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The Eternal Journey - Free Friday Friday, June 17, 2011 8:00 PM

This life is incomplete. This life is imperfect. Al Darul Akhira, is the real life. Who amongst us have it all? No one.

We can never find complete perfection in this life. Real happiness & real misery is not in this life. We cannot complain from Allah. Thank Allah for what u have.

How many times do we live & die? Death Before birth Death, death Live Birth Resurrection

1.

Surah 67: Al-Mulk

2.

Surat 68: Al-Qalam (The Pen)

3.

Surah 69: al-Haqqah

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Surah 70: al-Ma'arij

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Surah 71: Nuh (Noah)

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Surah 72: al-Jinn (The Jinn)

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Surah 73: al-Muzzammil (The One wrapped in Garments)

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Surah 74: Al-Muddathir (The One Enveloped)

9.

Surah 76: Al-Insan (Man or Time)

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Surah 77: Al-Mursalaat (Those sent forth)

11.

Surah 75: Al-Qiyamah (The Resurrection)

12.

Questions

Our chance for repentance is only in this life.

Death/time at the grave is described as a "visit." The time to regret is now. No use for regrets on the day of judgement. Disbelievers had certainty when its too late. The believers have certainty now. knowledge can be beneficial for us or against. If all the doors are closed in front of you. Only one door is open 24/7 Do you know YOU? Ask 3 questions every night: 1. Who am I? You are of 2, free or servant? SERVANT If u are free, you are ultimately serving yourself. If you are a servant, who do u serve? ALLAH LIFE = TEST + STRUGGLE 2. What is my ultimate goal in life? 3. Do I have directions to that goal? Do you know your enemies & friends? Your real friend will admonish u & bring tears to your eyes. Your friends r like a mirror to you. 4 Enemies that we need to know 1. YOURSELF Internal moral compass, dareer 2. Whims & desires 3. ? 4. ? Is knowing them enough? No. If u are weak when u are alone, don't be alone.

Shaitan is the enemy. Take him as the enemy. 2. What is wrong with Islam today then? Nothing. The problem is us. Write the 3 most important goals in life. 1. Please Allah = Jannah 2. Memorize the Quran 3. Be dutiful to parents & family.

1. 2. 3.

GOALS Short term Long term Ultimate - Needs to be Jannah

Story of Rabiah bin Aslam - 16 yrs old - His job was to offer water at night to the prophet Salallahu alaihi wa salaam when he wanted to make wudhu for tahajjud - One day, the prophet SAW asked him to ask him for anything. - I want to be in your company in Jannah.

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Who is the source of guidance for you? The Quran & Sunnah •

What is wrong with us today? Prophet Muhammad's complain about us. "The Muslims have abandoned the Quran" Listening Reading

What is the meaning of life? Salatul Kahf Whatever Allah has created on earth is nothing but a mere ornament. The real meaning if life are Tests, So who will make the best when it comes to their deeds. Quality comes before quantity. Also in Suratul Mulk. - life is test - some people will succeed & some will fail. How old are you? Suratul Mu'minun Allah will ask, how long have u lived on earth? the answers will be short. What is time? Is it important? - back biting the worst sin.

Your time is your life. Your life is your capital to Jannah. Which is more important? Time or money? - Don't let a day go by without doing deeds, for it is a list day. - Make the best out of me Classifications of people Surah 2 What do I need yo make it there? 1. know the obstacles 2. Procrastination 3. Following whims null desires 4. free time What provisions do I need in the journey? Taqwa (many def.) Make a barrier bet u and hell fire - Abu Hurairah that Allah is watching you - Abu Bakar Suratul Kahf: 50 We have created man & we know his mind & his secrets. We are closer to him than his jugular vein. Because we've assigned 2 angels to him to record his deeds.

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The Eternal Journey, Tafseer Juz Tabarak - Day 1 Saturday, June 18, 2011 10:09 AM

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Contents

Juz Tabarak Known as Tabarak coz usually it's known as the first word in the first Surah in that Juzuk. ○ Surah Al- Mulk, first word, "Tabarak" Same as Juz Amma - Surah An-Naba , first word, "Amma"

Surah 67: Al-Mulk

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Translations and Themes Virtues of Al- Mulk The prophet Sallahu alaihi wa salaam reported as reciting this surah before going to bed to remind himself about Allah. If you memorize, understand and apply on it, it is ○ "almaniah" "al munjiah" - prevent and save us from the punishment of the grave The Prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam said that there is a surah in the quran that contains 30 verses that will intercede for the person that memorize that surah until Allah forgive their sins.

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What the Surah's about Talks about Allah's miracles, stars.. Talks about our enemies - SHAITAN ○ Shaitan amongst jinns and mankind Talks about the people of hellfire and their regrets, the dialogues bet the pple and the angles Talks abt the mutaqqin People travelling across the earth and enjoying the earth's bounty Allah's provision, about the birds… Talks about the pple of Quraish, no one can give you victory if Allah is not on your side. The purpose of our creation Why did the Quraish deny the day of judgement Allah challenges the people of Quraish who claimed that the pr Importance of water as source of life.

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Bismillah Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem Allah is in our hearts all the time And we want to please Him so we mention his name al the time. So we invoke HIS name

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1.

Surah 67: Al-Mulk

2.

Surat 68: Al-Qalam (The Pen)

3.

Surah 69: al-Haqqah

4.

Surah 70: al-Ma'arij

5.

Surah 71: Nuh (Noah)

6.

Surah 72: al-Jinn (The Jinn)

7.

Surah 73: al-Muzzammil (The One wrapped in Garments)

8.

Surah 74: Al-Muddathir (The One Enveloped)

9.

Surah 76: Al-Insan (Man or Time)

10.

Surah 77: Al-Mursalaat (Those sent forth)

11.

Surah 75: Al-Qiyamah (The Resurrection)

12.

Questions

Our intention is to learn that knowledge and act on that knowledge. Share with others! Knowledge --> Self purification --> Da'wah

Glorification of Allah

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Blessed is He in whose hand is dominion, and He is over all things competent.

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(Tabarak) - stems from the verb, "yubarik" To bless - Only Allah can bless us To increase, to grow  BarrakAllahu feek - May Allah increse the barak within you  Noun - Barakah = increases □ Allah increases the good in that thing To increase or to fix something To exalt  May the one in whose hand, be exalted. To make something consistent within the person

The Mushaf cannot protect you. The ink cannot protect you. The meanings of the Quran being understood and acted upon, Islam becomes your way of life, that's when you'll be protected. Insha'Allah

We don't have the authority to claim something as "haram" or "halal." Only Allah and the prophet salallahu alaihi wa salaam can

Allah said that we all need each other. We can never live alone by ourselves. We complement each other. We need to respect each other because of that, and not coz of our wealth, jobs, appearances… We respect people for people. HUMANITY.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

5 Things when you make da'wah MERCY WISDOM GENTLENESS HUMBLENESS PATIENCE

Al-Mulk - Allah's dominion (Blessed is He in whose hand is dominion, and He is over all things competent.) Never think of Allah in human terms - There is no one that is like Allah, the all seer and all hearer.

Allah said in: Surah Az-Zukhruf 43:85 And Blessed is He to Whom belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them and with Whom is the knowledge of the Hour, and to Whom you will be returned. -

Only Allah can do everything. The statement "Insha'Allah" (wa hu wa ala kuli shayin qadeer) ○ The story of Juha' buying a cow ○ Insha'Allah has a deeper meaning ○ Once the revelation of the Quran stopped for 2 weeks coz the Prophet Sallahu alaihi wa salaam forgot to say insha'Allah. ○ Allah is in CONTROL of everything. We don't have the control. We may plan, but Allah controls and decides on it. ○ Surahtul Buruj 85: exemplifies this. Creation of Death, life, the heavens and the stars

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Reported in Bukhari, Whoever reads a letter from the book of Allah, he will have a reward from Allah recorded in his book. Every hasanah made will be multiplied 10X

2. Who has created death and life, that He may test you which of you is best in deed. And He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving;

6/19/2011, 11:33 AM HUMBLENESS PATIENCE

Halaqah - to create out of nothing He is the one who creates death and life

La hawla wala quwata illah billah -

Death is a creation and death will end  As mentioned in a hadith

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  

As mentioned in a hadith Surah Al-Imran 3:185 - Every soul will taste death Surah Kahf - And the agonies of death came with an inescapable truth. Allah will call the people of Jannah and people of hell fire one day and show everyone death in the form of ram (the symbol of death.) Allah will command that that ram to be slaughtered. Death will end on that day.  Oh people of jannah, there is no death. You will be in Jannah for eternity. There will be happiness like no other.  Oh people of hell fire, eternity. There is no death. They will feel so much guilt, remorse that day. □ Surahtul Mariam 19:39 (The Day of Regret) Allah creates life  Life is the life of the heart and not the life of the body  You start calculating your life the moment you start connecting with Allah. This is the meaning of life. □ The likeness of life are those who remembers Allah and those who don't remember Allah, are dead  Surah Al-Anfal 8:24 □ Allah talking about the life of the hearts □ Oh you who believe! Answer Allah and His messenger when he calls you to that which will give you life and know that Allah comes in between a person and his heart. And verily to Him you shall be gathered (Al-Anfal 8:24)  Oh you who believe (Ya ayuhal ladhi na amannu) 89 times ◊ Talking particularly to the believers, and usually a warn or command after  Oh mankind (Ya ayuhan Nass) 20 times  Heart is the organ that if it is sound, the whole body is sound. ◊ In Surahtul Hajj - It is not the eyes that goes blind, but the heart in the chest  We need to have a plan for the REAL life, life for eternity □ Al-Hadid 57:20  Know that this life is only play and amusement, you boast with one another, and rival in respect of wealth and children. Like the farmers who grows the vegetation… And the life of this world is only a deceiving enjoyment. □ Al-Ankabut 29:64  And this worldly life is idle and play… Indeed the real life is the second life, the home of the Hereafter  This current life is just a passage  What is the meaning of life of a muslim? □ Life is a TEST  What are the forms of the test? □ Surah Al-Bakarah 2:155  And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear (al-hawfi), hunger (al-ju'), loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sabiroon. ◊ These are reminders for us. □ A test can also be in the form of gifts to us  When Allah gives doesn’t mean He's pleased with you, when Allah denies, doesn’t mean that He is displeased (Surahtul Fajr 89:15-16)  How do you use it or do you abuse it? □ How can I know what I'm doing is good? 2 conditions: 1. Al-Kahf 110:18 ??? - Sincerity of intentions, only to please Allah. 2. Al Ahzab 33:21 Following the sunnah of the prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam □

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Subahana wa bi hamdi, adadal khalqi, al-arshi wa midadal qalimati

When Allah gives doesn’t mean He's pleased with you, when Allah denies, doesn’t mean that He is displeased (Surahtul Fajr 89:15-16)

The quality of the deed is more important than the quantity

wa redha nafsi, wa zina

Al-Azeez ( ) and Al-Ghafoor ( ), what do these attributes mean and why were these names chosen? When any ayah ends with a certain attribute of Allah, they are relevant and connected to the main theme of the Surah. Al-Azeez - All-Mighty, All Powerful ○ al-ardu izzazz - part of the land that is rocky and powerful ○ On our way back to Allah, we makes mistakes. And the only One who forgives us, over and over again is Allah who has all the power and is All Forgiving - Al-Ghafoor. ○ He has the power to punish but chooses to forgive

Allah created the whole universe (land, moon, sun, stars, sea) to serve us. But He created us to serve Him.

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A foolish person lives to eat, but a wise person eats to live. Food is a means to give us energy, to continue and worship Allah to do something beneficial.

67|3| 3. (And) Who has created the seven heavens in layers (one above another). You do not see in the creation of the Most Merciful any inconsistency. So return (your) vision (to the sky); do you see any breaks?

Allah created the whole universe (land, moon, sun, stars, sea) to serve us. But He created us to serve Him.

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He creates the seven heavens (Tibaka) plural of tabak (a level/floor) ○ levels, above one another

(Ma Tara') Can't see

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Ar-Rahman is repeated

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You can't see the inconsistencies in the heavens

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Cracks

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The return (your) vision twice again. (Your) vision will return to you humbled while it is fatigued.

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(from the word kha'si') The Arabs are very generous, even during the pre-Islamic era. They use to have dogs as guards. When the dogs starts barking at the guest, the host will tell the dogs to get away "kha'si"

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(from the word hasra = regret) Inability to change something. No more chance. You will have that feeling of regret.

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Fatimah Radhiallahu Anhu, use to say, how short is the night Allah- to establish prayers

to be with

67|5| 5. "And We have certainly beautified the nearest heavens with stars and have made from them what is thrown at the devils and have prepared for them(the devils) the punishment of the Blaze." (67:5) 1. -

Bisma = lamps. But here it refers to the stars.

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One of the degrees of hellfire

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The use of "We" when Allah us speaking - in the royal sense, out of glory and majesty. But when Allah talks about worshipping Him, He always uses singular nouns I/Me. ○ Islam = Monotheism From Surah 17 Al-Isra' Whoever works hard in this dunia, Allah will Whoever works hard for the akhirah, Allah will test you in the dunya, Allah will reward you in the akhirah. A Test is a sign on the love of Allah.

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i. ii. iii.

The devils used to go to the nearest heavens and hear what the angels are saying and share them with the magicians, soothsayers. With the mission of the Prophet Muhammad Sallahu alaihi wa salaam, this stopped. When the devils do this now, Allah sends a burning star to strike them ○ Only Allah knows the future Allah creates the stars for these 3 functions - As mentioned in the book of Tafseer of ___ Decoration of the nearest heaven "Rujummal li shayatin" - to strike and burn the devils For navigation purposes, give the directions. An-Nahl (16:16)

16|16| 16. And landmarks (signposts, etc. during the day) and by the stars (during the night), they (mankind) guide themselves.

"Your sins are a barrier between you and Allah" Punishment prepared for the devils - Devils refers to not only the jinns but ...

The Desciption of Hell and its Dwellers

67|6| "And for those who disbelieved in their Lord is the punishment of Hell and wretched is the destination" (67:6)

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Languages are like living beings. They affect other languages and they grow. When people live together, we borrow from other languages. Colonization… Example, Spanish, Arabic, English.. Khamisah (spanish), Khamis (Arabic) = Shirt Suker (arabic) Sugar (English) Kafer (arabic) = cover (english) The word Kuffar, is like a covering, to conceal The farmer is also know as the kafer, the person who covers the seeds The disbelievers, covers the truth. ○ Literal translation from the Quran, very dangerous. ○ Have to read it in context, don’t take it out of context. The difference between Raabb and Illah ○ Raabb  To raise or educate  As-sayed the Master  The One Who creates out of nothing and He provides for His creation □ Figurative Raab  Rabbul usra - the man who provides for the family ○ Illah  Stems from the word 'ala □ Al-Illah, and then becomes Allah

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Allah doesn’t look at your faces and appearances, Allah looks at your hearts and your deeds.


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□ Al-Illah, and then becomes Allah Allah = is the only One true God worthy of worship. Unique word in Arabic that cannot be in the plural form

Uthman used to say, if you have a sound and living heart, you will never be satisfied with the words of Allah, you will want more and more…

67|7| When they are thrown into it, they hear from it a (dreadful) inhaling while it boils up.

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1. Pushed into the hell fire

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2. Opposite of zafir Waiting, pulling in/inhaling, waiting for them. The adhab of jahanam - is waiting for the disbelievers, when they are thrown into it, - The verb is in the passive, Allah wants us to focus on the action,  When they are pushed, focused on the humiliation.  They are pulled in/it inhales

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The hell fire will pull/inhale them in 67:7 & jahannam has feelings - Furqan 25:12 - The hell fire has feelings, angry - "When it (hell) sees them, from a far, they will hear its raging and roaring."

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8. It almost bursts up with rage. Every time a group is cast therein, its keeper will ask: "Did no warner come to you?"

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Hasn’t Allah sent a warner to you?

Q&A After 120 days, an angel will come and blow life into the fetus. 40 days-Nutfah, 40 days-alaqah, 40 days-mutrah

Knowledge is light and will guide us to Jannah and ignorance is dark and will lead us to the hellfire.

The Prophet Sulaiman once overheard the ants talking and asked them what provisions do they need in a whole year, they replied just 2 grains of rice

Nafs = Spirit + body

"Put your trust on the one that is everlasting, Who never dies." How many gatekeepers of the hell fire are there? 19 angels (Surah Al-Mudathir 74:31) Ibn Al-Qayim Rahimullah There is a void in the heart that can never be filled, except with the company of Allah subahana wa ta'ala.

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Everytime you commit a sin, a black dot forms on your heart. Salah - a sillah (connection) between you and Allah. "Your sins are a barrier between you and Allah"

After Lunch 6/18/2011, 3:50 PM Muqminun 23:107-111 The people will as Allah to bring them out of the hellfire and Allah will say to them, do not speak to Me. Coz there was a group of my slaves who us to believe in Me but you laughed at them. They are rewarded for their patience.

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There's always a link between us and the angels - from the beginning of our lives, right down to our death and on the day of judgement, and the hereafter. - Sayara - not a car - The angels travelling around everywhere, trying to find a gathering of people remembering Allah.

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(67:9-11) They will say, "Yes, a warner had come to us, but we denied and said, 'Allah has not sent down anything. You are not but great in error.'"

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At-Taubah 9:24 Allah mentioned that our in our hearts we have room for 11 loves. If you love those 8 (fathers, sons, brothers…wealth, ...) vs those 3 (Allah, His messenger and striving hard & fighting in His Cause) - Baby crying VS call of Salatul Fajr… which one will you run to first?

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As-Sadeeq, Al- The trustworthy, the honest

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They will admit their sins, but it is too late for them, Allah will not increase their status & not accept their repentance, but increase their punishment instead.

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However, there is still chance for us to repent NOW and Allah will accept it.

Tie your camel & leave it to Allah.

Our main job in this dunya Surah At-Tahrim 66:6 Oh you who believe! Save yourselves and your families from the Fire.

The Reward of Those Who Fear the Lord Unseen 67:12-14

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12. Indeed those who fear their Lord unseen will have forgiveness and great reward. 1. Unseen

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2. (maghfirah) Forgiveness

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3. Reward of Jannah

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There are no barrier for Allah - regardless time and space Eventhough they are away from people they are willing to commit sins when The only dua in the Quran where the prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam asked Allah to increse him is in knowledge

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Regardless if you speak in softly or loudly, Allah knows the secret in your hearts.

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Can't Allah know His own creation. He is Al-Lateef ( )

) & Al-Khabeer (

(Al Lateef) Comes from Lateef - Some very tiny & small - Gentle & nice a) Allah is the most gentle b) When there is a secret that is very tiny, Allah knows of these minute things From Sahih Muslim There are 2 men, one is a Takeef, one is a Quraish. One of them asked, "Will Allah hear us? Perhaps if we speak in a loud voice, He may hear us?" Allah replied that He knows even before they spoke. Another incident Abu Jahal (Amr bin Hisham. Before the coming of Islam, he was known as Abul Hakim, father of wisdom. But after Islam came and he still refused to accept it, he was known as Abu Jahal = father of ignorance.) was seating in Darul… talking. One time, Abu Jahal was frustrated coz Jibril will always inform the prohpet salallhu alaihi wa salaam what was said amongst the Quraish. So one night he decides to speak softly. The prophet Salallahu alaihi wa salaam revealed to him the next day that he was foolish coz Allah is Al -Lateef.

(Al Khabeer) He does not only knows but He knows what happened in the past and what'll happen in the future Allah knows His creation

Allah's Favour of Subjugating the Earth to His Servants 67:15

67|15| 15. He it is, Who has made the earth subservient to you (i.e. easy for you to walk, to live and to do agriculture on it, etc.), so walk in the path thereof and eat of His provision, and to Him will be the Resurrection.

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1. (manakib) Shoulders --> refers to the sides of the earth, east to west/ slopes. When the farmer covers the seeds in soil, who subjugated the land to produce the fruits, such that they can taste different. Allah is the one who makes the earth subservient to us. ○ Al-Zalzalah 99: - On that day will be the greatest earthquake and man, when resurrected will ask what is wrong with the earth? The earth which is a creation of Allah, will speak and declare its info, testifying for and against mankind. Who's in ultimate control? Allah, He can use His mercy - rain, wind... as something against you.

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The creations will ask Allah to destroy mankind, but Allah tells them to leave us alone for He has mercy for us.

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Allah made the earth subservient to you so you should seek out of the bounty of Allah --> put in effort

How Can You Feel Secure against the punishment of Allah 67:16-18

67|16| 16. Do you feel secure that He, Who is over the heaven (Allah), will not cause the earth to sink with you, then behold it shakes (as in an earthquake)?

67|17| 17. Or do you feel secure that He, Who is over the heaven (Allah), will not send against you a violent whirlwind? Then you shall know how (terrible) has been My Warning?

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violent whirlwind? Then you shall know how (terrible) has been My Warning?

67|18| 18. And indeed those before them belied (the Messengers of Allah), then how terrible was My denial (punishment)? -

Beware of a tribulation that is coming. When it comes, it doesn’t only hit certain people, but you may be one of them too.

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Can the ○ ○

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Take the warning of Allah seriously. They may happen anytime. ○ People of Thamud ○ People of Prophet Nuh ○ … Shall we not learn from them?

you feel secure from the One in the Heavens (Allah) that he might command earth to swerve and quake. What can make you feel secure when you keep on sinning? Stop sinning

The Flight of Birds is by the Power of Allah

67|19| 19. Do they not see the birds above them, spreading out their wings and folding them in? None upholds them except the Most Beneficent (Allah). Verily, He is the All-Seer of everything. -

When the birds spread their wings it makes them light and easy to fly. But what happens when they fold their wings? Only Allah will help them stay flying in the sky, Ar Rahman Why are the birds mentioned? ○ At the end of the ayah, indeed Allah can see everything - The analogy here, previously, He's talking about provision and now it's talking about the birds flying - If you put your total trust in Allah, He'll provide to you like how He provides for the birds. □ The leave their nests with an empty stomach in the morning and return to their nests in the evening with stomachs that are full. - Thus from here, we can also learn that Allah is all seeing, all knowing. No one can help you and no one can grant you sustenance, except Allah

67|20| 20. Who is he besides the Most Beneficent that can be an army to you to help you? The disbelievers are in nothing but delusion.

67|21| 21. Who is he that can provide for you if He should withhold His provision? Nay, but they continue to be in pride, and (they) flee (from the truth). -

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Numbers and weapons cannot give victory with Allah's aid, example, Battle of Badr If Allah were to give you victory, no one can defeat you. Who, but Allah will provide the provisions for you. Parable of the disbeliever and the believer 67:22

67|22| 22. Is he who walks without seeing on his face, more rightly guided, or he who (sees and) walks on a Straight Way (i.e. Islamic Monotheism).

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The one who can see the clear signs The Prophet Sallahulaihi wa salaam ○ I left you a very clear path (manhajja) if anyone tries to take a short cut and deviate, he will not make it to the final destination, ie Jannah. ○ Allah said, this is my straight path, follow it. There are deviated ways. If you follow the deviated ways, it will take you away from the footsteps of the Prohphet Sallahulaihi wa salaam Allah's power to create & being an evidence of the final abode 67:23 -27

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23. Say "it is He Who has created you, and endowed you with hearing, seeing, and hearts. Little are you grateful." 1. Establish you out of nothing 2. Hearing, not ears. 3. To see

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4. The mind When a calamity hits us, we always goes back to Allah. It was bad, but it was good, disguised in "bad". Allah equips us with things, even before we needs them He gives us our mind to start reasoning… ○ During the first few days of a newborn, they can't see, but they can hear. ○ For the first 2 years, they can't reason The order of the ayah Hearing

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2. 3.

Seeing Reasoning Dua': Oh Allah, who gave me my hearing, back and my sight back and opportunity to remember Him.

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Not enough to just say Alhamdulillah by the tongue, realize it in your heart. Use your eyes to look at halal Allah has given us time to spend with family and tighten the kinship

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Allah tells us that knowledge is only with Allah and for the prophet sallahualaihi wa salaam to tell them that he doesn’t know, that he is only the warner.

67|27| 27. But when they will see it (the torment on the Day of Resurrection) approaching, the faces of those who disbelieve will be different (black, sad, and in grieve), and it will be said (to them): "This is (the promise) which you were calling for!" 27.

Allah said, when they saw it(the day of judgment) approaching, see the reaction on the faces of the disbelievers - the sadness and the distress a) Tell them that this is the day they (the disbelievers) were making dua'/asking for. Now face your day b) This the day that you use to claim that will never happen, but here it is, it happened. The death of a believer will not save the disbeliever, so let him reflect upon his deliverance

- 67|28| 28. Say (O Muhammad) : "Tell me! If Allah destroys me, and those with me, or He bestows His Mercy on us, - who can save the disbelievers from a painful torment?"

67|29| 29. Say: "He is Ar-Rahman the Most Beneficent (Allah), in Him we believe, and in Him we put our trust. So you will come to know who is it that is in manifest error." Reminding of Allah's blessings by springing of water

- 67|30| 30. Say (O Muhammad): "Tell me! If (all) your water were to be sunk away, who then can supply you with flowing (spring) water?"

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If you go in the morning to the well, for the your animals and plants, water the source of life. Who else will give you water? How we take this for granted. (Al-Anbiya 21:30) Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and earth… And We have made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe? Ar-Rahmaan

-

-

-

During the time of the boycott, the muslims and the Quraish made an agreement, and this agreement was written and placed in the Ka'bah. Allah destroyed paper but left the name Al-Hudaibiyah Another agreement (the truce of hudaibiyah) The prophet told Ali to write "bismillah Ar-Rahman, Ar Raheem" the Quraish said, take out Ar-Rahman, ArRaheem, coz we don't know who that is, write Bismillah. Ali refused but the prophet SAW himself he scratched it out Ar-Rahman Ar Raheem himself…. Al The people of Quraish use to deny the name of Allah as Ar-Rahmaan. So now Allah uses Ar-Rahmaan. All the beautiful names and attributes of Allah.

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The Eternal Journey, Tafseer Juz Tabarak - Day 2 Sunday, June 19, 2011 10:05 AM

Why did the revelation stop for 2 weeks when the Prophet Sallahualaihi wa salaam did not say insha'Allah? The jews living during the time of the prophet Sallahualaihi wa salaam went to him to ask him about the people of the cave and about Dhul'karnian - the man who toured the east and the west. The Prophet Sallahualaihi wa salaam told them, "I'll tell you tomorrow" without saying, "insha'Allah" So he waited for two weeks until the revelation came from Allah about the story of two of those events in Surah Al-Kahf (18) and an ayah in the surah mentioned, never say something without saying, "insha'Allah"

-

Khalafa, opposite of Salaf ○ Khalaf - after, generation after

Why did Allah create evil? -

Allah gave us a trust - the free choice to believe or not to believe. When Allah created Adam, the angels asked Allah, "Why would you create somebody who would create bloodshed on earth when we glorify You?" Why would the angels say this? ○ Its because the angels viewed the creation of Adam and they expected them ○ Another explanation, they've seen the jinn created before, and the jinn are like us where they accepted the trust - to believe or not, and they've seen that the jinns have disobeyed Allah and so they expected us to do that too. ○ Another interpretation, another creation have been created before us and they've created hardship and bloodshed also, so the humans are also expected to do the same.

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What did Allah say to the angels? ○ Indeed I know what that you don't know. ○ Allah wanted to prove to the angels that if mankind would accept the trust and honor it, they would be better in the sight of Allah than the angels. ○ Allah then told Adam the name of things. And Allah asked the angels if they know the name of things, they replied they do not know. So Allah told Adam to teach the angels. Allah created Adam and honored him

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Allah knows best and He has a purpose behind everything He created Allah created us with knowledge and He gave us free will 18:29 - Oh Muhammad say to them, the truth came from your Lord, you are free to believe and you have free choice. If you want Allah to stop evil, you are saying that you want Allah to take away our free choice. ○ So is evil attributed to the human who abused the freedom and power Allah has given us? Or to Allah?

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Contents 1.

Surah 67: Al-Mulk

2.

Surat 68: Al-Qalam (The Pen)

3.

Surah 69: al-Haqqah

4.

Surah 70: al-Ma'arij

5.

Surah 71: Nuh (Noah)

6.

Surah 72: al-Jinn (The Jinn)

7.

Surah 73: al-Muzzammil (The One wrapped in Garments)

8.

Surah 74: Al-Muddathir (The One Enveloped)

9.

Surah 76: Al-Insan (Man or Time)

10.

Surah 77: Al-Mursalaat (Those sent forth)

11.

Surah 75: Al-Qiyamah (The Resurrection)

12.

