Page 1

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BIOGRAPHY

i

CV

ii

HOUSE ON A HILL

12

FIELDS OF TAYIBE

26

THE AMPHI COVER

54

THE MASHRABIYA HOUSE DOCO

70

3


BIOGRAPHY


To begin my life with the beginning of my life, I record that I was born. C.D.

END OF BIOGRAPHY 5


FAMILY HOUSE P.O.BOX 639 TAYIBE

FAMILY HOUSE P.O.BOX 639 TAYIBE

BAUHAUS CENTER DIZINGOFF 99 TEL AVIV

CENTRAL BUS STATION NETANYA NEW CENTRAL BUS STATION TEL AVIV BAUHAUS CENTER DIZINGOFF 99 TEL AVIV

FAMILY HOUSE P.O.BOX 639 TAYIBE

FAMILY HOUSE P.O.BOX 639 TAYIBE

CENTRAL BUS STATION NETANYA

HIGHWAY 2 INTERCHANGE NETANYA

HOF HAKARMEL BUS STATION HAIFA

HABANIM JUNCTION KIRYAT TIVON

ARCHITECTURE FACULTY, SEGO BUILDING, TECHNION HAIFA

A. ALONIM ST. KIRYAT TIVON

A. ALONIM ST. KIRYAT TIVON

A. ALONIM ST. KIRYAT TIVON

MY

TRANSIT ‹SHABAT› TAXI STATION HADAR, HAIFA

HABANIM JUNCTION KIRYAT TIVON

NEW CENTRAL BUS STATION TEL AVIV

ARCHITECTURE FACULTY, SEGO BUILDING, TECHNION HAIFA

BAUHAUS CENTER DIZINGOFF 99 TEL AVIV

A. ALONIM ST. KIRYAT TIVON

BAUHAUS CENTER DIZINGOFF 99 TEL AVIV

HABANIM JUNCTION KIRYAT TIVON

NEW CENTRAL BUS STATION TEL AVIV

HATZIONOT/HACHATIVOT JUNCTION NAZARETH ILIT

HABANIM JUNCTION KIRYAT TIVON

IBN SINA SCHOOL EASTERN NEIGHBOURHOOD NAZARETH

A. ALONIM STREET 70 KIRYAT TIVON

BIOGRAPHY


BAUHAUS CENTER DIZINGOFF 99 TEL AVIV

SENAN ARCHITECTS BEIT SAFAFA JERUSALEM

NEW CENTRAL BUS STATION TEL AVIV

AFARSEMON ST. BUS STATION GILO JERUSALEM

CENTRAL BUS STATION JERUSALEM AFARSEMON ST./HAMOR ST. JUNCTION GILO JERUSALEM SENAN ARCHITECTS BEIT SAFAFA JERUSALEM

CENTRAL BUS STATION JERUSALEM YOKNEAM MOSHAVA BUS STATION YOKNEAM MOSHAVA A. ALONIM ST. KIRYAT TIVON

SENAN ARCHITECTS BEIT SAFAFA JERUSALEM AFARSEMON ST. BUS STATION GILO JERUSALEM CENTRAL BUS STATION JERUSALEM

LIFE

RA›ANANA BUS STATION RA›ANANA FAMILY HOUSE P.O.BOX 639 TAYIBE

7


min min min min min min min min min min min

E

US

O H ILY M BE FA YI TA

TS

BIOGRAPHY 2KM

R TE V EN VI C S LA AU TE UH BA

C ITE H C AR EM L AN A N S SE RU JE

101.1 KM 2 h 51 146 KM 3 h 10 75 KM 2 h 21 98.3 KM 2 h 33 27.2 KM 46 15.7 KM 37 119 KM 2 h 31 61.4 KM 2 h 15 81.4 KM 2 h 26 53.5 KM 1 h 44 44.3 KM 38

2M 2KM

2M

MY


G

IN ILD BU N O IO G N SE CH FA TE AI H

T A A. IRY K

LIFE

N O V TI

N IB

L O O H ETH SC R A ZA N SI NA

9 NORTH


EXPERIENCE NOW 2013

Shenkar 3D Printing Tutor, Nazareth

NOW 2010

Bauhaus Center Guide, Tel Aviv

2013 2012

Architect at Senan Abdelqader, Beit Safafa, Jerusalem EDUCATION

2012 2007

B.Arch / Technion – Israel Institute Of Technology

2011 2011

Carleton University Azrieli School Of Architecture And Urbanism (Exchange Student) Ontario, Canada

