University of Georgia Northwest Precinct Master Plan: Designing The Northwest Precinct To Better Establish a Unified Sense of Community between the University and Surrounding Communities.
by Andrew G. Mullins III
A Senior Design Project Presented to the College of Environment and Design University of Georgia Under the Direction of: David Spooner, Associate Professor In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Landscape Architecture Athens, Georgia Spring, 2012
TABLE OF CONTENTS Program Development
Inventory and Analysis Context and Location Circulation Connectivity Surfaces Hydrology Summary Conceptual Design Concept 1 Concept 2 Concept 1 Concept 2 Concept 1 Concept 2
9 10-11 12-13 14-15 16-17 18-19 20-21 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
Site Design Site Plan Site Plan: Section Site Plan: Perspective Site Plan: Grading Site Plan: Planting Site Plan: Construction
34-35 36-37 38 39 40-41 42-43 44-45
PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT Project Background “In 1876, Daniel C. Gilman, the first president of John Hopkins University - - arguably America’s first modern research university - - expressed the hope that American universities would one day, “make for less misery among the poor, less ignorance in the schools, less bigotry in the temple, less suffering in the hospital, less fraud in business and less folly in politics.”” There are many university campuses that set a successful and desired relationship between the university and surrounding community. Places such as, The University of California, Berkley, Dartmouth College, Harvard University, and The University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill, are just some of the many campuses that posses this important relationship. The successful integration of the university and the community has proven to create a more unique and distinguishable sense of ‘community and place’, making the campus and its surrounding community a more desirable place to visit or become a part of. Equally important is the existence of a strong sense of ‘community and place’ within university campuses. The students, faculty, and staff, along with their everyday routines and social interactions define ‘community’ within a campus while, “place is created through the various components of the built environment that provide an experiential setting for daily life to occur.” Today’s universities are constantly challenged with meeting the evolving needs of their local communities, both internally and externally. Recently, there has been a growing concern regarding the decline of a sense of community and place among universities across America. The result is seen in inadequate and unattractive campus edges, a disconnected student and local community, randomly placed buildings, and even poor cross-disciplinary interaction.
“Campuses, like cities, should grow according to a particular hierarchy. They should be considered first as manifestations of a single plan or idea, then second, united by their landscape and open space structure, and finally, framed by buildings.” - Kenney, Daniel, R.
Program The primary objective for this project is to develop the Northwest Precinct at UGA to better connect the surrounding community with the site, as well with the rest of the university system. Streets such as Baxter and Lumpkin Street should no longer be perceived as barriers, and can assist in the connections to campus and community. The natural features of the site, such as the topography, should be used in order to capture and filter storm water and runoff. The section of Tanyard Creek that runs through the site should be restored for the community to enjoy and discover its presence. Native plantings should be used throughout the site in order to preserve the natural characteristics and ecologies of the site. A focus on ecological and environmental sustainability will be top priority of the new development.
Objectives 1. Minimize vehicular circulation, while simutaneously maximizing pedestrian circulation. 2. Maximize connectivity, both internally and externally. 3. Reduce the amount of impervious surface area on site 4. Manage and filter storm water and runoff conditions on site. 5. Increase the use of indigneous plants in order to reduce potable water use for irrigation. 6. Maximize green/open spaces on site. 7. Create an asthetically pleasing and ‘user friendly’ site intended to ehance the visitor’s experience. 8. Bring “life” back into an area of the campus that has been mostly parking lots for the past few decades.
Architectural Additions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
New Terry College of Business (260,000 g.s.f.) Office of the Vice President for Research (60,000 g.s.f.) Family and Consumer Sciences Bldg (107,000 g.s.f.) School of Public and International Affairs Hull Street Parking Deck extension (74,000 g.s.f.) Dining Hall at Baxter and Lumpkin (55,000-60,000 g.s.f.) Alumni Center (111,500 g.s.f.)
INVENTORY & ANALYSIS
INVENTORY & ANALYSIS Context and Location
Athens - Clarke County: approx. 76, 000 acs. Named after the cultural center of Greece, in 1785, Athens Georgia became the site for the first chartered state University in the United States. Although its size represents only a relatively small portion of Athens-Clarke county, the University of Georgia is largely responsible for shaping and distinguishing the countyâ€™s identity. Since its establishment, in 1785, the University of Georgia has greatly increased economic, social, and cultural vitality throughout the county. Although its influence is notable throughout, it is especially predominant in the downtown district of Athens. Cultures, such as buisness, music and art, are able to successfully coexist within the University and its surrounding context.
reet t S on
treet S d Broa
ter Stret Bax UGA Main Campus: approx. 615 acs.
