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Tigumbacetiyathomanā Praise of the Tigumba Shrine1 Namo tassa Bhagavato Arahato Sammāsambuddhassa Reverence to him, the Gracious One, the Worthy One, the Perfect Sambuddha Re-edited and Translated by Ānandajoti Bhikkhu2

−−−⏑¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑− pathyā

Yo Dīpaṅkaramūlamhi padaṁ hatthagataṁ3 caji, He who renounced his possessions at the feet4 of (Buddha) Dīpaṅkara, −−−−¦⏑−−−¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑− pathyā

Sammāsambodhim-ākaṅkhaṁ: vande tassa siroruhaṁ. [01] Wishing for Perfect Awakening: I worship his hair (relics).


Better known as Shwedagon, the most sacred shrine in Myanmar. Tigumba is another name for Yangon or Rangoon, and this is its principle shrine. 2 The text is found on the Chaṭṭha Saṅgāyana CD-ROM (version 3, Igatpuri, no date, but = 1999), it appears though to have been carelessly transcribed, and I have made a number of changes here, based on sense and prosody, which are recorded in the footnotes. The text appears to have been written to illustrate the variations (vipulā) that occur in the Siloka (Vatta) metre, though one of them, savipulā, is not found here. 3 Text: hatta4 Lit: at the foot.

Praise of the Tigumba Shrine - 2 −−−−¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑− pathyā

Pūretvā Bodhisambhāram-ahesaṁ yo anuttaraṁ, He who fulfilled the conditions for unsurpassed Awakening, ⏑−⏑−¦−,−−⏑¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑− mavipulā


Alattha Buddhattaṁ: tassa kesadhātuvaraṁ name. [02] And attained the state of Awakening: his noble hair relics I revere. −−−−¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑−⏑− ravipulā

Laddhā Buddhattaṁ chaṭhānam-atikkamma pavedayi, After attaining the state of Awakening he announced at the sixth place, ⏑−−−¦−⏑⏑−¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑− bhavipulā

Vimuttiṁ Rājāyatane: tassa kesavaraṁ name. [03] The King's Stead Tree, (his) liberation: his noble hair (relics) I revere. −⏑−⏑¦−⏑−⏑¦−⏑⏑−¦⏑−⏑− ravipulā

Tattha Sakkadattiyam-pi nāgalataṁ harītakaṁ, There he partook of the betel leaves and myrobalan given by (Lord) Sakka, ⏑−−−¦⏑−−⏑¦−−−⏑¦⏑−⏑− pathyā

Anotattodakaṁ bhuñji: vande tassa siroruhaṁ. [04] And the water from (Lake) Anotatta: I worship his hair (relics).


Twice mavipulā occurs in these verses, but in neither case does it have the expected break at the fifth syllable. It appears that some writers in Pāḷi didn't adhere to this rule about the break.

Praise of the Tigumba Shrine - 3 ⏑−−⏑¦−⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑− ravipulā

Tadā muggaselapattaṁ Mahārājūhi dinnakaṁ. Then the green rock bowl was given by the (Four) Great Kings. ⏑−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦−−⏑−¦⏑−⏑− pathyā

Lokahitam-apekkhanto Nātho yo: tassa te name. The one who is Lord sought6 the benefit of the world: him I revere. ⏑−−−¦−−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑− tavipulā

Tadā dinnaṁ7 dvebhātikajanehi madhupiṇḍikaṁ, Then sweet rice balls were given by the two brothers, ⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−⏑¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑− pathyā

Paribhuñjesi mantham-pi: tassa sīsasiriṁ name. [06] And he also enjoyed milk-rice: his splendid head I revere. −⏑−⏑¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑⏑¦⏑−⏑− ravipulā

Yo Tapussabhallikānaṁ tadā dvisaraṇaṁ adā, He who then gave the two refuges to Tapussa and Bhallika,8 −−⏑−¦⏑⏑⏑−¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑− navipulā

Lokamhi sabbapaṭhamaṁ: tassa sīrivahaṁ name. [07] The foremost of all in the world: his noble head I revere.


The present participle is used with finte sense here, as is common in Sanskrit. 7 Text: dvinnaṁ. 8 At that time there was no Saṅgha, so they only went for two refuges. They were the first disciples, and according to Myanmar tradition they brought the hairs back to Yangon and established the Shwedagon Cetiya.

Praise of the Tigumba Shrine - 4 ⏑−−⏑¦−⏑−−¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑− ravipulā

Tadā tatthupaṭṭhakānaṁ tesaṁ kese adā ăṭṭha,9 Then he gave to those supporters there eight of his hairs, −⏑⏑⏑¦⏑−−−¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑− pathyā

Lokahitam-apekkhanto, Nātho yo: tassa te name. [08] The one who is Lord, desiring the benefit of the world: him I revere. −⏑−−¦−−−⏑¦−⏑−⏑¦⏑−⏑− mavipulā

Te pi taṁ āhāritvāna,10 Pokkharabbatiyaṁ karuṁ 11 After bringing them, they built at Pokkharabbati ⏑−⏑−¦⏑−⏑−¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑− javipulā (Anuṭṭubha)

Sajīvakesacetiyaṁ: name taṁ sabbapubbakaṁ. [09] The hair shrine endowed with life: I revere all this in former times. ⏑−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑¦−−−−¦⏑−⏑− ravipulā

Uposathuposathamhi muñcantaṁ nīlarasmiyo, On every one of the Fast Days dark rays are emitted, ⏑⏑−−¦⏑−−−¦⏑−−−¦⏑−⏑− pathyā

Bhagavā eva lokatthaṁ karontaṁ: taṁ sadā name. [10] The Gracious One surely brings benefit to the world: I rever him always.


Text: aṭha. = āharitvāna, long -ā- is m.c. 11 Apparently another name for Yangon in the mind of the author. 10

Praise of the Tigumba Shrine - 5 −−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−¦−−⏑−¦⏑−⏑− ravipulā

Cūḷāmaṇidussacetyaṁ kālamhi Bodhisattake, In time the Crest-Jewel and the Clothes Shrine of the Buddha-to-be (was built), −⏑−−¦⏑−−⏑¦⏑⏑−−¦⏑−⏑− pathyā

Buddhakāle idaṁ sabbapaṭhamaṁ: taṁ namāmahaṁ. [11] In a Buddha-period this is the foremost of all: I revere it. ⏑−⏑−¦−−⏑−¦−−⏑−¦⏑−⏑− tavipulā

Namāmahaṁ vandāmahaṁ pūjemahaṁ siroruhaṁ, I revere, I worship, I honour the hair (relics), −⏑⏑−¦⏑⏑⏑−¦−⏑−−¦⏑−⏑− navipulā

Puññam-idaṁ bhavatu me paccayo āsavakkhaye. [12] May the merit (of writing these verses) be a condition for me (to attain) the destruction of the pollutants. Tigumbacetiyathomanā Niṭṭhitā. Praise of the Tigumba Shrine is Finished

Tigumbacetiyathomanā - Praise of the Tigumba Shrine  

Text and Translation of this Praise of the Shwedagon Pagoda in Myanmar, which illustrates the variations in the Siloka metre.

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