2006 2001

The Orthodox Arab College Haifa, Israel

C

LANGUAGES Arabic, Hebrew, English SKILLS Autocad, Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Indesign, Vray (Sktechup), Revit

CV


COMPETITIONS / PUBLICATIONS 2013

Rieskein Awards, Fields of Tayibe / Honorable Mention

2013

Technion Magazine, Fields of Tayibe / Published

2012

Azrieli Graduate National Award, Fields of Tayibe / Nominated

2012

Ha’aretz, Fields of Tayibe / Published

V

2012

Architectural Review, Global Architecture Graduate Awards (GAGA), Fields of Tayibe / Shortlisted and Published

2011

Aba Elhanani National Competition for The Mashrabyia House Documentary, Critical Thinking Category / Nominated

2009

Technion Annual Architecture Competition for Sderot, Urban Design Category / Nominated REFERENCES Prof. Els Verbakel Prof. Alona Nitzan-Shiftan Prof. Paul Kariouk Arch. Senan Abdelqader

11


HOUSE ON A HILL

OVERVIEW

EMPLOYER

A small house in the communal

Senan Abdelqader

village of Neve Shalom. Developed in Senan Abdelqader Architects.

HOUSE ON A HILL


LOCATION

YEAR

Neve Shalom,

2013

Israel

13


BACKGROUND The concept for the Landao family house was to create a small dwelling unit that will connect to the landscape. Several alternatives were considered for the house. Presented here is one of the earlier plans considered. The house is owned by Mrs. Nilly Landao and her family. Mrs. Landao works as an experimental artist.

CONCEPT The house functions as a terrace on the hillside, overlooking the view. The house design uses techniques similar to those used in historic habitats of local settlers who usually resided on hills or mounds and used simple retaining walls and ground-leveling methods for their agriculture and home construction.

LATRON CRUSADER CASTLE NEAR NAVE SHALOM HOUSE ON A HILL

By using a series of courtyards and voids the house fuses indoor and outdoor spaces. These courtyards give the site its own set of rules and create a new type of house that consists of repetitive closed and open spaces.


RULES The boundaries of the house are blurred by placing the outdoor circulation system on the site’s perimeter. This emphasizes the continuity of the house with the hill and still defines it as a secure entity. Some of the courtyards are placed beyond the ‘building line’ in order to highlight the house’s horizontal lines... in the form of a long, new artificial terrace. The glass box of the second floor is an optional future addition that contains the public spaces of the house, like the kitchen and living room, and frees the terrace-shaped first floor for the house’s bedrooms and private spaces.

The house design is part of the extension of Nave-Shalom’s communal village. The extension to the village designates several dozens of new lots for detached private housing in order to maintain the village’s pastoral quality. The desire for pastorality comes from the Israeli rules of parcelation and urban design approaches influenced by theories of the ‘Garden City’ envisaged by Ebenezer Howard, according which most of the cities, towns and villages of Israel are built. One of the main targets of this project is to keep, and at the same time to break, some of the parcelation rules in order to avoid a suburban villa and to create a habitat that has a rough feeling.

15


HOUSE ON A HILL


17


8

5

1

4

7

8

5

3

2 6

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

[MULTI-FUNCTIONAL] LIVING ROOM / FUTURE STUDIO BEDROOM MASTER BEDROOM WRITING DESK KITCHENETTE LAUNDRY WARDROBE TOILETS

HOUSE ON A HILL


4 8

10

9

4 8 9 10

WRITING DESK TOILETS KITCHEN DINING AREA 19


HOUSE ON A HILL


21


[OPTIONAL] FUTURE ADDITION

HOUSE MAIN FLOOR + COURTYARDS

NEW LANDSCAPE

LOT EXCAVATION

HOUSE ON A HILL


23


CONTEXT Neve Shalom, also known as Wahat As-salam is a cooperative village jointly founded by Israeli Jews and PalestinianIsraeli Arabs in an attempt to show that the two peoples can live side by side peacefully, as well as to conduct educational work for peace, equality and understanding between the two peoples. The village is located on one of the two Latrun hilltops overlooking the Ayalon Valley, and lies midway between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. In 2011 the village had a population of 236. As of 2006, it has been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize four times.