Site Area, NW Precint. approx. 44acs.
The University’s main campus is distinguished by its rich historical presence as well as it’s traditional, yet innovative context. Primarily, the main campus is divided into two sections, North and South Campus; however, several new facilities and housing also exist in what is considerd East and West Campus. Although they can all be individually recognized, each site plays a vital role , not only in education, but in the integration of infrastucture, landscape architecture, and architecture in order to form the 615 ac. site of main campus.
The site, UGA’s Northwest Precint, is situated on the edge of the university’s property. Broad St. to the north, Lumpkin St. east, Baxter St. south, and Newton St. west, form the boundaries. The Northwest precint houses some of the university’s latest additions, such as the Special Collections Library, as well as several planned rennovations, such as the new Terrry College of Buisness, and the Graduate Studies Administration Building. The site is approximately 44 acress and, until recently, its development potential has been haltered due to the abundance of parking and inneficient use of connectivity to surrounding contexts.
INVENTORY & ANALYSIS Circulation Broad Street is the main campus’ cumulation of the most Northern East/West connector in conjunction with the site’s northern boundary. It is a major arterial road that provides direct access to most of the collector streets within the site, and also serves as a connection to the downtown area. Characteristics for its duration above the site consist of four lanes with side parking on one side from Lumpkin Street over to N.Hull Street. However, side parking does not exist between N.Hull Street and Newton Street. Broad Street also provides sidewalks on both sides for pedestrian travel, yet does not contain any bicycle lanes along its stretch. Local roads within the site are Newton Street, N. Hull Street, Waddell Street, Wray Street, and Florida Av. Waddell Street connects N. Hull with Newton Steet and provides sidewalks on only one side. Newton street, which serves as the site’s Western boundary also provides a direct North/ South cross-site access. All of theese streets allow on-street parking in designated places. Lumpkin Street, for its duration through the site, may be considered the next busiest street in terms of traffic volume and pedestrian use. Lumpkin Street, a collector street, serves as a North/South cross-campus connector to the site and also main campus. Characteristics of Lumpkin Street include, two lanes of traffic with designated bicycle lanes on each side. Both sides of the street have sidewalks for most of its entirety as well. Baxter Street recieves high traffic volume as well, especially at the intersection of Lumpkin Street. Pedestrian routes, by means of sidewalks and paths, are an important component to the site’s circulation. Currently, the heavy volume of pedestrian traffic is accommodated by sidewalks, which are prominant on both sides of all streets within the site, with the exception of Wray Street and N. Hull Street, which have one-sided sidewalks. Several paths between Lumpkin Street and N.Hull Street provide pedestrian connectivity as well.
Although accessible to downtown, community connectivity off of campus must be addressed, taking advantage of Broad Street’s valuable connectivity possibilities. Bicycle transportation should be accommodated more effectively throughout the site, rather than inclusively on Lumpkin Street. More pedestrian routes should be considered in order to better link all areas of the site, wherever possible.
LEGDEND Major Arterial road Collector road w/ bicycle lanes Collector road Local road Pedestrian sidewalk / paved path
S Special Collections Library
INVENTORY & ANALYSIS Connectivity Connectivity is essential to successfully integrate the unversity to the community. The Northwest Precint has several significant areas of interest within just a 10 minute walk from its center, the Special Collections Library. Just to the north east is Athens’ downtown district. Downtown offers a variety of cultures and means of social interactions. Buisnesses thrive due to the close connection to the university’s main campus, and the district is filled with off-campus housing options as well. Located just to the east is the Reese Historic Distric, a district that is well-recognized for its rich cultural history, as well as its contribution to Athen’s community garden network. The area contains a diverse mix of local Athenians and university college students. The district is also an important African American community. Dearing Historic District, and a vast amount of off-campus housing, located directly west of the site, cover an area within just a 5 - 10 minute walk from the Northwest Precinct. Connectivity to this area has potential along the entire west side of the site. On-campus housing is also within proximity to the North West Precinct. Numerous dormatories and a dinning hall reside just outside the site’s boundaries. The hign volume of students within this particular area will create the need for many of the new and existing components of the site. Located to the south east corner of the site, is Stanford Stadium, as well as several student buildings, such as the Tate Centers, and Student Learning Center. This area has a constant flow of pedestrians during its normal hours of operation.
