him, and one holds the tomb of Béla III and his wife Anne of Antioch, which is the only tomb of a medieval king to have survived. The 80-metre spire has a rectangular ground and first floor, above which it becomes octagonal. Schulek kept the original tower intact up to the third floor, but from there finished it according to his own plan. At the end of the 19th century the walls were also repainted based on fragments found during the restoration. There is a clash of opinion on the artistic value of the church. Some regard it as a masterpiece of European eclecticism, and of art nouveau, in respect to the wall paintings. Others claim that it is no more than over-decorated stage scenery. Both may be right.

2011.04.20. 15:49:13

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