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Report on Action Research Project

Mainstreaming Youth in Local Governance

Dr. Amit Kumar Kumarappa Institute of Gram Swaraj B-190, University Marg, Bapu Nagar, Jaipur Rajasthan


Report on Action Research Project

Mainstreaming Youth in Local Governance in Chandel Kalan Gram Panchayat of Chaksu block, Jaipur district (Rajasthan) March 31, 2013

By: Dr. Amit Kumar Kumarappa Institute of Gram Swaraj, Jaipur

Sponsored by: PRIYA Division Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development (An Institute of National Importance by an Act of Parliament No. 35/2012) Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports, Government of India Sriperumbudur - 602 105 (Tamil Nadu)


1.

Introduction Constitutional status to Local Government Institutions (LGI) has brought in a

paradigm shift in the domain of local governance in the country. The 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments enabled the LGIs with the power and authority to function as 'units of self government', though with varying levels of initiative, drive, interest, intensity and diversity of operations in practice. In recent times, LGIs have started assuming the centre stage in ushering in people-centric, responsive, effective, efficient, people-friendly, and decentralized governance. This has been possible only with the innovative approaches and practices, more pro-active role in the development process and active support, co-operation and networking among various stakeholders in local governance. To be sure, youth population can play an important role in strengthening of local governance in the country. However, interactions with the elected members and other key functionaries of local governments, deliberations with the experts and practitioners, discussions with the representatives of youth organizations and reflections from the field indicate that youth participation in local governance is not happening to the desired extent. In this context an action research titled as 'Mainstreaming Youth in Local Governance' is initiated by PRIYA Division of Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development, Sriperumbudur. Mainstreaming of youth indicate different components like empowering the youth to play an active role in Gram Sabha and other participatory structures at the local level, equipping them to make active contributions in the functions of local government and other local institutions, involving them and providing a position in different committees and other decision making forums, equipping them with different personal and social skills to function as 'change agents' in the society, enabling them to express their opinions without fear and favor, etc. Being an action research, other aspects of 'mainstreaming' would be adopted in due course, in response to the reactions and reflections of the youth.

1


2.

Rationale of the Study PRIYA Division of Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development

(RGNIYD) carried out a research study in 10 States regarding the knowledge, attitude and practice of youth in Panchayati Raj system during 2008-2009. The research reports highlights that there is a serious lack of participation of youth in Panchayati Raj system throughout in India. In addition, interactions with the elected members of local governments and functionaries of youth organizations during the programmes organized by the Division reinforces that youth population are not in the mainstream to the level of bringing any significant change in the system. However, in the recent past, a positive trend regarding the rise in percentage of young elected members getting elected to the local leadership has been noted. Elections to the LGIs in many states indicate that there is a significant rise in the percentage of voting by the youth also. However, it is yet to be realized as to how far this has resulted in enabling good governance at the grassroots. And, it is expected to provide the right opportunity to work towards mainstreaming youth in local governance. 3.

Objectives The major objective of the study is to enable mainstreaming of youth population

in local governance in selected areas of India. Specific objectives are: (a)

To analyze the extent of participation of youth in local government institution and other social institutions in the selected area.

(b)

To examine the factors that inhibits participation of youth in local governance.

(c)

To work for bringing about 'Youth budgeting' in the Local Government Institutions.

(d)

To identify and carry out appropriate intervention strategies and approaches to enhance youth participation in local governance.

(e)

To bring in perceptible changes in youth towards local governance in terms of involvement and participation.

(f)

To equip the youth with personal and social skills to function as „change agents' in the society.

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(g)

To bring in positive attitude among the different sections of the society towards youth.

(h)

To put forward suggestions to ensure sustainability of the interventions.

4.

Area of Study The pilot study was conducted in the Chandel Gram Panchayat of Chaksu block

in Jaipur district of Rajasthan by Kumarappa Institute of Gram Swaraj, Jaipur. The units of study was selected after collecting the details about the composition of the committee with significant number of young elected members, willingness of the local government to facilitate the study, presence of youth organizations (both student and non-student) in the area, etc. 5.

Methodology The study was taken as a Participatory Action Research (PAR) in the selected

area. It included different elements of a community action planning similar to the methods of participatory appraisal. This perspective was chosen deliberately because the research was being done mostly in rural areas and because it required a participatory assessment strategy to look first at the existing situation, analyze them, explore different strategies and approaches, and then take up the needed and appropriate interventions. The following components were included in the PAR. (a)

Community mapping of the area.

(b)

Participant observation.

(c)

Informal interviews with the youth leaders.

(d)

Semi-structured questionnaires with the youth.

(e)

Designing of a seasonal activity calendar for the youth.

(f)

Initiation of capacity building sessions for the youth-friendly.

(g)

Networking of Local Government Institutions with Academic Institutions and other social organizations to ensure sustainability.

Proposed Activities As the study was be undertaken in a participatory mode, only limited activities were proposed at the preliminary phase. Based on the inputs from the field, specific

3


activities and interventions will be taken up, in a participatory pattern. The following activities are visualized to be initiated during the initial phase. (a)

Preparation of a village profile, using a semi-structured schedule.

(b)

Social and resource mapping of the area.

(c)

Liaisoning and co-coordinating with the Local Government Institution in the selected area.

(d)

Ascertaining the aspirations of youth in the selected area using a semistructured schedule.

(e)

Conduct of interviews with the elected members of Local Government, key functionaries of various institutions, and representatives of different

social

organizations in the area. (f)

Convening preliminary workshops to discuss about developing 'youth perspective' in the institutions in the area.

(g)

Carry out interventions aiming at generation of 'youth-friendly institutions' in the area.

(h)

Monitoring of the interventions and to make appropriate changes in strategies and approaches.

(i)

Conduct of workshops to discuss the suitability of strategies and approaches, aiming at sustainability of interventions.

(j)

Initiate activities to ensure sustainability of interventions.

6.

Expected Outcome The research study is initiated to mainstream youth in local governance, which

is expected to bring in several tangible and intangible benefits to the society. Some of the expected outcomes of the research in the study area are: (a)

Active role of youth in Gram Sabha/Ward Committee and other participatory structures at the local level.

(b)

More involvement of youth in planning exercises at the local level.

(c)

More youth focused projects by the Local Government Institutions.

(d)

Positive approach to youth population in government offices and other institutions in the area.

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(e)

Better involvement of youth organizations in the implementation and monitoring of development programmes.

(f)

Enhancing their sensitivity to the issues of marginalized sections.

(g)

Better civic sense and responsibility among the youth.

(h)

Acquiring of personal and social skills by the youth. The study is expected to mould the youth population as 'positive change agents'

in the area, and enable them to play an active role in local economic development and social justice which are the key areas in local governance. Such interventions in selected areas are expected to have ripple benefits in the surrounding as well. 7.