Questions

FREEWILL QUESTIONS: Identify any names or categories of people addressed in the Surah and state the lessons learnt from the verses Reasons for revelation There is a story behind the revelation of some verses in the surah of the Qu'ran. Following I an example in suratul Mulk. Study the suras of Juz'Tabarak and identify those stories or reasons behing the revelation of such verses. 67: Verse 13

Surat Al-Qalam (The Pen) -

29 surahs starts with al-huruf muata'(separate letters) in the Quran Only Allah knows the meaning of these letters Every prophet was supported with miracles during his time to what is common during their time, but is beyond the norm. ○ Example Musa, during his time, magic was common in his time and Allah challenged the people with Musa's miracles. ○ During the time of Isa', medicine was common during his time and Allah grant him the ability to heal - blind, leper... ○ During the time of the prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wa salaam, poetry & arts of the languages was common. Poets were looked up at and were leaders of their tribes. So Allah challenged them with the Quran'  The Arabs revered poets and even  Allah challenged the Arabs 3 times in the Quran 1. "Try to create a Qur'an like this." They couldn't. Even at least 10 surahs,

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a)

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Suratul Baqarah, Allah challenged them to create one surah and invite all those who can support you beside Allah if you are really telling the truth. IF you are not able to do this in the past, you will never be able to do this in the future. So don't ever try to challenge Allah. Scholars of the tafsir said that "Nun" could mean 1. Just the letter "nun" 2. Another, the letter, looks like the container of the ink, "al-midwa" that the pen writes 3. They said that it could mean the board that you start writing. 4. Explained in the Qur'an Surah Anbiya' 21:87 i. Prophet Yunus (the companion of the whale/fish), the fish or the whale.

68|1| Nun. By the pen and what they inscribe.

‫ﻭ‬ -

in the first verse

"Wa"

‫ﻭ‬

- wa ul' kasal - when you take an oath. Other letters can be used to

show an oath-

-

‫ﺏ‬

"ba" and

‫" ﺕ‬ta"

- wallahi, billahi & tallahi.

Qalam means the pen, which is the symbol of knowledge. ○ We can only take an oath by Allah ○ Allah can take an oath by anything What is the Qalam?

1. -

2. 3.

The first thing Allah created is the qalam - pen. Allah commanded the pen to write, write everything that will happen between now and the end of time. And that was 50,000 years before the creation of heaven and earth

Could mean the angels, who write down/record everything. Symbol of knowledge

The word - "satur" (line) - write on the line

• • •

Why do Friday khutbahs gives you different reactions. Whatever comes from the heart, goes to the heart The khutbah is old and recycled The imam spends a whole week preparing the khutbah and he has a message and wants to boost your eman.

Swearing by the Pen Refers to the greatness of the Prophet 68|2| 2. You (O Muhammad) are not, by the Grace of your Lord, a madman. -

-

The structure (syntax) of the ayah ○ There's an inversion in this ayah - the structure/syntax to make it easier to understand the sentence ○ Allah is saying you are not a madman, Muhammad Sallahu alaihi wa salaam, and this is a favor upon you. Forms of revelation In a dream When Jibril will come unto the Prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam, very tough on the Prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam. The sahabas will hear a bell, the Prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam will be sweating even if its cold. ○ And when the people of Makkah used to pass by him and claim that he's crazy coz of how he's acting. Al-Baqarah 2 - Has 286 ayat, The ayat in the middle of the surah, 143, Allah said that "we have made you an ummah of moderation" Right in the middle of the surah. SubahanAllah.

68|3| 3. And verily, for you (O Muhammad) will be an endless reward.

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Allah tells him to be patient

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Mamnoon Uninterrupted

68|4| 4. And verily, you (O Muhammad ) are on an exalted standard of character. -

- khuluk means character The prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam has the best character. ○ He worked as a shepherd in his early stage of life - all prophets were shepherds at one point in their life, people who deal with the goats are very humble.

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○ ○

very humble. When you deal with the goats, it’s a very difficult life, teaches you patience.  Very important in making da'wah He said that the best amongst you are those who best treats your wife  We need to take the example of the Prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam on how he treat his wives The real meaning of compassion is to forgive & forget those who are bad to you  Surah Al Mutaqeen- Ayat 113 onward Loyalty  The prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam never forgets people who were good to him, regardless if they are muslims or non-muslims. □ How do we treat our own muslim brothers and sisters today? How do we treat our non-muslim neighbours? Mercy  The prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam loved his grandchildren. One day he was giving the khutbah and Hassan was crawling in the masjid, he stopped his khutbah and picked him up and continued with his khutbah  A prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam was praying and he heard a baby crying so he quickened the salah so that the parents could go back to the baby and check on him

68|5| 5. You will see, and they will see,

68|6| 6. Which of you is afflicted with madness.

68|7| 7. Verily, your Lord knows better, who (among men) has gone astray from His Path, and He knows better those who are (rightly) guided. Prohibition in giving in to the pressure of the disbelievers

68|8| 8. So (O Muhammad) obey not the deniers [(of Islamic Monotheism those who belie the Verses of Allah), the Oneness of Allah, and the Messenger of Allah (Muhammad), etc.]

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- deniers Refers to the atheist / mushrikeen / hypocrites

68|9| 9. They wish that you should compromise (in religion out of courtesy) with them, so they (too) would compromise with you.

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Softness Also refers to fat, which is soft Perfume

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The Quraish wanted to bargain with the the Prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam that to make a deal. They will worship Allah one year and their god in another year and see what happens during that year. - So surah Al-Kafirun was revealed and Allah told us to never compromise our deen.

68|10| 10. And obey not everyone who swears much, and is considered worthless, 10. And do not obey every worthless habitual swearer -

Qualities of the people of Hell fire Deniers - deny Allahs right to be worshiped alo - deny the day of judgement

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Someone who swears all the time

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Worthless

68|11| 10.

And scorner, gong about with malicious gossip. Waleed Ibn Mugheerah, reference in ayah 11. - Father of Khalid Ibn Waleed

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Makes fun of others by imitating him

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Comes from "sham-e" - walks a lot, but here refers to someone who is a rumour mongerer - spreads rumours.

68|12| 12. A preventer of good, transgressing and sinful

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Transgressor & frequently sinning.

68|13| 11.

Cruel, moreover and an illegitimate pretender.

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cruel No compassion & mercy

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Child of adultery/ zinaa Has something on his face that is ugly - These are both a quality of Al-Waleed Mughirah

68|14| He is a possesor of wealth and children -

Al-Waleed Mughirah, he has wealth and children. - So when Allah grants you all of these things, you should be grateful and not be arrogant.

68|16| 16.

We will brand him upon his snout

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Leaves a mark

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Trunk/snout of an animal - elephant‌. Nose in humans

ď Š

When Al-Waleed Mughirah died in battle, they found him with a black mark on his snout. Umar Radiallahu anh, would thank Allah for a calamity for 4 reasons: 1. For not losing his faith 2. It could have been worse 3. It's expiation for my sins 4. Any lose after losing Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wa salaam would be nothing. This is the greatest lose.

68|17| 17.

-

-

-

Indeed, We have tried them (Quraish) as We tried the companions of the garden, when they swore to cut its fruit in the (early) morning

Story of the companions of the garden There were 3 young men and they had a father and they were blessed with a garden. The father was a pious man. On the harvest day, the pious man used to give zakah to the needy and poor. - Zakah - Surah One day he died and the children, questioned the need to give to the poor and needy. - Greed - Denying the rights of the poor and needy They planned to go to the garden at night/early morning so that their neighbours wont hear them.

morning

68|18| 18. -

Without making exception. In books of tafseer, refers to not saying "insha'Allah" Did not realize/make an exception that something else might have happened if Allah had wills something else

68|19| 19.

-

So there came upon the garden an affliction from your Lord while they were asleep.

So Allah, destroyed the garden at night after they made the intention to not share the wealth.

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share the wealth.

68|20| 20.

And it became as though reaped

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So now they are asleep in the house, and the garden became completely destroyed and pitch black.

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Pitch black

68|21| 21. And they called one another at morning.

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Racing

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Firm in their decision

68|22| 68|23| 68|24| 68|25| -

If you have the intention to do so something bad, Allah will write it down as a bad deed, unless you turn around and Allah will change it into a good deed.

68|26| -

They thought they were lost and got the wrong garden

-

Lost

68|27| -

Now realize that it is indeed their garden

68|28| -

Moderate (in reasoning) one among them Or the middle son, in terms of age

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To glorify Allah

68|29| They said, "Exalted is our Lord! Indeed we are wrongdoers"

68|30| Then they approached one another, blaming each other. -

Start changing yourself, before blaming others.

68|31| -

Tyrants

-

What is the relationship between the people of Quraish and the people of the gardens? Allah has tested both of them. But the Quraish, rejected Allah, failed the test (but some accepted the truth) Lost in both dunya and akhirah The companions were tested, failed the test but they repented

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68|34| Indeed for the righteous with their Lord are the Gardens of Pleasures.

-

-

Allah will grant you gardensSSSS not just a garden A mother after a battle, ask the prophet salallahu alaihi wa saalaam about her son who died in battle. He said that not just one garden but many gardens. In Jannah, no miserly husband, no nagging wife, complete HAPPINESS. We will be created in a different way in Jannah - The wife will praise and sing to the husband, everytime he comes home.

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- The wife will praise and sing to the husband, everytime he comes home. No old people in Jannah - Surah Al-Wakiah - the women will be young and virgins, no old age  We will always be 33 Always healthy No death

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Garden of complete bliss

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68|35| Then will We treat the Muslims like the criminals? Who are the criminals? Those who refuse to submit.

68|36| -

How do you judge? These questions are all directed to the non believers.

68|37| What have you learned in your scriptures?

68|38| It is for you to choose (to believe or not to believe)

68|39| 39. Or you have oaths from Us, reaching to the Day of Resurrection that yours will be what you judge.

-

oath Plural of yameen

68|40| Ask them Muhhammad which of them, for that (claim), is responsible

guarantee

68|41| Or do they have partners? They let them bring their partners, if they should be truthful. -

How about people who live in isolation and Islam never reached them? Allah said, we will never punish them, without sending them a messenger Every person is born muslim - with the fitrah - coz its their parents that make them muslim or not. The Terror on the Day of Judgement

68|42| -

The hypocrites will not be able to make sujood coz Allah will make their backs straight. How can we know Allah? When Allah uncovers His shin.

68|43| -

Their faces will be in distress and humiliation will be on their faces. In dunya they were called to make sujood. the munafiqeen will try to prostrate but they will fall on their back For whoever denies the Qur'an

68|44| -

Allah will tell the prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam to leave them alone and Allah will deal with them, ie they will be punished by Allah alone.

-

Refers to the Qur'an Usually means talk/conversation

68|45| -

they will be lead on. every time they will think that they are secure (in their disbelief) "yumlii" means the rope/leash used to tie cattle. a rope that can be extended or made tighter

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-

"yumlii" means the rope/leash used to tie cattle. a rope that can be extended or made tighter

68|46| 46. Or is it that you (O Muhammad) ask them a wage, so that they are heavily burdened with debt?

68|47| -

Do they know what will happen? The command to be PATIENT and to refrain from being hasty

68|48| 48. So wait with patience for the Decision of your Lord, and be not like the Companion of the Fish, when he cried out (to Us) while he was in deep sorrow. (See the Qur'an, Verse 21:87).

-

Be patient

-

Companion of the fish ie Yunus Alaihi as salaam - He was engulfed in 3 levels of darkness  The belly of the whale  The dark sea  The night - He made dua' - Ya Allah, there is no God worthy of worship but you, … I did injustice to myself.  We should always made this dua' when we are in distress.  la ila hailla anta subhanakainni kuntumminazzalimin

-

distressed

68|49| -

If not for the favor from his Lord overtool him, he would have been thrown onto the naked shore

68|50| 50. But his Lord chose him and made him of the righteous. The effect of the EVIL EYE is real

68|51| 51. And indeed, those who disbelieve would make you slip with their eyes when they hear the message and they say, "Indeed he is mad." -

The prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam use to walk infront of the people of makkah, they had evil eye and he was about to slip.

-

Read surah Al-Falaq 113 To soften your heart, read the quran all the time, be in good companion.

The accusation of the disbelievers and the reply to them 68|52| 52. But it is nothing else than a Reminder to all the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). 6/19/2011, 5:27 PM

Surah 69: al-Haqqah -

Warning concernig the Greatness of the day of judgement Surah starts with Al-Haqqah Meaning stems from Haq - the truth The day that will inevitably happen.

69|1| -

1. The inevitable reality The truth

69|2| 2. What is the inevitable reality?

69|3| 3. And what will make you know what the Reality is?

-

Mentioned 13 times in the Qur'an

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In surah Al-Qariah - one of the names of the day of judgement In Surahtul mursalat Allah will always explain after the mention of wa ma adraka

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"Wa ma yudrika" - mentioned 3 times Reference to the present Allah did not explain what will happen next after this, only He knows

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69|4|

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4. Thamud and 'Ad people denied the Qari'ah [the striking Hour (of Judgement)]! Sent to Thamud- Prophet Salleh Sent to Adh - Prophet Hud Surah Hud (11)

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Deny

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Al-Qariah another name of the day of judgement

69|5| -

Thamud they were destroyed by the overpowering blasting (sound)

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Overpowering blast

69|6| -

And as for 'Ad, they were destroyed by a screaming, violent wind. The wind can be a blessing but here it is sent to destroy

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Cold extreme

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Extremely violent

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The people of Ad were extremely tall and strong - Like palm trees

69|7| -

Allah sent the winds down to them continuously for 7nights and 8 days.

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Exterminating Uninterrupted & successive Both meanings applies in this ayah.

-

And when you look at them, they are dead, they are exactly like hollow palm trees. - Empty inside

69|8| -

Can you see any remains in them? You can't see anything coz they are the denier of the day of Judgement

69|9| -

And there came Pharaoh and those before him and overturned cities with sin.

-

The problem of Thamud, homosexuality

69|10| -

They disobeyed the messenger of their Lord, so He seized them with a seizure exceeding in severity.

-

Allah put an end to them in a very violent way. - Jibril was sent to turn the city upside down

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Disobeyed

-

-

"Rasullu" Should be the messengers of Allah But they were sent one messenger (and all messengers came with the same one message) - and coz they disobeyed one messenger, they've disobeyed all of the messengers. (Surahtul Imran:19) In a hadeeth, the prophet Sallahu alaihi wa salaam said that, we the messengers are brothers. Our message is the same, but our shariah (way of life to apply this) is different. The best shariah is Islam and it superseeds the rest of other shariahs. - At the time of Musa alaihi wa salaam, if you want to make tawbah, you have to be killed  If you want to make tawbah and go back to your creator, they use to stand up in 2 lines and kill each other and Allah will bring them back to life again - But now to repent, all you have to do to make tawbah is to repent and ask Allah for repentance.

