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MATERIAL CATEGORY

Composite Hybridization

Group:

Amay Gurkar Vittal Sridharan Harshad Sutar Saiqa Iqbal

PROCESS CATEGORY

SAMPLE NAME

Chemical [Bonding]

Recycled FaBric(k) _Paper

CODE

[RfB]

Introduction_The present demand for high-rise structures in cities has lead to a destruction of old structures,in turn leading to a huge construction waste. The construction waste has become one of the major components of urban waste and an efficient method to recycle them could contribute towards a greener future. The energy consumed to dispose and recycle these construction waste is huge thus adding up to global warming and CO2 emissions into the atmosphere. Many new techniques are presently being explored towards the efficient reuse of these construction waste. Bricks are used merely as partitions in the present construction methods, except for a few pioneers such as Eladio Dieste who create asthetic forms with bricks. The core idea of our project is to re-construct the broken bricks by an addition of another material. This enhances the physical as well as structural property of the Brick.


GENERATIVE PROCESS

INPUT raw material

[CB]

Clay Bricks

Emb.nrg - 2.5MJ/kg Distance - 0.0Km Density - 2400Kg/mc Carbon - 0.24CO2/kg Cost - 0.00Euro

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Description_ One of the most common masonry construction material. Usual method of reusing bricks is by crushing them and using them for land fill. Reusing old bricks is an ecologically friendly way to conserve energy. Unlike recycling, the reuse of a product means to use it again for the purpose of its manufacture. Our idea was to use broken peices of bricks and combining them with properties of other materials.

[WM]

Wooden Mould

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

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APPLICATION

OUTPUT

Recycled FaBric(k) Paper

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

high high high

Description_ This process is usually executed with the collaboration of local labours. The only specific skills required were for laser cutting the parts of the mould, but this could be constructed with other materials and less skilled labour. The stuctures are generated by placing the broken bricks and poruing the paper paste within the remaining negative spaces of the mould. These wooden moulds could be reused to generate more moulds of composite bricks. The shape of the wooden mould defines the shape of the composite bricks formed. Size - 240 x 50 x 115 ; using a 5mm ply board.

Compacting the Mix

[Cm]

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Description_ Broken half of the brick is retainted and the remaing negative space in the mould is filled with the paper pulp along with a few large aggregates of broken bricks. When the negative space is less, it could be filled with paper pulp and small aggregates or just paper pulp.

Recycled FaBric(k) Paper Emb.nrg - 12.6MJ k g Distance Km Density - 1200Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

Emb.nrg - 12.6MJ k g Distance - 0.0Km Density - 1200Kg/mc Carbon - 0.12CO2/kg Cost - 0.00Euro

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Description_ Paper use is expectedto double by 2020. The average consumer uses over 700 pounds if paper products every year. There are number of things we can do to minimize the amount if trash produces by paper products. Many everyday paper items can be reused to contruct structures and kept out of landfills.

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Aparatus required: Mixer / Grinder.

[W]

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Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

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[C]

Recycled FaBric(k) Paper

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Description_ Water is used to generating the paper pulp from easily available paper. Paper and water of a certain proportion is grind together to generate the paper pulp paste which is then used to construct the brick.

[BS]

Brick Structures

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

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Description_ The structure can be applyed as building component. Structure designed by pioneers of Brick construction such as Laurie Baker could be given a new character by the added material properties. Additional properties such as colour, lightness, depth, texture could create a more overall impression to the present construction methods

[RfB]

[BA]

Brick Art Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

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Description_ Once the wooden moulds are filled with the required amount of broken bricks and paper pulp paste, it is left for curing / drying under the sun out in the open.

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

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Description_ Simple option of filling pores present in full bricks for depth, colour etc. fro thin and asthetically pleasing interior partition walls or sculpture. These pores could be pixels with different colours of paper pulp assemled to create a larger image.

