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PEOPLE AND UN

If Pakistan fails to act against terrorists US will get it done in a different way� REX TILLERSON US SECRETARY OF STATE,

External Affairs Minister, Sushma Swaraj welcomes Rex Tillerson, US Secretary of State in Delhi


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EDITOR’S PIX

Contents

PEOPLE AND UN RNI NO. DELENG/2012/44082 Vol. VI, No. 4 A Publication of The Indian Federation of United Nations Associations, New Delhi Quaterly : October 2017

PRINTED BY

Suresh Kumar Srivastava Secretary General , IFUNA PUBLISHED BY

Suresh Kumar Srivastava On behalf of

The Indian Federation of United Nations Associations, New Delhi

Printed at: Pran Printers Pvt. Ltd. B-157, Okhla Industrial Area, Phase-I, New Delhi - 20, Ph. : 011-41664111

PUBLISHED AT IFUNA C-6 Qutub Institutional Area, New Dehli-110016 Tel.: 011-26511257, 26852293 Fax: 011-26852291, E-mail: ifuna@ifuna.org, ifuna@mail.com, www.ifuna.org EDITOR Pran Mohan Parvatiyar

* All disputes to be settled in Delhi Courts only. All rights reserved. No responsibility is taken for returning unsolicited manuscripts. Views expressed in the articles in

INDIA’S EXTERNAL AFFAIRS MINISTER SUSHMA SWARAJ MET UNITED STATES PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP'S DAUGHTER IVANKA TRUMP IN NEW YORK ON 18 SEPTEMBER.IVANKA WILL LEAD THE U.S. DELEGATION TO INDIA FOR THE GLOBAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP SUMMIT (GES 2017) IN NOVEMBER 2017 TO SUPPORT WOMEN'S ENTREPRENEURSHIP GLOBALLY. PAGE 5 PAGE 17

IFUNA CELEBRATES UN DAY

PAGE 18

IFUNA OBSERVED LITERACY DAY PAGE 12

WEST BENGAL UNA

ART CRITIC

PAGE 23

PAGE 14

NECKTIE ON PONY’S TAIL

WFUNA NEWS PAGE 16

PAGE 27

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HINDI SECTION

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36,000 ROHINGYA IN INDIA, TERROR LINKS CANNOT BE RULED OUT PAGE 19

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PEOPLE AND UN n OCTOBER 2017 3


EDITOR’S COLUMN

n

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, right, and United States President Donald Trump take part in a Women and Development event at the G20 summit July 8, 2017 in Hamburg, Though – G20 leaders managed to bring U.S. President Donald Trump on side against protectionist trade policies, but he still stands alone

hen it comes to resisting action on climate change.

w

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PEOPLE AND UN n OCTOBER 2017

W

E WELCOME the statements of Rex Tillerson, United States Secretary of state that “If Pakistan fails to act against terrorists; US will get it done in a different way”. Defence expert PK Sehgal has rightly said that, “This statement is a clear warning, caution and recommendation to Pakistan that its game as far as terrorism is concernd is up. They have no option but to dismantle the terrorist camps and act against each terrorist that operates on Pakistan territory. This is a very positive statement by the American Secretary of State; it obviously means that other ways can imply anything like sanctions, Drone attacks on the high doubt and so on.” On October 25, during a joint press conference with Indian External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, Tillerson slammed Pakistan for providing safe havens to terror outfits. Nikki Haley, the US envoy to United Nations has also reiterated US President Donald Trump’s earlier statement on Pakistan providing safe havens to terrorists and backed the creation of a strategic alliance with India to fight terrorism and maintain peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific region. We also have been repeatedly pointing out in our columns that the US aid coming to Pakistan since last several years meant for the development were and are being diverted for the benefit of terrorists and their activities making the country a safe haven for them. America should have alerted itself and acted at least by curbing its financial aid to Pakistan, when they found Osama bin Laden at Bilal town, the wealthy north-eastern suburb of Abbottbad near the ‘Pakistan Military Academy’ at Kakul which is just 110 Kms from Islamabad the capital of Pakistan. One cannot digest that the most dreaded and wanted terrorist of the world Osama bin Laden was staying there without the knowledge and protection of the Pakistan Government. One wonders what made the US Government not taking any action against Pakistan in 2011 when the U.S. Navy SEALS picked Osama-bin Laden from Pakistani territory. Around 100 heads of states and government have been invited to the’ Climate Summit’ to be held in December2017 at Ile Seguin, an island in the Seine River southwest of Paris. It is expected to be attended by around 800 organizations and public stakeholders. So far the report says that goes U.S. President Donald Trump is not among the 100 heads of states who has been invited to this ‘Climate Summit’ in Paris, although it is said that representatives of the U.S. government would attend. Trump announcement in last June to withdraw the United States from the historic 2015 Paris agreement on limiting carbon emissions, may be one of the reason behind this. However, the outcome of this climate summit without participation of US President Donald Trump will be interestingly intriguing. — Pran Mohan Parvatiyar pmparvatiyar@gmail.com


IFUNA-NEWS

IFUNA Celebrates UN Day I

MR. AL-AMIN YUSUPH, ADVISER FOR COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION FOR SOUTH ASIA, UNESCO, NEW DELHI WELCOME ADDRESS. IN HIS WELCOME ADDRESS MR. YOUSPH APPRECIATED EFFORTS OF IFUNA IN SPREADING KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE UNITED NATIONS AT PEOPLE’S LEVELS.

FUNA association with United Nations Information Centre for India and Bhutan (UNIC) and United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) celebrated ratification of UN Charter by India on 30th October. Mrs. Bijoya Chakravarty, Member of Parliament and former Union Minster was the chief guest on this occasion. A large number of school principals from various Public Schools of Delhi, Jaipur, Chennai, Chandigarh, Amritsar, Haryana and Vadodra attended. Mr. Al-Amin Yusuph, Adviser for Communication and Information for South Asia, UNESCO, New Delhi welcome address. In his welcome address Mr. Yousph appreciated efforts of IFUNA in spreading knowledge about the United Nations at people’s levels. Mr. Yusuph assured IFUNA that their organization shall always support IFUNA in its endeavours. He welcomed other distinguished speakers and

n Mr. L.V. Seghal, Principal, Bal Bharati Public School, Sir Gangaram, New Delhi felicitated L-R Mr. Rajiv Chandran, Mr. Al-Amin Yusuph, Mrs. Bijoya Chakravarty, Mr. L.V. Sehghal, Mr. Suresh Srivastava and Mr. Y.S. Wallia

distinguished principals from the famous schools of different regions from India. Mr. Suresh Srivastava, Secretary General – IFUNA in his speech referred to the message of Mr. Antonio Guterres, Secretary General of United Nations on United Nations Day wherein he has stated that ‘let us, we the people make this vision a reality’. Mr. Srivastava refer to UN Charter which starts with the word ‘We the people of United Nations’ though in practice it is the governments of the world are members of United Nations not necessarily reflecting the will of the people. United Nations has realized that inspite of membership of the government it is the participation of people will make United Nations a great success. Therefore the Secretary General has rightly given a call for peoples participation. Mr. Srivastava spoke at length about the WFUNA, IFUNA and UN Associations around the world and their contribution of spreading ideals of the United Nations across the world. Mr. Srivastava emphasized the need of multilateralism and stated that whenever any unilateralism action has been taken that has resulted in un-necessary war and disturbance of peace across the world. He further stated that Iraq, Libiya, Afghanistan and Syria are on the few examples where unilateralism has failed. He gave a call for reform of the United Nations Security Council as well as General Assembly as Seventy-Two years has passed and much water has been flown from the different rivers of the world into the seven seas but the United Nations is stagnating. If reform is not done then a time may come when UN may go to the way of the League of Nations. Mr. Srivastava, announced project of ‘Mission Knowledge’ and ‘Summer School’ in Gene-

PEOPLE AND UN n OCTOBER 2017

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IFUNA-NEWS S.No 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38

Name Mrs.Guneet Ohri Ms.NirmalYadav Mr.MadanSawhney Ms. Kamal Capoor Ms.MadhuVed Ms.Renu Jain Ms.GitanjaliBhasin Mr. L.V. Seghal Ms. Gita Gangwani Ms.MeenuGoswami Ms.Suruchi Gandhi Mr.Arvind Bhatia Ms.AnjuPuri Ms.Rashmi Raj Biswal Mr. Sanjay Bhartiya Ms. Neeta Rastogi Dr.Annie Koshi Sister Jyoti Thomas Ms.SushmaKhurana Mr.George Mathew Ms.Rashmi Malik Ms. Monika Mehan Ms.K.Sudha Dr. Rishi Khurana Mr. N.K. Sharma Ms.AlkaKapur Mr. Ajay Plaha Mr. N.P. Verma Vineeta Gupta Mr.Satish Jindal Dr. Ram Singh Ms. UrvashiKakkar Dr. Akhawri Shankar Dr. UpendraKaushik Ms.Pratima Sharma Dr. Anita Bhalla Ms. Gulshan Kaur Ms. Krishna Bhati

Designation Principal Principal Eminent Educationist Founder Principal Principal Convener Principal Principal Principal Principal Principal Principal Principal Principal Principal Principal Principal Principal Principal, Principal Principal Principal Principal Director Sports Principal Convenor Director Principal Convener Principal Principal Ayurvedic Geneticist Chairman Principal Principal Principal Principal

School & Place Ridge Valley School, Gurugram, Haryana C.C.A Public School, Gurugram, Haryana New Delhi The Happy School, Gurugram, Haryana Sanatan Dharam SaraswatiBalMandir Sr. Sec School, PubjabiBagh (W), New Delhi St. Margaret Sr. Secondary School, Rohini, Delhi Quota International of DLF, Gurugram, Gurgaon Bal Bharati Public School, Sir Gangaram, New Delhi Bal Bharati Public School, Rohini, New Delhi Bal Bharati Public School, Pitampura, New Delhi Bal Bharati Public School, Dwarka, New Delhi Bal Bharati Public School, BrijVihar, Ghaziabad. D.A.V. Public School, VasantKunj, New Delhi D.A.V. Public School, Pushpanjali, Pitampura, New Delhi. NavBharati Public School, Pitampura, New Delhi Sadhu Vaswani International School for Girls, Shanti Niketan, New Delhi St. Marry Public School, SDA, New Delhi Presentation Convent Sr. Sec. School, Red Fort, New Delhi LilawatiVidyaMandir Sr. Sec. School, Shakti Nagar, New Delhi JaspalKaur Public School, Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi Salwan Public School, Gurugram, Haryana DAV Public Schoo, Dwarka, New Delhi St. Thomas’ School, Dwarka, New Delhi Shanti Gyan International Sr. Secondary School, Dwarka, New Delhi L.B.S. Public School, R.K Puram, New Delhi Modern School, Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi Life Pathway Foundation, New Delhi St. Prayag Sr. Sec. Public School, Pitampura, New Delhi North Ex Public School, Rohini, New Delhi SaraswatiShishuBalMandir School, New Delhi Delhi Public School, Ranchi Gurukul Globe School, Chandigarh New Delhi Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan’s, V.M. Public School Vadodara Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan’s, Vidya Ashram, Jaipur Bhavan’s S.L. Public School, Amritsar Bhavan Vidyalaya, Panchkula, Chandigarh Maharaja Sawai Man Singh Vidyalaya, Jaipur

DESIGNATED ‘AMBASSADOR – MISSION KNOWLEDGE’.