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-

They were taken to ‌ ? Severity? A reminder about the blessing of the Ship

69|11| -

Indeed when the water overflowed, We carried your ancestors in the sailing ship. - The people of the Nuh, they are our salaf - By default, when they carried our ancestors, they carried us too. - This is a reminder to us

69|12| 12. That We might make it a remembrance for you, and the keen ear (person) may (hear and) understand it. -

This is a reminder to us

A mention of the Horrors and the Day of Judgement

69|13| -

Then when the Horn is blown in one blast

69|14| -

And the earth and the mountains are lifted and leveled with one blow The Prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam said, how can I enjoy life when I know that Israfel is getting ready to blow the horn anytime.

69|15| Then on that Day, the Resurrection will occur. Al-Waqia' - another name of the day of judgment Al-Haqqa' Al-Qariah - Names of the day of Judgement in Suratul Haqqah

69|16| And the heaven will split open for the Day it is infirm

69|17| -

The angels will be at the edges of the skies as it splits opens and there will be 8 angels carrying the Throne of Allah.

The Children of Adam being presented to Allah

69|18| -

18. That Day you will be exhibited , not hidden among you is anything concealed You will be stark naked - Aisha' Radiallahu anh asked the prophet, will men and women be looking at each other? The prophet replied that they will be too afraid and will be in fear to think about anything else. - None of their deeds will be concealed. The Happiness of the Person who will receive his book in his right hand and his good situation. 69:19-24

69|19| 69|20| 69|21| 69|22| 69|23| 69|24| 19. Then as for him who will be given his Record in his right hand will say: "Take, read my Record! 20. "Surely, I did believe that I shall meet my Account!" 21. So he shall be in a life, well-pleasing. 22. In a lofty Paradise, 23. The fruits in bunches whereof will be low and near at hand. 24. Eat and drink at ease for that which you have sent on before you in days past! The Awful condition of whoever is given The Record in his left hand 69:25-37

69|25| 69|26| 69|27| 69|28|

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69|29| 69|30| 69|31| 69|32| 69|33| 69|34| 69|35| 69|36| 69|37| 25. But as for him who will be given his Record in his left hand, will say: "I wish that I had not been given my Record! 26. "And that I had never known, how my Account is? 27. "I wish, would that it had been my end (death)! 28. "My wealth has not availed me, 29. "My power and arguments (to defend myself) have gone from me!" 30. (It will be said): "Seize him and fetter him, 31. Then throw him in the blazing Fire. 32. "Then fasten him with a chain whereof the length is seventy cubits!" 33. Verily, He used not to believe in Allah, the Most Great, 34. And urged not on the feeding of Al-Miskin (the poor), 35. So no friend has he here this Day, 36. Nor any food except filth from the washing of wounds, 37. None will eat except the Khati'un (sinners, disbelievers, polytheists, etc.).

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The Quran is the speech of Allah 69:38 Which is The words of Allah , conveyed through the messenger sallahu alaihi wa salaam

69|38| 69|39| 69|40| 69|41| 69|42| 38. So I swear by whatsoever you see, 39. And by whatsoever you see not, 40. That this is verily the word of an honoured Messenger [i.e. Jibrael (Gabriel) or Muhammad which he has brought from Allah]. 41. It is not the word of a poet, little is that you believe! 42. Nor is it the word of a soothsayer (or a foreteller/fortune teller), little is that you remember!

69|43| 43. From the words/revelation of Allah Omar Radiallahu anh, before he became a muslim, he wanted to kill the Prophet. He said, my journey to Islam came in stages. One night there was a woman who wanted to go to Madinah and join her husband, coz she became muslim. Omar saw her and asked her where was she going? She bravely told him that she wanted to leave the country and be with her husband. He was impressed If the donkey of the family of Omar ibn Khattab, accepted Islam, Omar himself will never accept Islam. His own maid was a muslim and he enjoyed beating her up, until he became tired but she just kept on saying la illaha illahAllah. So he wondered what made this maid insistent on staying muslim. So one day he went out to have a drink with his friends, but could not find his friends. So he went to the ka'bah, coz he was so bored and depressed, when he reached there, someone was there praying and reciting the Quran. So he came close to the Ka'bah and saw the prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam reciting the Quran. Omar started to walk slowly on his toes to listen. And the Prophet was reciting surahtul Haqqa. Omar was convinced that this was just the words of a poet and the prophet recited exactly, 69|41| 69|42| 69|43| Omar went home and decided to kill the Prophet. He dipped his sword in poison. The next morning he went out to decide to kill the Prophet. On his way there, he met his friend who accepted Islam, but did not announce it. The guy asked him if he was not concerned if Bani Hashim will be his enemy. The guy then told him to go check on his sister first‌

Sister Fatimah binti Khattab Husband Said ibn ..

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If The Prophet Forged Anything Against Allah, Then Allah Would Have Punished Him (Verse 44-52) If Muhammad were to make up anything, we will hold him accountable

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69|44| -

44. And if Muhammad had made up about US some (false) sayings,

69|45| 45. We surely should have seized him by his right hand (or with power and might),

69|46| -

-

-

46. And then certainly should have cut off his life artery (Aorta), The aorta - which will kill him in an instant. The prophet could have deleted a few ayats from the Quran (Surah Abasa) 1) Abdullah ibn Mahqtoom - blind man incident Abdullah ibn Mahq'toom, the blind man. Everytime, he comes around, the prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam will get up and clean the seat for him Welcome "the man whom Allah has" When the prophet leaves Madinah , Abdullah ibn Mahqtoom will lead the salah. (Surah Ahzab) ??? 2) No adopted son Zaid + marriage to Zainab incident - to prove there is not adoption in islam

69|47| 69|48| 69|49| 47. And none of you could withhold Us from (punishing) him. 48. And verily, this Qur'an is a Reminder for the Muttaqun (pious - see V.2:2). 49. And verily, We know that there are some among you that belie/deny (this Qur'an). [Tafsir AtTabari, Vol. 29, Page 68]

69|50| 50. And indeed it (this Qur'an) will be an anguish for the disbelievers (on the Day of Resurrection).

69|51| 51. And Verily, it (this Qur'an) is an absolute truth with certainty .

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Absolute Truth 3 degrees of Yakeen

1. 2. 3. 69|52| 52. So glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most Great. -

So exalt the name of your Lord That is why we say this during ruku' in our salah. - Should not bow to anyone else except for Allah. - Complete humility is during the sujud  Where our forehead and face is on the ground □ During the time of the prophet, no carpets. Dust in the faces.  All praises due to my Lord, the most high and we are most low. □ We can never be humble and in such a state of humility, we can do to no one cept to Allah  One of the sahabah, a beduin, ..ibn Amr, during the battle against the Persians. When you enter the palaces of the Persians, the doors are very low so that you will bow down to the rulers, so he turn his back when entering the palace. Then he pierced his sword into the expensive persian carpets. They asked, who are you? He replied that I am here to… get you people out of the fabricated religion of injustice and get people out of this tight life and to the free spacious life of the akhirah. The ruler was speechless and could not speak.

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The Eternal Journey, Tafseer Juz Tabarak - Day 3 Saturday, June 25, 2011 10:11 AM Contents

Surah 70: al-Ma'arij (The Ways of Ascent)

1.

Surah 67: Al-Mulk

2.

Surat 68: Al-Qalam (The Pen)

Ma'raj - Ascension Al-Mi'raj - Ascension, going up.

3.

Surah 69: al-Haqqah

4.

Surah 70: al-Ma'arij

70|1|

5.

Surah 71: Nuh (Noah)

1. A questioner asked concerning a torment about to befall 1. A supplicant asked for a punishment bound to happen

6.

Surah 72: al-Jinn (The Jinn)

7.

Surah 73: al-Muzzammil (The One wrapped in Garments)

8.

Surah 74: Al-Muddathir (The One Enveloped)

9.

Surah 76: Al-Insan (Man or Time)

A Request to hasten the day of judgement

- asking -

/making supplication

Al-Harith Ibn AnNadeer - One of the mushrikeens He made dua' to Allah asking for an azab/punishment that is happening anyways. Why? - He didn’t believe abt the day of judgement and tha tAllah will bring pple to account. He was asking in a mocking way In Surah Sad:60 - the people were asking Allah to hasten their punishment, coz they were mocking the day of Judgement

10.

Surah 77: Al-Mursalaat (Those sent forth)

11.

Surah 75: Al-Qiyamah (The Resurrection)

12.

Questions

70|2| 2. Upon the disbelievers, which none can avert,

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Means to push Nobody can push it away from them

70|3| 3. From Allah, the Lord of the ways of ascent. 3. Owner of the ways of ascension

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Coming from Allah Ali RA used to write/sign off his letters - "a dead person is sending this to a dead person" - referring to the future. We own nothing. Ar-Rahman - Allah said, All of you call yourself a "warith" an inheritor, but this is temporary. But who is the real warith? It is Allah - who inherit the whole earth and all of you will come back to Allah. The tafsir of "Lord of the Ways of Ascent' meaning of "A Day of the Measure Whereof is fifty thousand years."

70|4| Ascend the angels and ruh (the spirit/soul) to Him -

When we do something good, it is written down right away and multiplied. But for the ummah of Muhammad sallahu alaihi wa salaam, when we do something bad, it is not written down right away. We are given about 6 hours, and in that time, if we were to repent, that bad deed wont be written down. And when we make tawbah, it will be erased. SubahanAllah. 1. We waste our time/life Jibril Israfil - blow the horn Mikail

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Ar-Ruh? Spirit or soul. When we die, ○ our soul leaves our bodies. ○ Our jasad will go back to the earth ○ Our soul goes back to Allah Now we are nafs = combination of soul (ruh) + body (jasad) Other tafsir says that Ar-Ruh refers to Jibril. ○ Allah might mention something in general and then mention something specific - to stress the importance/special/specific ones ○ Jibril's assigned the task of delivering the revelation Example ○ Nisa:163 Specify Nuh from amongst the prophets 50 thousand years

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In a hadeeth - the sun will come closer to the people on the day of judgement, only a mile away. Right now it is 9+ million miles away The person who narrated the hadith said that he was not sure if the Prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam meant 1 mile or a speckle(the size of the mascara)

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sallahu alaihi wa salaam meant 1 mile or a speckle(the size of the mascara) away. Some of us will be drowning in our sweats, some will have sweat up to our ankles. Good news 7 categories of people, when there is no shade, will be under the shade of Allah's throne ○ Imam (head of family/president/..) someone in charge of a group of people - who's just ○ A person, their hearts are attached to masajid (basically those who are attached to As-Salah) ○ A man who is seduced by a woman coz she has power and authority to do haram, but he chooses not to coz he fears Allah - like Yusuf AS ○ Someone who gives charity - unconditionally ○ Two people who are friends, and what brings them together, is for the sake of Allah ○ Someone who is when alone, shed some tears when remembering their sins and asking for Allah's forgiveness  Eyes that shed tears for the fear of Allah - coz you know your deeds are not enough to bring you to Jannah  Tears who are guarding the boundaries of muslims countries? 50,000 years - it is for the disbelievers.

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Surah Al-Mudatthir - When the horn will be born, indeed that day will be very hard and difficult for the disbelievers. So here we know that it is will be very tough for the disbelievers, so this is the evidence that the amount 50,000 years for the disbelievers,. For the believers, The time will pass like between Asr and Maghrib. SubahanAllah Instructing the Prophet to have Patience

70|5| -

5. So be patient with gracious patience. Beautiful patience Patience which we do not complain - to people But yes, we can complain to Allah.

70|6| 6. Indeed, they see it as distant

70|7| -

But we see it coming very soon/near The Prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam used to say that the day of judgement is like his forefinger and middle finger placed together Terrors of the Day of Judgment (main theme of the surah)

70|8| 8. On the day the sky will be like murky oil.

70|9| -

And the mountains will be like the wool, just blown away In Surahtul Qariah - Allah explain that the mountains will be a tuft of wool, soft

70|10| -

They will see each other but they will never think about each other

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Very, super close friend Surahtul Abbasa - it was mention that people will run away from their families...

70|11| -

Criminals Those who do not pray are referred to mujrimeen The criminals will ransom their tribe/bani first, on the day of judgment

70|12| Wife brother

70|13| -

13. And his nearest kindred who shelter him Family

70|14| 14. And whoever on earth entirely so then it could save him.

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14. And whoever on earth entirely so then it could save him. "Take everyone but, save me."

70|15| -

15. No! Indeed, it is the Flame (of Hell) Allah said, no. This is not going to be accepted from you. All of these people are not enough to ransom you. Why? Allah didn’t ask that much from us in the dunia. Just to submit to Him and live the life He likes

70|16| -

16. A remover of exteriors. Just by coming close to the hell fire, their skin on their heads will be burn off instantly

70|17| -

The hell fire will call out to the mushrikeen, Come! Surah Kahf - There's the evidence Calling: "[O Kafir (O disbeliever in Allah, His angels, His Book, His Messengers, Day of Resurrection and in Al-Qadar (Divine Preordainments), O Mushrik (O polytheist, disbeliever in the Oneness of Allah)] (all) such as turn their backs and turn away their faces (from Faith) [picking and swallowing them up from that great gathering of mankind (on the Day of Resurrection) just as a bird picks up a food-grain from the earth with its beak and swallows it up] [Tafsir Al-Qurtubi, Vol. 18, Page 289]

70|18| 18. And collect (wealth) and hide it (from spending it in the Cause of Allah). Man is Impatient and inclination to corrupt his behavior.

70|19| -

19. Indeed man is impatient. Anxious

70|20| -

Not content

70|21| •

21. And when good touches him, withholding (of it) If you are grateful, Allah will give you more IF you deny Allah, Allah will punish you and take it back from you. Even if it sounds bad now, it is good for you. If anything evil happens to you, blame yourself. Even if the whole ummah have gathered to plot against you, it will never happen unless Allah has written it down for you. Exclusion of those who pray from what has preceded, and an explanation of their deeds and their prayers.

