01 STADIUM OF GRÃŠMIO BRAZIL
02 CLINIC IDEAL MED PORTUGAL
03 RESIDENCIAL BRAZIL
04 RESIDENCIAL BRAZIL
05 SPACE TO READ AND LISTEN PORTUGAL
06 URBAN PLANNING PORTUGAL
07 DWELLINGS PORTUGAL
08 ABSTRACT FROM THESIS
09 ARCHITECTURE AROUND THE WORLD
01. STADIUM OF GRÊMIO PORTO ALEGRE, BRAZIL 2012
Grêmio Arena is a new multi-use stadium in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Built to become part of the Football World Cup 2014 and to be home of Grêmio football team. With a capacity for 60.000 seats this stadium is not only stage for sports but also for concerts and other events.
02. CLINIC IDEAL MED COIMBRA, PORTUGAL 2011
Ideal Med is a Clinic, built in Coimbra, Portugal from 2006 until 2011. Built from scratch, the biggest private clinic of the center region of the country - 35.000 m2 using high patterns of energetic quality and efficiency.
03.RESIDENCIAL- INHABIT THE METROPOLIS. CENTER OF SÃO PAULO. BRAZIL 2012
With the intention of keeping the density of the site, make the most of the sunshine and use the existing blind gables, this form started to be shaped resulting in this ‘snake” that fills the block and makes the space diverse and permeable. This visual and spatial permeability is also guaranteed through galleries on the ground floor, commercial driveways that allow access to both streets. The composition of the facades brings a strong feeling of horizontality to help control the height.
04.RESIDENCIAL- INHABIT THE METROPOLIS. VILA MADALENA, SĂƒO PAULO. BRAZIL - 2012
After analyzing the surroundings, there is a clear conclusion that the green areas are very scarce, and the neighbourhood lives from commerce, restaurants and bars, facilities that attract a big amount of public. One of the most important feature of this site is the connection with three different streets at three different levels. The project is the answer to this challenge, connecting the streets and creating an important space in the middle. The linear housing building lands on the commercial platform in a way that both coexist in harmony.
05. SPACE TO READ AND
LISTEN. COIMBRA, PORTUGAL - 2008 This building should be understood not like a library and not a space to storage books but as a space for reading and listening. It consists in creating spaces where people can meet and while one reads the other listens. That is the reason why the sphere was adopted as the shape of these rooms, so that there could be the best feeling of imagination and freedom. Concerning the main building it is supposed to be the prolonging of the pedestrian path that already exists on the park.
06. LISBON’S AIRPORT -
URBAN PLANNING,LISBON, PORTUGAL 2007 The site for this project includes a very vast area of around 4km width. The proposition abided that the whole airport and the surroundings should be transformed. There were three concepts defined for the whole transformation. The first one being the ‘third ring”, Lisbon is a city growing in rings and the airport is part of this ring. In order to establish the connection The goal is to unite this area to the successful area of the former EXPO 98, built by the river. Secondly, “green platform”, to connect green areas from north and south. For last “airport as a stage”, giving people the opportunity to be on a green area and at the same time watch the planes take off and land.
07. SINGLE FAMILY
DWELLINGS, COIMBRA, PORTUGAL - 2005 The main intention was to turn the house to the outside, using three different ways. The multi-purpose garden at the back of the house that allows residents to arrange it as their preference (grass, trees, farming...), the closed terrace on the upper floor that is completely private, and the balconies, one with double height and the other three turned to the street with wooden ported that can be totally closed or half opened. The interior follows the concept of open spaces as much as possible.
Practices of an architecture in evolution, the outline of new projectual strategies and tactics.