MR. SUDESH VERMA, SPOKESPERSON-BJP REAFFIRMED COMMITMENT OF THE PRESENT GOVERNMENT FOR THE IDEALS OF THE UNITED NATIONS STATING THAT THE PRESENT GOVERNMENT IS ALSO COMMITTED TO MULTILATERALISM. HE FURTHER STATED THAT INDIA IS HAVING A STRONG CASE TO BE A PERMANENT MEMBER OF SECURITY COUNCIL WITH RIGHT TO VETO.

6

va, launched by IFUNA in association with WFUNA. He stated that it a very ambitious project as with this programme IFUNA shall be able to reach all the young students of India to give them knowledge about the United Nations and its role in the world. Many distinguished principal of public school attended this programme and they were honoured by Mrs. Bijoya Chakravarty, Member of Parliament, Mr. Al-Amin Yusuph, Advisor for Communication and Information for South Asia and Mr. Rajiv Chandran, National Information Officer of United Nations Information Center for India and Bhutan. The above meantioned principals were felicitated, honoured and designated as ‘AMBASSADOR – Mission Knowledge’. They will be Ambassadors for ‘MISSION KNOWLEDGE’ to carry knowledge of United Nations among students of India.

PEOPLE AND UN n OCTOBER 2017

Mr. Srivastava further announced that IFUNA has appointed Mr. Y.S Wallia as Coordinator for Summer School, Geneva Mr. Sudesh Verma, Spokesperson-BJP reaffirmed commitment of the present government for the ideals of the United Nations stating that the present government is also committed to multilateralism. He further stated that India is having a strong case to be a permanent member of Security Council with right to veto. Mr. Verma narrated historical circumstances as how India missed an opportunity to be permanent member of Security Council and in its magnanimity offered seat to China. Mr. Verma further appreciated the role of Indian Solders in peace keeping force of United Nations. He stated that India is the largest contributor to the peacekeeping force of United Nations and democratic fund of United Nations.


IFUNA-NEWS Mr. Sudesh Verma referred to the violence taking place in the neighbouring country Mynamar from where a large number of refugees are migrating to India and Bangladesh. He exhorted the European Union and developed countries to take on the burden of such a heavy exodus of Rohingya Muslims. Mrs. Bijoya Chakravarty, Member of Parliament was Chief Guest on the occasion. In her opening remarks she stated that ‘the United Nations is working its level best to promote peace and international understanding in the world. Violence flared up in different parts of the world, tensions are prevailing among the nations, terrorist inflicted violence in many nations yet, UN has been taking a leading role in bringing peace and tranquillity amongst the people and nations of the world. Today, UN is not only confined to its political and security field but also working in the field of economic, social, Justice, Human rights throughout the world. UN Peacekeeping force is playing a vital role in preventing conflicts and thereby promoting peace amongst the nations. India being one of the founder member of UN is sending its forces to the UN peacekeeping forces regularly and thus India is contributing a great ideal of promoting peace through UN. In the field of education, science , culture, health, environment and particularly global warming and climate change, the UN and its systems have been working for the welfare and welbeing to the people of the world. Mrs. Chakravarty appreciated the United Nations implementation of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals till 2030 throughout the world. On the 72nd anniversary of the United Nations, she hoped that the UN would continue its leading role in fulfilling its objectives for promoting peace and tranquillity in the world and hopefully it will prevent further world war and resolve conflicts among the nations. She concluded with the hope that India would be securing permanent seat in security council. She thanked Indian Federation of UN Associations, UNIC for India & Bhutan & UNESCO New Delhi for giving her an opportunity to be present as chief guest in today’s significance and important day of the UN. Mr. K.G. Suresh, Director General Indian

n Mr. Upendra Kaushik Chairman, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan’s, V.M. Public School Vadodara felicitated L-R Mr. Al-Aamin Yusuph, Mr. Rajiv Chandran, Mr. Upendra Kaushik, Mr. Suresh Srivastava, Mr. Y.S.Wallia, Mr. Sudesh Verma and Mrs Mohini Mathur Institute of Mass Communication, New Delhi – spoke at length about the role of the United Nations in resolving many important issues in the world. He appreciated the role of the United Nations in Mass Communication, Environment, Health and Education. Mr. Suresh appreciated the role of IFUNA in spreading the ideals of United Nations at the people’s level. He further invited IFUNA to be an active partner with the Indian Institute of Mass Communication by involving students of their Institute into the working and knowledge about the United Nations. Mr. Rajiv Chandran, National Information Officer - UNIC, New Delhi in his keynote address praised India’s efforts in fulfilling the objectives of Sustainable Development Goals. He stated that it is important that country like India is leaving no stone unturned in achieving the benchmark of SDG. He adored the commitment of India towards United Nations ideals and its objectives. Mr. Rajiv Chandran while welcoming speakers Mrs. Bijoya Chakravarty, Mr. Sudesh Verma, Mr. Al-Amin Yusuph, Mr. K.G. Suresh and Mr. Suresh Srivastava referred to their speeches and welcomed the sentiments reflecting will and aspirations of the people of India for a permanent seat in the Security Council for India. He exhorted IFUNA to work in this direction through State UNAs spread all over India. He appreciated the role of IFUNA as a people’s movement of United Nations. n

MR. RAJIV CHANDRAN, NATIONAL INFORMATION OFFICER - UNIC, NEW DELHI IN HIS KEYNOTE ADDRESS PRAISED EFFORTS OF INDIA IN FULFILLING THE OBJECTIVES OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS. HE STATED THAT IT IS IMPORTANT THAT THE COUNTRY LIKE INDIA IS LIVING NO STONE UNTURNED IN ACHIEVING THE BENCHMARK OF SDG. HE ADORED THE COMMITMENT OF INDIA TOWARDS UNITED NATIONS IDEALS AND ITS OBJECTIVES.

PEOPLE AND UN n OCTOBER 2017

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IFUNA NEWS

Observed

International Literacy Day “WITH THE POWER OF DIGITAL LITERACY, INDIA CARRIES A LARGE WEIGHT ON BEHALF OF THE WORLD. THIS DISCUSSION HAS COME AT THE VERY RIGHT MOMENT NOT ONLY BECAUSE WE WANT INDIA TO PROGRESS BUT IF YOU REALLY WANT THE WORLD TO PROGRESS, WE HAVE TO ENSURE THAT INDIA ACHIEVES DIGITAL LITERACY. IF INDIA FAILS, I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT THE REST OF THE WORLD WILL FAIL” MR. AL-AMIN YUSUPH, ADVISOR FOR COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION, UNESCO

R. SURESH SRIVASTAVA, Secretary General, IFUNA, welcoming a galaxy of learned luminaries, the members and guests, said that the theme this year is Literacy in a Digital World. We belong to the time when there used to be no such information technology solutions. Today, one can talk to persons sitting in UNESCO in Australia, Brazil just by sitting here. But earlier, when I was young, you will laugh when I inform you all how we used to communicate. I am seeing many young men and women sitting here. We belong to the time when there used to be no such information technology solutions. The only source of communication at that time was the postcard costing five paisa which we used to send to the people Now things have changed and fortunately now, we are talking about the digital world,. Ms. Mansi Handa, Lecturer, S.P.M. College, Delhi University said, today India has world’s second largest population but its literacy rate is only 74% according to the 2011 census. This literacy is categorised wide gaps between various groups of the population and two of the major groups where this gap is among the urban and the rural and the male and the female population. The major reasons behind these wide gaps are the level of education which is very poor in the rural areas, lack of qualified teachers, lack of proper resources like infrastructure, books and funds. And on the other hand, there is also this wide disparity in literacy which can be noticed amongst the male and the female population of India. Literacy rate is 82% for males and 65% for females according to the 2011 census. Dr. Nitin Malik, the Dr. Radha Krishnan awardees and Joint Registrar, Indraprastha University, Delhi speaking on the subject said there are

M

n l. to r. K.G. Suresh,Deepak Parvatiyar, Suresh Srivastava , Al-Amin Yusuph, Kailash Khosla,Jayaram Ms. Mansi Handa,Ms. Meena Srivastava with IFUNA Dy. Chairman S.P.Kalra.

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PEOPLE AND UN n OCTOBER 2017

many things to say, do and learn about literacy. If we traditionally and conventionally try to understand the word of what literacy is, we see the conventional definition. It says ‘ability to read and write’. These are very simple words and you can understand that a person can become literate and if we look at it in the social concept, it fits into the model exactly. I may be a very highly educated person with lot of degrees with me, having a Masters


IFUNA NEWS degree, Ph.D. and I am well-versed person, but when I go into a different culture where I am not able to decipher their language, not able to understand what is written, unable to communicate with them and unable to talk to them, then what do I become? I become an illiterate person from being a literate person. That is how the continuum; of literacy has changed. The UNESCO has very well changed the dimension of literacy and it says that “Literacy is the ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute the knowledge.” Knowledge itself is a continuum whatever we learnt so far has become old. And we have to relearn, unlearn and then learn because we have to be placed on the global map. That is how the theme has come for the International Literacy Day, which is Literacy in a Digital World. This is an era of digitisation. This is an era of digital technology. This is an era of moving ahead with our younger generation who understand much better about digitisation, digital language, and digital technology than us.. Mr. K. G. Suresh Director General of Indian Institute of Mass Communication who was Senior Consulting Editor with Doordarshan News, and has also been associated with various social, cultural, literary institutions, said, the definition of literacy being the three R’s, Reading, Writing and Arithmetic as it was known, we need to have a comprehensive review of the entire thing. Today, an illiterate person is not able to have choices. It is not just about political choices, it is not about government choices; it is about choices of what to use or where to go, what to opt for and that comes with a lot of awareness and that is , where I think we need to design this entire outlook so far as literacy is concerned. Media has to play a very important role in this respect. It seems somewhere we have lost track. As a developing country, our priorities are certainly not Indrani Mukherjee.. We need to have much more focus on issues that concern the common man. As a developing country, our priorities got misplaced. Our focus has become urban-centric. I would say that voluntarism that used to be there since the days of independence, has to be given a big push. I think that commitment needs to come from the society. Let us not leave literacy only to the government. It is very important that we have that ownership of the community, ownership of the society and feel that it is your responsibility and not just the

n

Ms.Mansi Hansda

speaking on the subject . Also seen sitting facing

the camera l.to.r Satish K e Care Film Festival”, Deepak Parvatiyar, Media

apoor, Founder Director,

?”W

Advisor, Mr. Bhakhu , Ms.

Mansi Handa and Dr. Nitin Malik.

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PEOPLE AND UN n OCTOBER 2017


IFUNA NEWS

n

Dr. Nitin Malik ( right) is delivering his speech. Facing him are seen (l.to r.) Ms. Veena Sharma, Prof. P. D. Bhatnagar , Prof. Alka Irani, Mr. J. P. Chawla, Mr. Jayaram and others

THE MEDIA HAS TO PLAY A VERY IMPORTANT ROLE IN THIS RESPECT. IT SEEMSSOMEWHERE WE HAVE LOST TRACK. AS A DEVELOPING COUNTRY,OUR PRIORITIES ARE CERTAINLY NOT INDRANI MUKHERJEE.. WE NEED TO HAVE MUCH MORE FOCUS ON ISSUES THAT CONCERN THE COMMON MAN.

