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02 March to 08 March 2011

B îÅðÚ å¯º H îÅðÚ B@AA

lFbUMaF ‘c iGiraf lIbIaf imsr ‘c lok bgfvq nfl hoey rfj plty dI sPLlqf qoN bfad ijnHF hornF mulkF ivwc qfnfsLfhI isMGfsn gMBIr sMkt ivwc iGry hn, lIbIaf dI siQwqI AunHF ivcoN sB qoN gMBIr aqy KLqrnfk hY. BfvyN kfihrf ivclI qbdIlI ny Xmn ivwc vI rfsLtrpqI alI abduwlf sflyh dI gwdI nUM KLqry ivwc pf idwqf hoieaf hY aqy Emfn ivwc vI lok bycYnI vwD rhI hY pr lIbIaf ‘c hflfq bhuq hI nfjLk hn. cfr dhfikaF qoN vI vwD smyN qoN lIbIaf ‘c swqf Auwqy kfbj af rhy krnl muawmr gwdfÌI nUM ies mOky ijs rfjsI sMkt df sfhmxf krnf pY irhf, Ausdf AusnUM qF kI iksy hor nUM vI kdy icwq cyqf nhIN sI. 1969 ivc Èfh ieMdrIs df qKqf pltfAux ‘c sPLl hox bfad gwdfPI ny ‘ienklfb’ dy nFa hyT apxI qfnfsLfhI kfiem kr leI. vwK vwK kbIilaF dy afDfr vfly lIbIaf dI zor apxy hwQF ivwc afAux bfad gwdfÌI ny ijhVIaF mn-afeIaF aqy mOj msqI kIqI, Ausdy ikwsy dys ivwc hI nhIN ivdysLF ivwc vI msLhUr hn. apxy puwqr nUM apxf vfrs Qfpx dy pwky pRbMD krn vfly gwdfPLI nUM mOjUdf sMkt dy mwdynjLr Aultf apxy pirvfr nUM suriKaq rwKx ivwc musLklF pysL afAuNdIaF idsdIaF hn. lokF dIaF BfvnfvF df iKafl kridaF smJdfrI nfl swqf qoN pfsy ht jfx dI QF Ausny qfnfsLfh vflf awKV rvweIaf brkrfr rKidaF sgoN jbr df nvF dOr sLurU kr idwqf hY. virHaF qoN Ausdy julmF aqy luwt df isLkfr huMdy af rhy lIbIafeI lokF dy mnF ‘c afjLfdI df supnf vfr vfr duhrfieaf jf irhf sI pr ieMny sLkqIsLflI ‘sLihnsLfh’ nfl twkr dI sPLlqf dI koeI AumId nhIN sI bwJdI. kfihrf ivwc hosnI mubfrk df ‘iswkybMd’ iklf lokF vloN Zih ZyrI kr idwqy jfx ny arb mulkF ivwc hI nhIN sgoN pUrI dunIaF ivwc ‘lok sLkqI’ dy ikRsLmy df jlvf muV jIivq kIqf. lIbIaf dy lokF vloN gwdfPLI nUM cldf krn leI pRyrnf aqy syD imsr ivcly lok XuwD qoN imlI hY. iesdy bfvjUd dovF mulkF ivcly hflfq vwK vwK hox kfrn lVfeI df rUp vI vwKrf hY. hosnI mubfrk vI BfvyN bVf dI qfkqvr aqy aVb iksm df sLfsLk dI, pr AuwQy POj aqy srkfrI aiDkfrIaF vloN Ausdf sfQ dyxoN nFh krn ny lokF dI ijwq leI rfh suKflf kr idwqf sI. Kud hosnI ny siQwqI nUM BFpidaF dysL nUM ihMsk mfhOl vwl Dwkx dI QF swqf df moh iqafg ky AuwQoN bc inklx ‘c hI apxf Blf smiJaf. gwdfPLI ieAuN krn vflf nhIN. Ausdf idmfg pihlF nfloN vwD pwuTf clx lwg ipaf hY. hflF ik lIbIafeI vsoN df rONa rfjDfnI iqRpolI ivwc AuwBry lok ivdroh qoN spwsLt sfhmxy af igaf sI ik Auh apxy virHaF qoN Kusy hoey aiDkfrF dI bhflI ibnF hux sfh nhIN lYxgy, gwdfPLI iesnUM suxn aqy mMnx leI iqafr nhIN. Ausny EhI kuJ kIqf ijhVf hr