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North American Trainer ISSUE 30 (FALL / WINTER 2013)

North American

ISSUE 30 – FALL/WINTER 2013 $5.95


BUFF BRADLEY Breeds champions, trains champions

PLUS Publishing Ltd

What is stride analysis? The downside of antibiotic therapy The healing qualities of water Grade 1-winning owners in profile


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GILES ANDERSON Masters of all trades

HE feature profiles in this issue of North American Trainer cover a breeder and trainer as well as a trainer turned CEO of a major breeding farm. Our cover interview is on Buff Bradley, who has bred, raised, and trained Grade 1 winners Brass Hat and champion Groupie Doll. One senses from reading Frances J. Karon’s profile that Buff is very much in tune with his stock. To breed one Grade 1 winner for the stud fee of $10,000 is any breeder’s dream but to accomplish two for $10,000 is simply amazing. Twenty years into his career as a trainer, Buff has certainly carved out a niche as a breeder/owner/trainer and with a barn full of 30 horses there is plenty to look forward to even after Groupie Doll has been sold this November. Elliott Walden made the transition from training barn to breeding farm in 2005, but not before training the likes of Distorted Humor, Victory Gallop, Awesome Humor, Brahms, Ecton Park, Menifee, and my personal favorite, Gateman – who won two small stakes at Keeneland for the syndicate I was part of at the end of the 90s! Since 2005, Elliott has immersed himself in the breeding world and now heads up one of the major breeding concerns in the Bluegrass. In this issue, we discover if extra vitamins in the horse’s diet aid in

health and performance. We also look at the emerging technology that is “Stride Analysis,” which analyses the horse’s stride pattern at a gallop. And as well as examining how too many antibiotics can damage a horse’s health, we learn how to get the most out of fiber intake. If that’s not enough, Thomas O’Keeffe reports on the different water-based treatment options that are available to trainers to aid both post-race recovery and in day-to-day training. Our winning owners profiles cover some 20-odd Grade 1 winners, with the full compliment of profiles from April 2013 now online at Of interest to many will be our “State Incentive” tables, which outline many of the state-by-state incentives on offer through different state breeding programs. These programs continue to grow in popularity and it’s always interesting to see which states are enhancing their programs to attract more broodmares. Finally, take the time to read our two excellent columnists, Alan Balch and Sid Fernando. Both always cover salient points in their commentaries, and this time is no different. Our next issue will be out for the end of January but please do check out our enhanced website to catch up on our library of back issues. Wherever your racing takes you this Fall / Winter – good luck! n

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Issue 30


Buff Bradley

Frances J. Karon profiles the trainer of champions Groupie Doll and Brass Hat.


The downsides to antibiotic therapy Why too many antibiotics may do more damage than good, by Bonnie Barr and Celia Marr.


Step to predicting a horse’s future The increasing efficacy of stride analysis technology, by David Thiselton.



The many healing qualities of water Thomas O’Keeffe on one of the oldest therapies in use today.


Relative values: the Romeros

The close-knit Romero brothers, Gerald and Randy, are there for each other through the lean times, by Bill Heller.




WinStar Farm

California Thoroughbred Trainers


TRM Trainer of the Quarter

Merial Moore-Colyer discusses getting the balance of fiber just right for our racehorses.

State Incentives

Elliott Walden of WinStar Farm talks to Frances J. Karon.

Feeding fiber to racehorses


Winning owners

Profiles on owners of recent Grade 1 races, by Bill Heller.


84 86

Product Focus



Stakes Schedules

Catherine Dunnett wonders, are extra vitamins good for health and performance?

Sid Fernando

As easy as ABC?

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Publisher & Editorial Director Giles Anderson Editor Frances Karon Circulation/Editorial Executive Suzy Crossman, Louise Crompton Picture Editor/Editorial Executive Harriet Scott Design/Production Neil Randon Advertising Sales Giles Anderson Photo Credits

Si Barber, Benoit Photos, Emma Berry, Michael Burns, Bob Coglianese, Dan Dry, Equine Auto Trainer Pty Ltd,, Kraft, Barbara Livingston, Thomas O’Keefe, Suzie Picou-Oldham, Rossdale Equine Hospital, George Selwyn, Shutterstock, WinStar

Cover Photograph

Dan Dry

North American

An Anderson & Co Publishing Ltd publication Contact details Tel: 1 888 218 4430 Fax:1 888 218 4206 United Kingdom Winkworth House, 4/5 Market Place, Devizes, Wiltshire, SN10 1HT North America PO Box 13248, Lexington, KY 40583-3248 North American Trainer is the official magazine of the California Thoroughbred Trainers. It is distributed to all ‘Trainer’ members of the Thoroughbred Horsemen’s Association and all members of the Consignors and Commercial Breeders Association

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Alan F. Balch was hired as Executive Director of California Thoroughbred Trainers in April 2010. His professional career in racing began at Santa Anita in 1971, where he advanced to the position of Sr. Vice PresidentMarketing and Assistant General Manager, and was in charge of the Olympic Games Equestrian Events for Los Angeles in 1984. He retired in the early 90s to become volunteer president of the national equestrian federation of the USA, as well as of the National Horse Show at Madison Square Garden. He remains volunteer president of USA Equestrian Trust, Inc.

Dr Catherine Dunnett BSc, PhD, R.Nutr. is an independent nutritionist registered with the British Nutrition Society. She has a background in equine research, in the field of nutrition and exercise physiology, with many years spent at The Animal Health Trust in Newmarket. Prior to setting up her own consultancy business, she worked in the equine feed industry on product development and technical marketing. Sid Fernando (@sidfernando) is president of eMatings LLC and Werk Thoroughbred Consultants, Inc. He is the former bloodstock editor of Daily Racing Form and also blogs about racing and breeding. Bill Heller, Eclipse Award winner Bill Heller, an author of 25 books including biographies of Hall of Fame jockeys Ron Turcotte, Randy Romero, and Jose Santos, is a member of the Harness Racing Hall of Fame Communications Corner. He and his wife Anna live just 30 miles south of Saratoga Race Course in Albany, where their 24-year-old son Benjamin also resides. Frances J. Karon is from Puerto Rico and graduate of Maine’s Colby College with a Bachelor of Arts degree in English. She operates Rough Shod LLC based in Lexington, Kentucky and specializes in sales, pedigree research and recommendations.

Professor Celia Marr is an equine clinician at Rossdales, Newmarket. She is a RCVS and European Specialist in Equine Medicine and Honorary Professor at the Glasgow University Veterinary School. She has previously worked at veterinary schools in Glasgow, Pennsylvania, Cambridge and London and in racehorse practice in Lambourn. She is Chairman of the Horserace Betting Levy Board’s Thoroughbred Research & Consultation Group and Editor-in-Chief of Equine Veterinary Journal. Dr Meriel Moore-Colyer BHSII has a PhD in Equine Nutrition, and 20 years experience as a University lecturer. She has published more than 70 academic articles on equine nutrition and worked with many UK-based Feed Companies on product research and development. Currently a Principal Lecturer at the Royal Agricultural University. Thomas O’Keefe is a graduate of University College Dublin, currently working in Ocala, Florida. He worked for Rossdales and Partners in Newmarket, UK as a member of their ambulatory racing veterinary team and in their world renowned hospital facility. He was also an associate with Scone Equine Hospital, Australia, as resident veterinary surgeon for Darley’s Kildangan Stud in Ireland and worked in Lexington, Kentucky with Dr Ruel Cowles, DVM.

California in 1982.

Steve Schuelein is a freelance writer based in Playa del Rey, California. A native of upstate New York, Steve was introduced to racing as a sports writer for the Syracuse Herald-Journal and Buffalo News before moving to David Thiselton is the chief racing writer for Gold Circle Publishing, who are contracted to produce all of the racing pages for the Independent Newspaper Group in South Africa including eight

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RAINING horses, one famous horseman once said to me, is the only profession where you get paid mainly to listen politely and tolerate your clients telling you what you should be doing. In short, everyone’s an expert on horse training. And so it is with marketing. We are so bombarded with advertising and marketing messages, that every consumer, spectator and guru with an opinion – which means just about everyone – “knows” what should be done to improve business in any line of any trade. Especially racing! I spent more than the first half of my professional life specifically tasked with marketing racing at Santa Anita. My “school” was mainly trial and error, even as I tried at the same time to educate myself academically about the subject. So, I always wince at the supposition I constantly hear from smart people who should know better: that any opinion about marketing racing is as informed as any other. If you’re a professional horseman, how do you measure success? By winning races and winning purses, of course, choosing talented horses and keeping them happy, fit and running successfully. There was a time when horsemen were also admired for the longevity of a horse’s racing career and this still should be the case, were the forces of economics not overpowering everything before them, including the welfare of the equine athlete. But that’s another essay. The point here is that results in any business endeavor must be measured, as objectively as possible, in order to determine what methods succeed. If you’re a marketer how do you measure success? In the real world (which is to say the business world outside racing, for the most part), you do it by observing verified comparative sales figures, revenue/profit growth and return on investment. In racing we used to do it by comparing objective attendance and handle numbers, our own “sales figures” and determining the incremental business achieved by marketing

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By Alan F. Balch CTT Executive Director

“Despite claims of 50,000 fans attending Santa Anita for its recent Breeders’ Cup Saturdays, ten years ago that day drew a legitimate 55,000 and in 1986, nearly 70,000” programs through rigorous analysis of that investment. There was no hiding: whether business was declining or growing, the whole world knew it. Everyone could learn from what worked and what didn’t work. The environment was highly competitive and the job was hard. The rewards were immense, in a financial sense for companies and for purses. For marketers, mainly in a psychic sense: there is no greater thrill than seeing a packed grandstand and hearing that unmistakable, unique roar of a race track crowd, life and death with their horses gutting it out to the wire. A sport exists and thrives when we care who wins. I’ve always said that racing is the ultimate sport, the only sport you watch and play at the same time; when our guttural roar rises at the track, it sounds like no other stadium because all our players put their money where their mouths are! We’re not yelling just for sentimental ties, as to school or city or favorite athlete . . . we’re screaming for things like that, too, but in our case, we’re also howling because the modern measure of all things is at stake: our money. But how many fans are there? What really is the attendance? How much is being bet and where? We don’t even seem to disclose or analyze these measures carefully any more, at least not

accurately or publicly, outside of the very few places where business is relatively good. Without objective measurements of success, even I would have to admit that any “marketing idea” can be claimed to be as good as any other. Consider this: without the finish line to separate the horses and pay the purses, any particular horse or trainer is just as good as any other. Which brings us to the Breeders’ Cup, the pinnacle of our sport. At least in North America, since in our highly competitive worldwide sport, the Europeans have not just been sitting back and watching over the last several years. They’re now investing, competing and marketing. They understand product quality. The Breeders’ Cup, like almost all of the rest of American racing, exemplifies our sport’s current lack of rigorous thinking and objective measurement of results, both essential for good marketing. In a sport which by its nature doesn’t lend itself to true “world championships,” Breeders’ Cup attempting to co-opt that title may have led to more serious threats in its race quality from elsewhere than it bargained for! Not that it doesn’t have enough problems at home. An enterprise that should be the beacon of sophisticated marketing and an exemplar for American sport . . . isn’t anymore. Attendance has fallen precipitously, to the point where the California regulator publicly chastised its leadership for allegedly “diverting” marketing funds to undercard purses, and said, “we need more people in the joint.” Despite claims of 50,000 fans attending Santa Anita for its recent Breeders’ Cup Saturdays, ten years ago that day drew a legitimate 55,000 and in 1986, nearly 70,000. Breeders’ Cup, just as the rest of racing, just as all of business, faces the classic marketing problems of pricing, promotion (including advertising), planning, product quality and distribution, not necessarily in that order. Every opinion on these marketing disciplines is simply not equal to every other opinion and every idea is not a good idea. Strategies and tactics (whether pricing, promotion and the rest) must be implemented by applying experienced marketing intellect to the serious problems racing and its venues face as a sport. The mark of success is only determined by objective measurement and analysis of legitimate attendance and betting. Only three entities in American racing currently can claim marketing "success": Churchill Downs on its premier days, Keeneland, and Del Mar. With far, far superior product to offer on only two days of racing a year, particularly at fabled Santa Anita, nothing less than actual on-track Breeders’ Cup attendance of 50,000 on Friday and 60,000 on Saturday, can be considered marketing success, for itself and the sport as a whole. n

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WORDS: Steve Schuelein PhOtOS: BenOit PhOtOS, hORSePhOtOS.cOM


OLLOWING his last set at 9:30 a.m. recently, trainer Richard Mandella strode inconspicuously into his stable office at Santa Anita Park wearing jeans and a straw hat. Mandella sparred playfully with a quick-pawed gray cat for control of his desktop and spent the next hour patiently answering phone calls and talking with a steady stream of assistants, exercise riders, veterinarians, and jockey agents who stuck their heads in his doorway. Mandella occupied the same Barn 4 in which the legendary Charlie Whittingham resided for decades. Mandella is resembling the Bald Eagle more each day with his receding hairline and growing list of accomplishments. None glow brighter than three large Breeders’ Cup Day montages that dominate one of the walls in his office. In 1993, Mandella put his name on the international map with victories in two Breeders’ Cup races and two supporting stakes at Santa Anita. Mandella outdid himself a decade later in 2003 with victories in four of the eight Breeders’ Cup races for earnings of $4,564,040 at Santa Anita during a day that was not only the best of his career, but arguably the best ever for ANY trainer. Whittingham would have certainly tipped his hat. Another nostalgic photo showed the garlands of the four Breeders’ Cup winners straddling a sawhorse outside the Mandella barn at the end of the historic day. The montages of the two dream days flanked another of a victory by Beholder in the 2012 Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies at Santa Anita, Mandella’s seventh Breeders’ Cup score with just 36 starters, and his third in the Juvenile Fillies. His Breeders’ Cup earnings total more than $9 million. Preparing for another Breeders’ Cup at Santa Anita on November 1 and 2, Mandella still shakes his head at the good fortune of 1993 and 2003. “As the years go by, I add a little each year,” said Mandella with his self-deprecating sense of humor about his story-telling embellishment rights. “But I just can’t believe it happened. I’ve had other days when I wondered how I ever won a race.”

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Mandella ready to add another to his magnificent seven Not necessarily hoping that weather patterns continue this year, Mandella recalled that both 1993 and 2003 Breeders’ Cups were marked by unseasonably hot temperatures following fires in the nearby mountains that blackened the skies with smoke and spewed ashes on the track days before. “The smoke was so bad one year that I had to take the horses to Hollywood Park so as not to fill their lungs with smoke and ash,” recalled Mandella. But the Hell-like weather produced heavenly

results for Mandella. “The two days were very different,” pointed out Mandella of his 1993 and 2003 quadruples. “The first time, I only ran the four horses,” he said. “I looked at the races going in and didn’t see any of the four not having a good chance to win. I didn’t expect all four to win, but each had a chance.” Phone Chatter rallied to nip Sardula by a head in the Juvenile Fillies and Kotashaan also came from behind for a half-length victory over

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Pleasantly Perfect with Alex Solis up defeats Medaglia d’Oro in the Dubai World Cup at Nad Al Sheba Bien Bien in the Turf, races that decided Eclipse Awards as well as Horse of the Year honors for Kotashaan. Mandella completed his perfect day with scores by Region in the $150,000 Skywalker Handicap and Memo in the $100,000 Smile Handicap. The total earnings: $1,697,500. “One of the things that I’m proudest of is that I’ve had owners with me a long time,” said Mandella. “The Wertheimers (Kotashaan), Herman Sarkowsky (Phone Chatter) and Claiborne (Region) still have horses with me today. “In 1993, I thought it will never get better than this,” said Mandella, never expecting that it would a decade later. “The next time (2003), I had eight horses in,” explained Mandella of the contrast to 1993. “I had cut my second barn six months earlier and was down to 35 horses from 75. It was by design. I wanted a good smaller barn for peace of mind. I was getting a little older and trying to enjoy it.” Boy, did he ever enjoy October 25, 2003! Eight starters on the Breeders’ Cup card from one medium-sized 35-horse barn might have been an overlooked feat on its own. And although only one stood out as a favorite, Mandella – who two years earlier had been inducted into the Hall of Fame – had good feelings about several of his longshots as well. “They were all blooming at the same time,” said Mandella. “I looked at the form and thought they all had good chances, although I never dreamed of winning all four.” Halfbridled appeared to be a standout in the Juvenile Fillies, and only drawing the

disadvantageous outside post in a field of 14 explained odds as good as 2-to-1. “I had no doubt she was the best filly and had all the confidence in the world in her,” said Mandella. “My only concern was the 14th post position, but Julie (Krone) rode a masterpiece.” Halfbridled rallied to win by 2½ lengths and Krone pointed to the filly’s head to show who deserved the credit after both were showered with applause en route to the winner’s circle after the first Breeders’ Cup victory by a female jockey.

“I began feeling exhaustion, sat down for a few minutes and remembered I had a $20 win ticket in my shoe on Pleasantly Perfect” “Julie was always generous,” said Mandella. “I thought that Halfbridled should win that race, and she did, and that took the pressure off.” A parade of double-digit longshots followed. Lightly raced Action This Day began the toteboard light-up by rallying from 12th to win the Juvenile by 2¼ lengths over Minister Eric, a second Mandella trainee who was five lengths clear of the third-place finisher. “Action This Day was the up-and-coming newcomer, and I always had a feeling he could

win a race like this,” said Mandella of the colt making only his third start. “After he finished second in his first start at Del Mar, I told Wayne (owner B. Wayne Hughes) that I hoped we could get a maiden race for him the first week at Oak Tree because I thought he would have a good chance in the Breeders’ Cup,” said Mandella. After rallying from far back for a game maiden score at the Breeders’ Cup distance of 11/16 miles, Mandella thought the colt was peaking at the right time in a wide-open field. “He gave me confidence he was that good and could go that far,” said Mandella, claims validated in the Breeders’ Cup. Action This Day was overlooked at 26-to-1, and Minister Eric was 8-to-1. A third Mandellatrained starter, Siphonizer, finished 10th, his only starter of the day not to pick up a check. Mandella was just getting warmed up. The fun continued as Johar, a 14-to-1 outsider, rallied from ninth to finish in a dead-heat for first with High Chaparral in the Turf, with Falbrav another head back in third. “The photo seemed like it took forever,” said Mandella of the ensuing ten-minute wait in the broiling sun. “Johar took back and just started to run at the three-eighth pole, and once he leveled off, you could see he was really going to come home strong. “I couldn’t tell who won the photo; I just thought what a terrific race he ran,” said Mandella of the four-year-old colt making his third start back after a layoff for The Thoroughbred Corporation. The Tin Man, a second Mandella trainee, finished fourth. Mandella’s Breeders’ Cup day was climaxed

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CALIFORNIA THOROUGHBRED TRAINERS by a perfect ending, but he was forced to sprint through the heat before saddling Pleasantly Perfect for the Classic. “I was short of time because of the long wait,” said Mandella. “I got the (Turf) picture taken and got to the paddock just in time to meet the valet waiting for me with the saddle towel in his hands. “I felt that Pleasantly Perfect had 200 pounds on his back,” said Mandella. “I thought all the good luck I had had been used up, but he didn’t need good luck. “He ran a great race, beat a good field, and I couldn’t have been prouder,” said Mandella of the five-year-old Diamond Racing Corporation standard-bearer, who rallied from eighth and wore down favored Medaglia d’Oro in the stretch for a 1½-length victory. Dismissed at 14-to-1, Pleasantly Perfect made his second start back after a layoff and rewarded Mandella for his patience. “He overcame so much,” said Mandella. “He had a heart virus problem as a young horse and didn’t go the Breeders’ Cup the previous year in Chicago when we discovered a little bit of blood cooling out after he won the Goodwood here. But he came back with a great year and then won the (2004) Dubai World Cup.” The long, hot day began taking a toll on Mandella. “Then I began feeling exhaustion, sat down for a few minutes and remembered I had a $20 win ticket in my shoe on Pleasantly Perfect,” said Mandella. “My son (trainer Gary) told me that he was 50-to-1 in the early book in Las Vegas when we took our wives out to dinner one night at Del Mar.” The day was not quite over for Mandella, who returned to send out Redattore to a third-place finish in the $150,000 Seabiscuit Handicap and watch Gary saddle Gold Sphinx to victory in the finale, an allowance race on turf. “Things happened so fast that day, I didn’t

really feel it until days went by,” said Mandella of the monumental feat. Mandella, who turns 63 on November 5, has proudly watched son Gary develop into a Grade 1 stakes-winning trainer on his own. “I tried to chase him away from horses and get a real job, but when he grew to 6-4, I had to listen to him,” said Mandella with his dry wit. “He said he wanted to do what I do,” added Mandella. “He does a good job of it and is a good person.” Gary is a member of the CTT board of directors and gave his father his first grandson, Joshua, 7. Gary, 41, worked for his father before going on his own in 2002 and is one of many backsiders who have benefited from the education.

“I have a great group of people that work for me and a great group of owners who always stood by what I thought was best” Mandella, in turn, praised his employees and clients for days like the 1993 and 2003 Breeders’ Cups. “I can’t take the credit by myself,” said Mandella. “I have a great group of people that work for me and a great group of owners who always stood by what I thought was best.” Mandella, who lives in Pasadena with his wife Randi, oversees a 32-horse stable and looks forward to Breeders’ Cup XXX with chief assistants Angel Vega, Jose Vera, and Patty Eldridge. Mandella is happy to stay here, but does not

think the Santa Anita home track is the only reason for all seven of his Breeders’ Cup winners. “It’s more coincidence than anything,” said Mandella. “It’s the horse in the barn that makes the difference. “It’s always nice to be in your backyard, but we have traveled and won some big races,” said Mandella, whose resume includes such coveted majors as the Dubai World Cup, Arlington Million, and Haskell Invitational. Each Breeders’ Cup that has been run in a year ending in three has produced a fabulous four for Mandella. Can the ten-year pattern continue for Mandella in 2013? “I’m hoping I can win a race,” said the veteran conditioner cautiously. His most accomplished hope is Beholder, who will try to repeat her 2012 Breeders’ Cup success. The three-year-old filly will have her work cut out in the $2 million Distaff, expected to include defending champion Royal Delta, but Mandella is optimistic. “She’s a very mature filly, and I think she’s up to it,” he said. “She’s a very special filly, comes off a terrific comeback at Del Mar, and ran away from them like they weren’t there in the Zenyatta,” said Mandella, the latter an impressive score against older females at Santa Anita on Sept. 28. Beholder has won seven of 11 starts and earned nearly $2 million for Hughes. Mandella also has high hopes for Indy Point in the $2 million Turf. The four-year-old Argentine import punched his ticket with a sharp tally in the John Henry Turf Championship at Santa Anita Sept. 29 to atone for a disappointing effort in the Arlington Million when he was “banged up a little” in early traffic. Mandella may have a couple of other rabbits to pull out of his hat as well. With that Breeders’ Cup record, bet against him at your own peril. n

Johar (outside) with Alex Solis up, dead-heats with High Chaparral in the 2003 Breeders’ Cup Turf

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Justin Stein guides Phil's Dream (second right) to victory in the Nearctic Stakes at Woodbine for trainer and owner Paul Buttigieg (opposite)

TRM Trainer of the Quarter


The TRM Trainer of the Quarter award has been won by Paul Buttigieg. Buttigieg and his team will receive a selection of products from the internationally-acclaimed range of TRM supplements, as well as a bottle of fine Irish whiskey. WORDS: BILL HELLER PHOTOS: MICHAEL BURNS

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HEN Phil’s Dream, bred, owned and trained by Paul Buttigieg, overcame traffic problems in early stretch to win the $328,826 Grade 1 Nearctic Stakes by two lengths at Woodbine October 13th, he earned a spot in the $1 million Breeders’ Cup Turf Sprint. He’s not going, because Phil’s Dream would have to be supplemented for $100,000. More importantly, Buttigieg is already living his dream. He was 15 years old when he visited a racetrack, Woodbine, for the first time in 1962. It was love at first sight. “It was beautiful,” he said. Buttigieg immediately got a job on a nearby farm. “I was mucking out stalls,” he said. “Owning a farm was my dream.” Now he not only owns a farm, but a highly successful one – the Buttigieg Training Centre in Edberg, Ontario, an hour’s drive north from Woodbine. It’s home to 150 Thoroughbreds. “I break a lot of yearlings for Bob Tiller,” Buttigieg

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said, referring to the second leading trainer at Woodbine, with 42 victories from 215 starts and more than $2.1 million in earnings. Buttigieg is also on the leading trainers list with 16 wins, seven seconds, and seven thirds from 93 starts and nearly $900,000 in earnings. For his career, he’s had 455 victories and more than $10.7 million in earnings. “He started with nothing, and look what he’s got now,” Ricky Hayashi, Buttigieg’s assistant trainer, said. “He’s got his own farm, and in the last few years, he’s upgraded his broodmare stock. He’s done nothing but good.” They’ve been working together for 40 years. Phil’s Dream isn’t their first success. Rushiscomingup won the 1998 Nearctic and finished his career with 10 wins, eight seconds, and three thirds, earning just under $390,000. Strait From Texas captured the 2003 Grade 2 Nassau at a mile-and-a-sixteenth on turf. She posted eight victories, six seconds, and two thirds in 29 starts, earning nearly $600,000. More recently, Buttigieg’s homebred Gypsy Ring finished third by a neck in the 2011 Nearctic and won three restricted stakes. He had eight wins, eight seconds, and five thirds from 26 starts, making $686,619.

Phil’s Dream may be better than all of them. His victory in the Nearctic was his third straight and sixth in his last seven starts. The five-yearold gelding has never been better. This is heady stuff for Buttigieg. “I always had a small stable with horses I bought for $5,000 and $10,000,”he said. “Then I started breeding about 20 years ago.”

Buttigieg gets up at 3 a.m. every morning, drives to Woodbine, leaves there around 10 a.m., and is back at the farm by 11. Hayashi saddles all the racehorses. Buttigieg watches their races on TV at the farm. “I enjoy both worlds, training them and working on the farm,” he said. He doesn’t particularly enjoy travelling to other racetracks, even if it’s Santa Anita for racing’s weekend of championships, the Breeders’ Cup. “Paul’s not much for running out of town,” Hayashi said. If Phil’s Dream continues winning, Buttigieg may reconsider shipping him. For now, he’s having a heck of a lot of fun watching him race at Woodbine. Buttigieg didn’t go to Woodbine to watch the Nearctic. Instead, he and his longtime companion Sandy had seven people over to their house on the farm to see the race. By watching the race at home, you can scream as loud as you want. Which he did. “At the eighth pole, I couldn’t yell anymore,” Buttigieg said. He’ll point Phil’s Dream to another stakes race in Canada and continue to enjoy his life with horses. “I love the game,” he said. “I love the game.” n

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BUFF BRADLEY The horse always comes first

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Trainer William “Buff” Bradley raises his voice over the noise of the fans cooling off the horses and indicates two stalls on either side of a sparsely decorated foaling attendant’s room. “Brass Hat was foaled in that stall, and Groupie Doll was foaled in that stall.” WORDS: FRANCES J. KARON PHOTOS: DAN DRY, SUZIE PICOU-OLDHAM

HIS barn isn’t on one of the polished breeding farms in Lexington, Paris, or Versailles that regularly churns out expensively bred foals. No. This is Bradley’s family-run Indian Ridge Farm in Frankfort, Kentucky, birthplace of two Grade 1 winners of over $4 million between them from a total stud fee expenditure of about $10,000. Buff Bradley’s success in racing is more of a deeply rooted family story than many. His father Fred, a brigadier general and decorated command pilot who served 38 years in the United States Air Force and Kentucky Air National Guard, is a retired judge and was a Kentucky state senator, among many other things. He also happened to love horseracing from the time he was a small boy attending Dade Park (now Ellis Park) with his father in the 1930s, and so in 1967, Fred and Bettye Carol Bradley purchased a farm on which to raise their eventual brood of four children – Stephen, who lives directly behind Indian Ridge; thenfour-year-old Buff; Anne; and Margaret, who keeps the books for the stable’s partnerships –

and breed horses to run in red, white, and blue silks. There was never a dull moment for the Bradley kids. “Fred” – Buff Bradley mostly calls his father “Fred” – “used to fly over our farm to buzz us and scare the shit out of us. I tell you what, he would rock you out of the house!” Bradley recalls occasions of going to the races with his dad piloting a single-engine plane, when his father would say, “I want to read the Form. Here, you fly.” He says, “I couldn’t even drive a car yet and I was flying the plane!” Now 82, Fred Bradley is by all accounts a great character and somewhat of an institution in Kentucky, widely recognized and honored as a “great statesman.” In their early days, Steve Bradley nicknamed his younger brother Buffalo Bill, and it stuck. The trainer says, “I get Buff, Buffer, Buffy. It’s when you call me Bill or William that I don’t answer, because then you don’t know me. Like if someone calls and they say, ‘Is William in?’ ‘Nope, not here today. I can take a message.’” Bradley recalls, “Even before I was 16 I did a lot of work at the farm, and I loved it. We did

everything – fence, tobacco, hay, corn, cattle. We drove every post on that farm – me, my dad, my brother, and a worker or two. I can still show you fence that we put up.” Twelve-year-old Indian Ridge denizen Brass Hat, his racing days behind him, resides in a barn Buff and Steve Bradley built some 25 years ago. “Brass,” says Bradley, “is a good babysitter to the weanlings. We’ll turn them out in a big field and they’ll be laying down sunning and he’s standing in the middle of them all, protecting them or watching them. It’s so cool to see that.” The company the gelding keeps is a bit slower than when he was winning important races such as the Donn Handicap. One of Brass Hat’s barnmates is a pig. Literally, a large blackand-white hog named Leroy. “My daughter got him when he was small from FFA (Future Farmers of America) to raise and sell for slaughter,” Bradley says. “But I couldn’t do that to him; we named him. I wouldn’t let her sell him. I said, ‘Nope! Not doing that!’ He’s pretty funny. He’ll chase you – he’s got a lot of personality.”

