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Local Government


County Government Established by State Governments Charter: Plan that explains the power of a local government. Provides services for citizens County board has legislative powers.  Ordinance: Law passed by a county board.

Provide law enforcement, set up hospitals, improve

transportation, and set up public libraries. Collect revenue through property tax and sales tax. Have executive power to enforce laws (Inspectors).


County Officials Sheriff: Law enforcement. Keeps peace and manages

the jail. District attorney: Investigates crime and prosecutes in court. County clerk: Keeps official records.


Special Districts Provides a solution for a single issue or provide a service. An elected board runs the district. User fees: Rates paid for services.


City Government ďƒ?Must get a charter from the state government.


Mayor-Council Government ďƒ?Separate legislative (city council) and executive (mayor)

branches. ďƒ?There are strong and weak mayor plans.


City Council – City Manager Voters elect a city council. City manager runs the city. Appointed by the city

council.


Commission Government ďƒ?Separate departments led by a commissioner. The

commission has executive and legislative powers.


Community Problems Public Policy: Decision that effect people. They

can come from lawmakers, citizens, interest groups, and the media. Must plan for the future. Involves educated guessing. Short term: Decisions effecting the next few years. Long term: Decisions effecting the next fifty years. Must have priorities and evaluate resources. Communities develop a master plan of goals.


Zoning ďƒ?A zoning board decides what land will be used for. ďƒ?Different zones for residential, business, and public

land. ďƒ?Provides a map for the community.


Annexation • State laws allow cities to annex property so they can provide essential services to urbanized areas in an orderly and efficient way. • Municipalities must provide annexed areas with services such as police and fire protection, water and sewer lines, recreation, solid waste collection and street maintenance.


Financing Taxes: Sales, property and income. User fees: Fares paid for the use of services. Bond: Borrow the money and pay it back later.


Education and Housing Education is the most expensive service provided by

state and local governments. Magnet school: Students focus on a particular field of study. Vouchers: Help parents send children to private schools. Urban renewal: Re-building old neighborhoods. The government provides low income housing.


Shortages and Pollution Many places have shortages on power and water. Conservation: Using less of our resources. Disposing of garbage is a problem (landfills). Recycling: Using old materials to produce new ones.

Profile for Amber Alford

Local Government  

Local Government  

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