qfnfsLfh krdf hY- apxy lokF ivruD pulIs aqy POjI qfkq dI vrqoN. iqRpolI ivwc qfkq dI vrqoN lokF nUM AunHF dy rfh qoN iQVkf nhIN skI, iesdy nfl lgdy iqjOrf sLihr ivwc vI lok AuBfr swqf dy gilafiraF ivwc gUMjx nfl hflfq hor BK gey. sUrq smyq lIbIaf dy hornF sLihrF ivwc lok afjLfdI dy nfary idnoN idn Auwcy huMdy jf rhy hn. POj dy vwzy ihwsy vloN gwdfPLI dy hukm mMxnoN nFh krnf iswDy rUp ivwc bgfvq hY. dysL dy keI mMqrIaF, hornF Auwc aiDkfrIaF qoN ielfvf sXuMkq rfsLtr smyq vwK vwK mulkF ivcly rfjdUqF vloN lok XuwD dI hmfieq vjoN apxy ahuidaF asqIPy dyxf, gwdfPLI ivruD lIbIafeI lokF dy roh df qkVf pRgtfvf sI. AusnUM smyN dI nbjL vyKidaF apxy surwiKaq lFBy hox df vsIlf lwBx df bVf sfPL sMkyq. dUjy pfsy gwdfPLI vloN POj aqy pRsLfsLn ivcly apxy tukVbocF rfhIN bfgI POjIaF Auwqy hI hvfeI hmly krfAux nUM vyKidaF dunIaF Br ivwc lIbIafeI lokF dy BivwK sbMDI icMqf pYdf ho geI hY. lIbIaf ivwc nOkrIaF aqy hor kfrobfr leI afey hornF mulkF dy lokF leI qF apxI jfn bcf ky Bwjx dy isvf koeI cfrf nhIN, KfnfjMgI vfly hflq bxdy vyK lIbIaf dy hjLfrF lok guafZI mulkF tunIsLIaf aqy imsr ivwc pnfh lYx leI mjbUr hoey hn. lIbIaf dy lokF nUM dbfAux leI gwdfPLI vloN qfkq dI iGxfAuxI vrqoN krn nUM vyKidaF sXuMkq rfLstr vloN lIbIaf ivruD afriQk aqy hor bMdsLF lfAux, amrIkf smyq XUrp dy keI mulkF vloN qfnfsLfh dIaF jfiedfdF jLbq krn dI kfrvfeI AusnUM bMdf bx jfx leI kIqy iesLfry sn. gwdfPLI iesdy bfvjUd tws qoN mws nhIN ho irhf. qfjLf sMkyqF anusfr amrIkf ny nfto mulkF dI qrPLoN lIbIaf ivwc kfrvfeI krn df PYslf kr ilaf lwgdf hY. ijsdf sfPL mqlb hY, gwdfPLI nUM gwdIEN lfhux vfly lokF dI mdd dy nFa hyT POjF Byjxf. ies hflq ivwc sMkt vwD jfx dy KLdsLy hn. iewk qF ieh ik gwdfPLI ivruD bgfvq kr cwuky lIbIaf dy ivroDI iDr vfly vI iswDy rUp ivwc iksy bfhrI dKLl dy hwk ivwc nhIN. lIbIaf dI kOmI afrjLI kONsl dy bulfry abdul hPId gogf ny iksy vI ivdysLI dKLl jF POjI kfrvfeI df ivroD kridaF ikhf hY ik ‘ies ienklfb nUM sfzy lok hI sMpUrn krngy’. gwdfPLI vloN apxIaF hI POjF nUM afps ivwc lVf dyx nfl ijhVf kohrfm mwcxf hY, Ausdf syk lIbIaf qoN bfhr qwk vI pwujygf. ies sMqfp qoN lIbIafeI lokF nUM bcfAuxf bxdf hY. ies sUrq ivwc amrIkI jF XUrpI dKLl arb mulkF ivwc gwdfPLI vrigaF leI hmdrdI nf shI, axcfhI mdd df kfrn nf bxy, ies leI amrIkf aqy iesdy sihXogIaF nUM bhuq hI soc smJ qoN kMm lYxf pvygf. aijhf kuJ vI krnoN pUrI qrHF guryjL kIqf jfvy ijs nfl iqRpolI ivclI lok bgfvq dysI aqy ivdysI POjF ‘c tkrfa vjoN BVk ky sB kuJ sfV dyx vfly BFbV bx lIbIaf smyq hornIN QFeIN lFbUM lfvy.