Bradley with Leroy, the black and white pig who has become part of the family and a barnmate companion for Brass Hat

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BUFF BRADLEY Maria Kabel, Bradley’s assistant trainer who lives on the farm and continues to help look after Brass Hat in his retirement, says, “Leroy’s not ever going to be ham or bacon.” Bradley adds, “Yeah, I couldn’t do that to my boy.” Another companion – slightly less noisy than the grunting, squealing, oinking, barking Leroy – to Brass Hat is 14-year-old homebred gelding King of Speed. Stakes-placed at four, seven, and eight, King of Speed, a Bradley stable favorite, was claimed out of the barn in October, 2007. When that happened, “Maria quit me for like two days,” Bradley says. “I said, ‘Don’t worry, when he’s finished, I’ll get him back.’” It took a while, but Bradley made good on his word. After King of Speed retired sound in December of 2010 after 27 wins, 16 seconds, and 16 thirds in 111 starts and with over $590,000 in earnings, he ended up being retrained as a riding horse at Remember Me Rescue, where Bradley tracked him down in

“Brass is a good babysitter to the weanlings. We’ll turn them out in a big field and he’s standing in the middle of them all, protecting them. It’s so cool to see that.” February of last year. He says, “I ended up having to give $2,500 for him. I didn’t care. I just wanted to bring him back to where he was born and raised.” The kindness and devotion extended to Leroy and King of Speed are the norm around here. Kabel picks up a cat rolling at her feet and says, “She was at Churchill, skin and bones. Someone dumped her, I think. She’s really sweet. I couldn’t leave her there.” There is also Bandman, a homebred five-year-old winner of whom Bradley says, “I could have sold him as a racehorse but I just didn’t want him running any more. He’s sound. He’ll make a good riding horse”; Souperman Himself, a winner Bradley trained; and a pair of 22-year-old mares, one of whom is the dam of King of Speed. “These are the foundation mares. They’re in foal but it’ll be their last year. They both look good and are doing good but that’ll be enough. They’ll live out their days here and we’ll just try to keep them comfortable.” King of Speed’s dam Regal Export, in foal to Maclean’s Music, won a race for Fred Bradley, Carl Hurst, and O.M. Patrick before producing stakes winner Town Queen and stakes-placed Chief Export; together with King of Speed, the trio alone earned over $1.2 million. Town Queen was Bradley’s first homebred stakes

Buff Bradley with his first Grade 1 winner, Brass Hat, a retiree at Indian Ridge Farm

winner, co-bred and -owned by his father and Hurst. Now a stakes producer herself and with an imposing Divine Park colt at foot, shares a paddock with daughter Hour Queen and that mare’s Street Hero colt. Bradley’s wife Kim, whose father Gary Thomas is an active horse trainer – his best runners have been Arkansas Derby-G1 winner Rampage and five-time stakes winner Golden Yank, an earner of $936,000 – Kim’s mother Susan also used to train – is in charge of the day-to-day management of 300-acre Indian Ridge, with assistance from their children: 18year-old daughter Kory, a freshman at Eastern Kentucky University; son Drew, 14; and daughter Jett, ten, a top cross country runner whose win at a recent meet prompted Kabel to say, “She looked like Groupie Doll!” Buff Bradley says, “Drew and Jett lead the babies in every day. We want them to learn that work ethic, and they know that if they get to the barn after eight o’clock, they might not get paid

that day. Kory groomed for me all summer. She’d get up at four o’clock and come with me – I would go in her room to wake her up and she was already awake. She could beat me in, most mornings. Of course, she’s younger and doesn’t need as much sleep! “I pay them what I’d pay anybody else, usually. I want them to understand the value of money and to respect having a job and learn some discipline. Find something you want to do, and do it.” Bradley manages the farm’s books, putting to use the business management degree he earned in 1989 while attending night school at Kentucky State University. “The day I graduated, I told my dad, who was running for reelection for senator, that I was going to help him campaign. We didn’t miss a fish fry or ice cream supper. We got through the November election, then I left right before Christmas to work for Clarence Picou at Remington Park. Clarence had trained for us back in the ’70s and

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PROFILE ’80s. I knew he was a horseman, I knew he would give me a chance. And he did. He was the greatest. I still wish he was around to talk to and share what I’ve had. He was a very big influence on my training career, and stuff that he told me a long time ago I still remember.” Picou’s daughter, industry professional and exjockey Suzie Picou-Oldham, has fond memories of the Bradley family, and says of Buff’s time as assistant trainer: “He probably kept Dad’s stable running the last few years, what with Dad’s health. I don’t know what Dad would have done without Buff. And you see that Buff has people who are loyal. People liked working for Dad, as Buff did, and Buff came up with that same philosophy of just doing the job right and treating the people right. He’s got people who have worked with him for a long time, and that’s quite a sign of integrity and trust and love.” This October marked Bradley’s twentieth anniversary of training, having taken out his license in 1993 after four years with Picou. Although he trained for 1994 Eclipse Awardwinning owner John Franks, Bradley’s early success was modest, with one win from eleven starts in his first year and 15 the next, his first full year as a trainer. Bradley has never had a large stable, and there were lean times – 1996, for instance, when the barn sent out three winners from 67 starts. During Christmas week of 2001, Timeless Love won the Gowell Stakes at Turfway Park by

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Above: Groupie Doll is led to the paddock by (left to right) Gabe and Matt Hebert, followed by Bradley, the mare's exercise rider Jada Schlenk, barn rider Chelsey Moysey, and assistant trainer Maria Kabel, Kim Bradley, and Jim Doss. Left: Groupie Doll works out at Churchill Downs prior to her Breeders’ Cup run

a nose with Greta Kuntzweiler up, paying $61.80. Not only was Timeless Love the first stakes winner for her trainer, she was also the first for Fred Bradley, who had owned racehorses since the late 1960s. More stakes winners – Ideveter and Town Queen – followed in the ensuing years, but none more talented than Fred F. Bradley homebred Brass Hat, who at 38-1 broke his maiden in the $100,000 Rushaway Stakes at Turfway in his third start, after debuting second in a $15,000 maiden claimer two months earlier. That season, in 2004, Brass Hat also won a pair of Grade 2s – the Indiana Derby, worth half a million, and the Ohio Derby. When the gelding was vanned off following an uncharacteristic ninth in the Grade 3 Walmac Lone Star Derby, he was found to have a condylar fracture in his right front ankle and was sent to Indian Ridge to recuperate. Away from the races for 13 months, Brass Hat won his second start back, the 2005 Prairie Bayou Stakes, and his next two: the 2006 Grade

2 New Orleans and Grade 1 Donn Handicaps, setting a nine-furlong track record at Gulfstream Park in the latter. An invitation to the Dubai World Cup resulted in a second behind Electrocutionist for the five-year-old, but jubilation was short-lived: Brass Hat’s post-race test showed trace amounts of a corticosteroid, which had been properly administered 28 days ahead of the race based on the 23-day withdrawal guideline sent from Dubai, and he was demoted to last. Picou-Oldham says that the implication of any wrongdoing was tough for the Bradleys. “They take a lot of pride in being honest.” More disappointment was to follow, as the Prized gelding ran poorly in the Stephen Foster Handicap then suffered a non-displaced fracture in a sesamoid in his right front ankle in a workout, necessitating another spell at Indian Ridge. When Brass Hat came back at the age of six after a 13-month furlough, he broke the 1 1/16mile track record at Churchill in an allowance optional claimer, and a few starts later won the Massachusetts Handicap. He didn’t win many more races but remained competitive in graded stakes, often finishing within the first four, earning two more big ones: Churchill’s 12furlong Louisville Handicap-G3 – after which he placed third in the Grade 1 United Nations and Sword Dancer Invitational Stakes – at eight years of age, and Keeneland’s Grade 3 Sycamore Stakes at nine, in his second-to-last start. The nine-time black-type winner performed on dirt, turf, and synthetic, from a mile and a sixteenth to a mile and a half, and returned home to live out his days at his birthplace with over $2.1 in the bank. “I think having Brass Hat really put us on the map,” says Bradley before he laughs and adds: “Or people at least know who we are.” Exit stage left Brass Hat, enter stage right Groupie Doll. Bradley says, “We know that we could’ve gone our whole life without having a horse like Brass, then following up with Groupie was really good. It’s been great to be able to breed,

pull them out of their mamas, and raise them from Day One. You don’t see many trainers around here who stay up with their mares at night and foal them out.” Reigning champion female sprinter Groupie Doll lives an hour away from Indian Ridge, at Churchill in the corner stall closest to Buff Bradley’s office in Barn 14. Matt Hebert, another assistant, rubs Groupie Doll and is never far from the mare with the small white star. The week before her start in Keeneland’s Thoroughbred Club of America Stakes (TCA), several of Hebert’s co-workers rib him: Groupie Doll is spit-polished to a dazzling shade of orange, while Hebert hasn’t shaved in days. “I’m going to win best groomed,” he shoots back, referring to the best turned out prize awarded to a groom-and-horse team before the TCA.

“Clarence had trained for us back in the ’70s and ’80s. I knew he was a horseman, I knew he would give me a chance. And he did. He was the greatest” Well before sunrise, Bradley perches his Styrofoam cup of coffee on a sawhorse and makes his rounds, snapping absentmindedly at a rubber band on his left wrist. He says, “I like to go around and speak to everybody every morning first thing just to kind of get them to ease up and know that everything’s good and not to get in a panic when we start moving along. Maria organizes everything like the employees and the chart. We really try to be very organized. And we’ll have owners here this morning so we line that up, when they’re going to be here, because that’s one of our things, is

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that I want the owners to be able to come in and see their horses go whenever they want. To run a stable of this size – I’d say any size, really – you’d better be organized.” Many of the employees, including Groupie Doll’s exercise rider Jada Schlenk, Hebert’s brother Gabe, and Brass Hat’s regular rider Jeff Lopez, have been with Bradley for a long time. “You’ve got to keep yourself surrounded by good help to keep the team going,” he says. “And we play it as a team, too. It doesn’t matter if you’re getting on Groupie Doll or Brass Hat, it’s for the whole barn, because that’s what going to bring in the payroll next week.” From the back of stable pony Val – that’s Victory Val, a winning seven-year-old gelding trained in his racing days by Bradley – Maria Kabel feeds Groupie Doll, under Schlenk, a mint before they head to the track in the third set. Bradley teases, “Jada, I’m going to miss you when you’re gone,” and laughs when she jokes back: “Wherever Groupie goes, I go, too.” There’s an undertone of sadness in their voices: Groupie Doll’s owners have made the difficult decision to sell their champion at the Keeneland November sale. As hip number 350, she will go through the ring on Wednesday, November 6, consigned by Tom Evans’ Trackside Farm. The partners opted to sell with Trackside because Evans’ father was one of Bradley’s earliest owners. “I’ve got to stick with loyalty here and go with somebody who’s helped me from Day One.” Bradley says, “It’s not that I won’t cry when Groupie leaves. If she was a stallion, I’d have

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done the same thing. If I’m going to stay in the sport, I’d like to remain active in it, but we’ve got stuff to do on the farm, kids to put through college. “I’ve got a lot of mouths to feed on that farm.” Bradley also wants to effect some improvements and a few additions, to essentially “not make it a showplace but make it where we’ve got a few more stalls available.” Fred and Buff Bradley, Carl Hurst, and Brent Burns’ Groupie Doll debuted for the Bradleys as a three-year-old in 2011 and quickly established herself as a horse to watch from her second start onward, with a 3¼-length maiden special weight score at Churchill, an 8½-length Ellis allowance win, and a three-length victory in the Grade 3 Gardenia, also at Ellis. Bradley’s phone began to ring with inquiries about Groupie Doll. He says, “We didn’t want to sell her. My dad, that’s what he lives for is to watch them race. Fred and I got together one

“It’s very rewarding to have a Brass Hat or a Groupie Doll, but you want everybody to know that you’re not just doing it for yourself. You want to prove yourself with other clients”

day and I said, ‘Instead of selling her, why don’t we just sell a little bit to Carl [Hurst] and Brent [Burns]?’ And it’s been great because they were there for us for a long time and they could be a part of something big like this. And people knew after we sold interests in her that we weren’t going to be selling her, so we didn’t have people bugging us every day.” Hurst, a retired judge, and Burns, a singer/songwriter from Alabama, are longtime friends of the Bradley family, and their ride with Groupie Doll saw them enjoy wins in the 2012 Breeders’ Cup Filly & Mare Sprint-G1, Humana Distaff Stakes-G1, Vinery Madison Stakes-G1, Presque Isle Downs Masters Stakes-G2, and Thoroughbred Club of America Stakes-G2, plus a nose second behind 2011 Travers Stakes-G1 winner Stay Thirsty in the Grade 1 Cigar Mile Handicap, in her championship campaign. Hurst has known Buff Bradley since the trainer was five and says, “His room was always immaculate. I mean, everything was in its place. Derby glasses, every one lined up by the correct year. Green frogs with green frogs, blue frogs with blue frogs. He was just neat. He always kept it that way, and he’s the same way here at the barn. No matter what he’s doing, he’s always responsible and well behaved about it.” Modestly, Bradley says, “I feel very fortunate how my business has gone. I’ve not had any big-time owners or anybody with a large amount of money come to me. My clients have always done well, and most of them have either bought something out of a yearling sale or raised it on the farm themselves. “It’s very rewarding to have a Brass Hat or a

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PROFILE Groupie Doll,” he continues, “but you want everybody to know that you’re not just doing it for yourself. You want to prove yourself with other clients. I think sometimes that maybe if an owner was looking my way, they would probably think more than I’m just doing my own thing and raising my own, but that’s not the way it is at all. We did that to kind of keep the stable full. It’s never been a majority of my stable, it’s just always been a big part of my stable. But I’ve got really good clients, they have been really supportive of me from Day One and I’d like to see them have a good horse as well.” Bradley adds, “All my owners come in and spend time at the barn.” Certainly Hurst and Jack Reisz, another visitor this morning and for whom Bradley conditioned dual stakes winner Ella Belle, know every stable hand, and many of the horses, by name. When Victory Val pokes his nose familiarly at him, Reisz pats him and says, “What are you doing there, Val? I have no candy!” The stable of 30, a number with which Bradley is comfortable, has a large number of owners because Bradley has set out to make racing fun and affordable. “I’ve done more partnerships in the last few years,” he says, “buying for, say, ten people.” His Band On the Run partnership raced Fleur de Lilly – like Groupie Doll, a daughter of Bowman’s Band. Fleur de Lilly won six races, placed in a stakes, and hit the board in 12-of-18 starts while earning over $120,000. “[The partnerships have] been going well,” says Bradley. “It’s a lot of work but it gets more people involved, and there’s probably not as much pressure on a horse like that. If the horse turns out not to be anything, nobody’s blown their life’s savings on ten percent of a horse. It’s more of a fun thing. The new people in the

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“As a trainer, and Buff and Fred both as horsemen, three things have made them successful: honesty, integrity, and putting the horse first” Suzie Picou-Oldham

game can learn about it – I keep them updated through email, pictures, everything. You learn and you have fun. Say you go to the store on the weekend and you tell everybody, ‘Hey, my horse is running this week!’ It’s not ‘mine and everybody else’s,’ you don’t have to mention everybody else’s names. However, if you see it finishing seventh or eighth coming down the lane, you can say, ‘Thank goodness that everybody else is in on this horse with me!’” Picou-Oldham, one of the partners in Fleur de Lilly, says, “As a trainer, and Buff and Fred both as horsemen, three things, I think, have made them successful: honesty, integrity, and putting the horse first. If the vet says to give a horse 30 days, they’ll give it 45 or 60.” “I think the farm has made me a better trainer because I know it’s there,” says Bradley, “and I know if a horse needs some time I can just call up [longtime hand] Jim [Doss] with the van and say to come get her and take her home. It worked with Brass Hat, it worked with Groupie

Doll, and it’s worked with my $5,000 horses, too. Time is just about the healer of most everything.” After unsatisfactory blood work was drawn at Gulfstream – Bradley’s winter base – in January, Groupie Doll spent three months at Indian Ridge, turned out in a paddock with Brass Hat. From three starts this year, she has one win and two thirds, all in stakes, including a track record effort in September’s Grade 2 Presque Isle Downs Masters under regular rider Rajiv Maragh. In her final Breeders’ Cup prep, the game and consistent mare, who has ten wins, four seconds, and four thirds from 20 starts, was third in the TCA – but not before she and a clean-shaven Matt Hebert received the best turned out award. Groupie Doll is expected to make her final start for Bradley, Bradley, Hurst, and Burns defending her title in the $1,000,000 Filly & Mare Sprint, for which they’ll again pay a $100,000 supplemental fee. After her 4½length win last year, Hurst says, “Fred had one quote he’d written down that he used any time he could. No matter what you would ask him. I don’t care if you’d ask him, ‘How did you like the weather today?” after the race, he would say, ‘Yep, I bred the mare and I bred the trainer.’ That was his thing. “He also said, ‘I don’t know why everyone was so surprised, we knew she was going to win all along.’ I turned to Buff and I said, ‘Damn! Why didn’t you tell me?! I’m over there, all stressed out, and you knew all along!’” “I didn’t know!” replies Bradley. “I didn’t know till Fred told me!” It may have taken the word a while to get out, but that Buff Bradley was to become so successful was never in doubt, either. n

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The downsides to antibiotic therapy


HERE are many different classes and types of antibiotics, all of which may result in complications. Horses can develop allergies to an antibiotic and some antibiotics can be toxic, with compromised kidney or liver function. However, one of the most frequently observed adverse effects of antibiotic therapy in horses is diarrhea. Antibiotic-associated diarrhea can range from mild signs requiring no treatment to severe diarrhea, which may require hospitalization with intensive care and it may be life threatening. Overuse of antibiotics will also lead to the development of resistance, an important emerging threat in equine medicine.

The Hippocratic oath, which encapsulates the concept that it may be better to provide no treatment than to intervene but as a result do more damage, is a central tenet of medicine introduced by the Ancient Greeks. Antibiotics are widely used to treat or prevent infections and can be life saving. However, they have potential to do great harm, and this can be easy to overlook until the worst happens. WORDS: DR BONNIE BARR, VMD, DACVIM, ROOD AND RIDDlE EquINE HOSpItAl, lExINgtON, KENtuCKy & pROFESSOR CElIA MARR, EDItOR,EquINE VEtERINARy JOuRNAl, NEWMARKEt, SuFFOlK pHOtOS: ROSSDAlE EquINE HOSpItAl, SHuttERStOCK

Antibiotic-associated Diarrhea The mechanism whereby antibiotics lead to diarrhea is relatively straightforward: when antibiotics are administered, their effects are not confined to stopping the infection that the horse is suffering from. They can also kill off the population of normal gastrointestinal bacterial, allowing harmful bacteria to grow. The over-growth of harmful bacterial results in an abnormal gastrointestinal environment, inflammation, and abnormal water and electrolyte secretion within the intestinal tract. This in turn results in depression, fever, and diarrhea. Toxic molecules derived from bacterial cell walls can enter the bloodstream, trigger widespread and severe inflammation, and lead to failure of multiple organs, a process known as endotoxemia. This process usually begins when horses are treated with antibiotics themselves, but mares can develop diarrhea when their foals are under treatment with oral medicines, most likely because during administration, rather than swallowing the whole dose, the foal can end up with some of the drug on its face or lips and the dam ingests it. For this

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reason, it is always sensible to clean any excess drug off the foal after administration. The Equine Veterinary Journal recently published a a study in which researchers in the United States attempted to determine how often antibiotic-associated diarrhea occurs and examine whether some drugs are more

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“In the horses that developed diarrhea the most common reason for treatment with an antibiotic was a respiratory infection and the second common reason was a fever of undetermined origin� risky than others. Researchers at private equine referral clinics in Kentucky, Florida, and New Jersey examined the records of 5,251 horses treated with antibiotic medications for non-gastrointestinal illnesses. Of these horses, 32 (0.6%) were diagnosed with diarrhea that was probably associated with antibiotic administration. In other words, six of every 1000 horses treated with antibiotics developed diarrhea. In the horses that developed diarrhea the most common reason for treatment with an antibiotic was a respiratory infection, and the second most common reason was a fever of

undetermined origin. The affected horses had been treated for an average of four days with antibiotics before the diarrhea developed. A majority of them developed fever (temperature greater than 102F) and the fecal consistency ranged from watery to slightly soft. Length of hospitalization varied from 3-21 days. Complications secondary to diarrhea included laminitis (3/32 patients), colic (3/32 patients), and venous thrombosis (4/32 patients). Six horses (19%) died or were euthanized. All classes of antibiotic agents were represented in the cases that developed

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Above: Diarrhea stream: Antibiotics are often very useful, but six of every 1000 horses given antibiotics developed diarrhea as a result, in a recent US study. Centre: Micro plate: Antibiotics should be targeted at the specific organism that is causing the infection. Laboratory testing includes growing the organism on a microbiology plate with small paper discs, each impregnated with one of a range of antibiotics. Clear zones indicate where there is no bacterial growth. The drugs that are effective are blocking bacterial growth to create a clear halo around the disc whereas if the bacteria are resistant to the drug, there is no clear zone around the disc. left: Toxic membranes: Multiple organ failure occurs when bacterial wall components enter the bloodstream and trigger widespread inflammation. The horse’s membranes become dark purple as the circulation fails.

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diarrhea, and no particular class was more or less likely to create problems. Some antibiotics had previously been thought to be less problematic than others, but this myth was dispelled since enrofloxacin administration (seven cases) and gentamicin (two cases) were associated with diarrhea in this study. The combination of penicillin and gentamicin also resulted in seven cases of diarrhea. Combining antibiotic agents may increase the risk of diarrhea by causing a broader change in the intestinal flora. The most important message was there is some risk involved with administration of any antibiotic. Common bacteria that are associated with diarrhea in horses are Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium difficile, and Salmonella species, and so the researchers tested fecal samples from the horses with diarrhea for these organisms: Clostridium difficile toxins were isolated from four horses and Salmonella species from three horses. Clostridium perfringens was not isolated. But, since less than one-quarter of the horses with diarrhea had a pathogen identified, it is likely that additional factors may play a role. Many horses which develop diarrhea while receiving antibiotic have additional risk factors including on-going disease, alterations in food intake and diet, and administration of additional medications that can be irritating to the gastrointestinal tract. Difference in the management (housing practices and feeding regimes), use of other supplements, and soil composition affecting the normal gastrointestinal bacteria may also come into play. The researchers concluded that antibiotic-associated diarrhea has many causes and likely involves several possible synergistic mechanisms. Although the incidence of antibioticassociated diarrhea is low, it was fatal in one in five of the affected horses, highlighting the importance of appropriate use of antibiotics. Antibiotics should be administered only when there is a known or suspected infection, and selection should be based on bacterial culture and sensitivity results. It is important that antibiotics be used in the manner in which they are prescribed and that specific instructions are followed exactly.

Antibiotic Resistance Overuse or inappropriate use of antibiotics can also lead to antibiotic resistance, meaning that the drug becomes ineffective against specific bacterial species. Once a bacterium develops resistance to an antibiotic it passes on the trait to future generations of bacteria, rapidly magnifying the problem. In the past, antibiotic resistance has been overcome as new drugs with anti-bacterial effects were discovered. The golden age of antibiotics is now nearing its end and it has become more and more likely that no new drugs will be discovered, while resistance to existing antibiotics is becoming increasingly

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ANTIBIOTIC-RELATED DIARRHEA widespread in bacterial species that infect humans and animals. There is even concern that the use of antibiotics in animals is contributing to the problem of resistance in human disease. As a result, doctors and veterinarians are being urged by the World Health Organization (WHO) to consider their use of antibiotics carefully. Unnecessary use of antibiotics should be avoided: the horse’s immune system can be relied on to clear many minor infections such as those associated with minor skin wounds. When antibiotics are used, it is essential that they are given at an effective dose; ineffective dosing can encourage the proliferation of resistant bacteria. WHO has produced a list of “critically important antimicrobials” for which we need to develop strategies to contain use in non-human species because they are so important for human health. The drugs that are relevant to equine medicine that appear on this list are the

quinilones; third/fourth generation cephalosporins; and macrolides such as azthromycin, clarithromycin, and erythromycin, which are used for Rhodococcal infection in foals but are not typically used in adults. The quinilone group includes enrofloxacin, which is marketed as Baytril™, while third/fourth generation cephalosporins include ceftiofur and cefquinome, of which there are several brands available, many being commonly used in equine practice. At the moment, there are no legal restrictions on the use of these drugs in horses, and professional organizations such as British Equine Veterinary Association are urging their members to develop local strategies to refine and limit their use of antibiotics and to monitor data collected from their patients for evidence of antimicrobial resistance. Vets are discouraging the use of the protected antibiotics unless there are strong

clinical grounds to indicate they are needed, ideally backed up with laboratory culture and sensitivity testing.

Weigh up the risks and benefits before treating with antibiotics Loss of effective antibiotics due to the development of widespread resistance is a doomsday scenario that will take us back to the years prior to the introduction of the first antibiotics in the early part of the last century. And, when it occurs, antibiotic-associated diarrhea can be a life-threatening situation. Antibiotics are an essential and beneficial tool for horses’ health, but think carefully before you reach for them. Ask yourself, does the potential harm they can do stack up against the benefits? Go here to read more on the study published in Equine Veterinary Journal: 042-3306.2012.00595.x/abstract n

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The next step towards predicting a horse’s future

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Gmax, a fully integrated girth with GPS tracking, being attached during the Innovation Day at the Hauser Forum, Cambridge


TRIDE analysis technology has now given trainers the option of employing an accurate, scientific aid to bolster their understanding. Simple to use, automated stride analysis technology is still in its infancy and is now available on the market. Only time will tell how much value it will add, or whether it can supersede jockey feedback and the observation of the naked eye, but the early signs are encouraging. The extent of man’s fascination with the Thoroughbred stride is best emphasized by the fact that the first motion picture displaying device in history, the zoopraxiscope invented by Edweard Muybridge, was developed in order to settle an argument on whether all four of a horse’s hooves were ever off the ground at the same time during a gallop. On the other hand, the importance of stride analysis might be best emphasized by expensive two-year-old The Green Monkey, who was sold for $16 million on the basis of his 9.8-second breeze at the 2006 Fasig-Tipton Calder sale. EQB, a bloodstock agent and consultant company that offers gait analysis as part of their package, would have advised against buying the colt. EQB said of The Green Monkey’s breeze: “…high-speed film revealed that the entire work was done at a rotary gallop, a very quick gait that can produce fast times but costs more

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The stride of the Thoroughbred has been a subject of fascination for horsemen since the early days of racehorse breeding. Furthermore, trainers of the racehorse have for a long time recognized the importance of stride patterns as a factor in ascertaining an individual’s ability, fitness, and soundness as well as predicting what distance it will be suited to and on what going it is most likely to act. WORDS: DaviD ThiSelTOn PhOTOS: GeORGe SelWYn, Si BaRBeR

energy and is unlikely to be maintained over longer distances.” The Green Monkey ran three times, running third once and fourth twice, before being sent to stud for a covering fee of $5,000. EQB were pioneers in “gait analysis” 25 years ago and also invented the world’s first heart rate monitor. Today they consult some of the top racing stables in the U.S. They use digital highspeed video equipment in order to analyze a horse’s stride in ultra-slow motion, digitized to hundreds of pictures per second. Their extensive research revealed a positive correlation between the efficiency of the stride and subsequent racing success. They divulged, “Once a horse attains racing speed, the motion of the limbs consumes the

most energy, and efficiency in this area is worth noting. Extraneous limb motion can also have soundness consequences.” The “extraneous” movement is often impossible to spot with the naked eye, or even with regular video, and EQB also pointed out that “inefficiencies seen at racing speed are often unpredictable from the conformation and walk seen back at the barn, which may seem perfect.” EQB also provides data with which to study stride length, stride frequency, extension and other parameters of a horses’ gait, and the company measures horses’ cardiovascular systems with ultrasound in addition to offering a variety of traditional bloodstock services. Equitronics, an Australian company, recently achieved a world first when adding a stride

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RACING length function to its automated system, which is called E-Trakka. E-Trakka’s electronic horse blanket collects the raw stride length data, in addition to speed, heart rate, GPS, and sectional timing data, and the system’s software processes it into meaningful displays. Andrew Stuart, who developed the E-Trakka system, is a former jockey and trainer who has dedicated most of his career to improving the professionalism of the racehorse training industry. His methodology marries science, art, and what he calls “good old fashioned horse sense.” The stride length function of the E-Trakka system has added immeasurably to the chances of identifying a horse’s inherent ability, as well as his chances of picking up soundness issues and his capacity to monitor fitness. It could also contribute to a “best guess” of the horse’s optimum racing distance. Stuart and his team noticed, after a lot of raw data collection, that there was a very close relationship between stride length and speed in the zone between 28 and 60 km/hour, or roughly 17 and 37 mph. He said, “In the average workout there is a lot of data in this zone and 50 km/hour (approximately 31 mph) was identified as the most relevant point.” The resulting “SL50” (Stride Length 50) number is the captured stride length at the time the horse travels at 50 km/hour. With the use of “high end maths,” the SL50 is computed after the analysis of hundreds of individual strides. To date the SL50 range has been between five, six, and seven meters (about 16.4, 19.7, and 23 feet) with an average of 6.1, or 20 feet. Graded horses tend to have an SL50 larger than 6.5 (21.3 feet). The E-Trakka Profiler software also provides all other stride length readings during a workout, including stride length at peak speed. The stride length of a Graded horse at peak speed could get close to eight meters, or some 26.2 feet. For a 1200 meter (about 6-furlong) race, a horse travelling at 61 kph (38 mph) with an average stride of 6.6 meters would take 182 strides compared to 166 strides for a horse with an average stride of 7.2 meters. That’s an extra 16 strides, or 10% more, for the horse with the smaller stride length. A chart that couples stride length and speed versus time shows the stride shortening at the end of a workout. This could obviously be useful in monitoring a horse’s fitness, for the stride length shortens as a horse tires. The stride length function on the E-Trakka system was fine-tuned before market release with the help of feedback from trainers who used it during its second stage of development. Stuart said, “With E-Trakka having already collected over 20,000 benchmark readings of GPS and heart rate in the field, the new stride length [feature] fills a few important gaps that were missing. Stride length on its own, or GPS and heart on their own, does not supply as

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complete a picture as we now have.” Stuart views the equine athlete as being made up of “ten key factors.” These fall under the categories of “Cardiovascular system” (heart size, heart rate, and lung function/venous system); “Conformation” (stride length, efficiency of stride, and peak speed); Muscular system (anaerobic capacity and aerobic capacity); “Structural” (leg and body soundness); and “General” (controllable factors like training methods, nutrition, general health, and mental health). He said, “There are a few important points of basic knowledge in the determination of stride relevance. One is that an equine athlete is made

“Longer striders are more suitable to distance and in fact no short striders have been successful over distance unless it is an extremely weak race” Andrew Stuart up of what we would call ten key factors. One factor is the actual stride length and the others determine the horse’s ability to use this asset. That is why sometimes trainers can be confused as to why the best moving horse does not win a race. They may have a small heart and poor muscular development, which doesn’t allow them to use their asset of a long stride. In the opposite example we have horses with a shorter stride but great energy systems which allow them to cover their weakness. But as a general rule of thumb a longer stride is a good asset.

Other weakness can be picked up in the GPS and heart rate profiles. For example, a poor recovering horse with a low peak speed does not have the natural talent to use its asset.” Stuart continued, “Longer striders are more suitable to distance and in fact no short striders have been successful over distance unless it is an extremely weak race where their other assets (heart size and fitness) are better than the others. All our successful Group horses or stayers have had a long stride and a lot of the Group 1 winners have had a stride of between 6.7 - 6.9 SL50.” A key note, according to Stuart’s research, is that at peak speeds, every time a horse lands on its front feet it slows down by an average of 3 kph (1.86 mph). It will make up this deficit when it pushes with its back legs, provided it has sufficient energy to do so. However, this means more energy is required to maintain motion and quite often in track work the peak speed a horse can reach is only maintained for 3-4 seconds, which means more energy is required to maintain motion. Stuart added, “Shorter striders tend to run over shorter distances. However, a Group 1 1200-1600 meter (6-8 furlong) horse who had earned $1.7 million in stakes had a 6.8 meter, or 22.3 feet, SL50. The short strider with a fast leg turnover can be successful as long as they have a high peak speed and high anaerobic power. Where it gets very interesting is that 90% of the longer striders are winning and 90% of the short striders are losing across the board.” Stuart also spoke about soundness issues. “The general statement from trainers are that their short striders are experiencing issues! A horse that dropped from 6.4 meter (21 feet) SL50 to 6.1 was found to be shin sore. A beautiful big horse I expected to be 6.4-plus was found to be 5.85 and the trainer said that the horse was ‘rough going.’ The horse had won a trial but then bled. Did he bleed because of the extra stress of a trial, and is breathing related to stride? I’m not sure but I suspect so. A Group

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The Gmax girth features a heart-rate monitor, stride sensors and temperature sensors

horse who carried issue was reading 6.3, but after he had his joints treated was reading 6.65 and won a Group 1. A Group 1 horse who was reading 6.5 dropped to 6.1 and was found to have bowed a tendon. All observations that you would expect, but have never seen before.” Stuart said that the surface and weight of the rider affected the mean average, but added that most trainers work their horses in the same environment, so general trends can be recognized. He said that “laziness” also affected stride length and cited one example of a horse that read 6.3 on its own, but 6.6 when working upsides another horse, and this subject went on to win a Group 3. Although he has not yet attempted to correlate a horse’s structural measurements with stride length, Stuart did mention the example of an 18-hand mammoth that read only 6.1 and “could not get out of his own way.” Stuart believes that the most important first phase of a horse’s training regimen is to identify its athletic ability and capacity to race. The importance of this belief is connected to two key statements he makes in his philosophy of training: 1) One of the greatest challenges a Thoroughbred horse trainer faces is the application of stress to a talented horse, as the stress applied may never be great enough to create the advance in the horse’s fitness. 2) Stress must never be applied greater than the limbs or body can tolerate. Considering the stride length research to date, the SL50 measurement looks likely to become an invaluable aid in ascertaining a horse’s capacity to race. In making another point in his training philosophy, Stuart says, “The percentage of fast twitch muscle compared to slow twitch muscle will determine a horse’s ideal distance. The

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ability of a trainer to recognize the horse’s muscle fiber assets and train the combination of slow and fast twitch muscles correctly will produce better performances than those that do not.” Testing the horse’s anaerobic capacity by means of peak speed and recovery time is the methods he advises in “best guessing” a horse’s optimum distance. However, the SL50 measurement might also make a contribution to determining this, for as he says short striders are usually suited to shorter races. E-Trakka is easy to use and requires no user input.

