Di Ma_Architecture and Adaptive Reuse

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D I MA

P O R T F O L I O


CONTENTS ADAPTIVE REUSE

4 OFF THE LINE Fall 2021 | Adaptive Reuse

16 THERAPEUTIC OCEAN Spring 2021 | Adaptive Reuse

24 BUILDING A COMMUNITY Fall 2020 | Adaptive Reuse

ARCHITECTURE

36 MUSEUM FOR LOST CHILDREN Winter 2019 | Architecture

46 MASTERPIECE COLLAGE Winter 2019 | Architecture: Theoretical Practice

58 UCCA DUNE MUSEUM

DI MA Rhode Island School of Design University of Toronto 401-688-0956 DMA02@RISD.EDU didesigning.com

Summer 2019 | Internship

OTHERS

62 OTHER WORK Graphic Design


O F F T H E L I N E

TYPOLOGY Adaptive Reuse LOCATION Providence, Rhode Island PROJECT DATE Fall 2020


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SCALE LARGE For youth adults outside the Statehouse

SCALE MEDIUM For young politicians in the Statehouse

SOFT INVASION

BREAK THE RULES

Soft in the form: Compared to the original form of the State House, I want to create a fluid, organic form of intervention

Challenging the authority and solemnity of the State House: inserting free forms to the restricted design of statehouse

Soft in its materiality and durability: no hard demolishment will be made to the original structure, besides removing a few bricks or a portion of the wall/floor. Interventions will be removable or attached to the original building.

Reuse the State House: skateboarding (on the walls, the stairs and the terraces) inviting people to loiter, sitting/ lying on the floor and the new interventions Material: confront the classical, symmetric, hard, white marble with soft interventions. Soft in form, porosity (accessibility) and material (rammed earth/foam, .../...)

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SCALE SMALL For young progressive protesters

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SCALE RED The large scale is an architectural landscape structure, shaped like a bubble. It is linking the basement of the State House to the lawn and terrace t, creating a new circulation from the outside to the inside. It functions like a building-size furniture, allowing different types of activities such as: skateboarding, bolder climbing, small concert, market, etc.


SCALE YELLOW The medium scale installations are organic structures, shaped like bubbles squeezing from and through the original rigid structures of the State House, and hanging on the interior and exterior walls. They function as gathering spaces for staff and the public.

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SCALE GREEN The smallest scale is following the individual human scale: furniture-like installations that can be installed on the staircases inside and outside the State House. They can be used to sit on, lean on, or lay down.

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THERAPEUTIC O C E A N

TYPOLOGY Adaptive Reuse LOCATION Boston, MA PROJECT DATE Spring 2021


SOUTH BOSTON Curley Community is providing community wellness resources for South Boston neighborhoods, and mental health wellness is certainly a part that cannot be ignored. According to the data, critical mental health issues in South Boston is less of a concern than the rest of the Boston area. Such result must have inseparable relationship to its close location to the beach and ocean since they are the provider of natural white noise. Sea Level 2100

Besides white noises, the beach and ocean in South Boston are also the provider of other soothing sensory experience, including comforting visual color palette, texture of sand, natural odor, etc.

Sea Level 2050

Sea Level 2020

Mental Health Hospitalizations in Boston by Neighborhood

South Boston Neighborhood Average

EXTENDING

DEMOLISHING

REDEFINING

Planning existing ocean-facing structure based on the costal line.

Move up the cur ve s . Keeping the street-facing facade and r o o f o n l y. D e m o l i s h i n g t h e ocean-facing walls and leave a few remants. Extending the s t r u c t u r a l b o u n d a r y.

Defining the accessible boundary by creaing curves.


Old vs. New

Sensory Experience Zone

Beach Experience Zone

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HEARING ZONE Hearing zone is taking advantage of the ocean and the tide. This zone is under a sloping down roof that is extending to the ocean. When the tide comes and hits the roof, it will produce natural white noise.

Waves Hitting the Wall

Shift Down the Roof

Waves Come Back and Forth

Sound Tubes Collecting Natural Noise

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Sound of City

Sound of Streetside

Sound of Ocean

Ocean Threater

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BUILDING A COMMUNITY

TYPOLOGY Adaptive Reuse LOCATION Chengde, Hebei, China PROJECT DATE Fall 2020


Dongyuanlin Primary School

C h e n g d e H o s p i t a l o f Tr a d i t i o n a l C h i n e s e M e d i c i n e

W U YA N G H U AY U A N

C h e n g d e N o .1 6 M i d d l e S c h o o l

Chengde Railway Station

The site of the project is the neighborhood I am currently living in. The buildings were developed around 2003, and used to the best neighborhood in the area. During the 18 years, Chengde went through dramatical changes, but the original constructions in the neighborhood stayed the same, which cannot satisfy the residences’ new needs. Therefore, the residences “designed” the space according to their different need in the 18 years, and transformed the whole neighborhood.

2008 vs 2020

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2008 vs 2020

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Origional Building Interven�on

Origional Building Interven�on

R o o f P la n

1. Ori gi n a l St a t us

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2 . S h if t in g F lo o r P la t e s t o Cr e a t P la t form

Plan Section

3 . Cr e a t in g R a mps and Platf orms f or P u b lic Space

4.A dded- on Roof A s Urban Farm for B uilding Residences Only

5. Creating V iew Terrance On B oth Sides

6. Re- organi ze T he C i r c ul ati on Wi thi n Bui l di ng

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Origional Structure Renovations Public Circulation Residence Only Circulation

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VI EW T E R R A N CE F A CI N G R I V E R

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URB A N FA RM

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MUSEUM FOR LOST CHILDREN

TYPOLOGY Conceptual Architecture LOCATION Downtown in Metropolis PROJECT DATE Fall 2019


70,000

96,000

112,853

460,000

Australia Russia Canada

China

India

United Kingdom

United States

Number of children trafficking cases solved by police in China 2,827

2,979

3,251

GOVERNMENT

20,000 45,000 45,288

According to the research, China ranked as the country with forth high missing children population. One of the reasons why children missing is so serious in China is the patriarchal idea of only boys are the only descendant of the family still exists in some stayed behind rural area. Besides, children trafficking became a business in Chine since the 1970s. Children traffickers will sell the children out as beggars, labors, or prostitutes.