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government’s responsibility. Mr. Sudesh Verma a senior spokesperson of the Bharatiya Janta Party, having indepth understanding of the Indian society and Indian politics, also reminded that today being the 125th anniversary of the Chicago address of Swami Vivekananda, who started his speech with “Brothers and Sisters’ and won the hearts of thousands of learned audiences of the globe attending the function. We should know the use of the words, ‘brothers and sisters’.. Somehow down the line, we are treating each other as individuals and rise to be Westernised, but we are forgetting the Indian ethos that helps us realise that we all are finally brothers and sisters. We believe in the principle of ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ where the whole world is a family and if you start treating each others as brothers and sisters, then definitely most of our problems about which we debate daily on Indian media /televisions, would be resolved. Somewhere we have missed that and that exactly is the purpose of literacy. Today, the topic of this International

PEOPLE AND UN n OCTOBER 2017

Literacy Day is Literacy in a Digital World and how the society is coping.. You may be illiterate from a common standard, you may not be a graduate but still, you will be able to deal with the world around you and that is the whole purpose and that is why and it would be in order for me to tell you that we have focused on digital literacy. Chief Guest Mr.Al-Amin Yusuph, Advisor for Communication and Information, UNESCO, addressing the audience as chief guest said, if you have read my profile, I am very much committed in this area and I would also speak mostly focusing on the marginalised and the youth. I would like to thank IFUNA for organising this session. Why because, with the power of digital literacy, India carries a large weight on behalf of the world. This discussion has come at the very right moment not only because we want India to progress but if you really want the world to progress, we have to ensure that India achieves digital literacy. If India fails, I can assure you that the rest of the world will fail. And why do I think so? If you look at the statistics today, our population here in India is estimated at around 1.3 billion but the global population is about 7.5 billion. Now imagine what the percentage of global population that India has is. It is a very big proportion. And when you talk of the youth, I can say almost 50% of India’s population is under the age of 25. And approximately 30% is aged less than 35 years old. If you go further and dig into the statistics, you rightly find that India by 2027 will head the world’s largest workforce because we have lot of youth which is population dividend. If India will have lot of young people, it means we are the workforce for the world. Let me remind you, for instance, if you look at China, most of us say that China is welldeveloped. But it is their population with an age of around 50 years and above at the moment which virtually


IFUNA NEWS

n

Mr.K.G. Suresh (centre) delivering his address. Sitting (r.to l.) are Mr. Suresh

Srivastava,Mr. Sudesh Verma, Ms. Shazia Ilmi, Mr. K.G.Suresh, Dr. Nitin Malik, Ms. Mansi Handa and Mr. D. V. Bhakhu.

n Mr. Sudesh Verma (left) addressing .Sitting next to him ( l to r ) are Suresh Srivastava, Chief Guest Mr. Al-Am in Yusuph, Ms. Mohini Mathur,

Dr. Madhuri Khosla and Ms. Meena Srivastava.

made China what it is today. So thinking about India, it is the young people today who will push India to where it will be in the future. We have many aspirations that India should be the leading economy in the world and when we achieve that, we need to empower the young people. Let me talk a little bit about fertility rates. If we look at the fertility rates in India, the average is about 2.6 but if you look at the rural areas, you will find that the fertility rate is 3.3 which are a bit high. It is unfortunate and I say unfortunate because unfortunately, when it comes to digital literacy, you change the people from the rural areas who are not digital literate. We are more likely to have a large workforce which is not digitally literate. And going now to the poverty profile, if you look at the World Bank Poverty Programme of India, you will find that 62% of India’s poor live in seven low income states. And I can assure you taking the data from the department as well, these are the people who are supposed to be digitally literate to move this country forward and to move the world forward. But of course, between 70 and 80% of the poor live

n ief Guest Mr. Al-Amin Yusuph add Ch

ressing the gathering .

in the rural area and the World Bank’s profile of India is about 270 million if I remember correctly from the top of my head. You can imagine how much load we are shouldering because if we cannot empower these young people who are the workforce of the world, we will not be able to develop this great nation and we will not be able to develop the world. But talking of the youth, we should remember that the targets set for the Sustainable Development Goals talks about the youth as well. Youth is at the epicentre of digital literacy.... We at UNESCO work with community radios. I personally have been involved in so many community radio projects and personally, I have set about 8 community radio stations right from the ground from a scratch, from nothing to having a community radio. I know of all the initiatives that the Government of India is pursuing. I congratulate the Government of India for that. Proposing a vote of thanks IFUNA, Media Advisor. Deepak Parvatiyar, said, only recently on behalf of WE CARE I had during the month,first time launched in presence of our friend Mr. Al-Amin Yusuph, Mr. Sudesh Verma as well as our Honourable Secretary General, Mr. Suresh Srivastava, the National Anthem in sign language which was anchored by Shri Amitabh Bacchan and the power of digital technology that we have talked of. Within two weeks, we had more than 2.5 lakh hits to the National Anthem. This is the power that we had talked of about digital technology. The Digital technology is our biggest hope. That is what we have to think positively about digital technology despite its many bottlenecks. What my friend Mr. Sudesh Verma talked of and he made a very valid point that we should not forget our ethos. We must know what the purpose of literacy is. Why we should be literate? These are the things and as Dr. Nitin Malik said, we still need to do a lot of things and we agree to that. We would like to thank our Chief Guest Mr. AlAmin Yusuph and distinguished speakers, honourable members and guests for gracing the occasion by their august presence. Our special thanks to Dr. Madhuri Khosla for excellently anchoring the function. We also thank Ms. Mohini Mathur for chairing the meeting.. n

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PEOPLE AND UN n OCTOBER 2017


STATE-UNA

West Bengal UNA observed UN day

A BOOK UN & POPULAR FACTS WRITTEN BY SITARAM SHARMA,CHAIRMAN WEST BENGAL FED OF UN ASSOCIATION, HONY CONSUL OF REP OF BELARUS, VP- IFUNA FORMER CHAIRMAN MAKAIAS, PRESIDENT CENERS-K, & PRESIDENT ASIA IN GLOBAL AFFAIRS WAS RELEASED BY THE GOVERNOR. 128 STUDENTS PARTICIPATED IN YOUTH VOICE SESSION.

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EST BENGAL Federation of United Nations Association organised a seminar on “United Nations needs reform to meet the challenges of 21st century” in Kolkata. Governor of West Bengal Sri K.N.Tripathy inaugurated it. Those participated in the seminar were Ambassador Krishnan Srinivasan, Former Indian Foreign Secretary , His Excellency M.Taga ,Counsel General of Japan, His Excellency A.M. Idamkin, Counsel General of Russia, His Excellency Damien Syed ,

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Counsel General of France and His Excellency Cai Zhifeng Deputy Counsel General of China Spoke in the Seminar . A book UN & POPULAR FACTS written by Sitaram Sharma,Chairman West Bengal Fed of UN Association, HONY Consul of Rep of Belarus, VP- IFUNA, Former Chairman MAKAIAS, President CENERS-K, & President Asia In Global Affairs was released by the Governor. 128 Students participated in YOUTH VOICE session.. . n


STATE-UNA Utkal UNA Organises Seminar on UN Day DIPAYAN PATTNAIK,

SECRETARY UFUNA

O MARK THE UN Day, A state level seminar was organised by Utkal Federation of United Nation Association (UFUNA) on 26th October 2017 at Dhenkanal, Odisha. Chief Guest Dr. Nrusingha Charan Sahoo, State Transport Minister of Odisha said along with UN, UTKAL UNA is also doing remarkable work in the state. He further said that State Govt. will include a chapter about United Nation history and works in the school syllabus in Odisha. He requested UFUNA to take up awareness project about UN in the schools, all around the state. Another guest speaker Lieutenant Major General K. P. Dhall Samant appreciated Indian soldiers for their contribution as UN Peace Keeper. He said on this anniversary moment of UN we have to recognise the dedication and the honour the many.... who made the ultimate sacrifice in the line of duty for UN. Chief Speaker exCMD, Nalco Dr. S. K. Tamotia said, UN is working for five Ps i.e. peace, prosperity, plannet partnership and people. The sustainable development programme particularly in India is doing well in the field of affordable clean energy, gender equality, hunger and poverty eradication and building infrastructure. Professor Dillip Nanda and Chief Engineer Akshaya Satapathy said that - it is high time for UN to expand its security council and make place for India. It will make UN more effective. Inaugurating the seminar spiritual leader Brahmakumari Usha said it was Indian Culture that believe in “Vasudheva Kutumbakam” means world is one family. Now its time for doing something for our family - the whole world. Sr. Social Worker K.V. Ramchandran praised UN agencies like UNICEF, UNIC, UNDP, UNESCO for their excellent work in India. On this occasion Dr. S.K. Kamotia was felicitated by UFUNA for his contribution of the development of the industry in state of Odisha.

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Renown Cultural Ambassoder Smt. Prava Pattnaik and Social Worker Bibhutendra Samal, Binayak Satapathy and Soubhagya Patra were also felicitated by UFUNA for their contribution to the society. Poet Bahadur Patsani introductory speech. In his concluding speech Dipayan Patnayak Secretary of UFUNA said our world is facing many serious challenges like nuclear threats, security. Climate change and terrorism. One must think above the petty boarder differences and walk together to overcome these challenges to achieve human rights and dignity for the people of the world” . Others who also spoke were Advocate Suresh Mohapatra, Professor Dr. Puspalata Rath, Poet Sukanti Sahoo, Gitanjali Swain, Saroj Satapathy, Yuvaraj Harsabardhan Singhdeo. UFUNA President Manoranjan Patnaik presided. n

nDipayan Pattnaik, Secretary UFUNA addressing the audience

ADVOCATE SURESH MOHAPATRA, PROFESSOR DR. PUSPALATA RATH, POET SUKANTI SAHOO, GITANJALI SWAIN, SAROJ SATAPATHY, YUVARAJ HARSABARDHAN SINGHDEO. UFUNA PRESIDENT MANORANJAN PATNAIK PRESIDED.

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WFUNA-NEWS During the 72nd UN General Assembly, WFUNA focused on youth participation at the UN and promoting global citizenship. FUNA ENTERED into an agreement with the Global Citizen Forum in July 2017, and we're looking forward to extending our collaboration in the areas of education, advocacy and awareness-raising in pursuit of our common goal of spreading the UN values and promoting global citizenship. On September 29, Dr. Modi and his team visited our Geneva office to discuss future prospects. A dinner was hosted for the occasion, which brought together a variety of stakeholders representing international organizations in Geneva. A new Memorandum was established between WFUNA and the GCF to collaborate on programs in 2018.

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PARTICIPANTS FROM THE WFUNA INTERNATIONAL MODEL UN REGIONAL CONFERENCE IN CAMPINAS, BRAZIL

WIMUN Brazil From October 15-18th, the first WIMUN regional conference in South America was held in Campinas, Brazil for 300 partici-

pants from 9 countries: Azerbaijan, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, China, Ghana, India, Mexico, and the United States. Eleven councils and committees reached 11 resolutions, all by concensus. The conference was hosted in partnership with FACAMP Brazil, who we look forward to partnering with again next year. Civil Society Dialogue with President of the UN General Assembly On October 2nd, WFUNA convened the sixth in a series of Civil Society Dialogues with the President of the United Nations Security Council at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. The dialogue featured H.E. François Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations and President of the UN Security Council for the month of October. WFUNA’s Secretary-General moderated the discussion that brought together over 30 UNfocused civil society representatives. Ambassador Delattre then answered questions from those in attendance and from Twitter. 217th Executive Committee Meeting On October 6-7th, leaders from United Nations Associations (UNAs) around the world who are elected as our current Executive Committee met in New York for two days for the 217th Executive Committee meeting. Members discussed the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals and the ongoing activities of our global network and national UNAs. The Executive Committee members were briefed by UN experts and heard from Preeti Malhotra, Founding Member of

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WFUNA-NEWS

Global Citizen Forum. Youth Delegate Programme Side Event at 72nd UNGA In recognition of the need to increase youth participation in the work of the United Nations, the Permanent Mission of Germany to the UN, UN DESA, and WFUNA organized a side-event during the 72nd UN General Assembly to discuss the UN Youth Delegate Programme. The main objectives of the event were to raise awareness of the programme and the tools available to establish it at the national level. The UN Youth Delegate Programme was created to facilitate youth participation in intergovernmental processes promoting the UN at the national level n

IN RECOGNITION OF THE NEED TO INCREASE YOUTH PARTICIPATION IN THE WORK OF THE UNITED NATIONS, THE PERMANENT MISSION OF GERMANY TO THE UN, UN DESA, AND WFUNA ORGANIZED A SIDE-EVENT DURING THE 72ND UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY TO DISCUSS THE UN YOUTH DELEGATE PROGRAMME. THE MAIN OBJECTIVES OF THE EVENT WERE TO RAISE AWARENESS OF THE PROGRAMME AND THE TOOLS AVAILABLE TO ESTABLISH IT AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL.

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STATE-UNA Assam UNA Observed world literacy and INTERNATIONAL DAY OF PEACE DR. ASWINI SARMA SECRETARY GENERAL, UNA-ASSAM

OR FOUR weeks, India and China have been involved in a stand-off along part of their 3,500km (2,174-mile) shared border. The two nations fought a war over the border in 1962 and disputes remain unresolved in several areas, causing tensions to rise from time to time. The United Nations Association-Assam and Assam Downtown University Jointly observed the International day of peace on 21st Septemberr, 2017 at the Auditorium of Assam Downtown University at Panikhaiti, Guwahati. The meeting was anchored by Mr. Ashim Barman, faculty of the university. Resource person Dr. Sanghamitra Choudhury, Associate Professor of Sikkim Central University presented a topic on" Women and peace conflict education in North East region ". Dr. R. C. Deka, Vice-Chancellor of the Assam Downtown University in his presidential speech lauded the efforts of UNA-Assam in organising such significance day in their university. Dr. Deka said peace in the North East is very essential for developing the region. Dr. Aswini Sarma-Secretary General, UNA-Assam in his speech said that peace is the only path for development in the region. Dr. Sarma appealed to the students’ community to promote peace and development in the society. Earlier, Mrs. Alakita Baruah-Executive

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n The UNITED NATIONS ASSOCIATION, ASSAM in association with Don Bosco Higher Secondary School, Dibrugarh jointly organised the International Literacy Day on

th September,2017 at the auditorium of the , Dibrugarh. The meeting was presided by Rev. Fr. V.A.Thomas, SDB 11

, principal of the

D.B.H. School, Dibrugarh. In his presidential

address, Fr. Thomas stressed the need of promoting awareness and knowledge about the significance of the day amongst the students comm unity.

n . Aswini Sarma, Secretary General of the UNA-Assam and secretary of IFUNA in his emphasis on the necessity of literacy for the peace and development of DR

speech laid

the society and the

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state.

ev. Fr. Kamil Horo, Rector of the Don

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osco Higher Secondary School, Dibrugarh

urged the

tudents community to enhance

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their knowledge about the fast pace

development going in around

the world.

n r. Shakil Ahmed Khan, President of the Don Bosco Higher Secondary School Alumina, Dibrugarh spoke M

about the

significance of the day and had urged the

tudents community for the quality

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education.

n . Bhaskar Sharma, Sr. teacher of the D.B.H. School, Dibrugarh anchored the meeting. The meeting was attended by Mr

students, teachers of the school and a galaxy of distinguished guests.

Member of UNA-Assam read out the message of UN Secretary General,Mr. Antonio Gutters on the occassion.The meeting was largely attended by students and faculties including Pro Vice -Chancellor, Registrar of the Assam Downtown University. n

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TRAVEL-TOUR

Trip to South Africa ASHOK SHARMA MEMBER IFUNA EXECUTIVE COUNCIL

ECENTLY WE witnessed a memorable trip to South Africa i.e. to Cape Town Knysna Sun city and Johannesburg. We took Cruise from Hout ‘bay to’ colony of fur-seas. Sea waves were so high that they were forcefully striking the windows and the ferry was shaking like a Hindola. We were unable to see the seals due to bad weather. After that we went to Boulder Beach - colony of African Penguins. We saw thousands of Penguins small and big in their Natural Habitat. Thereafter we proceeded to Cape of Good Hope - the southernmost tip of South Africa. We reached the top of mountain through Cable car from where we saw the panoramic view of two oceans meet i.e. Indian the Ocean and Atlantic ocean with their water colour differences. Next day, we went for sightseeing tour of the beautiful city of Cape Town. First of all we went to Table Mountain by a cable car. Its very famous and worth seeing. We drove past all important buildings of the city and last of all to Constantia Wine State for wine tasting. It was nice experience and almost all tasted the wine and enjoyed. Next day we left for Knysna. It was six hours journey by road, that day we had some rest and then left for double decker Cruise. Next day we went to Congo caves. There we saw calcium pillars, soon after we went to ostrich farm and came face to face to the biggest bird of the world. We saw its huge eggs which were nearly 20 to 30 kg weight. We also fed the ostriches. Some people enjoyed it's ride. Nearby, we visited Congo wildlife Ranch where we saw huge crocodiles with other reptiles but only with the help of a guide. After two days, we flew down to Johannesburg. From the airport we were directly taken to Sun City by bus. It was a three hour journey. At the Sun City a free bus service took us to different parts of the Sun City. It is really a very -

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very beautiful place. We visited Pilanesberg National Park at Sun City by open Jeep. All were excited to see Giraffes, Zebra’s, Antelopes, Hippo and African Buffalo etc. The jungle safari was indeed a unique experience. Next day we had two hours bus ride and we went to see Gold Reef City i.e Goldmine. Their guide took us deep underground to see the gold mine by lift. We all had to wear safety helmets. That was also a unique sight for us. After spending two beautiful days at Johannesburg on third day we had City tour of the Constitution Hill, which is having South Africa's highest court and then the prison where Gandhiji was imprisoned. The Jail describes the tale of how brutally the prisoners were treated before democracy. We also went to Nelson Mandela square for shopping. It was a very big and beautiful Mall. Outside there is a very big statue of Mr Mandela. After spending nine enjoyable, comfortable and exciting days we came back to India with many memorable memories of South Africa n

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Rohingya Refugee Crisis An appeal to all UN Associations by United Nations Association of Bangladesh

VERY YEAR on 10th December, Human Rights Day is observed across the world. The forthcoming observance will create global engagement of the communities on different human rights issues. ? The establishment of the United Nations have important historical antecedents related to the protection and establishment of human rights. United Nations was established to ensure global peace and security,

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while promotion of human rights has been a major notion. Member States of the United Nations have always pledged to promote respect for the human rights. To advance this goal the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly on 10 December 1948 as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. Bangladesh, the youngest democracy in South Asia has achieved it’s independence in


FOCUS THE PRIME MINISTER OF BANGLADESH H.E. SHEIKH HASINA AT HER ADDRESS TO THE 72ND SESSION OF THE UNGA ON 21ST SEPTEMBER PROPOSED A 5 POINTS ACTION PLAN TO THE UNITED NATIONS AND THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO TAKE IMMEDIATE AND EFFECTIVE MEASURES FOR A PERMANENT SOLUTION TO THIS PROTRACTED ROHINGYA CRISIS. THE WORLD FEDERATION OF UNITED NATIONS ASSOCIATIONS (WFUNA) ALWAYS LED A PRO ACTIVE ROLE IN THE FIELD OF HUMAN RIGHTS WHILE ECHOING THE VOICE & THOUGHTS OF THE CIVIL SOCIETIES AROUND THE WORLD.THIS HUMANITARIAN CRISIS.

1971 through a history of brave struggle & 9 months long liberation war. During the period the global community expressed it’s solidarity & support to Bangladesh against this brutal violation of human rights. The birth of our nation has been achieved at the cost of millions of lives suffering from massive human rights violation. Therefore, we always hold a special interest and feel a unique sensitivity against any such human rights violation. ?? This year while the global community will observe the Human Rights Day, Bangladesh is passing through a grave humanitarian crisis : The Influx of Rohingya Refugees from Myanmar. The crisis has a long history and the situation has become more complex with the passage of time. In 1945, when Burma achieved it’s independence, the government passed the Union Citizenship Act, which detailed the ethnicities “indigenous” to Myanmar. Since the late 1970s, nearly one million Rohingya are estimated to have fled Myanmar due to growing violence against the ethnic minority group in national territory. In 1982, a law was passed by Myanmar’s the then Junta Government identifying eight ethnicities that could claim Burmese citizenship. From this point on, persecution of the Rohingya mounted. Many were forced to live in camps where freedom of movement was restricted and from where they have been denied access to local schools, hospitals and markets. Often described as the “world’s most persecuted minority,” the Rohingya are a predominantly ethnic group, mostly from Rakhain region are facing the worst kind of violence and human rights abuse for decades. As the UN Secretary-General said at a Security Council meeting on the situation in Myanmar, “The situation has spiralled into the world’s fastest developing refugee

emergency and a humanitarian and human rights nightmare,”.?? Bangladesh, geographically sharing borders and being the closest neighboring land has hosted the most number of Rohingya refugees till date. As the number is growing higher everyday, the cumulative number of new arrivals is touching nearly million. The Bangladesh government has provided the refugees food, shelter and medical facilities at the refugee camps while trying to resolve the crisis through dialogue. ?? The UN Advisory Commission on Rakhine State, chaired by Mr Kofi Annan, was established on 5 September 2016 and in August 2017, the final report of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State, published as “TOWARDS A PEACEFUL, FAIR AND PROSPEROUS FUTURE FOR THE PEOPLE OF RAKHINE” reflects the ongoing crisis and the sufferings of the Rohingya refugees in detail. The Prime Minister of Bangladesh H.E. Sheikh Hasina at her address to the 72nd Session of the UNGA on 21st September proposed a 5 points action plan to the United Nations and the international community to take immediate and effective measures for a permanent solution to this protracted Rohingya Crisis. The World Federation of United Nations Associations (WFUNA) always led a pro active role in the field of human rights while echoing the voice & thoughts of the civil societies around the world. United Nations Association of Bangladesh is particularly considering this issue more of a global concern and a human rights issue to condemn. We’d like to urge all the UNAs on this occasion of Human Rights Day to highlight this issue. We believe that the civil society engagement might lead to a practical solution and influence their respective governments to take initiatives for solving this humanitarian crisis. n

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36,000

Rohingya In India, Terror Links Cannot Be Ruled Out ROUND 36,000 ROHINGYAS are at present there in various parts of the country and the Border Security Force (BSF) has upped its ante against illegal influx into India as their links with terror organisations cannot be ruled out, the force chief said today. KK Sharma, the director general (DG) of the 2.5-lakh personnel-strong force, said his troops have apprehended 87 Rohingya along the Indo-Bangla border since the beginning of this year till October 31, and 76 "have been sent back to Bangladesh". "As far as my information goes, about 36,000 Rohingyas are there in this country at various places...This is one of those general observations and is based on inputs we received from our sister agencies (like the