70|22| -

22. Except the observers of prayer All of mankind is impatient, except for the Qualities of people who wanna make it to Jannah ○ Those who pray ○ Those who pray consistently ○ Those in their wealth set a portion/give a due right  To those who are poor and destitute ○ Those who believe on the day of judgement  What's the sign of belief? Getting ready for that day, action!  Surah Baqarah - Take provision, the best provision is taqwa. ○ They are the ones who are scared of the punishment of Allah subahana wa ta'ala  Allah will not combine two fear □ If you fear Allah here, you'll be secure on the day of judgement □ If you feel secure here, you'll be very scared on the day of Judgment ○ Those who do not involve themselves in haram relationships.  They only have that intimacy only with their spouses & those who their right hand possesses (Prisoners of war). ○ Those who keep the amanah/trust  Honour their covenant ○ When they are called to give testimony/bear witness, they are upright ○ And they are consistent - pray on time, proper wudhu, kushu'  Surah Maryam:19 - and came after them a generation that wastes their salah (Ibn Abbas says here it means, they don’t pray on time.) and the reason is because they follow their desires.  If your heart is busy, you are not getting any reward.

70|23| 23. Those who remain constant in their Salat (prayers);

70|24| 24. And those in whose wealth there is a known right,

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70|25| -

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25. For the beggar who asks, and for the unlucky who has lost his property and wealth, (and his means of living has been straitened); 25. For the petitioner and the deprioved

Don’t have enough income/destitute Zakah (3 conditions) within nisab One year It has to be in your possession ○ So you only pay 2.5% of your whole wealth. ○ Surah Taubah 9:60 - the 8 categories that deserves zakah

70|26| 70|27| 70|28| 70|29| 70|30| 26. And those who believe in the Day of Recompense, 27. And those who fear the torment of their Lord, 28. Verily! The torment of their Lord is that before which none can feel secure, 29. And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts from illegal sexual acts) . 30. Except with their wives and the (women slaves and captives) whom their right hands possess, for (then) they are not to be blamed,

70|31| 31. But whosoever seeks beyond that, then it is those who are trespassers.

- prisoners of war 70|35| -

35.They will be in the gardens, honored. They will be honored on the day of judgment The Rebuke of the Disbelievers and the threat against them (Particularly to the Quraish)

70|36| 36. So what is the matter with those who disbelieve, hastening before you

70|37| 37. To sit on your right and your left in separate groups? 37. (Sitting) in groups on the right and on the left (of you, O Muhammad)? - right

- left 70|38| 38. Does every man of them hope to enter the Paradise of delight? 38. Does every person among them aspire to enter a garden of pleasure? -

To have ambition

70|40| 40. So I swear by the Lord of all risings and settings that indeed We are able. -

The most powerful words in da'wah is the words of Allah.

Singular VS dual VS more than 1 AlShuara':28 - Allah is the Lord of the East and the West AlMuzzamil - The Rabb of East and West ArRahman:- Dual

1. It never sets and rises at the same points ○ The sun rises everyday on different points. ○ This was only discovered in the 20th century. 2. Scholars of the tafsir said that it refers to both the sun and the moon 3. Allah is the Lord of the East and the West

70|41| -

41. To replace them with better than them; and We are not to be outdone. Nobody can outdo Allah if He wishes to replace the people of Quraish with believers.

70|42|

Use inclusive language when making da'wah

42. So leave them to plunge in vain talk and play about, until they meet their Day which they are promised. -

People who are not connected to Allah, they will lead idle lives and gets bored easily. Disbelievers will always engage in vain talk. Mu'minun:23 - Success are for the believers, those who have a connection with Salah and they are those who stay away in vain talk. So you should leave them

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So you should leave them Playing should not take you away from your prayer - that play should also be beneficial. ○ Teach your children swimming, archery/shooting & horse riding

70|43| When someone embraces islam, you can say takbeer "Allahu Akhbar" to yourself. Not the whole room with one guy taking the lead - that’s bidaah Nothing wrong with clapping. Refer to IslamQA.com

43. The Day when they will come out of the graves quickly as racing to a goal, 43. The Day they will emerge from the graves rapidly as if they were, toward an erected idol, hastening.

70|44| -

44. Their eyes humbled, humiliation will cover them. That is the Day which they had been promised. Same description as in surah Al-Qalam That is the day they were promised but they never believed

Surah 71: Nuh (Noah) Nooh's invitation to the people

71|1| 1. Verily, We sent Nuh (Noah) to his people (Saying): "Warn your people before there comes to them a painful torment." -

Doing things gradually + having patience. We expect to happen instantly. Like how Allah created the heavens and the earth in 6 days. He could have done it in a blink of an eye. This a point of reflection for us. Insha'Allah.

Prophet Nuh - the first one after Prophet Adam Alaihi as salaam Gave da'wah for 950 years Ultimate patience Ul-azzal minal rasul Every prophet was sent to their own people alone. But Muhammad sallahu alaihi wa salaam was sent to Allah humanity & even the jinns. ○ And after his passing we are to carry on the message with knowledge

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Could mean anything that causes the person pain And when it comes to the azab of Allah, it is severe & painful Al Hijr 15:49-50

15|49| 15|50| 49. Declare (O Muhammad) unto My slaves, that truly, I am the Oft-Forgiving, the Most-Merciful. 50. And that My Torment is indeed the most painful torment.

71|2| 2. He said: "O my people! Verily, I am a plain warner to you,

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Oh, my people (use inclusive language in da'wah) Stresses the fact, that I (Nuh) have come to you to warn you.

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"mobeen" Clear in itself and clarifies for others.

- 12|1| 12:1. Alif-Lam-Ra. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur'an, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings]. These are the Verses of the Clear Book (the Qur'an that makes clear the legal and illegal things, legal laws, a guidance and a blessing).

71|3| 3. "That you should worship Allah (Alone), be dutiful to Him, and obey me, -

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Ibadah as defined by Ibn Taymiyyah It is an all inclusive term done by the servant/believer to please Allah, regardless if it is internal or external Outcome of your ibadah = Akhlak, your character ○ If you do all the ibadah and it doesn’t change your akhlak, you're not changing anything. All your ibadah is a waste. ○ 'There could be someone who is fastening but nothing else comes out of it but Examples of ibadah Smile Kind to neighbors, regardless muslims or non muslims Removing something that blocks the road Largest muslim population in the world 1. Indonesia 2. India 3. China

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Da'wah by talking and da'wah by walking We need to understand the broad meaning of da'wah We need to inculcate islam in his heart ○ Inculcate taqwa in his heart ○ Taqwa = fear out of love and respect to Allah, the consciousness of Allah.

71|4| 4. "He (Allah) will forgive you of your sins and respite you to an appointed term. Verily, the term of Allah when it comes, cannot be delayed, if you but knew."

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Ibadah is not confined in to your rituals


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of Allah when it comes, cannot be delayed, if you but knew." Fruit of submitting to Allah FORGIVENESS Come back to Allah and Allah will forgive you

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Prescribed time In a hadeeth: Whoever wants Allah subahana wa ta'ala to increase his provision, to extend his life; let him extend his kinship/family Aisha use to make dua that Allah will extend the life of U The barakah of umar - You will get lots of good deeds and you will get the reward even after you die. ?? AlMar.. 39 Allah erases and fixes some information the way he likes. And only with Allah is the preservation of the kitab Lauhil Mahlfuz

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Deeds are presented every Thursday and Monday - that’s why the prophet Salllahu alaihi wa salaam fasts on these days. Nuh complains about his encounter with his people.

71|5| 5. He said: "O my Lord! Verily, I have called my people night and day (i.e. secretly and openly to accept the doctrine of Islamic Monotheism) , -

When making dawa'h, choose the right time. Commit in da'wah, don’t give up

71|6| 6. "But all my calling added nothing but to (their) flight (from the truth). 6. But my invitation increased them not except in flight. -

Run very fast

71|7|

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7. "And verily! Every time I called unto them that You might forgive them, they thrust their fingers into their ears, covered themselves up with their garments, and persisted (in their refusal), and magnified themselves in pride. They rejected him ○ When you are rejected, go to Allah. And they insisted in their arrogance, first sin ever, pride. ○ Shaitan, " I am better than him" Pride & Arrogance - stay away from this, coz this is the character of the kuffar. Guidance Nuh & his son Lut & his wife Muhammad SAW and his uncles - Abu Talib and Abu Lahab

71|8| 71|9| 8. "Then verily, I called to them openly (aloud); 9. "Then verily, I proclaimed to them in public, and I have appealed to them in private,

71|10| 10. "I said (to them): 'Ask forgiveness from your Lord; Verily, He is Oft-Forgiving;

(Al Gafoor) All forgiving! Fruit of asking for forgiveness

71|11| 11. 'He will send rain to you in abundance;

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Abundant rain

71|12| -

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12. 'And give you increase in wealth and children, and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers.' " No job, do istighfar No children, do istighfar ○ Ibrahim AS, according to some narrations, only had a child after 100 years You'll get Jannah Hassan Al Basree, when some asks him for advice, he'll tell them to make istighfar, coz of this Surah

Allah forgives and forgets. He erases the previous records and never comes back to it again.

What Nuh said when he called his people to Allah.

71|13| 13. What is the matter with you, [that you fear not Allah (His punishment), and] you hope not for reward (from Allah or you believe not in His Oneness). 13. What is the matter with you that you do not attribute to Allah due

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The key to success in dunia and akhirah, is patience. And even in da'wah (as we’ve seen in the example of Prophet Nuh.)


reward (from Allah or you believe not in His Oneness). 13. What is the matter with you that you do not attribute to Allah due grandeur •

Ibn Taymiyyah, took him 6 months to write the tafsir of this ayah

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The more knowledge you know of Allah, the closer you'll get to Him To teach the relationship between oneself and Allah. Iman is the statement by the tongue, check it in the heart and by the actions that you do.

Nuh.)

Allah is in control of yesterday, today and on the Day of Judgement

If you want dunia and akhirah, make istighfar.

71|14| 14. While He has created you in (different) stages [i.e. first Nutfah, then 'Alaqah and then Mudghah, see (V.23:13,14) the Qur'an].

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Different stages Allah created you in different stages - Child (weak, completely dependant on parents), strong adult, weak old man Different stages in Da'wah 1st relationship w Allah 2nd Remind blessings of Allah, He's the one who created you in stages 3rd Allah created the whole universe to serve you. 4th Remind them of their death 5th Remind them of resurrection - grave is a transitional stage.

71|15| 71|16| 71|17| 71|18| 15. See you not how Allah has created the seven heavens one above another, 16. And has made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp? 17. And Allah has brought you forth from the (dust of) earth. [Tafsir At-Tabari, Vol.29, Page 97]. 18. Afterwards He will return you into it (the earth), and bring you forth (again on the Day of Resurrection)? •

Only discovered in the 20th century that the light of the moon is a reflection - this fact already reflected in the Quran

71|19| 19. And Allah has made for you the earth an expanse. -expanse - the earth... Nuh complains to his lord about his people's response

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Who are Ulu Al-Azm "the ones with commitment and passion" among the Messengers of Allah SWT? Nuh as, Ibrahim as, Musa as, Isa as , Muhammad saw

71|21| 21. Nuh (Noah) said: "My Lord! They have disobeyed me, and followed one whose wealth and children give him no increase but only loss. Who should we look up to? Wealthy & powerful people? Or righteous people, eventhough they are poor? The Idols of the People of Nuh and what happened to them

71|22| 22. "And they have plotted a mighty plot.

71|23| 23. "And they have said: 'You shall not leave your gods, nor shall you leave Wadd, nor Suwa', nor Yaghuth, nor Ya'uq, nor Nasr (names of the idols); -

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These were all righteous people. The first generation had good intentions, but as the generations passed, the people began worshipping and making these people as their gods. They had intentions of coming closer to Allah. ○ In reality there are no intermediary between us and Allah. On the day of judgement, these idols will not respond as you call upon them Supplication of Nuh against the disbelievers and his supplication for the believers

71|24| 24. "And indeed they have led many astray. And (O Allah): 'Grant no increase to the Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, and disbelievers, etc.) save error.' "

71|25| 25. Because of their sins they were drowned, then were made to enter the Fire, and they found none to help them instead of Allah. -

This ayah is an evidence to the punishment in the grave.

71|26| 26. And Nuh (Noah) said: "My Lord! Leave not one of the disbelievers on the earth!

71|27| 27. "If You leave them, they will mislead Your slaves, and they will beget none but wicked disbelievers."

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71|28| 28. "My Lord! Forgive me, and my parents, and him who enters my home as a believer, and all the believing men and women. And to the Zalimun(polytheists, wrong-doers, and disbelievers, etc.) grant You no increase but destruction!" -

Default, don’t make dua' against people, forgive and forget but in dire situations, you are allowed… only in dire situation.

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For every prophet there is a dua' that is answered immediately by Allah. Some prophets have made it against it against their people. But the prophet muhammad sallahu alaihi wa salaam is saving his dua' for the day of judgement He will make sujud under the throne of Allah, and Allah will teach me a new dua' and Allah will said, "Seek intercession and it will be given to you" That is why after the azan we make that dua, that the prophet muhammad sallahu alaihi wa salaam will make intercession for us.

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Another evidence if the evil of the people is unbearable and widespread, you can make dua' against your enemy. ○ During the battle of Badr, the prophet Muhammad salllahu alaihi wa salaam made dua' for one month - he made Qunut in every salat for a month, against the people who killed 6 of the hafiz that were sent to them to make da'wah.

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After 950 years of hard work of da'wah, Prophet Nuh said, ○ Oh Allah, forgive my shortcomings, eventhough after achieving something, coz he realized that everything is from Allah. ○ Humble yourself, even after you've done a good job.

Surah 72:al-Jinn (The Jinn) Al-Jinn - root word means to cover -

Somebody called Majnoon - their mind is covered ie crazy, loco, cuckoo Jannah - there's lots of trees and it will give you shade and it will cover you.

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Al-Jinn created out of fire and we don’t see them, Surah Al-A'raf 7:27 27. O Children of Adam! Let not Shaitan (Satan) deceive you, as he got your parents [Adam and Hawwa (Eve)] out of Paradise, stripping them of their raiments, to show them their private parts. Verily, he and Qabiluhu (his soldiers from the jinns or his tribe) see you from where you cannot see them. Verily, We made the Shayatin (devils) Auliya' (protectors and helpers) for those who believe not. Indeed he, shaitan, and his descendants, they see you but you cant see them.

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The prophet Salallahu alaihi wa salaam knew some dogs and snakes in madinah that were jinns. Narrated by Abu Hurairah, Where? Shayatin live in dirty, wastelands, uninhibited places When? During night time. Suratul Falaq That’s why when you see animals like this at night, leave them alone. If you harm them, it will harm you.

72|1| 1. Say (O Muhammad ): "It has been revealed to me that a group (from three to ten in number) of jinns listened (to this Qur'an). They said: 'Verily! We have heard a wonderful Recital (this Qur'an)! -

Quran = the book that is recited all the time. It is also the most widely read book in the world.

72|2| 2. 'It guides to the Right Path, and we have believed therein, and we shall never join (in worship) anything with our Lord (Allah).

