Female Breast Cancer & Its Treatment
A diagnosis of breast cancer is not a death sentence. With the advances in breast cancer treatment, the majority (90%) of early breast cancers can be cured. The best approach for a patient with breast cancer to take is to resolve to do whatever it takes to be successful in the battle against the disease. Talking to someone who has gone through the experience, any survivor, or to a support group and getting individual counselling to come to grips with one’s feelings can help enormously. Trends are changing rapidly in India. Some twenty five years ago, the numbers were different where the majority of the patients were over the threshold of fifty years of age. However if we look at the current trend, 4% are in the age group of 20-30, 16% in 30-40 and 28% in the age group of 40-50. So we see that almost 48% patients are below 50. An increasing number of patients are in the age of 25-40 years of age and this definitely is a very disturbing trend. Awareness and understanding of this disease were half the battle won already. It is important for us to be completely aware of this disease and understand the same effects. This will ensure correct decisions are made and one will understand the progress of the treatment in a better manner. At a glance, the following are the options for treatment: Removing the breast cancer or (lumpectomy) Removing the entire breast or ( mastectomy) Removing a limited number of lymph nodes or several lymph nodes –. Removing both breasts Radiation therapy – Here high powered beams of energy are used such as x-rays to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy – drugs are used to destroy cancel cells. Hormone therapy – This is used to treat breasts which are sensitive to hormones.
ďƒ˜ Drugs - Targeted drug treatments attack specific abnormalities within cancer cells. There are specific approved drugs. However the side effects need to be factored.