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police and intelligence)," he told reporters during an interaction ahead of the BSF's 52nd Raising Day on December 1. He said the border guarding force has not come across any specific case where a Rohingya they caught possessed arms, ammunition or had terror connection. "But, the threat that they have some links with terror organisations is a very serious one and has been given by our sister agencies and I don't doubt them," Mr Sharma said. He said the force has bolstered its manpower and surveillance equipments at "vulnerable" posts along the Bangladesh border to check the illegal influx of Rohingyas from the neighbouring country into India.The force sent back the Rohingyas and did not arrest them as they would have then become a "liability", the DG said. "Rohingya is a very complicated issue. As per the latest estimate, 9-10 lakh of them have migrated to Bangladesh (from Myanmar) and the possibility of a spill over coming to India cannot be ruled out."Our mandate is very clear that we do not allow any illegal immigration into India, whether he is a Rohingya or a Bangladeshi," Mr Sharma said. In the border areas, the BSF chief said his troops were not equipped to make a distinction between a Bangladeshi and a Rohingya. "So, whosoever tries to cross (the border) we sent them back. We don't arrest them as that becomes a liability. Our policy is not to allow anyone to enter India illegally," he said. An official note provided by the BSF during the conference said "agents allure Rohingyas with good job opportunities in India and moti-


FOCUS vate that they will work with their own Muslim community in some of the states such as Jammu and Kashmir, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal". It said that most of the Rohingyas go to Jammu because some Rohingyas have already been staying there for the last few years. "Apart from being a natural choice due to its Muslim majority, the Rohingyas say that they pick Jammu and Kashmir on economic consideration and most of them follow a similar pattern. "Once a Rohingya reaches Jammu, he stays there for a few months and then invites other relatives, informing them of job opportunities and better pay," it said. In rare cases, the document said, if some Rohingyas do not get permanent job, they go to another state for earning money or to settle there. ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION FROM BANGLADESH TO INDIA NEEDS A COMPREHENSIVE SOLUTION India’s geostrategic location, its relatively sound economic position vis-à-vis its neighbours, and its liberal democratic credentials have long made it a magnet for people in other parts of the region who are fleeing persecution in their countries of origin or looking for a better life. Refugees/illegal immigrants from Tibet, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Pakistan, and Bangladesh have found shelter in India. While refugees coming from other areas—including Tibet, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, and Myanmar—have been dealt with in a somewhat systematic, although ad hoc, manner, the influx of refugees/illegal immigrants from Bangladesh has largely been left unattended. This neglect has adversely impacted the interests of local populations in the areas seeing large-scale influxes of illegal immigrants as well as India’s national security interests. Further, the absence of national refugee laws has blurred the distinction between refugees and economic migrants, leading to the denial of any assistance to even genuine asylum seekers. It now poses an enormous problem for India and the millions of affected people. Fur-

ther delay in addressing the problem will only make matters worse. THE ROOTS OF THE PROBLEM Bangladesh abuts India on three sides, sharing 4,096 kilometers (around 2,500 miles) of border with the Indian states of West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Mizoram. Ever since the partition of British India in 1947, successive waves of people facing hostile conditions, persecution, intolerance, and adverse economic situations in what constitutes present-day Bangladesh have found sanctuary in India. While some of them later returned to their homes in Bangladesh, the majority chose to assimilate within India. Illegal immigration from Bangladesh to India, which includes both refugees and economic migrants, continues unabated. There is no reliable figure on the exact number of illegal immigrants from Bangladesh in India. An analysis of population growth and demographic statistics for Bangladesh and India in the last four censuses of 2011, 2001, 1991, and 1981, however, suggests with reasonable certainty that their number exceeds 15 million. Most of them have settled in states along the border with Bangladesh, and some subsequently moved to other parts of India, including its remote corners. A large number are engaged in menial jobs in metropolitan cities in different parts of India. The influx of such a large number of illegal Bangladeshi immigrants, particularly in the border states, has proved to be a huge challenge for India with serious implications for its resources and national security. It has substantially contributed to changing the demographic pattern in the northeastern states of India, where the locals feel overwhelmed by the outsiders. This has adversely affected their way of life and led to simmering tension between the two sides. It has also fueled insurgency in some of these states. In Assam, for example, the presence of a disproportionately large number of illegal immigrants from Bangladesh and erstwhile East Pakistan, and their enrollment as voters, led to a popular movement there (1979–1985) that demanded their deportation. The Indian Parliament passed the Illegal

THE INFLUX OF SUCH A LARGE NUMBER OF ILLEGAL BANGLADESHI IMMIGRANTS, PARTICULARLY IN THE BORDER STATES, HAS PROVED TO BE A HUGE CHALLENGE FOR INDIA WITH SERIOUS IMPLICATIONS FOR ITS RESOURCES AND NATIONAL SECURITY. IT HAS SUBSTANTIALLY CONTRIBUTED TO CHANGING THE DEMOGRAPHIC PATTERN IN THE NORTHEASTERN STATES OF INDIA, WHERE THE LOCALS FEEL OVERWHELMED BY THE OUTSIDERS. THIS HAS ADVERSELY AFFECTED THEIR WAY OF LIFE AND LED TO SIMMERING TENSION BETWEEN THE TWO SIDES.

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INDIA HAS TAKEN UP THIS ISSUE WITH BANGLADESH AT POLITICAL AND DIPLOMATIC LEVELS FROM TIME TO TIME, TO NO AVAIL. DHAKA HAS NEITHER ACKNOWLEDGED THE PRESENCE OF A LARGE NUMBER OF ILLEGAL BANGLADESHI IMMIGRANTS IN INDIA NOR TAKEN ANY EFFECTIVE MEASURES TO CONTROL THE FLOW OF ITS NATIONALS INTO INDIA. INDIA’S EFFORTS OVER THE YEARS TO STEM THE TIDE BY ERECTING A BARBED-WIRE FENCE ALONG THE BORDER AND ENHANCING BORDER SURVEILLANCE HAVE FAILED TO PRODUCE THE DESIRED RESULTS.

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Migrants (Determination by Tribunal) Act in 1983 in an attempt to address the problem, but the measure failed to make any impact (and was ultimately set aside by the Supreme Court in 2005). The agitation culminated in the Assam Accord that was signed on August 15, 1985, by the central and state governments and leaders of the All Assam Students Union and All Assam GanaSangramParishad, which spearheaded the Assam movement. The accord envisaged that all foreign nationals who had entered Assam on or after March 25, 1971—the day after the Pakistan Army began full-fledged operations against Bangladeshi civilians seeking independence, causing them to flee to India in large numbers— were to be detected, their names deleted from the electoral rolls, and subsequently deported under the Foreigners Act, 1946. But little headway has been made in that direction. India has taken up this issue with Bangladesh at political and diplomatic levels from time to time, to no avail. Dhaka has neither acknowledged the presence of a large number of illegal Bangladeshi immigrants in India nor taken any effective measures to control the flow of its nationals into India. India’s efforts over the years to stem the tide by erecting a barbed-wire fence along the border and enhancing border surveillance have failed to produce the desired results. Furthermore, the practice of occasionally pushing illegal Bangladeshi immigrants back across the India-Bangladesh border has not been effective. They are either prone to reenter voluntarily from a different porous stretch or pushed back into India by Bangladeshi border guards. Moreover, such a system of deportation is devoid of any legal strength. It not only could attract

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protests from Bangladesh if carried out on a large scale but also could come in for criticism from both within and outside India on grounds of being non-enduring and extralegal. The challenge of stemming this flow and repatriating the illegal immigrants back to Bangladesh is indeed daunting. A bundle of multipronged, well-coordinated strategies pursued under an appropriate legal framework might be better able to address this problem in a more effective manner. Key among these strategies would be enacting a national refugee law so that refugees are clearly defined and can be distinguished from illegal immigrants, and forging a bilateral agreement between India and Bangladesh that provides for taking back nationals who stay illegally in the other country after due verification. This would have to be followed by concerted action to detect Bangladeshi immigrants, assign them to separate categories of refugees and illegal migrants, resettle or repatriate them, and prevent any further influx. India may also consider taking assistance and advisory services from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the International Organization for Migration (IOM), and other concerned international agencies with experience in this kind of complex issue. FORGING A BILATERAL AGREEMENT WITH BANGLADESH To deal with the problem of illegal Bangladeshi immigrants, India will have to take the initiative to enter into a bilateral agreement with Bangladesh under which the two countries would agree to take back their nationals staying illegally in the other country after due verification process. India should also agree to consider giving work permits to certain specified categories and numbers of Bangladeshis living in India after their Bangladeshi nationality is established and the Bangladeshi government provides them necessary travel documents. Such an agreement is essential to tackle the problem. The key to its success would be a joint verification procedure acceptable to both countries. n Courtesy NDTV and inputs from the Article of Mr. SanjeevTripathi, Former Head of The Government of India’s Research and Analysis Wing Source : Getty


ART PAGE

Necktie on Pony’s Tail CHANDER P MAHAJAN Journalist, ART CRITIC N A POSH restaurant inXi’an, I was guided to the ladies lavatory. On exit,a necktie perched on the tail of an artistic iconic horse, amotif of Chinese mythology,drew my attention. I could sense the stop gap shutout of the gents toilet to help out whom the tie belonged. I was impressed by the helpfulness of the staff, though I have yet to guess the symbolic significance of the pony’s tail. ‘Atithi Deva Bhav’. They are the best hosts. China’s culture is considered the oldest, still extant, in the world. The name China’ comes from the Sanskrit ‘Cina’. The Civilization is very peculiar, distinctive from others because it is likely one: among most ancient Civilizations that have particularly maintained a cultural continuity and philosophical cohesion throughout its history, thanks in part to its geographical location that is unique, situated at the end of the Asian continent facing the Pacific Ocean, which allowed them to keep their strong culture pretty much intact, but thanks also to their way of life, which was very intimate keeping their distances from the influences of the outside world across. People are great art lovers. I admire the innovative creativity in the ‘murals from junk’ and ‘paintings on stones’, especially in Zhujiajiaotown, near Shanghai. Chinese contemporary art was actually born in Beijing. In 1979, a small group of artists mounted an unofficial exhibition on the park railings directly opposite the

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ART PAGE

National Art Museum of China. The show lasted just two days before being shut down, but the seed for China’s grassroots arts movement and spirit of collectivism was sown. A decade later, a few collectors were buying Chinese art. ‘Now Shanghai is competing with Beijing to become China’s cultural capital’, revealed Mr. Sundeep Bhutoria an art collector himself; and representing WFUNA in the visiting team. Of all the Chinese artworks, the most demonstrative are Bronze Vessels, Folk Toys, Calligraphy, Poetry, Cloisonne, Painting, Silk, Lacquer, Porcelain, Terracotta Army, Seals, Opera and Shadow puppetry. These works not only reflect the culture of China but also the talent which people possessed. Bronze Vessels were filled with a multitude of meanings. Chinese folk toys bring

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beauty and art into ordinary lives and capture the customs and beliefs of ancient China. Poetry too was an important part of art. During the Tang Dynasty poetry became so important that writing poetry was part of the examinations to become a civil servant. The Ancient Chinese considered writing a highly stylish form of art. The calligraphy of China raise the level of their artistic decorations and was perfectly integrated into their pictorial representations,on the embossment of practical bronze vessels, as well as in the grip of weapons, in their beautiful lacquered wood objects, in their colourful textiles of exquisite beauty and even in decorative wood elements that were part of its buildings. Cloisonné is an ancient technique for decorating metalwork objects. The utensils are usually made of copper or bronze over


