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ORAON JHAROKHA

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mjk¡o >jks[kk

ISSN-2456-3625

,d fparu] la?k’kZ] l”kfDrdj.k

laiknd &vkuUn dqekj dqtwj

tqykbZ 2016 dks *mjk¡o >jks[kk* dk foekspu] NRrhlx<+ ds eq[;ea=h ekuuh; MkW- jeu flag ds dj deyksa }kjk fd;k x;kA ;g gekjs fy, ,d ,sfrgkfld iy jgkA eq[;ea=h egksn; us foekspu ds i”pkr~ if=dk dh ljkguk djrs gq, cM+h gh mRlqdrk ,oa bl ij viuh xgjh :fp iznf”kZr djrs gq, ,d&,d iUus dks iyV dj ns[kkA mUgksaus le; dk [;ky u djrs gq, fu/kkZfjr vof/k ls T;knk le; nsdj] mjk¡o lekt ls lacaf/kr vusd tkudkfj;k¡ tSls & jksgrklx<+ vkSj blls tqM+s rF;] mjk¡o lekt dk bfrgkl] dq¡Mq¡[k vkSj mjk¡o esa fHkUurk] dq¡Mq¡[k cksyh vkSj vU; nzfoM+ Hkk’kk ¼rfey] rsyxq] dUuM+½ esa lekurk] orZeku esa mjk¡o yksxksa dh tula[;k] mjk¡o lekt dk izfrfuf/kRo ,oa usr`Ro] lekt fodkl gsrq l”kDr ;kstukvksa vkfn ij ppkZ dhA mUgksaus ;g Hkh dgk fd *vki vius lekt fgr ds fy, dk;ZØe j[ksa] egk lEesyu djsa] eSa vkids eq[;ea=h ds rkSj ij vo”; gh lgHkkxh gksuk pkgw¡xkA* bl “kq:okr dks dbZ ehfM;k xqzi us lekpkj i=ksa] osclkbV vkSj Vh-oh- U;wt pSuy }kjk viuh izfrfØ;k esa dgk fd ;g lekt ds fodkl ds fy, O;kid lksp iznku djrs gq, lekt ds cqf)thfo;ksa] fopkjdksa] fpardksa] ys[kdksa] nk”kZfudksa ,oa lkekftd dk;ZdŸkkZvksa dks] viuh Lora= vkSj ekSfyd fopkj dh vfHkO;fDr gsrq ,d mfpr eap iznku dj jgk gSA ;g dne vR;ar gh ljkguh; dsoy ugha ,sfrgkfld Hkh gSA gesa [kq”kh gS fd vkids gkFkksa esa ge *mjk¡o >jks[kk* dh tuojh&twu 2017 dh izfr izLrqr dj jgs gSaA fiNys vad dks i<+dj ikBdksa dh tks izfrfØ;k gesa feyh og tcjnLr ldkjkRed mtkZ tkx`r djus okyh jghA izFke vad dh ,sfrgkfld lQyrk dk Js; vki lHkh ikBdx.k vkSj ys[kdx.k dks fn;k tkuk mfpr gSA vkius mjk¡o >jks[kk esa fy[kk vkSj i<+k ;g bl ckr dk |ksRrd gS fd vki lekt fuekZ.k ds y{; esa gekjs lkFk dne ls dne feyk jgs gSaA iwjh laiknd eaMyh dh vksj ls eSa vki lHkh ds izfr vkHkkj O;Dr djrk gw¡A vki lHkh ys[kdksa ,oa ikBdksa ls vkxzg gS fd *mjk¡o >jks[kk* ds mn~ns”; vkSj y{; izkfIr gsrq vf/kd ls vf/kd ikBdksa dks tksM+saA vki fujarj i<+rs jgsa vkSj nwljksa dks Hkh bls i<+us gsrq izsfjr djrs jgssaA *mjk¡o >jks[kk*& ,d fparu] la?k’kZ] l”kfDrdj.k ds vkn”kZ dks pfjrkFkZ djus ds vFkd iz;kl esa bl vad esa geus lkekftd& vkfFkZd ifjn`”;] jktuSfrd bPNk “kfDr] laxBu dh vko”;drk] foLFkkiu] efgyk l”kfDrdj.k] laoS/kkfud vf/kdkj bR;kfn fo’k;ksa ds bnZ fxnZ fopkj ,oa fparu] voyksdu vkSj Hkkoh ;kstukvksa dks izLrqr djrs gq,] ,d oSpkfjd Økafr tkx`r djus dk iz;kl fd;k gSA gekjs mRlkfgr ys[kdksa dks /kU;okn] ftUgksaus rRijrkiwoZd le;kuqlkj viuk izklafxd ys[k ge rd igq¡pkdj dqN fujk”kkoknh fopkj/kkjk okys gekjs lekt ds fopkjdksa dks fparu dk ,d volj iznku fd;k gS fd vk”kkoknh fopkj/kkjk viukus ls gh ldkjkRed ifj.kke gkfly fd;k tk ldrk gSA vki lHkh dks lwfpr fd;k tkrk gS fd mjk¡o >jks[kk ,d iathd`r if=dk gS vkSj bl if=dk dks ISSN (International Standard Serial Number) ISSN 2456-3625 vkcafVr fd;k x;k gSA f”k{kkfonkas] laikndksa o izdk”kdksa ds le{k vkbZ-,l-,l-,u vafdr if=dk dk egRo mYys[kuh; gSA *mjk¡o >jks[kk* ds bl vad esa mjk¡o >jks[kk izk;ksftr ,oa vk;ksftr Hkkoh ;kstukvkssa dk ftØ gS tSls&mjk¡o ;qok egksRlo] Liksdu bafXy”k dkslZ] QqVckWy] gkWdh] cSMfeaVu vkfn [ksy izfr;ksfxrk] laxhr o u`R; izfr;ksfxrk] iz”uksRrjh izfr;ksfxrk] dgkuh fy[kks izfr;ksfxrk] dWfj;j xkbMal lsfeukj bR;kfnA vki lHkh ikBdksa ls vuqjks/k gS fd gesa viuk fopkj] gels vis{kk ;k vU; ;kstuk,¡ vkfn Hkstdj viuk lq>ko nsosaA bl vad esa ;g Hkh ?kks’k.kk gSa fd Ldwy] dkWyst o ;qfuoflZVh ds izfrHkkoku Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks vc ls izfr o’kZ mjk¡o ;qok egksRlo esa *mjk¡o >jks[kk izfrHkk lEeku iqjLdkj* ls izksRlkfgr fd;k tk,xkA bl iqjLdkj esa mRlkg ,oa mnkjrkiwoZd nkuohjrk dk ifjp; nsrs gq, lg;ksx nsus ¼;g iqjLdkj Jh@Jhefr------------------------ ds lkStU; ls½ lEekuuh; ikBdx.k vki lknj vkeaf=r gSaA “kqHkdkeuk,¡ ,oa vkHkkj ! £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

4


ORAON JHAROKHA

qPoàÂà yÞqàÀ§ý §ýL §ývt yç

ISSN-2456-3625

loZizFke] lHkh lEekuh; ikBdksa ,oa “kqHkfpUrdksa dks fdzlel ,oa uoo’kZ dh <sj lkjh c/kkbZ;k¡ ,oa “kqHkdkeuk,WAa blh ds lkFk mjk¡o >jks[kkkk” uked N%ekgh if=dk vkidks lqinw Z djrh gSA gekjh laiknd eaMyh] eSa vR;Ur g’kZ ds lkFk “mjk¡ bl if=dk ds ek/;e ls vkids vius fopkj izdV djus dk vkids vf/kdkjksa dk] lEeku fd;k tkrk gSA fopkj fpUru dh vfHkO;fDr gS vkSj lksp mldh ifj.kfr] ftldk vk/kkj n`f’Vdks.k gSA fopkj dh fHkUurk n`f’Vdks.k ij vk/kkfjr gSA ge dkSu Fks\ D;k gks x,\ vkSj D;k gksx a \s gesa D;k djuk gS\ D;k vHkh\ vkbZ;s fopkj djs]a vkt feydj ;s leL;k,¡ izLrqr djsAa ekuo&ewY; ds fxjrs Lrj ij ge lHkh fpfUrr gSa D;kafs d ewY; ugha ra ks lekt dk vfLrRo ugha] ewY;ghu lekt u’V gks tkrk gSA ;g if=dk lkekftd ,drk dks cy nsus rFkk lkekftd vkn”kZ dks fufeZr djus dh ,d dksf”k”k gSA vkt dk euq’; dsoy vkfFkZd mUu;u dh vksj mUeqDr gks pqdk gS] ;gh iz”u gekjs lekt esa fpUrk dk fo’k; gSA vkt ds cnyrs ifjos”k esa gesa vius lkekftd ,oa lkaLd`frd ,drk dks u, fljs ls ifjHkkf’kr dj iqu% O;k[;k djus dh vko”;drk gS rkfd ge lqn`<+ lekt dh viuh ifjdYiuk dks lkdkj dj ldsAa gekjs iqoZtksa us gesa bl ifjos”k esa ykus ds fy, viuk egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku fn;k gSA vkt ge :f<+oknh lksp dks ldkjkRed lksp esa cny pqds gSAa gesa viuh nwjxkkeh n`f’V ls lekt dks uothou nsuk gSA fodkl ds Øe esa lcls uhps ik;nku esa [kM+s xjhc lekt dks fodkl dh xfr nsuh gksxhA gesa lekt ds m)kj gsrq lefiZr gksuk gSA vkt ekuo dh psruk rhoz xfr ls c<+ jgh gS lekt esa fnu izfrfnu c<+ jgs tfVyrkvksa esa le;&le; ij ifjorZu ykuk vko”;d gS ,slh fLFkfr esa ge lHkh dk nkf;Ro gks tkrk gS fd O;fDr vkSj lekt ls lEcfU/kr leL;kvksa dh O;k[;k bl izdkj ls djsa fd O;fDr dh psruk vf/kd ls vf/kd ekuoh; ewY;ks]a lkekftd ,oa vkfFkZd fodkl dh vksj c<+As ,d lekt dk vius gh lekt vFkok tkfr lewg esa oSpkfjd :Ik ls lekurk fn[krh gS ijUrq TkSls gh oSf”od ifjiz{s ; esa ge O;ogkjksa dk voyksdu djrs gSa ogk¡ fopkjksa dh fofo/krk ns[kus dks feyrh gSA lekt dk fuekZ.k ekuo lewgksa dk ek= ,df=r gksuk gh ugha gS ysfdu muds fopkjks]a dk;Z”kSyh] fpUru o O;ogkj esa lekurk vkfn dh egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk gSA ekufld ,d:irk ds lkFk O;ogkjks]a fopkjksa ,oa fparu esa lekurk rHkh lEHko gS tc gekjk lekt LokLF; nwjxkeh] izxfr”khy fpUru ds lkFk gksA fodkl”khy lekt ds fuekZ.k ds fy, fujarj vius vki dks cnyrs jguk gSA ;fn ge nqcZy gksx a s rks fdlh dk ekxZn”kZu ugha dj ldsx a As gekjh ;qok”kfDr dks l”kDr ,oa lqn`<+ cukus ds fy, gesa le`) vkSj l”kDr gksuk gksxkA O;kid lektokn dk Hkko lkeqnkf;d psruk o mPp Lrj ds fpUru ls izkIr dh tk ldrh gSA vkt lekt dh ewyHkwr vko”;drk D;k gS\ thou ds “kk”or~ uSfrd ewY;] Hkkjrh; thou ewY;ksa dks vkpkj.kh; cukuk] izes ,oa lkSgknzZ dks cukuk] gekjk O;fDrRo u flQZ vk/;kfRed gks cfYd iwjs ns”k dk ;qok gels ekxZn”kZu ysrk jgsA vkt rd geus tks fd;k] vPNk gh fd;k gSA ijUrq dksf”k”k djsa fd blls Hkh vkSj vPNk fd;k tk, blds fy, Lkkekftd iz;klksa dh vko”;drk gSA ;g ,d lkekftd vkUnksyu gSA mjk¡o >jks[kkkk” Hkh gekjs lekt dk niZ.k dgk tk ldrk gSA lkfgR; lekt dk ,d niZ.k dgk tkrk gSA “mjk¡ ;g lnSo lekt dks fnXn”kZu djsxk lekt dks etcwr cukus] lekt dks le`f/n dh Å¡pkbZ;ksa rd igq¡pkus ds fy, viuk vf}rh; ;ksxnku nsxkA lekt esa lqn`<r+ k ,oa vafre thou rd uSfrdrk dk;e djus ds fy, ge lHkh vkxs vk,aA nfyr cuoklh vkSj fiNM+s lekt ds yksxksa esa yEcs le; rd vius Åij gq, mRihM+u dks ysdj dqBa k,¡ gSa ysfdu loky ;s gS fd ge lc dc rd bu dqBa kvksa esa iM+s jgsx a s vkSj blesa gekjk Hkfo’; D;k gS\ viuh vPNkbZ ds fy, gesa dqBa kvks]a ladksp] Mj] Hk; dks NksMd + j jpukRed] ldkjkRed ,oa oSKkfud lksp ds lkFk vkxs c<+uk gksxkA viuh vfHkO;fDr dh vktknh mjk¡o >jks[kkkk”,d ,slk eap gS tgk¡ ge viuh vfHkO;fDr dks ys[kuhc) dj ldrs gSAa ;s gekjk f}rh; iz;kl le>uh gksxhA “mjk¡ gS /khjs&/khjs ge vkxs c<+x as ]s vkt gekjk ;qok ftl rjg dqBa kvksa ls Åij mBdj lksp jgk gS] vkxs c<+ jgk gS mls ns[kdj dgk tk ldrk gS fd lqn`<+ lekt dk fuekZ.k gks jgk gSA gekjk ns”k izkjEHk ls gh “lcdk lcdk lkFk lcdk fodkl fodkl” esa vkxs c<+k gS ns”k gesa vkxs c<+us esa enn djrk gSA bl if=dk ds lkFk tqMu+ s ds fy, vki lHkh dk gkfnZd Lokxr gSA iqu: fdzlel ,oa uoo’kZ dh <sj lkjh c/kkbZ;ks¡ ,oa “kqHkdkeukvksa ds lkFkA &iz/kku lEiknd] MkW- lsjkfQuql fdLiksV~Vk llEeku £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà ¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017 5 wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1


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ORAON JHAROKHA

ISSN-2456-3625

bfrgkl D;ksa \ &lq”khy [ky[kks ¼fMfLVªDV jftLVªkj] ftyk&fcykliqj½ eSa mu leLr lEekuuh; ikBdx.kksa ds izfr vkHkkj O;Dr djrk gw]a ftUgksua s *mjk¡o >jks[kk* dks lgtrkiwoZd Lohdkj fd;k] i<+k ,oa viuh izfrfØ;k,¡ O;Dr dh gaSA eSa ;g dg ugha ldrk fd ge fdl gn rd vki lcdh vis{kkvksa ds vuq:i [kjk mrj ik;s gSAa pwfa d if=dk dk izFke vad izdkf”kr fd;k x;k] ftlesa gekjs lekt ds bfrgkl dh tkudkjh izeq[krk ls izdkf”kr dh xbZ FkhA bl lac/a k esa lEiknd eaMyh esa dbZ ckj ppkZ dh xbZ ,oa ;g vko”;drk eglwl dh xbZ fd fdlh Hkh lekt dh le> bfrgkl ds v/;;u ds ek/;e ls gh gks ldrh gSA euq’; vius vfLrRo] igpku ,oa fodkl dk vkadyu vius bfrgkl ds iUuksa ls gh djrk gSA bfrgkl dk egRo ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj ds er ls vkSj vf/kd iq’V gks tkrk gSA os dgrs gSa ^^ tks dkSe viuk bfrgkl ugha tkurh] vius bfrgkl ls lcd ugha lh[krh] bfrgkl mUgsa lcd fl[kkrk gSA^^ czkã.M dh mRifRr ,oa fodkl] fofHkUu ekuo lH;rkvksa dh mRifRr] mRFkku ,oa iru vkfn dh tkudkjh gesa bfrgkl ds iBu ls gh laHko gksrh gSA lekt dh laLd`fr] jhfr&fjokt] ijEijk,¡] /keZ] n”kZu] f”k{kk] lkekftd O;oLFkk] vFkZO;oLFkk] jktuSfrd O;oLFkk] uSfrd ewY; bR;kfn reke {ks=ksa dh foLr`r ,oa l?ku tkudkjh bfrgkl esa gh vUrfuZfgr gksrh gSA ,slk dksbZ O;fDr ugha gS tks vius lekt ds ckjs tkudkjh gkfly ugha djuk pkgrk gksA fdlh us Bhd gh dgk gS fd] ftl lekt dk bfrgkl ugha gksrk gS] og lekt dHkh Hkh “kkld ugha cu ikrk gS] D;ksfa d bfrgkl ls izjs .kk feyrh gS] izjs .kk ls tkx`fr vkrh gS] tkx`fr ls lksp curh gS] lksp ls rkdr curh gS] rkdr ls “kfDr curh gS vkSj “kfDr ls “kkld curk gSA blfy, ckck lkgsc vEcsMdj us Bhd gh dgk Fkk fd ^^ ftl lekt dks feVkuk gks rks mldk bfrgkl feVk nks] og lekt vius vki feV tk;sxkA^^ vf/kdrj fo}kuksa dk er gS fd] History is the record of rulers vFkkZr~ bfrgkl “kkldksa dk fjdkMZ ek= gS] ftlesa vke vkneh dk dksbZ bfrgkl ugha gksrkA bl lac/a k esa ckck lkgsc us viuh ,d vyx lksp esa dgk gS fd] History moulds the man, but man can also mould the history vFkkZr~ bfrgkl O;fDr dks ifjofrZr djrk gS] ij O;fDr Hkh bfrgkl dks ifjofrZr dj ldrk gSA ,slk ugha gS fd gekjs lekt us ekuo bfrgkl esa dksbZ ;ksxnku ugha fn;k gSA pwfa d mjk¡o lekt dk bfrgkl ugha fy[kk x;k gS] ftlds dkj.k gekjh vewY; fojklr] fodflr lH;rk] fodflr fyfi o Hkk’kk] lkfgR; vkfn lkjh dh lkjh izkekf.kdrk,¡ bfrgkl ds xrZ esa pyh xbZ gSAa bfrgkldkjksa }kjk mjk¡o lekt ds ckjs esa bfrgkl esa foLr`r o.kZu ugha fn;k x;k gSA ge ,d xqeuke dkSe gh jg x;s gSAa vxj gesa viuh fla/kq ?kkVh dh fodflr lH;rk ij QØ gS] rks vius bfrgkl ds vrhr esa >kaduk gksxk] Lo;a dks ryk”kuk gksxk] Lo;a dks iqu%LFkkfir djuk gksxkA ;g dk;Z dSls laHko gksxk \ gekjs mjk¡o lekt esa cqf)thfo;ks]a fpardks]a vkykspdksa ,oa nk”kZfudksa dh deh ugha gSA esjk ekuuk gS fd lekt dk izR;sd fpard rFkk cqf)thoh ,d nk”kZfud gksrk gSA ,d fo”o izfl) lkE;oknh nk”kZfud dkyZ ekDlZ dgrs gSa “ The work of the philosopher is not to interpret the world but to change it “ vFkkZr~ ,d nk”kZfud dk drZO; lalkj dh O;k[;k djuk ugha] cfYd lalkj dks cny Mkyuk gSA vxj ge mDr n”kZu ij fparu djsa rks gesa ,d ubZ izj.s kk £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

6


ORAON JHAROKHA

¡ÁuÕà tÑàçÀu §ýL §ývt yç...

ISSN-2456-3625

,oa LQwfrZ izkIr gks ldrh gSA ge dbZ ckj viuh NksVh&NksVh cSBdksa rFkk lewgksa esa viuh O;fDrxr fpark o fparu ekSf[kd :i ls vfHkO;Dr djrs gS]a fdUrq mi;qDr ek/;e ;k eap ds vHkko esa ml fparu dks] lkewfgd fparu esa ifjofrZr djus esa foQy gks tkrs gSAa blh lkewfgd fparu dks ewrZ:i nsus gsrq ;g if=dk ,d lqugjk ekSdk miyC/k djk ldrh gSA ;g ,d vPNk volj gS fd gekjs lekt ds nk”kZfud Hkh dkyZ ekDlZ ds bl n”kZu ds vuq:i gekjs lekt dh dk;k iyV dj ldus esa l{ke gks ldrs gSAa bfrgkl ds vHkko esa gekjk mjk¡o lekt ml uko dh rjg gS] ftlesa dksbZ ukfod gh ugha gSA bfrgkl ekuo lekt dh mRifRr] fodkl] mRFkku ,oa iru dh dgkuh gSA bl dgkuh esa gekjs lekt }kjk tks fdjnkj vnk dh xbZ gS] mldh >yd gesa feyrh gSA ;gh bfrgkl ,d lekt dh fn”kk ,oa n”kk r; djrk gSA esjk er ;g Hkh gS fd bfrgkl ,d jkMkj gS] tks ,d fuf”pr xUrO; LFkku ;k y{; rd igqp a us esa lgk;d gksrk gS vkSj ;fn ,slh ckr gS] rks gesa vius lekt dk derj vkadyu D;ksa djuk pkfg, \ ekuk fd ge fla/kq?kkVh lH;rk esa ,d fodflr uxjh; lH;rk Fks] fdUrq bl nkos dh iqf’V djus ,oa ml xkSjo”kkyh lH;rk ,oa lekt ds izfr xoZ dh Hkkouk txkus esa okafNr dke;kch gesa izkIr ugha gqbZ gSA nqfu;k esa fofHkUu lektksa ds e/; Hkh’k.k la?k’kZ py jgk gSA ,d lekt nwljs lekt ij fdlh Hkh dher ij viuk opZLo dk;e j[kuk pkgrk gSA gekjs ns”k ds lanHkZ esa rks ;g fopkj/kkjk dqN T;knk gh izklafxd gSAa ;gk¡ tc gj lekt viuh l”kDrhdj.k dh vksj vxzlj gksrk fn[kkbZ nsrk gS] rks bl fn”kk esa gekjk vius lekt dh etcwrh gsrq D;k ;ksxnku gS \ ge dbZ ckj mYVs loky dj Mkyrs gSa fd gekjs lekt us gekjs fy;s D;k fd;k gS \ ;g loky nqHkkZX;tud gSA esjk ekuuk gS fd] vkt geus tks eqdke gkfly dh gS] ;g gekjs lekt dh cnkSyr gSA ge tks Hkh gS]a lkekftd ykHk izkIr djus ds dkj.k gSAa ;g ,d okLrfodrk gS] ftlesa dksbZ vfr”k;ksfDr ugha gSA le; dh ekax gS fd ge vifjiDo rFkk ladqfpr ekufldrk ls Åij mBsa rFkk vius vki ls ;g iz”u iwNas fd geus vius lekt ds fy;s D;k ;ksxnku fn;k gSA ,slh fLFkfr esa ge izcq) oxZ dh ftEesnkjh vge gks tkrh gS rFkk gekjs ;qok oxZ ,oa Hkkoh ih<+h dks bl lac/a k esa izf”kf{kr djuk mfpr gh ugha] cfYd vifjgk;Z gSA bl if=dk dks ysdj dqN fefJr izfrfØ;k,¡ izkIr gqbZ gS]a ftUgsa gekjh lEiknd eaMyh us ldkjkRed :i ls fy;k gS rFkk mDr izfrfØ;kvksa ds izdk”k esa viuh ftEesnkfj;ksa ds izfr vkSj vf/kd ltx jgdj] if=dk ds mn~n”s ;ksa ds csgrj fØ;kUo;u gsrq dfVc) gSA tSlk fd vkidks ekywe gS fd bl if=dk dk ewy mn~n”s ; mjk¡o lekt esa oSpkfjd Økafr mRiUu djuk gSA bl mn~n”s ; dh iwfrZ gekjs lekt ds bfrgkl dks lgh ek;us esa le>us ,oa eglwl djus ls gh laHko gksxhA ;g Hkh lgh dgk x;k gS fd] laxBu esa “kfDr gksrh gSA ;fn ge vius bfrgkl dk iUuk iyV dj ns[ks]a rks irk pyrk gS fd] lekt esa laxBu dk loZFkk vHkko jgk gSA ge 21 oha lnh esa izo”s k dj pqds gS]a tgk¡ vk/kqfudhdj.k] oS”ohdj.k] oSf”od vkfFkZd cnyko ,oa xykdkV izfrLi/kkZvksa dk lkeuk gesa djuk iM+ jgk gSA bu rsth ls cnyrs ifjos”kksa dks gesa vius vuqdy w djus dh t:jr gSA ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj dks iqu% mn~/k`r djuk izklafxd le>rk gwAaw mUgksua s Bhd gh dgk gS fd] ^^ i<+k]s laxfBr jgks] la?k’kZ djksA^^ gekjs lekt us i<+kbZ ds {ks= esa dqN gn rd izxfr dh gS] fdUrq ge laxfBr ugha gks ik;s gSa vkSj tc laxfBr ugha gSa rks la?k’kZ djuk ukeqefdu gSA bu rhuksa rRoksa ds iwjk gksus ls gh] gekjs lekt dh rjDdh gks ldrh gSA ;g loZfofnr lR; gS fd] laxBu vkSj la?k’kZ gekjs lekt esa fdafpr ek= Hkh ugha gSA ;fn ;g rdZ lgh gS rks] ge ,d fodflr lekt ds :i esa ugha mHkj ldrs vkSj ;fn ;g rdZ xyr gS rks vfodflr vFkok fiNM+k gksus dh £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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7


¡ÁuÕà tÑàçÀu §ýL §ývt yç...

ORAON JHAROKHA

ISSN-2456-3625

otg ryk”k dh tkosA eq>s yxrk gS fd bUgha dkj.kksa ls ge vius dkfcy ,oa dq”ky jktuSfrd izfrfuf/kRo nsus esa cqjh rjg foQy gq, gSAa blls cM+h foMacuk vkSj D;k gks ldrh gS \ bl lac/a k esa yhd ls gVdj lkspus] laxfBr gksdj dk;Z;kstuk rS;kj djus] ubZ j.kuhfr fodflr djus] dad s M+k laLd`fr ,oa mPpJà[kyrk dk ifjR;kx djus dh vko”;drk gSA vius O;ogkjksa rFkk fopkjksa esa “kqfprk j[kus vkSj fparu dh f{kfrt dks vkdk”k ls Hkh ÅWpk ,oa leqnz dh xgjkbZ;ksa ls Hkh xgjk j[kus ls gh gekjh ekSfyd rFkk cqfu;knh lksp fodflr gks ldsxhA vkilh erHksn dks Lohdkj djrs gq,] vkilh erHksn dk ifjR;kx djuk mfpr gSA gekjs mDr euksHkkoksa ,oa O;ogkjksa ls gh ge gekjs lekt ,oa iwoZtksa ds _.k ls m_.k gksdj] muds izfr gekjh lPph J)katfy vfiZr dj ldsx a As esjh vo/kkj.kk Li’V gS fd gesa vius bfrgkl dk v/;;u gh ugha] cfYd vf/kd ls vf/kd ys[ku djuk pkfg, vkSj ftlds vHkko esa gh ge lekt ds fodkl dh nkSM+ esa dkQh ihNs NwV x;s gSAa ys[ku dk;Z ls lkfgR; dk l`tu gksrk gS vkSj lkfgR; lekt dk niZ.k gksrk gaSA gekjk lekt ,sls bfrgkl ,oa lkfgR; dh cqfu;kn ij ugha fVdk gSA vkt fo”o fodkl ds ftl lksiku ij gS] ge ogka rd igq¡p ugha cuk ik jgs gSAa ge viuh gh liuksa dh nqfu;k esa [kks, gq, gSa vkSj viuh NksVh&NksVh dke;kch ls u dsoy vfHkHkwr gSa cfYd o”khHkwr Hkh gSAa ge ekuo lH;rk ds Øfed fodkl dk vfHkUu fgLlk gSAa bl izdkj esjk fu’d’kZ ;g gS fd bfrgkl ds vkxks”k esa gh lekt dh fofHkUu fo/kkvksa dk fodkl gksrk gSA bfrgkl ds vkbZus esa gh ge vius lekt dk vkadyu djrs gSAa esjh mEehn gh ugha] cfYd esjk iw.kZ fo”okl gS fd gekjs mjk¡o lekt ds bfrgkl ds vf/kdkf/kd vUos’k.k] ys[ku ,oa v/;;u ls fparu”khyrk dk fodkl gksxk] ftlls ,d u;s ;qx dk lw=ikr gksxk] tks ,d u;k v/;k; gksxkA

vapy ds ;qod&;qofr;k¡] fcykliqj esa dkWyst ,oa dksfpax rFkk gkWLVy dh tkudkjh gsrq mfpr ekxZn”kZu ds fy, lEidZ djsaA laiknd eaMyh mjkWo ¡a >jks[kk fcykliqj £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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8


¡àtÞÞØà½à

ORAON JHAROKHA

ISSN-2456-3625

l”kDr mjk¡o lekt (Strong Oraon Community) gsrq esjk ;ksxnku tqfM+;s **mjk¡o >jks[kk** ds ek/;e ls [kqyk vkgoku ! [kqyh pqukSrh ! ,d yydkj !

vki D;k dj ldrs gaS \ gesa ,d ist esa fy[kdj HkstsaA bls ladfyr dj] ,d ekxZnf”kZdk ds :i esa miyC/k fd;k tk,xk rkfd ;g ekuo lalk/ku lekt fuekZ.k esa mi;ksxh fl) gksA tks izk:i fn, x;s gSa mlh vuq:i viuh tkudkjh ge rd Hkstsa % gekjk irk % lh-Mh-,l- fcykliqj C/O vkuan dqekj dqtwj bZ&esy % oraonjharokha@gmail.com iqjkuk gkbZ dksVZ jksM+] fcykliqj] Qksu ua- % 8871102898 Mh-ih- dkWyst ds ikl] fcykliqj ¼N-x-½ 495001 izk:i @Specimen uke@ Name

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vkuan dqekj dqtwj@Anand Kumar Kujur

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laiknd] izdk”kd] eqnzd] forjd ¼vusd izdkj ds if=dkvks]a lekpkj i=] iqLrdksa dk laiknu] izdk”ku forj.k½ Lokeh ,oa funsZ”kd

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BRAINOBRAIN SUPER KIDS

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orZeku irk

¼czsuvksczsu lqij fdM~l½ ¼cPpksa ds lEiw.kZ ckSf)d fodkl gsrq ,d vnHkqr vuks[kk Ldwy½ lh-Mh-,l- bafXy”k Dyklsl ¼lHkh vk;q oxZ gsrq bafXy”k fl[kkus okyh laLFkku½ vf/koDrk@,MoksdsV ¼mPp U;k;ky; NRrhlx<+ ¼flrEcj 2017 ls fu;fer½

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lh-Mh-,l- fcykliqj] Mh-ih- dkWyst ds ikl] iqjkuk gkbZ dksVZ jksM] fcykliqj N-x- 495001

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anand102030@gmail.com; oraonjharokha@gmail.com

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vkWfQl & 07752&408449 eksckbZy % 8871102898

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Present Address

LFkk;h irk Permanent Address

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ISSN-2456-3625

ORAON JHAROKHA

izk:i @Specimen uke@Name

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orZeku dk;Z

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¼vko”;drk iM+us ij vfrfjDr iUus Loa; tksM+ yhft,½

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LFkk;h irk

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Permanent Address

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bZ&esy

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E-mail

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Qksu

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Phone

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Your interest

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£ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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gLrk{kj

kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

10


qàºþ§ýàÞç §ýL qPâmâ§íýuà

ORAON JHAROKHA

ISSN-2456-3625

laiknd ds uke i= ^^ >jks[kk [kqyk j[kuk-------!!^^ fiz; laiknd th] t; ^^>jks[kk^^ dh !! loZizFke rks vkids vfHkuo iz;kl ds QyLo:i *mjk¡o >jks[kk* ds izFke laLdj.k ds lQy ,oa vkd’kZd izdk”ku gsrq <sj lkjh c/kkbZ;ka dcwy djsaA vkidh laiknd eaMyh vkstLoh ;qokvksa dh l”kDr Vhe gS tks ;qok tks”k vkSj mRlkg ls luh vkSj lth gS] vkidh Vhe ds lHkh lnL; leku :i ls c/kkbZ ds ik= gSaA ;g ;qok tks”k Hkh ifjiw.kZrk vkSj vuqHkoh iFk izn”kZdksa ds ekxZn”kZu ds vuwBs lfEeJ.k dk ifj.kke gSA eSa le>rk gwWa fd mjk¡o >jks[kk dh izfr ftl fdlh Hkh mjk¡o ikBd ds gkFk yxh mlds eqag ls ;gh fudyk gksxk& **okg! >jks[kk** nsj vk, nq:Lr vk,A cl ,d gh fuosnu gS & **>jks[kk [kqyk j[kuk-------A^^ eSaus ;g fuosnu djus dh tks xqLrk[kh dh gS mls vU;Fkk u ysa( njvly vkt ls nl&ckjg lky iwoZ NRrhlx<+ jkT; iquxZBu ds ckn ,d **pksvk] ,tjvk] mf<+;kjvk** uked iqPNy rkjs dk mn; gqvk Fkk ftlls ,d vkl ca/kh Fkh ysfdu mM+ku Hkjus ds ckn gh og xk;c gks x;k vkSj mlds ekb&cki dk dgha vrk irk ugha pyk A esjs dFku dk cqjk u ekusa] esjs ;g dgus ds ihNs ;gh ea”kk gS fd nsj ls gh lgh ij lgh le; esa >jks[kk [kqyk gS vkSj gesa blls <sj lkjh mEehnsa gSaA >jks[kk Qwys&Qys vkSj o`g~n vkdkj ys] gj izdkj dh gok lesVs] lkekftd&jktuhfrd dzafkr yk,] t”kiqj dh vkokt cqyan djs] gj izdkj ds ‘kM+;a=ksa ls vkxkg djs] t”kiqj dk lqj{kk dop cus] ;gh euksdkeuk gSA vkids v/;{k Jh lq”khy [ky[k+ks us **mjk¡o >jks[kk** dh vko”;drk D;ksa \ **esa tks rF; n”kkZ, gSa mudh iwfrZ gksrh jgs rks ckfd t”kiqj dk uD”kk laoj tk,xkA vkt gekjk mjkWao lekt Identity Crisis ds tfVyre nkSj ls xqtj jgk gS( ,sls le; esa *mjk¡o >jks[kk* dh ftEesnkjh c<+ tkrh gSA gesa fo”okl gS fd vU; lc ¼ge lc½ ,d Vhe odZ vkSj Vhe LihfjV cuk, j[krs gq, mjk¡o lekt dh vfLerk vkSj laLd`fr dks cuk, j[kus esa viuh Hkwfedk c[kwch fuokZg dj ldsaxsA blh fo”okl ds lkFk leLr “kqHkdkeukvksa lfgrA vkidk “kqHkkdka{kh ! vFkukl --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------vknj.kh; laiknd th] *mjk¡o >jks[kk* ds izFke laLdj.k ij gkfnZd c/kkbZA dbZ o’kksZa ls eSa ;g lksprs vk jgk Fkk fd dgha dksbZ rks mjk¡o lekt dh vksj ls dksbZ if=dk izdkf”kr djs vkSj tc eq>s *mjk¡o >jks[kk* if=dk feyh( lp dg jgk gw¡ vR;ar gh [kq”kh gqbZA eSaus iwjh if=dk gh i<+ ysus dh Bku yhA ;dhu djsa] ,d larqf’V dk vkHkkl gqvk fd dgha ls ,d ubZ mEehn dk mn; gqvkA if=dk dh lQyrk gsrq “kqHkdkeuk,¡A &iznhi frdhZ] psUUkbZ £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

11


ORAON JHAROKHA

qàºþ§ýàÞç §ýL qPâmâ§íýuà

ISSN-2456-3625

vknj.kh; laiknd egksn;] vki yksxksa us tks *mjk¡o >jks[kk* if=dk fudkyk gS] D;k bls gj 3 eghus esa ugha fudky ldrs gSa\ eq>s cgqr gh vPNk yxk bl if=dk dks i<+djA bruh tkudkjh igys eq>s ugha Fkh gekjs mjk¡o yksxksa ds ckjsA blfy, /kU;oknA vkxs Hkh gekjs lekt ds fy, vki yksx dk;Z djrs jfg,A &fjrq] fcykliqj /kU;okn -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------laiknd lj th] *mjk¡o >jks[kk* if=dk gekjs fy, cgqr gh mi;ksxh gSA ge ;qok&oxZ ds fy, bl if=dk esa vkSj tkudkjh] ys[k bR;kfn izdkf”kr gksxk rks ge vkids lnSo vkHkkjh jgsaxsA &jks”ku dqtwj] jk;iqj -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------laiknd egksn;] vkidh laiknd eaMyh dkfcys rkjhQ gSA eSa rks bl if=dk ds ek/;e ls ,d dzakfr dh “kq:vkr ns[k jgk gw¡A bZ”oj djs fd vkidh laiknd eaMyh ges”kk ,d tqV jgdj mjk¡o lekt dk usr`Ro djrh jgsA dksbZ lq>ko ugha gSA cl & vfuy VksIIkks] eqEcbZ vxys vad dk cslzch ls bartkj gSA -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------laiknd eaMyh dks dksfV”k% c/kkbZ! *mjk¡o >jks[kk* okg! uke i<+rs gh eq>s vkHkkl gksus yxk fd dqN rks ,sfrgkfld igy gqbZ gS vkSj ;s igy cgqr vkxs ys tk,xh gesaA eSa ,d ikBd ds rkSj ij vkids iz;kl dh ljkguk vius FkksM+s “kCnkssa esa O;Dr dj ugha ij jgk gw¡A ysfdu vki yksxksa us tks “kq:vkr dh gS og cgqewY; gSA bZ”oj djs fd fdlh dh utj u yxs vFkkZr~ eSa ;gh dguk pkg &eukst dsjdsV~Vk] ubZ fnYyh jgk gw¡ fd ;s dne :ds uA vki gesa c<+krs ys pysaA “kqfØ;k! -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------laiknd ds uke i=----------*mjk¡o >jks[kk* uked if=dk ds izdk”ku ,oa laiknu ds fy;s laiknd eaMyh dks cgqr&cgqr /kU;okn] c/kkbZ ,oa “kqHkdkeuk,¡A bl if=dk ds ek/;e ls mjk¡o lekt ds bfrgkl] laLd`fr] jgu&lgu] [kku&iku] [ksy&dwn] u`R;&xku ds ckjs esa cgqr dqN lh[kus dks feykA ;s lkjs ys[k ,oa “kks/k jpuk,¡ cgqr gh jkspde;] Kkuo)Zd ,oa pqukSrh iw.kZ gSaA c/kkbZ;k¡A gekjs lekt ds ;qok&oxZ dks ;qok&”kfDr cukus esa ;g if=dk viuh Hkwfedk vnk dj ldrh gS vr% izcq) tuksa ls vk”kk gS fd vkt dh ;qok&ih<+h dks lgh ekxZ dh vksj vxzlj djus ds fy, dqN dk;ZØe djus dh ;kstuk vo”; cuk;saA *mjk¡o >jks[kk* ,d ckj “kq: gks pqdk gS bldh fujarjrk cuk;s j[kus ds fy;s laiknd eaMyh ls luez fuosnu Hkh djrs gSaA ikBdx.k &lehj frdhZ] vkHkk dqtwj] uferk ,Ddk] eksfudk fdLiksV~Vk fcykliqj £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

12


ORAON JHAROKHA

qàºþ§ýàÞç §ýL qPâmâ§íýuà

ISSN-2456-3625

Dear Editor, I am very happy to know that you people at Bilaspur have launched a News Letter / Magazine " Oraon Jharokha " It is a good endeavour to educate our people about our status in the national and social scenario.There are so many problems before our Oraon society, In the political front, reservation is in danger, recently the Union State Minister for Tribal Mr.Juel Oraon has said ,that Christian Tribals should not be given reservation, there are so many organizations who do not want reservation for Christians, we have to fight against that organisation/ people in a legitimate way and that needs money.It is all posible through a registered society only. So, friends , just think to get a registered society at national level, Under the flagship of that society we could put our demand, grievances,views before the govt. Today we are facing a big problem in our native district, that is displacement, but there is no registered society or a samiti, underwhich money could be collected. Again many- many congratulations and best wishes.

-SUDHIR LAKRA

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------laiknd egksn;] lekt ds ;qok oxZ vkSj vU; oxksZa dks bl izcq) oxZ ds ekxZn”kZu dh vko”;drk gSA jkT; dh U;k;/kkuh ds izcq) oxZ }kjk LFkkfir fcykliqj mjk¡o lekt ds oSpkfjd Økafr mRiUu djus ds mn~n”s ; ls vkSj lkekftd tkx`fr dk y{; ysdj ^^ mjk¡o >jks[kk ^^ uked if=dk dk izdk”ku “kq: fd;k x;k gS] tks ,d Lokxr;ksX; dne gSA vk”kk gS fd] os vius iz;klksa ls lekt ds ;qokvksa dh leL;kvksa ds fujkdj.k dh Hkh igy djsx a As lekt ds lHkh izcq) oxZ tks vU; “kgjksa esa cls gS]a muls Hkh vis{kk dh tkrh gS fd laxfBr gksdj lekt ds izfr vius nkf;Roksa dk fuokZgu djsx a As & ekbZdy VksIIkks] fHkykbZ ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------vknj.kh; laiknd eaMyh] *mjk¡o >jks[kk* v)Zokf’kZd if=dk izdk”ku vkSj vki yksxkas }kjk tks lksp mRiUu dh xbZ gS mlds fy, vki lHkh c/kkbZ ds ik= gSaA eSa nkos ds lkFk dg ldrk gw¡ fd ;g laiknd eaMyh vR;ar gh dkfcy vkSj egRokdka{kh gSA bl Vhe ls mjk¡o lekt dks cgqr lkjh mEehnsa gSaA d`i;k vki gesa nq[kh u djsaA ge vki yksxkas ds }kjk izLrkfor lHkh dk;ksZa esa lg;ksx nsus dks lg’kZ rS;kj gSaA foxr o’kksZa esa ,sls dbZ iz;kl gq, gSa fdarq l{ke usr`Ro ds vHkko esa irk ugha] dgk¡ [kks x,A vkidh Vhe esa l{ke usr`Ro >ydrk gSA gesa vkHkkl gks x;k gS fd lekt ds lHkh yksx tqM+as ;k u tqM+sa vki yksx vkxs c<+rs gh tk;saxsA mjk¡o lekt ds lHkh oxZ ls esjk fouez fuosnu gS fd mjk¡o >jks[kk ls tqfM+,A gekjs lekt dks lkfgR; ds {ks= esa vkxs c<+uk gSA ,d vFkZiw.kZ] izHkkoh o pfpZr lkfgR; ds vHkko esa gh gekjk lekt fuEu Lrj dk le>k tkrk jgk gSA vki lHkh Hkyh Hkkafr okfdQ gSaA *mjk¡o >jks[kk* Hkkjr ljdkj ds lwpuk vkSj izlkj.k ea=ky; }kjk iathd`r if=dk gSA bldh iqf’V djuk pkgrs gSa rks laiknd vkuan dqtwj ls foLr`r tkudkjh ys ldrs gSaA lkfgR; l`tu vkSj lekt ds bfrgkl dks laxzfgr djus dk ;g Js’B ek/;e gSA vr% le; jgrs vius foosd dk mi;ksx dj bl eqfge esa viuk ;ksxnku nsosaA &dqynhi] Hkksiky

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kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

13


ISSN-2456-3625

ORAON JHAROKHA

laxBu dh vko”;drk &MkW- fo”oklh ,Ddk Lkgk;d izk/;kid] fganh] jktho xka/kh “kkldh; LukrdksRrj] egkfo|ky;] vfEcdkiqj ¼N-x-½ eks- 9479140156

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kfnoklh lekt esa ,d cgqip z fyr vkSj yksdfiz; “kCn gS ^laxBu^A ;g bl lekt dh fo”ks’krk Hkh gS vkSj vko”;drk HkhA laxBu ls rkRi;Z ,sls lHkh ekuoh; O;ogkjksa ls gS ftudk ,d izfrekfud Lo:Ik gksrk gS vkSj ftlesa lqO;oLFkk gksrh gSA dqN lekt”kkfL=;ksa us lewgks]a milewgksa vkSj laLFkkvksa dks fdlh o`gr~ bdkbZ ds laxBu dk Hkkx ekuk gS] rks vU; lekt”kkfL=;ksa us ewY;ks]a fo”oklks]a izFkkvks]a ifjikfV;ksa vkSj Hkwfedkvksa ds vkilh lac/a kksa dks lkekftd laxBu ds :Ik esa ekuk gSA vr% lkekftd laxBu ,d ,slh n”kk ;k fLFkfr gS ftlesa fdlh lekt ds fofHkUu vax ;k Hkkx vFkkZr~ laLFkk,a] lewg] rFkk lfefr;ka vkfn viuh Lohd`fr ,oa fu/kkZfjr Hkwfedkvksa ds vuqlkj dk;Z djrh jgrh gSAa vkfnokfl;ksa ds bfrgkl dh ckr dh tk;s rks bl “kCn dh egÙkk Hkh Lo;a fl) gks tkrh gSA dksbZ oLrq ;k ”kCn yxkrkj iz;qDr gksr& s gksrs dbZ ckj f?kl tkrs gSa ;k viuk izHkko [kks nsrs gSAa dgha vkfnoklh lekt ds lanHkZ esa Hkh rks ;g ckr pfjrkFkZ ugha gksrh] ;g fopkj dh vis{kk j[krh gSA bl lac/a k esa ;g Li’V gS fd vkfnoklh lekt ds fy, ;g ek= “kCn ugha] vfirq £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

mldh vfLerk] mldh igpku dks n”kkZrk gSA Hkkjr dh tkfr O;oLFkk esa ,d tkfr fo”ks’k “kh’kZ LFkku ij ekus x;sA os vkt Hkh /kkfeZd] lkekftd] jktuSfrd o fofHkUu {ks=ksa esa opZLo cuk;s j[kuk pkgrs gS]a os izkIr vf/kdkjksa ds dkj.k lHkh n`f’Vdks.k ls lcy fn[kkbZ nsrs gSAa mUgsa fdlh laxBu dh vko”;drk ugha gS fQj Hkh os laxBu esa fo”okl djrs gSAa “ksj cgqr “kfDr”kkyh gksrs gSa ysfdu tc os f”kdkj djrs gSa rks lewg cukdj f”kdkj ij geyk djrs gSAa tc “kfDr”kkyh dks laxBu dh vko”;drk gS rks vkfnoklh dks D;ksa ughaA bldk rkRi;Z ;g fcYdqy ugha fd vkfnoklh detksj gSa ysfdu mudk vuojr~ pyk vkus okyk “kks’k.k] mRihM+u muds laxfBr jgus dk ekSu b”kkjk gSA vU; “kks’kd ,oa “kkld tkfr;ksa ds pkgs tks mn~n”s ; gksa ysfdu vkfnokfl;ksa ds laxBu dk mn~ns”; “kks’k.k vkSj vR;kpkj ls eqfDr vkSj viuk lokZx a h.k fodkl gksuk pkfg, u fd nwljksa ij gkoh gksukA viuk fodkl djuk euq’; dk vf/kdkj gS ysfdu FkksM+k fodkl dj vkReeqX/k gks tkuk ;k vius lekt ls

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dV tkuk] vyXk&FkyXk gks tkuk fu”p; gh fdlh deh dks bafXkr djrk gSA ftl rjg ^vdsyk puk HkkM+ ugha QksM+ ldrk* mlh rjg ,d nwljs ls ikjLifjd laca/kksa ds fuoZgu }kjk gh euq’; vius oSdkfld dk;ksZ dks vatke nsrk gSA vkfnoklh lekt esa vfHktkR; izo`fÙk Hkh muds vyxko dk dkj.k cu jgh gSA viuh igpku Nqikdj lo.kksZa tSlk vkpj.k djus ls lo.kZ lekt esa dksbZ LFkku ugha feyrk] cfYd vius vkfnoklh lekt ls nwfj;ka gh c<+rh gSaSA Hkkjr esa tkfr O;oLFkk dh tM+as cgqr xgjh gS]a bls m[kkM+ Qsd a uk vklku ugha gSA fu”Nyrk] vkMacjfoghu] lknk] ljy thou] vfrfFk lRdkj] izd`fr ls yxko euq ’ ;rk dh igpku gS A vkfnokfl;ksa esa mDr xq.kksa dk ik;k tkuk xoZ dh ckr gSA vkfnoklh viuh igpku dks cjdjkj j[krs gq, lekt vkSj jk’Vª ds fodkl esa viuh egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk dk fuokZg dj ldrs gSAa vr% e`xejhfpdk ds ihNs Hkkxuk O;FkZ gh ugha d’V dk dkj.k gh gks ldrk gSA izkphu dky esa vkfnoklh lewg esa jgrs FksA lewg esa jgrs gq, mudh

kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

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yÞªàºþÂà §ýã ¡àwÎu§ýmà

ORAON JHAROKHA

laxBfud “kfDr dk fodkl gksrk FkkA lkewfgdrk vkfnoklh lekt dh fo”ks’krk gS A ;g fo”ks ’ krk ns ” k&ns ” kka r j ds vkfnokfl;ksa esa ns[kh tk ldrh gSA cnyrs le; ds lkFk vkfnokfl;ksa dh igPkku Hkh cny jgh gS ftldk izHkko mudh lkewfgdrk ij Hkh iM+k gSA vkt vkfnoklh lekt fc[kjko ds nkSj ls xqtj jgk gS ftldk ykHk “kks’kd oxZ mBk jgk gSA ogha lekt ds dqN lfØ; lnL; lekt dh ,dtqVrk ds fy, fujarj iz;kljr fn[kkbZ nsrs gSAa Vh- oh- ij ,d dk;ZØe py jgk FkkA fMldOgjh pSuy ij taxy thou fn[kk;k tk jgk FkkA ogka taxyh HkSl a ksa dk ,d cM+k >q.M FkkA mlh taxy esa 5&6 “ksj Fks tks f”kdkj dh rkd esa cSBs FksA os ,d lkFk taxyh HkSl a ksa ij geyk djrs vkSj mUgs viuk f”kdkj cuk ysrAs ;g nkSj dbZ&dbZ ckj pykA dqN HkSl a nwj ls cl ns[krs] ysfdu ,d fnu u tkus mu taxyh HkSl a ksa esa dSlh psruk vkbZ vkSj mUgksua s f”kdkj gks jgs vius lkFkh dks cpkus ds fy, “ksjksa ij geyk cksy fn;kA igys rks “ksjksa dks dqN le> gh ughs vk;k vkSj HkSl a ksa us ,d “ksj dks ?kk;y dj fn;k] blds ckn rks tSls mu taxyh HkSl a ksa us “ksjksa dk izfrdkj djus dh ckr Bku yhA tc&tc “ksj geyk djrs taxyh HkSl a s vk¡[ksa yky dj lhsx a rku dj vkØked eqnzk esa geys ds fy, rS;kj gks tkrsA vc “ksjksa dks mudk f”kdkj djus ds fy, dbZ&dbZ ckj lkspuk iM+ jgk FkkA ,slk ughsa fd HkSl a ksa ds bl £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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vkØked :[k ds ckn mudk f”kdkj gksuk can gks x;kA f”kdkj rks vc Hkh dksbZ u dksbZ cu jgk Fkk ysfdu f”kdkj ogh cu jgk Fkk tks >q.M ls vyx&vyx iM+ tkrk FkkA izkphu dky esa vkfnokfl;ksa ds lkFk tkuojksa tSlk crkZo fd;k tkrk FkkA dekso”s k vkt Hkh ,slh fLFkfr cuh gqbZ gSA pkgs vkfnoklh O;fDr i<+ fy[k dj mPp inksa ij vklhu gks tk;sa ysfdu xSj vkfnokfl;ksa fo”ks’kr% Lo;a dks lo.kZ le>us okyksa dk muds izfr ogh iqjkuk n`f’Vdks.k gSA ;fn bl lksp esa ifjorZu vk;k Hkh gS rks og ukdkQh gSA ,slh fLFkfr esa vkfnokfl;ksa dks vius vga dks R;kx dj laxfBr gksus dh vko”;drk gSA tkfr] /keZ] laiznk; vkSj ,sls gh vU; NksV& s cM+s dkj.kksa ls vyxko dh fLFkfr dk fufeZr gksuk vkfnoklh leqnk; ds fy, ?kkrd gSA dfo MkW- vuqt yqxqu dgrs gSa & gy ugha tksrus okys yM+ds @ gy tksrus okys yM+dksa ds ckjs esa ugha tkurs@ os laln tkurs gS@ a iqfyl tkurs gS@ a dpgjh vkSj vf/kdkjh tkurs gS@ a os gy tksrus okys yM+dksa ds ckjs esa ugha tkurs@/kku jksius okys@ gy tksrus okys@vkSj ,sls gh Jfedksa ds xhr gS@ a xhrksa esa xqLlk gS@Lokn vkSj lwn ysus okyksa ds fy,@muds xqLls esa lk>kiu gS@;g caVa bZ dh ckr ugha@;g ,dk dh ckr gS@[kwu tys rks Lokn feys@/kjrh tqrs rks liuk feysA ¼,drk dh ckr½ dfo us bu iafDr;ksa ds ek/;e ls laxfBr gksdj] ,d gksdj jgus dh gh ckr dgh

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ISSN-2456-3625

gSA vlaxfBr gksus vkSj vyxko dh ihM+k ;gk¡ lkQ fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA laxBu dh vko”;drk thou ds fofHkUu i{kksa vkSj voLFkkvksa esa gSA Nk= thou ls ysdj vkxkeh vU;kU; iM+koks]a L=h] Nk=] fdlku] ukSdjh is”kk ;k vU; O;olk; ls tqMs+ yksxksa ij Hkh ;g ckr ykxw gksrh gSA laxfBr gksus dh fLFkfr es a gh fdlh leq n k; es a laxBukRed psruk ;k “kfDr dk mn; vkSj fodkl laHko gSA ftu o`{kksa dh tM+sa tehu esa xgjkbZ rd igaqph gksrh gSa ogh o`{k gjs Hkjs gksrs gSa] Qyrs & Qwyrs gSaA vkfnokfl;ksa dks d`f=erk ugha Qcrh cfYd lknxh vkSj vkMacjfoghu thou mUgsa efgekeafMr djrk gSA viuh dfork dh iafDr;ksa ls ckr lekIr djrh gW¡w & “ksj lewg esa f”kdkj djrs gS@ a uhyxk;ksa rqEgs Hkh lewg esa jguk gksxk @vius vfLrRo dh j{kk ds fy,@Lo;a dks cpk;s j[kus ds fy,@unh dk uhyk ty vkdf’kZr djrk gS rqEgs@ a ”kkfey gS og Hkh “ksjksa dh lkft”k es@ a laHkyuk@ikuh ihus ls igys@ns[k ysuk pkjksa vksj@dgha “ksj rqEgkjh ?kkr esa rks ugha \

thou dk lcls egRoiw.kZ loky ;g gS fd vkius nwljksa ds fy, D;k fd;k\ kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

15


ISSN-2456-3625

ORAON JHAROKHA

mjk¡o lekt dks l{ke usr`Ro dh vko';drk &fueZy frXxk ¼vij dysDVj] ftyk dks.Mkxkao½

fdlh Hkh tkfr]lekt]lewg]ns'k dks vkxs

c<+kus ds fy, usr`Ro dh vko';drk iM+rh gS ftlls leqnk;]fujarj vkxs c<+rk tk;sA bfrgkl xokg gS] mUur lekt rHkh vkxs c<+ k gS ] tgka l{ke us r ` R o feyk gS A HksM+]cdjh]eos'kh fcuk pjokgs ds b/kj& m/kj HkVdrs jgrs gaS] u lgh pkjkxkg fey ikrk gS] u gh ehBk ty miyC/k gks ikrk gSA mjk¡o lekt ,d laxfBr lekt gS] lqlaLd`r HkhA le; ds lkFk&lkFk i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ dh fLFkfr Hkh izxfrjr gSA 'kkldh; lsok esa lsoknkj vkSj vksgnsnkj Hkh de ugha gSA izkar esa vkSj ns'k esa viuh fu"Bk o ;ksX;rk ds cy ij ,d vyx igpku cukus esa Hkh lQy gq, gSaA dk;Z dh vko';drk ds dkj.k] tUe LFkku dks NksMd + j ns'k ds dksus&dksus esa] ge tk cls gSaA gekjk lekt vHkh FkksM+s ifjorZu lfgr yxHkx ewy :i esa ogha ij tl ds rl gSA i<+ k bZ & fy[kkbZ dh otg ls gekjk vkpkj&fopkj] jgu&lgu] [kku&iku] vkfFkZd fLFkfr esa dkQh lq/kkj vk;k gSA bl fodkl dks ;fn xkSj ls ns[kk tk;s rks irk pyrk gS fd xfr fdruh /kheh gS] dbZ ckj okftc gd] fgLlk rd ugha feyrk gS] cfYd 'kklu dh mis{kk ;k vU; lekt }kjk 'kks"k.k rd dh ukScr vk tkrh gSA gd dks cyiwoZd ekaxus dh ckr nwj jgh] vU;k; vkSj 'kks"k.k ds fo:) Hkh eq[kj gksdj ge yM+ ugha ldrsA bUgha lc dkj.kksa ls futkr ikus ds fy, gekjs lekt esa l{ke usr`Ro dh vko';drk eq>s vU; ckrksa dh rqyuk esa vf/kd eglwl gksrh gSA cM+s gh fouezrkiwoZd bl ckr dks j[kus dk lkgl djrk gwa fd mjk¡o lekt esa l{ke usr`Ro dk vHkko gS] ftls fdlh Hkh Lrj ij nwj fd;s tkus dh vko';drk gSA dqN lqf/k ikBd 'kk;n esjh

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ckrksa ls vlger gksaxsa A dg ldrs gSa fd gekjs chp Hkh vc yhMj gSa tks fofHkUu ekspsZ ij gekjh ekax o gd dh yM+kbZ yM+saA ckr dqN gn rd lgh gks ldrh gS] vkSj ;s ckr dqN jkgr ns ldrh gS] ysfdu ge bl Hkqykos ls ckgj fudysa rks vPNk gksxkA ge dbZ ekspsZ esa ns[k pqds gaS fd gekjk lekt gj ckj l{ke usr`Ro ds fy, eqag ck;s jgrk gSA tksf[ke ysus dh {kerk] o lkglh gksuk vR;Ur vko';d gSA mjk¡o lekt esa fo/kk;d] lkaln fdrus gksaxs\ lkekftd cgqla[;d gksus ds ckotwn vU; vkfnoklh lekt bl ekeys esa dgha gels vkxs gSA eSa rks ;gka rd dguk pkgrk gwa fd vU; vkfnoklh lekt esa de i<+s fy[ks gksus ds ckctwn usr`Ro dh {kerk dgha vf/kd ik;h tkrh gSA usr`Ro dkSu djs \ usrk dkSu cus\ dSls cus \ ;g ,d xaHkhj fo"k; gks ldrk gS] oks blfy, fd mjk¡o O;fDr LoHkko ls gh **lh/kk&lknk** vkSj usd balku gksrk gSA usr`Ro esa bldks NksM+dj vU; xq.kksa dh vko';drk vf/kd gksrh gSA Kkuoku] okpky] prqj] ncax] l{ke vkfn xq.kksa dh t:jr iM+rh gSA fu;e] dkuwu] vf/kdkj] drZO; vkfn dh tkudkjh t:jh gS A gesa tehuh {ks= esa Hkh lkekftd laxBu rS;kj djus dh t:jr gS] lfefr v/;{k] mik/;{k] lnL;] laxBu cukdj le;&le; ij lgh eap ij viuh ckr mBk;s tkus dh t:jr gS] blls vH;kl Hkh gksxk vkSj ekax Hkh iwjh gks ldrh gSA futh Ldwyksa esa tgka gekjh ckgqyrk gS] cpiu ls gh yhMj ds xq.kksa dks fodkl djuk]Ldwy esa okn&fookn dk vk;kstu] Hkk"k.k] ys[ku ds }kjk vH;kl dh tk ldrh gSA i<+kbZ ds vykok usr`Ro {kerk esa fo'ks"k /;ku fn, tkus dh vko';drk gSA gesa eq[kj vkSj iz[kj gksus dh t:jr gSA vodk'k ds fnuksa

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esa ;qok dSai ;k ;qok lEesyu vk;ksftr fd;k tkuk pkfg, ftlesa Toyar] lkekftd] jktuhfrd leL;k ds funku ds fy, mUgsa fparu dk volj nsuk pkfg,A izHkkoh <+ax ls vius gd dh ekax j[kuk rFkk izHkkoh <ax ls gekjs lekt dh le`+) laLd`fr dks vU; lekt ds e/; Hkh j[kk tkuk pkfg,A fo'ks"kKksa dh enn yh tk ldrh gSA lafo/kku] jktuhfr] lkekftd fo"k;ksa ds tkudkjksa dh lgk;rk yh tk ldrh gSA lekt esa gj ,d O;fDr dks ;g lkspus dh vko';drk gS fd **lekt** us eq>s ftruk fn;k] D;k eSaus mruk okil fd;k\ ;fn ugha rks geus lekt ds lkFk U;k; ugha fd;k] pkgs O;fDrxr :i ls geus fdruh gh rjDdh dj yh gksA bl usr`Ro dks rS;kj fd;s tkus esa ;k mlesa fu[kkj ykus ds fy, lekt ds izcq) oxZ ls vihy djuk pkgrk gw¡ vki vkxs vk,a vkSj bl iquhr dk;Z esa ladksp o vkyL; dks NksM+dj cgqewY; le; nsdj]lekt dks lgh usr`Ro iznku djus esa viuh egrh ;ksxnku iznku djsAa iap] ljiap] tuin lnL;] ftyk iapk;r lnL;] v/;{k] fo/kk;d] lkaln vkfn inksa ij igqapus dh dksf'k'k gj jktuhfrd ikVhZ ls tqM+us dk iz;kl] xzkeh.k {ks= esa Hkh i=&if=dkvksa ls tqM+dj laoknnkrk vkfn ds :i esa lekt dh leL;k] miyfC/k;ksa dks ns'k nqfu;k ds lkeus yk;k tkuk pkfg,A mjk¡o lekt gj {ks= esa izxfr djrk gqvk vkxs c<+ jgk gSA blh rjg usr`Ro ds {ks= esa Hkh vkxs c<+sxkA u;h ih<+h fu'p; gh bl deh dks iwjk djsxh ,slk eq>s fo'okl gSA gd o U;k; ds fy, vkSj gekjs lekt ds vPNs xq.kks]a laLd`fr] cksyh] lkekftd lejlrk ds Hkko dks ns'k vkSj nqfu;k ds lkeus lqUnj rLohj ds :i esa izLrqr dj ldsxh A

kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

16


ISSN-2456-3625

ORAON JHAROKHA

vkfnoklh lekt dk bykt jktuhfr &,-ih- VksIiks ¼lgk;d vk;qDr okf.kfT;d dj½ jk;iqj ¼N-x-½

lkfFk;ksa

iwoZ vad esa vkius i<+ k **vkfnoklh rkdr**A vkt eS a **vkfnoklh lekt dk bykt jktuhfr** ds ckjs esa fy[k jgk gw¡A vkt gekjk vkfnoklh lekt tkxrs gq, lks jgk gS ;k lksrs gq, tkx jgk gS ;k dgs]a dksek esa gSA lekt dh lklsa /khjs& /khjs py jgh gSA vkt iwjs vkfnoklh lekt dks ,d ,s l s MkW D Vj dh t+ : jr gS ] tks vkfnoklh lekt dks ,drk] laxBu o la?k’kZ djus dk ,d cM+k batsD”ku yxk ldsA 1 uoEcj 2000 dks NRrhlx<+ jkT; cuus ds i”pkr~ Hkh vkfnoklh yxkrkj vkUnksyu dj jgs gSAa vkUnksyu dk dkj.k lHkh dks ekywe gSA dHkh 32 izfr”kr vkj{k.k ds fy,] dHkh vkj{k.k cpkus ds fy,] dHkh ty] taxy] tehu ds fy, vkUnksyu djrs tk jgs gS]a fQj Hkh lcls cM+h foMacuk ;gh gS fd vkfnokfl;ksa dh gkyr tl ds rl gSA gekjs vkfnoklh usrk ekStnw k ljdkj ds iz f rfuf/k ga S ] fdUrq blds ckotw n vkfnokfl;ksa dks ty] taxy] tehu dks cpkus ds fy, yM+kbZ yM+uh iM+ jgh gSA fo”ks’kdj t”kiqj ds vkfnoklh viuh tehu ls foLFkkfir u gksus ds fy, foxr dbZ o’kksZ ls vkUnksyujr gSAa £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

vkfnoklh leL;kvksa dk bykt jktuhfr ls gh laHko gS ;fn vkfnoklh turk jk’Vªh; Lrj ij ,dtqV gks tk,a vkSj vius oksV ls vkfnoklh ikVhZ ds lkaln o fo/kk;dksa dks ftrk,axs rHkh jktuSfrd lRrk gekjs gkFk vk,xh] D;ksafd jktuSfrd lRrk gfFk;kus ds fy, gkFk dh t:jr gksrh gS vkSj gkFk dh ,d maxyh ls lRrk ifjorZu dj ldrs gSaA cl t+:jr gS viuh ,d maxyh ls cVu nckus dh] tks vkids ikl gSA foxr 16 o’kZ ds vuqHko ,oa fopkj&foe”kZ ds ckn ;g fu’d’kZ ij igqp a k gw¡ fd gekjs vkfnokfl;ksa dh i`Fkd ls viuh ,d jk’Vªh; vkfnoklh ikVhZ gks] ,d vkfnoklh usrk gks rFkk jk’Vªh; Lrj ij vkfnoklh vkUnksyu gks vkSj rks vkSj] gekjk ,d varjkZ’Vªh; vkfnoklh usrk gks rHkh ge lRrk dks vius i{k esa dj ldrs gSAa leLr vkfnoklh leL;kvksa dk funku jktuhfr ls gh laHko gS]D;ksfa d ljdkj dh uhfr;kW ljdkj ds dk;Zdze] jktuhfr gh r; djrh gS fd ns”k dks fdl fn”kk esa ysuk gSA vkt gekjk vkfnoklh ukSdk:ih lekt] leqnz ds chp esa ygjksa ds FkisM+ksa ds chp esa

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

mFky&iqFky gks jgk gSA dksbZ ,slk ukfod ugha tks vkfnoklh ukSdk dk irokj] [ksougkj cu ldsA tcls NRrhlx<+ jkT; dk xBu gqvk gS rHkh ls ,slk dksbZ usrk iSnk ugha gqvk gS] tks fd vkfnokfl;ksa dk elhgk cu ik;k gks\ lkfFk;ks NRrhlx<+ izns”k dk tUe 2000 esa gqvk vkSj vkt 16 o’kZ gks x, gaS] vFkkZr~ gekjk NRrhlx<+ tokuh dh ngyht+ ij ikao j[k pqdk gSA t+jk lkspks gekjk cpiu dSlk jgkA gekjk ckY;dky fdldh xksn esa iy jgk gS\ dksSu gesa fdl vksj ys tk jgk gS\ ;g ,d xaHkhj o xgu fpUrk dk fo’k; gS gekjs vkfnoklh lekt dk ykyu&ikyu dSls gks jgk gS\ gesa dkSu lk nw/k fiykdj cM+k fd;k tk jgk gS\ D;k ge “kkjhfjd] ekufld] vkfFkZd] jktuSfrd :i ls etcwr gks jgs gSa ;k gesa rksMk+ tk jgk gSA lkspks lkfFk;ks!a gesa ckY;dky esa fcuk ijh{kk fn, ikl djus dk D;k urhtk gksxk\ gekjk izk;ejh] gkbZ Ldwy dh f”k{kk dk Lrj D;k gksxk\ ,slh dkSu lh pky gS] tks gesa tM+ksa ls det+ksj fd;s tk jgh gS\ nqfu;k esa ,slk dksSu lk ns”k gS tgk¡ fcuk ijh{kk fn, ikl djus dh uhfr viuk;h tk jgh gS\ nksLrks lkspks] vc djks ;k ejks dh fLFkfr vk xbZ gSA

kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

17


ORAON JHAROKHA

tc f”k{kk gh det+ksj gks tk,xk rks dkS u dq ” ky iz ” kklfud ;k prq j jktuhfrK cu ldrk gS\ ukSdjh ds {ks= esa HksnHkko Li’V fn[kkbZ ns jgk gSA NRrhlx<+ jkT; dk xBu blfy, fd;k x;k gS fd ;gk¡ dk vkfnoklh flQZ f”k{kkdehZ] r`rh; o prqFkZ Js.kh dh ukSdjh djs] D;ksfa d f”k{kk dk Lrj] Lrjghu gks x;k gSA f”k{kk ds uke ij /kks[kk fn;k tk jgk gS] vkSj ge lHkh vkfnoklh ekSu /kkj.k fd;s gq, gSAa vr% lkfFk;ks] lko/kku! viuk jaxr fn[kkus dk le; vk x;k gSA vius vkidks tkuks] igpkuks vkSj vkxs c<+ks vkS j Mw c rh uS ; k dks ikj yxkvks A NRrhlx<+ izn”s k esa cykRdkj] pksfj;k¡] MdSrh] eMZj pkjksa vksj vlqj{kk vU;k; dk cksyckyk py jgk gSA izn”s k ds usrkvksa us viuh vkW[ksa can dj yh gSa ;k tkucw > dj iz R ;{k&viz R ;{k :i ls vutku cudj cSBs gq, gSAa cLrj esa D;k gks jgk gS\ iwjk vkfnoklh lekt cLrj can djds “kklu] iz”kklu dks psrkouh ns Mkyk gS] fdUrq D;k cLrj can djus ls leL;k dk funku gks tk,xkA NRrhlx<+ dk vkfnoklh dgha Hkh lqjf{kr ugha gSA lh/ks&lkns vkfnokfl;ksa ls muds gd] muds vf/kdkj Nhus tk jgs gS]a fQj Hkh gekjs tuizfrfuf/k pqIih lk/k fy, gS a A ,s l k dks b Z ekbZ dk yky tks vkfnokfl;ksa ds gd@vf/kdkj dh j{kk ds fy, cgu] csfV;ksa dh vkc: dh j{kk ds fy, [kM+k gksdj [kqyh pqukSrh ns lds\ £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

¡àâÀwàyã ytàk §ýà ¢vàk ÊàkÂàãâm lkfFk;ks eSa t”kiqj ftys dk vkfnoklh gwWA t”kiqj dh ikou feV~Vh esa iyk c<+k vkSj vkt bl eqdke rd igqqp a k fd vki yksxksa dks vius ty] taxy] tehu dh j{kk ds fy, yydkj ldw¡A vki yksx i<+s&fy[ksa gS]a cM+s&cM+s in ij “kksHkk;eku gS] blds fy, eSa c/kkbZ ,oa “kqHkdkeuk,W nsrk gwW] fdUrq D;k ge okLro esa viuh ekr`Hkwfe t”kiqj] dqudqjh dh j{kk gsrq dqN dj jgs gSAa gekjk t”kiqj {ks= lcls cM+k vkS|ksfxd {ks= curs tk jgk gSA ikuh dh O;oLFkk gsrq MSe cukuk] fctyh dh O;oLFkk gsrq cM+& s cM+s [kEHks yxkuk bl ckr dk lwpd gS fd fudV Hkfo’; esa t”kiqj vkS|ksfxd uxjh ls tkuk tk,xkA eSa rks ;g ugha le> ikrk gw¡ fd gekjs vkfnoklh daqMq[k HkkbZ&cgu] ekrk&firk tks fd jk;iqj] nqx]Z fHkykbZ] fcykliqj] jk;x<+ esa cgqrk;r la[;k esa fuokl dj jgs gSa vkSj pSu dh ck¡lqjh ctkdj xgjh uhan esa lks;s gq, gaS] mUgsa cl Lo;a dk ,oa vius ifjokj dh fpark gS] tc Hkh fdlh leL;k ds lek/ kku ds fy, ehfVax dk vk;kstu fd;k tkrk gS] rks ogk¡ flQZ xksM a ]+ daoj vkSj vU; vkfnoklh HkkbZ;ksa dk psgjk fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA dqM a q+[k ¼majko½ dk psgjk rks fn[kkbZ gh ugha nsrk gSA eSa dguk pkgw¡xk fd D;k ge blfy, i<+& s fy[ksa gSa fd ge ehfVax es]a tqyl w jSyh esa “kkfey u gks ;fn ,slh ckr gS rks eSa ,slh fMxzh dks ykr ekjrk gw¡] rFkk ;g Hkh tkudkjh nsuk pkgw¡xk fd ehfVax] jSyh] tqywl] gM+rky vkfn esa lfEefyr gksus esa dksbZ

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

ISSN-2456-3625

iSlk ugha yxrk] flQZ le; gh nsuk iM+rk gS] fdUrq ;g cgqr cM+k iz”u dk fo’k; gS\ lkfFk;ks t+ j k lks f p,] ;fn vkidh ukSdjh dks ljdkj Nhu ys rks vkidk ,oa vkids ifjokj dk D;k gksxk\ Bhd mlh izdkj gekjs ekrk&firk tks d`f’k dk;Z ls tqMs+ gaS ljdkj tehu dks Nhu ysrh gS ;k mUgsa foLFkkfir djrh gS rks gekjs ekrk&firk]ifjokj] xkao] lekt dk D;k gksxk\ vr% gesa viuh ekr`Hkwfe t”kiqj gh ugha iwjs izn”s k ds ckjs esa xgu] fpUru djds fn”kk fu/kkZfjr djuk gksxkA jktuhfr ds {ks= esa D;k djuk gS mlds ckjs esa dqN lq>ko nsuk pkgWx w kA dqN egRoiw.kZ ckrksa ij ljdkj ;fn /;ku nsxh rks fuf”pr :i ls gekjh jktuSfrd fLFkfr etcwr gksxh vkSj ge lc vius vkj{k.k] ty] taxy] tehu dh j{kk dj ik;asxsAa ¼1½ NRrhlx<+ es a vkfnokfl;ks a dk l”kfDrdj.k %& gekjs iz n s ” k es a vkfnoklh l”kfDrdj.k ls gh mUufr o fodkl dk lgh y{; izkIr gks ldrk gS] dsoy jksM] fcfYMax] ¶ySV] xkSjoiFk dk fuekZ.k djus ls vkfnoklh dk fodkl laHko ugha gSA vkfnoklh dk fodkl mlds vkRefo”okl vkSj vkfnoklh vfLrRo mldh igpku o fgLlsnkjh esa fufgr gSA gekjk ;g mn~n”s ; gksuk pkfg, fd NRrhlx<+ esa Hkk’kk] laLd`fr ij vk/kkfjr f”k{kk dk fodkl gksA

kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

18


ORAON JHAROKHA

vr% leLr vkfnoklh ca/kqvks]a lxktuksa ls fuosnu gS fd gesa [kqn viuh Hkk’kk] laLd`fr vkSj f”k{kk dks ,d u;k dzkfa rdkjh vk;ke nsuk gksxkA gesa vius u”kkiku] “kjkc] xqV[kk] rEck[kw ds lsou ls ckgj vkdj viuh vlyh “kfDr dks igpkuuk gSA gekjh Hkk’kk] laLd`fr gh gekjh “kfDr gS blh ls gekjk fodkl laHko gSA

¼2½ NRrhlx<+ es a vkfnoklh efgykvksa dks bTt+r vkSj vf/kdkj iznku djuk %& gekjs iz n s ” k dh vkfnoklh efgykvksa dks bTt+r o vf/kdkj feyuk pkfg,A NRrhlx<+ esa efgykvksa ds leqfpr fodkl o lEeku dks LFkkfir djus ds fy, vkfnoklh efgyk vk;ksx dk xBu gksuk pkfg, ,oa bl vkfnoklh efgyk vk;ksx ds lHkh inkf/kdkjh vkfnoklh gksuk pkfg,] ftlls fd efgykvksa dh leL;kvks]a mudh dfBukbZ;ksa dk bykt gks lds rFkk efgykvksa dks vU;k;] “kks’k.k] vR;kpkj ls cpk;k tk ldsA fo”ks’kdj eSa cLrj]t”kiqj] ljxqtk laHkkx ds vkfnoklh efgykvksa dh ckr dj jgk gw¡A vk;s fnu jkst isij esa ns[kus o i<+us ls Kkr gksrk gS fd efgykvksa ij vR;kpkj] efgykvksa dk “kkjhfjd “kks’k.k] gR;k;sa ;sa lc fuHkhZd o fuMj gksdj fd;k tk jgk gS] fdUrq “kklu pqIih lk/ks gq, gSA ;g lc ?k`f.kr dkjukek flQZ vkfnoklh o nfyr efgykvksa ij gh fd;k tk jgk gSA £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

¡àâÀwàyã ytàk §ýà ¢vàk ÊàkÂàãâm vr% “kklu dks vkfnoklh efgyk vk;ksx dk xBu cLrj] ljxqtk] t”kiqj ;k vkfnoklh ckgqy {ks= esa djds efgykvkas ij gks jgs vR;kpkj] ”kks’k.k] gR;k dk lek/kku djuk pkfg,A

ISSN-2456-3625

dks vkeaf=r fd;k gS\a t+jk lkspks nksLrks] gekjk tehu] gekjh /kjrh catj gksrs tk jgh gS] gesa Lo;a dks vius ty] taxy] tehu dh j{kk djuh gksxh rHkh ge vius xkWo] lekt dks mUufr dh vksj ys tk ldrs gSAa

¼3½ NRrhlx<+ ds vkfnokfl;ksa ds

fodkl gsrq d`f’k ,oa flapkbZ ij ¼4½ NRrhlx< esa vkfnoklh ;qokvksa fo”ks’k /;ku nsuk %& dks jkstxkj dk volj fnykuk & izns”k esa cM+s&cMs+ m|ksxks]a QSDVªh dks c<+kok nsus ls D;k vkfnokfl;ksa dk fodkl gks ldrk gS\ fodkl ds uke ls muls tehu] ty] taxy ?kj&}kj Nhuk tk jgk gS A ;fn NRrhlx<+ ds vkfnokfl;ks a dks lgh :i es a mUufr”khy]fodkl”khy cukuk gS rks ljdkj dks d`f’k] flapkbZ ij fo”ks’k /;ku nsuk gksxkA vkfnoklh fdlkuksa dks dqVhj m|ksxksa dks c<+kus] i”kqikyu] Ms;jh] eNyh ikyu ij leqfpr /;ku fn;k tk dj vkfFkZd mUufr dh vksj vxzlj fd;k tk ldrk gSA gekjk thou ty] taxy] tehu ls tqMk+ gSA vkt t”kiqj] cLrj] ljxqtk ;k vU; vkfnoklh {ks=ksa esa fdrus cka/kks]a fdrus flapkbZ ds lk/kuks]a fdrus dqvk¡] fdrus rkykcks]a dk fuekZ.k fd;k x;k gS\ lkfFk;ks---gekjs “kklu ds cMs& + cMs+ usrk fons”kksa esa tkdj m|ksx o QSDVªh yxkus ds fy, vkeaf=r djds pys vkrs gSa\ D;k bUgksaus dHkh vkfnokfl;ksa ds xkWo] CykWd] rglhy esa cka/k] rkykc] dqvk¡] flapkbZ dh O;oLFkk djus gsrq fons”kksa

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

NRrhlx<+ ds fdlh Hkh dksus esa vkÅV lksflZx a ls HkrhZ fu;e dks can djuk gksxk] gekjs f”kf{kr csjkstxkj ;qok vkRegR;k dj jgs gSAa vkRenkg dj jgs gS a A Qk¡ l h ij yVd jgs gS a ,s l h fLFkfr&ifjfLFkfr esa vkÅV lksflZx a ls f”k{kk] LokLF; esa HkrhZ djuk mfpr gksxk ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd ckgjh vkneh D;k tkus NRrhlx<+ dk nnZA gekjs vkfnoklh HkkbZ&cgu xjhch ds lk;s esa tUe ysrs gS]a iyrs gaS ,oa f”k{kk izkIr djrs gSAa tc ukSdjh&is”kk nsus dh ckr vkrh gS rks mUgsa ut+j vankt+ dj fn;k tk dj ckgjh yksxksa dks jkstx + kj fn;k tkrk gSA vr% vkfnoklh ;qokvksa dks f”k{kk ds {ks= esa tSls ch0Vh0vkbZ0] ch0,M0] ,e0,M0 gsrq fo”ks’k Vªfs uax dh lqfo/kk fn;k tk dj f”k{kk ds {ks= esa ubZ T;ksr tyk;k tk ldrk gSA LokLF; fpfdRlk ds {ks= esa fo”ks’k dksfpax] fo”ks’k Vsªfuax nsdj vkfnoklh ;qod&;qofr;ksa dks jkstx + kj fn;k tk ldrk gSA blh izdkj dEI;wVj dh f”k{kk gsrq CykWd] rglhy] ftyk Lrj ij fu%”kqYd Vsªfuax lsVa j [kksyk tk,] rkfd izn”s k ds vkfnoklh ;qokoxZ

kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

19


ORAON JHAROKHA

rduhdh {ks= esa Hkh vkxs vk ldsAa

¼5½ NRrhlx<+ ds vkfnokfl;ksa dks [ksydwn ds {ks= esa volj nsuk & orZ e ku [ks y txr es a vkfnokfl;ksa ds fy, dksbZ Hkh j.kuhfr rS;kj ugha dh tk jgh gS] tcfd iwjk ns”k tkurk gS fd vkfnokfl;ksa esa [ksydwn ds izfr fdruh dkfcfy;r gSA eSa ,sls vkfnoklh {ks= dh ckr dj jgk gw¡] tgkW [ksydwn dk LVsfM;e] ,LVªkVs QZ] eSnku rd ugha gSA esaS fo”ks’kdj t”kiqj] dqudqjh] ljxqtk] cyjkeiqj] lwjtiqj] cSdqBa iqj] cLrj] dkadjs A ,sls leLr vkfnoklh CykWd] rglhy] ftyk esa LVsfM;e] ,LVªkVs QZ----[ksy eSnku ljdkj dks rS;kj djds nsuk pkfg,A 21 twu 2016 dks iwjk ns”k ;ksx fnol ds fy, djksMk+ as :i;s [kpZ djrk gS D;k de ls de vkfnoklh ftys esa ,LVªkVs QZ ;k [ksydwn ds fy, LVsfM;e dk fuekZ.k ugha dj ldrs gS\a eSa rks ;s dgrk gwW fd de ls de rhu laHkkx ljxqtk ds vfEcdkiqj] jk;x<+ ds t”kiqj] dqudqjh] cLrj esa ukjk;.kiqj] naros kM+k esa LVsfM;e dk fuekZ.k fd;k tk, rks ,d

¡àâÀwàyã ytàk §ýà ¢vàk ÊàkÂàãâm ls ,d tkSgj fn[kkus okys f[kykM+h fey tkosx a As nkSM+ esa ;fn Vsªfuax fn;k tk, rks dbZ vkfnoklh mlS u cks Y V cudj fn[kk;sx a ]s ftl izdkj vesfjdk ds /kkodksa dks ljdkj lkjh O;oLFkk djds nsrh gS rks os vesfjdk tSls ns”k dk uke jks”ku dj jgs gS]a mlh izdkj N0x0ds vkfnoklh Hkh nksSM+ esa lkjh lqfo/kk,W feyus ls ,d fnu NRrhlx<+ gh ugha iwjs Hkkjr ns”k dk uke jks”ku djsx a As lkfFk;ksa---- vkfnoklh lekt jktuhfr dks ,d lokZf/kd “kfDr”kkyh gfFk;kj ds :i esa vc rd ugha le> ik;k gS] tcfd iw.kZr% lPpkbZ ;g gS fd jktuhfr gh og fu.kkZ;d “kfDr gS] tks fdldks D;k feysxk] dc feysxk] dgk¡ feysxk] dk QSlyk djrk gSA ns”k ds leLr ukxfjdksa dk lkewfgd fgrksa dk vge QSlyk] jktuhfr ds vkStk+ jksa }kjk gh fd;k tkrk gSA pkoy] nky] isVªksy] Mht+y] diM+k] edku] tehu vkfn ds nke] lHkh jktuhfr ds usrkvksa ds }kjk gh fu/kkZfjr fd;s tkrs gSAa blh izdkj fdl Hkk’kk vkSj /keZ dks ekU;rk feysxh\ vkj{k.k fdldks fdruk feysxk\ ukSdjh fdls feysxh\ O;olk; ds fy, yk;lsl a

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,oa lqfo/kk,¡ fdldks feyax s h\ foLFkkiu fdldk gksxk\ etnwjksa dks nSfud etnwjh fdruh feysxh\ jsy fdjk;k] cl fdjk;k fdruk gksxk\ lHkh QSlys jktuhfr }kjk gh fd;s tkrs gSAa vr% D;k ge lcus vkfnokfl;ksa dh leL;kvksa ds ckjs esa fey cSBdj dHkh lek/kku ds ckjs esa lkspk gS\ D;k geus dHkh jSyh] tqyl w esa Hkkx ysdj viuh leL;kvksa ds ckjs esa “kklu dks voxr djk;k gS\ D;k geus Hkw[k] gM+rky ;k ekSu jSyh fudkydj “kklu dks viuh leL;kvks a ] vius gd@vf/kdkj ds fy, Kkiu fn;k gS\ vr% lkfFk;ksa ! o’kZ 2018 pquko esa flQZ 2 lky jg x, gSa lgh mEehnokj dks jktuhfr esa Hksft,] rkfd gekjs vkfnokfl;ksa dk fodkl o mUufr gks lds] ojuk dgha ge vius iwoZtksa dh Hkkafr yaxksV dh vksj u pys tk,¡A esjk djc) izkFkZuk@fuosnu gS fd lgh vkneh pqfu,] vkfnokfl;ksa dh j{kk ds fy, lgh mEehnokj dks ftrkbZ;s] ojuk gekjk vkfnoklh lekt xrZ esa pyk tkosxkA blh “kqHk lan”s k ds lkFk tksgkj !

uwru o”kZ vfHkuanue] vkids eu esa vikj g”kZ gks] thou esa vikj [kqf’k;k¡ gks] bl uoo”kZ esa vki lHkh dks ‘kqHkdkeukvksa ds lkFk feys lnk /ku&y{eh dh o`f)] ru esa fujksxrk gks] eu esa izlUurk gks] dfu”Bksa ls Lusg gks] ofj”Bksa dk lEeku gks] lcdk lRdkj gksA £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

20


tãâ»þuà tçÞ ²þqã hrÊçÞ

ORAON JHAROKHA

ISSN-2456-3625

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ISSN-2456-3625

ORAON JHAROKHA

Socio-Economic Life of Tribals Elevated by the Oraon Elite People (Jesuits) (With special reference to the Koraku tribals in Dhanwar Area, Balrampur, District, C.G.) -Dr. Seraphinus Kispotta Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, Bilaspur, C.G. Abstract The author intends to study the socio-economic conditions of the tribals residing in the remote hilly and forest areas, in the area of Dhanwar. The people are very poor economically, socially and politically. They are living hand to mouth. They depend mostly on the forest produce and agriculture for their livelihood. The author wants to attract the attention of the government officials for the upliftment and development of the tribals over there. The government programmes are almost nil except MNREGA. However, this Programme is also under the clutch of the corruption.

Introduction As per the census of 2011 the tribal population consists of 8.66% while it was 8.2% according to the census of 2001. The schedule tribes according to 2001 census were 31.8 percent of total population of Chhattisgarh and now it has gone up to 32%. The tribal population in Chhattisgarh is mostly concentrated in Bastar, Raigarh, Jashpur, Surguja, Koreya, Balrampur, Korba, Kanker, Dhamtari, JanjgirChampa, Bilaspur, Mungeli, Kabirdham, Mahasamund districts. The schedule tribes live mostly in hills and dense forest area, which are not easily accessible. They are mostly backward, poor, illiterate and indebted. These people possess their own culture, way of life, source of livelihood, religious beliefs, which are quite different from other sections of the Indian

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communities. They have their own identity. Similar to other social groups, predominantly the men are the heads of the households in the tribal families in the study area. Methodology Taking all the surveyed facts and figures, into consideration, this present study outlines the following objectives – Objectives To collect information and analyse them as per the situation of the area. To study the ground reality of the socio-economic conditions of the tribals. To suggest and recommend for future action plan. Hypothesis On the basis of the limited studies conducted on this line and in order to substantiate the objectives outlined above the following hypotheses were

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framed to test their validity. The participatory approach brings a difference in the impact of developmental program in terms of physical, social and economic growth among the people and in the target area. The alternative sources of earning generated through this program helps in bringing down the migration rate.There is a significance difference in the life style of the people through the implementation of the programme. Research Design The activities conducted in the study area, especially in the context of tribal development programme, still leave many questions unanswered. It is with this consideration and to gain more insights in the subjects, the present study is based on a Descriptive Design.

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Sampling While following a purposive stratified random sampling procedure the samples were taken 20 persons (Heads) from 5 villages each i.e. Dhanwarkala, Chandora, Champapur, Baada, Gobra to represent the Universe.There are 235 households in total in the above mentioned villages, and 100 households out of 235 HHs have been taken into study. The sample comes to 42.55% of the households under study. Primary Sources Individual Interview: The author has conducted a survey of 100 households with the help of surveyors taking 20 individual heads from each village. they were interviewed about their family status, their economic possessions and status, their educational and cultural life patterns etc. Focused Group Discussion (FGD) The collection of data was made from the community with the help of Focused Group Discussion (FGD). It was aimed

at collecting information from 1520 people sitting together and sharing their opinions about the status of the villages. Observation While collecting the data through the above methods, nonparticipant observation method was used to get more insights and to supplement the above data. It was more helpful during the site visit to understand the physical works by the people themselves. Secondary Sources he data from the secondary sources were collected on the concept and context of the developmental activities. Help was taken from the published books and journals, unpublished articles and documents. The records of the concerned Government Department at the District Level were also referred for the above purpose. Limitation of the Study The present piece of research has certain limitations which the author feels free to share with: The non-availability of the main people of the villages sometimes

Total no. of population of the universe : Total Total No. of Villages Population Households

Male Population

ISSN-2456-3625 prolonged the process of data collection. The surveyors have to visit the same village again and again. During the course of FGD the dominance of the elite members was not allowing others to come forward and revealing the information. However, care was taken to ensure the participation of those people with a very low profile by structuring the discussion and inviting such members’ view. Demographic Profile of the Universe: The universe comprises of 235 households of 05 villages in Dhanwar area, where the tribals are residing in the forests and hill tops. Their houses are scattered and mostly they are dependent on the forest produce for their livelihood. The Total population of the 05 villages is 1625, out of which 831 (51.13%) male population and 794 (48.87%)female members reside. The sex ratio of the total universe is 955, little higher than the national sex ratio i.e. 940 as per the census 2011. Female Population

Sex ratio

Dhanwar kala

52

418

214 (51%)

204 (49%)

953/1000

Chandora

50

345

175 (50.7%)

170 (49.3%)

971/1000

Champapur

40

396

200 (50.5%)

196 (49.49%)

980/1000

Baada

48

224

114 (50.89%)

110 (49.10%)

965/1000

Gobra

45

242

128 (52.89%)

114 47.10%)

890/1000

Total

235

1625

831 (51.13%)

794 (48.87%)

955/1000

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The Literacy level of the respondents: The literacy level of the respondents has been found out to be very less. As the table indicates that 51% of the Head respondents are illiterate, while 24% of them have completed their primary schools, followed by 10% respondents have passed Middle schools. Only One (1%) respondent has managed to do his graduation. This shows that the literacy rate of the area, is very less and miserable. Distribution of respondents as per their Literacy level : Village/EducaIlliterate

tional level

Primary

Middle

High

School

school

School

Graduate

Post graduate

Total

Dhanwar kala

11

05

03

01

00

00

20

Chandora

10

04

05

01

00

00

20

Champapur

08

05

02

04

01

00

20

Baada

10

04

03

03

00

00

20

Gobra

12

06

01

01

00

00

20

Total

51 (51%)

24 (24%)

14 (14%)

10 (10%)

01 (1%)

00

100 (100%)

The economic-categorization of the households - The economic- categorization of the households was done on the basis of annual earning through different sources, and as a results 78% were found poor, followed by medium category households (18.0%) and well-off households (4.0%). The occupation varies from food gatherers and landless to agriculturists. Distribution of respondents as per economic status (Land holdings)

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Villages

Poor

Medium

Well-off

Total

Dhanwar kala

14

5

1

20

Chandora

16

3

1

20

Champapur

12

6

2

20

Baada

17

3

0

20

Gobra

19

1

0

20

Total

78 (78%)

18 (18%)

4 (4%)

100 (100%)

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Socio-Economic Life of Tribals....

ISSN-2456-3625

Poor = landless farmers & farmers less than or equal to 1 acre of land. Medium = Farmers having 1.1 acre to 4.9 acres of land. Well-off = Farmers having 5 acres of land and above. Housing Pattern of the respondents:

Distribution of respondents as per their nature of houses Villages

kaccha

Semi-pacca

Pacca

Total

Dhanwar kala

11

08

01

20

Chandora

19

01

00

20

Champapur

18

01

01

20

Baada

20

00

00

20

Gobra

20

00

00

20

Total

88 (88%)

10 (10%)

2 (2%)

100 (100%)

From the above table it is very clear that 88% respondents have pure kaccha house to dwell in, whereas 10% respondents do have semi-kacch house, while only 2%respondents have pacca houses. Since they live in most of the villages have been situated in the hilly and forest areas, so the people are forced to live in the kaccha houses. To construct a pacca house, there are plenty of problems. Amusement and FestivalsPeople do have the amusements and celebrate festivals like hariyali, naya khani, karma, etc. However, one of the most important feasts is Sondo, wherein the young ones come together in the “akhara”, a dancing place, and within that night, they decide to get married and live together for the whole life. Now-a-days the most common festivals like deepavali, holi, etc. also are celebrated by these tribals.

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ISSN-2456-3625

Health Profile of the respondents: Distribution of respondents as per their types of sickness Malaria

Cold & cough, fever

Dhanwar kala

12

04

01

02

01

20

Chandora

10

06

01

03

00

20

Champapur

18

01

00

00

01

20

Baada

15

03

00

01

01

20

Gobra

17

03

00

00

00

20

Total

72 (72%)

17 (17%)

02 (2%)

06 (6%)

03 (3%)

100 (100%)

Villages

Respiratory Problems

pneumonia

Diarrhea

Total

Health- During the individual interview and interaction with the people through FGD, the researcher came to know that malaria, is a common health problem among the people. As many as 72% respondents accepted that people are victims of malaria, followed by cold cough and fever (17%). Some of the respondents also have rated respiratory problem (2%), pneumonia (6%), and diarrhea (3%) as found in the area. Distribution of respondents as per treatment to different doctors & Places Villages

Quack Doctors

Dhanwar kala

04

01

15

00

20

Chandora

08

02

10

00

20

Champapur

01

01

18

00

20

Baada

06

02

11

01

20

Gobra

09

01

09

01

20

Total

28 (28%)

07 (07%)

63 (63%)

02 (2%)

100 (100%)

Private Doctors

Mission Clinics

Government hospitals

Total

It is to be noted fact that in the area, there is a Mission, known as Dhanwar Mission, which has its own clinic, run by the nuns. This clinic is doing wonderful things in the line of health for the people. Most of the respondents (63%) have accepted that people do visit the Mission clinic for their treatment. Some 28% respondents have accepted that they go to quack doctors for the treatment while7% respondents go to the private doctors and 2% respondents do visit the government hospitals either in Balrampur or in Ambikapur. In nutshell, people have become aware of their health and take the services of the Mission Clinics. Gradually, it is expected that all of them will come to the Mission for their needs.

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ORAON JHAROKHA

Village level facilities ServicesAs per the FGD findings, on an average there are 1-2 local markets which are accessible for the villagers, typically within the range of 10 kilometers from the sample villages. The most accessed services (by 80% of villages and above) are Angan wadis, primary schools, Public Distribution System. Connectivity and TransportThe connectivity through transportation is very poor. Almost four villages out of 05 sample villages are having kacch road, with nalas (small streams) in between. Hence, during rainy season, they are cut off from the main market places and big cities. Drinking Water- Study villages reported 22 open dug wells of which 45% were operational. Hand pumps seem to be next popular source of water, followed by stream water and tube well, the operational status shows that 95% tube wells and 50% hand pumps are functioning. The percentage of open dug wells was highest, as they were privately owned by the community. There are ponds in all the study villages and all of them are functional. The ponds are used mostly for taking bath and for the cattle for their drinking purpose and bathing. During the summer season poor households, who do not have their own tubewells and wells, have to depend on the “Jharnas”, “Nalas” and rivers for the drinking purpose. Non Timber Forest Produce (NTFP)- A total of 90% of the poor

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Socio-Economic Life of Tribals.... households were involved in NTFP collection. The prominent NTFPs being collected were Tendu leaves, Mahua flowes and Mahul Patta, Mahua Seeds, Tendu fruits, Chironjee, Harra, Bheda, Amla, Gond, Honey, Imli, Chalroot and Sal. In the case of Tendu leaves, only 7% go to town markets while 93% sold in local village markets. Migration- Almost a meager of 9% of households migrated to cities like Ambikapur, Balrampur, Surajpur, etc. Usually, poor people like to have the forest produce for their consumption and therefore rarely people migrate to other places for their livelihood. The tribals don’t want to leave their community. They like to be united with jal, jangle and jameen in their own area. Summary and Conclusion- The study covers many issues that directly related with the socioeconomic status of tribal community of Surguja district like their culture, social institutions, literacy rate, livelihood sources etc. The present study has shown that maximum tribal population was still illiterate and poor. It was found that food habits were almost same in all the villages. Maximum villagers were living in poor condition as most of them lived in a small and kaccha house. The sources of earning were still limited and they were very much dependent upon forest and agriculture, having mostly small land holding, labor work and migration. The tribal community is still

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ISSN-2456-3625 depending upon moneylenders for its domestic purpose and social liabilities. The asset formation was very much limited and confined to less than 2% population of the area the basic infrastructure facilities were not satisfactory. The living conditions became more critical during rainy season when connectivity of transport was very poor. The source of drinking water was mainly hand pumps and dug wells but in summer season villagers suffered from the crises of drinking water. There is a need to improve literacy, health facilities, institutions and assets development. Thus, the study has shown that in spite of many developmental programmes, the economic standards of the tribals is still very low and therefore, there is a need for joint efforts and better coordination of all the stake holders who are working directly or indirectly influences the development of tribal community. References: Primary Survey of the Dhanwar Area, 2012. Interim Provisional Data, 2011. Internet – chhattisgarhonline.in – 2011 Census 2011. National Tribal Commission. 2008. “Education of Tribal People in India.” Chhattisgarh Study, 2002 – Indian Social Institute, Delhi & Xavier Institute of Development Action And Studies, Jabalpur, India. Census 2001

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ORAON JHAROKHA

eu dks panu vkSj deZ dks ikuh cukrk gS] dfBu jkg is Fkdh jaxks esa u;k jDr nkSM+us yxrk gS va/ksjksa esa fleVh ftanfx;ksa dks vki ;ks)k cukrs gSa] ubZ jkgsa fn[kkrs gaS] lhaprs gaS fu[kkjrs gaS] ge _.kh gSa vkids I;kj ds] ge dtZnkj gSa vkids nqykj ds] ge vHkkjh gSa vkids leiZ.k ds] /kU;okn gS gj ukjh bl lalkj esa] gj :i esa ek¡] cgu] csVh] iRuh] l[kk] f”kf{kdk vkSj dbZ&dbZ :i ftuds fcuk thou v/kwjk gS] I;klk gS] ukjh ftlls ;g l`f’V r`Ir gksrh gS] tks thou vk/kkj gS] lalkj esa Hkxoku dk Hkstk gqvk lk{kkr~ :i gS ukjh izd`fr dk nwtk uke ftls nsoksa us Hkh] loZLo LFkku fn;k gS] “kfDr dk eku] ukjh D;ksa vkt rjls gSa vius gh lEeku dks \ Lo;a dks igpku rq> esa “kfDr vikj gS] Lo;a dks ueu dj vkSj vkxs c<+ py] Bksdj ekj mls tks rsjk lEeku djuk u tkus] c<+ py] c<+ py] ubZ jkgsa rsjk jLrk rds gSa] rsjs vk¡py esa gS vikj [kqf”k;k¡] vkt ukjh “kfDr dk fnu gSA ¼tc gSa ukjh esa “kfDr lkjh] rks fQj D;ksa ukjh dks dgsa cspkjh½

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ISSN-2456-3625

vFkZO;oLFkk dks etcwr cukus ds igyk efgyk fnol o’kZ 1900 fy;s izsfjr djuk&

D;k gS efgyk fnol

mjk¡o csjkstxkj efgykvksa dks vkfnoklh efgyk l”kfDrdj.k ;kstuk ds ckjs esa le>kuk] ;g vkfFkZd fodkl ds fy;s vkjaHk dh xbZ vuU; fj;k;rh ;kstuk gS] ftlesa izfr bdkbZ@ykHk dsUnz 50]000 :i;s rd dh ykxr okyh ;kstukvksa@ifj;kstukvksa ds fy;s fe;knh _.k miyC/k djkrk gS blesa lgk;rk efgyk fnol ij dfork dh dqN ek=k;sa gksrh gSa C;kt nj de] iq u Z H kq x rku vof/k frekgh@N%ekgh ukjh dk xquxku uk vk¡dks HkS;k vf/kdre 10 o’kZ ds vUrxZr pqdk;k ukjh rks cl ukjh gSA tkuk gS] bl ;kstuk ds rgr csjkstxkj vuar dky ls vkt rd efgyk,a vius ifjokj dh vFkZO;oLFkk ukjh gh jgh gS dks etcwr cukus esa egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk ftlus gj dfBu le; esa Hkh fuHkk ldrh gS]a ;fn izR;sd ifjokj vkfFkZd da/ks ls da/ks feyk fn;k iq:’kksa dk lkFkA n`f’V ls lEiUu gksxk rks gekjk mjk¡o fQj Hkh iq:’kiz/kku lekt Hkh vkfFkZd :i ls lEiUu gksxkA bl ns”k esa u mjk¡o lekt rjDdh ds f”k[kj fey ldk ij rc rd ugha ig¡qp ldrk] tc rd ukjh dks eku mjk¡o efgyk l”kfDrdj.k u fd;k tk,A ukjh rks cl ukjh gSA esa “kq: gqvk vkSj ml le; bls L=h vkSj iq:’kksa esa ekStwn Hksn&Hkko dks [kRe djus ds fy;s euk;k x;k FkkA le; chrrk x;k vkSj vkt bls jktuSfrd vkSj lkekftd Lrj ij efgykvksa dh miyfC/k ds t”u ds rkSj ij eukus yxs gSA

ukjh l”kfDrdj.k ds fy;s f”k{kk xzkeh.k {ks= ds ckfydkvksa dks Ldwy tkus ds fy;s izsfjr djuk o f”k{kk dk egRo le>kukA ,sls ckfydkvksa dks dsUnz ljdkj dh ;kstukvksa ls voxr djkuk] tks vuqlwfpr tu tkfr ds ckfydkvksa ds fy;s pyk;h tk jghA tSls & ljLorh lk;dy iznk; ;kstukA dU;k lk{kjrk izksRlkgu fu%”kqYd iqLrdksa dk forj.kA e/;kUg Hkkstu dk;ZØe ;kstukA fu%”kqYd Msªl foorj.kA

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ftl izdkj vkleku ls fxjh gqbZ ty dh cwna s fdlh u fdlh jkLrs ls xqtj dj leqna j esa igqp¡ gh tkrh gS] mlh izdkj fu%LokFkZ Hkko ls dh xbZ fdlh dh lsok ,oa izkFkZuk fdlh u fdlh jkLrs ls bZ”oj rd igqp¡ gh tkrh gSA kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

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ISSN-2456-3625

ORAON JHAROKHA

vki Lo;a HkkX; ds fuekZrk gaAS &Jherh T;ksfr fdj.k feat ftyk tt caxyk] jktukanxkao yhlk fudksyl fy[krs gSa& ^^vki vius rdnhj ds Lo;a fuekZrk gaS] vki ,d ys[kd gaS] Lo;a viuh thou dh lR;rk dks fy[k ldrs gSaA** dye vkids gkFk esa gS] viuh rdnhj vki Lo;a fy[krs gS]a viuh rdnhj dk pquko vki Lo;a djrs gSAa egkurk gj O;fDr ds vanj gksrh gS fdlh O;fDr dks lk/kkj.k ls vlk/kkj.k cuus dh cl bruh lh gh ;k=k gS] fdUrq ml ij pyuk] bl ;k=k dks iwjk djuk] lcds fy, lgt o ljy ugha gksrk gSA ,d NksVk lk izlx a gSA ,d cgqr gh xjhc] de mez dk yM+dk] thfodk pykus ds fy, ydfM+;ka bDB~Bk dj cspk djrk FkkA ,d fnu yM+dk vius flj ij ydM+h dk cks>k ysdj dgha tk jgk Fkk] rHkh ,d laiUu O;fDr dh ml yM+ds ij utj iM+h] mlus ,dk,d ml yM+ds ls ;g loky fd;kA ^^ydM+h dks fdlus xB~Bk cka/kk gS\ yM+dk tokc fn;k & ^^th eSua As ** og laiUu O;fDr pkSdk vkSj iwNk] D;k rqe bls nksckjk igys dh Hkkafr ydM+h dks cka/k ldrs gks\ ^^ gka gka D;ksa ughaA** ;g dgdj nksckjk [kqclwjrh ds lkFk og yM+dk] ydM+h ds xB~Bs dks cka/k fn;kA og laiUu O;fDr ml yM+ds ds yxu ] ljyrk rFkk izfrHkk dks ns[kdj dk;y gks x;k] og laiUu O;fDr ml yM+ds dks vius ;gka ys vk;k vkSj mldh leqfpr £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

f”k{kk dk izc/a k fd;k] ogha yM+dk ckn esa ;wuku dk egku nk”kZfud ikbFkksxksjl cukA gekjs lekt esa Hkh ,d ,slk gh ;qod xjhch ls la?k’kZ djrs gq, vius lekt ds ;qokvksa ds fy, izjs .kklzkrs gSA og la?k’kZ”khy lu~ 2015 cSp ds flfoy tt dh ijh{kk esa pkSFks LFkku ij p;fur gqvk gSA og la?k’kZ”khy] izsj.kklzksr Jh vuqi frXxk] flfoy tt] nqxZ gSA Jh vuqi frXxk us la?k’kZ dj viuh thou dh lR;rk dks Lo;a vius gkFkksa ls fy[kk gSA egkurk gj O;fDr ds vanj fufgr gS ysfdu gesa vius esa fNih egkurk dks igpkuuk gSA egkurk :ih ikS/ks esa lQy y{; dks ns[kus ds fy, bZekunkjh ds lkFk dBksj esgur] yxu o vuq”kklu dh t:jr gSA tks ;qok bls igpku x;s os viuh Js’Bre dks Hkfo’; esa fl} dj ysrs gaSA ekuo thou] thou esa flQZ ,d ckj feyrk gSA tks Hkh O;fDr egku gq, gaS mudh egkurk ds ihNs muds }kjk fd;k x;k la?k’kZ] dBksj esgur o lrr~ yxu gh gSA y{; dks ges”kk lkeus j[kdj dk;Z djrs jguk gh y{; dh

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

izFke lh<+h gSA dksbZ O;fDr ,d >Vds esa egku ugha gks tkrk gS cfYd og O;fDr vius dk;Z dks] NksVs&NksVs dk;Z dks vuq”kkflr <ax ls djds Js’Bre dks izkIr djrk gh gSA dbZ ckj ge Js’Bre fn[kus ds fy, ek= fn[kkok djrs gS]a tks gesa egku~ ugha cuk ldrs gaSA Js’Bre esa fn[kkok ds fy, dksbZ txg ugha gSA ,d nk”kZfud ds eqrkfcd&tks lk/kkj.k gS og Hkh egku~ gS] D;ksfa d egkurk gekjh lksp gS tks esjs vkSj vkids vanj esa clrh gSA ;fn gekjk ?kjsyw ukSdj tks gekjs cPpksa dks o ?kj dks laHkkyrk gS] ukSdj gekjs ifjokj ds fy, Lokfn’V Hkkstu rS;kj djrk gS] ;fn og ,dk/k fnu vius ?kj esa chekjh ;k vU; dkj.kksa ls vuqifLFkr gks tkrk gS rks gekjs ifjokj esa lHkh d’V eglwl djrs gaS] T;knk d’V ?kj dh ekyfdu eglwl djrh gSA og ukSdj Hkh egku gS cl bruk varj gS fd og ukSdj gS ijarq dke dksbZ NksVk ;k cM+k ugha gksrk gSA ;fn gekjk ns”k vkxs c<+ jgk gSA D;k gekjk lekt Hkh vkxs c<+ jgk gS\ vkb;s ge lHkh bl ckr ij fparu djsAa D;k ge Lo;a dks vkxs ys tkus ds fy, ;kstukc} rjhds ls dksbZ dk;Z dj

kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

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¡àq ÐwuÞ sàªu §çý âÂàtàêmà Ñè ñ

ORAON JHAROKHA

ik jgs gSa\ D;k ge vius lekt ds ;qod&;qofr;ksa dks vkxs ys tkus ds fy, lgh fn”kk ns ik jgs gaS\ D;k eSa vkSj vki vius lekt ds csjkstxkj ;qodksa ds ekxZ n”kZu rFkk fookg ;ksX; ;qod&;qofr;ksa ds fookg ds fy, dksbZ dk;Z dj ik jgs gS\a eSa vius ys[ku esa bl ckr dks vkxs Hkh lkeus ykrs jgwx a h] D;ksfa d gekjk ns”k vkxs c<+ jgk gSA ge] gekjk lekt lkekftd] vkfFkZ d ] jktuhfrd xfrfof/k;ksa ls ihNM+rs tk jgk gSA lcls egRoiw.kZ rks ;g gS fd gekjs lekt ds ;qod&;qofr;ksa dks csjkstxkjh dh ekj >syuh iM+ jgh gSA gekjs lekt dk vkfFkZd] jktuhfrd <kapk vR;ar detksj gS A gekjs uo;q o dks a dks vkfFkZ d o jktuhfrd <kaps dks etcwr djus ds fy, xa H khj fpa r u dj vkfFkZ d o jktuhfrd <kapk dks etcwr djus ds fy, vkxs vkus dh vko”;drk gSA gekjs lekt ds ;qod&;qofr;ksa ds fy, vusd pqukSfr;ka gSa ftldk lkeuk ge ,dtqV gksdj dj ldrs gSAa lekt ds ;qokvksa ij vkt u dsoy iwjs ns”k dk Hkkj gS cfYd vius lekt dks lqlLa d`r] vkxs c<+kus ,oa ,d djus dk egRoiw.kZ nkf;Ro gSA ;qokvksa }kjk lekt dks lqlaLd`r vkSj lekt esa ,drk iSnk djus dk tks”k Hkjus dh vko”;drk gSA gekjk lekt loZizFke laxfBr gkso]s tgka lekt dh lkoZtfud fgr dh ckr gks ogka gesa lHkh dks NksVh&cM+h HksnHkko dks Hkqykdj ,dtqV gksdj lekt ds fgr esa dk;Z ds £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

fy, ge lHkh dks vkxs vkuk gS] rkfd gekjk lekt lexz :i ls fodkl dj ldsA vkt csjkstxkjh ;qx esa csjkstxkj ;qodksa dks Lo;a dk jkstxkj LFkkfir djus ds fy, tksf[ke mBkuk gSA vkt ds ;qod Lo;a dk O;olk; pqudj igys gh grk”k gks tkrk gS tcfd tgka tksf[ke gS ogha eku&lEeku vkSj nkSyr gSA dbZ ;qod fnu esa lius ns[kdj mls iwjk dj jgsa gS vkSj vius lekt esa vPNs m|eh vkSj O;olk;h gSa tks gekjs lekt ds fy, izsj.kklzksr gaSA lq[k dk thou thus ds ctk; vaxkjksa ij pydj vkRefo”okl dks vkSj etcwr djuk gSA tks dfBure dk;ksZ dks dj xqtjrs gS]a ogh balku vius thou esa vius Lo;a dh rdnhj fy[krs gaS] Lo;a HkkX; fo/kkrk gksrs gaSA fdlh Hkh dk;Z dks djus ds fy, vkRefo”okl dh vko”;drk gS vius vlhe ,oa fnO; lkeF;Z dks igpkuas A tks Hkh vki y{; r; djrs gaS ml y{; dks ikus ds fy, iwjh fu’Bk ds lkFk yxs jgsa rkfd vki y{; dks izkIr dj ldsaA gesa vius dk;Z ij vVy fo”okl vkSj viuh esgur ij xgjh vkLFkk gksuh pkfg,A vkRefo”okl ls Hkjk O;fDr dHkh vlQy ugha gksrk gSA egkurk gj O;fDr ds vanj gksrh gS cl mls gesa vkSj vkidks igpkuus dh vko”;drk gSA ge lHkh dks ldkjkRed lksp ds lkFk thou thus dh dyk lh[kuh gSA

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ISSN-2456-3625

thou ,slk gks tks laca/kksa dh dnz djs] vkSj laca/k ,sls gks tks ;kn djus dks etcwj dj nsA nqfu;k ds jSu clsjs esa irk ugha fdrus fnu jguk gS] thr yks lcds fnyksa dks lc ;gh gS thou dk ewy ea=A pqukSrh gSa <sjkas lkjs esjs lkeus eafty Hkh gS vusdksa esjs] dSls d:a lkeuk pqukSrh dk vk”kk,a gS <sjks lkjs vkids eafty dks ikus ds fy;s djsa dBksj esgurA

fØlel ,oa uoo’kZ dh “kqHkdkeukvksa lfgr

chp jkLrs ls ykSVus dk dksbZ Qk;nk ugha D;ksfa d ykSVus ij vkidks mruh gh nwjh r; djuh iM+sxh ftruh nwjh r; djus ij vki y{; rd igqp ¡ ldrs gS--kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

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ISSN-2456-3625

ORAON JHAROKHA

thou dks tfVy ugha lgt cuk;sa &fueZy feat ¼ftyk ,oa l= U;k;k/kh”k½ jktukanxkao]N-x^^balku dks ftank jgus ds fy, vius thou esa ges”kk vPNs dk;Z esa yhu jguk gS**A &MkW- Msful osVyh

vki vkSj ge bl lqanj /kjrh ij pyk;eku gSAa vkt ge ,sls ;qx esa izo”s k dj pqds gSa tgka gj oLrq pyk;eku gSA loZ”kfDreku }kjk gesa fn;k x;k thou Hkh lhfer gSA vr% bl lhfer thou esa vius ,oa vius ifjokj] lekt o ns”k ds fy, dqN dj xqtjus dh vko”;drk gSA vkt ;qok ih<+h dks vius thou dks x<+us ds fy, mls vn~Hkqr “kfDr ojnku ds :i esa feyk gqvk gSA vki vius Hkfo’;@thou dks vkdkj nsus ds fy, Lo;a l{ke gaSA vki viuh fdLer Lo;a x<+ ldrs gaSA vFkkZr~ viuh fdLer Lo;a laokj ldrs gS(a c”krsZ vki vius thou dks vkdkj nsus ds fy, ,d dyk] y{; o ldkjkRed lksp fodflr djsAa bl lac/a k esa ,d lPph ?kVuk dk fooj.k nsuk pkgrk gw¡A eSa o esjh iRuh nksuksa jk;iqj ls cSx a yq: gokbZ ;k=k dj jgs FksA gekjs cktw dh lhV esa jkt/ kkuh jk;iqj ls nks f”k{kkfon~ Hkh lokj gq,A nksuksa vkil esa lkekftd ppkZvksa esa vfre”kxwy gks x;sA mudh ppkZ ls ,slk yxk fd os nksuksa cSx a yq: esa fdlh dkUÝsl a esa Hkkx ysus ds fy, tk jgs FksA nksukas vius ns”k ds vkfFkZd] lkekftd ,oa £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

“kS{kf.kd igyw ij xaHkhjrk ls rdZ&fordZ dj jgs FksA dbZ ckj ,slk Hkh ekSdk vk;k fd nksuksa esa xjek&xje cgl gks x;kA nksuksa esa NRrhlx<+ jkT; dss “kS{kf.kd i`’BHkwfe ij Hkh ppkZ gqbZA bruk gh ugha os bl jkT; ds tu&tkrh; lewg mjk¡o] xksM a ]+ daoj vkfn ds f”k{kk] jgu&lgu ,oa lkekftd mUufr ij Hkh vkil esa ppkZ fd;sA ,slk D;k gS] tks nwljs lekt ds yksx mjk¡o ,oa vU; vkfnoklh lekt ds ckjs esa bruk ppkZ djrs gS\a lekt es a vkt ifjokj dh ifjHkk’kk esa cnyko vk x;k gSA ge ifjokj dks vius&vius rjhds ls O;k[;k dj jgs gaS] tcfd iksi tku ikWy f}rh; lu~ 2000 esa viuk ;g fopkj j[ks fd fookfgr thou vklku ugha] ;g eqf”dyksa ls Hkjk lQj gS] ;gh rks thou gSA ikfjokfjd thou esa ladV gS vkSj la?k’kZ t:j gksx a ]s >xM+s dks jkr esa lksus ds igys fuiVk ysoas o iqu% ifjokj esa izes txk nsa rHkh vkilh dVqrk nwj gksxhA ifjokj cPPkks a dh iz k Fkfed ikB”kkyk gSA tgk¡ cPps lkekftd vkn”kks]aZ ewY;ks]a laLd`fr bR;kfn dks lh[krs gaSA ifjokj gh oks ikB”kkyk gS tgk¡ cPPks ifjokj ds izfr ftEesnkjh dks /khjs&/khjs

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

le>rs gSAa ijUrq vkt dh HkkSfrdoknh nqfu;k esa ifjokj VwV jgk gS] fc[kj jgk gSA cPpksa vkSj ekrk&firk ds chp nwfj;ka c<+rh tk jgh gSA gekjs iwoZtksa dk thou [ksrh ij vk/kkfjr FkkA vc “kgj ,oa f”k{kk dk foLrkj gksus ds dkj.k gekjs thou dk vkfFkZd vk/kkj /khjs&/khjs ukSdjh gh gksrs tk jgk gSA ge vki ukSdjh cpkus ds fQjkd esa vius cPps] ifjokj rFkk lekt dh vksj ftruk /;ku nsuk pkfg,] mruk /;ku ugha ns ik jgs gaSA ekrk&firk nksuksa ukSdjh esa gksus ds dkj.k vius cPpksa dks le; nsus esa ge vleFkZ gSAa ekrk&firk [kqn vius ekrk&firk gksus dk cPpksa ds izfr vius drZO; dks iwjk ugha dj ik jgs gSAa bUgha dkj.kksa ls gekjs ;qod&;qofr;ka i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ dj csjkstxkjh dh ekj >sy jgs gSAa ge vius ifjokj o lekt dks lqn`<+ cukus ds fy, dqN egRoiw.kZ ckrksa dks /;ku esa j[k ldrs gaSA ukSdjh&is”kk esa O;Lr gksus ds dkj.k ge Lo;a vius cPpksa lfgr /kkfeZd dk;ksZa esa Hkkx ugha ys ikrs gaSA vius cPpksa dks Hkh bu dk;ksZa esa Hkstus esa ykijokgh cjrrs gaSA bl dkj.k gekjk vkidk cPpk /kkfeZd vkLFkk esa detksj

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ORAON JHAROKHA

jg tkrk gSA ge lHkh dks vius ?kjksa esa ,d dejs dks iwtk dejk@ykbczjs h :e cukus dh vko”;drk gS] ftlesa /kkfeZd fdrkcs]a /kkfeZd if=dk,a] izjs .kklzkrs fdrkc dk ladyu djus dh vko”;drk gS] rkfd lHkh vius QqlZr ds {k.k esa ykbcszjh esa j[ks fdrkcksa dks i<+us ds fy, iz;kl djaAs gekjk vkidk cPpk Hkh j[ks fdrkcksa dks i<+dj izkjaHk ls gh izfs jr gksdj fdrkcksa dks i<+x s kA ifjokj dk uohuhdj.k& gekjs eksgYyk iM+kl s ds dbZ ifjokj esa volj fo”ks’k ij iwtk] izkFkZuk gksrk gS] ftuesa ge vki ukSdjh@dk;ksZ esa O;Lr crkdj Hkkx ugha ysrs gaSA ,sls ifjokjksa esa iM+ksfl;ksa] /keZ xq:] /keZ ca/kq ,oa /keZ cguksa dks tkdj izkFkZuk djuh pkfg, rkfd ,sls ifjokj iqu% uohuhdj.k dk vuqHko dj ldsAa ,sls dk;kaZs ls /kkfeZd dk;ksaZ ls nwj ifjokj esa iqu% /kkfeZd tkxj.k gksxkA ,sls dk;Z ls ml ifjokj ds uohuhdj.k esa ,d eq[; dM+h gksxhA vkt ds ;qok ih<+h dks /kkfeZd {ks= esa uohuhdj.k djus ds fy, dkjxkj igy dh vko”;drk gSA ;qok oxZ esa vkt gj ekeys esa tks”k Hkjus dh vko”;drk gSA blds fy, ge lHkh dks ,d dne vkxs vkdj lekt dh mUufr ds fy, dk;Z djuk gS] rHkh gekjk lekt o dyhfl;k bZ”k&izes ] HkfDr vkSj fo”okl dh vksj c<+x s kA fo”okfl;ksa esa lgHkkfxrk& ,drk gksxh] rHkh gekjs lekt dk ifjokj] gj n`f’V ls gj ekeys esa etcwr gksxhA £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

kãwÂà §ýàç kâ¹þv ÂàÑãA yÑk rÂààuçÞ vkt tc euq’;] thou ruko] fpark volkn esa gS] bldk eq[; dkj.k vifjiDo lks p o thou ds iz f r udkjkRed utfj;k gSA izjs .kklzkrs fdrkcksa dks i<+us ls gekjs thou esa ,d u;h ldkjkRed lksp mRiUu gksxh] ftlls ge viuh ftUnxh dks thus ds fy, u;s <ax ls lksp ik;saxsA ge Lo;a ,slh ldkjkRed lksp iSnk dj nwljs ds thou esa ldkjkRed lksp o u;k n`f’Vdks.k ns ik;sx a As ;g rHkh laHko gS tc ge vPNh fdrkcksa dks i<+dj vPNh ckrksa dks vius thou esa mrkjsx a As orZeku ;qok ih<+h thou ds xw<+ jgL;ks a dks le>us ;k ,s l s mRiUu leL;kvksa dks nwj djus ds fy, xwxy lpZ ij tkdj leL;k dk lek/kku fudkyus ds fy, iz;kljr~ gaSA ,d “kks / k v/;;u ds vuqlkj&&^^ iqLrdsa i<+uk u dsoy gekjs ekufld cfYd “kkjhfjd LokLF; ds fy, dkQh mi;ksxh gksrk gSA iqLrdksa ds v/;;u ls ldkjkRed fopkj eu esa vkrk gS] tks geas ldkjkRed fn”kk dh vksj ys tkrk gS] ftlls gekjk eu o “kjhj lfØ; o LoLF; jgrk gSA** vPNh iqLrdsa u dsoy gekjh dYiukvksa ds }kj dks [kksy nsrh gS] cfYd thou esa lrr~ v/;;u] dfBu esgur ls thou esa rjDdh dh jkg Hkh fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA vPNh iqLrdas i<+us ls gekjs O;ogkj o thou “kSyh ij Hkh izHkko iM+rk gSA vesfjdk ds iwoZ jk’Vªifr jksukYM

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ISSN-2456-3625

jhxu iqLrdksa ds ckjs esa dgrs Fks fd ^^eSa dbZ iqLrdksa dks iyV dj ns[krk gwa rks yxrk gS fd bUgh dh cnkSyr cqjkbZ ij vPNkbZ dh ,d n`<+ vkLFkk eq>esa iSnk gqbZ gS**A nqyZHk gS euq’; dk thou ikuk& riLoh ls jkgxhj iwNk fd ^^ vki bl fojku taxy esa vdsys jgrs gaS] vkidks Hk; ugha yxrk gS**A riLoh us mRrj fn;k fd ^^tks Js’B fopkjksa ls f?kjs gaS] vius y{; ds izfr ,dkxz gaS vkSj bZ”oj ds fparu esa eXu gaS] os Hkyk dc vkSj dSls ,dkdh gks ldrs gaS\ muds lkFk muds izHkq ijes”oj lnk gh jgrs gaSA izR;sd euq’; dks vius thou esa ,dkdhiu ykdj udkjkRed lksp ykus dh t:jr ugha gS] cfYd mls vk/;kRe dh vksj ys tkuk pkfg, rkfd ,dkdh thou O;rhr djus okyk /kkfeZd fdrkcksa dks i<+dj vius thou esa ,dkdhiu ds ctk; vk/;kfRedrk dh vks j dne c<+ k dj vkRefpa r u dj ldkjkRed lksp iSnk dj ldsA vius Lo;a ds Hkhrj flf);ka ryk”k djus dh vko”;drk gSA tSls Hkkjrh; laLd`fr dh izflf) laokgd xksLokeh rqylhnkl th us 90 o’kZ dh mez esa jkepfjr ekul dks fy[kuk izkjaHk fd;kA blh izdkj iz[kj O;fDrRo usYlu eaMy s k vius thou esa yack la?k’kZ dj 75 o’kZ dh vk;q esa nf{k.k vfÝdk ds jk’Vªifr cusA vkids thou esa flf);ka Hkjh iM+h gSA vki Lo;a vius dks Js’B cuk ldrs gaS c”krsZ vius thou esa

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kãwÂà §ýàç kâ¹þv ÂàÑãA yÑk rÂààuçÞ

ORAON JHAROKHA

;kstLoh] rstLoh iz[kj o ifo= lksp mRiUu gksrk jgsA thou dks tfVy ugha lgt cuk;s a & gekjs thou esa dbZ ckj lq[k&nq%[k o xaHkhj ladV lkeus vkrk gS rks gekjs thou esa vufxur loky eu esa vkrs gSAa geas thou esa mRiUu leL;kvksa dks ifjfLFkfr ds eqrkfcd gy djus dh dksf”k”k djuh pkfg,A euq’; ds thou ds jgL; dks le>uk vklku ugha gSA euq’; thou dh ;k=k vuar gSA bl lalkj esa mRiUu gq, izR;sd O;fDr dk dk;Z vyx&vyx gksrk gSA dfBu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa Hkh thou esa /kS;Z cuk;s j[kuk gS] ;g rHkh laHko gksxk tc vki vius thou esa ldkjkRed lksp yk;sx a sA izfl) oSKkfud LVhQu gkWfdal dh ftanxh dqN ,slh gh gS] tks lcdks gSjku djrh gSA vkt os u rks py ldrs gS]a u cksy ikrs gSa u vius gkFkksa ls dksbZ dke dj ldrs gaSA mudk iwjk “kjhj dksbZ Hkh dk;Z djus esa iwjh rjg v{ke gSA bu lcds ckotwn os ,d egku oSKkfud gSa vkSj vkt Hkh viuk fujarj dke dj jgs gaSA LVhQu gkWfdal us ges”kk viuh lhekvksa ls ijs thou dks iwjh rjg thus dh dksf”k”k dh gSA os iwjh nqfu;k esa ?kweAs LVhQu gkWfdal ges”kk nwljksa ls ;gh dgrs gaS fd ges”kk rkjksa dh vksj ns[kks vius iSjksa dh vksj ughaA dHkh dke ls er Hkkxks D;ksfa d ;gh thou dks vFkZ o mn~n”s ; nsrk gSA ftanxh esa ;fn I;kj fey jgk gS rks mldk lEeku £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

djksA bl rjg LVhQu gkWfdal us vius thou ls ;g izekf.kr dj fn;k gS fd dfBu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa Hkh /kS;Z] lkgl] ldkjkRedrk vk”kkoknh lksp o dk;Z djus ds tTcs dks viukuk pkfg,A udkjkRed lksp dks vius thou esa vkus ugha nsuk pkfg,] rHkh bl thou dh tfVyrk dks ljy cuk;k tk ldrk gSA vk”kkoknh lksp gh thou dh vk/kkjf”kyk gSA mjkao >jks[kk dk fe”ku ;g gS fd& lekt esa ,drk] lgp;Z] lejlrk] izes ,oa /kkfeZdrk iSnk djuk gSA ikSyql izfs jr dh igyh i=h tks fFkLlyqfufd;ksa dh dyhfl;k dks fy[kk gS& tks rqEgkjs e/; dfBu ifjJe djrk gS] mudk vknj djks] tks rqEgs f”k{kk nsrs gaS mudk izes iwoZd vR;ar lEeku djsAa ,d nwljs ds lkFk esy feyki esa jgaAs gekjs] lekt dks /keZxzaFk ds ekQZr izes iwoZd] esy feyki ds lkFk ,d jgus dh f”k{kk feyrh gS ij ge bl f”k{kk dks njfdukj dj lekt dh vxqokbZ djus okys yhMj”khi dks Lohdkj ugha dj ikrs gSAa tgka lekt dh fgr dh ckr gks ogka gesa ,d gksus dh vko”;drk gSA ge mjkao >jks[kk ds ekQZr lekt ds lHkh lnL;ksa ds thou esa ldkjkRed lksp iSnk djuk pkgrs gSAa ge vius mn~n”s ; vkSj vkn”kksZa ij pysa rkfd lekt ds izR;sd lnL; ns”kHkDr gks o lekt ds dY;k.k ds fy, lkspsaA lekt ds izR;sd lnL;

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ISSN-2456-3625

lektfu’B gks] tks nwljksa ds nq%[kksa esa lgk;d gksuk lh[ksaA bl lalkj esa lq[k&”kakfr ykus ds fy, viuk ilhuk cgk;as vkSj ;g lh[ksa fd dfBu esgur ls vius y{; dks ik;k tk ldrk gSA ge lHkh vius lekt es a vkfLrdrk LFkkiuk dj bZ”oj ij fo”okl] mldh HkfDr dk lao/kZu djrs pysAa ge lHkh vkfLrdrk dh izjs .kk dks vius thou esa fØ;kfUor djsaA vk/;kRe dk ykHk dsoy mlh dks izkIr gksxk tks vk/;kRe dks vius thou esa fØ;kfUor djsxkA ge lHkh dks lekt ijk;.k gksuk gSA gesa bZ”oj ls tks Hkh dk;Z izkIr gqvk gS] ml dk;Z dks fu’BkiwoZd dj yksd eaxy ds fy, vius drZO;ksa ds fuoZgu dh t:jr gSA blh esa gekjs lekt o lalkj dh le`f) o “kkafr fVdh gqbZ gSA Hkkjrh; laLd`fr dk ge lHkh Hkkjrh; ukxfjdksa ds fy, ,d gh lans”k gS fd lPps vFkksZa esa euq’; cusa vkSj thou ds lHkh {ks=ksa dks ekuork ls vksr&izksr djsa vkSj lalkj esa ls i”kqrk ds va / kdkj dks gVkdj ml fnO; vkpkj&fopkj dh T;ksfr izdkf”kr djsa] ftlds izdk”k esa ekuo vius&vki dks lPpk balku vuqHko dj lds] Lo;a “kka f r ls jg lds a vkS j nw l jks a dks “kkafriwoZd jgus ns ldsaA iwjs fo”o esa “kkafr fojktsA bUgh “kqHkdkeukvksa ds lkFk fØlel ,oa u;s lky dh gkfnZd “kqHkdkeuk,aA

kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

35


ISSN-2456-3625

ORAON JHAROKHA

NksVk ukxiqj ds mjk¡o tutkfr;ksa dk laxhre; thou

&MkW- vyQksUl frdhZ] MkW- lh vuqik frdhZ ¼”kk-ts-ih-oekZ LukrdksRrj egkfo|ky;] fcykliqj½

laxhr ekuo thou esa [kqf”k;ksa dk lcls egRoiw.kZ lzksr gSA ;g ftUnxh dks g’kkZsYykl esa O;rhr djus ds fy, volj iznku djrk gSA ;g LoLFk euksjatu dk mRre lk/ku gSA ekuk tkrk gS fd mjk¡o tu thou dk ewy Hkko lekjksg dk gSA ;g ekuo thou esa vkuUn ,oa mYykl dk |ksrd gSA tks lgt ,oa LoHkkfod <ax ls xhr] laxhr esa izdV gksrk gSA mjk¡o laxhr] u`R; o ok|;a= lekt ds izR;sd O;fDr dks galeq[k rFkk izlUufpRr O;fDrRo ls vfHkHkwr djrk gSA ;g ekuo thou dk mRre izn”kZu ekuoh; ewY;ksa esa Js’B gSA mjk¡o lekt dh ;s fof”k’B fo”ks’krk,¡ fo”o ds vU; lekt esa de fn[kkbZ nsrh gSaA laxhr dh ;g cgqewY; /kjksgj mjk¡o thou “kSyh esa pkj pk¡n yxk fn;k gSA d`f’k ij vk/kkfjr vFkZO;oLFkk ds ckotwn yksxksa esa “kkjhfjd Fkdku de] psgjksa esa eqLdku vf/kd] galeq[k ftUnxh] izlUufpRr O;fDrRo vkfn mjk¡o lekt ds O;fDr;ksa dh izeq[k fo”ks’krk,¡ gSaA dgk tkrk gS fd NksVk ukxiqj ds mjk¡o tutkfr;ksa esa ukp xku fojklr ds :i esa izd`fr ls izkIr gSA ukp&xku muds thou dk vfHkUu vax gSA ;gk¡ ds ?kus taxyksa esa egdrs Qwykas ds fc[kjrs lqxa/k us okrkoj.k dks eueksgd cukdj buds thou dks la x hre; cuk fn;k gS A ;gk¡ dh dy&dy djrh ufn;k¡] >j&>j cgrs >jus ] vkd’kZ d o euks j e Hkw N fo rFkk lqcg&”kke mM+rs if{k;ksa ds dyjo us budh ftUnxh dks [kqf”k;ksa ls ifjiw.kZ] meax ls Hkjiwj u`R;e; cuk fn;k gSA ekuk tkrk gS fd mjk¡o vkfnokfl;ksa ds thou dk izR;sd {k.k laxhre; gksrk gS tks mjk¡o tuthou dks nh?kkZ;q cuk nsrk gSA fo}kuksa dk rks ;g Hkh ekuuk gS fd mjk¡ o tutkfr;ksa ds nSfud thou esa 24 ?kaVs laxhr dk /kqu lokj jgrk gSA ukp&xku muds thou dk vfHkUu vax gSA lekt esa [kq”kh vkSj nq[k nksuksa gh ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa xhr xkus dk fjokt gSA yxHkx gj ekSle ds fy, vyx&vyx xhr vkSj xkus gksrs gSaA mjk¡o ds mYykle; vkSj izlUufpRr O;fDrRo dk mRre izn”kZu mudh laxhr ijEijkvksa ds }kjk izkIr gksrk gSA

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wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

mjk¡o xhr vkSj u`R; lkewfgd gksrk gSA blesa lEiw.kZ mjk¡o leqnk; iw.kZ:is.k lgHkkxh gksrk gSA ,d ekSle dk jkx nwljs ekSle esa oftZ r ekuk tkrk gS A gj ekS l e es a vyx&vyx u`R; vkSj xhr xkus dh ijEijk gSA tks mjk¡o lekt ds izR;sd O;fDr dh vkSlr vk;q dks c<+k dj nh?kkZ;q cuk nsrk gSA mjk¡o lekt ds ikfjokfjd o lkekftd thou esa xhr xkus ,oa laxhr dh iz;kZIr Lora=rk gSA laxhr dh n`f’V ls L=h] iq:’k esa cjkcjh dk gd gSA nSfud thou ds vkpkj&fopkj o O;ogkj lekurk ij vk/kkfjr gksus ds dkj.k lekt ds izR;sd L=h] iq:’k dks u`R; o laxhr dh vktknh gSA cU/kqRo dh Hkkouk ls ifjiw.kZ lekt gksus ds dkj.k lkewfgd u`R; ds lkFk laxhr dk laiknu gksrk gSA lkewfgd ukp&xku mjk¡o lekt ds izR;sd O;fDr dks ,drk ds lw= esa cka/k dj lkaLd`frd izxfr ds volj iznku djrs gSaA mjk¡o lekt esa ok|;a= ds lkFk lkew f gd ukp&xku] oS ; fDrd] ikfjokfjd rFkk lkekftd thou esa meax ls ifjiw.kZ] [kqf”k;ksa ls Hkjiwj euksje ftUnxh thus ds fy, izsj.kk iznku djrk gSA bl ckr dh lq[kn vuqHkwfr dh vko”;drk gS fd laxhr dh nqfu;k esa mjk¡o lekt lEiw.kZ fo”o esa vyx o vn~Hkqr fo”ks’krkvksa esa lekfgr gSA bl ckr dh Hkh voyksdu dh vko”;drk gS fd buds ikl gj ekSle ds fy, vyx&vyx u`R; o xhr xkus dk fjokt gSA 1- QXxw xhr & QXxw R;kSgkj iqjkus o’kZ dh fcnkbZ rFkk u;s o’kZ ds Lokxr ds fy, euk;k tkrk gSA bl [kq”kh esa QXxw xhr x;k tkrk gSA 2- ljgqy xhr & QXxw R;kSgkj ds djhc ,d eghus ckn mjk¡o tutkfr;ksa dk ljgqy R;kSgkj vkrk gSA NksVk ukxiqj ds mjk¡o vkfnoklh ljgqy ¼[kn~nh½ R;kSgkj pSr&cSlk[k eghus esa eukrs gaSA bl volj ij ljgqy xhr xk;k tkrk gSA okLrfodrk ;g gS fd QXxw R;kSgkj ds i”pkr~ ;g xhr ljgqy ¼[kn~nh½ ioZ dh rS;kjh esa “kq: gks tkrk gSA 3- /kqfM+;k ukp&xku & ljgqy R;kSgkj ds i”pkr~ /kqfM + ;+ k ukp&xku “kq: gksrk gSA cjlkr ds iwoZ [ksrksa esa /kku ds cht cks;s tkrs gaAS bl

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

volj ij /kqfM+;k ukp&xku gksrk gSA 4- tsBokjh& tsB ds eghus esa ekanj ds rky ij tsBokjh ukp&xku gksrk gSA 5- vlkjh mjk¡o yksd xhr& tsB eghus ds i”pkr~ cjlkr ds ekSle esa vlkjh mjk¡o yksd xhr vkjaHk gks tkrk gSA ;g yksd xhr vk’kk<+ o lkou nks eghus rd yxkrkj xk;k tkrk gSA mjk¡o vkfnoklh vk’kk<+ dh Qqgkjksa dh izfr{kk esa rFkk bu Qqgkjksa ds lkFk ;s xhr xk;k djrs gSaA 6- jksik xhr& jksik xhr lkou Hkknksa ds eghus esa xk;k tkrk gSA ;g fo”ks’kdj /kku ds [ksr esa jksik yxkrs le; Fkdku dks nwj djus rFkk eu dks cgykus ds fy, jksik yxkus okys L=h&iq:’kksa ds }kjk xk;k tkrk gSA 7- dje xhr& jksik ds i”pkr~ dje ukp&xku vkjEHk gks tkrk gSA rFkk u;k [kkuh ¼rqLxks½ rd pyrk gSA dje R;kSgkj Hkknksa ,dkn”kh dks euk;k tkrk gSA bl volj ij dje Mkyh dks isM+ ls dkVdj v[kkMs+ ds chpksa chp esa xkM+us ds i”pkr~ mldh iwtk ds ckn dje ukp&xku gksrk gSA 8- u;k [kkuh xhr& u;s Qly ds miy{; esa bZ”oj dks /kU;okn nsus gsrq ;g R;kSgkj xksM+k /kku idus ij euk;k tkrk gSA xksM+k /kku tYnh rS;kj gksus okys /kku dhs Qly gSA ;g cksus ds ckn yxHkx 50&60 fnuksa ds vUnj id tkrk gSA ;g Qly lery rFkk mcM+&[kkcM+] igkM+h tehu ij Hkh yxk;k tk ldrk gSA bl Qly gsrq cjlkr dk ikuh izz;kZIr gksrk gSA bl Qly ds idus ij g’kksZYykl ds lkFk ekanj ds rky ij ukp&xku ds lkFk u;k [kkuh dk R;kSgkj euk;k tkrk gSA 9- “kknh xhr& mjk¡o lekt esa [ksrh&ckjh lesVus ds i”pkr~ vxgu] iwl rFkk ek?k ds eghus esa “kknh dk le; gksrk gSA “kknh ds “kqHk volj ij rFkk mi;qZDr eghuksa esa dsoy “kknh xhr xk;s tkrs gaSA Øe”k% ------“kknh xhr dk oxhZdj.k& j.k&1- Mgj&ckr ds le; ds xhr 2- mM~Mw [ksLl jLe dh vnk;xh ds le; xhr 3- eaxuh xhr 4- cM+k esgeku ds le; xhr 5- ckjkr xhr 6- pqekou ds le; xhr 7- csVh dh fonkbZ ds le; d:.k jl ds xhrA mi;ZDq r lHkh dk;ZØeksa esa jLe vnk;xh ds le; fofHkUUk izdkj ds xkus “kknh jkx esa gh xk;s tkrs gSAa

kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

36


ORAON JHAROKHA

SSC Exam Calendar 2016-2017

ISSN-2456-3625

STAFF SELECTION COMMISSION TENTATIVE SCHEDULE FOR EXAMINATIONS TO BE HELD DURING THE YEAR 2016-2017 Sl 1

Name of Examination

Date of Advt.

Closing Date

Date of Exam

Multi Tasking (Non-Technical)

24.12.2016

20.01.2017

16.04.2017

Staff Examination-2016 (Paper-I)

30.04.2017 07.05.2017 (OMR) ***

2

Rectt. of SI in CAPFs, ASI in CISF and SI in Delhi Police Examination -2017 (Paper-I)

28.01.2017

05.03.2017

15-22 May,2017 (CBE)*

3

Combined Higher Secondary (10+2) Exam., 2016 (Tier-II)

-

-

04.06.2017 (DES)**

4

Combined Graduate Level Examination – 2017 (Tier-I)

11.03.2017

15.04.2017

19 -6-17 to 02 -07-2017 (CBE)*

5

Constable GD (CAPFs) Examination – 2016

12.11.2016

09.12.2016

15-07.2017 to 22.07.2017 – (CBE)*

Combined Jr. Hindi Translator in Subordinate Office/CSOL/Hindi Pradhyapak Exam. – 2017

29.04.2017

27.05.2017

30.07.2017 (OMR) *** (P-I) And ( Paper-IIDES)**

7

Stenographer Grade ‘C’ & ‘D’ Examination – 2017

17.06.2017

15.07.2017

27.08.2017 (OMR)***

8

Combined Graduate Level Examination – 2017 (Tier-II)

-

-

5-8 September,2017 (CBE)*

Rectt. of SI in CAPFs, ASI in CISF and SI in Delhi Police Exam -2017 (Paper-II)

-

-

08.10.2017 (OMR) ***

10

Combined Graduate Level Examination – 2017 (Tier-III)

-

-

12.11.2017 ( DES)**

11

Combined Higher Secondary (10+2) Exam., 2017 (Tier-I)

05.08.2017

04.09.2017

17-30 November, 2017 (CBE)*

12

Combined Graduate Level Examination – 2017 (Tier-IV)

-

-

December,2017 (SKILL)

Multi Tasking (Non-Technical) Staff Examination-2016 (Paper-II)

-

-

17.12.2017 (DES)**

13

Junior Engineer (Civil, Electrical & Mechanical) Examination – 2017 (Paper-I)

09.09.2017

09.10.2017

14

5-7 January, 2018 (CBE)*

6

9

£ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

37


SSC Exam Calendar 2016-2017

ORAON JHAROKHA

Name of Examination

Sl

Date of Advt.

ISSN-2456-3625

Closing Date

Date of Exam

15

Junior Engineer (Civil, Electrical & Mechanical) Examination – 2017 (Paper-II)

-

-

01.04.2018( DES)**

16

Combined Higher Secondary (10+2) Exam., 2017 (Tier-II)

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15.04.2018 (DES)**

Departmental Examination Sl No

Name of Examination

Date of Advt.

Closing Date

Date of Exam

1

Upper Division Clerks Ltd. Deptt. Comp. 01.10.2016 Examination 2016 (Paper-I and Paper-II)

31.10.20163.

12.2016 OMR***

2

Clerks’ Grade (for Multi Tasking Staff only) Exam., 2017

21.01.2017

17.02.2017

02.04.2017 OMR***

3

Grade ‘C’ Steno. Ltd. Depttl. Comp. Exam., 2017

15.4.2017

12.05.2017

02.07.2017 OMR***

4

Upper Div. Clerk Ltd. Depttl. Comp. Exam., 2017

02.09.2017

29.09.2017

12.11.2017 OMR***

(*) (**)

- CBE - Computer Based Examination - DES - Descriptive Paper

(***) - OMR – Optical Mark Recognition

Under Secretary (P&P-I) 18-10-2016

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Displacement a Threat to Tribal Livelihood and Identity -Yacub Kujur,S.J. Pathalgaon (C.G.) Abstract Land is the second name of tribals. It gives them cultural identity and is the main source of livelihood. Without land they cannot be called tribals as per their belief system. Agriculture is their main occupation which sustains their life. Forest and rivers contribute to their cultural identity and livelihood. Displacement of the tribals, in the name of development, has left them to loose their identity and the main source of livelihood, as it is seen in many parts of India which does not need any explanation. Jashpur district of Chhattisgarh is going to be another example of it.

Introduction The tribals of Jashpur District from more than 60 villages of Kunkuri, Bagicha, Tapkara and Manora Blocks; were served a notice by the Office of Collector (Mineral Branch) District Jashpur (C.G.) to vacate the place by the Government of Chhattisgarh on behalf of Jindal Steel and Power Limited, Gamharia Road Jashpur (in the year 2008-9). Consequently many tribals from 105 square Kilo Miters area have to leave their land that poses the question of their livelihood in particular and identity in general. Second case is Gullu Electric Hydro Power Plant being constructed by Chhattisgarh Hydro Power Private Limited. 30.391 hectares of land belonging to 38 farmers from four villages will submerge into the water at first phase (land acquisition process began from 2007). Third case is Loker Jalashai Yojana being constructed at Rede village of Pathalgaon Block.

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Fourth case is sample survey being quietly carried on in Farsabar area for gold, diamond and quartz. Fifth case is MoUs being signed for Bauxite in Pandrapath and other areas of Upper Ghat of Jashpur. Most of the mines and mineral reserve places are spotted out in Jashpur by more than 112 companies, leaving less than 25% of its total land for inhabitation. Presently wild animals, especially elephants are causing threat of displacement and loss of livelihood. To deal with the problem three long term strategic plans are proposed by the District Administration. First, Bagicha, Sanna and Manora area will be reserved zone for the elephants for there are thick forests and water facilities will be provided from MANREGA scheme. Second, in Jashpur, Duldula, Kunkuri and Kansabel there will be coexistence zone of humans and elephants. Third, Tapkara and Pathalgaon will be

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elephant prohibited zone, for there is less forest but more causality. To prevent the entry of elephants from Odisha concrete walls be constructed and solar fencing will be done. So called ‘development’ projects and elephants are causing threat to the tribals. For, other than land they have no source of livelihood. Pulling apart them from the land means putting them in to the mouth of death. “To separate the indigenous people from their land is tantamount to tear them apart from their life giving sources”, (Areeparampil, 1995:17) As it is seen what has happened through different developmental projects implemented in the tribal areas, development of the tribals is needed but not at the cost of losing their tribal identity and land. For the sake of development if the local people are displaced, whose development is it, the government intends? It is rightly said by a 50 years old tribal lady

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named Kosi Kanwar from Korba; “what is public purpose? If the government cannot protect our interest why should we consider the interest of unknown public?”(Dhagamwar; 2005:41). For the tribals “land is not simply a factor of production as for other people, but a source of spirituality as well.” (Areeparampil, 1995:16). Land is sacred to them. It is created by God and given to the first human beings. Therefore, it is a gift by God to their ancestors. Land belongs to the ancestors. The present generation is mere custodian. Its ownership belongs to the community not to the individuals. “The community or tribe includes not only the living members but also the ancestor and future generations. That is why for the indigenous people land and blood are homologous.” So, they could shout from the top of their voice; “Jan Denge, Jamin Nahin. Jul, Jangle hamara Hai.” Therefore, an aboriginal leader of Australia could say; My land is my backbone…I alone stand upright, happy proud and not ashamed about my colour because I still have land. I can dance, paint, create and sing as my ancestors did before me…My land is my foundation. I stand, live and perform as long as I have something firm and hard to stand on… without land we will be the lowest people in the world,

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Displacement a Threat to Tribal.... because you have broken down our backbone, took away my arts, history and foundation. You have left us nothing. (Roberts, 1978: 5-6) This is not only the voice of the aboriginal leader of Australia but it is the voice of the tribals of Jashpur District. For them land is life itself without which they cannot survive. Their society, culture, religion, identity and their very existence are intimately linked to the land they hold. Therefore, before we consider the question of livelihood in particular and tribal identity in general, a threat caused by the proposed displacement, let us try to understand the theological understand of tribal land as it is narrated in their creation myths. It will help us to understand their love for land and their resistance for displacement. The discussion will be focused on the creation myth according to Oraons. They are the dominant tribal community of the district and they will be the most affected people of the proposed projects. 1. Land is created by Dharmes (God): The creation myth is narrated in the religious ceremony of Bhakh khandna or danda kata, meaning averting evil eyes and words. In the beginning Jammudeep in Sat-Pati-Raji was deluged with water. There was no trace of earth. The whole heavenly

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ISSN-2456-3625 court assembled for a consultation about how to make the earth. Then Dharmes made a Kilkila (a bird of king fisher) and sent it to Patalpur (subterranean world) in the town of Djurrapur to LanduGandu (earth worm) to bring the seed of the earth. Kilkila brought the seed and gave it to Dharmes. He in order to plant the seed started churning the mud in the seven seas. The seven seas became muddy. The earth got established. The Sat-Pati- Raji got formed. Then with this earth he created human beings and other beings. The human beings multiplied in great number and filled the whole face of the earth. One day he went for hunting, but could not step anywhere on the ground because the human beings had dirtied the whole earth with their excreta. He destroyed them by sending Chich-Chep (rain of fire) on them for seven days and seven nights. All the human beings died except Bhaiya-Bahin (bother and sister literarily male and female humans) whom Sita (concert of Dharmes), protected from the destruction. After destroying the human beings Dharmes realized that his own happiness and well being depended on their existence. Therefore, he kept them under his providence. When they grew, he gave them field to cultivate, cattle to plough, and seeds to sow and reap. When their crop was

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attacked by the insects (Uru, Gandhi, Banki), he taught them ceremony of Danda - Kata (destroying the power and effect of ‘evil eye and mouth’) to counter act the other harmful beings and deeds. When they reached marriageable age; dispensing them from impediment of consanguinity and giving them different Gotra, by a symbolic action of removing the wood placed between them while sleeping, he established marriage between them. And then the human beings multiplied. The narration of the myth clearly shows that the land is the creation of Dharmes and all the other creatures and vegetation are the product fruits of the land. 2. Land is a Gift from God: Land is a gift given by God to human beings. It was given to the ancestors-the first human beings. As every gist has to be handled with care so also this great gift has to be handled with much more added care. For, this gift has to be handed over again to the coming generation. So it has to be in the form and shape of worthy of giving as a gift. Human beings are expected to add value to it, a worthy and the best gift to be given to the next generation. 3. Land is Sacred: Land is sacred, it can not be defiled. The first human beings

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Displacement a Threat to Tribal.... defiled the earth, so Dharmes punished them with rain of fire. In this way he restored the sanctity of land. It is sacred because it belongs to God. The sacredness of land consists in making use of it for agriculture purpose and not for otherwise use, such as for business. If it is used for other than cultivation of crops it is defiled and it loses its sanctity, not a worthy gift to be given to the next generation. Therefore sanctity of the land has to be maintained. It is the sacred duty of every tribal and especially of Oraons to keep up the sanctity of the land for it has to be given as a sacred gift to the coming generation. Failing to it they will be punished. And the punishment will be excommunication from the ancestral community, which is the ultimate goal of every tribal. 4. Ownership of Land: Land is a sacred gift given to the first human beings. The ownership belongs to them. The present generation is mere custodian. It has the sacred duty to maintain the sanctity of the land and hand it over to the coming generation. According to the tribal belief there is no sense of private ownership of land. It belongs to the whole village community. At present the male members of the family have the ownership of the parental land

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ISSN-2456-3625 but not the girls. Once the girls are married they have the right of ownership over the land of their husbands. Whether the girls or married women have the right of purchasing the tribal land is a question of great concern ad debate. Presently many mal practices are taking place. The non-tribals are taking advantage of this situation. To get tribal land some non-tribals are marrying the tribal girls and after acquiring the land they are deserting them. The law prevents the non-tribals from acquiring the tribal land. 4. Land is the Foundation of Faith: Land is the foundation of tribal religion and its belief system. Their religious life is directly connected with land. The Uraons perform the Danda-taka ceremony to adore Dharmes, on land. To perform this ceremony they prepare an offering place with their own hands, directly on the ground. This piece of ground (land) has to be an ancestral land. On other than ancestral land this ceremony could not be performed. It is the only ceremony performed in the name of Dharmes, showing honor and gratitude to their ancestors. In this ceremony they offer Arwa rice and egg, the most worthy and fitting offering to Dharmes. This rice has to be the product from the ancestral land and the egg from

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their own household poultry. Arwa rice and egg are considered the only food of Dharmes. The other objects are not offered to him. Their place of worship is Sarna (a sacred grove). Their ancestors are buried in their own land. It is the sacred duty and responsibility of every tribal to burry their ancestors on the land handed over to them. Failing to this would result in excommunication from ancestral community (heaven). To attain the ancestral community is the ultimate goal of tribal life. It is their salvation. 5. Land is the Basis of SocioCultural Life: In India all the major groups of tribals are agriculturists. Their socio-cultural systems are the reflection of land. Their rich culture stands on land. Their feasts and festivals are directly connected with their agriculture. Land and agriculture are the source of their dances and songs, which they cherish so much. They have various seasonal feasts and festivals. The encyclical nature of agriculture adorns these feasts and festivals. Seasonal dance and songs entertain them. Their rich customs and traditions find their source in land and forest. Karam (a tree-nauclea porvifolia) and Sarhul (Sal tree) festivals cannot be celebrated without forest. To celebrate the festival of karam;

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Displacement a Threat to Tribal.... three small branches1 of the tree are cut, with dancing and singing procession of the youth, they are brought to the village dancing ground and planted there. It is an important agricultural celebration for all Oraons and it is also a special feast of unmarried girls of the village. On this day Oraons pray to Dharmes to protect their standing crops from pests and to bless their virgin daughters that they may become good mothers. After doing the religious ceremony they feast, sing and perform the Karam dance. (Tirkey, 1989: 77). The festival of Sarhul2 is celebrated when the Sal trees are laden with flowers. Villagers go to Sarna 3, the village grove, to worship the god, and celebrate the New Year. According to the custom the tribals (Oraons) before the feast of Sarhul go for Phaggu Sendera (hunting). If there is no forest where this ceremonial hunting could take place). It is the culture of the particular group of human beings which gives separate identity to one group from the other groups. If there is no land and forest how this cultural identity could be preserved? 6. Land the Source of Life: Land is the source of every life. Man is created out of land (earth). Dharmes taught the Bhaiya-Bahin to till the land for cultivation. This was the only

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ISSN-2456-3625 means of livelihood he taught them. Land provides with everything that is necessary for human survival. Jal (water), jangles are the products of land. It is not a commodity to be traded in the market and mere means of production, but life itself, that is to say it is the source of life, not only in this life but the life to come after death. If it is the life it self, how can it be alienated? How a tribal can tear apart himself from his land and that is too from the ancestral land? How could a tribal call himself or herself a tribal without having 4land? Taking up other occupations than agriculture they would be termed as non-tribals (Dikus5 ) and be excommunicated from the tribal fold or village community, which is the greatest punishment for any tribal. Being away from the community they would perish both in this life and the life to come. For if they die out of their community they would fail to attain the ancestral community. The condition to enter into the ancestral community is to have a natural death. Natural death includes a death of well advanced in age (seeing grand children), not hanged, not killed, not drowned, not accidental, not out of the community-in the case of excommunication from the community. Only those who have natural death are given the ceremony of Gami or Kaman and

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Konha Benja or Harboha. Only after getting these ceremonies the dead persons enter into the ancestral community, according to Oraon belief system. The type of death is the result of individual lifebehavior and conduct according to the norms of the community. If a person follows the rules and regulations, customs and traditions of the community he will have a natural death, if not he will have unnatural death, leading to missing his ultimate goal of life. Land is the source of tribal life and identity. The theological understanding of tribal land makes it impossible to be alienated from them. It is not only means of livelihood, of giving identity but also the very source of their salvation. Agriculture is their main source of livelihood. The people of the area totally depend on agriculture for their livelihood. On the other hand their agriculture wholly depends on monsoon. The main crops grown in the rainy season are rice, pulse, oil seeds, maize, millet, sweet potatoes, etc. and wheat, gram, pulse, oil seeds and vegetables are grown after the rainy season, where there is little irrigation facility. Till now they heavily depend on traditional way of cultivation. With the implementation of the proposed projects the tribals will lose their major means of livelihood and on the other hand the other local

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Displacement a Threat to Tribal.... people will face the shortage of food grain. Their other means of livelihood are cattle-cows, buffalos, goat rearing, household poultry, piggery, etc. Cows and buffalos are the major supports of their agriculture. Goats, fowls and pigs are meant only for house hold consumption and not for business for it goes against their belief system. Livestock is the second major support of tribal livelihood. In many ways livestock helps the triblas in sustaining their lives. For example, they provide milk, meat, dung (used for manure and fuel) and little income by sale. The only grazing place for livestock is forest in the season of cultivation. If there are no forests the tribals will have no pasture land for their livestock. Minor forest produce constitute their third main source of livelihood. The forest provides them fire wood, Lakh, Mahuwa, Chiraonji, Sal seed, Tendu Patta, etc. Mahuwa and Sal seed are made use for both house hold consumption and sale. Tendu Patta, Lakh, Gond and Chiraonji bring them a sizeable income. Various edible fruits, flowers, roots and leaves substantiate their food. Forest provides them with valuable herbal medicines. Till now most of the people of the area depend on indigenous treatment of various diseases and

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ISSN-2456-3625 sicknesses. The proposed industry will destroy the forest and the tribals will lose one of the main sources of their livelihood. The destruction of the forest will cause tremendous disasters to the ecological imbalance and loss of biodiversity. Korba, a neighboring district is an excellent example of this unhappy effect of industrialization and mining, (Dhagamwar…2003:38). C.V. Raman says that water is the true elixir of life. It means water gives life to whole creation. Without water life in this world could not be sustained. In various ways water becomes means of livelihood for the tribals of the area. One of them is fishery. Rivers flowing in this area, likeMiani, Eb, Shri Nadi, Lawa Nadi, Ludki, etc. and small streams, ponds and dams provide with fishing opportunity to the people. Mostly people use fish for home consumption and a very little portion for sale. A study done by Dhamgarwar and his team members show how water has been polluted by the industries and mines of korba. It has been turned into good for nothing, (Dhagamwar…2003:199 ff). Horticulture provides a little portion to their livelihood. Some tribals have developed interest for growing trees and plants. But it is up to a minimum level. Some of the main fruits are mango, jack

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fruit, guava and litchi. Practically all the major tribes of the area have developed kitchen garden. It provides seasonal vegetables for them. Among them the most cultivated vegetables are tomato, brinjal, cabbage, cauliflower, potato (Pandra Path (plateau) in Bagicha district is well known for potato production), ladies finger, pumpkin, bitter guard, etc. Some portions of these products are consumed and some are made use for sale by the tribals. Bamboo craft is the main source of livelihood of the Turi tribe. This tribe totally depends on bamboo products for its livelihood. For they have no other means of survival. They make different bamboo items (Supa, tokni, Dawry, Bawgi, Dhakki, etc.) for the use of agriculture purpose and sell it to the local agriculturists. Rope making is the only occupation of Birhor and Korwa tribes. Till now they live in the deep forests. Their main source of livelihood is hunting and food gathering from the forest. They prepare rope from the barks of trees and creepers for the local agriculturists for various purposes. These are the most poor and illiterate tribes of the locality. If there is no forest how could they get their raw materials? Pottery is the main source of livelihood of Kumhars. These people completely depend on pot making for their survival. They

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Displacement a Threat to Tribal.... sell their pottery items in the local markets and villages and in off season that is in rainy season; work in the fields of the agriculturists. Blacksmiths help the agriculturists with their products for agriculture purposes. They form inseparable part of agriculturists’ village duelers. Without these potters and blacksmiths agriculturists would be at stake to meet their agriculture and house hold needs. Drum beating is the main job of Ghansias and Domes. During the marriage season they beat drums and earn their livelihood. And in the off season they work in the fields of agriculturists. For Panicas, Chikhwas and Gandas the main source of livelihood is weaving. They fulfill the clothing needs of the local people. Jhoras are the people those who collect gold pieces by washing soil and sand of the area in the rivers flowing through Pharsabar and Kansabel Blocks. In the river banks of Sonajory more gold pieces are collected than other rivers flowing in the area. This may be one of the main temptations of the government to lease the land to Jindal Steel and Power Ltd. to exploit the resource to increase its revenue at the cost of the local people in the name of the development. The main source of livelihood of the Jhoras is colleting gold pieces. If, by the mining industries these areas are

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ISSN-2456-3625 captured, the Jhoras are sure to lose their main source of livelihood. The theological understanding of the land by the Oraons clearly indicates that tribal land cannot be alienated from them. It is at the very core of their faith and belief system. On the other hand their socio-cultural life is intertwined with the agriculture. The income they could get from the other sources is bare minimum. It is the same case with the other tribes of the region. As for the minor tribes like, Birhor, Korwa, life without forest will be like fish without water. The other people of the area such as Turis, Kisanas, Luhars, Panikas, Doms, Kumhars, their life is interdependent with the major agriculturists’ tribes of the region. The Jhoras will have to lose their main source of livelihood when they are displaced. The Constitution of India, Part IX; provides that the local people should participate in planning and implementation of the schemes at Panchayat level. Article 243-G. endows the Panchayats to function as institutions of self-government with respect to the preparation of plans for economic development and social justice and of their implementation. The spirit of the Article provides that the local people be participated in the planning process of the area. The

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protest rallies organized by the local people indicate that these people were never invited or allowed to participate in the planning process of the proposed development projects. It is the violation of the constitutional right of the local people in general and tribals in particular, by the State Government. It is the constitutional responsibility of the Governor to protect the interest of the tribals, but it seems he has forgotten his duty. Therefore, it is the responsibility and duty of the Union Government and the Judiciary of India to remind the Governor of his duty and the State Government to withdraw the proposed project from the area which is not serving the interest of the local people. For the people of this area it is not the question of livelihood alone but it is the question of very life and identity. Every group of people of this area has its own

Displacement a Threat to Tribal.... main source of livelihood (as mentioned above) and for other needs they depend on one another. They have perfect economic inter-dependency. On the other hand socio-culturally they have very close link with one another. If they are displaced their harmonious life will be lost. Therefore, in many places of the area they have come out in thousands in protest of the proposed projects. Yet in Gullu the construction is going on for some people are with the constructing company. Only people of Jhargaon are quietly opposing it. The rest of people from three villages-Alori, Matlonga and Gullu are in favour of the project. They themselves are working in the construction. If it is said, “don’t go to work there,” they say, “Give us money”. Some people of Gullu once said, “We can leave your religion but not the company.”

ISSN-2456-3625 And those who are in government jobs from the same village are very happy now for their cars are able to be parked on their courtyards. Lest, they had to walk from Ghagra. And this is due to the company. Except at Gullu and LokerRede so far now construction has taken place. In many places people have opposed such development works. People, coming out in thousands, have protested in several rallies organized in different places at Panchayat, Block and District level. These are clear indications that they want development, but not at the cost of their displacement. It is a big question, whose development the government intends? How long the local people have to pay the price in the name of national development? Is there any other way out - development without displacement?

References Areeparampil, Mathew (1996), Tribals of Jharkhand: Victims of Development, Indian Social Institute, New Delhi Basu, Sajal (1994), Jharkhand Movement, Ethnicity and Culture of Silenc, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Rastrapati Niwas, Shimla Das, Victor (1992), Jharkhand Castle Over the Graves, Inter-India Publishers, New Delhi Dhagamwar, Vasudha De, Subrata Verma, Nikhil (2003), Industrial Development & Displacement the People of Korba, Sage Publications, New Delhi Exam, Van A. (1992), Basic Socio-Economic Attitude of Chotanagpur Tribals, the Catholic Cooperative Society, Ranchi Fernandes, Walter (1998), Development, Displacement and rehabilitation, Indian Social Institute, New Delhi Lakra John, (1983), “The Genesis of Man, the Oraon Myth”, Sevartham, Vol. 8 Roy, Sarat Chanrda (1915), The Oraons of Chota Nagpur, Their History, Economic Life and Social Organization, Bar Library, Ranchi

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Tirkey, Boniface (1980), Oraon Symbols, Vidya Jyoty, Delhi, Tirkey, Boniface (1989), The Smiling Oraon, Navajyoti Niketan, Patna (Footnotes) 1 The Oroans use three branches for the Karam celebration. One branch in the name of God, second in the name of ancestors and the third one in the name of Panches of the village. The other tribes of the region use one branch of Karam for the feast. 2 Sarhul festival is celebrated by Uraons and not by other tribes. 3 Sarna is a sacred grove, a dueling place of spirit/spirits. All tribes go to Sarna to worship their gods. It is believed by the tribals that in every tree duels a spirit and when the tree is cut the spirit has no place to live in so in every village a small grove is preserved for the dueling of the spirits. 5 The tribals call non-tribals Dikus. If tribals themselves do not behave according to the norms and customs of the community they are called Dikus

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SCHOLARSHIP FOR ECONOMICALLY POOR STUDENTS IN INDIA, SCHOLARSHIP IN INDIA 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.

CSRI Post Doctoral Fellowship www.dst.gov.in Post-matric Scholarship Scheme for Minority Students www.minorityaffairs.gov.in Post Matric Scholarship for ST Students www.scholarships.gov.in HDFC Educational Crisis Scholarship Support ECSS http://www.hdfcbank.com/htdocs/common/ECSS_scholarship.htm#top Kishore VaigyanikProtsahanYojana (KVPY) http://kvpy.iisc.ernet.in/main/index.htm Indira Gandhi Scholarship for Single Girl Child http://www.ugc.ac.in INLAKS SCHOLARSHIPS AND AWARDS http://www.inlaksfoundation.org Merit-cum-Means Scholarship Scheme for Minorities http://www.minorityaffairs.gov.in Post-Graduate Merit Scholarship For University Rank Holders http://www.ugc.ac.in Maulana Azad National Fellowship for Minority students http://www.ugc.ac.in Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship for SC/ST Candidate http://www.ugc.ac.in Trust Fund Scholarships for Disables http://www.nhfdc.nic.in Women Scientist Scheme (WOS-A) http://www.dst.gov.in Inspire Fellowship http://www.inspire-dst.gov.in/fellowship.html K.C Mahindra Scholarships for Post Graduate studies Abroad http://www.kcmet.org/what-we-do-Scholarship-Grants.aspx Gandhi Fellowship Programme http://www.gandhifellowship.org Teach for India Fellowship http://teachforindia.org

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vf/kd tkudkjh ds fy, laidZ djsa %& laiknd eaMyh mjk¡o >jks[kk

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egqvk ds Qwy dk vFkZ”kkL= (Economics of Madhuca Longifolia) & MkW- lsjkfQuql fdLiksV~Vk ¼l-izk- vFkZ”kkL= foHkkx½ xq-?kk- dsUnzh; fo-fo- fcykliqj lkj % bl “kks/k&jpuk ds ek/;e ls ys[kd us ikB~dksa dks ,d lans”k nsus dh dksf”k”k dh gS fd *egqvk ds Qwy* dk ldkjkRed iz;ksx ,d rjQ mjk¡o lekt esa lqxa/k QSykus dk dke djrk gS ogha nwljh rjQ blds udkjkRed iz;ksx ls mjk¡o lekt esa nqxZa/k QSykus dk dke djrk gSA bl “kks/k&ys[k ds }kjk *egqvk ds Qwy* dk ldkjkRed o udkjkRed iz;ksx dks fn[kk;k x;k gS ftldk izHkko mjk¡o lekt esa Li’V :i ls ns[kk tk ldrk gSA ;fn *egqvk ds Qwy dk vFkZ”kkL=* mjk¡o lekt ds yksxksa esa ldkjkRed tkx:drk ykus esa lQy jgrk gS rks ys[kd le>saxs fd mudk iz;kl lQy jgkA eq[; “kCn % egqvk dk Qwy] izHkko] mjk¡o lekt] tkx:drkA Hkwfedk % Madhuca longifolia is an Indian tropical tree, commonly known as mahua, mahwa or Iluppai, found in the states of West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Telangana, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Gujarat, Orissa and Tamil Nadu etc. Mahua flowers contain about 65 to 70% sugar. In some parts of India, tribal women eat Mahua flowers during breastfeeding as a nutritive food. In Bihar, flower pickle is used (two teaspoonful, for two months) in treatment of Tuberculosis. Tribals of Bastar in Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Jharkhand and North Maharashtra produces alcoholic drink of Mahua flowers by fermentation. The tribes of Rajasthan use the stem bark powder for treatment of respiratory disorders. Mahua flowers are also used to make jams, jellies, biscuits and many other food items due to their nutritional value (contains vitamins, sugars, amino acids, organic acids, enzymes and other compounds). - sonr@www.wikipedia.org

t”kiqj] jk;x<+] lqjxqtk] dksfj;k ,oa dksjck ftys ds lHkh fodkl [kaMksa ,oa xzkeksa esa ouksa dk cgqr vf/kd izfr”kr 46-105% ik;k tkrk gSA mDr ik¡p ftyksa esa mjk¡o ,oa xksaM+ vkfnokfl;ksa dh cgqyrk gSA ouksa ,oa vkfnokfl;ksa esa ;qx&;qxkUrj rd ,d vVwV laca/k gSA ys[kd fuEufyf[kr vk¡dM+ksa ij ikBdksa dk /;kukdf’kZr djuk pkgrs gSa&

ouksa dk izfr”kr dzekad 12345-

ftyk jkT; dqy {ks=Qy ¼oxZ fd-eh-½ ouksa dk {ks=Qy ¼oxZ fd-eh-½ izfr”kr ¼%½ t”kiqj 5838 2164 37-07 jk;x<+ 7086 2546 35-93 lqjxqtk 15731 7133 45-34 dksfj;k 6604 4107 62-19 dksjck 6599 3349 50-75 dqy 41858 19299 46-105 N-x135191 59772 44-%

lzzksr % http://chtenvis.nic.in/Forest.html; sponsored by Ministry of Environment, Forests & climate change govt. of india 2011.

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tÑB¡à §çý Äåýv §ýà ¡nêÎààÐØà

ORAON JHAROKHA

izkFkfed vkthfodk dk lk/ku ges”kk ls gh mjk¡o lekt ds fy;s d`f’k gh gqvk djrk gS vkSj jgsxkA d`f’k mitksa esa /kku] xsgw¡] edbZ] xksanyh] Tokj] cktjk dksnks vkfn izeq[krk ls ik;s tkrs gSaA d`f’k dk;ksZa ds lkFk&lkFk ouksa dh vf/kdrk dh otg ls yksx ouksa dks viuk f}rh; vkthfodk dk lk/ku ekurs gSaA ouksitksa dk ladyu djds budk miHkksx ,oa mi;ksx djrs gaSA ouksitksa esa izeq[krk ls egqvk Mksjh] lky] rsanw] rsanw&iRrk] fpjkSath] beyh] vk¡oyk] csj] gjkZ] csgjk] csy vkfn NRrhlx<+ ds ouksa esa ik;s tkrs gaSA buesa ls egqvk dk Qwy fo”ks’k :i ls vkfnokfl;ksa ds thou ls tqM+k gSA The fat which is obtained from Mahua fruit oil is used in cooking, frying and manufacturing chocolates. It is generally applied as massage oil in many parts of the country, as it is very good to moisturize skin. Besides edible and medicinal uses, Mahua has industrial application as it can be utilized in the manufacture of laundry soaps and lubricants. The medicinal properties which are seen in this plant are stimulant, demulcent, emollient, heating. Skin disease, rheumatism, headache, laxative, piles, and sometimes as galactogogue astringent and many more. sonr@www.wikipedia.org

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PART- WISE MEDICINAL USE OF MADHUCA INDICA Part of Plant Medicinal Properties Leaf Enzyma, Wound Healing, Anti Burns, Bone Fracture Oil Emollient, Skin Disease, Rheumatism, Headache, laxative, Piles, Hemorrhoids, Emetics, Anti Earth worm. Fruit Sweet, Refrigerant, Aphrodisic, Tonic, Dipsica, Bronchitis, Astringent, Anti Ulcer, Acute and Chronic Tonsillitis, Pharyngitis. Bark Rheumatism, Ulcer, Inflammation, Bleeding, Spongy Gums, Tonsillitis, Diabetic, Stomach Ache, Anti Snake Poisoning, Astringent, Emollient, Fracture, Itching. Flower Refrigerant, Liquor, Jelly, Sweet Syrup, Expectorant, Increase the production of milk in woman, Stimulant, Diuretics, Anthelmentic, Strangury, Verminosis, Hepatoprotective. Gastropathy.

egqvk dk vFkZ”kkL= % bu ouks i tks a es a ls **egqvk&Qwy** mjk¡o lekt ds fy;s lcls vge ,oa egRoiw.kZ gksrk gSA egqvk&Qwy ds _rq esa xzkeh.k bykds dh mjk¡o efgyk,¡ izkr% cM+s rM+ds mBdj chuus ,oa ladyu djus tkrh gSa vkSj iq:’k oxZ [ksrksa [kfygkuksa ds rjQA fnUkp;kZ

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ISSN-2456-3625

,slk fd nksigj dk Hkkstu ,d&lkFk ugha dj ldrsA dsoy “kke dks gh lc bdB~Bs feyrs gSa vkSj [kkuk&i”pkr~ dHkh&dHkh dqN voljksa ij v[kM+k dh vksj fnu&Hkj dk Fkdku feVkus ds fy;s tkrs gSaA egqvk ds Qwyksa dks churs yxHkx nksigj gks tkrk gSA mls lq[kkrs 2 fnu yx tkrk gSA vc blds okf.kT; mi;ksx dh lkspsaA vkt ls 55 o’kZ iwoZ egqvk Qwy ds lanHkZ esa dtZ ds nq’pØ ¼1960&61½ dh fLFkfr dk vkadyu djuk mfpr gksxkA egqvk Qwy ds ladyu ds ckn mls lq[kkdj 50% Qwy dk beyh ds cht ;k lky ds cht ds lkFk feykdj] mckydj miHkksx djrs Fks vkSj ckdh 50% dks ekjokfM+;ksa ds gkFk 0-25 iSls izfr fdyks fcØh djrs FksA 0-25 iSls ls ued] fepZ] gYnh] elkyk [kjhnrs FksA rhu ¼03½ ekg rd egqvk Qwy dk lsou ¼mckydj ;k nk: fijksdj½ djrs FksA lekIr gksus ds i”pkr~ nk: fijksus ds fy;s iqu% O;kikfj;ksa@ekjokfM+;ksa ds ikl tkrs Fks vkSj mlh egqvk Qwy dks ftls mUgksaus 0-25 iSls ls cspk FkkA ,d :i;k m/kkjh ysdj ,d fdyks [kjhnrs Fks vkSj mlls nk: fijksdj ,d cksry nk: 5@& :i;s esa csprs FksA vk/kk Lo;a ihrs Fks vkSj vk/ks dk iSls ysdj iqu% egqvk [kjhn dj nk: fijksrs FksA vk/kk iSlk m/kkjh pqdkrs FksA jkst dk ;gh fnuPk;kZ jgrk FkkA varr% fLFkfr ,slh vkrh Fkh fd ifjokj fxjoh gks tkrk FkkA dtZ esa Mwc tkrk FkkA vkSj ogh dtZ vxyh ih<+h ds fy;s gLrkarfjr dj fn;k tkrk FkkA

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NRrhlx<+ esa ugha gks jgk gS oukf/kdkj ekU;rk dkuwu dk izHkkoh fdz;kUo;uOku ¼laia nk ij leqnk; 2016 dks

dks vf/kdkj ugha nsuk pkgrh gS jkT; ljdkjA 14] 15 vkSj 16 twu izn”s k ds dbZ CykWd eq[;ky;ksa esa fd;k x;k /kjuk izn”kZu½ &vkyksd “kqDyk ¼NRrhlx<+ cpkvks vkanksyu½

Okukf/kdkj ekU;rk dkuwu 2006 ds fdz;kUo;u esa iz;kljr fofHkUu lkekftd laLFkk,a vkSj tu laxBuksa ds }kjk 14] 15 vkSj 16 twu 2016 dks oukf/kdkj ekU;rk dkuwu ds izHkkoh fdz;kUo;u dh ekaxkas ij izn”s k ds dbZ CykWd eq[;ky;ksa esa /kjuk izn”kZu dk vk;kstu fd;k x;kA Kkr gks fd oukf/kdkj ekU;rk dkuwu dks ykxw gq, yxHkx 8 lky iw.kZ gksus okys gSAa ijarq vkt rd izn”s k esa bldk izHkkoh fdz;kUo;u ugha gqvk gS vkSj u gh jkT; ljdkj dh bl dkuwu dks ykxw djus esa dksbZ izkFkfedrk gSA bl dkuwu dks cukus dk ewy edln Fkk fd vkfnokfl;ksa vkSj vU; ijEijkxr ou fuokfl;ksa dks O;fDrxr vkSj lkeqnkf;d vf/kdkjksa dks ekU;rk nsdj muds lkFk gq, ,sfrgkfld vU;k; dks [kRe fd;k tk ldsA lkFk gh ou lalk/kuksa dk izc/a ku] lqj{kk vkSj mlds fodkl dk ftEek xzke lHkkvksa dks lkSaik tk,A ijarq NRRkhlx<+ eas oukf/kdkjksa dks ekU;rk nsus ds ctk; yksxksa ls muds vf/kdkjksa dks £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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Nhuk tk jgk gSA dkuwu ds foifjr [kuu daifu;ksa ds equkQs ds fy, ljxqtk ds xzke ?kkVcjkZ ds lkeqnkf;d vf/kdkj dks fujLr dj fn;k x;kA flQZ ljxqtk ftys es a gh 1 gtkj O;fDrxr oukf/kdkjksa dks fujLr fd;k x;k gSA izns”k esa tuojh 2016 rd 3]47]789 O;fDrxr vf/kdkj i= forfjr gq, gSa ftlds vk/kkj ij jkT; ljdkj fdz;kUo;u esa vius vki dks igys ik;nku

ij ?kksf’kr dj jgh gSA tcfd lPpkbZ ;s Hkh gS fd 5]12]575 O;fDrxr nkoksa dks fujLr fd;k x;k gSA ftu yksxksa ds oukf/kdkj i=d cus gSa og mudh dkfct ou Hkwfe ls cgqr de gSA lkeqnkf;d vf/kdkjksa dks dkuwu ds eqrkfcd cgqr gh de ekU;rk nh xbZ gS vkSj lkeqnkf;d

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ou&lalk/kuksa ds vf/kdkj i= fn, gh ugha tk jgs gSaA ;gk¡ rd fd jkT; ljdkj }kjk lkeqnkf;d oukf/kdkjksa ds vkWd a M+s Hkh tkjh ugha fd, tk jgs gSAa izn”s k esa 5 vkfne tu tkfr lewg gS ftuds vkokl ds vf/kdkjksa dks ekU;rk nh tkuh gS ijarq jkT; ljdkj us bl fn”kk esa Hkh dksbZ fo”ks’k igy ugha dh gSA vH;kj.k vkSj jk’Vªh; m|kuksa esa Hkh fdz;kUo;u dh izfdz;k yxHkx ux.; gSA dkuwu ds fdz;kUo;u dh uksMy ,tsalh vkfne tutkfr fodkl foHkkx gS] ijarq iwjh izfdz;k dks ou foHkkx }kjk euekus <ax ls izHkkfor dj fn;k tk jgk gSSA dkuwu ds foifjr vf/kdkj i=ksa ds izk:Ik dks cnyk tk jgk gS rFkk dbZ vuko”;d “krksZa dks Hkh vf/kdkj i=ksa esa “kkfey fd;k tk jgk gSA iz”kklfud Lrj ij Hkh tkudkjh ds vkHkko esa vf/kdkjh vius vk/kkj ij izfdz;kvksa dks pyk jgs gSa ftlds dkj.k fdz;kUo;u esa Hkh ,d:irk ugha gSA vkanksyu esa bu leLr eqn~nksa dks tksj “kksj ls mBk;k x;kA

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²þÙàãyªàð¼þ tçÞ ÂàÑãÞ Ñàç ÊÑà Ñè wÂààâo§ýàÊ tàÂumà

ORAON JHAROKHA

ljxqtk esa rks yksxksa us tksj& “kksj ls vkokt mBk;k ysfdu t”kiqj oklh rks vc rd lks jgs gSAa mUgsa rks irk ugha fd ;g ou vf/kdkj D;k gSA tc tkudkjh gh ugha ra ks vf/kdkj ikus dk rks loky gh ugha mBrk gSA foMEcuk rks ;g gS fd yksx tkuuk gh ugha pkgrs gSAa u i<+uk pkgrs] u lquuk\ i<+u]s lquus ls tkudkjh izkIr gksrh gSA ij yksxksa ds ikl i<+us lquus ds fy, le; dgkW gS\ i<+us tkuus okys i<+uk ugha pkgrs vkSj i<+us ugha tkuus okys lquuk ugha pkgrs! lHkk lEesyu ls mBdj pys tkrs gSAa vPNk gS Kku ftEesnkjh

dh ekWx djrk gS] blfy, *vKku* cus jguk csgrj! ftEesnkjh >a>V ykrk gS blfy, blls cps jgksA vU; dkeksa esa O;Lr cus jgksA dkeksa dks izkFkfedrk ls djuk gksrk gS] bl Kku ls Hkh cps jgksA vuko”;d dkeksa o ckrksa esa le; xWokvks vkSj thus&ejus] e;kZnk] vfLerk dh ckrksa dks xksyh ekjksA ;k ;g dgks ;s esjk dke ugha gS] mldk dke gSA dgha ,slk u gks fd ;s esjk] rsjk ds pDdj es]a *pqx xbZ fpfM+;k [ksr* ;k *lkai ds fudy tkus ij ydhj ihVs*A /;ku jgs O;fDrxr vf/kdkj ikus ds fy, QkeZ **d** vkSj lkeqnkf;d

mjk¡o lekt

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vf/kdkj ds fy, QkeZ **[k** vkS j lkeqnkf;d lalk/kuksa ij vf/kdkj ikus ds fy, QkeZ **x** Hkjk tkrk gSA QkeZ **x** ikjEifjd xk¡o dh lhek dks ekU;rk nsrk gSA vkSj ;gh lcls cM+k dkuwuh gfFk;kj gSA vxj ;g vf/kdkj xk¡o okfl;ksa dks izkIr gks tkrk gS rks dksbZ Hkh ckgjh O;fDr xkWo dh lhek esa xzke lHkk dh vuqefr fcuk izo”s k ugha dj ldrk gSA ogh ^islk^ dkuwu Hkh vkfnokfl;ksa dks ;g vf/kdkj iznku djrk gSA bu nksuksa dkuwuksa }kjk iznr vf/kdkjksa dks xzke lHkk djds vkfnokfl;ksa dks rqjra vius v/khu dj ysuk pkfg,A

vkn”kZ O;fDr (Role Model) dh ryk”k f”k{kd

lSfud

ISSN-2456-3625

S kfud oK

kj

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ISSN-2456-3625

ORAON JHAROKHA

tgka tgka iM+s mjk¡o ds ikao] ogka ogka LoxZ&HkaMkj &vFkukl fdliksV~Vk ¼fxukcgkj½

**mjk¡o >jks[kk^^

ds >jks[kksa ls nwj f{kfrt esa tks ns[kus dks feyk og csgn pkSadkus okyk] vdFkuh;] vo.kZuh; vkSj vdYiuh; gSA >jks[kk ,d ck;Ldksi ds leku ubZ&ubZ rLohj fn[kkrk FkkA >jks[ks esa dYiuk dk ysal yxkdj tks ns[kus dk iz;kl fd;k vkSj tks n`”; ns[kus esa vk, os gksjj “kks ;k fQYe ds n`”; ls de Hk;kog u Fks( vfuf”pr yach ;k=k ,oa Hkw[k&I;kl ls Fkdh ekanh /kq a / kyh lh vkd` f r;ka ] [krjukd taxyksa&igkM+ksa] unh&ukyksa dks yka?krh viuh thoVrk dks laHkkyrh vkd`fr;ka] [krjksa ls [ksyrh] chgM+ksa dks lkQ dj fuokl ;ksX; cukrh vius vfLrRo dks cuk, j[kus gsrq la?k’kZjr vkd`fr;ka] dgha fgald tho&tarqvksa ls cprh&tw>rha vkd`fr;ka] dgha nq”euksa ls yksgk ysrh vkd`fr;ka vkSj dgha bu d’Vksa dks Hkqykdj ukp&xku djrh vkuUn eukrh( viuh laLd`fr dks lgstrh vkd`fr;ka !! ns[k dj jksaxVs [kM+s gks x,A ;g tkudj rlYyh feyh vkSj lhuk dqN ru x;k fd gekjs iq:[kksa us fla/kq ?kkVh esa ekuo lH;rk dks ,d fn”kk nhA mUgksua s eksgutksnM+ks vkSj gM+IIkk £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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tSls lqfodflr uxj clk, vkSj bl rjg fla/kq ?kkVh lH;rk ds tud cusA fo”o ds bu izkphure uxjksa dks LFkkfir dj fla/kq ?kkVh dh lH;rk ds uke ls bfrgkl esa ,d vfeV v/;k; tksM+ fn;kA eu esa vanj gh vanj ,d xqnxqnh lh gksus yxh ij ,d loky eu esa jg jgdj mHkjus yxk& ^^ysfdu gekjs iqj[ks fla/kq ?kkVh igqaps dSls \ **>jks[ks ds gj dksus ls bldk tokc ryk”k fd;k] ij fujk”kk gkFk yxhA esjs ikl vkSj ,d ck;Ldksi Fkk tks Watch daiuh }kjk fufeZr FkkA Watch vFkkZr~ Welfare Association of Tribals of Chhota

eSua s ck;Ldksi ?kqek;k rks **dqM a [q k yksxksa dh mRifRr **ys[k i<+us dks feyk vkSj mlesa tks FkjkZus okyh tkudkjh feyh og csgn luluh[kst FkhA mlesa bl ckr dk mYys[k gS fd nf{k.k vQzhdk ds ewy vkfnokfl;ksa ds Mh-,u-, lajpuk ,oa dqaMq[k yksxksa ds Mh-,u-, lajpuk esa dkQh lekurk gS ftlls ;g irk pyrk gS fd dqaMq[k iwoZtksa dh mRifRr nf{k.k vQzhdk gSA bfrgkl ds tkudkjksa us tks fy[kk gS og ;ksa gh ugha fy[kk gSA ;gka ,sfrgkfld izekf.kdrk dh ckr djuk Nagpur

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

fujFkZd gSA eSa rks >jks[kksa ls >ydrh dqN cqfu;knh ckrksa ij Qksdl djuk izklafxd ekurk gw¡A bldk vFkZ ;g gqvk fd gekjs dqaMq[k iqj[ks] bZlk iwoZ gtkjksa o’kksZa ls foLFkkiu ds f”kdkj gq, gSa vkSj bl rjg ls ns[kk tk, rks nf{k.k vQzhdk ls ysdj NksVk ukxiqj ds iBkj vkSj t”kiqj rd dh nqfu;k dks iSny gh uki fn;k gSA ;fn vki bl in;k=k ij euu&fparu djsaxs rks izFke iSjk esa of.kZr n`”; u dsoy ltho gks tk,axs oju&dbZ vkSj Hk;adj n`”; tqM+ tk,axs cl ns[kus ds fy, ml vuq:i n`f’V pkfg,A ;g dgk tk ldrk gS fd foLFkkiu ,d LokHkkfod izfØ;k gSA oSls rks dksbZ vdkj.k viuk tUe LFkku NksMu+ k ugha pkgrk gS ijUrq dHkh ifjfLFkfr;ka ,slh fufeZr gks tkrh gaS fd viuk fiz; LFkku NksM+uk iM+ tkrk gS tSls csgrj jkstxkj dh ryk”k es]a dHkh dksbZ HkkSxksfyd ifjorZu] dHkh ;q) ds dkj.k] dHkh jktuhfrd dkj.k ls] dHkh vU; lkft”kksa ds varxZr bR;kfnA nf{k.k vQzhdk esa Hkh ,slh gh dksbZ ckr gqbZ gksxh( dksbZ ckgjh ncax yksx vk, gkssaxs vkSj ns[kk fd dqaMq[k yksx lqO;ofLFkr <ax ls ets dj jgs gaS(

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ORAON JHAROKHA

;g Hkh Hkkai fy;k gksxk fd ;s ljy izd`fr ds gSa os bUgsa nckus yxs gksaxs] ckr&ckr ij fookn gqvk gksxk vkSj bUgsa cs o tg ra x fd;k gks x k] budh tehu&txg] laifRr ij dCtk fd;k gksxk vkSj vkf[kjdkj viuh I;kjh txg dks NksM+dj tkus esa gh viuk Hkyk lkspk gksxk] vr% lkFk ys tkus okyh phtsa lesVs tks lkFk esa pyus yk;d Fks mUgsa ysdj vKkr dh vksj py iMs+A ml le; tula[;k de Fkh( vkcknh {kh.k Fkh( pkjksa vksj ?kus taxyksa dk lkekzT; Fkk vRk% dksbZ lqjf{kr lh txg ikdj taxy >kM+ lkQ dj viuk Msjk MaMk [kMs+ dj bRehuku dh ftUnxh thus yxsA le; xqtjus ds lkFk ;gka Hkh vk;Z yksx lwa?krs gq, igqap x, vkSj gekjs iqj[kksa dh fLFkfr ns[k muds eqag esa ikuh vk x;k vkSj viuh iqjkuh >iV uhfr gM+i uhfr dk bLrseky djus yxsA iqj[kksa dh tehu txg ij dCtk djus yxs] mUgsa /kedkus yxs vkSj T;knfr;ka djus yxsA muds lkeus gj ekeys esa detksj iM+us ds dkj.k viuh txg NksM+us esa gh viuk fgr ns[k os vKkr fn”kk dh vksj c<+rs pys x,A ;gh Øe lfn;ksa rd pyrk jgkA u tkus fdrus ns”k NwVrs x,] igkM+&ioZr] unh&ukysa] lkxj ikj djrs gq, pyrs x, vkSj pyrs jgsA foLFkkiu ds mu fnuksa esa gekjs iqj[kksa us D;k dqN ugha >syk gksxk] og lc vdYiuh; gSA nf{k.k vQzhdk ls fudydj dbZ ns”kksa] izkarksa vkSj ljgnksa dks ikj djrs £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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kÑàÞ kÑàÞ qð»çþ £ÊàÝw §çý qàÞw, wÑàÞ wÑàÞ Ðwªàê.. clsjk djrs ckgjh yksxksa ls la?k’kZ djrs c<+rs jgsA ;gka dqN eq[; LFkkuksa dk mYys [ k djuk mfpr le>rk gw W a A pyrs&pyrs os feJ igqaps vkSj mUgksaus ¼dq¡Mq¡[k½ viuk iM+ko MkykA ifjfLFkfr;ka dqN muds vuqdwy gksus ls os ,d yacs le; rd ogk¡ jgs ijUrq muds HkkX; esa ,d fuf”prrk vkSj fLFkjrk ugha FkkA vk;Z yksx ;gk¡ Hkh vk /keds vkSj viuh vknr ds vuqlkj muij /kkSal tekus vkSj ukuk izdkj ls rax djus yxsA muds “kks’k.k vkSj nacxbZ ls rax vkdj mUgsa feJ Hkh NksM+uk iM+k vkSj os vkxs c<s+( vkSj eslksiksVsfe;k igqapsA ogka dh HkkSxksfyd ifjfLFkr;ka ,oa okrkoj.k dh vuqdwyrk us mUgs vkdf’kZr fd;k vkSj mUgksaus ogka viuk clsjk cuk;kA vius vuqHkoksa vkSj esgur ds cy ij ogk¡ mUgksaus [kwc rjDdh dhA os vkuan ds fnu xqtkj jgs FksA ijUrq nqHkkZX; us ;gk¡ Hkh mUgsa dgha dk ugha j[kkA ;s vk;Z yksx fQj Vid iM+s vkSj mUgsa iqjkus QkWewZys ij gh lrkus vkSj mudk “kks’k.k djus yxsA gekjs iqj[kksa us ns[kk fd mu cs”keksZ ls iaxk ysus ls dksbZ eryc ugha Fkk vr% mUgksaus og txg NksM+ nsus esa gh viuk dY;k.k ns[kk vkSj os ogka ls vkxs c<s+A os fVxjhl vkSj Qjkr unh ds fdukjs&fdukjs vkxs c<+rs x, vkSj bZjku dh [kkM+h rFkk vjc lkxj rV ls gksrs gq, djkaph ds jkLrs Hkkjr o’kZ dh fla/kq ?kkVh igqapsA ;gka ls vk/ks iwoZ dh vkSj vk/ks nf{k.k dh vksj c<+s vkSj ogk¡ cl x,A gekjs dqaMq[k iqj[kksa us ;gk¡ eksgutks

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nkjks vkSj gM+Iik uxj clk,A fo”o ds bu izkphure vkSj lqO;fLFkr uxjksa dks LFkkfir djus dk Js; mUgha dks gSA ekuo lH;rk ds bfrgkl esa fla/kq ?kkVh dh lH;rk us ,d izeq[k v/;k; tksM+ fn;kA bfrgkldkjksa vkSj bfrgkl ds iafM+rksa ds fy, ;g dkSrwgy dk fo’k; cu x;kA fla/kq ?kkVh dh lH;rk dh [kq”kcq vk;ksZa rd igqaph ugha fd mUgksaus gekjs iqj[kksa ij geyk dj fn;kA irk ugha gekjs iqj[kksa ls mudks D;ksa fp<+ Fkk ¼gS½A gekjs iqj[kksa dh izxfr] rjDdh] [kq”kgkyh ls mUgsa bZ’;kZ gksrh Fkh ¼gS½ A os vk;Z dn&dkBh esa] “kjhj lkS’Bo] Ny&cy] ckgqcy] /ku cy vkfn esa gekjs iqj[kksa ls bDdhl FksA os ncaxbZ ls lc dke djrs FksA mudh ywV&ikV dh uhfr] >iVus vkSj gM+ius dh uhfr jgh FkhA gekjs iqj[ks gj izdkj ls muls detksj iM+ tkrs Fks vkSj **vjs NksM+ks ;kj**] ^^tkus Hkh nks ;kj** okyh uhfr viukrs Fks] urhtu ;g fd mUgsa viuh txg NksM+us esa gh HkykbZ fn[kkbZ nsrh FkhA ,d vksj tgka ;s vk;Z LokFkhZ] ykyph vkSj vkRe dsfUnzr Fks] ogha gekjs iqj[ks **iM+kslh izse** dh Hkkouk ds izHkko esa Fkss vkSj t:jr ls T;knk ljy] lfg’.kq] lh/ks&lPps vkSj nCcw fdLe ds FksA lkjh ifjfLFkfr;k¡ vk;ksZa ds vuqdwy gksus ls bUgsa dkcw esa djuk muds fy, dksbZ dfBu dke u FkkA ifj.kker% gekjs iwoZtksa dks cksfj;k fcLrj cka/kdj viuh txg NksM+us dks etcwj gksuk iM+rk FkkA fla/kq ?kkVh esa vk;ksZa ds lkFk ;q) ,d VfuZax IokbaV fl) gqvkA

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ORAON JHAROKHA

;gk¡ bu vk;ksZa us gekjs iwoZtksa ds izfr viuh nwf’kr ekufldrk dk ifjp; nsrs gq , ;g vQokg mM+ k bZ fd dq a M q [ k vkfnokfl;ksa dk usLrukcwn dj fn;k x;k gS tks fd u rks lS)kfUrd :i ls vkSj u O;ogkfjd :i ls ekU; dh tk ldrh gSA ;g rks iw.kZr% vfo”oluh; gS fd dqaMq[k vkfnoklh lewy u’V gks x,A bl ckr dk ftdz djuk blfy, vko”;d gS fd vkxs pydj Hkh mudh ;g nwf’kr ekufldrk fdlh u fdlh :i esa mHkj dj vk,xh A ,d LFkkfir vkSj fLFkj thou dk vkuUn ysus ds ckn vkfnoklh dqaMq[k gekjs iqj[ks] vkSj ,d ckj foLFkkfir gks x, vkSj ;gha ls iwjs egk}hi esa fc[kj x,] dq N vQxfuLrku dq N cywfpLrku dksbZ mRrj&nf{k.k dh vksj dksbZ iwoZ dh vksj fc[kj x,( ftls tgka lqfo/kktud yxk ogha cl x;k] vle] HkwVku] ckaXyk& ns”k bR;kfn( tks nf{k.k dh vksj c<+s os vka/kzizns”k] rfeyukMq o dsjy vkfn jkT;ksa esa cl x,( dqN dqqaMq[k xaxk&;equk dh rygVh ikj djrs gq, c<+ x,A ,slk ugha gS fd mUgsa bu {ks=ksa esa “kkafr o lqdwu feyk gksA nwljh tkfr;ksa ds ncko esa mUgsa viuk clsjk NksM+dj ubZ txg ryk”kus dks foo”k gksuk iM+k vkSj varr% jksgrkl ds iBkj esa viuk dqaMq[k jkT; LFkkfir fd;k vkSj vius fy, ,d lqn`<+ fdyk cuk;kA dqaMq[k jkT; esa dqN yacs le; rd lqdwu ds lkFk thou fcrkrs] dqaMq[k jkt&dkt ds ets ysrs fdruk vPNk £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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kÑàÞ kÑàÞ qð»çþ £ÊàÝw §çý qàÞw, wÑàÞ wÑàÞ Ðwªàê.. yxrk ij gekjs iqj[kksa dk eqLdqjkuk Hkh “kk;n vU; jktkvksa dks pqHkrk Fkk vr% vUgksaus ekSdk ns[k geyk dj fn;k vkSj dqaMq[kksa dks jkT; ls Hkh gkFk /kksuk iM+k vkSj foLFkkiu dk eqag ns[kuk iM+kA bfrgkldkjksa dh ekusa rks varr% bZLoh lu~ dh nwljh lnh esa gekjs dqaMq[k vkfnoklh iqj[kksa us NksVk ukxiqj ds iBkj esa viuk dne j[kkA Nks V kukxiq j dh iz k d` f rd] HkkSxksfyd ifjfLFkfr;ksa us iwoZtksa dk eu eks g fy;kA ;gk¡ dh ou&la i nk] unh&ukyksa igkfM+;ksa ls Hkjiwj {ks= esa viuk Msjk tek;k vkSj iwjs {ks= esa QSy x,A muds euksjatukFkZ vk[ksV ds i;kZIr volj vkS j fiz ; phtks a dh Hkjiw j miyC/krk Fkh] dan&ewy dh dksbZ deh u FkhA izd`fr izseh dqaMq[k iwoZt bl txg esa je x,A ÅcM+&[kkcM+] tehu dks lerydj] taxy dkVdj d`f’k;ksX; tehu rS;kj dj vkuaan iwoZd jgus yxsA vf”k{kk] nfjnzrk] ljyrk] lfg’.kqrk lnk dh Hkakfr vfHk”kki cu muds lkFk&lkFk pyrh jgha vr% LFkkuh; lsB] lkgwdkjksa vkSj {ks=h; jktkvksa dh euekuh vkSj “kks’k.k ds f”kdkj gksrs jgs( ysfdu vc rd esa mUgksaus brus ?kkVksa dk ikuh ih fy;k Fkk vkSj os brus id pqds Fks fd bu “kks’k.kksa dks os >syrs jgsA ekSle cnyrs x, ifjfLFkfr;ka cnyrh xbZa] vR;kpkj gksrs jgs ijUrq bu “kks’k.kdRrkZvksa ls tw>rs] muds [kwa[kkj tcM+ksa ls vius [ksr tehu dks cpkrs] ifjfLFkfr;ksa ls la?k’kZ djrs viuh txg esa fLFkj jgs

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vkSj vkt dh fLFkfr rd igqapsA f”k{kk dh lqxcqxkgV ds lkFk ,d Hk;kud Økafr vkbZ vkSj lewps l>qnk; us cnyko dh vaxM+kbZ yhA bl fLFkfr rd igqapus esa yxHkx nks gtkj lky yx x,A ;g fLFkfr dc rd dk;e jgsxhA ;g Hkfo’; ds vkapy esa fyiVk gqvk gSA foLFkkiu dh vkgV fQj ls lqukbZ iM+us yxh gSA foifRr ds dkys ckny f{kfrt esa mHkj dj eaMjkus yxs gSaA brus o’kksaZ dh ?kVukvksa dks ns[kus] dqN fpUru vkSj fo”ys’k.k djus ls ,d ckr Li’V gksrh gSSA fd gekjs iqj[ks **foLFkkiu** ds xgjs ?kkoksa ds [kwu ls ygq&yqgku gksrs jgsa gSAa dHkh mUgsa fLFkjrk vkSj fuf”prrk ds vkuUn dk Hkjiwj Lokn p[kus dk ekSdk u feykA u tkus fdl xzgn”kk esa bl nqfu;k esa mudk IknkZi.k gqvk FkkA og xzgn”kk dkypdz ds vuqlkj le;&le; ij fufeZr gksrh xbZ vkSj foLFkkiu dk dzwj pdz pyrk jgkA foLFkkiu izd`fr ds fu;e dk fgLLkk gks ldrk gS ijUrq ,slk yxrk gS fd dqaMq[k vkfnoklh leqnk; dks bl tgjhys “kCn dk na”k dqN vf/kd gh Hkksxuk iM+k gSSA foLFkkiu ,d vfHk”kki cu x;k gSA ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd dqaMq[kksa ¼mjkao½ ds ikao esa ,d vn`”; pdjh fQV gS tks xzgn”kk ds izHkko esa vkdj Lo;eso pyus yxrh gS mlesa foLFkkiu dk ,DlhfyjsVj yxk gS mlesa fdlh izdkj dk czsd dke ugha djrk gSA

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ORAON JHAROKHA

nwljk igyw ;g Hkh gS fd gekjs iqj[kksa ds ikao esa vifjfer pqacdh; “kfDr jgh gS ftlds izHkko ls muds fuokl okys {ks=ksa esa ,d HkwxehZ; gypy gksus yxrh gS vkSj /kjrh eka ds tks Hkh [kfut inkFkZ gSa os mu {ks=ksa esa f[kaprs pys vkrs gS vkSj mu bykdksa esa mudk laxzg.k gks tkrk gSA bl jgL;e; izkd`frd ifjorZu ds fo’k; esa mUgsa dksbZ Hkud rd ugha yxrh gSA ;g “kk;n ge dqaMq[kksa dks fojklr esa feyh gSA vUn:uh ifjorZu dk irk rc pyrk gS tc /kjrh eka dk xHkZ mu [kfutksa ls Hkj tkrk gS vkSj os [kfut inkFkZ ;gk¡&ogk¡ Nydus yxrs gSa vkSj mu inkFkksZa dks tks lwa?kus okys gSa os ;g ,syku dj nsrs gSa fd vkfnoklh {ks=ksa esa [kfut inkFkksZa ds HkaMkj gSa vkSj os brus o’kksZa ds fy, i;kZIr gaSA cl loZs dh [kkuk iwfrZ dh tkrh gSA vkSj ,d fcYyk fpidk fn;k tkrk gS Hkys gh vanj pkgs dqN gks ;k u gksA lu~ lkB ds n”kd esa dqudqjh ds egkfxjtk?kj dk fuekZ.k viuh pje ij FkkA lSdM+ksa yksx Je nku esa yxs Fks vkSj lriqfj;kWa igkM+ lss iRFkj dkV&dkV dj ifjfofgr fd;k tk jgk FkkA bl dke esa vMa+xk Mkyus dh uh;r ls ogka ;wjsfu;e dk HkaMkj gksus dh ckr QSykbZ xbZA vkt ipkl o’kZ chr x, ,d feyhxzke ;wjsfu;e ugha feykA NksVkukxiqj ds dbZ bykds bl foLFkkiu dh vkx dh pisV esa vk pqds gSaA vkt NksVk ukxiqj dk t”kiqj iz[kaM foLFkkiu ds eqgkus ij [kM+k ml Øwj £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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kÑàÞ kÑàÞ qð»çþ £ÊàÝw §çý qàÞw, wÑàÞ wÑàÞ Ðwªàê.. ?kM+h ds bartkj esa gSA nf{k.k vQzhdk ls ysdj fla/kq ?kkVh dh lH;rk ds tUe rd vk;ksZa us gekjs iqj[kksa dks nkSM+k&nkSM+k dj Hkxk;kA jks g rklx<+ ls ys d j NksVkukxiqj ds iBkj rd vU; tkfr;ksa us gekjs iqj[kksa dks nwj Hkxk;kA vc vk;Zu oa”kt bDdhloha lnh esa gekjs ihNs gkFk /kksdj iM+s gSaSA gekjs iqj[kksa dh fo”ks’krk ¼detksjh½ lnk ls jgh gSa fd os t:jr ls T;knk vfgald] lfg’.kq] ljy] vPNs] Hkksys&Hkkys jgs gSaA mudh ;g vfgaldrk] lfg’.kqrk] ljyrk] vPNkbZ vkSj Hkksykiu muds fy, vfHk”kki cus vkSj ogh vfHk”kki vkt vkx mxyrs lkeus [kM+k gSA igys vk;Z yksx lh/ks cy iz;ksx dj iwjh ncaxbZ ds lkFk dk;Zokgh djrs FksA vkt Hkh ogh ncaxbZ gS ysfdu lksph le>h lkft”k ds rgr dke dj jgh gSa D;ksafd vc tekuk cny x;k gSA igys rks gekjs iqj[ks vf”kf{kr Fks] mUgsa vius vf/kdkjksa dk Kku ugha Fkk vr% ;s ncax vk;Z cykr mudh lEifRr ¼py&vpy½ ij dCtk dj ysrs FksA vkt og fLFkfr ugha gSA vkt ge csgrj fLFkfr esa gS]a f”kf{kr] laiUu] ukSdjh is”kk okys gks x,A fiNys Ms<+ nks lkS o’kksZa esa fLFkfr esa lq/kkj gqvk gS ij og nenkjh ns[kus esa ugha vkbZ tks vkt ds ;qx esa vko”;d gSA vkt mUgh vk;Z oa”kt gekjs ihNs iM+s gSa vkSj ge gkFk ij gkFk /kjs [kM+s ns[k jgs gSaA vkt foLFkkiu dh leL;k eaqg ck, [kM+h gS vkSj gekjs eqag ls fojks/k ds Loj ugha QwV jgs gaSA cM+h&cM+h daifu;ksa ds uqekbUns Hkw[ks HksfM+;ksa

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ds leku {ks= dk eqvk;uk dj jgs gSa] t”kiqj dh ekVh dh cksyh yxk jgs gSa vkSj fodkl ds uke dk izpkj dj jgs gSa tks Nykok gSA jktuhfrd vxqokbZ “kwU; gS] /kkfeZd vxqokbZ <qyeqy gS cl LFkkuh; NqViqV usr`Ro xkaoksa esa vkokt mBkrk gS ij “kgjh ca/kq ekSu gSaA mUgsa rks foLFkkiu dh leL;k ij vkil esa ppkZ rd djrs ugha lquk tkrk gSA fnuk¡d 3-5-2012 dks fHkykbZ esa **t”kiqj cpkvks^^ cSuj rys ,d fnolh; fopkj eaFku j[kk x;k Fkk ftlesa ys nsdj yxHkx 100 ds vklikl yksxksa us Hkkx fy;k Fkk( eSaus Hkh blesa Hkkx fy;k FkkA eq>s vafre le; esa bldh tkudkjh feyh FkhA lkspk Fkk fHkykbZ esa gekjs yksxksa dh Hkkjh la[;k gS] vPNh HkhM+ gksxh ysfdu ogka dh fLFkfr ns[k fujk”kk gqbZA eu esa lkspk&**D;k lkS yksxksa ls bu vk;Zu oa”kt daifu;ksa dk lkeuk fd;k tk ldsxk \** rks ;g gS gekjh lksp dh n”kk vkSj fn”kkA vkfnokfl;ksa ds fgrksa dh j{kk ds fy, lafo/kku esa dkuwuksa dks izfrLFkkfir fd;k x;k gS( le; le; ij ns”k ds mPpre U;k;ky; us mu vf/kdkjksa dh O;k[;k dh gS] mu vf/kdkjksa dh fdruh tkudkjh gesa vkSj gekjs yksxksa dks gS\ ;fn gesa ;g lc tkudkjh jgs vkSj ge vius vf/kdkjksa ds izfr ltx jgrs rks “kk;n vkt fdlh dks gekjs {k+s= dh vksj vk¡[k mBkdj ns[kus dh fgEer u gksrhA mu vf/kdkjksa ds ifjizs{; esa gekjs usrkvksa dh ltxrk vkSj tkx:drk fdruh gS\ >kj[kaMh cqf)thoh viuh

