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S`c]b^Rlbe X _^RU`e1-!^ab]l1e R^T9cZ^baZ^S^ _^[c^ab`^RP || [Xf`^eX\. \PbU`XP[lb. 1965. \ 39. a. 15_21. 329' ? b_`U\oba ^ R 0'$. [U^Z`X^[^SXgUaZXU ^a^QU]]^abXPZb(c\c[obXR]l[e QU`US^Rlbed^`_[ aURU`]l;e \^`UY ||\b|PbU`_P[lb !11| 8aUa^b^W. \U>ZRUT^\ab. a^RUi. _^ SU^Z`X^[^SXX. 1lb_. 6. {ZcbaZ' |966. a.81*95. 330' ? b`^XbU[l]l1U ]^`\l1 X _`PRX[P. Da]^RP]Xo X dc]TP\U]bl1 ]P RUg]^\U`3[l1e S`c]bPe. ? !X|[ 2.^2.04_88.1'^aab`^Yaaa@.\., 1990, 33|. ? c\Ph] 04.1.1Ug]Po \U`W[^bP_^gRl{ R _`UTU[Pe aaa@.1[PTXR^-

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333. 7^[ac_fef]

1985.

335. |^\QU`U !{.14' ){'[cRhbU]XU aR^YabRaU3^]]^_`^\U`WP}^iXe _UagP]l1e S`c]b^R S{^a`UTabR^\a^[UR^Y^Q`PQ^bZX// 3PZ`U_[U]X9 X c_[^b]U]XU S`c]b^R R ab`^XbUTlabRU.1(XUR' 1974. 336. |`^Xl1ZfY ? "/!' 9UbRU`bX]]l1U ^b[^eU]Xo X `U[lUd `PR]X]]l1e _^QU`U>ZXY 1]XaUYaZ^S^WP[XRPX _`X[USP}^iUY'bPabX S^` 1lb``P]SP.

\4.: !PcZP, 1966.

337. [`^dja\^R 1.7., 1Pqc @.1., ['cQfZ^R [.71. {`\^bU]]^U ab`^U]XUX [lTXab^abl \]^S^[Ub]U\U`W[l]e _^`^T3PbbPT]^-? XQX`aZ^Y_[Xblb. \4.: !1WT-R^\4[}, 1980.246 a. 338. 7` ^dX\^R 1.!., 1 PaX[l]c Z,!9.(. (`X^SU]UbXgUaZXUbX_l1 ^b[^>ZU]XY X b^[i _`XQ`Ue<]lbe PZZc\c[obXR]lbe `PR]X] 3P_PT]^-? XQX`aZ^Y _[Xbl! || |{`X^[ccb^SU]UWR ^Q[PabX h`XQ`U>Z]l:e PZZc\c[obXR]l{e `PR]X] R aRoWXa Xe ]UdbUSPW^]^a]^ablS^.\4': {{4WT-R^Y[},

1988. a. 51-54' 339. 7c\aZ^Y R.1.1U`\^ZP`ab X US^`^[l R `PWRXbXX`US11^]P \^`o )1P_bURlbe R _^WT]U\ _[UYab^fU]U X S^[^fU]U: 0Rb^`Ud. TXU. ... ZP]T. SU^[.-\X]. ]PcZ. \4.: !1WT-R^1!1[}' 2002. 116 a. 340. 7b^c_b^]^R!'1.0.[[`^fUaalb X3\U]U]Xo X _`U^Q`PW^RP]Xo_^1]R X S^`]l1e S{^`^T_`X ^b`XfPbUTl]^Y bU\_U`Pbc`U. \4.: }}4WT_R^0] aaa@, 1960.