ART PAGE which thin copper wire is glued or welded to draw decorative designs or themes. Chinese culture is closely identified with nature, in which the rivers and mountains occupy the centre of their attention. Nature is widely represented in their paintings and ceramics decorations, even the buildings were made with shapes that resemble the mountains. Chinese architects and craftsmen from ancient times combined the architectural features of the buildings with its surrounding and integrate them perfectly balanced with nature. With this representation of natural elements, the Chinese people wanted to get a balanced integration between man and nature; who poured their imagination in to decoration of objects such as pottery, paintings and weapons. Bronze also was used in domestic tasks developing vessels to contain wine and water, although its high content of lead may had been harmful to their health. The invention of a method to print with ink over paper made from rice paste was one of the most significant. In China the elaboration of various wooden objects becomes also a trade which passes from father to son for generations; as other trades did. Bamboo and precious wood objects were developed for centuries by them with practical use and detailed decoration, some with very difficult intricate designs, among them hand fans, jewelers boxes, containers for incense, as well as diverse architectural elements doors and windows in which not a single nail is used, but putting instead overlapping wood pieces with a pretty clever technique that has tested for centuries the efficiency of their innovative constructive skills using wood. The Great Wall of China a renowned architectural wonder made to protect the country along miles and miles was at the top of mountains, taking advantage of a natural geography of a protruding landscape. Today, the Great Wall is generally recognized as one of the most impressive architectural feats in history. A popular

claim that emerged in the 20th century holds that it is the only manmade structure that is visible from space. Mrs Dhikanchi D Shira, Chairperson, MREGC is among the world leaders having visited this UNESCO world heritage site. The ancient Chinese mastered the art of making silk from the cocoons of silkworms. Painting was often inspired by poetry and combined with calligraphy. Many paintings were sceneries that featured Mountains, homes, birds, trees, and water. Terracotta, Army is one of the greatest examples of ancient Chinese art. Terracotta Army was made for the burial of the first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang. This was done to protect him after life. Terracotta Army includes sculptures of 8000 soldiers and 520 horses. Each sculpture of soldier has been given a unique face. These sculptures were life sized. The minutest details such as their uniform, weapon and armor have been well reflected. . Chinese have always enjoyed an indigenous system of construction that has retained its principal characteristics from prehistoric times to the present day.Combining traditional Chinese designs into modern architecture is a great effort.‘OurWestern-trained Chinese architects are

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ART PAGE doing it..’ Moreover, the pressure for urban development throughout contemporary China required higher speed of construction and higher floor area ratio;and the demand for traditional Chinese buildings, which are normally less than three levels, has declined in favor of modern architecture. However, the traditional skills of Chinese architecture, including major and minor carpentry, masonry, and stonemasonry, are still applied to the construction of vernacular architecture in the vast rural area in China. Classical Chinese buildings, especially those of the wealthy, are built with an emphasis on breadth and less on height, featuring an enclosed heavy platform and a large roof that floats over this base, with the vertical walls not well emphasized. The halls and palaces in the Forbidden City, having rather low ceilings remain one of the best examples of traditional Chinese town planning. Chinese architecture stresses the visual impact of the width of the buildings. In contrast to the buildings, Chinese gardens are a notable exception which tends to be asymmetrical. The principle underlying the garden's composition is to create enduring flow. They made gardens with gentle and simple designs with the inten-

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PEOPLE AND UN n OCTOBER 2017

tion to represent a perfect microcosm where water, plants, flowers and animals decorated objects of everyday life that are perfectly combined; that have been conserved. Progress achieved in the exploitation of renewable energy sources is praise worthy. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is primarily used as a complementary alternative medicine approach and has been the subject of controversy within China. The Chinese government however, has taken the stance that TCM is a science and has continued to encourage its development. For agricultural purposes the Chinese had invented the hydraulic-powered trip hammer. Although it found other purposes, its main function was to pound, decorticate, and polish grain that otherwise would have been done manually. The Chinese also innovated the square-pallet chain pumppowered by a waterwheel or an oxenpullingon a system of mechanical wheels. Although the chain pump found use in public works of providing water for urban and palatial pipe systems. Though about one tenth of China's farmland is contaminated with heavy metals, according to the Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People's Republic of China. Yet today, China ranks first in worldwide farm output. Agriculture is a vital industry in China, employing over 300 million farmers ‘There were times when we had not enough, now we have plenty and we like to share with our neighbours, but not a grain to waste..’ The main fruits produced in China are citrus, melon, apple, pear, grape, banana, pineapple, litchi, kiwifruit and longan. I came across a ‘painting of mangoes’ in a magazine while flying over China, but mangoes nowhere. ‘We have our own fruits in abundance…’ Back home pity the priests forced to arrange this extraordinary array of mangoes before the idols in a Swaminarayan temple in Ahmedabad*. I wonder how we get Chinese apples in Shimla. n With inputs from China UNA. Special thanks to li Nan * India Today


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‚ ÁŒŸ ◊¥«Ë „Ê©‚ ¬⁄U ∞S∑§ÊÚ≈U˜¸‚ ◊È¡‚⁄U flÊ‹Ë ◊≈˛Ù ◊¥ ∞∑§ ‚⁄UŒÊ⁄U ¡Ë ∑§Ë ’ª‹ ◊¥ ∑§⁄UË’ ¬Ê¥ø ‚Ê‹ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ’ëøÊ •¬ŸË ◊◊Ë ∑§Ë ªÙŒ ◊¥ ’Ò∆Ê ÕÊ– ©‚∑‘§ Á¬ÃÊ¡Ë π«∏ Õ– ’ëø Ÿ ‚⁄UŒÊ⁄U¡Ë ∑§Ë ŒÊ…∏Ë ∑§Ù Œπ∑§⁄U ¬Í¿Ê, “•Ê¬ •¬Ÿ ’Ê‹ ∑§≈UflÊŸ ‚Ò‹ÍŸ Ÿ„Ë¥ ¡ÊÃ ?” ‚⁄UŒÊ⁄U¡Ë Ÿ ©ûÊ⁄U ÁŒÿÊ, “Ÿ„Ë¥ „◊Ê⁄U œ◊¸ ◊¥ ’Ê‹ Ÿ„Ë¥ ∑§≈UflÊ∞ ¡ÊÃ–” ’ëø Ÿ Á»⁄U ¬Í¿Ê, “œ◊¸ ÄUÿÊ „ÙÃÊ „Ò¥?” ©‚∑§Ë ◊◊Ë Ÿ ‚◊¤ÊÊÿÊ, “’≈UÊ „◊ ¬Í¡Ê ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥ ŸÊ, fl„Ë ÃÙ œ◊¸ „Ò–” ’ëø Ÿ ‚⁄UŒÊ⁄U¡Ë ∑§Ë ¬ª«∏Ë Œπ∑§⁄U ¬Í¿Ê, “ÿ„ ÄUÿÊ „Ò •¥∑§‹?” ÿ„ ¬ª«∏Ë „Ò ’Ò≈UÊ–” ÿ„ ÄUÿÙ¥ ¬„ŸË „Ò? ‚⁄UŒÊ⁄U¡Ë Ÿ ∑§„Ê, “ß‚ ÷Ë „◊Ê⁄U œ◊¸ ◊¥ ¬„ŸÃ „Ò¥– ’ëø Ÿ •’ ¬ª«∏Ë ◊¥ ‹ª Á¬Ÿ ∑§Ë Ã⁄U» ߇ÊÊ⁄UÊ Á∑§ÿÊ, “ß‚ •Ê¬Ÿ ÄUÿÙ¥ ‹ªÊÿÊ „Ò?” ‚⁄UŒÊ⁄U¡Ë Ÿ ∑§„Ê, “’≈UÊ ÿ„ Á¬Ÿ „Ò, ß‚‚ ¬ª«∏Ë ∑§Ù ‚≈U ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥–” ’ëø Ÿ ¬Í¿Ê, “ÿ„ øÈ÷ÃË Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò?” ‚⁄UŒÊ⁄U¡Ë ’Ù‹, “Ÿ„Ë¥, ß‚∑‘§ ŸËø ∑§¬«∏Ê „ÙÃÊ „Ò–” ß‚Ë ’ÊÃøËà ◊¥ ∑Ò§‹Ê‡Ê ∑§ÊÚ‹ÙŸË S≈U‡ÊŸ •Ê ªÿÊ •ı⁄U fl„ ∑§¬‹ ’ëø ∑‘§ ‚ÊÕ ©Ã⁄U ªÿÊ– πÊ‹Ë „È߸ ‚Ë≈U ¬⁄U ‚⁄UŒÊ⁄U¡Ë ∑‘§ ‚ÊÕ ◊Ò¥ ’Ò∆ ªÿÊ– ◊Ò¥Ÿ ‚⁄UŒÊ⁄U¡Ë ‚ ∑§„Ê, “ÿ„ ’ëøÊ ∑§Ê»Ë ‚◊¤ÊŒÊ⁄U •ı⁄U ‚¥flŒŸ‡ÊË‹ ÕÊ–

ÁŸáʸÿ „Ò Á∑§ ߟ ∑§Êÿ¸R§◊Ù¥ ∑‘§ ÁflSÃÊ⁄U ∑‘§ Á‹∞ Á∑§‡ÊÙ⁄U ∞fl¥ ÿÈflÊ ¬Ë…∏Ë ∑§Ù ÷Ë Ãà¬⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞– ß‚Ë ©g‡ÿ ‚ åâã¿– ∑‘§ •ãê¸Ã ‚هʋ ‚Áfl¸‚ ‚ã≈U⁄U ∑§Ê ª∆Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ „Ò– „◊Ê⁄U ∑§Êÿ¸R§◊Ù¥ ◊¥ ÿÈflÊ-¬Ë…∏Ë ∑§Ë ‚ÁR§ÿ ÷ʪˌÊ⁄UË ∑§Ù ‚flÙ¸ëø fl⁄UËÿÃÊ ŒË ªß¸ „Ò– ∞Ìո „◊ Ÿ ‚¥ÿQÈ § ⁄UÊC˛ ‚¥ÉÊ ∑§Ë ¬Á⁄UøÿÊà◊∑§ ¬ÈSÃ∑§ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà ∑§Ë „Ò ∞fl¥ ß‚ ¬⁄U •ÊœÊÁ⁄Uà ¬⁄UˡÊÊ•Ù¥ ∑‘§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ÿÈflÊflª¸ ◊¥ ‚¥ÿQÈ § ⁄UÊC˛ ‚¥ÉÊ ∑‘§ ∑§Êÿ¸R§◊Ù¥ ∞fl¥ ©g‡ÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ ¬˝Áà ‚¡ª ∞fl¥ ‚ÁR§ÿ M§¬ ‚ ¡È«Ÿ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ¬˝Á ⁄Uà Á∑§ÿÊ

¡Ê ‚∑‘§ªÊ– ß‚Ë ∑‘§ •ãê¸Ã xÆ, •ÄU≈U’Í ⁄U, ‚Ù◊flÊ⁄U ∑§Ù ÿÍŸS ∑§Ù-÷flŸ, Ÿß¸ ÁŒÑË ◊¥ “‚ÿÈQ¥ §-⁄UÊC˛-ÁŒfl‚” ‚◊Ê⁄UÙ„ ∑‘§ •fl‚⁄U ¬⁄U ÁflÁ÷ÛÊ S∑§Í‹Ù¥ ‚ ¬œÊ⁄U ¬˝ÊœÊŸÊäÿ¬∑§Ù¥ ∑§Ë ©¬ÁSÕÁà ◊¥ ‡«åÒåÒ √¿ ôÊ¿√ÚSêÄU›ê‡Ê˜ ∑§Êÿ¸R§◊ ∑§Ê ‡ÊÈ÷Ê⁄Uê÷ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ Á¡‚∑§Ê ‚÷Ë Ÿ ‚Ùà‚Ê„ Sflʪà Á∑§ÿÊ– „◊¥ ¬Íáʸ ÁflEÊ‚ „Ò, Á∑§ ◊ÊŸflËÿ Á„à ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸⁄Uà ‚¥ÿQÈ § ⁄UÊC˛ ‚¥ÉÊ ‚ ¡È«∏ ∑§⁄U Ÿß¸ ¬Ë…∏Ë ∑§Ë Ÿß¸ ¬ıœ ¬ÑÁflà „ÙªË •ı⁄U ß‚ ÿôÊ ◊¥ •¬ŸÊ ◊„àfl¬Íáʸ ÿÙªŒÊŸ Œ ‚∑‘§ªË– ∑Ò§‹Ê‡Ê πÙ‚‹Ê