Opportunities to connect these places with the new site should be used to their fullest potential on campus and off campus to better establish a sense of community. The North West Precinct should strive to integrate the many significant destinations within its periphrial.
1/4 M I
S= DIU RA LE
1/2 M ILE R AD IUS
K AL W
5 MIN WALK
LEDGEND Radii - Distance Site boundary Special Collections Library Downtown District / off campus student housing Reese Historic District / off campus student housing Dearing Historic District / off campus student housing On campus student housing Stanford Stadium / Student Learning Centers
INVENTORY & ANALYSIS Surfaces Along with all the impervious roads and surfaces that form the site, the environment of the Northwest precinct has been plaqued by a vast amount of parking lots. Impervious parking covers fifty five percent of the land within the site, while the remaining forty five percent consists of vegetation and gravel parking (pervious surfaces). Unfortunately however, parking space is neccessary to accommodate the high volume of traffic that the North West precint recieves. The Hull Street parking deck was added, not only to account for the parking capacity that was lost with the addition of the Sepcial Collections Library, but to accommodate the increasing amount of vehicles on site. Economically, the parking lots are beneficial to the university due to revenue accquired during football seasons, and also from university parking permit holders. Vegetative areas within the site are covered in well established tree and shrub areas, as well as an abundance of turf. Mature shade trees are common throughout many of the vegetative areas. Most of the tree and shrubs within the site are native species, such as Oak, Hickory, and River Oats. However, some invasives and non-native species do exist in some places, such as along Tanyard creek, at the Southwest corner of the site.
The issue of impervious surfaces, especially in the form of parking must be addressed, while still being sensitive to the high demand of parking that is already existent on site. Other types of parking or transportation measures should be considered in order to reduce the impervious surface percentage.
Impervious roads/sidewalks Impervious structure Impervious parking Vegetation/gravel area acres
Legend Impervious parking Impervious structure Vegetation/gravel area Roads/sidewalks
INVENTORY & ANALYSIS Hydrology The Northwest precint possesses a dramatic elevation change from its northeast corner sloping down to its southeast corner. There is around a one hundred foot decrease in elevation change, 750’- 650’, giving the natural topography of the site a 9 % slope. Although the direction of the elevation change is predominately NE - SW, there are high points that exist throughout many areas of the site. These high points offer natural views that are both internal and external of the site, however many of the high points are currently undermined of their vantage potential. Tanyard Creek
The combination of impervious surfaces along with the sloping of the natural topography constitute the hydological flow throughout the site. The Northwest precinct belongs to the Upper Oconee watershed, and the majority of the hydrology flow on site is either directly or indirectly directed to flow towards Tanyard Creek, which is located at the southwest section of the site, at the lowest elevation. Tanyard Creek, along with several other streams on the university’s campus, feed into the middle Oconee river where UGA gets the majority of its water supply from. Water flow on many of the roads, such as Lumpkin Street and Waddell Street, is directed into a system of inlets that eventually reach the Oconee. Storm water and runoff are also directed into several rain gardens along Lumpkin Street, as well as around the Special Collections Library in an attempt to filter the water before it is returned to the ground, Tanyard Creek, and the Oconee river.
Storm water inlet
While addressing the impervious parking lot issue, stormwater and run off shall be simutaneously addressed in order to increase the amount of ground water return. Improving the water quality of Tanyard Creek is essential to improving the natural ecologies of and beyond the site. Capturing and filtering stormwater should be top priority in order to greatly improve the site’s natural hydrological cycles. Along with stormwater, the site’s natural high points shall be used to their fullest potential in order to create optimal internal and external views.