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ORAON JHAROKHA

lkeqnkf;d if=dk esa bu vf/kdkjksa dh vksj cjkcj /;kukdf’kZr djrs gaSA ijUrq t”kiqfj;k cqf)thfo;ksa dks D;k gks x;k fd vius yksxksa dh Toyar leL;kvksa ij ekSu lk/k ysrs gS\a vkt rd u jktuhfrd usrkvksa ¼e`rizk;½ vkSj u /kkfeZd usrkvksa ¼lqlqIr½ dk bl laca/k esa ,d Hkh LVsVesaV u lquus dks feyk vkSj u i<+us dks feykA D;k fdlh ckgjh elhgk dh izrh{kk gS \ vc dksbZ **fyfcu lkgsc** gekjs thou laca/kh dsl yM+us ugha vk,xk vkSj u dksbZ gkWQesu Hkw&jktLo&lafgrk fy[kdj gekjs fgrksa dh j{kk djsxkA gekjh lqj{kk gekjs gh gkFkksa gksxhA izkjaHk ls gh tc ls geus izd`fr dh xksn esa viuh vka[ks [kksyh gS( blh dh xksn esa gesa lqduw feyk gSA dy&dy djrh ufn;ksa vkSj >juksa us gesa yksfj;ka lqukbZ gSaA ty&taxy&tehu gekjs vfLrRo dh igpku gSA ;fn gekjs {ks= esa dqN taxy gS gfj;kyh gS rks bldk Js; gekjs gh yksxksa dks tkuk pkfg,A ftl fnu bu vk;kZsa dks [kqyh NwV fey tk,xh tks Hk;kog fLFkfr ns[kus esa vk,xh og vo.kZuh; gksxhA tgka vkt gfj;kyh NkbZ gS] tgka “kkafr gS] tgka lqUnj igkfM+;ks]a ?kkfV;ksa ds utkjs gSa ogka /kwy] /kqvk¡ vkSj vkx mxyrh e”khuksa dh ?kj?kjkgV vkSj xM+xM+kgV dk cksyckyk jgsxk( tks {ks= vkt t”kiqj dk uSuhrky dgykrk gS ogk¡ Hkh’k.k xjeh dk vkye jgsxk( tgk¡ Qlysa ygygkrh gS( ogk¡ dadjhV ds taxy gksaxsA ;s tks okns dj jgs gSa fd ml {ks=okfl;ksa dks dkj[kkuksa esa ukSdjh feysxh vkfn ;g lc paMw[kkus dh xi £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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kÑàÞ kÑàÞ qð»çþ £ÊàÝw §çý qàÞw, wÑàÞ wÑàÞ Ðwªàê.. gSA D;k ,sls ok;nksa dk ;k eksgd “krksZ dk v{kj”k% ikyu gqvk gS\ os vius gh yksxksa dks ykdj Hkj nsxsa vkSj gessa ogk¡ ls [knsM+ nsxsaA vkt ge tks ml fo”kky {ks= esa gtkjksa fdyksehVj ds nk;js esa fopj.k djrs gSa dalsVªs”ku dSEi esa jgus&thus dks etcwj gks tk,axasA lkspks D;k n”kk gksxh \ gekjs uke&uD”ks] miuke vkfn dkss ns[kdj yksx gesa **t”kiqfj;k** ekurs gSaA gekjs iwoZt fla/kq ?kkVh dh lH;rk ds tud Fks ij os bfrgkl ds iUUkksa esa ls xk;c gks x,& flok, bfrgkldkjksa ds bl rF; dks dksbZ ugha tkurk&vkt rd fdlh dks ;g dgrs ugha lquk & **vPNk! vki gh ds iwoZt yksx fla/kq ?kkVh dh lH;rk ds tud Fks \** muds chp gekjk ifjp;] ljy Hkksys Hkkys] lfg’.kq vkSj csodwQ dh gSfl;r ls gh gSA vU;ksa dh rks ckr NksfM+, gekjs /kekZf/kdkjh dh Hkh ;gh ekU;rk gSA Hkys gh ge iz”kklfud vf/kdkjh gks ;k iqfyl iz”kklu esa Åaps in ij gksa ;k ea=ky; esa gh D;ksa u gks] blls mudks dksbZ varj ugha iM+rkA muds fy, mjk¡o eryc &dksbZ [krjk ugha( blfy, gekjs fo:) dksbZ Hkh euekuh djus ls dksbZ xqjst ugha djrsA ekuuh; mPPkre U;k;ky; Hkys gh gesa Hkkjr ds vkfnoklh ekurk gks ij nwljs bls dgk¡ ekurs gS\a vktdy Hkkjr ds vkfnoklh cgqy jkT;ksa esa 9 vxLr dks vkfnoklh fnol eukus dh ,d izFkk py pqdh gSA bls gj lky vius gh vankt ls euk;k tkrk gSA bldk vkSfpR; D;k gS ;g le> esa ugha vkrk gSS D;ksafd Hkkjr ljdkj us o’kZ

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1994 ds fo”oLrjh; tsusok lEesyu esa Hkkjr esa vkfnokfl;ksa ds vfLrRo dks gh fljs ls [kkfjt dj fn;k gSA D;k ;g ge vkfnokfl;ksa ds lkFk /kks[kk ugha \ bl tsusok lEesyu esa fo”o ds vkfnoklh izfrfuf/k;ksas dk fo”kky ,oa izFke vkfnoklh fnol lEes y u vk;ks f tr FkkA bl lEesyu esa Hkkjr ljdkj dh rjQ ls rRdkyhu jkT;ea = h ds us r ` R o es a izfrfuf/k eaMy us Hkkx fy;k vkSj bl lEesyu esa Hkkjr ljdkj us izfrfuf/k }kjk la;qDr jk’Vª la?k dks voxr djk;k fd **Hkkjr esa la;qDr jk’Vª la?k }kjk ifjHkkf’kr ns”kt yksx Hkkjrh; vkfnoklh ;k vuwlwfpr tutkfr ugha gS] cfYd Hkkjr ds lHkh yksx ns”kt yksx gSa vkSj u ;gk¡ ds vkfnoklh ;k vuqlwfpr tutkfr fdlh izdkj ds lkekftd] jktuSfrd ;k vkfFkZd i{kikr ds f”kdkj gks jgs gSaA** blls cM+k >wB vkSj D;k gks ldrk gS\ Hkkjr ljdkj us vkfnoklh vfLrRo vkSj igpku dks gh udkj fn;k gSA ;g xaHkhj fpUruh; elyk gSA igys dh fLFkfr esa vk;Z yksx gesa Ny&cy ls foLFkkfir djrs jgs] vkt lw{e rjhds ls ,d lksph&le>h lkft”k ds rgr fodkl dh jktuhfr dk lgkjk ysdj gesa foLFkkfir dj jgs gSa ;k dgsa gekjs fouk”k] loZuk”k dh lkft”k dj jgs gSaA gekjs iqj[ks foLFkkiu dh fLFkfr esa ft/kj Hkh tkrs clus yk;d txg cuk ysrs Fks D;ksafd lc vksj taxy FksA

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ISSN-2456-3625

vc tula[;k c<+ xbZ gS] taxy de gks x, cl dadjhV ds taxy Hkj x, gSa igys ds taxy esa bDdk&nqDdk vkne[kksj tkuoj gqvk djrs Fks ftuls mUgsa Hk; ugha yxrk Fkk ij ;gka rks gj eksM+ ij vkne[kksj feysaxs ftuls ikj ikuk vklku ugha gSA foLFkkiu dh fLFkfr esa vc gekjh igpku D;k gksxh \ tSls gh gekjs miuke lkeus vk,axs rc yksx gesa foLe; ls ns[ksaxs vkSj dgsaxs & **vPNk ! vki yksx gh gSa tks t”kiqj ls Hkxk, x, gSa \ vki yksx bruh la[;k esa vkSj brus f”kf{kr gksdj] brus cM+s&cM+s inksa esa jgdj Hkh vius {ks= dks vkSj viuh vfLerk dks cpk ugha lds \^^ vkus okyh ih<+h gesa D;k dgsxh dqN lkspk vkius \ ,d ckr tku yas **lqizhe dksVZ ds 2013 ds fu.kZ; ds vuqlkj vkidh tehu ds vanj ds [kfutksa ds ekfyd vki gh gSa dksbZ vU; ughaA & bZ”oj ge lcdk Hkyk djasA

tàçâÂà§ýà rPࢻþÌy (§çýwv vð»þâ§ýuàçÞ §çý âv¥) wèwàâѧý Îwçm qáÊoàÂà Êçâ»þtç»þ ¥wÞ ¡à§ýxê§ý ¡àq§çý âv¥ £qvÆo Ñè ñ yÞЧýàÊ Ñçmä :-

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§ýv§ýÙàà w rÈr¢ê yç Êçâ»þtç»þ Îwçm wÐØà ¡àq§çý âv¥ £qvÆo Ñè ñ ârvàyqäÊ (²þ.ªà.)þ Whats App : 8602981865, 7089841448 Email : bridal.monica@yahoo.in

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ORAON JHAROKHA

mjk¡o lekt dh “kS{kf.kd fLFkfr % ¼NRrhlx<+ jkT; ds fo”ks’k lUnHkZ esa½ &vt; lehj dqtwj] lgk;d çk/;kid] f”k{kk foHkkx] xq-?kk-fo-fo- fcykliqj ¼N-x½

ekuo lalk/ku rFkk lkekftd] vkfFkZd ,oa lkaL—frd fodkl ds fy, f'k{kk dks ,d ewyHkwr ,oa çcy midj.k ekuk tkrk gSA fdlh O;fä] lekt ,oa ns'k dks 'klä djus esa f'k{kk ,d egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkkrh gSA f'k{kk ,d ,slh izfØ;k gS tks O;fä dh Lora=rk dks mUur] laL—fr dks lqjf{kr dj ldrh gSA ;g O;fä ds LokfHkeku rFkk jktuSfrd ,oa vkfFkZd lgHkkfxrk c<+krh O;fä gS vkSj O;fä dks 'klä djrh gS ¼;wuLs dks] 2016½ ;ax ¼2011½ dgrs gSa fd f'k{kk Kku dk fuekZ.k dj bls dk;e Hkh j[k ldrh gSA ;g uokpkj ,oa ifjorZu ds fy, ifjfLFkfr çnku djrh gSA f'k{kk O;fä ,oa laLFkk ds lkeFkZ~; dks lq/kkjrh gS ¼Adams, 2002½ vkSj yksxksa dks vR;kpkj

ds f[kykQ laxfBr gksus ,oa tkfr] oxZ fo'ys"k.k djus dh dksf'k'k dh xbZ gSA rFkk fyax ds ijEijkxr vlekurk dks ;g ys[k eq[;r% rhu Hkkxksa esa ck¡Vk x;k ijkftr djus ds fy, çsfjr djrh gS gSA igys Hkkx esa NÙkhlx<+ esa fuokl ¼Engels, 1845, cited in Cole, 2008; djus okys tutkfr;ksa dk laf{kIr fooj.k] Dreze & Sen, 2002½ ;g fdlh Hkh nwljs esa mjk¡o lekt ds tulkaf[;dh; çdkj ds dkS'ky dh çkfIr ,oa foosdiw.kZ ik'kZ~ofp= dk fooj.k] ,oa rhljs Hkkx esa –f"Vdks.k ds fodkl ds fy, iq.kZr% mjk¡o lekt dh 'kSf{kd fLFkfr dk foLr`r vko';d gSA mjk¡o lekt esa Hkh ifjorZu fooj.k fn;k x;k gSA ykus] fodflr ,oa 'klä djus ds fy, NÙkhlx<+ dh tutkfr;k¡ lekt ds çR;sd yksxksa dks f'kf{kr gksuk NÙkhlx<+ esa djhc 42 vkfnoklh leqnk; vR;Ur vko';d gSA f'k{kk ds ek/;e ls ds yksx gS vkSj çR;sd dh viuh fof'k"V gh mjk¡o lekt ds fiNM+siu dks nwj laL—fr ,oa yksdkpkj gSaA jkT; esa fd;k tk ldrk gSA f'k{kk gh mjk¡o vkfnokfl;ks a dh tula [ ;k yxHkx lekt ij lfn;ksa ls gks jgs vU;k; ,oa 7]822]902 ¼30-6%½ gS tks NÙkhlx<+ dks vR;kpkj ds fo#) yM+us ds fy, çR;sd ns'k dh ikapoh vkfnoklh cgqyd jkT; O;fä dks 'klä dj ldrh gSA bl curh gSA rkfydk&1 esa NÙkhlx<+ ds ys[k esa mjk¡o lekt ds 'kSf{kd fLFkfr dh nl gtkj ls vf/kd vkcknh okys vkfnoklh leqnk; dh lwph nh xbZ gSA Individual Adivasi Population

ST Name

All Schedule Tribes Agariya Baiga Bhaina Bharia Bhumia, Bhuinhar Bhumia, Pando etc. Bhattra Binjhwar Dhanwar Gond, Muria, Maria, etc. Halba,Halbi Kamar

£ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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% to Total ST Population

Literacy Rate

Male

Female

Total

3,873,191 33,384 44,847 27,896 57,370

3,949,711 33,812 44,897 28,079 56,597

7,822,902 67,196 89,744 55,975 113,967

100.00 0.86 1.15 0.72 1.46

59.1 47.0 40.6 60.5 48.5

105,283 59,653 25,723 2,120,974 183,877 13,070

108,617 60,065 25,272 2,177,430 191,305 13,460

213,900 119,718 50,995 4,298,404 375,182 26,530

2.73 1.53 0.65 54.95 4.80 0.34

48.7 60.9 41.7 56.7 76.2 47.7

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£ÊàÝw ytàk §ýL ÎàèÕàâ½à§ý OÐnâm

ORAON JHAROKHA

Kawar, Kanwar etc. Khairwar, Kondar Kharia Kol Korwa, Kodaku Majhi Majhwar Nagesia, Nagasia Oraon, Dhanka, Dhangad Sawar, Sawara

441,242 40,165 23,975 10,433 64,866 32,739 27,613 57,536 373,065 64,769

446,235 39,651 25,057 10,440 64,563 32,288 27,707 56,996 375,724 65,940

887,477 79,816 49,032 20,873 129,429 65,027 55,320 114,532 748,789 130,709

ISSN-2456-3625 11.34 1.02 0.63 0.27 1.65 0.83 0.71 1.46 9.57 1.67

67.0 61.5 56.2 58.3 38.7 44.1 38.3 51.4 68.9 65.0

Source: Census 2011

rkfydk&1 ls Kkr gksrk gS fd NÙkhlx<+ esa la[;k ds vk/kkj ij xksaM vkfnoklh lcls cM+k tutkfr leqnk; gS ftudh vkcknh 4]298]404 ¼54-95%½ vkSj daoj nwljh cM+h tutkfr ¼11-34%½ gSA mjk¡o vkfnoklh ¼tks gekjs ppkZ dk fo"k; gS½ dh vkcknh 748]789 gS tks jkT; ds tutkfr dh tula[;k dk 9-57% gSA ;g jkT; dk rhljk cM+k vkfnoklh leqnk; gSA vkfnoklh jkT; ds lHkh {ks=ksa ,oa ftys esa fc[kjs gq, gSaA ijUrq 74% vkfnoklh jkT; ds rhu vuqeaMy ljxqtk ¼28%½ cLrj ¼26%½ ,oa fcykliqj ¼20%½ esa gSA ftyk Lrj ij Hkh bUgh laHkkx ds ikap ftys] ljxqtk ¼17%½] cLrj ¼12%½ t'kiqj ¼7%½] jk;x<+ ¼6%½ ,oa dksjck ¼6%½ esa djhc 50% vkfnoklh jgrs gSaA ¼ns[ksa rkfydk&2½ District CHHATTISGARH Koriya Surguja Jashpur Raigarh Korba Janjgir – Champa Bilaspur Kabeerdham Rajnandgaon Durg Raipur Mahasamund Dhamtari Kanker Bastar Narayanpur Dantewada Bijapur

Total Population of the District 25545198 458170 2136546 792402 1260575 779649 1394646 2078278 737583 1264621 2061141 2635532 913232 662403 682081 1219705 117714 437405 225630

Total ST Population 7,822,902 304,280 1,300,628 530,378 505,609 493,559 187,196 498,469 167,043 405,194 397,416 476,446 279,896 207,633 414,770 931,780 108,161 410,255 204,189

% of ST to Total Dist Population 30.6 66.4 60.9 66.9 40.1 63.3 13.4 24.0 22.6 32.0 19.3 18.1 30.6 31.3 60.8 76.4 91.9 93.8 90.5

% to Total ST Population 100 4 17 7 6 6 2 6 2 5 5 6 4 3 5 12 1 5 3

% ST to Total State Population 30.6 1.2 5.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 0.7 2.0 0.7 1.6 1.6 1.9 1.1 0.8 1.6 3.6 0.4 1.6 0.8

Source: Census 2011

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£ÊàÝw ytàk §ýL ÎàèÕàâ½à§ý OÐnâm

ORAON JHAROKHA

NÙkhlx<+ dk ;g vkfnoklh ckgqy {ks= xqtjkr dh lhekvksa ls ysdj e/; çns'k] vksfM'kk] >kj[k.M] ,oa i- caxky rd QSys c`gn vkfnoklh {ks= dk ,d fgLlk gSA vke rkSj ij ;g {ks= taxyksa ,oa vifjfpr mPp Hkwfe ls f?kjk gS tks fd igkM+h ,oa ?kkfV;ksa ls fc[kjk gqvk gSA ;g vkfnokfl;ksa dks dqN le; rd Hkkjrh; lekt ds vU; leqnk;ksa ls vyx j[krk gSA dqN yksx bl HkkSxksfyd vyxko dks vkfnokfl;ksa ds fiNM+siu dk eq[; dkj.k ekurs gSaA ;g blfy, D;ksafd ;g vkfnokfl;ksa dks vkSipkfjd f'k{kk ,oa vk/kqfudhj.k dh çfØ;k ls nwj tk;sA ijUrq orZeku esa tgk¡ vkfnokfl;ksa dh vkSipkfjd f'k{kk ,oa fodkl mudh viuh laL—fr ,oa bfrgkl ls nwj j[k ds fd;k tk jgk gS ;g vyxko ,d vk'khokZn Hkh dgk tk ldrk gSA D;ksafd ;g vyxko vkfnokfl;ksa dks vius i`Fkd laL—fr dks lqjf{kr ,oa fodflr djus esa lgk;rk iznku djrh gSA ;g mUgsa viuh Hkwfe dk Lokeh cuk;k ftlls os viuh ty] taxy] tehu ,oa vU; lalk/ku ij fu;a=.k j[k ldsA ;g mUgsa çk—frd lalk/kuksa ,oa [kqn dks viuh fof/k;ks]a ijEijkvksa ,oa çFkkvksa ds ek/;e ls 'kklu djus esa enn fd;kA ;g mUgsa vius thou ij fu;a=.k j[kus dk volj çnku fd;k ¼Kamat, 1998½A ijUrq ;g volj T;knk fnu rd

ISSN-2456-3625

;krk;kr ,oa lwpuk rduhfd esa çxfr rFkk rhoz vkS/kksfxdhdj.k ds dkj.k muds mjk¡o lekt ds çk—frd fuokl ij vfrØe.k gks jgk gSA ftlds dkj.k lekt dh ,d cM+h vkcknh foLFkkfir gks dj çokl dj jgh gSA blds vfrfjä ijEifjd —f"k fof/k] —f"k ij oSKkfud fuos'k ,oa cktkjksa dh deh us xzkeh.k mjk¡o vkcknh] [kkl dj ;qokvksa ds fy, —f"k dks vukd"kZd ,oa vykHkdj cuk fn;k gSA vr% nksuksa f'kf{kr ,oa vf'kf{kr mjk¡o tutkfr ds yksx jkstxkj dh [kkst esa Hkkjr ds fofHkUu {ks=ksa esa çokl dj pqds gSaA vr% orZeku le; esa mjk¡o tutkfr ds yksx uk dsoy NÙkhlx<+] >kj[k.M] fcgkj ,oa vksfM'kk esa cfYd ns'k ds fofHkUu {ks=ksa esa fuokl dj jgs gSaA mjk¡o lekt dh ,d cM+h vkcknh vle vkSj caxky ds pk; ckxkuksa ,oa vU; iwoksrZ j jkT;ksa ds lM+d ekxksaZ esa dke djrs utj vk;saxsA ;s os yksx gSa ftUgsa vaxzstksa us lLrs etnwj ds :i esa NÙkhlx<+] >kj[k.M ,oa vksfM'kk ls mUuhloha lnh ¼1840s and 1860s½ esa ys x, FksA¼De, 2015½ mlh rjg vaMeku vkSj fnYyh] eqEcbZ] pasubZ tSls egkuxjksa esa mjk¡o lekt dh ,d cM+h vkcknh ik;h tk ldrh gSA budh x.kuk dSls gksrh gS ;s mjk¡o lekt dk fuokl mjk¡o tutkfr dk ?kj NÙkhlx<+] >kj[k.M rkfydk&3 esa fofHkUu jkT;ksa esa mifLFkr vksfM'kk ,oa fcgkj gSA fdUrq vk/kqfudhj.k] mjk¡o lekt dh lwph nh xbZ gSA ugha jgkA vkfnokfl;ksa ds 'kkafriw.kZ thou ij vU; leqnk; ds ykyph yksaxksa dh utj tYn gh iM+hA jk"Vª ,oa {ks=h; fodkl ¼cka/k] fctyh mRiknu dsUæ] m/kksx] [kuu bR;kfn½ ds uke ij jkT; ,oa cktkj] vkfnokfl;ksa ds çk—frd fuokl] taxy ,oa tehu ij vfrØe.k djus yxs] ftldk ifj.kke xjhch] foLFkkiu ,oa 'kks"k.k gS ¼Sinha,2000, Nambissan, 2000; Xaxa, 2011½A vfrØe.k dh çfØ;k orZeku esa Hkh yxkrkj py jgh gSA orZeku esa jkT; ,oa cktkj ds vykok f'k{kk Hkh vkfnokfl;ksa dh laL—fr ij vkØe.k dj jgh gSA cM+k ¼1997½ dgrs gS fd NksVkukxiqj {ks= esa vkfnokfl;ksa ¼[kkl dj mjk¡o] eqaMk] [kfM+;k] xksaM½ ij lcls T;knk lkaL—frd laØe.k gqvk gSA fQj Hkh ;s yksx viuh laL—fr ¼fo'ks"k :i ls Hkk"kk½ dks u dsoy lqjf{kr j[kus esa lQy gq, gaS cfYd mldk fodkl Hkh fd, gSA ij lkaL—frd laØe.k dh çfØ;k ftl xfr ls py jgh gS og mjk¡o rFkk leLr vkfnoklh lekt dh laL—fr dks tYn gh u"V dj vkfnokfl;ksa dk vfLrRo [kRe dj ldrh gSA

Table-3: Showing Population of Oraon in Indian States State India Bihar Chhattisgarh Jharkhand Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Odisha West Bengal

All Adivasis Literacy Rate (All ST) 104,281,034 59.0 13,36,573 51.1 59.1 7,822,902 57.1 8,645,042 15,316,784 50.6 10,510,213 65.7 9,590,756 52.2 5,296,953 57.9

Oraon Population Persons 36,82,992 1,44,472 7,48,789 17,16,618 28,431 43,060 3,58,112 6,43,510

Male 18,39,800 73,917 3,73,065 8,55,210 14,275 22,943 1,77,457 3,22,933

Female 18,43,192 70,555 3,75,724 8,61,408 14,156 20,117 1,80,655 3,20,577

% of Oraon to Total ST pop 3.53 10.81 9.57 19.86 0.18 0.41 3.73 12.14

Lit. Rate (Oraons) 68.16 44.5 68.9 67.0 80.9 79.5 67.6 59.0

Source: Census 2011

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ORAON JHAROKHA

Hkkjr esa mjk¡o tutkfr dh vkcknh 36]82]992 gS] tks lEiw.kZ vkfnoklh vkcknh dk 3-53% gSA ;g ns'k dh ikapoha cM+h vkcknh okyk leqnk; gSA rkfydk&3 ls Kkr gksrk gS fd >kj[k.M esa mjk¡o vkfnoklh dh vkcknh lcls T;knk 17]16]618 gS tks jkT; esa ekStnw vkfnokfl;ksa dk 19-86% gSA nwljs 'kCnksa esa ge dg ldrs gSa fd 46-61% mjk¡o dsoy >kj[k.M vkSj 'ks"k 53-39% mjk¡o N% jkT; ¼fcgkj] NÙkhlx<+] vksfM'kk] e/; çns'k] egkjk"Vª ,oa i- caxky½ esa fuokl fuokljr gSA

7]48]789 gS tks jkT; ds vkfnoklh leqnk; dk 9-57% vkSj mjk¡o lekt ds dqy vkcknh dk 20-33% gSA NÙkhlx<+] mjk¡o lekt dk nwljk cM+k fuokl LFky gSA çk;% jkT; ds lHkh ftyksa esa mjk¡o tutkfr ds yksx gS ijUrq 74-8% mjk¡o dsoy ljxqtk ¼38-18%½ vkSj t'kiqj ¼36-62%½ ftyk esa jgrs gSaA jk;x<+ mjk¡o tula[;k ds vk/kkj ij rhljk cM+k ftyk gS tgk¡ djhc 11% mjk¡o leqnk; ds yksx jgrs gSaA ¼ns[ksa rkfydk&4½ NÙkhlx<+ ds mjk¡o ml {ks= ds vax gSa tks bfrgkl esa NÙkhlx<+ ds mjk¡o lekt NksVkukxiqj ds uke ls tkuk tkrk gSA NÙkhlx<+ esa mjk¡o lekt dh dqy tula[;k ijUrq vtknh ds ckn tc ns'k dks Hkk"kk ds

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vk/kkj ij fofHkUu jkT;ksa esa caVk x;k rks bUgsa fcgkj] e/; çns'k] vksfM'kk] i- caxky bR;kfn jkT;ksa esa ck¡V fn;k x;kA ;s lkspus okyh ckr gS fd mjk¡o lekt dh vkcknh iqnqpsjh] xksok] paMhx<+] flfDde] f=iqjk] es?kky; bR;kfn jkT;ksa dh vkcknh ls T;knk gksus ,oa mjk¡o Hkk"kk cksyus okyksa dh la[;k ,d fefy;u ls T;knk gksus ds ckctwn Hkh bUgsa ikap vyx&vyx jkT;ksa esa j[k fn;k x;k ¼lqanj] 2002½A tc vkfnokfl;ksa ds fodkl ds fy, ,d u, jkT; dh ekax dh xbZ rks vkSj nks jkT; NÙkhlx<+ vkSj >kj[k.M cuk fn;k x;kA bl rjg mjk¡o lekt dks ns'k ds lkr jkT;ksa esa ck¡V fn;k x;k gSA

Table-4: Showing district wise population of Oraon in Chhattisgarh distriest

CHHATTISGARH Koriya Surguja Jashpur Raigarh Korba Janjgir – Champa Bilaspur Kabeerdham Rajnandgaon Durg Raipur Mahasamund Dhamtari Uttar Bastar Kanker Bastar Narayanpur Dantewada Bijapur

All ST

Population of Oraons

Total

Total

78,22,902 3,04,280 13,00,628 5,30,378 5,05,609 4,93,559 1,87,196 4,98,469 1,67,043 4,05,194 3,97,416 4,76,446 2,79,896 2,07,633 4,14,770 9,31,780 1,08,161 4,10,255 2,04,189

7,48,789 24,469 2,85,885 2,74,224 82,932 30,255 12,895 17,063 211 2,276 3,409 5,060 1,490 169 3,601 1,763 215 1,125 1,747

Male

Female

3,73,065 12,342 1,42,756 1,35,471 41,365 15,256 6,471 8,478 92 1,195 1,702 2,577 703 85 1,901 957 135 641 938

3,75,724 12,127 1,43,129 1,38,753 41,567 14,999 6,424 8,585 119 1,081 1,707 2,483 787 84 1,700 806 80 484 809

% to Total ST Pop 9.57 8.04 21.98 51.70 16.40 6.13 6.89 3.42 0.13 0.56 0.86 1.06 0.53 0.08 0.87 0.19 0.20 0.27 0.86

Source: Census 2011

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ORAON JHAROKHA

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NÙkhlx<+ ds mjk¡o lekt ,oa dks jksduk Fkk½ igyh ckj vkfnokfl;ksa ;qok] o;Ld vkSj cPps ,dlkFk fo|kFkhZ dks f'kf{kr djus dh bPNk O;ä dh gksaA vr% ge dg ldrs gSa fd f'k{kk mudh f'k{kk Hkkjr esa f'k{kk dk bfrgkl 'kkfn;ksa iqjkuh gSA oSfnd dky esa xq#dqy] ckS) dky esa eBksa rFkk e/;dky esa e[krkc ,oa enjlk esa vkSipkfjd f'k{kk nh tkrh FkhA foØef'kyk] r{kf”kyk ,oa ukyank tSls fo'ofo|ky; dk Hkh fodkl gq v k gS A fQj Hkh mjk¡ o lekt es a vkSipkfjd f'k{kk dh 'kq#vkr djhc mUuhloha 'kkrkoknh ds e/; dky ¼djhc 1840s A-D-½ esa bZlkbZ fe'kufj;ksa ds NksVkukxiqj {ks= esa ços'k ls gqbZA ekuo ,oa lekt 'kkL=h th- ,l- ?kqj, ¼G- SGhurye½] ds- ,l- flag ¼K- S- Singh½] fueZy dqekj cksl ¼Nirmal Kumar Bose½ bR;kfn vkfnoklh leqnk; dks fgUnw lekt dk vax ekurs gSaA budk ekuuk gS fd vkfnoklh vkSj fgUnw yEcs le; rd lkFk&lkFk jgsA flag] ¼1979½ dgrs gSa fd dsUæh Hkkjr ds vkfnoklh vkSj fo'ks"k :i ls NksVkukxiqj ds vkfnoklh dk laca/k fgUnw lekt ds lkFk dkQh iq j kuk gS ¼ In Chotanagpur region, Adivasis in general and Oraons in particular and Hindus have lived in close proÛimity½ ij Vksy ,oa ikB~'kkyk tSls

fgUnw f'k{kk laLFkkuksa esa dsoy fgUnw lekt ds mPp oxZ rFkk e[krkc vkSj enjlk esa eqfLye 'kkld oxZ ds cPpksa dks gh f'k{kk nh tkrh FkhA vkfnoklh bu laLFkkuksa esa f'k{kk çkIr djus ds fy, dHkh ugha fn[ksA mifuos'k ljdkj }kjk Hkkjr esa f'k{kk ds foLrkj ds fy, 1813 A.D. esa ,d yk[k #i;s rFkk 1833 A.D. esa nl yk[k #i;s fn, x, ijUrq vkfnokfl;ksa dh f'k{kk ds ckjs dqN ugha dgk x;kA 1838 A.D. esa fofy;e vnEl ds }kjk ¼ftldk eq[; mís'; muds c<+rs foæksg £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

xbZA rRi'pkr~ djhc 1848 A.D.ds yxHkx fofHkUu bZlkbZ fe'kujh NksVkukxiqj {ks= esa vk, vkSj ;gk¡ ls vkfnokfl;ksa dh vkSipkfjd f'k{kk dh 'kq#vkr gqbZA mijksä ppkZ yksxksa esa xyr lksp mRiUu dj ldrk gS fd bZlkbZ fe'kufj;ksa ds vkus ls igys vkfnoklh vf'kf{kr FksA blls cpus ds fy, f'k{kk ds vFkZ dks tkuuk t#jh gSA lk/kkj.kr% f'k{kk lekthdj.k dk ,d igyq gS] blesa KkuktZu ,oa dkS'ky vf/kxe lfEefyr gSA blds ek/;e ls ,d lekt vius ewY;oku Kku] n'kZu] ijEijk] ewY; ,oa laL—fr dh lqj{kk ,oa çlkj djrh gS rFkk vius lnL;ksa dks lkeqnkf;d thou esa <kyrh gSA t‚u Mhoh dgrs gS fd f'k{kk thou ds fy, rS ; kjh ugha cfYd thouksik; gSA ;g O;fä dh lHkh ;ksX;rkvksa dk fodkl gS tks O;fä dks vius okrkoj.k dks fu;af=r djus ,oa vius lHkh laHkkoukvksa dks iw.kZ djus esa lkeFkZ~; djrk gSA Lokeh foosdkuan th dgrs gSa fd okLrfod f'k{kk og gS tks O;fä dks thou ds la?k"kksaZ ds fy, rS;kj djrh gSA nf'kZfud ,oa u‚osfyLV v;u jSaM dgrs gS fd f'k{kk dk ,dek= mís'; fo|kFkhZ dks lkFkZdrk iwoZd thou thuk lh[kkuk gksuk pkfg,A ,d vU; lekt&nk'kZfud ,fjd gks¶Qj dgrs gS fd f'k{kk dk eq[; dk;Z yksxksa esa lh[kus dh bPNk tkx`r djuk gSA f'k{kk] f'kf{kr O;fä ugha cfYd lh[kus okys O;fä;ksa dks mRiUu djsA muds vuqlkj ekuo lekt okLro esa tc og ,d lh[kus okyh lekt gS] tgk¡ nknk&nknh] ekrk&firk] HkkbZ&cgu]

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O;fä dks thou ds gj ifjfLFkfr;ksa dk lkeuk djus dh dq'kyrk çnku djus okyh ,d laLFkk ,oa çfØ;k gSA vxj f'k{kk ds bu vFkksaZ ,oa ifjHkk"kkvksa dks ekuk tk, rks mjk¡o lekt dh Hkh f'k{kk laLFkk Fkh tgk¡ ;qodksa dks o;Ld thou ds fy, rS;kj fd;k tkrk FkkA ;g laLFkk mjk¡o lekt esa /kqEdqfj;k ds uke ls tkuk tkrk gSA orZeku esa ;g laLFkk ^;qok 'k;ux`g* ds rkSj tkuk tkrk gSA 'k;ux`g i)fr esa vkfnoklh xk¡o ds cM+s yksx vius lekt ds ;qodksa dks o;Ld thou ds mÙkjnkf;Roksa dks ysus ds fy, rS;kj djrs FksA ;gk¡ o;Ld thou ds gj igyqvksa dks fl[kk;k tkrk FkkA VksIiks ¼1979½ vius fdrkc *Dynamics of Educational Development in Tribal India* dgrs gSa fd ^;qok

'k;ux`g* esa ukp] yksd&dFkk] yksd&xhr bR;kfn ds ek/;e ls —f"k] f'kdkj] e/kq tek djus ds rjhds fl[kk;s tkrs FksA blls vkxs os /kqEdqfj;k ds dk;ksaZ dk lkj çLrqr djrs gq,dgrs gSa fd /kqEdqfj;k mjk¡o vkfnokfl;ksa ds fy, yfyr dykvksa ds fy, çf'k{k.k] ukp&xku] 'kkjhfjd çf'k{k.k] lkekftd&vkfFkZd çf'k{k.k] pkfj= fuekZ.k] /kkfeZd funs'Z ku ,oa lg;ksx vkSj ,drk dk dsUæ FkkA vr% mjk¡o lekt esa f'k{kk dh O;oLFkk Fkh vkSj mjk¡o lekt ds yksx f'kf{kr FksA ijUrq ;g f'k{kk vukSipkfjd f'k{kk Fkh tks orZeku oSKkfud f'k{kk ls fHkUu FkkA vr% mjk¡o lekt ds chp vkSipkfjd f'k{kk dh 'kq#vkr mUuhloha 'kkrkoknh ds e/; dky ¼djhc 1840 A.D.½ gqbZ vkSj Lora=rk ds i'pkr~ gh ;kstukc) rjhdk ls 'kq: gqbZA vkfnokfl;ksa ds chp

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ORAON JHAROKHA

f'k{kk ds foLrkj ds fy, ljdkj }kjk vusd dk;ZØe ¼vkfnoklh {ks= esa fo|ky; [kksyus ds fu;e esa NwV] Nk=o`fr] g‚LVy] fu%'kqYd f'k{kk bR;kfn½ pyk;s x, gSaA orZeku le; esa NÙkhlx<+ esa 53299 çkFkfed ,oa lsdM as jh fo|ky; 3095 mPp ek/;fed ,oa mPprj ek/;fed fo|ky;] 19 ¼12 ljdkjh vkSj 7 futh½ ;w-th-lh-

Above 6 years Illiterate Literate Literate without Education Level Below Primary Primary Middle Matric Higher Secondary Graduation and Above Technical Diploma

£ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

ekU;rk çkIr fo'ofo|ky; gS a A ij nj 68-9% gS tks dh jk"Vªh; lk{kjrk NÙkhlx<+ ds mjk¡o lekt dh lk{kjrk nj ¼73%½ ls Lrj ls 3-1% de gSA ;g jk"Vªh; Lrj ij lHkh vkfnoklh dh nj 69-9% gSA ¼ns[ksa rkfydk&3½ lk{kjrk nj ¼59%½ ls T;knk gSA ;g NÙkhlx<+ ds mjk¡o lekt dh 'kSf{kd lHkh mjk¡ o lekt ds lk{kjrk nj fLFkfr ¼68-16½ ls T;knk gSA ¼ns[ks rkfydk&3½ tux.kuk 2011 ds vuqlkj Table&5% Showing the literacy NÙkhlx<+ ds mjk¡o lekt ds lk{kjrk at different level

Person

% of Oraon

Male

% of Male

Female

644,204 200,143 444,061 11,937

100.00 31.07 68.93 1.85

320,055 74,996 245,059 6,607

100.00 23.43 76.57 2.06

324,149 125,147 199,002 5,330

% of Female 100.00 38.61 61.39 1.64

90,879 108,583 107,010 52,161 40,701 30,274 1,078

14.11 16.86 16.61 8.10 6.32 4.70 0.17

49,161 58,235 58,940 29,753 23,670 17,071 821

15.36 18.20 18.42 9.30 7.40 5.33 0.26

41,718 50,348 48,070 22,408 17,031 13,203 257

12.87 15.53 14.83 6.91 5.25 4.07 0.08

rkfydk&5 ls NÙkhlx<+ ds mjk¡o lekt dh nk;fu; 'kSf{kd fLFkfr dk Kkr gksrk gSA ;ífi NÙkhlx<+ ds mjk¡o lekt dh lk{kjrk nj jk"Vªh; lk{kjrk nj ls ek= 3-1% de gS ij bldh xgjkbZ ls voyksdu djus ij ,d vyx fp= utj vkrk gSA NÙkhlx<+ ds mjk¡o lekt ds 31-07% ¼23-43% iq#"k vkSj 38-61% efgyk½ yksx lÙkj lky ds vkSipkfjd f'k{kk ds ckn Hkh lk{kj ugha gSA rkfydk ls gesa ;g Hkh Kkr gksrk gS fd tSls&tSls mjk¡o lekt ds yksx mPp f'k{kk dh vksj c<+rs gS mudh çfr'kr ?kVrs tkrk gSA eSfVªd rd dsoy 8-10% fo|kFkhZ gh igqap ik jgs gSaA mPp f'k{kk ¼Lukrd½ ds fy, dsoy 4-70% fo|kFkhZ gh ços'k dj ik jgs gSaA wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

ISSN-2456-3625

mjk¡o lekt ds efgykvksa dh fLFkfr iq:"kksa dh vis{kk vkSj Hkh T;knk [kjkc gSA Nk=ksa ds 9-30% ds foijhr dsoy 691% Nk=k,a gh eSfVªd rd dh f'k{kk çkIr dj jgs gSaA buesa ls dsoy 4-07% Nk=k,a gh mPp f'k{kk ds fy, ços'k ys ik jgh gSaA mjk¡o {ks= ¼t'kiqj ftyk esa 2]603] lqjxqtk esa 2]268] jk;x<+ esa 3]363 çkFkfed fo|ky;½ esa dbZ 'kkldh; ,oa xSj&'kkldh; fo|ky; ¼dbZ mPp dksfV ds½ gSA mjk¡o laL—fr ,d iqjkuh ,oa fodflr laL—fr gSA mjk¡o lekt esa f'k{kk dh çpyu FkhA fQj Hkh ,slh fLFkfr D;ksa gS\ bldk dkj.k D;k gS\ 'kks/k drkZ,a ¼lk/kkj.kr% xSj&mjk¡o vkSj xSj&vkfnoklh½ blds dbZ dkj.k crkrs

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

gSaA ;s uhfr&;kstuk] ç'kklu] fo|ky; ç.kkyh] lalk/ku] f'k{kd] ikBîØe] lkekftd] vkfFkZd ,oa lkaL—frd dkjd crk, gSa (Sujatha, 2002; Rani, 2009; Sengupta & Ghosh, 2012 bR;kfn½ buesa ls dqN dkj.k esjs fopkj ls lgh gSa vkSj dqN xyrA ijUrq blls esjk mís'; fo)okuksa ds er dks lgh ;k xyr lkfcr djuk ugha gS cfYd mjk¡o ikB~dksa ¼tks ,d f'k{kd] fo|kFkhZ] fo|kFkhZ ds vfHkHkkod] f'k{kk vf/kdkjh bR;kfn gks ldrs gSa½ ds eu esa mjk¡o lekt ds f'k{kk dh fLFkfr ls lacaf/kr loky mRiUu djuk gSA buesa ls dbZ dkj.k mjk¡o lekt dks gh nks’kh ekurk gS A vxj viuh fLFkfr dk

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ISSN-2456-3625

ftEesnkj ge [kqn gSa rks ge gh bls nwj dj ldrs gSa vkSj viuh 'kSf{kd fLFkfr dks lq/kkj ldrs gSaA REFERENCES · Bara, Joseph. 1997. Western Education and Rise of New Identity Mundas and Oraons of Chhotanagpur, 1839-1939. Economic and Political Weekly, April12,1997 · Cole, M. (2008). Marxism and Educational Theory: Origins and issues. New York: Routledge. · Dreze, J., & Sen, A. (2002). India: Development and Participation. New Delhi: Oxford University Press. · Nambissan, Geetha B. 1994. Language and Schooling of Tribal Children: Issues Related to Medium of Instruction. Economic and Political Weekly, October 15, 1994: 2747-2754 · Nambissan, Geetha. B. 2000. Identity, Exclusion and the Education of Tribal Communities. In The Gender Gap in Basic Education: NGOs as Change Agents. Rekh Wazir, ed. Pp. 175224. New Delhi: Sage Publications · Sachidananda, & Sinha, R. P. (1989). Education and the Disadvantaged: A Study of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. New Delhi: Uppal Publishing House. · Sinha, R. P. (2000). Tribal Bihar: Structural Constraints in Indian Education. New Delhi: HarAnand. · Singh, K. S. (1979). Tribal Ethnicity in a multi-ethnic Society: Conflict and Integration in Colonial and Post-colonial Chotanagpur, in Trends in ethnic group relations in Asia and Oceania. UNESCO. 1979: 65-101 · Sunder, N. (2002). “Indigenise, Nationalise and Spiritualise”-An Agenda for Education. UNESC0. · Sundar, Nandini. 2004. Teaching to Hate: RSS’ Pedagogical Programme. Economic and Political Weekly, April 17, 2004: 1605-1612 · Sunder, N. (2010). Social and Political Exclusion, Religious Inclusion: The Adivasi Question in Education. Journal of Indian Education, Vol. XXXVI, August, 5-24. · Toppo, S. 1979. Dynamics of Educational Development in Tribal India. New Delhi: Classical Publications · Willis, Paul 1977. Learning to labour. New York: Columbia University Press. · Xaxa, Virginius. 2005. Politics of Language, Religion and Identity: Tribes in India. Economic and Political Weekly, March 26, 2005: 1363-1370 · Xaxa, Virginius. 2011. The Status of Tribal Children in India: A historical perspective. IHD UNICEF Working Paper Series Children of India: Rights and Opportunities Working Paper No. 7: 1-26 · Young, M. (2011). What are Schools for? Educacao, Sociedade and Culturas, 32, 145-155.

lkjk tgka mlh dk gS] tks eqLdqjkuk tkurk gSA jks’kuh Hkh mlh dh gS] tks leka tykuk tkurk gSA gj txg eafnj] efLtn] xq:}kjk] fxjtk?kj gSA ysfdu bZ’oj rks mlh dk gS tks flj >qdkuk tkurk gS] tks lPps fny ls ml ij vkLFkk izdV djrk gSA £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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ORAON JHAROKHA

iz[;kr MkW- eqdVq feat }kjk fons”k ea=h lq’kek Lojkt dk lQy fdMuh Vªkl a IykaV 36 o’kksZa esa 3300 fdMuh VªkalIykaV dk vuqHko mjk¡o lekt us dbZ ,slh gfLr;k¡ iSnk dh gSa ftUgksaus u dsoy ns”k esa fdUrq fons”kksa esa Hkh viuh izflf) dh vfeV Nki NksM+h gSA o’kZ 2016 ds fnlEcj eghus essa Hkkjr dh fons”k ea=h lq’kek Lojkt dh fdMuh dk VªkalIykaV mjk¡o MkW- eqdqV feat us lQyrkiwoZd iwjh dj ,d vkSj dhfrZeku vius uke dj fy;kA xkSjryc gS fd MkW- eqdqV feat ,d vuqlwfpr tutkfr oxZ ds gSa vkSj bUgksaus bruh dq”kyrk] vius ifjJe] yXu] egRokdka{kk] rhoz bPNk “kfDr vkSj Js’Brk dks gkfly djus ds y{; ls ik;k gS ftldh vc iwjh nqfu;k nkn nsrh gSA vkb, ge muds ckjs esa tkuas-----

Dr. Mukut Minz, MS

-Director - Fortis Hospital, Mohali Chandigarh (37+ Years Of Experience)

Qualifications • MS - General Surgery, PGIMER, Chandigarh • MBBS - Sambalpur University, Odisha Fellowships in Multiorgan Transplant (kidney, pancreas & liver) • Oslo, Norway • Gothenburg, Sweden • Heidelburg, Germany • Munich, Germany • Minneapolis, US Prof (Dr) Mukut Minz, former Prof & Head, Department of Renal Transplant Surgery, PGI, Chandigarh, has been a stalwart in Transplant Surgery in the country.

• He joined PGI in 1980 and has over 30 years of experience in this field. • He was elevated to the post of Senior Professor in 2008 and member of Governing Body of PGI in 2015. • He received advanced training in cadaver organ retrieval and transplantation at various centres/ universities o f Norway, Sweden, Germany and USA. Awards and Accolades • Odisha Gaurav Samman 2012 conferred for exemplary work in the field of transplantation. • Prof RVS Yadav Memorial Oration at XVIIIth Annual Conference of Indian

Society of Organ Transplantation, Bangalore • Bhubaneshwar Oration 2015, Association of Surgeons of India, Orissa Chapter Medical Breakthroughs: • Performed the first cadaver kidney transplant at PGI in July 1996 • Performed the first laparoscopic donor nephrectomy in 2004 • Established combined kidneypancreas transplant in Type 1 diabetics with kidney failure • Conducted first National CME on Pancreas transplant at Chandigarh in 2016

iz[;kr MkW- eqdqV feat }kjk fd, x, fdMuh Vªkl a IykaV ij fo[;kr gfLRk;ksa dh izfrfØ;k Mukut Minz

Sushma Swaraj Verified Dr. Mukut Minz - Thank you very much for my surgery Dr.Minz. I am proud India has a Surgeon of your eminence in kidney transplant surgery.

mjk¡o lekt dh vksj ls vkidh dh bl miyfC/k gsrq dksfV&dksfV c/kkbZA £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

It was a privilege to be your surgeon Ma’am. You are very courageous, positive & I admire your will power.

Raja Ramachandran sir let me congratulate you on the wonderful job. wish you good luck for complete recovery and road ahead.. Wish you success in all your future endeavours.

Niki Natarajan þ@byniknat Dec 19 DID U KNOW @MinzMukut who Mrs @SushmaSwaraj thanked is on Twitter (tagged above). MBBS from SAMBALPUR Orissa amazing that the doctor with a hand of God, @MinzMukut, has 41 Twitter follows and @SushmaSwaraj with 6.8mn has him to thank.

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UPSC Exam Calendar

ORAON JHAROKHA

ISSN-2456-3625

UNION PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION PROGRAMME OF EXAMINATIONS/RECTT TESTs (RT) – 2017 S. NAME OF EXAMINATION No. 1

2

DATE OF NOTIFICATION (WEDNESDAY)

LAST DATE FOR RECEIPT OF APPLICATIONS

DATE OF COMMENCEMEN T OF EXAM

DURATION OF EXAM

3

4

5

6

28.09.2016

26.10.2016 (WEDNESDAY)

08.01.2017 (SUNDAY)

1 DAY

22.01.2017 (SUNDAY)

1 DAY

05.02.2017 (SUNDAY)

1 DAY

26.02.2017 (SUNDAY)

1 DAY

05.03.2017 (SUNDAY)

1 DAY

19.03.2017 (SUNDAY)

1 DAY

1

ENGINEERING SERVICES (Preliminary) EXAMINATION, 2017

2

RESERVED FOR UPSC RT/EXAM

3

C.D.S. EXAM.(I), 2017

4

Tentatively reserved for EO/AOEPFO

5

CISF AC(EXE) LDCE-2017

6

RESERVED FOR UPSC RT/EXAM

7

N.D.A. & N.A. EXAM.(I), 2017

18.01.2017

10.02.2017 (FRIDAY)

23.04.2017 (SUNDAY)

1 DAY

8

I.E.S./I.S.S. EXAM., 2017

08.02.2017

03.03.2017 (FRIDAY)

12.5.2017 (FRIDAY)

3 DAYS

9

COMBINED GEO-SCIENTIST AND GEOLOGIST EXAM., 2017

08.02.2017

03.03.2017 (FRIDAY)

12.5.2017 (FRIDAY)

3 DAYS

10

ENGINEERING SERVICES (Main) EXAMINATION, 2017

14.5.2017 (SUNDAY)

1 DAY

11

CIVIL SERVICES (PRELIMINARY) EXAM. 2017

09.11.2016

07.12.2016

02.12.2016 (FRIDAY)

30.12.2016 (FRIDAY)

17.03.2017

18.06.2017

(FRIDAY)

(SUNDAY)

22.02.2017

1 DAY

12

INDIAN FOREST SEREVICE (PREL.) EXAM. 2017 through CS(P) Exam. 2017

13

CENTRAL ARMED POLICE FORCES (ACs) EXAMINATION, 2017

12.04.2017

05.05.2017 (FRIDAY)

23.07.2017 (SUNDAY)

1 DAY

14

COMBINED MEDICAL SERVICES EXAM, 2017

26.04.2017

19.05.2017 (FRIDAY)

13.08.2017 (SUNDAY)

1 DAY

15

RESERVED FOR UPSC RT/EXAM

27.08.2017 (SUNDAY)

1 DAY

16

N.D.A. & N.A. EXAM.(II), 2017

10.09.2017 (SUNDAY)

1 DAY

17

RESERVED FOR UPSC RT/EXAM

24.09.2017 (SUNDAY)

1 DAY

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07.06.2017

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

30.06.2017 (FRIDAY)

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S. NAME OF EXAMINATION No. 18

CIVIL SERVICES (MAIN) EXAM, 2017

19

C.D.S. EXAM.(II), 2017

20

DATE OF NOTIFICATION (WEDNESDAY)

LAST DATE FOR RECEIPT OF APPLICATIONS

ISSN-2456-3625 DATE OF COMMENCEMEN T OF EXAM

DURATION OF EXAM

28.10.2017 (SATURDAY)

5 DAYS

19.11.2017 (SUNDAY)

1 DAY

RESERVED FOR UPSC RT/EXAM

26.11.2017 (SUNDAY)

1 DAY

21

INDIAN FOREST SERVICE (MAIN) EXAM. 2017

03.12.2017 (SUNDAY)

10 DAYS

22

S.O./STENO (GD-B/GD-I) LTD. DEPTTL. COMPETITIVE EXAM 2017 (WRITTEN)

16.12.2017 (SATURDAY)

2 DAYS

09.08.2017

13.09.2017

08.09.2017 (FRIDAY)

06.10.2017 (FRIDAY)

DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Fellowship Opportunities for Researchers Fellowship of Ministry of Science & Technology(DST/DBT/CSIR(DSIR)/SERB) Website: http://www.dst.gov.in/fellowship-opportunities-researchers 1.

Extra Mural Research Funding (Individual Centric)

2.

Scheme for funding High Risk -High Reward Research

3.

Empowerment and Equity Opportunities for Excellence in Science

4.

Start-Up Research Grant (Young Scientists)

5.

J C Bose National Fellowship

6.

Ramanujan Fellowship

7.

National Post Doctoral Fellowship

8.

Early Career Research Award

9.

SERB Overseas Postdoctoral Fellowship

10.

CSIR Young Scientists Awards

11.

Scheme for Young Scientists & Technologist (SYST)

12.

IYBA Innovative Young Biotechnologist Award

13.

Sponsored Research (RESPOND)

14.