Á‡ÊCÊøÊ⁄U

¬Ÿ¬ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU ©‚Ÿ Á¬Ÿ øÈ÷Ÿ Ã∑§ ∑§Ë ’Êà ‚ÙøË–” ‚⁄UŒÊ⁄U¡Ë Ÿ „Ê◊Ë ÷⁄UË, “„Ê¥ ’ëøÊ ÃÙ ’„Èà ‚◊¤ÊŒÊ⁄U ÕÊ–” ‹Á∑§Ÿ ß‚∑‘§ ’ÊŒ fl ŒÍ‚⁄UË ’Êà ‹ ’Ò∆– ©ã„Ù¥Ÿ ∑§„Ê, “‹Ùª „◊¥ ‚◊¤ÊÃ „Ë Ÿ„Ë¥ Á∑§ „◊ ÷Ë Á„¥ŒÍ œ◊¸ ∑‘§ „Ë •¥ª „Ò¥– Á‚π œ◊¸ ÃÙ ◊Ȫ‹Ù¥ ‚ ‹«∏Ÿ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ’ŸÊ ÕÊ– „◊ ÃÙ Á„¥ŒÍ „Ë „Ò¥–” ◊Ò¥ •‚◊¥¡‚ ◊¥ ÕÊ Á∑§ ©Ÿ ‚⁄UŒÊ⁄U¡Ë ∑§Ù ÄUÿÊ ¡flÊ’ ŒÍ¥, ¬⁄U fl •¬ŸË ’Êà ∑§⁄UÃ ⁄U„, “◊Ò¥ •÷Ë ∑§È¿ ÁŒŸÙ¥ ¬„‹ ∞∑§ ‚fl¸œ◊¸ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ªÿÊ „È•Ê ÕÊ– fl„Ê¥ ¬⁄U ∞∑§ ◊ı‹ÊŸÊ ¡Ë ∑§Ù ÿ„ ÷Ë ¬ÃÊ Ÿ„Ë¥ Á∑§ „◊Ê⁄U ªÈL§ª˝¥Õ ‚ÊÁ„’ ◊¥ ∑§È⁄UÊŸ ∑§Ë ’ÊÃ¥ ÷Ë „Ò¥– ‚Í»Ë ‚¥ÃÙ¥ ∑§Ë flÊáÊË ÷Ë „Ò– ¡’ ◊Ò¥Ÿ ©Ÿ ◊ı‹ÊŸÊ ∑§Ù ’ÃÊÿÊ ÃÙ ©ã„¥ ’«∏Ê •Êpÿ¸ „È•Ê–” •’ ◊Ò¥ ‚Ùø ⁄U„Ê ÕÊ Á∑§ ∑§„Ë¥ ßã„¥ ¬ÃÊ ÃÙ Ÿ„Ë¥ ø‹ ªÿÊ Á∑§ ◊Ò¥ ◊È‚‹◊ÊŸ „Í¥– ß‚Ë ’Ëø ∞∑§ ÿÈfl∑§ ◊≈˛Ù¥ ◊¥ ø…∏Ê, Á¡‚∑‘§ „ÊÕ ◊¥

å‹ÊS≈U⁄U ø…∏Ê „È•Ê ÕÊ– ◊Ò¥Ÿ ©‚ •¬ŸË ‚Ë≈U ŒŸ ∑§Ë ¬‡Ê∑§‡Ê ∑§Ë, “÷Ê߸ •Ê¬ ÿ„Ê¥ ’Ò∆ ¡Ê•Ù–” Ã’ Ã∑§ ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ ÿÈfl∑§ π«∏Ê „Ù ªÿÊ Á∑§ “•Ê¬ ’Ò∆ ¡Êß∞, ◊⁄UÊ S≈U‡ÊŸ ÃÙ •Ê ªÿÊ–” ÕÙ«∏Ë „Ë Œ⁄U ◊¥ Á»⁄U ©‚ ’ëø ∑§Ë ’Êà ø‹ ªß¸– ‹Á∑§Ÿ ÿÈfl∑§ ◊≈˛Ù ◊¥ •¬Ÿ ‚ÊÕ „È∞ √ÿfl„Ê⁄U ‚ •Á÷÷Íà ÕÊ– ©‚Ÿ ∑§„Ê, ◊≈˛Ù ◊¥ •ı⁄U „⁄U ¡ª„ ‹Ùª ’Ò∆Ÿ ∑§Ê •Êª˝„ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„ „Ò¥, •¬ŸË ‚Ë≈U Œ ⁄U„ „Ò¥, ’Ë¡¬Ë ∑§Ê ‚◊Õ¸∑§ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Í¥, ‹Á∑§Ÿ ÿ„ ◊ÙŒË ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ’„Èà •ë¿Ê ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„Ë „Ò– ŒÁπ∞ ‹ÙªÙ¥ ◊¥ Á‡ÊCÊøÊ⁄U Á∑§ÃŸË Ã¡Ë ‚ »Ò§‹ ⁄U„Ê „Ò– ‚⁄UŒÊ⁄U¡Ë Ÿ ‚fl¸œ◊¸ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ◊ı‹ÊŸÊ ∑§Ë ’Êà ÿÈfl∑§ ∑§Ù ÷Ë ’ÃÊ߸– ©‚‚ ÷Ë ∑§„Ê Á∑§ Á‚π œ◊¸ ÃÙ flÊSÃfl ◊¥ Á„¥ŒÍ œ◊¸ ∑§Ê „Ë Á„S‚Ê „Ò– ß‚ ’Ëø ‚⁄UŒÊ⁄U¡Ë ∑§Ê S≈U‡ÊŸ •Ê ªÿÊ– ©Ã⁄UÃ ‚◊ÿ ©ã„Ù¥Ÿ ◊⁄U ªÊ‹ ∑§Ù åÿÊ⁄U ‚ ¿È•Ê •ı⁄U ∑§„Ê Á∑§ ÷ªflÊŸ Ÿ øÊ„Ê ÃÙ ŒÈ’Ê⁄UÊ Á◊‹¥ª– ◊Ò¥ •Êpÿ¸ ◊¥ ÕÊ– ©‹¤ÊŸ ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ë ÷Ë ÕË Á∑§ ‚◊Ê¡ ◊¥ Á‡ÊCÊøÊ⁄U »Ò§‹ ⁄U„Ê „Ò ÃÙ ß‚◊¥ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ê Á∑§ÃŸÊ ÿÙªŒÊŸ ◊ÊŸÊ ¡Ê∞! •ı⁄U ß‚ Á‡ÊCÊøÊ⁄U ∑‘§ ¬Ë¿ ÄUÿÊ «⁄U ∑§Ë ÷Ë ∑§Ù߸ ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê „Ò? -‚ÒÿŒ ¬⁄Ufl¡ -Ÿ÷Ê≈UÊ ‚ ‚Ê÷Ê⁄U

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izjs d&izlxa

’Ùœ-∑§ÕÊ ≈UËø⁄U Ÿ ŒÙ ’ëøÙ¥ ∑§Ù ÃÊ¡ »Í‹Ù¥ ‚ ÷⁄UË ∞∑§-∞∑§ ≈UÙ∑§⁄UË ŒË •ı⁄U ∑§„Ê Á∑§ ø‹Ù ŒπÃ „Ò¥ Á∑§ ∑§ıŸ ‚’‚, ¬„‹ •¬ŸË ≈UÙ∑§⁄UË ∑‘§ »Í‹ ’Ê¥≈U ∑§⁄U •ÊÃÊ „Ò– ÿÊŒ ⁄UπŸÊ Á∑§ »Í‹ Á‚»¸ ©ã„¥ ŒŸÊ „Ò, ¡Ù ◊ÈS∑§È⁄UÊ ⁄U„ „Ò–¥ ŒÙŸÙ¥ •‹ª-•‹ª ¡ª„ »Í‹ ’Ê¥≈UŸ ◊¥ ¡È≈U ª∞– ©Ÿ◊¥ ‚ ∞∑§ ’ëøÊ ‡ÊÊ◊ Ã∑§ πÍ’ ◊„ŸÃ ∑§⁄U ¬‚ËŸ-¬‚ËŸ „Ù∑§⁄U ‹ı≈UÊ, ‹Á∑§Ÿ ©‚∑§Ë ≈UÙ∑§⁄UË •’ ÷Ë »Í‹Ù¥ ‚ ÷⁄UË ÕË– ≈UËø⁄U Ÿ ¬Í¿Ê, “ÄUÿÊ ÃÈê„¥ ∞∑§ ÷Ë ∞‚Ê ß¥‚ÊŸ Ÿ„Ë¥ Á◊‹Ê, ¡Ù ◊ÈS∑§È⁄UÊ ⁄U„Ê „Ù–” ’ëø Ÿ ŒÈπË ◊Ÿ ‚ ¡flÊ’ ÁŒÿÊ, “Ÿ„Ë–” ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ ’ëøÊ ÷¡ ¡ÊŸ ∑‘§ v ÉÊ¥≈U ’ÊŒ „Ë πÊ‹Ë ≈UÙ∑§⁄UË ‹∑§⁄U flʬ‚ •Ê ªÿÊ– ≈UËø⁄U Ÿ ©‚‚ ¬Í¿Ê, “ÃÈ◊ ∑§ıŸ-‚Ë ¡ª„ ª∞ Õ, ¡„Ê¥ ‚’ »Í‹ ßÃŸË ¡ÀŒË ’Ê¥≈U •Ê∞?” ’ëøÙ¥ Ÿ ∑§„Ê, “◊Ò«◊, ◊ȤÊ ÷Ë ∑§Ù߸ Ÿ„Ë¥ Á◊‹ ⁄U„Ê ÕÊ, Á»⁄U ◊ÒŸ¥  πÈŒ „Ë ¬„‹ ∑§⁄U ◊ÈS∑§È⁄UÊŸÊ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§⁄U ÁŒÿÊ– ‹Ùª ◊ȤÊ Œπ ∑§⁄U ◊ÈS∑§È⁄UÊÃ ª∞ •ı⁄U ◊Ò¥ »Í‹ ’Ê¥≈UÃÊ ªÿÊ– ” ” ” ”” ” ” ”” ” ” ” •’ ÃÁŸ∑§ ◊ÈS∑§È⁄UÊ ‹¥ ¬˝Á ◊∑§Ê (¬˝◊ Ë ‚) - ‡ÊÊŒË ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ÃÈ◊ ◊ÊÚ¥ ‚ Á◊‹∑§⁄U ŒπÙ– ¬˝◊ Ë - ÿ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ù ‚∑§ÃÊ– •’ ÃÈê„Ê⁄U Á‚flÊ ◊⁄U ◊Ÿ ◊¥ ∑§Ù߸ ÷Ë ŒÍ‚⁄UË Ÿ„Ë¥ ’‚ ‚∑§ÃË– ”””” ∞∑§ •ÊŒ◊Ë Ÿ ’ëø ‚ ¬Í¿Ê Á∑§ ’≈U ÃÈ◊ •¬Ÿ ¬Ê¬Ê ∑§Ê ŸÊ◊ ’ÃÊ•Ù’ëøÊ - •¥∑§‹ •÷Ë ◊ÒŸ¥  ©Ÿ∑§Ê ŸÊ◊ Ÿ„Ë¥ ⁄UπÊ ’‚ åÿÊ⁄U ‚ ¬Ê¬Ê-¬Ê¬Ê ∑§„ÃÊ „Í–°

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Ms. Meena Srivastava welcoming guest speaker Ms. Sazia Ilmi also seen sitting (l to r) Suresh Srivastava ,Al –Amin Yusuph of UNESCO, M s. Mohini Mathur and Dr. Madhuri Khosla .

