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American Rose




'Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden'


This month’s theme focuses on the good, the bad and possibly the ugly! 1    AMERICAN ROSE | ARS.ORG

Photo Contest Winners See the first place winners of every category, which includes this cover photo!

Award Winners

Local and District Bulletins, Award of Merit, Silver and Bronze Honor Medals




from the President of the American Rose Society   |  First Word  

The Merry Month of by

Jolene Adams


776 Pinedale Court May is delicious – the Hayward, CA 94544 spring air is soft and nature’s colors leap out at you. Roses and other garden delights bloom, lambs and calves and colts frisk about doing what they do when it is spring, and rosarians start to gear up for exhibitions and rose shows. Many of the rose societies in the warmer parts of our country have already held their spring rose exhibits and rose shows and are now looking forward to summer activities in their gardens. The American Rose Society held a very successful Planning Meeting in Franklin, TN, in mid-March. Planning Meetings are held every three years and are a means of bringing new Board Members and new Chairmen up to date on the way ARS works, what the various committees are doing now and the needs of the society. At the meeting we were shown the draft model of the updated website ARS is working on. The file structure is built and now we are linking the files from the current website to the new version. It should be ready soon! I know you will like it. It should be easier to navigate, too! The Board Meeting was also conducted in Franklin, TN. Our Guest Parliamentarian was Denise Thorne, a member of the Nashville Rose Society. She also holds credentials from National Garden Club and fills many positions with Garden Club, the Tennessee District of ARS, and other plant societies. After the business of the day was finished we signed birthday cards for two marvelous gentlemen of ARS who are soon to be nonagenarians; Ted Mills of the Tri-State Rose Society (Chattanooga) and Jack Walter of the Dallas Rose Society. Both of these rosarians are well known in the Rose World. Ted Mills writes the Last Word column in

our magazine and Jack Walter is an ARS Gold Medal honoree for his outstanding dedication to and work for ARS.

At the meeting we were shown the draft model of the updated website ARS is working on. It should be ready soon! I know you will like it. It should be easier to navigate, too!

The Board took a short break to listen to Chris VanCleave (the Redneck Rosarian) give a short presentation on Rose Chat Radio. What a great way to reach out to the world. If you haven’t listened to any Rose Chat Radio broadcasts, go to rosechat and look down at the list of On-Demand programs to listen to. Something is bound to interest you.

Two convention bids were approved at this meeting. One is in Tyler, TX, in October of 2014. The other is to be held in Syracuse, NY, in September of 2015. Awards were given out in a brief presentation during the Friday night dinner. The Membership Chair, Diane Sommers, presented the Whitaker Award, for outstanding and unique efforts in membership for ARS, to the Beverly Hills Rose Society. The Hedrick Award for exhibitors who display the highest levels of excellence, integrity and respect for the ideals of showing roses will be presented in Tulsa, OK at the South Central District Winter Rose Workshop. The winner(s) are Bob and Doris House of the Rose Society of the Ozarks. The next ARS Board Meeting will take place at WinstonSalem in September at the beginning of the National Miniature Conference. I hope you can attend and stay for the rose show too! MAY/JUNE | 2013    3

AMERICAN ROSE POLICIES   |  The 4-1-1 on the ARS

Headquarters Staff Executive Director & Editor Jeffrey A. Ware (Ext. 222) Administrative & Records Assistant to the Executive Director Carol Spiers (Ext. 223) Administrative Assistant Peggy Spivey (Ext. 229) Publications Publications Director & Managing Editor Beth Smiley (Ext. 231) Associate Editor Editorial Amanda Figlio (Ext. 230) Associate Editor Web Kim Bennick (Ext. 227) Advertising Maria Chavez Scott (

American Rose Society endorsed products have undergone an extensive testing process by ARS members nationwide and found to be of high quality and a benefit to rose growers.

Bayer Advanced All-in-One Garden Safe® Brand Fungicide3® Garden Safe® Brand Rose and Flower Insect Killer Greencure Solutions Fungicide Liquid Fence® Deer & Rabbit Repellent Mills Easy Feed 20-10-6 Mills Magic Rose Mix Miracle-Gro Garden Soil for Roses Miracle-Gro Garden Soil for Trees and Shrubs Ortho® RosePride® Disease Control Concentrate Ortho® RosePride® Insect, Disease & Mite Control Aerosol Spectracide Immunox Plus Insect & Disease Control Aerosol Spectracide Immunox Plus Insect & Disease Multipurpose Concentrate Thank You Public Library Members Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh | Edmonds Community College Library Multnomah County Library | Robert M. Cooper Library Steenbock Memorial Library Direct all Membership and Subscription Correspondence to: American Rose Society | P. O. Box 30000 | Shreveport, LA 71130-0030 Shipping Address: 8877 Jefferson Paige Road | Shreveport, LA 71119-8817

Membership Membership Director Laura Pfender (Ext. 226) Membership Clerk Christine Rose (Ext. 221) Accounting Accounting Director Andrea Jackson (Ext. 224) Accounting Assistant/Human Resources Becky Smith (Ext. 225) Gardens of The A merican Rose Center Facilities and Maintenance Manager Jack Bogues Grounds Crew: Gabriel Clark, William Smith Janitorial John Henderson

American Rose Society Phone: 318-938-5402 | Fax: 318-938-5405 E-mail: Website: Office hours: 8 AM to 5 PM CST Monday — Friday

Changing Your Address? Please allow 6 weeks lead time for changes. If you wish, you may phone in your address change 318-938-5402, ext. 221


ARS Tested & Endorsed Products



American Rose (ISSN 1078-5833) is published bi-monthly by the American Rose Society, Inc. Periodicals Postage Paid in Shreveport, LA, and at additional mailing offices. Copyright 2012, ARS. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to American Rose, P.O. Box 30000, Shreveport, LA 71130-0030. Society Headquarters, editorial and advertising offices are located at 8877 Jefferson Paige Road, Shreveport, LA 71119-8817. Telephone: 318-938-5402. Membership in the society includes a subscription to American Rose. Annual dues are $49 ($46 if 65+); three years $140. Canadian dues $54; International $59. Because of the fluctuations and increases in international rates of exchange, please pay all memberships and merchandise orders in United States Postal Money Orders or other U.S. currency. Mission Statement: The American Rose Society exists to promote the culture and appreciation of the rose, through education and research, to members, to local rose societies and their members, and to the public. Vision Statement: The rose is America’s National Floral Emblem. We aspire to be the nation’s best source for information, research and education about the rose for our members and for the general public. We will share this information through a website, a national network of Consulting Rosarians, and rose shows and non-competitive rose exhibitions open to the general public. Opinions expressed are those of the authors and are not necessarily those of the American Rose Society or its officers or directors. American Rose Society assumes no responsibility for the content or claims made in advertisements appearing in American Rose. The Advertiser retains full and complete accountability and liability for its advertisement and indemnifies and holds ARS harmless from and against all demands, claims or liability. Writing An Article: We welcome articles, photographs and ideas from our readers, amateur or professional. All articles are reviewed by the Editorial Advisory Committee. We do not pay for our articles or photos. Writers’ Guidelines are available from Manuscripts, artwork and photographs sent for possible publication will be returned if accompanied by a SASE. We cannot guarantee the safe return of unsolicited materials. Single back issues are available at $3 per copy plus postage, combined issues are $8 per copy plus postage.

American rose Contents Volume XXXXII No. 3 May/June 2013

FEATURES Theme ArTicles  This issue’s theme is “Critters.” Two of the feature articles are included in the theme, as well as five of the Clippings in that regular column.

44 The Entomologist's Garden A rose enemy, the spider mite.

50 Good Bugs

Not all bugs are bad bugs!

11 June is Rose month! June is Library month.

26 Book Review

Don Swanson reviews Paul Zimmermans' newest book Everyday Roses.

50 ARS Photo Contest Winners

See the best of the best in rose photography with the winners of the 2012 ARS Photo Contest.

62 Newsletter/Bulletin Awards The best newsletters and bulletins of 2012.

64 AOM

Awesome articles... see who wrote them.

70 Award Winners

Silver and Bronze Honor Medal recipients, Outstanding Consulting Rosarians and Outstanding Horticultural Judges

50 Orius insididsus, adult pirate bug feeding on white fly nymphs, USDA

photo courtesy Jack Dykinga

MAY/JUNE | 2013    5

Departments 36 14 24 3 12 14

The First Word

A word from our President,  Jolene Adams

In Memoriam  George Meiling and  Peter Beales

Beginners’  Column

24 28

Show Business



Roses Abroad

10 For Your  Information


Roses Far  and Near

32 Recent Rose  Research


Rose Tips

The glory of your rose  garden.

Inside Roses An introduction to  dormancy in roses.

Good Earth  R.O.S.E. It’s not your fault.



Prepping & Grooming: Pt 1

Roses in Australia

Oso Roses

What new rosarians should  be doing in May and June





A Sampling From Local and District Newsletters and Bulletins Full articles of the “theme” clippings can be found on our website under News in the left hand column.

73 82

American Rose Policies

77 Events 79 Gardener’s  Marketplace

Your ROSE Resource!

On Our Cover: 

Ann Harder: A donor story

'Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden' by  Bill  Kozemchak,  Best  of  Show  in  the 2012 ARS Photo Contest. See  page 50 for more.

The Last Word

Website: perdita (case

Planned Giving

The Tale of Two Beetles



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ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW LABEL DIRECTIONS. ©2013 Bayer CropScience LP. Bayer Advanced is a business group of Bayer CropScience LP. 2 TW Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 and Dual Action Rose & Flower Insect Bayer (reg’d), the Bayer Cross (reg’d), Bayer Advanced,™ and Better Science. Better Results.® are trademarks of Bayer. 2-In-1 Systemic Rose & Flower CareMAY/JUNE  | 2013    7 Killer are not for sale, sale into, distribution, and/or use in Nassau, Suffolk, Kings and Queens counties of NY. All-In-One Rose & Flower Care and 3-In-1 Insect, Disease, & Mite Control are not for sale in NY.

by Jeffrey

A. Ware

A Word from the Executive Director

Executive Director

When you read this, we’ll be in the midst of the happiest time of year for every rosarian. I am enjoying spring as much as you are. While I am admiring the new buds on the rose bushes at the American Rose Center, I am also focused on the business side of our hobby. One very important issue is top of my mind right now. That issue is the privacy and security of the personal data entrusted to us by every member of ARS. Several events last year focused my attention on the need to strengthen our policies related to member privacy, specifically, the security and privacy of your e-mail address. Again, as recently as a few weeks ago, it has become glaringly clear that we must update our privacy policy about who should be able to contact you on behalf of the American Rose Society. We’ve done fairly well about keeping your contact information safe from outside marketers. We never sell or share your data. Now, we must focus on how your contact information is used internally by our own volunteers. I have asked the board of directors to strengthen our policy and to update it to include the many new communication tools we now use to reach you. Technology makes it easier for us to share the information that you want to have. Our task is to be sure we are using it in ways that are responsible and responsive to your desires. Every e-mail that you receive from ARS Headquarters will be clearly designated as originating from us. Our e-mails allow you the opportunity to opt out of future contact. All you have to do is click the link at the bottom of the page. It is that simple to stop unwanted e-mail from us. If an e-mail does not contain that opt out link, it is not approved by ARS and was not sent by headquarters. If you are not sure an e-mail is actually from ARS contact us to be sure. If it is okay for us to contact you, do nothing but enjoy your informative e-mails and newsletters. Just as we want to communicate with you, we know that true communication is a two-way street. Always feel free to write, call or e-mail us anytime you want to ask a question or tell us what you think. Your trust is the most important asset we have. We want to keep it.

One very important issue is top of my mind right now. That issue is the privacy and security of the personal data entrusted to us by every member of ARS.

I’d like to thank the following groups and companies for their support of the American Rose Society:

• The San Ramon ARS Fall National Convention for sharing their profits with ARS • ROSEMANIA for the donation of garden supplies • BEATY FERTILIZER for the donation of garden fertilizer • STAR® ROSES for their sponsorship of board meeting meals 8




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across the fence  |  The Latest ARS Member News

Wall Calendar Submissions

Klima Medal Nominees Sought

Ars Now Accepting photo submissions for the 2014 Roses wall calendar. This is open to ALL ARS MEMBERS! Here are a few guidelines: • Photos must be 13 inches by 11 inches AND at least 300 dpi. • Please identify all roses in photo. • The roses must be commercially available. • Limit of 10 submissions per member. • Digital photography ONLY. • Deadline is June 1, 2013. • E-mail submissions to or you can mail a CD to American Rose Society,  ATTN: Editorial, P.O. Box 30000, Shreveport LA 71130. Established in honor of late ARS President Emeritus Joe Klima and his wife Marion the Klima Medal recognizes excellence in the field of rose education. Nominees for the award need not be members of the ARS, and nominations are requested from both ARS members and the international horticultural community. The Prizes & Awards Committee will select Klima Award recipients. Acts worthy of recognition include: • Sustained volunteer performance by an individual over a decade or more of providing measurable high quality educational instruction and/or publication in the area of rose education. • A single act of achievement by an individual within the field of rose education or rose development that has a measurable profound or major global impact. • A significant single act of scientific development by an individual or team that provides a major advancement to the knowledge and evolutionary educational base of growing roses. • Sustained lifetime achievement by an individual in devoting and focusing their educational talents and expertise to promoting “The Rose.” No member of the Prizes & Awards Committee or members of their immediate families shall be considered for the award while serving on the committee. Also, the President of the American Rose Society shall not be eligible for the Klima Medal award until one full year after their term of office has expired. The ARS Executive Director must receive all materials for the Klima nominations by SEPT. 30, 2013.

Member Benefit Partners

The Member Benefits Program includes many different nurseries, as well as merchants of rose supplies and essentials. Your ARS membership provides discounts of up to 30% with these businesses, so check the website for the list prior to shopping to see if you can save some money! Angel Gardens | 10% discount • Chamblee’s Rose Nursery | 5% discount David Austin Roses | 10% discount • GreenCure | Free shipping on 8 oz. container Heirloom Roses | 10% discount • KeyPlex | $2 off + $2 donation to ARS Mitchell Nelson’s Fine Art | 20% discount • Pine Straw Direct | 5% discount Rogue Valley Roses | 10% discount • Tijeras Rain Barrels | 30% discount Vintage Gardens | 10% discount • Walnut Hill Farms | 5% discount Witherspoon Rose Culture | 10% discount


June is Rose Month! June is LibRaRy Month! Let’s promote ARS at our Local Libraries The Local Society Relations Committee is asking each local society to find and “adopt” a local library. Give them a subscription to American Rose, which includes the gift of Modern Roses 12 as a research tool for their readers! Stan Griep

Be creative in how you can share our love and knowledge of roses. You could explain to the library manager that a rose book display during June would honor the rose – America’s Floral Emblem – and that your local rose society could bring bouquets of your gardengrown roses for the display A rose photo display is one way to promote the rose at your in June. Also ask the library local library. manager to display your society literature, along with ARS membership literature. If your library joins ARS at the $25 library rate with this offer, they will receive American Rose for a full year and also receive Modern Roses 12 book FREE, which normally costs $100. Your society would only need to pay the $15 cost of shipping and handling. And… the library would be included as a “Library Member” of ARS! Fill out the subscription form, which you can find at in the News column on the left, and send it to ARS with your society’s check for $40 (the subscription + shipping and handling for MR12). We hope you will join with us in this endeavor in helping promote our national floral emblem — The Rose.

MAY/JUNE | 2013    11

IN MEMORIAM | We Remember George R. L. Meiling

A dear friend and fellow rose enthusiast, Mike Wirtz, met George Meiling in the early 1980s at an Old Garden Rose Seminar held in Washington, D.C. Mike’s rose passion was with fragrance, and he found more fragrant roses in the OGR classes than in the modern roses. George, on the other hand, loved Old Garden Roses for everything they were culturally as well as the roses’ part in ancient as well as modern history. This melding of floral beauty with historical reality created a decades long love affair with the rose for George. The hobby led to his membership in the American Rose Society and his ultimate part in the modern history of the American Rose Society. Mike urged me to make George’s acquaintance, and it could not have happened at a more propitious time for me and ARS. At the time, George was a Financial Executive of Bank One, a flourishing and growing middle-western bank 1942-2013 corporation that soon became a nation-wide banking phenomena. George was based in Columbus, Ohio and was part of the team responsible for Bank One acquisitions around the globe; the main thrust of his presentations to possible acquisitions was the financial stability of Bank One. The current treasurer of ARS, Bob Miller, had decided to retire and as President of the Society it was my job to find a new treasurer. George Meiling was the perfect fit for the position. Our membership was large at the time (almost 25,000 members) and our treasury was small and taxed. George marveled that the current Executive Director, Harold Goldstein, seemed to run the organization with and stay afloat with so little in assets, and George set about to right the situation. At that time, there were actually two boards… that of the American Rose Society and that of the American Rose Foundation; the Society oversaw publications, rose shows, education, etc. and the Foundation the grounds and building of the Shreveport American Rose Center. The Foundation board was populated by the officers of ARS, but also a contingent of Shreveport “movers and shakers” who oversaw expenses and fundraising for the Center. It was George Meiling who suggested and implemented the merging of the two boards so that all would operate under the auspices of the Society, with the assistance of the Shreveport personnel who had been so instrumental in the Center’s creation. Prior to the merger we often found ourselves operating at cross purposes since the mandate for each was so different; with the merger the two began operating in concert with each other and it was George Meiling who we had to thank for this. After leaving his position as treasurer, George stayed devoted to the Society, to working for funds to keep the Center financially stable for now and for the future, promoting the Patron Program, and personally donating many dollars to keep the Center healthy. For the past 35 years George Meiling operated as an unsung hero dedicated to the financial health and security of the American Rose Society. His financial expertise, love of the rose, and unselfish devotion to ARS will be sorely missed. ~ Don Ballin

George R. L. Meiling

“After leaving his position as treasurer, George stayed devoted to the Society, to working for funds to keep the Center financially stable for now and for the future…”

George R.L. Meiling, age 70, died on March 6, 2013. Born in Bexley, OH in 1942. Son of Maj. Gen. Richard L. Meiling MD and Elizabeth Lucas Meiling. Survived by his wife, Susan; sons, Andrew and Richardson (Brandy); stepson, Michael (Diane) Zieg; and his nine grandchildren. George was a graduate of the Columbus Academy, Yale University and Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration. Captain of U.S. Air Force (Europe). Air Force Commendation Medal. Financial executive of banking organization from 1969-2002. Served as director-trustee: ARS, World Federation of Rose Societies Conservation Committee, Columbus Park of Roses Foundation, Ameriflora ’92. Treasurer: Columbus Park of Roses Foundation, ARS. Chairman ARS Classification Committee, OGR Committee, Consulting Rosarian, Master Rosarian, International Rose Trials Judge, Earth-Kind™ Roses representative for Northeastern US. Member: ARS, Central Ohio Rose Society, and The Columbus Rose Society. Memorial gifts may be made to Columbus Park of Roses Foundation (Heritage Garden) or ARS Education Endowment. 12




IN MEMORIAM | We Remember Peter Beales

The rose world has lost a true champion of the rose! Peter Beales passed away on January 26 with his daughter Amanda and son Richard by his side. Peter’s wife, Joan, passed away just six months earlier. Peter’s passion for roses started during his childhood. He often recounted that his love affair with the rose started when he fell in love with ‘Dorothy Perkins’. He always maintained that fragrance was a vital element that every rose should possess and classic roses provided that element in profusion. He started his rose business in 1967 at Swardeston, and quickly gained recognition in the rose trade by winning both Gold and Silver medals at the Royal National Rose Society’s autumn show at Westminister. In the late 1970s Peter moved his nursery 20 miles to the market town of Attleborough, now the current home to “Peter Beales Roses,” starting propagation with just a single field. He quickly developed a reputation for providing top quality old garden DHM, VMH roses. Peter’s life was certainly filled with global recognition, particularly in Japan where he 1936 - 2013 was an annual lecturer/visitor during the Tokyo Rose Show held at the Seibu Dome. But the glories heaped upon Peter by his own country were nothing less than spectacular. Residing in Norfolk, Peter was always a regular at the Sandringham Annual Flower Show, and his association with members of the Royal Family grew with his introduction of the roses ‘Highgrove’ and ‘Clarence House’, and his redesigning of the rose garden at Royal Lodge, Windsor, in 1985 as an 85th birthday present to the Queen Mother. Peter had beautiful stands at the annual Chelsea Flower Show, always worthy of a RHS Gold Medal (he won a total of 19 Golds) featuring many classic and old garden rose favorites. He was more at home beneath a straw hat than in a tuxedo. At the WFRS Triennial World Convention, held in Glasgow in 2003, Peter was invited to a special private black tie dinner for the attending HIH Princess Nobuko and did not have the appropriate attire. Purchasing a tuxedo in time, he shared a taxi from the hotel with fellow invitees to the location when it was noticed that on his left sleeve the designer label was still attached. Peter joked that perhaps this style would initiate a new fashion trend. The Royal Horticultural Society declared his collection of wild “species” roses in Britain the most comprehensive in the world, and he was very proud in the early 1990’s to be named Holder of the National Collection of Rosa Species. Peter was President of the Norfolk and Norwich Horticultural Society (1997-2001) and President of the Royal National Rose Society (2003-2005) receiving the RHRS Dean Hole Medal and WFRS Gold Honor Medal in 2006. His outstanding literary contributions included Classic Roses (1985), Twentieth-Century Roses (1988), Roses (1992), Visions of Roses (1996), New Classic Roses (1997) and A Passion for Roses (2004). In 2008, Peter published his autobiography, aptly titled Rose Petals and Muddy Footprints. Peter Beales was awarded the RHS Victoria Medal of Honour in 2002, and in the New Year Honours 2005 he received an MBE. The Garden Media Guild gave him a Lifetime Achievement Award in 2009. He was also a Fellow of the Institute of Horticulture. Alan Titchmarsh, a TV garden expert, told BBC news, “It was the old and classic roses that Peter loved best and by growing them and making them available to a wider range of gardeners, he did tremendous work in terms of our rose-growing heritage. His influence lives on, and I shall remember fondly a great gardener and an affable man.” ~Jolene Adams

Peter L. Beales

“He always maintained that fragrance was a vital

element that every rose should possess and classic roses provided that element in profusion.”



