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Higher Education, -in terms of the study and training technologies. These resources (related to the information society) have transformed the geographical limits allowing the study from one country to another one. So, for example, the educational institution could be in Europe meanwhile the students could be resident in Latin American. It suggests other opportunities for the home countries (especially disadvantages countries) that could be favoured by the training programs from the most prestigious universities without requiring the mobility of their nationals. Globalization and the information technologies have also transformed the relation between the funding institution and their beneficiaries. If in the past the grants-holders, normally, lost contact with the funding institution at the end of their stay; nowadays, they keep in touch through virtual networks where people can meet and exchange information, contacts and, become part of a virtual community. Likewise, these resources are an advantage for the funding institution that can now follow the trajectory of their beneficiaries, include informal support for the grant-holder, make the program more visible and market their actions more directly. 2. Mobility programs in the “Age of Internet” Some non-profit institutions have traditionally developed actions oriented to foster the student mobility among other goals. The FC is a Spanish foundation whose main objective is to promote the cooperation with less favoured regions, especially centred on Latin American community. Spain maintains strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties with these countries. The FC develops four programs of cooperation: 1. Training Program for graduate level, specialized studies or life long learning. It gives support to the holders with funding, access to the studies and other advantages. Our analysis will carry on primary focused on this program. 2. Research Program of the Centre of Studies for Latin American and International Cooperation (CeALCI), focused on the production of information and the debate on the developing countries. 3. International Visiting Program aims to lead VIP and politicians from Latin American to Spanish colleagues or institutions. 4. Social Responsibility of Enterprises Program (RSE) oriented to promote human rights, gender equality and minorities, environment and sustainable development for social agents (enterprises, consumers, organisations and associations). As a consequence of the mobility programs, the institution has undertaken two additional actions, the so called “Vivir en España” (Living in Spain) helping foreigners adapt to Spain, and “Red Carolina” (Carolina Network) which is a device for promoting the relationship, cooperation and learning of the beneficiaries of the aids given by the FC. The support of this institution takes various forms such as scholarships, registration fees, travel expenses and lodging. The amount depends on the economic conditions of the candidate and his/her origin country and even the tuition fees and the complementary funds of alternative funding institutions. The next table represents the distribution of the support given by the FC to the highly qualified personnel. Data show the number of beneficiaries of these scholarships: Figure 1. Distribution of the scholarship received by the applicants from 2004-2008 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Total 1.381 1.296 1.512 1.656 1.722 ICT area 29 28 19 33 37 Source: Elaboration from the Activity Memories of the FC

The table shows the increase of the number of grants (except 2005), that represents 25% in 2008 to respect 2004. The majority of the grants is directed towards supporting postgraduate degrees

The diaspora of highly skilled ICT workers - contributions to economic development  
The diaspora of highly skilled ICT workers - contributions to economic development  

In this paper we will focus on the mobility actions promoted by the Carolina Foundation (FC), a Spanish non-profit organisation cooperating...