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JULY 2020

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Rs 25/-

Published by The Indian Federation of United Nations Associations

PEOPLE AND UN WORLD

POPULATION DAY

"HEALTH, RIGHTS OF WOMEN AND GIRLS”

11th JULY

INDIA NEEDS STRICT NORM

TO CONTROL POPULATION


PEOPLE AND UN RNI NO. DELENG/2012/44082 Vol.1X-NO.2 A Publication of The Indian Federation of United Nations Associations, New Delhi Quaterly : JULY 2020

Contents Down Memory Lane

PRINTED BY

Suresh Kumar Srivastava Secretary General , IFUNA PUBLISHED BY

Suresh Kumar Srivastava On behalf of

EDITOR’S PIX

The Indian Federation of United Nations Associations, New Delhi

PUBLISHED AT

IFUNA C-6 Qutub Institutional Area, New Dehli-110016 Tel.: 011-26511257, 26852293 Fax: 011-26852291, E-mail: ifuna@ifuna.org, ifuna@mail.com, www.ifuna.org EDITOR

Pran Mohan Parvatiyar * All disputes to be settled in Delhi Courts only. All rights reserved. No responsibility is taken for returning unsolicited manuscripts. Views expressed in the articles in

PEOPLE AND UN do not necessarily

IFUNA Secretary General, Suresh Srivastava presenting a momento To Dr. Akash Ouchi of Soka Gakkai International of Japan at a function in New Delhi .

reflect those of the editorial.

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PAGE 18-19

WORLD POPULATION DAY

IFUNA — CHANDIGARH UNA RELIEF WORK

FINANCIAL ADVISOR

A. S . TALWAR ART CRITIC

CHANDER P. MAHAJAN MEDIA ADVISOR

DEEPAK PARVATIYAR

Printed at: Pran Printers Pvt. Ltd. B-157, Okhla Industrial Area, Phase-I, New Delhi - 20, Ph. : 011-41664111

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PAGE 20-23

COVID RELIEF WORK BY GUJARAT UNA

NEGHBOUR NEPAL

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PAGE 24-26

WEBINAR ON GLOBAL WOMEN CHANGE

ART AND CULTURE

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PAGE 27-30

INDIA-CHINA SKIRMISHES

HINDI PAGES

FORM IV Statement about ownership and other particulars about People and UN to be published in the first issue every year after the last day of February 1. Place of publication : Delhi 2. Periodicity of its publication - Quarterly 3. Printer's Name - Suresh Kumar Srivastava 4. Nationality - Indian Address - C-31, 1st Floor, Panchsheel Enclave, New Delhi - 110017 4. Publisher's Name - Suresh Kumar Srivastava Nationality - Indian Address - C-31, 1st Floor, Panchsheel Enclave, New Delhi - 110017 5. Editor's Name - Pran Mohan Parvatiyar Nationality - Indian Address - C-6, Raj Residency, Kaushambi, Ghaziabad, UP - 201010

6. Names and addresses of individuals who own the newspaper and partners or shareholders holding More than one per cent of the total capital. Indian Federation of United Nations Associations C-6, Qutub Institutional Area, New Delhi - 110016 I, SURESH KUMAR SRIVASTAVA hereby declare that the particulars given above are true to the best of my knowledge and belief.

Date : 08/03/2020

Signature of Publisher

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EDITOR’S COLUMN

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressing the ECOSOC meeting

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ddressing the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) session (virtually) at the United Nations in New York on 17th July 20, on the theme “Multilateralism after COVID19: What kind of UN do we need at the 75th anniversary”, Coinciding with the 75th Anniversary of the founding of the UN, prime minister Modi retreated India’s call for a ‘reformed multilateralism’ in a post-COVID-19 world, which reflects the realities of the contemporary world. “India was among the 50 founding members of the United Nations immediately after the Second World War. A lot has changed since then. Today the UN brings together 193 member countries. Along with its membership, the expectations from the organization have also grown. At the same time multilateralism is facing many challenges today” Prime Minister Modi observed. We in this column have been repeatedly pleading for Reform in UN and restructuring of permanent members of United Nations Security Council. It would be a memorable moment for the Members of this world greatest organization if the reform is implemented and presented as a gift to the United Nations on the eve of its completion of 75 years (UN@75). One will agree with Former foreign secretary Vijay Gokhale that “Democracy is our greatest asset and the existence of our democratic state challenges Beijing consensus or model. It makes it ideologically difficult for the Communist Party of China to justify its model of non-elected membership. India represents the largest ideological existential challenge to China because of its vibrant democracy”. It is heartening to note that the US House of Representatives has unanimously passed an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), lambasting China’s belligerence against India in Galwan Valley. The NDAA amendment, moved by Congressman Steve Chabot along with Indian-American lawmaker Ami Bera , said that India and China should work towards de-escalating the situation along the Line of Actual Control. Passed unanimously by the House of Representatives, it said that the hostility of Beijing in and around disputed regions, such as the Line of Actual Control, the South China Sea, the Senkaku Islands, is of significant concern. The bipartisan amendment states Congress’ opposition to Chinese assault against India in the Galwan Valley on the India-China border and expresses its concern toward the growing territorial assertiveness of China. China has used the distraction of the corona virus to attempt to seize territory belonging to India, as well as to press its territorial claims in the South China Sea, it said. “India is a critical, democratic partner in the Indo-Pacific,” Chabot said in a statement after the House passed the NDAA amendment. “I am a strong supporter of our bilateral relationship, and I stand with India, and all our partners in the region, as they confront China’s hostile acts of aggression,” he said.“I am proud to be joined by Congressman Ami Bera, Chairman of the Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and Nonproliferation, to bring this important amendment to the floor in a bipartisan manner,” he added We are indeed grateful to Mr. Steve Chabot and Mr.Ami Bera, Our sincere thanks also to other co-sponsors of the resolution Indian-American Congressman R Khanna and lawmakers Frank Pallone, Tom Suozzi, Ted Yoho, George Holding, Sheila Jackson-Lee, Haley Stevens and Steve Chabot and also Mr. Krishnamurthy for their support along with the entire Members of The US House of Representatives for passing this bill unanimously. — Pran Mohan Parvatiyar pmparvatiyar@gmail.com


SPOTLIGHT WORLD POPULATION DAY

IFUNA WEBINAR 'Surviving Covid-19 Pandemic’

THE SURVIVORS WHO PARTICIPATED IN THE WEBINAR WERE DR. NIZAMUDDIN KOTWAL, DNB MEDICINE PRACTICING IN SHOLAPUR (MAHARASHTRA).

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N THE eve of World Population Day, July 11, Indian Federation of United Nations Associations (IFUNA) hosted a Webinar on the theme ‘Surviving Covid-19 Pandemic’ and invited some distinguished Covid-19 survivors to share their experience during their troubled time. The survivors who participated in the webinar were Dr. Nizamuddin Kotwal, DNB Medicine practicing in Sholapur (Maharashtra)., Bilal Hidayath - Heart Specialist working with COVID patients, Surat, Dr. Nisha Kotwal - a gynecologist, Mr. Ajay Nandan, Execu-

tive Director (Mechanical), Railway Board. These survivors narrated their agony and experience as patient which was affectively moderated by Doctor Dr.Neelabh.

<Suresh Srivastava Dr. Neelabh< At the outset IFUNA, Secretary General, Suresh Srivastava welcomed the participating

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SPOTLIGHT COVID survivors and also Moderator Dr. Neelabh, visiting members and guests in the webinar. In his welcome address he Quoted United Nations Secretary- General António Guterres message that the COVID-19 pandemic affects everyone, everywhere, but it does not affect everyone equally. It is deepening existing inequalities and vulnerabilities, particularly for women and girls. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) projects that, if lockdown measures continue for six months with major disruptions to health services, 47 million women in low and middle-income countries may not be able to access modern contraceptives, resulting in 7 million unintended pregnancies. .

I RUN A REGULAR MEDICINE CLINIC ALONG WITH MY WIFE DR. NISHA KOTWAL, A GYNECOLOGIST .ON NIGHT OF 5 JUNE 2020 MYSELF AND MY WIFE HAD MILD FLU LIKE SYMPTOMS WITH BODY ACHE. IN VIEW OF CURRENT SCENARIO, WE BOTH ISOLATED OURSELVES ON THE FIRST FLOOR OF OUR RESIDENCE AND KEPT PARENTS AND KIDS ON GROUND FLOOR. I STARTED GIVING HER MEDICATION FOR SAME. SHE HAD HIGH GRADE FEVER ON 6TH AND 7TH JUNE WHICH GRADUALLY REDUCED BY 8TH JUNE.

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Survivor Dr. Nizamuddin Kotwal, Medicine practising in Solapur (Maharashtra) . I run a regular medicine clinic along with my wife Dr. Nisha Kotwal, a Gynecologist .On night of 5 June 2020 myself and my wife had mild flu like symptoms with body ache. In view of current scenario, we both isolated ourselves on the first floor of our residence and kept parents and kids on ground floor. I started giving her medication for same. She had high grade fever on 6th and 7th June which gradually reduced by 8th June. I only had body ache since 5th June which on 8th June turned into full blown myalgia and raging fever with chills and rigors. Temperature swung from 101-103.4 degree F on 9th,10th and 11th June. On 11th June I began having nausea & vomiting. I was unable to even tolerate water orally; that is when we decided to get admitted. in CNS Hospital, Solapur under Dr Vishal Gore, , I was given supportive therapy as befits a moderately symptomatic COVID infection. As expected both my wife and I turned out COVID Positive.13th, 14th, 15th, 16th June

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2020 were absolutely uneventful and I felt relieved. On 17th June 2020 I had mild fever(100F) which came down with only single dose of Tablet Paracetamol 650mg The report came by 5 PM and all the markers were in thousands. To my horror, it was the dreaded CYTOKINE STORM. This was the most terrifying experience of my life. I could not breathe, I could not think and all I could see was my family, all alone without me.. I was shifted to Yashodhara Hospital ICU at 6PM. At Yashodhara my saturation went down to 85% off Oxygen, so was put on BiPap ( Non invasive ventilator) With BiPap I could finally breathe as the movement of my lungs and diaphragm got synchronized. I still couldn’t sleep, On 20th June at 5PM I was put on newly arrived HFNO machine @ 20 litres with humidifier, with this I was maintaining 97% saturation and PR of 80-90 bpm and finally got a restful sleep after 4 sleepless nights. My off O2 saturation improved marginally to 88%.On 21st June 2020, I was quite comfortable so Dr Yogesh reduced my HFNO to 15 litres & shifted me to a room .On 24th June 2020, the HFNO Machine was disconnected and finally after 7 long days I was breathing on my own maintaining 93% saturation.On 25th June 2020, I was suppose to do my “6 minutes walk test”, but by God’s Grace I managed to walk for 30 minutes without fall in saturation or tachycardia! On 26th June 2020,I got discharged from hospital with 95% saturation, Improving Chest X-Ray.

Survivor - Bilal Hidayath - Heart Specialist working with COVID patients, Surat Dr. Bilal Hidayath is a cardiologist from Surat who has been treating patients in this pandemic. He shared his experience as a cardiologist the Surviving COVID-19 pandemic’. He emphasized that "during the corona pandemic the major problem he faced, in the beginning, their administration did not grant permission of admitting COVID patients in


SPOTLIGHT the hospital but after some time they got permission to the institution and they started treating COVID patients. Dr. Hidayath also gave advice to the Patients who are treating themselves at home "they should follow strict rules like having steam regularly, checking temperature, maintain social distancing and they should all do prone ventilation that means prone breathing at home and all of them should follow their medication regularly. If the doctor advises them after proper check up they should also get admitted first". Survivor- Dr. Nisha Kotwal - Gynecologist Dr. Nisha Kotwal is a gynaecologist. Helping mothers in delivering babies, even during the pandemic had been her task majorly. She even contracted COVID-19 and recovered from it successfully, she shares her experience as a COVID-19 patient and as a gynaecologist, at the webinar on ‘Surviving COVID-19 pandemic’.Dr. Kotwal emphasizes that “Proper treatment and precautions are very necessary during deliveries and that needs even more care during COVID times.”

Survivor-Mr. Ajay Nandan, Executive Director (Mechanical), Railway Board. He talked about stress that he and his

parents got covid positive. He is also a covid survivor. He talked about the experience of the two elder Covid patients in his family. Father- in- law and mother in law covid survivor- both 80 yrs and above. Luckily they have a good hospital where both father and mother in law were taken and Doctor Bimal was in charge who took all care. Many invitees/visitors to the webinar including Ms. Poornima Chauhan, I.A.S, Secretary, Government of Himanchal Pradesh asked certain questions which were well responded by the moderator Dr. Neelabh. Ms. Preeti Malhotra Founder President of Global Citizen Forum and Executive Director of Smart Group welcomed all participants. She gave brief introduction of Global Citizen Forum and expressed her support to IFUNA in its all endeavor. She expressed her gratitude to all eminent participants for sparing their time at this most difficult time in history of mankind.