Research Findings: The action research project “Main streaming youth in local governance” was

conducted in ten villages of “Chandel Kalan” gram panchayat in Chaksu block of Jaipur district (spread over an area of about 4 km.). The gram panchayat is headed by woman sarpanch Mrs. Santara Devi Gurjar, who herself is youth aged 35 years. She is a literate lady and a homemaker and her political affiliation is with Congress party, her husband Mr. Vishram Gurjar helps her in caring out her duties as “Sarpanch”. It is interesting to see that the other elected members of the gram panchayat are also young and most of them fall between the age group 26 to 40 years. The most senior person is Shri. Bhanwari Lal who is 55 years old, the youngest female member is Mrs. Sita Devi who is 26 years of age and is literate. The composition of elected members is as follow1.

There are total 12 members in gram panchayat samiti, out of which 6 are male and 6 female.

2.

If we divide them on the basis of age group then we see that in 25-30 age group there are 2 members, in 31-35 age group there are 3 members, in 36-40 age group 5 members, 41-45 age

group 1 member and above 46 age only 1

member. 3.

The education status of the members is not good 7 members are literate, 2 members have studied up to class 5, 2 members are up to class 8 and only one member is 10th class pass.

4.

The occupation of 8 members is agriculture and 4 are homemaker.

5.

9 members are from Congress and 3 are from BJP.

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Name

Age Gender

Edu.

Occupation Pol. Aff.

Address

Santara Devi Gurjar

35 Female

Literate

Homemaker Cong.

Vill. Chandel Kalan

Radhakishan Meena

37 Male

Literate

Agriculture

Cong.

Vill. Ramniwaspura

Dhawli Devi Meena

30 Female

Literate

Agriculture

Cong.

Vill. Ramniwaspura

Meera Bairwa

36 Female

Literate

Homemaker BJP

Vill. Ramniwaspura

Kishanlal

40 Male

5th class

Agriculture

Cong.

Vill. Beed Pinarpura

Babulal Bairwa

35 Male

8th class

Agriculture

Cong.

Vill. Beed Pinarpura

Sita Devi

26 Female

Literate

Homemaker Cong.

Vill. Bhagwanpura

Jairam Gurjar

40 Male

8th class

Agriculture

Cong.

Vill. Raghavpura

Tulsa Devi Jat

42 Female

Literate

Homemaker Cong.

Vill. Ganeshpura

Kali Devi Pali

40 Female

Literate

Agriculture

BJP

Vill. Keshavpura

Ramesh Chand Sharma

35 Male

10th class

Agriculture

Cong.

Vill. Chandel Kalan

Bhaorilal Gurjar

55 Male

5th class

Agriculture

BJP

Vill. Chandel Kalan

According to the information available at gram panchayat the population of the Chandel Kalan gram panchayat was 9144 in 2012 out of which male were 4872 and female 4272. The no. of households was 1805. No data was available for children below 13 years and also of youth between 13 to 35 years. The main religion followed by people of Chandel is “Hinduism”. The main caste living here include Mahajan, Gurjar, Brahmin, Rajput,

Jaat, Mali, Meena,

Bairwa, Kharwal, Kuhar, Kalbailiya and Harijan. There are 4 officials in the gram panchayat office – Secretary, Dy. Secretary and 2 Patwari. One of the Patwari is woman. Some of the public utility government offices present in Chandel Gram Panchayat area are: Panchayat office is in Chandel Kalan, there are 10 primary schools, 8 middle schools and one secondary school in the gram panchayat. There is no college in the gram panchayat; the nearest college is in Chaksu which is around 10 kms. There is one PHC in Keshopura village. 9 villages have aanganwadies. PDS (Ration Shop) is only in two villages i.e. Chandel Kalan and Ramniwaspura. There are no commercial

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and cooperative banks in the panchayat instead there is a cooperative mini bank, agriculture credit society and nursery set up by forest department at Chandel Kalan. Govt. sponsored cooperative dairy are at Chandel Kalan and Ramniwaspura villages. The following NGOs are working in the area viz. Kumarappa Institute of Gram Swaraj and CECOEDECON, Chaksu. Their main activities include agriculture extension, training and capacity building, vocational training, etc. There is only one industry in the area. An Electrical Meter factory at Chandel Kalan which gives employment to about 100 people. Jaipur is a big centre of processing of semi-precious stones, about 60 village youths do job work in Keshavpura, Beed Pinarpura, Badh Mahawatan and Ramniwaspura villages. The youth wing of political organizations such as Congress (NSUI) and BJP (ABVP) are active in the area. They are engaged in college/University elections, organizing cultural programmes at college level, strike/protest march to put up demands for youth. There are several non-political youth organizations actively present in the area. Shiv Sena, Bajarang Dal – their main activities are carrying out Prabhat Pheri, organizing Janamastami, Dusheera; taking up general public issues, putting up dharna, etc. Bhaironji Sangharsh Samiti is confined to Chandel Kalan village only and works on people‟s problem in the village, once in a year they organize whole night “Jagaran” for the village. Baba Ramdev Sewa Mandal organizes facilities for travelers going for Ramdev Pad Yatra (foot march), satsang. Shiv Shakti Club and Shiv Navyuvak Mandal are at present not functional. Chandel Kalan gram panchayat has the following common property in the area. Seasonal river Dhund flows here; ponds are present in Chandel Kalan, Ganeshpura, Bhagwanpura, Barh Mahawatan, Ramniwaspura, Raghavpura villages; community forests are present in Thuni Ramlaxmanpura, Ramniwaspura, Chandel Kalan, Chandel Khurd, Ganeshpura, Raghavpura; pasture lands are in all the 9 villages.

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The status of health and hygiene is not very encouraging in Chandel Kalan gram panchayat. Under Nirmal Gram Yojana of the government 7 public toilets have been constructed in the government schools. Open drainage (nali) system is in 6 villages i.e. Chandel Kalan, Barh Mahawatan, Ramniwaspura, Raghavpura, Beed Pinarpura and Keshopura. Cleanliness of streets in the village is maintained by villagers themselves, dalits have been doing this work since ages and the old system is still continuing. The villagers pay them in the form of food. The main source of drinking water is hand pump in 5 villages i.e. Ramniwaspura, Raghavpura, Bhagwanpura, Thuni Ramlaxmanpura and Barh Mahawatan; but the water has high level of fluoride, the villagers use water without any treatment. The status of toilets at home is not very encouraging, only 10% of the households have toilets at home, mainly in Chandel Kalan. Due to high fluoride content in water in the area the government has dug a bore well in the nearby monsoon river and gives water supply in 5 villages i.e. Chandel Kalan, Ganeshpura, Chandel Khurd, Keshopura and Beed Pinarpura. But the water supply is restricted to main village only, the hamlets around do not receive water supply, they are dependent on hand pump. The communicable diseases reported in the area during the last 3 years are Malaria, Jaundice, Dengue, Swine Flu, and TB. Details of Gram Sabha meetings conducted during the last year and major points discussed are as follows: 3/03/2011- MGNREGA Social Audit discussion. 17/05/2011 – Formation of Monitoring Committee of MGNREGA Social Audit. 4/08/2011 – Discussion on project proposals received under MGNREGA. 27/09/2011 – Formation of Annual Plan for the year 2011-2012. 26/03/2012 – Formation of plan for the 5th five year plan 2012-2017 One of the unique initiatives made by the Local Government in the area is the Group SHG loan to BPL families it starts from Rs. 2,00,000 per group to 10 women, which may be increased if loan amount is returned on time.

