County Government Established by State Governments Charter: Plan that explains the power of a local government. Provides services for citizens County board has legislative powers. Ordinance: Law passed by a county board.
Provide law enforcement, set up hospitals, improve
transportation, and set up public libraries. Collect revenue through property tax and sales tax. Have executive power to enforce laws (Inspectors).
County Officials Sheriff: Law enforcement. Keeps peace and manages
the jail. District attorney: Investigates crime and prosecutes in court. County clerk: Keeps official records.
Special Districts Provides a solution for a single issue or provide a service. An elected board runs the district. User fees: Rates paid for services.
City Government ďƒ?Must get a charter from the state government.
Mayor-Council Government ďƒ?Separate legislative (city council) and executive (mayor)
branches. ďƒ?There are strong and weak mayor plans.
City Council – City Manager Voters elect a city council. City manager runs the city. Appointed by the city
Commission Government ďƒ?Separate departments led by a commissioner. The
commission has executive and legislative powers.
Community Problems Public Policy: Decision that effect people. They
can come from lawmakers, citizens, interest groups, and the media. Must plan for the future. Involves educated guessing. Short term: Decisions effecting the next few years. Long term: Decisions effecting the next fifty years. Must have priorities and evaluate resources. Communities develop a master plan of goals.
Zoning ďƒ?A zoning board decides what land will be used for. ďƒ?Different zones for residential, business, and public
land. ďƒ?Provides a map for the community.
Annexation â€˘ State laws allow cities to annex property so they can provide essential services to urbanized areas in an orderly and efficient way. â€˘ Municipalities must provide annexed areas with services such as police and fire protection, water and sewer lines, recreation, solid waste collection and street maintenance.
Financing Taxes: Sales, property and income. User fees: Fares paid for the use of services. Bond: Borrow the money and pay it back later.
Education and Housing Education is the most expensive service provided by
state and local governments. Magnet school: Students focus on a particular field of study. Vouchers: Help parents send children to private schools. Urban renewal: Re-building old neighborhoods. The government provides low income housing.
Shortages and Pollution Many places have shortages on power and water. Conservation: Using less of our resources. Disposing of garbage is a problem (landfills). Recycling: Using old materials to produce new ones.