Mr. Deepak Parvatiyar, Programme Director and Media Advisor, IFUNA Proposed a vote of thanks to all the participants and the visitors of this webinar. Report-Compiled by:Lata Baisoya, Ananya Sharma and Saad Alam Khan

MANY INVITEES/ VISITORS TO THE WEBINAR INCLUDING MS. POORNIMA CHAUHAN, I.A.S, SECRETARY, GOVERNMENT OF HIMANCHAL PRADESH ASKED CERTAIN QUESTIONS WHICH WERE WELL RESPONDED BY THE MODERATOR DR. NEELABH.

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COVID-19, GUJARAT RELIEF WORK FOR COVID-19

UNITED NATIONS ASSOCIATION GUJARAT INCARNATING HELP FOR HUMANITY – IN TRUE – SPIRIT INTERNATIONAL LABOURE ORGANIZATION (ILO) ESTIMATES SOME 25 MILLION PEOPLE COULD LOSE THEIR JOBS. THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND HAS SHARED PRELIMINARY ESTIMATES OF ECONOMIC IMPACT AT US$2 TRILLION. WE MUST ACCEPT THE FACT THAT THE CRISIS IS IN A WAY GUIDING US TO PRIORITIZE OUR NEEDS AND TO ENSURE NO ONE IS LEFT BEHIND. GOVERNMENTS, NGOS, BUSINESSES HAVE RAISED HUGE SUMS OF MONEY IN THE SHORTEST POSSIBLE TIME TO COMBAT THIS PANDEMIC.

DEEPAK PARVATIYAR,

Executive Committee Member, UNA GUJARAT & Media Advisor, IFUNA

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OTHER EARTH today is facing an inimitable crisis. COVID-19 is affecting lives and livelihoods across the globe. The pandemic has caused colossal damage with respect to nonpareil loss of human lives and challenged endurance for global economy. The crisis has obviously compelled distancing but induced intercontinental connectedness. In a crisis like this the global community is only as strong as the weakest link. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) help throw some light regarding the same. The pandemic and its effects have had a negative impact on many SDGs. Apart from affecting the health and wellbeing of people across the globe, it has led

to food insecurity, deep-rooted poverty, closure of educational institutions, reduction in jobs and slow economic growth. The World Bank estimates the crisis will push some 11 million people into poverty. UNESCO estimates that some 1.25 billion students are affected. International Laboure Organization (ILO) estimates some 25 million people could lose their jobs. The International Monetary Fund has shared preliminary estimates of economic impact at US$2 trillion. We must accept the fact that the crisis is in a way guiding us to prioritize our needs and to ensure no one is left behind. Governments, NGOs, businesses have raised huge sums of money in the shortest possible time to combat this pandemic. If we provide similar importance to the fight against poverty, hunger and climate change, we have the ability to make significant progress on sustainable development globally. While the global community is busy in ensuring maximum lives are saved, the focus on achieving long term goals (SDGs) is to be kept alive. In fact, focusing on SDGs will act as a guiding light in creating a new and better world order. ANNA DAN Conscience: Centuries before

THE MOTIVATING FORCE

PRESIDENT Bharatbhai Pandya

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VICE PRESIDENT Dhanrajbhai Nathavani

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GENERAL SECRETARY Mayuriben Pandya

MEMBER Chiranjivbhai Patel


COVID-19, GUJARAT GLIMPSES OF RELIEF WORKS

and history came to be recorded, people on mother Earth recognized close association between food and life. The Sanskrit word Anna Danam, literally means share food in Indian culture. Sharing of food has always been considered as sacred virtue in every community across the Indian continent. No festival ceremony is complete without an alm distribution of prasadam in our cultural. In offerings we offer food to ancestors, deities, Sanyasis, elders, pilgrims, family,

friends, atithi and to anyone feel hungry, even animals are fed Taitarya upnishada states Annam vai Pranaha, Annam Bahu kuruvita. In Bhagavad Gita, it is anna daan bhavanti bhutani. Even in all yugas feeding hungry is considered best pious offering. It is a tool to enhance your exuberance and inner balance. ??? ?? G???, ??? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ? Realization: United Nations Association Gujarat (UNAG) under the

TAITARYA UPNISHADA STATES ANNAM VAI PRANAHA, ANNAM BAHU KURUVITA. IN BHAGAVAD GITA, IT IS ANNA DAAN BHAVANTI BHUTANI. EVEN IN ALL YUGAS FEEDING HUNGRY IS CONSIDERED BEST PIOUS OFFERING.

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COVID-19, GUJARAT leadership of Sh. Bharat Pandya and Sh. Dhanraj Nathwani has initiated a multifaceted action plan as part of COVID19 relief work in Jamnagar city, Jam Khambhaliya, Dwarka and has protracted different types of sustenance. Prepared Meals: Penurious destitute and those severely disadvantaged by the COVID-19 crisis were identified and cooked meals were distributed to them on a sustainable basis. (Total 20795 at Dwarka) Grain kits distribution: 13,933 small ration kits containing 3 items to serve a family of four persons for 2 meals for a period of 4 days (equivalent to meals 4,45,856) have been distributed to indigent and peripatetic urban folks in both Jamnagar and Devbhumi Dwarka district. Wheat flour to social kitchens (14th to 16th June’ 2020): 1. M/s. Ganga Mata Charitable Trust on 16th June, 2020 – (220 packets each of 5 Kgs, total 1100 Kgs.) Active from 1962, they are providing free meals to orphans, handicaps, physically challenged persons, destitute children in and around Jamnagar. They also provide free meals to patients under treatment at GG Hospital and their companions. 2. Shri Virbai Jalaram Annakshetra on 15th June, 2020 – (200 packets each of 5 Kgs, total 1000 Kgs.) This Trust is providing one time free meals to 70–80 poor, needy and homeless persons in the city on daily basis. 3. M/s. Aman Charitable Trust on 15th June, 2020–(266 packets each of 5 Kgs, total 1330 Kgs.) This Trust is providing meals at two times to approx. 70-80 poor, needy and homeless persons on daily basis. They are also providing breakfast, lunch & dinner to old age persons regularly. 4. M/s. Jalaram Seva Trust, Hapa on 19th June, 2020 (50packets each of 5 Kgs, total 250 Kgs.) Total – 736 packets each of 5 Kgs, 3680 Kgs Animal Welfare: We are seeing few occurrences of how nature is recuperating and animals moving freely, viz. stray cattle, stray dogs and birds are finding it difficult to discover food because of the restricted movement of peo-

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COVID-19, GUJARAT

ple. Survey was conducted to identify the locations in surrounding areas where they find shelter. Approximate everyday requirement of feed was assessed; total of 35,120 kgs. of dry fodder to cattle. World Blood Donors’ Day – (13th & 14th June): The need for safe blood is worldwide for critical medical interventions, maternal and neonatal care and emergencies of all kinds (natural disasters, accidents, armed conflicts, etc.) However, most low- and middle-income countries struggle to make safe blood available because donations are low and equipment to test blood is scarce. Globally, 42% of blood is collected in highincome countries, which are home to only 16% of the world’s population. Safe blood can be substantiated only by voluntary donors. These humans deserve high praise on 14th June, the World Blood Donor Day. Inspire more volunteers to raise foundational perception and encompass life-saving cause. In this context, ensuring social distancing, United Nations Association of Gujarat in alliance with Guru Gobind Hospital (GGH) Blood Bank, Jamnagar planned blood donation camp at Moti Khavdi and Jogvad on 13th and 14th June. Community was motivated to take up this cause with passion. An awe-inspiring response for the blood donation camp where more than 173 people of all ages and social backgrounds from many villages came forward to donate. Remarkably, heartening was to see

many women supporting the cause overcoming social barriers and this gesture was vividly appreciated. A Very Special dedication to the Warriors of our Mega Food Campaign in Ahmedabad. This good camp is not just a task, but an ultimate happiness to see people smile. Feeding *3,19,500 people in 31 days was a feeling that can’t be expressed in words. An experience where the human force got together to help each other survive. An experience that will always stay close to my heart, Chirnajiv Patel ( Member, UNA Gujarat)

THE NEED FOR SAFE BLOOD IS WORLDWIDE FOR CRITICAL MEDICAL INTERVENTIONS, MATERNAL AND NEONATAL CARE AND EMERGENCIES OF ALL KINDS (NATURAL DISASTERS, ACCIDENTS, ARMED CONFLICTS, ETC.) HOWEVER, MOST LOW- AND MIDDLEINCOME COUNTRIES STRUGGLE TO MAKE SAFE BLOOD AVAILABLE BECAUSE DONATIONS ARE LOW AND EQUIPMENT TO TEST BLOOD IS SCARCE.

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RECENT EVENTS

IFUNA ALONG WITH GCF-WIN ORGANISED WEBINAR ON GLOBAL WOMEN SPEARHEADING CHANGE

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THE WEBINAR CELEBRATED THE SUCCESS STORIES, VISION AND THOUGHTS OF WOMEN LEADERS IN VARIOUS SECTORS INCLUDING POLITICS, BUSINESS, SUSTAINABILITY AND WELLNESS.

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HE INDIAN Federation of United Nations Associations (IFUNA) in collaboration with The Global Citizen Forum – Women’s International networking (GCF-WIN) organised a significant one hour webinar on June 12, 2020 on the subject “Global Women spearheading change” – under aegis of GCF-WIN’s global movement that seeks build female leadership across the globe and encourages society to go “Beyond gender”. GCF is a burgeoning body of people whose objective is to create ‘One World’-beyond gender, nationality, religion and boundaries. GCF events have been organized in Europe, Latin America, North America, Asia and the United Nations. And the Women’s International Net-

working, founded by Kristin Engvig, is an independent global women’s leadership organization. WIN models, develops, empowers and connects leaders in a feminine, authentic and global way. The webinar celebrated the success stories, vision and thoughts of women leaders in various sectors including politics, business, sustainability and wellness. The host, Dr BK Modi – Founder President of the Global Citizen Forum and Honorary President of World Federation of United Nations Associations ( WFUNA) shared the vision behind this unique ‘beyond gender’ initiative and also announced a mega event in the United Nations in 2022 on ‘leadership beyond gender’. “2020 is a landmark event for


RECENT EVENTS

The Distinguished speakers humanity because it has changed the way we see our world. With the world working from home, women are no longer at a disadvantage. This has opened up new possibilities for women leadership, thought and change.” The session was co-hosted by Ms Preeti Malhotra, Founder–Director of GCF and Chairman of Smart Bharat Group along with Mr Suresh Srivastava, Secretary General,IFUNA. In her opening address Ms Malhotra urged people to work towards a “more equitable world as the global stands on the cusp of an exponential future.” She urged women to drive the change that will define the future of humanity and create a world where, “when someone says the word ‘leader’, the first image that pops into your mind is not that of a man.” Among the several women stalwarts addressing this session was Ms Susan Stautberg, the former CEO and Chair of the Women Corporate Directors, the only global membership organization and community of women corporate directors; and current Operating Advisor of Atlantic Street Capital – a $ 1 billion hedge fund. Susan spoke about how the presence of women in key positions within corporate has been gradually increasing and cautioned against regressive attitudes that continue to govern the relationship between women in work in several nations across the globe. A key aspect of the webinar on June 12 was Wellness, particularly female wellness. A specially curated sub-session in this webinar featured renowned preventive healthcare physicians, Dr Pamela Smith and Dr Shabnam Das kar; health entrepreneur, Ms

The Webinar Participants Anu Acharya; wellness expert, Ms Namrata Bagaria and sustainability expert Ms Minni Jain. All speakers touched on various aspects of personalised healthcare including the impact of genetics, the roll of epigenetic and the latest healthcare tools available in the market that can help identify various bio markers and aid in preventing disease. Wellness is a key aspect within the ‘beyond gender’ movement as latest developments in the wellness industry have thrown open several new domains which offer a Greenfield opportunity for female leadership. Speaking on the occasion, Mr Suresh Srivastava mentioned that, “Even after 75 years, no woman has adorned the office of the UN Secretary General. This needs to be changed and India can lead this change. The landscape of India’s development is dotted with examples of strong women and we need to strengthen this further. ”The webinar culminated with an address by Chief Guest Smt Mridula Sinha – the former governor of Goa and a special invitee of IFUNA. She shared her inspiring story as a female politician in India and how she was able to break the glass ceiling in the world’s largest democracy where women continue to be under represented. And also by a brief address by Ms Kristin Engvig, the CEO of GCF-WIN who invited participants to join the beyond gender movement and build the discourse on building female leadership as we lead up to the mega event in the United Nations in 2022. Media advisor, IFUNA, Shri Deepak Parvatiyar proposed a vote of thanks to the host and the participants in the webinar.