8


Major issues in the area are fluoride in water, employment in agriculture is limited, self employment is not the first choice of youth, panchayat is only interested in infrastructure works - soft skills and vocational training is not given priority. Major youth issues in the area are unemployment, higher education centre is far away, girls are discouraged to study after class 8 as high schools are far away, the schools only have arts stream – science is not available, youth is not interested in labor work nor ready to take up vocational training, all of them want government jobs. Only 30% feel the presence of citizen-friendly governance. They are of the opinion that the government does only emergency works such as installation of hand pump, construction of roads, BPL houses, etc. But there is lack of communication and dialogues between authorities and general public, sometimes the selection is also not proper. The meetings of Gram Sabha are never held in reality, but paper work is excellent. 7.1

Finding of Youth Survey done with 100 youths. About 100 youth were surveyed from 10 villages of Chandel Kalan gram

panchayat, their opinion was recorded in a schedule. The schedule had more than 50 questions, which included their personal details such as education, training, occupation, skills, health, interest, hobbies, social life etc. The information received after analysis of the filled in schedule are as follows:1.

Total 100 youth were surveyed, out of which 58 were male and 42 females. The age group has been divided into 5 broad categories that i.e. 15 -20 years, 21-25 years, 26-30 years, 31-35 years and 36-40 years.

Age Group

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

15-20

8

14

13

31

21

21-25

15

26

12

28

27

26-30

16

28

7

16

23

31-35

7

12

10

24

17

36-40

12

20

1

2

13

Total

58

100

42

100

100

9


2.

Since Chandel Kalan gram panchayat is SC dominated area. Most of the respondents were from SC community. The detail of the youth belonging to different community is as follows:-

Community

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

SC

30

51

29

68

58

ST

7

11

8

20

15

OBC

17

29

5

12

22

General

5

9

0

0

5

Total

58

100

42

100

100

3.

The educational status of the youth in the area shows different level of qualification for male and female. Out of the surveyed youth no male was illiterate while 2 females were illiterate, 5 males have taken education below class 5th, while 17 females also belong to this group. Under 6th to 9th class category the no. of male and female is same i.e. 18. Two males are class 10th fail while 8 males and 3 females are class 10th pass. There are only 5 males who have passed class 12, no female is in this category. There are only 2 females graduate as compared to 18 males. There is no female under PG category while 2 males are post graduate.

Educational Status Illiterate Below 5th Class 6th-9th class SSLC Appeared SSLC Passed Plus two Degree Post Graduate Any other (Specify) Total

Male 0 5 18 2 8 5 18 2 58

Male % 0 9 31 3 14 9 31 3 0 100

Female 2 17 18 0 3 0 2 0 42

Female % 5 40 44 0 8 0 4 0 0 100

Total 2 22 37 2 12 5 20 2 0 100

The data clearly shows that girls stop going to school after class 5th and class 9th. The parents send their girl child to school only if the school is in the village. All the villages have primary schools but 8 out of 10 have middle schools and there is only one Sr. Sec. School in the whole gram panchayat.

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4.

More than 75% of the youth surveyed were married, 43 out of 58 males and 33 out 42 females were married.

Marital Status

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Married

43

74

33

79

76

Unmarried

15

26

7

17

22

Divorce

0

0

0

0

0

Widow(er)

0

0

2

5

2

Separated

0

0

0

0

0

Total

58

100

42

100

100

5.

Women are far behind in receiving any training 60% of women had not received training of any kind. The most common training received by women is stitching and nagina work. In terms of data received 25 out of 42 women had not received training of any kind; 2 have received computer training and skill development and 13 have received other types of training mostly stitching. Among male 18 out of 58 have received computer training, 2 have received personality development, 3 have received skill development, 20 have received other types of training which include agriculture, driving and nagina work and 15 youth have not received any kind of training.

Received any Training

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Personality Development

2

3

0

0

2

Leadership

0

0

0

0

0

Life Skills

0

0

0

0

0

Computer Proficiency

18

31

2

4

20

Skill Development

3

6

2

4

5

Any other ( Specify)

20

34

13

32

33

Not received any training

15

26

25

60

40

Total

58

100

42

100

100

6.

The youth in Chandel Kalan gram panchayat were not found interested in joining any youth organization such as Scouts, NCC, NSS, Red Cross or student wing of any political party. No female has joined any of the above mentioned

11


organization. Out of 58 interviewed youths only 2 have joined Scouts, 3 NSS, 3 Red Cross, and 5 student wing of political party. Member of any Youth Org.

Male

Male % Female Female % Total

Bharat Scouts & Guides

2

3

0

0

2

National Cadet Corps

0

0

0

0

0

National Service Scheme

3

6

0

0

3

Youth Red Cross

3

6

0

0

3

Student wing of Political Parties

5

9

0

0

5

Any other(specify)

5

9

0

0

5

Not a member of any Youth Org.

40

69

42

100

82

Total

58

100

42

100

100

7.

The computer literacy in the gram panchayat is in very poor condition only 18 males out of 58 know computer, among them also 13 were capable of receiving/sending e-mails and registering name on the job site, while 15 were able to browse the internet. Only 2 women out of 42 were able to use the internet.

Do u know Computer

Male

Male % Female Female %

Total

Yes

18

31

2

4

20

Donâ€&#x;t Know Computer

40

69

40

96

80

Total

58

100

42

100

100

Receiving /sending E-Mails

13

74

2

84

15

Registering name in the job site

13

74

2

84

15

Browsing the Internet

15

83

2

84

17

8.

Most of the youth in the area is dependent on agriculture for livelihood and this is applicable to both male and female. Since a person is not able to survive on agriculture income he takes up multiple jobs which include work in MGNREGS, nagina work, driving, stitching and tailoring for women etc.

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Occupational Status

Male

Female

Total

Govt. Sector

0

2

2

Private Sector

3

0

3

NGOs

0

0

0

Agriculture

25

34

58

Dairy

0

0

0

Fisheries

0

0

0

Business

3

0

3

Small Scale industry

15

5

20

Daily Wages

8

8

17

Any Other (Specify)

23

17

40

Total

78

66

143

Unemployed

8

2

10

9.