- negates the future Wa lam - past Wa la' - present 72|3| 3. 'And exalted be the Majesty of our Lord, He has taken neither a wife, nor a son (or offspring or children).

- exalted - nobleness -

Allah never took a wife or son. The jinns are acknowledging tawheed here.

72|4| 4. 'And that the foolish among us [i.e. Iblis (Satan) or the polytheists amongst the jinns] used to utter against Allah that which was wrong and not right. 4.And that our foolish one has been saying about Allah an excessive transgression. - foolish one - referring to iblis Among the causes of the transgression of Jinns was that humans sought refuge

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Among the causes of the transgression of Jinns was that humans sought refuge in them.

72|5| 5. 'And verily, we thought that men and jinns would not utter a lie against Allah.

72|6| 6. 'And verily, there were men among mankind who took shelter with the masculine among the jinns, but they (jinns) increased them (mankind) in sin and disbelief. -

Allah said that there were some people amongst mankind, they used to seek refuge from those amongst the jinn, so they were increased in burden and things were made difficult for them ○ During the time of the prophet muhammad saw, the non muslims used to seek refuge in the jinns ○ So when they use to say, I seek refuge in the .. Of the valley. ○ So the jinns used to scare them by moving their luggage around.

72|7| 7. 'And they thought as you thought, that Allah will not send any Messenger (to mankind or jinns). The jinns stealing information from the sky before the messenger was sent, and striking them with flaming fire after his coming.

72|8| 8. 'And we have sought to reach the heaven; but found it filled with stern guards and flaming fires.

- plural,

flaming fires

72|9| -

9. 'And verily, we used to sit there in stations, to (steal) a hearing, but any who listens now will find a flaming fire watching him in ambush. When the angels were talking to each other, the jinns used to listen in. During the mission of the prophet SAW, all of the listening in, stopped. Out of the heavens, the flaming stars will shoot them down.

72|10| -

10. 'And we know not whether evil is intended for those on earth, or whether their Lord intends for them a Right Path. They were not sure/don’t know if this is good or evil for the people of earth. Jinns testify that among them are believers, disbelievers, the misguided and the guided.

72|11| 11. 'There are among us some that are righteous, and some the contrary; we are groups each having a different way (religious sect, etc.). -

There are good and bad jinns And the jinns confess to Allah's perfect power

72|12| 12. 'And we think that we cannot escape (from the punishment of) Allah in the earth, nor can we escape (from the punishment) by flight. 12. And we have become certain that we will never cause failure to Allah upon earth, nor can we escape Him by flight.

- and

we were sure

72|13| 13. 'And indeed when we heard the Guidance (this Qur'an), we believed therein (Islamic Monotheism), and whosoever believes in his Lord shall have no fear, either of a decrease in the reward of his good deeds or an increase in punishment for his sins. -

The jinns making da'wah, for one to response to the call of Allah. If you believe in Allah, don't fear injustice. You will be given a reward and more.

72|14| 14. 'And of us some are Muslims (who have submitted to Allah, after listening to this Qur'an), and of us some are Al-Qasitun (disbelievers those who have deviated from the Right Path)'. And whosoever has embraced Islam (i.e. has become a Muslim by submitting to Allah), then such have sought the Right Path." -

There are muslims and non-muslims in the jinn species.

- unjust to themselves coz they refuse to submit to Allah, therefore there were zaalim to themselves.

-

Surah Al-Mumtahinah 60:8 8. Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion and did not drive you out of your homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equity. Gives us the law and rulings in dealing with the non muslims. As for those who do not fight you for your religion, be fair. Indeed Allah loves those who advocate justice.

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-

advocate justice. Whoever submits,

72|15| 15. And as for the Qasitun (disbelievers who deviated from the Right Path), they shall be firewood for Hell, -

The fuel would be az-zalimun for the hell fire.

72|16| 16. If they (non-Muslims) had believed in Allah, and went on the Right Way (i.e. Islam) We should surely have bestowed on them water (rain) in abundance. -

Allah offered them a source of life, water, as a test.

72|17|

-

17. That We might try them thereby. And whosoever turns away from the Reminder of his Lord (i.e. this Qur'an, and practice not its laws and orders), He will cause him to enter in a severe torment (i.e. Hell). 17. So We might test them therein. And whoever turns to away from the remembrance of his Lord, He will put into arduous punishment. Allah will expose them to ahzab From (Surah 20 Ta-Ha) - Whoever turns away from my remembrance, his life will be a very depressed life. The command to worship Allah alone and shun shirk

72|18| -

18. And the mosques are for Allah (Alone), so invoke not anyone along with Allah. Burying people in masjids - coz they are righteous? No…. Not right. This is shirk. They should be buried with the muslims.

72|19| 19. (It has been revealed to me that) When the slave of Allah (Muhammad) stood up invoking (his Lord Allah) in prayer to Him they (the jinns) just made round him a dense crowd as if sticking one over the other (in order to listen to the Prophet's recitation). 19. And that when the Servant of Allah stood up supplcating Him, they almost become about him a compacted mass.

- messy When Ali was asked who’s the bravest person? He answered, Abu Bakr RA. One day they were praying at the ka'bah and the disbelievers were surrounding them. Some were pulling and pushing them. So they ran away coz they were few in numbers. Only Abu Bakr stayed and protected the protected the prophet salallahu alaihi wa salaam. They left the prophet and they started beating the Abu Bakar until his whole face was swollen and he passed out. The tribe of Abu Bakar came and thought that Abu Bakr was dead. His mother attended to him and when he came back to conciousness, his mother wanted to offer him food. The first thing he said, where's the prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam. His mom was outraged, as he swore that he wouldn’t eat until he saw his the prophet. They went to the house of AbuArqam… the prophet started crying when he saw Abu Bakr. The prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam was giving a speech to the people about a man who was given two choices, either to live forever or to meet Allah. He chose to meet Allah. Upon hearing this, Abu Bakr RA started crying uncontrollably until the prophet could not continue his talk, the people were angry at him but the prophet was angry at the people and said that…

72|20| 20. Say (O Muhammad): "I invoke only my Lord (Allah Alone), and I associate none as partners along with Him." The Messenger does not have power to harm or give guidance

72|21| 21. Say: "It is not in my power to cause you harm, or to bring you to the Right Path."

72|22| 22. Say (O Muhammad): "None can protect me from Allah's punishment (if I were to disobey Him), nor should I find refuge except in Him. Cross ref: Surah Haqqa 69

72|23| 23. "(Mine is) but conveyance (of the truth) from Allah and His Messages (of Islamic Monotheism), and whosoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, then verily, for him is the Fire of Hell, he shall dwell therein forever ." -

-

His message is the same as the message of all the other messengers before him. (disobey) After this word, and its followed by jahanam, its referring to 3 things ○ shirk (associating with others w Allah),

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○ ○ ○

shirk (associating with others w Allah), kufr or nifa'(hypocrisy)

72|24| -

24. Till, when they see that which they are promised, then they will know who it is that is weaker concerning helpers and less important concerning numbers. Victory comes from Allah. Numbers means nothing

72|25| 25. Say (O Muhammad): "I know not whether (the punishment) which you are promised is near or whether my Lord will appoint for it a distant term.

72|26| -

26. "(He Alone) the All-Knower of the Gha'ib (unseen), and He reveals to none His Gha'ib (unseen)." Ghaib - unseen ○ Space ○ Time

72|27| 27. Except to a Messenger (from mankind) whom He has chosen (He informs him of unseen as much as He likes), and then He makes a band of watching guards (angels) to march before him and behind him.

72|28| 28. [He (Allah) protects them (the Messengers)], till He sees that they (the Messengers) have conveyed the Messages of their Lord (Allah). And He (Allah) surrounds all that which is with them, and He (Allah) keeps count of all things (i.e. He knows the exact number of everything). Prophet Sulaiman alaihi salaam. 1. Oh Allah, I want to be in control of the universe one day, so Allah said to him, I'll give you one year to accumulate provisions. So he had a large area to store provision 2. He spoke to the ant, how much food is enough for you? 2 grains of wheat. After one year, the box was opened and he found the ant still alive and found one grain of wheat left. Why is there one grain left? The ant answered that before when I was living in open, in the abundance of Allah, I was not afraid of Him forgetting me. But I was afraid that you would forget me when you imprisoned me in the box, so I save half of my food.

-

-

Abu Hurairah radiallahu anhu Hurairah - root word Herra = cat Hurairah = small cat Abdul Rahman bin.. Very soft hearted. Every time the prophet sees him, he's surrounded by a lil cat. ○ Abu Hurairah was assigned to guard the zakatul fitr. ○ One night he found an old man stealing from the money. He said that he's poor and he's has a family, so Abu Hurairah let him go coz he's soft hearted. ○ He told the prophet and the prophet told him that the old man will come again. ○ Abu Hurairah arrested him this time round and he gave the same reason. Abu Hurairah was very soft hearted and let him go again. ○ He then told the prophet and the prophet said, and he will come again. ○ The 3rd night the man came again and Abu Hurairah caught him. The man then said I will teach you something to protect yourself from the shaitan. He said, recite Ayatul Kursi before you go to bed and you will be protected. ○ He told the prophet, the prophet said, he's telling you the truth eventhough he's a liar. Nicknames very common in the arab culture. ○ One day Ali and Fatimah had a disagreement. He then went to her father, the prophet salllahu alaihi wa salaam to complain. ○ So he rested by the masjid to wait and his whole back was covered with dust (thurab) - the Prophet found him sleeping on his back and told him, Ya Abi Thurab, get up.

Surah 73: al-Muzzammil (The One wrapped in Garments) -

The prophet was commanded to read, but he didn’t know how to. He was so scared of seeing Jibril for the first time and he rushed home and told khadeeja to cover him in garments

73|1| 1. O you wrapped in garments (i.e. Prophet Muhammad)! 1. O you who wraps himself (in clothing)

73|2| 73|3| 2. Stand (to pray) all night, except a little. 3. Half of it, or a little less than that, The way of reciting the Quran

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The way of reciting the Quran

73|4| 4. Or a little more; and recite the Qur'an (aloud) in a slow, (pleasant tone and) style . -

Whoever recites the quran in tarteel, he'll be in the ranks of the angels. Whoever recites the quran and find it difficult, will be rewarded - for reading and for the difficulty The 3 Degrees of Yakeen 1. Ilmulul yakeen Knowledge of certainty A statement coming from a trustworthy source 2. Ainul yakeen When you see it 3. Haqqul yakeen When you taste it For the believers, they have certainty in the dunya. The disbelievers, they only believe in things they can touch. On the day of judgment, when they can see it, only then they will believe. But it'll be too late then. Cross ref- (Surah Sajdah 32:12) 32:12. And if you only could see when the Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.) shall hang their heads before their Lord (saying): "Our Lord! We have now seen and heard, so send us back (to the world), we will do righteous good deeds. Verily! We now believe with certainty."

-

Surah Takaathur 102 (Accumulating things) Nothing wrong but if it distracts you… then it's not going to do you any good. The Magnificence of the Qur'an

73|5| -

5. Verily, We shall send down to you a weighty Word (i.e. obligations, legal laws, etc.). Heavy word - the rules, the command, the boundaries of Allah, to wear hijab…the obligations, islam as a way of life ○ But this is the price of Jannah, Jannah's not cheap. The Virtues of standing at night for prayer

73|6| 6. Verily, the rising by night (for Tahajjud prayer) is very hard and most potent and good for governing (the soul), and most suitable for (understanding) the Word (of Allah). 6. Indeed the hours of the night are more effective for concurrence of the heart and tongue and more suitable for words. -

How short is the night to enjoy the company of Allah. - from Ai'sha radiallhu anhu

-

When you stand up during the night, there is a coincidence of two things, the peace of the night and the The beginning of the night is more befitting

- coincide -

73|7| 7. Verily, there is for you by day prolonged occupation with ordinary duties,

73|8| 8. And remember the Name of your Lord and devote yourself to Him with a complete devotion.

-

Complete devotion Staying away from marriage (mariam al-battul, coz she was not married. Life dedicated to Allah) No extremism in Islam - Pray & rest, I fast and I break my fast, I marry women… Whoever turns away from my way, is not from me. Sallahu alaihi wa salaam

73|9| 9. (He Alone is) the Lord of the east and the west, La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). So take Him Alone as Wakil(Disposer of your affairs) .

73|10| 10. And be patient (O Muhammad) with what they say, and keep away from them in a good way.

73|11| 11. And leave Me Alone to deal with the beliers (those who deny My Verses, etc.), and those who are in possession of good things of life. And give them respite for a little while. 11. And leave Me with the matter of the deniers, those of ease in life and allow them respite a litte. Horrors of the hell fire

73|12| 12. Verily, with Us are shackles (to bind them), and a raging Fire.

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12. Verily, with Us are shackles (to bind them), and a raging Fire.

73|13| -

13. And a food that chokes, and a painful torment. They cant swallow, they cant throw it up. Eating Zaqqun - a fruit from the tree in Jaheim

73|14| 14. On the Day when the earth and the mountains will be in violent shake, and the mountains will be a heap of sand poured out and flowing down. 14. On the Day the earth and the mountains will convulse and the mountains will become a heap of sand pouring down. Your messenger is like the messenger to Fir'awn

73|15| 15. Verily, We have sent to you (O men) a Messenger (Muhammad) to be a witness over you, as We did send a Messenger [Musa (Moses)] to Fir'aun (Pharaoh) .

73|16| 16. But Fir'aun (Pharaoh) disobeyed the Messenger [Musa (Moses)], so We seized him with a severe punishment. The threat of the day of judgement

73|17| 17. Then how can you avoid the punishment, if you disbelieve, on a Day that will make the children grey-headed (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)?

73|18| 18. Whereon the heaven will be cleft asunder? His Promise is certainly to be accomplished. This is the surah from which men of sound understanding receive admonition.

73|19| 19. Verily, this is an admonition, therefore whosoever will, let him take a Path to His Lord! 19. Indeed this is a reminder, so whoever wills may take his Lord a way

73|20|

20. Verily, your Lord knows that you do stand (to pray at night) a little less than two-thirds of the night, or half the night, or a third of the night, and so do a party of those with you, And Allah measures the night and the day. He knows that you are unable to pray the whole night, so He has turned to you (in mercy). So, recite you of the Qur'an as much as may be easy for you. He knows that there will be some among you sick, others travelling through the land, seeking of Allah's Bounty; yet others fighting in Allah's Cause. So recite as much of the Qur'an as may be easy (for you), and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat, and lend to Allah a goodly loan, and whatever good you send before you for yourselves, (i.e.Nawafil non-obligatory acts of worship: prayers, charity, fasting, Hajj and 'Umrah, etc.), you will certainly find it with Allah, better and greater in reward. And seek Forgiveness of Allah. Verily, Allah is OftForgiving, Most-Merciful. 20. Indeed, your Lord knows O Muhammad, that you stand in prayer almost two thirds of the night or half of it, and so do a group of those with you. And Allah determines the extent of the night and the day. He has known that you Muslims will not be able to do it and has turned to you in forgiveness, so recite what is easy for you of the Qur'an. He has known that there will be among you those who are ill and others travelling throughout the land seeking something of the bounty of Allah and others fighting for the cause of Allah. So recite what is easy from it and establish prayer‌ The command to give charity and do good deeds ‌ and give zakaah and loan Allah a goodly loan. And whatever good you put forward fro yourselves, you will find it with Allah. It is better and greater in reward. And seek forgiveness of Allah. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. -

1. 2.

This ayah abrogated the ayah at the beginning, where its an obligatory to pray at night. Now we only pray at the prescribed 5 times. The importance of istighfar Q&A In surah Al-Qalam, why the companions of the gardens were punished? They thought that they could do something without the permission of Allah They were punished coz of their intentions of taking from the poor/ doing something bad Knowledge in preserved tablet will never change. But Allah is not forcing us to make a choice

-

-

Types of backbiting allowed When standing in front of a judge to present testimony If someone's spreading mischief & corruption, so you can explain so that it will stop Smoking Quran - Make halal, anything that is good. Make haram, what is bad for them Hadith - Do not make harm to yourself and to others. You will never

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You will never

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The Eternal Journey, Tafseer Juz Tabarak - Day 4 Sunday, June 26, 2011 10:08 AM

Contents

Surah 74: Al-Muddathir (The One Enveloped)

• •

Most important thing about da'wah- to teach about monotheism, love, about the greatness of Allah Everything becomes easy after The azan reminds us that Allah is greater than everything. A sahabah would be holding an axe and after hearing the azan, he immediately dropped his axe and went for prayer. Another sahabah, was a blacksmith. After hearing the azan, he immediately dropped his hammer. - Both says that if they were to continue, it would be saying that what their doing is greater than Allah subahana wa ta'ala. The first ayah to be revealed the night after "read"

74|1| 1. O you who covers himself with a garment

74|2| -

2. Arise and warn Warn the people coz they are worshipping idols.

1.

Surah 67: Al-Mulk

2.

Surat 68: Al-Qalam (The Pen)

3.

Surah 69: al-Haqqah

4.

Surah 70: al-Ma'arij

5.

Surah 71: Nuh (Noah)

6.

Surah 72: al-Jinn (The Jinn)

7.

Surah 73: al-Muzzammil (The One wrapped in Garments)

8.

Surah 74: Al-Muddathir (The One Enveloped)

9.

Surah 76: Al-Insan (Man or Time)

10.

Surah 77: Al-Mursalaat (Those sent forth)

11.

Surah 75: Al-Qiyamah (The Resurrection)

12.

Questions

74|3|

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3. And your Lord glorify



Iqra' - the symbol of knowledge 1. The first command in the Quran is to seek knowledge Coz knowledge is light and it will lead you to Jannah. Ignorance is darkness. And then the revelation stopped for sometime The next surah to be revealed after is surah Muddathir.

1.Recite 2. Spread da'wah 3. Establish night prayer

2. Second command - is stand up 3. Spread that knowledge, do da'wah Third command - you need to establish a relationship with Allah by doing night prayers. ○ Strong character as a da'ee ○ Relationship with Allah, like Nuh alaihi as salaam.

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74|4|

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4. And your garments purify! We must make sure that our clothes and our HEARTS must be cleansed, purify them from dirt and shirk.

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74|5| -

5. And uncleanliness avoid. Stay away from idols The prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam was protected from all of this. Even before Islam, when he was 12years old, he had an opportunity to have fun but fell as

74|6| And do not confer favor to acquire more 6. And give not a thing in order to have more (or consider not your deeds of Allah's obedience as a favour to Allah).

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-

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La- present Lan - past Lam - future

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- give something to get something more in return Don’t do something in return for something When you do someone a favor, don’t keep reminding the person of what you did for the person. 74|7|

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7. And be patient for the sake of your Lord (i.e. perform your duty to Allah)! But for your Lord be patient Once you start makind da'wah/practicing islam, people will make fun of you, so (be patient) The prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam said "Islam started as a stranger, and at the end of time, it will become something weird and strange again." The prophet made dua' for the strangers. Fatimah used to say, Allahamdulillah, Allah has made men handsome by giving them the beard and women their hair.

-

-

-

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If you're going to submit to Allah, be patient. And patience is the key to this life and hereafter. -

Reminder of the Day of Judgement

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74|8|

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8. And when the trumpet is blown How can I enjoy life when I know that Israfil is looking to Allah when to blow the horn?

-

Story time Quraish was beseiging Madinah and it was very cold, freezing cold. The people of Makkah, Quraish was large in numbers. The muslims had a trench around Madinah (khandak) The prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam said, Who would go to the other camp and hear what they are planning and he would be in Jannah with me right beside me (signalling with his hand) He asked this 3 times and the 3rd time his hand landed on Hudaifah Hudaifah said, it was very cold, the moment I walked towards the other camp, I felt a special heating system around me. I was so warm as I was walking there. The prophet told him to not do anything but just gather information. As I arrived there, I saw Abu Sufyan, the leader of Quraish, I raised my arrow and was ready to shoot. But I remembered the command of the Prophet SAW to not do anything. So I kept my arrow and just joined the group. Abu Sufyan, who was very smart, looked around and told his people, I want to talk to all of you. But first I want everyone to introduce themselves. So when it came to Hudaifah, he turned to the people around him and got them to introduce themselves, turning the attention towards everyone else. So Hudaifah stayed and received the information he needed. As he headed back towards the muslim's camp, he started to feel the cold again. And then he shared with the prophet SAW what he wanted to share and he saw that Hudaifah was shivering again. He then took out his cloak and covered Hudaifah. He told Hudaifah to rest and sleep. Hudaifah was so tired and slept till fajr time. The prophet SAW came to him and told him to get up, "Get up, Nouman (Mr

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him to get up, "Get up, Nouman (Mr Sleepy)"

74|9| That Day will be a difficult day - difficult Opposite of "Yassir" - easy Side not: The rights of a child, to be given a good name by the parents. □ So make sure u give a good name to your child.

74|10| -

For the disbelievers, it's not going to be easy This means that for the believers, it'll be easier, insha'Allah Surah Anbiya 21:103 That great fear on the day of judgement, will not touch them (believers). And the angels will receive them with glad tidings (good news) Some other scholars says that there will be some difficulties, as seen in the hadith where the muslims will run to anbiya to anbiya, begging for intercession Another opinion quotes that the sun will be a mile away from everyone so there will be some difficulties for the muslims. A thread for Whoever claims that the Qur'an is Magic

74|11| 11. Leave Me Alone (to deal) with whom I created Alone (without any means, i.e. Al-Walid bin Al-Mughirah Al-Makhzumi)! Al-Waleed Ibn Mughiraah (we spoke about him in Surah Al-Qalam, the qualities and characteristics of the people of hellfire.) Leave me alone with that person - I created alone or - That person will be alone on hellfire.

74|12| 12. And then granted him resources in abundance. Two great cities, Thaif(?) and Makkah (Waleed ibn Mugheerah,) these 2 people where the wealthiest in their cities.

74|13| And children present (with him) - present Opposite of "ghaib" -

Allah has given him, Waleed ibn Mugheerah, 13 children and all of them were living with him.

74|14| 14. And made life smooth and comfortable for him! And spread everything before him, easing his life -

Allah gives to test, when He gives doesn’t mean He's pleased Giving is test, denying is also a test.

Gratitude when given, patience when denied. The real life is in akhirah, insha'Allah

74|15| Then he desires that I should add more

- "tamak" - greedy

74|16| 16. Nay! Verily, he has been stubborn and opposing Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). No! Indeed he has been toward Our verses obstinate. -

Waleed Ibn Mugheerah was also a poet. So with the revelation of the Qur'an, he should have been able to reflect and appreciate the Qur'an even more.

-

During the session of Hajj, the prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam used to take advantage of this, and make da'wah to all the people that comes to Makkah. However, Abu Lahab (father of the flame) (Abdul Uzza...) will be standing close to the prophet and tell the people who he just gave da'wah to, that he's crazy The Quraish used to plot against the Muslims at Darul Nadwa and come up with ways to shoot the Prophet SAW down. They came with all sorts of things, that the prophet was …. Lost credibitlity, so Waleed Ibn Mugheerah was appointed to come up with one reason - unite all the non muslims to come up with one ..

-

Waleed knew that the Quran was true, but denied it

74|17| 17. I shall oblige him to (climb a slippery mountain in the Hell-fire called As-Sa'ud, or to) face a severe torment!

- mountain

in Hell, for Waleed to climb…. Never ending climb...

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74|18| Indeed, he thought and deliberated 18. Verily, he thought and plotted;

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- started thinking Waleed realized the Quran is true and right, but decided to deny it.

74|19| 19. So let him be cursed! How he plotted!

- cursed/ destroyed / laknat 74|20| -

20. And once more let him be cursed, how he plotted! How Waleed was going back and forth, we can see his psychology towards the whole issue. He knew that the Quran was the word of truth

74|21| 21. Then he thought;

74|22| And he frowned and scowled

74|23| 23. Then he turned back and was proud;

- turning his back against the truth 1. Ignorance - if you don’t know you will fall into this trap 2. Arrogance - some people will start to learn and they'll know but they'll turn their backs anyways 3. Personal Insterest - Lose power, status, business, wealth‌ -

Waleed ibn Mugheerah was not ignorant, he turned his back out of arrogance and personal interest.

-

Indeed me, once he's been

74|24| And said, "This is not but magic imitated (from others)"

74|25| -

This is not but the word of a human being These are the words of Muhammad, when previously he himself admitted that no one can make words like this.

74|26| And I will drive him into Saqar

74|27| And what can make you know what is Saqar?

74|28| 28. It let nothing remain and leaves nothing unburned.

74|29| 29. Blackening the skins HELLFIRE 1000 years, lit till became blue 1000 years, lit till became white 000 years, lit till became black The Number of guardians of hell and what the disbelievers said about this

74|30| Over it are nineteen angels

74|31|

31. And We have set none but angels as guardians of the Fire, and We have fixed their number (19) only as a trial for the disbelievers, in order that the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) may arrive at a certainty [that this Qur'an is the truth as it agrees with their Books i.e. their number (19) is written in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] and the believers may increase in Faith (as this Qur'an is the truth) and that no doubts may be left for the people of the Scripture and the believers, and that those in whose hearts is a disease (of hypocrisy) and the disbelievers may say: "What Allah intends by this (curious) example ?" Thus Allah leads astray whom He wills and guides whom He wills. And none can know the hosts of your Lord but He. And this (Hell) is nothing else than a (warning) reminder to mankind.

- as a test/trial (for the disbelievers) Abu Lahab, mocked how little in numbers are the angels in hell.

The prophet Sallahu alaihi wa salaam once described one of the angels carrying the throne of Allah, his feet is on earth, with the throne extending

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carrying the throne of Allah, his feet is on earth, with the throne extending the 7 heavens. The distance between his shoulders, 700 years of travel. -

A teeth a disbeliever on the day of judgement will be size of the mountain of Uhud The chain that will be around the necks of the disbelievers will have rings. One ring on that chain will be the size of all the mountains on earth. The incident of Israa' and Mi'raaj, the first person he shared the news was with Abu Jahal. Abu Jahal obviously did not believed it. Abu Jahal then shared the news with Abu Bakar first. - Abu Bakar believed it instantly, coz he's witnessed the prophet receiving revelations and has been the prophet SAW's companion' Abu Bakar As Saddiq, the best man after all prophets.The first man to embrace Islam is Abu bakar. The first person to embrace islam -Khadeeja, a woman.

-

This will increase the certainty for the people of the book, coz its written in the torah that the gate keepers of the hell, is 19, In the Injil, it is also written that the keepers of hell is 19.

74|32| -

32. Nay, and by the moon, Allah swears by the moon

74|33| And by the night when it departs

74|34| And by the morning when it brightens The prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam said, Stay up after fajr, say the adhkaar until the sun rises and wait 10- 15 minutes after and then perform 2 rakaa', it’s the same as performing hajj and umrah completely.

74|35| 35. Verily, it (Hell, or their denial of the Prophet Muhammad , or the Day of Resurrection) is but one of the greatest calamities.

74|36| -

Warning to mankind

74|37| 37. To any of you that chooses to go forward (by working righteous deeds), or to remain behind (by commiting sins), The conversation between the people of paradise and the people of Hellfire.

74|38| -

Each one and everyone will be held accountable for what you've done.

74|39| -

Look at the people receiving the record with their right hand

74|40| In the gardens, They will be asking

74|41| 74|42| 74|43| 74|44| 41. About Al-Mujrimun (polytheists, criminals, disbelievers, etc.), (And they will say to them): 42. "What has caused you to enter Hell?" 43. They will say: "We were not of those who used to offer their Salat (prayers) 44. "Nor we used to feed Al-Miskin (the poor);

74|45| 45. "And we used to talk falsehood (all that which Allah hated) with vain talkers . - Enjoying idle talk

74|46| -

-

We used to deny the day of recompense - day of recompense Denying the day of judgement road to hell.

74|47| -

1. 2. 3.

Until certainty came to us Certainty, refers to death The 4 qualities of the criminals Did not pray Did not feed the needy Joining in vain talk (plus being in the company)

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3. 4.

Joining in vain talk (plus being in the company) Denying the day of judgement

74|48| -

No intercession will be of use for them 2 opinions 1. The person have disbelieved when he left salah - The only difference between us and them is salah.

2. We have to bring them and ask them, do you think that salah is a … Sometimes he prays.. But he prays So ibn Abbas says, he is in a state of ingratitude to Allah and disbelief, but he's not out of islam He's in the hands of Allah and is committing a major sin People who commit major sins, we are not in the position to take them out of islam - Allah knows best. The disapproval of the disbelievers rejection and their position

74|49| Then what is the matter with them that they are from the reminder, turning away

74|50| 50. As if they were alarmed donkeys

- zebras 74|51| Fleeing from a lion

lion 74|52| 52. Nay, everyone of them desires that he should be given pages spread out (coming from Allah with a writing that Islam is the right religion, and Muhammad has come with the truth from Allah the Lord of the heavens and earth, etc.). 52. Rather, every person among them desires that he would be given scriptures spread about.