SPEAKING ON THE OCCASION, MR SURESH SRIVASTAVA MENTIONED THAT, “EVEN AFTER 75 YEARS, NO WOMAN HAS ADORNED THE OFFICE OF THE UN SECRETARY GENERAL. THIS NEEDS TO BE CHANGED AND INDIA CAN LEAD THIS CHANGE. THE LANDSCAPE OF INDIA’S DEVELOPMENT IS DOTTED WITH EXAMPLES OF STRONG WOMEN AND WE NEED TO STRENGTHEN THIS FURTHER.

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LEAD STORY INDIA-CHINA SKIRMISHES

WAS IT PLANNED – ACCIDENTAL OR

SPONSORED? P.M.Parvatiyar & Suresh Srivastava FTER THE 2nd Informal Summit at Mamallapuram between Chinese president Xi Jinping and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi it was expected that India –China relations will improve and the tension on the border will reduce. It was reported that a consensus between both leaders had reached at the two informal summits of Wuhan (China)-2018 and Mamallapurm (India)-2019, not to allow "differences" to become "disputes". In spite of that both sides lost precious lives of their soldiers in a skirmish at Galwan valley on 15th June 20. After nearly three weeks of tension and war like situation and hectic diplomatic and military level meetings and talks, Chinese troops are ultimately withdrawing from Monday 6th July 20 from the Galwan Valley and the Pangong Tso in Ladakh and the stand-off sites. Though this is an important step in the disengagement process on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) between India and China, there will have no bearing on either the Army’s alertness levels or its preparations for longhaul deployment in the barren mountainous

A

AFTER NEARLY THREE WEEKS OF TENSION AND WAR LIKE SITUATION AND HECTIC DIPLOMATIC AND MILITARY LEVEL MEETINGS AND TALKS, CHINESE TROOPS ARE ULTIMATELY WITHDRAWING FROM MONDAY 6TH JULY 20 FROM THE GALWAN VALLEY AND THE PANGONG TSO IN LADAKH AND THE STAND-OFF SITES.

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terrain of Ladakh. It will have to be prepared to deal with the new reality of the disputed border where blood was spilled last month after more than five decades. The clash, which saw the death of 20 Indian and an unspecified number of Chinese soldiers, has left scars which are too fresh to be healed. As the two sides start repeating the disengagement process, the Indian side is doubly cautious in its insistence on verifying every single step in detail before moving to the next step. ”A cautious approach is always needed in spite of National Security Adviser Ajit Doval insistence on a “full and enduring restoration of peace and tranquility talk with Chinese foreign minister Wang Yion. As per reports, a four-kilometer buffer zone has been created between Indian and Chinese troops in Ladakh; both sides are moving tents, troops and vehicles back to their own side of the Line of Actual Control (LAC); the exercise is being verified by drones. At Pangong Tso, the withdrawal is thin because the Galwan and Shyok rivers are in spate, but physical verification will keep continuing. Whether the full withdrawal process takes a few days or weeks or months, but the fact remains the Chinese side seems to have blinked. Two months after Chinese troops intruded across the LAC, they are going back, empty-handed. The one thing the Chinese are surely taking back is the ill-will of a fellow friendly Asian power, which has gained today many more friends than Beijing during this confrontation. It is a matter to think and probe, who came down on China’s side as it decided to


LEAD STORY

aggressively cross the LAC claiming its neighboring country territory as once owned during the Qing dynasty? Even those most indebted to China, such as Laos in Southeast Asia (where the Chinese are building a high-speed railway to connect to China) and Djibouti in East Africa (where the Chinese have built a military base), didn’t come out in open support of the dragon. In contrast, India had lined up some of the world’s quietest as well as most voluble players, some of them powerful members of the United Nations Security Council. The Americans President Donald Trump had said that “China’s aggressive stance along the India-China border fits in with a larger pattern of Chinese aggression in other parts of the world… Trump was right. Only last week, Russians and Chinese got into a social media spat when some Chinese media claimed ownership of Russia’s eastern city Vladivostok, saying it had once been part of the Qing dynasty’s Manchurian homeland but was annexed by Russia when China lost the Second Opium War to Britain and France in 1860. Earlier, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had described the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) as a “rogue actor” and accused the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) of escalating “border tensions with India.” Certainly, the US is having a massive tiff with Chi-

na over trade and the fact that Beijing didn’t let on early about the corona virus pandemic thereby causing untold harm to America – but the Ladakh border clash has been much more than a casualty. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has also backed Narendra Modi’s doctrine on China banning 59 apps owned by Chinese technology companies. More countries are also banning. He has stated, “Chinese apps are something that the trump administration is looking at taking action on”. The US has moved two aircraft carriers into the South China Sea that amounted to a significant show of strength, insisting on freedom of navigation. While Pompeo called external affairs minister S. Jaishankar, promising help. As for the Russians, they agreed to speed up “certain missiles and bombs” during the recent visit of Defence Minister Rajnath Singh to Moscow, when a full review of the bilateral defence relationship took place. Significantly, according to an anonymous official source, Russia had quietly turned down the Chinese request not to sell arms to India, even though Russia depends quite a bit on arms sales to China to shore up its own GDP. The CCP’s mouthpiece, People’s Daily, took to Face book to send China’s message to Russia, but the same was ignored. That also speaks in volumes about the personal equation of Modi with Putin.

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India and China have begun disengaging their troops in the Galwan valley in eastern Ladakh where there was a deadly clash after several rounds of negotiations between the two countries

AS FOR THE RUSSIANS, THEY AGREED TO SPEED UP “CERTAIN MISSILES AND BOMBS” DURING THE RECENT VISIT OF DEFENCE MINISTER RAJNATH SINGH TO MOSCOW, WHEN A FULL REVIEW OF THE BILATERAL DEFENCE RELATIONSHIP TOOK PLACE.

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LEAD STORY MODI IN LADAKH VISTAARVAAD (EXPANSIONISM) OR VIKASVAAD (DEVELOPMENTAL GROWTH) N 3RD July during a surprise visit to a forward post in Ladakh Prime Minister Narendra Modi lauded their dedication with which they are protecting the motherland. Addressing the troops Prime Minister Modi said their willpower is as firm as the mountains where they are posted. The Prime Minister also paid tributes to the soldiers martyred in the Galwan Valley clash. ‘The whole country believes in you' the Prime Minister said. "Friends, your dedication to the protection of motherland is matchless. The conditions in which you are protecting and serving India, nobody in the world can compete with that. The bravery that you and your compatriots showed, a message has gone to the world about India’s strength. Your courage is higher than the heights where you are posted today. Your willpower is as firm as the mountains which we can see. Today, I can feel and see with my eyes that when the duty of

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi while addressing the Indian Armed forces in Ladakh lauded their dedication with which they are protecting the motherland. PM Modi said their willpower is as firm as the mountains where they are posted. The Prime Minister also paid tributes to the soldiers martyred in the Galwan Valley clash. protection of India is in your hands, the whole country believes in you and they

Meanwhile, Prime Minister Narendra Modi took the decision to operationalise the India-Russia BrahMos missile – that is tipped with a nuclear warhead. India also reaching out to other key nations,” had a good talk with FS Shringla. appreciated his briefing on the situation along LAC,” tweeted Japanese ambassador Satoshi Suzuki to Australia, the world is lining up behind India. The Ladakh crisis is a moment of reckoning all around, invigorating old friendships and recasting India’s influence in the neighborhood, A Chinese foreign ministry statement said "Right or wrong what recently happened at the Galwan Valley in the western sector of the China-India boundary is very clear. China will continue firmly safeguarding our territorial sovereignty as well as peace and tranquility in the border areas.

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feel relaxed. This inspires the citizens to work day and night for the country” said

According to the statement, Wang Yi stressed that both sides should adhere to the "strategic assessment" instead of "posing threats".


LEAD STORY Modi. Atmanirbhar Bharat ka sankalp aapke tyaag, balidaan, pursharth ke karan aur bhi mazboot hota hai,the courage which you all and your peers showed has sent across the message across the world about India's strength. I can see women, soldiers, too. This inspires us more," the Prime Minister said. Paying his tributes to the soldiers who were martyred in the Galwan valley clash, he said, "The bravery of 14 Corps will be talked about everywhere. Tales of your bravery and velour are echoing in every house in the country. Bharat Mata's enemies have seen your fire and fury.""Those who are weak can never initiate peace; bravery is a pre-requisite for peace. Whether World Wars or peace, whenever the need arises, the world has seen the victory of our braves and their efforts towards peace. We have worked for the betterment of humanity," he said. The Prime Minister further said , "We are the same people who pray to

the flute playing Lord Krishna but we are also the same people who idolise and follow the same Lord Krishna who carries the 'Sudarshana Chakra'". In his address without naming China, PM Narendra Modi said the era of expansionism is over. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The age of expansionism is over; this is the age of devel-

"We hope India can work with China to guide public opinion in the right direction, keep and advance bilateral exchanges and cooperation, and avoid amplifying the differences and complicating matters so as to jointly uphold the big picture of China-India relations", the Chinese statement said. It shows Chinese have now realized how this aggressive behavior has globally harmed them politically as well as economically. It will take a considerable time to recover. It is said that the foremost reason for this is the high level of mistrust between the two armies caused by multiple incidents on the border over the past nine weeks. Following the first round of talks at the level of the Corps Commander, the two armies had started the disengagement process from Galwan sector but a dispute over the location of a Chinese

opment. History knows that expansionist forces have either lost or were forced to turn back,â&#x20AC;? he exorted and contrasted vistaarvaad (Expansionism) with vikasvaad (Developmental growth), in an unmentioned but direct assessment of China, and slammed powers that tried to use expansionism.

observation post led to a violent clash on June15. But the question is whether this was a mere simple localized skirmishes of anger at core commander level or was it a planned one with the intention to grab Indian territory under China expansion plan. Or was it done on behest of some anti Modi group to destabilize and remove him? It is a serious matter. In the interest of the nation it is necessary that this apprehension should be also probed and truth should be made public and the mist is cleared soon in the interest of the nation . However, whatever may be the reason, this has harmed Xi Jimping reputation not only internationally but also in his own country. On the other hand Narendra Modiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s leadership quality at home and statesmanship is being appreciated worldwide.

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COVID-19, CHANDIGARH IFUNA - CHANDIGARH UNA

ENDEAVOURS TO MITIGATE SUFFERING OF THE PEOPLE.

URING THE wake of COVID-19, employed or unemployed, daily wage workers, or people in business, everyone suffered in one or another way due to the pandemic. Many businesses went bankrupt, and people couldn't get daily staples for their homes because the breadwinners of the families were unemployed. At the most unfavourable times when people were going through so much, IFUNA under the dynamic leadership of Dr. Harcharan Singh Ranauta, vice -president, Chandigarh United Nations Association Alongwith Shri Mohinder Bir Singh and Mr. Shahtaj Singh who provided logistic support and Shri Rohit Chuchra and Mrs. Alisha Chuchra who provided packaging support has worked tremendously to provide aid, and help out the people in need. They worked hard to ease the pain for needful. Many NGOs stepped forward to work so they could help people, and amongst them, there was this one great team. They had the leadership and guidance of Dr.Harcharan Singh Ranauta who took charge as the chief organizer and mentor behind this mission.Chandigarh UNA President Dr.Ranauta worked hard for 45 days straight and tried to fill as many hungry stomachs as he could with the help of his team which was specially formed to fight hunger during the nationwide curfews. Their team also took the required steps to maintain hygiene and nutrition to ensure that nobody gets infected by their food supplies or through the distribution staff. Their ground level staffs were trained to avoid infections in case if they come in contact with someone who is already infected, and served deprived places like slum areas, rickshaw stands, and even labour centres where

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COVID-19, CHANDIGARH

people were tuck and separated from their families. They gave hope to many people and brought a sense of happiness to them. Dr.Harcharan Singh Ranauta, Chief Organizer and Vice-President of Chandigarh United Nations Association was the motivating force behind this entire relief program. He took quick charge of this entire event and aligned tasks to his team accordingly to make it successful. His dedication inspired Mr. Iqbal Singh Nandhra, Mr. Gurtej Singh, Mrs. Malika Ranauta, Mr. Manvinder Singh Ranauta Ms. Sukhmani, Ms. Simar Ahuja, Mrs. Kamajor Kaur Ranauta, Dr Raman Ranauta and Piyush Jaiswal to work with him and contribute their unforgettable efforts for this noble and commendable work. Mr Ranuta and UNA Chandigarh is indebted to IFUNA their parent organization for providing monetary support. UNA Chandigarh conveys their deepest and sincerest appreciation for the incredible supportive help given by Shri Suresh Srivastava Secretary General of IFUNA in the whole project of providing help to most needy people.

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NEIGHBOUR NEPAL WILL PEOPLE OF NEPAL APPROVE HOSTILITY WITH INDIA?

The one-on-one talks between Prime Minister and Nepal Communist Party chairman KP Sharma Oli and another party chairman Pushpa kamal Dahal went bitter, pushing the party unity efforts towards crisis. The two leaders were engaged in oneon-one talks to pave the way for saving the party from split for the last three days ( July 9,2020) “Oli inciting party workers against me”, Says Nepal’s former Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal aka Prachanda.