Research Programmes and Projects - Ministry of Earth Sciences

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vf/kd tkudkjh ds fy, laidZ djsa %& laiknd eaMyh mjk¡o >jks[kk kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

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uke & vuqi frXxk p;fur in & O;ogkj U;k;/kh”k ¼flfoy tt½ oxZ&2 o’kZ & 2015 vU; miyfC/k & 12oha 81% ls mRrh.kZ ¼dyk ladk;½] & ch-,-,y-,y-ch- ¼5 o’khZ;½ izFke Js.kh] & loksZPp U;k;ky;] ubZ fnYyh esa ,d o’kZ ykW DydZ lg fjlpZ vflLVsUV ds :i esa dk;Z dk vuqHkoA 1- O;fDrxr ifjp; % tUefrfFk % xzke % ftyk % bZ&esy %

14 twu 1990 Mqejcgkj ¼yqMx +s ½ t”kiqj anuptigga.hnlu@gmail.com

2- f”k{kk % izkbejh % fefMy % gkbZ Ldwy %

jk’Vªh; ikB”kkyk] fcykliqj ¼2000½ lsUV tsfo;lZ Ldwy] iRFkyxk¡o] t”kiqj ¼2003½ yks;ksyk mPPkRrj ek/;fed fo|ky; dqudqjh] t”kiqj ¼fgUnh ek/;e½ ¼2008½ gk;j lsd.s Mjh % yks;ksyk mPPkRrj ek/;fed fo|ky; dqudqjh] t”kiqj ¼fgUnh ek/;e½ ¼2008½ dkWyt s % ch-,-,y-,y-ch- ¼vkWulZ½ fgnk;rqYykg jk’Vªh; fof/k fo”ofo|ky; jk;iqjA ¼2014½

mjk¡o >jks[kk dh vksj ls uofu;qDr flfoy tt Jh vuqi frXxk th] lfpu ikWy VksIiks] vfouk”k ,oa eat’w kk VksIiks dks gkfnZd c/kkbZ ,oa “kqHkdkeuk,¡---!

3- ifjokfjd i`’BHkwfe % firkth f”k{kd Fks fdUrq tc eSa 9 efgus dk Fkk mudh e`R;q gks x;hA rc ls ek¡ us gh ,d firk vkSj ek¡] nksuksa dh Hkwfedk fuHkk;hA ifjokj esa “kakfr ugh Fkh lks ?kj ¼xkao½ esa dHkh jguk ugha gks ik;kA esjs dkWyt s ds fnuksa esa ek¡ nwljksa ds ?kjksa esa dke djrh FkhA u”ks dh otg ls ifjokj esa dHkh “kafr ugh Fkh mYVs fnu ck fnu ifjokj dh fLFkfr [kjkc FkhA ijUrq ek¡ us eq>s dHkh fdlh pht dh deh ugha gksus fn;k cfYd ges”kk ,d e/;e oxhZ; ifjokj ds cPPkksa dh rjg eq>s i<+k;k fy[kk;kA 4- mRizsj.kk dc] dgk¡ o dSls “kq: gqbZ \ “kq:vkr ls yksxksa dh lsok djus dh bPNk FkhA blh bPNk dks iwjk djus ds fy, nloha d{kk rd ,d dSFkksfyd iqjksfgr cuus dh bPNk FkhA fdUrq ,d fnu enj Vsjl s k ds ukscy s “kkafr iqjLdkj ds nkSjku fn;s x;s Hkk’k.k dk Hkkx i<+kA muls iwN x;k Fkk fd fo”o esa “kkafr ykus ds fy, D;k djuk pkfg,\ mudk ljy lk fdUrq vFkZi.w kZ mRrj Fkk £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

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ORAON JHAROKHA

yàÕàྦྷýàÊ

ISSN-2456-3625

**vki vius ?kj tkb, ,oa vius ifjokj ds lnL;ksa ls I;kj dhft,] fo”o “kkafr vius vki vk tk,xhA** ch-,-,y-,ych- ds pkSFks o’kZ pwfa d ?kj dh ifjfLFkfr Bhd ugha Fkh blfy, nloha mRrh.kZ djus ds i”pkr~ vkbZ-,-,l- cuus dk y{; j[kkA fdUrq vius esa vkbZ-,-,l- cuus dh bPNk dks NksM+ fn;k vkSj flfoy tt cuus dk fu.k;Z fy;kA 5- y{; fu/kkZj.k dSls gqvk\ yksxksa dks lgh le; ij U;k; nsuk Hkh mudh lsok gS blfy, ch-,-,y-,y-ch- ds pkSFks o’kZ esa eSuas flfoy tt cuus dk y{; j[kkA ,d lky loksZPp U;k;ky; ds ekuuh; U;k;ewfrZ ih-lh- iUr ds fy, dke djus ds i”pkr~ ;g y{; vkSj Hkh n`<+ gks x;k D;ksfa d oks Lo;a O;ogkj U;k;k/kh”k ds in ls loksZPp U;k;ky; rd igq¡ps FksA 6- y{; izkfIr gsrq D;k j.kuhfr Fkh\ flfoy tt ds flyscl ds vf/kdrj fo’k;ksa dks geus vius dkWyt s esa i<+k FkkA fdUrq ;g ijh{kk ikl djus ds fy, dkQh ugha FkkA blfy, loksZPp U;k;ky; esa ,d o’kZ dke djus ds i”pkr~ eSa okil NRrhlx<+ vk;kA flyscl dka ifo= ckbcy dh rjg ekudj mlds vuq:i i<+kbZ “kq: fd;kA tks Hkh ekSd]s phtsa ;k yksx esjk le; cckZn dj ldrs Fks muls ijh{kk dh rS;kjh ds nkSjku nwj jgkA esjk ekuuk gS fd tks Hkh phtsa vkidks vkuUn nsrh gS] oks vkidks vius y{; ls nwj ys tkrh gSA 7- dksfpax dh vko”;drk gS ;k ugha\ fdlh Hkh ijh{kk dks ikl djus ds fy, dksfpax dh vko”;drk ugha gksrh A fdUrq le; izcU/ku ,oa ,d O;ofLFkr i<+kbZ ds fy, dksfpax vfuok;Z gks tkrh gSA vxj vki le; izcU/ku ,oa O;ofLFkr i<+kbZ ijh{kk ds vuq:i dj ldrs gSa rks dksfpax dh vko”;drk ugha gSA 8- vkidh lQyrk esa fdu O;fDr;ksa] ifjfLFkfr;ksa dk vge ;ksxnku gS\ ?kj dh ifjfLFkfr Bhd ugha Fkh tks eq>s ges”kk izkRs Lkkfgr djrh Fkh fd Anup you are no one, you have to become some one. ;gk¡ rd igq¡pus esa esjh ek¡] ekSljs s HkkbZ;k] esjs ekSlk&ekSlh ,oa dqN [kkl nksLrksa dk vge ;ksxnku FkkA 9- vkids izsj.kk L=ksr %& esjs LoxhZ; firk ftudh e`R;q ¼tc esjh mez dkQh de Fkh½ gks x;h ij yksx mUgsa vc Hkh ;kn djrs gSAa nwljs ekuuh; U;k;ewfrZ ih-lh- iUr esjs izjs .kk L=ksr gSAa 10- lQyrk dk Js; fdUgsa nsrs gS\ esjh ek¡ dks ftUgksua s cpiu ls eq>s vius fu.kZ; Lo;a ysus ds fy, Lora= NksMk+ FkkA 11- ;qokvksa ds fy, lans”k %& ekrk&firk vkSj dbZ yksxksa us Investment ¼fuos”k½ fd;k gS] bl thou dks O;FkZ esa u tkus gSAa cM+k y{; j[ks ,oa mls ikus ds fy, dM+h esgur djsAa vki tSls Hkh gaS] tSlh Hkh ifjfLFfr esa gSa ;kn j[ks]a “Hard Work Beats Talent.”

£ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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12- mjk¡o lekt ds fy, lans”k %& igys ftl rjg mjk¡o lekt us rjdh fd;k Fkk vc og /khek gks x;k gSAa ge viuh ;ksX;rk dks lgh fn”kk esa yxkus esa vleFkZ gSAa gesa ;g lksp dj pyuk pkfg, fd vxj esjs ekrk&firk dksbZ fdlku ;k f”k{kd ;k dksbZ vf/kdkjh gS]a muls eq>s vkSj vPNk djuk gSA vkt ge ftl Hkh ifjfLFkfr esa gS]a vc ml ls [kq”k ugha gksuk pkfg,] cfYd fujUrj vkSj csgrj djuk pkfg,A 13- D;k ge mjk¡o fdlh ls de gSa\ th ughaA tUetkr dksbZ cqf)eku ugha gksrkA ge mjk¡o cgqr ifjJeh gksrs gSa blesa dksbZ nks jk; ugha gSA blfy, ge fdlh ls de ugha gSA 14- Hkfo’; esa lekt fgr esa D;k ;ksxnku jgsxk\ U;k;ikfydk esa fof/kd lgk;rk lfefr dk eksVks gS **U;k; lcds fy,**A blh eksVks dks lkFkZd djuk pkgrk g¡w tks fd esjs }kjk lekt fgr esa lcls mfpr ,oa lkFkZd ;ksxnku jgsxkA

âwxu juÂà, §ýàévçk juÂà, §ýéáÊuÊ juÂà Ñàçªàà ¡àyàÂà....

-: yÈq§êý §ýÊçÞ : §éýâÊuÊ tàªàêÀÎàê§ý ¼ÿáê. yèËáãÅþÃáåy ã§þÑqáèºÿï ºÿá ¼ÿáê. ¡ÍÅþáèßy ãm§þM ôä yåÏáäv hvháè ôä mèkæ §þåkËæ ôä ãwãqÃá ãm§þM ôä ¡áÃáÃÁ §åþtáË §åþkæË ôä ¡ku ytäË §åþkæË

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¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

táè. : 9425547718 táè. : 9425543808 táè. : 9424127495 táè. : 9981509804 táè. : 9755306424 táè. : 8871102898 táè. : 9981823757

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p;fur in dk uke & flfoy tt p;u gsrq ijh{kk & N-x- PSC ¼flfoy tt½ o’kZ & 2015 1- O;fDrxr ifjp; uke & tUefrfFk & xzke & ftyk & bZ&esy & eksckbZy &

lfpu ikWy VksIiks 9 Qjojh 1992 ¼24 o’kZ½ vfEcdkiqj ljxqtk sachinpaul.hnlu@gmail.com

7828066784

2- f”k{kk Ldwy & nloha & dkesZy Ldwy ueukdyk vfEcdkiqj ckjgoha & Hkkjr ekrk Ldwy] fcykliqj ¼N-x-½ dkWyt s & fgnk;rqYykg jkf’Vª; fof/k fo”ofo|ky;] jk;iqj ¼N-x-½ ¼2014½ 3- ifjokfjd i`’BHkwfe firk& Jh vUFkzl s VksIiks ¼lsokfuo`Rr vij ftyk l= U;k;k/kh”k½ ekrk & Jherh bekdqyVs yqlh VksIiks ¼f”kf{kdk½ cM+h cgu & dq- eat’w kk VksIiks ¼O;ogkj U;k;k/kh”k½ NksVh cgu & dq- fleju eksfu’kk VksIiks ¼fof/k dh Nk=k½

mjk¡o >jks[kk dh vksj ls uofu;qDr flfoy tt Jh vuqi frXxk th] lfpu ikWy VksIiks] vfouk”k ,oa eat’w kk VksIiks dks gkfnZd c/kkbZ ,oa “kqHkdkeuk,¡---!

4- y{; dc] dgk¡ o dSls “kq: gqbZ\ vius firk dks ns[k dj eq>s izjs .kk feyh fd eq>s Hkh U;k;k/kh”k cuuk gS blfy, ckjgoha ds i”pkr~ eaSus fgnk;rqYykg fof/k fo”ofo|ky; esa izo”s k fy;kA 5- y{; dk fu/kkZj.k dSls gqvk\ tSls fd esjs firk U;k;k/kh”k Fks ij mUgksua s eq> ij dHkh Hkh odkyr djus ;k U;k;k/kh”k cuus ds fy, ncko ugha cuk;kA os eq>s ges”kk cksyrs jgs fd rqEgsa ftl {ks= esa vkxs c<+uk gS c<+ks ysfdu esgur djrs jgksA odkyr dh i<+kbZ eaSus Lo;a dh bPNk ls fd;kA eSa vius firk dh dsl dh QkbZyas i<+k djrk FkkA rHkh ls eq>s fof/k esa :>ku c<+kA fof/k dh i<+kbZ djrs oDr eaSus ;g Bku fy;k Fkk fd eq>s Hkh U;k;k/kh”k cuuk gSA

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6- y{; izkfIr gsrq D;k j.kuhfr Fkh\ ;g y{; izkIr djus ds fy, eq>s 1 o’kZ dh rS;kjh djuh iM+hA jkstkuk 7 ls 8 ?kaVs dh i<+kbZ ,oa lgh le; lkfj.kh dk ikyu djrs gq, ifjJe fd;kA eSa ges”kk vius vki dks <k<al + ca/kkuk Fkk fd tc lc dj ldrs gSa rks fQj eSa Hkh dj ldrk gw¡A g¶rs esa 6 fnu iwjh fu’Bk ds lkFk i<+kbZ djrk Fkk ,oa 1 fnu nksLrksa ds lkFk ekSt eLrh ,oa fQYe ns[krk FkkA y{; izkfIr fy, eSuas [kqn ij Hkjkslk fd;kA 7- dksfpax dh vko”;drk gS ;k ugha \ tgka rd eq>s yxrk gS ;fn vki [kqn ifjJe dj ds bruk dkfcy cu tkvks rks dksfpax dh vko”;drk ugha iM+rhA ysfdu eSuas [kqn HkV~V dksfpax fcykliqj ls i<+kbZ dhA dksfpax esa eSa vius lkjs doubts Clear djrk FkkA dksfpax esa vkidks dkWUlsIV le>k fn;k tkrk gS ij mls i<+uk vkSj ;kn djuk vki ij gksrk gSA ;fn fo|kFkhZ iwjh yXu ds lkFk i<+kbZ djs rks og vklkuh ls eafty izkIr dj ldrk gSA 8- izsj.kklzksr esjs izjs .kklzkrs dsoy esjs ekrk firk gSa D;ksfa d mUgksua s eq>s ges”kk izfs jr ,oa lg;ksx fd;kA tc Hkh eSa grk”k gks tkrk rks oks eq>s ges”kk dgrs fd viuh esgur ij Hkjkslk j[kksA ;fn rqeus lp esa vPNh esgur dh gS rks rqEgsa vo”; gh vPNk ifjJe feysxkA 9- lQyrk dk Js; fdUgsa nsrs gSa\ lcls igys eSa bZ”oj dks /kU;okn nsuk pkgrk gw¡ D;ksfa d fcuk bZ”oj ds vkf”k’k ds ;g eqdke gkfly djuk ukeqefdu FkkA lQyrk dk Js; eSa vius ekrk firk] ukuk ukuh] cgu ,oa nksLrksa dks Hkh nsuk pkgwx a k D;ksfa d bUgksua s gh esjs fy, izkFkZuk fd;k vkSj ges”kk esjh lgk;rk dh ,oa izfs jr fd;kA 10- ;qokvksa ds fy, lans”k\ izR;sd Nk= esa izfrHkk fNih gksrh gS cl mls igpkuus dh t:jr gSA fujarj esgur djrs jguk gS rHkh y{; dh izkfIr gksxhA vkt ds ;qx esa tgka Competition bruk c<+ x;k gSa ogk¡ vkidks detksj ugha iM+uk gSA vius vki ij Hkjkslk jf[k, fd vki dj ldrs gSAa dHkh Hkh lQyrk ds ihNs er Hkkxks] vius vki dks bruk dkfcy cukvks fd [kqn lQyrk vkids ihNs vk,xhA vaxzt s h esa ,d dgkor gS & The More You sweat in Practice, the less you bleed in battle. vFkkZr~ ftruk T;knk vki vPNh rS;kjh djsx a as mruh gh vluh ls lQyrk izkIr dj ldsx a As tc rd vki [kqn u gkj eku tk;s rc rd vkidks dksbZ nqljk gjk ugha ldrkA 11- mjk¡o lekt ds fy, lans”k & mjk¡o lekt esa ges”kk izfrHkk”khy yksxksa dk tUe gqvk gS ,oa mjk¡o lekt izxfr”khy jgk gSA gekjs mjk¡o ;qok HkkbZ cguksa ds ikl Hkh cgqr dkfcfy;r gS cl lgh fn”kk dh vksj c<+uk gSA esjk ekrk&firk ls ,d vuqjks/k gS fd os vius cPPkksa dks ml fn”kk esa c<+us nsa ftlesa cPPkksa dh :fp gSA vius lius cPPkksa ij u Mkysa D;ksfa d gj cPPkk Unique gSA 12- D;k ge fdlh ls de gSa\ ughaA dHkh ughaA ge lc ,d cjkcj gSa ysfdu ftlus lgh y{; izkfIr ds fy, dne igys c<+k;k ogh thrsxkA tgka pkg gS ogka jkg gSA dHkh Hkh vius vki dks nwljksa ls detksj u le>sAa tc vki [kqn ij Hkjksls j[ksx a s rks fQj vkidks dksbZ ugha jksd ldrkA vusd izdkj ds y{; j[kus ls vPNk ,d gh y{; dk pquko djsa vkSj mls ikus ds fy, th tku yxk nsAa £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà ¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017 77 wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1


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p;fur inuke & flfoy tt p;u gsrq ijh{kk & N-x- ih-,l-lh- ¼flfoy tt 2015½ o’kZ & 2015 miyfC/k &

ch-,l-lh- Biotech (Hons)- Guru Ghasidas University. BSP. LL.B (Gold Medalist, Bilaspur University) LL.B - dkS”kysnas z jko ykW dkWyt s ] fcykliqj ¼N-x-½

1- O;fDrxr ifjp; & eat’w kk VksIIkks tUefrfFk & 5-10-1988 fuokl & vfEcdkiqj ftyk & ljxqtk bZ&esy& manjusatoppo88@gmail.com 2- f”k{kk& 10oha % dkeZy s dkUosVa Ldwy] fcykliqj 12oha % gkWyh ØkWl Ldwy] is”a ku ckM+k] jk;iqj B.S.C. Biotech : xq:?kklh nkl fo”ofo|ky;] fcykliqj LL.B. : dkS”kysUnz jko ykW dkWyt s ] fcykliqj ¼2014½ LL.M. : dkS”kysUnz jko ykW dkWyt s ] fcykliqj ¼2016½ 3- ifjokfjd i`’BHkwfe & firk % Jh vUFkzl s VksIIkks ¼lsokfuo`Rr vij ftyk ,oa l= U;k;/kh”k½ ekrk % Jhefr bZekdqyVs ywlh VksIiks ¼f”kf{kdk½ cM+s ikik % Jh vFkul VksIIkks ¼odhy½ cM+h eEeh % Jherh eatw VksIiks ¼MkWDVj½ cqvk % flLVj tsEek VksIiks ¼mlqZykbZu lekt½ ¼odhy½

mjk¡o >jks[kk dh vksj ls uofu;qDr flfoy tt Jh vuqi frXxk th] lfpu ikWy VksIiks] vfouk”k ,oa eat’w kk VksIiks dks gkfnZd c/kkbZ ,oa “kqHkdkeuk,¡---!

4- mRizsj.kk dc] dSls o dgka ls feyh & B.Sc. Biotech dh i<+kbZ djrs oDr firk ds lkFk jgh vkSj rHkh muds dk;ksZ ls voxr gqbZ vkSj rHkh ls flfoy tt cuus dh Bku yh vkSj B.Sc dh i<+kbZ [kRe djus ds i”pkr~ LL.B ds fy, dkS”kysUnz jko ykW dkWyt s esa izo”s k yh vkSj flfoy tt dh ijh{kk ds rS;kjh ds fy, dksfpax TokbZu dh vkSj LL.M esa i<+kbZ [kRe djrs gh eSa flfoy tt dh ijh{kk ikl dj yhA

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5- y{; izkfIr gsrq j.kfufr& fnu esa 5&7 ?kaVs i<+kbZ dh] ges”kk le; dks egRok nh] tks fo’k; dfBu yxrk ml ij vf/kd esgur dh] ftl fo’k; ij tc Hkh dfBukbZ gqbZ mlh {k.k le>us dh dksf”k”k dh] xqzi fMLd”ku dh] dHkh Hkh over-confidence ugha jgh] cl vius esgur ij Hkjkslk j[khA 6- dksfpax dh vko”;drk & pwfda eSuas dksfpax fd;k gS blfy, ;g ugha dgqx a h bldh t:jr ugha gSA esjh lQyrk esa esjs dksfpax ds lj dk cgqr cM+k ;ksxnku gSAa dksfpax tkus ls gekjs doubts clear gksrs gS]a gesa comption ns[kus dks feyrk gS]a vius nksLrksa ls Hkh doubts clear dj ldrs gS]a dHkh&dHkh tks doubt gekjs eu ls ugh vkrs] ftl iz”u ds ckjs ge lksprs Hkh ugha] Coaching ds tfj;s gesa vkSjksa ls ;g tkuus dks feyrk fd ;s iz”u Hkh cu ldrs gSAa 7- vkidh lQyrk esa fdu O;fDr;ksa dk ;ksxnku gSa& bZ”oj dh d`ik ds lkFk&lkFk lcls cM+k ;ksxnku esjs ekrk&firk dk jgk] ftUgksua s ges”kk esjk eukscy cuk, j[kk] ges”kk eq>s izfs jr fd;kA ekrk&firk ds ;ksxnku ds lkFk esjs xq:tu vkSj esjs fe= ftUgksua s eq>s esjh i<+kbZ esa ges”kk enn dh vkSj eq>s dHkh fujk”k ugha gksus fn;kA 8- vkids izsj.kkL=ksr dkSu gSa& bl lQyrk ds ihNs esjs izjs .kkL=ksr esjs firk Jh vaFkzl s VksIIkks gaS] vkt eSa tks dqN Hkh gw¡ mUgha ds otg ls gw¡A 9- lQyrk dk Js; fdUgsa nsrs gSa& viuh lQyrk dk Js; vius ekrk&firk] xq:tu vkSj fe=ksa dks nsrh gw¡ lkFk gh firk bZ”oj dks ftuds vk”kh’k ,oa d`ik ds fcuk ;g laHko ugha FkkA 10- ;qokvksa ds fy, lans”k & eSa gekjs ;qok lkfFk;ksa dks ;g lan”s k nsuk pkgrh gw¡ fd “kq:vkr ls gh ,d y{; fu/kkZfjr djs vkSj mlh ij Qksdl j[ksA ftl Hkh fo’k; ij interest gS mlh dk p;u djs] cM+kas ds ncko esa fo’k; dk p;u u djsA HkhM+ ds ihNs u HkkxsA lIrkg esa vki tks Hkh i<+kbZ djs] mls ,d fnu revise t:j djsAa confident jgs ijarq over confident u jgsA ukdkjkRed lksp eu esa u vkus nsAa le; dks egROkk ns] D;ksfa d tks le; chr x;k og nqckjk ugha vk ldrkA vlQyrk ls fujk”k u gkso]as vxj vki us lPph esgur dh gSa tks ,d fnu lQyrk t:j vkids dne pqex s hA cqjh vknrksa ls nwj jgsA nksLrh j[ksa ijarq nksLrh dks i<+kbZ ij gkoh gksus u nsA 11- mjk¡o lekt ds fy, lans”k & esjs fiz; HkkbZ;ksa ,oa cguksa lQyrk ds bl jkg esa vkidks ,sls cgqr ls yksx feysx]as tks vkidk eukscy fxjkus esa yxs jgsx a s ijarq gesa lc ckrksa ls ugha ?kcjkuk gSAa vkt ds bl ;qx esa cgqr competition gSa ftlds fy, gesa fnu&jkr i<+kbZ dh t:jr gSAa i<+kbZ ds lkFk&lkFk gesa vPNh laxrh Hkh j[kuk gSa ftuls gesa vPNh ckrsa fl[kus dks feysA esjk ekrk&firk ls vuqjks/k gSa fd vius lius] vius cPPkksa ij u Mkys]a cPpsa tks pkgrs gSa mUgsa oks gh djus ns vkSj vius cPpksa dks nwljksa ds cPpksa ls rqyuk u djsA NksVh&NksVh lQyrk esa Hkh vius cPpksa dks ljkgsa vkSj izkRs lkfgr djsAa

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o’kZ 2016 dh ize[q k ?kVuk,¡ izLrqfr & vkuUn dqekj dqtwj lh-Mh-,l- fcykliqj ¼N-x-½

tuojh 2016 4 tuojh nf{k.k ,f”k;kbZ QqVcky esa Hkkjrh; QqVcky Vhe us jfookj dks f=osæa e varjjk’Vªh; LVsfM;e esa gq, Qkbuy eqdkcys esa vQxkfuLrku dks 2&1 ls gjkdj lkroha ckj lSQ di f[krkc ij dCtk dj fy;kA

7 tuojh tkus&ekus flaxj lksuw fuxe us okbZ fQYEl Vªkl a tsM a j laxhr xzqi 6&iSd cSM a y‚Up fd;kA lksuw us bl cSM a ds ,d xkus ds fy, viuh vkokt nh gSA 8 tuojh vkbZ,,l vferkHk dkar uhfr vk;ksx ds lhbZvks fu;qäA

5 tuojh Qkscl ~Z dh 30 lky ls de mez ds lQy O;fä;ksa dh 9 tuojh okf’kZd fyLV esa 45 Hkkjrh; vkSj Hkkjrh; ewy ds yksx “kkfey gSAa phu esa dE;qfuLV ikVhZ ds laLFkkid ekvksRls rqx a dh fo”kky çfrek dks rksM+ fn;k x;kA 5 tuojh pkj u, rRoks]a rRo la[;k 113] 115] 117 vkSj 118 13 tuojh dh [kkst ds lkFk gh vc ihfj;ksfMd Vscy iwjh gks xbZA xzt s q,”ku esa vfuok;Z :i ls tsM a j ,tqd”s ku dks ykxw ihfj;ksfMd Vscy ftldk fgUnh uke vkorZ lkj.kh gS] bldh djus okyk rsyx a kuk ns”k dk igyk jkT; cu x;k gSA VsDLV lkroha iafä v/kwjh FkhA cqd dk uke VwvkMZ~l , oyZ~M v‚Q bDoYl gSA 6 tuojh 15 tuojh i;ZVu ea=ky; }kjk iqf’V esa c‚yhoqM ,DVj vkfej y‚l ,atfs yl esa gq, ihiYl p‚bl vokMZl ~ esa vfHkus=h [kku Incredible India dSia us ds czkM a ,acl s M s j ugha gSAa fç;adk pksiM+k dks muds vesfjdu Vhoh lhjht DokafVdks ds fy, QsofjV ,DVªl s bu v U;w Vhoh lhjht dk vo‚MZ feykA 6 tuojh ljdkj ds u, fu;eksa ds eqrkfcd vc psd ckmal ls tqMs+ 19 tuojh ekeys mlh {ks= dh vnkyr esa nk;j fd, tk,axs tgka psd c‚yhoqM ,DVªl s vflu Fkksêqedy vkSj ekbØkseDs l ds dks Dyh;jsl a ds fy, is”k fd;k x;kA dks&QkmaMj jkgqy “kekZ us fØf”p;u osfMax dj yhA 6 tuojh 25 tuojh mÙkj dksfj;k us nkok fd;k gS fd mlus “kfä”kkyh Hkkjrh; lhek esa ços”k djus okys okguksa ds fy, gkbMªkt s u ce dk ijh{k.k fd;k gSA ijfeV gkfly djuk vfuok;Z dj fn;k x;k gSA 7 tuojh Qjojh 2016 tEew&d”ehj ds eq[;ea=h eq¶rh eksgEen lbZn dk 2 Qjojh dk fu/ku gks x;kA mUgsa lkal esa rdyhQ dh f”kdk;r dh RBI us 2 Qjojh 2016 dks vius u, ØsfMV i‚fylh FkhA dh ?kks’k.kk dhA jsiksjVs iwoZ dh 6-75 Qhlnh ij gh cjdjkjA £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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3 Qjojh dh 270 esxkokV dh dks;yk vk/kkfjr fctyh mRiknu bdkbZ dsæa ljdkj us ou jSd a ou is”a ku ¼vksvkjvksih½ ;kstuk “kq: dhA ds dk;kZU;ou dh ?kks’k.kk dhA bldk ykHk 18 yk[k ls vf/kd 22 Qjojh iwoZ lSfudksa rFkk ;q) fo/kokvksa dks feysxkA vesfjdk vkSj :l us lhfj;k esa ;q) lekfIr le>kSrk 3 Qjojh dh ?kks’k.kk dhA :l us Hkkjr dks rhu ,evkbZ&17oha&5 lSU; ekyokgd 23 Qjojh gsyhd‚IVjksa dh vafre [ksi lkSia nhA ikfdLrku dh laln fo”o dh igyh ,slh laln cu 5 Qjojh xbZ gS tks lkSj mtkZ ls pysxhA ikfdLrku ds ç/kkuea=h uokt vle esa isVªks jlk;u la;= a dks ç/kkuea=h ujsæa eksnh “kjhQ us bLykekckn ds laln Hkou esa lkSj ÅtkZ la;= a dk us jk’Vª dks lefiZr fd;kA mn~?kkVu fd;kA 6 Qjojh 25 Qjojh 12osa nf{k.k ,f”k;kbZ [ksyksa dk 6 Qjojh 2016 dks LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; us ekr` e`R;q nj f”kykax ¼es?kky;½ ds tokgj yky usg: LVsfM;e esa “kqHkkjaHk vkSj f”k”kq e`R;q nj esa deh ykus ds fy, 25 Qjojh 2016 dks gqvkA Hkkjr ds vykok vQxkfuLrku] ckaXykns”k] HkwVku] ekynho] lkoZtfud LokLF; lqfo/kkvksa esa çlo ds nkSjku ^cFkZ dEisfu;u* usiky] ikfdLrku vkSj Jhyadk ds 2600 f[kykfM+;ksa us Hkkx dh mifLFkfr dks eatjw h nhA fy;kA Hkkjr 16 Lo.kZ indksa ds lkFk lkj.kh esa “kh’kZ LFkku ij FkkA ekpZ 2016 7 Qjojh vksfM”kk esa bafM;u v‚;y d‚jiksjs”ku ¼IOC½ dh 34]555 djksM+ #i;s dh ykxr ls rS;kj vR;k/kqfud ikjknhi fjQkbujh dks jk’Vª dks lefiZr fd;kA Ms<+ djksM+ Vu lkykuk {kerk dh ikjknhi fjQkbujh dk fuekZ.k djhc 16 lky esa iwjk gqvk gSA

2 ekpZ ef.kiqj ls l”kL= cy fo”ks’kkf/kdkj dkuwu dks gVkus dh ekax dks ysdj ekuokf/kdkj dk;ZdrkZ bjkse “kfeZyk us fQj ls vu”ku “kq: dj fn;k] ftlds ckn mUgsa fQj ls fxj¶rkj dj fy;k x;kA

8 ekpZ 11 Qjojh nqfu;k dh iwoZ uacj ,d Vsful f[kykM+h ekfj;k dsæa h; LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=h ts-ih- uìk us “kkjkiksok Mªx VsLV esa Qsy gqbZA 11 Qjojh 2016 dks jk’Vªh; eysfj;k mUewyu lajpuk 8 ekpZ ¼,u,Q,ebZ½ 2016&2030 dks y‚Up fd;kA 1986 esa vkbZoh,Q rduhd ls tUeha ;kuh Hkkjr dh igyh VsLVVîwc csch g’kkZ pkoM+k eka cu xbZ gSAa g’kkZ us eqca bZ 18 Qjojh ds tlyksd vLirky esa ,d LoLFk cPps dks tUe fn;k gSA ç/kkuea=h Qly chek ;kstuk ds lapkyu ds fy, 13 ekpZ fn”kk&funsZ”k tkjh dj ;kstuk dk “kqHkkjaHk fd;kA xqokgkVh vkSj uxkao lesr dbZ bykdksa esa “kke dks 4 18 Qjojh cts gYds >Vds vk,A fjDVj Ldsy ij Hkwdia dh rhozrk 4-3 lkoZtfud {ks= dh fctyh midj.k cukus okyh ekih xbZ gSA Hkwdia ls bykds esa /kjrh dh lrg ls 10 daiuh Hkkjr gSoh bysfDVªd fyfeVsM ¼BHEL½ us iatkc thohds fdyksehVj uhps crk;k x;kA ikoj ,aM bUÝk dh xksbM a oky lkfgc rki fctyh ifj;kstuk £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà ¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017 81 wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1


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15 ekpZ

5 vçSy enj Vsjl s k dks lar dh mikf/k fn, tkus ds çLrko ç/kkuea=h ujsæa eksnh us 5 ekpZ 2016 dks uks,Mk] mÙkj ij osfVdu flVh us viuh eqgj yxk nhA çns”k esa LVSM a vi bafM;k ;kstuk dk “kqHkkjEHk fd;kA ljdkj bl ;kstuk ds rgr 2-5 yk[k nfyr m|eh rS;kj djsxhA 21 ekpZ vesfjdk ds jk’Vªifr cjkd vksckek D;wck dh ,sfrgkfld 6 vçSy nks fnu dh ;k=k ij jfookj jkr dks gokuk igqp a x,A fiNys dsæa h; dSfcusV us LisDVªe i‚fylh esa cnyko dh ubZ 88 lkyksa esa ;g fdlh Hkh vesfjdh jk’Vªifr dh igyh D;wck uhfr dks eatjw h ns nhA blds ckn LisDVªe i‚fylh esa cnyko ;k=k FkhA fd;k tk ldsxkA 28 ekpZ

9 vçSy jk’Vªifr ç.kc eq[kthZ us fnoaxr /kh#HkkbZ vackuh] iwoZ fØdsV ds egku cYysckt lfpu rsna qydj dks dkS”ky dSx çeq[k fouksn jk;] c‚yhoqM vfHkusrk vuqie [ksj] vt; fodkl ,oa m|e”khyrk ea=ky; ¼,e,lMhbZ½ }kjk fLdy nsoxu lfgr ns”k dh 56 tkuh&ekuh gfLr;ksa dks muds bafM;k vfHk;ku dk czkM a ,EcslMj cuk;k x;kA vewY; ;ksxnku ds fy, in~e iqjLdkj ls lEekfur fd;kA 11 vçSy 29 ekpZ Hkkjrh ,;jVsy dh iw.kZ LokfeRo okyh lfClfM;jh dsæa h; ekuo lalk/ku ea=h Le`fr bZjkuh us vksyfa i;u ,;jVsy ,e d‚elZ lfoZll s fyfeVsM ¼,,e,l,y½ dks fjtoZ vkSj ikap ckj dh fo”o pkSfEi;u efgyk eqDdsckt ,elh esjh cSad v‚Q bafM;k ¼vkjchvkbZ½ us isesaV cSad gsrq ykblsal d‚e dks [ksyksa ds {ks= esa vge ;ksxnku ds fy, M‚DVj v‚Q Loh—r dj fn;kA ysVlZ dh ekun mikf/k ls lEekfur fd;kA 16 vçSy vizSy 2016 v‚LVªfs y;k us Hkkjr dks 4&0 ls gjkdj 25oka lqYrku vtyku “kkg di thrkA bldk vk;kstu biksg] eysf”k;k esa 2 vçSy fo;ruke dh us”kuy vlsca yh us 2 vçSy 2016 dks fd;k x;kA =ku nkbZ dqvkax dks ns”k dk u;k jk’Vªifr pqukA 59 o’khZ; 16 vçSy n U;w MsoyiesaV cSad ¼,uMhch½ us 811 fefy;u dqvkax jk’Vªifr pqus tkus ls igys 2011 ls lqj{kk ea=h ds :i vesfjdh M‚yj ds _.kksa dk igyk lsV eatjw dj fy;kA bl esa viuh lsok ns jgs FksA _.k dk mi;ksx fczDl ds pkj ns”kks& a czkthy] Hkkjr] phu 4 vçSy vkSj nf{k.k vÝhdk esa 2370 esxkokV v{k; ÅtkZ {kerk ds fQyhihal us Msx a w cq[kkj ds fy, fo”o dk lcls fuekZ.k esa fd;k tk,xkA igyk lkoZtfud Vhdkdj.k dk;ZØe “kq: fd;kA igyh ckj Msx a w cq[kkj dk Vhdk 9 fnlacj 2015 dks esfDldks es vuqeksfnr 18 vçSy vksyfa id ds fy, DokyhQkbZ djus okyh igyh Hkkjrh; fd;k x;k FkkA fteukLV cuha nhik dekZdjA 5 vçSy Hkkjr dh igyh lseh gkbZLihM Vªus ^xfreku ,Dlçsl* 22 vçSy jk’Vªifr ç.kc eq[kthZ us jkT;lHkk gsrq ukfer Ng dks jsy ea=h lqj”s k çHkq us 5 vçSy 2016 gjh >aMh fn[kkbZA ;g Vªus fnYyh ls vkxjk ds chp 200 fdyksehVj dh nwjh flQZ lnL;ksa ds uke dks 22 vçSy 2016 dks viuh eatjw h nhA buesa Hkktik usrk lqcze.;e Lokeh] iwoZ fØdsVj uotksr flag fl)w] 100 feuV esa r; djsxhA £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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vksyfa id fotsrk c‚Dlj eSjh d‚e vc jkT;lHkk ds lnL; 23 ebZ cu x,A rfeyukMq dh eq[;ea=h ds rkSj ij t;yfyrk us NBh ckj “kiFk xzg.k dh- muds lkFk 28 fo/kk;d Hkh dSfcusV 30 vçSy ea=h in dh “kiFk yhA xqtjkr ljdkj us ljdkjh ukSdfj;ksa lsokvksa esa vkfFkZd :i ls fiNM+s yksxksa dks 10 Qhlnh vkj{k.k nsus dh ?kks’k.kk 27 ebZ dhA bl QSlys ds ckn xqtjkr ns”k dk igyk jkT; cu x;k if”pe caxky esa cM+h thr gkfly dj lÙkk esa okilh tgka vkfFkZd :i ls fiNM+s yksxksa ds fy, vkj{k.k dk QSlyk djus okyh eerk cuthZ us 27 ebZ dks eq[;ea=h in dh “kiFk fd;k x;kA yhA

ebZ 2016

27 ebZ

71 lky ckn fgjksf”kek esa vesfjdh jk’Vªifr cjkd fnXxt fQYe vfHkusrk vkSj funsZ”kd eukst dqekj vksckek us fgjksf”kek dh ;k=k dj bfrgkl jp fn;kA dks 63osa jk’Vªh; fQYe iqjLdkj lekjksg esa 47oka nknklkgsc twu 2016 QkYds iqjLdkj çnku fd;k x;kA vferkHk cPpu dks ihdw ds fy, csLV ,DVj ogh daxuk juksV dks csLV ,DVªl s ls lEekfur 2 twu lky 2002 ds xks/kjk dkaM ds ckn xqycxZ lkslkbVh fd;k x;kA esa gq, naxksa ds ekeys esa dksVZ us bl ekeys esa 24 vkjksfi;ksa dks 5 ebZ d”ehj ds ckjkewyk esa fLFkr Mkxj fMfotu }kjk nks’kh djkj fn;k] tcfd 36 yksxksa dks cjh dj fn;kA 3 ebZ

lapkfyr lqij 30 çksxzke ds varxZr tEew&d”ehj ds 30 pqus 3 twu x, Nk=ksa dks bathfu;fjax dkslZasl ds t‚baV ,aVªl as ,Xtke ds fjyk;al QkmaM”s ku dh QkmaMj vkSj ps;jilZu uhrk fy, 11 eghuksa rd Ýh dksfpaxA vackuh baVjus”kuy vksyfa id desVh ¼vkbZvksl½ ds u, lnL; ds fy, çR;k”kh ukferA 11 ebZ xzVs j uks,Mk dh jgus okyh Vhuk Mkch us flfoy 4 twu lfoZl ijh{kk esa V‚i fd;k gSA Ýsp a vksiu Vsful ds feDLM McYl f[krkch eqdkcys esa fy,aMj isl vkSj fLoV~tjySM a dh ekfVZuk fgafxl dh tksMh+ 13 ebZ gkbZ dksVZ us ts,u;w Nk=la?k ds v/;{k dUgS;k dqekj] us lkfu;k fetkZ vkSj muds Øks,f”k;k tksMh+ nkj boku MksfMx vfuZcku] mej [kkfyn vkSj dSia l ds nwljs lHkh LVwMVas ~l ds dks gjk;kA fuyacu vkSj tqekZus ij jksd ykx nhA

22 twu

Hkkjrh; Lisl ,tsl a h bljks us JhgfjdksVk ls ,d gh s kbV varfj{k esa y‚Up dj u;k fdj.k csnh dsæa “kkflr çns”k iqMqpjs h esa mijkT;iky mM+ku esa ,d lkFk 20 lSVy dhfrZeku jpkA in dh ftEesnkjh laHkkyhA 2 tqykbZ 22 ebZ efgyk lqj{kk dks ysdj Hkkjrh; jsyos us 1000 jsyos Bhd 11 ctdj nks feuV ij mÙkj çns”k iqfyl dh vkbZih,l vf/kdkjh vi.kkZ dqekj us nqfu;k ds loksZPp f”k[kj LVs”kuksa ij lhlhVhoh dSejs yxkus dk QSlyk fd;kA dSejs yxkus dk iSlk fuHkZ;k QaM ls fy;k tk,xkA ij ,ojsLV dh pksVh ij >aMk Qgjk;kA 22 ebZ

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twykbZ 2016

9 vxLr ef.kiqj esa l”kL= cy fo”ks’kkf/kdkj vf/kfu;e ¼vk¶Lik½ 6 tqykbZ xyZÝM as jhok LVhudkai dh gR;k djus ds tqeZ esa gVkus dh ekax ysdj yxHkx 16 lkyksa rd la?k’kZ djus okyh nf{k.k vÝhdh dksVZ us v‚Ldj fiLVksfj;l dks 6 lky dh bjkse “kfeZyk us viuk vu”ku rksM+ fy;kA tsy dh ltk lqukbZA 15 vxLr fj;ks vksyafid esa Hkkjrh; efgyk igyoku lk{kh 9 tqykbZ lsjus k us 7oha ckj focayMu dk f[krkc gkfly dj efyd us 58 fdyks Hkkj oxZ dh ÝhLVkby dq”rh esa cz‚Ut LVsQh xzkQ ds 22 xzSM a LySe ds fjd‚MZ dh cjkcjh dj yhA esMy thrdj bfrgkl jp fn;kA 19 vxLr 13 tqykbZ xksYM esMy eSp ds jksekapd eqdkcys esa ihoh fla/kw us fczVus esa lÙkk/kkjh dUtosZfVo ikVhZ dh usrk Fksjl s k es fj;ks vksyfa id ds Qkbuy esa flyoj esMy thrdj bfrgkl fczVus dh ubZ ih,e cu xbZA 59 lky dh Fksjl s k ekjxzVs FkSpj jp fn;kA ds ckn fczVus dh ih,e cuus okyh nwljh efgyk gSAa 29 vxLr 26 tqykbZ fj;ks vksyfa id dh flYoj esMfyLV ihoh fla/kw vkSj ef.kiqj dh ekuokf/kdkj dk;ZdrkZ bjkse “kfeZyk pkuw efgyk dq”rh esa igyh ckj cz‚Ut esMy thrus okyh lk{kh us jkT; esa ykxw fookfnr l”kL= cy fo”ks’kkf/kdkj dkuwu efyd] ftEukLV nhik dekZdj vkSj “kwVj thrw jk; dks jktho ¼vQLik½ dks gVkus dh ekax dks ysdj viuh Hkw[k gM+rky dks xka/kh [ksy jRu iqjLdkj ls uoktk x;kA [kRe dj nsus dh ?kks’k.kk dhA

flrEcj 2016

vxLr 2016

2 flracj e/; çns”k dh ,sfrgkfld vkSj lkaL—frd uxjh 2 vxLr usiky esa dE;qfuLV ikVhZ v‚Q usiky ¼ekvksoknh [ktqjkgks esa fczDl i;ZVu lEesyu “kq: gqvkA nqfu;k ds lsVa j½ ds v/;{k iq’i dey ngy çpaM dks 39oka ç/kkuea=h czkthy] :l] phu] Hkkjr vkSj nf{k.k vÝhdk dk laxBu fczDl lqj{kk] laL—fr vkSj fodkl ds fy, lk>snkj ns”kksa dk pquk x;kA laxBu gSA 4 vxLr fjyk;al QkmaM”s ku dh ps;jilZu vkSj QkmaMj uhrk 4 flracj osfVdu flVh esa jfookj dks ,d lekjksg ds nkSjku vackuh dks loksZPp [ksy laLFkk varjjk’Vªh; vksyfa id lfefr s k dks lar dh ¼IOC½ dk lnL; pquk x;kA IOC dh lnL; cuus okyh oks jkseu dSFkksfyd ppZ ds iksi Ýkafll us enj Vsjl mikf/k nhA igyh Hkkjrh; efgyk gSAa 6 vxLr fj;ks vksyfa id dk jaxkjax mn~?kkVu lekjksg czkthy ds ekjkdkuk LVsfM;e esa gqvkA iwjs vksyfa id lsjes uh esa czkthy dh laL—fr vkSj ijaijk dk vuks[kk jax ns[kus dks feykA

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8 flracj Hkkjrh; Lisl ,tsl a h&bljks ekSle foKku ds {ks= esa egRoiw.kZ dne vkxs c<+krs gq, th,l,yoh ds tfj, bulsV&3 JhgfjdksVk ds lrh”k /kou Lisl lsVa j ls xq#okj “kke 4 ctdj 10 feuV ij y‚Up fd;kA

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vDVwcj 2016

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ISSN-2456-3625

iz/kkuea=h ujsUnz eksnh us dhA

02 vDVwcj uoEcj 2016 flfDde dh jkt/kkuh dks i;ZVu ea=ky; }kjk *lkQ 05 uoacj i;ZVd xarO;* “kh’kZd ds lkFk lEekfur fd;k x;kA lektoknh ikVhZ ds 25 lky iwjs gksus ij “kfuokj dks 04 vDVwcj y[kuÅ esa jtr t;arh lekjksg euk;k x;kA ykyw ;kno] 2016 ds fy, fpfdRlk ds {ks= esa ukscy s iqjLdkj “kjn ;kno] eqyk;e flag] vf[kys”k flag vkSj f”koiky ;kno ;ksf”kuksjh vksglqeh dks fn;k x;kA lfgr vU; fnXxt bl nkSjku ,d eap ij igqp a As 04 vDVwcj 8 uoacj 2016 ds fy, HkkSfrd ds ukscy s iqjLdkj fotsrk] ih,e eksnh us ns”k dks lacksf/kr djrs gq, dkyk/ku MsfoM ts Hkksyl s ] Madu ,e gkWYMsu vkSj ts ekbdy QksLVjyht ij yxke yxkus ds fy, 500 vkSj gtkj ds uksV vk/kh jkr ls pqus x,A can djus dh ?kks’k.kk dhA lkFk gh 2000 #i;s ds u, uksV cktkj esa ykus dk Hkh ,syku fd;kA 05 vDVwcj Qzkl a fo”o dk izFke ns”k cuk ftlus IykfLVd di 10 uoacj vkSj IysV ij izfrca/k yxk fn;kA eqca bZ dh ,d Lis”ky ih,e,y, dksVZ us “kjkc dkjksckjh fot; ekY;k dks HkxksMk+ ?kksf’kr fd;kA blds lkFk gh dksVZ us 05 vDVwcj a j dks tCr djus 2016 ds fy, jlk;u “kkL= ds {ks= esa thu fi;kjs ekY;k dh lHkh ?kjsyw laifÙk] “ks;j vkSj fMcsp dk vkns”k fn;kA lkSHkst] ts Qzt s j LVksMVZ vkSj cukZMZ ,y Qsfjaxk dks ukscy s iqjLdkj fn;k x;kA

11 uoacj Hkkjr vkSj tkiku ds chp ,sfrgkfld ijek.kq le>kSrk 06 vDVwcj iqrZxky ds iwoZ iz/kkuea=h varksfu;ks xqVjs l s la;qDr gqvkA Hkkjr dh vksj ls ç/kkuea=h ujsæa eksnh vkSj tkiku dh rjQ ls ç/kkuea=h f”katks vkcs us bl le>kSrs ij gLrk{kj jk’Vª la?k ds vxys egklfpo pqus x,A fd,A 13 vDVwcj oSf”od Hkw[kekjh lwpkad 2016 esa Hkkjr dks 97osa LFkku 16 uoacj ekuojfgr ;ku #Lre&2 dk igyk lQy ijh{k.k ij j[kk x;kA fd;k x;kA 13 vDVwcj 2016 ds fy, lkfgR; ds {ks= esa ckWc nsbyku dks 20 uoacj bankSj&iVuk ,Dlçsl Vªus dh 14 cksxh dkuiqj ds ukscy s iqjLdkj gsrq pquk x;kA ikl iq[kjS;k esa iVjh ls mrj dj nq?kZVukxzLr gks xbZA 15 vDVwcj iz/kkuea=h ujsUnz eksnh us Hkksiky esa “kghn lSfudksa dh 20 uoacj fla/kq us pkbuk vksiu dk fu.kkZ;d xse 21&11 ls Le`fr esa “kkS;Z Lekjd dk mn~?kkVu fd;kA thrdj f[krkc ij dCtk tek fy;kA 19 vDVwcj jk’Vªh; vuqlfw pr tkfr ,oa tutkfr gc ,oa *thjks fMQsDV*&thjks bQsDV ;kstuk dk “kqHkkjaHk yqf/k;kuk esa £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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25 uoacj VkVk LVhy ds funs”kd eaMy lkbjl feL=h dks daiuh ds ps;jeSu in ls gVk fn;k x;k vkSj muds LFkku ij Lora= funs”kd vks ih Hkê dks varfje O;oLFkk ds rgr u;k ps;jeSu fu;qä fd;k x;kA

ISSN-2456-3625

12 fnlEcj iqrZxky ds iwoZ iz/kkuea=h vUrksfu;ksa xqUrjs”k us la;qDr jk’Vª egklfpo in dh “kiFk xzg.k dhA 12 fnlEcj Hkkjrh; vesu= s h fiz;d a k pksiM+k dks la;qDr jk’Vª cky dks’k ¼;wfulsQ½ dk ln~Hkkouk jktnwr fu;qDr fd;k x;kA

26 uoacj D;wck ds iwoZ jk’Vªifr vkSj ç/kkuea=h fQnsy dkL=ks 17 fnlEcj dk “kfuokj dks fu/ku gks x;kA mi&Fky lsuk ysf¶VusVa tujy fcfiu jkor dks Fky lsuk izeq[k fu;qDr fd;k x;kA fnlEcj 2016 17 fnlEcj 1 fnlEcj iz/kkuea=h xjhc dY;k.k ;kstuk dk “kqHkkjaHk fd;k dsUnz ljdkj us 13 vU; tkfr;ksa esa Hkh la”kks/ku dh Lohd`fr nh gSA vU; fiNM+k oxZ dh dsUnzh; lwph esa fd, x, x;kA 28 la”kks/kuksa esa ls 15 ubZ izfof’V;k¡ gSAa 19 fnlEcj jk’Vªifr iz.kc eq[kthZ us tfLVl txnh”k flag [ksgj 2 fnlEcj ;ksx dks ;wuLs dks dh lkaLd`frd /kjksgj lwph esa “kkfey dks Hkkjr dk 44 ok¡ eq[; U;k;k/kh”k fu;qDr fd;kA fd;k x;kA 22 fnlEcj vf[kys”k ljdkj us 17 vkschlh tkfr;ksa dks nfyr 5 fnlEcj mlsus cksYV dks varZjk’Vªh; ,FkysfVDl egkla?k ds o’kZ dksVs esa “kkfey fd;kA 2016 dk loZJ’s B ,FkyhV iqjLdkjA 22 fnlEcj fnYyh ds mijkT;iky uthc tax us dsUnz ljdkj 5 fnlEcj rfeyukMw dh eq[;ea=h us t;yfyrk dk psUUkbZ dks viuk bLrhQk lkSia kA fLFkr viksyks vLirky esa fu/ku gks x;kA og 68 o’kZ dh FkhA 30 fnlEcj iz/kkuea=h ujsUnz eksnh us *Hkhe* uked eksckby ,i dk 5 fnlEcj vks iUuhj lsYoe us rfeyukMw ds eq[;ea=h in dh “kqHkkjaHk fd;kA “kiFk xzg.k dhA 31 fnlEcj vfuy cStky us fnYyh ds u, mijkT;iky ds in 11 fnlEcj jk’Vªh; iz.kc eq[kthZ us dSyk”k lR;kFkhZ QkamMs”ku dh “kiFk yhA }kjk rS;kj **100 fefy;u QkWj 100 fefy;u** uked vfHk;ku vkjaHk fd;kA 11 fnlEcj fojkV dksgyh ,d o’kZ esa rhu ckj nksgjk “krd cukus okys ik¡pos fØdsVj cusA £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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ORAON JHAROKHA

mjk¡o >jks[kk izfrHkk lEeku iqjLdkj Ldwy Lrj% d{kk 8oha] 10oha o 12oha esa jkT; esa lokZf/kd vad izkIr djus ij iqjLdkj

C.G. Board

CBSE

8th & izFke] f}rh;] r`rh; &iqjLdkj 10th & izFke] f}rh;] r`rh; &iqjLdkj 12th & izFke] f}rh;] r`rh; &iqjLdkj

izFke &1000@& 8th & izFke] f}rh;] r`rh; &iqjLdkj f}rh; &800@& 10th & izFke] f}rh;] r`rh; &iqjLdkj th r`rh; &500@& 12 & izFke] f}rh;] r`rh; &iqjLdkj

dkWyst Lrj % dkWyst ,oa ;wfuoflZVh Lrj ij loZJs’B fjtYV gkfly djus okys Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks iqjLdkjA University izFke f}rh; r`rh;

Science, Arts, Commerce, IT, Pharmacy

p;fur dgkfu;ksa dks iqjLd`r ,oa vxkeh vadksa esa izdkf”kr fd;k tk,xkA

*dgkuh ys[ku* izfr;ksfxrk mjk¡o lekt ls tqM+h dgkfu;k¡] tks nknk&nknh] ukuk&ukuh }kjk lquk;h xbZ gks gesa fy[kdj Hkstsa vkSj thrsa vkd’kZd buke lEeku&i= o izFke&800 f}rh;&500 r`rh;&300

“krsZa % & izfrHkkxh mez lhek & 20 o’kZ ls deA & dgkfu;k¡ mjk¡o lekt vk/kkfjr ikSjkf.kd dgkfu;k¡@fdonarh gksuh pkfg,A

fy[ksa % 1- nknk&nknh@ukuk&ukuh ds uke %---------------------------------------------------mez %-----------------------------------------------------xzke %----------------------------------------------------ftyk % -----------------------------------------------ih-vks- %-------------------------------------------------£ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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2- izfrHkkxh ds uke %-------------------------------------------------------mez %--------------------------------------------------------eksckbZy ua- %------------------------------------------irk % ------------------------------------------------------

lHkh izfof’V;k¡ laiknd ds uke irs ij HkstsaA

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ISSN-2456-3625

mjk¡o >jks[kk vk;ksftr Hkkoh ;kstuk,¡ 1234567891011.