“The stride pattern might be an indicator of how good a horse is or what distance it is best suited to as well as its fitness and wellbeing” Tim Jones

The EquinITy system, developed by Fine Equinity in the U.K., is an intelligent training system designed to assist racehorse trainers in the assessment of the health and fitness of their horses. They are now in the process of developing a stride length function. EquinITy also uses trainer feedback during their development phases. As a consequence, their current software is comprehensive and includes such facilities as stable management as well as a function called “racefinder” that can successfully place a fit horse in races for which it is eligible. At present the lightweight girth they use collects heart rate and GPS data. The EquinITy “second generation of hardware and software” will have the capacity to monitor stride length and a rollout is expected in about six months’ time. It is planned that the second generation product will also include a “realtime simcard” so that live data will be available to a person standing on the side of the gallop. EquinITy puts an emphasis on simplicity of use and affordability. No input is required from the trainer and each girth only requires one download per training period as it can be equated to the software’s “training schedule” function. Tim Jones, the commercial director of Fine Equinity, said, “A trainer can retrospectively gather what a horse had done on any given day. For example, if a horse is running in the King George in 2013, the trainer will be able to establish what they did right, or wrong, in the horse’s preparation for that race in 2012.” The EquinITy system records data four times a second. In their stride length function, the number of strides will be able to be monitored at any stage of the workout and for any distance chosen. However, their research has used number of strides per furlong as a base measurement. Jones emphasized that the data gathered would be useful in combination with other data (sectional timing, heart rate, and GPS altitude) rather than on its own. EquinITy’s research has shown that in a race over a mile there is not much difference between the number of strides of different horses in the middle part of the race and that it is the “business end” that separates the men from the boys. They found that the average stride per furlong was 30, while the very best horses achieved a reading of 23 or 24. Jones said that the data gathered would allow a trainer to build up a stride pattern associated with each horse and it would be left to the trainer to interpret how best this could be used. In summary Jones said, “The stride pattern might be an indicator of how good a horse is or what distance it is best suited to as well as its fitness and wellbeing. The system is not diagnostic but can provide a pointer to a problem. An increased heart rate might indicate a breathing issue or that the horse is a bleeder.

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Furthermore, alarm bells will ring if a horse has a pattern of 30 strides per furlong and all of a sudden there are 32 or 34 strides.” Horses First Racing is a British stable in Wiltshire that uses advanced scientific tools as an aid in the training of horses. Horses First’s trainer Jeremy Gask has been researching stride length for a few reasons, one of the main ones being as an early indication of lameness or discomfort. He does all of his research on a treadmill as this “allows for a controlled environment and surface,” and factors like “wind speed, distraction or a rider moving about unnecessarily” are eliminated. The speed of the horse can also be controlled on a treadmill. Gask said that although stride length decreases “as a rule” in a lame horse, this was not always the case, as “it appears the odd horse can ‘climb’ or even try and get off its front legs,” and he uses “stride frequency” as a measure on the treadmill as it will produce a more accurate reading and is easier to record. He said that for any given speed there is a ‘decrease’ in stride length, but in compensation there is a consequent increase in frequency. Gask added, “Stride length is going to be more and more interesting over time as t he technology and understanding increases. The better horses certainly appear to have a greater stride length and lower frequency at a given speed. However, in time it is going to be interesting to measure the higher-class horses

that have a larger stride length but that will also be able to increase their frequency as they accelerate. “There are other measures to be found. Different horses can suit different ground conditions and this may become clearer in time as we are still working on this. Having a controlled piece of work on a track with a rider is much harder to replicate than on a treadmill,

“The ability of a trainer to recognise the horse’s muscle fibre assets and train the combination of slow and fast twitch muscles correctly will produce better performances than those that do not” but alas we cannot change the going on the treadmill. When horses get tired the stride length certainly decreases, although the frequency may or may not change. Interestingly, the size of the horse doesn’t always match up to stride length, although it is obviously a factor.” He added, “I have a couple of horses who have very long strides but don’t seem to have

the ability to increase frequency when the busy part of the work or race comes. I am working on trying to increase this through training but time will tell as to the success.” Gask hasn’t yet worked on the possible relationship between stride length and a horse’s distance preference. He uses a system called Gmax, a fully integrated girth with GPS tracking, to collect speed and sectional timing data. It has a heart Rate monitor, stride sensors, and temperature sensors for both ambient and skin temperatures. The data can be collected in real time with 3G or through a Wi-Fi connection Gask also has a dedicated Treadmill Display Unit (TDU) designed by Gmax that records ECG trace, heart rate, speed, and elevation. Mike de Kock, who is known for his dynamic approach, is another trainer who has experimented with stride length technology. He used it as an aid in Shea Shea’s preparation for the Grade 1 Al Quoz Sprint, which he won. De Kock admitted he was still “learning,” but he and his team have revealed that what they were most interested in, after the horses’ stride patterns had been built up, was to use the data as an indicator of soundness issues and to also monitor the stride length at the end of a workout as an indicator of peak fitness. In conclusion, it is still early days, but there seems little doubt that stride analysis technology is going to add a new dimension to the methods of racehorse trainers worldwide.n

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Making a difference at WinStar When Kenny Troutt and Bill Casner purchased Prestonwood Farm from Jack, Art, and J.R. Preston before the 2000 breeding season began and renamed the property WinStar Farm, among the stallions included in the package were two that had been raced by Prestonwood and trained by Elliott Walden: Victory Gallop, who was set to cover his initial book of mares; and Distorted Humor, whose first foals, including future Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes winner Funny Cide, were in utero.



ALDEN guided the careers of Distorted Humor, originally handled by Phil Gleaves, from his third start onward and Victory Gallop, previously trained by Mary Eppler, beginning with the colt’s threeyear-old debut. Racing for Prestonwood Farm and R.L. Reineman, Distorted Humor won four graded stakes races and set a new track record in the 7-furlong, Grade 2 Churchill Downs Handicap in 1998. “He had 15 Beyers over 100,” recalls Walden. Victory Gallop was even more successful. After runner-up efforts to Real Quiet in the Kentucky Derby and Preakness, the son of Cryptoclearance denied his rival the Triple Crown by a nose in the 1998 Belmont Stakes. Walden says, “I think Victory Gallop deserved to win one, so I didn’t feel bad. He was a horse that, every time he ran, he just showed up. He was a real racehorse.” As a four-year-old, Victory Gallop won the Grade 1 Whitney and Grade 2 Stephen Foster Handicaps en route to earning the Eclipse Award for champion older male. So it was only natural that Walden, having been instrumental in the high points of two of

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“I enjoyed my days of training greatly and we had a lot of success and a great team, but this is challenging in a different way” the partners’ new stallions, caught their eye, and he was sent the majority of WinStar’s racing stock, eventually becoming private trainer in early 2002. Then in the summer of 2005, he accepted the position of WinStar racing manager, signaling a big lifestyle change for someone who had been training for 20 years. Walden, who went on to be named vice president at the end of 2005 and president and CEO of WinStar in November, 2010, says, “You know, I get asked a lot if I would ever go back to training. I loved training and basically feel blessed to be doing anything in the horse business but so far as going back to training, it’s not something I’m thinking about. I’ve got the best job in the game, it feels like. I enjoyed my days of training greatly and we had a lot of

success and a great team, but this is challenging in a different way. “The big difference,” he continues, “is just the different areas that I’m involved with. The focus of my thoughts and energy goes from mares in the spring to two-year-olds and then you transition into the Derby and it goes back to the racehorses, and in the late summer you start focusing on the yearlings, so I’m able to focus on different things, which keeps it really exciting and engaging.” Originally, Walden, whose brother is Ben Jr. and whose father Ben Sr. owned a horse farm, sought the excitement he craved on the racetrack. “I felt like the action there was more my style,” he says. “Farm life seemed a little slow at the time, but that was before I got involved with WinStar. There’s nothing slow about WinStar! A traditional farm with 30 mares and two stallions was a little bit slow for me so I gravitated towards the racetrack. I liked the atmosphere and the horses and decided early on that I wanted to be a trainer.” He worked under Dennis Ebert, who trained horses for Ben P. Walden Sr. and had been an assistant to Frank Whiteley; LeRoy Jolley, who at the time had Genuine Risk and General Assembly and was “the Todd Pletcher of his day”; and John Gosden,

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Horse of the Year Tiznow, with the WinStar team (left), is part of a powerful roster of stallions at WinStar Farm that includes Kentucky Derby winner Super Saver (above)

before going out on his own in 1985. One thing that was crucial to Walden as a trainer was good communication with his owners. He says, “I viewed it as a partnership, so I was very involved with my owners and really used that to my advantage to enhance the ownership experience for them, because I saw that there were a lot of good trainers that did not want to communicate well. I felt like owners wanted to be communicated with, and they had that right.” But in 2005 with a young family – he and wife Rebecca are parents to Will, now 23; twins Mac and Emily, 21; and Megan, 10 – the nomadic lifestyle wore thin. “I was always extremely excited to go to Saratoga, and I was always just as ecstatic to leave, because it got old being on the road and being away from home, and I’d just get drained towards the end of that meet. That was a big part of what my thought process was when Kenny offered the position of racing manager, was the home life and family life. I felt at peace with that decision. My days are different now; I travel quite a bit but not with the length that I had. It’s a nice change.” Clearly Elliott Walden’s perspective as a top trainer – he also saddled Grade 1 winners Awesome Humor, Brahms, Ecton Park, Hawk Attack, Menifee, and Plenty of Light – before taking over the management of WinStar is valuable in that he understands the business

from every angle. He says, “Sitting on the other side of the desk here now, I have a unique position of having had that experience, so the trainers that I work with now – Todd Pletcher, Bill Mott, Mark Casse, Dale Romans, Shannon Ritter, Kellyn Gorder, Hugh McMahon has one in Maryland for us – I feel like it’s a good relationship and a good dialogue back and forth, and I think they can trust me to understand their side of the equation.” What has changed during Walden’s time in the industry? “You know,” he says, “we’ve definitely seen a real trend towards not running horses as much. That’s probably a byproduct of all the data that’s been accumulated on trainers and makes them reluctant to run unless they feel like they’ve got a really big chance. I think there’s a few factors to it. Do I think the horses are more fragile? I think that they’re a little more fragile. I think it’s exasperating to see trainers wanting to run their horses over a five- and sixweek period and feeling like they show up more consistently, because I think if you look at the numbers of horses that run back in three weeks now versus 20 years ago you would see the difference. Now, is that fragility or is that because of trainers deciding not to run? It’s more than that, actually: you don’t see near as many allowance races and opportunities for horses to run out of the claiming ranks like you used to. A horse used to go through an a other than, and then a two other than, and then a three other than. You just don’t see those two and three other than’s going anymore. Owners will drive trainers to run in stakes pretty much off the bat once they break their maidens, so you just don’t see the opportunity for horses to run, and then I think trainers are choosing their races more carefully.” Distorted Humor “ran every three weeks when he was in his rhythm.” Now, the Forty Niner stallion is established as one of the

country’s leading sires, with 114 black-type stakes winners. He stood the 2013 season for $100,000, the third highest covering fee in North America, and is part of a powerful WinStar roster that includes proven sires Horse of the Year Tiznow, Congrats, Harlan’s Holiday, More Than Ready, Speightstown, and young guns Bodemeister, Colonel John, Drosselmeyer, Gemologist, Kentucky Derby winner Super Saver, and Take Charge Indy, who is new for 2014. The farm’s third-crop stallion Artie Schiller has suddenly exploded, getting his first and second North American Grade 1 wins with

“Farm life seemed a little slow at the time, but that was before I got involved with WinStar. There’s nothing slow about WinStar!” My Conquestadory in the Darley Alcibiades Stakes and We Miss Artie in the Dixiana Breeders’ Futurity over a two-day period at Keeneland in October. WinStar stood 22 stallions in 2013, breeding “a little under 2,500 mares” including about 100 of 154 WinStar-owned breeding stock. The farm also has 34 client mares belonging to Casner (who sold his interest in WinStar to Kenny Troutt in 2010), Mike Repole, Ben Leon’s Besilu Stables, and Scott Ford’s Westrock. What is amazing, considering that WinStar raced such standout homebred Grade 1-winning colts as Super Saver, Travers winner Colonel John, and Haskell Invitational Stakes

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Jockey Calvin Borel gets a hug from Elliott Walden in the winner's circle following Borel's win aboard Super Saver in the 2010 Kentucky Derby

winner Bluegrass Cat – a WinStar stallion based in New York – is that they endeavor to sell most of the crop, bolstering their racing stable with auction-bought foals, yearlings, and two-yearolds sired by home stallions, which is how Belmont Stakes and Breeders’ Cup Classic winner Drosselmeyer (by Distorted Humor) and Wood Memorial winner Gemologist (Tiznow) came to race in WinStar’s colors. “We try to sell our best ones in order to maximize value as yearlings,” says Walden, “and then some of the ones we might keep are nice horses that got hurt or that maybe had a conformation defect that we didn’t think we were going to get a maximum value on. We sell most of our fillies, so typically we’ll end up with anywhere from 10-15 colts out of 150 mares that we breed.” This philosophy, he says, speaks to the

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“profitability” part of the farm’s mission statement: “WinStar Farm [is] focused on profitability, exists by maintaining excellence in horse care, integrity, innovation, and by doing the little things that make a big difference.” The drive to be profitable means that all of their horses are for sale at any point, which is how Any Given Saturday, a homebred son of Distorted Humor, came to win the Grade 1 Haskell for WinStar and Padua Stables, who had purchased an interest early in his three-year-old season. WinStar and Padua later sold the colt to stand at Darley. “Mr. Troutt loves horseracing, he loves being around the people, he loves the passion of it and has a passion for the farm, but if he felt like he couldn’t be successful at it then he wouldn’t do it. Success in his mind is being profitable. Obviou sly he doesn’t need to feed his family

with WinStar Farm and from that standpoint we’re blessed in a way that some people in this business aren’t.” Walden points out that WinStar has sold 14 Grade 1 winners, including European champion One Cool Cat. When Super Saver was a yearling, Walden says that “it was a very difficult time in the market, it was at a real low point.” The team liked the Maria’s Mon – Supercharger colt and appraised him at $100,000, but felt that the mare’s unexceptional produce record suggested he wouldn’t bring that amount. “We actually sent him down to the two-year-old sale in Florida and he was catalogued for OBS March. We were getting very good reports on him out of there and decided that because the market was in such doldrums, he wasn’t going to bring enough and that we would go ahead and try to race him. So we got lucky.” Whether it’s luck or a solid business plan, WinStar is doing it right, as evidenced by the Eclipse Award the farm received as leading owner in 2010. The training facility on some of WinStar’s 1,864 acres has 90 stalls and breaks in approximately 40 horses a year in addition to handling lay-ups, including for clients such as Dale Romans and Randy Gullatt’s Twin Creeks Farm. Farm trainer Richard Budge “lives and breathes these horses,” says Walden. This year’s Donn Handicap-G1 winner Graydar came off a six-month layoff to win the Grade 2 Kelso Handicap at Belmont Park six weeks after leaving WinStar. Walden says that Budge and the team “take great pride” in weekends like the one in September when Graydar won the Kelso and Little Mike, who also spent time at the farm this year, won the Grade 1 Joe Hirsch Turf Classic Invitational Stakes at Belmont on the same day. One of the draws for owners and trainers looking for a rehab center is that WinStar – true to the “innovation” part of their mission statement – utilizes a hyperbaric chamber. “The hyperbaric chamber is something that we’ve become a believer in,” Walden says. “We’ve had one for the last ten years and have had over 10,000 treatments.” A second chamber, in the broodmare division, has been “very effective” on foals that may be “compromised” when they’re born or in helping mares to hold their pregnancies. WinStar, through the StableMates program, is recognized for its fan-friendly approach to the business, which Walden says was born of two visions: “One is that I feel like it’s important to have communication with the fans. And second – and even more importantly – is Bill Casner’s vision from when he owned a piece of the farm. Bill has been a great advocate for the fan and the people who can’t afford to do what we do on a daily basis. Part of that is his excitement and his passion for the game and how exciting it really is, he wants to share that with as many people as he possibly can and he understands that regular people that are fans of the horses they follow may not be able to afford to own them,

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PROFILE Dual Breeders’ Cup Classic winner Tiznow

but they still care about them a great deal.” Eighteen thousand people are signed up for the free StableMates membership. StableMates also offers Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, and Farm Cam memberships for a fee, starting with $24.95 for access to the 15 cameras placed in various locations on the farm. Walden pulls up images being streamed to his computer and says, “This is the clocker’s stand and here’s the shedrow [in the training barn]. It’s pretty cool in the morning when there’s a buzz of activity going on. We’re excited about it.” With an employee, Leanna Packard, dedicated to StableMates and costs of some $2,000 a month for bandwidth, there is significant financial investment, but to Walden, it’s a necessity. “I think it’s a responsibility on everybody in the industry to get people excited.” Ideally, WinStar would like to cover its costs on StableMates, not to make money from it. “We’re not even, but we want to make it accessible to the cost of going out to dinner once a year.” The farm held a party, restricted to 150 StableMates members, in the stallion complex in October, with Calvin Borel – who rode Super Saver in the Derby – in attendance. Natural horseman Dan James of Double Dan Horsemanship, who bre aks the WinStar yearlings, put on a demonstration. On Twitter, @Laureemj tweeted to @WinStarFarm: “Great time last night at the Stable Mates [sic] party! Thanks Winstar [sic] for the hospitality!!!” and @Dmc1115Michelle wrote, “The Stablemates [sic] party was GREAT we had a wonderful time. Kudos to the whole staff

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and Mr. Trout [sic] for doing this for the fans.” Grade 1 memberships are the most exclusive level and benefits include the ability to attend a foaling and name a yearling. “We have a special party at Saratoga at Mr. Troutt’s house,” says Walden, “and they get to come to that. Todd Pletcher, Bill Mott, and Johnny Velazquez were there this year. Members can get access to our suites on regular days. And then we educate them. We took them to the sale at Saratoga and

“Mr. Troutt loves horseracing, he loves being around the people, he loves the passion of it and has a passion for the farm, but if he felt like he couldn’t be successful at it then he wouldn’t do it” they spent a morning looking at yearlings. One of them came to [Keeneland in September] looking around. He came in twice, actually, to try to buy something.” For the industry to flourish, Walden would like to see more racing on TV. He says, “Television exposure is something that we need to do a better job of. I think we missed the television boom 20 or 30 years ago and kind of

lost our position because we didn’t emphasize television, but with so many sports networks exploding now we’ve got opportunities to get on TV and see where it leads…And we need to transition between the Triple Crown and Breeders’ Cup. Whatever we gain in fans and excitement and exposure the first half of the year, we kind of lose through the second half of the year. “If we’re going to just stay within our world and our own little environment, we’re never going to grow and be more relevant. I think we need to figure out a better way to make horse ownership easier and more profitable than we have now. More fun. If we’re not thinking about those things and not trying to create fans then we’re thinking about the wrong thing, we’re just competing against ourselves and we’re never going to grow.” WinStar supports the Thoroughbred Aftercare Alliance (TAA). Walden says, “It’s a very difficult dilemma of what is enough, and with the support that we’re giving the TAA through our stallions, it’s a pretty big financial nut that we’re chewing off there. I think it’s something we need to continue to look after.” The farm bought and immediately retired Super Saver’s full brother Hedge Fund, who was bred by Ogden Mills Phipps and had not previously been owned by WinStar, privately as a seven-year-old after he won a $5,000 claiming race, his 57th start, at Mountaineer by 12¼ lengths in 2010. Hedge Fund’s happy ending reflects on one of WinStar’s core credos: doing the little things that make a big difference. n

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ORE recently, researchers have turned their attention to feeding behaviour and the results of these studies are helping horse owners to feed their animals in a more natural manner, while meeting nutrient requirements and minimising performance-crippling digestive and metabolic disorders. This article discusses the advantages and practicalities of feeding fibre-based diets to racehorses.

Problems with high-cereal diets There is now clear evidence to show that feeding high levels of cereal-based concentrates predisposes horses to gastric ulcers, colic, laminitis, and set-fast (azoturia), all of which have serious negative impacts on performance. The incidence of gastric ulcers in racehorses is greater than 90%, which presents the industry with major costs in terms of veterinary fees, expensive supplements, and lost training days. Moreover, by mealfeeding high-cereal diets, the amount of time a stabled horse spends eating is severely restricted and this can encourage the development of stereotypic behaviors such as weaving and cribbing. When horses perform stereotypies they release endorphins (dopamine) from the brain. These endorphins are addictive and

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Feeding fiber to racehorses Traditionally, racehorses have been fed high-concentrate lowforage diets. Twenty years ago cereal-rich diets seemed to be the best way to get sufficient energy and protein into performance horses, as the only fiber feed readily available was hay – and much of that was of poor quality. However, the last two decades have seen a big increase in equine nutrition research and this has improved our knowledge of digestive physiology and encouraged feed companies to develop a range of feeds that cater for all activities. WORDS: DR MeRial MOORe-COlyeR PHOTOS: SHUTTeRSTOCK

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are now thought to be a ‘coping mechanism’ in response to a stressful situation. Recent work has found a clear relationship between gastric ulcers, cribbing, and meal feeding cereal-based diets to horses. While there is little evidence to show that stereotypic behaviors actually impair performance, they are an indication that the horse finds its environment unacceptable, and this is a serious welfare issue.

A new generation of feeds Happily alongside the research into the negative effects of feeding cereals to horses, scientists have investigated ways of supplying more energy and protein using novel ingredients, many of them byproducts of the human food industry. Many of these feeds are fiber-based, as research has shown that gut health and general wellbeing is facilitated by feeding horses what they have evolved to eat i.e., fiber. While not advocating that all racehorses should be fed fiber-only diets – as those doing predominantly sprint work will need to have some cereals to replenish muscle glycogen stores – most racehorses would benefit from having a large proportion of their cereal feed replaced with high-quality fiber feeds. Feeds containing sugar beet pulp, alfalfa, chopped grass, citrus pulp, or soya hulls are all useful substitutes for cereals. Many of these high-fiber mixes, nuts, and

chops have energy and protein contents similar to cereals and so supply equal levels of nutrients to a traditional ‘hard-feed.’ Because these are fiber-based feeds they are digested in the hindgut, producing short chain fatty acids (acetate, propionate, and butyrate) that are readily metabolized to energy.

“Recent work has found a clear relationship between gastric ulcers, crib-biting, and meal feeding cereal-based diets to horses.” Evidence to support feeding fiber to racehorses Recent work by Swedish researchers Jansson and Lindberg (2012) has shown that racehorses fed all-forage diets had similar performance levels but lower blood lactate and higher venous pH post-exercise than those fed a cereal and forage diet. These measurements indicated that the horses were able to perform more aerobically, which increased time to fatigue and reduced stress and recovery time. Giving horses

bicarbonate (milkshake) has been a common practice in the racing industry to counteract the effects of acidosis induced by intensive exercise. The raising of venous pH on the all-fiber diets fed in this study showed that this effect can be achieved naturally by feeding fiber. While no digestive parameters were measured here, other studies have shown that fiber reduces gastric ulcers, so there are several welldocumented reasons to increase the fiber in racehorse diets. Fiber feeds naturally have better mineral, vitamin, and electrolyte profiles than cereals and in a form that is readily available, so the horse can utilize these micronutrients more efficiently than those in cereals. Mineral imbalances can cause bone, muscle, and nerve problems in horses while electrolyte loss is a major cause of fatigue, so a natural source of these nutrients presented in a palatable form is highly desirable.

Energy demands Those racehorses galloping over longer distances have higher total energy demands than those doing short sprints. Short, very fast races are mostly run anaerobically and for this the horse uses glucose and muscle glycogen as fuel. However, a high proportion of racehorses run longer distances and like all other athletes they use a combination of anaerobic and aerobic energy. As the research above indicated, feeding a substrate

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NUTRITION such as fiber that is metabolized aerobically can increase the time to fatigue and allow the horse to gallop for longer. If you are concerned that a fiber-only diet is not supplying enough total energy to the horse then adding oil can be a really useful way of getting a little bit more energy in without increasing cereals. Oil is also a better substrate for those doing extended work at it is metabolized to energy aerobically and so provides more ATP (adenosine triphosphate, the body’s form of energy) than when glucose is used as the energy substrate. A lot of research has been done on the benefits of feeding fat to horses. Fat is very efficiently digested and is broken down to energy-dense long-chain fatty acids and glycerol. Glycerol is processed in the liver to glucose, so fat can help to replenish muscle glycogen stores. When fed fat for three weeks the horse is conditioned to preferentially use fat as an energy source instead of glycogen. This glycogen-sparing effect is energetically very useful as it means that the horse is getting the maximum amount of energy from its food as it is being metabolized a e r o b i c a l l y, and ‘saving’ the glycogen for fast work. Glycogen depletion is the major cause of fatigue in horses, so if the animal can fuel its work from another source, it can work for longer. Fat can be added to the diets up to a maximum of 2.2g/lb bodyweight/day = (500g for a 1,100lb horse); greater amounts can interfere with hindgut fermentation and is not recommended.

“A lot of research has been done on the benefits of feeding fat to horses. Fat is very efficiently digested and is broken down to energy-dense long-chain fatty acids and glycerol”

these in sufficient amounts to ensure that muscle glycogen levels are kept in reserve for more strenuous fast-work.

Non-working time

Feeding long fiber (Forage)

Many horse owners forget that horses spend most of their time in maintenance and lowlevel activity, i.e., eating, resting, and walking to and from the gallops, all of which use aerobic energy. To fuel this activity the horse should be using fiber and fat, so feed

If given the chance horses will eat for approximately 16 hours per day. This eating pattern evolved when grazing on rough lownutrient dense grass, which is a world away from what our horses are fed now. The problem is this innate behavior is very

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strong and if not satisfied a horse can rapidly develop the digestive disorders and behavioral problems mentioned above. Fit Thoroughbreds can be a bit ‘wired’ at the best of times, so giving them something to do while in the stable will help them relax. However, all too often forage is regarded as something for the horse to do in the stable and not really seen as a food source. The two most commonly fed long fibers are hay and haylage. There are advantages and disadvantages to both, but whatever you choose to feed, offer the best quality forage possible so that it makes a valuable contribution to the nutrient content of the diet. Young leafy forages have better energy and protein levels than stemmy mature hays. The availability of protein can be an issue with forage, as much of it is cell-wall bound and therefore not available to the horse. H o w e v e r, if you are feeding high-fiber nuts, mixes, or chop – particularly those containing chopped alfalfa, dried grass, or clover – then your horse will be receiving adequate available protein. Haylage is generally of higher nutrient quality than hay because it is cut at an earlier stage of growth, so it has a higher proportion of leaf to stem. However, it must be well made to be suitable to be fed to horses. Haylage needs to drop to pH 5.4 to ensure a good fermentation and prevent fungal and bacteria growth. In wellfermented haylage, the water-soluble carbohydrates are converted to lactic acid, which preserves the haylage. The lactic acid is readily metabolized in the body to energy. Drier haylage is preserved by excluding air by wrapping; however, once opened this forage quickly deteriorates. Well-made leafy hay can be equal to haylage in nutrient quality. Commonly, hay is made when the grass is flowering, and this drops the nutrient content considerably. Furthermore, hay needs to be a minimum of 85% dry matter to prevent mold growth

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NUTRITION add to this by feeding acidic forage is unwise. Drier haylage has a higher pH but is more susceptible to bacteria and mold contamination once opened, and this can pose a serious health threat to your horse. In such circumstances it is probably best to choose high-quality hay. Grass species is less important than stage of growth, so any seed or meadow hay that has been wellconserved and has a high proportion of leaf to stem is best. Hay is still the most common forage offered to performance horses in UK. Even well-made hay contains significant levels of dust, which can cause respiratory disorders. Soaking is the traditional method for reducing airborne dust in hay, but recent work has shown that soaking more than doubles the bacteria content while leaching valuable nutrients, most notably minerals and electrolytes. The best way to deal with respirable-dust bacteria and mold is to thoroughly steam the forage. Research has shown that steaming hay and haylage using a specifically designed spiked steamer that injects steam into the bale reduces respirable

“Soaking is the traditional method for reducing airborne dust in hay, but recent work has shown that soaking more than doubles the bacteria content while leaching valuable nutrients”

during storage. Even good quality hay contains significant amounts of dust, which can induce respiratory disorders in horses.