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or the time being Nepal Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli has been able to save his chair with the help of China. That means he will further continue to pursue his policy to damage thousands of years old Indo –Nepal fabrics of “Roti- Beti”. Around two thousand five hundred years ago ‘Gautam Buddha’ (sidhartha), the founder of Buddhism, born in Lumbini in Nepal, traveled to India to get enlighten at Bodh Gaya. Earlier than that during “Treta Yug” Raja Janak of Janakpur (Nepal) could get a suitable groom Sri Ram of India for his daughter Sita. This tradition of “Roti-Beti” is still continuing across the 18000 km. border of Nepal and India, including a former union minister , Government of India Dr.Karan Singh marrying to a Rana family of Nepal. In border villages of India and Nepal people are linked with the two countries for their daily needs, jobs, business, education and even for social and personal get together. Thousands of people of either side crosses the border every day for trade, small business as they

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are dependent on income from across the border. It is common for traders and wage earners to spend the morning at work across the border of either India or Nepal and return to their homes in the evening. The marriages and social get together across the borders are also every day affairs The name "Nepal" is first recorded in texts from the Vedic period of the Indian subcontinent, the era in ancient India when Hinduism was founded, and the predominant religion of the country. In the middle of the first millennium BCE, Nepal is intertwined with the culture of India and a little bit of Tibet. The centrally located Kathmandu Valley is intertwined with the culture of IndoAryans, and was the seat of the prosperous Newar confederacy known as Nepal Mandala. By the 18th century, the Gorkha Kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal. The Shah dynasty established the Kingdom of Nepal and later formed an alliance with the British Empire. Under its dynasty, Parliamentary system was introduced in 1951, but was


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Prime Minister Oli with President Bidya Devi Bhandari twice suspended by Nepalese monarchs, in 1960 and 2005. The Nepalese Civil War in the 1990s and early 2000s resulted in the establishment of a secular republic in 2008. "Nepal is not only a landlocked country, but also India locked as it is surrounded by India from the three sides. The situation can be vulnerable. If India retaliates on the misadventure of Nepal, it will have a huge economic and social impact on that country” K P S Oli under the influence of China has failed to realize these facts to keep himself in power. It is said that the present Chinese Ambassador with whom he is having a very good relation prevailed upon him to get cleared a Constitution Amendment Bill that endorses the coun-

try’s new map that includes territories with India –i.e. Limpiadhura, Lipulek and Kalapani, within Nepal’s map and possession. Thus creating a troubled phase in Nepal-India relations, specially at the time when India and China are engaged in confrontation at Galwan Valley King Mahindra convincingly assured India way back in the 1960s that a road built to connect Nepal with Tibet had only “developmental significance and no strategic significance at all”. In the 1980s, King Birendra annulled a contract that China had won under a global tender to build the 210-km Kohalpur Banbasa Road closer to the Indian border, after India raised concerns over security. King Birendra handed the task over to India. According to the accounts of Bishwabandhu

Dr.Karan Singh with his wife Maharani Yasho Rajya Lakshmi

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NEIGHBOUR NEPAL China occupies Rui village of Nepal and annexes it to Tibet hile the landlocked country of Nepal has been at loggerheads with India over the supposed encroachment of regions such as Kalapani, Lipulekh, and Limpiyadhura, China has reportedly occupied the Rui village in Gorkha district of Nepal. As such, the village has now been annexed to Tibet, an autonomous region of China. As reported by Nepal-based newspaper, Khabarhub, the aggressive stance of Nepal’s Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli towards India has been an eyewash to suppress the events in its own territory. Even though Rui is still included in the map of Nepal, China has removed the boundary pillars to legitimise its occupation, the report says. The village which consists of about 72 houses, has reportedly been under siege, owing to the negligence and apathy of the Nepalese government and its officials. According to the Land Revenue Office (Gorkha), it has a record of revenue collected from the residents of the village of Rui. Khabarhub reported that the records are still secured in file number one in the Land Rev-

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Chinese Ambassador in Nepal Hou Yanqi with PM K P S Oli.

Thapa, Nepal Home Minister in 1962, King Mahendra “gave the Kalapani location to India” on Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru’s request following India’s setback in the war with China. According to Punya Prasad Oli, a former Director General of Nepal’s survey department, King Birendra had asked him not to make an issue of the Kalapani dispute in the 1970s.China, worried about the combined presence of India, US and EU in Nepal and their influence on internal politics, began increasing its presence and investment in Nepal, targeting tourism, post-earthquake reconstruction, trade and energy, with a message that its interest in Nepal is no less than India’s or its allies put together. Although political parties backed by India in the 2005-06 movement continue to be in power in Nepal, they have visibly become more and more distant from New Delhi. The Maoists, who are now part of the ruling NCP headed jointly by Oli and Prachanda, have remained under Chinese influence and started damaging India-Nepal relation. “ Nepal present Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli's act of “unilaterally” amending the map of his country by including Lipulekh, Kalapani and Limpiyadhura in India's Uttarakhand has caused “irreparable damage” to Indo-Nepal ties which no Nepalese leader can undo in future,”said senior Congress leader Dr Karan Singh. Dr Singh used to be highly influential in the Indo-Nepal relationship during the UPA regime and still holds clout in the Himalayan country. Dr Singh is also the perfect example of

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what is termed as “roti-beti ka rishta” between the two countries. This is because his wife is from Nepal's reputed Rana family and the erstwhile Jammu Kashmir royal has invested a lot in the relationship between the two countries. “The two countries are closely associated. There is free movement of goods and people. About 40,000 Nepalese soldiers are serving in Indian armed forces. Their diplomats and civil servants train with ours. Many Nepalese freely work and study in India and are grossly dependent on India. So, this confrontation will have its repercussions. We looked at Nepal as an ally and they have rudely thrown this (amendment) on our face. This is not the correct way. Map doesn’t change things and realities on ground,” Dr Singh added. While terming Oli’s move as “irreversible confrontational posture”, the former Cabinet minister and the ex-ambassador of India to United States said that it was a big diplomatic lapse by India too . Two major questions that crop up in the context of bilateral context. Why did China’s clout increase to this level when India apparently calculated that the monarchy’s exit will increase its own influence on Nepal? And does India have any institutional allies left in Nepal, like the monarchy and Nepali Congress like in the pre-2005 phase? The Nepali Congress was formed in India in the early 20th century and many of its leaders participated in India’s freedom struggle, thinking an independent and democratic India would help establish democracy back home. The party, despite consistently taking the lead role in the movement for


NEIGHBOUR NEPAL enue Office. As per historian Ramesh Dhungal, both the villages of Rui and Teigha which are located in the northern part of Gorkha district have been lost due to the negligence of the Nepalese authorities in fixing the boundary pillars. He added that Rui was neither lost by Nepal in war nor was it the subject of any special agreement with Tibet. He said, “India’s border is accessible. People walk around it. Therefore, border issues with India are visible to all, but the situation of Nepal at the northern border with Tibet is extremely bad.” Rui villagers still pay land revenue to Nepal:The President of Chumubari Rural Municipality ward number 1, Bir Bahadur Lama, conceded that even though the people of Rui had deposited their share of land revenue to the Nepal government, yet they had

a multi-party democracy with constitutional monarchy, was often branded “pro-India” by Communists given their close ties with Indian National Congress and socialists. However, following the 12-point agreement, the Nepali Congress was forced to accept the lead role of Maoists (Communists) in the impending political change, and agree to dispense with constitutional monarchy that it had all along said represented “forces of nationalism” and “symbol of unity in diversity”. During major face-offs, three trade embargos since the 1970s and sensitive security issues, the Kings of Nepal and the Indian Prime Ministers, directly or by using back channels — including Indian royalty and even shankaracharyas when Nepal was a Hindu nation — have succeeded in bringing the crises to an end. But over the years, India’s focus on Nepal appears driven more by security concerns and threat perception than by promoting a soft power-based approach like in the past. During the current spell of dispute, India has once again begun ‘valuing’ common civilization , cultural, historic and people to people ties. India’s old allies are regretting having aligned with the Maoists. “Nothing could have been a more erroneous judgment of India in 2006 than those Maoists were the emerging forces of the people and bringing them to the centre stage of Nepali politics and power would consolidate democracy,” a senior Nepali Congress leader said. “I think it is about time that we reviewed

become Tibetans following the encroachment by China. Khabarhub reported that pillar number 35 was demarcated as the border between Samdo and Rui village. However, during the restoration work of the pillar no. 35, the village came under Chinese occupation.

the 12-point agreement and restore our lead role in Nepali politics rather than being seen as follower of the Maoists,” said Gopal Man Shrestha, one of the eight leaders who signed the 12point agreement. Besides the monarchy, Nepali Congress and in the recent past Madhes parties to some extent, the only other institutional ally that India has had is the Nepal army. The chief of each national army has enjoyed the status of Honorary General of the other side, on a reciprocal basis since 1950. When Oli refused to accept India’s invitation for a state visit in April 2006, during a blockade, it was the armies of both sides—especially at the then chiefs’ level –that did the homework for lifting it. Though Oli has succeeded in getting the Constitution Amendment Bill passed by the country’s parliament concerning the controversial new map,by playing nationalist card, it is to be seen how far the people of Nepal will approve this confrontation? Will the social, cultural ,religious as well as day to day economic activities and interaction of common people of Nepal with Indians across the border will prevail or just a Chinese sponsored political dispute over an issue of boundary? A massive protest has erupted in Nepal as anger over new Citizenship rules. It is an indication of the mind of common Nepalese towards their relation with India. The Nepalese people are matured enough to protect their heritage, culture, tradition and social environmental fabrics. Prime Minister Oli will understand it and shall not allow it to precipitate further. — Pran Mohan Parvatiyar

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ART & NATURE Of parrots and macaws; And pallvi of buarani By Chander P Mahajan regurgitated ‘Gangeramachurikhani aa…’*to my grandson Madhav’s ‘first sight love’ of a golden- blue macaw that prompted him to an impulse buying at Houston.Though I had seen macawsat the‘pet shops of ‘ChandniChowk’,yet I am a novice. I had grown with the recitals -“Lat pat panchichattursujan; sab ka data shri Bhagwan”* ; in the Northen Indian houses with‘green parrots’ as pets. ■ Newly married, in 1968, we showed a parrot in at our ‘Ladydoctor’s residence’ Dharamshala (Kangra); & the doctor, my wife Bua Rani christened it ‘Miya Miththoo’. For many years it remained an object ‘to chat with and to chat about’ in the family ; at least ,till the day it flew away from the let- loose cage exit . ■ I, having crafted a special cage, soon we were in the company of Lovebirds.It is a small genus of parrot. They have short, blunt tail feathers, unlike budgies (parakeets). Social and affectionate, the paired birds spend long periods sitting together.It is important to use wide cages as large as possible.Subsequently , with our frequent ‘stays out’; with heavy hearts, we parted with the birds. ■ Years later, back home in ‘Kirti Cottage’, Dalhousie , I could not resist the desire to bring home another parrot. Buarani named it ‘Pallavi’ ; parrots exhibit little sexual dimorphism in the visual spectrum. ■ Sharing his vivid memories, my son Manu Maharaaj, has come out on WhatsApp:- “Tortoise on the wall ....Pallavi at the rear used to wake me up…Her cage used to be kept on the cupboard adjacent to my bed...”Alas! the poor bird succumbed to a suspected bite on Karachi Halwa. ■ He&his wife Meenakshi, are great environmentalists; being‘enthusiasts in wildlife conservation.’ Presently, they rescued a family of

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SHARING HIS VIVID MEMORIES, MY SON MANU MAHARAAJ, HAS COME OUT ON WHATSAPP:- “TORTOISE ON THE WALL ....PALLAVI AT THE REAR USED TO WAKE ME UP…HER CAGE USED TO BE KEPT ON THE CUPBOARD ADJACENT TO MY BED...”ALAS! THE POOR BIRD SUCCUMBED TO A SUSPECTED BITE ON KARACHI HALWA.