341. 7b^c_S^]^R!,1.0. 3RUTU]XU R bU^`X}^d^`\X`^RP]Xo \U`W[l1e _^`^T. ^ ] aaa@'196|. 1\1.: @1WT-R0 342. 7b^b_b^]^R!,1.0., ,\U`QU]URP@1'!+4'||`^o]^abl 3Pa^[U]]l]e S`c]b^R R \U`W[^\ a^ab^o]XX R WPRXaX\^abX^b e!1\XgUaZ^S^a^abPRP]PalbiP}^iXe `PabR^`^R||(Q. b`. ]XX^a_. 1970. 1lb_' 59. 343. !ZPWP]Xo_^ _`^UZbX`^RP]X}^^a]^RP]XY X dc]TP\U]b^R ]P 3Pa^[U]]l|e X aX[l]^[lTXabl1e S`c]bPe. a]450-'/2. \4.: ? b`^YXWTPb,|9]4. 344. 7]b_U`ahb_UY]U` @.[X]P\XZP \^`aZ^S^[lTP X [UT]XZ^R X Xe `^[l R XW\U]U]Xoe Z[X\PbP // DXWXgUaZXU^a]^Rl1 bU^`XXZ[X\PbP X US^ \^TU[X`^RP]Xo. .[[.: [XT`^_[UbXWTPb,19]1 . a.210 - 226.

345. 7`c_^R 0.&. 0Wc.bU]XUaZ^`^abUYR aUYa\^`P3RUTZU.Y.: 1UT`P, 1966.

346' |a^R 3.,4. 1(`X^SU]]^Uab`^U]XU X ^a^QU]]^abXd^`\X`^RPfXo \]^-

S^[Ub]U\U`W[l]e ^b[^)ZU]XY [PSc]]^S^ QU`USP(]P _`X\U`U ^' 1X[lZXfZ^S^ R ZP`aZ^\ \^`U) // \4U`W[^b]lbUXaa[UT^RP]Xo. 1lb_. 7. \4.: YWT-R^\Sc' 1967. 34]. 7e^R a.1' ^6 XaZcaaRU]]^\ WPa^[U]XXacS[X]Xabl1e S`c]b^R T[o ab`^XbU[labRP R WX\]UU R`U\o || 0WR.1)/3^R. ? b`^XbU[labR^X P`eXbUZbc`P. 1959. \ 1. 348. /e^R ? .1.3[Xo]XU XaZcaabRU]]^S^3Pa^[U]Xo X `Paa^[U]Xo aRoW]l1e S`c]b^R ]P Xe dXWXZ^-1c{UeP]XgUaZXUaR^YabRP// Da]^RP]Xo, dc]TP\U]bl] X \UeP]XZP S`c]b^R. 1961' \ 3.

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\U`W[^S^S`c]bP // YUeP]XZP S`c]b^R X dc]TP\U]b^ab`^U]XU. ? [[Q., 1995. a. 19-25. 350. DPW^RlbYa^abPRR[PSX R \U`W[l1e _^`^TPe/ [{^T `UT. 3.,[. 1`b[^RP'

\4.: {4WT-R^\Sc' 1979. 351. DUq^a^R0.1. DXWXZ^-\UeP]XgUaZXU_`^fUaalb R S`c]bPe _`X Xe _`^\U`WP]XX X ^bbPXRP]XX. \4.: ?`P]a>ZU[T^`XWTPb,1935. 352. DUqb^ZbP] !'!.1., D`^[^R 0.!., [caUR 1.1.3[cbo]XU WPa^[U]]^ab11]P

m[UZb`XgUaZXU aR^YabRP\U`W.b{l1e S`c]b^R || \^Z[. 0] aaa@.1979. 1lb_'244. [! 4. a. 941-944. 353. Dja[h\^]^RP }|.|. [U^eX\Xo db^`P R aURU`^bPU>Z]l]e \U`W[^b]l1e [P]T:hPdbPe 0[TP]aZ^S^ ]PS^`lo || [U^eX\Xo [P]Tb_Pdb^R X _`^fUaal1 SX_U`SU]UWP.\4.:

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a.

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1990.

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365.

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328

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1973.

@.D. }1UT]XZf X _P[U^SU^S`PdXo_[UYab^fU]P. Y.:

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4.

31

1RUf^R \ .a. Z R^_`^ac^ TXPSU]UWU// \4U>ZTc]P`. aUTX\U]b^[^SXgUaZXY Z^]S`Uaa.1960.

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a. W_51. D'1.[U^eX\Xo \^`aZXe X ^ZUP]XgUaZXeX[^Rl1e R^T. \4.:

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a.252-290. 1_^[o]aZPo !.0. \4U`W[^b]PoW^]P[Xb^adU`lb 3P_PT]^Y ? XQX`X Sb

bU]TU]1{XX UU `PWRXbXo.\.' 1981. 168 a.