How will be life in 50 - 100 years? What are the actual consequences of predicted global warming and the exponential increase in world population? What are the answers to this crisis from architecture? Will we return to a vernacular array or choose to solve the problem through technology? The future comes with many uncertainties, however, there is a doubt for the present: exists, truly, what we now call sustainable architecture? “Nowadays, proudly sporting a healthy addiction to formalism and subscribing to the doctrine that architecture can only change architecture, the same question niggles me as it did then: Why is there so little architecture in sustainable architecture?” There is a dichotomy between architecture and sustainability that inevitably we can not avoid to verify. Architecture is a discipline that thrives on exploitation of resources, is the material expression of the boundary between environments (natural and built), while sustainability lives of their preservation. How come, then, possible to appear an architecture that is called sustainable? On the other hand, we realise that, if we think of architecture as an animal that needs to eat (processed natural resources through energy) to survive, we understand that may be part of a cycle, where the impact it generates is not as harmful as previously . Sustainability requires us, therefore, to consider architecture as a body, when placed in a given ecosystem, which is forced to adapt in a peaceful manner. However, sustainable design is currently experiencing a lot of technology, and therefore is strongly associated with the artificial, creating a greater distance with the surroundings. In many cases the technology “absorbs” the true notion of sustainability. One of the most important factors in the achievement of real sustainable architecture is the reconciliation between human beings and their environment. Context is the key that allows the formal to return to be integrated into the architecture we now call sustainable. Therefore, this architecture does not happen by mechanical modes but by the architectural assumptions, as are the formal strategies of proportion or orientation. Thus, attention is drawn to priorities in an abstract environment that does not dispense technologies and mechanisms but that is not managed by them. The sustainable architecture is comprised in different ways. To some, represents the fear of abandonment of stylistic
preferences and common way of working for others appear as the opportunity for development. However, for those looking to go back and see the foundations that underpin the discipline, characterized by the understanding of a unit that involves the junction of art, philosophy and technology integrated with nature. This latter view, which is thought to be fuller, is also the one which obliges for further reform and will propose more revisions to the architecture discipline. However, and perhaps for fear of major changes, the direction we are pursuing is focused on mechanical systems. The danger now may be the same as before, to rely on technology to “save” the situation we find ourselves. Solutions that in the first instance, may work but that will not solve the real problem. It is essential to adapt new philosophy based on communion with nature, so that instead of continuing to repair each problem, we have the possibility of solving them by the root. Changing our priorities, from humans of consumption to an ecological thinking. To meet this objective is to create a link between technology with an ecological philosophy that the architects will have to integrate into a visual language. We know the image of sustainable modes. Through the low-tech architecture that can join the vernacular, the truth of natural materials and cultural context of architecture and eco-tech, which advocates as the primary source of solving major problems of this crisis - the depletion of fossil fuels - the shift to renewable active energies. After analyzing the two approaches it is not possible to validate only one solution, one aesthetic, both seek to solve the problem, but with completely different methods due to the local panorama. Energy consumption and choice of materials are studied in this thesis, as practical factors, in order to see how the architectural body can live longer, reducing the amount of waste. The architecture needs energy to live and is in response to this need that were created rules and calculations that allow programmatic costs and provide the energy needs of some buildings. However, despite admitting practical control, these rules should be seen as tools rather than as unique solutions, for which there can be a tendency to fall into a monotony of responses that would not be sustainable, at all. We can notice that, at present, sustainability still can not be more than one set of minor interventions, when what we need is a global change. Moreover, the idea that “every step counts” is also valid, but for that to be true, there has to be constancy at all levels of human activity, both in the social sector, environmental and economic terms, but not by devaluing the philosophy and aesthetics associated with these. The architecture itself is a development engine that is clearly growing, and because of its complexity and contradiction in some interdisciplinary fields is difficult to understand, but it is thanks to these challenges that the world can grow. As Picasso said: “Forcing yourself to use restricted means in the sort of restraint that liberates inventing. It obliges you to make a kind of progress you can not even imagine in advance.” The aim of sustainable architecture is to disappear and be replaced only by the doctrine of architecture. However, this can only happen when a change is widespread and fiercely implemented in our society.