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Ana Cristina Vargas Portfolio June, 2014


This project uses parametric design to propose an adaptable urban design for South Boston Waterfront. The main design idea concept is to use the existing parcel structure to organize macro blocks that can work as independent neighbourhoods. The parametric model allows the design to have flexible density and public spaces according to the changing market needs.


Block Variations


Scene 1: Low Density

Scene 2: High Density


Neighborhood Design

Street Design

Neighborhood Design

THE URBAN FACADE

This project proposes to re-urbanize Providence by introducing an urban structure that creates a public space network to reconnect isolated parts of the city.

Exercise 1: Facade Analysis

Exercise 2: Urban Facade Design

Providence

Masterplan:

Public Space Network

Public Space and Urban Design Guidelines`

Milan: A traditional city civic structure

The idea of the project is connect the different neighbourhoods in Providence related to its Downtown through a network of public spaces. Analysing two public space networks, a modern one (Caracas) and traditional one (Milan) provides an idea of their scale and how the space are related to provide a meanigful experience. In the case of downtown Providence, there are three scales of connections that were designed:

Caracas: A modern city civic structure

Neighborhood Design

Bird’s Eye View

1. The scale of the city, connecting Brown Campus, through Downtown towards the residential neighborhood. 2. The scale of downtown Providence beginning at Capitol Hill, with the Jewellery District. 3. The scale of the neighborhood creating a new section of downtown where the highway used to be, that is strong enough to become the connection between the two isolated parts of the city.

Urban facade Ana Vargas

Escale 1/4’=1’

Street Facade

Street Perspective Combining existing Buildings with Strret Facade Exercise 3: Urban Facade Composition 1, facade repetition and variation

A catalogue of spatial relations between buildings provides an array of components for the public space network. This concept is explored at two scales: the civic structure scale, which is evident on the plan and the smaller “picturesque” scale which is composed of a dialogue between public and private spaces and needs to be experienced on foot. The typology of the courtyard building is used to play between private and public courtyards that Escale 1/16’=1’ provide an intimate nonetheless public layer to the civic structure of the neighborhood. URBAN DESIGN GUIDELINES PARCELS

Medium Street Type

Large Street Type

1. Urban Blocks are 200’ by 200’ and they are divided in 24 type A parcels and 6 type B parcels. A semi public space inside the block can be access through type B parcels ground floors. (Figure 1)

Small Street Type

Type A: parcels are 30’ by 60’. Only two consecutive parcels can be combined and designed by one architect. Type B: parcels are 80’ by 60’. These parcels cannot be combined and are required to leave 25% of their ground floor as public passage to the interior open space of the urban block. (Figure 3) 2. Each parcel must be developed with party wall buildings to guarantee a continuous urban façade. 3. The minimum height of the buildings is 60’ and maximum height is 90’. will be 15’ wide, they will have one bicycle lane (6’) and four car lanes (11’).

Escale 1/16’=1’

FACADES

Exercise 3: Urban Facade Composition 2, class facades

1. Ground floors must be aligned according to their parcel limit. They might recess a maximum of 15’ only to articulate the street with their ground floor. 2. Facades will obey a horizontal regulating line marked at 15’ from the level of the sidewalk. 3. The upper part of the building (from 15’ and upwards) facades can have balconies or bay windows not exceeding 5’ over the sidewalk. 4. When the building is heigher than 60’ its façade must be receded 20’. STREETS

to trespass

trespass sequence

1. The streets running west-east will be 60’ wide. The north sidewalk will be 20’ wide with the following divisions: 10’ walking transit, 5’ bicycle lane, 10’ row of trees. The street will have two car lanes measuring 22’ wide. The south sidewalk will have 13’ wide. 2. The streets running north-south will be 80’ wide. Their sidewalks will be 15’ wide, they will have one bicycle lane (6’) and four car lanes (11’).

Escale 1/16’=1’

Exercise 3: Urban Facade Composition 3, contemporary facades

Civic Structure

sorround/craved out

embrace

Escale 1/16’=1’ Urban facade Ana Vargas

Ana Vargas * SMArch Urbanism *Urban Design Option Studio *Prof. Michael Dennis

stand alone

Masterplan

Open Public Spaces

Ana Vargas * SMArch Urbanism *Urban Design Option Studio *Prof. Michael Dennis

Ana Vargas * SMArch Urbanism *Urban Design Option Studio *Prof. Michael Dennis

connect


Tracing Public Spaces introduces a new methodology to study, create awareness and inspire future leaders, children, to take action to transform public spaces in high-density informal settlements. It proposes a multi scalar bottom-up analysis, with innovative tools of representation and design to address the challenges of community public spaces. The ‘Tracing Public Space’ method has been developed through fieldwork in India, Venezuela and the USA. The method is based in observation, representation and design using a ‘toolkit’ that enables a two-way learning process between the designer as an ‘outsider’ and children as ‘insiders’. Most of the fieldwork was done in the Malvani Transit Camp in Mumbai where over forty years of informal and permanent growth the existence of open shared courtyards is threatened. These small-scale open spaces are crucial for communities, and particularly for the women and children who are their main users. Tracing Public Space becomes a vehicle to sensitize the community to protect courtyards from encroachments and promote an inclusive and adaptive use of shared space. Visit tracingpublicspace.org