Problems with forage While providing ad libitum forage to any stabled horse is the ideal management regime, there are four well-accepted disadvantages that make this difficult to achieve: increased body weight, water holding capacity of fiber, the acidity of haylage, and dust in hay. When feeding lowquality fiber – i.e., stemmy, mature forage – more weight is held within the gut and much of this additional weight is due to the water that is held by the cell-wall fiber. Ellis et al (2002) found that a low-quality forage diet did increase heart rate in exercising

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horses and thus impaired performance. More recently, no such negative relationship has been found when high-quality fiber is fed. Leafy forages are more fully digested, hold less water, and have higher protein levels, which Essen-Gustavsson et al (2010) found helped replenish muscle glycogen reserves. Furthermore, Jansson and Lindberg (2012) reported no significant rise in bodyweight or heart rate during exercise when feeding early-cut haylage. So choosing high-quality forage seems to be the key here. Effective conservation of grass into haylage is dependent upon achieving a rapid drop in pH, down to 5.4 over the first few days after wrapping. However, horses suffering from gastric ulceration already have excessive acid in their stomachs and to

particles, bacteria, and mold contamination by greater than 95%. Achieving very high temperatures (in excess of 212oF) is key to the efficacy of this process, as partial steaming using a homemade steamer actually increases bacteria content in forage. All organic material, bedding (straw and shavings), cereals, and fiber feeds contain dust. Even bagged and chopped feeds will produce some dust, and this is released into the horse’s breathing zone. It is best therefore to avoid initiating any allergic respiratory disorder by feeding chopped forage slightly damp, using dust-extracted bedding material, and thoroughly steaming both hay and haylage. Achieving and maintaining top performance in racehorses is challenging, and injury and problems are never very far away. So minimize the incidence of gastric ulcers, acidosis, and colic by keeping the gut ‘happy’ by feeding what it is designed to digest. Feeding a fiber-based diet to racehorses is possible, it is just a matter of getting the balance right! n

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Monmouth Park Hollywood Park

United Nations S Hollywood Gold Cup H’cap

7/6/2013 7/6/2013

Big Blue Kitten Game On Dude

Kitten’s Joy Awesome Again

Chad C Brown Bob Baffert

Calder Hollywood Park Belmont Park Saratoga Del Mar Delaware Park Saratoga Saratoga Del Mar Monmouth Park

Princess Rooney H’cap American Oaks Man o’ War S TVG Coaching Club American Oaks Eddie Read S Delaware H’cap Diana S Prioress S Bing Crosby S William Hill Haskell Inv. S

7/6/2013 7/13/2013 7/13/2013 7/20/2013 7/20/2013 7/20/2013 7/27/2013 7/27/2013 7/28/2013 7/28/2013

Starship Truffles Emollient Boisterous Princess of Sylmar Jeranimo Royal Delta Laughing (IRE) Lighthouse Bay Points Offthebench Verrazano

Ghostzapper Empire Maker Distorted Humor Majestic Warrior Congaree Empire Maker Dansili (GB) Speightstown Benchmark More Than Ready

Saratoga Del Mar Saratoga Saratoga Saratoga Del Mar Arlington Park Arlington Park Arlington Park Saratoga Saratoga Saratoga Saratoga Del Mar

Whitney Inv. H’cap Clement L. Hirsch S Alfred G. Vanderbilt H’cap Sword Dancer Inv. Alabama S Del Mar Oaks Secretariat S Beverly D. S Arlington Million S Ballerina S Test S Travers S Personal Ensign H’cap TVG Pacific Classic S

8/3/2013 8/3/2013 8/4/2013 8/17/2013 8/17/2013 8/17/2013 8/17/2013 8/17/2013 8/17/2013 8/23/2013 8/24/2013 8/24/2013 8/25/2013 8/25/2013

Cross Traffic Lady of Fifty Justin Phillip Big Blue Kitten Princess of Sylmar Discreet Marq Admiral Kitten Dank (GB) Real Solution Dance to Bristol Sweet Lulu Will Take Charge Royal Delta Game On Dude

Unbridled’s Song After Market First Samurai Kitten’s Joy Majestic Warrior Discreet Cat Kitten’s Joy Dansili (GB) Kitten’s Joy Speightstown Mr Greeley Unbridleds’s Song Empire Maker Awesome Again

Del Mar

Del Mar Debutante


She’s a Tiger

Tale of the Cat

Saratoga Saratoga Saratoga Saratoga Del Mar Belmont Park Woodbine Woodbine Parx Racing Belmont Park Belmont Park Belmont Park Belmont Park Belmont Park Belmont Park Santa Anita Park Santa Anita Park Santa Anita Park Santa Anita Park

Forego S Woodward S Spinaway S Hopeful S Del Mar Futurity Garden City S Northern Dancer Turf S Ricoh Woodbine Mile S Cotillion S Jockey Club Gold Cup Inv Joe Hirsch Turf Classic Inv Flower Bowl Inv Vosburgh Inv Beldame Inv Awesome Again S Zenyatta S FrontRunner S Rodeo Drive S Chandelier S

8/31/2013 8/31/2013 9/1/2013 9/2/2013 9/4/2013 9/14/2013 9/15/2013 9/15/2013 9/21/2013 9/28/2013 9/28/2013 9/28/2013 9/28/2013 9/28/2013 9/28/2013 9/28/2013 9/28/2013 9/28/2013 9/28/2013

Strapping Groom Alpha Sweet Reason Strong Mandate Tamarando Alterite (FR) Forte Dei Marmi (GB) Wise Dan Close Hatches Ron the Greek Little Mike Laughing (IRE) Private Zone Princess of Sylmar Mucho Macho Man Beholder Bond Holder Tiz Flirtatious Secret Compass

Johannesburg Bernardini Street Sense Tiznow Bertrando Literato (FR) Selkirk Wiseman’s Ferry First Defence Full Mandate Spanish Steps Dansili (GB) Macho Uno Majestic Warrior Macho Uno Henny Hughes Mineshaft Tizbud Discreet Cat

Kenneth L. and Sarah K. Ramsey Bernie Schiappa, Diamond Pride Racing Stable, Lanni Family Trust, Mercedes Stable Chasing Tails Stables Juddmonte Farms, Inc. (Khalid Abdullah) Phipps Stable King of Prussia Stables B.J. Wright, Robert LaPenta Besilu Stables Richard Santulli Richlyn Farm Donnie Crevier, Charles Martin Let’s Go Stable, Michael B. Tabor, Mrs John Magnier, Derrick Smith Goldmark Farm Dr George Todaro, Jerry Hollendorfer Zayat Stables Kenneth L. and Sarah K. Ramsey King of Prussia Stables Patricia Generazio Kenneth L. and Sarah K. Ramsey James Wigan Kenneth L. and Sarah K. Ramsey Susan Wantz Steve Beneto Willis D Horton Besilu Stables Bernie Schiappa, Diamond Pride Racing Stable, Lanni Family Trust, Mercedes Stable Mark DeDomenico, Allen Aldrich, Stuart Downey, Lisa Hernandez Drawing Away Stable and Jacobson, David Godolphin Treadway Racing Stable Robert C. Baker and William L. Mack Larry D. and Marianne Williams Martin S Schwartz Stella Perdomo Morton Fink Juddmonte Farms Brous Stable, Wachtel Stable, Jack Hammer, Gary Barber Priscilla Vaccarezza Richard Santulli Good Friends Stable King of Prussia Stable Reeves Thoroughbred Racing B Wayne Hughes Reddam Racing LLC Pamela C. Ziebarth Westrock Stables

Web only/print profile w w

Marty Wolfson William I Mott Claude R. McGaughey III Todd Pletcher Michael Pender Bill Mott Alan Goldberg George Weaver Tim Yakteen Todd Pletcher

P w w w P w P P P w

Paul Buhlman Jerry Hollendorfer Steve Asumussen Chad C Brown Todd Pletcher Christophe Clement Michael J Maker Sir Michael Stoute Chad C Brown Ollie Figgins III Jerry Hollendorfer D. Wayne Lukas William I Mott Bob Baffert

w P w w w P w P w w P P w w

Jeff Bonde


David Jacobson Kiaran McLaughlin Leah Gyarmati D Wayne Lukas Jerry Hollendorfer Chad Brown Roger Attfield Charles LoPresti William I Mott William I Mott Dale Romans Alan Goldberg Doug O’Neill Todd A. Pletcher Kathy Ritvo Richard Mandella Doug O’Neill Martin Jones Bob Baffert

w P w P P P w w w P P w w w P P P w P

Races highlighted in yellow represent winning owners profiled in the previous issue of North American Trainer, and can be accessed online at

Catch up with all the latest owner profiles at 50 ISSUE 30

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WINNING OWNERS Profiles on Grade 1-winning owners between July through September 2013 North American Trainer’s 18-page special feature on our top Grade 1 winners for the past quarter. Visit to view the profiles of all Grade 1-winning owners from April through September. WORDS: BILL HELLER PHOTOS: HORSEPHOTOS.COM

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Won the Woodward Stakes at Saratoga on August 31st, 2013 Owned by Godolphin Trained by Kiaran McLaughlin Sire Bernardini Dam Munnaya by Nijinsky II

GODOLPHIN was formed to give the family of H.H. Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al Maktoum a central organization to run its horses around the world. Godolphin has won more than two hundred Grade 1 and Group 1 stakes around the globe, but it’s never experienced two more exciting Grade 1 stakes victories from one horse at one track than the two Alpha delivered a little more than a year apart at Saratoga Race Course. In 2012, the son of Bernardini dead-heated with Golden Ticket. Alpha didn’t seem likely to give his owners another Grade 1 victory this summer at Saratoga. When he finished sixth early in the meet in the Grade 1 Whitney to Cross Traffic, he extended his losing streak to six. Since winning the Travers, he hadn’t even finished in the money. So trainer Kiaran McLaughlin made a change, adding blinkers for Alpha’s start in the $750,000 Woodward Stakes. On a sloppy track, he gamely held off Flat Out by a head. Putting the blinkers back on was the right thing to do, McLaughlin said. It was fabulous to see things go his way. Alpha has meant a lot to the whole team and to Godolphin. It was a big win for Godolphin and for Bernardini.

Alpha holds off Flat Out by a head to win the Woodward Stakes 52 ISSUE 30

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Discreet Marq and Julien Leparoux are led in after victory in the Del Mar Oaks

Won the Beverly D. at Arlington Park on August 17th, 2013 Owned by James Wigan Trained by Sir Michael Stoute Sire Dansili Dam Masskana by Darshaan

Won the Del Mar Oaks at Del Mar on August 17th, 2013 Owned by Patricia Generazio Trained by Christophe Clement

JAMES WIGAN is the founder and manager of London Thoroughbred Services Ltd., an international bloodstock agency that has grown considerably since its inception in 1976. Services include purchasing and sales, both public and private; stallion syndication and management; and consultation on pedigrees, insurance, and transportation. In partnership with his mother, Wigan owns the 130-acre West Blagdon Stud in Cranborne, Dorset, in the U.K., where he keeps his family’s 24 broodmares. The family keeps ten-to-15 horses in training with Sir Michael Stoute, Luca Cumani, Richard Hannon, and John Gosden in England and with Andre Fabre and Francois Rohaut in France. Wigan doesn’t frequently ship his horses to run in North America, but he sent Dank to Arlington Park in Chicago to race in the 24th running of the $750,000 Grade 1 Beverly D. Stakes. While Ken and Sarah Ramsey’s horses were winning three Grade 1 stakes that day, Dank wrote her own story, using an explosive stretch run to win by 4¼ lengths (pictured below) in a near stakes record 1:53.38 for the mile-and-three-sixteenths. Wigan was glad he journeyed to Chicago to witness his filly’s best performance in her 11-race career. She has such a great turn of foot, he said after the race. Obviously she has improved over the last year.

Sire Discreet Cat Dam To Marquet by Marquetry

THE GENERAZIOS – Frank is 84, Pat is 78, and they’ve been married for 47 years and counting – have come a long way since they began racing horses at Suffolk Downs and Rockingham Park in New England. They enjoyed great success with Presious Passion, who won 14 of 52 career starts, earning just under $2.7 million. We were never fond of grass horses until Passion, Pat said. The ten-year-old is now enjoying a sedate life. He’s very happy in retirement, Pat


Won the Eddie Read Stakes at Del Mar on July 20th, 2013 Owned by B.J. Wright and Robert V. LaPenta Trained by Michael Pender Sire Congaree Dam Jera by Jeblar

B.J. WRIGHT, a 75-year-old native of Shelbyville, Kentucky, is the Chairman of the

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said. He lives on the farm where he was born in Ocala. Discreet Marq, who is trained by Christophe Clement, has given the Generazios another reason to love turf racing. Before their homebred ventured to California to run in the $300,000 Grade 1 Del Mar Oaks, she had already won the Grade 2 Sands Point at Belmont Park. The owners wanted to be in California for the Oaks, but doctors had told Pat not to fly following cataract surgery. So she and

Board of LifeSource Water Systems, a water filtration company in Pasadena, California, which he bought as a full partner in 1985 shortly after the company was founded. His company is now run by his son Jay, his daughter Cherie and her husband Mark Harris, who is president of LifeSource. Wright gives filtered water to all his horses and backs up his belief of the importance of good water in people and horses’ health by donating a portion of his winnings to Nancy Santullo’s House of the Children, which provides clean water and sanitation to the people of the Southeastern Peruvian Amazon. He is now on the House of Children Board. When he was in his 20s, he dabbled with Thoroughbreds. He and a couple partners bought a horse for $1,000 and went on to win a couple races with him. A second Thoroughbred didn’t do as well, and Wright left the game for some three decades, returning in the ’90s. Eleven days after Wright’s Jeranimo captured the Grade 2 San Gabriel Stakes on January 13th at Santa Anita, Robert LaPenta issued a statement that he had bought a significant interest in the seven-year-old son of Congaree.

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LADY OF FIFTY Won the Clement Hirsch at Del Mar on August 3rd, 2013 Owned by Dr. George Todaro and Jerry Hollendorfer Trained by Jerry Hollendorfer Sire After Market Dam K. D.’s Shady Lady by Maria’s Mon

Frank, who used to train their horses, stayed at their summer home in Cape Cod and watched on TV. And they liked what they saw. Discreet Marq won the $300,000 Grade 1 Del Mark Oaks by three-quarters of a length. When she won that race, I couldn’t believe it, Pat said. It was phenomenal. It’s a great feeling, especially when we raced and bred her dam (To Marquet) and her grandmother (Pretty Momma). We raced them all. They’re like part of our family. It’s a great family.

BORN in Seattle, Washington, on July 1, 1937, Dr. George Todaro is a professor at the University of Washington who has worked with the National Cancer Institute and National Institute of Health. His research has led to innovations in the treatment of cancer and cystic fibrosis. He is also the founder of several biotechnological companies, including Targeted Growth, a Seattle-based company focused on improving the quality of agricultural products, such as biodiesel fuels. Todaro’s involvement with Thoroughbreds was literally a gift. For Christmas in 1991, his wife gave him a ten percent interest in a Washington-bred yearling named It May Freeze. Todaro was smitten, so much that became was an investor in Emerald Downs, which opened in Auburn, Washington, in 1996. One of his most successful horses was multiple stakes winner Trickey Trevor, who earned more than $700,000. Todaro is partners with Hall of Fame trainer Jerry Hollendorfer on Lady of Fifty, who overcame a six-wide trip under Corey Nakatani to win the Grade 1 Clement L. Hirsch Stakes by

LaPenta, a 68-year-old native of Yonkers, New York, was the vice president of Lockheed Martin Corporation, founding general partner of Aston Capital LLC, and Chairman of the Board of L-1 Identity Solutions, which deals in the protection of personal identities and assets. He sold the latter company in July, 2011. LaPenta was introduced to horses by his mother and made his first Thoroughbred purchase in 1988 as a partner with basketball coach Rick Pitino, whose University of Louisville team won last season’s national championship. LaPenta started his own stable in 2001, purchasing eight yearlings for $895,000 and racing in the name of Whitehorse Stables. His best horses include 2007 champion two-year-old colt War Pass and the outstanding sprinter Jackson Bend, and he won a Belmont Stakes with Da’ Tara. Also a philanthropist, LaPenta donated $7 million to the LaPenta Student Union Building at his alma mater, Iona College in Westchester County, New York. LaPenta’s silks are Iona’s colors: maroon and gold. He lives in Deer Valley, Utah, and winters in Naples, Florida, and enjoys golfing and skiing.

Lady of Fifty came wide to land the Clement L. Hirsch Stakes by a length and a half

a length and a half. Most of Todaro’s 70 horses in training are owned in partnership with Hollendorfer. Todaro also has horses with three other trainers and owns several broodmares in California and Kentucky. Hollendorfer, a 72-year-old Hall of Fame trainer, used to bet on races with his teenage buddies at Acton Park, a now-defunct track not far from Hollendorfer’s hometown of Akron, Ohio. When he went to visit friends in San Francisco in his early 20s, he talked his way onto the backstretch at Bay Meadows and convinced trainer Jerry Dutton to give him a job. Later, Hollendorfer worked for Jerry Fanning. I got to work for a couple of good guys, Hollendorfer said. Most of what I do today, I learned from them. While he was working with Fanning at Hollywood Park, he met his future wife Janet, who was working for trainer Mel Stute. In his first six years as a trainer, Hollendorfer won 59 races. Now he is the third leading trainer in racing history. By the time you read this, he’ll have won his 6,500th race.

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Won the Diana at Saratoga on July 27th, 2013 Owned by Richard Santulli Trained by Alan Goldberg Sire Dansili Dam Comic by Be My Chief

RICHARD SANTULLI, a native of Brooklyn, New York, earned his bachelor and master’s degrees in applied mathematics and a master’s degree in operations research at Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute. Santulli worked as an investment banker, then as a vice president with Goldman Sachs & Co. from 1969-1980. Four years later, he purchased Executive Jet in 1984. He created NetJets Inc., which offered a new concept of fractional jet ownership and revolutionized the private and corporate business jet market. He sold the company to Berkshire Hathaway for $750 million in 1998, but stayed on as CEO through August, 2009.

Santulli got involved in racing in the early ’80s. With George Prussin, David Orlinsky, and the late Jules Fink as partners, Santulli formed Jayeff B Stable, whose top horses include 1989 champion sprint Safely Kept, who won the 1990 Breeders’ Cup Sprint, and 1998 champion filly Banshee Breeze (owned in partnership with her breeder James B. Tafel). Santulli serves as the managing general partner of Jayeff B. A member of the Jockey Club since 2002, he has served on the Board of Directors of the Breeders’ Cup and the New York Racing Association. Acting on a phone call from Breeders’ Cup-winning trainer and racing analyst Frank Lyons recommending he check out a filly in Ireland, Santulli purchased Laughing after she won the Nijinsky Stakes against colts at Leopardstown in June, 2011. He brought her to North America and sent to trainer Alan Goldberg. As a four-year-old in 2012, she had two wins, a second, and two thirds and earnings topping $180,000. After a long vacation, she won the Grade 3 Eatontown Handicap at Monmouth Park by three-quarters of a length in her 2013 debut. That’s when Santulli suggested to his trainer, “Let’s take a shot.” That meant the Grade 1 Diana, and Laughing, who was ridden by Jose Lezcano, took the lead and never surrendered it, holding off Dream Peace by a head. The Dansili mare then went on to win the Grade 2 Ketel One Ballston Spa Stakes and her second Grade 1, the Flower Bowl Invitational Stakes in September.

Laughing (right) with Jose Lezcano up holds off Dream Peace by a head in the Diana

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Won the Prioress Stakes at Saratoga on July 27th, 2013 Owned by Richlyn Farm Trained by George Weaver Sire Speightstown Dam Pay Lady by Seeking the Gold

RICHARD “DICK” and Evelyn Pollard race as Richlyn Farm, which they concocted by combining letters of their first names. They met in New York City, where Dick was working as a bank clerk and Evelyn was a secretary for an oil company. Eventually, they moved to Boston, where Dick became a senior lending officer at a Boston-based bank and chairman of the Boston Ballet. Evelyn had ridden horses growing up on Long Island and on summer vacations at a dude ranch in upstate New York. Their first horse, a cheap yearling, never made it to the races. Their second yearling, Jen’s Trueheart, became their first broodmare. They’ve enjoyed success in racing ever since, but rarely at the highest level. The last thing they expected this summer was to be standing in the winner’s circle at Saratoga after a Grade 1 stakes. Rather, they were surprised that their trainer, George Weaver, had even entered their three-year-old filly Lighthouse Bay into the Grade 1 Prioress Stakes. Lighthouse Bay had won three of her five dirt starts, including two stakes, but she had never even started in a Graded stakes race, let alone a Grade 1. Bettors sent her off at 21-1 in the field of six. Weaver, who was on his way to an outstanding Saratoga meet – nine winners from 41 starts – had surprised the Pollards eight years earlier when he entered their horse, Saratoga County, in the Dubai Gold Shaheen. He won, giving Weaver his first Grade 1 stakes victory. Lighthouse Bay won, too, by half a length under Joe Rocco Jr., presenting Weaver and the Pollard’s with their first Grade 1 victory in North America.

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POINTS OFFTHEBENCH Won the Bing Crosby at Del Mar on July 28th, 2013 Owned by Donnie Crevier and Charles Martin Trained by Tim Yakteen Sire Benchmark Dam Mo Chuisle by Free House

DONNIE CREVIER was already on his way to a spectacular career selling top-line automobiles when three of his friends talked him into taking 25 percent of a Thoroughbred in 1988. “I thought it’d be fun and exciting,” he said. The horse won his debut, hooking Crevier for the rest of his life. Now 63, he continues to follow three passions: cars, giving back to the community, and horses. He is president and CEO of one of the nation’s most successful BMW and Mini Cooper dealerships, Crevier BMW Mini in Costa Mesa, California. He also owns Crevier Class Cars, an innovative storage facility for classic cars that also functions as an exclusive club for the owners of those cars. While he deals with toney clients and friends, Creview is legendary in Southern California for giving back to the community,

especially with the Boys and Girls Club. “I was raised by a single mom with not much money,” he said in an interview in Dealer Magazine in 2008. “I was lucky enough to have youth organizations that I was involved with as a kid, and as an adult I’ve had the resources and good luck to be able to help those organizations.” He was realistic about being a Thoroughbred owner: “It’s for fun,” he said. “If you have a little success, it’s all the more fun.” Lately, he and Chip Martin, a labor relations negotiator in Southern California, have had great success thanks to Bench Points and Bench Points’ full brother Points Offthebench. Bench Points won his first four starts. “That was an awesome thrill,” said Martin, a 40-

year-old native of Indiana who attended Indiana University and went to the Kentucky Derby a couple of times with his college buddies. Bench Points’ win streak ended when he finished third in the Grade 2 San Felipe. Then, after running seventh in the Grade 1 Santa Anita Derby, he won the Grade 3 Laz Barrera Stakes by a nose. Martin was surprised when trainer Tim Yakteen told him that Bench Points’ year-younger brother was going to be even better. ”He said he was going to win a Grade 1,” Martin said. Yakteen, a former assistant to Charles Whittingham and Bob Baffert, was right. Points Offthebench edged Goldencents by a head to win the Bing Crosby Stakes and give Yakteen his first Grade 1 stakes win. “I didn’t think I’d have to wait this long,” Yakteen said after the race. Yakteen, who is the godfather to Martin’s oldest son Charlie, considers himself lucky to have Crevier and Martin as owners. “Donnie is a really good guy, very easy to work for, a professional,” Yakteen said. “He stays out of your way and lets you do your job. Chip is a true enthusiast about the sport of horseracing.” A very happy enthusiast. “We’ve only owned a handful of horses,” Martin said. “We would have been grateful for just one good horse.”

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Won the Del Mar Debutante at Del Mar on August 31st, 2013 Owned by Dr. Mark DeDomenico, Allen Aldrich, Lisa Hernandez, and Stuart Downey Trained by Jeff Bonde Sire Tale of the Cat Dam Shandra Smiles by Cahill Road

DR. MARK DEDOMENICO, who campaigned champion Blind Luck, may not need another superstar, but he certainly deserves one for the contributions he continues to make to human and equine health. DeDomenico is a cardiovascular surgeon and researcher who played a vital role in the development of coronary bypass surgery; the Guided Flow Aortic Heart Valve; and the Bionit Arterial Grafts, which are used to replace damaged or

artherosclerotic arteries. He is a founding member of the Hope Heart Institute in Seattle, Washington, and owns and operates the 45,000-member PRO Sports Health Club, where he continues to research metabolic disorders – including high cholesterol, hypertension, and diabetes – and obesity. His love of horses may be genetic. His father raced multiple stakes winners on the West Coast, and now the younger DeDomenico is helping horses more than his father could have envisioned. Working at his Pegasus Training and Rehabilitation Center in Richmond, Washington, with Dr. Wayne McIlwraith of Colorado State University, DeDomenico, who is Chairman of the Thoroughbred Owners of California Medication and Integrity Committee, is researching new treatments for equine middle and lower knee injuries, and he is also researching the use of platelet rich plasma and stem cell therapy. As if he weren’t busy enough, he and Canadian owner Glen Todd began the Pegasus Two-Year-Old in Training Sale in Redmond two years ago. Our whole mission here is to get some new owners into the business, he told the Thoroughbred Daily News in an interview. If we don’t keep getting new people into this sport to attend these sales, we’re going to end up in a tough spot. DeDomenico has been working his whole life to get humans and horses into better spots. His two-year-old She’s a Tiger – coowned by Allen J. Aldrich, Lisa Hernandez, and Stuart Downey – certainly found her spot when she won the Grade 1 Del Mar Debutante Stakes on August 31st.

STARSHIP TRUFFLES Won the Princess Rooney at Calder Race Course on July 6th, 2013 Owned by by Chasing Tails Stables (at the time) Trained by Marty Wolfson Sire Ghostzapper Dam Bobbie Use by Not For Love

STARSHIP TRUFFLES must be wondering what she has to do to impress her owners enough to keep her. Just nine days after winning the Princess Rooney by 3¾ lengths, she was sold for a sale-topping $1 million at the Fasig-Tipton inaugural July Summer Select Horses of Racing Age Sale to


Won the Hopeful at Saratoga on September 2nd, 2013 Owned by William L. Mack and Robert C. Baker Trained by D. Wayne Lukas She’s a Tiger wins the Del Mar Debutante

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Sire Tiznow Dam Clear Mandate by Deputy Minister

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WINNING OWNERS – JULY-SEPTEMBER 2013 Castleton Lyons. It was the sixth time this four-year-old filly, who is 14-for-26 lifetime, has changed hands. She was sold at auction three times, claimed twice, and sold privately once. On July 4, 2012, one year and two days before she won the Princess Rooney, Starship Truffles was claimed for $6,250 by Gerald Procino. She won that race by 10¼ lengths, and had three more wins before she switched trainers to Marty Wolfson. In her only previous graded stakes appearance before the Princess Rooney, she was a distant ninth in the Grade 2 Inside Information. Still, she won an allowance race by 10 lengths heading into her first Grade 1, in which she went off at 8-1 and won easily. She was immediately entered in the Fasig-Tipton Sale. “The Princess Rooney is, so far, the highlight of her career, and we are taking an opportunity to put her in the auction ring at an ideal time and place,” Steve Smith of Chasing Tails Stables said. “She’s at the top of her game and there are a lot of valuable stakes coming up for older fillies and mares throughout the rest of the year.” After the sale, Gabriel Duignan, who signed the sales slip for Castleton Lyons before sending the filly back to Wolfson’s stable, said, She was very impressive last out. She suits the program for Castleton Lyons and hopefully we can win a bit more with her.

BILL MACK, the founder and chairman of AREA Property Partners, chairman of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, and chairman of the board of directors of the Mack-Cali Realty Corporation, and Bob Baker, who is the chairman and CEO of National Realty and Development Corporation in Purchase, New York, have been winning Grade 1 stakes races for 16 years, all with D. Wayne Lukas as trainer. In 1997, their colt Grand Slam won the Grade 1 Futurity and Champagne before suffering a leg injury in the Grade 1 Breeders’ Cup Juvenile. They sold a half-interest in Grand Slam to Coolmore Stud for $5 million. Grand Slam recovered from his injury and finished second in the 1998 Grade 1 Breeders’ Cup Sprint. Mack and Baker also campaigned stakes winners Proud Citizen (with David Cornstein), who finished second in the 2002 Kentucky Derby and third in the Preakness, and 2009 Hopeful Stakes winner Dublin.

SWEET LULU Won the Test at Saratoga on August 24th, 2013 Owned by Steve Beneto Trained by Jerry Hollendorfer Sire Mr. Greeley Dam Successful Outlook by Orientate

STEVE BENETO, a 74-year-old member of the California Horse Racing Board who was inducted into the California State Fair Rodeo Hall of Fame, has a fascinating background. He was making a living vanning horses in 1966 when he purchased his first horse, who won his first race. That got me hooked, he said. I got the bug. In 1973, Beneto purchased an A&W Root Beer franchise and an adjacent gas station. When the national gas crisis hit, his suppliers cut him off. So he purchased an old truck at

Strong Mandate didn’t indicate he would join their elite company of Grade 1 winners when he finished fifth by 12¼ lengths to Big Sugar Soda in his Saratoga debut six weeks before the Hopeful, which Big Sugar Soda would also enter. In the interim, Lukas added blinkers, and Strong Mandate won a maiden race wire-to-wire by 4¼ lengths. In the Hopeful – Lukas’ 78th birthday – he blew past the leaders and won by a jaw-dropping 9¾ lengths under wraps for the final sixteenth of a mile. “Blinkers usually help with my horses,” Lukas said in a joyful winner’s circle. “These guys, Bill Mack and Bob Baker, have been with me for 25 years. We’ve gone through a lot. We’ve had Grand Slam and Dublin down through the years and Scorpion and Proud Citizen. “We had some nice horses, but I don’t know if we’ve had one this good.” When jockey Jose Ortiz returned Strong Mandate to the winner’s circle, Mack put his arm around Baker and said, This is what it’s all about.

an auction and began hauling gas himself. That single truck evolved into Beneto Tank Lines, a $72 million business with 250 trucks based at 18 terminals. In 2003, he sold his company to Kenan Advantage Group. Because he was traveling so much to his terminals, he purchased his own airplane. That grew into Beneto Inc. Jet Sales and Leasing, with offices near his home in Sacramento and in Dallas, Texas. “I usually get straight to the point real fast and solve the problem,” Beneto said. “You’ve got to work through the issues and stay on top of things until you get what you want.” Beneto and trainer Jerry Hollendorfer wanted a Grade 1 victory for their undefeated three-year-old filly Sweet Lulu. So they didn’t let the fact that she had never raced on dirt and had never even started in a stakes deter them from shipping her cross-country from California to run in the Grade 1 Test Stakes at Saratoga in her fourth career start. Sweet Lulu, who was ridden by Julien Leparoux (pictured above), was up to the challenge, edging Wildcat Lily by a head. A board meeting at Del Mar prevented Beneto from going to Saratoga to see the Test, so he called up his friend George Hearst, who owns the Times Union newspaper in Albany, New York. “He called me up and asked if I could represent him this weekend,” Hearst said. “I said, ‘I will if she can run.’” She can, and she did. She’s a killer of a horse, Hearst said.

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WILL TAKE CHARGE Won the Travers at Saratoga on August 24th, 2013 Owned by Willis Horton Trained by D. Wayne Lukas Sire Unbridled’s Song Dam Take Charge Lady by Dehere

WILLIS HORTON, who at the age of 73 is five years younger than his Hall of Fame trainer D. Wayne Lukas, is a native of Marshall, Arkansas, who developed D.R. Horton Custom Homes, which became the nation’s largest builder of single-family homes. Horton retired when the company went public in 1992. That allowed him to pursue his passion: horses. He’d had them growing up,

and he became the managing partner of Horton Stable, which included his brother Leon, his son Cam, and his nephew Terry. Among their best horses were Kentucky Oaks winner Lemons Forever, and Partner’s Hero. Horton fell in love with Will Take Charge, a colt in the 2011 Keeneland September Yearling Sale. “I liked his pedigree, his size, and his conformation is terrific,” Horton said. “I’ve been in this business for about 50 years, and not on a big scale. I did it on a small scale. But this was the best-looking horse I’ve even seen in a sale.” Another bidder was also impressed, but then stopped bidding. Why? It was Lukas. “I

looked out and saw Willis bidding and I thought, ‘Whoa, I better back off here,’” Lukas said. “We’ve been friends forever.” Horton got Will Take Charge for $425,000. Horton and Lukas thought he was a legitimate Triple Crown contender after he captured the Grade 2 Rebel Stakes in his final Kentucky Derby prep. But Will Take Charge finished a troubled eighth in the Derby, then seventh in the Preakness and tenth in the Belmont Stakes. Undeterred, Lukas pointed Will Take Charge to the $1 million Travers Stakes. In the traditional Travers prep, the Grade 2 Jim Dandy Stakes, Lukas removed Will Take Charge’s blinkers. Just as adding blinkers had made such a big difference with Strong Mandate in the Hopeful, blinkers off made a huge difference with Will Take Charge. He finished a fast-closing second by a length to Belmont Stakes winner Palace Malice. Lukas changed riders for the Travers, with Luis Saez replacing Junior Alvarado. And in deep stretch, Saez rallied Will Take Charge past front-running Moreno to capture the Travers by a head. “It’s the most wonderful feeling to be able to get somebody put up the money, stay by you, believe in you, to give them that moment,” Lukas said. “Three strides before the wire, the only thing I thought of was him (Willis) and his wife.” Asked what it meant to win the Travers, Horton said, “Well, it’s hard to describe, you know? I’m so happy.”

rank of captain. By then, he had earned his MBA from Columbia University. Schwartz made a fortune on Wall Street. After working several years as a financial analyst for E.F. Hutton, he took $100,000 he had saved and bought a seat on the American Stock Exchange, where he began trading stocks, stock options, and futures. In his first full year, he made $600,000. The next year, he doubled that total. He was so proficient in his profession that he was profiled in the national bestseller “Market Wizards” by Jack Schwager.

Then Schwartz wrote his own book, “Pit Bull Lesson from Wall Street’s Champion Trainer,” which was published by Harper Collins in 1998. Two years later, he purchased his first Thoroughbred, Bowman’s Band. Trained by Hall of Famer Allen Jerkens, Bowman’s Band won the 2003 Meadowlands’ Cup, earned more than $1.2 million, and went on to sire champion Groupie Doll before dying as a relatively young stallion. Now Schwartz has horses in England, France, and North America. They are trained by Mick Channon, Jean-Claude Rouget, and Chad Brown, respectively. Though Schwartz usually acquires horses by private sale, he purchased graded stakes winners Elusive Wave and Mambia at Arqana’s Arc Sale in France. He bought Alterite after she finished third by a neck in the Prix Marcel Boussac at Longchamp in France on October 7, 2012. She didn’t return to the races until this year, winning one of four starts in France before shipping to Chad Brown’s barn in New York.