HOUSE ON A HILL


25


FIELDS OF TAYIBE

OVERVIEW An small-scale urban strategy responding to the uncontrollable sprawl of the Arab Towns in Israel

TUTORS Prof. Els Verbakel Arch. Amir Peleg


«This fortress-like megastructure envisaged for the outskirts of Tayibe, Israel, evokes Robin Hood Gardens with it’s central organic enclosure.» ARCHITECTURAL REVIEW (AR), GLOBAL ARCHITECTURE GRADUATE AWARDS (GAGA), OCTOBER 2012

LOCATION Tayibe, Israel

YEAR Winter 2011 - Spring 2012 Year 5

27


WHAT

HOW

‘Fields of Tayibe‘ creates a smallscale planned intervention next to the vernacular neighborhoods of Tayibe. The project creates anchors for future urban development in the town‘s fields.

The new cloister-shaped buildings in Tayibe‘s fields add a new urban network adjacent to the town.

By understanding the informality of the Arab town and the political, socioeconomical and cultural obstacles it is facing, the ‘Fields of Tayibe’ project offers a new urban typology for communal housing and addresses problems of land ownership, land shortage and the absence of public space. ‘Fields of Tayibe’ offers a small scale intervention that could have a big influence on the town‘s future.

By encasing areas in the fields, each cloister-building protects a field portion and keeps it free of future development… a memory of the rural past. These courtyards function as lungs of Tayibe‘s future neighborhoods. Attaching the expansive, organic courtyard to a public institute (for example, a public library) ensures the public space‘s well-being for years to come. The public library in the ground floor is an educational institute that serves the people of Tayibe and encourages public behaviour and lifestyle. But current private ownerships over the fields‘ lands make it difficult to implement any intervention without confiscation [Problem!]. Only by stacking ownerships vertically it’s possible to free the fields out of private ownership. This way ownerships are regained in the form of abstract architectural spaces.

FIELDS OF TAYIBE


This hybrid mega-structure, consisting of civic and private parts, is made of rough concrete resembling cave catacombs. A vertical old city perhaps... a new anchor for future development.

shared by everyone. In addition, communal housing in the Arab town is almost unheard of replaced by family-based common houses. The new intervention gives a new hope for the development of new type of communal housing, necessary for a healthy urbanity.

WHY The Arab town functions like a slum... its urbanity disrupted. It’s not possible to implement traditional tools of urbanism in this kind of context. The ”small scale, big change” strategy is an alternative strategy to traditional town planning. The ”small scale, big change” strategy doesn‘t impose a new order and doesn‘t reject vernacular architecture and lifestyle.

The fields of Tayibe are the town‘s only gateway for growth. Tayibe‘s buildings are already creeping into the fields. This creeping will continue and is expected to increase within the next 10 years. By 2030 half of the fields’ territory will be occupied. Current master-plans made for Tayibe do not face Tayibe‘s real problems of land shortage, ownerships and public space, sometimes creating inequality when re-designating private land to new categories of ”agriculture”, ”commerce” and ”residence”, and implementing traditional methods of urbanism.

However, the current uncontrollable growth of the Arab town is unsustainable. It gives no opportunity for future development of public space

29


6 D C

6

A

444

B

E

F

6

G

SEPARATING WALL

444

FIELDS OF TAYIBE


BUILDINGS CREEPING INTO THE FIELDS

THE FIELDS OF TAYIBE ARE LOCATED BETWEEN HIGHWAY 6 AND INTERURBAN ROAD 444

6

444

POPULATION (~2010) A B C D E F G

TAYIBE TAYIBE‘S INDUSTRIAL ZONE QALANSUWA SHA‘AR EFRAIM TZUR YITZHAK TZUR NATAN KHOCHAV YA‘IR

38,500 18,500 1,300 300 237 11,050

ARAB ARAB ARAB JEWISH JEWISH JEWISH JEWISH 31


6

2012

2025

444

2050

FIELDS OF TAYIBE

2075


33


ISRAEL & PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES

GREEN LINE

ISRAEL

PALESTINE?