When we talk about individual skill of a person, we find that 10 of them knew typing, 18 computers, 27 drawing, 12 painting, 5 masonry, 2 metal work and 46 knew how to climb trees. Women were found to be less interested in learning any skills, only 2 of them knew computer, 15 were doing drawing, 5 painting and 7 were able to climb trees.

Do you have any skills Typing Stenography Computer Skills Drawing Painting Wiring Carpentry Masonary Metal Works Climbing of trees Any Other ( specify) Total 10.

Male 10 0 18 27 12 0 0 5 2 46 8 128

Female 0 0 2 15 5 0 0 0 0 7 17 45

Total 10 0 20 42 17 0 0 5 2 53 25 173

The youth in Chandel Kala gram panchayat is not aware about his blood group, only 4 out of 58 men knew their blood group. None of the female was aware about their blood group.

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Blood Group A+ AB+ BAB+ ABO+ ODON’T KNOW Total 11.

Male

Male %

2

Female

Female %

Total

3

0

2

2

3

0

2

54 58

93 100

100 100

96 100

42 42

The health status of the youth in the area was found to be satisfactory only 30% of the interviewed youth (both male and female) were found to be suffering from any disease in last 1 year or in other words we can say that 70% of the youth is healthy. Very few youths were found to be suffering from any major health problem.

Suffered from any Disease in last one year

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Yes

17

29

13

32

30

No

41

71

29

68

70

Total

58

100

42

100

100

12.

71% of the male youth is intoxicated to the following substances - paan parag/masala (22%), beedi/cigarette (29%), liquor (11%) any other (9%). Women are free from intoxication only 2 out of 42, and 3 out of 42 take paan masala and beedi respectively.

Use any of the following Substances

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Pan Parag/Masala

13

22

2

4

15

Beedi/Cigarette

17

29

3

8

20

liquor

7

11

0

7

Any other ( Specify)

5

9

0

5

Does not take any of above

17

29

37

88

54

Total

58

100

42

100

100

14


13.

52% of the women are unaware about their career interest 36% were interested in taking up self-employment. As 80% of the women interviewed were married their natural interest is towards earning money for the family. As we have discussed before 74% out of the interviewed males are married, therefore, this group is looking for career in employment and self-employment. 17% of males still donâ€&#x;t know about their career interest.

Career Interests

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Higher Education

5

9

2

4

7

Employment

15

26

2

4

17

Self-Employment

27

46

15

36

42

Any other

2

3

2

4

3

DON’T KNOW

10

17

22

52

32

TOTAL

58

100

42

100

100

14.

The youth in the area has shown trust and confidence in panchayat official whenever they want to discuss about their career. One of the main reasons behind this is that the entire scholarship and government scheme is managed by panchayat official. After panchayat official the males approach political leaders for consultation. After them the college teacher and official of govt. department is approached.

Whom will you contact about career School Teacher College Teacher Panchayat Official Official of Govt.Dept. NGO Functionary Political leader Librarion Secretary of Youth Club Elected Member of GP Any other (Specify) Total

Male

Male %

Female

0 8 21 8 0 14 0 0 5 2 58

0 14 36 14 0 24 0 0 9 3 100

0 2 19 4 4 7 0 0 0 6 42

15

Female % Total 0 5 45 10 10 17 0 0 0 14 100

0 10 40 12 4 21 0 0 5 8 100


15.

Men were playing games in the surveyed gram panchayat but women /girls are not encouraged to play games. It is evident from the table that 77% boys were taking part in any sports while this figure for women was 36% only.

Do you play any sports/ games?

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Yes

45

77

15

36

60

No

13

23

27

64

40

Total

58

100

42

100

100

16.

Cricket is undoubtly the main outdoor game for boys, apart from this boys also play local games such as kho-kho, gilli-danda, sitoliya, kabbadi, kushti and hand-ball. Some boys also play football, volleyball, badminton and hockey. Women/girls play only local games such as kho-kho, gilli-danda and sitoliya.

Outdoor Games Played

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Athletics

4

7

2

5

6

Football

3

6

0

0

3

Volley ball

2

3

0

0

2

Cricket

13

22

0

0

13

Shuttle-Badminton

2

3

0

0

2

Tennis

0

0

0

0

0

Hockey

2

3

0

0

2

Any other (Specify)

19

33

13

31

32

Don’t Play

13

22

27

64

40

TOTAL

58

100

42

100

100

17.

Cards is the most famous indoor game for boys/male (55%), apart from cards some of them also play chess and carom. As discussed earlier girls don‟t play indoor games also but some of them play cards, chess and carom.

Indoor Games Played

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Chess

2

3

2

5

4

Carrom

12

20

6

14

18

Table Tennis

0

0

0

0

0

Any other (specify)

32

55

7

17

39

Don’t Play

13

22

27

64

40

TOTAL

58

100

42

100

100

16


18.

Singing is the most popular form of art both for boys and girls, apart from this people also enjoy doing drawing, dancing and painting.

Interested in any form of Art singing Dancing Drawing Painting Acting Any other Not Interested TOTAL 19.

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

14 5 15 4 5 0 15 58

24 9 26 7 9 0 26 100

15 8 8 3 1 2 5 42

36 19 19 7 2 5 12 100

29 13 23 7 6 2 20 100

Various questions were asked from youth regarding their hobbies, most of the males/boys past time was watching T.V. followed by listing to music, traveling, reading books and social service. Girls/females were interested in cooking, sewing, watching T.V. and listening to music.

Do you have Any Hobby?

Male

Female

Total

Reading books

35

8

43

Listening music

40

17

57

Listening Radio

18

10

28

Watching television

48

25

73

Travelling

36

7

43

Photography

5

0

5

Toy making

0

2

2

Sewing

3

29

32

Cooking

13

29

42

wood carving

0

0

0

Social service

36

8

45

Any other ( Specify)

3

2

5

239

136

375

TOTAL 20.

During the survey it was observed that men are interested in becoming member of various types of organization. While very few of women showed any interest in this type of activity. Out of 46 surveyed men 7 were member of youth wing of political party, 8 were member of youth club, 7 were associated with NGO, 2 were member of profession based organization, and 12 were member of faith 17


based organization and of Nehru Yuva Kendra. Out of the above 46 males 20 were holding some posts in these organizations. Are you member of any Organization?

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Youth wing of Political parties

7

11

3

8

10

Youth club

8

14

0

0

8

Non Government Org.

7

11

2

4

8

Profession Based Org.

2

3

0

0

2

Community Based Org.

0

0

0

0

0

Faith- Based Org.

12

20

0

0

12

Any Other ( Specify)

12

20

3

7

15

Not a member of any org.

12

21

34

81

46

TOTAL

58

100

42

100

100

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Yes

20

34

5

12

25

No

38

66

37

88

75

TOTAL

58

100

42

100

100

Do you hold any post in these Organization?

21.

The participation of youth in the gram panchayat was observed under various issues. It was seen that more than 50% of both male and female have visited gram panchayat. This is quite natural because all the personal documents such as caste certificate, resident certificate, income certificate, benefit of government schemes, scholarship, etc. are given by gram panchayat office. 77% of males and 60% of females have visited gram panchayat office.

Have you ever Visited the GP office?

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Yes

45

77

25

60

70

No

13

23

17

40

30

TOTAL

58

100

42

100

100

22.

When it comes to participation in the gram sabha the participation of males as well as females are unsatisfactory. Only 40% of male and 36% of female were reported participating in the gram sabha.

18


Have you ever participated in the Gram Sabha?

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Yes

23

40

15

36

38

No

35

60

27

64

62

Total

58

100

42

100

100

23.

The participation of youth in any other meeting or program organized by the gram panchayat is negligible. Hardly 8 to 10% of youth participate in these programs. The government official as well as peopleâ€&#x;s representatives should seriously think over this so as to encourage participation of youth in gram panchayat program.

Have you participated any other meeting Organized by the GP?

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Yes

5

9

3

8

8

No

53

91

39

92

92

Total

58

100

42

100

100

24.

As we all know that mobility of women is restricted in our society, this is evident in this survey also. Only 32% of the females have moved out of their district for job (5%) or for any other purpose (19%). Men are more mobile but still only 60% of them have moved out. 31% have moved outside for jobs, 9% for any other reason and 20% for traveling. It is quite interesting to see that people living in rural areas of Rajasthan have a passion for going on religious foot march (pad yatra) for example Baba Ramdev Pad Yatra, Khatu Shayam ji Pad Yatra, Mehandipur Balaji Pad Yatra, etc.

Have you Moved outside of district/State for job or any other purpose? Yes No Total Yes for job for travelling for any other reason Total

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

35 23 58 18 12 5 35

60 40 100 31 20 9

13 29 42 2 3 8 13

32 68 100 5 7 19

48 52 100 20 15 13 48

19


25.

During the survey it was observed that youth in the area have affection for their home and village. During the last one year only 31% of males and 16% of females have moved outside their home district/state in search of job.

Have you moved outside your home District/State for job during the last one year?

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Yes

18

31

7

16

25

No

40

69

35

84

75

Total

58

100

42

100

100

26.

It is interesting to observe that youth have noticed people coming from other parts of country to their villages and towns for jobs but local youth of the area is not going to other places in search of livelihood. 80% of the male and 56% of female have seen people coming from other places. Most of the migrant people are laborers who come with the contractor and are engaged in road constructions, brick-kiln, laying down pipeline (electricity, telephone) etc.

Have you ever noticed people from other parts of the country coming to your place for job?

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Yes

46

80

24

56

70

No

12

20

18

44

30

Total

58

100

42

100

100

27.

It was not a surprise to see that less than 50% of both male and female youth have registered themselves for work in MGNREGS. All of them have received job card also but at the time of survey (December 2012-Janaury 2013) very few of them were still working under MGNREGS. During last 2 years people have lost interest in MGNREGS because of various reasons that is low wages, delay in payment, etc. MGNREGS have now become a program for elderly people and women, not of youth.

20


Have you Registered for work under MGNREGS?

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Yes

27

46

18

44

45

No

31

54

24

56

55

Total

58

100

42

100

100

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Yes

23

40

18

44

41

No

4

6

0

0

4

Did not apply

31

54

24

56

55

Total

58

100

42

100

100

Have you Received the Job Card?

28.

Financial inclusion is about 80% among male youth and most of them have opened their saving account in banks. Financial inclusion of females is limited to 32% and they have their accounts in both bank and post office.

Do you have a Saving Bank Account in bank/Post office?

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

No

12

20

29

68

40

Yes

46

80

13

32

60

TOTAL

58

100

42

100

100

Bank

44

7

51

Post office

2

6

8

29.

The youth in Chandel Kalan gram panchayat has not shown any interest in taking insurance policy only 37% of male and 12% of females have any kind of insurance policy.

Do you have any Insurance Policy?

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

Yes

22

37

5

12

27

No

36

63

37

88

73

TOTAL

58

100

42

100

100

30.

Youth of Chandel Kalan gram panchayat is fully aware of his political rights and all of them have electoral photo ID cards.

21


Electoral Photo Identify Card issued By the Election Commission? Yes No TOTAL 31.

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

53 5 58

91 9 100

32 10 42

76 24 100

85 15 100

The male youth in the area is interested to enroll himself in the proposed youth labor bank at the gram panchayat (74%), but he is not ready to take short term assignment as well as not ready to take up assignment on short notice. Women are not ready to enroll their names in the youth labor bank (76%).

Are you interested to enrol your name in the proposed Youth Labour Bank at the GP? Yes No TOTAL 32.

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

43 15 58

74 26 100

10 32 42

24 76 100

53 47 100

Hardly 14% of male youth have ever donated blood, no female youth has ever donated blood. One of the main reasons behind this is the myth that if blood is given it will bring permanent weakness to the donor. Blood once taken out is never replaced. It is clear from the data that hardly anyone has enrolled themselves in the list of blood donation or eye/organ donation.

Have you ever Donated Blood? Yes No TOTAL Have you enrolled your name in the list of donors? Yes No TOTAL Have you enrolled your name in the list of donors (eye/organ)? Yes No TOTAL

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

8 50 58 Male

14 86 100 Male %

0 42 42 Female

0 100 100 Female %

8 92 100 Total

3 55 58

6 94 100

0 42 42

0 100 100

3 97 100

Male 0 58 58

Male % 0 100 100

Female 0 42 42

Female %

22

0 100 100

Total 0 100 100


33.

The youth in the area have not received any training for first aid or disaster management.

Have you Received any training for application of First Aid? Head injury from a Vehicle Accident Snake Bite Artificial Respiration (CPR) Don’t Received TOTAL Have you received any training as a Volunteer for disaster management? Yes No TOTAL 34.

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

2

3

0

0

2

0 0 56 58

0 0 97 100

0 0 42 42

0 0 100 100

0 0 98 100

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

5 53 58

9 91 100

0 42 42

0 100 100

5 95 100

Youth were found to be active in participating in planting of trees and its upkeep - male (79%), female (68%).

Have you every participated in planting of trees and its upkeep in the area? Yes No TOTAL 7.2

Male

Male %

Female

Female %

Total

46 12 58

79 21 100

29 13 42

68 32 100

75 25 100

Needs, Concerns, Issues, Problems and Priorities of Youth

Educational: Needs: Education should be employment oriented; today‟s education does not ensure employability. In higher education institutions (class 8 onwards) boys and girls study together, society in general is not comfortable with it and they demand separate school for boys and girls. This would also increase girl‟s enrollment in higher classes. The primary schools are available in the villages but middle and secondary schools are far off. The distance of middle and secondary school from each village should be such that children can go on foot.

23


Concerns: The student is not confident whether after taking a particular type of education or training he/she would be able to secure a job or not? Only government job has been projected as a major source of employment and the final goal. There is a danger that less educated people may stop sending their children to school because education does not give employment and the child becomes good for nothing i.e. after taking education he is not ready to do manual labor and looks for desk job, for which he does not have proper training or experience. Issues: Education in school and colleges are giving more emphasis on book knowledge and there is no effort on personality development of the students. As a result the youth today is rude and indiscipline. The moral values are diminishing fast. The educational institutions do not encourage extra-curricular activities such as games, dance, dramatics, etc. and above all vocational trainings among students. Problems: There is lack of science stream in the schools; most of the schools have arts or commerce streams. This restricts the job opportunities for the students. The level of education is very poor in govt. schools however; they have the most qualified teachers. Parents and children both are afraid of learning science. Moreover, the general public has an impression that learning science is expensive which they cannot afford. Under the new law, the schools cannot fail students up to class 8, as a result the student is not serious to take exam and his fundamentals remain weak. In higher class he fails and thus losses interest in studies. He becomes 10th fail or 12th fail educated person which in practical is as good as class 8 pass. Priorities: Middle and high schools should be in proximity so that girlâ€&#x;s enrollment may increase. Also there should be separate schools for boys and girls in higher grades. Special provisions should be made for drop out students who want to study again. The management of government schools needs to be looked into again. Special classes should be arranged for weak students. English teaching should be taken up in rural schools seriously.

24


Social: Needs: There is an urgent need to look into the security of women in the society. They experience discrimination at every stage – as girl child (less opportunity), as married person (domestic violence), as senior citizen (widow). The migrant communities also needs to be looked after, they are the most disadvantaged group in the whole process of development. Concerns: Child marriage is still prevalent in the society and it is a serious concern for the people. Superstition is also common among rural folks, they discriminate people on caste grounds. Death feast and other social evils are also practiced in the society. Though religious sentiments have increased among youth but social upliftment and awareness is missing. Religious narrow mindedness has increased, respect for otherâ€&#x;s sentiments and views have decreased. People show their prestige with the help of money and power. Issues: Increase liquor consumption is a matter of great concern among women. Government has given permission to open unlimited shops; there are more liquor shops than vegetable shops. In the evening one can see a big crowd buying liquor from these shops. Some of the shops are near school, public and religious places. People drink near these places and create nuisance. Domestic violence has increased as a result of it. Problems: Increasing market economy is posing social problems among youth in the area. Every youth desires of having a Hero Honda motorcycle, there is a great craze for this in Chaksu Panchayat. As a result demand for motorcycle in marriages has increased. Apart from this the groomâ€&#x;s family expects T.V., fridge, bed, almirah, etc. according to their prestige in the society. Marriage feast expenses are increasing and there is a social pressure to make expenses even though one cannot afford it. This puts indirect social pressure on youths. Priorities: Cases of child marriage should be dealt with seriousness and strong action should be taken who support it. The number of liquor shops should be reduced and they should not be near public places or schools. Liquor should not be easily available to the people. Atrocities against women should be a matter of concern for the administration and it should be sensitive towards them. 25


Economic: Needs: Increase in population and decrease in agriculture activity has created employment problem for youths in the area. Early marriage and child marriage puts economic pressure on youths to sustain his family. Now a dayâ€&#x;s most of the works are done under contract basis and the margins are not encouraging to take up the task. Concerns: The youth in the area avoid doing manual labor (hand work), they look for such jobs which will give them lots of money without doing any work. Agriculture production is decreasing, the quality of water in the fields is not suitable for irrigation, water table is decreasing every year, and rainfall is limited. As a result people migrate to Jaipur and other cities in search of work. Issues: As a result of new highways and expansion of city people are selling agriculture land which has come on road side. The sale of land has changed their fortunes and some people have started living a lavish life. This has motivated people to move from agriculture to buying and selling of land (property business). The money earned is not reinvested in productive activities instead it is used in celebrations, buying vehicles and liquor, etc. Problems: There is widespread unemployment in the area both for men and women especially among educated youths. Industrialization is limited and cannot give employment to everyone. Moreover, the youth is not trained to work in the industries which are coming up in the area. The youth in the area wants to maintain him according to the present social status i.e. he desires of mobile phones, maintain motorcycle, good clothes, dish T.V., etc. but his income in not according to his expenses. He is under pressure to maintain him economically. Priorities: Giving employment to youth is the priority of the area. There is an urgent need to give job oriented vocational and professional training to youth so that they can be absorbed in the newly established industries. Special training should be arranged for women. Industrialization should not be concentrated in urban areas instead it should be decentralized and established in rural areas.

26


Political: Needs: Rajasthan is dominated by two major political parties i.e. Congress and BJP. Youth are looking forward for more political parties so that they have a choice in selection of candidates. However they feel that gram panchayat elections should not be held on party basis as it creates disharmony in the society. Panchayat elections should be party free. Youth participation should increase in political spheres and there should be a retirement age in politics also. Concerns: Background of candidates is a major concern for youth today. They feel that there should be some minimum qualification for candidates who are contesting elections for MP and MLA. Tainted, criminal and corrupt people should not be given tickets by political parties. People should have power of “right to recall” if the candidate is not sensitive towards the problem of people. Issues: Youth feels that seniors in the party use them during elections and forget them afterwards. They don‟t have much say in the party. Unless someone has the support of political family there are less chances of being successful. Role of women should increase in political spheres and they should have an independent status not as a daughter of some senior political leader or wife of MP or MLA but as an individual. 33% reservation for women should be extended to MP and MLA categories and also the two child norm. Problems: People are not aware of the importance of their votes and they give votes for money or on caste grounds. Some of the castes have become dominant in their respective categories and they don‟t let other castes to come forward. Many women candidates who have won elections are illiterate and they have to depend upon their husband or son for their official works. One of the major problems is that when people are not in power they promise to do lots of things but once they are elected they forget everything. Priorities: Corrupt, tainted and criminal people should not be eligible for contesting elections. There should be some minimum educational qualification for contesting election; educated women candidates should be encouraged to contest elections. Youth

27


should be given priority in selection of candidates. There should be an independent body to look after the working of elected candidates for the promises made by them during elections. Psychological: Needs: As the society becomes more complex youth is in need of psychological and moral support. He looks forward to parents, teachers and friends for guidance but he is not satisfied with them. He is in need of life skill education which will help him in leading a peaceful life. Concerns: Youth main concern is that he is not able to match the teachings in school and real life situation. He is confused and looks for half baked knowledge here and there, there is no body to support him. His role models are not great men but people in the society who have earned money by hook or crook. Issues: Today youth does not believe in hard work instead he looks for short cuts in life to achieve success. He is not confident whether he would be able to sustain himself after finishing his education. His confidence in education system is losing fast. Problems: As a result of exposure to print and electronic media and the unlimited information being given to him he is confused about his goals in life. Because of poor quality of school education, educated youth is not able to secure a decent job, neither he is ready to take up labor oriented jobs, he falls into depression. Priorities: Unlike career counseling centres youth counseling centres should also be open in schools and colleges to guide students. Provision should be made to introduce life skill education in school curriculum. Special programs should be done with students to boost up their self confidence. Cultural: Needs: Television and other electronic media is promoting monoculture in the society. Local folk dance, music, drama etc. are gradually missing; also rural people are trying imitating the mainstream culture. There is a need to revive the traditional culture in the society. 28


Concerns: Film culture is dominating the local culture; even the traditional programs now have film influence. Old people object to it but youngsters donâ€&#x;t listen to them. The public programs are becoming indecent day by day; it is difficult for women and girls to participate in them. Issues: The main issue towards parents and teachers today is that how to inculcate respect for own culture and tradition among students. The market is filled with second grade music, books etc. which is bad for the society. Problems: Moral education is missing in schools. Teachers and students both focus on book knowledge and consider moral education as preaching. Giving moral education is considered as religious and good for others not for oneself. Priorities: Education should focus on moral teachings. Parents should also be motivated to inculcate culture among children. T.V. and films should show self discipline in producing programs for the society. School and college environment should be such that it create friendly environment for the interaction between boys and girls. Orientation programs should be organized to teach respect for women in the society. 7.3

Youth in Governance

Status of Youth in power (political structures) - Gradually young person are coming as members and in key posts in PRIs but their say is limited, they have to work in consultation with senior people. In political parties, senior person are still heading the key posts, young people are taken as member only to be used when needed during elections. The youth which is coming in politics is weak in academics, he is coming only for money and power, as a result he is not able to contribute in discussions on policy, approaches and vision of the political party he represents. Hence, mostly the political agenda and priorities are set by senior political leaders, local youths are not consulted. Decision of key functionaries and posts are decided by the senior people in the party and youth donâ€&#x;t have any role in this. Generally all the programmes/activities to be initiated/strengthened are decided by the central office and at the high level. For selection of candidates youth are consulted at local level to have an idea of the

29


candidate chances of winning the election. Consultations are held only to regroup the people who have disintegrated with time. Youth are an integral part of setting up of election machinery, they are the one who can work day and night for the party. One cannot think of election campaign without youth. Every candidate tries to take support of as many youth as possible. Youth are aware about their voting rights and participate enthusiastically in elections. They also keep an eye on the various promises made for them during election campaigns. Status of Youth outside power (non-political structures) - In non-political organizations (Profession-based, community based, activity-based, etc.) youth participation has increased but these organizations are not sustainable. They are specific activity based and operate at very small scale and for a short duration of time. Participation of youth in Gram Sabha – PRI representatives are not interested in proper running of Gram Sabha. They donâ€&#x;t want people participation, they fear that if more people are involved in discussions they wonâ€&#x;t be able to do as they want. This is the reason why gram sabha are not held regularly, the meeting dates are not circulated among people. A few confident people are involved in filling up the formalities so that on paper everything looks as per the rules. The people come to panchayat office on dates fixed for gram sabha to meet govt. officers but they are not involved in planning or implementation process. Youth attendance is very less, they are busy in studies or work. Youth are not informed of the meetings. Whenever possible youth gives suggestions which are related to them. Youth who are active in politics raise comments or ask questions, sought clarifications and are involved in discussions. General public is not involved nor do they show any interest in the works of gram sabha. Unless personal interest clashes nobody ask questions in gram sabha. Clarification is sough only when personal benefits are at stake. PRIs and panchayat officials are not interested in involving youth in discussions. Only a selected few is involved in the execution of decision taken. Monitoring is done by those who are aware of the activities taken up. Efforts are made to do the things silently because office bearers feel that if more people are aware about the program they all will start questioning and it will be difficult to satisfy all the people.

30


No evaluation (end activity) is done at the end of the activity. No feedback is taken from the field at the end of the activity. Follow-up activities are not taken up at the panchayat level to redefine, modify, modernize and restructure instead it is all decided at much higher level. There is virtually no participation of youth in development viz. in planning, in beneficiary selection, in implementation, in monitoring, in evaluation, in feedback. 7.4

Systems & institutions for youth development in the area Apart from primary schools in all the villages, private UPS Kala Vidhya Mandir

is at Chhandel Kalan; there is no college in the gram panchayat. Health Sub Centre is at Keshopura (Chhandel Khurd). There are no vocational training centres nor employment guidance bureau. Bharat Nirman Rajiv Gandhi Seva Kendra (BNRGSK) has recently been opened in Chhandel Kalan. Dairy Cooperative Society are at Chhandel Kalan (150 members) and Ramniwaspura (100 members). Small scale enterprises owned and managed by youth are tea stall, cement zali works, gem stone polishing, cycle puncture shop, carpenter, photo studio, hair salon, sweet shop, etc. There is no library/reading room. Play ground is at Chhandel Kalan and Ramniwaspura. Religious organization such as Shiv Sena, political organization NSUI, ABVP is active in the area.

31


Details of Projects implemented by Local Government Institutions at Chandel Kalan Gram Panchayat: List of all projects implemented by Gram Panchayat during last three years. Year

Sector (Productive/ Service/ Infrastructure)*

2010-11

Infrastructure – Hand pump installation in all villages Infrastructure – Hand pump installation, repairs, panch sarpanch honorarium Infrastructure – Hand pump installation Infrastructure – Hand pump installation Infrastructure – Hand pump installation Infrastructure – Hand pump installation, repairs, panch sarpanch honorarium Infrastructure – C.C. road to Barhmahawatan Infrastructure – leveling of sports field, Chandel Kalan

2010-11

2010-11

2010-11

2010-11

2011-12

2011-12

2011-12

2011-12 2011-12

2011-12

Infrastructure – Gurjar hostel gate Infrastructure – C.C. road to Ramniwaspura Infrastructure – Hand pump installation, repairs, panch sarpanch honorarium

Project Title

Source of fund (State Govt. funds/Own funds of GP/ Special projects/ Any other ............) SFC Project DRDA – State (State Financial govt. funds Cooperation)

Budget earmarked (In Rs.)

Amount Utilized (In Rs.)