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parrots in distress; having lost their nestto a storm. The couple rehabilitated the shattered birds in a makeshiftrefuge; beforeputting them back to Nature oncoming of their own. ■ "We Tibetans are basically Buddhists, we preach love and compassion towards all other living beings on Earth," says HH Dalai Lama. "Therefore, it is the responsibility of all of us to realise the importance of wildlife conservation." ■ In the artful emblem ; to the left of Padmasambhava , the pioneer of Buddhism in the Himalayas is the parrot with two heads,


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representing translators with two languages.“For Tibetans, Lotsawa is a title meaning bilingual” says Tenzin Norbu,former chief representative of Tibetans in Himachal Pradesh. ■ Due to an increasing number of homeless parrots, they are being euthanised like dogs and cats; and parrot adoption centers and sanctuaries are becoming more common.One of the largest parrot conservation groups is the World Parrot Trust.They are protected by CITES ( Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species ) which came into force in 1975.Parrots seem fearless; I've seen them sitting on the branches taking bites out of pears in my ‘KirtiEstate’,Dalhousie. ■ Madhav’spursuits,aroused my curiosity to know more about the parrots and the macaws:■ Parrots are among the most intelligent birds, and the ability of some species to imitate human speech enhances their popularity as pets.The verb "parrot" in the dictionary means "to repeat by rote".They do not have vocal cords, so the sound is accomplished by expelling air across the mouth. ■ Parrots have a long history as pets, stretching back thousands of years, and were often kept as a symbol of royalty andwealth ;they have often featured in human writings, story, art, humor, religion, and music. ■ As pets, they require a long-term commitment from their owners. Lack of toys and of companionship may lead to boredom, stress, and psychological or behavioral problems (nervousness, aggression, featherplucking, screaming, depression). ■ Their longevity is considered a positive trait as it

reduces instances of the loss of a pet. Some large cockatoos, amazons, and macaws have very long life spans, with 80 years being reported, and record ages of over 100. Even lovebirdsand budgies, life spans up to 15–20 years. ■ As a group, parrots are unique; all have short, hooked bills, flexible muscular tongues, an upright stance, strong short legs, and clawed feet, having their first and fourth toes pointing backward, which they often use like hands. Cockatoos have a preferred "footedness" analogous to human handedness. Most species are left-footed using their left foot to eat, but a few species favour their right foot. ■ Parrot species that are commonly kept as pets include conures, macaws, amazon parrots, cockatoos, lovebirds, cockatiels, budgerigars, caiques, parakeets, and a few others. The rose-ringed parakeet or the ringnecked parrot, have been prized for their beauty and ability to talk.Beauty truly is in the eye of the beholder, so in terms of appearance, there can be no winner. Temperaments and personalities vary even within a species, just as with dog breeds. ■ Conures belong to a long-tailed group of the New World parrot subfamily. ■ The budgerigar is a long-tailed, parrot usually nicknamed the budgie, or in American English, the parakeet. ■ Amazon parrot is the common native to the New World^. Most Amazon parrots are predominantly green. ■ The caiques are species of parrots, relatively small and stocky, with a short, square tail and very bright

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AS A GROUP, PARROTS ARE UNIQUE; ALL HAVE SHORT, HOOKED BILLS, FLEXIBLE MUSCULAR TONGUES, AN UPRIGHT STANCE, STRONG SHORT LEGS, AND CLAWED FEET, HAVING THEIR FIRST AND FOURTH TOES POINTING BACKWARD, WHICH THEY OFTEN USE LIKE HANDS. COCKATOOS HAVE A PREFERRED "FOOTEDNESS" ANALOGOUS TO HUMAN HANDEDNESS. MOST SPECIES ARE LEFTFOOTED USING THEIR LEFT FOOT TO EAT, BUT A FEW SPECIES FAVOUR THEIR RIGHT FOOT.

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A MACAW'S FACIAL FEATHER PATTERN IS AS UNIQUE AS A FINGERPRINT.MACAWS AND THEIR FEATHERS HAVE ATTRACTED THE ATTENTION OF PEOPLE THROUGHOUT HISTORY. FEATHERS WERE OFTEN USED AS ADORNMENT AND WERE FOUND AT BOTH CEREMONIAL AND BURIAL SITES.

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colors. They can live up to 40 years. ■ Toucans have many advantages over parrots as pets. They do not scream or make loud noises. Since their beaks are not powerful, they cannot bite hard and, in fact, have difficulty squeezing a grape. "The toucan is a tribal symbol that is carved on totem poles by native tribes. ■ Cockatoos on average, are larger than other parrots; however, the cockatiel, the smallest cockatoo species & is easiest to maintain. The movable head crest, which is present in all cockatoos, is spectacular in many species. ■ Macaws are long-tailed, colorful, New World^ parrots. All macaws are parrots, but all parrots are not macaws. They are witty and easy to train. Macaws are usually bigger than parrots, with larger beaks and bodies. They include the largest of all parrots ; though the smallest member of the family, the red-shouldered macaw, is no larger than some parakeets. They are popular as companion parrots, are hard-headed and stubborn birds; extremely intelligent, and try to outsmart their humans. ■ A macaw's facial feather pattern is as unique as a fingerprint.Macaws and their feathers have attracted the attention of people throughout history. Feathers were often used as adornment and were found at both ceremonial and burial sites. ■ #Peanuts bit Madhav the first day. Macaw bites do hurt and the tenderness takes time to heal;correct behavior is to blow into your pet's face to hopefully distract the bird from biting.Because of the dominance and the territorial nature of the bird , I suggested Madhav keep Snoopy(the Beagle)away till the two were confident of each other. “The therapistwho adopted our two lovebirds , already had a dog and a parrot ; now all the four are good friends,” says Er. P S Attli of Mohali.

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■ When the birdmay venture into inhouse flights, he has to be careful to protect the furniture, electrical wiring &the things that could possiblybe chewed on. To be aware of the open toilet bowls for drowning; clear glass walls which might be rammed in full force by the bird ;chemical fumes from regular household cleaning products etc. When the toenails need to be trimmed , it can be done with the help of an assistant carefully holding the parrot wrapped in a towel.‘A macaw that loves and trusts you is almost puppy-like in its affection’. ■ Parrots learn mainly by mimicry and will be easily encouraged to try new foods by observing another bird eating the food, or by placing the new food on a mirror.It islikely, the food we eat our bird can eat. However, the most important components of most parrots' diets are seeds, nuts, fruit, buds, and other plant material. A study reveals that parrots and macaws use the clay licks as a source of cobalamin, vitamin B12. ■ Because of their acidity, most veterinarians suggest not offering fresh tomatoes to parrots, as they could potentially cause ulcers. Onions and garlic should also be avoided because the chemical compounds they contain may cause anemia. Mushrooms must all be avoided due to their very high oxalic acid contents. Freshwater must be available at all times. Nowadays, it is commonly accepted that the caffeine in coffee is toxic to birds. ■ ‘The Green Scene’ of the Delhi Golf Clubhas published‘a parrot’s dance of joy’. Every year 31st May celebrates the World Parrot Day. With inputs from Madhav Mahajan of Houston(US) *Often taught to Parrots, in India. #Nickname of Madhav’s macaw ^The new word is the majority of Earth’s western hemisphere, especially the Americas( including nearby islands)


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‚هʋ ∞ÁÄU≈UÁflS≈U üÊË Áfl∑§Ê‚ π◊∑§Ê ∑§„Ã „Ò Á∑§” ∑Ò§‹Ê‡Ê πÙ‚‹Ê ““•¬ŸÊ Á‚¥ªÊ⁄U ÃÙ Á∑§ÿÊ ∑§ß¸ ’Ê⁄U, •Ê•Ù¥ ∑§⁄U ◊Ê¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃË ∑§Ê Á‚¥ªÊ⁄U– ”œ⁄UÃË ◊Ê¥ ∑§Ù ¬„ŸÊÿ flΡÊÙ¥ ∑§Ê ‚È¥Œ⁄U „Ê⁄U––““ ”œ⁄UÃË ¬⁄U ‚ ¬«∏-¬ıœ ∑§Ê≈UŸ ¬⁄U ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ ∑§Ë ‚◊SÿÊ „È߸ Á¡‚ ¬⁄U ‚Ÿ˜ v~|w ◊¥ ‚¥ÿÈQ§ ⁄UÊC˛ ‚¥ÉÊ mÊ⁄UÊ S≈UÊÚ∑§ „Ù◊ (SflË«Ÿ) ◊¥ ÁflE ÷⁄U ∑‘§ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ∑§Ê ¬„‹Ê ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ‚ê◊‹Ÿ •ÊÿÙÁ¡Ã Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÕÊ, Á¡‚◊¥ vv~ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ Ÿ ÷ʪ Á‹ÿÊ •ı⁄U ¬„‹Ë ’Ê⁄U ∞∑§ „Ë ¬ÎâflË ∑§Ê Á‚hʥà ◊Êãÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ–”

”ß‚Ë ‚ê◊‹Ÿ ◊¥ ‚¥ÿÈQ§ ⁄UÊC˛ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Êÿ¸R§◊ (ã¿êë) ∑§Ê ¡ã◊ „È•Ê ÃÕÊ ¬˝Áà fl·¸ z ¡ÍŸ ∑§Ù ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ÁŒfl‚ •ÊÿÙÁ¡Ã ∑§⁄U∑‘§ ŸÊªÁ⁄U∑§Ù¥ ∑§Ù ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ ∑§Ë ‚◊SÿÊ ‚ •flªÃ ∑§⁄UÊŸ ∑§Ê ÁŸpÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÃÕÊ ß‚∑§Ê ◊ÈÅÿ ©g‡ÿ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑‘§ ¬˝Áà ¡ÊªM§∑§ÃÊ ‹ÊÃ „È∞ ⁄UÊ¡ŸÒÁÃ∑§ øÃŸÊ ¡Êª˝Ã ∑§⁄UŸÊ •ı⁄U •Ê◊ ¡ŸÃÊ ∑§Ù ¬˝Á⁄Uà ∑§⁄UŸÊ ÕÊ– Ã÷Ë ‚ z ¡ÍŸ ∑§Ù ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ÁŒfl‚ ◊ŸÊÿÊ ¡ÊŸ ‹ªÊ–” ”•ÊŒ⁄UáÊËÿ ¬˝œÊŸ◊¥òÊË ◊ÙŒË ¡Ë Ÿ •Êà◊ÁŸ÷¸⁄UÃÊ ∑§Ë ’Êà ∑§Ë „Ò •ı⁄U „◊Ê⁄U Œ‡Ê ∑§Ù •ª⁄U •Êà◊ ÁŸ÷¸⁄U ∑§⁄UŸÊ „Ò ÃÙ ‚’‚ ¬„‹ „◊¥ SflŒ‡ÊË ¬Ê⁄Uê¬Á⁄U∑§ ¡«∏Ë ’ÍÁ≈UÿÙ¥ ∑§Ë ¬„øÊŸ ∑§⁄UŸË „ÙªË •ı⁄U ÃÈ‹‚Ë, ¬Ë¬‹, ÁŸ◊, Áª‹Ùÿ •ÊÁŒ

PEOPLE AND UN

I JULY 2020

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”¬Ë¬‹ ∑§Ê flÎˇÊ Œ◊ʟʇÊ∑§, NŒÿ¬Ù·∑§, ´áÊ-•ÊÿŸÙ¥ ∑§Ê π¡ÊŸÊ, ⁄UÙªŸÊ‡Ê∑§, •ÊtÊŒ fl ◊ÊŸÁ‚∑§ ¬˝‚ÛÊÃÊ ∑§Ê π¡ÊŸÊ ÃÕÊ ⁄UÙª¬˝ÁÃ∑§Ê⁄U∑§ ‡ÊÁQ§ ’…∏ÊŸflÊ‹Ê „Ò– ’ÈhÍ ’Ê‹∑§Ù¥ ÃÕÊ „ÃʇÊÁŸ⁄UÊ‡Ê ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ù ÷Ë ¬Ë¬‹ ∑‘§ S¬‡Ê¸ ∞fl¥ ©‚∑§Ë ¿ÊÿÊ ◊¥ ’Ò∆Ÿ ‚ •Á◊≈U SflÊSâÿ-‹Ê÷ fl ¬Èáÿ-‹Ê÷ „ÙÃÊ „Ò– ¬Ë¬‹ ∑§Ë Á¡ÃŸË ◊Á„◊Ê ªÊ∞¥, ©ÃŸË ∑§◊ „Ò–”

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PEOPLE AND UN

∑§ÈŒ⁄UÃË flΡÊÙ¥ •ı⁄U ¬ıœÙ¥ ∑§Ù ‹ªÊŸÊ „ÙªÊ •ı⁄U ©‚∑§Ë •ı·ÁœÿÊ¥ ‹ªÊŸË „ÙªË Á¡‚‚ „◊Ê⁄U Œ‡Ê ◊ •Ê ⁄U„Ë •⁄U’Ù-π⁄U’Ù L§¬ÿ ∑§Ë ŒflÊ߸ ‹ÊŸÊ ’¥Œ „ÙªÊ •ı⁄U „◊Ê⁄UË ŒflÊßÿÊ¥ ÁflŒ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ÁŸÿʸà „ÙªË ÃÙ •Ê◊ŒŸË ’…∏ªË Á¡‚‚ Œ‡Ê •Êà◊ÁŸ÷¸⁄U ’ŸªÊ–” ”◊ŸÈcÿ ‚ÙøÃÊ ÕÊ Á∑§ „◊Ê⁄UÊ „Ë •Áœ∑§Ê⁄U „Ò ¬ÎâflË ¬⁄U •ı⁄U ¡‹ ÃÕÊ flÊÿÈ ∑§Ù ¬˝ŒÍÁ·Ã ∑§⁄U ÁŒÿÊ ß‚∑§Ê ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊ πÈŒ ◊ŸÈcÿ „Ë ÷Ȫà ⁄U„Ê „Ò ∑§ß¸ ‡Ê„⁄UÙ¥ ◊¥ ¡„⁄UË‹Ë „flÊ „Ù ªß¸ •ı⁄U ÷ÿ¥∑§⁄U ’Ë◊ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ •Ê߸ ‹Á∑§Ÿ ‹ÊÚ∑§«Ê©Ÿ ◊¥ ‡ÊÈh „flÊ ‹∑§⁄U ÷Ë ŒπÊ ß‚‚ ‚ËπŸÊ øÊÁ„∞ Á∑§ •’ „◊¥ flÒøÊÁ⁄U∑§ ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ Á◊≈UÊŸÊ „ÙªÊ •ı⁄U ““Á¡•Ù •Ù⁄U ¡ËŸ ŒÙ““ ÿ ◊¥òÊ ‚Ê∑§Ê⁄U ∑§⁄UŸÊ „ÙªÊ, •’ „◊¥ •Áœ∑§ ‚ •Áœ∑§ flΡÊÙ¥ ∑§Ù ‹ªÊŸÊ „٪ʖ” ”‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ Á¬¿‹ |Æ ‚Ê‹Ù¥ ◊¥ ¬Ë¬‹, ’⁄UªŒ (fl≈UflΡÊ) •Ê¥fl‹Ê •ı⁄U ŸË◊ ∑‘§ ¬«Ù¥ ∑§Ù ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ‹ªÊŸÊ ‹ª÷ª ’¥Œ ∑§⁄U ÁŒÿÊ ªÿÊ „Ò!” ”‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U Ÿ ߟ ¬«∏Ù ‚ ŒÍ⁄UË ’ŸÊ ‹Ë ÃÕÊ ß‚∑‘§ ’Œ‹ ÁflŒ‡ÊË ÿÍ∑‘§Á‹å≈U‚ ∑§Ù ‹ªÊŸÊ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§⁄U ÁŒÿÊ ¡Ù ¡◊ËŸ ∑§Ù ¡‹ Áfl„ËŸ •ı⁄U flÊÃÊfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ù ¬˝ŒÍÁ·Ã ∑§⁄U ŒÃÊ „Ò–” ”•Ê¡ „⁄U ¡ª„ ÿÍ∑‘§Á‹å≈U‚, ªÈ‹◊Ù„⁄U •ı⁄U •ãÿ ‚¡Êfl≈UË ¬«∏Ù¥ Ÿ ‹ ‹Ë „Ò– •’ ¡’ flÊÿÈ◊á«‹ ◊¥ Á⁄U»˝‡Ê⁄U „Ë Ÿ„Ë ⁄U„ªÊ ÃÙ ª◊˸ ÃÙ ’…∏ªË „Ë •ı⁄U ¡’ ª◊˸ ’…∏ªË ÃÙ ¡‹ ÷ʬ ’Ÿ∑§⁄U ©«∏ªÊ „Ë •ı⁄U ߟ∑§Ë „flÊ ‚ „flÊ◊ÊŸ ÷Ë ¬˝ŒÍÁ·Ã „٪ʖ” ”ŸË‹Áª⁄UË ∑‘§ flÎˇÊ ÷Í‹ ‚ ÷Ë Ÿ ‹ªÊÿ¥, ÿ ¡◊ËŸ ∑§Ù ’¥¡⁄U ’ŸÊ ŒÃ „Ò¥– Á¡‚ ÷ÍÁ◊ ¬⁄U ÿ ‹ªÊÿ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥ ©‚∑§Ë ‡ÊÈÁh vw fl·¸ ’ÊŒ „ÙÃË „Ò, ∞‚Ê ◊ÊŸÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò– ß‚∑§Ë ‡ÊÊπÊ•Ù¥ ¬⁄U íÿÊŒÊÃ⁄U ¬ˇÊË ÉÊÙ¥‚‹Ê Ÿ„Ë¥ ’ŸÊÃ¥, ß‚∑‘§ ◊Í‹ ◊¥ ¬˝Êÿ— ∑§Ù߸ ¬˝ÊáÊË Á’‹ Ÿ„Ë¥ ’ŸÊÃ¥, ÿ„ ßÃŸÊ „ÊÁŸ∑§Ê⁄U∑§, ¡ËflŸÁflÉÊÊÃ∑§ flÎˇÊ „Ò–” ”¡’Á∑§ ¬Ë¬‹ ∑§Ê’¸Ÿ «Ê߸ •ÊÚÄU‚Êß« ∑§Ê vÆÆ— •fl‡ÊÙ·áÊ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „Ò, ’⁄UªŒ }Æ— •ı⁄U ŸË◊ |z— ∑§⁄UÃÊ „Ò¥–” ”’ÃÊ Œ¥ Á∑§ ¬Ë¬‹ ∑‘§ ¬ûÊ ∑§Ê »‹∑§ ’«∏Ê •ı⁄U «¥∆‹ ¬Ã‹Ê „ÙÃÊ „Ò Á¡‚∑§Ë fl¡„ ‚ ‡Êʥà ◊ı‚◊ ◊¥ ÷Ë ¬ûÊ Á„‹Ã ⁄U„Ã „Ò¥ •ı⁄U Sflë¿ •ÊÚÄU‚Ë¡Ÿ ŒÃ

I JULY 2020

⁄U„Ã „Ò¥– ¬Ë¬‹ ∑§Ù flΡÊÙ¥ ∑§Ê ⁄UÊ¡Ê ∑§„Ã „Ò, üÊË ∑§ÎcáÊ Ÿ ß‚ •¬ŸË Áfl÷ÍÁà ÷Ë ’ÃÊÿÊ „Ò ◊¥– ““•EàÕ— ‚fl¸flΡÊÊáÊÊ¥““ (ªËÃÊ vÆ.w{ )” ”¬Ë¬‹ ∑§Ê flÎˇÊ Œ◊ʟʇÊ∑§, NŒÿ¬Ù·∑§, ´áÊ•ÊÿŸÙ¥ ∑§Ê π¡ÊŸÊ, ⁄UÙªŸÊ‡Ê∑§, •ÊtÊŒ fl ◊ÊŸÁ‚∑§ ¬˝‚ÛÊÃÊ ∑§Ê π¡ÊŸÊ ÃÕÊ ⁄UÙª¬˝ÁÃ∑§Ê⁄U∑§ ‡ÊÁQ§ ’…∏ÊŸflÊ‹Ê „Ò– ’ÈhÍ ’Ê‹∑§Ù¥ ÃÕÊ „ÃʇÊ-ÁŸ⁄UÊ‡Ê ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ù ÷Ë ¬Ë¬‹ ∑‘§ S¬‡Ê¸ ∞fl¥ ©‚∑§Ë ¿ÊÿÊ ◊¥ ’Ò∆Ÿ ‚ •Á◊≈U SflÊSâÿ-‹Ê÷ fl ¬Èáÿ-‹Ê÷ „ÙÃÊ „Ò– ¬Ë¬‹ ∑§Ë Á¡ÃŸË ◊Á„◊Ê ªÊ∞¥, ©ÃŸË ∑§◊ „Ò–” ”ߟ ¡ËflŸŒÊÿË ¬«∏Ù¥ ∑§Ù íÿÊŒÊ ‚ íÿÊŒÊ ‹ªÊÿ¥ ÃÕÊ ÿÍ∑‘§Á‹å≈U‚ •ÊÁŒ ‚¡Êfl≈UË ¬«∏Ù¥ ∑§Ù Ÿ ‹ªÊ∞¥ fl ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ ÷Ë ßŸ ¬⁄U ¬˝ÁÃ’¥œ ‹ªÊÿÊ ¡Êÿ–” ”ŒÍ‚⁄UË ’Êà ∑§Ë ∑‘§Á◊∑§‹ ÿÈQ§ πÃË „Ù ⁄U„Ë „Ò ©‚∑§Ë ¡ª„ ¬⁄Uê¬⁄Uʪà ¡ÒÁfl∑§ πÃË ∑§⁄UŸË „ÙªË ß‚‚ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ÷Ë ‡ÊÈh „ÙªÊ •ı⁄U ‡ÊÈh •ÛÊ Á◊‹Ÿ ¬⁄U ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ê SflÊSâÿ ÷Ë ‡ÊÈh „ÙªÊ •ı⁄U ‹Ùª ’Ë◊Ê⁄U ÷Ë ∑§◊ „Ù¥ª–” ”„⁄U zÆÆ ◊Ë≈U⁄U ∑§Ë ŒÍ⁄UË ¬⁄U ∞∑§ ¬Ë¬‹ ∑§Ê ¬«∏ ‹ªÊÿ ÃÙ •ÊŸ flÊ‹ ∑§È¿ ‚Ê‹ ÷⁄U ’ÊŒ ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ ◊ÈQ§ Á„¥ŒÈSÃÊŸ „٪ʖ” ”∞∑§ ©¬Êÿ ÿ ÷Ë „Ò Á∑§ ’«∏, ¬Ë¬‹, ŸË◊ •ÊÁŒ ∑‘§ ’Ë¡ Á◊^Ë ◊¥ ‹¬≈U ∑§⁄U ¿Ù≈UË-¿Ù≈UË ’„Èà ‚Ê⁄UË ’ÊÚ‹ ’ŸÊ ∑§⁄U ‚ÍπÊ ‹¥ ¡’ ’ÊÁ⁄U‡Ê ∑‘§ ÁŒŸÙ¥ ◊¥ ≈˛Ÿ ÿÊòÊÊ ∑§⁄U¥ ÃÙ Áπ«∏∑§Ë ◊¥ ‚ ¬≈U⁄UË ‚ ŒÍ⁄U wÆ-xÆ Á»≈U ∑§Ë ŒÍ⁄UË ¬⁄U ¡ª„-¡ª„ πÊ‹Ë SÕÊŸÙ¥ ¬⁄U »‘§¥∑§Ã ¡Ê∞– ’ÊÁ⁄U‡Ê ◊¥ ÿ ’Ë¡ •¥∑§ÈÁ⁄Uà „Ù ¡Ê∞¥ª •Ê¬∑§Ë •ı⁄U ‚ ’„Èà ’«∏Ë ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ‡ÊÈÁh ∑§Ë ‚flÊ „Ù ¡Ê∞ªË–” ”∑§È¿ ‹Ùª Á‚»¸ ÁŒπÊflÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ¬« ‹ªÊÃ „Ò¥ •ı⁄U ∑§Ù߸ ÷Ë ¬«∏ ‹ªÊ ŒÃ „Ò ‹Á∑§Ÿ flÊSÃÁfl∑§ÃÊ ◊¥ ’Œ‹Êfl ‹ÊŸÊ „Ò ÃÙ ß‚ ’Ê⁄U „◊¥ ∑§◊ ‚ ∑§◊ z ¬«∏ ‹ªÊŸ „Ù¥ª •ı⁄U flÙ ÷Ë ¬Ë¬‹, ’⁄UªŒ, ÁŸ◊ •ÕflÊ ÃÈ‹‚Ë ∑‘§ „Ë ‹ªÊŸ „Ù¥ª¥ •ı⁄U ©‚∑§Ë Œπ÷Ê‹ ÷Ë ∑§⁄UŸË „ÙªË Ã÷Ë ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ ◊ÈQ§ „٪ʖ” ”äÿÊŸ Œ¥ ’ÊÁ⁄U‡Ê ∑§Ê ‚◊ÿ „Ò¥ ‚÷Ë ¬ÿ¸fl⁄UáÊ ¬˝◊Ë ∑§◊ ‚ ∑§◊ z ¬«∏ ¬Ë¬‹, ’«∏ ÿÊ ŸË◊ ∑‘§ •fl‡ÿ ‹ªÊ∞–


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•¬Ÿ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ◊¥ Ã‹ ‹ªÊ∞¥ v ∞∑§ ◊Á„‹Ê Ÿ Á‹πÊ Á∑§ ◊⁄U ŒÊŒÊ ∑§Ê }| ‚Ê‹ ∑§Ë ©◊˝ ◊¥ ÁŸœŸ „Ù ªÿÊ, ¬Ë∆ ◊¥ ŒŒ¸ Ÿ„Ë¥, ¡Ù«∏Ù¥ ∑§Ê ŒŒ¸ Ÿ„Ë¥, Á‚⁄UŒŒ¸ Ÿ„Ë¥, ŒÊ¥ÃÙ¥ ∑§Ê ŸÈ∑§‚ÊŸ Ÿ„Ë¥, ∞∑§ ’Ê⁄U ©ã„Ù¥Ÿ ∑§„ŸÊ ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ Á∑§ ©ã„¥ ∑§‹∑§ûÊÊ ◊¥ ⁄U„Ÿ ¬⁄U ∞∑§ ’Í…∏ √ÿÁQ§ Ÿ ‚‹Ê„ ŒË ÕË– ◊Ò¥ ‚ÙÃ ‚◊ÿ •¬Ÿ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ¬⁄U Ã‹ ‹ªÊŸ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ⁄U‹  fl ‹Êߟ ¬⁄U ¬àÕ⁄U Á’¿ÊŸ ∑§Ê ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„Ê ÕÊ– ÿ„ ◊⁄U ©¬øÊ⁄U •ı⁄U Á»≈UŸ‚  ∑§Ê ∞∑§◊ÊòÊ dÙà „Ò– w ∞∑§ ¿ÊòÊÊ Ÿ ∑§„Ê Á∑§ ◊⁄UË ◊Ê¥ Ÿ ©‚Ë Ã⁄U„ Ã‹ ‹ªÊŸ ¬⁄U ¡Ù⁄U ÁŒÿÊ– Á»⁄U ©‚Ÿ ∑§„Ê Á∑§ ∞∑§ ’ëø ∑‘§ M§¬ ◊,¥ ©‚∑§Ë ŒÎÁC ∑§◊¡Ù⁄U „Ù ªß¸ ÕË– ¡’ ©‚Ÿ ß‚ ¬˝ÁR§ÿÊ ∑§Ù ¡Ê⁄UË ⁄UπÊ, ÃÙ ◊⁄UË •Ê¥πÙ¥ ∑§Ë ⁄UÙ‡ÊŸË œË⁄U- œË⁄U ¬Í⁄UË Ã⁄U„ ‚ SflSÕ •ı⁄U SflSÕ „Ù ªß¸– x. ∞∑§ ‚í¡Ÿ ¡Ù ∞∑§ √ÿʬÊ⁄UË „Ò,¥ Ÿ Á‹πÊ „Ò Á∑§ ◊Ò¥ •fl∑§Ê‡Ê ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ÁøòÊÊ‹ ªÿÊ ÕÊ– ◊Ò¥ fl„Ê° ∞∑§ „Ù≈U‹ ◊¥ ‚ÙÿÊ ÕÊ– ◊Ò¥ ‚Ù Ÿ„Ë¥ ‚∑§Ê– ◊Ò¥ ’Ê„⁄U ÉÊÍ◊Ÿ ‹ªÊ– ⁄UÊà ◊¥ ’Ê„⁄U ’Ò∆ ¬È⁄UÊŸ øı∑§ËŒÊ⁄U Ÿ ◊Ȥʂ ¬Í¿ŸÊ ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ, ““ÄUÿÊ ’Êà „Ò?““ ◊ÒŸ¥  ∑§„Ê ŸË¥Œ Ÿ„Ë¥ •Ê ⁄U„Ë „Ò! fl„ ◊ÈS∑§È⁄UÊÿÊ •ı⁄U ∑§„Ê, ““ÄUÿÊ •Ê¬∑‘§ ¬Ê‚ ∑§Ù߸ Ã‹ „Ò?““ ◊ÒŸ¥  ∑§„Ê, Ÿ„Ë¥, fl„ ªÿÊ •ı⁄U Ã‹ ‹ÊÿÊ •ı⁄U ∑§„Ê, ““∑§È¿ Á◊Ÿ≈U ∑‘§ Á‹∞ •¬Ÿ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ∑§Ë ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ∑§⁄U–¥ ““ Á»⁄U fl„ π⁄UÊ≈¸ U ‹ŸÊ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§⁄U ÁŒÿÊ– •’ ◊Ò¥ ‚Ê◊Êãÿ „Ù ªÿÊ „Í–¥ y. ◊ÒŸ¥  ⁄UÊà ◊¥ ‚ÙŸ ‚ ¬„‹ •¬Ÿ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ¬⁄U ß‚ Ã‹ ∑§Ë ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ∑§Ë ∑§ÙÁ‡Ê‡Ê ∑§Ë– ß‚‚ ◊ȤÊ ’„Ã⁄U ŸË¥Œ •ÊÃË „Ò •ı⁄U Õ∑§ÊŸ ŒÍ⁄U „ÙÃË „Ò– z. ◊ȤÊ ¬≈U ∑§Ë ‚◊SÿÊ ÕË– •¬Ÿ ËflÙ¥ ¬⁄U Ã‹ ‚ ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ∑§⁄UŸ ∑‘§ ’ÊŒ, w ÁŒŸÙ¥ ◊¥ ◊⁄U ¬≈U ∑§Ë ‚◊SÿÊ ∆Ë∑§ „Ù ªß¸– {. flÊSÃfl ◊!¥ ß‚ ¬˝ÁR§ÿÊ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ¡ÊŒÈ߸ ¬˝÷Êfl „Ò– ◊ÒŸ¥  ⁄UÊà ∑§Ù ‚ÙŸ ¡ÊŸ ‚ ¬„‹ •¬Ÿ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ∑§Ë Ã‹ ‚ ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ∑§Ë– ß‚ ¬˝ÁR§ÿÊ Ÿ ◊ȤÊ ’„Èà ‚È∑§ÍŸ ∑§Ë ŸË¥Œ ŒË– |. ◊Ò¥ ß‚ Á≈˛∑§ ∑§Ù Á¬¿‹ vz ‚Ê‹Ù¥ ‚ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„Ê „Í–¥ ß‚‚ ◊ȤÊ ’„Èà „Ë øıŸ ∑§Ë ŸË¥Œ •ÊÃË „Ò– ◊Ò¥ •¬Ÿ ¿Ù≈U ’ëøÙ¥ ∑‘§ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ∑§Ë ÷Ë Ã‹ ‚ ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ∑§⁄UÃÊ „Í,¥ Á¡‚‚ fl ’„Èà πÈ‡Ê •ı⁄U SflSÕ ⁄U„Ã „Ò–¥ }. ◊⁄U ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ◊¥ ŒŒ¸ „È•Ê ∑§⁄UÃÊ ÕÊ– ◊ÒŸ¥  ⁄UÊà ∑§Ù ‚ÙŸ ¡ÊŸ ‚ ¬„‹ •¬Ÿ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ∑§Ù w Á◊Ÿ≈U Ã∑§ ⁄UÙ¡ÊŸÊ ¡ÒÃŸÍ ∑‘§ Ã‹ ‚ ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ∑§⁄UŸÊ ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ– ß‚ ¬˝ÁR§ÿÊ ‚ ◊⁄U ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ◊¥ ŒŒ¸ ‚ ⁄UÊ„Ã Á◊‹Ë– ~ ◊⁄U ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ◊¥ „◊‡ÊÊ ‚Í¡Ÿ ⁄U„ÃË ÕË •ı⁄U ¡’ ◊Ò¥ ø‹ÃÊ ÕÊ, ◊Ò¥ Õ∑§ ¡ÊÃÊ ÕÊ– ◊ÒŸ¥  ⁄UÊà ∑§Ù ‚ÙŸ ¡ÊŸ ‚ ¬„‹ •¬Ÿ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥

∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ¬⁄U Ã‹ ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ∑§Ë ß‚ ¬˝ÁR§ÿÊ ∑§Ù ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ– Á‚»¸ w ÁŒŸÙ¥ ◊,¥ ◊⁄U ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑§Ë ‚Í¡Ÿ ªÊÿ’ „Ù ªß¸– vÆ ⁄UÊà ◊,¥ Á’SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ¡ÊŸ ‚ ¬„‹, ◊ÒŸ¥  •¬Ÿ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ¬⁄U Ã‹ ∑§Ë ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ∑§Ê ∞∑§ Á≈U¬ ŒπÊ •ı⁄U ©‚ ∑§⁄UŸÊ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§⁄U ÁŒÿÊ– ß‚‚ ◊ȤÊ ’„Èà „Ë øıŸ ∑§Ë ŸË¥Œ Á◊‹Ë– vv ’«∏Ë •Œ÷Èà ’Êà „Ò– ÿ„ Á≈U¬ •Ê⁄UÊ◊ŒÊÿ∑§ ŸË¥Œ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ŸË¥Œ ∑§Ë ªÙÁ‹ÿÙ¥ ‚ ’„Ã⁄U „Ò– ◊Ò¥ •’ „⁄U ⁄UÊà •¬Ÿ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ∑§Ë Ã‹ ‚ ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ∑§⁄U∑§‘ ‚ÙÃÊ „Í–¥ vw ◊⁄U ŒÊŒÊ¡Ë ∑‘§ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ◊¥ ¡‹Ÿ „ÙÃË ÕË •ı⁄U Á‚⁄UŒŒ¸ „ÙÃÊ ÕÊ– ¡’ ‚ ©ã„Ù¥Ÿ •¬Ÿ ËflÙ¥ ¬⁄U ∑§gÍ ∑§Ê Ã‹ ‹ªÊŸÊ ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ, ŒŒ¸ ŒÍ⁄U „Ù ªÿÊ– vx. ◊ȤÊ ÕÊÿ⁄UÊßÚ « ∑§Ë ’Ë◊Ê⁄UË ÕË– ◊⁄U ¬Ò⁄U ◊¥ „⁄U ‚◊ÿ ŒŒ¸ „Ù ⁄U„Ê ÕÊ– Á¬¿‹ ‚Ê‹ Á∑§‚Ë Ÿ ◊ȤÊ ⁄UÊà ◊¥ Á’SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ¡ÊŸ ‚ ¬„‹ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ¬⁄U Ã‹ ∑§Ë ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ∑§Ê ÿ„ ‚ȤÊÊfl ÁŒÿÊ ÕÊ– ◊Ò¥ ß‚ SÕÊÿË M§¬ ‚ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„Ê „Í–¥ •’ ◊Ò¥ •Ê◊ Ãı⁄U ¬⁄U ‡Êʥà „Í–¥ vy ◊⁄U ¬Ò⁄U ‚ÈŸ ⁄U„ Õ– ◊Ò¥ ⁄UÊà ∑§Ù Á’SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ¡ÊŸ ‚ ¬„‹ øÊ⁄U ÁŒŸÙ¥ Ã∑§ •¬Ÿ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ∑§Ë Ã‹ ‚ ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ∑§⁄U ⁄U„Ê „Í–¥ ∞∑§ ’«∏Ê •¥Ã⁄U „Ò– vz. ’Ê⁄U„ ÿÊ Ã⁄U„ ‚Ê‹ ¬„‹ ◊ȤÊ ’flÊ‚Ë⁄U „È•Ê ÕÊ– ◊⁄UÊ ŒÙSà ◊ȤÊ ∞∑§ ´Á· ∑‘§ ¬Ê‚ ‹ ªÿÊ ¡Ù ~Æ ‚Ê‹ ∑§Ê ÕÊ– ©ã„Ù¥Ÿ „ÊÕ ∑§Ë „ÕÁ‹ÿÙ¥ ¬⁄U, ©°ªÁ‹ÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ ’Ëø, ŸÊπÍŸÙ¥ ∑‘§ ’Ëø •ı⁄U ŸÊπÍŸÙ¥ ¬⁄U Ã‹ ⁄Uª«∏Ÿ ∑§Ê ‚ȤÊÊfl ÁŒÿÊ •ı⁄U ∑§„Ê— ŸÊÁ÷ ◊¥ øÊ⁄U-¬Ê°ø ’ÍŒ° Ã‹ «Ê‹¥ •ı⁄U ‚Ù ¡Ê∞°– ◊Ò¥ „∑§Ë◊ ‚Ê„’ ∑§Ë ‚‹Ê„ ◊ÊŸŸ ‹ªÊ– ◊ȤÊ ’„Èà ⁄UÊ„Ã Á◊‹Ë– ß‚ Á≈U¬ Ÿ ◊⁄UË ∑§é¡ ∑§Ë ‚◊SÿÊ ∑§Ù ÷Ë „‹ ∑§⁄U ÁŒÿÊ– ◊⁄U ‡Ê⁄UË⁄U ∑§Ë Õ∑§ÊŸ ÷Ë ŒÍ⁄U „Ù ¡ÊÃË „Ò •ı⁄U ◊ȤÊ øıŸ ∑§Ë ŸË¥Œ •ÊÃË „Ò– π⁄UÊ≈¸ UÙ¥ ∑§Ù ⁄UÙ∑§ÃÊ „Ò– v{. ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ¬⁄U Ã‹ ∑§Ë ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ∞∑§ •Ê¡◊Ê߸ „È߸ •ı⁄U ¬⁄UπË „È߸ Á≈U¬ „Ò– v|. Ã‹ ‚ ◊⁄U ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ∑§Ë ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ∑§⁄UŸ ‚ ◊ȤÊ øıŸ ∑§Ë ŸË¥Œ Á◊‹Ë– v}. ◊⁄U ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ •ı⁄U ÉÊÈ≈UŸÙ¥ ◊¥ ŒŒ¸ ÕÊ– ¡’ ‚ ◊ÒŸ¥  •¬Ÿ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ¬⁄U Ã‹ ∑§Ë ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ∑§Ë Á≈U¬ ¬…∏Ë „Ò, •’ ◊Ò¥ ß‚ ⁄UÙ¡ÊŸÊ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „Í,¥ ß‚‚ ◊ȤÊ øıŸ ∑§Ë ŸË¥Œ •ÊÃË „Ò– v~. ¡’ ‚ ◊ÒŸ¥  ⁄UÊà ∑§Ù Á’SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ¡ÊŸ ‚ ¬„‹ •¬Ÿ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ¬⁄U Ã‹ ∑§Ë ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ∑‘§ ß‚ ŸÈSπ ∑§Ê ©¬ÿÙª ∑§⁄UŸÊ ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ „Ò, Ã’ ‚ ◊ȤÊ ∑§◊⁄U ŒŒ¸ „Ù ªÿÊ „Ò– ◊⁄UË ¬Ë∆ ∑§Ê ŒŒ¸ ∑§◊ „Ù ªÿÊ „Ò •ı⁄U ÷ªflÊŸ ∑§Ê ‡ÊÈR§ „Ò Á∑§ ◊ȤÊ ’„Èà •ë¿Ë ŸË¥Œ •Ê߸ „Ò–