It’s all about the roses what new rosarians should be doing in May and June

by Sheree


319 Katie Lane

Why  do  you  grow  roses?  Did  someEasley, SC 29640 one  in  your  family adore  roses?  When  you  put  your  nose  in  a  fragrant  rose  does it bring back a  precious  memory?  Growing roses connects us to our past and can create  future memories for those we love. Roses bring nonstop color to a garden; they work in shrub borders and  can be combined with bulbs, annuals and perennials.  Garden  roses  are  versatile  flowering  shrubs  and  are  easy care.  May is a great month to go to your favorite rose seller  and  invest  in  some  new  roses.  However,  before  you  impulsively  purchase  a  rose  or  two  (who  can  resist  a  rose  in  full  bloom!),  plan  ahead.  Take  a  look  around  your garden and find places that receive morning sun,  which means from sunrise until 1:00 p.m. (full or all day  sun  is  good  too).  Determine  how  tall  and  wide  you  want the rose to grow. The right rose in the right place  will bring you joy; in the wrong place will be a maintenance headache. How much time and energy are you  willing to give your roses? Read rose literature carefully  before you buy; seek out the advice of local rose aficionados to determine if the roses you want live up to  the marketing hype.  Some  pertinent  rose  selling  history  concerning  what  has happened to the rose industry and why it impacts  what you will be able to buy: just a scant 30 to 40 years  ago hybrid teas ruled the rose world. They were pretty  much the only roses sold at garden centers. Gardeners  expected large blooms on long-stem canes, like they  bought at a florist. Many women were still homemakers  and had more time to care for gardens. Spraying roses  14    AMERICAN ROSE



was a routine garden activity, rose growing was a fun  hobby and rose shows around the United States were  common. However, the hand writing was on the wall in  the 1990s; fewer gardeners were willing to spray any  type of pesticide and they wanted lower maintenance  plants.  Fast  forward  to  the  21st  century:  hybrid  tea  rose sales have plummeted, and as a result several of  our major rose wholesalers (Jackson & Perkins, Weeks  Wholesale  Roses  and  Star Roses)  have  gone  through  or teetered on bankruptcy or have gone through a major reorganization. Then back in year 2000, Star Roses introduced the 'Knock Out' rose; back then I worked  at a local garden center and had ordered 20 because I  was thrilled that I could sell a blackspot resistant rose.  At  first,  most  folks  looking  at  the  Knock Out roses  didn’t think that the blooms looked much like a rose.  So selling it took some convincing on my part, surprisingly Knock Out roses were not an instant hit, but when  landscapers  found  out  about  it,  sales  started  to  explode and Bill Radler, the breeder, became a wealthy  man. Subsequently, Mr. Radler kept introducing more  disease resistant semi-double roses, however, many of  my customers still weren’t impressed with the blooms.  Once  the  'Double Knock Out'  roses  came  out,  they  were  embraced  by  the  rose  buying  public;  millions  have  been  sold  since  they  were  introduced.  During  this time, Dr. Keith Zary who was the main hybridizer  at Jackson & Perkins was working on developing more  disease resistant roses, and so was Tom Carruth from  Weeks  Roses,  but  they  got  a  late  start  compared  to  the decades of time Bill Radler spent on finding a truly  blackspot resistant rose (a truly lucky break). Both companies  have  introduced  some  great  roses,  but  none  had  the  almost  bullet-proof  reputation  of  the  Knock Out series  of  roses.  (Dr.  Zary  and  Mr.  Carruth  are  no  longer  with  their  respective  companies,  but  continue  their  hybridizing  work  elsewhere).  Fortunately  for  us,  the current hybridizers at the above wholesale compa-

Our Beginner's Column  |  The Rookie Rose GaRdeneR  nies are dedicated to breeding more disease resistant hybrid tea like roses, but more on that later. Ultimately this matters because all of these companies want to stay in business and will position themselves in the market place to sell as many roses as they can. In the future you will see more and more roses sold by a group or series because they are much easier to market that way. We have all seen how the Knock Out series of roses have brought about a rose growing frenzy. The 'Pink Double Knock Out' rose is a non-stop bloom-

Hopefully you have heard about the Earth-Kind® series of roses. They were tested under harsh conditions by horticultural specialists with The Texas AgriLife Extension Service, part of Texas A&M. You are sure to find a rose or two to please from small shrubs to enormous climbers. I love and have grown 'Caldwell Pink' (3-4’ by 4’), the almost hybrid tea like 'Belinda’s Dream' (5-6’ by 5’), 'Monsieur Tillier' (7’ by 6’), 'Sea Foam' (2-6’ by 4-8’) and 'Mutabilis' (4-10’ by 6’). For more information on the more than twenty three Earth-Kind® roses visit photos courtesy Star Roses and Nancy Baldwin

'Red Drift', 'Pink Double Knock Out' and 'Belinda’s Dream' er, if I could only have one rose from the Knock Out family this would be it. For more information about these roses and others in the series, visit More recently, Star Roses has introduced the Drift series of ground cover roses. This delightful group of roses are consistent in size, growing from 1- to 2-feet tall to 2- to 3-feet wide, and are very disease resistant. They can be used in containers, spilling over walls and in shrub borders. They are perfect in smaller gardens and bloom almost continuously. I have grown 'Red Drift' at home and love its bright cheerful blooms. At Furman University in Greenville, South Carolina, Star Roses graciously donated several of the Drift series for us to trial: 'Red Drift', 'Pink Drift', 'Coral Drift' and 'Peach Drift', and they all have performed as promised. For more information on about these roses, visit

cultivars/. Both Chamblee’s Rose Nursery ( and Roses Unlimited ( sell these roses. As you can see, roses really are beloved and rose lovers continue to seek out disease resistant easy care roses. Several years ago, Drs. Mark, Alan Windam and other horticultural colleagues from the University of Tennessee, at the UT Extension stations, with the USDA Agricultural Research Service, started testing roses that were claiming disease resistance in rose marketing catalogs. They bought, planted and treated these roses like most homeowners would, giving them good soil, a seasonal slow-release fertilizer and regular watering, but no spraying. After several years they published their results in a brochure: New Garden SolUTions – No-Spray Roses for the Southeastern United States. The results: they found that some roses were ‘T’ or tolerant, blooming well but may defoliate from

MAY/JUNE | 2013    15

ThE ROOkIE ROSE GARdENER |  Our Beginner's Column blackspot  or  cercospora  leaf  spot;  the  ‘MR’  or  moderately resistant roses, which meant they showed less  than  10  percent  of  their  foliage  infected  with  either  blackspot or cercospora, and the ‘R’ or resistant roses  displayed less than two percent foliage infection. Since  blackspot is such a problem in the Southeast and other  parts  of  the  United  States,  you  may  want  to  try  one  of  the  following  roses:  'Carefree  Sunshine',  'Golden  to  find  out  who  sells  this  and  other roses. For more information about the previous  roses and to see The University of Tennessee brochure  visit: There  are  several  other  series  of  roses:  I  will  be  testing several of the Proven Winners Oso Easy roses this  photos courtesy Proven Winners

'Homerun' and Oso Easy 'Honey Bun' Eye', 'Hansa', 'Homerun'; 'Fiesta', 'My Girl', 'My Hero',  'Super  Hero'  (introduced  from  'Roses  by  Ping'),  'Palmengarten Frankfurt', 'White Dawn Cl.', 'Wild Spice',  'Wild Thing' and 'Wildberry Breeze'. I grow 'Carefree  Sunshine',  which  would  have  been  the  first  yellow  'Knock Out'  rose,  except  that  this  rose  did  not  grow  to a consistent height, it throws out long canes on occasion, but it is still a wonderful rose (4-5’ by 3-4’); the  blooms don’t fade and it’s slightly fragrant. For sure I  will buy 'My Girl', a neon pink shrub rose, which looks  the most like a hybrid tea and is fragrant, what’s not to  love? It is even rated an 8.1 in the 2013 ARS Handbook for Selecting Roses,  I  believe  the  rating  will  improve  when it is grown more widely. Ping Lim is the hybridizer  (formerly from Bailey’s Nursery) and has been very successful in creating disease resistant roses; go to www.




year, oso-easy. And a few years back I planted the 'Amber'  Next Generation Flower Carpet rose, and have been  pleased  with  the  disease  resistance  and  look  of  the  blooms, it has grown about 3-feet high and wide. So  when you are out shopping for the Flower Carpet roses  look for the Next Generation series, they have better  disease  resistance  ( flower-carpet-roses/flower-carpet-amber/). The  hunt  for  disease  resistant  hybrid  tea/grandiflora  roses  continues.  Several  years  ago  the  roses  tested  by the All American Rose Selections test rose gardens  went no-spray. In 2012, the first rose to win under the  new no-spray rules was the grandiflora 'Sunshine Daydream' hybridized by Meilland International from Star

Our Beginner's Column  |  The Rookie Rose GaRdeneR  Roses. And the 2013 AARS winner is the hybrid tea 'Francis Meilland', named for the man who hybridized the original 'Peace' rose. This rose grows tall and narrow (6’ by 3’) and is supposed to have a strong, fruit and citrus fragrance. I can’t wait to plant one! Now that we’re in rose blooming season, you should be able to find a rose or two to make you smile. Even if

3-inches of mulch around the roses. Either DripWorks. com or sell easy to install drip irrigation systems for rose gardens. If you want to be a little more ambitious, then fertilize twice a season with some type of organic granular fertilizer such as Mill’s Magic Mix, Espoma’s RoseTone or Jobe’s Organic Rose & Flower Fertilizer; they will make you and your roses happy. photos courtesy Star Roses

'Francis Meilland' and 'Sunshine Daydream' you can’t help yourself and don’t know where to plant it immediately, you can transplant your new treasure into a larger pot. Using an appropriate soil mix, place it in the full sun where you can see it and enjoy the blooms all summer.

May and June Rose Care The first buds have formed and our gardens are in full bloom somewhere! Garden roses can be as easy care or as fussed over as the new rosarian desires. The rose gardener just needs to ensure a spring application of a slow release fertilizer (such as Osmocote, Dynamite (my favorite) or BloomKote plant food); install some type of irrigation system, and spread about

For the rose lover who really wants to get the maximum growth and bloom out of their roses, they will fertilize more frequently. Roses really like some type of compost spread around their roots to the drip line; the application of Black Cow, mushroom or homemade compost will ultimately improve soil texture and attract earthworms. Liquid feeding monthly with Neptune’s Harvest Fish/Seaweed blend, Mill’s Easy Feed, GroMore Magnum Rose Food, Algoflash Rose Fertilizer, Monty’s Joy Juice or any of the MiracleGro water soluble fertilizers will promote rose growth and bloom. If you have another fertilizer that has worked for you, use it. Keep in mind that no fertilizer will work without being in solution; water is best fertilizer for roses!

MAY/JUNE | 2013    17

Our Beginner's Column  |  The Rookie Rose Gardener Roses really need extra nutrition after the first bloom cycle. They are at their peak vigor and during this growth period we want to encourage new cane growth, or what we call basal breaks. The primary nutrient nitrogen, is the engine of plant growth and magnesium sulfate (Epsom salts) is the catalyst. Here is the best way to apply these two essential nutrients: always water before and after you apply. First week: Peter’s 2020-20 and ¼ to ½ cup of Epsom salts, (dissolved in water according to the Peter’s label directions); second week Peter’s 20-20-20 (at 1/2 to 1/3 the label rate) and do the same for the third and fourth weeks. Always water before and after you apply, if you don’t the salt contents in the fertilizer and Epsom salts will pull water away from your rose roots and could kill them, and your rose leaves will also show evidence of burn. Remember nothing happens without water; deep soakings, scheduled regularly are essential for rose health and vigor. Another famous rose recipe from Howard Walter’s Rosarian Ramblings is his alfalfa tea brew. The magic is in the triacontanol, which is a growth stimulator: you will need a 32-gallon trash barrel, 12-cups of alfalfa meal or pellets. Fill it with water, stir and cover for a few days (it will be smelly). Stir the brew every day, and it should be Tip ­— use a spring ready in one week application of a slow (use a broom hanrelease fertilizer  dle to stir). Treat   large roses with Tip — install a drip one-gallon of soluirrigation systems for rose tion and ½ a galyour rosebeds to insure lon for minis and they have a good soaking  mini-floras. Use on   your roses in early Tip — roses really like some spring, mid-sumtype of compost spread mer and late sumaround their roots mer, or use strictly   as a rose pick me Tip — roses really need up. For the ‘fortiextra nutrition after the fied’ tea add 1/3 first bloom cycle. In order cup of chelated to encourage new cane iron, ½ cup of Epgrowth, or what we call som salts, and one basal breaks, feed them cup of Peter’s 20Peter’s 20-20-20 along with 20-20. some Epsom salts


Insects and Diseases: spray only when you see insects damaging your roses; always try to identify any insects before spraying them. You don’t want to nuke the beneficial insects, especially the honeybees. Spider mites, which are not insects and are not controlled with an insecticide, can multiply quickly and get out of hand once temperatures are above 80 degrees, and the humidity is low. Miticides such as Bolide’s Mite-X or Bayer Advanced Nutria Insect, Disease & Mite Control or Bayer’s 3 in 1 Insect, Disease & Mite Control will help, (it also helps control Japanese Beetles). You could also use any Dramm water wand or any wand that you can remove the nozzle from and attach a ‘fog it’ nozzle. Spray a strong mist of water underneath your rose leaves (morning only or at least when there is enough time before night fall for the rose leaves to dry off) and do this every few days; spider mites and water don’t mix. The Chattanooga Rose Society publishes the best garden chemical handout this side of the world. Moreover, they diligently update it every year, I always print one out and bring it with me whenever I need to spray a rose garden: Formulations%202013%20Small%20Garden.pdf If you want to grow the diva roses, which is what Paul Zimmerman calls the typical hybrid teas, check out Bob Martin’s book, Showing Good Roses, and check out his web site: If you have any questions please feel free to e-mail me. And if any of you will be visiting the Greenville, South Carolina, area and would like to visit the Furman University formal hybrid tea rose garden, please e-mail me at: sheree. Our peak bloom is the first few weeks in May, but this garden is always spectacular through early summer. Lastly, I love to learn; therefore, I read, and my most favorite recently published rose books include: The Sustainable Rose Garden by Pat Shanely, Peter Kukielski and Gene Waering, and just published Everyday Roses How to grow Knock Out and other Easy-Care Garden Roses by Paul Zimmerman. To read more about Paul’s book turn to page 42. Above all, enjoy your garden, please do stop, smell the roses and cut a few to share. Find the nearest rose society on, and start making some new friends.

MAY/JUNE|2013 MAY/JUNE 2013 19 For more information, visit us online at or find us on Facebook at

© 2013 United Industries Corporation

The beauty and versatility of roses and ornamentals make them centerpieces of your garden. Proper planting and quality soil, along with effective protection from pests and disease, will help ensure their health. Spectracide Immunox ® products defend your plants from common fungus diseases and insects — and because the fungicide is absorbed systemically into the plant, it won’t dilute with watering or wash off in rain.

Bobbie Reed

by 3388 Lennox Court Lawrenceville, GA 30044-5616

The Glory of Your Rose Garden

It will be approaching summer as you’re reading this, but it’s January as I’m writing it. We seem to be having a “normal” winter in Georgia, with temperature swings from 22 to 76 degrees. Some daffodils have already begun blooming several weeks early. There are already a few stray blooms on 'Safrano' and 'Hermosa', many rose bushes are holding on to their leaves and other winter blooms are spreading their fragrance. It can be hard to be enthusiastic about roses this time of year, but I know that things will change, and I’ll be enthralled once again. In our Zone 7B-8A garden in Lawrenceville, GA, blooms begin in late March, then swell to a peak usually around May 1, in time for our local rose show on Mothers’ Day weekend. With over 200 roses, many of which are one-time bloomers, the roses produce thousands of blooms all at once with overwhelming fragrance that’s intoxicating. The

right: 'Mutabilis', below: Rosa banksiae lutea

photos courtesy Bobbie Reed





So It Grows



minis always bloom a little later, as do the teas, but the shrubs and other OGRs are fabulous. Our favorite rose, 'Carefree Beauty', makes a pink mound in the front yard that was large enough to discourage the letter carrier from delivering our mail one year. With such beauty, why not be enthusiastic about our roses year round? That fabulous peak has to satisfy us for much of the year, however, since later in the season I can only find a couple of dozen roses at any one time. From Connie Vierbicky in Zone 9B: I was born and raised in Florida and have lived here my whole life. About twenty years ago I started raising roses as an after-school therapy from being a high school math teacher. It worked great, and my students appreciated the wonderful smell from the bouquets that always sat on my desk. My favorite roses are the David Austin english roses, which look like “cabbage roses”, but I grow all types in my almost 200 bush garden. We are having an incredible winter bloom this January and I am loving it. There are hundreds of blooms and where are the rose shows when I need them? The garden looks spectacular and my favorite rose, 'The Dark Lady', never fails to bless me with its beauty. 'Louise Estes' in the background is no slouch either. The unusual thing about where I live in Sarasota (south of Tampa) is that my best looking blooms usually appear from November through January when there are no rose shows. This 2013 “winter” has been really unusual because daytime temperatures were sometimes in the 80s but nights were still cool. I had 20-inch long stems, huge blooms, vivid colors and foliage that was pristine. Somehow, I always seem to be on the short end of the stick as per rose show timing, but when you can walk on the beach with blue skies and sunshine above when the rest of the nation is freezing cold, my life seems really blessed.

photos courtesy Connie Vierbicky

Connie Vierbicky's garden full of blooming roses!



ROSE TIPS | So It Grows From Diane & Gregg Sommers in Zone 5A Our Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin, rose garden experiences distinct changes consistent with our northern seasonal climate. As I am writing this article in January, the garden is full of snow, with the green canes of the bushes pushing through reminding me that roses are hardier than many people give them credit for. It is a time for me to reflect on my garden, study catalogues, rose article, and the Rose Exhibitors Forum to identify what new varieties I want to introduce into my garden. I always have my own list of garden "New Year's resolutions," with ideas to enhance my gardens as well as to take advantage of opportunities to participate in the many rose activities of the local rose societies and the American Rose Society. In mid to late June the garden has that first display of color. It is intoxicating, with neighbors stopping along their daily walk to comment on the color display. My front garden is primarily miniature and miniflora roses of every color possible. Those first blooms occur about the same time, to create an incredible pallet of color. Behind the minis, 'Ramblin Red', a very hardy climber from Bill Radler, covers the garage in a wall of red blooms. Walking around the house, ‘Rose de Rescht’ can be seen full of mauve, fragrant blooms and 'William Baffin' provides an archway of pink blooms welcoming visitors into my backyard garden. It is at that time that our local rose societies have their rose shows, and for three straight weekends we spend our time showing roses, creating flower arrangements and judging rose shows. Friendships are renewed with my rose friends from across the North Central District heading into a restful Fourth of July celebration. The garden continues to mature throughout the season, with slower growth and bloom in the hot July and August months and challenges from the infamous Japanese Beetles. As the weather cools, mid-August thru mid-September, plant growth re-surges, blooms are abundant and the second wave of rose shows occurs. Temperatures begin to cool down mid-September, and plant growth slows as the garden prepares itself for the winter months to come.

left: 'Ramblin Red', below: Diane's garden.

photos courtesy Diane Sommers







Garden Shoes O N L I N E . C O M



INSIDE ROSES |  Exploring the World of Roses from the Inside

Inside Roses

A personal investigation into the anatomy and physiology of the rose

Dormancy in Roses


by Dr. Gary A. Ritchie 8026 61st Avenue NE Olympia, WA 98516

The  idea  of  “dormancy”  seems  to  pervade  the  rose  literature. In a recent visit to the Internet, I found more  than 30 web posts containing statements such as: “… by  leaving  hips  on  your  rose  plants  you  will  help  to  promote  winter  dormancy…”  or  “It  is  best  to  prune  roses when canes are dormant…” or “…therefore, the  best  time  to  transplant  roses  is  during  the  dormant  period.”  In the next series of columns I will argue, convincingly I  hope, that modern roses do not exhibit true “dormancy;”  therefore,  none  of  the  statements  listed  above  has any real meaning. Each, then, falls under the category of “rose lore” and can largely be dismissed.   Let  me  make  it  clear  right  up  front  that  I  am  talking  about modern roses — hybrid teas, floribundas, grandifloras, miniatures, climbers, most shrubs, many old  garden roses and all other roses that have more than  one  annual  bloom  period.  In  contrast,  species  roses  do  exhibit  a  true  dormancy  cycle  as  do  virtually  all  temperate  zone  woody  perennial  plants.  So,  in  this  series of columns we’ll be talking about modern roses. 

Plants and animals that live in the temperate, and subarctic,  zones  of  our  planet  are  exposed  to  weather  conditions each winter that can be lethal to living organisms (for a review of the ways in which winter kills  plants, see “Inside Roses,” American Rose, Sept/Oct  2008).  So  all  have  evolved  a  suite  of  adaptations  to  |

all photos courtesy Dr. Gary Ritchie

help them survive these weather perils. 

What is dormancy?


Figure 1. Birds, such as these mallards, are  able to escape winter by migrating to warmer  climes.  Bird  migrations  often  cover  hundreds or even thousands of miles.


Animals are mobile, able to migrate long distances or  hibernate  underground  to  escape  winter.  But  plants,  being sessile, are not so fortunate. They are trapped  in one place their entire lives so they must somehow  endure winter. Dormancy is a physiological adaptation 

Exploring the World of Roses From the Inside |  INSIDE ROSES mancy is a physiological imperative enabling plants to endure winter, which is genetically hard-wired into plants and is shared by virtually all temperate zone perennial plants — except for modern roses.

Figure 2. Temperate zone trees such as these conifers, unable to escape their immediate environment, enter a physiological state called dormancy in fall. This enables them to endure the vagaries of winter including low temperature and desiccating wind.

Plants that exhibit dormancy are locked into an annual cycle that prevents them from growing and flowering more than once in any given year without first undergoing a “winter experience.” Consider, for example, the rhododendron — a plant grown and loved around the world. Rhododendrons bloom in spring. Then the flowers fade and drop, seeds form, next year’s buds develop and the plant gradually becomes dormant. It will not flower again until the following spring no matter how it is treated. Bring it into a greenhouse, it will not flower; give it plenty of water, it will not flower;

that plants have evolved over the ages to enable them to do this. In a sense, dormancy is plant hibernation. Plants stop growing for two reasons and this is where the confusion arises. The first case, known as “quiescence,” is a temporary condition, while the second case “true dormancy” (some call this winter rest) is not. The differences between these two physiological states are profound, so let’s clearly define and explain them. Quiescence is a condition during which plant growth temporarily ceases owing to adverse environmental factors. For example, several weeks of drought may cause plants to stop growing. But irrigation, or the return of rain, will result in a resumption of growth. Another example: during winter, low temperatures may cause growth to slow or to stop completely. However, a warm spell may stimulate a resurgence of growth. This is not dormancy. It is quiescence. Dormancy, in contrast, is a physiological state during which plants will neither grow nor flower no matter what the environmental conditions may be. So, even if days are long, warm and sunny, and moisture is plentiful the plant will not grow. Period. It is dormant. Dor-

Figure 3. Species roses, such as Rosa nutkana, also exhibit a dormancy cycle and are capable of withstanding temperatures way below freezing. Along with nearly all other woody perennial plants, they require a winter exposure to resume flowering.

fertilize it heavily, it will not flower. It is dormant. However, when winter finally ends and days begin to warm up, rhododendrons once again blossom. Virtually all woody perennial plants growing in temperate regions display this seasonal cycle. (There may be exceptions to this, but I can think of only one — the Pacific Dogwood, which has a weak autumn bloom).

MAY/JUNE | 2013    25

INSIDE ROSES |  Exploring the World of Roses from the Inside But, as we well know, modern roses continue to produce blossoms all summer long, on into fall and even  early  winter.  They  continuously  throw  up  new  canes  with  flower  buds  at  their  tips  —  the  buds  break  and  new  flowers  appear.  On  and  on  and  on.  If  you  grow  roses in a greenhouse, providing them with adequate  heat, light, moisture and food, they will bloom indefinitely. They do not require a winter experience to restart the bloom cycle.  So  what  is  this  “winter  experience”  all  about?  How  does winter stimulate plants (but not roses) to flower?  Why are roses different? Stay tuned. Note: This article appeared first in The Clippings, the newsletter of the Olympia Rose Society.

Figure 4. Unlike most plants modern roses,  such  as  this  hybrid  tea  rose  'Marilyn  Monroe', do not exhibit a dormancy cycle.  Therefore,  they  have  no  way  of  escaping or avoiding winter. But they can yield  beautiful flowers year round.


A Book Review I am a rose exhibitor; I love taking my hybrid tea roses  to  a  show  and  trying  to  win  ribbons.  I  fertilize,  water   and  spray  my  roses  to  prevent  disease  and  encourage  growth.  I  know  that  most  new  rose  growers  do  not share my enthusiasm for exhibiting but rather want  26    AMERICAN ROSE



by Don Swanson

masses of roses and little work. Paul Zimmerman’s Everyday Roses  offers  to  teach  the  casual  grower  how  to grow easy-care roses with a minimum of fuss and a  maximum of bloom.


Zimmerman is the owner of Paul Zimmerman Roses and the former owner of Ashdown Roses. His web site,, says the company is dedicated to teaching that “roses are plants, too.” My beloved hybrid teas are called divas in Zimmerman’s latest book; not in derision but rather in the amount of care they are perceived to require. Throughout the book he refers to easy-care rose types as “Garden Roses” saying they are nothing more nor less than flowering shrubs and should be used in the garden as such. Garden roses simply require no more care than other shrubs. Everyday Roses is clearly written and well illustrated with attractive photos. There are references to online videos that can be accessed to view such activities as planting or pruning the garden rose. The text is so easy to follow that few will need to watch the videos. The book contains a unique section entitled the “Rose Gallery.” It shows the use of garden roses in many different situations with gorgeous photos including color combinations, mixed beds, mass rose plantings of the same or mixed varieties, ground covers, hedge arches and many others. The gallery offers up a plethora of ideas for using roses in the garden. Everyday Roses leads the grower through buying and planting a new rose; then into the basic care of mulching, watering and feeding the plants. Zimmerman explores myths of rose growing in the process, such as “roses need a lot of fertilizer,” then goes on to suggest organic time release fertilizer twice annually, good soil care and possibly sea weed-based fertilizer. When it comes to watering he suggests less frequent and deeper waterings, and when mulching, first use a layer of compost then a layer of hardwood mulch. Also covered in the book are how to prune the bushes and grooming it throughout the year to get the size and shape you desire. Diseases and insects are also covered, with prevention being the key word. Zimmerman has some organic suggestions for controlling problems; including creating a host environment for beneficial insects and for birds. The obligatory section of recommended roses is ar-

ranged in an unorthodox manner; roses are listed by “family” then alphabetically; the family being such as “Easy Elegance from Bailey Nurseries” or “Carefree Landscape Roses from Star Roses and Plants/Conard-Pyle.” Each rose is illustrated with a too-small photo and then described with color, zones, dimensions, etc. The book winds up with an Appendix containing a “brief history of roses,” a discussion of rose classification, a metric conversion chart and a climate map. A clear index follows. I recommend this book for a new rose grower, for a grower wanting to use a more soil-friendly approach and for experienced rose growers who want to have their assumptions challenged. I enjoyed Everyday Roses and will consult it often for easier ways to grow roses. Published in 2013 by The Taunton Press with a softbound cover, 185 pages and the list price of $22.95; Everyday Roses is available in bookstores everywhere and at

MAY/JUNE  MAY/JUNE || 2013   2013     27 27

A GREENER THUMB  |  Good Earth R.O.S.E.

Responsible, Organic,

Simple & Earth-Friendly It’s Not Your Fault! How many of us have purchased a rose, brought  it  home,  cared  for  it  well  for  a  few  weeks  and  then  watched helplessly as it slowly died before our eyes?  Following this scenario is usually the all too familiar: “I  just can’t grow roses.” Unfortunately, this is the dilemma facing many Americans when it comes to growing  roses. “It’s not your fault!” It has to do with the way the  rose was grown before it came to you.

Dependence We  are  easily  taken  in  by  a  perfect  looking  rose  bush  with  giant  robust  blooms  and  not  a  blemish  in  sight. But, is this real? For example, a hybrid tea bush  may have been grafted (budded) onto a one-year-old  understock and then grown for another year while being fed a steady diet of synthetic fertilizers, fungicides  and pesticides in order to grow and mature as fast as  possible for market. After it is pulled from the ground,  the rose either sits in cold storage for up to five months  or is potted and continuously fed more chemicals until  the new owner — you — takes it home. After carefully  preparing the soil or container with the best available  soil and amendments, planting the rose and mulching  it  well,  it  is  heartbreaking,  to  say  the  least,  to  watch  the rose die. Unbeknownst to you, the rose is now going through withdrawals. Because you are not offering  your rose the same chemicals that made it grow fast  and bloom so much, it is now going to break down. A  rose on steroids is a fraud. It looks strong and healthy  and performs on top for awhile, but in fact, in the long  run it is not sustainable. This break down can actually  take up to two years depending on how “dependent”  28    AMERICAN ROSE



by Pamela 

Greenewald P.O . Box 1106 Alachua, Florida  32616

the rose has become on the heavy chemical diet it was  fed before coming to us.

Some Do It Right In all fairness, the above scenario describes a minority  of  commercial  rose  growing  practices  found  amongst a few of the big box contract growers; which  is why the majority of roses sold in today’s market do  not,  in  fact,  end  up  on  the  burn  pile  but  are  instead  able  to  provide  many  years  of  enjoyment  to  today’s  rose buyer.  Christian Bédard, who heads up the Weeks Roses  hybridizing program, made it clear to me that their roses were not overfed — or overdosed — with too many  chemicals  because  not  only  is  it  not  cost  effective  to  over-use  fertilizers,  but  with  California’s  dry  climate,  fungicides are not needed as much as they would be  in other parts of the country. His use of systemic pesticides in the greenhouse are long worn off by the time  their  roses  reach  market.  When  asked  about  Weeks’  test and trial growing fields, he said that no sprays or  fertilizers were being used there in order to determine  which roses were the most disease-resistant. He added  that they use various treatments with caution on an as  needed basis.  David Austin Roses also uses chemicals sparingly in  the United Kingdom, as well as in the dry fields of Texas.  They  even  promote  their  own  blend  of  organic  fertilizer for their customers to use. Today, many of the large  growers are attempting to become more green by using  IPM (Integrated Pest Management) whenever possible.  It is definitely an encouraging sign of the times. 

Good Earth R.O.S.E | A GREENER THUMB Grafting According to the horticultural department at Purdue University, the Greeks and Romans practiced the art of grafting as early as the 5th century B.C. Grafting appeared to be commonplace and was widely used on various types of trees and grapevines as a form of propagation. By the 2nd century B.C., citrus trees, such as lemon and citron, were being grafted together. The earliest written account of grafting comes from a treatise written by followers of Hippocrates around 424 B.C. In this treatise, grafting is described in such detail that a anyone of that time period would have understood what grafting was all about. Theophrastus, who is considered the father of botany, also writes about grafting and techniques to help the process. Grafting has not changed much over the centuries.

These weaker roses need more care from the grower even when budded. Ultimately, the divine intelligence of nature surfaces again when it comes to the differences between budded — grafted roses — and those grown from cuttings on their own roots. Even the largest commercial rose growers are beginning to offer many of their roses on their own roots, because not only do they know it makes for a much healthier rose, but public demand for own-root roses is increasing for these reasons: 1. Own-root roses may live more than 100 years, where a grafted rose will be lucky to survive 15 years with the best of care. If a grafted rose is reported to be 30 or 40 years old, chances are the root stock has died and the rose has established its own roots. All over Europe the practice is to grow roses by budding

all photos courtesy Pam Greenewald

Clockwise: A well maintained garden at Heirloom Roses, Organically grown roses at Angel Gardens and 'Queen of Sweden' It has the advantage of growing a rose quickly and having larger blooms. The obvious reasons for grafting in commerce are not being disputed here. Most of the roses sold today are budded or grafted for various reasons. I am not against the practice of budding roses under certain circumstances, as when increased vigor is needed for a rose to reach normal proportions. It is an interesting fact, and important to note here, that many cultivars would never have made it to market at all if they were not able to be grafted; they are weaklings that would not grow well at all on their own roots.

in order to get a large plant faster, but then the bud union (or graft) is planted several inches below the soil, with the scion (the rose on top) being exposed to the soil in order to allow, and in fact encourage, the rose to eventually establish its own roots. 2. People who reside in cold climates are usually in favor of own-root roses because they are much more likely to withstand freezing temperatures. After having



A GREENER THUMB  | Good Earth R.O.S.E. to replace their grafted roses every year or two, some people become tired of treating their roses like annuals. 3. Own-root roses avoid many common diseases of the graft, such as crown gall, which is most common in grafted roses. Rose mosaic virus can also be avoided, which may be spread by the root stock. 4. Suckers from the root stock are nonexistent in the own-root rose. 5. Roses in the south budded onto shallow-rooted 'Fortuniana' rootstock must be held up with rebar or they will blow over in the wind. The same rose growing on its own roots will be stronger with many basal breaks, A grafted rose. and it will never need such support. This allows us to avoid another maintenance chore. 6. Own-root roses are healthier having stronger immune systems. Roses grown from cuttings on their own roots may take longer to mature, but when they do they are much more resistant to diseases and pests because their immune systems have not been compromised.

Proof These words from Francis E. Lester’s book My Friend the Rose, published in 1942, says it best: “If the rose since time immemorial has enshrined herself in the life and literature and affections of mankind without the benefit of sprays and super-salesmanship, surely the business of growing roses cannot be so complicated an undertaking. May it not be, after





all, a much simpler thing than we are led to believe? Do we not place more emphasis on the intricacies of rose growing and on difficult rose ideals than is for the good of the cause? Would it not be better for the interest of the rose lover and especially for the millions of potential rose growers in America who ‘would like to grow roses if they weren’t so hard to attend to,’ if we told more of the simplicities of rose culture and of the old proved varieties? Why not talk less of our latest novelties, some of which are admittedly hard to grow, many of which are known to be short-lived and all of which have yet to prove their ability to endure for future generations?” The famous rose authority Dr. Nicolas does not hesitate in The Rose Manual to emphasize the “ill effects of the inbreeding which accompanies the plethora of modern hybridizations which has accelerated the seeming degeneration of the hybrid tea class, their weakness or lack of constitution, and all the hokum that has pervaded rose literature.” How very often we rose lovers have fallen victims to the appeal of highly colored photographs and extravagantly worded claims, only to find out after we have spent money, time and labor that they cannot compare with older, less expensive rose varieties under average garden conditions. How much greater must be the disappointment of the inexperienced amateur who makes his first rose venture with an inbred, short-lived novelty and whose ambition to grow roses may thereby be shattered. The utmost credit is due the world’s rose hybridizers for their patient work and for the unquestioned advances they have brought about in the search for disease-resistance, fragrance and quality of performance in our gardens. But the new rose grower should know that no rose is better merely because it is protected by a plant patent and that an “alluring illustration” made from a greenhouse-grown rose is no criterion for garden planting. At least in today’s rose world, new roses are being grown in trial gardens all over the country in order to be more specific by regions as to claims of the virtues of the performance of a new rose. It still takes many years of growing these roses to determine their permanent value.

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ROSE RESEARCH |  Better Roses Through Research

Recent Rose

Research This compendium summarizes papers published in research journals throughout the world. If you wish to consult the full paper and cannot find a copy at your local university, write to Professor Richardson enclosing $1 per page to cover the cost of photocopying and postage.

Arve, L., Teerfa, M.T., Gislerod, H.R. , Olsen, J. & Torre, S. (2013)  High  relative  air  humidity  and  continuous  light  reduce  stomata  functionality  by  affecting the ABA regulation in rose leaves. Plant Cell & Environment 36:382-392. Rose  cuttings  or  in  vitro  grown  plantlets,  which  are  maintained  under  high  humidity,  develop  large  stomata on their leaves that do not close at night  or under water stress. Losses result when the plants  are transferred to normal conditions. This study reveals the important roles played by the plant hormone  abscisic  acid  (ABA)  and  of  the  enzyme  Bglucosidase and provides  an excellent discussion  of stomatal function and its control in roses. Cannavo, P. & Michel, J.C. (2013) Peat particle size effects on spatial root distribution, and changes on  hydraulic  and  aeration  properties.  Scientia Horticulturae 151:11-21. Peat  is  widely  used  as  a  growing  medium  for  roses.  Peat with a small particle size was more suitable for  drip irrigation while that with a larger particle size  is better for sub-irrigation systems. The study with  cv 'Knock Out' showed that the highest rose root  mass  develops  at  the  base  of  containers  where  there  is  a  risk  of  serious  oxygen  depletion  in  the  roots,  particularly  in  fine  peat.  Careful  irrigation  management is needed. 




by ProfessorDavid

H.S. Richardson Dean Emeritus, Saint Mary’s University, Halifax, NS, B3H 3C3, Canada

Demotes-Mainard, S., Huche-Thelier, l., Morel, P., Boumaza, R., Guerin, V. & Sakr, S.  (2013)  Tem porary water restriction or light intensity limitation  promotes  branching  in  rose  bush.  Scientia Horticulturae 150:432-440. Consumers prefer shrubby-looking, branched, pottedrose plants. These can be induced by adjusting the  environmental conditions with mechanical stimulation or by pruning. The last is expensive and the  first  easier  to  apply.  Using  cv  'Radrazz'  the  study  showed  that  temporary  restriction  of  water  supply  or  light  promoted  branching  when  the  bushes  were  returned  to  optimum  growth  conditions.  35  percent  more  flowering  shoots  developed  on plants subjected to 16 days of light limitation  when compared with control plants. Water limitation  also  gave  more  shoots  but  did  not  increase  flower numbers; there were more blind shoots. Fanourakis, D., Pieruschka, R., Savvides, A., Macnish, A.J., Sarlikioti, V. & Woltering, E.J. (2013)  Sources of vase life variation in cut roses: A review.  Postharvest Biology and Technology 78:1-15.  This paper reviews the results of a large number of research studies that have investigated the vase life  of roses. Such studies have looked at pre-harvest  factors  —  greenhouse  conditions,  disease  incidence, genetics, etc., post-harvest factors — production  season,  cutting  and  conditioning  factors, 

Better Roses Through Research | ROSE Research  transport and treatment, etc. To make better comparisons possible and avoid erroneous interpretations, future studies should collect data using the standard set of parameters provided by a table in the review. Naziroglu, M., Kozlu, S., Yorgancigil, E., Ugaz, A.C. & Karakus, K. (2013) Rose oil (from Rosa damascena Mill.) vapor attenuates depression-induced oxidative toxicity in rat brain. Journal of Natural Medicines 67:152-158. Rose oil contains the antioxidants rutin and quercitin as well as the flavonoids geraniol and citronellol. In this study, groups of rats were stressed and then either dosed with rose oil or exposed to rose oil vapour for 15 minutes per day. It was found that rose oil vapour protected the animals against stress-induced depression. Thus, exposure to rose oil vapour may be helpful in treating depression in humans. Ozbek, H. (2008) Cnaemidiphorus rhodactyla, a new Rosa spp. pest for Turkey, and its new parasitoids. Phytoparasitica 36:502-504. The caterpillars of this small moth, which is found in Europe and other parts of the northern hemisphere, feed on the flower buds of roses destroying more that half the bud. The moth has recently been found on 12 species of roses in Turkey, particularly R. dumalis and R. subcanina. Fortunately, three parasitoids were also discovered as well, one fly and two ichneumon wasps which should help to limit the populations of this moth. Paredes, M. & Quilles, M.J. (2013) Stimulation of chlororespiration by drought under heat and high illumination in Rosa meillandina. Journal of Plant Physiology 170:165-171.. The effects of water stress on chlororespiration, a respiratory electron transport chain that is found in chloropolasts, was studied in roses. It was found that chlororespiration was not important under conditions of high light and temperature when there was sufficient water. However when photosynthetic (PSII) activity was inhibited by drought, chlororespiration appears to be essential to support electron flow in the chloroplasts and reduce damage due to reactive oxygen species.

Rabot, A., Henry, C. Baaziz, K.B., Mortreau, E., Azri, W., Lothier, J. & Sakr, S. (2012) Insight into the role of sugars in bud burst under light in the rose. Plant Cell Physiology 56:1068-1082. The growth of buds on rose stems is controlled by the interaction between light and sugar-induced signally pathways. This ensures that bud-burst only occurs when there is sufficient carbohydrates present to meet the needs of the new shoot. Two sugar sensing mechanisms, one for sucrose and the other for fructose seem to be central to budburst regulation. Sahle, A. & Potting, J. (2013) Environmental life cycle assessment of Ethiopian rose cultivation. Science of the Total Environment 443:163-172. Floriculture, especially of roses is a rapidly expanding sector of the Ethiopian economy driven by a suitable climate and available workforce. The rose farms are all within 200 km of Addis Ababa and the roses are grown in plastic greenhouses. This study assessed the environmental impact of the fuel, fertilizers, pesticides, plastic, water, etc., needed to support this industry. The hope is that new methods and more efficient nutrient management will reduce the impact upon the Ethiopian environment. Sajid, I., Shaaban, K.A. & Hasnain, S. (2013) Purification and indentification of bioactive angucyclinones from Streptomyces matensis BG5, isolated from the rhizosphere of Rosa indica. Preparative Biochemistry and Biotechnology 43:22-32. A new strain of Streptomyces was isolated from soil around the shoots of R. indica that exhibited a broad range of antibiotic activity against bacteria and fungal pathogens. It proved possible to grow the strain in a large scale fermentor and isolate three pure compounds: ochromycinone, emycinD, and 1-acetyl-beta-carbolin. The search for new antibiotics to treat resistant pathogens is of current importance and the rhizosphere of roses may be a useful source.

MAY/JUNE | 2013    33

SHOW BUSINESS  |  On With The Shows

Rose Exhibiting 101:

Prepping & Grooming Part 1

by Don

& Mary Myers

8621 Barrett Ridge Road Wake Forest, NC 27587

Having just watched a national dog show it is easy to see how much importance impeccable prepping and grooming are to the success of an entry. Of course, roses are not dogs, and if one does refer to a rose as a dog we all know what that means, and Affenpinschers have nothing to do with it! As judges, we see too many not-groomed or badly groomed roses entered in the show, and we have to wonder, “If they only did that, would this rose have won the class?” Sadly, many exhibitors do not know how to prepare or groom their roses. Good grooming can be learned and rose societies have a responsibility to teach it. We are fortunate that the rules allow exhibitors to manipulate the rose in any appropriate way or cut away any flaws that might reduce the quality of our exhibits. However, we can’t add anything to a bloom or treat the leaves to make them shine. You might be surprised to learn that this is not the case with all flower shows. We have recently begun exhibiting day lilies. At our first show we groomed a flower by making a small cut to a day lily petal, only to have the bloom disqualified. It


seems that day lilies must be entered as they grow. The stems can be cleaned of debris, but the flowers cannot be manipulated. If you plan to exhibit flowers of any type, you need to know the rules for that flower type, understand what you can or cannot do, and take the time to do it. If you don’t have the time to prepare your blooms, consider making fewer entries. Less can be better if winning is important to you. We have observed that some successful exhibitors might only enter a few blooms and focus their time energy on them. Of course, we appreciate those exhibitors who bring hundreds of blooms and enter as many as time will allow. That is what makes for a beautiful show. It depends on your objective. Here are some tips to get your roses ready for a typical rose show. To begin with, organize your entries. Collect sufficient containers as soon as you arrive in the prep area. Before you even place a rose in a container, make sure there is plenty of water in it. Sometimes in our haste we have forgotten to put any water in a vase... very embarrassing! On show day, if the show

area is warm or has skylights overhead, cut roses can drink an amazing amount of water, and a wilted rose is a disqualified rose. The host society may or may not make regular checks for vases low on water or wilted roses. Be responsible for your own entries. What do you need to do to be a successful exhibitor? Of course, you need excellent roses of the right variety for each class you enter. Beyond that, attention to detail is what often separates a blue ribbon winner from a trophy-winning entry on the head table. For a single-stemmed rose in a container in the hybrid tea class, for example, make sure the stem stands as straight as possible. Wedging will help to accomplish this. The show schedule will usually say what type of wedging material can be used. We find that dry floral foam (Oasis) is very effective. The foam can be placed in the mouth of the container alongside of the stem to prop it. Recently, we found that inserting the stem through a hole through the center of the dry floral foam

On With The Shows  | SHOW BUSINESS made with a pencil is a very good way to present a bloom. Typically, wedging material should not extend beyond the lip of the container. Most show schedules mention this. Height of the entry is also important. A small-to-average bloom on an excessively long stem may lose points for “balance and proportion.” When you wedge your hybrid tea stems in the containers, please remember that many judges are shorter than the long-stemmed hybrid teas being shown on a standard height table. Long stems can be lovely, but longer is not necessarily better. If a judge cannot see the bloom clearly, he or she may tend to ignore it when it comes to judging for the head table. Rose judges consider all aspects of an entry. Those awarding horticultural ribbons typically do not add up points to score an entry, but they keep the weight of each characteristic in their head. Most of the points that a judge can award are in the bloom, but you do need to pay attention to the leaves. Blooms usually do not win just because they have great leaves, but diseased or poorly groomed stems can severely penalize an otherwise beautiful exhibit. In the extreme, we have seen some single stem entries shown without any leaves by novices who don’t understand the standards. In the classes for single stems, roses need to be shown with well-groomed leaves. Polish the leaves with a soft cloth and cut away any insect or disease damage. Leave as much of the leaf as possible. A pair of deckle-edged scissors from your local craft store can be particularly helpful in recreating the serrated edge of the leaf. Carefully remove any new growth

emanating from leaf axils by pinching the growth neatly or cutting it with a small sharp knife or scalpel. Excess growth will be penalized or may lead to disqualification. The bloom needs to be shown with the outer petals open enough to be nearly parallel to the ground. Exhibits that are not sufficiently open may be viewed as buds and be given no ribbon. The correct degree of openness may vary depending on who is judging. If you have a nearly open bloom, you might try to coax it open by gently inserting cotton swabs or balls between the petals to shape them to your taste. Interestingly, all that cotton will get the attention of the public and make them wonder what you are doing. Most exhibitors will take the time to answer questions by the passing public. Leave the cotton for as long as possible to separate petals and get them where you want them, but make sure you remove them before you enter your roses. An errant cotton ball seen by a judge will cause disqualification. Also, exhibition-stage blooms must have a clearly defined center! This is a very important criterion for judging. Judges will tend to look more favorably on a rose with a tighter needlepoint center. Roses lacking a clearly defined or confused center will often be downgraded or passed over. If you are placing your own entries for exhibition, arrange the container so that the rose will be “looking” at the judges. Make sure the entry tag is neatly filled out and facing forward so that it can be readily seen and read. Check for correct exhibition name and spelling. Come back and check your roses prior to the close of entries to make sure that all is as you intended.

When you use

the original,

it shows. A natural in the garden since 1929.





he official display of roses to the public, in Australia, is generally organized through State-based Rose Societies (Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia and Western Australia) coordinated through The National Rose Society of Australia ( The State of Tasmania and the Northern Territory don’t have their own separate rose societies. Rosarians in Tasmania either choose to belong to the Victoria Rose Society, the South Australia Rose Society or both. Rosarians in the Northern Territory are looked after by South Australia in a group known as Top End Roses. There are six regional rose groups within New South Wales spanning the eastern area of the State, but rosarians located in the far west and the northwest regions of Victoria often defy state borders and choose to belong to the South Australian Rose Society through the Chaffey Rose Club. This is because they are geographically closer to Adelaide rather than their respective State Capital Cities, and they have growing conditions for roses more similar to South Australia than the remainder of their respective States. In the past, there was the perception that these Statebased rose societies were too focused on modern rose varieties, and a separate organization known as Heritage Roses in Australia was formed in 1979, 36




by Les


which also has its own State-based structure (www. Whilst many rosarians maintain dual membership, the activities of both organizations largely remain independent. Each rose society conducts their own Spring and Autumn Rose Shows under the Australian National Judging Guidelines including the classification of roses determined by the International Cultivar Registration Authority for Rosa published in Modern Roses 12. As we are located in the Southern Hemisphere, our seasons are opposite to those that most readers of American Rose would normally experience. In general, the Spring Rose Shows are held during the month of October with Queensland holding their rose show in the first week. Various regions of New South Wales and Western Australia show later in the month while The Rose Society of Victoria holds its Spring Rose Show in Melbourne during early November. These Rose Societies hold their Autumn Rose Shows during April or early May with New South Wales coordinating their competition and display of roses with the Royal Easter Agricultural Show held in Sydney. Here in South Australia, our peak “spring” blooming occurs naturally during early to mid October in the

Roses in Australia | ROSES ABROAD  

A fountain on the foreshore of the Murray River in Renmark surrounded by a planting of 'Circus' roses. | 2013  MAY/JUNE    37 photo courtesy Les Krake

ROSES ABROAD | Roses in Australia

photo courtesy Peter Hoare

Barossa Chateau at Lyndoch Hill and rose garden.

warmer and more arid regions of the State and late October to early November in the cooler areas of the Adelaide Hills and Southern regions. The subsequent flushes of rose varieties, that repeat bloom, produce flowers right through the summer period — albeit with smaller blooms — through to late autumn; sometimes with flowers into early winter during June. The two-day Spring Rose Show is held in Adelaide during the third or fourth week of October. This show, with some 570 competitive entries and additional noncompetitive floral displays, lectures on rose topics, art and craft, and other rose related trade sales. It has a uniquely chosen floral theme, which is displayed on stage and throughout the venue. The same facility is used for the two-day Autumn Rose Show during the third weekend in April; organized along similar lines to complement the Spring Rose Show. In recent years, smaller rose shows have developed in country centers such as Maitland, Jamestown and Port Augusta, providing locals with the opportunity for competitive rose exhibi38




tion judged by representatives from The Rose Society of South Australia. Not far from the metropolitan area of Adelaide, the Barossa Rose and Flower Show is held regularly during the first weekend of November. Although roses are the main featured flower for competitive exhibition there are classes set aside for other flowering plants, ornamentals and floral art. Here they also choose a unique floral theme to decorate the venue. As from last year, the show was moved to Lyndoch Hill and Barossa Chateau ( ) where an extensive formal rose garden of some 30,000 roses has undergone renovation. HM Queen Elizabeth II originally — officially — opened this rose garden during her visit to South Australia in 2002. It fell into decline until a couple of years ago when the new owners, with help from the “friends of the garden,” began working with dedication to bring the garden back to its former glory.

Roses in Australia | ROSES ABROAD

photo courtesy Les Krake

Part of the collection of 4000 varieties of roses at the Ruston Rose Centre.

The remarkable town of Renmark, located 158 miles northeast from Adelaide, holds its annual Rose Festival for 10 days starting in the third week of October. Its organizing committee produces a freely available booklet well in advance with a program of events and provides the same information online (www.renmarkroses. com). Renmark is the hometown of world-renowned rosarian David Ruston and is located in the Riverland Region of South Australia. Renmark has horticultural areas surrounding the Murray River, which provides life to the semi-arid region. This irrigation settlement and a similar one at Mildura, Victoria, have a common link with California and Canada, being the two irrigation schemes in Australia set up by the Canadian born Chaffey Brothers (for more information: www. The original inhabitants of the area were the Naralte tribe, and it has been suggested the name “Renmark” may refer to an Aboriginal word meaning “Red Mud,” although alternatively it may be derived from “Bookmark;” that

was the name of the former property from which some 20,000 acres were excised for the town and irrigation project. During the Renmark Rose Festival there are numerous activities including open gardens, wonderful noncompetitive floral displays and demonstrations, art and craft, tours, river trips, museums, brewery and wineries to visit as well as the extensive collection of some 4000 different varieties of roses at the Ruston Rose Centre, including the National Collection of China, noisette and tea roses. Renmark is a town clearly proud of its roses, as they appear in private gardens everywhere you look, and the mass plantings of well maintained roses in street plantations and public garden areas are simply superb ( The Renmark Paringa Council thoughtfully provides a booklet that details the location and identity of all the roses planted in the public rose beds for the interested rosarian to see and enjoy. MAY/JUNE|2013


ROSES fAR ANd NEAR |  Roses From Home and Abroad

ROSES Far and Near OsO ROses

by Jeff


19641 5th Avenue South Des Moines, WA 98148


oday’s rose growers seem to fall into two categories: (1 gardeners; those who enjoy working in the soil, giving their plants TLC and seeing their  gardens as a respite from everyday life; (2 plant growers who want to put things in the ground for landscape  attractiveness  and  then  forget  about  them.  Certainly, 

'Oso Easy Strawberry Crush' the stresses and choices of modern life make the outlook of this second group more understandable, and  in fact, we may be seeing the two groups drawing ever  closer to each other. In addition to terms like “green,” “earth friendly,”  etc., today’s word of choice seems to be “sustainable,”  which for many is understood to be synonymous with  “no spray” or perhaps more accurately “grown without  pesticides.”  The  implication  here  is  that  with  sustainability  you  can  still  be  a  gardener  without  becoming 




a  plant  grower  whose  notion  of  “carefree”  growing often includes such things as no watering, no  fertilizing, no pruning or deadheading, etc. In the last 10 years or so we have seen a distinct  interest  in  roses  with  enhanced  disease  resistance. 

'Oso Easy Cherry Pie' 'Knock Out' and its brethren may not have started the  trend,  but  they  certainly  epitomize  it.  Most  of  these  sustainable  varieties  have  emerged  as  small/medium  sized plants — almost invariably registered as shrubs or,  in industry-speak — landscape roses. Like the 'Knock Out's, many of these appear in families and some, such  as the Noack-bred Flower Carpet series are touted as  “ground covers.”   While  these  roses  certainly  have  value  their  marketing and promotion – or lack thereof – often leaves 

Roses From Home and Abroad |  ROSES FAR AND NEAR

all photos courtesy Proven Winners and Spring Meadow Nursery

them below the radar of serious rose growers such as ARS members. Seemingly directed primarily toward landscapers and plant growers they seldom, if ever, make an appearance in ARS publications either as paid advertisements or feature articles. Just such a group are the Oso Easy and Oso Happy roses marketed by Spring Meadow Nursery of Grand Haven, MI. The Oso roses are part of Spring Meadow’s Proven Winners & Color Choice collection of shrubs and woody ornamentals. A group that now comprises some 200 varieties. The first Oso’s were introduced in 2007 and with three introductions from this year they now total 16. The qualities Spring Meadow is seeking in their roses include excellent disease-resistance, continuous and abundant bloom and strong lasting color on compact plants.

re-bloom later. Chris Warner has carved out a niche for himself in the rose world as the breeder of climbers, climbing miniatures and shrubs of various sizes. And, as we shall see, he has contributed a number of subsequent Oso varieties. 'Oso Easy Peachy Cream' (HORcoherent, AEN 'Nice ‘n’ Easy') was introduced in 2007 by the late Colin Horner. Offspring of two famous parents — 'Flower Carpet Pink' and 'Baby Love' — this rose combines the desirable features of both. Theses mounded spreading plants produce an almost continual show of clustered, loosely double peachy-cream colored blooms. The third introduction in the 2007 trio was 'Oso Easy Paprika' (CHEwmaytime) — another from Chris Warner. This rose is described as a rounded plant that is exceptionally well-branched, and it puts on an almost continuous show of single brightly colored tangerine-orange blooms. The Oso Happy series made its debut in 2008. Compared to the Oso Easy roses, the Oso Happy

'Oso Easy Mango Salsa' 'Oso Easy Honey Bun' One of three inaugural Oso varieties was 'Oso Easy Fragrant Spreader' (CHEwground) from Chris Warner in the United Kingdom. Originally introduced in Europe as 'Scented Carpet', it is a ground hugging plant that can grow several feet wide and are typically less than a foot and a half tall. Single, pink/white blended flowers are produced in abundance during Spring with some

series tend to have larger clusters of slightly smaller blooms. All three of the Oso Happy’s were bred by Dr. David Zlesak, Assistant Professor of Horticulture at the University of Wisconsin at River Falls. Dr. Zlesak, who has grown and observed all of the Oso roses since their introduction, has graciously provided the critiques of them that appear in this article. 'Oso Easy Strawberry Crush' (HORmetoeric), 2008, is a vigorous plant that produces gently arching, relatively long stems terminating in abundant clusters of

MAY/JUNE | 2013    41

ROSES fAR ANd NEAR |  Roses From Home and Abroad double warm-pink blooms subtly suffused with apricot  undertones.   'Oso  Easy  Honey  Bun'  (SCRivjean),  2009,  is  from  Len Scrivens, breeder of 'Baby Love' and 'Pretty Lady'.  It is a plant with loosely double, straw-yellow blooms  that  are  produced  in  abundance  on  a  plant  slightly  more  compact  and  rounded  than  'Oso  Easy  Peachy  Cream'.    The  foliage  is  relatively  glossy,  and  blooms  are borne throughout the summer in small clusters.  'Oso  Easy  Cherry  Pie'  (MEIboulka’  AEN  'Candia 

are  borne  throughout  the  summer.  Instead  of  fading  upon opening, the color intensifies in full sun turning a  deep crimson when conditions are not excessively hot. 'Oso  Happy  Petit  Pink'  (ZLEMarianneYoshida),  2011, is classed as a miniature. This 2012 ARS Award of  Excellence  winner  is  a  mounded  well-branched  plant  producing  an  abundant,  almost  continuous  supply  of  double warm pink blooms. It is especially nice in containers and mixed in borders with other plants.  'Oso  Happy  Smoothie'  (ZLEcharlie)  debuted  in 

'Oso Happy Smoothie'

'Oso Happy Candy Oh!'

Meillandecor')  was  introduced  in  2009.  This  rose  is  a  full sister to AARS winner 'Carefree Spirit'. The single  blooms are light red on the upper surface and have a  contrasting white reverse. As the buds unfurl and open  flowers are oriented just so — the bicolored petals are  stunning. This is a vigorous plant and a strong bloomer.  It has dark foliage that complements the flowers.  The plant habit is mounded and graceful without being overly rigid.  'Oso  Easy  Mango  Salsa'  (CHEwperadventure)  introduced  in  2011  has  loosely  double  vibrant  orangered  blooms.  They  are  borne  in  clusters  and  are  very  eye-catching. The plant habit is compact and slightly  spreading. It makes a great accent plant in containers  and garden beds.   'Oso  Happy  Candy  Oh!'  (ZLEmartincipar)  a  2008  introduction is a mounded, arching plant with a similar  habit  to  the  hybrid  musk  'Robin  Hood'  —  one  of  its  parents. Large, elongated clusters of single red blooms 

2012  is  a  rounded  plant  producing  widened  clusters  of  upward-facing  single,  magenta/white  multicolored  blooms on stems that are near thornless. This rose is  bred out of Rosa setigera, one of our native U.S. prairie  roses, and inherited this parent’s nice cluster arrangement to the flowers and rich magenta-pink petal color.  2013  introductions  from  Spring  Meadow  that  should be widely available next year include: 'Oso Easy  Pink  Cupcake'  (CHEwallbell),  'Oso  Easy  Lemon  Zest'  (CHEwhocon)  and  'Oso  Easy  Italian  Ice'  (CHEwnice  bell) — all from Chris Warner. Oso Roses  can  be  ordered  directly  from  http://  Some  varieties  are  available from Edmunds’ Roses. The easiest way to find a  local  nursery  source  is  to  go  to  www.provenwinners. com  and  enter  your  zip  code.  Since  there  are  now  some 200 Proven Winner varieties, it would be a good  idea to call ahead and see if Oso Roses are part of the  nursery’s Proven Winners selection.




The right partnership makes all the difference.

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Edited by

Jim Delahanty

From local society newsletters and district bulletins CLIPPINGS is a compilation from local newsletters and bulletins, as well as the suggestions of the committee members on the Newsletter and Publications Committee, the Local Society Relations Committee and the Editorial Advisory Committee. If you have suggestions for future compilations, please send them to, preferably with the author’s name, the title of the piece and the source of publication.

Editorial Advisory Committee with

Linda Kimmel and

Sue Tiffany Local Society Relations Comm. and

Patsy Cunningham Publications Committee Chair

The rosarian considers rose mortality…

The rosarian considers his own mortality…

One wishes one had room for a section of the garden devoted to 1912 roses. Not counting the reintroduced roses of 1912, which, but for ‘Hebe’s Lip’, now seem irrevocably lost —108 roses of 100 years ago have vanished. Granted, here and there one may yet survive in a ghost town, an abandoned home, an old cemetery, a vacant lot or even a private garden, but, despite the raptures written on some of them, those roses are gone.

Having eclipsed the symbolic four score years of age, I am being reluctantly compelled to thoroughly examine my garden’s status and horticultural practices, in hopes of giving myself a type of holiday. There has been no lessening of my enjoyment of the hobby, but the reality I must face is that tending a garden at a fastidious level is becoming more difficult as each year passes. I still personally perform the necessary gardening tasks and my doctor says the physical activity is good for me. But, youth is a trait that abandoned me long ago. Like many things in life, it was not fully valued until it was gone. Enough of that for now! Within the past two seasons I have begun making deliberate changes to both numbers and processes of rose garden essentials and in most cases, have been pleasantly surprised at the results. I looked for methods and for products that would simplify and condense garden time while still producing acceptable results. I had most of the products already on hand, but had perhaps been imperfect in application frequency or just disutilizing others. The first change I made was the most difficult — and for many reasons. It would not have even been considered except for the circumstance of my aging. This step should be ignored by all except those with a like situation to mine. I reduced the garden size by two-thirds. Doug Whitt (, ‘Doug’s Way with Roses,’ Winter, 2012. The Charlotte Rosebud, Doug L’Hommedieu, ed. The Charlotte Rose Society.

Why should we care? By and large, roses are not interchangeable. While most modern hybrid teas do seem to be replicas of each other despite a variation in color, the old roses are far less predictable in form of flower and plant, subtlety of shading and the gift of surprise. Less manipulated, less measured and less man-made, they appear more natural — more of nature itself — to me. In addition, lovers of old roses love not just the flower but the whole plant. Because few roses are interchangeable, because they are a part of our horticultural history and because all roses unify us under the sign of the rose, the plants of 1912 — such as we still have — deserve to be preserved. Darrell g. h. Schramm (, ‘A Centennial of Roses,’ December, 2012. North Bay Rosarian, Rich Affleck (, ed. North Bay Rose Society.


A NEWSLETTER/BULLETIN SAMPLING |  CLIPPINGS  The rosarian tries water therapy… We began turning on the water twice a week and new growth appeared on every rose. They had gone dormant and recovered once water was available. Most of our found roses will survive with little or no summer water, although they usually grow and bloom better with ample irrigation. Our cemetery roses are watered by “bubblers,” one of which is installed at the base of every rose. Other than the fence roses, they are on battery operated timers, set to water one day a week. When the Sacramento water department audited the cemetery’s water use, they told us that our roses were under watered! Anita Clevenger (, ‘How Thirsty Is this Rose?’ September, 2012. The Cemetery Rose, Judy Eitzen (, ed. Sacramento Historic Cemetery.

CRITTERS: Seventy years ago, contrarian Oregon nurseryman Roy Hennessey could imagine a perfect balance of nature in which predators and prey matched to the benefit of the rose garden. In the light of experience, we now know that intervention on the part of rosarians and others does not produce that perfect balance. Rosarians almost always intervene on the side of the roses and rarely on the side of the predators. Governments intervene to protect endangered species or other benign purposes, usually with unforeseen results. Rosarians themselves are both predator and prey in the grand scheme of things. From microbes to grizzlies, the garden abounds in critters. And each one has both appropriate and inappropriate remedies and care. Robert Burton observed in The Anatomy of Melancholy that “what can’t be cured, must be endured,” a doctrine to which almost no rosarian subscribes. Theme clippings can be accessed in their entirety at in the News column.

The beetles are coming… That said, let’s take a look at how to try to control adult Japanese beetles on your roses. Note I said, “try,” because there is really no completely satisfactory so-

lution. So, here’s the “secret” of this article: the best way to control Japanese beetles is with your fingers and soapy water! Don’t be fooled by the easy solutions presented by insecticides; just like killing the grubs in your lawn, the Japanese beetle adults you kill with insecticides are just the tip of the iceberg that is flowing up and down your street into your garden. The only sure-fire way to deal with Japanese beetles is to pick or shake them off your roses into a can of soapy water. Jack Falker (, ‘The Beetles are Coming…The Beetles are Coming,’ May, 2012. Twin Cities Rosarian, Susan Youngdahl (, ed. Twin Cities Rose Club.

And chilli thrips… The good news is that chilli thrips can be controlled. In Harris County, where the pest has been correctly identified and effective control methods implemented, populations were eliminated in the first growing season and did not return to the garden the following year. The bad news — more often than not— chilli thrips’ damage is not correctly identified resulting in a population explosion which gets rapidly out of control and hard to eliminate. Also challenging is the fact that many pesticides that work on other critters do not work on chilli thrips — so, not only do you have to correctly identify the pest, you have to use the right products to get rid of them. Chilli thrips appear along the Gulf Coast in May and take up residence until September. The first plant to be affected in this area is Indian Hawthorne. From there they move from plant group to plant group feeding on any plant species with new growth. Roses are a favorite host because roses have new growth from spring until winter. They are worse this year than ever before, and it is believed that the reason is due to last year’s extreme heat followed by an almost non-existent winter. Chilli thrips are heat-loving bugs. Gaye Hammond (, ‘Chilli Thrips—Don’t Let ‘em Bug You!’ October, 2012. The Rose-Ette, Patsy Williams (, ed. Houston Rose Society.

MAY/JUNE | 2013    45

CLIPPINGS | A NEWSLETTER/BULLETIN SAMPLING Tom Mayhew (, ‘An Almost Invisible Deer Fence—Easily Removable and Reusable,’  August, 2012. West Jersey Rambler, Terry Palise  (, ed. West Jersey Rose Society.

The rosarian admires… Who doesn’t like bumblebees? They’re so cute and furry and friendly. They bumble about the garden decepFebruary 2013 tively clumsily, their bold shiny black coats with yellow,  Greater Greenville Rose Society – Greenville, South Carolina anthropomorphizes Wordrosarian From Your GGRS President-Beverly Davis anoles... white or orange markings, visiting flowers and knock- AThe Lizards  are among the  vast  number  of beneficial critaround here, but January is the month for the ing them over with their weight — getting covered with  January isn’t usually a good month for roses yearly Carolinas District Winter Meeting. On January 18-20, several GGRS members met with ters that you should welcome to your garden. Not only  pollen. They don’t sting – usually. I’ve only known one  other rosarians at the Childress Winery and nearby Holiday Inn in Lexington, NC for business, pleasure, and education. We had previews of new roses, fertilizers, chemicals, the new AGRS are they fascinating to watch, their presence is a sign  person  to  get  stung  by  a  bumblebee  and  that  was  a  program, and a presentation by our own Sheree Wright about easy care roses. has been asked to host the 2013 Carolinas District Rose Show, as we were expecting, so that you have a healthy and thriving living garden. Lutwo-year old who picked one up and squeezed it. You’d  GGRS the date has been set for October 19, 2013. We will be under the expert guidance of Bill cille is shy and does not like to have her portrait taken,  and we have already had some financial support promised and given, so it should be sting, too. Honeybees are not native to North America  Patterson, fun and exciting and not just a lot of hard work. There will be more details later but Larry is a ham. He’s not the least bit afraid of me,  to see a good crowd at the February 25th meeting. Come and bring a friend. and they don’t like Olympia’s cool damp climate. They  I hope Beverly which is unusual. I do hope he plans to stay around a  are  Mediterranean  insects;  they  like  it  warm  and  dry.  INSIDE THIS ISSUE Golden Celebration while,  as  long  as  he  doesn’t  start  singing  “I  Left  my  Bumblebees  are  different.  They  are  native  here,  with  President’s Message 1 Heart in San Francisco,” like a true lounge lizard.  18  different  species  of  bumbles  in  Washington  alone  February meeting information 2 Kim Austin (, ‘ROSES 101:  and about 50 species in North America.  They thrive in  Election Results Larry and Lucille, A Lounge Lizard Love Story,’ Sep- 2 our cool, damp climate. Sure, some live in deserts and  What Good Rosarians are Doing in February tember, 2012. Greenville Rose Bud, Frank (fvanlent- 2 semi tropical areas, but others range as far north as the  Shaw Garden Pruning Day/Basal Breaks and Rita (, eds.  4 Arctic Circle. They can operate at much lower temperGGRS Fertilizer Order Form 7 Greater Greenville Rose Society. atures than honeybees can, so they are often the first  More important info on Fertilizer orders 8 bees you see in spring, usually March, but sometimes  South Carolina Rose Society -March 9th 9 Meeting: Mon. Feb.25 7:30pm on warm days in February. The first bumbles you see  Next “The Chelsea Flower Show and other Calendar & List of Consulting Rosarians 10 The rosarian as prey responds with alacrity... Delights”-Jim Wilson, President in spring seem huge, and they are. In bumblebees, it’s  European Asheville-Blue Ridge Rose Society Some people, when infected with West Nile virus, deonly the queens that overwinter — no workers— so the  velop a far more serious disease affecting the nervous  first bees out in spring are the queens, building their  system.  The  virus  is  most  likely  to  gain  access  to  the  nests and foraging to feed their first batches of young.  nervous system in individuals whose immune defenses  Regina Johnson (, ‘Bumblebees,’  are  weak.  This  includes  pregnant  women,  small  chilApril, 2012. The Clippings. Regina Johnson, ed.  dren, babies, the elderly and anyone with HIV, or an orOlympia Rose Society. gan transplant or diseases such as cancer or diabetes.  When  the  virus  infects  the  brain,  we  call  it  West  Nile  encephalitis.  Symptoms  include  headache,  seizures  and  progressive  decline  in  sensorium  from  confusion  to agitation and eventually to coma. Life support is often  necessary.  West  Nile  encephalitis  is  fatal  10  perThe rosarian admires from distance… cent of the time and causes permanent brain damage  You can discourage deer from entering your rose garin half of the cases. Rarely, West Nile virus can affect  den and still maintain a nice view of the garden roses  the  spinal  cord  producing  a  paralytic  illness  similar  by  constructing  an  almost  invisible  deer  fence  made  to  polio.  But  before  we  move  our  rose  gardens  into  by using strands of thin, low visibility green fishing line  our screened-in porches, remember folks, only a small  strung  on  green  garden  stakes.  The  fence  blends  in  number of people develop nervous system disease –  with the green leaves of the roses and any other green  for most of us it’s just a nondescript viral illness. stakes used to support roses in the garden. When you    look  at  the  garden  from  a  distance,  it  is  hard  to  see  You  may  ask  yourself  what  fancy  virus-killing  concocthat there actually is a fence. The green stakes look like  tion has medical science developed to cure West Nile  they are supporting roses and the green fishing line is  encephalitis? Nothing. Zippo. There are no treatments  hard to see.





A NEWSLETTER/BULLETIN SAMPLING | CLIPPINGS  other than basic life support. As of the writing of this article, there were no clinical trials testing any antiviral compound against West Nile Virus. Barry J. McCasland, M.D. (, ‘To Your Health: West Nile Virus,’ June, 2012. The Phoenix, Bobbie Reed (, ed. Greater Atlanta Rose Society.

The rosarian as prey responds with speed... If you are exposed to poison ivy, drop everything and get inside. Put rubbing alcohol on any area of skin potentially exposed. Alcohol instantly denatures (destroys) the urushiol, the component of the sap that causes the inflammation. Then, wash the exposed areas with warm water. And then, take a shower and throw your clothes in the laundry. You’re through gardening for the day. The next day, using gloves, collect all of the tools you used and wash them off with a garden hose. Apply alcohol to the handles. If you get a rash and blisters, try to avoid scratching – it can encourage bacterial infection of the inflamed skin. Apply over-the-counter remedies like Aveeno or calamine lotion. Do not use bleach and do not use alcohol on broken skin. If a large area is involved, or if it involves the hands or face, see a doctor. A few days of oral steroids will bring the reaction to an end faster. If it involves the eyes, throat or airways, get to the emergency room fast! Barry J. McCasland, M.D. (, ‘To Your Health!’ November, 2012. The Phoenix, Bobbie Reed (, ed. Greater Atlanta Rose Society.

The rosarian as prey responds NOW... Necrotizing fasciitis bacteria require a portal of entry, usually a cut, which may be deep or superficial. Deep infections cause severe pain and fever, but may produce few visible abnormalities on the skin early on. Superficial infections are just as dangerous and produce an area of redness that enlarges from hour to hour. Treatment includes the rapid removal of dead tissue, amputation of affected limbs, intravenous antibiotics and life support. Skin grafts are often required. Highpressure (hyperbaric) oxygen and gamma globulin may be helpful if available. Serious infections are commonly fatal. So what are we rose gardeners to do? Wash all cuts

thoroughly with water and mild soap. When? Now. Not when we’re finished gardening. See a doctor for any cut that is too deep to wash out completely. If there is redness at the site of a puncture, draw a circle around it, and if it doubles in size, get to a doctor FAST. And remember, any breach of the skin that is followed by a fever and ill feeling needs rapid attention, as it could be an impending catastrophe. Let’s agree to treat any gardening-related cuts and puncture wounds rapidly so we never have to worry about flesh-destroying bacteria. Barry J. McCasland, MD (, ‘To Your Health: Flesh-Eating Bacteria,’ August, 2012. The Phoenix, Bobbie Reed, (, ed. Greater Atlanta Rose Society.

The rosarian befriends the rose… Befriend your roses with an upcoming rose show (or any other special occasion, for that matter) Choose a few promising buds. Focus your attention on them. Get to know them up close. Pay them a visit every day. Disbud them. Keep mildew away by lavishing them with a weekly spray of fungicide. Dispatch any bad bugs that move in on them. Tell those beautiful roses how well they’re doing. They will love the carbon dioxide of your breath as much as they respond to your tender care. Norma Boswell (, ‘In the Rose Garden,’ May, 2010. Rose Herald, Norma Boswell and Jo Angelos (, eds. Tri-Cities Rose Society.

The rosarian says NO! Over the past several months a number of people asked a question the gist of which is, “should I cut off all growth [on my rose bush] that is red?” Quite simply the answer is, “No”. It seems that by beating the drum to be on the lookout for rose rosette we’ve over-compensated. Red growth, with the exception of rose rosette, is ordinarily healthy, new growth. Robyn Wilkerson (, ‘Red Alert! Or Not…’ June, 2012. Voice of the Rose, Robyn Wilkerson, ed. Rose Society of Greater St. Louis.

The rosarian finds that knowing why makes a difference… Firstly, one must realize that there is a lot of misinformation bandied about, some of which is taken for gospel by novice gardeners to their disadvantage. Take for

MAY/JUNE | 2013    47

CLIPPINGS  |  A NEWSLETTER/BULLETIN SAMPLING instance adding dish washing liquid to a garden spray: it will help spread some types of sprays better over the foliage, but it will also assist the spray to wash off faster in rain or overhead watering. Dishwashing liquid added to water, on the other hand, is good for dry soils or mediums where water will not penetrate. Garlic sprays favored by organic people do not kill insect pests. Garlic sprays will, however, disguise the natural smell of a plant making it difficult for a pest to locate, that is if the pest is one which finds its host plant by smell. The smell does not last especially with rain, and the plant is left open to attack. Wally Richards (, ‘Some Gardening Tips,’ September, 2012. Rose Tidings, Kee Teo (, ed. Manawatu Rose Society.

The rosarian dissembles… When Jim asked me to write this month’s editor’s column, I wondered if any of our male readers would even bother to pick up the newsletter, let alone read my column. After all, it is football season, which also happens to be Jim’s primary rose distraction this time of year. I have often thought all the referees should just drop by our house and lay down on the couch every Sunday. Clearly, it is the best vantage point from which to assess all the bad calls they make. In fact, Jim has honed this skill with such precision, he can do it with his eyes closed and often he does. It’s not that I’m anti-nap, folks. It’s that the roses still haven’t learned to take care of themselves. This leaves me to be the bad guy every year as I prod Jim to help me in the rose garden when he obviously would rather be coaching (I pronounce it couching). Tired of this annual conflict, I tried something new this year by incorporating football terminology in the rose garden. “'Aloha' seems to have jumped “offsides,” I began. “And I believe 'Tahitian Sunset' is guilty of “encroachment.” The fact that I even used the word encroachment seemed to pique Jim’s interest enough to walk outside. Game on, my friends! The next thing you know, Coach Jim is off the sidelines and back in the rose game, now as a referee calling out our roses for a myriad of other indiscretions: 'Sunglow' got flagged for an “il-


legal block” because it was blocking the sunlight from 'Moonstone'. 'Easy Going' got an unlikely call of “unsportsmanlike conduct” for needlessly hitting 'Rosie O’Donnell' with a cane. “False start” was the call on 'Golden Celebration' for bearing too many blind shoots. After that, Jim noticed that 'Double Delight' also had a double center, which he deemed “illegal formation” and he was particularly miffed with 'Crystalline' for sporting a queen-worthy bloom just one week shy of a rose show... an offense known as “delay of game.” Pleased with myself for the success of this little tactic, I took on the task of taming 'America'. As it pulled my hair, I could hear Jim calling it out for “unnecessary roughness”. My little game continued as he made out the injured reserve list (sickly roses) and then began to discern between the starters for next year’s rose line-up versus those who won’t make the “final cut.” I was just about ready to invest in a striped shirt and a whistle for Jim when he made the worst call of the game; “clipping” on my 'Clair Matin'. Before I could boo and hiss, he began enforcing his ruling with a “pruning penalty” which I found to be way too excessive, prompting me to consider an “illegal use of hands.” I had no choice but to eject him from the game lest I begin spewing some locker room language. He asked me some nonsense about whether or not he was being intentionally grounded as I gave him a final two-minute warning. I’d be willing to wager that even Titan’s Chris Johnson couldn’t have beat Jim’s swift sprint... back to the couch. In the end I was able to keep his eyelids out of the backfield for longer than usual. Now, with the World Series upon us, I suppose Couch Jim will be snoring through his own 'Field of Dreams'. Starla Harding (, ‘Editor’s Desk,’ November, 2012. The Nashville Rose Leaf, Jim ( and Starla Harding, eds. Nashville Rose Society.


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About Using!

2012 Photo Contest Winners The  American  Rose  Society  Photo  Contest  Committee judged 667 photos submitted by  41 people! What a number!

Class 1: One bloom, at its most perfect stage, hybrid tea, grandiflora, floribunda, of any variety including singles, no sidebuds.   'Veteran’s Honor' by Suni Bolar Class 2: One spray, grandiflora, floribunda, polyantha or hybrid tea, two or more blooms. 'Sexy Rexy' by Suni Bolar

Class 3: Open bloom rose(s), stamens must show. 'Play Boy' by Suni Bolar

Class 5: One bloom of a miniature or miniflora, no sidebuds. 'Joy' by Suni Bolar




Class 4:  One bloom or spray of an old garden rose, shrub or climber. 'Rhapsody in  Blue' by Pattie Jacko Class 8: A photo of a miniature arrangement.  'Joy'  Arr.  Nancy  Redington  by  Gustave Banks

Class 7: A photo of a standard size arrangement. 'Opening Night' Arr.  Sue Witwer by Sue Witwer

Class 6: A spray of a miniature or miniflora. 'Conundrum' by Richard Howard

MAY/JUNE | 2013    51

Class 12 New MeMber: A photo of any type rose or rose garden. Restricted to members who have joined ARS within the past 12 months. 'Rhapsody in Blue' by Gail Winkler

Class 9 abstraCt or IMpressIoNIsM: A photo having non-objective design, form or content, of a rose plant(s) or any portion thereof. Does not include abstract arrangements. Artist’s Brushes by Sharon Kardos




Class 10: A photo of any rose garden or any rose society activity. Stellwag Rose Garden by Suni Bolar


For all contestants who have had five or more first place entries in the ARS Photo Contest

CLASS 13-3: An arrangement, either standard or miniature. Arrg. Jud CLASS 13-1: One bloom, any classification, at exhibition stage. 'Opulence' by Ron Shaw

CLASS 13-2: An inflorescence (2+ blooms) of any class. 'Simon Robinson' by Rich Baer

BEST OF SHOW, FEATURED ON COVER. CLASS 13-4: Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden by Bill Kozemchak



CLASS 11-2: One spray, Grandiflora, Floribunda, Polyantha or Hybrid Tea, two or more blooms. 'Play Girl' by Howard Carman


Open only to those ARS members who have not previously won an award in the ARS Photo Contest CLASS 11-8: A photo of a miniature arrangement. 'Ty', Arrg. Paula Williams by Howard Carman

CLASS 11-1: One bloom, at its most perfect stage, HT, Gr, Fl, of any variety including singles, no sidebuds'. 'Chris Evert' by Tom Cooney

CLASS 11-3: Open bloom rose(s), stamens must show. 'Ketchup and Mustard' by Rafiq Bolar

54 54


CLASS 11-4: One bloom or spray of an old garden rose, shrub, or climber. 'Baronne Prévost by Tom Cooney



CLASS 11-7: A photo of a standard size arrangement. Arrg. Unknown by Rhea Bolar

CLASS 11-10: A photo of any rose garden OR any rose society activity. Stellwag Garden by Rafiq Bolar

CLASS 11-5: One bloom of a miniature or minifora, no sidebuds. 'Nancy Jean' by Rafiq Bolar

CLASS 11-9: Abstract or Impressionism: A photo having non-objective design, form or content, of a rose plant(s) or any portion thereof. Fireworks on a 'Fourth of July' Rose by Larry Durham  CLASS 11-6: A spray of a miniature or mini-flora rose. 'Solar Flair' by Howard Carman



And The Winner Is... Class 1 1st Place – 'Veteran’s Honor' – Suni Bolar 2nd Place – 'Brandy' – Bill Farmer 3rd Place – 'Cherry Parfait' – Gail Winkler 4th Place – 'Gruss an Aachen' – Judith Cody Class 2 1st Place – 'Sexy Rexy' – Suni Bolar 2nd Place – 'Hot Cocoa' – Stan Griep 3rd Place – 'Escapade' – Lou Evans 4th Place – 'Betty Boop' – Richard Howard Class 3 1st Place – 'Playboy' – Suni Bolar 2nd Place – 'Veteran’s Honor' – Sharon Kardos 3rd Place – 'Sugar Moon' – Clive Nickerson 4th Place – 'Artistry' – Pamela Powers Class 4 1st Place – 'Rhapsody in Blue' – Patti Jacko 2nd Place – 'Mountain Music' – Bill Farmer 3rd Place – 'Souv de la Malmaison' – Lou Evans 4th Place – 'Pink Meidiland' – Gail Holmes Class 5 1st Place – 'Joy' – Suni Bolar 2nd Place – 'Leading Lady' – Suni Bolar 3rd Place – 'Foolish Pleasure' – Clifford Gehrt 4th Place – 'My Sunshine' – Elina Williams Class 6 1st Place – 'Conundrum' – Richard Howard 2nd Place – 'Lavender Delight' – Stan Griep 3rd Place – 'Joy' – Gustave Banks 4th Place – 'Daddy’s Little Girl' – Stan Griep Class 7 1st Place – 'Opening Night' – Arrg. Sue Witwer – Sue Witwer 2nd Place – Arrg. Unknown – Palm Spring Nationals – Kathy Kozemchak 3rd Place – Arrg. Betty Roberts – Betty Roberts 4th Place – Arrg. Elaine Adler – Gustave Banks


Class 8 1st Place – 'Joy', Arrg. Nancy Redington – Gustave Banks 2nd Place – 'Tiffany Lynn', Arrg. Nancy Redington – Gustave Banks 3rd Place – 'Glowing Amber', Arrg. Gustave Banks – Gustave Banks 4th Place – 'Pierrine' – Sue Witwer Class 9 1st Place – Artist’s Brushes – Sharon Kardos 2nd Place – Wingthorn – Gustave Banks 3rd Place – Neon Cowboy – Gustave Banks 4th Place – Abstract – Richard Howard Class 10 1st Place – Stellwag Rose Garden – Suni Bolar 2nd Place – The Rose Court Knockout – Harvey Feinstein 3rd Place – Tyler Rose Garden – Kathy Kozemchak 4th Place – Kozemchak’s Front Garden – Gustave Banks Class 11-1 1st Place – 'Chris Evert' – Tom Cooney 2nd Place – 'Hot Princess' – Rafiq Bolar 3rd Place – 'Pink Intuition' – Howard Carman 4th Place – 'Gemini' – Rafiq Bolar Class 11-2 1st Place – 'Playgirl' – Howard Carman 2nd Place – 'White Licorice' – Rafiq Bolar 3rd Place – 'Glorious' – Glynis Hayne 4th Place – 'Julia Child' – Larry Durham Class 11-3 1st Place – 'Ketchup and Mustard' – Rafiq Bolar 2nd Place – 'Dainty Bess' – Glynis Hayne 3rd Place – 'The Streak' – Howard Carman 4th Place – 'Royal Sunset' – Kenneth Lillquist Class 11-4 1st Place – 'Barronne Prevost' – Tom Cooney 2nd Place – 'Therese Bugnet' – Rebecca Deppen 3rd Place – 'Vincent Godsif' – Larry Durham 4th Place – 'First Light' – Larry Durham

Class 11-5 1st Place – 'Nancy Jean' – Rafiq Bolar 2nd Place – 'Joy' – Howard Carman 3rd Place – 'Joy' – Rafiq Bolar 4th Place – 'Charismatic' – Tom Cooney Class 11-6 1st Place – 'Solar Flair' – Howard Carman 2nd Place – 'Autumn Splendor' – Larry Durham Class 11-7 1st Place – Arrg. Unknown – Rhea Bolar Class 11-8 1st Place – 'Ty', Arrg. Paula Williams – Howard Carman 2nd Place – 'Joy', Arrg. Paula Williams – Howard Carman 3rd Place – Arrg. Unknown – Rhea Bolar Class 11-9 1st Place – Fireworks on a 'Fourth of July' Rose – Larry Durham 2nd Place – 'Betty Boop' – Rhea Bolar 3rd Place – 'Breakfast' – Larry Durham 4th Place – R. palustris in rain – Larry Durham Class 11-10 1st Place – Stellwag Rose Garden – Rafiq Bolar 2nd Place – 'Rosa Petite Pink Scotch', Birmingham Botanical Gardens – Larry Durham 3rd Place – Hershey’s Rose Garden – Rafiq Bolar 4th Place – Tuscano Private Garden – Tom Cooney

Class 13-2 1st Place – 'Simon Robinson' – Rich Baer 2nd Place – 'Sally Holmes' – Ron Shaw 3rd Place – 'Show Biz' – Ron Shaw HM – 'Betty Boop' – Rich Baer HM – 'Hannah Gordon' – Ron Shaw HM – 'Grace Seward' – Rich Baer Class 13-3 1st Place – Arrg. Judy Fleck – Rich Baer 2nd Place – Arrg. Ron Feurer – Bill Kozemchak 3rd Place – Arrg. Terry Palise – Tom Mayhew HM – Arrg. Hlaves – Neil Evans HM – Arrg. Pat Lawrence – Tom Mayhew HM – Arrg. Pat Allen – Rich Baer Class 13-4 1st Place – Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden – Bill Kozemchak 2nd Place – Kozemchak Garden – Bill Kozemchak 3rd Place – 'Jacqueline du Pre’' – Bill Kozemchak HM – Peggy Rockefeller Garden – Tom Mayhew HM – Kozemchack Garden – Bill Kozemchak HM – 'Thanks to Sue', Here’s Looking at You (Abstraction) – Tom Mayhew Class 14 No awards given. BEST IN SHOW Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden – Bill Kozemchak

Class 12 1st Place – 'Rhapsody in Blue' – Gail Winkler 2nd Place – 'The Endeavor' – Gail Winkler 3rd Place – 'Fantasia Mondiale' – Gail Winkler Class 13-1 1st Place – 'Opulence' – Ron Shaw 2nd Place – 'St. Patrick' – Ron Shaw 3rd Place – 'Moonstone' – Ron Shaw HM – 'Kardinal' – Rich Baer HM – 'Pristine' – Ron Shaw HM – 'Let Freedom Ring' – Ron Shaw

MAY/JUNE | 2013    57

ARS Digital Photo Contest 2013 Contest Rules • Contestants are permitted to enter a maximum of three digital photographs per class in all classes - excluding Novice, New Member, Master and Youth classes. • Contestants may enter only one photo of a particular variety in ANY class. • Duplicate photos may NOT be entered in different classes. • New ARS members, and youth who qualify for the Youth class, may submit three additional digital photographs in those classes for a total of six photos per class. • “Masters” are defined as any contestant who has won a total of five or more blue ribbons in previous ARS Photo Contests (excluding Novice, New Member and Youth classes) • Digital photographs must be JPEG files, no larger than 10MB and have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi. The high resolution is necessary to ensure that winning entries will print properly in the magazine. Low resolution digital files will not be considered for awards. • The entrant must be a current ARS member at the time of the deadline for entries and must have taken all photographs entered. Any contestant whose membership has lapsed prior to the deadline will be ineligible. • Photographs that have won awards in previous American Rose contests are not eligible. • The rose photos must be entered with the ARS approved exhibition name. Grooming the rose(s) is encouraged and artificial backgrounds may be used. • Digital photographs need to be submitted in the following format: class number with the letters a-c for multiple pictures in the same class, last name of the contestant and the approved exhibition name of the rose. An example would be 10c_Colombo_Gemini. Only one entry would be 10a_Colombo_Gemini. Any added text that is on the photo itself will be cause for disqualification. • Digital photographs may be enhanced by the use of any graphic program, such as PhotoShop, Elements or Photo Impact. • The chair of the committee reserves the right to disqualify any entry that does not conform to the stated rules prior to the entries being judged. ENTRIES MUST BE POSTMARKED BY NOVEMBER 5, 2013. Mailing Instructions: Send all digital photographs directly to: Curtis Aumiller, 5 Brentwood Road, Camp Hill, PA 17011-2529 • Phone:(717) 612-1575 • Email: • When submitting digital pictures, they must be placed on a CD or DVD in one directory. Make sure they can be read by a Windows compatible computer and are properly packaged for safe delivery. Emailed photos will NOT be accepted. • The completed entry form must accompany all entries. Entries received without the completed entry form will be disqualified. • The CD/DVD will not be returned and should have the contestant’s name, e-mail and address printed on the CD/DVD. • Any individual that enters this contest gives express permission for the ARS to reproduce their photograph for educational and/or display purposes with a credit line to the photographer whenever possible. The photographer retains the copyright of the photo. The ARS may use the photograph in any publication or magazine, but will not sell the photograph. Any inquiries about sale of the photograph will be referred to the photographer.

Classes • 1: One bloom, at its most perfect stage, hybrid tea, grandiflora, floribunda, of any variety including singles, no sidebuds. 58    AMERICAN ROSE  |  ARS.ORG

• • • • • • • • • •

• •

• • • • •

2: One spray, grandiflora, floribunda, polyantha or hybrid tea, two or more blooms. 3: Open bloom rose(s), stamens must show. 4: One bloom or spray of an old garden rose, shrub or climber. 5: One bloom of a miniature or mini-flora rose, no sidebuds. 6: A spray of a miniature or mini-flora rose. 7: A photo of a standard size arrangement, following the American Rose Society Guidelines for Judging Rose Arrangements. Please indicate arranger’s name if known. 8: A photo of a miniature arrangement, following the American Rose Society Guidelines for Judging Rose Arrangements. Please indicate the arranger’s name if known. 9: Abstract or Impressionism: A photo having non-objective design, form or content, of a rose plant(s) or any portion thereof. Let your imagination run rampant! This does not include abstract arrangements. 10: A photo of any rose garden or any rose society activity. Arbors and garden ornaments are permitted in the garden photo. Indicate the society and name of event in the society activity photo. 11: Novice Class: Open only to those ARS members who have not previously won an award (first through fourth place) in the ARS Digital Photograph & Slide Contest. Eligible contestants may enter either the novice or the regular classes, but not both. Those entering the novice class may enter any class, 1-10 by preceding the class number with the number 11 (Class 11-1, 11-2, 11-3, etc.). There will be four winners (first place through fourth place), and the first place winners will be eligible for the Best of Contest Awards (Queen, King and Princess). 12: New Member: A photo of any type rose or rose garden. Restricted to members who have joined ARS within the past 12 months. 13: Master Class: Eligible contestants may have six entries each in the following four classes by preceding the class with the number 13 (Class 13-1, 13-2, 13-3, 13-4). There will be six winners (first through sixth place) in each class and the first place winners will be eligible for Best of Contest awards (Queen, King and Princess). Contestants who qualify for this class are ineligible to compete in other classes. Only one photo per variety permitted in each class. 13-1: One bloom, any classification, at exhibition stage. 13-2: An inflorescence (2 or more blooms) of any classification. 13-3: An arrangement, either standard or miniature, following the American Rose Society Guidelines for Judging Rose Arrangements. 13-4: An abstract shot of any rose or rose parts or any photo of a rose garden or area. 14: Youth Class: A photo of any type of rose, rose garden or rose activity. This class is for all entrants under the age of 16.

Judging • The judging panel will consist of ARS accredited rose judges who are photographers. • Classes 1-6, 11, 13-1 and 13-2 will be judged 50 percent on exhibition quality and 50 percent on photographic excellence. • Classes 7, 8 and 13-3 (arrangement shots) will be judged 50 percent on the arrangement design and flower quality following the American Rose Society Guidelines for Judging Rose Arrangements and 50 percent on photographic excellence. • Classes 9, 10, 12, 13-4 and 14 will be judged on photographic excellence only.

Awards There will be four Certificate of Photographic Excellence Awards in each class. Gold for first place, Silver for second, Bronze for third and one Honorable Mention award. The first place winners in each class, along with the names of all winners, will be published in the May/June issue of American Rose. All first place winning slides will be eligible for the Best of Contest Awards.

MAY/JUNE | 2013    59

Helpful Hints: •

You will probably be using equipment, principles and techniques of close-up photography in most of the Classes. These might include the use of supplementary close-up lenses or a macro lens for close-up work. • Use a tripod and cable release to help eliminate camera movement. • Use a small aperture (f11, f16, f22, etc.) to gain more depth of field for most shots, but be sure you use as fast enough shutter speed to freeze movement to blooms caused by wind. • Remember to plan each shot and to search the viewfinder carefully for any distracting objects or reflections before snapping that shutter. • The winning photos of single blooms and sprays usually are the ones in which the rose fills as much of the frame as possible, but care should be taken so petals or parts of the desired image do not touch the edge of the frame. • The rule of thirds for off-center placement should generally not be used for one-bloom photos. A single bloom in a photo should be as close to center as possible. • When a really great bloom comes along, take a number of shots of it, bracketing the exposures. It often is a good idea to use both a vertical and a horizontal format if the subject is suitable. • When photographing a one-bloom specimen at close-up range, a camera angle of 30 to 45 degrees to the bloom will usually produce a better photo. • For close-up photography, blooms with a muted background are generally more pleasing than one with a solid black or dark color background. • A gray card may help you determine exposure when photographing difficult-to-capture true colors such as white blooms with a dark background, mauves and some reds. Use of reflectors can help eliminate dark areas and uneven lighting. • With digital photographs, use a higher pixel rated camera and use the highest resolution setting. A camera with three mega pixels or larger is recommended. Set your camera on its highest resolution setting. Save photos as JPEG files. Once downloaded to your computer, the first thing you should do is label each photo with the rose name, and then burn the photos to a CD in one directory. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2013 ARS Digital Photo Contest Official Entry Form Send Entries to: ARS Photo Contest • Curtis Aumiller, 5 Brentwood Road, Camp Hill, PA 17011-2529 Phone: (717) 612-1575 • Email: Class 1 _____ Class 2 _____ Class 3 _____ Class 4 _____

Class 5 _____ Class 6 _____ Class 7 _____ Class 8 _____

Class 9 ______ Class 10 _____ Class 11 _____ Class 12 _____

Class 13 _____ Class 14 _____

Total Number of Images Entered: _____ Number of Digital Images: _______ Name:__________________________________________________________________________________________ Address:________________________________________________________________________________________ City/State/Zip:__________________________________________________________________________________ E-mail Address: _________________________________________________________________________________ Phone: Day: _____________________________ Evening:_______________________________


For Love of Roses, LLC 499 Lucy Kelly Road • Brighton, TN 38011 • (330) 360 - 8510

Miniature and Miniflora garden and exhibition roses from 14 different name hybridizers including Benardella, Clemons, Tucker, Wells, Williams, Smith and others all under one roof for complete one stop shopping for all of your garden and exhibition rose requirements. Visit the web site today and check out the new introductions that will soon be available throughout this year. All of the top 25 miniature and miniflora exhibition roses from one source including 'Joy', 'Renegade' and 'Whirlaway' plus new roses like 'Dr Tommy Cairns', 'Dr Gary Rankin' and 'Wanderlust' will soon be available. Read what the top names in roses today are saying about us and our fine roses at:

“Finally a one stop place to buy the best exhibition roses from the top hybridizers in the country! Richard brings to this new venture the same vision and passion he has shown as a top exhibitor in the rose world. We wish him the best” Suni & Rafiq Bolar “At long last, the welcome arrival of a retail one stop shopping for miniatures and minifloras! Rose exhibitors and home gardeners alike will embrace this valuable service so badly needed to give ease of access to all the latest varieties to continue the art of growing beautiful roses.” Tommy Cairns “Knowing the accountant-rose exhibitor of this new company, I’m sure the variety and quality of roses will be top-notch!” Stacey Catron “Now we can find all the roses we want to grow and show in one location. It has to be for the love of roses.” David Clemons “This great new rose supplier provides a large selection of the top mini and miniflora roses in commerce plus lots of hard to find varieties. I’ve received excellent plants from them, and help with rose selection is readily available from entrepreneur/top exhibitor Richard Anthony.” Suzanne Horn “The best exhibition and hard to find varieties from the top hybridizers of miniature and miniflora roses, as well as some newer hybridizers, supplied by one of the top exhibitors in the country. A great addition to our shrinking list of rose suppliers” Bill Kozemchak “A much needed and welcome source of the top show roses!” Bob Martin “It is exciting that there is a new source for miniatures and minifloras bred by some of the leading hybridizers in the United States” Sandy & Bob Lundberg “A highly successful exhibitor and a very passionate rose grower, now embarking on an endeavor to provide us with exactly what we need! I wish Richard a great success in his new venture which he so richly deserves” Satish Prabhu “With new roses often being hard to get these days, For Love of is a wonderful and timely source for both bankers and new roses. I’m really looking forward to a great single source for roses from multiple hybridizers” Gary Rankin “I don’t remember when we had access to so many great mini’s and minifloras from one source! Gardeners and exhibitors alike will benefit from the variety of roses available; finally I can grow the new varieties that have been so hard to find!” Diane Sommers “It’s great to have another source for miniature and miniflora roses. Best wishes to For Love of Roses” Robbie Tucker

MAY/JUNE | 2013    61

WINNERS |  2012 Bulletin/Newsletter Winners


2012 Bulletin Awards LocaL and district BuLLetins/newsLetters By Linda Kimmel


he  2012  ARS  Newsletter-Bulletin  competition  has  proven to be an exhilarating year. The competition  came down to the wire, an unbelievable and amazing  performance! Congratulations to all of the winners.  In terms of the judging committee, I want to thank the  judges  for  finishing  his  or  her  assignment.  Over  the  past months, and years, many of the judges have experience personal illness, family illness, deaths in the family, financial worries and a sundry of other misgivings.  They  have  sacrificed  many  days,  evenings  and  night,  reading and grading newsletters. The 2012 electronic  judging committee consisted of Mary Bates (TN), Patsy  Cunningham (RI), James Delahanty (CA), Carol Green 

(FL), Regina Johnson (WA), Bruce Monroe (DE), Mary  Van Vlack (AZ) and Larry Wiley (TX). The paper division  judges  consisted  of  Donna  Briggs  (IL),  Aprille  Curtis  (CA),  Rosalinda  Morgan  (SC),  Janene  Rosenthal  (CA)  and Judy Singer (AZ). Being an editor is a lot of work. Being a judge for the  newsletters  is  also  a  lot  of  work.  Editors  and  judges  share  a  labor  of  love:  promoting  the  rose,  educating  the  public  and  encouraging  a  wonderful  hobby.  ARS  appreciates all their volunteer work, commitment and  support of their local, district and national rose societies! Thank you and congratulations for a job well done.  

Bulletin Winners in the Paper Division Group A    (Circulation size 75 or less) Gold  — Rose Prose, Fort Worth (TX), Larry Wiley, ed. Silver  — The Monthly Bulletin,  Augusta (GA), Paul Blankenship, ed. Bronze — The Rose, Philadelphia (PA), Bill Kozemchak, ed

Bulletin Winners in the Paper Division Group B   (Circulation size greater than 75) Gold  — The Marin Rose, Marin (CA), Gail Trimble & Joan Goff, eds. Silver  — Nashville Rose Leaf, Nashville (TN), Jim & Starla Harding, eds. Bronze — Rhode Island Rose Review, Rhode Island (RI), Angelina Chute, ed. HM — Rose Notes, Butte (CA), Bill Reynolds, ed. HM — The Capital Rose, Arlington/Potomac (VA/MD), Joe Covey, ed. HM — Tampa Talks Roses, Tampa (FL), John M. Mueller, ed.

Bulletin Winners in the Electronic Division Group A    (Circulation size 75 or less) Gold  — Rose Rambler, Marion Co (FL), Carol Green, ed. Silver  — The Bulletin, Bradenton-Sarasota (FL), Phil Paul, ed. Bronze — The South Metro Rose Gardener, South Metro (GA), Cindy Dale, ed. HM — The Scottsdale Rose, Scottsdale (AZ), Mary Van Vlack, ed. HM — Ramblin' Rose, Charleston (WV), Danny Craft, ed.




2012 Bulletin/Newsletter  |  Winners 

Bulletin Winners in the Electronic Division Group B

(Circulation size greater than 75) Gold — Rose Petals, Seattle (WA), Caroline Fredette, ed. silver — The Phoenix, Atlanta (GA), Bobbie Reed, ed. Bronze — The Pacific Rose, Pacific (CA), Chris Greenwood, ed. HM — The Rose Gazette, Orange County (CA), Carolyn Elgar, ed. HM — Rose Ecstasy, Santa Clarita Valley (CA), Kitty Belendez, ed. HM — Roses 90210, Beverly Hills (CA), Dr. Tommy Cairns, ed. HM — Santa Barbara Rose, Santa Barbara (CA), Linda Buzzell-Saltzman, ed. HM — The Ventura Rose, Ventura County (CA), James Delahanty, ed. HM — Rose Reflections, Sacramento & Sierra Foothills (CA), Charlotte Owendyk, ed.

Bulletin Winners in the District Division Gold — The Criterion, Northern CA/Nevada/Hawaii, Ted & Linda Burg, eds. silver — The SCD Rosarian, South Central District, Debra Bagley, ed. Bronze — The Bulletin Deep South District Louise Stafford, ed. HM — The Buckeye Rose Bulletin Buckeye District (OH) Bruce DeLong, ed. HM — Northwest Rosarian Pacific Northwest District Judy Heath, ed. HM — KATnips Tenarky District Mary Bates, ed.

Publishing Committee Members  For local societies participating in the electronic division should declare whether their bulletin should be judged in Group A (less than 75 members) or Group B (more than 75 members).

2013 newsletter Committee members • Elaine Adler –

• • • • • • • •

ARS – Dave Booty – Steve Campbell – Richard Donovan – Bill Farmer – Ann Gibson – Ed Griffith – Carolyn Hayward –

• Jay Hiers – • Suzanne Horn – • Stephen Hoy - • Gretchen Humphrey – • Dave Ingram – • Dave Long – • Bruce Monroe – • Audrey Osborn – • Allen Owings – • Karen Prevatt – • Larry Schock – • Janet Sklar – • Andy Vanable – • Patsy Cunningham – (AOM only) • Jim Delahanty – (AOM only) MAY/JUNE | 2013    63

Winners   |  Award of Merit

2012 Award of Merit Author

Article Title


Al Whitcomb Andy Vanable Barry McCasland, MD Candy LaChance Carol Ann Rogers Carol Green Carol Green Caroline Fredette Caroline Fredette Carolyn Elgar Carolyn Elgar

Growing Roses in Partial Shade Nursery Ramblins-Hybridizing Roses To Your Health (Series) My Rose Sanctuary Carol Ann's Safety Corner What Are Patented Roses? Commemorative Festival Edition Remembering Mitchie Moe Don't Waste Your Time… Beautiful Mutants- Rose sports Seven Ways to Encourage Repeat Blooming Basal Breaks-The Joy of New Growth Propagating Roses: The Basics Heat Stress and Roses The Fragrance of Roses, Past & Present It's Time to Make Amends A Rose For the Landlord A Lot of Neglect How to Encourage Mummies A Centennial or Roses Catalogue and Roses Softening the Heartscape A Gorgeous Chaos: A Hybrid Perpetual A Flapper in the Garden Good Bugs Doug's Way With Roses (Series) Japanese Beetles: What Can You Do? Two Spotted Spider Mite on Roses Unlocking Fragrance-Chemical Secretes Growing Roses: Humus and Compost History of Modern Roses (Series) What I Believe--About the Botany of Roses Avant-Garde Designs: A new adventure Rose Science: Photosynthesis (Series) Rose Science: Flowers (Series) The Rose Whisperer: (Series) Methods for Preserving Flowers

Rose Rambler Connecticut Rose The Phoenix Rose Ecstasy Connecticut Rose Rose Rambler Special Publication

Carolyn Elgar Carolyn Elgar Carolyn Elgar Carolyn Elgar Cindy Dale Darrell g.h. Schramm Darrell g.h. Schramm Darrell g.h. Schramm Darrell g.h. Schramm Darrell g.h. Schramm Darrell g.h. Schramm Darrell g.h. Schramm Darrell g.h. Schramm Dean Murakami Doug Whitt Dr. Raymond Cloyd Dr. Raymond Cloyd Dr. Tommy Cairns Dr. Tommy Cairns Dr. Tommy Cairns Ed Bradley Gary Barlow Gary Ritchie Gary Ritchie Harlow Young Helen Baird



Rose Society

April November Series June November March November Miniature-Miniflora Rose 3rd quarter Rose Petals November Rose Gazette February Rose Gazette March

Marion County Connecticut Greater Atlanta Santa Clarita Valley Connecticut Marion County Marion County ARS Bulletin Seattle Orange County Orange County

Rose Gazette Rose Gazette Rose Gazette Rose Gazette

April June September December

Orange County Orange County Orange County Orange County

South Metro Rose Gardener

North Bay Rosarian North Bay Rosarian North Bay Rosarian North Bay Rosarian The Marin Rose The Marin Rose The Marin Rose

February March June October December March May June/July

South Metro North Bay North Bay North Bay North Bay Marin Marin Marin

The Marin Rose Roses 90210 Charlotte Rosebud Nashville Rose Leaf Nashville Rose Leaf Roses 90210

September February Series May June February

Marin Beverly Hills Charlotte Nashville Nashville Beverly Hills

Roses 90210 Roses 90210 Rose Bulletin

April May January

Beverly Hills Beverly Hills San Antonio

Rose Arranger's Bulletin


ARS Bulletin

The Clippings The Clippings Rose Herald Scottsdale Rose

Series Series Series March

Olympia Olympia Tri-Cities Rose Club Scottsdale

Award of Merit |  Winners Author

Article Title



Rose Society

Jack Falker

Tricks and Secrets: The Beetles Are Coming The 'Found' Rose Class: a History & Diagnosis Faux Kin Some Thoughts on Rose Society Membership Simplicity Itself The Maestro of Memphis – Whit Wells Book Reviews That's Good to Know! (Series) Water: The Vital Fertilizer Hybrid Musk, Climbing Polyanthas, and Polyanthas Garden Gadgets I Can't Do Without Growing Roses in the Santa Clarita Valley Opinion: The Future of Roses Deer Hate Egg White Learn with Lonnie Bambi You're Not Welcome Here Rose Legends Single is Better Got OGRs (Series) The Full Scoop on Fertilizers…(Series) The Earth Really Does Move Under Your Feet Go Wild in Your Garden Let's Have Fun and Go Modern! The Entomologist's Garden: Bumblebees Fertilizing (and other stuff too) The Entomologist's Garden: Spider Mites Rose Rhetoric (Series) Home Made Sprays CR Report Queens of Show (2007-2011) Single, English and Nattily Attired Early 20th Century English Pillars and Climbers La Belle Sultane: The Beautiful Queen Jean Soupert Just for Rootstock Tips for Visiting Gardens Roses in the Tree Tops: Ramblers and Large Climbers The Green Rose An Integrated Pest Management Approach for Downy Mildew

Twin Cities Rosarian


Twin Cities Rose Club

Pacific Rose Bulletin



Pacific Rose Bulletin The Ventura Rose

March September

Pacific Ventura

The Ventura Rose


Miniature-Miniflora Bulletin

First Quarter

Ventura ARS Bulletin

Twin Cities Rosarian Tampa Talks Roses Roses 90210 The Ventura Rose

Series Series June May

Twin Cities Rose Club

Rose Ecstasy Special Publication

September October

Santa Clarita Valley Santa Clarita Valley

Santa Barbara Roses Rose Petals Rose Petals Rose Petals Roses 90210 Pacific Rose Connecticut Rose The Marin Rose The Marin Rose

January March April March February January Series (Jan-Sept) October

Santa Barbara Seattle Seattle Seattle Beverly Hills Pacific Connecticut Marin Marin

James Delahanty James Delahanty James Delahanty James Delahanty James Hering, MD John Cooley John Mueller Jolene Adams Kim Rupert Kitty Belendez Kitty Belendez & Steve Jones Linda Buzzell Lonnie Garceau Lonnie Garceau Lonnie Garceau Luis Desamero Lynn Snetsinger Mirjana Toyn Nanette Londeree Nanette Londeree Pat Hamilton Ray Hunter Regina Johnson Regina Johnson Regina Johnson Rich Baer Rich Myers Robert Martin, Jr. Stephen Hoy Stephen Hoy Stephen Hoy Steve Jones Steve Jones Steve Jones Sue Hopkins Suzanne Horn Vincent Celeste

Tampa Beverly Hills Ventura

Roses in the Redwood April Nashville Rose Leaf August The Clippings April

Humboldt Nashville Olympia

The Clippings The Clippings

Olympia Olympia

May June

Portland Rose Chatter Series West Jersey Rambler February Rose Exhibitor's Forum Fall Singularly Beautiful Roses Winter/Spring Singularly Beautiful Roses Fall

Portland West Jersey ARS Bulletin ARS Bulletin ARS Bulletin

Rose Ecstasy Rose Ecstasy Rose Ecstasy Rain Drops

March March November June

ARS Bulletin Santa Clarita Valley Santa Clarita Valley Santa Clarita Valley Rainy

Pacific Rose The Bulletin

November January

Pacific Bradenton-Sarasota

Singularly Beautiful Roses Summer

MAY/JUNE | 2013    65

Good Bugs By Dean Murakami

Sphodromantis viridis, Adamantios, Greece photo courtesy I. Mintz

or more eggs inside. When the baby mantids hatch, they wriggle free of the egg case resembling tiny worms with black eyes. They quickly unfold, harden and run for cover... and their first meal. As they increase in size, mantids will eat progressively larger insects. As a male, I refuse to discuss their mating habits except to say they resemble that of the black widow spider. Their egg cases are readily available for purchase most of the year.

Praying Mantis

Ladybugs aka Ladybird Beetles

They eat anything they can catch — even each other. These familiar, slender insects come in green, straw or tan, have long legs and as adults, wings. The female praying mantid (“preying mantis”) lays a foam-like egg case, with 100 66




They are easily recognizable with black spots on their scarlet orange bodies. They are voracious daytime predators, searching for food from dawn until dusk. They prefer aphids, but also eat other

soft-bodied bugs and larvae, including mealybugs, scales and mites. One adult can eat as many as 60 aphids in a day (as can their larvae, in their later stages). Ladybug hints: if you buy ladybugs for your garden, keep them cool until you get them home. Please don’t leave them in a hot car! When you get your ladybugs home, put them in a cool place — the refrigerator is fine. For maximum effect, do not release the ladybugs during the heat of the day. Instead, wait until eve-

above: Phytoseilus persimilis, predatory mite feeding on spider mites, National History Museum, UK

photo courtesy Anna Bake

We categorize bugs (insects and their close cousins) according to their effect on us. Malaria-carrying mosquitoes are bad; hardworking, food-for-man-creating honeybees are good. Most bugs are neither good nor bad. With little effect on us at all, they’re just “bugly.” Some bugs are more important to rose lovers than others. While some bugs directly attack roses, other bugs actually prey on these evil bugs helping to protect our beloved roses.

Chrysopa sp., Lacewing, Tasmania, Australia

photo courtesy J J Harrison

ning. Ladybugs will not fly at night and need a settling down period after handling. Mist or sprinkle the area so the ladybugs can have a drink of water. Gently scatter the ladybugs out so that they are close to the target pest (usually aphids) and can find food easily. Put them at the base of infested plants — or on the plant, if possible. Within 10 days look for clusters — three to 20 — of orange football-shaped eggs on the undersides of leaves in your garden. Within five days, ladybug larvae should emerge, hungry for more bugs.

Ladybug larvae (of Hippodamia convergens, the common ladybug) are unable to fly, and they are colored the reverse of their parents — black with red markings. Looking like short, fat, black caterpillars their jaws give them away as a ferocious predator. After three weeks of hunting, they pupate and in under a week emerge as adults — hungry ladybug adults.

Lacewings They are 1-inch long delicate insects with large transparent wings marked with a lacy network of

photo courtesy Jack Kelly Clark

Hippodamia convergens, Ladybug beetle feeding on aphids, Cali9fornia Agricultural, 1995.

veins. Their alligator-like larvae (sometimes called aphid lions or ant lions) look like predators, with large curved mandible jaws, consuming soft-bodied prey including aphids, mites, thrips and leafhoppers. If you buy lacewing eggs, wash the garden down with a water or soap spray (to reduce pest population), then distribute lacewing eggs widely (about 10 per bush) because lacewing larvae — like praying mantids — are also cannibalistic.

Minute Pirate Bugs (Genus Orius) They are tiny (¼-inch) bugs with a black and white body pattern resembling a pirate’s “Jolly Roger” skull and crossbones flag. Predators of mites, thrips and aphids, they can also subsist on a diet of pollen and are attracted to plants with small flowers, including achillea, coreopsis, verbena, nemesia and pentas. Commercially available, but expensive, organic growers usually encourage the presence of minute pirate bugs by using these plants as rose companions. This article was originally published in the February 2012 issue of Roses 90210, Dr. Thomas Cairns, ed.



The Entomologist’s Garden: SPIDER MITES

Tetranychus urticae with silk threads, taken from Wikapedia. photo by Jilles San Martin

I think we all have read by now that spider mites are not insects. You might ask what are they then, if they aren’t insects? And then you might ask what difference does it make? One thing needs to be clarified first. Please keep in mind: in English, the adjective comes first! Then the noun! A spider mite is therefore a mite that is like a spider. A spider mite is not a spider. Please repeat three times fast. A spider mite is not a spider ... I read a lot of gardening publications and you would not believe how often I read, “spider mites are not insects, they are spiders,” or words to that effect. What difference does it make? All spiders – all – are predaceous. They eat other creatures. No spiders eat plants. None. If it eats plants, it’s not a spider. Mites? Different. Many mites eat plants. Some are predaceous; in fact some eat other mites. Many are decomposers – they break down organic matter. Mites make the nutrient cycle in your compost pile and garden soil work. Some live in house dust, others in your eyebrows, others still in birds’ feathers or dogs’ coats. Some mites are parasitic disease-causing organisms but that’s another story. No spiders are parasitic or cause disease. Working in horticulture and as a Consulting Rosarian, I have been asked dozens of times: “How do I get rid of the spiders that are killing my plants?” Because people hear ’spider mite’ and then think spiders and mites are the same thing. 68




By Regina Johnson

Systematics – how we organize living things: Both mites and spiders belong to the same phylum, Arthropoda (critters with a jointed exoskeleton), along with insects, crabs, shrimp, sowbugs, etc. Both mites and spiders are, further, in the class Arachnida. Other familiar arachnids include scorpions and harvestmen, aka daddy longlegs (no, they’re not spiders!). Insects are in a different class, Insecta. The difference? Arachnids have eight legs, no wings or antennae, no compound eyes and two main body divisions. Insects have six legs, four wings, two antennae, two compound eyes and three main body divisions. To put this relationship in perspective, humans belong to the phylum Chordata (critters with a notocord), along with all other vertebrate critters and a few oddballs that are technically invertebrates. So, mites and insects are about as closely related to each other as humans and, say, fish. Or birds. All these are in the same phylum but different classes: class Mammalia for mammals, Aves for birds and Osteichthyes for most fishes. In the class Arachnida, spiders are in order Araneae while mites are in order Acari, along with ticks. (See table) In the class Mammalia, humans are in the Primate order. Other mammalian orders are one for even-toed ungulates (deer, cattle, goats and pigs), a separate order for odd-toed ungulates (horses, donkeys and zebras), one for carnivores, another order just for bats, etc. So spiders are about as different from mites as

donkeys are from pigs or humans from bats. There are different kinds of mites. The spider mites are one family – Tetranychidae. There are about 1200 species of spider mites, but you’ll only see one in your garden - Tetranychus urticae, the two-spotted spider mite. OK, maybe ’see’ is too strong a word for something as tiny as spider mites. You won’t actually see them without magnification. Other families of mites include Eriophyidae, the gall and blister mites, which make galls and blisters on plants like willow, cherry and alder and one of which spreads rose rosette disease. Additionally, Tarsonemidiae like the cyclamen mite; bulb mites on dahlia and lily bulbs; fur, feather and dust mites; chiggers; Oribatida, the decomposers; and Phytoseiidae, the thrips and spider mite predators. So then why the heck are they called spider mites? Because they make silk webbing to cover themselves for protection from predators. It’s a poor choice for a common name, because now lots of people think spiders are killing their plants, when in fact spiders are beneficial in the garden. So if you see webbing on your plants, how do you know if it’s mites or spiders? Spider mite webbing is so tiny and fine textured as to be almost invisible until your plant is totally overcome with mites. It starts on the undersides of the leaves and only as the population grows does the whole plant get covered. A telltale sign of a growing spider mite population is fine webbing in the angle between a leaf and the stem. Spider mite webbing also has no pattern or design to it. And it tends to be dirty – full of shed mite skins, dead mites and mite poop. Spider web silk threads tend to be larger and more visible than anything mites spin. Spider webs are quite large enough to see individual threads, and the orb-weaving spiders make intricate, delicate patterns. Other spiders spin funnels on the ground, or baskets or blankets on plants. Or they might run long individual threads from one plant to another just for getting around. Spiders don’t generally bother with the undersides of leaves. They need to be where the insect traffic is, up in the air where things are flying around. They’re catching bugs with their webs remember. And spiders do not poop in their webs. Why does it matter? Aside from the legions of gardeners diligently spraying insecticides to kill spiders thinking that spiders kill plants, insecticides tend not to work that well on spider mites. Partly because they

Phylum Class Mites: Arthropoda Arachnida Spiders: Arthropoda Arachnida Insects: Arthropoda Insecta Humans: Chordata Mammalia Bats: Chordata Mammalia Fish: Chordata Osteichthyes

Order Acari Araneae many Primate Chiroptera many

aren’t insects, but mainly because their rate of evolution is so darn fast – their life cycle can be as short as two weeks. That’s a lot of evolution in one summer. Spray the same insecticides over the course of a summer and the spider mites will become resistant to it, fast. Horticulturalists joke about how Sevin seems to be a vitamin for spider mites – use it, and the mite population will explode. It’s not just the resistance they develop, but insecticides tend to kill off the predaceous things that would eat mites, leaving the stage clear for the spider mites. Neem oil, and any other horticultural oils, will have the same effect, even when used as a fungicide. I swear every time I used neem oil, I got an outbreak of spider mites where I would normally have no mites. That on top of its toxicity to bees makes me recommend against using neem oil for anything. Better than insecticides is an ‘undercarriage’ wash of plain water for your plants. Spider mites require hot dry conditions. They love reflected heat from pavement or walls. Add some dust and they’re in heaven. They also prefer the undersides of leaves, moving to the top surfaces only when there’s no space left underneath. Hosing off the undersides of the leaves on a regular basis, like every three days or so, keeps the mites from reproducing as fast as they might otherwise and is generally the only control measure needed here, with our cool summers. Mini roses will need careful attention in hot weather. For some reason, they’re very susceptible to spider mites. They’re the only roses in my garden that ever get mites. Also more susceptible are roses in pots sitting on hard surfaces that reflect heat and roses up against walls, especially if they’re under eaves where they don’t get any rain. Check our website for photos of spider mite damage and recommendations for prevention and treatment. This article was first published in the June, 2012 issue of The Clippings, Regina Johnson, ed. Illustration courtesy Dr. Tommy Cairns. MAY/JUNE MAY/JUNE |2013 2013


2012 Award Winners Silver Honor Medal Winners Buckeye Thomas Rubins Carolina Jack Wright Central Gary Osborn Colonial Martha Youmans Deep South Philip & Anne Paul Great Lakes Jean Bradley Gulf None Awarded Illinois-Indiana Leo Ruemmler New York Lillian Stiegler North Central Maggie Barr Ncnh Ernie & Sue Magill Pacific Northwest Barbara Lind Pacific Southwest Carroll Sue Wagner & Alan Troyer Penn-Jersey Diane Wilkerson Rocky Mnt. Carol Roman South Central Claude Graves Tenarky Clayton Beaty Yankee Marci Martin

OUTSTANDING CONSULTING ROSARIAN AWARD WINNERS Buckeye Lew Shupe & Gary Barlow Carolina Robert Myers Central Phillip Schorr Colonial Raymond Kirkland Deep South Walter & Linda Reed Great Lakes Jacqueline Steinert Gulf Robert Powell Illinois-Indiana Renee LaFollette New York Daniel D. Magaro North Central John Turek NCNH Dr. John Shaw Pacific Northwest Judie Phillips Pacific Southwest Chris Greenwood Penn-Jersey Curtis Aumiller Rocky Mountain None Awarded South Central None Awarded Tenarky Kathy Brennan Yankee Wally Parsons 70    AMERICAN ROSE  |  ARS.ORG

Outstanding judge award winners Buckeye Dr. Meredith Weller Carolina Linda Boland Central Daniel Faflak Colonial Janice Sellers Deep South Sandra Dixon Great Lakes None Awarded Gulf Linda Aguzin Illinois-Indiana None Awarded New York Peter & Marian DelGiorno North Central Lois Ann Helgeson NCNH Dave Coop Pacific Northwest Jim Linman Pacific Southwest Miriam Yoder - Horticulture Donaldina Young - Arrangement Penn-Jersey Judy Yingling Rocky Mountain Carol Macon South Central Clyde & Becky Davis Tenarky Michael J. Thompson Yankee David Ciak

2012 Bronze Honor Medal Winners Acadiana Rose Society Albuquerque Rose Society Augusta Rose Society Baton Rouge Rose Society Beverly Hills Rose Society Birmingham Rose Society Bradenton Sarasota Rose Society Butte Rose Society California Coastal Rose Society Central Florida Heritage RS Charleston Lowcountry RS Cleveland-Lincoln County RS Collin County Rose Society Connecticut Rose Society Contra Costa Rose Society Cookeville Area Rose Society

Louella Savoy Fran & Don Hardy Jay Al-Hashimi Allen D. Owings David Bassani Carl Bruner Diane Celeste Neva Youngs Monica Simler Lurlene Fraser Claude & June Thomas JoAnn Ostrander Earl Snoga Claranne Parker James Parker Joan Thisius Richard & Harriette Weidner Del Mar Rose Society Kristen Druker Denver Rose Society Marcie Emily Desert Rose Society Jim & Ruth Allen Detroit Rose Society Amy Geier East Bay Rose Society Susan Gutierrez East County Rose Society Ira & Marie Fletcher Eastern North Carolina RS Marge Davis Fort Vancouver Rose Society Robin Caballero Gainesville Rose Society Linda Rengarts Greater Atlanta Rose Society Chris Woods Greater Greenville Rose Society Dr. Frank & Rita Van Lenten Greater Gwinnett Rose Society Karen Radde Greater Milwaukee Rose Society Marlin Johannes Greater Palm Beach Rose Society Fred Frappier Houston Rose Society Susan Kelly Humboldt Rose Society Phyllis Davis Huntsville Twickenham RS Georgia Bullman Idaho Rose Society Ross & Darlene Hoffland Jacksonville Rose Society (2011) Janet Danford Johnson County Rose Society Laura Dickinson Long Island Rose Society Cathy Guzzardo Louisville Rose Society (2011) Donna Tarrant Louisville Rose Society Howard Carman Los Angeles Rose Society Marcia Sanchez-Walsh Lower Cape Rose Society Ann Marie Girardi Marin Rose Society Maureen Groper

Mesa East Valley Rose Society Monterey Bay Rose Society Mother Lode Rose Society Mountain View Rose Society Mt. Diablo Rose Society Nashville Rose Society New England Rose Society North Bay Rose Society Orlando Area Historical RS Pacific Rose Society

Ryan Regehr Tomiko Edmiston Gloria Aber Joy Bednorz Lou Evans Dillard & Diane Lester Teresa Mosher Darrell Schramm Marie Wisniewski Erin & Edward O’Donnell Peninsula Rose Society Sandee Kolter Phoenix Rose Society Jeannie Cochell Pikes Peak Rose Society Betsy Vasquez Portland Rose Society Judy Fleck Rainy Rose Society Eloise “Lou” Zenger Red River Rose Society, The Gerald & Colleen Frimann Redwood Empire Rose Society Martin Kooi Rhode Island Rose Society Linda K. Shamoon Richmond Rose Society Marion Brown & John Donelson Rogue Valley Rose Society Harry Harvey Rose Society of Glendale Mary Hook Rose Society of Greater St. Louis Rita Trost RS of Saddleback Mountain Andrew & Sylvia Hoffart Rowan Rose Society Leslie Lee San Diego Rose Society Jim Price & Joan Sieber San Fernando Valley Rose Society Jim & Esther Semays San Joaquin Valley Rose Society Janet Adams Shasta Rose Society Duane Carlson Sierra Foothills Rose Society Sue Bennett South Carolina Rose Society Drs. Satish & Vijaya Prabhu South Coast Rose Society Carolyn Grayson Southampton Rose Society Carol Kroupa St. Charles County Rose Society Nancy Brower Syracuse Rose Society Barb & Carl Blanchard Tacoma Rose Society Clifford Martin Tallahassee Area Rose Society Frank A. Parker Tampa Rose Society Walt Pilat Thomasville Rose Society Joanne Maxheimer Tidewater Rose Society Nancy Sutcliffe Tri-State RS of Chattanooga Phyllis Belcher Tulsa Rose Society Dennis A. Voss Twin Cities Rose Club Chris Poppe Virginia Peninsula Rose Society Robert H. Little West Jersey Rose Society Iliana Okum MAY/JUNE | 2013    71


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Major Gift Donor:

Ann Harder An Inspiration on the Importance of ‘Giving Back’ Story and photos by B.J. Harrington

Ann Harder enjoys a break after tending the Golden Triangle Rose Society’s Rose Garden at the Beaumont Botanical Gardens.

“I’ve always loved roses,” replied Ann Harder when asked why she gives so generously to the American Rose Society, “but you might say that a rose helped save my life.” How? One might ask. To understand the answer, it’s important to know a little about Ann and her personal journey. Ann Harder’s roots run deep in the clay soil near her home in Beaumont, TX, where oil and agriculture

complement the industrial economy of the Gulf Coast’s Golden Triangle — cities that include Orange and Port Arthur as well. With lineage stretching back to her granddaddy’s days as a wildcatter in the area’s Spindletop oil boom of the early 1900s, her family subsequently settled on property west of town and engaged in farming as well. Ann’s youth was spent primarily in Houston, where her father, who chose to become an undertaker in the funeral business, thrived. Following her studies at Lamar State College, she held various jobs ranging from occupational therapy in Houston to silver/crystal buyer in a tiny section of Washington D.C. at Martin’s. She even made it out to Estes Park, CO, and worked at the world famous Old Dark Horse Bar in its heyday. There were many “party years“ according to Harder, who eventually discovered her way forward when she landed back in Texas at the University of Houston in the 70s. “I was sitting after an effective personality class in a daze, coming to terms with a major hangover from the night before, when my instructor, Elsa Rosborough {pron. Rose-bur-o}, handed me a rose that she had pulled from a vase on her desk. She asked why I was still there – the others were long gone. I had no reply at first, and then admitted that I was thinking about dropping out of class. It took a while, but I eventually confessed that I was lost, had too many crazy experiences and didn’t know who I was or where I was going. Elsa, who has since become a very dear friend, took the rose and reacted as if a prickle had stuck her, FAVORITE ROSE: ‘Abraham Darby’ GARDEN STONE ENGRAVING:  She who plants a garden plants happiness ~ Chinese proverb MEMBER: Golden Triangle Rose Society

MAY/JUNE | 2013    73

Golden Celebration, one of David Austin’s English Roses, is the deep-yellow shrub which anchors the corner of Harder’s Lone Star State driveway.

looked at me and said, “A rose is like life. And roses have thorns, but you don’t throw it away because it sticks you… and that is how one rose saved my life,” said Harder. “On my 38th birthday, I decided that it was time to grow up.” Today, she is president of the family business, P & H Farms of Texas, Inc., and together with her sister, Edra Harder Bogucki, carries on the family legacy of community involvement begun by their grandfather, Ed Paggi. The oilman had invested toil and hardearned treasure in southeastern Texas and supported numerous hometown projects during his lifetime. Jeans-clad and wearing a hat sporting a dozen ARS patron pins, Harder can be found mucking about in her boots, enthusiastically digging in the dirt and weeding at her beloved Beaumont Botanical Gardens — a 23-acre garden — which her uncle Robert Killbuck helped found in 1969. Harder’s philanthropy supports restoration, additions and enhancements at the gardens which were

unusually hard hit by the last three hurricanes — Rita, Humberto and Ike — to make landfall in the area. Currently, she is supporting the construction of a large, sturdy cedar trellis, 60’ with 8‘ extensions on either end, that will be covered with ‘Reve d’Or’, ‘Madame Alfred Carriere’, ‘Crepuscule’, ‘Devoniensis’ and ‘E´toile de Hollande’ climbers, to name a few. The trellis, which covers a wide walkway and ample benches, was designed by Harder to accommodate even the largest of wedding parties who regularly visit the grounds. It has been built, “to be hurricane proof. We’ve dubbed it “Woodhenge” since it kind of looks like we have planned it to be here for many, many years!” Harder says with a smile and the ever-present twinkle in her eyes. Her gracious gifts to ARS over the last several years began anonymously, but it is her wish that her monetary seeds for our organization’s growth become an inspiration for others to give if they are able. “And, I give because I can,” Harder says in her straightforward, no-nonsense style. “Ann’s generous gifts have had a significant impact on our ability to move forward here at ARS. We are so very thankful that her gifts are designated “to be used wherever or however it is most needed” because they help us address critical needs as they arise,” says Jeff Ware, ARS Executive Director.

“I prefer that the donation be used wherever or however it is most needed.” It is apparent that Harder’s passion for roses and what they have meant in her life is an unmistakable force behind her donations. She credits her grandmother for cultivating her love of rose gardening and the underlying spirit that is shared by gardeners everywhere. We applaud member rosarian Ann Harder for growing her own legacy at ARS and are grateful that she shares her special and very personal love for roses with those in her community as well.

Interested in learning more about how to donate a major or planned gift to ARS? Please contact B.J Harrington, Development Officer, at 74




SUPPORT THE ROSES  |  Contributions The American Rose Society is most grateful to the individuals, societies and companies listed below for their generous contributions. Support of the ARS through such donations provides funding for the continued development of the largest nonprofit educational organization dedicated to all aspects of the rose. The ARS is exempt from federal income taxation under Section 501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code and contributions to the society are tax deductible to the donor as provided by law. We acknowledge all contributions to the American Rose Society. We notify recipients of all gifts received in their honor and notify family members of gifts received in memoriam, in accordance with the donor’s instructions on the form on the next page. We recognize all donations in American Rose. Contributions listed are those received from December 11, 2012 through February 28, 2013. Those received after this date will appear in your July/August 2013 issue. All Annual Fund donations received for 2013 will be acknowledged in the March/April 2014 issue of American Rose!