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fUabRU]]l{e :WTP]XY ]P RUg]^\U`W[l1e S`c]bPe. ]1., 1987.

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406. @f1!a^c 6'!., |cP_^cP !'{.|., 0/aWU_^c7.1. @^SUW^1f{]^_R^{ [S^PU_9S^h_6 P_6 1SR `S^`US1|UR// @S^aUU6|_9W 5a, }'b 1_|US_. ? ^bb[. ^_ @USS_P[S^R|, 1S^_0|-bU]bb,}e1^ShPc. 1988. @.33W-338.

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408. @|!_b.T?.!. 6]Pa|P] P_6 @1U1W|^aU_6UU^|^9c.h.c.-[. 1957. @jfSlf1US3 [ ., 1US33SU_0.-[. \4Ua}bP_!aP|`S^`Ub{!U1^{ {S^:aU_ RP]|_U a1PcW||@S^aUU6|_9R,5|}b 1_|US_. ? ^_[. ^_ @USS_P[b^R]|S,^_41bU1:b,}'{^Sb\Pc. 1988. !^1.2. @. 1078_1084. 410. ]fh!/<1W 0.R.' 1U!SSP97'Rb Ue`US|S_U_|U11U_{_}_|UPRfa}bf_T 6UR \#PRRUS_Pa]"bRa}:f6W |_ U{_US_3U{S|U:U_0U_ 1^_6U_ f_0 a||U 11cPbU|1h_9 0US !'S9U5_|RWU// }|UW.)^_1. 1_9S. 0_|b. 5ahaa9PS1' 1968' 105 `. 4|7. 6SU3USWUD _., @0h!aP_ 0., !^0P_;^_ 7. 1_91_UUS{_9 `S^`USb{URP_6 [^lS_4 |_{Ubb. ? ^_{. @S^a. 6P||^_ 6UR19_ |_ S_PS]_Ua1Pc, 5bP16PS6 // @USbbP{S^R|,

409.

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4|2. 6SU3USWU_D., 1!4R_'P^U_ [' @USS_P[S^Ra{^_6!||^_R|_ |1bU R}b^SUPbUP P( 5cP]1PS6 || @S^a.,5|}b 1_SUbb' ? ^_{. @USS_P{S^R11,S^_6}bU|S_.}{^ShPc. !^1. 2. @.9WW_9W6. 6^fSS ? .6.' /c{PSW|^P|!7.]., |]fbb^_ "/'7. \4^cUS_U_|^{ hP|US !_ W^]16fU |^ P |Uh`USP|fSU 9SP6{U_| // 5^11 5a1. 1952' !^1' 74. h 5. @.3W5_345. 414. |1P4!Uc @.0. 1}:USS_P11c Pa|hP|U6 S_^|R|fSUS_!9SP||^_ 1_ 3SP_h1PS bbU6|P // 1SP_R. 0S_US. 6U^`}bcR. {-]_1^_, 1952.@' 6\5_62W' 415. !P|!Ub 3. 5^1f|U SU6]RaS!6fa|^_|_ {SUUP|_99S^h_6 ||@b^a.3S6!_|Ubb. ? ^_['

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@USS_P11^R{1, 6S_^_|^_, 1978. !^1. 1. @.85_91. 416. !7P_aUb ].0. Ub a/. @USbbP{S^R| P_6 [S^PU_Rf6-W{P 6^|{^b_bbP|US|P]R!_ ||U W^f|}bUS_8UPf{^S| R1P // 1UPf{^S| RUP 1Ua1'b_1aP1 @U`.1976. h 22. 114 `. \.1.-| . |91 1 . 411 . !{!||U! ). 5^{1 P_0 hP|US || 0aP6' @SURW, 4|8. |]!c^_ !. 1U}:Pc1^fb ^{ RP11_U {S^PU_R^]1a // !6S_^_S^_, 01QUSSP'1991. 4|9. |]^U*Wb['P@' 1|bU `}bcR|aR P_6 a1-bUS_|R|Sc^[ {S^PU_R^11R// @|ThPc @UW. 8^PS0 5`Ua. @U`.51. 1969. @.18_90. 420. |]^b_U&.0. '|}:U 5|bfa|fSU ^{ @P|USP_6 ? }bUS_|W|Sc^{ S}:U !c0S^W`1-bUSU. 0 6!c1R|^_ ^[ ]^}:_ \{11Uc & 5^_R. }''{'}.-|^_6^_${'|1Uc-!_SUbWa1U_aU. 5c6_Uc-1^b^_a^1. 969. 421. !f!a|^U^_1|'|-. }1^|R(fSU 0^h |_6faU0 6c {1Ub'bbP1 9SP61U_{R b\|a1-:|_ f_RP1fSP|U6 R^|1R|| |7b90\a' &Ul. 1^Pb6, 5`Ua. &U`. 40. 1958. @.1 13-133. 422' !^_UR|]., (^|P_*U |!.10^ |_{1fU_aU ^{ R^|1 S_^]R|fSU !U_R|^_ ^_ cP`^S

