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72

Some history

small improvement. (See the Introduction.) In the 1980s Hungary became hugely indebted. Real reforms were not possible, so the social benefits were paid by Western banks. Typically, it was no revolution of any kind that brought democracy back to Hungary. In the wake of Gorbachov’s changes, the Communist state simply “melted down”. Hungary became a democracy again, a stable one. Privatisation was quick, and for a decade Hungary developed faster than its neighbours. Alas, not any more. In 1999 Hungary joined NATO and on May 1, 2004 Hungary became part of the EU. On December 21, 2007 it joined the Schengen system. The euro is expected during the late-2010s. Most Hungarians have expected a different Brave New World. But practically nobody wants the Communists back. They usually get about one percent of the vote at the general elections. To get in Parliament they would need five percent.

Periods of Hungarian History

Some history

73

1919

Hungarian Soviet Republic led by Béla Kun

1920

 he Trianon Treaty assigns three fifths of T the country to Hungary’s neighbors

1919 – 1945

 ingdom Without A King (Admiral K Miklós Horthy as Regent)

1941

Entry into World War II as a German ally

1944

Attempts to negotiate an armistice

1944

German invasion

1945 – 1948

 ungarian Republic (Multi-party H parliamentary democracy)

1948

“ Year of the Turnover” (Communist coup d’état)

Oct. 23, 1956

Revolution

Nov. 4, 1956

J ános Kádár returns in Russian tanks (from the city of Szolnok)

895 – 896

 he Settlement (Hungarian tribes reach T the Carpathian Basin)

955

Raids and incursions into Western Europe

1000

 t. Stephen converts Hungary to S Christianity

1956 – 1958

 he Revenge (more than 400 revolutionarT ies, including Prime Minister Imre Nagy and his circle, were executed)

1000 – 1541

Independent Hungarian Kingdom

1963

Amnesty for most political prisoners

1241 – 1242

Mongolian Invasion

1458 – 1490

King Mátyás (Matthias Corvinus)

1968

New Economic Management (businesses and employees are rewarded for achievements)

1526

 attle of Mohács: utter defeat of the B Hungarian army by the Turks

1972 – 1973

Reform refrozen (harder line Communists take the upper hand)

1541 – 1686

Turkish occupation

1979

Stagnation starts

1703 – 1711

War of Independence led by Ferenc Rákóczi II

1982

“Small business revolution”

1984 – 1986

Debts doubled, but policies to boost economy fail

1848 – 1849

Revolution and War of Independence

1867

 he Austro – Hungarian Compromise T was signed

May 1988

 ádár, ailing and out-maneuvered, is K deposed after thirty two years in power

1867 – 1918

The Austro – Hungarian Empire

1918 – 1919

Hungarian Republic

March 25, 1990

First democratic elections take place. József Antall is elected prime minister of a centre-right government

PARK_Budapest_belivek_v065.indd 72-73

2011.04.20. 15:49:07

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