FIELDS OF TAYIBE


ARAB VILLAGES THEN & NOW (RURAL)

+

HIGHWAY 6

+

ARAB CITIES PRE1947 (URBAN)

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

TAYIBE

35


«THE BORDERS OF ISRAEL AND PALESTINE SHOULD BE BASED ON THE 1967 LINES WITH MUTUALLY AGREED SWAPS.»---B. OBAMA FIELDS OF TAYIBE


MOVING TO PALESTINE MOVING TO ISRAEL TAYIBE

37


THIS

A

FIELDS OF TAYIBE


TAYIBE›S OUTLINE

IS

SLUM

39


SMALL SCALE BIG CHANGE

FIELDS OF TAYIBE


41


FIELDS OF TAYIBE


HTTP://WWW. ARCHITECTURAL-REVIEW. COM/AR-AWARDS/GLOBALARCHITECTURE-GRADUATEAWARDS/SHORTLISTEDAMIN-YASSIN-TECHNIONINSTITUTE-OF-TECHNOLOGYISRAEL/8636439.ARTICLE

43


THE NEW CLOISTER-SHAPED BUILDINGS IN TAYIBE‫׳‬S FIELDS ADD A NEW URBAN NETWORK ADJACENT TO THE TOWN. BY ENCASING AREAS IN THE FIELDS, EACH CLOISTERBUILDING PROTECTS A FIELD PORTION AND KEEPS IT FREE OF FUTURE DEVELOPMENT… A MEMORY OF THE RURAL PAST. THESE COURTYARDS FUNCTION AS LUNGS OF TAYIBE‫׳‬S FUTURE NEIGHBORHOODS. ATTACHING THE EXPANSIVE, ORGANIC COURTYARD TO A PUBLIC INSTITUTE (F.E., FIELDS OF TAYIBE


A PUBLIC LIBRARY) IN THE GROUND FLOOR ENSURES THE PUBLIC SPACE‫׳‬S WELLBEING FOR YEARS TO COME. THE PUBLIC LIBRARY IN THE GROUND FLOOR IS AN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTE THAT SERVES THE PEOPLE OF TAYIBE AND ENCOURAGES NON EXISTENT URBAN OR PUBLIC BEHAVIOUR.

45


CURRENT PRIVATE OWNERSHIPS OVER THE FIELDS‘ LANDS MAKE IT DIFFICULT TO IMPLEMENT ANY INTERVENTION WITHOUT CONFISCATION

FIELDS OF TAYIBE


‫׳‬FIELDS OF TAYIBE‫׳‬ TRANSLATES LAND OWNERSHIPS INTO OF ARCHITECTURAL SPACE.

1

2

BY STACKING CONFISCATED LAND LOTS TO UPPER FLOORS OWNERSHIPS ARE REGAINED IN THE FORM OF ABSTRACT ARCHITECTURAL SPACES. 47


FAÇADE/ SCREEN

STORAGE

GARDEN

1 ENTRANCE

FIELDS OF TAYIBE

EDGE


SUGGESTED NEW URBAN DWELLING UNIT, AS PART OF THE VERTICAL STRUCTURE

FAÇADE/ SCREEN

STORAGE

GARDEN

2 ENTRANCE

EDGE

49


BH

L

CH C

DH

GH

BO

B SU

CL HR

AL

BS BS AU

HD garbage room

KC P

SU B BO GH DH CH BH L CL C AL AU KC PH HD BS HR FIELDS OF TAYIBE

SUPERMARKET BAKERY BOOKSHOP GROUPS HALL DISPLAY HALL COMPUTER HALL BOOKS HALL LIWAN CLASROOMS LOBBY CLASSROOM AUDITORIUM LOBBY AUDITORIUM ”KLALIT” CLINIC PHARMACY HAIR DRESSER BUILDING MATERIAL SHOP HUMUS RESTURANT


51


CONTEXT The ‘Fields of Tayibe‘ is a project that addresses problems that are caused in the process of the urbanization of the Arab towns in Israel. Historically, most of these towns were rural and depended almost entirely on agriculture. With the 1947 war, which was followed by the foundation of Israel, major, historic, Arab urban centers (like, Jaffa, Ramla and Haifa) were destroyed and reconstructed in the form of cities of the new state. The defeat of the Arab cities of Palestine marked a turning point in the Arab population‘s history and collective memory. The surrender of cities along with the new atmosphere under Israel regime made it impossible to re-develop any new urban Arab existence. The ”rural” became the only option. Today‘s Arab towns of Israel are growing larger (Nazareth being the largest with almost 70,000 citizens, followed by Umm al-Fahm with 50,000 citizens and Tayibe with 40,000 citizens) but not any more urbanized. These towns are lacking in urbanity and have developed no major production methods, being totally dependent on Israeli cities. How can an urban, public and vibrant setting be developed in the middle of FIELDS OF TAYIBE

the Arab town, which functions like a dense slum? How can you design for the Arab population of Israel which thinks and behaves in rural terms and which advocates vernacular architecture?


ARCHITECTURAL REVIEW OCTOBER ISSUE 2012 53


THE AMPHI COVER

OVERVIEW A steel cover for the Technion campus amphitheater to convert it from an outdoor to an indoor, insulated space

TUTORS Arch. Simha Afek Arch. Arie Gunen


LOCATION Technion Campus, Haifa, Israel

YEAR Winter 2010 Year 4

55


DESIGN A three-dimensional steel truss which sits on 13 steel SHS columns make the structural diagram for the building. The truss, which has a static height of approximately 1 meter, covers up on 50 meters span. The walls of the new building are made of glass supported by a secondary network of steel columns. In order to avoid 'greenhouse effect', the glass walls are protected by a zinc screen from outside which shutters direct sun. The Northern wall‘s glaizng is not shuttered as it gets no direct sun. The new building has several accesses, and its main entrance is accessed from the upper main lawn. The new cover ensures proper drainage using measured slopes in the zinc roof. The gutters in the roof drain the water through some of the SHS steel columns to the underground drainage system.

THE AMPHI COVER


4500

1320

620

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THE AMPHI COVER


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THE AMPHI COVER


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8 18

100MM MINERAL WOOL STEEL RIBBON: STEEL SHEET GALAVANISED COATED 10/300/6500MM

3 4 5 6 10 17

18

11 23

STEEL RIBBON: STEEL SHEET GALAVANISED COATED 10/300/6500 MM DRAINGE GUTTER 12/160/160MM STEEL ANGLE

3 5 6 7 15 20 21 22

THE AMPHI COVER

150/150MM SHS COLOMN 300/200MM I-SECTION PROFILE BEAM 70MM ALUMINIUIM RAIL FIXED GLAZING: 8 MM + 16 MM + 8MM 0.8MM SHEET ZINC CLADDING (WITH 25 MM STANDING SEAMS) PLOYURETHANE AND EPOXIDE COATING ON 14 MM GLASS-FIBRE-REIN FORCED PLASTIC SHEEING

150/150MM SHS COLOMN 70MM ALUMINIUIM RAIL 6 FIXED GLAZING: 8 MM + 16 MM + 8MM 5MM POLYTHENE SEPERATING LAYER ADHESIVE FIXED BUTT BETWEEN GLASS PANES 30MM WOOD SLABS 100MM STONE PAVING SOIL


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

11 15

TRUSS STRUCTURE 600/600 MM SHS CONSTRUCIVE MAIN COLOMN 150/150 MM SHS COLOMN 120/70 MM RHS BEAM 70 MM ALUMINIUIM RAIL FIXED GLAZING: 8 MM + 16 MM + 8MM 5 MM POLYTHENE SEPERATING LAYER 100 MM MINERAL WOOL TRAPIZODIAL-SECTION METAL SHEETING 50 MM DEEP ON TRUSS STRUCTURE 0.8 MM SHEET ZINC CLADDING (WITH 25 MM STANDING SEAMS) DRAINGE GUTTER ADHESIVE FIXED BUTT BETWEEN GLASS PANES

2 3 4 5 6 8 11 16 19 20

600/600MM SHS CONSTRUCIVE MAIN COLOMN 150/150MM SHS COLOMN 120/70MM RHS BEAM 70MM ALUMINIUIM RAIL FIXED GLAZING: 8 MM + 16 MM + 8MM 100MM MINERAL WOOL DRAINGE GUTTER MONOLETIC CONCRETE FLOORING 80MM PRECAST CONCRETE ELEMENT, POLISHED 30MM WOOD SLABS (BENCH)

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THE AMPHI COVER


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THE AMPHI COVER


STEEL RIBBON

GLASS

OPAQUE

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CONTEXT The Technion amphitheater (also known as ÂŤthe AmphiÂť) is located in the center of the Technion campus. It was originally designed by landscape architects Shlomo Aronson and Judy Green as part of the Technion's landscape campus development in 1999. Presently the Amphi functions as a place of congregation for formal events (such as start-of-year speeches, graduation ceremonies and other events). The Amphi connects two differentlevel promenades, with its stage being located at the same level as the Amado promenade while the upper seats are located at the same level as the Technion's main lawns.

THE AMPHI COVER


69


THE MASHRABIYA HOUSE DOCO

OVERVIEW

TUTOR

A short documentary film telling

Prof. Alona Nitzan-Shiftan

the story of the Mashrabiya House on the backdrop of the IsraeliPalestinian conflicnt. The building is a private apartment buidling designed by architect Senan Abdelqader.


WATCHHERE WATCH http://bit.ly/1n4RCe8 http://bit.ly/1n4RCe

LOCATION

YEAR

Beit Safafa, Jerusalem,

2012

Israel

71


00:10 MIN

THE MASHRABIYA HOUSE DOCO

SEC


Mashrabiya A perforated screen, normally made of wood, intended to conceal the private indoor spaces from the public domain within a house, giving view advantage to those inside.

73


Opening 00:37

We live in a time of cross-cultural encounters. No nation today exists in its pure, original form. India post British imperialism is not the same India as it used to be; Europe of our time is saturated with immigrants from around the world; and America is by its definition a society of immigrants.

THE MASHRABIYA HOUSE DOCO


00:57

Cultural encounters create a new global reality. Sometimes the consequences of these encounters are so complex that it is hard to track any roots.

01:11

This is the Mashrabiya House. It is an apartment building in Beit Safafa, an Arab Jerusalem suburb located on the stitch between East and West Jerusalem. The house 75


was constructed in 2006 and designed by the Arab-Israeli architect Senan Abdelqader. 01:29

We are Ahlam and Amin, students from the Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning in the Technion, and we want to find out how a Mashrabyia is constructed in the 21st century and why.

01:42 THE MASHRABIYA HOUSE DOCO

Initially, we took the


view that Senan is imitating the Mashrabiya element derived from the Arab, traditional, local architecture. His reaction to this was as follows: 01:52

�It is not imitation, rather re-interpretation. There is a difference. Imitation is the act of copying. Re-interpretation is about deriving or qouting something from the past and giving a personal 77


commentary.� 02:21

Our research question: How does Senan Abdelqader reinterprets the Arabic local tradition and architecture through the design of his own house, the Mashrabiya House?

THE MASHRABIYA HOUSE DOCO


Untold History 02:45

In his 19th century voyage to the Holy Land, the notable American writer Mark Twain concluded his thoughts about the region:

02:52

�Palestine sits in sackcloth and ashes. Over it broods the spell of a curse that has withered its fields and 79


fettered its energies‌ untenanted by any living creature, and unblessed by any feature that is pleasant to the eye. Renowned Jerusalem itself, the stateliest name in history, has lost all its ancient grandeur, and is become a pauper village... Palestine is desolate and unlovely.� MARK TWAIN 03:18

These photographs were taken by the Arab-

THE MASHRABIYA HOUSE DOCO


Lebanese photographer Raed Khalil, who documented the Holy Land from the late 19th century up to the outbreak of the1947 war (Israel’s War of Independence). 03:33

It is clear that there is a significant difference between Twain’s textual description and Khalil’s graphic one. This difference epitomises a big gap between two 81


different perspectives ---the foreign and the local---in describing one land.

THE MASHRABIYA HOUSE DOCO


Modernity and Colonialism 05:13

With the Zionist immigration new architecture emerged. It was a clear expression of the Modernism, which was perceived as versatile project that liberates man from his primitiveness, depressing locality, threatening to uproot it and declaring intentions to create a 83


new, progressive model. 05:52

This is a cultural encounter between two nations, one looking towards the East and the other towards the West. Each living in its own conceptual space, but both fighting for one geographical territory.

06:04

One of the important thinkers in post-colonial studies is the AmericanIndian theoretician Homi

THE MASHRABIYA HOUSE DOCO


Bhabha. According to Bhabha post-colonial relations are not only characterized by a depressing conqueror and a depressed conquered, but by a cross-culture ”conceptual space”, where all parties involved affect each other. He argues that the white man didn’t only re-educate the locals and exploite them (using their natural resources and cheap labor) but 85


was also influenced by them. Bhaba’s ”Third Space” theory refers to the intermediate space formed between the two sides, enabling complex cultural exchanges. 06:52

And here’s the hisotrical twist: in the mid 20th century Alfred Mansfield looks towards the local Arab villages seeking inspiration for his design of the Israel Museum in Jerusalem,

THE MASHRABIYA HOUSE DOCO


the symbol of the Jewish poeple regeneration. In contrast, Senan gives a contemporary proposal for a museum in the Arab village of Umm Al-Fahm designed as an outdoor openspace concrete vector connecting to hills, soaring in the air, in order to accelerate nonexistent urbanity in the Arab town of the 21st century.

87


The Hybrid 07:20

The Mashrabiya House is a hybrid made of tradition and modernity. The building is an outcome of the conceptual changes occurring in postcolonial society.

08:08 This is Critical Regionalism: the local tradition is projected through the presim of Modernism and THE MASHRABIYA HOUSE DOCO


covers up its flaws. Alternatively, the Modernism enables Senan to recreate tradition and to reinterpret it.

89


The Absence of the City 08:32

�Today, we [Arabs living in Israel] have no qualifications to create a city, because we have no institutions of our own. Administration, institutions and organizations are needed in order to create a city. A city is a holostic organism that consists of culture, commerce, education

THE MASHRABIYA HOUSE DOCO


and, above all, industry. What do we produce? Nothing. We don’t even practice agriculture anymore. We have become workers in Israel, or at best, clerks. The richest man among us has a villa, not a factory. This is a problem.� SENAN ABDELQADER 09:11

How does the Mashrabiya House act as a catalyst for urbanity 91


in the defective Arab town of today? 09:18

First, being an iconic building, the Mashrabiya House improves orientation within the unplanned Arab town.

09:26

Second, the building integrates working space in the ground floor used as the architect’s studio, next to a gallery that is open

THE MASHRABIYA HOUSE DOCO


for the general public, which displays changing exhibitions. 09:37

Lastly, in addition to the Mashrabyia House’s 8 dwelling untis, the building is able to further grow upwards. The protruding steel bars on the top are a symbol for continuity and growth in a future urban context.

93


Epilogue 09:54

We see a parallel between the hybrid Mashrabiya House and the character of the ”New Arab” living in Israel---a hybrid Arab--torn between modernity and tradition.

10:07

A comical clip taken from Israeli television captures how the hybrid Arab is stigmatized within Israeli society of

THE MASHRABIYA HOUSE DOCO


the 21st century. 11:00

The Mashrabiya House is mocked at by Arab neighbors in Beit-Safafa calling it ”pigeon holes”. The hybrid building is stigmatized too.

12:12

Comparing the Mashrabiya House with Jean Nouvel’s L’institut du Monde Arabe made us re-question the connection between the Arab culture and 95


the Mashrabiya, the architectural element. 12:41

Dr. Ron Fochs, who researched the Palestinian house historic typology, claims that the Mashrabiya element was not very common in historic Palestine as it was in cities of Egypt and Morocco. In his view, this makes the Mashrbiya House’s strive for locality perhaps irrelevant and simplistic.

THE MASHRABIYA HOUSE DOCO


13:31

In the midst of a dispute, which doesn’t seem to have an end, and in the midst of the rivalry on controlling the visual aspects of the conflict, with its intricate layers... sometimes visible, sometimes hidden... many questions remain unanswered‌

97


THE MASHRABIYA HOUSE DOCO


99


THE MASHRABIYA HOUSE DOCO

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