S_^cUS_U_1^{ R^|1 hP1US // 5.5. 0S_US'@b^a].952. !^1. 16. }{ 3. Uc^]f[!^_ ^[ RP11 1P[Ul !_ b}SU 423. |{UPP.^ ? YU_, 1^_!US!.[4.[P|U @1U!R|^aU_U !P{6PS_ 8PR1_, !|_T}[P] @S^c{_aU,(1"c\_P ||@P1U^9U^9SP`1'bc,@P1U^Ua^1^Tc, 54' @P]U^a1|S_Pa^1^9c1.986. 424. &b"*0Pb_ @.' @Ui 6./]' 5^S_U|UR|R ^[ S1'bU 6|[hW]^_!1-bU^Sc P_6 1PhR ^{ aP`-

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428. 04Pa/aPc -/.!. @!_9^R^[ b}-bU 1h[S^cP(ah( @U_1_lf1P 0SUP \^S1}-bhUR1 1USS||^S|UR||6U^S9.@}b|R.!hPSa. 1979. !^|. 33' h 1. @.3_6]. 429. YP0PS ].!., ||!!W^_'@'@1.,1/!_W^_ 7.5. @1:cR!aP1P_0 b-bfS_US|aP1^{ f_hPe]P| [SUUP!_T |_ P WP1|_U8SPcU1 ||@USS_P11^W @|.1.? P_. 1983'

430. 041!|US |.[-., !^/m_W^[_.0. @b].U$U{1!US_U_{1_ RP1|_U `USb_P{S^R|:P aPWU1-b1Ra^Sc// @S^a.5a}[ ? P_. @USS_P{S^R{? ^_{. !hUQUa ? !Sc, !hU6Ua. @.37]_W78. 431' 04^|b_P__ 7.,3U__URU! !. (.PW[!_ `1PaU a^_aSU[9 `|1UR |_ `USbbP{S^R1// @U;:bP{S^R|.6 |_bUbb. (^_1'. 1U|.]|_3, ? }[1_P. 1993. @.111481. 432. /\4^b3U_3[US_ !\,| .Z.5|Sfa|fSP1 P_6 `}[cR!a^a}SUS_1aP1U1[Ua| 1^_ `S^`US||UR^[

a\Pc ||@b^a.7{l155\@R. \4Ue|a^.1969. !^1. 5. 433. 04^S_US//.0. 1}:U [P|U !hP|UbbPS! }b!Rb^S|^S |_U ZP1|U8Pa 5]P ;b_6 |}bU 5hU0!R1-b ? ^PR|,}U91Pa]P|!^_,5 |^SU1UcU1,? }bS^_^1^91,!R^R|PWc P_6 @hR|PRc. 5a^a]<}S^1bb.1969. 5US. ? . 640 `. @.@|.^_|a bb^Q|11bc1_ `UShP1?^R| // @US:bP[S^81.2_P 1_1US_.

