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DIALOGOUE Definition: It is a conversation between two or more people. Example: BENVOLIO Of love? ROMEO Out of her favor, where I am in love. BENVOLIO Alas, that love, so gentle in his view, Should be so tyrannous and rough in proof! ROMEO Alas, that love, whose view is muffled still, Should, without eyes, see pathways to his will! Where shall we dine? O me! What fray was here? Yet tell me not, for I have heard it all. Here's much to do with hate, but more with love. Why, then, O brawling love! O loving hate! O anything, of nothing first creates! O heavy lightness! Serious vanity! Mis-shapen chaos of well-seeming forms! Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health! Still-waking sleep that is not what it is! This love feels I that feel no love in this. Dost thou not laugh?

MONOLOGUE Definition: In a dramatic interpretation when there is a single speaker. Is when a single actor speaks. It is the same of soliloquy. Example: JULIET

Farewell! God knows when we shall meet again. I have a faint cold fear thrills through my veins, That almost freezes up the heat of life: I'll call them back again to comfort me What if this mixture do not work at all? Shall I be married then to-morrow morning? No, no: this shall forbid it: lie thou there. What if it be a poison, which the friar Subtly hath minister'd to have me dead, Lest in this marriage he should be dishonour'd, Because he married me before to Romeo? I fear it is: and yet, methinks, it should not, For he hath still been tried a holy man. How if, when I am laid into the tomb, I wake before the time that Romeo Come to redeem me? there's a fearful point! Shall I not, then, be stifled in the vault, To whose foul mouth no healthsome air breathes in, And there die strangled ere my Romeo comes? Or, if I live, is it not very like, The horrible conceit of death and night, Together with the terror of the place,-As in a vault, an ancient receptacle, Where, for these many hundred years, the bones Of all my buried ancestors are packed: Where bloody Tybalt, yet but green in earth, Lies festering in his shroud; where, as they say, At some hours in the night spirits resort;--

SITUATIONAL IRONY Definition: is when the events turn out the opposite of what was expected. What people think is going to happen, does not happen. Example: When everyone thought that Romeo and Juliet will live forever together and love forever. However, they loved and lined together, but in a different way as everyone expected since they live eternally together but in death.

DRAMATIC IRONY Definition: Facts or events that the audience understand them and know them, but the other characters of the play don’t know them. Example: All the readers (audience) knew that Juliet drank a poison to sleep, but the other characters from the story (Lady Capulet, Romeo, nurse; Benvolio) didn’t knew about this action.

VERBAL IRONY Definition: The words used by the speaker or author literally express the opposite of the true meaning. Example: When the narrator says “Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene, From ancient grudge break to new mutiny, Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.� This expresses verbal irony because this sentences may the audience think the families are dignity and honorable, but at the end they are rude to each other and they are competitive.

FORESHADOWING Definition: It is a literary device that indicates and presents a suggestion of beforehand. They are like little clues of what will happen next. Example: In Romeo and Juliet when Romeo is being rushed by Benvolio to go to the Capulet’s party and he (Romeo) says he feels concerned about attending because something will ultimately lead to his death. Later, this was true because in the party he met Juliet and he died because of the love he had over Juliet.

COUPLETS Definition: Is when in a writing (usually poems) two lines rhyme. Shakespeare used couplets at the ends of the scenes of his plays as a signal of the ending. Example: “Bear hence this body and attend our will: Mercy but murders, pardoning those that kill” (Shakespeare, Scene I).

“I'll go and chat with Paris: hie, make haste, Make haste; the bridegroom he is come already: Make haste, I say.” (Shakespeare, Scene IV).

“I love you Romeo now and forever. And I dream of always being together” (Shakespeare).

METAPHORS Definition: Is a literary device that consists when a word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing and is used to designate another, thus making an implicit comparison. To achieve its effect there needs to be association of the audience. It is a comparison with the object mentioned. Examples: Romeo: "But, soft! What light through yonder window breaks? It is the east, and Juliet is the sun." (Shakespeare). In this example we can see how Romeo compares Juliet with the sun in an indirect way. Romeo: “Her eyes are homes of silent prayer." (Shakespeare). In this example we can see how Romeo say that the eyes of Juliet are like the silence. Juliet: "My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready stand to smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss." (Shakespeare). In this quote Juliet uses metaphor to compare her lips with pilgrims.

HYPERBOLE Definition: It is a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to give emphasis to something important. People can easily understand the figure used because it is obvious that it is an overstatement. Example: “The brightness of her cheek would shame those stars” (Shakespeare). This quote says that Juliet cheeks are shiny and that the stars will be jealous. It is an exaggeration because it is obvious that any lips can shine more than the stars.

"I will tear down the castle wall of any man or maid of Montague’s." (Shakespeare).

This sentence says that Juliet will cry a lot, and Shakespeare exaggerates and says that she will break a castle


PERSONIFICATION Definition: Is when inanimate objects are endowed with human qualities or are represented with a special human form. It is an artistic representation of an abstract quality as a person. It is when something is described with a human quality. Example: Such as when Friar Laurence says: “"the grey eyed morn smiles on the frowning night". (Shakespeare, act 3 scenes 2). This example gives the morn a human quality (smile) that gives a unique mental picture to the audience of how the morn looked like.

“Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon, which is already sick and pale with grief that thou her maid art far more fair than she.”

(Shakespeare). This example demonstrates that the moon is jealous, but this is a human feeling, so It is impossible for the moon to feel that way.

ANALOGY Definition: It is a comparison between two things that are based on such resemblance. In other words, is a similarity between things that are similar in some aspects and dissimilar in others. Example: Juliet says: “"a rose by any other name would smell as sweet". What Juliet is trying to say is that even though the his love (Romeo) is a Montague, he is perfect to her.

IDIOM Definition: It is an expression whose meaning is not predictable (not usual). Is a special language, dialectical style. It is the language people have when speaking to other people. It is normally informal. In other words, is a word or phrase that is not taken literally. Example: “O Romeo, Romeo! wherefore art thou Romeo? Deny thy father and refuse thy name;

Or, if thou wilt not, be but sworn my love, And I'll no longer be a Capulet.” (Shakespeare). This quote has idiom because Juliet says “wherefore” and she really means why rather than where. She is really rying to say Romeo, why are you a Montague?'

ALLUSION Definition: “It is a passing or casual reference; incidentals mention of something, either directly or by implication” (Dictionarycom). So, it is a figure of speech that makes a reference or a representation with people, place, events, myths or work. Example:


a dowdy, Cleopatra a gypsy, Helen and Hero hildings and harlots, Thisbe a grey eye or so, but not to the purpose." This is an allusion because Mercutio is comparing the love of Romeo and Juliet with a mythological tragedy. Shakespeare emphasizes tragic love by making allusions to famous lovers, such as Dido, Cleopatra and Thisbe (which form part of a tragedy).

Vocabulary Romeo and Juliet by Shakespeare  

Here are some figurative language definitions for you to be able to understand the complete play Romeo and Juliet by Shakespeare