Existing rain garden
Site Building Hydrology flow
Existing Rain Garden
High point location
INVENTORY AND ANALYSIS
Summary Prominent in the Northwest Precinct are opportunities to create a unified sense of place between the university and its surrounding community. Streets offer opportunities for enhancement of function and asthetics by the addition of bike lanes and more pedestrian-inviting sidewalks throughout the site. The intersections and corners of the site offer excellent opportunities, making for better connections to the many significant surroundings, by means of gateways, thresholds, and plantings areas. Green space opportunities, such as outdoor plazas or parks also exist in many areas of the site as well. Better pedestrian circulation is neccessary to connect all areas of the site, especially so on the east/west axis of the site. Currently, the parking deck acts as a barrier to the west portion of the site near Tanyard Creek. The additon of more pedestrian trails will eliminate this barrier. The natural topography of the site provides opportunities for creating many vantages, and also allows for the creation of stormwater applications, such as rain gardens and bio-swales.
Connectivity opportunities Vehicular traffic concerns Area blocked for pedestrian use Pedestrian connectivity View opportunities Green space opprtunities
CONCEPT 1 Extending Traditional Concept one employs a more traditional approach to campus design. Its characteristics include strong axial corridors, nodes, and views throughout the site. Influenced from other areas of campus that share similar characteristics, such as the linear pedestrian axis that currently runs in front of Terry College, and stretches from Broad St. to Baldwin St., this concept strives to make a strong connection to other areas of main campus, enhance campus ecology, and offer many open space opportunities. The concept takes advantage of the existing topography by creating a strong north / south pedestrian corridor that will begin at the corner of where Wray and Waddell Streets meet, and terminate in the proposed quad of Terry Collegeâ€™s new location. The long axis will be intersected by numerous perpendicular (east / west) corridors which are also to be designated for pedestrian/bicycle use only, with the exception of the newly proposed entrance to the Baptist Church parking lot. Each intersection along the main corridor will create a circulation node that will serve to promote social interaction, showcase storm water management practices, and will also be the areas designated for necessary elevation changes along the corridor. The proposed grid like design will also improve wayfinding and limit the impact of onsite vehicular parking. Along with increased circulation and connectivity within the site, the enhancement of external connectivity is also accomplished through a series of urban plazas and green parks located along the siteâ€™s edges. The concept designates the western boundary of the site, along Newton Street, to become a green corridor intended to enhance local ecologies. Native shade trees throughout this area, as well as along the edges of the corridors will aid in evapotranspiration and reduction of the heat island effect, both of which are key components of sustainability.
CONCEPT 2 Organic Connectivity Concept two lends itself to the natural topography, and existing infrastructure of the site. Its forms are curvilinear and organic thus creating a contrast to the majority of other areas of main campus. The idea is to transform the Northwest Precinct into a more inviting and enjoyable destination on campus by means of increased pedestrian interaction, circulation, and green space areas throughout the site. The design eliminates vehicular traffic on Wray St., creating a pedestrian-only corridor that frames the view of the Wray Nichol House at its western termination. This corridor also runs directly through the proposed quad of Terry Collegeâ€™s proposed complex, and also creates a north / south pedestrian axis. This particular location for Terry College was selected due to its proximity to the collegeâ€™s current North Campus location. The plan is to locate Terry near the new Vice President of Research building due to the prestigious character and importance of each building. Along with this new pedestrian corridor, another pedestrian greenway stretches from a northeast point on Lumpkin St. to a southeast point on Lumpkin St. at the lower end of the site which is directly across from the Student Learning Center. The greenway is accessible from many areas within and around the site in order to maximize pedestrian and bicycle circulation. The location of the Alumni complex serves several purposes. First, it is intentionally located for optimal access and viewing of the Wray Nichol House. Secondly, the location forms a connection between several gardens, located both internally and externally of the site. These gardens include, the Wray Nichol garden, the proposed garden, and the Founders garden, located across Lumpkin St. The building complex is also intended to form a connection, and frame a view, to the Founders House entrance. The proposed SPIA and FACS buildings are located within the southeast area of the site in order to enhance the student oriented vicinity of the Lumpkin/Baxter St. intersection. Both buildings have a high volume of students and are both relatively large in size. The buildings form a quad within themselves and are situated along the greenway. The Dining Hall is strategically located on the other side of the Lumpkin/Baxter St. intersection to further promote and accommodate the high volume of students as well.
CONCEPT 1 Process Graphics
Key Ideas Urban Plaza Pedestrian Corridor Tanyard Creek Bridge
No Vehicles North Hull. Green Space Connectivity Community Garden Building Locations
External Connections Extend Waddell St. Max. Pedestrian Circulation Baldwin St. Extension
CONCEPT 2 Key Ideas
External Connections Traffic calming Wray St. Corridor
Strong Linear Access Max Green Space Extension of Waddell St. Building Locations
Pulaski St. Extension. Parking reduction Pedestrian Corridor
pedestrian only urban plaza
parking Office of Vice President pedestrian\vehicle access
alumni gardens/greenspace pedestrian only Family and Consumer Science
urban park w\ access to pedestrian corridor parking deck expansion green corridor
vehicle/pedestrian access existing church parking
pedestrian only Dining Hall pedestrian only Terry College complex pedestrian only
green park green park along creek
Along with a reflection of surrounding landforms, buildings, and contexts, the Northwest Precinct master plan derives its characteristics from the two previous concepts, one being organic and curvilinear, and the other being very linear and axial in form. With pedestrian circulation and connectivity being a dominating driver and goal intent of the overall design, the fusion of the two concepts gave way to a design that possesses strong axial qualities in both a linear and organic fashion. The frame work of the design begins with a linear pedestrian corridor that provides visitors with a strong north/south connection beginning from the new circular drop off area of where Waddell and N. Hull streets merge, stretching to the newly proposed Quad Terry College. This main axis is then bisected by many organic pathways that provide opportunities for enjoyable east/west cross-site circulation. Pedestrian nodes, private spaces, and optimal connections are all created due to the new circulation system and building placements of the new site.
The main intent of this design is to better fit the Northwest Precinct into the Universityâ€™s main campus, as well as into the surrounding local context of Athens, Georgia. This intent is accomplished through external connections, such as public green space thresholds within and around the site, increased pedestrian circulation and activity, and the integration of sustainable site design. Elements such as native plantings, storm water management, and permeable surfaces are just some of the many sustainable components of the new site.
The increased pedestrian circulation, sustainability, and aesthetics of the Northwest Precinct master plan are all intended to enhance the experience of its visitors, while simultaneously giving back to the environment and local ecologies. A once parking lot stricken and unconnected site, now expands and promotes student interaction, and creates yet another prominent student oriented hub of main campus.
5 4 treet
ull St N. H
dell S Wad
Office of the Vice President of Research - 4 Stories, FFE = 716
Alumni Village Complex - 4 Stories, FFE = 710 for northern bldgs, 706for southern bldg
Family and Consumer Science -4 Stories, FFE = 682
Terry College Complex - 4 Stories, FFE - 650 for northern bldgs, 635 for southern bldg
Dining Hall - 2 Stories, FFE -622
New vehicular/pedestrian dropoff area
Green Space Network Vehicular circulation Pedestrian circulation
SITE DESIGN: PLAN The site is an area of the Northwest Precinct that is designated to the Terry College of Buisness. Serving as a large, and domintaing node of the Northwest Precinct, the site also beomes a termination or entrance point to the primary pedestrian corridor. The site itself is a direct reflection of the overall master plan which can be visualized through many of its forms and charcateristics. A cohesive combination of organic, axial, and curvilinear forms create a space that consists of two unique individual spaces: The Upper Quad and the Lower Plaza areas, both of which are intended to maximize connectivity and social interaction, enhance the pedestrian experience and showcase sustainability. The northern section of the site provides visitors with direct access to the new pedestrian corridor, the Baldwin and Lumpkin Street intersection, and many other destinations within the North West Precinct. In this area paths are created through five stone planters which serve as seat walls and contain a variety of native tree and shrub species. A scored concrete pattern is used in order to enhance asthetics, and conserve other natural resources needed for other types of paving choices. Situated between this portion of the site and the lower plaza is the main quad area of the site, formed primarily through the positioning of the buildings and the careful selection of indigneous plant material. Other characteristics of the quad area include two open areas of Zoysia turf grass, axial paths, and a central node of permeable pavers. Also, a shade tree allee helps to create a strong connection to the east and west buildings. The lower portion of the site becomes a more â€˜urbanâ€™ plaza area contrasting the upper quad area and adding variety to the overall site. A water feature, seat wall planters, specimen shade trees, and a pleasing transition of several types of paving materials are just some of the many characteristics located within this section of the site.
Along with the two water features, several minimal elevation changes throughout the site serve as transitions to the many unique areas of the site. An abundace of native plantings, intended to reduce the amount water consumed in irrigation, as well as a collection of rain garden/bio swale areas that aid in managing and cleaning storm water, work together to maximize sustainability.
entrance to/from pedestrian corridor
east/west acccess raised planter rain garden
native street trees
FFE = 648.5
FFE = 650
FFE = 648.5
entrance from Lumpkin St.