Will Take Charge (left) wins the Travers

ALTERITE Won the Garden City at Belmont Park on September 14, 2013 Owned by Martin S. Schwartz Trained by Chad Brown Sire Literato Dam Ana Luna by Dream Well

ALTERITE is the latest talented European runner Martin S. “Buzzy” Schwartz has brought to North America to have great success, giving him his second consecutive victory in the Garden City following Samitar’s triumph last fall. Before their victories, Schwartz imported subsequent Grade 1 stakes winners Angara, Asi Siempre, Gorella, Stacelita, and Zagora. Schwartz is a 68-year-old native of New Haven, Connecticut. “I used to go to the races when I was a kid,” he said. “I grew up in Connecticut and I’d go to the races in New York in the ’60s. I always found it to be a spectacular sport.” After he graduated from Amherst College in 1967, he served in the U.S. Marine Corps Reserve from 1968 to 1973, leaving with the

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BOND HOLDER Won the FrontRunner Stakes at Santa Anita on September 28, 2013 Owned by Reddam Racing LLC Trained by Doug O’Neill Sire Mineshaft Dam Cielo Girl by Conquistador Cielo

PAUL REDDAM seems to have crammed several successful careers into a single lifetime: college professor of philosophy,

founder of a mortgage loan company, and horse owner in both harness and Thoroughbred racing. Last year, he won the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness Stakes with I’ll Have Another, which was his response every time his wife offered him her homemade cookies. Reddam, a 58-year-old native of Windsor, Ontario, Canada, has been called by his middle name since childhood to distinguish him from his dad, who was named John Paul. He can thank a friend, who was a groom at Windsor Racing, for exposing him to racing when he was a teenager, and it continues to be his passion. He graduated from the University of Windsor with a bachelor’s degree in philosophy, got his Master’s at the University of Toronto, and his Ph. D at the University of Southern California. Reddam taught philosophy at California State University-Los Angeles and settled in Southern California with his wife Zillah and her daughter Chanel. Eventually, he turned to business. In 1995, he founded, a mortgage loan company which was the first to use television and billboard advertising for current rates. He sold the company to General Electric in 1999,

then became the president of CashCall, a finance lending company in Fountain Valley, California. During the ’80s, while he was still teaching, Reddam put together syndicates to buy harness horses. He claimed his first Thoroughbred, Ocean Warrior, in 1988. Reddam had many successful Thoroughbreds before I’ll Have Another brought him to the brink of immortality. He bought a 75 percent interest in two-year-old Wilko in England before that colt won the Breeders’ Cup Juvenile in 2004. Red Rocks provided Reddam’s second Breeders’ Cup score when he captured the 2006 Turf. His other Grade 1 stakes winners include Square Eddie, Elloluv, Sharp Lisa, Cash Included, Swept Overboard, Pt’s Grey Eagle, and Crowded House. I’ll Have Another outshone them all by winning the first two legs of the Triple Crown, only to be scratched the day before the Belmont Stakes and retired because of tendonitis in one of his legs. Ever the businessman, Reddam sold him for stud duty in Japan for $10 million.


Little Mike with Mike Smith up holds off a late charge by Big Blue Kitten in the Turf Classic

Won the Joe Hirsch Turf Classic at Belmont Park on September 28, 2013 Owned by Priscilla Vaccarezza Trained by Dale Romans Sire Spanish Steps Dam Hay Jude by Wavering Monarch

PRISCILLA VACCAREZZA and her husband Carlo are no strangers to celebrities. They coowned restaurants with baseball star Rusty Staub in New York and actor Mickey Rourke in Miami, and had New York Yankees owner George Steinbrenner as a client when they operated Break of Dawn Farm near Ocala, Florida. But they never expected to own a celebrity. And they sure do in Little Mike, their six-yearold, overachieving gelding who was bred by 62-year-old Carlo, a native of Genoa, Italy.

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Carlo moved to New York and had a brief stint as a hotwalker at Aqueduct in the late 1960s. He bought his first horse in the early ’70s as he continued his incredibly successful restaurant career. In New York, he and Priscilla, who is 13 years younger than her husband, teamed with Staub to run Rusty’s, and they operated Mickey’s with Rourke. Now, the Vaccarezzas operate two restaurants in Florida: Damiano in Boca Raton and Dino’s in Deerfield Beach. They’ve had a handful of successful horses, including stakes winners My Due Process and Little Nick, Little Mike’s half-brother. Little Mike has taken the Vaccarezzas to a whole new level. After losing his first four starts on dirt – a surface he has not run on since – he has prospered on grass, where he displayed his dazzling early speed. Dale Romans took over as Little Mike’s trainer after he won the 2011 Grade 3 Fort Lauderdale by a nose. He had

previously been trained by William White, who had him for his first two starts, and Allen Iwinski. Last year, Little Mike won the Grade 1 Woodford Reserve Turf Classic at Churchill Downs and the Grade 1 Arlington Million. When he didn’t make the lead in last year’s Grade 1 Breeders’ Cup Turf, who would have expected him to change running styles on that stage? Yet Little Mike did. He relaxed under jockey Ramon Dominguez and rated in third. And then he won. It was a ride for the ages. Little Mike, though, hadn’t even hit the board in four starts this year, the first two in Dubai, until the Joe Hirsch Turf Classic Invitational Stakes. Yet he displayed his huge heart by grimly holding off challenges on his outside and inside to prevail in the race by a nose for his 13th victory in 21 grass starts. He has earned more than $3.4 million. That’s enough to open several restaurants.

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BEHOLDER Won the Zenyatta at Santa Anita on September 28, 2013 Owned by Spendthrift Farm Trained by Richard Mandella Sire Henny Hughes Dam Leslie’s Lady by Tricky Creek

WHEN B. Wayne Hughes purchased 850-acre Spendthrift Farm in Lexington, Kentucky, in 2004, he tied his name to a farm with one of the richest histories in Thoroughbred racing. Founded by Leslie Combs II in 1937, Spendthrift has been home to the only undefeated Triple Crown winner, Seattle Slew, as well as Preakness and Belmont Stakes

winner Nashua, the outstanding sire Raise a Native, Dark Star, Jet Pilot, and Kentucky Derby winner Majestic Prince, who was bred by Combs, foaled at Spendthrift, and retired there to stud. Currently, Spendthrift Farm is home to 60 broodmares and some 15 stallions, including Malibu Moon, who ranked fourth in North America in 2013 progeny earnings through mid-September, and new recruits Jimmy Creed and Liaison. Malibu Moon is the sire of this year’s Kentucky Derby winner Orb. Hughes, who recently celebrated his 80th birthday, was born in Gotebo, Oklahoma. He was the founder of Public Storage, a company he began with a $50,000 investment in 1972. That very same year, Hughes, who had previously partnered with several neighbors to buy a horse, bought his first horse on his own. Public Storage has grown to 1,400 storage sites serving 600,000 customers around the country. Hughes and his family retain 39 percent of the company, and he is ranked in the Forbes 400 as one of the country’s wealthiest people. Obviously, his horse interests have grown as well. Trishyde gave him his first graded stakes victory when she captured the 1994 Grade 2 Fleur de Lis Handicap. Four years later, Joyeux Dancer gave him his first Grade 1 by taking the Early Times Turf Classic. Hughes has campaigned three Breeders’ Cup

Beholder wins the Zenyatta

winners: Action This Day, victorious in the 2003 Juvenile; Court Vision, who upset Goldikova in the 2011 Mile; and Beholder, whose victory in last year’s Juvenile Fillies helped her win the Eclipse Award as champion two-year-old filly. Hughes, who splits his time between Malibu, California, and Spendthrift, has numerous horses in training with five different conditioners: Richard Mandella and Carla Gaines in Southern California; and Albert Stall Jr., Paul McGee, and Dale Romans in Kentucky. Nearly a decade after becoming the owner of Spendthrift, Hughes said, “There’s so much history here. To be part of this was the opportunity of a lifetime.”


Won the Awesome Again at Santa Anita on September 28, 2013 Owned by Reeves Thoroughbred Racing Trained by Kathy Ritvo Sire Macho Uno Dam Ponche de Leona by Ponche

DEAN REEVES attended his first Kentucky Derby in 1976. The native of Atlanta is CEO of Reeves Contracting, a business begun by his dad in 1950. His wife Patti owns Reeves Media, an outdoor advertising consulting business. They have two children, William and Sarah. Dean and

Patti are active members of North Point Community Church, where Dean is involved with the Money Wise Counseling Team. They both also volunteer for the American Cancer Society as Road to Recovery drivers, driving cancer patients to and from treatments. Dean and Patti split their time between Atlanta and the Turks and Caicos Islands. They were on vacation there in 2007 when they met Bob Estes, a long-time owner who had won the Florida Derby with Technology in 1992, and his wife Esther. The two couples became Thoroughbred partners, buying their first horse, Fearless, at the 2007 Keeneland Two-Year-Oldsin-Training Sale. The following year they purchased two yearlings, Cause I Can and Giant Success. Cause I Can posted a record of four wins, one second, and two thirds in 23 starts and made $155,829. Dean and Patti formed Reeves Thoroughbred Racing in 2009, purchasing Whistlin Dixie and Uncle Joe, named for Dean’s uncle Joe from Pipe Creek, Texas. In the summer of 2010, Reeves Thoroughbred Racing became partners with Dream Team One Racing in the latter’s two-yearold colt Mucho Macho Man after he finished a front-running second by a length in his debut at Calder Race Course. Less than a year later,

Mucho Mucho Man and Gary Stevens after the Awesome Again Stakes

Mucho Macho Man fulfilled Dean Reeves’ childhood dream by running in the Kentucky Derby. He finished third. In the summer of 2012, Reeves Thoroughbred Racing became the sole owner of Mucho Macho Man, who was second in last year’s Breeders’ Cup Classic and finally got his Grade 1 in the Awesome Again Stakes at Santa Anita in September.

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Won the Jockey Club Gold Cup at Belmont Park on September 28, 2013 Owned by Brous Stable, Wachtel Stable, Jack Hammer, Gary Barber Trained by Bill Mott Sire Full Mandate Dam Flambe’ by Fortunate Prospect

NEW YORK partners Nils Brous, a relative newcomer to Thoroughbred ownership, met Adam Wachtel when they tried to buy a company from Joe Sweedler, who was an original partner in graded stakes winner Attila’s Storm. Brous became a partner on Attila’s Storm with Wachtel, Barry K. Schwartz – the co-founder of Calvin Klein and former President and CEO of the New York Racing Association – and Double S Stable in January, 2005. Attila’s Storm won the Grade 3 Toboggan Stakes, finished second in the Grade 2 Alfred G. Vanderbilt and third in the Grade 1 King’s Bishop Stakes. He also finished fourth and fifth in the 2005 and 2006 Breeders’ Cup Sprint, respectively. Brous is a 49-year-old native of New York, who was raised in Woodmere, New York, not far from Belmont Park. His father owned a couple horses there. “I went with him to the stables at six o’clock in the morning and always loved it,” he said. “I always wanted to own horses.” He is a private equity investor who worked for Goldman Sachs on Wall Street after graduating from Harvard. He then spent ten years working for Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. He and his wife Stephanie, who is the granddaughter of Robert Meyerhoff of Spectacular Bid fame, have two children, Brandon and Ethan. Adam Wachtel is a 51-year-old businessman who was born in Suffern, New York, a 45minute drive from New York City. His dad, Ed, owned horses in New York for years and Wachtel bought his first horse, Ms. Stalwart, while he was a student at Emory College. He knew what he was doing. Ms. Stalwart produced six winners from six foals, including graded stakes winner Stalwart Member.

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Ron the Greek with Jose Lezcano up romps home in the Jockey Club Gold Cup

Wachtel races horses on his own, in partnership with his dad until his death in January, and in partnership with friends and business associates. He and his wife Susan have three children. Jack T. Hammer bred Ron the Greek, naming him for his friend Ron Skrumbellos, a long-time Thoroughbred breeder who first saw the young colt in Ocala and was inspired by him during a two-year battle with lung cancer. Skrumbellos died in August, 2010, without ever seeing the horse run. Hammer is a certified property manager and licensed real estate broker. He is a life member of the Atlanta Board of Realtors Million Dollar Round Table; founder of HIS Management which operates 5,000 multifamily units; chairman of the board of the American Opportunity Foundation, a nonprofit organization that advocates affordable housing; and a founding member of the Southeastern Affordable Housing Management Association. Hammer founded and is the director and owner of Buckingham Stable, a racing and breeding company in Florida, where he lives

in Miami Beach. Before he had Ron the Greek, Hammer campaigned Forty One Carats, who won seven of 22 starts and more than $800,000 before suffering what proved to be a fatal condylar fracture during the Memorial Day Handicap at Calder in May, 2001. Gary Barber, a native of South Africa, is the co-founder of Spyglass Entertainment, whose list of successful movies includes “Seabiscuit,” one of 50 films with Barber as executive producer. A lifelong racing fan. Barber won a 1982 handicapping contest by the Rand Daily Mail in South Africa for an all-expense-paid trip to the Arlington Million. He worked as an accountant in his home country before immigrating to the United States three years after his brother Cecil. His first job in America was as a CPA. Gary and Cecil have partnered on horses, and had two starters in Breeders’ Cup races. Gary has also partnered with Team Valor International, Eclipse Thoroughbred Partners, Allamira Racing Stable, Kevin Tsujihara, and trainer Jerry Hollendorfer.

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SECRET COMPASS partners in horses, racing in the name of Westrock Stable. Scott succeeded his father as CEO of Alltel in 1996 and led the communication giant through several major transformations, including the acquisitions of Western Wireless Corporation and 360 Communications, which allowed Alltel to become a national wireless carrier. He led the $27 billion leveraged buyout of Alltell in 2007 and its sale to Verizon Wireless two years later. Scott is a former chairman of the Little Rock, Arkansas, branch of the St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, a former board member and chairman of the Cellular Telecommunications and Internet Association, and a former director of Tyson Foods, Inc. He serves on the boards of the Arkansas Research Alliance and King’s College in New York City. Currently, he is partners in Westrock Capital Partners LLC and Westrock Coffee Holdings, which is the official coffee supplier of his hometown track, Oaklawn Park, in Hot Springs, Arkansas. Scott was born and still

resides in Little Rock. He and his wife have three children. The Ford family began their involvement in horseracing with Quarter Horses before switching to Thoroughbreds. They became partners in three horses with Dogwood Stable in the mid-2000s before beginning their own stable with the help of Hall of Fame trainer D. Wayne Lukas in 2008. They currently have 35 horses with Lukas and another Hall of Fame trainer Bob Baffert. The Fords had considerable success before Secret Compass won the Chandelier Stakes at Santa Anita by a head in September. Westrock’s Hamazing Destiny (owned with Barry Butzow) didn’t win his first stakes until the age of six but still earned more than $850,000 thanks to five victories, seven seconds, and five thirds in 33 starts. Their other top horses include Tidal Pool, who made nearly $400,000 off five wins in 24 starts, and Grade 3 stakes winner Decelerator, who was five-for-21 and earned more than $360,000.

Sire Bertrando Dam Tamarack Bay by Dehere

Boise in 1966. They have three children: Cris, Cory, and Cari. Larry became founder and president of the Idaho Timber Company, and its success allowed the Williams to dive into Thoroughbred racing. “My family owned Quarter Horses, but they were mostly ranch stock, horses you worked cattle with,” Larry told Debra Ginsburg in her November, 2004, story in California Thoroughbred. “I don’t think I went to more than two races in my entire life before we became Thoroughbred owners ourselves.” Initially, they contemplated investing in Quarter Horses. A trip to Kentucky convinced them to go with Thoroughbreds instead. They were smart enough to solicit advice from people who have known success in the business, including bloodstock agent Tim McMurry of Fleetwood Bloodstock, trainers Jerry Dutton and Cliff Sise Jr., and Idaho breeders Donnie and Judy McFadden. “They have all been instrumental in leading

FOR RELATIVE newcomers to Thoroughbred racing, Larry and Marianne Williams have done remarkably well from their Tree Top Ranches near Boise, Idaho, in just 13 years. “They started from scratch,” said Dan Kiser, a former trainer at Les Bois Park who became Tree Top’s Equine Manager. “Mr. Williams is a real upbeat, nice person. He treats people nicely and good things seem to happen for him.” Both Larry and Marianne are from the tiny town of Midvale, Idaho. They married there and moved their young family from Midvale to

Tamarando, with Julien Leparoux up, wins the Del Mar Futurity

us down the right path,” Larry told Ginsburg. McMurry selected the Williams’ first purchase, a yearling filly by Dehere at the Keeneland September Yearling Sale in 2000. The Williams paid $35,000 for her, named her Tamarack Bay, and watched with delight as she earned $210,000. She then produced four winners, including Tamarando, from her first four starters. Three years before they bought Tamarack Bay, the Williams purchased 700 acres in Parma, Idaho, and built Tree Top Ranch. They keep about 20 mares at Tree Top and send eight mares to Kentucky. The Kentucky foals are pointed to the sales. The Idaho mares are bred to California stallions and race as homebreds hoping to cash in on the rich California breeding program. About a month before the Idaho mares are to foal, they are sent to California to have their babies and then be bred back. Longtime supporters of Boise State University, the Williams have contributed generously to the college’s academic and athletic initiatives including the expansion of the Boise University Broncos Football Stadium. In 2005, the Williams donated a 72-acre park to the City of Boise, which was named Marianne Williams Park. Many times, the Williams donate to good causes anonymously. They were pretty anonymous in Thoroughbred racing, but that seems to be changing every day. Tamarando’s half-length win in the Del Mar Futurity has really put their names out there.

Won the Chandelier Stakes at Santa Anita on September 28th, 2013 Owned by Westrock Stables Trained by Bob Baffert Sire Discreet Cat Dam Maria’s Pride by Maria’s Mon

FIFTY-ONE year old Scott Ford and his dad, Joe, have been partners in business and


Won the Del Mar Futurity at Del Mar on September 4th, 2013 Owned by Larry D. and Marianne Williams Trained by Jerry Hollendorfer

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As easy as . . .

N CONTRAST, the impact of macro ingredients such as protein, fiber, and carbohydrate can normally be clearly seen in terms of bodyweight, muscle definition, or coat condition. The characteristics or clinical signs associated with a severe state of vitamin deficiency have been clearly defined in other species, but there is less definitive information available in horses. However, severe deficiencies would rarely be found in a horse in training and excessive intake is of more concern.

Extra vitamins can often be viewed as a key ingredient to maintaining health, or optimizing performance, but is this really the case? The mystique of vitamin supplements is partly upheld because it is so difficult to measure their relative benefit or worth, or indeed their necessity, unless there has been a previously deficient state.

Racing rations are relatively high in vitamins

Antioxidant vitamins can be a double-edged sword

The basal dietary level of vitamins in a racehorse’s diet is relatively high as a significant amount of concentrate feed is usually fed. Forage, be it hay or haylage, generally has a low vitamin content in comparison and this will also reduce on storage. Beta carotene, which is sometimes known as Pro vitamin A, can be converted, albeit inefficiently, to vitamin A in the body. Grass, alfalfa and other forages are a rich source of beta carotene. Racing concentrate feeds or balancers are generally well fortified with the fat-soluble vitamins A and D but have varying levels of vitamin E. In most instances, this is enough to satisfy the minimum recommended requirement but may not be at an optimum level to support performance. Concentrate feeds may also contain a range of watersoluble B vitamins, although this is not always apparent from the bag label, as it is not a legal requirement. It is uncommon to find a significant level of vitamin C in concentrate feeds, and vitamin K may be present but not necessarily in the most bioavailable form.

Vitamin C and E both have an important antioxidant function and work collectively to support antioxidant defense. The National Research Council’s minimum requirement for vitamin E for horses in hard work is about 1000IU per day, which should easily be satisfied by an average intake of a good racing diet. However, this level may not be optimal for performance and researchers have recently suggested that 1500 to 2500 IU/day for horses in race training could be preferable. Supplementary vitamins C and E have been associated with evidence of decreased muscle damage (aspartate transaminase, or AST; creatine kinase, CK; and lactate dehydrogenase, LDH) during training. Vitamin E in feed is usually synthetic, but research suggests that natural vitamin E is more available. Water-soluble vitamin E has also recently been developed (e.g. Nano E® or Elevate®), offering a further advantage. . Vitamin C is one of the most important antioxidants in lung lining fluid and joint fluid, and so it is important for maintenance of respiratory and joint health. Additionally,

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DR CatheRine Dunnett BSC, PhD, R.nutR ShutteRStOCK, eMMa BeRRY

vitamin C is required for the formation of collagen and has a role in soft tissue renewal and repair as well as maintaining strength of fine capillaries in the lungs. Horses do not have a strict requirement for supplementary vitamin C, as it is synthesized in the liver from glucose. However, where inflammation, respiratory, or joint disease is present, demand may overtake internal supply. Research in horses with recurrent airway obstruction (which is akin to human asthma) reports an improvement in vitamin C status and clinical symptoms with supplementation of about 20,000mg (20g) per day. Ascorbic acid is the most common form of vitamin C in feeds and supplements, but other forms such as ascorbyl 2 monophosphate or ascorbyl palmitate are more bioavailable. A particularly preparation of rosehip (Litovet®) has also been demonstrated to provide a very bioavailable natural source of vitamin C. Over-supplementing antioxidant vitamins can elicit a negative response as they may cause oxidative tissue damage by becoming pro-oxidant. However, there have been no reports of toxicity in horses for vitamins C or E.

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Do we need more focus on B vitamins?


The B group vitamins including thiamine B1, Riboflavin B2, Pantothenic acid, and nicotinic acid, among others, are intimately involved in energy generation and other aspects of metabolism including mood and behavior. B vitamins are therefore of acute relevance to horses in race training. A range of B vitamins and vitamin K (a further fatsoluble vitamin) can be synthesized by some bacterial resident in the horse’s hindgut. However, the microbial balance in racehorses can be compromised by increased acidity occurring as a consequence of a high-starch, low-forage diet. In addition, researchers have questioned the efficiency of absorption of B vitamins from the hindgut. Supplementation with a broad range of B vitamins can therefore be advantageous. Being water-soluble is a great advantage, as excessive supplementation is unlikely to be deleterious due to their excretion in the urine. Biotin is a B vitamin that has been shown to have a positive effect on hoof horn quality, although it has less impact on hoof growth rate. Certainly in horses in training with defects in horn structure, additional biotin is a benefit. The intake required (1020mg / day) is significantly higher than the normal basic requirement present in most racing feeds.

Vitamin D is a new thrust in human sports nutrition Vitamin D is very scientifically fashionable at the moment. It is involved in many aspects of metabolism and has a central role in the transport and metabolism of calcium. In this context, it is intimately involved in muscle function and bone

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NUTRITION metabolism. There is renewed interest in vitamin D in human sports nutrition in relation to muscle function, skeletal strength, immunity, and allergic response, as well impact on post-exercise inflammation. The overall effect of vitamin D on exercise performance is also a growing area of research and a link has been suggested between low vitamin D status and sub-optimal performance. A recent study in professional athletes including jockeys suggested that a high proportion were deficient in vitamin D. Racehorse feeds in general tend to be well fortified with vitamin D, although there is scant information available on where optimum intake lies. The contribution of sunshine to vitamin D status in horses in training is debatable, due to the short period of time they are outside and also the small area of the horse’s bare skin that would be exposed to UV light. However, vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin and so excessive intake can be toxic, although toxicity symptoms in horses are poorly defined. Vitamin D supplementation may be warranted in some horses in training, but clearer information on body vitamin D status is sensible before haphazard vitamin D supplementation is embarked upon.

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When Dr Green is absent should we supplement with vitamin K? Vitamin K has been the subject of one of my previous articles in North American Trainer (Spring 2011, issue 19) but is still worthy of a mention in respect to supplementation. The role of vitamin K in blood clotting and bone development, turnover, and strength makes its presence in the diet at an optimum level highly relevant for racehorses. Of particular interest is the association between vitamin K status and stress fractures and osteochondrotic lesions. The intake of vitamin K1 (phylloquinone), the form found in grass and other green forage, will be reduced in horses in training due to limited access to grazing. The K1 level in hay and haylage is significantly reduced due to its decomposition on wilting and on exposure to sunlight. Equally, availability of K2 menaquinone, produced by hindgut microflora, may also be limited due to sub-optimal hindgut health and inefficient absorption, as discussed earlier. Many vitamin and mineral supplements contain vitamin K, usually as menadione or K3, but this is not the most bioavailable form for horses. The most predominant vitamin K present in horse tissue is K1, which is found

in grass, but in its natural state availability is typically only 7-13%. Superior vitamin K availability has been achieved by providing a water-soluble form of vitamin K1 and K2 (QuinaquanoneÂŽ). An increase in plasma vitamin K of 2-4 fold has been achieved with QuinaquanoneÂŽ compared to an equivalent amount from either pasture, or menadione K3. Again, establishing vitamin K status is pertinent as Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin and although there do not appear to be toxicity issues with either K1 or K2, menadione (bisulphite) has been associated with health issues. There has been little research carried out to establish the optimum level of particular vitamins required to support performance in racehorses. Equally the effects of excessive, but not toxic, levels have not been established. Caution should therefore always be taken, particularly with the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K. Targeted supplemental use of particular vitamins in specific circumstances in horses in training can bring significant benefits. However, ideally this would be done with insight of body vitamin status and more information pertaining to optimum levels in athletic horses. n

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HYDROTHERAPY The many healing qualities of water

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Using water as a therapeutic agent is one of the oldest, most widely practiced medical techniques used through the ages. In 500 BC Hippocrates was the first to write about the healing of disease with water, describing the pain relieving effects of snow and ice. WORDS: thOmaS O’KEEffE PhOtOS: thOmaS O’KEEffE, EquinE autO tRainER Pty LtD, KRaft


AST forward to 1938 where Del Mar’s founder Bing Crosby so inspired by the sight of racehorses exercising in the salt water of the North Pacific wrote and performed the song “Where the Turf meets the Surf”. From the 1930s through to the 1970s horsemen in California regularly walked their horses directly out of the barn at Del Mar racetrack under Highway 101 directly onto the beach taking advantage of the opportunity to freshen up the horses’ daily routine and gain the therapeutic effects of the cold salt water on the horse’s limbs. From there we move to 2013 where a recent study published in the veterinary scientific literature highlights the positive influence of ice and the beneficial role it can play in limiting sepsis-associated laminitis. So what have we learned through the ages and how can the modern trainer put to use the most fundamental natural resource available to man?

The science behind hydrotherapy From a state of the art barn hosting the winter Derby favourite to the part-time trainer of one racehorse, water, in its many forms and uses, is the most common therapeutic agent used in training yards worldwide. Most commonly it is used directly on an injured limb, where the majority of its beneficial affects arise from the temperature drop created within the horse’s tissues. The physiological effects of cold application include immediate local vasoconstriction helping to reduce edema and hemorrhage and decreased local metabolism, enzymatic activity and oxygen demand. Cold decreases muscle spindle fiber activity, An Equine Auto Trainer in action in Australia (top), a Kraft aquasizer (center), Cold laser treatment (left) uses a light or photon energy that does not produce heat 74 ISSUE 30

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HYDROTHERAPY preserves the elastic properties of collagen in soft tissue injuries and it has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Anti-inflammatory effects of cold therapy are thought to include a reduction in histamine production, collagenase activity and white blood cell activation in both soft tissues and within joints. These will all contribute to pain relief that is further enhanced by decreased nerve conduction velocity and endorphin release within the central nervous system. The cold sensation also appears to act as a counterirritant producing a shower of nerve impulses that make receptors momentarily refractory to pain impulses. Accordingly how does all this help the trainer in the 21st century and for what conditions can cold therapy be beneficial? There are a multitude of products available that facilitate the application of cold therapy to the equine limb and this article will look at some of these and assess their use in the various training centers worldwide.

Cryotherapy and water Many old-time horsemen can recount stories of standing a horse in a creek to treat a bowed tendon or turning a horse out in a three-foot deep snow paddock to treat a lower leg problem. The most basic and probably the most widely used cold water therapy is the oldfashioned cold hose treatment. Using a garden hose to provide a continuous flow of water onto an affected area is a simple, inexpensive way of applying cold water therapy. There are the obvious limitations of the horse moving, the inability to immerse the relevant area completely in cold water for the required time and the time consumption for the person involved but it still remains a mainstay of cold water treatment and is the first line of attack for most racehorse injuries. Ice is another cheap form of cryotherapy and can be applied to the equine limb in a variety of forms. From ice packs bandaged to the horse’s limb to the vast array of inflatable, compression and even vibrating ice products available on the market the options are endless. It may at first glance appear to be a very elementary form of therapy but a scientific study in 2013 showed that ice can be an effective prophylactic strategy for the prevention of laminitis in severely toxic animals. Laminitis is a common consequence in horses that are clinically compromised and in this study horses whose limbs were iced prophylactically were ten times less likely to develop laminitis than those whose limbs were not iced. On a similar theme in 2009 a study came from the Australian Equine Laminitis Research unit which involved standing laminitis induced horses with their distal limbs immersed in cold circulating water (0.5-2 degrees Celsius) for 72 hours. This study demonstrated that laminitis histopathology and clinical lameness were significantly reduced in the horses that underwent 72 hours of

Spa units are a popular form of hydrotherapy using sea water as a therapeutic agent

cryotherapy in comparison to the untreated controls. While these studies refer to severely sick animals in a hospital environment it highlights the positive clinical effects that distal limb cryotherapy can have and why it should not be overlooked in a training environment. Other less conventional cryotherapy tools such as cold laser therapy find favor in certain parts of the world. The cold laser is a light or photon energy that does not produce heat and it is proposed that it aids in the stimulation of

“Water, in its many forms and uses, is the most common therapeutic agent used worldwide” cellular healing without causing tissue damage. Whilst the scientific rationale of the cold laser therapy is difficult to quantify it has been reported to have therapeutic effects on a wide range of injuries that the racehorse suffers from. A form of hydrotherapy emerging over the last few years with increasing popularity is the cold salt-water hydrotherapy spa unit which can be installed and used within the training facility itself or at a designated rehabilitation centre. This tool allows the age-old use of sea water as a therapeutic agent to be combined with the modern training environment. The

horse stands with his lower limb’s immersed in water, which is maintained between two and four degrees Celsius (35F) with high salt and increased oxygen content. From personal experience horses acclimatize to the spa unit quite quickly and often enjoy the cooling sensation it has on their limbs. An objective follow-up study is required to see whether the long-term outcome following serious locomotor injuries is improved by the intense use of such a hydrotherapy tool but its effectiveness as an aggressive cold therapy aid in the acute phase of an injury cannot be denied.