é÷ðÆÁÅ

Amritsar Times 16

×¾çÅøÆ ç¶ ñÂÆ Õ½ä ç¹ÖÆ þ? aMqrrfÈtrI jgq ivc gwdfÌI iekwly hn. ietlI dy pRDfn mMqrI AunHF dy dosq ËrUr hn, pRMqU AunHF dI dfÜ pihlF hI pqlI ho rhI hY. koeI vI musilm dyÈ AunHF dy smrQn ivc mUMh nhIN Kol irhf. lIbIaf, AuqrI aÌrIkf ivc siQq dyÈ hY. ies dyÈ dI AuqrI srhwd ‘qy BUmwD sfgr hY. lIbIaf dI srhwd pUrb ‘c imsr aqy dwKx pUrb ivc sUzfn nfl lgdI hY. KyqrÌl dy ilhfË nfl lIbIaf aÌrIkf df cOQy nMbr df sB qoN vwzf dyÈ hY. sfAU d I arb dI qrH F lIbIaf ƒ vI sQfpqI df gVH mMinaf jFdf sI. pRMqU muawmr gwdfÌI df ieh gVH qfÈ dy pwiqaF dy mihl vFg iswD ho irhf hY. 41 sfl qoN lIbIaf dI CfqI ‘qy svfr gwdfÌI ƒ tI vI cYnl ‘qy af ky ieh kihxf ipaf ik Auh dyÈ Cwz ky Bwjy nhIN. ijhVy lIbIaf ivc Aus dy ieÈfry qoN ibnF pMCI vI afpxy pMK nhIN ihlf skdy sn, AuQy AunHF ƒ hux afpxI hI jnqf ‘qy jhfËF aqy hYlIkfptrF nfl bMb vrsfAuxy pY rhy hn. itAUnIÈIaf aqy imsr qF kI, ies qrHF dy iGnfAuxy kfrnfmy ihtlr, stfiln aqy mfE vrgy qfnÈfhF ƒ vI krny pey. lIbIaf dI bgfvq ny ipClIaF sfrIaF bgfvqF ƒ ipwCy Cwz idwqf hY. afpxy bfgI nOjvfnF ‘qy aYny bMb nf qF cInI nyqfvF ny iQafnmn corfhy ‘qy suwty aqy nf hI ierfn dy ÈihnÈfh ny mÈd aqy qihrfn ivc vrHfey sn. KUn dI aijhI ndI vhfAux qoN bfad kI gwdfÌI aqy Aus df bytf hux lIbIaf ivc rih skxgy? gwdfÌI dy do mMqrIaF ny vI asqIÌy dy idwqy. inaF mMqrI qoN ielfvf jn surwiKaf mMqrI aPPXUns dy asqIÌy qoN ieh spwÈt sMkyq imldf hY ik hux gwdfÌI dI nINh ihl cuwkI hY. Bfrq, ibRtyn aqy cIn ivc inXukq lIbIaf dy rfjdUqF vwloN idwqy asqIiPaF df arQ kOx nhIN smJdf? jdoN nOkrÈfh bgfvq df JMzf cuwk lYx qF ies df arQ hY ik swqf dI byVI zuwbx vflI hY. hfly pMj Cy idn hoey hn jnoqQfn ƒ, pRMqU PO j dIaF keI ibRgyzF ny hiQafr suwt idwqy hn. Auh bfgIaF vwloN lV rhIaF hn. kuJ pfieltF ny bM b vrsfAu x dI bjfey afpxy jhfË dUsry dyÈF ivc lY ky KVHy kr idwqy hn. gwdfÌI dy mUMh ‘qy ies qoN

vwzf qmfcf ho kI ho skdf hY. lIbIaf dy anykF ÈihrF aqy ipMzF ivc bfgIaF df kbËf ho igaf hY. sQfnk pRÈfsn bfgIaF df sfQ dy irhf hY. gwdfÌI dI sB qoN vwzI pRyÈfnI ieh hY ik Auh ijs kwËfÌ kbIly dy srdfr hn, Auh cOQy nMbr ‘qy hY. pihly iqMn bVy kbIly aqy Aus dy nfl hI hor lgBg 100 kbIly kfbU qoN bfhr ho cuwky hn. mykfrQf, jfibXf aqy vrPlfh kbIilaF dy srdfrF ny bgfvq df ibgul vjf idwqf hY. jo POjI ies kbIly nfl sbMDq hn, Auh hux gwdfÌI df nhIN blik afpxy kbIly dy srdfrF df hukm mMn rhy hn. 1993 ivc vrÌlfh kbIly ny jo bgfvq kIqI sI, Aus ƒ gwdfÌI ny zMzy dy Ëor nl dbf idwqf sI. pRMqU ies bgfvq ivc sfry kbIly Èfml hn. 1969 ivc jdoN gwdfÌI ny qKqf pltfieaf sI qF Èfh ieMdrIs ny ienHF kbIilaF ƒ afËfd aYlfn dy ky iek zor ivc bMnHI rwiKaf sI, pRMqU hux Auh qfnfÈfhI rwsf