1 Cameras, Cellphone App, Measuring Tape

Measure, observe and locate


2 Fieldbook,

Write, draw and cut


3

Courtyard Model

Map the edge and think spatially


4

Cardboard Pieces Toolkit

Design


5 Objects in public space

Transform Public Space

DEMOSTRATION: 2 hour small change, big impact


Tracing Public Spaces proposes a design strategy that is based on a toolkit that can be used by communities to assemble different public space scenarios according to their needs toolbox

x3

Scene A: Temporary Playground

toolbox

x9

Scene B: Monsoon temporary roof and library


19 de abril M

Vereda

Arco Sucre

El Kiosko

3

Plaza Agricultura

Boulevard 4

1

Boulevard J.F. Rivas

Parada con Escaleras

Arco Vista Alegre

Boulevard 3

Boulevard 2

Boulevard

4 Caseta Telefónica

1

Boulevard Guaicaipuro

Plaza Infocentro

Plaza El Semillero Plaza Simón Bolívar

M Palo Verde

M

Ed

M

Al ex ar and ia e G rS w o o in Da M nza ler ni ar le el q M ue z ed z in a

Petare

Ca rlo Pe s Ro dr o j Du as Jo ra sé n An to Da ni o ni G el om G ua ez sa

S el ni Da s ala

HOMOCIDES MAP Petare Norte, Caracas

Route 1 Mariches way Route 2 La Bombilla Route 3 Tito Sport

P ar sc

O

s va Ri rto ar be uil m Ag Hu sé Jo

ez er

Route 4 Agricultura Route 1 12 de octubre Route 1 Periphery

o ct Vi

Subway and Cable Car Stations Person killed

iza

m

illa

David Rojas

M

3

rV

Angel Acosta

JITNEY ROUTES TU CAMIONETICA

r

Jesús Gonzalez Darwin Padilla

Julio Villareal Hidalgo Freddy

MAPPING TH E UNMAPPED Javier Quintana

Carlos Turipe

24 de julio M

Abraham Guerrero

Safe Access to Public Spaces in Petare Norte, Caracas Elvis Calcurian

By Ana Vargas (SMArchS Architecture and Urbanism MIT)

Oscar Olivares Jessy Barrios Yeison Villegas Fernando Balnco 1

Community Space

5 de julio

2

Multiporpose field

Ivan Soler Edward García Pedro Martinez

Argenis Ruza Silvia Gutierrez Alberto Alvarez

Plaza

3

4

Game space

5

John Soto y Luis Santamaria

M

José Suarez Frank Guevara Gregorio Izarra Alexander Pimentel Pedro Blanco Deivis Matos José Bernal Larry Wladimir Angulo

Antonny Gonzalez

Paletas

6

Opportunity for PS

7

Jonathan Yasin

Street Baseball

8

Street Basketball

Wingelbert Amarista

Enrique Rodriguez

Jorge Manzano

Henry Linsay

d ar

ch

ue uq Cancha en Calzada

Subway and Cable Car Stations

1

Spontaneos Public Spaces

Deivi Palencia

M Palo Verde Paletas

5

2

Minicancha

Plaza J. F. Rivas Plaza Cine

M

8

An dy

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He rre Vi ra ce nt e Em Ri ilio ch ar Bl d M anc ar o ca no

lez za

Cancha en Calzada

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Ca r Caseta Telefónica

M

Redoma 5 de Julio

5 de julio

Route 4 Agricultura Route 1 12 de octubre Route 1 Periphery

Yoni Tortoza

Pedro Gamez

7

Parada Mototaxi

Route 1 Mariches way Route 2 La Bombilla Route 3 Tito Sport

Luis Pacheco

Tito Sport 3

on

or es ald

sw O

Ja v

ier

Fl

Plaza

M

Petare

6 Plaza Sucre

ls Ne

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De

Tarima

24 de julio M

z de o d en M on illa ed nt sé Jo y R Mo n y y Jo ann er M D D’ on

Ri

Arco San José

Petare Norte, Caracas

Lheringer Griman

19 de abril M

Boulevard

TRANSPORT MAP

TU CAMIONETICA Ciro Cruz

4

Erick Nubles

Esquina del Módulo

Avin Manrique

JITNEY ROUTES

Cesar Vielma

6

Elvis Garcia

Angulo Gomez

1


Design

Digital Photographic Essay: http://architecture.mit.edu/class/landphoto/archive/projects12/urbanscape_acvargas/essay/index.html


AVargas Porfolio June2014