121314. 15. 16. 17. 18.

xzh’edkyhu Liksdu bafXy”k dkslZ ebZ eghus esaA dWfj;j xkbMal lsfeukjA us”kuy dkWUQzsal&fo’k;& mjk¡o lektA ;qokvksa gsrq ,dfnolh;&yhMjf”ki dSEiA ORAON YOUTH CARNIVAL (OYC) mjk¡o ;qok egksRloA mjk¡o yM+fd;ksa gsrq cSMfaeaVu ,oa ckWLdsVcky VwukZesaVA QqVckWy izfr;ksfxrk ¼oxZ&;qok] vaMj&14½ and Open to Oraons in C.G. DOD (DANCE ORAON DANCE) izfr;ksfxrkA lqj vkSj rky ¼xk;u izfr;ksfxrk½A fQYe fuekZ.k dk;Z”kkyk Film Making Workshop MkWD;wesaVjh fQYe& mjk¡o lekt ij vk/kkfjrA Oraon Jharokha Quiz Competition mjk¡o >jks[kk iz”uksRrjhA Reading & Writing Camp Sports Day - Below 10, 14, 18, 22, 25 and 25+ dgkuh ys[ku izfr;ksfxrk & Age Limit : Below 20 Years of age. Debate okn&fookn izfr;ksfxrkA Elocution Hkk’k.k izfr;ksfxrkA Ex-Tempore rkRdkfyd Hkk’k.kA

dkSu cusxk Kkuh mjk¡o\ Open Competition lEeku&i= izFke iqjLdkj & 3000@& f}rh; iqjLdkj & 2400@& r`rh; iqjLdkj & 1500@&

izfrHkkxh mjk¡o gksa os tgk¡ Hkh fuokljr gksa

Registration Fee :- 500/iath;u “kqYd %& 500/-

izR;sd Vhe esa 3 izfrHkkxh gksaxs

iBu&ikBu lkexzh % mjk¡o >jks[kk ds lHkh izdkf”kr vad fo’k; oLrq % mjk¡o lekt £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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fu;ekoyh ,oa “krsZ Vhe jftLVsª”ku ds nkSjku nh tk,xh A laidZ djsa % laiknd mjk¡o >jks[kk fcykliqj eks- % 8871102898 9425547718 9755306424 kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

88


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ORAON JHAROKHA

mjk¡o lekt ds ;qokvksa esa jkstxkj dh c<+rh leL;k &ekbZdsy VksIiks lhfu;j foftysl a vkWfQlj ,oa Vkmu ,MfefuLVªVs j SAIL- BHILAI STEEL PLANT (RETIRED)

f”k{kk ds izlkj ds lkFk&lkFk gekjs mjk¡o lekt ds iq:’k vkSj efgyk,a fofHkUu LFkkuksa ij “kkldh; vkSj vU; foHkkxksa esa dk;Zjr~ gaSA buesa ls vusd mPp inksa ij vklhu gSAa “kk;n gh dksbZ {ks= gksxk tks gekjs lekt ds iq:’k vkSj efgykvksa ls vNwrk gSA ogha nwljh vksj vkt gekjs lekt ds ;qod&;qofr;ksa ds lkeus csjkstxkjh dh cM+h leL;k [kM+h gks x;h gSA ,slh ckr ugha gS fd gekjs lekt ds ;qokvksa dh ;g leL;k f”k{kk ds vHkko esa gSA lkekU; fMxzh ds vfrfjDr cM+h la[;k es a gekjs ;q o kvks a ds ikl es f Mdy] baftfu;fjax] izc/a ku vkfn esa mPp fMfxz;k¡ izkIr gSAa dqN ;qok viuh ;ksX;rk ds vuq:i izfrf’Br inksa ds fy;s iz;kljr gS]a rks dqN ,sls Hkh gS]a tks vusd iz;kl ds ckn Hkh vlQyrk ds dkj.k fujk”k cSBas gSAa vusd ;qok viuh ;ksX;rk ls fuEurj inksa ij le>kSrk djus dh ekufldrk ds lkFk vius HkkX; vktekus esa yxs gSAa gekjs lekt ds ;qokvksa esa jkstxkj dh leL;k ij xgu fopkj&eaFku djus vkSj leL;k ds fujkdj.k ds fy, mik; fudkyus dh vko”;drk gSA vkt gj f”kf{kr ;qok dh ;gh pkg gksrh gS fd] mls ;ksX;rkuqlkj vPNh ukSdjh feys tks LFkk;h ,oa lqjf{kr gks] £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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vkfFkZd n`f’V ls iq’V gks] eanh dk vlj u iM+s vkSj eanh vkus dh fLFkfr esa Hkh ukSdjh [kksus dk dksbZ Mj u gksA dsUnz o jkT; “kklu ds v/khu ljdkjh ukSdfj;ka mDr ekinaMksa ds vuqlkj ;qokvksa dks lcls vf/kd vkdf’kZr djrh gaSA blds vfrfjDr “kklu ds lkoZtfud miØeks]a eYVhus”kuy daifu;ksa ds inksa ,oa cSd a ksa dh ukSdfj;ka Hkh muds fy;s vkd’kZd yxrha gS]a D;ksfa d ;gka Hkh mPp osru] LFkkf;Ro ,oa lqj{kk dh Hkkouk cuh jgrh gSA vkt izfrLi/kkZ ds bl ;qx esa lHkh Lrj ds f”kf{kr ;qokvksa dks viuh ;ksX;rk ,oa vfHk:fp ds vuqdy w in gkfly djus esa dfBu ifjJe djuk vko”;d gks x;k gSA fdlh Hkh foHkkx ds in ij fu;qfDr ds fy;s iz;kl djus ds igys mlds lac/a k esa iwjh tkudkjh izkIr djuk t:jh gS rkfd vko”;drk ds vuq:i viuh rS;kjh dh tk ldsA ;qokvksa esa vius Hkfo’; dk y{; ;fn igys ls fu/kkZfjr gks rks mlds fy, mUgsa vko”;d rS;kjh djuk vklku gks tkrk gSA dgk x;k gS “Every Person should have an aim in life; a person without an

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aim is like a ship without a sailor “A ;qokvksa }kjk dWfj;j pquus ds oDr Hkh mUgsa dksbZ ,d y{; lkeus j[k dj pyuk pkfg, D;ksfa d blh ls muds Hkfo’; ds jkstxkj dh :ijs[kk rS;kj gksrh gSA ;qokvksa ds fy;s Hkfo’; ds vius dWfj;j fu/kkZj.k dh izfØ;k ek/;fed f”k{kk iwjh djus ds i”pkr~ fo’k; pquus vkSj ckjgoha ijh{kk ds ckn LVªhe ds p;u ds i”pkr~ gksrh gSA ;gka ij gj ;qod&;qorh dks vkSj mlds vfHkHkkod dks vR;f/kd lko/kkuh cjrus dh vko”;drk gSA dWfj;j pquko dh bl izfØ;k esa cPps dh lacfa /kr fo’k; esa :fp vkSj mldh {kerk dk /;ku j[kuk vko”;d gSA izk;% ns[kk x;k gS fd bu rF;ksa ij ;qokvksa vkSj muds vfHkHkkodksa dk mruk /;ku ugha jgrk A ;s phtsa gekjs mjk¡o lekt ds ;qokvksa ds ekeyksa esa Hkh ykxw gksrh gSA vDlj ;g Hkh ns[kk x;k gS fd tc fo’k; ;k LVªhe pquus dk volj vkrk gS rks ;qod&;qorh mlh vksj yidus dh ekufldrk j[krs gaS] ftlds ihNs vU; lHkh Hkkx jgs gksrs gSAa blds fy;s dHkh&dHkh vfHkHkkod dk Hkh ncko cuk jgrk gS] D;ksfa d vius cPpksa ds dWfj;j dk fuekZ.k ek= mudh izfr’Bk

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ORAON JHAROKHA

dk fo’k; cu dj jg tkrk gSA vfHkHkkodksa esa ;fn ifr vkSj iRuh ukSdjh ij gaS rks ,sls ekeyksa esa ,d vyx leL;k mRiUu gks tkrh gSA ,sls vfHkHkkod vius cPpksa dks i;kZIr DokfyVh VkbZe nsus esa vleFkZ jgrs gaS vkSj vius cPpksa ds dWfj;j lac/a kh t:jrksa ij i;kZIr /;ku ugha ns ikrs gSAa vkt cM+ h la [ ;k es a ;qod&;qofr;ksa ds fy;s MkWDVj ;k bathfu;j dh dWfj;j igyh ilan gS] D;ksafd ;s nksuksa yksxksa dh n`f’V esa lEekutud in gSAa os mlh ds vuq:i fo’k;&lewg dk p;u djrs gSAa gk;j lsd.s Mjh dh ijh{kk ikl dj vkt dy vf/kdka”k ;qod&;qofr;ka viuh rS;kjh ds fy;s dksfpax lsVa j dk Hkh lgkjk ysrs gSaA vkt gj NksVs&cM+s “kgjksa esa bu fo’k;ksa esa dksfpax laLFkk,a cM+h la[;k esa lapkfyr gS]a tks ;qokvksa dks lQyrk dk vk”oklu nsrs gSAa bu dksfpax laLFkkvksa eas gekjsa mjk¡o lekt ds ;qod&;qofr;ksa dh Hkh cM+h la[;k gksrh gSA fHkykbZuxj esa tks ^^ ,tqd”s ku gc ^^ ds uke ls tkuk tkrk gS] ,slh dbZ NksVh&cM+h dksfpax laLFkk,a gaSA ;gk¡ Hkh gekjs mjk¡o lekt ds ;qok cM+h la[;k esa v/;;ujr gSAa buesa ls fdruksa us vkt rd vPNs esfMdy] baftfu;fjax ,oa izc/a ku laLFkkuksa esa izo”s k ikus esa lQyrk izkIr dh \ ;g rks vkadM+ksa ds fo”ys’k.k ls irk py ldrk gSA buesa ls gekjs lekt ds ;qok tks vPNs laLFkku esa izo”s k ikus esa lQy gksrs gSa vkSj ojh;rk ds lkFk fMfxz;kWa £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

£ÊàÝw ytàk §çý uäwà¡àçÞ tçÞ ÊàçkªààÊ §ýL rð¼þmã þ izkIr dj ysrs gaS] muds fy;s vius&vius {ks=ksa esa dWfj;j dh vPNh laHkkouk,a gksrh gSAa os dSEil lsyDs ”ku vFkok xsV ;k dSV tSlh ijh{kkvksa esa lQyrk vftZr djrs gq, ljdkjh foHkkxksa] ljdkjh miØeksa ,oa vPNs izfr’Bkuksa ,oa laLFkkuksa esa ukSdjh ik ldrs gSAa ,sls ;qok vius&vius {ks=ksa ds vfrfjDr vU; foHkkxksa esa Hkh vPNs inksa ij fu;qfDr ikus esa lQy gks ldrs gSAa ysfdu tks ;qok fMxzh laLFkkvksa esa izos”k rks ik ysrs gaS] ij dkslZ ceqf”dy iwjk dj ikrs gS]a muds fy;s vius gh {ks=ksa esa dWfj;j cukuk eqf”dy gks tkrk gSA ÅWp a h vkdka{kkvksa ds lkFk “kq:vkr djus okys ,sls ;qokvksa dks Hkkjh fujk”kk dh fLFkfr ls xqtjuk iM+rk gSA iqu% u;s fljs ls vU; {ks=ksa esa viuk dWfj;j fuekZ.k djus dk iz;kl Hkh muds fy, vR;ar d’Vnk;d gksrk gSA ;s ;qok tks rS;kjh ds ckn Hkh vPNs laLFkkuksa esa izo”s k ikus esa vleFkZ jgrs gS]a mUgsa vR;f/kd fujk”kk dk lkeuk djuk iM+rk gSA “kkys; f”k{kk iwjh djus ds ckn vkxs Lukrd dh f”k{kk ds fy;s fo’k;ksa ds p;u djrs le; lkekU;r% dyk ladk; vkSj mlls lacfa /kr fo’k;ksa dks ;qokvksa }kjk vius vafre fodYi ds :i esa ns[kk tkrk gSA okLro esa tks ;qok iwjh yxu ds lkFk viuk dWfj;j fuekZ.k djuk pkgrs gaS] muds fy;s dyk ladk; ds fo’k; Hkh vPNs fodYi gks ldrs gSAa bu ;qokvksa ds fy;s Lukrd f”k{kk iw.kZ djus ds ckn iz ” kklfud] U;kf;d] cS a d

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ISSN-2456-3625

vf/kdkjh tSls vPNs dWfj;j ds }kj [kqys jgrs gSAa “kkys; f”k{kk iw.kZ djus ds lkFk gh vfHkHkkodks]a “kqHkfpardksa vkSj lhfu;lZ dks ;qokvksa ds fy;s ekxZn”kZu iznku djuk vko”;d gSA ;qokvksa esa izjs .kk tkx`r djus ds mn~n”s ; ls eSa ;gka ,d lQy O;fDrRo dk mnkgj.k izLrqr djuk pkgrk gaAw gekjs mjk¡o lekt ds gh esjs djhch nksLr us “kkys; f”k{kk lekIr dj vius ,d y{; ds lkFk dyk ladk; ds fo’k;ksa dk p;u fd;kA mUgksaus Lukrd ,oa LukrdksRrj ijh{kkvksa esa vFkZ”kkL= fo’k; ds lkFk fo”ofo|ky; Lrj ij VkWi jSd a izkIr djrs gq, la?k yksd lsok vk;ksx }kjk vk;ksftr flfoy lsok ijh{kk esa lQyrk izkIr dj Hkkjrh; iz”kklfud lsok TokbZu dhA bldh rS;kjh esa mUgksua s Lukrd f”k{kk ds nkSjku gh fo’k; oLrq dh vk/kkjHkwr le> gkfly dh vkSj lelkef;d eqn~nksa ij :fp ysdj viuh idM+ etcwr dh] tks mudh lQyrk esa lgk;d gq,A ,d lQy vkbZ- ,- ,lvf/kdkjh ds rkSj ij mM+hlk ljdkj ds vusd egRoiw.kZ inksa ij lsok nsrs gq, os lsokfuo`Rr gks pqds gSAa ,slh gh LVªVs t s h viukdj gekjs mjk¡o lekt ds LFkkuh; izfrHkkoku ;qod&;qofr;ka Hkh mPp inksa ij vklhu gks ldrh gSAa fofHkUu inksa ij HkrhZ ds fy;s ftruh Hkh izfr;ksfxrk ijh{kk,a ;k p;u ijh{kk,a vk;ksftr dh tkrh gSa] muesa flyscl dh fo’k; oLrq ds Kku dh ijh{kk ds lkFk&lkFk tujy vosjusl vkSj tujy baVy s htsl a ls lacfa /kr loky

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ORAON JHAROKHA

Hkh iwNs tkrs gSAa blds vfrfjDr Hkk’kk Kku&fgUnh] vaxzsth vkSj eSFl fo’k; ls tqMs+ jhtfuax ds loky Hkh iwNs tkrs gaSA ;fn bu lHkh ijh{kkvks a ds fy;s vk/kkjHkwr rS;kfj;ka le; iwoZ izkjaHk dh tk;s] rks lQyrk lqfuf”pr dh tk ldrh gSA flfoy lsok ijh{kk ds fy;s bPNqd ;qod&;qofr;kas dks Lukrd f”k{kk ds nkSjku gh lacfa /kr fo’k;ksa dk xgjk v/;;u iz k ja H k dj ns u k pkfg,A lelkef;d eqn~nksa vkSj dkWeu vosjusl ds fy;s fu;fer :i ls LFkkuh; ,oa jk’Vªh; lekpkj i=ksa dk iBu vkSj U;wt cqysfVuksa ij /;ku nsuk vko”;d gSA la?k yksd lsok vk;ksx ds inksa ds fy;s fu;fer :i ls vk;ksftr gksus okyh flfoy lsok ijh{kk ds izfr gekjs mjk¡o lekt ds ;qokvksa dk :>ku lEHkor% de gSA vU; ijh{kkvksa tSls bafM;u baftfu;fjax lfoZl ijh{kk] bafM;u QkjsLV lsok ijh{kk] bafM;u bdksuksfeDl lfoZl vkfn dh vksj Hkh gekjs mjk¡o lekt ds ;qokvksa dk T;knk /;ku “kk;n ugha gSA NRrhlx<+ yks d ls o k vk;ks x }kjk vk;ksftr jkT; lsok ijh{kk tks mi ftyk/;{k] mi iqfyl v/kh{kd] jkT; foRr lsok vf/kdkjh] okf.kT;d dj vf/kdkjh vkfn fofHkUu inksa dh fu;qfDr ds fy;s gksrh gS] muesa Hkh gekjs mjk¡o lekt ds ;qokvksa dk fjtYV mruk mRlkgtud ugha jgrkA vk;ksx }kjk tkjh p;fur ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh lwph esa gekjs mjk¡o lekt ds ;qokvksa ds de gh uke ns[kus dks feyrs gSAa bu inksa ij £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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£ÊàÝw ytàk §çý uäwà¡àçÞ tçÞ ÊàçkªààÊ §ýL rð¼þmã þ vU; vkfnoklh leqnk; ds izfrHkkfx;ksa ds uke vf/kdrk esa ns[kus dks feyrs gSAa bl ijh{kk esa gekjs mjk¡o lekt ds ;q o kvks a es a de lQyrk dk dkj.k tkudkjh dk vHkko] de :>ku gksuk] vi;kZIr rS;kjh vkSj ekxZn”kZu dh deh vkfn gks ldrs gSAa NRrhlx<+ yksd lsok vk;ks x }kjk gh vk;ks f tr vU; ijh{kkvks& a jkT; vfHk;kaf=dh lsok ijh{kk] jkT; ou lsok ijh{kk] flfoy tt ijh{kk] lgk;d izk/;kid ¼egkfo|ky; vkSj vfHk;kaf=dh egkfo|ky;½ ijh{kk vkfn esa Hkh lekt ds ;qodksa dh fLFkfr mruh larks’ktud izrhr ugha gksrhA blh rjg deZpkjh p;u vk;ksx ¼,l-,l-lh-½ }kjk dsUnzh; Lrj ij vk;ksftr gk;j lsd s .s Mjh Lrjh; ,oa Lukrd Lrjh; ijh{kkvksa esa Hkh gekjs mjk¡o lekt ds ;qok] fo”ks’kdj gekjs NRrhlx<+ ds ;qok i;kZIr la[;k esa lQy ugha gks ikrs A NRrhlx<+ O;kolkf;d ijh{kk eaMy ¼O;kie½ jkT; Lrjh; ijh{kk,a tks le;&le; ij “kklu ds fofHkUu foHkkxksa esa fu;qfDr ds fy;s vk;ksftr gksrh gS]a muesa Hkh gekjs lekt ds ;qok okafNr la[;k esa in gkfly djus esa lQy ugha gks ikrs gaS] tks vk;ksx }kjk tkjh p;u lwph ds voyksdu ls Li’V gks tkrk gSA bl lwph esa vuqlfw pr tutkfr oxZ ds fy, vkjf{kr inksa ij gekjsa mjk¡o lekt ds ;qokvksa ds uke NksM+dj vU; vkfnoklh leqnk; ds ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dk opZLo ns[kus dks feyrk gSA fofnr gks fd ,l-,l-lh- vkSj O;kiea }kjk vk;ksftr fofHkUu HkrhZ ijh{kkvksa esa

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

ISSN-2456-3625

fjDr inksa dh la[;k dkQh cM+h gksrh gS] ftuesa gekjs lekt ds ;qokvksa dks jkstxkj izkfIr ds fy;s i;kZIr volj izkIr gks ldrs gSAa ns”k ds fofHkUu cSd a ksa }kjk Hkh le;&le; ij izkcs ”s kujh vkWfQlj ,oa vU; LVkWQ dh cM+h la[;k esa HkfrZ;ka fudkyh tkrh gSAa bu ijh{kkvksa ds izfr gekjs lekt ds ;qokvksa esa vkd’kZ.k c<+k gSA ysfdu bu {ks=ksa esa Hkh gekjs lekt ds LFkkuh; ;qokvksa dh lQyrk dk xzkQ c<+kus dh vko”;drk gSA cSfa dax {ks= esa gekjs ;qokvksa dks jkstxkj ds vPNs volj gSa vkSj fu;qfDr ikus okys lHkh dks tkWc lSfVLQSD”ku izkIr gksrk gSA gk;j lsds.Mjh mRrh.kZ gekjs lekt ds ;qokvksa dks O;kolkf;d izf”k{k.kksa ds ek/;e ls Hkh vius dWfj;j fuekZ.k dh vksj /;ku nsuk vko”;d gSA vkt vkS|ksfxd izf”k{k.k vkSj vU; O;kolkf;d izf”k{k.k laLFkkvksa esa Hkh :fp vkSj ;ksX;rk ds vuqdy w fo’k; vkSj VsªM p;u djus ds vusd fodYi miyC/k gSaA c<+rs vkS|ksfxdhdj.k ds lkFk gh bl {ks= esa Hkh gekjs ;qokvksa ds cM+s oxZ dks ukSdjh izkIr djus dh vikj laHkkouk,a gSAa cM+h la[;k esa gekjs lekt ds ;qok bldk ykHk rks ys jgs gaS] ysfdu dqN VªM s vNwrs jg tkrs gS]a tgka ukSdjh dh laHkkouk,a vf/kd gSAa fgUnh vkSj vaxt sz h esa LVsuksxkz Qh vkSj dEI;wVj izkx s zkfeax esa Hkh gekjs mjk¡o lekt ds ;qok laHkor% de vkdf’kZr gks jgs gSAa bl izdkj fofHkUu dk;kZy;ksa ds fjDr inksa ij fu;qfDr dk ykHk ugha mBk ik jgs gSAa gekjs ;qokvksa dk ,d oxZ

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£ÊàÝw ytàk §çý uäwà¡àçÞ tçÞ ÊàçkªààÊ §ýL rð¼þmã þ

ORAON JHAROKHA

vkt Hkh xkao esa fuokljr~ gS] ftuesa vf/kdka”k “kkyk R;kxh gSAa muds ukSdjh izkIr djus dh laHkkouk vR;ar de gSA d`f’k lac/a kh dk;ksZa esa Hkh mudh [kkl :fp ;k fnypLih u ds cjkcj gSA ,sls esa mUgsa dkS”ky fodkl ;kstuk ds rgr izf”k{k.k fnykdj vkRefuHkZjrk iznku dh tk ldrh gSA bl fn”kk esa mUgsa vko”;d ekxZn”kZu dh vko”;drk gSA lekt ds ;qokvksa esa Lo&jkstxkj dh Hkkouk tkx`r dj Hkh dqN gn rd muds jkstxkj dh leL;k dk fujkdj.k fd;k tk ldrk gSA Lo&jkstxkj dk Lo:i NksVk ;k cM+k O;olk;] O;kikj ;k m|ksx Hkh gks ldrk gSA vkt ns”k vkSj jkT; esa LVkVZ vi ,oa LVS.M vi dh eqfge izkjaHk gqbZ gSA NRrhlx<+ “kklu us ^^LVkVZ vi NRrhlx<+^^ ds rgr jkT; ds vuq l w f pr tkfr vkS j vuq l w f pr tutkfr leqnk; ds ;qodksa dks viuk Lo;a dk O;kikj] O;olk; o m|ksx “kq: dj vkRefuHkZj cukus ij tksj fn;k gSA

bl fn”kk esa vuqlwfpr tutkfr ds leqnk; ds ;qokvksa dks izkRs lkfgr djus ds mn~n”s ; ls vusd lqfo/kk,a vkSj fj;k;rsa eqgS;k djkus dk vk”oklu fn;k x;k gSA gekjs lekt ds ;qokvksa dks vko”;d tkudkjh iznku dj vkSj mfpr ekxZn”kZu nsdj bl {ks= esa Hkh dne j[kus ds fy;s izksRlkfgr fd;k tkuk vko”;d gSA mijksDr leL;k dk gy fudkyuk ge lHkh dk drZO; gSA vkt ;g vke /kkj.kk gS fd mjk¡o lekt dk f”kf{kr oxZ xkao dh vksj /;ku ugha nsrkA “kk;n bl ckr esa lPpkbZ gS D;ksafd f”kf{kr oxZ ds eu esa viuk&viuk lkspus dh Hkkouk vk x;h gSA ;fn ge bl rjg viuk&viuk gh lkspx as s rks lekt esa fdlh dk Hkyk dSls gks ldrk gS \ gekjs mjk¡o lekt ds ;qokvksa ds jkstxkj lac/a kh mijksDr leL;k vkSj lekt ds vU; oxksZa dh leL;k ds fujkdj.k esa f”kf{kr vkSj izcq) oxksZa ds lg;ksx dh vR;f/kd vko”;drk gSA

ISSN-2456-3625

vkt ;g vke /kkj.kk gS fd mjk¡o lekt ds f”kf{kr vkSj izcq) oxZ xzkeksa vkSj vius xzkeh.k HkkbZ;ksa ,oa cguksa dh vksj /;ku ugha nsrAs “kk;n bl ckr esa dqN lPpkbZ gS D;ksfa d lekt dk ;g oxZ xkao NksMd + j “kgj esa cl x;k gSA lekt ds ;qok oxZ vkSj vU; oxksZa dks bl izcq) oxZ ds ekxZn”kZu dh vko”;drk gSA jkT; dh U;k;/kkuh ds izcq) oxZ }kjk LFkkfir fcykliqj mjk¡o lekt ds oSpkfjd Økafr mRiUu djus ds mn~n”s ; ls vkSj lkekftd tkx`fr dk y{; ysdj ^^ mjk¡o >jks[kk ^^ uked if=dk dk izdk”ku “kq: fd;k x;k gS] tks ,d Lokxr;ksX; dne gSA vk”kk gS fd] os vius iz;klksa ls lekt ds ;qokvksa dh leL;kvksa ds fujkdj.k dh Hkh igy djsx a As lekt ds lHkh izcq) oxZ tks vU; “kgjksa esa cls gS]a muls Hkh vis{kk dh tkrh gS fd laxfBr gksdj lekt ds izfr vius nkf;Roksa dk fuokZgu djsx a As

bl uoo”kZ esa ln~Hkkouk gks] pj.kksa dh oUnuk gks] ifjokj esa lkeUtL;k gks] lq[k ‘kkfUr gks ijksidkj dh Hkkouk gks] vkids vkpkj O;ogkj esa lR; ,oa bZekunkjh dh ladYiuk gksA £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

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ORAON JHAROKHA

ijeohj pØ fotsrk ykal uk;d vYcVZ ,Ddk &fofiu frdhZ] lgk;d çk/;kid] bfrgkl foHkkx] xq-?kk-fo-fo- fcykliqj ¼N-x½

ykal uk;d vYcVZ ,Ddk ¼1942 bZ- & 1971 bZ-½ tUe

27 fnlEcj 1942 bZ- ¼tjh xzke] pSuiqj] ftyk & xqeyk] >kj[k.M½ firk % Jh tqfy;l ,Ddk ekrk % Jhefr efj;e ,Ddk iRuh % Jhefr cyfEnuk ,Ddk iq= % foUlsaV ,Ddk jSad % ykal uk;d ;wfuV % 14 xkMZ~l lsuk esa HkrhZ o’kZ% 27 fnlEcj] 1962 bZlSfud lsok o"kZ o"kZ%% 1962 & 1971 ;q) % fgYyh dk ;q) ¼bUMks&ikd ;q) 1971 bZ-½ e`R;q % 3 fnlEcj] 1971 bZ- ¼xaxklkxj] ckaXykns'k½ vokMZ % ijeohj pØ ¼ej.kksijkar½

fo'o Hkj esa QSys leLr mjkao lekt ds fy, ;g xkSjo dk fo"k; jgk gS fd] gekjs lekt ds e/; ls gh ,d ohj liwr ftUgksaus Hkkjr ekrk dh j{kk gsrq vius çk.kksa dh vkgqfr ns MkyhA os dksbZ vkSj ugha cfYd Hkkjr ds loksZPp lSfud lEeku ijeohj pØ fotsrk ykal uk;d Jh vYcVZ ,Ddk Fks A Lora= Hkkjr ds 05 o"kZ iwoZ 27 fnlEcj 1942 bZ£ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

%

dks orZeku >kj[k.M jkT; ds xqeyk ftys ds tjh xzke esa Jh tqfy;l ,Ddk ,oa Jhefr efj;e ,Ddk ds ;gk¡ vYcVZ ,Ddk dk tUe gqvk FkkA vktknh ds iwoZ 1942 bZ- dk ;g ogh o"kZ Fkk tc Hkkjrh; bfrgkl esa vafre egRoiw.kZ vkUnksyu ÞHkkjr NksM+ks vkUnksyuß fczfV'k ljdkj ds f[kykQ Hkkjrh; Lora=rk dh c;kj FkhA lEiw.kZ

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

Hkkjr o"kZ esa ^djks ;k ejks* ¼Do or die½ dk ukjk jk"Vªfirk egkRek xka/khth ds }kjk blh oä fn;k x;kA blh vkUnksyu ds o"kZ esa vYcVZ ,Ddk dk tUe gqvkA cpiu ls gh vYcVZ ,Ddk ds fny esa Hkkjr ekrk ds çfr ns'k çse ,oa lsok dh tTck dwV&dwV dj Hkjh FkhA D;ksafd muds firk Lo;a ,d lSfud ds :i esa f}rh; fo'o ;q) ¼1939 bZ-&1945 bZ-½

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ORAON JHAROKHA

esa 'kkfey gks pqds FksA çkjaHk ls gh çfrHkk ds /kuh jgs vYcVZ ,Ddk us viuh çkjafHkd f'k{kk jkseu dSFkksfyd fe'ku Ldwy] Hkh[keiqj ls çkIr dhA ?kj esa T;s"B iq= gksus dh otg ls ,oa ikfjokfjd vkfFkZd fLFkfr vPNh u gksus ls os v/;;u NksM+ firk ds lkFk [ksrh&fdlkuh dk;Z esa yxs jgsA rRi'pkr~ mUgksaus nks o"kZ rd etcwjho'k /kkaxj ¼ukSdj½ dk dk;Z djuk Hkh LohdkjkA Hkkjr o"kZ dh Lora=rk çkfIr ds ckn ¼1947 bZ-½ egt 20 o"kZ dh vk;q esa vYcVZ ,Ddk us Hkkjr ek¡ dh fu%LokFkZ lsok gsrq 27 fnlEcj 1962 bZ- esa ,d lSfud ds :i esa fcgkj jsftesaV ls viuk dk;Z 'kq: fd;kA 1962 bZ- dk ;g ogh o"kZ Fkk] tc ^Mªsxu* ;kuh phu us eSdeksgu js[kk ¼Hkkjr&phu ds e/; foHkkftr js[kk½ dk mYya?ku dj Hkkjr ij geyk fd;kA vDlkbZ fpu lesr dbZ Hkkjrh; fgLls phu us vius dCts esa dj fy;sA bl Hkkjr&phu ;q) esa vYcVZ ,Ddk ds cgknqjh] bZekunkjh ,oa vuq'kklu dks ns[krs gq, mUgsa ^ykal uk;d* ds in ij inksUur dj fn;k x;kA f}rh; fo'o ;q) ds ckn lcls cM+h *VSad cSVy* ds uke ls fo[;kr 1965 bZ- esa ikfdLrku dk Hkkjr ij geyk FkkA bl nkSjku Hkh vYcVZ ,Ddk us lPps ns'k Hkä ds :i esa Hkkjr ekrk dh lsok dhA o"kZ 1968 bZ- esa vYcVZ ,Ddk dk fookg cyfEnuk [ksLl ls gqvk] rFkk mUgsa ,d iq= jRu foUlsaV ,Ddk dh çkfIr gqbZA iwohZ ikfdLrkuh ;kuh ckaXykns'k ds eqís dks ysdj 1971 bZ- esa ikfdLrku us tc Hkkjr ij vkØe.k fd;k] ml £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

qÊtwãÊ j§íý âwkçmà vàÞy Âààu§ý ¡Ìr¹êþ ¥¨§ýà nkSjku vYcVZ ,Ddk Hkkjr ds iwohZ lhek ij xaxklkxj ¼ckaXykns'k½ ds fudV vius 14 lg;ksfx;ksa ds lkFk rSukr FksA vkns'k feyrs gh os vius lg;ksfx;ksa ds lkFk nq'eu lsuk ls tk fHkM+sA ?kk;y voLFkk esa Hkh vnE; lkgl dk ifjp; nsrs gq, vYcVZ ,Ddk us ikfdLrkuh cadj esa ços'k dj nq'euksa ds e'khuxu ¼LMG & MMG½ ls fudyus okyh xksfy;ksa dks can djrs bUMks&ikd ds e/; yM+h xbZ *fgYyh ds ;q)* esa gq, vius y{; dks çkIr fd;kA vius çk.k dh vkgqfr nsrs gq,] ygjkrs fot;h frjaxk >aMk dks lyke djrs gq,] Hkkjr ekrk dh t;dkjk yxkrs gq, ohj liwr Hkkjr ek¡ ds xksn esa egt 28 o"kZ dh vk;q esa ;kfu 3 fnlEcj 1971 bZ- dks lnk ds fy, lks x;sA bl ;q) esa Hkkjr ds iwohZ lsuk dekUMj ys- tu- txthr flag vkjksjk dh vxqokbZ esa iwohZ ikfdLrku ds ikd- lsuk dekaMj ys- tu- ,-,-dsfu;kth ikd ds 93]000 lSfudksa lfgr vkReleiZ.k djus dks etcwj gq,A varr% 1971 bZ- ds ;q) esa Hkkjr us ikfdLrku ij Qrg gkfly dhA Hkkjr&ikd @ckaXykns'k dk Lora=rk laxzke 1971 bZ- ds ;q) ls ikfdLrku nks Hkkxksa esa caV x;k] ftlesa ,d uoksfnr jk"Vª ckaXykns'k ¼iwohZ ikfdLrku½ dgyk;kA bl jk"Vª ds fuekZ.k esa tjh xzke ds ohj liwr lfgr >kj[k.M ds yxHkx 26 ohj tokuksa us viuh tku dh vkgqfr nhA vYcVZ ,Ddk dh ohjrk dks yksgk ekurs gq, mUgsa ej.kksijkar Hkkjrh; lSfud lsok dh loksZPp lEeku ijeohj pØ ls lEekfur fd;k x;kA o"kZ 2000 bZ- esa Hkkjr dh 50oha x.kra= fnol ds volj ij Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk mudh ;kn esa 3 #i;s dh Mkd fVdV tkjh dhA ykal uk;d vYcVZ ,Ddk vkt Hkh vYcVZ

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

ISSN-2456-3625

,Ddk pkSd ¼iwoZ esa fQjk;kyky pkSd½ ij cUnwd rkus mjk¡o lekt ds uo ;qod&;qofr;ksa dks ns'k lsok gsrq çsfjr djrs gq,] lekt ds leLr ohj lSfudksa ¼ty] Fky] ok;q½ dk gkSlyk cqyUn djrs gq, fo'o Hkj esa QSys mjk¡o yksxksa lfgr lEiw.kZ Hkkjr okfl;ksa dks ns'kHkfä dk lUns'k ns jgs gSaSA ijeohj pØ fotsrk vYcVZ ,Ddk lfgr mjk¡o lekt ds leLr ohj liwrksa dks nhikatfy] J)katfy ,oa 'kr&'kr ueuA

vlQyrk ,d pqukSrh gS] bls Lohdkj djks] D;k deh jg xbZ] ns[kks vkSj lq/kkj djksA tc rd u lQy gks] uhan pSu dks R;kxks rqe] la?k"kZ dk eSnku NksM+ dj er Hkkxks rqeA dqN fd;s fcuk gh t; t; dkj ugha gksrh] dksf'k'k djus okyksa dh dHkh gkj ugha gksrhA &gfjoa'k jk; ^cPpu*

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ORAON JHAROKHA

mjk¡o lekt & dy] vkt o vkus okyk dy ¼,d lekykspukRed fparu½ -ÐmàâÂàyvày âm§ýLê (¡à¢ê.¡àÊ.¥y.) yçwàâÂàwæm ¡âyйçÞþ¹þ §ýtãÎàÂàÊ yçÞ¹ìþv

¡

àâÀwàyã ÎàÆÀ Ààç ÎàÆÀàçÞ yç rÂàà Ñè, ¡àâÀ ¡nàêmî tåv ¡àèÊ wàyã §ýà ¡nê âÂàwàyã ñ ¡m: Ñt yr tåv âÂàwàyã ÑÞè (Indigenous people) (wmêtàÂà tçÞ sàÊm tçÞ ¡Âàäyåâjm kÂàkàâm §ýL yÞ©uà §ýÊãr 7.50% Ñè ñ) ÑtàÊàýZààjãÂà ¢âmÑày ¡¾uÞm âw§ýâym, tuàêâÀm ¡àèÊ ªààèÊwÎààvã ÊÑà Ñè ñ sàÊm §çý Zàtäh ¡àâÀwàyã ytäÀàuàçÞ tçÞ yÞnàv, ªààçÞð»þ, tÞä»þà, hâð»þuà, Ñàç, ràç»þàç, sãv, hàyã, yÑáÊuà, ªàÊàâyuà, sàçvà, £ÊàÝw, ârÊÑàçÊ, §ýÞwÊ, ÑÌrà, täâð»þuà, sÙàÊà.....¡àâÀ ÑèÞ ñ §ýÑà kàmà Ñè â§ý ÑkàÊàçÞ wxê qåwê ¡àuàG Âàç ÑtàÊç qåwêkàçÞ qÊ ¡à§íýt½à â§ýu ¡àèÊ ²þv§ýq¹þ õàÊà mnà ÑtàÊã §ýtkàçáÊuàçÞ §ýà ¢Ðmçtàv §ýÊ Ñt qÊ âwku qàuã ñ £y ÀàèÊàÂà §ý¢ê ¡àâÀwàyã, kÞªàvàç,Þ qÑàð»þà,Þç hÞÀàÊàçÞ tçÞ sàªà §ýÊ â²þq ªàuç ñ kàç q§ýð»þç ªà¥ £ÂÑçÞ Îàäô w½àê §ýà Àkàê âÀuà ªàuà ñ ¡àèÊ kàç ¢Âà§ýç ¡oãÂà ÂàÑãA ÊÑç, £ÂÑàçÞÂàç §ýsãý sã w½àê ÍuwÐnà §ýàç ÂàÑãÞ Ðwã§ýàÊà ñ ¡àâÀwàyã ytäÀàu tçÞ £ÊàÝw, täÞ»þà, hâð»þuà............... ¡àâÀ tçÞ ªààçØà §ýà tѾwqå½àê ÐnàÂà Ñè, kàç ¡Âàç§ý ªààçØààçÞ tçÞ âwsàâkm Ñè ñ ytªààçâØàu âwwàÑ yÞrÞo âÂàxço Ñè ñ qP¾uç§ý ªààçØà §ýà ¡qÂàà âwâÎà˜þ ªààçØà âjÂÑ Ñàçmà Ñè ñ ÎàÊmjÞôÞ Êàu §çý ¡ÂàäyàÊ 68 ªààçØààçÞ §ýL yåjã ZààÃm Ñä¢ê Ñè ñ ¢ÂàtçÞ yç 19 ªààçØà wÂàÐqâmuàçÞ qÊ, 16 ªààçØà kÞªàvã kàÂàwÊàçÞ qÊ, 14 ªààçØà t²þâvuàçÞ mnà ¡Âu kv jÊ, 12 qâÕàuàçÞ qÊ, 2 hâÂàk qÊ, 2 ÐnàÂàãu ÂààtàçÞ qÊ ¡àèÊ 1 yqàF qÊ qàuç £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

kàmç ÑèÞ ñ Zà¾uç§ý ªààçØà ¡qÂàç ¡àq§ýàç ¥§ý âwâÎà™þþ qåwêk §ýL yÞmàÂà tàÂàmà Ñè ñ ªààçØà âjÂÑ §çý yÞrÞo tçÞ £Âà§ýà âwÎwày Ñè â§ý £Âà§çý qåwêkàçÞ §ýàç ZààjãÂà §ýàv tçÞ §ýàç¢ê Âà §ýàç¢ê ¡âwÐtʽàãu yÑàumà âtvã nã ñ ¢yyç yàÄý kàâÑÊ Ñàçmà Ñè â§ý ÑtàÊç qäÊhç ¡à§ýàÎà, oÊmã ¡àèÊ ytäô qÊ §ýàârk nç ¡àèÊ £ÂàtçÞ yç £ÂÑàçÞÂàç ¡qÂàç âvuç §äýv Àçwmà jäÂàà kàç qÊÞqÊàªàmî Ûýq yç jvã ¡à ÊÑã Ñè ñ ÑtçÞ ¢y qÊ ªàwê tÑyåy §ýÊÂàà jàâÑ¥ ñ â§Þýmä ¡àtmàèÊ qÊ Àçhà ªàuà Ñè â§ý §ý¢ê Íuâ¨m ¡qÂàà ªààçØà ÂàÑãA rmàmç ÑèA wç ²þÀtî ªààçØà kèy:ç - sªàm, ¹þࢪàÊ, rài, £ÊàÝw, q¹çþv, qPoàÂà, Êàt, âÂà§äÞýk, rÊÑà, âyÞÑ, tàÂà§ýLý........ ¢¾uàâÀ âvhmç ÑèAñ qÊÞmä ¥çyà ¨uàçÞ? hèÊ wkÑ £ÂÑçÞ Ñã tàvåt Ñè ñ ¡àâÀwàyã ytäÀàu §çý §äý²þ vàçªà kàç ¡qÂàà ªààçØà â²þqàmç ÑÞè, ²þv-§ýq¹þ, ZàvàçsÂà §çý âÎà§ýàÊ Ñàç§ýÊ §ý¢ê sàªààçÞ tçÞ rݹþmç ÂàkÊ ¡à ÊÑç ÑèA, kèyç â§ý ¥§ý âÑÂÀå £ÊàÝw ¡àèÊ ÀåyÊà ªàè Ê âÑÂÀå £ÊàÝ w âkyÂàç ¢ê y à¢ê otê §ýàç ¡qÂààuà Ñè ñ âky mÊÑ yç âyÞªàÂàã Àà¢ê, §çývã Àà¢ê âyÄêý âÑÂÀå £ÊàÝw §ýL wãʪàÂàà¥Ý ÂàÑãA ¡âqmä wç ytÐm £ÊàÝw vàçªààçÞ §çý âvuç täªàvàçÞ ¡àèÊ ¡àuàG yç vð»þã ÑèA âkÂà qÊ ÑtçÞ ªàwê Ñè ñ xð»þuÞØà§ýàáÊuàçÞ §ýL â²þqã käràÂààÂàäyàÊ ysã ¡àâÀwàyã rÂàwàyã ÑèA ñ rÂàwàyã §ýÑÂàà ¡àâÀwàâyuàçÞ §çý âvuç ¡ÎààçsÂàãu Ñè ñ rÂàwàyã yÞÐnà §ýL ÐnàqÂàà âÀyÈrÊ 1952 §ýàç ràvà yàÑçr ÀçÎàqàÞ»çþ §çý yÊÞÕà½à tçÞ ÑB¢ê Ñè âky§ýà

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

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¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

ISSN-2456-3625

kÑàÝ vð»þ§ýL ÆuàÑã Ñèñ uÑ ¥§ý oàçhà Ñèñ £ÊàÝw ytäÀàu tçÞ ykàmãu âwwàÑ qPnà Ñè uâÀ §ýàç¢ê £ÊàÝw §ýÂuà §ýà ¡Âu ytäÀàu §çý vð»þ§çý yç âwwàÑ Ñàçmà Ñè màç wÑ vð»þ§ýà ¡àèÊ £y§ýà qáÊwàÊ sã £y ytäÀàu yç râÑϧæým â§ýuà kàmà Ñèñ âÄýÊ sã £ÊàÝw ytäÀàu §ýà ÒÀu ¢mÂàà âwÎààv Ñè â§ý £y qáÊwàÊ §ýàç tàÂàyÈtàÂà ÀçÂàç tçÞ §ýàç¢ê §ýtã ÂàÑã §ýÊmç ÑèÞñ ¥çyà sã ÑB¡à Ñè â§ý §äý²þ ¡Âu ytäÀu §çý vàçªà ¡àâÀwàyã ràvà¡àçÞ yç ²þv-§ýq¹þ uà ZàvàçsÂà Àç§ýÊ ÄÝýyà§ýÊ âwwàÑ §ýÊmç ÑèA ñ âwwàÑ §çý £qÊàÂm £y vð»þ§ýã qÊ Àràw »þàvà kàmà Ñè â§ý £ÂÑçÞ ktãÂà §ýà rݹþwàÊà âtvç ñ vð»þ§ýL §çý Âààt yç ¡àâÀwàyã §ýL ktãÂà §íýu §ýL kàmã Ñè ¡àèÊ qáÊOÐnâm ¡Âàä§åýv Âà ÑàçÂàç §ýL OÐnâm tçÞ £ÂÑçÞ iÊ yç rçÀhv â§ýuà kàmà Ñè ñ £ÊàÝw ytäÀàu tçÞ ÐØàã-qäÛýx §ýà ytàÂà ¡âo§ýàÊ Ñè, ÐwmÞØà ÑèA ñ wç â§ýyã mÊÑ §çý yàtàâk§ý rÞoÂà tçÞ ÂàÑãA Ñè jàÑç Àä:h §ýL ið»þã Ñàç uà häÎàã - ¡àÂàÂÀ w ¾uàèÑàÊ §ýà ytu Ñàç wç rçâÑj§ý qäÛýxàçÞ §çý yàn âtv-rèºþ §ýÊ yÑsàªàã Ñàçmã ÑèÞ ñ uÑ ÑtçÞ âwÊàym tçÞ âtvã Ñè ñ wmêtàÂà tçÞ qåÊã ÀäâÂàuà §ýL tâÑvà¥Ý ¡qÂàç ÐwmÞØàmà ¡àèÊ ¡âo§ýàÊ §ýL ZààâÃm Ñçmä yÞixê §ýÊ ÊÑã ÑèÞ ñ uÑ ytl §çý qÊç Ñè â§ý ÑtàÊç qð¼þã-âvhã rçâ¹þuàÝ §uàçÞ ÀåyÊç ytäÀàu tçÞ kà§ýÊ âwwàÑ §ýÊÂàà jàÑmã ÑèÞ kÑàÝ ªàävàtã §ýÊÂàã Ñè mnà ¡Âàç§ý yàtàâk§ý rÞoÂà ÑèÞ ñ §ýsã §ýsã uÑ ÀçhÂàç §ýàç sã âtvmà Ñè â§ý vð»þ§ýà ÀåyÊç ytäÀàu §ýà Ñè qÊ otê (¢êyà¢ê)þ ¥§ý Ñã Ñè ¥çyã qâÊOÐnâm tçÞ jjê £ÂÑçÞ Ðwã§ýÊ §ýÊmã ¡àèÊ oåtoàt yç ÎààÀã Ñàçmã Ñè uÑ sã ¥§ý jàçÊ ÊàÐmà Ñè âky§çý õàÊà £ÊàÝw yÞЧæýâm §ýà ÑÂàÂà Ñàç ÊÑà Ñè ñ yàwoàÂà ÊÑçÞ â§ý ÑtàÊã rçâ¹uàÝ â§ýyã ytäÀàu tçÞ ¢Ðmçtàv â§ýuç kàÂàç §ýà ¡àèkàÊ Âà kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