Recycled FaBric(k) Paper Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance 0.0Km Density - 1000Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost - 0.00Euro

[RfB]

Description_ Similar to the horizontal half brick composite, vertical or longer half brick could be used with paper pulp and small or large aggregates based on the overall asthetic required.

Curing / Drying Emb.nrg - 12.6MJ k g Distance Km Density - 1200Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

Description_ Paper pulp is used as a composite to bind with the broken bricks, forming new lightwieght and strong bricks. The paste is created by grinding available paper with water. The paper could be mixed with fibres or added with brick aggregates to give it more strength. It also provides an insulating property to the brick composite.

Water

low

[PP]

Paper Pulp low

high

Description_ Once the mould is filled with the required amount of broken bricks according to the overall layout of assembly structure, apply the paper pulp paste layer by layer. All layers are compacted using a flat plate to remove the excess water present within the paper pulp paste. This reduces the curing time as well as builds a more compact composite brick. Addition of small aggregates of bricks increases the overall strength of the brick.

[P ]

Paper

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[RfB]

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

[RfB]

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Description_ Can be built in any size or shape depending on the phisical and asetheic design of the required structure. A full compostie brick filled with large strips of wettened paper, instead of paper pulp along with small or large aggregates gives us the advantage of creating bricks of any shape or leading to more inteligent parametrised structures.

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

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Description_ The composite brick could incorporate graphic representation, while contructing the brick a colour pigment could be used for the paper pulp. Each brick could behave as small pixels genertating a complete image when assembled as a structure.


MATERIAL CATEGORY

Composite Hybridization

PROCESS CATEGORY

SAMPLE NAME

CODE

Chemical [Bonding]

Recycled FaBrick(Glass)

[RFBG]

Introduction The present demand for high-rise structures in cities has lead to a destruction of old structures,in turn leading to a huge construction waste. The construction waste has become one of the major components of urban waste and an efficient method to recycle them could contribute towards a greener future. The energy consumed to dispose and recycle these construction waste is huge thus adding up to global warming and CO2 emissions into the atmosphere. Many new techniques are presently being explored towards the efficient reuse of these construction waste. Bricks have been one of the most widely used construction materials.They have generally been used in a very straightforwazrd manner. Eladio Dieste and likes started exploring the possibilities with this material and has intrigued a whole generation towards seeing this product in a more creative manner. This project is an effort to utilize broken bricks and give a new definition from an aesthetic & textural point of view. Broken Bricks in general can be salvaged from various construction and demolished sites.This project is to regenerate the original shape of these broken bricks.

Team: Amay Gurkar,Harshad Sutar Saiqa Iqbal,Vittal Sridharan


GENERATIVE PROCESS

INPUT raw material

[BB]

Broken Bricks

Emb.nrg - 2.5 MJ/kg Distance - 0 Km Density - 2000 Kg/mc Carbon/kg - 244 CO2/kg Cost - 0 Euro

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Description_ Bricks are a major part of the construction industry and are widely used all over the world.Red clay bricks found in Barcelona are hollow bricks with no frogs and measure 240 x 115 x 50 mm. Our project revolves around salvaging broken bricks and reshaping them to the original form by adding other recyclable materials.This new hybrid bricks form a new identity, texture and application compared to the standard ones.

Crushing Glass Bottles

Emb.nrg - 0 MJ/kg Distance - 0 Km Density - 0 Kg/mc Carbon kg -0 CO2/kg Cost -0 Euro

APPLICATION

OUTPUT

[ CB ]

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Description_ The glass bottle is rolled inside a rubber mat and crushed and powdered with a hammer.This process can be executed at a small scale and does not include any machinic process thus not consuming any non-renewable energy. Glass bottles of three colours - green,blue & clear, are used to create a variation in the composition.

Mixing with Glue

Emb.nrg - MJ/kg Distance - 0 Km Density - 0 Kg/mc Carbon kg - 0 CO2/kg Cost - 0 Euro

[ MG]

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Description_ The crushed glass pieces before being poured into the mould is mixed with white glue. The ratio of glass to glue was maintained to a proportion of - 1kg of glass chips / 100 gms of white glue.The white glue used in its actual density and no water is used.This helps in the rapid drying of the mixture .