In memory of David Holder Holly Wood

In honor of the ARS Staff Mif Clausen

In memory of Pete Haring Neill Matthews Mrs. Dorothy Davis Lois Fowkes Mrs. Ida Hayden Pat Hibbard

In honor of Peggy Williams Fairmount Heritage Foundation In memory of Jeannette Schorr Rose Society of Greater St. Louis St. Charles County Rose Society In memory of Julie Morgan Rose Society of Greater St. Louis In memory of Doris Wagner Syracuse Rose Society In memory of Dorothy Kunkle Ed & Lenna Easter In memory of Shirley Welles & Mackie Barnett Carolyn DeRouen In memory of Patricia Vetter Frank Cunningham In memory of Teresa Seiler Sam & Mary Renfroe In memory of Betty Stewart Charlotte Rose Society In honor of Judith Hardtner Podor & Family Elizabeth Hardtner Jones In honor of Jane Owen & Quintin T. Hardtner to Elizabeth Hardtner Jones & Ted & Susan Hardtner Mary Jane Hardtner Melvin

In memory of Tim Calamari Mrs. Dorothy Davis In memory of Earline Branton Acadiana Rose Society In memory of Dr. William E. Bruck Cleveland Rose Society In memory of Helen Hylsky & Jeannette Schorr Belleville Area Rose Society In memory of Gerald Pikuliak Syracuse Rose Society

GARDENS OF THE AMERICAN ROSE CENTER Deep South District Garden Hank Rosen Gulf District David Austin Garden In memory of: Lois Nelle Smith (CENLA RS); Tim Calamari (New Orleans RS); Pete Haring (Shreveport RS); Al Hobbs (SW LA RS); Carlos Smith (CENLA RS) Gulf District

MAY/JUNE | 2013    75

AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY ENDOWMENT TRUST (ARSET) In honor of Tania Norris Dr. & Mrs. Roy Meals In memory of Eric Yount & Pete Haring Jim & Anne Hering In memory of Mitchie Moe & Doris Wagner Clarence Rhodes

How to Make a Charitable Contribution to the American Rose Society

STEP 1: Please tell us about yourself. Name: _________________________________________________ Address: _______________________________________________ City: ___________________________________________________ State: _____________________ Zip: _______________________ Email: _____________________ Phone: ____________________ ❑ Yes, please save postage and thank me via email. STEP 2: Please tell us how you prefer your donation be directed.

AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY EDUCATIONAL ENDOWMENT TRUST (EET) In memory of James Strickler Richard Marshall & Ann McEntee In memory of Hardy Mock Dallas Rose Society


Annual Fund 2012 (Our goal is $160,000) ❑ ARS Operations, to provide vital funding for all services from ARS. ❑ Gardens of the American Rose Center, to provide support for the operation of the Gardens. Endowment Trust Funds (Restricted gifts are not counted towards Annual Fund goal) ❑ ARS Endowment Trust, to provide endowment for society operations ❑ ARS Maintenance Endowment Trust (American Rose Center) ❑ ARS Educational Endowment Trust ❑ ARS Research Endowment Trust Honor/Memorial Fund for the American Rose Center ❑ My gift is in honor of: __________________________________ ❑ My gift is in memory of: ________________________________ ❑ Provide Notification To: ________________________________ _____________________________________________________ Other ❑ Please send a list of current needs. ❑ I would like to give through my Employer Matching Program (a list of participating companies is available at donate). ❑ I would like to learn more about estate planned giving opportunites and how they benefit both me and ARS.

STEP 3: Please tell us how you wish to make this donation. ❑ I have enclosed a check in the amount of $__________. ❑ Please bill my credit card for the full amount of $__________. ❑ Please bill my credit card quarterly (4 payments) in the amount of $__________ for a total donation of $__________.

Credit Card Information: ❑ MasterCard ❑ Visa ❑ Discover ❑ Amex Card Number: __________________________________________ Exp. Date: _________________ V-Code: ___________________ Please mail this form to ARS, P.O. Box 30000, Shreveport, LA 71130-0030, or fax to (318) 938-5405. If you prefer, we would be happy to process your donation by phone at (318) 938-5402 x223. ARS is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization. Contributions are not compensated with goods or services and are deductible for income tax purposes as allowable by law.





SMELL THE ROSES  |  Our Events Calendar International events New South Wales, Australia — Rose Society of New South Wales Inc., Australia, Centenary Celebration and National AGM. Oct. 18 - 21, 2013. Doug Hayne, 61-2-4735-1730, Palmerston North, New Zealand — The World Federation of Rose Societies Regional Convention, Nov. 22 - 27th 2013. Peter Elliott - Convenor, gizmo@inspire. National events May 31-Jun. 2 — New York, NY — 2013 Great Rosarians of the World Lecture Series - East. Queens Botanical Garden. Pat Shanley, 516-458-9148, pshanley@aol. com, Sept. 20-22 — Winston-Salem, NC — 2013 Mini/Miniflora Conference, hosted by the Winston-Salem RS. Winston-Salem Holiday Inn Select. James Richardson, 336-983-9618,, May 9-12, 2014 — San Diego, CA — ARS National Convention & Rose Show. Town and Country Resort Hotel. Ruth Tiffany, 619-548-6950, ruthsgarden@msn. com, Jul. 25-27, 2014 — Mt. Laurel, NJ — 2014 National Miniature Conference. The Hotel Mt. Laurel. Gus Banks, 609-267-3809,, District Conventions/Events May 3-5 – California Coastal RS – District Convention, Carlsbad by the Sea Resort, Carlsbad CA. Diana Kilmer, 1-951-693-5568,, Sept. 6-8 – Penn-Jersey District – District Convention. The Hotel ML, Mount Laurel, NJ. Gus Banks, 609267-3809,, Sept. 14 – Illinois-Indiana District – District Convention. Decatur, IL, The Schilling Center. Dan Keil, 217-4293468, Schools/Seminars May 11 – Colorado Springs, CO – Rocky Mountain Dist. Arrangement Judges School/Seminar. Carol Macon, 719-576-7626, May 14 – Wichita, KS – Central District CR Seminar. Wichita Botanica Gardens. Cindy Vadakin, 316-2581684, May 25 – Orangevale, CA – NCNH District Horticulture Judges Seminar. Robert Parker, 530-474-5187, May 25-26 – Beaumont, TX – South Central Dist. Horticulture Judges School. Terrell Park Garden Cntr. Ralph Cooper, 479-459-7354,

Local Events May 4 – Syracuse, NY – Syracuse RS Rose Fair. Thornden Park. Jim Kahler, 315-794-8723,, May 5 – Redwood City, CA – Peninsula RS 56th Annual Rose Show. Community Activities Building, Jerry Georgette, 650-465-3967, jerrygeorgette@yahoo. com, May 11 – Watsonville, CA – Monteray Bay RS 33rd Annual Rose Show. Alladin Nursery & Gifts. Janey Leonardich, 831-722-7958, sweeete940@gmail. com, May 11 – Santa Rosa, CA – Redwood Empire RS 47th Rose & Arr. Show. Luther Burbank Art & Garden Center. Karen Ernsberger, 707-996-8136,klekrose@, May 11 – San Rafael, CA – Marin RS 39th Annual Spring Rose Show. Northgate Mall. Lydia Treadway, 415456-2640,, May 11 – Delaware, OH – Delaware Area RS Roses for Youth 2013. Miller’s Country Gardens. David Jackson, 740-369-8262, May 11-12 – Atlanta, GA – Greater Atlanta RS Mother’s Day Rose Show. Atlanta Botanical Gardens. Chris Woods, 770-309-6302, May 11-12 – Birmingham, AL – Birmingham RS Rose Show. Birmingham Botanical Gardens. Chris VanCleave, 205-585-9687, Chris@RedneckRosarian. com May 12 – San Francisco, CA – San Francisco RS Mother’s Day Rose Show. SF County Fair Building, Charles Dowling, 415-647-4486,, May 17 – Aiken, SC – August RS & Aiken Garden Club Floral Design Workshop. Aiken County Historical Museum. Linda Boland, 706-364-9075,, May 18 – Bowling Green, KY – Bowling Green RS Rose Show. American Legion Hall. Mary Hext, 270-7818171,, bowlinggreenrose May 18 – Tulsa, OK – Tulsa RS Annual Spring Rose Show. Tulsa Community College, NW Campus. Don Johnson, 918-227-1954/918-200-5528, no1roseman@, May 18 – Southampton, NY – Southampton RS Workshop Series: Diseas Control & Fertilization. Rogers Memorial Library. Laura Devinney, 631-707-5950,, May 18-19 – Fayetteville, GA – South Metro RS 28th MAY/JUNE | 2013    77

Annual Rose Show. Fayetteville Church of Christ. Cindy Dale, Show Chair, 770-631-3885, rosepro@ May 25 – Salisbury, NC – Rowan RS Rose Show. Clyde Harriss, May 25 – Moorestown, NJ – West Jersey RS Rose Show. Moorestown Mall. Gus Banks, 609-267-3809,, May 25 – Huntsville, AL – Huntsville-Twickenham Society Rose Show. Parkway Place Mall. Jill Chappell, 256-880-3773, May 25-26 – Richmond, VA – Richmond RS Rose Show. Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden. Carol Fox, 804876-3140, May 26 – Baltimore, MD – Maryland RS 68th Annual Rose Show. Cylburn Arboretum, Vollmer Center. David Walsh, 410-374-1070, Facebook: The Maryland Rose Society. Jun. 1 – Winston-Salem, NC – Winston-Salem RS Rose Show. Dixie Classic Fairgrounds. Jimmy Speas, 336-416-5838,, Jun. 1 – Kansas City, MO – Kansas City RS Annual Rose Show. Loose Park Garden Center. Glenn Hodges, 913-888-0957, Jun. 1 – Southampton, NY – Southampton RS Workshop Series: Competitive Rose Arrang. Garden of Carole Guest. Laura Devinney, 631-707-5950,, Jun. 1 – Mechanicsburg, PA – Greater Harrisburg RS 59th Annual Rose Show. Bethany Village West. Ron Chronister, 717-766-2656,, Jun. 2 – Charleston, WV – Charleston RS Rose Show. University of Charleston Geary Student Union. Lynda Grass, 304-345-3634, Jun. 2 – Southampton, NY – Southampton RS Workshop Series: Award Winning Roses. Garden of Huguette & Dennis Hersch. Laura Devinney, 631-7075950,, Southamptonrose. org Jun. 2 – Chestnut Hill, PA – Philadelphia RS Annual Rose Show. Morris Arboretum, Widener Ed. Center. Patricia Bilson, 610-644-1860,, Jun. 1-2 – Albuquerque, NM – Albuquerque RS Spring Rose Show. Albuquerque Garden Center. Claudia Bonnet, 505-875-1151,, Jun. 1-2 – Centreville, VA – Arlington Rose Foundation Spring Rose Show. Merrifield Garden Center, Fair 78    AMERICAN ROSE  |  ARS.ORG

Oaks. Pam Powers, 703-371-9351, pam1powers@, Jun. 6-7 – Portland, OR – Portland RS Annual Spring Rose Show. Lloyd Center Mall. Katherine Johnson, 503-289-4894,, Jun. 8 – Southampton, NY – Southampton RS Rose Show. Rogers Memorial Library, Morris Room. Laura Devinney, 631-707-5950,, Jun. 8 – Kennet Square, PA – Del Chester RS Rose Show. Longwood Gardens. Elaine Adler, 610-6925631, Jun. 9 – Reading, PA – Reading Berks RS Rose Show. Boscov’s North Auditorium. Kevin Glaes, 610-9264428 Jun. 9 – Parma, OH – Western Reserve/Forest City RS Rose Show. Parmatown Mall. Lori Hilfer, 440-5824310/Anita Solarz, 440-779-5712, Jun. 8-9 – Toledo, OH – Toledo RS 50th Rose Show. Toledo Botanical Gardens, Conference Center. Cheryl Menard, 419-893-1898,; Dave Wisniewski, 419-882-7943, cdwisniewski@bex. net Jun. 15 – Sterling Heights, MI – Metropolitan and Grosse Point RS Spring Rose Show. Wiegand’s Nursery. Duane DeDene, 586-778-4332, Jun. 16 – Snohomish, WA – Heritage Roses NW Annual Rose Display. 12PM to 4PM, Antique Rose Farm. Jackie McElhose, 360-568-1919/Judie Phillips, Jun. 15-16 – Roseville, MN – Minnesota RS Rose Show. Har Mar Hall. Jackie L’Allier 651-429-1788, Jun. 22 – Delaware, OH – Delaware Area RS Rose Show. United Methodist Church, 28 William Street. David Jackson, 740-369-8262, Jun. 23 – West Hartford, CT – Connecticut RS 32nd Annual Rose Show. Pond House at Elizabeth Park. D. Ciak,, Jun. 29-30 – Auburn, WA – Rainy RS Rose Display. Emerald Downs Racetrack. Sue Tiffany, 253-631-0312, Jul. 15 – Saint Cloud, MN – Granite City RS Rose Show. Whitney Center. Debra Keiser, 320-251-0442,


Roses Angel Gardens Over 1,500 varieties of Own-Root, Organically Grown, Old Garden Roses, including Earthkind, Teas, Bermuda, Chinas, Hybrid Musks, Bourbons, HPerpetuals, Noisettes, Modern Shrubs, Older HTs, Buck, Weeks, David Austin, Cl, & Minis. Nursery and Display Gardens. On-Line Catalog. ARS 10% discount | 352-359-1133 | PO Box 1106 | Alachua, Fl. 32616 Chamblee’s Rose Nursery — Since 1953 10926 US Hwy 69 North | Tyler, TX 75706-5933 903.882.5153 | 1-800-256-ROSE | Fax 903.882-3597 Container grown, Own-Root Antique and Modern Garden Roses, Earth-Kind® Landscape roses, Dr. Griffith Buck Roses, David Austin English® Roses, Kordes® Roses, Knock Out® Roses and Drift® Roses, Biltmore Garden Rose Collection. Shipping available September thru May. Visit our online catalog at HEIRLOOM ROSES The World’s Most Fragrant Roses Own-root and container grown Hybrid Teas, Floribundas and Grandifloras, Miniatures, Climbing Roses, Rugosas and Hardy Roses, David Austin® English Roses, English Legend and Heirloom’s Own Varieties. Visit us on the web at: 503-538-1576 24062 Riverside Dr NE | St Paul, Oregon 97137 10% discount on ROSES to ARS members Use ARS10 during ordering process HIGH COUNTRY ROSES We specialize in beautiful, hardy roses for tough climates. Canadian, English, Shrub and Old Garden Roses, Floribundas, Minis, Climbers and Species Roses. Over 270 varieties, all own-root, grown and shipped in 5” x 5” pots. ARS members receive 10% discount on roses! For the latest availability, visit us on the web at: 800-552-2082 | PO Box 22901 | Denver, CO 80222

James & Daisy Mills — K & M Roses 601-648-2908 Fortuniana Grafted Roses For Over 25 Years Hybrid Teas, Exhibition, Old Favorites, Floribundas, Climbers, Minis & Minifloras. Featuring roses from all the major suppliers plus John Smith, Fred Wright, Whit Wells, David Clemons and others. As well as 25 varieties from Eddie Edwards. “Roses You Must Have!” Visit our website: or email us at: | Fax: 601-648-2151 We also do custom grafting. Visit our nursery by appt. 1260 Chicora River Road | Buckatunna, MS 39322 Northland Rosarium Hardy Own-Root Roses 9405 S. Williams Lane | Spokane, WA 99224 509-448-4968 email: Modern and Old Garden Roses, Dr. Griffith Buck, David Austin English Roses, Miniature Roses. Display Garden and Nursery. Mail-order and online catalog on our website: Rogue Valley Roses Antique, Rare, and Exceptional Modern Roses. Container Grown. Paul Barden Exclusives, Roses from Ralph Moore, Kordes, Delbard, Climbers and Ramblers, Hybrid Teas, Shrubs, Hybrid Musks, Hardy Roses, Miniatures, and Roses from All Classes. 1,500+ varieties Full screen photos, powerful search, printable list. Guarantees and Online Specials. Immediate or delayed shipping available year ’round. 10% discount to ARS members. 541-535-1307 | P.O. Box 116 | Phoenix, OR 97504 MORE --->

MAY/JUNE | 2013    79


Roses Unlimited A Specialty Nursery. Over 1,000 own-root varieties available. Knowledge, Service & Quality Plants. AARS Winners from 1940, Shrub Roses, Old Garden, Delbards, Griffith Bucks, Kordes, English, Hybrid Teas, Floribundas, Climbers, Miniatures & Minifloras. 363 North Deerwood Drive | Laurens, SC 29360 | 864-682-7673 Miniature Roses JOHN’S MINIATURE ROSES Fragrant, Exhibition and Award Winning Miniatures. Sunblaze® Minis, Climbing Minis and Mini-floras. Micro-miniatures and Single Minis. Visit us on the web at: Toll free: 800-820-0465 Old Garden Roses Antique Roses selected for beauty, fragrance, disease resistance and hardiness. Rose Fire, Ltd. 09 394 State Route 34 | Edon, Ohio 43518 Phone (419) 388-8511 Evenings |

Publications HORIZON ROSES 2012 Now available as an ebook for the Kindle and other readers, Horizon Roses is compilation of comments by the nation’s top rose exhibitors on the exhibition potential of the newest hybrid teas, floribundas, miniflora and miniature roses. The 2012 edition contains a record 2,410 reports by 93 nation-wide reporters on the exhibition potential of 323 roses introduced in the last five years. The reports include 66 new roses not mentioned in prior issues. Supplementing the comments are photographs of 136 roses on which multiple comments were received. To order, visit

2013 Official List Of Exhibition Names For Exhibitors and Judges The latest edition of THE resource for exhibitors and judges includes 334 pages of approved exhibition names, AARS list, ARS “E” list and Miniature/Miniflora Hall of Fame list. $24.99, less 10% Member Discount: $22.49 To order visit:

Organics Neptune’s Harvest Organic Fertilizers Liquid Fish, Seaweed, Blends, Dry Kelp Meal and Crab Shell. Products show amazing results on roses, including growing the #1 rose in the country. Available at your local Garden Center or call 1 (800) 259-GROW(4769) for FREE catalog.

THE LAST WORD… continued from page 82 Sevin will kill immediately. One drawback is the fact that potency in the product will not last indefinitely. It requires spraying at least every three days during beetle time. Rosarians can expect their worst infestation when the beetles first arrive. The passage of time seems to find a decrease in beetle hordes. Diligent attention to beetle reduction will help to preserve the rose garden’s beauty. Don’t surrender in despair. Work hard at 80    AMERICAN ROSE  |  ARS.ORG

defeating this scourge. The beetle problem will finally subside. Only the committed labor of the rosarian will speed the elimination of Japanese Beetles. Beetle-mania has struck. First it was in Europe as Volkswagen produced the popular “people’s car.” This is in the category of progress. However, the second beetle, whose origin is Japan, is not a welcome guest to Americans. Let every rosarian pledge to conquer this enemy as we did its birthplace during World War II.

Your Rose Resource

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The Last Word on Roses


ANd FINAlly...

Tale of Two Beetles

by Ted

Mills aka RoseDoc

RoseDoc  was  first  introduced  to  the  first  Volkswagen Beetle dur1001 River Hills Drive ing World War II. As an  infantryman,  fighting  in  Chattanooga, TN 37415 Germany,  his  attention  was drawn to this small automobile.  It  was  like  no  other  car  yet  seen.  With motor in the rear and its shape resembling that  of a beetle, the public took to this vehicle like a camel  to an oasis. The introduction of the Beetle version of Volkswagen occurred in May, 1937. Adolph Hitler was beginning to stir up the people with his gift of oratory. He  wanted an automobile to satisfy the whims of his fellow  countrymen. Hence, it became known as the “people’s  car.” Right away the entire German public had found a  car that was “tough” and very dependable. A famous  family  name  was  credited  with  its  origin.  Ferdinand  Porsche built the first Beetle. Today, his name is associated with one of the most expensive vehicles produced  – the Porsche. Currently, the Porsche Motor Company  has merged with Volkswagen to allow the Volkswagen  enterprise to become the largest producer of automobiles in the world. The  impact  caused  by  this  “people’s  car”  is  tremendous. Today’s version is an improved vehicle that  still carries a hint of the beetle shape. There is no departure  from  early  success.  Germany  is  now  a  major  ally of victorious America.  Although  Volkswagen  has  evolved  into  a  gigantic producer of automobiles that are numbered in the  millions,  another  beetle  is  spreading  havoc  among  those whose mission is to provide beauty among the  populace. This beetle dwarfs the automobile Beetle in  numbers. Literally millions of these beetles are busily  devouring  the  precious  blooms  of  rose  gardens.  It  is  ironic  that  their  origin  is  Japan,  the  other  major  USA  enemy during World War II. Japanese Beetles entered America in a Japanese 

boatload of infested iris roots, docked along the coast  of New Jersey. The year of arrival was 1916, and considered a day of infamy by rosarians. This pesky insect  eventually became one of rose growers’ chief culprits.  Even though almost a century has passed since its entry,  this  ravenous  beetle  is  a  major  threat  to  the  rose  bushes  that  rosarians  adore.  Their  damage  to  rose  blooms is a morbid sight to behold. Not  all  gardens  in  America  have  yet  endured  a  Japanese Beetle invasion. The beetles just haven’t arrived, as they are not equipped to fly great distances.  In fact, one thousand yards from the point of their incubation is the limit. For that reason, their westward trip  is  gradual.  RoseDoc  first  saw  the  beetles  on  a  North  Carolina golf course. He mistook them for small June  bugs. About five years later the bugs had reached Ten nessee. Ever  since  the  first  Japanese  Beetle  arrived  in  RoseDoc’s garden it has been a challenge to eliminate  this scourge. Although the presence of the beetles has  subsided,  there  are  still  some  beetles  still  “hanging  around.”  Several  remedies  have  been  tried  with  limited success. But, like General Custer at the Little Bighorn, too many Indians. If the beetles were eradicated  in  the  grub  stage,  the  scourge  would  be  eliminated.  Fortunately,  the  chemical  Milky Spores  has  complete  control.  This  product  creates  a  fatal  disease  for  the  grub.  When  an  infected  grub  touches  another  grub  the result is death to the touched one also. The only  drawback is the neighbors must also treat their grass.  This cooperation is not always provided. Traps  have  been  tried,  but  these  usually  attract  beetles that may not otherwise invade. Picking off the  beetles in the early morning is a time when the beetles  are rather inactive. Dropping them in soapy water usually means death. Be sure and dispose of the beetles.  Burning  them  is  an  effective  way.  Unless  you  are  like  RoseDoc, you shy away from the powerful insecticides  that kill everything, including helpful insects. However,  the  rose  grower  who  craves  immediate  expulsion  of  beetles from their prized roses, a product called Liquid  continued on page 80




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American Rose May/June 2013  

American Rose is the only magazine dedicated solely to roses! It is primary membership benefit of the American Rose Society.

American Rose May/June 2013  

American Rose is the only magazine dedicated solely to roses! It is primary membership benefit of the American Rose Society.