Good morning everyone. My name is ESTELA and I’d like to introduce my classmates MARIA, SANTIAGO, DAVID, ANDREA AND INDHIRA. Our group is going to describe the project we worked on. HALLOWEEN
Today David going to talk about Celts, Romans and Christianity. Santiago then talk about Halloween colours. Maria will talk about myths.Indhira talk about 3 traditions and finally Estela talk about 2 traditions.
Thanks. Now, as Andrea said, I’m going to look at Celts ,Romans and Christianity
Halloween is one of the oldest celebrations in the world, dating back over 2000 years to the time of the Celts who lived in Britain. Samhain (pronounced 'sow-in') marked the end of the "season of the sun" (summer) and the beginning of "the season of darkness and cold" (winter).
When the Romans conquered England, they merged Samhain with their own festivals, a harvest festival called Poloma, and a celebration for the dead called Feralia. Offerings and gifts were placed at the graves and the anniversary of the funeral feast was celebrated.
When Christianity came to England and the rest of Europe, 1 November became All Saints Day - a day dedicated to all those saints who didn't have a special day of their own. They performed a mass called 'All hallows mass' and the night before became known as All Hallows E'en and eventually Halloween or Halloween. Halloween through history Who Origin Consequences Celts merged Samhain, Poloma and Feralia The night before All Saints Day.
Thank you very much. Now I am going to hand over to my colleague Santiago who will talk to you about Halloween colours.
It is thought that the colours orange and black became Halloween colours because orange is associated with harvests (Halloween marks the end of harvest) and black is associated with death.
Thank you very much. Now I am going to hand over to my colleague Santiago who will Talk to you about Halloween colours.
Myths Ringing a bell scares evil spirits away. If you see a spider on this night, it could be the spirit of a dead loved one who is watching you. To meet a witch, put your clothes on inside out and walk backwards on Halloween night.
Thank you very much. Now I am going to hand over to my colleague indhira who will talk to you about 3 traditions
Traditions Jack-o-lanterns - Pumpkin Lanterns these are hollowed out pumpkins with a face cut into one side. People once carved out beets, potatoes and turnips to use as lanterns on Halloween. Nowadays we carve out pumpkins.
Fire Fire was very important to the Celts as it was to all early people. In the old days people lit bonfires, to scare away evil spirits. They believed that light had power over darkness. In some places they used to jump over the fire to bring good luck.
Today, we light candles in pumpkin lanterns and then put them outside our homes to frighten away witches and ghosts
Apple Bobbing (Duck-apple) The Roman festival for remembering the dead was also in October. During this time, the Romans remembered their goddess, Pomona. She was the goddess of the trees and fruits, and when the Romans came to Britain, they began to hold these two festivals on the same day as Samhain. Apple games probably became associated with Halloween because of this. Thank you very much. Now I am going to hand over to my colleague will talk to you about 2 traditions
2 traditions Dressing up The tradition of dressing in costume for Halloween has both European and Celtic roots. On Halloween, when it was believed that ghosts came back to the earthly world, people thought that they would encounter ghosts if they left their homes. To avoid being recognized by these ghosts, people would wear masks when they left their homes after dark so that the ghosts would mistake them for fellow spirits.
To keep ghosts away from their houses on Halloween, people would place bowls of food outside their homes to appease the ghosts and prevent them from attempting to enter.
Trick or treat Halloween was a time for making mischief - many parts of England still recognise Halloween as Mischief Night - when children would knock on doors demanding a treat (Trick or Treat) and people would disguise themselves as witches, ghosts, kelpies and spunkies, in order to obtain food and money from nervous householders.
Ending If there are no questions, then I would like to say thank you on behalf of my classmates. You can contact us at the email on the handout, and we will be happy to give you any more information you need. Thanks and goodbye.