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(73%), followed by the doctorate programs (18%), and other short stays (9%). The prestigious of this program of mobility and the guarantee to be involved in university institutions in Spain attract younger graduates from Latin America. For this people, their incorporation into the labour market or the scientist community is easer once the mobility action comes to an end. A proof of the popularity of this mobility program is the persistence of candidates to continue applying for it when they have not received the mobility grant. The mobility program of the FC enjoys a very high prestige for highly skilled Latin American personnel. The mobility program of this institution corresponds with the brain circulation approach already mentioned previously. The candidates must return to their home countries once they have finished their training program. This purpose is a consequence of two circumstances. In the first place, the internationalization of the science and the increase of the student’s flows, and in the second place, the cooperation purpose of this institution. Hence, the FC is strongly engaged with the return of the holder-grants in order to protect the human resources of the less favoured countries. The aim is to provide training to the most talented people and, later, to promote with their return a “multiplying effect” in the origin community. This mission is carried out with eagerness from the moment in which the candidate is selected and accommodated in the host country till their returns. As a consequence of that, the candidates cannot stay in Spain after the period limit established by the educational program. To promote positive effects in the home community it is extremely important for the institution and this purpose is assumed by the selected candidates. The grant is almost considered a means for obtaining benefits for their communities, and the personnel success entails a collective benefit for their countries. In fact, the Foundation is currently implementing other actions focused on the collective needs of research in the less favoured countries. With this objective, they currently are financing some collective-scholarships for a group of researchers that will develop a strategical area of research after their training period in Spain. In such way, disadvantages countries will develop some strategic area of interest because they have enough human resources trained in the specific fields involved. So, FC supplies the demands of those foreign research centres, in order to obtain financial support for the training of their local researchers. Although it is a pilot project, we considerer it a useful mechanism to promoting research in developing countries and for guaranteeing positive effects in their home countries. The philosophy of brain circulation is not a perfect model for the highly skilled personnel. Often, they return to their home countries finding precarious research environments, lacking resources and thus being unable to develop their intellectual capacities (González Ramos et al, 2008). The most trained scientists are often disappointed in a non-equipped lab or without an appropriate intellectual climate. If the training effort involves a group of people and it corresponds with a useful project for the future, the action would be have more positive effects on the home country. Nevertheless, we agree that it is an innovative mode for promoting a useful research that is useful for the community, with timely goals and collective action. According to initial statements, information technologies have also changed the modes of learning for the beneficiaries of the FC. Since distance learning is a reality in the majority of the Higher Education programs throughout Europe, the postgraduate and doctorate programs selected by Latin American people can be mixed or including totally online. The teaching and courses offered by the FC adopt a traditional classroom method (84%), but 10% of them mixed both methods whereas, and 6% are totally online program. The present situation poses thus the question if distance learning could be a solution to counter brain drain in less favoured countries. Online learning could be an opportunity to receive international training for the highly qualified personnel without geographical mobility. It refers to the same meaning and functions without a drain of their highly skilled personnel. But the abroad learning program is not only a matter of the educational program; mobility entails different learning

The diaspora of highly skilled ICT workers - contributions to economic development  

In this paper we will focus on the mobility actions promoted by the Carolina Foundation (FC), a Spanish non-profit organisation cooperating...

The diaspora of highly skilled ICT workers - contributions to economic development  

In this paper we will focus on the mobility actions promoted by the Carolina Foundation (FC), a Spanish non-profit organisation cooperating...

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