Hydrotherapy as physiotherapy Equine swimming pools have been in use for many years as a management aid for horses with a variety of musculoskeletal conditions, primarily by trainers as a method of building or maintaining cardiovascular fitness while reducing the load on the horse’s limbs. This is the closest treatment we can use in the horse that can approximate non weight-bearing motion as practiced in human sports medicine. Studies have shown that swim training programs provide improvements in cardiovascular function, reductions in locomotor disease and increases in the development of fast-twitch, high-oxidative muscle fibres, which reflect improved aerobic capacity. A well-reported side effect of swimming horses is the occurrence of colic following the horse’s exercise. A study in Australia examined records of racehorses that were seen for colic at

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a large racetrack hospital in a two-year period and the authors calculated, one out every 1200 swims resulted in a colic that required referral to the hospital; however, of those admitted for a swimming-related colic, all survived. Despite this the swimming pool has proven to be invaluable to trainers throughout the years and is often seen by them as them as the ideal facility to manage horses with chronic injuries that might not otherwise withstand the rigors of conventional training. Following on from the equine swimming pool, the idea of exercising horses in water has been developed further with the development of underwater treadmills and underwater European style horse walkers, which are now being used by racehorse trainers across the globe. In a similar way to the swimming pool they offer a concussion free, low impact, high resistance workout but also allow the trainer to train the horse with the ultimate aim of the racetrack in closer sight. Horses can walk and jog in shoulder deep cold water (50-55F) pushing the water and creating a current as they move. The underwater treadmill was first developed in Australia and is now gaining in popularity worldwide combining the benefits of both treadmill exercise and hydrotherapy. A recent equine study assessed the changes in a horse’s stride while walking in various depths of water. This showed that horses walking in water at the level of the ulna produced increased stride lengths and reduced stride frequencies, compared to horses walking in water at the level of the pastern joint. Objective studies are required to assess the relevance of these stride differences and their clinical significance in common racehorse conditions such as osteoarthritis but the potential for therapeutic benefit is very encouraging . My summary focuses on the techniques and

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applications that I have seen used most frequently in the racing centres of the world. As is invariable the case in the equine industry, there are many other variations on the hydrotherapy theme available to today’s trainer.

Discussion The multitude of therapeutic options available to a trainer that recruit water in various forms provokes much debate into their merits, safety, cost-effectiveness, practicality and for many products, scientific credibility. However, it is without question that hydrotherapy is a valuable and essential treatment at a trainer’s disposal. The uses and applications of the various modes of hydrotherapy range from the acute anti-inflammatory treatment of a wound or knock to the daily management of a horse with chronic degenerative joint disease. The development of hydrotherapy tools and exercise units over the last twenty years has led to a change in the use of this therapeutic tool. From where it was solely used in the acute phase of an injury, for example, the bowed tendon, the hematoma, the trauma on the gallops, now hydrotherapy is often a mainstay in a trainer’s arsenal in his/her bid to get a troublesome horse to the track. Following the increasing popularity of the use of MRI as a diagnostic imaging modality in horses with joint issues, particularly in Newmarket, UK, our understanding of joint issues in the racehorse has improved immeasurably, which in turn should help in training horses with issues such as subchondral bone pain, osteoarthritis of high motion joints or horses with chronic soft tissue injuries. The current human and veterinary literature suggests that the beneficial effects of hydrotherapy include pain reduction and promotion of increased range of motion in the distal limb joints. A symbiotic relationship

between trainer and veterinarian on a daily basis will allow tailored training regimes to be devised in which many of the hydrotherapy tools mentioned above could play a major role. The use of hydrotherapy in rehabilitation of the racehorse has been well documented and its use is now considered routine on return to exercise following soft tissue injuries, arthroscopic surgery of troublesome joints, fracture repair or even common conditions of the two year-old such as bucked shins. The ability to build cardiovascular fitness whilst keeping loading forces off the affected limb and potentially preventing fibrosis of the joint capsule is a great advantage to the trainer and the more modern tools have the added bonus now of being able to increase the speed and quality of the exercise undertaken. The contrasting approach to the use of hydrotherapy tools across the globe is fascinating. The Australian racing fraternity has led the way in their development and use and now they are being installed in training establishments throughout the world. Due to the nature of racehorse training and racing in the USA these hydrotherapy units are often based at designated rehabilitation centers remote from the primary training centre. In

“It is without question that hydrotherapy is a valuable and essential treatment at a trainer’s disposal” recent years there have been some trainers, predominately Florida based, who previously had focused primarily on the two-year-old sales industry that are finding a successful niche in pre-training, managing layoffs and rehabilitating horses injured at the racetrack. This is due primarily to the good horsemanship and management of these individuals but also in no small part to the installation of hydrotherapy training units in these facilities. Multiple Grade One winners are being produced in this manner combining American training techniques with the technology and methods of Australia and Europe. The modern approach of using these hydrotherapy units not only as a treatment option but also as a training tool should be embraced rather the “out of sight, out of mind approach” often utilized by trainers at the track when it comes to injured horses. In the current climate, with media scrutiny on horseracing at an all-time high, any steps that can help us to produce our racehorses in the best possible way, enabling them to perform at their peak on race day, should be embraced and I believe hydrotherapy and the latest advances in this field are a huge asset to the modern trainer in his quest for that goal. n

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PROFILE Randy Romero on Dixieland Heat being led by trainer and brother Gerald in 1993

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Gerald and Randy Romero After nearly being burned alive in an explosion in the hotbox at Oaklawn Park in 1983, the last thing jockey Randy Romero remembers saying was, “Take me to Shreveport. Let my brother take care of me.” Trainer Gerald Romero has been taking care of his kid brother Randy for most of their lives. It started when they were kids trying to deal with their abusive father. “Gerald’s like a dad to me, the dad I never had,” Randy said.



OW Randy and Gerald’s lives have come full circle. Randy, a year removed from the difficult divorce of his wife Cricket after 37 years together, is living with Gerald and his family in Lafayette. Randy and Gerald are working together on Gerald’s horses. And, after an absence from the saddle of some five years, Randy began breezing Gerald’s horses earlier this year. “It’s like riding a bicycle,” Randy said. Maybe if you’re healthy. Randy, now 55, isn’t healthy. He hasn’t been healthy since he was nearly killed, losing his spleen in the process, in his first gruesome racing accident at the age of 18. He is in his 12th year of doing four-hour sessions of dialysis three times a week, a schedule he must maintain for the rest of his life. Recently, Randy had surgery, maybe his 30th major operation, when doctors detected two aneurisms as they tried to re-route an artery in Randy’s arm and

“He doesn’t complain. He fights to live every day. It’s tough to see him go through what he has to just to live every day. He says, ‘Gerald, there are people worse off than me’” Gerald on Randy neck for dialysis. “They found I had two aneurisms ready to pop,” Randy said. “They could have burst and I could have bled to death. They repaired it. It goes right to my heart.” Randy discusses this without the faintest trace of emotion, a testament to his favorite

saying, “Things happen for a reason.” Gerald still marvels at Randy’s outlook. “He’s an amazing person,” Gerald said. “He doesn’t whine. He doesn’t complain. He fights to live every day. It’s tough to see him go through what he has to just to live every day. He says, ‘Gerald, there are people worse off than me.’” Randy is reminded of that just about every time he goes to dialysis, where he’s not a famous jockey, but just another person trying to survive. Other patients have lost their legs or are confined to wheelchairs. They share stories. They console each other. As he has his whole life, Randy finds solace with horses. “He comes to the barn as often as he can,” Gerald said. “That’s what keeps him going. That was a major issue with his wife. She didn’t want him to get on them or be around them.” That’s like asking Randy to lie down and die. And that’s not Randy. That’s never been Randy, “He’s been a horseman his whole life,” Gerald said. “He loves the game. That’s why

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PROFILE he was one of the greatest riders that have ever lived. And that’s after he missed like six-anda-half years of riding because of the accidents.” He endured the accidents, the hotbox fire, the surgeries, the pain, privately. Just as success never changed him, neither did the dark moments. Randy remains one of the most optimistic, enthusiastic gentle souls walking the earth. Ask him to describe his life, and he’ll tell you, “I’m so blessed.” Throughout their careers – Randy’s ending up with his induction into the Hall of Fame and Gerald’s still going with more than 1,000 victories and over $13.2 million in earnings – they have shared seminal moments with a single horse. The first was I’m the King, a horse owned and trained by

Randy Romero in 1986, three years after the horrific fire that nearly ended his life


Gerald who distinguished himself by winning races at the bush tracks and at racetracks. Can you imagine beginning your chosen profession at the age of nine with thousands of people screaming for you and against you every weekend? That’s how Randy began his riding career. Gerald, the eldest, Randy, and their three brothers were born in Erath, Louisiana, a small town of 2,000 in south-central Louisiana. Their father Lloyd, a former Marine and state trooper, became a trainer after a drunk driver hit his patrol car head on. He suffered a broken back and neck, which left him disabled. Gerald and Randy’s mom, Joyce, grew up in Youngsville, five miles from Erath. Despite being close to their grandfather Henry, who lived next door, Gerald and Randy didn’t waste any time getting out of their house to escape their abusive father. “Growing up was pretty tough,” Gerald said. “He

was a pretty rough character. We both got out of there as soon as we could.” Gerald left when he was 17 to train horses as Delta Downs. Randy, left when he was 18. “I got the hell out of there and I thank God I did,” Randy said. By the time Gerald and Randy left home, they were polished horsemen, thanks to the dozens of bush tracks prevalent throughout Louisiana when they were growing up. Crowds of as many as two thousand would wager serious money on match race sprints on straightaways from 300 yards to 440 yards. Rails separated two paths, one for each horse. Randy was good, real good, but he did lose a race to a chicken. A chicken! Randy was on his horse at the starting line when someone holding a bag pulled out a live chicken. “The chicken is screaming and hollering,” Randy said. “Then the horse comes in and they tie this chicken down with wire, and weigh him down with empty beer cans with rocks in them, and they tie the wire to the horse’s girth. I said. ‘That chicken ain’t going to beat me.’” But as soon as the race started, the chicken, quite naturally, started flapping his wings and screaming as loud as he could. “My horse wasn’t going to go past that thing,” Randy laughed. “There was no way in the world.” It wasn’t a total wash. The owner of the winning horse gave Randy $5. In 1975, Gerald took over the training of a Quarter Horse named Rocket’s Magic for his father. The first time Randy breezed him, he told Gerald, “When this horse runs, he’s going to break the track record.” Gerald replied, “Randy, you’re nuts.” Randy was right. In his first start at Delta Downs, Rocket’s Magic broke the track record. Then he won four more starts before running the fastest elimination time for the $1 million 1975 All American Futurity for twoyear-olds at Ruidoso Downs in New Mexico. Executives at Columbia Pictures had heard of this wonder horse and were on hand when Rocket’s Magic, with Randy still in high school, set another track record at Florida Downs in Tampa Bay before the All American. “He was so damn fast,” Randy said. But Rocket’s Magic came up sore before the All American Futurity, then further compromised his chances by breaking a step slow at the start. He finished third. Columbia decided to do a movie anyway. “Casey’s Shadow,” starring Walter Matthau as Lloyd Romero, was produced by Ray Stark and directed by Martin Ritt. Both Matthau and Ritt were huge racing fans.

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“Randy wasn’t in a good frame of mind. He was getting depressed. He wanted to ride again, to get his life back in order. He really pressed the situation. I thought it was too early, but to keep his sanity, it was a good thing for him to ride.” Gerald on Randy after the fire Peppererra, a horse Randy would ride less than four months after nearly being burned alive at Oaklawn Park on April 14th, 1983, was another two-year-old who linked Gerald and Randy forever. Randy had one mount that afternoon, Rackensack for Shug McGaughey in the $100,000 Count Fleet Sprint Handicap. For once, Randy, who made a religion out of flipping to make weight, didn’t need to lose a single pound. But he decided to sit in the hotbox for a while that morning to relax. He put rubbing alcohol on his body and got in the box. When Randy reached back to flick off a little sweat on his shoulder, he accidentally hit one of the light bulbs, shattering it. The exploding light bulb ignited the alcohol on his body, literally triggering an explosion. Randy was thrown out of the hotbox on fire. Luckily, jockey Don Pettinger, who was taking a shower in the next room, and Clerk of Scales Charles Swain rushed to Randy and were able to extinguish the fire with towels. But Randy’s hell was just beginning. Randy was rushed to a hospital in Galveston, Texas. Gerald called his father to tell him what happened to Randy. Not only did Lloyd Romero not visit his son, he forbade Randy’s mom and grandmother from visiting him. At the time, treatment for burns included daily baths in a large tub filled with diluted chlorine solution. Patients were strapped in and medical personnel scrubbed off dead skin to prevent infection. Cricket and Randy’s agent at the time, Fred Aime, took turns accommodating Randy to the baths. Gerald tried to, but couldn’t bear to watch. “I couldn’t stay,” Gerald said. “It doesn’t matter how much medicine you give somebody; it doesn’t kill the pain. He was hallucinating, but he couldn’t handle the pain.” At his lowest point, Randy told Cricket he wanted to die. Cricket responded by bringing Randy Jr., then two years old, into Randy’s room. She said, “This is what you have to live for.” Randy started crying. “I had to get up and bite the bullet and move on and that’s what I did,“ Randy said. With Gerald’s help, he recovered and began rehabilitation. “I have to thank my brother a

Randy Romero produced one of the greatest rides in the Breeders’ Cup on Personal Ensign (right) to win the Distaff in 1988 at Churchill Downs. A year later (below) he celebrated Breeders’ Cup victory again in the Florida sunshine with Go For Wand in the Juvenile Fillies

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PROFILE lot,” Randy told Gary West of Spur magazine. “He talked to me and made me do my exercises.” Gerald also helped his brother mentally and emotionally. “Randy wasn’t in a good frame of mind,” Gerald said. “He was getting depressed. He wanted to ride again, to get his life back in order. He really pressed the situation. I thought it was too early, but in the same breath, to keep his sanity, it was good thing for him to ride.” After galloping a couple horses in the morning. Randy returned to the races on July 28th, just three-and-a-half months after his hotbox explosion. Pepperrera had finished third in a stakes race in his debut and was dropping to maidens, winning by a length at 2-5. That wasn’t the only reason Gerald was smiling afterwards. “We were all pretty excited that he came home safe,” he said. Ten years later, Randy and Gerald teamed up again with Dixieland Heat, who jumpstarted Randy’s career after he had won just 42 races in 1991 and 1992 because of more accidents. Leland Cook, a businessman from Corsicana, Texas, purchased Dixieland Heat for $77,000 at the 1991 Keeneland fall yearling sale. Dixieland Heat won his first three starts,

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“Gerald’s a very underrated horseman. He’s won a thousand races. He had two big owners. They quit buying horses. You don’t lose your talent. You lose your clientele” Randy on Gerald including the $33,000 Lecomte Stakes, with E.J. “Elvis” Perrodin riding. That’s when Gerald reached out to Randy. Randy would replace Perrodin for the colt’s next start in the $25,000 Risen Star Stakes. To be fair to Perrodin, Randy would split any purse money Dixieland Heat made in the Risen Star Stakes and in his following start, the $300,000 Grade III Louisiana Derby, with him. “That was only fair since he would have had the mount,” Randy said.

To get to the Louisiana Derby, Dixieland Heat had to run well in the Risen Star Stakes. He won by 3¼ lengths at 3-5. He was now four-for-four and a legitimate contender for the Kentucky Derby. The 1993 Louisiana Derby was contested on an extremely sloppy track. “It rained like all get out,” Gerald said. “The track was sloppy, sloppy, sloppy.” In a field of 13, Randy had Dixieland Heat in mid-pack turning for home. With a wall of horses in front of them. “Finally, the last eighth of a mile, Randy manages to get him to the inside,” Gerald said. “Because if he had to go around all the other horses, he don’t win. Well, he tries to go through on the inside, and the jockey on the lead was pushing him into the fence. I quit looking. I thought he was beat. And then, zoom! He goes right through and he wins going away. “When he gets back to the winner’s circle, he’s as white as a ghost. I say, ‘Randy, what’s wrong with you?’ He said, ‘If you weren’t my brother, I wouldn’t have did that.’ The side of his boot was all white where he hit the fence. He was rubbing against the fence.” Two decades later, Randy said, “It was really, really tight, the narrowest hole I ever went through.” Dixieland Heat finished third in the Blue Grass, then 12th in the Kentucky Derby. Randy and Gerald were the first jockey-trainer brothers in the Run for the Roses since 1964. Randy would end his career with 4,294 victories, just under $75 million in purses and 25 riding titles at ten different tracks. He’ll forever be celebrated for, perhaps, the greatest ride in Breeders’ Cup history when he somehow rallied Personal Ensign to a victory over Winning Colors to win the 1988 Distaff, allowing her to retire undefeated. The very next year, Randy won the Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies with Go for Wand. A year later, she died on the Belmont Park racetrack in the Distaff, perhaps the saddest moment in Breeders’ Cup history. Randy wishes Gerald could have had more luck in his career. “Gerald’s a very underrated horseman,” Randy said. “He’s won a thousand races. At one time, when I was riding in New York, he had 40 horses. He was rolling. He was in Kentucky. He had two big owners. They quit buying horses. You don’t lose your talent. You lose your clientele.” You never lose a brother. “Out of all the brothers, Gerald is the foundation,” Randy said. “He means everything to us.” Randy has a new lady in his life, Kathy Lynn, who owns and operates a consulting company in New Orleans. She is enamored with Randy: “I’ve never met anyone like him. I feel blessed. Everyone who meets him is inspired. There’s something about him.” Gerald knows: “When I have a bad day, I just look at him. Then it doesn’t seem so bad. He’s one of a kind.” n

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NORTH AMERICAN TRAINER ARCHIVE Catch up with previous features in the magazine via the website Tel: 1-888-659-2935

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BUSINESS Owners Awards

Breeders Awards

Stallion owners Awards

Restricted Races

Restricted Stakes races

Out Of State Race Awards



60% for thoroughbred races $75,000.00 for 2 races at the Fairgrounds, New Orleans, Louisiana.






T: 334 288 0275 E: mabgpruitt@


Paid annually on earnings at the Oaklawn Park Live meet the previous year

Paid annually on earnings in the US and Canada the previous calendar year

Paid annually on earnings in the US and Canada the previous calendar year


Five at Oaklawn Park in March each year. Two at Louisiana Downs in October/Early November.


T: 501-624-6328 W:


Can receive at least a 20% bonus on the finisher's share for finishing 1st5th in an open allowance or overnight stakes race and up to 20% bonus for finishing 1st in an open starter allowance above $15K and open non-maiden claiming races with a claiming prize of $40K or greater in Southern California and $20K or greater in Northern California.

For 1st-3rd of any race run in California and any graded stakes in the US. Breeders receive 75 % of the remainder of total incentive award monies after owner awards are paid, with an individual breeder receiving a pro-rated share of this breeders fund. The maximum purses: 1st - $330K, 2nd $120,K, 3rd - $90,K.

25% of remainder of incentive monies for winners of non-claiming races and certain claiming races, all allowance above 15K & 1,2,3 in stakes. Maximum purses: 1st - $330K, 2nd - $120K, 3rd - $90K.


Breeder & Stallion awards for finishing 1st-3rd in U.S. graded Stakes


20% of purse for 1st-3rd any race during Delaware Park meet. Amount can be changed annually.

20% of purse for 1st-3rd any race during Delaware Park meet. Amount can be changed annually.





Not provided. Information available at


Earned when an IllinoisRegistered Thoroughbred finishes 1st, 2nd or 3rd in some types of open races, including maiden special weights, allowance races, overnight handicaps and claiming races with a claiming price of $10K or more. The Owner’s Award is 60% of the earned portion of the purse for an Illinois Conceived and Foaled Thoroughbred (IB) or 40% of the earned portion of the purse for an Illinois Foaled Thoroughbred (IF).

The owner's share of the Breeder's Award is 11.5% of the winner's share of the base purse (60%). Open Races - breeder of winning horse receives the entire Breeder's Award (11.5% of the winner's share of the base purse). Illinois Races In a race restricted to Illinois Reg. horses the Breeder's Award (11.5% of the winner's share of the base purse) is divided between 1st - 4th finishers; 1st - 60%, 2nd - 20%, 3rd - 15%, 4th - 5%


Yes - minimum of 2 per day



T: 847 253-3670 E: W:



The amount of the award is 20% of the gross purse (including purse supplement in open races) for all allowance, stakes and claiming races when entered for a claiming price of greater than or equal to $10K.

The amount of the award is 10% of the gross purse (including purse supplement in open races) for all allowance, stakes and claiming races when entered for a claiming price of greater than or equal to $10K.

The purse of the restricted race is equal to the purse of its open race counterpart. In addition, one-third of the restricted races for $10K claiming and above are written for Indiana Sired horses (Indiana Bred foals sired by an Indiana registered stallion).18 in 2008, with purses of $100,000


Award is 10% of the winner’s share of the purse for any race, when entered for a claiming price of greater than or equal to $10K. Award capped at $10K. This award is applicable only when there is no live Thoroughbred race meet in progress in Indiana (except for stake races and for two-yearolds winning prior to July 1 of the race meet).

T: 800 450-9895 E: W:


Iowa-bred purse supplements for restricted Iowa-bred races: 30% owner award paid to horses finishing 1st - 4th. Iowa-bred purse supplements for Iowa-breds in open company races: 45% owner award paid to horses finishing 1st 4th.Receive 12% of the winners purse won by an IA bred, paid to breeders at the end of each calendar year through Iowa Breeders Fund

Awards equaling 12% of winners share of purse won by an IA bred paid to breeders at the end of each calendar year through the IBF. 6% of winners share is paid to the breeders for IA breds finishing 2nd - 4th in the state of Iowa.

Amount varies yearly, depending on how may foals win races by Iowa registered stallions. Leading award winner in 2013 was the stallion Added Edge who received $5.7K. Contact ITBOA for more information.

Each licensed track in the state of Iowa is required by law to card at least one race per day restricted to Iowa-bred horses. In 2013, Prairie Meadows averaged 3.5 Iowa-bred races per day.



T: 515-957-3002 E: W:


For horses foaled in KY & by KY sires and registered with the KTOB, KTDF fund available on races distributed as follows: 65% for 1st, 20% for 2nd, 10% for 3rd and 5% for 4th.

Races won in the USA, breeders of registered horses receive 10% of the winners portion of the purse for ALW, MSW (max is $3K/race) and Stake races (max is $4K/race). Breeders receive $7.5K for all G1 wins in the USA. Breeders receive $5K for all G2 & G3 wins in the USA. $50K is awarded for winning the KY Oaks or KY Derby and #$200K is awarded to the top 20 claiming horses in KY with the most claiming wins at KY racetracks.




At Woodbine breeders of registered horses receive 10% of winners portion of purse for ALW, MSW (max is $3K/race) and Stake races (max is $4K/race). Breeders receive $7.5K for all G1 wins in Canada, England, France & Ireland as well as G1 wins on Dubai World Cup Day, Hong Kong International Day & Japan Cup Day. Breeders receive $5K for all G2 & G3 wins in Canada, England, France & Ireland.

T: 859-246-2040 E:


Louisiana Breds run for higher purses than open horses

Breeders awards are paid at the rate of 20% for horses finishing 1st,2nd, or 3rd at any track in Louisiana or in a stake race outside the state. Horses finishing 1st,2nd, or 3rd in non stake races outside the state will participate in a $400K fund set up to pay breeders awards for those horses.

Stallion awards are paid on allowance, handicap or stake races in Louisiana as well as stake races out of state. This is done pro rata with a total of $900K to be distributed annually.

3 Accredited Louisiana Bred races offered each day at each track, this includes a maiden race. Each race track in the state offers a whole day of racing featuring accredit Louisiana bred stakes horses.


Horses finishing 1st-3rd in non stakes races outside the state will participate in a $400K fund set up to pay breeders awards for those horses. Stake races outside the state are paid at the rate of 20% of earnings capped at $200K.

T: 504-947-4676 T: 800-772-1195 E: W:


17.5% increasing over time to 30% winner's share - on races $20,000 claiming and above - to phase in top three horses on all races (except starters and stakes)

30% on winner's share - for top three horses on all races (except stakes and starters)

10% on all races (except starters and Stakes) - top three horses - winner's share.


Total of about $1 million for Maryland-bred horses (races for all categories throughout the year) and $1 million for Marylandsired horses=Jim McKay Maryland Million Day.


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T: 302 994-2521 ex 7284 E: W: T: 352 629 2160 E: W:

T: 410-252-2100 E: info@maryland W: Maryland W:

The following states either do not have a state incentives fund or do not publish it. Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Maine, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

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Owners Awards

Breeders Awards

Stallion owners Awards

Restricted Races

Restricted Stakes races

Out Of State Race Awards


30% of purse won for horses finishing 1st through 3rd in races except for Mass. bred races

25% of purse won for horses finishing 1st through 3rd in any races

15% of purse won for horses finishing 1st through 3rd in any races


8 stakes in all for 2yo, 3yo and 3yo+ both long and short and turf.


T: 508-252-3690 E: W:



10% of gross purse of all races in Michigan.



At least one race per day


T: 616-844-5662 E: W:


Awards are paid out as purse supplements in open overnights along with the purse. The amount is based on a percentage of the purse for TBs.

Breeders' awards are paid to the breeders' of MNBs that place 1-3 in any open or restricted overnight or stakes race. They are paid out based on an individual's purse earnings as compared to the total for all MNBs.

Same as above for TB’s.




T: 952/496-7950 W:

New Jersey

Owners of registered NJ-breds receive a 40% bonus for finishing 1st - 3rd in any open company race run at Monmouth Park or the Meadowlands. Bonus will be deposited into owners account at each respective racetrack. The 40% bonus has a maximum award of $15K.

Stallion owners will receive an award equal to 10%* of the amount that the foals of the registered stallion earn while finishing 1st - 3rd in races run within New Jersey.

Yes at least 1 per day.


Subject to funding

T: 732 542-8880 E: W:

New Mexico

40% of Fund distributed in Nov. annually 1st-3rd. Races in NM.

Awards paid to registered NJbreds finishing 1st-3rd in any race run within New Jersey. 35%* of purse earnings will be paid if the foal is sired by a registered NJ stallion and the foal is conceived in NJ. 25%* of purse earnings will be paid if the foal is sired by a stallion that stands in a state other than New Jersey. *max award determined annually. 45% of Fund distributed in Nov. annually 1st for races in NM

7% of Fund distributed in Nov. annually 1st for races in NM

1 race per day.

Varies by racetrack based upon purse structure approved by the Racing Commission annually.


T: 505-262-0224 W: www.nmhorse

New York

Open Company Owner Awards are provided in non-restricted races above the $30K claiming level for NY-breds running at New York tracks. NY-Sired Award 20% 1st-3rd Capped at $20,000 per horse per race. Non-NY-Sired Award 10% 1st-3rd Capped at $20,000 per horse per race.

New York-Sired Award (Percent of Purse Money Earned) Capped $40K per award: 1st - 30%, 2nd - 15%, 3rd - 15%; Non- New York-Sired Award Capped $20K per award: 1st - 15%, 2nd - 7.5%, 3rd - 7.5%

Stallion Owner Awards given to Stallions standing in NY State and Registered with the NY T'bred Breeding & Development Fund during year of foal's conception. Runner must be a Registered NYbred and finish 1st, 2nd or 3rd on a Thoroughbred track in New York. Award: 10% of purse earned 1st, 2nd or 3rd. Cap $10,000 per horse.

More than 800 restricted races were conducted at NYRA Tracks and the Finger Lakes Race Track in 2012.

NYRA and Finger Lakes offer 44 Stakes plus numerous overnight stakes totaling more than $4-.66 million dollars in purse money. NY Stallion Stakes Series offers $1.1 million in Stakes Money for NY-Sired horses with most entrants being registered NY-Breds.


T: 518-395-5492 E: W:



15% of winner's share of purse for all races other than claiming or starter allowance. All claiming & starter allowance races, 10% of winner's share of purse.

10% of winner's share of purse for all races other than claiming or starter allowance. All claiming & starter allowance races, 5% of winner's share of purse.




T: 513 574-5888 E: W:


22.5% of the track purse is the total offered to owners whose accredited Oklahoma-Bred horse finishes 1st - 3rd.

22.5% of the track purse is the total offered to breeders (broodmare and stallion owners) whose accredited Oklahoma-Bred horse finishes 1st-3rd.


Yes, at least 2 per day



T: 405 943-6472 W:


Approximately 30% of money earned.

10% of the purse for horses that win in any race in Oregon.





T: 503 285 0658 E: W:


Range from 20-40% for horses finishing 1st-3rd in any nonrestricted race.

Breeders receive 20-30% of purses earned by the first three finishers in all races in the state.

10% received by stallion owners for the first three finishers in all races in the state.

Pennsylvania will have supported over $10 million in restricted race purses in 2013.

In 2013 Pennsylvania will have paid over $1.2 million for 16 PA-Bred Stakes. These races include an additional 25% for Pennsylvania Sired horses finishing 1st-3rd.


T: (610) 444-1050 W:


100% purse bonus on all open races at Colonial Downs 1st-6th place, $10K cap per award; $25K Virginia bred money added on all open non-graded stakes races run at Colonial Downs.

Breeders awards paid on a win anywhere in the U.S. Breeders are paid based on their pro-rata share of earnings compared to what other Virginia Breds have earned.

Stallion awards are based on their offspring's pro-rata share of earnings compared to what other Virginia Sired horses have earned.

One to two restricted races per week depending on how many fill. Total of 4 to 8 per year at Colonial Downs.

Five Virginia Bred restricted stakes races with a purse of $50K each.


T: (434) 977-3716 E: W:


Awarded for 1st-4th place finishes at Emerald Down. Factor varies, about 12-15%.

Awarded for 1st-3rd place finishes at Emerald Downs. 75% 1st, 15% 2nd, 10% 3rd.


Washington-bred races average about one per race day.

6 stakes races for Washington-bred or sired horses on Washington Cup Day.

Breeders awards paid on any win in US.

T: 253-288-7878 E: maindesk@washington W: W:

West Virginia

Only money earned at either Charles Town or Mountaineer race tracks are considered. (Earnings on single purse are capped at $100K.) Total money available for distribution is divided 60% to the breeders, 25% to the owners, and 15% to the sire owners.

Only money earned at either Charles Town or Mountaineer race tracks are considered. (Earnings on single purse are capped at $100K.) The total money available for distribution is divided 60% to the breeders, 25% to the owners, and 15% to the sire owners.

Only money earned at either Charles Town or Mountaineer race tracks are considered. (Earnings on single purse are capped at $100K.) The total money available for distribution is divided 60% to the breeders, 25% to the owners, and 15% to the sire owners.




T: 304 728 6868 E: W:

Canada – British Columbia

25% of the winners share of the total purse in all overnight races.



T: 604.574.0145 E: W:

$1K - 1st, $500 - 2nd place, $300 - 3rd at Woodbine. At Fort Erie Racetrack $400 to the winner of races from the Allowance level and down; $1K to the winner of Allowance level races. Ontario Bred Purse Bonus at Woodbine and Fort Erie Racetracks - 20% Ontario-Bred purse bonuses are paid to the owner of eligible horses earning purse money in open races.

17% of a fund is paid for Stallion Awards. The fund in 2013 was approximately $860K. Yes

There are some BC-bred restricted races if they fill.

Canada – Ontario

83% of a fund is paid for Breeders awards. The fund in 2013 was approximately $860K. Preset amounts on Ontario races are paid for 1st-3rd at Stakes Level, for 1st only from the Allowance to the $20K Claiming level.


In 2013 over $5,000,000 was offered in Restricted Stakes Purses at Ontario Racetracks. Additionally over $12 million was offered in Restricted Allowance & Maiden Special Races for Ontario Sire Progeny.

Breeder Awards for Stakes races are paid for 1st-3rd outside of Ontario in North America, for stakes races with purses of $75K or higher.