vyd pRqfp vYidk pRiswD rfjnIqk icMqk qoVn ‘qy AuqfrU ho gey hn. gwdfÌI dI hvfeI POj ivc AunHF dy afpxy kbIly df dbdbfa hY. Auh ikMny bMb vrsfAuxgy? gwdfÌI ƒ kOx bcfeygf? lIbIaf ivc Aus dy aYny pRsMsk vI nhIN hn, ijMny imsr ivc mubfrk aqy itAUnIÈIaf ivc abIdIq ibn alI dy sn. mrn jF Bwjx qoN ielfvf Aus dy sfry rfh bMd ho cuwky hn. 1969 ivc ijnHF lokF ny afpxI jfn ‘qy Kyz ky Aus df sfQ idwqf sI, AunHF ivcoN iËafdfqr dI hwiqaf kIqI jf cuwkI hY. Aus vyly dy AunHF dy sfQIaF ivcoN hux isrÌ abul slfm jlUd hI bcy hn. Auh vI bfgIaF df sfQ dyxgy. POj dy sB qoN sInIar aÌsrF ivc igxy jfx vfly jnrl mihmUd ny vI bgfvq kr idwqI hY. gwdfÌI dy afpxy kbIly dy lokF df smrQn Aus ƒ ËrUr hY, pRMqU ies vyly AunHF ƒ afpxI jfn bcfAux dI lwgI hoeI hY. AunHF ivcoN iËafdfqr ieh vI mMndy hn ik gwdfÌI ny ieslfm dy isDFqF dI hmyÈf AulMGxf

kIqI hY. afpxy afly duafly jvfn ivdyÈI lVikaF df Gyrf bxfeI rwKxf, aXfÈIaF ‘qy aMnHf Krc krnf, pRjf pRqI jvfbdyh nf hoxf, swqf ‘qy pirvfr vwloN kbËf jmf lYxf, ieslfmI muwlf-mOlvIaF dI byieËqI krnf afid aijhy kMm hn, ijnHF dy ivroD dI mOn aMqrDfrf AunHF dy kbIly ivc vgdI rihMdI hY. ies leI ÈurUafqI do iqMn idnF ivc gwdfÌI dy smrQn ivc jo pRdrÈn hoey, AunHF ƒ BfVy dy pRdrÈn ikhf jf irhf hY. aMqrrfÈtrI pwDr ‘qy vI gwdfÌI iekwly hn. ietlI dy pRDfn mMqrI AunHF dy dosq jrUr hn, pRMqU pihlF qoN hI PËIhq Jwl rhy hn. koeI vI musilm dyÈ AunHF dy smrQn ivc mUMh nhIN KolH irhf. ies smyN sfiraF ƒ afpxI afpxI lwgI hoeI hY. amrIkf aqy sMXukq rfÈtr sMG lIbIafeI jnqf dy pwK ivc KuwlH ky bol rhy hn. Bfrq ƒ afpxy 18 hËfr nfgirkF dI icMqf hY. XUrpI dyÈ, jo afpxf 80 pRqIÈq qyl lIbIaf qoN KrIddy hn, afpxy nfgirkF ƒ kwZx dIaF koiÈÈF kr rhy hn. AunHF ƒ zr hY ik ikqy sUzfn aqy ieQo p Iaf vFg lIbIaf ivc vI kbIlfeI XuwD nf iCV jfvy. gwdfÌI ivroDI kbIilaF ny aYlfn kr idwqf hY ik Auh qyl dI splfeI iblkul bMd kr dyxgy. qyl ‘qy inrBr lIbIafeI arQivvsQf ƒ izwgx ivc ikMnI dyr lwgygI? aPrIkf ivc sB qoN vwzy ies qyl rfÈtr dI iPr dunIaf ivc kI kImq rih jfvygI? gwdfÌI iqRpolI ivc bYT ky ikhVI bIn vjfAuxgy? ieh TIk hY ik imsr aqy itAUnIÈIaf dy mukfbly lIbIaf amIr dyÈ hY, pRMqU ieh amIrI muwTI Br pqvMiqaF aqy kËfÌ kbIly qwk sImq hY. amIrI vDfAux ivc gwdfÌI df Xogdfn kI hY? amIrI df kfrn qF asIm qyl aqy gYs hY. ies dy bfvjUd 33 pRqIÈq lok XfnI 60 lwK ivcoN 20 lwK lok bykfr hn. kI ieh 20 lwK lok hux gwdfÌI ƒ lIbIaf ivc itkx dyxgy? AunHF ny qyl qoN hoeI afmdnI df hmyÈf durAupXog kIqf hY. 1972 ivc AunHF ny ìÅÕÆ ÃøÅ D@ Óå¶


p 16 new  

pRiswD rfjnIqk icMqk é÷ðÆÁÅ B îÅðÚ å¯º H îÅðÚ B@AA ìÅÕÆ ÃøÅ D@ Óå¶ lFbU M a F ‘c iGiraf lIbIaf lFbU M a F ‘c iGiraf lIbIaf lFbU M a F ‘c iGi...

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