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purposes and it is also joined to other ingredients related to personal relationships, the establishment of networks, the experience of living abroad, etc. Distance learning is useful for acquiring theoretical and skills training but it lacks the experience of living abroad. The question therefore is if distance learning are attractive alternatives for potential mobility candidates? It seems that candidates could appreciate the complementary ones rather than the only educational training according to the evidence found out in our research. People interviewed (ICT highly skilled personnel with some international trajectory and with different nationalities) usually attribute playful motivations (the desire to travel and learn about other countries) as primary advantages of the international mobility (González et al, 2008). In addition, the experience of the FC also offers another evidence to confirm these results. In order to describe these results we need to explain the type collaboration between the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC) and the FC in the Computing Studies that is currently carried out complete on the online learning program. From 2004 the Studies of Computing hold a post-graduate, Master de Software Libre, whose admit submission of grant-holders coming from the support of the FC. Although at the beginning the studies are taught by means of a mixed system, from 2007 they decided to implement a complete online learning approach because of the subjects matter offered, and the institutional focus of the OUC on the distance learning. The change towards a complete online degree made the UOC teaching staff aware about the effects on this new learning method, because the candidates seemed to prefer the traditional class-room courses and, in consequence a real geographical mobility to Spain. This fact is highlighted in the next table, where we compare the submissions, and scholarships finally received, in two post-graduate programs with very similar topics. The first one is the postgraduate in the UOC, Master Oficial de Software Libre, and the second one is the postgraduate program implemented in the University of Carlos III, Master Oficial en Ciencia y Tecnología en Informática. This program uses a class-room based method, which it is probably is the cause of the large number of submissions in the initial moment. Taking the learning method into consideration, the most important reason to choose one of the two masters (because, it is obvious that other reasons could be also involved in this issue) the studies implemented in the program of the UOC is a third less preferred than the another one teaching by the Carlos III University. Figure 2. Number of submission and received scholarship in studies implemented by the UOC and Carlos III universities in 2007-08 academic course Scholarships Submissions Women Men Women Men Master Oficial de Software Libre 62 335 4 6 (UOC) Master Oficial en Ciencia y 144 424 1 2 Tecnología en Informática (Carlos III) Source: Elaboration from the Activity Memories of the FC

In fact, the switch to a complete online learning program for the master at the UOC caused the drop out of selected candidates because the candidates are interested in travel to Spain at least during the training period. As a consequence, the teaching staff of the UOC makes their final decision about the selection of the candidates taking into account their expressed desired relative to live in Spain, on the contrary the candidates could be finally rejected it. Thus, the typical profile of a candidate for the UOC’s postgrate program is frequently associated with a civil servant or a young entrepreneur who follow the learning program via online and from their own countries. These people cannot afford living abroad for professional reasons but they are interested in this specific training program. The objective of the FC concerning to promote a positive multiplying effect in the home community is assured in these cases, because the candidates are strongly engaged with the desire to use the opportunities that offer the free

The diaspora of highly skilled ICT workers - contributions to economic development  
The diaspora of highly skilled ICT workers - contributions to economic development  

In this paper we will focus on the mobility actions promoted by the Carolina Foundation (FC), a Spanish non-profit organisation cooperating...