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Death sentences and executions in 2013


Amnesty International, “Iraq: A decade of abuse” (Index: MDE14/001/2013).


In January 2014, the presidency’s office ratified around 200 further death sentences.

“Pillay condemns rampant use of death penalty in Iraq”, UN News Centre, 19 April 2013, (accessed 4 March 2014). 63

“Focus on execution as activists protest capital punishment”, Daily Star, 12 October 2013, (accessed 4 March 2014); in January 2014, the then Justice Minister reportedly stated that that he would not sign any execution warrant. 64

Report of the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, Addendum: Mission to Morocco, UN document A/HRC/22/53/Add.2, 28 February 2013, para. 52. 65

This does not include reports of unlawful killings and extrajudicial executions by both government forces and armed opposition groups during the armed conflict, or deaths in custody following illtreatment. 66

The National Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution on 26 January 2014. In previous votes, amendments to abolish the death penalty had been rejected. 67

However, Sri Lankan migrant worker Ravindra Krishna Pillai was executed on 21 January 2014. In February 2014, Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan ordered a stay on executions for people convicted of murder – but not of terrorism, rape or drug offences – to enable authorities to contact relatives of murder victims with a view to arranging financial settlements. 68

DITSHWANELO – The Botswana Centre for Human Rights, World Day Against the Death Penalty Report, 10 October 2013. 69

High Court of Botswana, case no CTHFT- 000008-07, judgment delivered by Justice Tshepo Motswagole on 2 October 2013 (unreported). 70

At the UPR in early 2014, Comoros informed that the draft penal code had been adopted by the law commission of the National Assembly, and that the plenary would adopt the law soon. The government also accepted recommendations to proceed with the formal abolition of the death penalty and ratify the Second Optional Protocol to the ICCPR. 71

During its UPR in early 2014, Eritrea stated that the death penalty can serve as a deterrent factor, and that the punishment had been used in exceptional and limited cases. 72

“Gambia Radio and Television Services – Interview with President Jammeh”, Foroyaa Newspaper, 7 August 2013. 73

“Ghana’s criminal justice and mental health practices need critical attention to be more humane”, UN News Centre, 14 November 2013, (accessed 4 March 2014). 74

“Alternative report to the UN Committee against Torture regarding the consideration of Kenya’s second report”, FHRI and PRI, 15 April 2013, (accessed 4 March 2014); Amnesty International reported at least 21 death sentences for that year. 75

Index: ACT 50/001/2014

Amnesty International March 2014

Death sentences and executions 2013  

This report is also available in Arabic, Farsi, French, Russian and Spanish at the following link:

Death sentences and executions 2013  

This report is also available in Arabic, Farsi, French, Russian and Spanish at the following link: