LE CORBUSIER. LE CORBUSIER. Charles Edouard Jeanneret was the real name of “Le Corbusier” (1887-1965) He was a Swiss architect, designer, urbanist, writer, painter, pioneer of modern Architecture. The international Stile.
Early life and education 1887-1913 He was born in La Chaux de Fonds in northwestern, Switzerland. He was attracted to the visual arts and studied at The Chaux de Fonds ,the school of Arts of Charles L' Eplattenier. His teacher of architecture was RenĂŠ Chapallaz ,which had a great influence on their firs thomes In 1907 he worked with Auguste Perret in Paris . After that In 1908 , he studied architecture in Vienna with Josef Hoffmann. Then In 1910 he worked with Peter Behrens , and at the same year he meets Van Der Rohe and Gropius.
Le Corbusier created a new artistic movement, Purism. By the way, he made the journal “L' Esprit nouveaupurist “.
Early career: The villas 1914–1930 Le Corburiser taught at La Chaux de Fonds . He worked on theoretical architectural, using modern techniques. Among these his project was for the " Dom- ino" House( 1914-1915 ) . He begin his own architectural practices with Pierre Jeanneret .
Le Corbusier created a new artistic movement, Purism.
By the way, he made the journal “L' Esprit nouveau purist “.
Pseudonym adopted 1920 Charles-Edouard Jeanneret adopted “Le Corbusier”an altered form of his maternal grandfather's name, "Lecorbésier", as a pseudonym, reflecting his belief that anyone could reinvent themselves.
Le corbusier was married with Yvonne Gallis, a dressmaker and fashion model. Unfortunately she died in 1957.
Forays Into Urbanism However with the excessive increase of the French population and the Parisian slums, Le Corbusier sought effective ways to house large numbers of people in response to the crisis in urban housing forms.
For him, the solution to these problems was the creation of large housing developments or apartment blocks, and with the time it was not only that, but it came to the study of entire cities. He believed that his new modern architectural forms would provide an organizational solution that would raise the quality of life for the lower classes.
In 1922 he presented his scheme for a "Contemporary City" for three million inhabitants.
Le Corbusier expanded and reformulated his ideas on urbanism, eventually publishing them in La Ville radieuse (The Radiant City) in 1935.
Dead On August 27, 1965, Le Corbusier went for a swim in the Meditterranean Sea at Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, France.
His body was found by bathers and he was pronounced dead at 11 a.m. It was assumed that he may have suffered a heart attack.
The five points
Le Corbusier's purist manifesto, the Five Points Towards a New Architecture sets out his ideals for a new architectural aesthetic, which are embodied by the Villa Savoye
â€œModulorâ€? system was structured on an architectural proportion scale.
Le Corbusier ft Charlotte Perrian in collaboration made three chrome plated tubular Steel chairs designed for The Maison La Roche in ParĂs and a pavillion for Barbara and Henry Church.
INFLUENCE Since his death, Le Corbusierâ€™s contribution has been hotly contested, as the architecture values and its accompanying aspects with modern architectura vary, both between different schools of thought and among practising architects.
Le Corbusier gave credence and credibility to the automobile and to freeways in urban spaces. The ideas of Le Corbusier were further destruction of traditional urban spaces to build freeways that connected this new urbanism to lowdensity, lowcost (and highly profitable), suburban and rura locales which were free to be developed as middleclass single-family (dormitory) housing. Le Corbusier was revered in his lifetime, and after death, bye a generation of followers. Later, he was criticized for his own followers in some essays.
Buildings and proyects
Villa Fallet, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Casa Schwob, La Chaux-deSwitzerland, 1905 Fonds, 1916
Pavillon de Lâ€™Esprit Nouveau, Paris (destroyed), 1924
Villa Savoye, Poissy-sur-Seine, France, 1928
Casa Schwob, La Chaux-deFonds, 1916
Capelle Notre Dame du Haut, Ronchamp, France, 1950-1954
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Cuadras Bernal R. Amesari. • Soto Delgado Jennifer. • Robles Manjarrez Mario. Subject: English Teacher: Claudia Aispuro