ê¬Íáʸ ÁflE ◊¥ ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ ∑‘§ ◊„ûʘfl ∑§Ù ⁄Uπ  Ê¥Á∑§Ã ∑§⁄UŸ •ı⁄U ‚◊Ê¡ ∑‘§ ÁflÁ÷ÛÊ flªÙ¥¸ ∑§Ù ß‚ Áfl·ÿ ◊¥ ¡ÊªM§∑§ ∑§⁄UŸ „ÒÃÈ v| Ÿflê’⁄U, v~{z ∑§Ù ÿÈŸSÒ ∑§Ù mÊ⁄UÊ } Á‚Ãê’⁄U ∑§Ê ÁŒŸ •ãÃ⁄UÊC¸ ˲ ÿ ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ ÁŒfl‚ ÉÊÙÁ·Ã Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÕÊ– Ã’ ‚ ¬˝ÁÃfl·¸ ¬Í⁄U ÁflE ◊¥ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË •ı⁄U ªÒ⁄U ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË, ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ fl ‚Ê¥S∑§ÎÁÃ∑§ ‚¥SÕÊ•Ù¥ mÊ⁄UÊ } Á‚Ãê’⁄U ∑§Ê ÁŒŸ ÁflE ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ ÁŒfl‚ ∑‘§ M§¬ ◊¥ ◊¥ŸÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò– ß‚ fl·¸ ßçÿÍŸÊ ∑‘§ ÃûʘflÊflœÊŸ ◊¥ ‚Ù◊flÊ⁄U, vv Á‚Ãê’⁄U wÆv| ∑§Ù ÿ„ ÁŒfl‚ ©à‚Ê„ ¬Ífl∑¸ § ◊ŸÊÿÊ ªÿÊ– ∑§Êÿ¸R§◊ ∑‘§ ◊ÈÅÿ •ÁÃÁÕ üÊË •‹•◊ËŸ-ÿÈ‚»È ÕÒ, ¡Ù Ÿß¸ ÁŒÑË ÁSÕà ÿÈŸS ∑§Ù ∑‘§ ∑§Êÿʸ‹ÿ ◊¥ ‚ÍøŸÊ ∞fl¥ ¬˝‚Ê⁄UáÊ ∑‘§ ¬⁄UÊ◊‡Ê¸ŒÊÃÊ ∑‘§ M§¬ ◊¥ •¬ŸË ‚flÊ∞° ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„ „Ò–¥ ∑§Êÿ¸R§◊ ∑§Ê ‚¥øÊ‹Ÿ «ÊÆ ◊ÊœÈ⁄UË πÙ‚‹Ê Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ– ∑§Êÿ¸R§◊ ∑§Ê ‡ÊÈ÷Ê⁄Uê÷ ◊ÈÅÿ •ÁÃÁÕ ∞fl¥ ‚÷Ë ¬˝◊π È flQ§Ê•Ù¥ ∑§Ù ¬Èc¬ªÈë¿ mÊ⁄UÊ Sflʪà ‚ „È•Ê– ßçÿÍŸÊ ∑‘§ ‚R§≈˲ ¡Ÿ⁄U‹ üÊË ‚È⁄U‡ Ê üÊËflÊSÃfl Ÿ •¬Ÿ ‚Ê⁄UªÁ÷¸Ã ÷Ê·áÊ ◊¥ ‚÷Ë •ÁÃÁÕÿÙ¥ ∑§Ê Sflʪà ∑§⁄UÃ „È∞ ÁŸ⁄UˇÊ⁄UÃÊ ‚ê’ãœË •Ê¥∑§«∏ ¬˝SÃÈà ∑§⁄UÃ „È∞ ß‚ ‚◊SÿÊ ∑§Ë Áfl∑§⁄UÊ‹ÃÊ ∑§Ê ¬˝SÃÈÁÃ∑§⁄UáÊ Á∑§ÿÊ– •¬∑‘§ mÊ⁄UÊ ¬˝SÃÈà ÁŒ‡ÊÊ-ÁŸŒ‡¸ Ê ∑‘§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U „Ë •Ê◊ÁãòÊà ’Q§Ê•Ù¥ Ÿ •¬Ÿ ÁfløÊ⁄U ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§∞ – ‚fl¸ ¬˝Õ◊ flQ§Ê ∑‘§ M§◊ ◊¥ ‚ÈüÊË ◊ÊŸ‚Ë „Ê¥«Ê (‡ÿÊ◊ʬ˝‚ÊŒ ◊È∑§¡Ë¸ ∑§Ê‹¡ ∑§Ë ¬˝ÊäÿÊÁ¬∑§Ê) Ÿ Áfl·ÿ ∑§Ê ÁflfløŸ Á∑§ÿÊ– Ãà¬pÊà «Ê. ÁŸÁß ◊Á‹∑§ Ÿ, ¡Ù ßãŒ˝¬S˝ Õ ÁflEÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ Á‡ÊˇÊʬ˝’㜟 ∞fl¥ Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ∑‘§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ‚ÁR§ÿ „Ò,¥ ß‚ Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U ÁflSÃÊ⁄U ‚ ¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê «Ê‹Ã „È∞ ∑§„Ê Á∑§ •Ê¡ Ÿß¸ ¬Ë…∏Ë ∑§Ê ŒÊÁÿàfl „Ò Á∑§ fl„ ‚◊Ê¡ ◊¥

PEOPLE AND UN n OCTOBER 2017

Áfl‡fl ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ ÁŒfl‚ ‚◊Ê⁄UÊ„U wÆv|

»Ò§‹Ë •Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∞fl¥ ÁŸ⁄UˇÊ⁄UÃÊ ∑§Ù ŒÍ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ ◊¥ •¬ŸÊ ÿÙªŒÊŸ Œ–¥ ß‚∑‘§ ©¬⁄UÊãà «Ê. ÁŸÁß ◊Á‹∑§ ¡Ù ßãŒ˝¬S˝ Õ ÁflEÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ¬˝’㜟 ∞fl¥ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑‘§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ◊„àfl¬Íáʸ ¬ŒÙ¥ ¬⁄U •Ê‚ËŸ ⁄U„Ã „È∞ •¬ŸÊ ÿÙªŒÊŸ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ¡ªÃ˜ ∑§Ù Œ ⁄U„ „Ò,¥ •¬Ÿ •ŸÈ÷fl ‚ÈŸÊÃ „È∞ ∑§„Ê Á∑§ ‚◊Ê¡ ◊¥ •ˇÊ⁄UôÊÊŸ ∑‘§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ •÷Ë ’„Èà ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄UŸÊ ‡Ê· „Ò– ÷Ê⁄Uà Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑‘§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ÁflE ◊¥ •ª˝áÊË Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ÁªŸÊ ¡Ê∞, ß‚∑‘§ Á‹∞ ’„Èà ¬˝ÿÊ‚ „ÙŸ •÷Ë ‡Ê· „Ò–¥ ÿÈflÊ-flª¸ ∑§Ù •Êª •Ê∑§⁄U ß‚∑§Ê ŒÊÁÿàfl •¬Ÿ ∑§ãœÙ¥ ¬⁄U ‹ŸÊ øÊÁ„∞– ‚ȬÁ˝ ‚h ¬òÊ∑§Ê⁄U ∞fl¥ ÷Ê¡¬Ê ∑§Ë ¬˝flQ§Ê ‚ÈüÊË ‡ÊÊÁ¡ÿÊ ßÀ◊Ë Ÿ •¬Ÿ ŒÒŸÁ㌟ √ÿfl„Ê⁄U ◊¥ ÁŸ⁄UˇÊ⁄U ‚fl∑§Ù¥ ∑‘§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ „ÙŸ flÊ‹Ë ‚◊SÿÊ•Ù¥ ∑§Ê ÁflfløŸ ∑§⁄UÃ „È∞ ∑§„Ê Á∑§ „◊¥ ∑§È¿ flQ§ ÁŸ∑§Ê‹∑§⁄U •¬Ÿ ∑§◊¸øÊÁ⁄UÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù ÷Ë Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ŒŸÊ øÊÁ„∞– üÊË ∑‘§. ¡Ë. ‚È⁄U‡ Ê (ßÁã«ÿŸ ßãS≈UËëÿÍ≈U •ÊÚ» ◊ÊÚ‚ ∑§êÿÍÁŸ∑‘§‡ÊŸ ∑‘§ «Êÿ⁄UÄ U≈U⁄U ¡Ÿ⁄U‹) Ÿ ÷Ë ß‚ •ÄU‚⁄U ¬⁄U •¬Ÿ ÁfløÊ⁄U ¬˝SÃÈà Á∑§∞– •ãà ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸R§◊ ∑‘§ ◊ÈÅÿ-•ÁÃÁÕ üÊË •‹-•◊ËŸ-ÿÈ‚»È Ÿ ÁflSÃÊ⁄U ‚ ß‚ ‚◊SÿÊ ¬⁄U ¬˝∑§Ê‡Ê «Ê‹Ã „È∞ ∑§„Ê Á∑§ ÿÈŸS ∑§Ù ß‚ ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ ‚ÁR§ÿ „Ò Á∑§ ÁflE ◊¥ ∑§Ù߸ ∑§Ë √ÿÁQ§ ÁŸ⁄UˇÊ⁄U Ÿ ⁄U„– ¬˝àÿ∑§ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ß‚ ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ ∑§Êÿ¸R§◊ „Ù ⁄U„ „Ò,¥ ¬⁄UãÃÈ „◊ ‹ˇÿ-¬˝ÊÁ# ‚ ’„Èà ŒÍ⁄U „Ò–¥ üÊË •‹-•◊ËŸ ÿÍŸS ∑§Ù ∑‘§ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∞fl¥ ÷Í≈UÊŸ ◊¥ ‚flÙ¸ëø ¬ŒSÕ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄UË „Ò–¥ ∑§Êÿ¸R§◊ ∑§Ë •äÿˇÊÃÊ ‚ÈüÊË ◊ÙÁ„ŸË ◊ÊÕÈ⁄U Ÿ ∑§Ë ∞fl¥ üÊË ŒË¬∑§ ¬fl¸ÁÃÿÊ⁄U ¡Ë Ÿ ‚÷Ë •ÁÃÁÕÿÙ¥ ∞fl¥ üÊÙÃÊ•Ù¥ ∑§Ê •Ê÷Ê⁄U ¬˝∑§≈U ∑§⁄UÃ „È∞ œãÿflÊŒ ¬˝ŒÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ– -«Ê. ◊ÊœÈ⁄UË πÙ‚‹Ê


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PEOPLE AND UN

RNI NO. DELENG/2012/44082

People & un final  
People & un final  

December 2017

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