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ORAON JHAROKHA

rÂàçÞ ñ ¡qÂàã rçâ¹þuàçÞ §ýàç ¡qÂàç ytäÀàu tçÞ Ñã ÎààÀã âwwàÑ §ýÊÂàç §ýL yvàÑ ÀçÞ ñ ¡qÂàã yÞЧæýâm tçÞ ¡Âàç§ý räÊà¢êuàÝ Ñàçmç ÑB¥ sã ÀåyÊç ytäÀàu §ýL yÞЧæýâm yç ¡°²þã ÑÞè ¨uàçÞâ§ý ÂààÊã §ýà yÈtàÂà, ÐwmÞØàmà ¡àèÊ ¡âo§ýàÊ ÑtàÊã yÞЧæýâm §ýà ¥§ý ¡Ñt âÑÐyà Ñè ñ ytàk §çý räâ÷kãâwuàçÞ yç ¡àªàíÑ Ñè â§ý ÑtàÊç rç¹þç rçâ¹þuàçÞ §ç ý âvuç ytu-ytu qÊ §ýàuê Î ààvà, yç â tÂààÊ....... ¡àâÀ §ýà ¡àuàç k Âà §ýÊ £qÊàç¨m ÑàçÂàç wàvã âwwàÑ §çý ÀäÏqáʽààtàçÞ yç ¡wªàm §ýÊà¥Þ ñ wmêtàÂà tçÞ ¡àâÀwàyã wªàê Ðwum: Ààç sàªààçÞ tçÞ rÞ¹þmç âÀhmà ÑÞè, ¥§ý ÎàÑÊ tçÞ ÊÑÂàç wàvà ¡àèÊ ÀåyÊà ªààÞw tçÞ ñ ÎàÑÊ tçÞ ÊÑÂàç wàvç âÎàâÕàm ÑèA, yʧýàÊã Âààè§ýÊã w ¡Âu yÞÐnàÂà tçÞ §ýàuêÊm ÑèA ñ ¢ÂàtçÞ âÑÂÀå rÂàÂàç §ýL Ñàçð»þ yã vªàã Ñè, §uàçâÞ §ý uç ¡qÂàç §ýàç ¡àâÀwàyã ÂàÑãA ytlmç Ñè â§ýÂmä ¡àâÀwàyã §ýàç âtvÂàç wàvã yäâwoà¡àçÞ §ýà £qsàçªà §ýÊ kãwÂà uàqÂà §ýÊmç ÑèÞ ñ qÊ wç uÑ ÂàÑãA kàÂàmç â§ý wç ysã ràÑàP½à, ÕàâØàu ¡àèÊ wèÎu w½àê ÍuwÐnà tçÞ ÂàÑãÞ Ðwã§ýàÊç kàuçÞªàç wç ÎàäÀP Ñã §ýÑvàuçÞªàç ñ ¢ÂÑãÞ âÎàâÕàm wªààG yç Ñã ÀçÑàmã ÕàçØààçÞ tçÞ ÊÑÂàç wàvç ¡àâÀwàâyuàçÞ qÊ räÊà qPsàw qð»þmà Ñèñ ¡m: kàç ¡qÂàç §ýàç âÎàâÕàm §ýÑmç ÑèÞ wç ¡qÂàã yÞЧæýâm §ýàç â§ýyã §ýLtm tçÞ ÂàÑãÞ ¾uàªàç,Þ ¥çyã £ÈtãÀ §ýL kàmã Ñè ñ ¡àâÀwàyã ytäÀàu ¡àâÐm§ý Ñè ÂààOÐm§ý ÂàÑãA ¢yâvuç otê-yÞЧæýâm §ýàç kãwÂà yç ¡vªà ÂàÑãÞ â§ýuà kà y§ýmà ñ kãwÂà §ýL ªààð»þã §çý âvuç Ààç j§§ýàçÞý §ýL kÛýÊm Ñè, wç Ñè otê ¡àèÊ yÞЧæýâm ñ ¡àk yç vªàsªà 100 wxê qåwê kàç ¡àâÀwàyã ¢êyà¢ê otê §ýàç ¡qÂààuà £ÂÑçÞ £Âà§ýL yÞЧæýâm yç ÀåÊ Êhà ªàuà âky§ýà hâtuàkà ¡àk ÀçhÂàç §ýàç âtv ÊÑà Ñè ¨uàçÞâ§ý rÑBm yç ¢êyà¢ê §ýàç ¡qÂàã yÞЧæýâm Ñã tàvåt ÂàÑãA Ñè ñ wmêtàÂà tçÞ uÑ qPuày â§ýuà kà ÊÑà Ñè â§ý £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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£ÊàÝw ytàk - §ýv, ¡àk w ¡àÂàç wàvà §ýv ¡àâÀwàyã yÞЧæýâm kàç rjã Ñè £yç kãâwm Êhmç ÑB¥ otê (¢êyà¢ê) yç kàçð»þà kà¥ñ ¡m: yÞÞЧæýâm õàÊà otê §çý âwÎwày tçÞ kãuà kà y§ýmà Ñè ¢yyç ÑtàÊã yÞЧæýâm sã rÂàã ÊÑçªàã ñ yÞwèoàâÂà§ý ÍuwÐnà - ÐwmÞØà sàÊm yç qåwê ÐwmÞÞØà sàÊm §ýà yÞâwoàÂà rÂààÂàç §çý âv¥ ârí¹þç Âà yʧýàÊ Âàç sàÊm §çý ysã ÊàkÂàèâm§ý Àvàç,Þ ÂàwàràçÞ §çý ZàâmâÂàâouàçÞ ¡àèÊ §äý²þ âÂàÀêvãu, rä÷kãâwuàçÞ §ýL ¥§ý ªààçv tçk §ýàÝÄíçýy vÞÀÂà tç Þ rä v à¢ê âkytç Þ Àâvm qP â mâÂàâo (¥y.¹þã.,¥y.yã,¡Âu âq²þð»þà wªàê) §çý Ûýq tçÞ »þàé. rã ¡àÊ. ¡Èrç»þ§ýÊ ¡àèÊ Êàu yàÑr óã âÂàwàyÂà sã ¡àtÞâØàm nç ñ 24 âymÈrÊ 1932 ¢ê. §ýàç qåÂàà q訹þ §çý mÑm uÑ ytlàèmà ÑB¡à §ýL ÀâvmàçÞ (¥y.¹þã.,¥y.yã,¡Âu âq²þ»ð þà wªàê)§ýàç §çýÂôãu vàç§ýysà ¡àèÊ Êà³uàçÞ §ýL âwoàÂàysà¡àçÞ ¥wÞ ÐnàÂàãu yÞÐnà¡àçÞ tçÞ kÂàyÞ©uà §çý ¡ÂàäyàÊ qPâmâÂàâo¾w ÀçÂàà Ñè ñ yʧýàÊã Âààè§ýáÊuàçÞ tçÞ sã qPâmâÂàâo¾w ÀçÂàç §çý ¡vàwà Îàè â Õà½à§ý yÞ Ð nà¡àç Þ tç Þ Àâvmàç Þ (¥y.¹þã.,¥y.yã, ¡Âu âq²þ»ð þà wªàê) §ýàç âwÎàçx yäâwoà¥Ý âÀuà kàÂàà Ñè ñ ¢y mÊÑ yÞâwoàÂà tçÞ ¡àâÀwàâyuàçÞ §çý âvuç âwÎàçxààâo§ýàÊàçÞ §ýã ÍuwÐnà §ýL ªà¢ê Ñè wÑ sã uÑ tàÂà§ýÊ §ýL ªà¢ê Ñè â§ý ¡àâÀwàyã yàtàâk§ý, ÊàkÂàèâm§ý, ¡àânê § ý, ¥ç â mÑàáy§ý, yàÞ Ð §æ ý âm§ý ¡àè Ê yè÷àOÂm§ý Yâ˜þ yç âÑÂÀä¡àçÞ (yw½ààG) yç âsÂÂà Ñè ñ ¢yã ¡àoàÊ qÊ £Âà§çý âvuç ¡àÊÕà½à §ýL ÍuwÐnà §ýL ªà¢ê Ñè ñ ¢yâvuç £Âà§ýàç £Âà§ýL ¡àràÀã §çý ¡ÂàäyàÊ ¡vªà yç ¡âo§ýàÊ ÀçÂàç §ýL ÍuwÐnà §ýL ªà¢ê Ñè ñ ¡àâÀwàáyuàçÞ §ýàç ¡àÊÕà½à Àuà uà sãh §ç Ûýq tçÞ ÂàÑãÞ âÀuà ªàuà Ñè £ÂÑçÞ, uÑ rÞ¹þwàÊà tåv ¡âo§ýàÊ ¡àèÊ yÞwèoàâÂà§ý ¡âo§ýàÊ §çý Ûýq tçÞ âtvà Ñè ñ ¡àâÀwàyã yÞЧæýâm ¡àèÊ ktãÂà qÊ Ðwàât¾w ¢Âà Ààç ràmàçÞ yç ¡àâÀwàyã ¡âo§ýàÊ

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

ISSN-2456-3625

qPàÃm §ýÊmç ÑèA ¢yâvuç ¡àâÀwàâyuàçÞ §ýàç ¡qÂàç ktãÂà ¥wÞ yÞЧæýâm §ýL ÊÕàà §ýÊÂàã jàâÑuç ¡Âunà wç ªàèÊ ¡àâÀwàyã rÂà kàÝ¥ªàç ñ uâÀ ¡àâÀwàyã ytàk §ýàç ¡qÂàã §ýàtuàrã qPàÃm §ýÊÂàã Ñè màç £ÂÑçÞ kv, ktãÂà, kÞªàv §çý yàn yÞЧæýâm ¡àèÊ yÞâwoàÂà yç käð»þÂàà Ñàçªàà ñ sàÊm tçÞ ¡Âàäyåâjm kÂà kàâmuàçÞ yç yÞrÞâom §ý¢ê ZààwoàÂà ÑèA kàç yÞâwoàÂà tçÞ £Ìvçâhm ÑèA ñ ¢ÂÑçÞ Ààç sàªààçÞ tçÞ ràÞ¹þà kà y§ýmà Ñè yäÊÕàà ¡àèÊ âw§ýày ñ yäÊÕàà yÞrÞâom ZààwoàÂà yÞâwoàÂà §çý ¡Âàä°²çþÀ 15(4), 16(4), 19(5), 23, 29, 46, 164, 330, 332, 334, 335, w 338, 339(1), 37 (§ý) (h) w (y)Ñèñ ¥wÞ qàÝjwã yåjã w ²þºþã yåjã tçÞ Âà vàç§ýysà Âà Êà³uysà yryç ¤ýqÊ ªàPàtysà §ýà ¡âo§ýàÊ wâ½àêm Ñè ñ âw§ýày yÞrÞâom ZààwoàÂà tä©u Ûýq yç ¡Âàä°²çþÀ 275 (1) Zànt ¡ÂàärÞo mnà 339 (2) tçÞ âÂàâÑm Ñè ñ ¢y mÊÑ âwÊàym tçÞ âtvà ÑB¡à yÞЧæýâm wÑ ªàä½à Ñè âkyyç §ýàç¢ê sã ¡Ðwã§ýàÊ ÂàÑãA §ýÊ y§ýmà ¡àèÊ Âà Ñã ¢yç §ýàç¢ê hàâÊk §ýÊ y§ýmà Ñè ñ â§ýyã ÍuO¨m §ýã ¡àâÀwàâyum §ýàç §ýàç¢ê ¢y ràm yç sã ÂàÑãA mu §ýÊ y§ýmç â§ý £ytçÞ ¡àâÀwàyã håÂà â§ýmÂàà Ñè ñ ¡à¢uç Ñt yr uÑ §ýÑçÞ ¡àèÊ §ýÊçÞ -

“qð¼þàç, âvhàç, rð¼þàç, yÞЧæýâm kð»þàçñþ ” ku kàçÑÊ, ku ¡àâÀwàyã ñ

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ISSN-2456-3625

ORAON JHAROKHA

nknk&nknh ds uqL[ks &vaFkzsl dsjdsV~Vk] fo|qr vfHk;ark izLrqfr&va

vkx ls tyus ij %&

lkexzh& fir ikiM+] ?keklk;] vkSj Ropk dks okLrfod jax esa ys vk,xkA 2-lkexz dqVdh]ukxj eksFkk] fpjsrkA lkexzh% lky isM+ ¼eDdk eUuw½ds fNydsA &Jherh fojftfu;k dqtwj fof/k% lky ds fNyds dks lkQ dj rc vkWojkVksyh] ridjk fof/k & mijksDr lHkh phtksa dks cjkcj ek=k esa ysdj mls mckydj 7 fnu rd rd ikuh esa mckys]a tc rd fd fNydk [kkyh isV esa ihus ls ihfy;k pyk tk,sxkA (Jaundice) jl NksMu+ s u yxsA jl fudyus ls fNyds &Lo- Jh fcuwlk; ,Ddk y{k.k& gkFk] vk¡ [ a k] ps g js ] is ” kkc ikuh es a dk jax gYdk gks tkrk gSA fNyds ds fcykliqj jl dks Nku dj ikuh ds lkFk /kheh ihyk jax fn[kuk] gYdk cq[kkj ,oa Hkw[k vkap esa idk dj ikd cuk;aAs idkrs u yxukA le; pEep ls fgykrs jgsa rkfd crZu esa bykt% u fpidsA tc ikd iwjh rjg cu tkrh 1- Hkwba Z vkWoyk ds ikS/ks dks lkQ dj vPNh rjg ihl dj ikuh feyk,] vkSj gS] rks mls BaMk gksus nasA mipkj% BaMs ikd dks lkQ diMs@:bZ yxHkx ,d di jl cukb,A jl dk }kjk] tys gq, txg ij ysi yxk;sAa lsou lqcg] nksigj] “kke djus ls ihfy;k lkexzh& vknjd] uhacw jl] e/kq&jl] ysi fdlh Hkh oL= esa u yxs ojuk oL= pyk tk;sxkA bl jl dks 7&10 fnu rqylh iRrh jl dks cjkcj ek=k esa ysdj esa fpid tk,xkA ysi dks rc rd yxk;s rd lsou djsaA LoLFk gksus ij Hkw[k ,d crZu esa feyk;s]a fQj lqcg] nksigj] tc rd ?kko Bhd ugha gks tkrk gSA bl yxsxkA dsoy mcyk gqvk [kku&iku dk “kke ,d&nks pEep lsou djsAa pwHkus okyk [kkWlh Bhd gks tk;sxkA nkSjku ikuh ls ?kko dks lkQ ugha djuk lsou djsAa &Jherh esjh lq”khyk [kk[kk &Lo- Jh tkslsQ dsjdsV~Vk gSA tgk¡ t:jr gS ysi vkSj yxk;sAa ysi fcykliqj yokdsjk] t”kiqj tys gq, ?kko dks iwjh rjg Bhd djsxk

ihfy;k

[kk¡lh ¼xys esa pqHkus okyk½

fctyh >Vds ls cpsa %&

/kkjk ;k djs a V iz o kg gks u s ij gh M.C.B.@¶;wt vkWWQ (off) gksxkA gekjk “kjhj 100 mA ¼feyh ,fEi;j½ djsaV Hkh lgu ugha dj ldrk gSA ;fn euq’; dks fctyh dk >Vdk yxrk ;k fpidrk gS rks mlls cpus ds fy, vkt cktkj esa cgqr lkjh dEifu;k¡ dh RCCB (Residual Current Circuit Breaker) gS tks gesa >Vdk ;k euq’; dks fpidus ls cpk;sxkA vksãl fu;e ¼Ohms Law½½ %&

vk/kqfud ftUnxh esa foKku usa gesa cgqr dqN fn;k gS] ysfdu mi;qDr pht dk mi;ksx u dj ikrs] D;ksafd gesa tkudkjh ugha gS ;k tkudkjh ysus dh vko”;rk ugha iM+hA ge xkM+h pykrs le; lHkh izdkj dh lko/ kkfu;k¡ djrs gaSA tSls lqj{kk ds fy, gsyesV igurs gaS] dkj esa lhV csYV yxkrs gSa vkSj viuh lqj{kk djrs gSaA I = V/R blh izdkj fctyh lsa lqj{kk ds I &djsaV] ;wfuV ,fEi;j ¼A½ fy, M.C.B. ¼,e-lh-ch-- Miniature Cir- tgk¡ V-oksYVst] ;wfuV ¼v½ cuit Breaker½ o ¶;wt dk mi;ksx djrs R-izfrjks/k] ;wfuV vksã ¼ ½ gaAS M.C.B.@¶;wt vksoj yksM o lkWVZ lfdZV ls cpkrk gSA ;fn M.C.B.@¶;wt 10A ;fn ?kj esa oksYVst dh ek=k 230V jsfVax dk gSA rks iFk ;k lfdZV esa tc 10A AC, euq’; ds “kjhj dk izfrjks/k 1000 vksãl

£ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

ls 10]000 vksãl gksrk gSA “kjhj ls djsaV I = 230V/1000  I = 0.23A (1A=1000ma) I = 23 mA

euq ’ ; dks cpkus ds fy, vrajkZ’Vªh; ekud 30 mA ¼feyh ,fEi;j½ fydst djsaV okyk RCCB (32A, 40A, 63A½ ?kj esa yxk;saA ;fn flaxy Qsl gS rks Mcy iksy ¼D.P.½ ;k Fkzh Qsl ?kj esa yxk;s gSa rks Vªhiy iksy ¼T.P.½ (32A, 40A, 63A ½ 30 mA RCCB yxk;s a A tSl& s 40A, 30 mA, DP,RCCBA RCCB fydst djsaV ;k >Vds dh fLFkfr esa esu lfdZV dks vkWVksefVd cUn dj nsxk vkSj vki fctyh ds >Vds ls lqjf{kr cp tk;saxsA

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mjk¡o >jks[kk vk;ksftr lej dSEi / Summer Camp Liksdu bafXy”k Dykl / Spoken English Class frfFk /Date :

1&20 ebZ 2017 @ 1-20 May 2017

LFkku@Venue %

lar foUlsaV iyksVh Ldwy] eaxyk pkSd] fcykliqj ¼izLrkfor½ St. Vincent Pallotti School, Bilaspur

le;@Time :

Call :

7.00 AM to 9.00 AM 6.30 PM to 8.30 PM

Dr. S.Kispotta Mo.: 94255-47718 Mr. Vipin Tirkey Category - A/B/C/D th Mo.: 97553-06424 jftLVªs”ku Qhl A+D: Rs. 1200/- for Class 12 & College Students Registration Fee B: Rs. 1000/- for Class 9th to 11th Class Students Mr. Anand Kujur Mo.: 88711-02898 C: Rs. 800/- for Class 6th to 8th Class Students Mr. Ajay Sameer Kujur No. of Seats : 50 for 12th & College Students Mo.: 99818-23757 50 for 9th to 11th Class Students D 50 for 6th to 8th Class Students

for Working Persons and house wives

Course Content

for Class 6-8 - English Grammar+vocabulary building for 9-14 Class - English Grammar+Speaking for 12th+Above - Communication Skills Competitive English/G.D./ P.I./ PD

Admission will be on the basis of “First Come First Serve” **igys vkvks igys ikvks** Hu rry Up !!

bPNqd Nk=@Nk=k,¡@O;fDr “kh?kzkfr”kh?kz iath;u djsaA lhV Qqy gksus ds i”pkr~ fdlh Hkh vkosnu ij fopkj ugha gksxkA Hurry Up !!

ORAON JHAROKHA

Registration Starts From 15th January 2017 onwards till 15th April 2017

jftLVªs”ku izkjaHk frfFk % 15 tuojh 2017 ls 15 vizSy 2017 rd Note : Registration fee once paid, NOT REFUNDABLE

¼jftLVsª”ku gsrq tek Qhl okil ugha gksxk ½ Contact office: CDS (Career Development Services) Bilaspur Near D.P. College, Old High Court Road, Bilaspur (C.G.)

£ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

E-mail: oraonjharokha@gmail.com Phone No. : 07752-408449

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ÊâkйìçþÎàÂà Äýàétê

ORAON JHAROKHA

ISSN-2456-3625

mjk¡o >jks[kk vk;ksftr Summer Camp English Grammar & Spoken English

bl QkWeZ dh QksVks dkWih Hkh Lohdkj dh tk,xhA

Registration Form Organised by Oraon Jharokha

Form No. ...........

Category : A/B/C/D (Batch) Time :............... Fee Rs. ...............

1. Student’s Name : ............................................................................. 2. Father’s Name : ............................................................................ 3. Mother’s Name : ............................................................................. 4. Date of Birth

: .............................................................................

5. Gender

: Male/Female ......................................................

6. Education

:

S.No.

Class/Degree/ Diploma/ School/College/ Certificate/ University/Institute Coaching

Year of Passing

t ul s Re

Photo

2016-17

7. Present Address

: .................................................................................................

8. Permanent Address

: ................................................................................................

9. Contact No. (Mobile) : Student’s.........................................Parent's.......................... 10. E-mail

: ..............................................................................................

Declaration I ......................................................S/o, D/o, W/o......................................... Pledge to learn sincerely so that I may become a learned member of my community. I affirm to obey all the rules and regulations of the camp. Signature of the student £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

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ISSN-2456-3625

ORAON JHAROKHA

dksMk+ dq n”kZu&n”kk ,oa fn”kk &fcfiu fd”kksj dqtwj] /kuokj] cyjkeiqj iafMr lqUnjyky “kekZ ¼eqDr½ fdlh ds ?kj esa ,d u;s cPps ds tUe fo”ofo|ky;] fcykliqj esa **lkekftd ij dk;Zdze py jgk FkkA xkao ds lkjs lejlrk** fo’k; ij ,d jk’Vªh; laxks’Bh yksx ogka bdV~Bs Fks vkSj muds vykok py jgh FkhA fofHkUk fo”ofo|ky; ds nwljs xkaoksa ls Hkh lxs&lac/a kh cM+h rknkn cM+& s cM+s f”k{kkfon~ lkekftd lejlrk esa ogka i/kkj jgs FksA eSua s fdlh ls iwNk fo’k; ij viuk fopkj izdV dj jgs FksA fd ;g xjhc ifjokj brus lkjs esgekuksa mueas ls cgqrksa us lkekftd lejlrk dh esgekuh dSls djsxkA mlus tokc ij egkiqj’kksa ds ;ksxnku ij ppkZ dhA fn;k fd dksMk+ dq lekt esa fdlh Hkh muds fparuksa dks lqudj esjs eu esa lkekftd dk;Z d z e es a yks x ks a dks vuk;kl ,d fopkj vk jgk Fkk fd ge f[kykuk&fiykuk ,oa esgeku uokth egkiq:’kksa ,oa fopkjdksa ds ;ksxnku dh djuk dksbZ cM+h ckr ugha gSA lHkh ifjokj ljkguk rks djrs gSa ijUrq lekt fuekZ.k ds yksx viuh la[;k ds vk/kkj ij esa vius [kqn dh Hkwfedk dks T;knk [kkus&ihus dk lkjk lkeku vius lkFk vgfe;r ugha ns ikrs gSaA lkekftd ysdj vkrs gSa vkSj ogk¡ lHkh tu fey fofHkUurk gksus ds ckotwn vius thou ckaV dj [kkrs&ihrs ,oa vkuan eukrs gSAa “kSyh ,oa lkaLd`frd fojklr ds ek/;e ftl ifjokj esa dk;Zdze dk vk;kstu ls ge lekt fuekZ.k esa Hkkjh ;ksxnku gksrk gS mUgsa rfud Hkh Hkkj ugha fn;k nsrs gSa] ysfdu cgq/kk gesa viuh vPNkbZ;ksa tkrk gSA Hkkstu djrs oDr Hkh NksV& s cM+s dks vkadus esa fgpfdpkgV gksrh gSA lcdk [;ky j[krs gq, lHkh ds fy, “kk;n blfy, D;ksafd gekjh Hkkjrh; cjkcj ek=k esa Hkkstu ckaVk tkrk gS vkSj laLd`fr gesa Loa; dh cM+kbZ ,oa xq.kxku vxj dksbZ O;fDr dk;Zdze esa vuqifLFkr djuk ugha fl[kkrh gSA fQj Hkh gesa gS rks mlds fgLls dk Hkkstu lqjf{kr viuh vPNkbZ;ksa dh ljkguk djus esa mlds ?kj rd igqp a k fn;k tkrk gSA fgpfdpkuk ugha pkfg,A dksM+kdq vkfnoklh lekt dh eSa NRrhlx<+ esa cyjkeiqj ftys ;s lkaLd`frd fojklr vkt ds cnyrs ds /kuokj fe”ku {ks= esa dk;Zjr gw¡A ;gka ifjos”k esa tgk¡ yksx vius vkSj viuksa gekjs dksMk+ dq vkfnoklh HkkbZ&cguksa dh esa fleVrs tk jgs gSa /kuokj] cyjkeiqj la[;k dkQh T;knk gSA vius dke ds ftyk ,d Toyar vkn”kZ gSA vkilh flyflys esa eSa ,d ckj ,d xkao x;k erHksnksa dks Hkwy dj ;s yksx vius gqvk FkkA xkao esa dkQh pgy&igy FkhA HkkbZ&cguksa dh lsok ,oa lgk;rk ds £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà ¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

fy, fdlh Hkh rjg dh dfBukbZa;ka mBkus ,oa R;kx djus dks ges”kk rRij jgrs gSaA vkt tc gekjs lekt esa I;kj] lgkuqHkwfr] {kek”khyrk] lg;ksx vkfn lkekftd ewY; foyqIr gksrs ut+j vk jgs gS]a gesa viuh iSuh n`f’Vdks.k nkSMk+ dj ,sls lkekftd ,oa lkaLd`frd ewY;ksa dks c<+kok nsus dh t:jr gSA dksM+kdq tutkfr ftudh jk’Vªh; Lrj ij dksbZ [+kkl igpku ugha gS] u gh bl tutkfr dk uke Hkkjrh; lafo/kku ds uksfVfQ+d”s ku fyLV esa “kkfey gS] vius ljy ,oa galeq[k thou”kSyh ds fy, e”kgwj gSA fe”kujh Q+knjksa us 1994 esa /kuokj uked bl txg ij ,d Ldwy [kksyk] ftls mUgksua s bl tkfr ds yksxksa ds uke lefiZr fd;k] tgk¡ ls i<+dj bl tkfr dh igyh ih<+h vkt ?kj ls ckgj fudydj nqfu;ka ns[k jgh gSA cgqr ls dks M + k dq cPps bl la L Fkk ls i<+&fy[kdj vkt fofHkUu ljdkjh ,oa xSj ljdkjh laLFkkuksa esa viuh lsok,a ns jgs gSAa f”k{kk us buds thou dks ,d u;k eksM+ fn;k gSA vkt ;s yksx vius ls lksp ldrs gS]a vius [kqn dk fu.kZ; ys ldrs gS]a yksxksa ds lkFk rdZ&fordZ dj ldrs gSa] vius yksxksa dk usr`Ro dj ldrs gSa vkSj vius [kqn dk O;kikj pyk ldrs gSAa dy rd ;s taxyksa esa jgk

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ISSN-2456-3625

ORAON JHAROKHA

tkfu;s lafo/kku ds izko/kku ik¡poha vuqlp w h vuqPNsn 244 ¼1½ vuqlfw pr {ks=ksa vkSj vuqlfw pr tutkfr;ksa ds ç”kklu vkSj fu;a=.k ds ckjs esa mica/k Hkkx d izLrqfr% vkuUn dqekj dqtwj ¼laiknd½ lk/kkj.k 1- fuoZpu& bl vuqlp w h es]a tc rd fd lanHkZ ls vU;Fkk visf{kr u gks] jkT; in ds varxZr ¼lafo/kku ¼lkrok¡ la”kks/ku½ vf/kfu;e] 1956 dh /kkjk 29 vkSj vuqlp w h }kjk çFke vuqlp w h ds Hkkx d ;k Hkkx [k esa fofufnZ’V jkT; vfHkçsr gS ijarq “kCnksa vkSj v{kjksa dk yksi fd;k x;kA½ ¼iwoksZÙkj {ks= ¼iquxZBu½ vf/kfu;e] 1971 ¼1971 dk 81½ dh /kkjk 71 }kjk ¼21&1&1972 ls½ vle jkT; ds LFkku ij çfrLFkkfirA½ vle] ¼lafo/kku ¼mupklok¡ la”kks/ku½ vf/kfu;e] 1984 dh /kkjk 3 }kjk ¼1&4&1985 ls½ vkSj es?kky; ds LFkku ij çfrLFkkfirA½ ¼fetks j e jkT; vf/kfu;e] 1986 ¼1986 dk 34½ dh /kkjk 39 }kjk ¼20&2&1987 ls½ es?kky; vkSj f=iqjk ds LFkku ij çfrLFkkfirA½ es?kky;] f=iqjk vkSj fetksje jkT; ugha gSAa 2- vuqlwfpr {ks=ksa esa fdlh jkT; dh dk;Zikfydk “kfä&

3- vuqlwfpr {ks=ksa ds ç”kklu ds laca/k esa jk’Vªifr dks jkT;iky ¼lafo/kku ¼lkrok¡ la”kks/ku½ vf/kfu;e] 1956 dh /kkjk 29 vkSj vuqlp w h }kjk ;k jktçeq[k “kCnksa dk yksi fd;k x;kA½ }kjk çfrosnu& ,sls çR;sd jkT; dk jkT;iky ¼la f o/kku ¼lkrok¡ la”kks/ku½ vf/kfu;e] 1956 dh /kkjk 29 vkSj vuqlp w h }kjk ;k jktçeq[k “kCnksa dk yksi fd;k x;kA½ ftlesa vuqlfw pr {ks= gS]a çfro’kZ ;k tc Hkh jk’Vªifr bl çdkj vis{kk djs] ml jkT; ds vuqlfw pr {ks=ksa ds ç”kklu ds lac/a k esa jk’Vªifr dks çfrosnu nsxk vkSj la?k dh dk;Zikfydk “kfä dk foLrkj jkT; dks mä {ks=ksa ds ç”kklu ds ckjs esa funs”k nsus rd gksxkA

¼2½ tutkfr lykgdkj ifj’kn~ dk ;g drZO; gksxk fd og ml jkT; dh vuqlfw pr tutkfr;ksa ds dY;k.k vkSj mUufr ls lacfa /kr ,sls fo’k;ksa ij lykg ns tks mldks jkT;iky ¼lafo/kku ¼lkrok¡ Hkkx [k la”kks/ku½ vf/kfu;e] 1956 dh /kkjk 29 w h }kjk ;FkkfLFkfr] jkT;iky vuq l w f pr {ks = ks a vkS j vuq l w f pr vkSj vuqlp tutkfr;ksa dk ç”kklu vkSj fu;a=.k ;k jktçeq[k “kCnksa ds LFkku ij mijksä :i esa j[kk x;kA½ }kjk fufnZ’V fd, 4- tutkfr lykgdkj ifj’kn~& tk,¡A

¼1½ ,sls çR;sd jkT; es]a ftlesa vuqlfw pr bl vuqlp w h ds mica/kksa ds v/khu jgrs {ks= gSa vkSj ;fn jk’Vªifr ,slk funs”k ns gq,] fdlh jkT; dh dk;Zikfydk “kfä rks] fdlh ,sls jkT; esa Hkh ftlesa vuqlfw pr dk foLrkj mlds vuqlfw pr {ks=ksa ij gSA tutkfr;k¡ gSa fdarq vuqlfw pr {ks= ugha £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

gSa] ,d tutkfr lykgdkj ifj’kn~ LFkkfir dh tk,xh tks chl ls vf/kd lnL;ksa ls feydj cusxh ftuesa ls ;Fkk”kD; fudVre rhu&pkSFkkbZ ml jkT; dh fo/kkulHkk esa vuqlfw pr tutkfr;ksa ds çfrfuf/k gksx a ]s ijarq ;fn ml jkT; dh fo/kkulHkk esa vuqlfw pr tutkfr;ksa ds çfrfuf/k;ks a dh la [ ;k tutkfr lykgdkj ifj’kn esa ,sls çfrfuf/k;ksa ls Hkjs tkus okys LFkkuksa dh la[;k ls de gS rks “ks’k LFkku mu tutkfr;ksa ds vU; lnL;ksa ls Hkjs tk,¡xsA

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

¼3½ jkT;iky ¼la f o/kku ¼lkrok¡ la”kks/ku½ vf/kfu;e] 1956 dh /kkjk 29 vkSj vuqlp w h }kjk ;k jktçeq[k “kCnksa dk yksi fd;k x;kA½&

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kàâÂàuç yÞâwoàÂà §çý qPàwoàÂà

ORAON JHAROKHA

ISSN-2456-3625

¼d½ ifj’kn ds lnL;ksa dh la[;k dks] fof”k’Vr;k vkSj iwoZxkeh “kfä dh mudh fu;q f ä dh vkS j ifj’kn ds O;kidrk ij çfrdwy çHkko Mkys fcuk] v/;{k rFkk mlds vf/kdkfj;ksa vkSj lsodksa ,sls fofu;e& dh fu;qfä dh jhfr dks] ¼d½ ,sls {ks= dh vuqlfw pr tutkfr;ksa ¼[k½ mlds vf/kos”kuksa ds lapkyu rFkk ds lnL;ksa }kjk ;k muesa Hkwfe ds varj.k lk/kkj.kr;k mldh çfØ;k dks] vkSj dk çfr”ks/k ;k fucaZ/ku dj ldsaxs] ¼[k½ ,sls {ks= dh tutkfr;ksa ds lnL;ksa ¼x½ vU; lHkh vkuq”kafxd fo’k;ksa dks] dks Hkwfe ds vkcaVu dk fofu;eu dj ;FkkfLFkfr] fofgr ;k fofu;fer djus ldsaxs] ds fy, fu;e cuk ldsxkA ¼x½ ,sls O;fä;ksa }kjk tks ,sls {ks= dh 5- vuqlwfpr {ks=ksa dks ykxw fof/k& vuqlwfpr tutkfr;ksa ds lnL;ksa dks ¼1½ bl lafo/kku esa fdlh ckr ds gksrs /ku m/kkj nsrs gS]a lkgwdkj ds :i esa a As gq, Hkh] jkT;iky ¼lafo/kku ¼lkrok¡ dkjckj djus dk fofu;eu dj ldsx la”kks/ku½ vf/kfu;e] 1956 dh /kkjk 29 vkSj vuqlp w h }kjk ;FkkfLFkfr] jkT;iky ;k jktçeq[k “kCnksa ds LFkku ij mijksä :i esa j[kk x;kA½ yksd vf/klwpuk }kjk funs”k ns ldsxk fd laln dk ;k ml jkT; ds fo/kku eaMy dk dksbZ fof”k’V vf/kfu;e ml jkT; ds vuqlfw pr {ks= ;k mlds fdlh Hkkx dks ykxw ugha gksxk vFkok ml jkT; ds vuqlfw pr {ks= ;k mlds fdlh Hkkx dks ,sls vioknksa vkSj mikarj.kksa ds v/khu jgrs gq, ykxw gksxk tks og vf/klwpuk esa fofufnZ’V djs vkSj bl miiSjk ds v/khu fn;k x;k dksbZ funs”k bl çdkj fn;k tk ldsxk fd mldk Hkwry{kh çHkko gksA ¼2½ jkT;iky ¼la f o/kku ¼lkrok¡ la”kks/ku½ vf/kfu;e] 1956 dh /kkjk 29 vkSj vuqlp w h }kjk ;FkfLFkfr] jkT;iky ;k jktçeq[k “kCnksa ds LFkku ij mijksä :i esa j[kk x;kA½ fdlh jkT; esa fdlh ,sls {ks= dh “kkafr vkSj lq”kklu ds fy, fofu;e cuk ldsxk tks rRle; vuqlfw pr {ks= gSA £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

Hkkx x vuqlwfpr {ks= 6- vuqlwfpr {ks=& ¼1½ bl lafo/kku es]a vuqlfw pr {ks= in ls ,sls {ks= vfHkçsr gS]a ftUgsa jk’Vªifr vkns”k ¼vuqlfw pr {ks= ¼Hkkx d jkT;½ vkns”k] 19150 ¼la-vk- 9½] vuqlfw pr {ks= ¼Hkkx [k jkT;½ vkns”k] 1950 ¼la-vk- 26½] vuqlwfpr {ks= ¼fgekpyçns”k½ vkns”k] 1975 ¼la-vk- 102½ vkSj vuqlfw pr {ks= ¼fcgkj] xqtjkr] e/;çns”k vkSj mM+hlk jkT;½ vkns”k] 1977 ¼la-vk- 109½ nsf[k,A½ }kjk vuqlfw pr {ks= ?kksf’kr djsA ¼2½ jk’Vªifr fdlh Hkh le; vkns”k ¼eækl vuqlfw pr {ks= ¼lekfIr½ vkns”k] 1950 ¼3½ ,sls fdlh fofu;e dks cukus esa tks ¼la-vk- 30½ vkSj vka/kz vuqlwfpr {ks= bl iSjk ds miiSjk ¼2½ esa fufnZ’V gS] ¼lekfIr½ vkns”k] 1955 ¼la-vk- 50½ nsf[k,A½ jkT;iky ¼la f o/kku ¼lkrok¡ }kjk & la”kks/ku½ vf/kfu;e] 1956 dh /kkjk 29 vkSj vuqlp w h }kjk ;k jktçeq[k “kCnksa ¼d½ funs”k ns ldsxk fd dksbZ lai.w kZ dk yksi fd;k x;kA½ laln ds ;k ml vuqlfw pr {ks= ;k mldk dksbZ fofufnZ’V jkT; ds fo/kku eaMy ds vf/kfu;e Hkkx vuqlfw pr {ks= ;k ,sls {ks= dk Hkkx dk ;k fdlh fo|eku fof/k dk] tks ugha jgsxk] ç”uxr {ks= esa rRle; ykxw gS] fujlu ¼lafo/kku ik¡poha vuqlwph ¼la”kks/ku½ ;k la”kks/ku dj ldsxkA vf/kfu;e] 1976 ¼1976 dk 101½ dh ¼4½ bl iSjk ds v/khu cuk, x, lHkh fofu;e jk’Vªifr ds le{k rqjra çLrqr fd, tk,¡xs vkSj tc rd og mu ij vuqefr ugha ns nsrk gS rc rd mudk dksbZ çHkko ugha gksxkA ¼5½ bl iSjk ds v/khu dksbZ fofu;e rc rd ugha cuk;k tk,xk tc rd fofu;e cukus okys jkT;iky ¼la f o/kku ¼lkrok¡ la”kks/ku½ vf/kfu;e] 1956 dh /kkjk 29 vkSj vuqlp w h }kjk ;k jktçeq[k “kCnksa dk yksi fd;k x;kA½ us tutkfr lykgdkj ifj’kn~ okys jkT; dh n”kk esa ,slh ifj’kn~ ls ijke”kZ ugha dj fy;k gSA

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

/kkjk 2 }kjk var%LFkkfirA½ ¼d½ fdlh jkT; ds fdlh vuqlfw pr {ks= ds {ks= dks ml jkT; ds jkT;iky ls ijke”kZ djus ds i”pkRk c<+k ldsxk] ¼[k½ fdlh vuqlfw pr {ks= es]a dsoy lhekvksa dk ifj”kks/ku djds gh] ifjorZu dj ldsxk] ¼x½ fdlh jkT; dh lhekvksa ds fdlh ifjorZu ij ;k la?k esa fdlh u, jkT; ds ços”k ij ;k u, jkT; dh LFkkiuk ij ,sls fdlh {ks= dks] tks igys ls fdlh jkT; esa lfEefyr ugha gS]a vuqlfw pr {ks=

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kàâÂàuç yÞâwoàÂà §çý qPàwoàÂà

ORAON JHAROKHA

;k mldk Hkkx ?kksf’kr dj ldsxk]

ISSN-2456-3625

mica/k gks ldsx a s tks jk’Vªifr dks vko”;d vkSj mfpr çrhr gks]a fdarq tSlk Åij ¼lafo/kku ik¡poha vuqlwph ¼la”kks/ku½ dgk x;k gS mlds flok; bl iSjk ds vf/kfu;e] 1976 ¼1976 dk 101½ dh miiSjk ¼1½ ds v/khu fd, x, vkns”k esa /kkjk 2 }kjk var%LFkkfirA½ fdlh i”pkRorhZ vkns”k }kjk ifjorZu ¼?k½ fdlh jkT; ;k jkT;ksa ds lac/a k esa ugha fd;k tk,xkA bl iSjk ds v/khu fd, x, vkns”k ;k Hkkx ?k vkns”kksa dks fo[kafMr dj ldsxk vkSj lacfa /kr jkT; ds jkT;iky ls ijke”kZ vuqlwph dk la”kks/ku djds mu {ks=ksa dks] tks vuqlfw pr {ks= 7- vuqlwph dk la”kks/ku& gksx a ]s iqu% ifjfuf”pr djus ds fy, u, vkns”k dj ldsxk] vkSj ,sls fdlh vkns”k ¼1½ laln le;&le; ij fof/k }kjk] w h ds mica/kksa esa ls fdlh dk] esa ,sls vkuq”kafxd vkSj ikfj.kkfed bl vuqlp

ifjo/kZu] ifjorZu ;k fujlu ds :i es]a la”kks/ku dj ldsxh vkSj tc vuqlp w h dk bl çdkj la”kks/ku fd;k tkrk gS rc bl lafo/kku esa bl vuqlp w h ds çfr fdlh funsZ”k dk ;g vFkZ yxk;k tk,xk fd og bl çdkj la”kksf/kr ,slh vuqlp w h ds çfr funsZ”k gSA ¼2½ ,slh dksbZ fof/k] tks bl iSjk ds miiS j k ¼1½ es a mfYyf[kr gS ] bl lafo/kku ds vuqPNsn 368 ds ç;kstuksa ds fy, bl lafo/kku dk la”kks/ku ugha le>h tk,xhA

dq¡Mq+¡[k vkSj rfey Hkk’kk esa lekUkrk dq¡Mq¡[k nzfoM+ oa”k dh Hkk’kk ¼cksyh½ gksus dk ,d izek.k izLrqfr & vkuUn dqtwj ¼laiknd½

Ø123456789101112131415£ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

fgUnh nkar vka[k eqga ukd dku b/kj m/kj uhps mij cSBks mBks “kgn vkvks dSls oSlh gh ¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

d¡qM+q¡[k iYyks [k+Uu cbZ eaqbZ [ks+cnk brjk vrjk fd¸;k eab¸;k vksDdk btv rhuh ckjk ,dkls vUusexk

rfey iYy du ok; eqDdq [kSr bank iDdkrh vank iDdkrh dhys esys mDdkj byw rsuh Okk ,siM+h miM+h;k kÂàwÊã-kåÂà 2017

105


ISSN-2456-3625

ORAON JHAROKHA

jktuhfr ls foeq[k] ;qok dq¡M¡q[+k ! & gsear frdhZ Manager, NMDC Ltd. Kirandul, Dantewada (C.G.) f}rh; ikyh dh 'kq#vkr gks pqdh gSA vQlj] mifLFkr deZpkjh oxZ dks mudh mifLFkfr vuqlkj dke fu/kkZfjr dj jgk gSA rHkh vpkud mls ekywe iM+k fd ,d deZpkjh u'ks dh gkykr esa gSA og mls dke esa u ys dj okil pys tkus dks dgrk gS] ij blds foijhr deZpkjh tokc nsrk gS] fd **esjs ikl cUnwd gSA** ---og ,d vkfnoklh gSA ge dq¡Mq¡[k ;qok vDlj ;g dgrs fey tk;saxs& **eSa ;g ugha dj ldrk** ;k **gels u gks ik;sxk** ;dhuu ;g Mj gSA ij fdldk\ 'keZ\ volkn\ gekjs lkFk lewg rks gS] ij 'kfä ughaA dksbZ jktuhfrd igpku ughaA lksprk gw¡ fd ge D;ksa

ds uke ij ;qok iwjh rjg fdafdrZO;foew<+ gSA ;gh dkj.k gS fd dqN lkyksa igys tc ns ' kO;kih India Free from Reservation tS l s vka n ks y u gekjs nksLrksa@lgikfB;ksa us NsM+ fn;k Fkk] rc Hkh gekjs dksbZ çfrfuf/k ugha Fkk tks viuk i{k j[k ldsA vius i{k ds uke ij ge flQZ vius nksLrksa@lgikfB;ksa ds fuEu lewg rd gh lhfer FksA 'kk;n ;g deh gh gS fd t:jrean dq¡Mq¡[k vkSj ykHkkfUor dq¡Mq¡[k ds chp vkilh lkeatL; ugha gSA vkSj u gh ,slk çfrfuf/k tks bl lkeatL; dks cuk ldsA Hkkjrh; iz.kkyh dks ge Hkh viuk ;ksxnku ns dj lq–<+ cuk jgs gSaA tcfd fu.kZ; rks dksbZ vkSj ys ysrk gSA ij vc le; cny jgk gS] **vkfnoklh ;qok la?k** ds :i esa jk;iqj ls] jkaph ls] vksfM+lk ls ,oa ns'k ds vU; {ks=ksa ls dbZ ;qok HkkbZ&cgu fo'kky jSfy;ks]a lHkk&x`gksa vkfn esa usr`Ro djrs utj vkrss gSaA tks fd cgqr gh vPNh igy vkSj dksf'k'k gSA vkanksyuksa dk edln gh gS& *Mfj;s er] vkxs vkb;sA* D;k gksrk gS jktuhfrd pqukoksa esa\ pqukoksa esa vkfnoklh vius fn, oksVksa ls çfrfuf/k dks pqu] fo/kkulHkk vkSj yksdlHkk esa Hkstrs gSa] dkuwu cukusA vkSj ikapoh vuqlwph ds vuqPNsn 244¼1½ dks ykxw djus dh ekax Hkh dj jgs gSaA tks fd nksuksa dks lkFk esa ykxw gks ikuk eq f 'dy gS A BAMCEF (All India

vius usrk dk lkFk ugha nsrsA ge fdruh vklkuh ls ifjfLrfFk;ksa dks le> viuk fu.kZ; ns nsrs gSaA gekjs xk¡o&?kj esa vU; tkfr ds yksx dq¡Mq¡[k cksyus Hkh yxs gSaA vkSj ge gSjku gSa] ;g dSls gqvk\ 'kk;n os g¡lrs gSa fd] **ge rqEgsa tku pqds gSaA** lu~ 2007&08 esa tc eSa d‚yst esa FkkA gj lky ge jk;iqj esa lc fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks ,dtqV dj fidfud eukrs FksA dqN tokc geas bl rjg feysA **vxj vki gekjh enn djsaxs] rc ge pysaxs**( **ge ugha vk;sx a s] D;ksfa d dq¡Mq¡[k ;qok efnjkiku ds ckn cnlywdh djrs gSaA** cgjgky] esy&feyki lQy gqvkA ij ,d ckr le> vk;h] fd ge viuksa ls gh Mjrs gSAa bUVjusV ij vki lpZ dhft, *mjkao*( vki ns[ksaxs uaxs cnu dk yM+dk] L=h dke djrh gqbZ vkSj gfM+;k] eankj Backward and Minority Community vkSj u`R; djrs yksxA fcuk yhMj ds Employees Federation) la L Fkkxr yksx gesa 'kk;n ;gh le>rs gSaA vkj{k.k vkfnoklh cqf)thoksa ds ç;klksa }kjk ,d £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà ¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

fn'kk [kkstus ij ç;kljr gSaAij fu.kZ; rks ,d vkfnoklh çfrfuf/k gh ys ldrk gSA vkSj ljdkj )kjk CNT (Chota Nagpur Tenancy) vkSj SPT (Santhal Pargana Tenancy) ,DV ds la'kks/ku dk fojks/k Hkh dj jgs gSa ¼tks fd vkfnokfl;ksa ds tehu dks vkS|ksfxd çk;kstuksa ds fy, vkcafVr djuk gSA½ t:jr gS rks jktuhfrd çfrfuf/k;ksa dh] tks dqM ¡ [¡q k gks]a vusd gksa vkSj gekjs chp gksAa ineJh Jh fleksu mjkao us vius ifjJe ls tks eafty gkfly dh] ml ij gesa xoZ gSA vkSj os vkn'kZ cu pqds gSa] mu ;qok dq¡M¡q[k ds fy, tks dgrs gSa *gels u gks ik;sxkA* izR;sd o’kZ 9

vxLr ¼fo'o vkfnoklh fnol½ dks ns'kO;kih vkfnoklh egklHkk dk vk;kstu fd;k tkrk gSA ftuesa dq¡Mq¡[k yksxksa vkSj dq¡Mq¡[k cqf)thoksa dh lgHkkfxrk vkSj lapkyu ç”kaluh; gSA lks'ky ehfM;k] lekpkj i=ksa rFkk Vsyhfotu ds ek/;e ls dq¡Mq¡[k yksxksa dh lgHkkfxrk lHkh dks çksRlkfgr dj pqdh gSA vU; laxBuksa }kjk mä rkjh[k dks fHkUu&fHkUu dk;ZØe vk;kstuksa ds ckotwn vkfnokfl;ksa dk gkSlyk de u FkkA ;g tkudj vPNk yxrk gS fd dbZ {ks=ksa esa dq¡M¡q[k jktuhfr esa vkxs vk jgs gSaA tu&O;ogkj ds fy, gekjh if=dk,a] dq'ky i=dkj] ehfM;k ,oa flusek esa jk"Vªh; iqjLdkj thrrha {ks=h; dq¡Mq¡[k fQYesa bR;kfn] jktuhfr esa vkxs c<+us dks dkQh ennxkj lkfcr gks jgh gSaA vkt t#jr *Mjus dh ugha] cfYd [kqn dks tkuus dh* gSA

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qPâmuàçâªàmà qÊãÕàà Ñçmä qPÎÂà

ORAON JHAROKHA

ISSN-2456-3625

foxr o’kksZa esa vuqlwfpr tutkfr ls lacaf/kr iwNs x, iz”u jkT; lsok ijh{kk

izLrqfr & vkuUn dqtwj] laiknd

1- ?kqedqfj;k fdl tutkfr ls lacaf/kr gS\ ,d laf{kIr fVIIk.kh fyf[k;sA 2- *VksVeokn* dh O;k[;k dhft,A 3- vuqlwfpr tutkfr;ksa ds “kS{kf.kd fgrksa ds fy, Hkkjrh; lafo/kku esa laj{k.k ,oa lao/kZu gsrq fn, x, mica/kksa dk ijh{k.k dhft,A 4- ik¡poh vkSj NBh vuqlwfp;ksa dh O;k[;k dhft,A 5- taxy vkSj tutkfr;ksa ds chp ijaijkxr izrhdkRed laca/k gSA mDr dFku dk ijh{k.k dhft,A 6- tutkfr;ksa esa f”k{kk ds fuEuLrj ds fy, izeq[k mRrjnk;h dkjdksa dh ppkZ dhft,A 7- NRrhlx<+ ds tutkrh; *;qokx`gksa* dk fooj.k nhft,A izfr;ksfxrk ijh{kk dh

8- djek u``R; dkSu vkSj dc djrs gSa\ 9- vuqlwfpr tutkfr dk laoS/kkfud vfHkizk; D;k gS\

rS;kjh gsrq dksfpax

10- NRrhlx<+ esa fuokljr xksaM+ tutkfr ds nl milewgksa ds uke fyf[k,\

laLFkku ds p;u

11- cLrj vapy ds tutkfr;ksa dh *xksnuk* izFkk laca/kh ekU;rkvksa dk mYys[k dhft,A

gsrq laidZ djsa %

12- NRrhlx<+ dh tutkfr;ksa esa thou lkFkh pquus ds fofHkUu rjhdkas dk o.kZu dhft,A 13- NRrhlx<+ dh tutkfr;ksa ds dykRed thou dk o.kZu dhft,A

laiknd eaMyh mjk¡o >jks[kk

14- NRrhlx<+ dh fo”ks’k fiNM+h tutkfr vfHkdj.kksa dk mYys[k dhft,A 15- fo”ks’k fiNM+h tutkfr;kW D;k gSa\ NRrhlx<+ dh fo”ks’k fiNM+h tutkfr;k¡ dkSu&lh gSaA 16- vxfj;k tutkfr dk ikjaifjd O;olk; D;k gS\ 17- vkfnoklh fodkl ds *iap”khy fl)kar* dh O;k[;k dhft,A 18- vkfnokfl;ksa ds lkekftd vkfFkZd fodkl esa y?kqouksit mRikn ds lkeF;Z dk foospu dhft,A 19- NRrhlx<+ dh tutkfr;ksa esa _.kxzLrrk ,oa Hkwfe gLrkarj.k dh leL;k dk o.kZu dhft,A 20- vkfnoklh fodkl ds lanHkZ esa f”kyw vkvks dfeVh ¼Shilu Aao Committee½ us D;k lq>ko fn, Fks\ 21- ?kqjok tutkfr esa *lSfud u`R;* dk D;k egRo gS\ 22- tutkfr;ksa esa izpfyr vf/kekU; fookg ds Lo:iksa dh ppkZ dhft,A 23- NRrhlx<+ dh fdlh ,d fo”ks’k fiNM+h vkfne tutkfr lewg ij fuca/k fyf[k;sA £ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

wxê : 1, ¡Þ§ý : 1

¥§ý âjÞmÂà, yÞixê, yÎàâ¨m§ýʽà

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ISSN-2456-3625

ORAON JHAROKHA

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION RESOURCES (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) 14, Satsang Vihar Marg, New Delhi 110 067 G. Mahesh, Ph.D. Head, National Science Library Phone: 91-11-26863759 E-Mail: gmahesh@niscair.res.in ; issn.india@niscair.res.in

Dear Sir/Madam, egksn;@egksn;k We are happy to inform you that the following serial¼s½ published by you has been registered and assigned ISSN (Print) ge vkidks ;g lwfpr djrs gq, izlUurk gks jgh gS fd fuEufyf[kr izdk'ku iath—r dj fy, x;s gS ,oa fizaV vkbZ-,l,l-,u- vkcafVr dj n;s x;s gS ISSN 2456–3625 Oraon Jharokha It is important that the ISSN should be printed on every issue preferably at the right hand top corner of the cover page.

izdk'ku dh izR;sd izfr ds doj ist ds nkfgusa vksj ds Åijh fljs ij vkbZ-,l-,l-,u- Nik gksuk vko”;d gSA We will be responsible for monitoring the use of ISSN assigned to Indian Serials and for supplying up to&date data of the same to the International Centre for ISSN] Paris- For this purpose we request you to send us the forth coming issue of your serial on complimentary basis.

Hkkjrh; jk’Vªh; dsanz dh ftEesnkjh gksxh fd og Hkkjrh; if=dkvksa dks vkcafVr vkbZ-,l-,l-,u- dh tkap djsxk ,oa m|ru MkVk dh tkudkjh baVjus'kuy lsaVj Q‚j vkbZ-,l-,l-,u- isfjl dks HkstsaxsA vr% vkils vuqjks/k gS fd bl dk;Z gsrq izdk'ku dh ,d izfr vkbZ-,l-,l-,u- fizaV djds lEekukFkZ HksaV gesa HkstsaA Kindly note that assigning the ISSN does not amount to approving the journal or its contents by National Science Library/CSIR&NISCAIR.

—i;k /;ku nsa fd vkcafVr fd;k tk jgk vkbZ-,l-,l-,u- jk’Vªh; foKku iqLrdky;@lh-,l-vkbZ-vkj-&fuLds;j }kjk fdlh Hkh tuZy@if=dk ;k bldh fo"k;& oLrq dks vuqeksfnr djus dk |ksrd ugha gSA We solicit your co&operation in this regard. vkids lg;ksx ds fy, ge vkHkkjh jgsxsaA

Yours sincerely.

For Head National Science Library and ISSN

£ÊàéÝw lÊàçhà

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ORAON JHAROKHA Year 1 Issue 1 January - June 2017  

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