+ 638 + 636
+ 638 water feature
FFE = 636.5
rain garden rain garden
+ 626 entrance at ground level
scale: 1: 20
SITE DESIGN: SECTION
This section displays the lower plaza area and southern most building of the proposed Terry College site. The architecturall style successfully integrates the new Terry College buildings with much of the existing architecture on the University’s campus. The planting selection and placement were carefully chosen in order to compliment the architectural style of the new building. From the west, a 3 ft. elevation change welcomes visitors into this portion of the site where again, features such as seat walls, water features native plantings, and permeable pavers merge cohesively to form the lower plaza area within the college’s main quad area. Another 3 ft. elevation changes is located to the site’s east.
South section: scale: 1”=1’-0”
SITE DESIGN: PERSPECTIVE A dominant feature of Terry College is the quad space created by its building positioning and plant material. The quad serves as a central gathering space for the college, as well as the termination point for the main pedestrian corridor on site. The new space promotes social interaction, and showcases sustainability. Features of this space include water features, indigneous plant materials, open lawn space, and permeable paving. Axial paths create stong north/south cross-site connectivity, and a the tree allee creates a strong connection between the east/west buildings.
SITE DESIGN: GRADING PLAN
The grading was implemented with special attention to the environment, and the visitor. A low impact design approach was taken in order to minimize grading and preserve the site’s natural topography and existing hydrological cycle. The addition of the site itself, which replaces a parking lot stricken area, along with the proposed grading provides benefits such as a reduction in runoff, lower irrigation needs, and enhanced bio-diversity and storm water quality. From the northern-most point of the site until the transition into the lower plaza area, including the open lawn areas, the site is graded at a consistent 4-5% slope. This gradual slope was maximized in order to better suit the natural topography of the site. However, upon entrance into the lower plaza, the grade becomes much more level reaching a maximum slope of only 2.5%. Building FFEs within the quad area of the two east and west buildings are set at 648.5’ while the lower building is situated at 636.5’. Stairs were used where necessary throughout the site in order to accomodate the grade transitions, and the design also eliminated the need for any type of retaing structures on site. To add to the preservation of stormwater, one bio swale and three rain gardens were added. Storm water and runoff will be directed into a collection of drains throughout the site and empty into the rain garden located to the site’s southwest. From there the water will be captured and treated by a variety of native plants and then returned to the existing storm water system.
scale: 1: 20
SITE DESIGN: PLANTING Plant Palette
Dwarf Black Locust
Oak Leaf Holly
Northern Lights Camellia
Southern Charm Azalea
Otto Luyken Laurel
Yellow Bush Lantana
Rose Creek Abelia
Inland Sea Oats
Big Blue Liriope
PLANT LIST QUANTITY Trees 4 2 2 12 10 2 8 18
Cornus florida Cornus florida 'Pink' Robinia pseudoacacia 'Lace Lady' Cercis canadensis Betula nigra Quercus palustris Ulmus parviflora 'Lacebark' Quercus phellos
Flowering Dogwood Pink Flowering Dogwood Twisty Baby™ Dwarf Black Locust Eastern Redbud River Birch Pin Oak Lacebark Elm Willow Oak
2" Cal. 2" Cal. 2" Cal. 2" Cal. 2" Cal. 3" Cal. 2" Cal. 3" Cal.
B&B B&B B&B B&B B&B B&B 25' O.C. B&B 17' O.C. B&B 25' O.C.
Shrubs 4 30 54 225 18 41 48 48
Ilex x 'Conaf' Myrica ceifera Camelia Sasanqua Rhododendron Encore Illicium floridanum Osmanthus fragrans Rhododendron indicum 'Southern Charm' Prunus laurocerasus 'Otto Luyken'
Oak Leaf Holly Southern Wax Myrtle Camelia sasanqua Encore Azalea Florida Anise Sweet Olive Southern Charm Azalea Otto Luyken English Laurel
7 Gal. 7 Gal. 3 Gal. 3 Gal. 7 Gal. 7. Gal. 7. Gal. 5 Gal.
8' O.C. 8' O.C. 6' O.C. 4' O.C. 8' O.C. 8' O.C. 8' O.C. 6' O.C.
