Water Management Goal 4: reduce the energy used for water supply, distribution, and treatment
Water conservation programs such as universal metering, leak detection and incentivizing water-efficient fixtures for homes and businesses may reduce infrastructure operating costs. Low-impact development and green infrastructure may also reduce volume and pollutant loading to wastewater treatment facilities, thereby reducing wastewater treatment costs.
The baseline inventory found that, in 2010, $1.41 per gallon per day was spent on the operations and upkeep of water infrastructure regionally, and $2.37 per gallon per day was spent on wastewater infrastructure. Combined costs, by county, are shown on figure 7-6 (on p. 231). Hamilton County incurred the highest combined cost of water and wastewater expenses, at over $12 per gallon per day. Essex County was the second highest at $6.32 per gallon per day. Clinton, Franklin, Lewis, and St. Lawrence counties each spent less than $1.50 per gallon per day. It should be noted that these costs represent a snapshot of a 1-year period and do not represent a long-term trend for water and wastewater expenses. blue indicates the water body has not yet been assessed.
Barriers Cost is a major obstacle to maintaining water and sewer facilities and infrastructure, as towns often lack the capital to make improvements. Sprawl and regulatory changes may result in added costs. Suburban and semi-rural communities on public water and sewer can be more costly to maintain than denser communities due to the distances involved in distribution and collection. Table 7-1 (on following page) provides a snapshot of water and sewer infrastructure costs as a percentage of overall expenditures for 2010. The table shows that water and sewer infrastructure is managed at the city, town, or village level, with costs averaging 12% to 22% of municipal budgets.
Indicators This indicator measures the annual cost of providing water and wastewater treatment within the region. Although not a direct measure of energy usage, energy costs typically account for 30% of conventional treatment costs. Energy improvements should also be measured on a per project basis.
1. Cost per gallon per day treated, water/wastewater.
suggested targets Due to the high degree of variability in the treatment processes used at the facilities, as well as in the volumes treated among different facilities, no target has been set for this indicator.
North Country Region Sustainability Plan