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AT A GLANCE

Plagiocephaly and Brachycephaly in the United States Since the “Back to Sleep” recommendations were introduced by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 1992, SIDS deaths have decreased dramatically. At the same time, the incidence of infant cranial malformations has risen.

SIDS Deaths Have Decreased in the United States…

Incidence of Plagiocephaly Has Risen in Texas…

Year

Year

Birth prevalence per 10,000

Deaths Per 10,000 Live Births

1999

6.7

1999

3.0

2000

6.2

2000

6.1

2001

5.6

2001

9.8

2002

5.7

2002

18.3

2003

5.3

2003

21.9

2004

5.6

2004

21.5

2005

5.4

2005

26.9

2006

5.5

Source: CDC, National Center for Health Statistics

600%

The percentage by which the incidence of plagiocephaly and other head shape diagnoses has increased since 1992.

20-25% Percentage of infants who sleep on their backs who are affected by plagiocephaly.

300,000 – 400,000 Number of babies born annually in the United States with cranial malformations.

Source: “Investigation Into an Increase in Plagiocephaly in Texas From 1999 to 2007,” Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Vol. 165, No.8, August 2011

4-8 Months Most effective age to conduct helmet therapy to correct cranial malformations.

4.5 Months

Average duration of treatment for helmet therapy in an infant.

75%

Percentage of Down Syndrome patients who are diagnosed with brachycephaly.

Sources: Amputee Coalition of America, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Academy of Pediatrics, Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 6

O&P Almanac APRIL 2012

Profile for AOPA

April 2012 Almanac  

American Orthotic & Prosthetic Association (AOPA) - April 2012 Issue - O&P Almanac

April 2012 Almanac  

American Orthotic & Prosthetic Association (AOPA) - April 2012 Issue - O&P Almanac