Recycled FaBrick Glass 1

Emb.nrg -0 MJ/kg Distance - 0 Km Density - 1600 Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

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Description_ This design is an attempt to create multiple identities with a single brick.A different finish and texture is generated on both the faces.

Recycled FaBrick Glass 2

[GB]

Glass Bottles

[WM]

Wooden Mould

Compacting the Mix

[RFB ]

[RFB ]

[CM] Emb.nrg -0 MJ/kg Distance -0 Km Density - 1500 Kg/mc Carbon kg - 0 CO2/kg Cost - 0 Euro

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Description_ This design tries to expose the missing portions of the brick and bring in a new material thus transforming the textural and aesthetic appeal of the brick. Emb.nrg - 15.9 MJ/kg Distance - 1Km Density - 37550 Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost - 0 Euro

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Description_ A versatile material ,Glass with an alteration in its material composition has been widely used for wide range of applications.Glass being a non-biodegaradable material needs to be recycled to prevent pollution . The project works towards re-using glass bottles used for packaging beverages and using them as a filler to reshape the broken bricks into their original form.

low Emb.nrg - MJ/kg low Distance - 1 Km low Density -0 Kg/mc Carbon kg - 100 CO2/kg low low Cost - 3 Euro/hr

high high high high high

Description_ A wooden mould ,the size of a standard european brick is used t o cast these composite bricks.This mould is laser cut with the internal dimension matching the standard brick - 240 x 115 x 50 mm. The mould is made out of a 5mm ply and is reused after casting the brick.

Emb.nrg - MJ/kg Distance - 0 Km Density - 0 Kg/mc Carbon kg - 0 CO2/kg Cost - 0 Euro

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Description_ The mixture of glass and glue is poured inside the mould after placing the broken bricks.The placement and quantity of the mixture varies from experiment to experiment based on the desired result. This mixture is then compacted using a small metal plate to make sure the material spreads evenly all across the mould.Once the mixture is poured till the top of the mould it is then levelled and the excess material is removed from the mould.

Recycled FaBrick Glass 3

Emb.nrg - 0 MJ/kg Distance - 0 Km Density - 2300 Kg/mc Carbon kg - 0 CO2/kg Cost - 0 Euro

[WA]

Glue/Adhesive

Emb.nrg - 42 MJ/kg Distance - 2 Km Density - 561 Kg/mc Carbon kg - 0 CO2/kg Cost - 5.2 Euro/kg

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Description_ White glue is the solvent based adhesive which forms a bond between the crushed glass pieces and the rough face of the brick and holds them together.Based on the desired purpose or strength,the quality of glue/ binder could be varied.White glue is available easily at all the hardware shops in various sizes .

[WM]

Grease Coat

[EL]

Curing

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Description_ Grease coat is used on the inner face of the mould for two reasons 1. to prevent the glue to bond with the mould thus easing up the removal process of the cast brick from the mould & 2.to render the mould re-usable again to cast a new brick. A thin layer of grease is applied on all the inner faces of the mould.

Emb.nrg - MJ/kg Distance - 0 Km Density - 2330 Kg/mc Carbon kg -0 CO2/kg Cost - 0 Euro

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Description_ The curing of the bricks in this project is only dependent on the heat from the sun thus not consuming any non- renewable source of energy. After the brick is compacted it is exposed to direct sun till the glue binds both the materials into a single block.

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Description_ This design tries to utilize the cavities inside the brick and bring in a new dimension to the aesthetics of the brick.The cavities can be filled with various coloured glass and thus filtering light in different colours.

Emb.nrg - 0 MJ/kg Distance - 0 Km Density -2330 Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost - 0 Euro

Emb.nrg - MJ/kg Distance - Km Density - Kg/mc Carbon kg - CO2/kg Cost - Euro

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Description_ A combination of all these brick variations could be creatively composed to create interesting free standing walls / installations and its exposure to light could create an interesting play of opaqueness and translucence.

[RFB ]

Recycled FaBrick Glass 4 Emb.nrg - MJ/kg Distance -1 Km Density - 0.3 Kg/mc Carbon kg -0 CO2/kg Cost -10 Euro/kg

[ AI ]

Art Installations

[RFB ]

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Description_ This design reverses the process and makes glass chips as the main component of the brick and broken brick chips are used to reinforce the brick from within.

Intelligent Walls

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

[ IW ]

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Description_ Structure and transfer of loads could be portrayed graphically by using a combination of fresh bricks and these variation of bricks thus making the otherwise mundane bruck walls visually appealing.


MATERIAL CATEGORY

Composite Hybridisation

PROCESS CATEGORY

SAMPLE NAME

Chemical [Bonding]

Recycled Fa-Brick _Sawdust

CODE

[RFS ]

-

-

group_ Harshad Sutar Amay Gurkar Vittal Sridharan Saiqa Iqbal

Introduction_The present demand for high-rise structures in cities has lead to a destruction of old structures,in turn leading to a huge construction waste. The construction waste has become one of the major components of urban waste and an efficient method to recycle them could contribute towards a greener future. The energy consumed to dispose and recycle these construction waste is huge thus adding up to global warming and CO2 emissions into the atmosphere.Many new techniques are presently being explored towards the efficient reuse of these construction waste. Bricks are used merely as partitions in the present construction methods.


GENERATIVE PROCESS

INPUT raw material

[BB]

Broken Bricks

Emb.nrg - 2.5 MJ/kg Distance - 0 Km Density - 2000 Kg/mc Carbon/kg - 244 CO2/kg Cost - 0 Euro

low

high

low

high

low

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low low

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Description_Bricks have been one of the most widely used construction materials.They have generally been used in a very straightforward manner.Eladio Dieste and likes started exploring the possibilities with this material and has intrigued a whole generation towards seeing this product in a more creative manner.Broken Bricks in general can be salvaged from various construction and demolished sites.This project is to regenerate the original shape of these broken bricks.

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

low

high

low

high

low

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low low

high high

Description_A wooden mould ,the size of a standard european brick is used t o cast these composite bricks.The inner face of the mould is coated with a thin layer of grease to prevent the glue from bonding with the mould thus helping in the re-use of the mould.This mould is precision cut with the help of a laser cutter.Moulds of different shapes & materials could be used to generate parametric forms out of these composite materials.

Mixing with Glue

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

[ MG]

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Description_This process includes making a mixture out of sawdust and glue and water. Color pigments are added to aquire color bricks at the end of the process.

[GB]

Saw Dust

Emb.nrg - MJ/kg Distance - 1Km Density - 210 Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost - 2 Euro/kg

[WM]

Wooden Mould

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Description_Sawdust is a byproduct of cutting lumber with saw. Sawdust is widly available as wood is the one of the impotant construction material in all parts of the world. Sawdust can be found in wood cutting factories of wood milling workshops. For noncommercial uses it can be found in small bags in agricultural shops. Can get bind with any material by means of specific adhesives.

Wooden pieces/Plywood

[WA]

APPLICATION

OUTPUT

Recycled FaBrick 1

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

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[GC ]

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance 0 Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

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Description_A wooden mould ,the size of a standard european brick is used t o cast these composite bricks.The inner face of the mould is coated with a thin layer of grease to prevent the glue from bonding with the mould thus helping in the re-use of the mould.This mould is precision cut with the help of a laser cutter.Moulds of different shapes & materials could be used to generate parametric forms out of these composite materials.

Compacting the Mix

high high high

[RFB ]

[CM] Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

high high high high

Description_This brick is an outcome of broken bricks, sawdust and glue. Takes almost two full days to cure properly.

Recycled FaBrick 2

Grease Coat

[RFB ]

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Description_ After the mixture is done, it is then poured in a brick mould in combination with broken brick pieces or waste ply pieces or color. It need to be compacted hard so that they bind properly with other materials like brick and plywood. If the compaction is not done properly then at the time of removimg brick from the mould after curing, the uncompacted part starts to loose it strength and eventually they fall off.

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Description_This brick is an outcome of broken bricks, sawdust, glue and color pigments. The added color pigments in the brick gives it an another dimention and opens a new possibility of playing with color patterns on the wall.

Recycled FaBrick 3

[ AI ]

Art Installations

[RFB ] Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

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Description_This kind bricks can be used in making temporary installations or trmporary partition walls. that can be majorly used inside the structure with out getting exposed to the natural environment. Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance - 0 Km Density 580Kg/mc Carbon kg - 0 CO2/kg Cost - 0 Euro/kg

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Description_Wooden pieces and waste ply pieces can be used for this use. the inclusion of the these would give a brick another characteristics and at the same time will add strngthening factor to the brick. Wooden parts are naturaly available and ply waste can be soursed from any workshop.

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

[WA]

Glue/Adhesive

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Description_White glue is the solvent based adhesive which forms a bond between the crushed glass pieces and the rough face of the brick and holds them together.Based on the desired purpose or strength,the quality of glue/ binder could be varied.The property of white glue to turn translucent post drying ..

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Description_This brick is an outcome of broken bricks, sawdust, glue and wooden pieces. The inclusion of wooden pieces gradation due to the change in size (fine sawdust vs random size wooden peaces), change in color. It also helps in strengthening the brick structure.

Recycled FaBrick 4 Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance - 2 Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg - 0 CO2/kg Cost - 5.2 Euro/kg

[CU]

Curing

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Description_The curing process is natural drying process by keeping the bricks exposed to sun untill the dry. As soon as the curing process gets over, the next step is to remove the mould and remove a compacted brick outside. Curing period varies according to the amount of mixture that has been poured in a mould. More quantity of sawdust and glue, more time for curing. To dry half filled brick takes minimum 2 full days.

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

[RFB ]

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Description_This brick is made of less broken brick particals and more of sawdust. this brick is much lighter than the other bricks. but it has strength issues. can just be a installation or partition wall.

Intelligent Walls

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

[ IW ]

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Description_By treating the mixture with stong adhesive which is waterproof, then the bricks can be exposed to environment hence can be used as external bricks. It can form interesting patterns and with the play of colors and change in the material. The advantage of such walls is they would be light weight.


MATERIAL CATEGORY

Phase Changing Material

PROCESS CATEGORY

Self Generation through Heat Exchange

SAMPLE NAME

Animated Wall

CODE

[AW]

Introduction: Reusability and Recyclability are crucial factors for the materials produced and consumed all over the world. Understanding and manipulating Material Behavior has given a potential dimension to this global issue. In this excersize, wax is chosen as medium which can be reused/ reformed again and again for its phase changing property. Plastic wastes are proposed to be recycled through a self generating process using the phase changing quality of wax. An effort is given to make it a least CO2 generating process. A new kind of material system emerges out of the interaction between the two materials. The Animated Wall system then will introduce a feedback loop in interaction with its environment.

Group: Amay Gurkar Harshad Sutar

Saiqa Iqbal

Vittal Sridharan


GENERATIVE PROCESS

INPUT raw material

[PW]

Paraffin wax

Emb.nrg 70 MJ/kg Distance (local)Km Density 0.9 g/cm3 Carbon 0.0 CO2/kg Cost 6-7 Euro/Kg

APPLICATION

OUTPUT

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Description_ paraffin wax is mostly found as a white, odorless, tasteless, waxy solid with a typical melting point between about 47 째C and 64 째C and having a density of around 0.9 g/cm3. It is insoluble in water, but soluble in ether, benzene, and certain esters. Paraffin is unaffected by most common chemical reagents, but burns readily. Pure paraffin wax is an excellent electrical insulator. The viscosity changes with the change of temperature.

Recycled Plastic waste

[RPW]

Self Organization

[SO]

[M ]

Melting

Animated Wall

InteractiveTiles

[AW]

[IT]

upper surface

Emb.nrg 80 MJ/kg Distance 0 Km Density (low) .9 g/mL Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost 0 Euro

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Description_ Polyethylene or polythene is the most widely used plastic, with an annual production of approximately 80 million metric tons. Its primary use is within packaging (plastic bag, plastic films, geomembranes, etc.). Melting point is 120-130 deg.

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

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Description_ the wax starts to melt at around 40 deg centigrade. the wax is melted untill it gets liquid with lowest viscosity.

Recycled Plastic Plastic recycling is the process of recovering scrap or waste plastics and reprocessing the material into useful products, sometimes completely different in form from their original state. For instance, this could mean melting down soft drink bottles and then casting them as plastic chairs and tables. Typically a .,plastic is not recycled into the same type of plastic

[HE]

Heat Energy

Day Time _ light Filtration

pattern formed by the licked wax underneath the deformed plastic

[PB]

Plastic Base

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

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Description_liquid hot wax is poured on the solid plastic base. two materials of different state exchange their heat and causes phase change to each other. the molecules of the polythene self organize themselves by expanding into a generative pattern. Formation of surface texture responding to the reaction between the hot wax and relativley cold plastic.

process of using concentrate d solar power to produce heat energy

Night time _ Heat release Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance 0 Km Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

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Description_ the plastic bag is cut in a square shape and glued on the plywood base with varying quantity of glue so that the shape of the plastic changes accordingly.

[WB]

Wax Base

Description_ Energy is needed to heat the solid wax to its liquid state. Concentrated solar power used to produce electricity to generate heat to make a process carbon less. CSP are systems that use lenses to concentrate a large area of sunlight onto a small area. Electrical power is produced when the concentrated light is converted to heat which drives a heat engine connected to an electrical power generator

Boundary Pattern

[PP]

Description_variation in pouring pattern will cause different density and surface undulation. as the wax gets solidified very quickly, so PP will effect the self organization of the molecule of polyethene.

Temperature & Time [TT]

Description_ time is a parameter for changing the temperature thus viscosity of the wax. The temperature of the wax is a parameter for the plastic to change its shape as the whole process of self organization is depended on heat exchange between the two materials..

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Description_ a composite tiles is generated out of the emerging process of the material behavior. the transparency and opacity is continually changing with the light intensity. different color effect can be achieved by using color light.

[BP]

Description_ attachment of the plastic on the base will effect the ultimate shape change of the plastic surface of wax. by changing (loose/tight) attachment, undulation of the plastic and the self organizing pattern can be controlled.

Pouring Pattern

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost 12-15 Euro

Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km Density Kg/mc Carbon kg CO2/kg Cost Euro

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high high

Description_liquid hot wax is poured on a 30X30 cm box. the amount of this wax layer may vary according to the required light penetration. when the liquid wax tends to become solidify then the composite layer of the plastic and wax is attached to it.when the whole system becomes solid then we get a composit tile of wax having a sandwiched layer of deformed plastic where each of the material have influenced the formation of the other one.

reference: cartesian Wax by Neri Oxman low high Emb.nrg MJ/kg Distance Km low high Density Kg/mc low high Carbon kg CO2/kg low high Cost Euro low high Description_ The blocks can be installed as an interactive wall which will deflect with the temperature variation, thus will change its shape. and also the plastic will change its position with the melted wax matrix. the wall can be consisted of these interactive tles which will display the real-time choreography of the changing shape with the varying intensity and colors of light. _ the temporary wall can accommodate different condition of light (natural/artificial), can act as filter of light, store heat energy and release heat/ energy at night or when environment gets cooler. the whole system can be built and rebuilt using the same material because of its Phase Changing Capacity. _Thus we can have an animated wall which will change its shape and also the transparency and opacity.



Recycled FaBric(K)