T: 416 213-0520 T: 416 675-3602 E: programs@ontario W: www.ontarioracing

If you have any updates for this part of the magazine please call us on 1 888 218 4430 or email us at


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Equilume™ – lighting the way in the global equine industry An exciting and innovative new product is currently being rolled out across the Northern and Southern Hemisphere’s Thoroughbred racing and breeding industry. Equilume, an Irish-based company, is poised to become the world leader in the research and development of light therapy solutions to assist the global horse industry maximize reproductive efficiency and performance. The Equilume Light Mask is a breakthrough product developed from novel research conducted at University College Dublin by Dr. Barbara Anne Murphy and Professor John Sheridan. It is an automated headpiece for horses that provides the optimum level of blue light to a single eye to successfully advance the breeding season but with other important applications for trainers. The universal birth date for Thoroughbreds of January 1st poses a number of significant problems for breeders, including difficulty ensuring mares are reproductively active early in the year, prolonged gestation lengths and reduced average foal birth weights. The Equilume Light Mask has been scientifically shown to advance the reproductively active period of the mare as effectively as standard indoor lighting regimes. An ideal application is for use on maiden mares in their final months of training to kick-start their reproductive

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activity before beginning a stud career. For pregnant mares, it prevents prolonged gestation lengths and increases average foal birth weights. An additional response to the light treatment is the early shedding of the winter coat, a desirable consequence for many performance and sales animals. In fact, a recent scientific study conducted by the JRA revealed that an extended light regime early in the year increases muscle mass in Thoroughbred colts. Dr Murphy’s early research on circadian rhythms in horses suggests that the light mask will also benefit traveling racehorses by preventing jet lag effects on performance. Studies will soon be underway to further validate this application. The mask itself fits comfortably under the headcollar and provides low intensity blue light to the horse’s right eye. It is completely labor free and once activated at 4pm between Nov 15th and Dec 1st, will come on automatically each day at dusk and stay lighting until 11pm. Rigorous testing of the durability and reliability of the light mask have been conducted on farms across three continents over the last two seasons. Detailed information on the product, the research, the trials and testimonials from users can be found online at

Natural support for the stomach lining Every hour, the lining of a horse’s stomach secretes more than six cups of concentrated acid - it’s part of the digestive process of an animal meant to graze all day and all night. A constant supply of food passing through the stomach requires a constant supply of acid to help digest it. When horses can’t graze at will the acid production in their stomach doesn’t stop. Particularly for horses in high-stress training and performance situations, high-energy feed is quickly consumed and digested which means that, long after the stomach has emptied, the acid continues to flow. This can result in painful ulcerations of the stomach lining for many horses which can lead to poor appetite, diminished performance and condition. All signs that a horse is feeling the effects of his unnatural lifestyle in his gut. Even though his heart is still in the competition, his gastrointestinal tract may not be! Formula 707 Gastro Essentials has been specifically formulated with an effective combination of natural soothing herbs, amino acids and minerals, to aid digestion and reduce the effects of acid on the stomach lining. Just four ounces of Formula 707 Gastro Essentials mixed in with feed twice a day will help maintain a healthy gut and keep horses in excellent condition. A study by veterinarian Dr Joe Stricklin found that horses with symptoms of gastric ulcers were much improved after receiving the product within 10-14 days. In one case – a former cribber – the horse gained 143 pounds in 30 days and horses stayed symptom-free as long as they were on the product, only showing slight evidence of pain three weeks after finishing the trial. A third of the horses had been scoped before and after the study and although initially ulceration was evident along the demarcation of the glandular stomach, after 30 days of feeding Gastro Essentials this had disappeared. Dr Stricklin also noted that all horses ate the product freely and without hesitation - even as a treat from the hand. For more information view the entire Formula 707 product line at or to find a dealer near you, call 800-525-8601.

PRODUCT FOCUS NA ISSUE 30_Jerkins feature.qxd 24/10/2013 22:51 Page 2


Speed Silks – the latest in uniform technology Earlier this Fall, Darby Racing Technology, LLC, launched an incredible new product for racing horsemen and jockeys – Speed Silks™. Speed Silks is a revolutionary new equine jockey uniform made almost entirely from Aero Dimplex®, an ultra-lightweight, aerodynamicallyengineered fabric that is textured to reduce drag. Speed Silks inventor, Matt Darby, says “Cyclists have been wearing uniforms made of Aero Dimplex for a few years. Even some competitive runners have adopted it, but the technology has never been used in horse racing until now”. The use of Aero Dimplex is key to the design of Speed Silks; it is the industry standard in the world of competitive cycling and, according to manufacturer SwissTech, it’s the highest-rated aerodynamic fabric between 14 and 47 miles per hour. The entire Speed Silks line includes four products: colors (jerseys), helmet covers, pants and boot sleeves. All Speed Silks products are formfitting; that, in addition to the special material from which they are made, reduces the amount of aerodynamic drag the jockey’s body creates in 3 ways: The “kite tail” effect – A jockey’s colors and pants make a lot of noise during a race. That noise is his clothing flapping in the wind. Every single flap pulls backwards on the jockey and therefore, the horse. We call it the “kite tail effect.” All Speed Silks products are formfitting and almost seamless, so they don’t flap in the wind as the horse and jockey move through the air. Even Speed Silks pants conform to the rider’s body. Skin friction – is the friction created as air is dragged across a surface; in this case, the jockey. The textured surface of the Aero Dimplex creates tiny pockets of turbulence along the surface of the jockey. While it may seem counter-intuitive, that’s what allows the rider to “slip” through the air more freely. Form drag – As a jockey

moves through the air, a low-pressure pocket develops behind him. Cyclists and NASCAR drivers already know about this phenomenon, and take advantage of it by “drafting” closely behind another competitor. Race horses can’t “draft,” but Aero Dimplex’s special texture decreases the size of this lowpressure pocket by allowing the air to flow more smoothly around the rider. This reduces the backward pull on the jockey. Darby says his product solves a problem many horsemen don’t even realize they have. “A jockey wearing traditional, old fashioned gear is basically a big parachute on top of the horse,” he says. “But since jockeys have worn loose, baggy uniforms for a hundred years or more, most owners and trainers never really think about it. I spent about two and half years building and testing a complete head-to-toe uniform designed from the ground up with a jockey in mind. Speed Silks will cover the rider from head to ankles in an aerodynamic shell of Aero Dimplex. The colors, helmet covers and pants are all fully customizable. Anything you can dream of, we can put on the product in very bright, vibrant colors…owner colors, sponsor logos, anything. I’ll put a photo of your grandkids on your back if you ask me to. And the photo will look great.” All Speed Silks products are available from Darby Racing Technology at Questions can be e-mailed to Matt Darby can be reached by phone at 806570-6920. Follow on Twitter: @SpeedSilks. Speed Silks™ is a trademark of Darby Racing Technology, LLC, in the US and in other countries. Aero Dimplex® is the registered trademark of Schoeller Textil AG and may be registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries.

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Horse Weigh launch new ‘space age’ weighing platform The “Goodwood” is the new super lightweight weighing platform from Horse Weigh, using Formula One and aerospace technology. Each half of the platform weighs only 31.31lbs (14.2kg), has its own transport bag and maybe carried on a shoulder. It is assembled in less than 2 minutes. If you are taking your horses abroad, your “Goodwood” goes too. Bluetooth recording technology of all data is standard. The “Goodwood” was launched at the Coronation Festival at Buckingham Palace in July. (Horse Weigh is a Royal Warrant Holder supplying horse weighing equipment to HM The Queen.) The Goodwood is taking Europe bystorm – deliveries have already been made. It is now available in NorthAmerica, and great interest has already been received. Weighing is ideal for maintaining the optimum winning weight of racehorses. Regular weighing will pick up a problem before your eye does. It is alsouseful to monitor the recovery weight after travel nationally and internationally. By monitoring the weight a trainer can decide whether toadvance a horse’s training or hold it back and thus not waste valuable time. Owners are requesting the optimum winning weight of their

horses andwanting their trainers to weigh. Some trainers report that owners ‘expect’ them to weigh weekly. This platform has been field-tested by racehorses in rehabilitation, by foals,mares and

stallions during the spring and summer at Shadwell Estate Co Ltd and at The Royal Studs. Studs weigh regularly to monitor growth and adjust feed accordingly; stallions can be maintained at their optimum weight during the covering season. Weighing can be carried out in the paddocks instead of bringing the horses back to the stables so saving time for staff and stress to horses. This portable platform is popular with vets who may have to operate out in the paddocks. An accurate weight means an accurate amount of anaesthetic; the accuracy guarantee is +/- 1%. Champion trainer elect, Richard Hannon says “Horse Weigh platforms are a very helpful training aid to monitor the horses’ weights. We always weigh them before and after a run and then again a few days later to see how quickly they regained the weight which they lost during a run.” “Sky Lantern is weighed regularly like all the horses, probable Breeder's Cup contender Toronado was weighed every week and we could see that he was putting on condition, which just confirmed our thoughts that he was really improving and in great form for Royal Ascot.”

Increasing equine fitness Horses, like humans, experience the seemingly inevitable onslaught of aging. Stiffness, reduced energy, limited mobility and (not surprisingly) downright irritability are symptoms most of us are familiar with! A wealth of research now shows a direct correlation between athletic injury, agerelated decline and decreased performance, and the degeneration of connective tissues and associated structures i.e. ligaments, tendons, fascia, bone, blood vessels, and more. Over time and with use, connective tissue becomes dry and inflexible due to

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reduced stability of cell membranes and limited production of glycosaminoglycan (moisture-holding structures). This can be the cause of a range of conditions including osteoarthritis, degenerative joint disease, osteochondrosis, laminitis to name but a few. In all cases, inflammation is a universal complaint. Chronic inflammation induces fatigue, dampens enthusiasm and ensures poor performance – also signs and symptoms of accelerated aging. Therefore, what appears to be an inevitable degenerative process might actually be an acute or chronic condition that is both preventable and treatable. If pain is the problem, RECOVERY EQ is a potent solution that targets the root causes of the pain. By inhibiting damage to cells, curbing inflammation, relaxing tension and increasing a cell’s ability to receive hormones, RECOVERY often brings results far beyond expectations. Recovery EQ has been developed over 10 years to improve circulation to tissues, speed repair and slow or halt tissue damage. The primary active ingredient is Nutricol, a potent blend of naturally-occurring substances derived from foods that have been shown in numerous clinical studies to profoundly affect cell health. Nutricol, is a proprietary blending of plant nutrients known as polyphenols. These are the same substances that have made green tea and red grapes the subject of much scientific study in recent years. Nutricol decreases trauma - from chronic lameness, surgery, injury and over-training – by both increasing the cell's resistance to damage & improving its ability to repair damage.For more information, please go to

PRODUCT FOCUS NA ISSUE 30_Jerkins feature.qxd 24/10/2013 22:51 Page 4





Niall Brennan Stables

FL 34482

Website: Telephone: Office 352 732-7459 or Training Center 352 629 3994 Email: Facilities: 3/4 mile dirt track 3/4 mile rolling turf course Aquaciser 4 stall starting gate European Walkers

Services offered: Breaking, Sales Prep R & R, Layups, etc..

Address: Training Center: 7505 W. Hwy 326 Ocala, FL 34482 ISSUE 30 89

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Races are divided by distance and the relevant surface is indicated as follows: AWT - All Weather Track D - Dirt T - Turf The indexes cover all graded races in North America over $50,000 in value, where information was available at the time of publication. Races highlighted in purple indicate the race is a Breeders’ Cup win and you’re in race. Stakes Schedules are now updated monthly – visit


Under Copyright law, no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means. This includes but is not limited to: photocopying for commercial redistribution and or facsimile recording without the prior permission of the copyright holder, application for which should be addressed to the publisher.


Whilst every effort has been made to publish correct information, the publishers will not be held liable for any omission, mistake or change to the races listed in all published indexes.

4.5f (870m)

Call us on 1 888 218 4430 to subscribe from $5 Country USA USA USA USA USA

Track Zia Park Sunland Park Sunland Park Sunland Park Sunland Park

Race Name & (Sponsor) King Rick Rack S Challenger Six H The Getaway St Mt. Cristo Rey H’cap Copper Top Futurity

Breeders Cup


Sam Houston Race Park Tampa Bay Downs Delta Downs Delta Downs Delta Downs Sunland Park Sam Houston Race Park Gulfstream Park Tampa Bay Downs

Champion Energy Services St The Lightning City St L.A Premier Night Ragin Cajun Starter L.A Premier Night Matron L.A Premier Night Sprint Budweiser H Bucharest S The Ladies Turf Sprint Turf Dash


Class 17-Nov-13 14-Dec-13 15-Apr-14 08-Mar-14 12-Apr-14

Race Date $55,000 $85,000 $50,000 $85,000 $55,000

Value 3+ 3+ 3 QH & TB 3+ (NM Bred) 2 C&G

Age D D D D D

Surface Metres Furlongs 870 4.5 08-Nov-13 870 4.5 06-Dec-14 870 4.5 04-Apr-14 900 4.5 28-Feb-14 900 4.5 CLOSED

Stakes Schedules now updated monthly – S S S S


25-Jan-14 25-Jan-14 01-Feb-14 01-Feb-14 01-Feb-14 01-Feb-14 08-Feb-14 23-Feb-14 01-Mar-14

$75,000 $75,000 $50,000 $100,000 $100,000 $50,000 $50,000 $75,000 $100,000

4+ 3+ F&M 4+ 4+ F&M 4+ 3+ 4+ 4+ F&M 3+

5f (1000m) T T D D D D T T T

1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5


1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100

5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5

02-Nov-13 02-Nov-14 02-Nov-14 27-Nov-13 07-Dec-13 13-Dec-13 21-Dec-13 28-Dec-13 04-Jan-14 TBA 11-Jan-14 18-Jan-14 14-Feb-14 22-Feb-14 01-Mar-14 14-Mar-14


1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200

6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED 07-Nov-13 CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED 06-Nov-13 06-Nov-13 07-Nov-13 07-Nov-13 07-Nov-13 CLOSED 12-Nov-13 CLOSED CLOSED TBA TBA 15-Nov-13 15-Nov-13 15-Nov-13 15-Nov-13 20-Nov-13 16-Nov-13 16-Nov-13 TBA TBA TBA 13-Nov-13 21-Nov-13

North American Trainer available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore USA USA USA USA USA USA USA USA USA USA USA USA USA USA USA USA

Zia Park Calder Calder Sunland Park Fair Grounds Sunland Park Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Oaklawn Park Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Sunland Park

Lea County Sprint The Excellent Luck The Cut The Charm KLAQ H Bonapaw S Bold Ego H Pan Zareta S Costa Rising St Marie G Krantz Memorial H Pan Zareta St Van Berg S Battle of New Orleans Spring Fever Mardi Gras S Colonel Power St La Coneja St



13-Nov-13 16-Nov-13 16-Nov-13 07-Dec-13 21-Dec-13 21-Dec-13 04-Jan-14 11-Jan-14 18-Jan-14 21-Jan-14 25-Jan-14 01-Feb-14 22-Feb-14 04-Mar-14 15-Mar-14 23-Mar-14

$55,000 3+ $50,000 2 $50,000 2F $50,000 3+ $75,000 3+ $50,000 3+ F&M $75,000 4+F&M $60,000 4+ La Bred $75,000 4+F&M $75,000 4+ FM $75,000 3 $75,000 3 F&M $100,000 4+ F&M $75,000 4 + FM $75,000 4+ $85,000 4+ FM ( NM Bred)

Santa Anita Beulah Park Calder Woodbine Golden Gate Fields Hawthorne Racecourse Hawthorne Racecourse Golden Gate Fields Mountaineer Hawthorne Racecourse Beulah Park Hawthorne Racecourse Laurel Park Laurel Park Laurel Park Kyoto Zia Park Aqueduct Aqueduct Turf Paradise Turf Paradise Penn National Penn National Penn National Penn National Penn National Aqueduct Fair Grounds Hollywood Park Remington Park Remington Park Woodbine Golden Gate Fields

XpressBet Breeders’ Cup Sprint Glacial Princess St The Bold World H’cap Ontario Fashion S The Oakland St Showtime Deb St Sun Power St The Golden Nugget St Sophomore Sprint Championship St Powerless H’cap Joshua Radosevich Memorial S Lightning Jet H’cap James Lewis The Smart Halo Stakes The Daves Friend Stakes Keihan Hai Zia Park Distaff S New York Stallion Series - Fifth Avenue Division New York Stallion Series - Great White Way Division Arizona Breeders’ Futurity - Fillies Arizona Breeders’ Futurity - Colts Fabulous Strike H Lady in Waiting Lady in Waiting The Fabulous Strike H’Cap Blue Mountain S Fall Highweight H’cap Thanksgiving H Vernon O. Underwood St Oklahoma Stallion S Oklahoma Stallion S - Fillies Kennedy Road S The Golden Gate Debutante

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Gr1 R Gr 3 S


Gr 3 S S S S

R Gr 3 Gr 3 S S Gr 2

02-Nov-13 $1,500,000 02-Nov-13 $50,000 02-Nov-13 $50,000 03-Nov-13 CAN150,000+ 07-Nov-13 $50,000 09-Nov-13 $100,000 09-Nov-13 $100,000 09-Nov-13 $50,000 12-Nov-13 $85,000 16-Nov-13 $100,000 16-Nov-13 $50,000 16-Nov-13 $100,000 16-Nov-13 $100,000 16-Nov-13 $100,000 16-Nov-13 $100,000 23-Nov-13 $985,000 23-Nov-13 $55,000 23-Nov-13 $125,000 23-Nov-13 $125,000 23-Nov-13 $50,000 23-Nov-13 $50,000 27-Nov-13 $250,000 27-Nov-13 $150,000 27-Nov-13 $150,000 27-Nov-13 $250,000 27-Nov-13 $75,000 28-Nov-13 $150,000 28-Nov-13 $100,000 28-Nov-13 $100,000 29-Nov-13 $50,000 29-Nov-13 $50,000 30-Nov-13 CAN150,000+ 30-Nov-13 $50,000

3+ 2 F (OH Acc) 3+ F&M 3+ F&M 3+ 2F 2 CG 2 3 3+ F&M - IL bred 2 (OH Acc) 3+ 2YO 2F 3+ 3+ 3+ F&M 2F 2 2 F (AZ Bred) 2 C (AZ Bred) 3+ 3+ F&M 3+ F&M 3+ 2 F (PA bred) 3+ 3+ 3+ 2 2F 3+ 2F

10-Jan-14 11-Jan-14 17-Jan-14 17-Jan-14 17-Jan-14 24-Jan-14 30-Jan-14 TBA 15-Feb-14

5.5f (1100m)



6f (1200m)

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Track Aqueduct Tampa Bay Downs Tampa Bay Downs Gulfstream Park Nakayama Sunland Park Hollywood Park Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Gulfstream Park Hollywood Park Aqueduct Parx Racing Laurel Park Gulfstream Park Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Oaklawn Park Tampa Bay Downs Sunland Park Sam Houston Race Park Sam Houston Race Park Sam Houston Race Park Sunland Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Fair Grounds Tampa Bay Downs Oaklawn Park Sunland Park Fair Grounds Oaklawn Park Sam Houston Race Park Oaklawn Park Oaklawn Park Fair Grounds Oaklawn Park Tampa Bay Downs Oaklawn Park Oaklawn Park Oaklawn Park Tampa Bay Downs Sunland Park Oaklawn Park Oaklawn Park Oaklawn Park Oaklawn Park

Race Name & (Sponsor) Garland of Roses The Inaugural St The Sandpiper St The Express Capella St New Mexico State Racing Commission H Hollywood Turf Express Louisiana Champions Day Juvenile S Louisiana Champions Day Ladies Sprint Louisiana Champions Day Lassie S Louisiana Champions Day Sprint Sugar Swirl Playa Del Rey St Gravesend Mistletoe Starter Hcap The Willa on the Move Stakes Mr Prospector Louisiana Futurity Louisiana Futurity Old Hat St The Spectacular Bid Dixie Belle S The Minaret St La Senora S Yellow Rose S Spirit Of Texas S Groovy S Pepsi Cola S Florida Sunshine Millions F&M Sprint Florida Sunshine Millions Sprint F.W. Gaudin Memorial S The Pelican St American Beauty S KHEY Country Sprint Happy Ticket S King Cotton S Sam Houston Sprint Cup Downthedustyroad Breeders Nodouble Breeders Duncan F. Kenner St Hot Springs S Wayward Lass St Gazebo Rainbow Miss S Rainbow S Hilton Garden Inn Sprint Czaria H Carousel H Count Fleet Sprint H Bachelor Instant Racing


Santa Anita Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Parx Racing Parx Racing Remington Park Sunland Park Calder Sunland Park Sunland Park Gulfstream Park Sunland Park Gulfstream Park

Breeders’ Cup Turf Sprint Juvenile Sprint Juvenile Filly Sprint Donna Fryer SC Residence Race (F) Christopher Elser Mem SC Residence (C & G) Silver Goblin S Johnie L Jamison S Kenny Noe Jr H’cap El Paso Times H El Diario H Hurricane Bertie Bill Thomas Memorial S Sir Shackleton


Santa Anita Remington Park Kyoto Tokyo Woodbine Hollywood Park Charles Town Laurel Park Laurel Park Hollywood Park Woodbine Delta Downs Delta Downs Woodbine Aqueduct Aqueduct Charles Town Woodbine Parx Racing

Breeders’ Cup Filly & Mare Sprint Clever Trevor S KBS Kyoto Sho Fantasy St Keio Hai Nisai St Frost King S Moccasin St Tri-State Futurity City of Laurel Safely Kept Hollywood Prevue St Jammed Lovely S Orleans Sam’s Town Glorious Song S New York Stallion Series - Staten Island Division New York Stallion Series - Thunder Rumble Division West Virginia Futurity (WV) Bessarabian S Pennsylvania Nursery St

Breeders Cup

Gr 3 S S S S S Gr 3

Gr 3 S S Gr 3




Gr 3

Class 07-Dec-13 07-Dec-13 07-Dec-13 07-Dec-13 08-Dec-13 08-Dec-13 08-Dec-13 14-Dec-13 14-Dec-13 14-Dec-13 14-Dec-13 14-Dec-13 15-Dec-13 21-Dec-13 24-Dec-13 28-Dec-13 28-Dec-13 31-Dec-13 31-Dec-13 04-Jan-14 04-Jan-14 10-Jan-14 11-Jan-14 11-Jan-14 17-Jan-14 18-Jan-14 18-Jan-14 18-Jan-14 18-Jan-14 18-Jan-14 25-Jan-14 25-Jan-14 25-Jan-14 26-Jan-14 01-Feb-14 08-Feb-14 22-Feb-14 01-Mar-14 01-Mar-14 08-Mar-14 08-Mar-14 15-Mar-14 22-Mar-14 29-Mar-14 30-Mar-14 05-Apr-14 05-Apr-14 06-Apr-14 10-Apr-14 11-Apr-14 12-Apr-14

Race Date Value $75,000 3+ FM $100,000 2 $100,000 2F $110,000 3+ $911,000 3+ $85,000 3+ F&M $100,000 3+ $100,000 2 C&G LA Bred $100,000 3+ F&M LA Bred $100,000 2 F LA Bred $100,000 3+LA Bred $100,000 3+ F&M $100,000 3+ F&M $75,000 3+ $50,000 3+ FM $100,000 3+ FM $100,000 3+ $100,000 2 F LA Bred $100,000 2 C&G LA Bred $100,000 3F $100,000 3 $100,000 3F $50,000 3+ F&M $85,000 3 F (NM Bred) $50,000 4+ F&M $50,000 4+ $50,000 3 $85,000 3 (NM Bred) $150,000 4+ F&M $150,000 4+ $75,000 4+ $60,000 3+ $100,000 4+ F&M $50,000 3 $75,000 4+ F&M $100,000 4+ $50,000 4+ $75,000 3+ F&M (Ark Bred) $75,000 3+ C&G (Ark Bred) $150,000 3+ $100,000 4+ $50,000 4+ FM $100,000 3 $75,000 3 F (Ark Bred) $75,000 3 C&G (Ark Bred) $75,000 4+ $50,000 3+ F&M $100,000 4+ F&M $300,000 4+ $100,000 3 $100,000 3F

6f (1200m)

Age D D D D D D T D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D

Surface Metres Furlongs 1200 6 23-Nov-13 1200 6 23-Nov-13 1200 6 23-Nov-13 1200 6 TBA 1200 6 CLOSED 1200 6 29-Nov-13 1200 6 TBA 1200 6 01-Nov-13 1200 6 01-Nov-13 1200 6 01-Nov-13 1200 6 01-Nov-13 1200 6 TBA 1200 6 TBA 1200 6 07-Dec-13 1200 6 10-Dec-13 1200 6 19-Dec-13 1200 6 TBA 1200 6 TBA 1200 6 TBA 1200 6 TBA 1200 6 TBA 1200 6 03-Jan-14 1200 6 28-Dec-13 1200 6 03-Jan-14 1200 6 08-Jan-14 1200 6 08-Jan-14 1200 6 08-Jan-14 1200 6 10-Jan-14 1200 6 TBA 1200 6 TBA 1200 6 11-Jan-14 1200 6 11-Jan-14 1200 6 17-Jan-14 1200 6 17-Jan-14 1200 6 18-Jan-14 1200 6 31-Jan-14 1200 6 13-Feb-14 1200 6 22-Feb-14 1200 6 22-Feb-14 1200 6 22-Feb-14 1200 6 28-Feb-14 1200 6 01-Mar-14 1200 6 14-Mar-14 1200 6 21-Mar-14 1200 6 21-Mar-14 1200 6 22-Mar-14 1200 6 28-Mar-14 1200 6 29-Mar-14 1200 6 29-Mar-14 1200 6 03-Apr-14 1200 6 04-Apr-14

North American Trainer available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore Gr1


Gr 3

02-Nov-13 09-Nov-13 09-Nov-13 17-Nov-13 17-Nov-13 22-Nov-13 08-Dec-13 14-Dec-13 25-Jan-14 08-Feb-14 09-Feb-14 23-Mar-14 29-Mar-14

$1,000,000 $125,000 $125,000 $75,000 $75,000 $50,000 $85,000 $75,000 $50,000 $50,000 $150,000 $75,000 $100,000

3+ 2 2F 2F 2 CG 3+ OK Bred 3+ 3+ 3F 3+ F&M 4+ F&M 3+ 4+

6.5f (1300m) T D D D D D D D D D D D D

1300 1300 1300 1300 1300 1300 1300 1300 1300 1300 1300 1300 1300

6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5

CLOSED TBA TBA TBA TBA 13-Nov-13 29-Nov-13 30-Nov-13 17-Jan-14 31-Jan-14 TBA 14-Mar-14 TBA


1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400

7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7


Call us on 1 888 218 4430 to subscribe from $5 Gr1 Gr 3 Gr 2 R R

Gr 3 S R R S S Gr 2 S

02-Nov-13 $1,000,000 08-Nov-13 $75,000 09-Nov-13 $725,000 09-Nov-13 $931,000 09-Nov-13 CAN125,000 09-Nov-13 $100,000 09-Nov-13 $100,000 09-Nov-13 $100,000 09-Nov-13 $100,000 10-Nov-13 $100,000 16-Nov-13 CAN150,000 23-Nov-13 $75,000 23-Nov-13 $75,000 23-Nov-13 CAN250,000 23-Nov-13 $100,000 23-Nov-13 $100,000 30-Nov-13 $50,000 01-Dec-13 CAN150,000+ 07-Dec-13 $75,000


7f (1400m) 3+ F&M 2 2F 2 2 2F 2 3YO 3YO F 2 3F 3F 3 2F 3+ FM 3+ 2 3+ F&M 2 C&G

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Track Laurel Park Laurel Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Remington Park Charles Town Hollywood Park Hollywood Park Hanshin Laurel Park Laurel Park Parx Racing Parx Racing Delta Downs Delta Downs Tampa Bay Downs Tampa Bay Downs Sam Houston Race Park Sam Houston Race Park Gulfstream Park Delta Downs Gulfstream Park Tampa Bay Downs Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Sam Houston Race Park Sam Houston Race Park Tampa Bay Downs Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Tampa Bay Downs Tampa Bay Downs

Race Name & (Sponsor) The Marylander Gin Talking The Glass Slipper The Rapid Transit Sunshine State Jim Thorpe S Eleanor Casey Memorial Soviet Problem St King Glorious St Hanshin Cup The Maryland Juvenile Filly Championship The Maryland Juvenile Championship Valley Forge St Auld Lang Syne St By The Light Big Drama The Gasparilla St The Pasco St Bara Lass S Allen’s Landing St Forward Gal S L.A Premier Night Prince Hutcheson St The Manatee St Gulfstream Park Sprint Gulfstream Park Turf Sprint Jim’s Orbit S Two Altazano S Super St Swale S Inside Information Ocala Breeders’ Sales Sophomore St Stonehedge Farm South Sophomore Fillies St

Breeders Cup

S S S S S Gr 2

S Gr 2 S Gr 2 Gr 3

Gr 3 Gr 2

Class 07-Dec-13 07-Dec-13 07-Dec-13 07-Dec-13 08-Dec-13 15-Dec-13 21-Dec-13 21-Dec-13 22-Dec-13 23-Dec-13 28-Dec-13 28-Dec-13 31-Dec-13 31-Dec-13 03-Jan-14 04-Jan-14 04-Jan-14 04-Jan-14 17-Jan-14 25-Jan-14 25-Jan-14 01-Feb-14 01-Feb-14 08-Feb-14 08-Feb-14 08-Feb-14 15-Feb-14 15-Feb-14 22-Feb-14 01-Mar-14 22-Mar-14 05-Apr-14 05-Apr-14

Race Date $100,000 $100,000 $110,000 $110,000 $100,000 $50,000 $50,000 $200,000 $200,000 $1,687,000 $100,000 $100,000 $75,000 $75,000 $75,000 $75,000 $100,000 $100,000 $50,000 $50,000 $200,000 $125,000 $200,000 $50,000 $100,000 $75,000 $75,000 $75,000 $75,000 $150,000 $200,000 $75,000 $75,000

Value 2YO 2YO Fillies 3F F&M 3+ 3+ (FL Bred) 3 2F 2 F Cal Breds 2 Cal Breds 3+ 2 F (ML Bred) 2 (ML Bred) 3+ 3+ 3F 3 3F 3 3F 3 3F 3 3 4+ F&M 4+ 4+ 3 3F 4+ 3 4+ F&M 3 3F

Age D D D D D D D D D T D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D

7f (1400m) Surface Metres Furlongs Closing 1400 7 28-Nov-13 1400 7 28-Nov-13 1400 7 TBA 1400 7 TBA 1400 7 TBA 1400 7 06-Dec-13 1400 7 11-Dec-13 1400 7 TBA 1400 7 TBA 1400 7 05-Nov-13 1400 7 19-Dec-13 1400 7 19-Dec-13 1400 7 17-Dec-13 1400 7 17-Dec-13 1400 7 20-Dec-13 1400 7 20-Dec-13 1400 7 21-Dec-13 1400 7 21-Dec-13 1400 7 08-Jan-14 1400 7 10-Jan-14 1400 7 TBA 1400 7 17-Jan-14 1400 7 TBA 1400 7 25-Jan-14 1400 7 TBA 1400 7 TBA 1400 731/12 of Yearling Year 1400 731/12 of Yearling Year 1400 7 08-Feb-14 1400 7 TBA 1400 7 TBA 1400 7 22-Mar-14 1400 7 22-Mar-14

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Santa Anita Hollywood Park Hollywood Park Gulfstream Park Delta Downs Delta Downs Fair Grounds Fair Grounds

The Juvenile Filly Sprint Preview St Cats Cradle H’cap On Trust H’cap South Beach S Azalea Pelican Black Gold St Allen Lacombe Memorial H’cap


Saint-Cloud Delta Downs Santa Anita Tokyo Churchill Downs Delta Downs Mountaineer Santa Anita Santa Anita Santa Anita Belmont Park Belmont Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Laurel Park Tokyo Laurel Park Kyoto Delta Downs Delta Downs Delta Downs Delta Downs Delta Downs Fair Grounds Zia Park Aqueduct Fair Grounds Aqueduct Fair Grounds Hollywood Park Hollywood Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Hollywood Park Fair Grounds Laurel Park Golden Gate Fields Hanshin Fair Grounds Nakayama Remington Park Remington Park