4,92,000

Fully Utilized

TFC Project (13th Financial Cooperation)

DRDA – State govt. funds

5,71,127

Fully Utilized

MLA quota fund Project

State govt. funds

1,93,749

Fully Utilized

MP quota fund Project

Central govt. funds

50,000

Fully Utilized

Swa Vivek Project

District Fund

1,75,877

Fully Utilized

TFC Project

DRDA – State govt. funds

11,19,000

Fully Utilized

9,99,427

Fully Utilized

Sambal Project DRDA – State govt. funds Payaka Project

DRDA – State govt. funds

98,500

Fully Utilized

MLA quota fund Project MLA quota fund Project

State govt. funds

4,00,000

State govt. funds

1,44,000

Fully Utilized Fully Utilized

SFC Project -II DRDA – State govt. funds

32

6,11,400

Fully Utilized


Year

Sector (Productive/ Service/ Infrastructure)*

Project Title

2011-12

Infrastructure – Hand pump installation, repairs, panch sarpanch honorarium Infrastructure – Hand pump installation Infrastructure – Hand pump installation, repairs, panch sarpanch honorarium Infrastructure – Hand pump repairs Apni Kheti-Apna Kaam

Nirbandh Project

2012-13

2012-13

2012-13 2012-13

Source of fund (State Govt. funds/Own funds of GP/ Special projects/ Any other ............) DRDA – State govt. funds

Budget earmarked (In Rs.)

Amount Utilized (In Rs.)

11,40,000

Fully Utilized

SFC Project

DRDA – State govt. funds

5,20,000

Fully Utilized

TFC Project

DRDA – State govt. funds

4,00,000

Fully Utilized

Nirbandh Project MGNREGA

DRDA – State govt. funds Central-State funds

8,40,000

Fully Utilized --

--

Data of three years i.e. 2010-2013 were analyzed of the surveyed Gram Panchayat and it is evident that youth have not come to the agenda of the LGI and other organizations functioning in the area. Most of the activities which have been taken by LGI are general in nature and cater to the needs of general public in which youth is also included such as installation and repairs of hand pump, c.c. roads to the village. Only two activity i.e. Gurjar hostel gate and leveling of sports field at Chandel Kalan can be considered as youth oriented but these activities do not address the needs, concerns, issues and problems of youth in the area. Some of the aspects have been crystallized into projects such as leveling of sports field, Chandel Kalan and Gurjar hostel gate, Chaksu which were implemented during the last financial year and the youths are satisfied with the interventions in the projects. Other projects such as boundary wall of the sports field at Ramniwaspura, Girls hostel at Thuni Ram Laxmanpura, Ghat at Thuni Ram Laxmanpura‟s pond (to use it as swimming pool) are still awaiting sanction.

33


7.5

Involvement of youth organizations (political and non-political) and youth in the different stages.

Plan Formulation: Sarpanch, Ward Member, Patwari, Village Secretary, Dy. Secretary and general public are involved in the plan formulation process. Proposals are received by the members in the Gram Sabha, these are then discussed by the above committee which are then put up in project proposal form and forwarded to the higher authorities in the government. The Plan Formulation Process is a continuous activity and goes all the year round. Every month suggestions are invited and processed accordingly. Every month four meetings are held at Village Secretariat i.e. 5, 12, 20 and 27 of every month. In these meetings officials from all government departments participate. The officials look into the complaints and give solutions and do planning for future. The minutes of the meeting has to be sent to Collector by evening by Sector In charge. On 5 and 20 of every month soon after the Secretariat meeting the Gram Panchayat hold its meeting. Youth are encouraged to participate in the meetings of Gram Sabha, they can give their suggestions in the meetings. They can also give their suggestions to Sarpanch or Secretary. No special invitation is sent to youth organizations on plan formulation. Specific demands have been received from youth organizations such as boundary wall of the sports field at Chandel Kalan and Ramniwaspura, girl‟s hostel at Thuni Ram Laxmanpura, ghat at Thuni Ram Laxmanpura‟s pond to use it as swimming pool. There is no specific component for any issue in the annual/five year plan. Planning is done according to the need of the people and the area. The priorities of the programme for youth are as follows – water, road, GSS Power house, animal dispensary, Patwar House, Primary Health Centre.

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Beneficiary Selection - Depending upon the activity (for government schemes or panchayat project), a tentative list of beneficiaries is prepared in the Gram Sabha meeting. This list is then prioritized according the general guidelines set up by the government for the selection of beneficiary i.e. BPL, SC, ST, widow, handicap, etc. Depending upon the budget the beneficiaries are selected accordingly. There is no specific mandate to involve youth as a beneficiary. Other than beneficiaries, youth is not involved in any other capacity during the beneficiary selection. But they are involved in the program management of national festival like 26th January and 15th August and local festivals also. Two projects which were youth oriented i.e. leveling of sports field, Chandel Kalan and Gurjar hostel gate, Chaksu were implemented during the last financial year. By an approximate estimate there are 30% youth in the gram panchayat and out of which about 35% youth were benefited from the programmes. Implementation - The following projects have been forwarded to the government for sanction. Boundary wall of the sports field at Chandel Kalan and Ramniwaspura Rs. 10 Lakh; Sports equipments Rs. 5 lakh; Girls hostel at Thuni Ram Laxmanpura Rs. 1 Crore 5 Lakhs; Ghat at Thuni Ram Laxmanpuraâ€&#x;s pond and its boundary wall Rs. 50 Lakh. Gram Panchayat is authorized to invite tenders for the activity up to Rs. 20 Lakhs. Higher amounts are controlled by concerned department in consultation with Panchayat. Till date the Gram Panchayat has not involved youth organizations like NGOs, Youth Clubs as implementing agencies as they are not aware that they can also be implementing agency. Some Mahila Mandals are involved in preparing mid day meals. They are not involved in any other activity as they donâ€&#x;t have the capacity or finances to do the same. Monitoring - A monitoring committee is made to check the progress of project/programmes and schemes during the implementation. The work of this committee is to check the implementation progress before, during and after the

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programme. Panchayats have the power to implement the works of less than Rs. 20 Lakhs, for this a monitoring committee is constituted which looks into the affairs. Works of more than Rs. 20 Lakhs are implemented by concerned government departments, who have their own systems of monitoring. Till date no proposal has come up to consider youth organizations like NGOs, Youth Clubs and Mahila Mandals as agencies for monitoring, if this demand comes up in future decision would be taken in a bigger group meeting. Evaluation – There is no system for evaluation of programmes/ schemes/ projects at the panchayat level. Nor do they involve any agency for the evaluation of the programmes. First social audit was organized by Panchayat between January-March 2012. It was done by Village Level Social Audit Team comprising of Jila Parishad (DRDA) members, ward member, two youths, two senior citizens and government officials. The team was selected in Gram Sabha meeting. Feedback - Feedback is received at regular intervals generally during various meetings such as gram sabha, ward sabha, panchayat meetings, etc. Panchayats do not utilize the services of any agency for the collection of feedback from the field. To take feedback youth organizations are not targeted but public in general are encouraged to give the feedback at different forums and meetings.

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Kigs youth survey report 2013