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Death sentences and executions in 2013

ENDNOTES Amnesty International cannot exclude that further executions took place in other countries, and that decreases year-on-year are partially attributable to a lack of complete information. 1

Syria has had its membership suspended because of the violence used to suppress uprisings. Due to the ongoing conflict, Amnesty International could not confirm any information on the use of the death penalty in Syria in 2013. 2

Exoneration is the process where, after sentencing and the conclusion of the appeals process, the convicted person is later freed from blame or acquitted of the criminal charge, and therefore is regarded as innocent in the eyes of the law. 3

In 2012 Amnesty International was not able to confirm whether judicial executions were carried out in Syria. 4

The term “Palestinian Authority” is used to refer to the areas under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian Authority, including parts of the occupied West Bank and the Gaza Strip, governed by the Hamas de facto administration since June 2007. 5

Unlawful killings through stoning by armed opposition groups were reported in Somalia. Unlawful killings, including through stoning and shooting, ordered by tribal jirgas (Councils of Elders) were reported from Afghanistan and Pakistan. Armed groups in Afghanistan and Pakistan continued to unlawfully kill captives accused of spying. 6

Governments should apply a full range of appropriate criteria in cases where age is in dispute. Good practice in assessing age includes drawing on knowledge of physical, psychological and social development. Each of these criteria should be applied in a way that gives the benefit of doubt in disputed cases so that the individual is treated as a juvenile offender, and accordingly should ensure that the death penalty is not applied. Such an approach is consistent with the principle that the best interests of the child shall be a primary consideration in all actions concerning children, as required by Article 3(1) of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. 7


With the only exception of 2008, when one execution was carried out in Saint Kitts and Nevis.

Death Penalty Information Center, “The 2% Death Penalty: How a Minority of Counties Produce Most Death Cases at Enormous Costs to All”, October 2013, available at 9

See also Death Penalty Information Center, “The Death Penalty in 2013: Year End Report”, 19 December 2013, available at (accessed 4 March 2014). 10

The bill was adopted by the House of Representatives on 30 August 2013 and by the Senate on 12 September 2013. The final version of the Act is available at: (accessed 4 March 2014). 11


Pratt and Morgan v. the Attorney General of Jamaica, [1993] UKPC 37 (2 November 1993).

“Reaction to Death Row Reprieve”, Caribarena News, 20 May 2013, available at 13

Index: ACT 50/001/2014

Amnesty International March 2014

Death sentences and executions 2013  

This report is also available in Arabic, Farsi, French, Russian and Spanish at the following link:

Death sentences and executions 2013  

This report is also available in Arabic, Farsi, French, Russian and Spanish at the following link: