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R e p u b l i c of

L AT V I A


COST OF PLANTS' RARITY For permanent resident of Latvia

Average wage in Republic of Latvia per month ........................................................... £226.73 Minimum wage in Republic of Latvia per month ....................................................... £158.58 Average income in the United Kingdom per month ..................................................... £1 900 Minimum wage in the United Kingdom per month ................................................ £1 030.32 Official unemployment rate in Latvia ............................................................................... 19.5% Unofficial unemployment rate in Latvia .............................................................................. 47% Official unemployment rate in the United Kingdom ........................................................ 7.7% Rate of Latvian residents working outside Latvia on low-wage jobs ............................ ~­50%

Average food prices Meat — EUR 6/kg; frankfurters, sausages — EUR 5/kg; chicken — EUR 4.5/kg; cheese — EUR 6 –15/kg; milk — EUR 1/litre; bread — EUR 0.5 –1; potatoes — EUR 0.5/ kg; beer price in shops — EUR 1 –2/500 ml). An average restaurant meal costs between EUR 7 and EUR 30. The price of electricity is LVL 7.10/100 kWh (EUR 10.10/100kwh), while the average price per litre of fuel is LVL 0.75 (EUR 1.06). 30 – 40% of the average monthly wage is spent on rent and utility payments. Average consumer prices in Latvia do not differ significantly from average prices in other European countries.

It is impossible for 1∕2 of Latvian permanent residents to go abroad.


VISCUM ALBUM Baltais āmulis / Mistletoe

Very rare. Mostly in two vicinities in SW and SE part. Solitarily specimens and groups on deciduous trees: mostly maple, apple, poplar and lime.

Illustration: “Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen” 1796


PA ST 10 000 BC – 19TH CENTURY West and south of Latvia 56°74’06’74”N 21°07’17’77”W and 56°25’09’8”N, 25°22,46,09”W

MANY YE AR S AGO

Baltic Sea

Estonia

Daugava

Latvia

Lithuania

• To see this plant:

FREE •


PRESENT 10 000 BC – NOWADAYS Malmö, Scania, Sweden 55°35′N 13°02′E

25/10/2010 – 26/10/2010

• Train, Daugavpils — Riga (Latvia), 6.10 ­– 9.05 .............................................................. £6.47 Bus, Riga Railroad Station — Riga Airport ...................................................................... £0.62 Meal at Lido restaurant, Riga Airport ...................................................................................... £8 Riga — Stockholm (Sweden), flight by AirBaltic, 6.45 – 6.55 .................................. £371.01 Stockholm — Malmö (Sweden), flight by AirBaltic, 10.00 – 11.05 ................................ £ — Lunch at Hollandia restaurant ............................................................................................. £3.87 To rent a Toyota Aygo to go outside the city .................................................................. £66.52 Dinner at McDonalds restaurant .............................................................................................. £5 One night stay at STF Vandrarhem Malmö City Hostel .............................................. £22.45 Lunch at Malmö Airport ............................................................................................................ £3 Malmö — Stockholm, flight by AirBaltic, 9.40 – 10.40 .................................................... £ — Stockholm — Riga, flight by AirBaltic, 14.05 – 16.20 ....................................................... £ — Meal at Lido restaurant, Riga Airport ...................................................................................... £8 Bus, Riga Airport — Railway Station ................................................................................ £0.62 Train, Daugavpils — Riga, 17.05 –­ 21.07 .......................................................................... £6.47

• Total:

£ 502.03 •


PINGUICULA ALPINA Alpu Kreimule / Alpine Butterwort •

Very rare. Extinct from the only natural locality on the limestone cliff in the Daugava valley (overflooded in 1965). Re-planted onto two similar habitats in central Latvia, but recent searching there failed.

Illustration: “Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen” 1796


PA ST 30 000 BC – 20TH CENTURY Staburags cliff, Daugava river, Pļavinas region, Latvia 56°57’98’16”N 25°48’96’55”W

1964

Baltic Sea

Estonia

Daugava

Latvia

Lithuania

• To see this plant:

FREE •


PRESENT 30 000 000 BC – NOWADAYS Tromso, Norway 56°57’98’16”N 25°48’96’55”W

20/10/2010 – 21/10/2010

• Train, Daugavpils — Riga, 6.10 ­– 9.05 .............................................................................. 6.47£ Bus, Riga Railroad Station — Riga Airport ...................................................................... 0.62£ Meal ar Lido restaurant at Riga Airport ................................................................................... 3£ Riga — Oslo (Norway), flight by Norwegian.com airlines, 13.55 – 14.25 ................... 206£ Oslo — Tromso (Norway), flight by Norwegian.com airlines, 21.05 – 23.05 .............. — £ One night stay at St. Elisabeth Hotell Og Helsehus ...................................................... 64.21£ Taxi outside Tromso ................................................................................................................. 10£ Tromso — Oslo, flight by Norwegian.com airlines, 21.05 – 23.05 ................................. — £ Oslo — Riga, flight by Norwegian.com airlines, 13.55 – 14.25 ....................................... — £ Meal ar McDonalds restaurant near Railway Station ............................................................ 3£ Bus, Riga Airport — Railway Station ................................................................................ 0.62£ Train, Daugavpils — Riga, 16.10 ­– 19.05 ............................................................................. 10£

• Total:

£303.92 •


TAXUS BACCATA Parastā īve / European Yew

Very rare, mostly along the coastline. Solitarily specimens and small groups in forests.

Illustration: “Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen” 1796


PA ST 30 000 BC – 20TH CENTURY West of Latvia near bay of Riga 57°31’16’91”N, 24°51’87’38”W and 57°02’12’99”N, 23°39’53’86”W

MANY YE AR S AGO

Baltic Sea

Estonia

Daugava

Latvia

Lithuania

• To see this plant:

FREE •


PRESENT 30 000 000 BC – NOWADAYS Gdansk, Poland 56°57’98’16”N 25°48’96’55”W

22/10/2010 – 23/10/2010

• Train, Daugavpils — Riga (Latvia), 6.10 ­– 9.05 .............................................................. £6.47 Bus, Riga Railroad Station — Riga Airport ...................................................................... £0.62 Meal ar Lido restaurant at Riga Airport ................................................................................... £8 Riga — Copenhagen (Denmark) flight by AirBaltic, 6.55 – 7.25 ............................ £371.01 Copenhagen — Gdansk (Poland), flight by AirBaltic, 9.10 – 10.10 ............................... £ — One night stay at Hotel Dal, Gdansk ..................................................................................... £36 Taxi outside Gdansk ................................................................................................................. £20 Gdansk — Copenhagen, flight by Cimber Air, 10.40 – 11.40 .......................................... £ — Copenhagen — Riga, flight by AirBaltic, 13.30 – 16.30 ................................................... £ — Meal ar Lido restaurant at Riga Airport ................................................................................... £4 Bus, Riga Airport — Railway Station ................................................................................ £0,62 Train, Daugavpils — Riga (Latvia), 16.10 ­– 19.05 .......................................................... £6.47

• Total:

£453.95 •


ERICA TETRALIX Grīņa sārtene / Cross-leaved Heath

Very rare. Usually monodominant groups in shady broad-leaved forests and shrubs.

Illustration: “Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen” 1796


PA ST 30 000 BC – 20TH CENTURY Nortwest coast and southwest part of Latvia 57°58’65’59”N, 21°90’12’45”W and 56°65’01’87”N, 22°23’63’28”W

MANY YE AR S AGO

Baltic Sea

Estonia

Daugava

Latvia

Lithuania

• To see this plant:

FREE •


PRESENT 30 000 000 BC – NOWADAYS Copenhagen, Denmark 55°67’75’84”N, 12°56’83’59”W

30/10/2010 – 31/10/2010

• Train Daugavpils — Riga (Latvia), 6.10 ­– 9.05 ............................................................... £6.47 Bus, Riga Railroad Station — Riga Airport ...................................................................... £0.62 Meal ar Lido restaurant at Riga Airport ................................................................................... £8 Riga — Copenhagen (Denmark) flight by AirBaltic, 11.50 – 12.50 ........................ £420.08 Bus to go outside the city and back .......................................................................................... £6 Dinner at Forno a Legna restaurant ......................................................................................... £5 One night stay at Danhostel Copenhagen City .............................................................. £22.26 Riga — Copenhagen, flight by AirBaltic, 15.05 – 17.40 .................................................... £ — Bus, Riga Airport — Railway Station ................................................................................ £0,62 Dinner at McDonalds near Railway Station ........................................................................... £5 Bus, Daugavpils — Riga, 19.10 –­ 23.05 ............................................................................. £7.89 Incidental expenses ................................................................................................................... £30

• Total:

£511.94 •


HEDERA HELIX Baltijas efeja / Baltic Ivy •

Very rare. Western coastal part only. Groups in broad-leaved forests.

Illustration: Flora Batava of Afbeelding en Beschrijving van Nederlandsche Gewassen, VIII Deel. 1844


PA ST 30 000 BC – 20TH CENTURY West coast of Latvia 56°92’69’93”N, 21°28’05’18”W

MANY YE AR S AGO

Estonia Baltic Sea

Daugava

Latvia

Lithuania

• To see this plant:

FREE •


PRESENT 30 000 000 BC – NOWADAYS Bastia, Corsica, France 42°69’85’86”N, 9°44’68’69”W

06/11/2010 – 07/11/2010

• Bus, Daugavpils — Riga, 02.10 –­ 04.05 ............................................................................. £6.47 Bus No. 22, Riga city centre – Riga Airport ...................................................................... £0.62 Meal at Riga Airport ................................................................................................................... £6 Riga — Copenhagen (Denmark), flight by SAS, 6.50 – 7.30 .................................... £731.59 Copenhagen — Nice (France), flight by SAS, 8.50 – 11.15 ............................................. £ — Nice — Bastia, Corsica (France), flight by Air Corsica, 12.15 – 13.05 .......................... £ — Bus to Bastia city .................................................................................................................... £7.93 Dinner at Chez Hubert Tempete ........................................................................................ £9.46 One night stay at two star Sud Hôtel ............................................................................... £39.13 Taxi .............................................................................................................................................. £20 Bastia — Nice, flight by Air Corsica, 8.00 – 8.50 ............................................................... £ — Nice — Oslo (Norway), flight by SAS, 12.40 – 15.35 ....................................................... £ — Oslo — Riga, flight by SAS, 20.55 – 23.25 .......................................................................... £ — Bus No. 22, airport of Riga — Riga railroad station ........................................................ £0,62 Trolleybus, Riga railroad station — brother’s flat at Mežciems, Riga ........................... £0,62 Night at brother family's flat .................................................................................................. Free Trolleybus, brother’s flat at Mežciems, Riga — Riga railroad station ........................... £0,62 Dinner at McDonalds near Railway Station ........................................................................... £5 Bus, Daugavpils — Riga, 13.10 –­ 17.05 ............................................................................. £7.89 Incidental expenses ................................................................................................................... £30

• Total to see this plant:

£865.95 •


PRIMULA FARINOSA Bezdelīgactiņa / Bird’s-eye Primrose

Very rare.

Illustration: “British Entomology” 1824 / 1825


PA ST 30 000 BC – 20TH CENTURY Central part of Latvia 56°67’43’38”N, 24°16’99’22”W

MANY YE AR S AGO

Baltic Sea

Estonia

Daugava

Latvia

Lithuania

• To see this plant:

FREE •


PRESENT 30 000 000 BC – NOWADAYS Barcelona, Spain 41°41’49’25”N, 2°16’53’37”W

08/11/2010 – 09/11/2010

• Train Daugavpils — Riga, 6.10 ­– 9.05 ............................................................................... £6.47 Bus No. 22, Riga city centre — Riga Airport .................................................................... £0.62 Breakfast ar Lido restaurant at Riga Airport ........................................................................... £8 Riga — Milan (Italy) flight by Ryanair, 11.10 – 12.50 ..................................................... £191 Milan — Barcelona (Spain) flight by Ryanair, 21.00 – 22.40 ........................................... £ — Taxi ................................................................................................................................................ £8 Dinner at Devil’s Kitchen ..................................................................................................... £3.78 One night stay at Residencia Melon District Marina .................................................... £43.48 Barcelona — London (United Kingdom), flight by easyJet, 19.55 – 21.20 ................... £ — London — Riga flight by Ryanair, 6.05 – 10.40 ................................................................. £ — Bus No. 22, Riga Airport — Railway Station .................................................................... £0,62 Bus, airport of Riga — Riga railroad station ..................................................................... £0,62 Bus, Riga railroad station — brother’s flat at Mežciems, Riga ....................................... £0,62 Night at brother family’s flat .................................................................................................. Free Bus, brother’s flat at Mežciems, Riga — Riga railroad station ....................................... £0,62 Dinner at McDonalds near Railway Station ........................................................................... £5 Bus Daugavpils — Riga, 13.10 –­ 17.05 .............................................................................. £7.89 Incidental expenses ................................................................................................................... £30

• Total to see this plant:

£306.07 •


NEOTTIANTHE CUCULLATA Cepurainā neotiante / Neottianthe

Very rare. Two localities in southern Latvia only. Solitarily specimens and small groups in pine and mixed forests.

Illustration: “Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen” 1796


PA ST 30 000 BC – 20TH CENTURY South of Latvia 56°40’78’23”N, 25°04’88’28”W

MANY YE AR S AGO

Baltic Sea

Estonia

Daugava

Latvia

Lithuania

• To see this plant:

FREE •


PRESENT 30 000 000 BC – NOWADAYS Minsk, Belarus 53°88’49’16”N, 27°54’27’25”W

30/10/2010 – 31/10/2010

• Cost of visa to visit Republic of Belarus (2 weeks to make) ........................................ £22.03 Bus, Daugavpils — Minsk (Belarus), 11.45 – 19.20 ..................................................... £20.62 Dinner somewhere ...................................................................................................................... £6 One night stay at Minsk hotel ......................................................................................... £114.12 Breakfast at hotel cafe ................................................................................................................. £2 Bus to go outside the city and back .................................................................................... £0.50 Bus, Minsk – Daugavpils, 21.30 – 4.10 ............................................................................ £22.03 Incidental expenses ................................................................................................................... £30

• Total to see this plant:

£207.30 •


ERYNGIUM MARITIMUM Jūrmalas zilpodze / Sea-holly

Very rare. Western coastal part only. Groups in dunes.

Illustration: Flora Batava. 2. Deel.: Kops, Jan 1807


PA ST 30 000 BC – 20TH CENTURY North coast of Latvia 57°69’82’77”N, 22°48’90’14”W

MANY YE AR S AGO

Baltic Sea

Estonia

Daugava

Latvia

Lithuania

• To see this plant:

FREE •


PRESENT 30 000 000 BC – NOWADAYS Nantes, France 47°22’98’27”N, -1°56’69’25”W

30/10/2010 – 31/10/2010

• Bus, Daugavpils — Riga, 9.15 ­– 13.00 ............................................................................... £7.89 Bus No. 22, Riga city centre — Riga Airport .................................................................... £0.62 Breakfast at Čili Pizza, Riga Airport ......................................................................................... £3 Riga — Prague (Czech Republic), flight by KLM, 15.15 – 16.00 .................................. £758 Prague — Amsterdam (Netherlands), flight by KLM, 17.05 – 18.40 ............................. £ — Amsterdam — Nantes (France), flight by Air France, 20.45 – 22.15 .............................. £ — Dinner at La Pasta pizzeria ................................................................................................... £7.57 One night stay at Quality Hotel & Suites Nantes Atlantique ...................................... £34.78 Taxi to go outside the city ....................................................................................................... £50 Nantes — Amsterdam, flight by Air France, 7.10 – 8.40 ................................................... £ — Amsterdam — Prague, flight by Air France, 9.25 – 10.40 ................................................. £ — Prague — Riga, flight by KLM, 11.40 – 14.30 .................................................................... £ — Bus No. 22, Riga Airport — Railway Station .................................................................... £0,62 Dinner at McDonalds near Railway Station ........................................................................... £5 Bus, Daugavpils — Riga, 19.10 –­ 23.05 ............................................................................. £7.89 Incidental expenses ................................................................................................................... £30

• Total to see this plant:

£905.37 •


EQUISETUM TELMATEIA Lielā kosa / Great Horsetail

Very rare. One habitat on the wet, rich in springs slope of riverbank. A stable group.

Illustration: “Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen” 1796


PA ST 30 000 BC – 20TH CENTURY Western part of Latvia 57°39’76’24”N, 22°21’43’55”W

MANY YE AR S AGO

Baltic Sea

Estonia

Daugava

Latvia

Lithuania

• To see this plant:

FREE •


PRESENT 30 000 000 BC – NOWADAYS Copenhagen, Denmark 55°67’75’84”N, 12°50’24’41”W

10/10/2010 – 11/10/2010

• Train, Daugavpils — Riga, 6.10 ­– 9.05 .............................................................................. £6.47 Bus No. 22, Riga Railroad Station — Riga Airport ......................................................... £0.62 Meal ar Lido restaurant at Riga Airport ................................................................................... £8 Riga — Copenhagen (Denmark), flight by AirBaltic, 12.55 – 13.30 ....................... £365.94 Bus to go outside the city and back .......................................................................................... £6 Dinner at Forno a Legna restaurant ......................................................................................... £5 One night stay at Danhostel Copenhagen City .............................................................. £22.26 Copenhagen — Riga, flight by AirBaltic, 15.05 – 17.40 ................................................... £ — Bus Riga Airport — Railway Station ................................................................................. £0,62 Dinner at McDonalds near Railway Station ........................................................................... £5 Bus, Daugavpils — Riga, 19.10 –­ 23.05 ............................................................................. £7.89 Incidental expenses ................................................................................................................... £30

• Total to see this plant:

£457.80 •


ASTRANTIA MAJOR Lielā zvaigznīte / Great Masterwort

Very rare. In a small vicinity in central southern Latvia. Groups in deciduous forests and shrubs, mostly in river valleys. Occurs as ornamental plant in some old parks throughout the country.

Illustration: “Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen” 1796


PA ST 30 000 BC – 20TH CENTURY Southern Latvia 56°35’91’64”N, 24°46’65’53”W

MANY YE AR S AGO

Baltic Sea

Estonia

Daugava

Latvia

Lithuania

• To see this plant:

FREE •


PRESENT 30 000 000 BC – NOWADAYS Istanbul, Turkey 41°01’92’83”,N 28°96’27’08”W

14/11/2010 – 15/11/2010

• Visa + tickets to go and order it and then take it in Riga .................................................... £95 Bus, Daugavpils — Riga, 5.20 ­– 9.10 ................................................................................. £7.89 Bus No. 22, Riga city centre – Riga Airport ...................................................................... £0.62 Anton Chekhov book ............................................................................................................... £10 Lunch at airport ........................................................................................................................... £6 Riga — Istanbul (Turkey), flight by AirBaltic, 11.20 – 14.20 ................................... £264.88 Taxi to go outside the city and back .................................................................................... ~­£50 Dinner at Alexander Istanbul Modern ..................................................................................... £5 One night stay at Albatros Premier Hotel ....................................................................... £42.45 Breakfast + lunch atKahve Dunyasi .......................................................................................... £2 Istanbul — Riga, flight by Air Baltic, 15.05 – 18..00 .......................................................... £ — Bus Riga Airport — Railway Station ................................................................................. £0,62 Dinner at McDonalds near Railway Station ..................................................................... £4.50 Bus ,Daugavpils — Riga, 19.10 ­– 23.05 ............................................................................. £7.89 Incidental expenses ................................................................................................................... £30

• Total to see this plant:

£509.74 •



Rare Plants of Republic of Latvia