Criterium International Magnolia Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies Turf Artemis S Chilukki St Gold Cup Mountaineer Mile H’cap Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Turf Breeders’ Cup Mile Breeders’ Cup Dirt Mile Nashua St Tempted St Juvenile Turf Juvenile Fillies Turf The Geisha Stakes Tokyo Chunichi Sports Hai Musashino St The Jennings H’cap Mile Championship Boyd Gaming’s Delta Princess Treasure Chest Delta Mile Louisiana Jewel Louisiana Legacy Mr Sulu New Mexico Eddy County S Go For Wand Hcap Pago Hop S Cigar Mile H’cap Woodchopper S Miesque St Generous St Pulpit The Wait A While The Matriarch Magic City Classic S Thirty Eight Go Go The Gold Rush St Hanshin Juvenile Fillies Louisiana Champions Day Starter H S Asahi Hai Futurity St Useeit S Remington Springboard Mile


02-Nov-13 17-Nov-13 24-Nov-13 15-Dec-13 28-Feb-14 01-Mar-14 01-Mar-14 01-Mar-14

$100,000 2F $100,000 3+ F&M Cal Breds £100,000 3+ Cal Breds $100,000 3+ F&M $100,000 3F $100,000 3 $75,000 3 $75,000 3F

7.5f (1500m) D D D T D D T T

1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500

7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5


1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600 1600

8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8

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92 ISSUE 30

Gp 1 S Gr1 Gr 2 S Gr1 Gr1 Gr1 Gr 2 Gr 3

Gr 3 Gr 1 Gr 3

S S S S Gr 2 Gr 1 Gr 3 Gr 3

Gr 1 S

Gr 1 S Gr 1 S

01-Nov-13 01-Nov-13 01-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 03-Nov-13 03-Nov-13 09-Nov-13 09-Nov-13 09-Nov-13 10-Nov-13 16-Nov-13 17-Nov-13 23-Nov-13 23-Nov-13 23-Nov-13 23-Nov-13 23-Nov-13 23-Nov-13 23-Nov-13 29-Nov-13 29-Nov-13 30-Nov-13 30-Nov-13 30-Nov-13 30-Nov-13 30-Nov-13 30-Nov-13 01-Dec-13 07-Dec-13 07-Dec-13 07-Dec-13 08-Dec-13 14-Dec-13 15-Dec-13 15-Dec-13 15-Dec-13

€ 250,000 $100,000 $1,000,000 $725,000 $150,000 $100,000 $130,000 $1,000,000 $2,000,000 $1,000,000 $200,000 $150,000 $100,000 $100,000 $100,000 $911,000 $100,000 $2,600,000 $500,000 $150,000 $150,000 $150,000 $150,000 $60,000 $140,000 $250,000 $75,000 $400,000 $75,000 $100,000 $100,000 $100,000 $100,000 $250,000 $50,000 $100,000 $75,000 $1,687,000 $50,000 $1,832,000 $50,000 $250,000

2 CF 3+ F&M 2F 2F 3+ FM 3+ 3+ 2 C&G 3+ 3+ 2 2F 2 2F 3+ FM (ML Bred) 3+ 3+ (ML Bred) 3+ 2F 3+ F&M 3+ 2F 2 C&G 3+ LA Bred 2 3+ FM 3F 3+ 3 2F 2 2 2F 3+F&M 3+ AL Bred 3+F&M 2 2F 3+ LA Bred 2 No G 3 OK Bred 2

CLOSED TBA TBA TBA 14-Feb-14 14-Feb-14 15-Feb-14 15-Feb-14

7.5f (1600m) CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED TBA CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED TBA TBA TBA TBA 07-Nov-13 CLOSED CLOSED 06-Nov-13 06-Nov-13 08-Nov-13 08-Nov-13 09-Nov-13 12-Nov-13 16-Nov-13 16-Nov-13 16-Nov-13 16-Nov-13 TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA 06-Nov-13 28-Nov-13 29-Nov-13 CLOSED 01-Nov-13 05-Nov-13 06-Dec-13 06-Dec-13

STAKES SCHEDULES NA ISSUE 30_Jerkins feature.qxd 24/10/2013 23:33 Page 4


Track Sunland Park Gulfstream Park Sunland Park Delta Downs Delta Downs Sunland Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Sunland Park Gulfstream Park Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Sam Houston Race Park Turf Paradise Oaklawn Park Gulfstream Park Delta Downs Tampa Bay Downs Oaklawn Park Fair Grounds Gulfstream Park Sunland Park Sam Houston Race Park Delta Downs Delta Downs Gulfstream Park Delta Downs Delta Downs Gulfstream Park Sunland Park Sunland Park Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Gulfstream Park Oaklawn Park

Race Name & (Sponsor) Enchantress S Dania Beach Riley Allison Futurity Eldorado Fremont Red Hedeman Mile Ocala Gulfstream Park Derby Winsham Lad H Hal’s Hope H Lecomte S Silverbulletday S Star Of Texas S Cotton Fitzsimmons Mile Smarty Jones S Sweetest Chant L.A Premier Night Distaff The Suncoast S Martha Washington S Sarah Lane’s Oates S Canadian Turf Island Fashion S Texas Heritage Stakes Lookout B-Connected Gulfstream Park H Gold Coast Borgata Honey Fox H New Mexico State University S Harry W Henson H Dixie Poker Ace S Crescent City Oaks Appleton Northern Spur

Breeders Cup S Gr 3 R R S S

Gr 3 Gr 3 L S


S Gr 3

R R Gr 2 R R Gr 2 S S S Gr 3

Class 15-Dec-13 21-Dec-13 22-Dec-13 27-Dec-13 28-Dec-13 28-Dec-13 29-Dec-13 01-Jan-14 05-Jan-14 11-Jan-14 18-Jan-14 18-Jan-14 18-Jan-14 18-Jan-14 20-Jan-14 26-Jan-14 01-Feb-14 01-Feb-14 01-Feb-14 15-Feb-14 22-Feb-14 23-Feb-14 01-Mar-14 07-Mar-14 08-Mar-14 08-Mar-14 14-Mar-14 15-Mar-14 15-Mar-14 16-Mar-14 23-Mar-14 29-Mar-14 29-Mar-14 29-Mar-14 12-Apr-14

Race Date $85,000 $100,000 $100,000 $65,000 $65,000 $85,000 $100,000 $100,000 $50,000 $100,000 $200,000 $125,000 $50,000 $75,000 $150,000 $100,000 $150,000 $100,000 $100,000 $60,000 $150,000 $50,000 $50,000 $70,000 $70,000 $250,000 475000 $75,000 $200,000 $85,000 $75,000 $60,000 $75,000 $100,000 $100,000

8f (1600m)

Value 2F 2 2 3+ F&M 3+ 2 (NM Bred) 3+ F&M (FL Bred) 3 4+ 4+ 3 3F 4+ 4+ 3 3F 4+F&M 3 F&M 3F 3 F LA Bred 4+ 3F 3 3+ F&M 3+ 4+ 4+ F&M 4+ 4+ F&M 4+ 3+ F&M 4+ LA Bred 3 F&M La Bred 4+ 3

Age D T D D D D D T D D D D D T D T D D D T T D D D D D D D T D D T D T D

Surface Metres Furlongs 1600 8 06-Dec-13 1600 8 TBA 1600 8 13-Dec-13 1600 8 13-Dec-13 1600 8 13-Dec-13 1600 8 20-Dec-13 1600 8 TBA 1600 8 TBA 1600 8 27-Dec-13 1600 8 TBA 1600 8 04-Jan-14 1600 8 04-Jan-14 1600 8 08-Jan-14 1600 8 08-Jan-14 1600 8 11-Jan-14 1600 8 TBA 1600 8 17-Jan-14 1600 8 18-Jan-14 1600 8 24-Jan-14 1600 8 01-Feb-14 1600 8 TBA 1600 8 14-Feb-14 1600 8 02-Feb-14 1600 8 21-Feb-14 1600 8 21-Feb-14 1600 8 TBA 1600 8 28-Feb-14 1600 8 28-Feb-14 1600 8 TBA 1600 8 07-Mar-14 1600 8 14-Mar-14 1600 8 15-Mar-14 1600 8 15-Mar-14 1600 8 TBA 1600 8 04-Apr-14

North American Trainer available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore USA USA

Aqueduct Aqueduct

East View St Damon Runyon St


Santa Anita Woodbine Calder Hawthorne Racecourse Santa Anita Zia Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Laurel Park Woodbine Churchill Downs Hollywood Park Delta Downs Zia Park Zia Park Beulah Park Hollywood Park Woodbine Penn National Golden Gate Fields Hollywood Park Churchill Downs Churchill Downs Woodbine Hawthorne Racecourse Hollywood Park Hollywood Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Woodbine Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Hawthorne Racecourse Hollywood Park Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Gulfstream Park Aqueduct Gulfstream Park Sunland Park Gulfstream Park

Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies Princess Elizabeth S The Capano H’cap Buck’s Boy H’cap Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Veterans S Millions Classic Preview Millions Distaff Preview Millions Turf Preview Millions Fill & Mare Turf Preview Japan Racing Association Autumn S Mrs. Revere St Sharp Cat St $1,000,000 Delta Downs Jackpot Zia Park Oaks Zia Park Derby Bobbie Bricker Memorial H’cap Real Quiet St South Ocean S The Swatara Berkeley St Citation H’cap Golden Rod St Kentucky Jockey Club St Kingarvie S Pat Whitworth Illinois Debutante St Hollywood Starlet Bayakoa H’cap The Iron Lady The Iron Horse The Jewel The Tiara Display S Louisiana Champions Day Ladies S Louisiana Champions Day Turf S Jim Edgar Illinois Futurity CashCall Futurity Tenacious H Blushing K.D. H Buddy Diliberto Memorial H Harlan’s Holiday Alex M. Robb H’cap The El Prado Albert Dominguez Memorial H Marshua’s River St


15-Dec-13 15-Dec-13

$80,000 $75,000

8.32f (1664m)

2 F N.Y. Bred 2 (NY Bred)


1664 1664


1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700

8.32 30-Nov-13 8.32 30-Nov-13

Stakes Schedules now updated monthly – Gr1 R S Gr1

Gr 2 Gr 2 Gr 3

R S Gr 3 Gr 2 Gr 2 Gr 2 S S Gr 1 Gr 2

S S Gr 1

S S Gr 3

01-Nov-13 $2,000,000 02-Nov-13 CAN250,000 02-Nov-13 $50,000 02-Nov-13 $100,000 02-Nov-13 $2,000,000 04-Nov-13 $55,000 09-Nov-13 $150,000 09-Nov-13 $150,000 09-Nov-13 $125,000 09-Nov-13 $125,000 09-Nov-13 $100,000 10-Nov-13 CAN150,000+ 16-Nov-13 $175,000 16-Nov-13 $100,000 23-Nov-13 $1,000,000 23-Nov-13 $300,000 23-Nov-13 $200,000 23-Nov-13 $50,000 23-Nov-13 $100,000 24-Nov-13 CAN125,000 27-Nov-13 $150,000 29-Nov-13 $100,000 29-Nov-13 $250,000 30-Nov-13 $175,000 30-Nov-13 $175,000 07-Dec-13 CAN125,000 07-Dec-13 $125,000 07-Dec-13 $500,000 07-Dec-13 $200,000 07-Dec-13 $110,000 07-Dec-13 $110,000 07-Dec-13 $200,000 07-Dec-13 $125,000 08-Dec-13 CAN125,000 14-Dec-13 $100,000 14-Dec-13 $100,000 14-Dec-13 $125,000 14-Dec-13 $750,000 21-Dec-13 $75,000 21-Dec-13 $75,000 21-Dec-13 $75,000 22-Dec-13 $100,000 28-Dec-13 $80,000 28-Dec-13 $100,000 29-Dec-13 $85,000 04-Jan-14 $100,000

2F 2F 3+ F&M 3+ 2 C&G 3+ 3+ 3+ F&M 3+ 3+ F&M 3 & Up 3+ 3F 2F 2 3F 3 3+ FM (OH Acc) 2 2F 3+ 3+ 3+ 2F 2 2 2F 2F 3+ F&M 3+ F&M 3+ 3+ 3+ F&M 2 3+ F&M LA Bred 3+LA Bred 2 C&G 2 3+ 3+ F&M 3+ 3+ 3+ (NY Bred) 3+ 3+ (NM Bred) 4+ F&M


8.5f (1700m) 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5

CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA CLOSED CLOSED TBA CLOSED 12-Nov-13 12-Nov-13 13-Nov-13 TBA 06-Nov-13 15-Nov-13 17-Nov-13 TBA 13-Nov-13 13-Nov-13 20-Nov-13 TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA 20-Nov-13 01-Nov-13 01-Nov-13 TBA TBA 07-Dec-13 07-Dec-13 07-Dec-13 TBA 14-Dec-13 TBA 20-Dec-13 TBA

ISSUE 30 93

STAKES SCHEDULES NA ISSUE 30_Jerkins feature.qxd 24/10/2013 23:33 Page 5


Track Gulfstream Park Oaklawn Park Gulfstream Park Sam Houston Race Park Fair Grounds Oaklawn Park Gulfstream Park Sam Houston Race Park Tampa Bay Downs Gulfstream Park Delta Downs Delta Downs Tampa Bay Downs Tampa Bay Downs Sam Houston Race Park Gulfstream Park Sunland Park Fair Grounds Sam Houston Race Park Oaklawn Park Sunland Park Oaklawn Park Gulfstream Park Oaklawn Park Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Sunland Park Gulfstream Park Turf Paradise Sam Houston Race Park Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Tampa Bay Downs Tampa Bay Downs Oaklawn Park Oaklawn Park Oaklawn Park Oaklawn Park Fair Grounds Tampa Bay Downs Sunland Park Sunland Park Sunland Park Oaklawn Park Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Tampa Bay Downs Tampa Bay Downs Tampa Bay Downs Oaklawn Park Oaklawn Park Turf Paradise Canterbury

Race Name & (Sponsor) Ginger Brew Fifth Season S Fort Lauderdale St San Jacinto S Col. E.R Bradley Hcp Pippin S Kitten’s Joy Houston Ladies Classic Endeavour St Holy Bull S L.A Premier Night Gentlemen Starter L.A Premier Night Championship Sam F. Davis St The Tampa Bay St Tomball S Donn H Curribot H Gentilly S Jersey Village S Essex H The Peppers Pride S Bayakoa S Sabin Southwest S Risen Star S Rachel Alexandra St Mineshaft H’cap Bayou H’cap Mine That Bird Derby Davona Dale St Turf Paradise Derby Jersey Lilly St Star Guitar St New Orleans Ladies St Tampa Bay Derby Florida Oaks Honeybee S Rebel S Razorback H Azeri S Red Camelia St Challenger St Sunland Park Oaks New Mexico Breeders’ Oaks New Mexico Breeders’ Derby Arkansas Breeders (Open) Fair Grounds Oaks Crescent City Derby The Journeyman Stud Sophomore Turf The Distaff Turf The Besilu Stables Turf Classic Fantasy S Apple Blossom H Gene Fleming Breeders Derby HBPA Distaff

Breeders Cup

Gr 2 S Gr 3

S Gr 3 Gr 3 S S Gr 3 Gr 3 Gr 1 S

S Gr 3 Gr 3 Gr 2 Gr 3 Gr 3

Gr 2

S L Gr 2 Gr 3 Gr 2 Gr 3 Gr 3 S

S S S Gr 2 S

Gr 2 Gr 1 S

Class 05-Jan-14 11-Jan-14 11-Jan-14 17-Jan-14 18-Jan-14 18-Jan-14 19-Jan-14 25-Jan-14 25-Jan-14 25-Jan-14 01-Feb-14 01-Feb-14 01-Feb-14 01-Feb-14 01-Feb-14 08-Feb-14 09-Feb-14 15-Feb-14 15-Feb-14 15-Feb-14 15-Feb-14 16-Feb-14 16-Feb-14 17-Feb-14 22-Feb-14 22-Feb-14 22-Feb-14 22-Feb-14 22-Feb-14 22-Feb-14 22-Feb-14 01-Mar-14 01-Mar-14 08-Mar-14 08-Mar-14 08-Mar-14 08-Mar-14 15-Mar-14 15-Mar-14 15-Mar-14 22-Mar-14 22-Mar-14 23-Mar-14 23-Mar-14 23-Mar-14 28-Mar-14 29-Mar-14 29-Mar-14 05-Apr-14 05-Apr-14 05-Apr-14 05-Apr-14 11-Apr-14 26-Apr-14 17-Aug-14

Race Date $100,000 $100,000 $200,000 $50,000 $125,000 $100,000 $100,000 $400,000 $150,000 $400,000 $65,000 $200,000 $250,000 $150,000 $50,000 $500,000 $50,000 $60,000 $50,000 $100,000 $85,000 $100,000 $100,000 $300,000 $400,000 $200,000 $150,000 $75,000 $120,000 $200,000 $75,000 $50,000 $60,000 $150,000 $350,000 $200,000 $150,000 $600,000 $200,000 $200,000 $60,000 $60,000 $200,000 $85,000 $85,000 $75,000 $500,000 $75,000 $75,000 $75,000 $75,000 $400,000 $500,000 $50,000 $50,000

Value 3F 4+ 4+ 4+ F&M 4+ 4+ F&M 3 4+ F&M 4+ FM 3 4+ 4+ 3 4+ 4 + F&M 4+ 3+ 3 LA Bred 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+ F&M 4+ F&M 3 3 3F 4+ 4+ FM 3 3F 3 4+ F&M 4+ LA Bred 4+ FM 3 3F 3F 3 4+ 4+ F&M 4+ FM La Bred 4+ 3F 3F 3 (NM Bred) 3+ (Ark Bred) 3F 3 La Bred 3 3+ F&M 4+ 3F 4+ F&M 3 (AZ Bred) 3+FM

8.5f (1700m) Age T D T T T D T D T D D D D T T D D T T D D D D D D D D T D D D T D D D T D D D D T D D D D D D D T T T D D D T

Surface Metres Furlongs 1700 8.5 TBA 1700 8.5 03-Jan-14 1700 8.5 TBA 1700 8.5 08-Jan-14 1700 8.5 04-Jan-14 1700 8.5 10-Jan-14 1700 8.5 TBA 1700 8.5 10-Jan-14 1700 8.5 11-Jan-14 1700 8.5 TBA 1700 8.5 17-Jan-14 1700 8.5 17-Jan-14 1700 8.5 18-Jan-14 1700 8.5 18-Jan-14 1700 8.5 23-Jan-14 1700 8.5 TBA 1700 8.5 31-Jan-14 1700 8.5 01-Feb-14 1700 8.5 06-Feb-14 1700 8.5 07-Feb-14 1700 8.5 07-Feb-14 1700 8.5 07-Feb-14 1700 8.5 TBA 1700 8.5 07-Feb-14 1700 8.5 08-Feb-14 1700 8.5 08-Feb-14 1700 8.5 08-Feb-14 1700 8.5 08-Feb-14 1700 8.5 14-Feb-14 1700 8.5 TBA 1700 8.5 TBA 1700 8.5 02-Feb-14 1700 8.5 15-Feb-14 1700 8.5 22-Feb-14 1700 8.5 22-Feb-14 1700 8.5 22-Feb-14 1700 8.5 28-Feb-14 1700 8.5 07-Mar-14 1700 8.5 07-Mar-14 1700 8.5 07-Mar-14 1700 8.5 08-Mar-14 1700 8.5 08-Mar-14 1700 8.5 08-Mar-14 1700 8.5 14-Mar-14 1700 8.5 14-Mar-14 1700 8.5 20-Mar-14 1700 8.5 15-Mar-14 1700 8.5 15-Mar-14 1700 8.5 22-Mar-14 1700 8.5 22-Mar-14 1700 8.5 22-Mar-14 1700 8.5 28-Mar-14 1700 8.5 29-Mar-14 1700 8.5 TBA 1700 8.5 TBA


Santa Anita Kyoto Churchill Downs Beulah Park Charles Town Tokyo Charles Town Woodbine Churchill Downs Zia Park Churchill Downs Churchill Downs Aqueduct Aqueduct Hanshin Hanshin Calder Calder Calder Laurel Park Fair Grounds Aqueduct Hollywood Park Sam Houston Race Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Sam Houston Race Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park

Breeders’ Cup Ladies’ Classic Miyako St Cardinal H’cap Ruff/Kirchberg Memorial St My Sister Pearl Tokyo Sports Hai Nisai St A Huevo St Coronation Futurity River City H’cap Zia Park Distance Championship Falls City H’cap Clark H’cap Demoiselle St Remsen St Japan Cup Dirt Asahi Challenge Cup My Charmer H’cap Fred W Hooper H’cap Tropical Turf H’cap Broad Brush Louisiana Champions Day Classic S Queens County H’cap Native Diver St Richard King S Florida Sunshine Millions Distaff Florida Sunshine Millions Turf Florida Sunshine Millions F&M Turf Florida Sunshine Millions Classic John B. Connally BC Turf Gulfstream Park Turf H Suwannee River

94 ISSUE 30

Gr1 Gr 3 Gr 3 R S Gr 3 S R Gr 3 Gr 2 Gr 1 Gr 2 Gr 2 Gr 1 Gr 3 Gr 3 Gr 3 Gr 3 S Gr 3 Gr 3 S S S S S Gr 3 Gr 1 Gr 3

01-Nov-13 $2,000,000 03-Nov-13 $911,000 09-Nov-13 $100,000 09-Nov-13 $50,000 09-Nov-13 $50,000 16-Nov-13 $834,000 16-Nov-13 $50,000 17-Nov-13 CAN250,000 23-Nov-13 $100,000 23-Nov-13 $150,000 28-Nov-13 $150,000 29-Nov-13 $500,000 30-Nov-13 $250,000 30-Nov-13 $250,000 01-Dec-13 $3,392,000 07-Dec-13 $1,040,000 07-Dec-13 $100,000 07-Dec-13 $100,000 07-Dec-13 $100,000 07-Dec-13 $100,000 14-Dec-13 $150,000 14-Dec-13 $80,000 14-Dec-13 $100,000 18-Jan-14 $50,000 18-Jan-14 $300,000 18-Jan-14 $150,000 18-Jan-14 $150,000 18-Jan-14 $400,000 25-Jan-14 $200,000 08-Feb-14 $300,000 08-Feb-14 $150,000

3+ F&M 3+ 3+ FM 3+ (OH Acc) 3+ F&M 2 3+ 2 3+ 3+ 3+ FM 3+ 2F 2 3+ 3+ 3+ FM 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ LA Bred 3+ 3+ 4+ 4+ F&M 4+ 4+ F&M 4+ 4+ 4+ 4+ F&M


9f (1800m) D D T D D T D AWT T D D D D D D T T D T D D D D T D T T D T T T

1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800

9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9

CLOSED TBA CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED 06-Nov-13 CLOSED 06-Nov-13 12-Nov-13 13-Nov-13 13-Nov-13 16-Nov-13 16-Nov-13 CLOSED CLOSED 23-Nov-13 23-Nov-13 23-Nov-13 28-Nov-13 01-Nov-13 30-Nov-13 TBA 08-Jan-14 TBA TBA TBA TBA 10-Jan-14 TBA TBA

STAKES SCHEDULES NA ISSUE 30_Jerkins feature.qxd 24/10/2013 23:33 Page 6


Track Fair Grounds Gulfstream Park Sam Houston Race Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Tampa Bay Downs Sunland Park Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Fair Grounds Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park Oaklawn Park Oaklawn Park Sunland Park

Race Name & (Sponsor) Fair Grounds H’cap Fountain Of Youth St Maxxam Gold Cup The Palm Beach S The Herecomesthebride S Hillsborough St Sunland Derby Louisiana Derby Mervin H Muniz Jr Memorial New Orleans H Florida Derby The Gulfstream Oaks The Rampart S Arkansas Derby Oaklawn H Sunland Park H

Breeders Cup Gr 3 Gr 2


Gulfstream Park

The Skip Away S


Santa Anita Woodbine Santa Anita Rome Saint-Cloud Fukushima Hawthorne Racecourse Chukyo Hollywood Park Chukyo Hanshin Meydan

Breeders’ Cup Filly & Mare Turf Maple Leaf S Breeders’ Cup Classic Premier Roma Criterium de Saint-Cloud Fukushima Kinen Hawthorne Gold Cup H’cap Kinko Sho Hollywood Derby Aichi Hai Radio Nikkei Hai Nisai St Dubai World Cup


Kyoto Aqueduct Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park

Queen Elizabeth II Commemorative Cup Red Smith Mac Diarmida The Very One


Santa Anita Aqueduct Tokyo Hollywood Park Calder Calder Gulfstream Park Gulfstream Park

Breeders’ Cup Turf Long Island Japan Cup Hollywood Turf Cup WL McKnight H’cap La Prevoyante H’cap Pan American Orchid St


Tokyo Nakayama

Copa Republica Argentina Arima Kinen (The Grand Prix)

Gr 3 Gr 3 Gr 3 Gr 3 Gr 2 Gr 2 Gr 2 Gr 1 Gr 2 Gr 3 Gr 1 Gr 2

Class 22-Feb-14 22-Feb-14 01-Mar-14 01-Mar-14 02-Mar-14 08-Mar-14 23-Mar-14 29-Mar-14 29-Mar-14 29-Mar-14 29-Mar-14 29-Mar-14 29-Mar-14 12-Apr-14 12-Apr-14 13-Apr-14

Race Date $150,000 $400,000 $100,000 $150,000 $100,000 $150,000 $800,000 $1,000,000 $400,000 $400,000 $1,000,000 $300,000 $150,000 $1,000,000 $500,000 $75,000

Value 4+ 3 4+ 3 3F 4+ FM 3 3 4+ 4+ 3 3F 4+ F&M 3 4+ 3+

Age T D D T T T D D T D D D D D D D

9f (1800m) Surface Metres Furlongs 1800 9 08-Feb-14 1800 9 TBA 1800 9 02-Feb-14 1800 9 TBA 1800 9 TBA 1800 9 22-Feb-14 1800 9 01-Feb-14 1800 9 15-Mar-14 1800 9 15-Mar-14 1800 9 15-Mar-14 1800 9 TBA 1800 9 TBA 1800 9 TBA 1800 9 29-Mar-14 1800 9 29-Mar-14 1800 9 04-Apr-14

Call us on 1 888 218 4430 to subscribe from $5 Gr 3



9.5f (1900m) 4+





2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000

10 CLOSED 10 CLOSED 10 CLOSED 10 CLOSED 10 CLOSED 10 TBA 10 TBA 10 CLOSED 10 TBA 10 05-Nov-13 10 05-Nov-13 10 TBA

North American Trainer available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore Gr1 Gr 3 Gr1 Gp 1 Gp 1 Gr 3 Gr 2 Gr 2 Gr 1 Gr 3 Gr 3 Gr 1

01-Nov-13 $2,000,000 3+ F&M 02-Nov-13 CAN150,000 3+ F&M 02-Nov-13 $5,000,000 3+ 03-Nov-13 € 209,000 3+ 09-Nov-13 € 250,000 2 CF 17-Nov-13 $1,040,000 3+ 30-Nov-13 $350,000 3+ 30-Nov-13 $1,560,000 3+ 01-Dec-13 $250,000 3 14-Dec-13 $911,000 3+ F&M 21-Dec-13 $834,000 2 29-Mar-14 $10,000,000 NH 4yo+ SH 3yo+

10-Nov-13 16-Nov-13 15-Feb-14 15-Feb-14

$2,352,000 $200,000 $200,000 $100,000

11f (2200m)

3+ FM 3+ 4+ 4+ F&M


2200 2200 2200 2200

11 11 11 11

3+ 3+ FM 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ FM 4+ 4+ F&M


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ISSUE 30 95

FERNANDO NA ISSUE 30_Jerkins feature.qxd 24/10/2013 23:31 Page 1



ERE’S some of what Eclipse Award-winning writer Claire Novak told Business Lexington for its September 27th issue: “When you look at the overall industry in terms of what it does best and what it does worst, what it does worst is low-level racing, and I don’t know how you rectify that with the fact that there are some horses that just don’t compete at a high level. Those tracks do provide an outlet for those horses, but the question is, should they really be competing in the first place? That’s a huge issue.” Elsewhere in the article Novak said, “When people say ‘Oh, the Thoroughbred crop is smaller this year than it was last year,’ I say ‘Good.’ That’s not a bad thing. Hopefully you’ll see a dying off of the mid-level tracks that really don’t contribute anything.” A solution? She said, “To combat lower-level racing, I would start with the breeding industry and the stallions that don’t really cut it. At some point, enough is enough. Move on. I understand that there are bloodlines and sometimes a horse gets hurt and doesn’t reach his full potential, so maybe it does have potential as a sire, but at some point it becomes too much. A horse who’s standing in Oregon for $2,500, is he really helping the game?” All of this prompted Ray Paulick, the former editor of Blood-Horse whose eponymous website frequently tackles controversial industry issues, to tweet on October 1: “How many $2,500 stallions @BH_CNovak wants to get rid of are advertising in @BloodHorse Stallion Register? #elitist” (The hash tag is his.) Paulick’s point is well taken, especially as TOBA is represented on the board of directors of the National Thoroughbred Racing Association (NTRA) and is a national trade organization for owners and breeders at all levels. Ironically, only two stallions from 12 listed in Oregon in the Blood-Horse Stallion Register actually stand for as much or more than $2,500: Harbor the Gold, at $5,500, and Kentucky Derby winner Grindstone at $2,500. The entire foal crop for Oregon in 2011 (now two-yearolds of 2013) numbered an insignificant 78

96 ISSUE 30

Focus on the top tier ignores the bigger picture A well-known racing writer for The Blood-Horse, a publication of the Kentucky-based Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association (TOBA), made some comments recently about small tracks and cheap horses in an interview for a Lexington, Kentucky, business publication that struck some, including the publisher of the Paulick Report, as unusually elitist. foals, down 73 percent from 289 foals in 2001, according to The Jockey Club. During this time frame, the national foal crop was down 36 percent, so Oregon’s breeding industry – never large to begin with – was already twice as worse off when Novak took a swipe at it. To add context, consider that 84 stallions – many of them at elite farms in Kentucky – covered more than 100 mares each in 2011. What all this means is that horsemen in Oregon, who primarily race at the “low-level” Portland Meadows, buy their racing stock in Kentucky at venues such as the last days of Keeneland’s two-week September yearling sale; Fasig-Tipton’s October yearling sale; or at the Lexington winter mixed sales, where cheaper horses can be purchased to fit the track’s lowertier purse structure. The type of high-class racing that Novak champions – especially the elite racing at the Graded stakes level – amounts to only a tiny fraction of all races, and even the “high-level” racetracks card what Novak refers to as “lowlevel” races, which are the claiming races that

“It’s in everyone’s best interest – especially the trainers, grooms, jockeys, and all other horsemen and horsewomen sustained by the industry – to root for tracks like Portland Meadows to survive”

comprise the bulk of the sport. Many of these races are populated by the offspring of both inexpensive and expensive Kentucky stallions. Another reality: Most claiming horses are destined to descend the claiming ladder, which weaves its way from up to six figures at elite tracks down to $2,500 at places like Portland Meadows. To maintain a healthy racing and breeding ecosytem in the U.S., the industry needs to embrace a functional multi-tiered platform of well-managed racetracks that can absorb this trickle down from the top, as well as foster the growth of the sport from the bottom. This is the issue that intersects owners and breeders with racetracks and fans, and TOBA, with legs straddling both sides of the fence, should be at the forefront of trumpeting this point. It’s in everyone’s best interest – especially the trainers, grooms, jockeys, and all other horsemen and horsewomen sustained by the industry – to root for tracks like Portland Meadows to survive; however, only those tracks with the savvy to adapt to a changing landscape of shrinking foal crops, dwindling on-track attendance, and high takeout rates actually will. Portland Meadows, on closer inspection, is a terrific example of small-time success: handle and field size are up since the track went to summer racing and cut back racing dates from three times a week to two, and its takeout on the Pick 4 at 14 percent is the second-lowest lowest in the nation for the popular wager. Furthermore, the track is catering to its live audience with other forms of entertainment between races and has gone to clever advertising and outreach to attract and educate newer fans, with customer service paramount to its ideology. n

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North American Trainer - Winter 2013 - issue 30  
North American Trainer - Winter 2013 - issue 30