434. 04fSSb_P__

? ^_[. {P|f|WZ.191W. 435' /']P!P_^ [ ', |!aU 0.[. 1SP_W`^S|^{ bcP|US 0hU |^ P |Uh`USP|hSU 9SP6!U_S 1_ f_WP|hSP1U6 [S^PU_a|Pc || (^16 &U9|^_ 5a|. P_0 1Ua1-b_^1^9c.1990. !^1. 18. @' 51-15. 436. ]\,|U!W^_(.!e[ .' 1'0^_P`m^_']'.6'0U`^R|a|^_^{ RP1|R [S^:bRUP hP|US Qc [S|3U6 a^_aU_[SP|]^_|| ].\|Pb. &UR. 1954. h 13. @.166_]82. 43]. ]\'/1e^_ "[.!. @1SR|? P_P0!P_ 6U^aUa}:_]aP]? ^11^gh1hbb: @^h_6P|1^_ 6UR13_ P``S^Pa1-bUR1_ `USS_P[S^W| PSUP5 || ? P_.6U^|Ua1-b. 197R, !^1. 15.

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0_a}b^SP3U,0|(. @UQShPSc24-26.1986. @.151-759. 442. @^f_7US!'!. 1}bU @1bcR!aR^{ |aU || @USTP:b^_ @SURW D,e{^S0,

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443. @UccU7.['., 5U!!_.bP__ @.|. 6U^^}-bUS_!R{f^[ `US:bP[S^R|P_6 ghP|US_PSc 51SP68SP`Xc // @USS_P[S^R|. 2_P ]_|US_. ? ^_[. {P[hSR&' @PR1-:!_3a^_.}.? . 191W'@.\66-170. 444. @0PSS6./c4., 6^]PcPSb! @.5. 0 a^bb`Pb1W^_ ^{ a}bU aSUU`6U|-bPb|^S^[ RP11_U |aU P_6 [S^:U_ RP1|_U D||PhP RP_6 P| 8 6U9.? || (^16 @U3|^_W 5a|. P_6 1Ua}_^1^Tc.1987. !^1. 14' @.21W-219' 445 . @ 0PSS 6

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450.5U3^ |.? .' ? 0USbmU_|a^|. ? ^_[1_|::9 `SU5$fSU |_1']hU_aU ^_ |1-bU R|SU_911-b ^{ [S^PU_RP1]_U RP_q || @S^aUU01_9R ? ^16 @U9!^:bR1_91_UUS!_9 5`Ua. ? ^:b1'. \4^_|SUP1,!hU6Ua, ? P_P6P. 1984. @' 565*578. 451 . 3U!!b_P_ @.\/ .,

? 0P_W6US!P!_? ,.] . @USb_P{S^W| QU_UP1}b{1-'bU 1UPf[^S| 51P : \|PS !.1_Ub9 &UW.1Ua1b_^]^T).1980. !^]. 102. 1.

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!^1. 175. @.816-818. 454.50U`PS4 !.@. ?}:1Sac-@]cU|}b^fRP_6 {UPSW^[ 5UP !UcU1 // 5PRPc |_ \4PS1_U 6U^1^9c |_ !^Sb^f;S. [^R 0_9U|UR' 1963. 455. 5bfa/'Ubb 1., 0'|PYPS [. @^1U^S 1aU a^_|U_| |_ |1-bU 5(SU_8|l ^[ 1]^PU_ WP]!_U a^PSWU9SP!_U6 W^|1W 1_9|_UUS1b"b9 5`Ua. ? ^_[. || @S^a.? ^10 @U91^_W &1^_{SUP], !hU1Ua, ? P_P0P. 1984. @.519*581. 456.7P1US 5. 1}[U !1Ua1-bP_|R:b ^[{S^R|1-bUP\|_9//).6U^1^9c.1930. !^1' 38. h 4. 451 .

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459.03^!!_! @'? ', 0_7USW^bP|./c4. {^_!a bb|3SPa1^_ ]_ {S^PU_0_aPSaa|a R^!1 // 0_|PSa||a. ].h.5. 1972. !^1. 7. h 4. @"112*|\W. 460.\|[}UX,UUSP!]., !^W/[[!.6. |_1]fU_aU ^[ WP1|_|ac^_ |1-bU a^bb`SUWR1\RUaSU_T|}b QU1-bPc1^S ^{ [S^:U_ R^]1W// @USb_P{S^R1. 6 !_|US_. ? ^_[. 8U!.1!_9, ? [b]_P. 1993. 461 .1,|!!!!P_'bW@."/. [.]_[S^PU_\cP|US a^_1U_| ^{ [S^PU_ R^]|RP_6 R^|] bb^!R|fSUlha-

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