V I C T I M

Number of children missing each year worldwide (2018) (person )

The police force, official, and unofficial social media formed the network to search for missing children. “Bao Bei Hui Jia” and “Tuan Yuan” are the two biggest unofficial social media websites established to post information about missing children. Besides, television programs and films are also major tools to remind people to notice the issue on children. trafficking

2,237

3,500 3,000

1,460

2,500 2,000

756

618

546

606

1,000 500 0

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

People’s notice of child trafficking still stays at the primary stage. They would consider such issues as stories rather than facts. The public need to see and feel the fact that can arouse their empathy.

PUBLIC

1,500

Ways of how children rescused from human trafficking in China (2018) Help from the public (2.6%) Unofficial searching media (10.6%)

Official searching media (12.3%) Police force (74.5%)

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1. Form an triangular shape with column massings

2. Lift one of the columns

8. Estabilsh walls based on the angle of floors

3. Keep the exterior walls

9. Extend the walls vertically

4. Twist the back wall in 30°

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7. Create floors

10. Create new floors and curve the walls

5. Twist the front wall in 30°

11. Inserte a light pillar

6. Connect the walls

12. Add windows

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MUSEUM IN METROPOLIS M useum locat es in the cent er of the cit y. Invites all passengers passing by to pay attention.

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MASTERPIECE C O L L A G E

TYPOLOGY Theory Application LOCATION N/A PROJECT DATE Fall 2019


“Deconstruction” House III - Peter Eiseman

1. Floor is reduced to two

“Free Plan” Villa Sovaye - Le Corbusier

“Rotation” Diamond House - John Hejduk

“Wrapping” House H - Sou Fujimoto

1.Skeleton is isolated 1. The whole structure is rotated 45 degrees 1. The structure is stretched horizontally into a cuboid

2. Space is rotated, vertical skeletons are transformed into walls.

2. Space is divided vertically by transformed column

2. Skeleton structure is stretched vertically 2. The first cuboid room is contructed by the innermost columns

3. Space is squeezed

3. Space is divided horizontally by transformed columns

3. Space is constructed based on the stretched skeletion 3. The second cuboid room, which contains the first within, is contructed by space inbetween the innermost and the middle columns

4. Space is divided into two parts

4. First floor is built up by the interaction of columns

4. Three floors are constructed based on the column system 4. The third cuboid room, which contains the first and the second one, is constructed by the outter structure of the columns

5. Skeleton is inserted into the cube space

5. Second floor is built up with r andom walls interacting with columns

5. Curving structure of the first floor is created based on the columns, a blank space with no walls is constructed

5. Skeleton is abandoned, the third cuboid is stretched into a trapezoid

6. Skeleton is divided into two parts

7. Divided skeletons are inserted into divided spaces

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6. Third floor is built up with random walls interacting with columns

6.The second floor is constructed and the interior walls are constructed by interacting with selective columns

7. Top floor is built up with random walls interacting with columns

7. The third floor only contains a few curving walls and left blank spaces

6. Windows and doors are constructed on the structure

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“Rotation” 45°

stretched

stretched and rotated 190°

stretched

45° vertically

30° sheer

“Deconstruction”

“Deconstruction” diagonally

cutting of a triangle

trapezoid & triangle

zigzag

cutting off rectangle vertically

cutting off a triangle

1. The cube is sheared 45 degree 2. A bigger sheard cube embodies the first one, 3. The third biggest cube embodies the to the left. two cubes align at the lower right corner. previous two, all align at the lower right corner.

“Rotation”

“Open Plan”

4. Density of vertical columns is increased. Spacing between each column is 1 meter.

3. Only vertical column are left.

2. The skeleton is cut into two parts diagnally.

1. The skeleton is isolated.

“Rotation” 45°

stretched

stretched and rotate 180°

30° sheer vertically

45° vertically

rotate one by one “Wrapping”

“Deconstruction”

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horizontal diagonally

vertical diagonally

zigzag

shifting

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one major nine-square grid is established

two nine-square grids interacting

outter two nine-square grids are divided into smaller grids

with interacting with the middle nine-square grid, columns established

plan of the first floor

plan of the second floor

plan of the third floor

plan of the roof

three nine-square grids interacting

Public Space Semi-Private Space Private Space

Stairs Pedestrian flow

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TAKE A PEEP V iewing t he space f rom outsi de of t he building.

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Found regular life withi n the i r r egular sheering wall fram es.

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STUDENT LEARNING CUBE F r e e p l a n sp a c e e mbo die d in a s h e e r e d c u be . Wa l l s a s b oun d a r i e s b e t w e e n pr iv a t e a n d pu blic , a r c h it e c t u r e a n d n a t u r e .

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FOREST Space t o rest, communicat e, and clear mind s. Escape from work s and enter the man- made forest of c onc r ete. Transition space between architect ure and natur e.

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UCCA DUNE ART MUSEUM

TYPOLOGY Internship LOCATION Qinhuangdao, China PROJECT DATE Summer 2018 58

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