PEOPLE AND UN

I JULY 2020

29


cks/k&dFkk

∑§Ù⁄UÙŸÊ ∑§Ê‹ •ı⁄U ‚‚È⁄UÊ‹ ∑§Ù⁄UÙŸÊ ∑§Ê‹ ◊¥ ¡’ ¬„È¥ø ªÿÊ ‚‚È⁄UÊ‹ ! ’„Èà „Ë •¡Ë’ ‚Ê ÕÊ fl„Ê¥ ∑§Ê „Ê‹ !! ÉÊ⁄U ∑§Ë ÉÊ¥≈UË ’¡ÊÃ „Ë ‚Ê‚ Œı«∏Ë •Ê߸ ! Œπ ¡◊Ê߸ ∑§Ù •Ê¡, ◊¡’Í⁄UË ◊ ◊È‚∑§Ê߸ !! ’Ù‹Ë ÕÙ«∏Ë Œ⁄U ª≈U ¬⁄U •Ê¬ ∆„⁄U ¡Ê•Ù ! flÊ‡Ê fl‡ÊŸ ¬⁄U ‚ÒÁŸ≈UÊß¡⁄U ‚ „ÊÕ œÙ •Ê•Ù !! ¬… Á‹π „Ù ø„⁄U ¬⁄U ◊ÊS∑§ Ÿ„Ë¥ ‹ªÊÿÊ ? ÉÊ⁄U ¬⁄U „Ë ⁄U„ŸÊ ÕÊ Á∑§‚Ë Ÿ Ÿ„Ë¥ ‚◊¤ÊÊÿÊ ?? πÒ⁄U •Ê „Ë ª∞ „Ù ÃÙ Œ⁄UflÊ¡ ¬⁄U ¡ÍÃ ŒÙ ©ÃÊ⁄U ! ¬Ò⁄U œÙ∑§⁄U •Ê ¡Ê•Ù øÊÿ ⁄UπË „Ò ÃÒÿÊ⁄U !! ◊Ÿ ◊ ©∆Ê R§Ùœ ¬⁄U ∑§È¿ ∑§„ Ÿ„Ë¥ ¬ÊÿÊ ! ‹ªÊ ¡Ò‚ ¡◊Ê߸ Ÿ„Ë, ∑§Ù߸ ⁄UÊˇÊ‚ ‚‚È⁄UÊ‹ •ÊÿÊ !! ßí¡Ã ÃÙ ‚Ê⁄UË •Ê¡ ∑§Ù⁄UÙŸÊ Ÿ „⁄U ‹Ë ! ’Ê∑§Ë ∑§Ë ∑§‚⁄U ‚Ê‚Í ◊Ê° Ÿ ¬Í⁄UË ∑§⁄U ‹Ë !! Á»⁄U ’•Ê’M§ „Ù ∑§Œ◊ ‚Ê‹Ë ∑§Ë •Ù⁄U ’…ÊÿÊ ! fl„Ê¥ ‚ ÷Ë Ÿ∑§Ê⁄UÊà◊∑§ ‚Ê ©ûÊ⁄U •ÊÿÊ !! flÙ ’Ù‹Ë ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ŒÍ⁄UË ∑§Ù ‚◊¤Ê Ÿ„Ë¥ ¬Êÿ ? „◊Ê⁄U ßÃŸË ¬Ê‚ ÄUÿÍ° ¡Ë¡Ê¡Ë ø‹ •Ê∞ ?? ŒÍ⁄U ‚ „Ë ∑§⁄UÃË „Í° •Ê¡ •Ê¬∑§Ù Ÿ◊SÃ ! ¿Ù≈U ‚Ê‹ Ÿ ÷Ë ŒÍ⁄U ‚ „ÊÕ Á„‹ÊÿÊ, „¥‚Ã „¥‚Ã !! Á»⁄U ‚‚È⁄U ¡Ë ∑§Ë ◊œÈ⁄U •ÊflÊ¡ ŒË ‚ÈŸÊ߸ ! ∑§flÊ⁄U¥≈UÊߟ ∑§⁄UŸÊ ⁄U, ’Ê„⁄U ‚ •ÊÿÊ „Ò ¡◊Ê߸ !! øÊÿ „ÊÕ ◊¥ ÕË, ¬⁄U Ÿ„Ë¥ ¡Ê ⁄U„Ë ÕË ª≈U∑§Ë ! øÊÿ πà◊ „ÙÃ „Ë, ‹ªÊŸÊ øÊ„ ⁄U„Ê ÕÊ ÉÊÈ«∑§Ë !! ¡Ù ∑§Ê◊ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ‹Ù∑§«Ê©Ÿ ◊ Ÿ„Ë¥ ∑§⁄U ¬Ê߸ ! ‚‚È⁄UÊ‹ flÊ‹Ù¥ Ÿ ∞∑§ „Ë ÁŒŸ ◊¥ ÕË ‚◊¤ÊÊ߸

30

PEOPLE AND UN

I JULY 2020

‚◊Ê¡ ‚ÈœÊ⁄U ‚⁄U ¬≈U∑§-¬≈U∑§ ∑§⁄U ø‹ ª∞ ‚◊Ê¡ ‚ÈœÊ⁄U∑§ ªÊ¥fl-ªÊ¥fl ÁÉÊ‚ ÁÉÊ‚ ø嬋 Õ∑§ „Ê⁄U πË¡∑§⁄U ø‹ ª∞ ‚◊Ê¡ ‚ÈœÊ⁄U∑§ ”¬⁄U ‚◊Ê¡ Ÿ ‚Èœ⁄U ‚∑§Ê” ”•øÊŸ∑§ Á»⁄U •flÃÁ⁄Uà „È•Ê ¡◊Ë¥ ¬⁄U” ”∞∑§ •ŒÎ‡ÿ øÊߟÊflÊß⁄U‚” ”•ı⁄U ‚◊Ê¡ Sfl◊¥ „Ë ‚Èœ⁄U ªÿÊ” Ÿ ‚ªÊ߸ ∑§Ê πø¸, Ÿ ’Ò¥«? Ÿ ’Ê⁄UÊÃË Ÿ ÷«∏∑§Ë‹ ‡ÊÊÁ◊ÿÊŸ, Ÿ ‚¡Êfl≈U ÁŒπÊfl≈UË Ÿ ‡ÊÊŒË ∑§Ê πø¸ Ÿ•ÛÊ flSòÊ ∑§Ë ’⁄U’ÊŒË Ÿ ’«∏ Áfl‡ÊÊ‹ ÷Ù¡ Ÿ ‹È≈UÊŸ ∑‘§ ŸÙ≈U

Ÿ ªÙŒ ∑§Ë ÷⁄UÊ߸, Ÿ àÿÙ„Ê⁄UÙ¥ ∑§Ë ◊ŸÊ߸ Ÿ ◊ÛÊà Ÿ ¬Í¡Ê Ÿ Ÿ∞ ∑§¬«∏Ù ∑§Ë Á‚‹Ê߸ Ÿ ÷√ÿ ‚È¥Œ⁄U ¡È‹Í‚ Ÿ Áfl‡ÊÊ‹∑§Êÿ ⁄UÕÿÊòÊÊ∞¥ Ÿ ◊ÎàÿÍ ¬⁄U ∑§Ù߸ ¡◊ÉÊ≈U Ÿ Œ‡Ê ÁflŒ‡Ê ∑§Ë ÿÊòÊÊÿ¥ Ÿ ◊⁄UŸ ¬⁄U ‚„÷Ù¡ Ÿ ’Ê‹-ÁflflÊ„ ∑§Ë πÙ¡ ”∞∑§ ‚͡ÿ¥ flÊß⁄U‚ Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ‚ÈœÊ⁄U““ ”’«∏ ’«∏ ‚ÈœÊ⁄U∑§Ù¥ ∑§Ù ÁŒÿÊ ¬¿Ê«∏” „ R§Ê¥ÁÃ∑§Ê⁄UË ∑§Ù⁄UÙŸÊflÊÿ⁄U‚ ª¡’ ∑§Ê ÃÍ ‚◊Ê¡ ‚ÈœÊ⁄U∑§ ÁŸ∑§‹Ê ‚◊¤ÊÊ Ÿ ‚∑§Ê ÕÊ •’ Ã∑§ ∑§Ù߸ Á¡‚∑§Ù ∞‚Ê ÃÍ? ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ •ŒÎ‡ÿ ÁfløÊ⁄U∑§ ÁŸ∑§‹Ê

SflÊSâÿ ⁄U„Ÿ ∑§Ê ⁄U„Sÿ ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U „Ò— ⁄U„Sÿ ’„Èà „Ë ‚⁄U‹, ’„Èà ¿Ù≈UÊ, „⁄U ¡ª„ •ı⁄U „⁄U Á∑§‚Ë ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ’„Èà •Ê‚ÊŸ „Ò– Á∑§‚Ë ÷Ë Ã‹, ‚⁄U‚Ù¥ ÿÊ ¡ÒÃÍŸ, •ÊÁŒ ∑§Ù ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ •ı⁄U ¬Í⁄U ¬Ò⁄U ¬⁄U ‹ªÊÿ¥, Áfl‡Ê·∑§⁄U ËflÙ¥ ¬⁄U ÃËŸ Á◊Ÿ≈U ∑‘§ Á‹∞ •ı⁄U ŒÊÁ„Ÿ ¬Ò⁄U ∑‘§ Ëfl ¬⁄U ÃËŸ Á◊Ÿ≈U ∑‘§ Á‹∞– ⁄UÊà ∑§Ù ‚ÙÃ ‚◊ÿ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ∑§Ë ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ∑§⁄UŸÊ ∑§÷Ë Ÿ ÷Í‹¥, •ı⁄U ’ëøÙ¥ ∑§Ë ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ÷Ë ß‚Ë Ã⁄U„ ∑§⁄U¥– ß‚ •¬Ÿ ¡ËflŸ ∑‘§ ’Ê∑§Ë Á„S‚Ù¥ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ∞∑§ ÁŒŸøÿʸ ’ŸÊ ‹¥– Á»⁄U ¬˝∑§ÎÁà ∑§Ë ¬ÍáʸÃÊ ∑§Ù Œπ¥– •Ê¬ •¬Ÿ ¬Í⁄U ¡ËflŸ ◊¥ ∑§¥ÉÊË ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥– ÄUÿÙ¥ Ÿ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ËflÙ¥ ¬⁄U Ã‹ ‹ªÊÿÊ ¡Ê∞– ¬˝ÊøËŸ øËŸË ÁøÁ∑§à‚Ê ∑‘§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U, ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ŸËø ‹ª÷ª vÆÆ ∞ÄUÿͬ˝‡Ê⁄U Á’¥ŒÈ „Ò¥– ©ã„¥ Œ’ÊŸ •ı⁄U ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ∑§⁄UŸ ‚ ◊ÊŸfl •¥ªÙ¥ ∑§Ù ÷Ë ∆Ë∑§ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò– ©‚ »È≈U Á⁄Uç‹ÄU‚ÊÚ¡Ë ∑§„Ê ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò– ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ÷⁄U ◊¥ ¬Ò⁄UÙ¥ ∑§Ë ◊ÊÁ‹‡Ê ÁøÁ∑§à‚Ê ∑§Ê ©¬ÿÙª Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò– ‚¥∑§‹Ÿ ∑Ò§‹Ê‡Ê πÙ‚‹Ê


UTKAL UNA OBSERVED WORLD POPULATION DAY

Utkal Federation Of United Nations Association (UFUNA) observed World Population Day on 11th july 20 at Hotel Devakanya in Odisha. Former CBI Judge Mr B C Rout expressed his concern about population explosion in the country. He observed it as a big problem that our nation is facing. It’s effective control requires by up surging public opinion against population explosion. Former Chief Engineer Mr A K Satapathy also spoke about the alarming situation. Prof Khirod Naik, Soumya Ranjan Pattanaik., Priyabat Bhanj & Upanna Ray actively participated in the talk” how to control population” and gave valuable suggestions. The danger of corona virus was also discussed. An appeal was made to wear mask and to maintain social distance. Advocate Manoranjan Pattanaik presided over the meeting. UFUNA State Seceratary Bahadur Patsani welcomed the guests. Dr Dipayan Pattanaik proposed a vote of thanks.


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PEOPLE AND UN

RNI NO. DELENG/2012/44082

Profile for Amrita Singh

July 2020  

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