Lantana camara 'Dwarf Yellow'
Dwarf Yellow Bush Lantana
Abelia x grandiflora 'Kaleidoscope'
Abelia x grandiflora 'Rose Creek'
Rose Creek Abelia
American Beauty Berry
Grasses 357 151 70
Chasmanthium latifolium Miscanthus sinensis ‘Gracillimus’ Panicum virgatum 'Heavy Metal'
Inland Sea oats Madien Grass Heavy Metal Switch Grass
3 Gal. 3 Gal. 3 Gal.
3' O.C. 3' O.C. 3' O.C.
Big Blue liriope Emerald Zoysia
1 Gal. S.F
Groundcover 646 Liriope Muscari 'Big Blue' 35101 Zoysia 'Emerald'
The site’s planting palette consists a mix of native and indigneous evergreen and decidous trees, shrubs, and grasses. The selection was carefully chosen in order to provide the ultimate sensory experience, ehance asthetics, and to provide numerous ecological benefits to the site. Once established, the vegetation is intended to reduce the amount of water used for irrigation, provide shade, and clean storm water before it returns to the ground or existing system.
SITE DESIGN: CONSTRUCTION
A detail that represents the construction of the lower water feature within the site plan. The water is contained by two stone veneer seat walls, and the fountain serves as a transitional element between the upper quad and lower plaza areas. From the lower plaza the inside stone veneer of the upper seat wall serves as an asthetic feature before the water level begins.
This running section represents features within the lower plaza area as well. From left to right, two stone veneer seat walls create an open bottom planter which is intended to maximize rootable soil volume and root growth for the specimen shade trees. Below the seat wall is an area of pervious aggregate paving that serves to contrast the surrounding hardscapes and reduce runoff. The aggregate is contained by a band of stone pavers before transitioning to stamped concrete. The stair detail completes the section and represents a style of stairs that can be found throughout the site.
CREDITS http://www.pikenursery.com/media/catalog/product/cache/1/image/372x/17f82f742ffe127f42dca9de82fb5 8b1/0/7/07019_full_shot_1.jpg http://www.mahonianursery.com/gallery/images/img_1335.jpg http://www.mobot.org/gardeninghelp/images/low/B970-0628052cs.jpg http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_tqQRxH8lxu4/TN2ZwYbGmVI/AAAAAAAAGkw/8n1zeu42kt0/s1600/DSC03664.JPG http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/images/ulpa6987.jpg http://www.coveyrisetreefarm.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/DSC_0453.jpg http://www.fantasylawns.com/wax_myrtle.jpg http://www.donnan.com/images/Holly_Oak-Leaf-Red.jpg http://www.longcreekfarms.com/images/CamelliaNorthernLights.jpg http://s1.hubimg.com/u/582560_f248.jpg http://www.about-garden.com/images_data/6960-osmanthus-aquifolium-sweet-olive-tea-1.jpg http://images.tribe.net/tribe/upload/photo/14d/42b/14d42b6f-eeb1-4dbe-b244-add01dc63301 http://www.florum.fr/img/P/3/5/6743-Prunus-laurocerasus-Otto-Luyken.jpg http://www.knuppernursery.com/shrub_gallery/images/fothergilla-dwarf.jpg http://mchristi.wso.net/garden/lantana3b.jpg http://www.plandorex.com/site/fichiers/images/abelia_grandiflora_kaleidoscope_whole_plant_shot_in_flower.jpg http://alt.coxnewsweb.com/cnishared/tools/shared/mediahub/03/82/01/slideshow_1018233_crawford.001.JPG http://www.pinkshovellandscapes.com/resources/better+beauty+berry.jpg http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-CzIeUV5qgWk/TlvsuFfbv7I/AAAAAAAAAEo/NagRXWQxmp8/s1600/ Inland+sea+oats.JPG http://www.donnan.com/images/grassMaiden.jpg http://dovecreekgardens.com/images/products/2008/Panicum_virgatum__Heavy_Metal_.jpghttp://www.greenparadisetx.com/catalog/shrub/Liriope.jpg http://img.ehowcdn.com/article-new/ehow/images/a06/is/pn/do-wild-garlic-emerald-zoysia_-800x800.jpg kenney, daniel R., ricardo dumont, and ginger kenney. mission and place: strengthening learning and community through campus design. westport: Praeger Publishers, 2005. Print.