74|53| 53. Nay! But they fear not the Hereafter (from Allah's punishment). The Quran is a reminder

74|54| 54. No! Indeed, the Qur'an is a reminder

74|55| -

Whoever wills, let him remember Allah by studying the Quran They have free will.

74|56| 56. And they will not receive admonition unless Allah wills; He (Allah) is the One, deserving that mankind should be afraid of, and should be dutiful to Him, and should not take any Ilah (God) along with Him, and He is the One Who forgives (sins). -

-

You will never be able to remember - study Quran and guided, unless you have sincere intention, and only by the will of Allah. He is the one who deserves to be feared. If you fear and submit Him, He will forgive you. - forgive

76. Surah Al-Insan (Man or Time) -

Main Talk What What

-

Also known as Surah

-

• •

themes about Mankind Allah has prepared for the people of Jannah Allah has prepared for the people of Hell fire

Al-dar - time

The recitation of Surah As-Sajdah and Al-Insan in the morning prayer on Friday In Sahih Muslim, During the fajr prayer on Friday, the Prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam used to recite: First rakaah, Surah 32 As-Sajdah Second rakaah, Surah 76 Al-Insaan Allah created Man after he did not exist

76|1| 1. Has there not been over man a period of time, when he was nothing to be mentioned?

76|2| 2. Verily, We have created man from Nutfah drops of mixed semen (discharge of man and woman), in order to try him, so We made him hearer, seer.

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76|3| 3. Verily, We showed him the way, whether he be grateful or ungrateful. Indeed we guided him 1. 2. 3. 4.

Yourself Nafs Shaitan Worldly temptations

76|4| Indeed we have prepared for the disbelievers chains and shackles and a blaze

-

cover the truth

-

shackles for hands and feet

kindle the fire / level in jannah?

76|5| 5. Verily, the Abrar (pious, who fear Allah and avoid evil), shall drink a cup (of wine) mixed with water from a spring in Paradise called Kafur.

76|6| 6. A spring wherefrom the slaves of Allah will drink, causing it to gush forth abundantly. -

House in Jannah, a pearl that is 60miles long The Deeds of the Righteous People

76|7| They are those who fulfill their vows and fear a Day whose evil will be widespread.

1.

2. 3.

Qualities of people in Jannah They fulfil their vows and honor it. - Different types of vows:  Vow Allah likes - that is unconditional □ I vow to slaughter a cow for the sake of Allah.  Haram vow □ I will never talk to my parents.. □ If you vow to disobey Allah, break that vow, make an oath and make tawbah. □ Most beloved deed in the eyes of Allah, reach out to your parents and take care of them. "And Allah has decreed you associate no partners with him and be kind to your parents"  Even if your parents are non-muslim. They fear a day where evil will be widespread They offer food even if it’s the only food they have to the poor, orphan and captive (prisoner of wars) a. Bread was given to the POW and the muslims just ate the dry dates, due to this, the non muslims embraced coz of this. b. And they are sincere, coz they only do it for the sake of Allah, coz they fear

76|8| 8. And they give food, inspite of their love for it (or for the love of Him), to Miskin (poor), the orphan, and the captive,

Question: What is meant by ‚They fulfil (their) vows...‛ which is mentioned in Aayah 7? From ibn katheer: (They fulfill vows, and they fear a Day whose evil will be wide-spreading.) meaning, they devote to worship Allah using that which He made obligatory upon them from actions of obligatory obedience that is based on Islamic legislation. They also worship Him by fulfilling their vows. Imam Malik reported from Talhah bin `Abdul-Malik Al-Ayli, who reported from Al-Qasim bin Malik, from `A'ishah that the Messenger of Allah said, (Whoever makes a vow to obey Allah, then he should obey Him. And whoever makes a vow to disobey Allah, then he should not disobey Him.) AlBukhari also recorded this Hadith from Malik. These people also abandon those forbidden things which He (Allah) has prohibited for them, due to their fear of having an evil reckoning on the Day of Return. This is the Day when the evil will spread out among all people except for those upon whom Allah has had mercy.

What are the things mentioned in this Surah the believers used to do, which led them to attaining a place in jannah? 1. fulfilling their vows 2. fear the Day of Judgment 3. give food to the needy despite our love for it 4. feeing the needy for the sake of Allah

76|9| 9. (Saying): "We feed you seeking Allah's Countenance only. We wish for no reward, nor thanks from you.

76|10| 10. "Verily, We fear from our Lord a Day, hard and distressful, that will make the faces look horrible (from extreme dislikeness to it)."

- frowning Not the day we will be frowning, it is the impact of the difficult day for the people, coz the disbelievers are all distressed.

76|11| -

11. So Allah saved them from the evil of that Day, and gave them Nadratan (a light of beauty) and joy. 11. So Allah will protect them from the evil of the dAy and give them radiance and happiness. The believers, bright and happy faces with

76|12| 12. And their recompense shall be Paradise, and silken garments, because they were patient. Ibn Abbas said, what you see in the Quran are just names to make you imagine. But the things in Jannah are things you've never seen, heard of and completely out of your imagination.

- silk -

The Raised couches and the lack of heat and cold Furnitures of the people of jannah

76|13|

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76|13| 13. Reclining therein on raised thrones, they will see there neither the excessive heat of the sun, nor the excessive bitter cold, (as in Paradise there is no sun and no moon).

- thrones/couches - scorching heat - freezing cold The temperature will be just nice.

76|14| 14. And the shade thereof is close upon them, and the bunches of fruit thereof will hang low within their reach. -

We don't have to reach out and get something in Jannah. Surah Yunus 10:10 If you want something in Jannah, you will find an angel coming to you and asking what you want - he'll say salaam to you and serve you. 10. Their way of request therein will be Subhanaka Allahumma (Glory to You, O Allah!) and Salam (peace, safe from each and every evil) will be their greetings therein (Paradise)! and the close of their request will be: Al-Hamdu Lillahi Rabbil-'Alamin [All the praises and thanks are to Allah, the Lord of 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)]. You eat out of enjoyment, you'll never be hungry..As you are eating something

76|15|

Task 1: Make a list of all the things that the believers in jannah will taste 76:17-18 Salsabil Zanjabil - wine with ginger

15. And amongst them will be passed round vessels of silver and cups of crystal, The young babies who die, they'll be forever young and they'll be the ones serving in jannah. The vessels are made of pure silvers and cups made of glass - whatever type of glass

-

Task 2: Make a list of all the things that the believers in jannah will hear. 76:22 "salaam" hearing Allah reciting surah rahman,

-

Task 3: Make a list of all the things that the believers in jannah will see. v19-20 = see

Vessels of Silver and drinking cups

-

76|16|

-

16. Crystal-clear, made of silver. They will determine the measure thereof according to their wishes. 16. Clear glasses made from silver of which they have determined the measure. The drink will never be wasted

Task 4: Make a list of all the things that the believers in jannah will feel

- always full/just right.. "determined the measure" = exatly how much you will drink so no drop goes to waste

What is the color of the garments of the believers in jannah? Green

The Ginger drink and the drink of Salsabil

76|17| 17. And they will be given to drink there a cup (of wine) mixed with etc.),

Zanjabil (ginger,

76|18|

-

18. A spring there, called Salsabil. Tasneem - another well/spring out of which the closest people to Allah will drink The boys and the servants

76|19| 19. And round about them will (serve) boys of everlasting youth. If you see them, you would think them scattered pearls.

-

76|20| -

20. And when you look there (in Paradise), you will see a delight (that cannot be imagined), and a great dominion. Wherever you go in Jannah, you'll see lots of blessing of Allah and the huge kingdom of Allah.

-

Describe the appearance of the believers in jannah. What will they look like and what will they be wearing? (The answer includes the garments and ornaments) radiant and happy, v11 reclined, v13 green garments, fine silk, bracelets of silver v21 Ayah number 19 mentions ‚There will circulate among them young boys made eternal. When you see them, you would think them [as beautiful as] scattered pearls. ‚Who are these young boys and what does it mean by scattered pearls?‛ from tafseer ibn katheer: (And round about them will (serve) boys of everlasting youth. If you see them, you would think them scattered pearls.) meaning, young boys from the boys of Paradise will go around serving the people of Paradise. young boys of eternal tyouth and beauty, so beautiful they look like scattered pearls

The garments and the ornaments

76|21| 21. Their garments will be of fine green silk, and gold embroidery. They will be adorned with bracelets of silver, and their Lord will give them a pure drink.

- tahoora - it is pure itself and will purify Vs Tahir = just pure

76|22| 22. (And it will be said to them): "Verily, this is a reward for you, and your endeavour has been accepted." -

Allah will show thankfullness to you coz you chose to submit to Him when you have freewill. Revelation of the Quran and the command to remain patient and to remember Allah

76|23| 23. Verily! It is We Who have sent down the Qur'an to you (O Muhammad) by stages.

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23. Verily! It is We Who have sent down the Qur'an to you (O Muhammad) by stages.

76|24| 24. Therefore be patient (O Muhammad) and submit to the Command of your Lord (Allah, by doing your duty to Him and by conveying His Message to mankind), and obey neither a sinner nor a disbeliever among them.

76|25| 25. And remember the Name of your Lord every morning and afternoon [i.e. offering of the Morning (Fajr), Zuhr, and 'Asr prayers].

- morning and evening 76|26| 26. And during night, prostrate yourself to Him (i.e. the offering of Maghrib and 'Isha' prayers), and glorify Him a long night through (i.e. Tahajjudprayer). The censure of love for the world and the day of the final return

76|27| 27. Verily! These (disbelievers) love the present life of this world, and put behind them a heavy Day (that will be hard).

76|28| 28. It is We Who created them, and We have made them of strong built. And when We will, We can replace them with others like them with a complete replacement.

Cross reference to Surah Al-Muddathir & Al Muzzamir - same wording -

Our will is dependant on the will of Allah. But we are given free choice… ○ Ilm Allah sabiq la saiq - He knows things before it happens coz He knows us, but He's given us free will.

76|29| -

29. Verily! This (Verses of the Qur'an) is an admonition, so whosoever wills, let him take a Path to his Lord (Allah).

-

Our will is dependant on the will of Allah. But we are given free choice… ○ Ilmu Allah sabiq la saiq - He knows things before it happens coz He knows us, but He's given us free will.

Tips for Da'wah 1. Patience 2. Dhikr morning and evening - Sujood - prostrate to Allah, total submission to Allah nearest position to Allah 3. Qiyamull Layl

76|30| 30. But you cannot will, unless Allah wills. Verily, Allah is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise.

76|31| 31. He will admit to His Mercy whom He will and as for the Zalimun, (polytheists, wrong-doers, etc.) He has prepared a painful torment. Best thing EVERRR - to see the face of Allah subahana wa ta'ala The worst thing- is to be denied to see the face of Allah subahana wa ta'ala Sisters Q & A 6/26/2011, 3:05 PM Juz Tabarak - revealed in Makkah, talks about heaven and hell.. Heart softeners. Quran revealed in Madinah - rules and regulations. Tips to Learn the Quran 1. Learn arabic 2. Try to understand what you're trying to memorize in the Qur'an 3. Try to recite these surah's you're trying to memorize in your nawafil prayers. 4. Teach the Quran Make the intention that you'll apply what you are trying to learn 5. Make dua' that Allah will help you Ask your parents, & righteous people to make dua' for you, insha'Allah. Waking up for Fajr 1. Sleep early 2. Make wudhu before you go to sleep 3. Say the adkhaar before you go to bed 4. Don’t eat too much before you go to bed 5. Make dua' that Allah, "Oh Allah help me to remember you, and to be thankful to you" - Should be reflected to your actions., 6. Stop sinning This was what Imam Ahmad rahimullah told someone who asked him for advice about waking up for fajr. - The prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam said, Everytime you commit a sin, a black dot forms on your heart. It creates a barrier between you and Allah. The connection (silah) will never happen when your heart is covered in darkness.

-

Whats the difference between tawbah and istighfar? Tawbah To go back to Allah, admit your sin, feel remorse, don’t wanna go back and then Istighfar

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-

Seeking Allah's forgiveness And you then started acting towards working on not going back to that sin. Oh you who believe, save yourself and your families from hell fire. Responsible for who: Husband - family Wife - husband & children Slave - master King - the whole community, state…

-

Giving advice Always try to be indirect Be patience 6/26/2011, 3:24 PM

Surah 77: Al-Mursalaat (Those sent forth) -

-

Revealed in the mountains of Minaa. - from tafseer ibn katheer (actually, the extended version of hadith in page 100): Al-Bukhari recorded from `Abdullah - that is Ibn Mas`ud -that he said, "While we were with the Messenger of Allah in a cave at Mina, this was the last surah recited before rasulullah passed away. it was recited during maghrib prayers Allah's swearing by different creatures about the occurrence of the Hereafter.

77|1|

-

Allah making an oath. By those sent in succession one after another, referring to the winds. Who is it who guides you in the darkness when you are on the land and in the sea The head of the horse, has lots of hair, one after another...

-

The people killed by chilling wind, people of 'Ad

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- in succession, one after another.. 77|2| -

And the winds that blow violently

violent winds

77|3| -

And by the winds that spread clouds

77|4| And those angels who bring criterion

• •

Allah SWT talks about two jobs of the angels in this surah. Quote the aayat. 77:4-5, descend with criterion and deliver message The Fariqat that separate, the Mulqiyat that remind, excusing or warning.) meaning, the angels. This was said by Ibn Mas`ud, Ibn `Abbas, Masruq, Mujahid, Qatadah, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas, As-Suddi and Ath-Thawri. There is no difference of opinion here, because they (the angels) are the ones who descend with Allah's command to the Messengers, separating between the truth and falsehood, guidance and misguidance, and the lawful and the forbidden. They bring the revelation to the Messengers, which contains exemption or absolvement for the creatures and a warning for them of Allah's torment if they oppose His command.

- revelation of truth and falsehood Abu Bakar Omar, Al-farook Ali- bravery and courage Othman - wealthy

77|5| As those angels who deliver a message

77|6| As justification or warning,

- excuses that people will come up with on the day of judgement - warning 77|7| 7. Surely, what you are promised must come to pass. Indeed, what you are promised is to occur Whatever Allah has promised you it is true - inevitable reality.

What will occur of the Day of Judgement

77|8| -

-

So when the stars are obliterated When we think of stars, we immediately think of light, but on the day of judgement, that light will be gone.

Mention some of the horrors of Day of Judgement by quoting the Aayat. 8-stars obliterted - losing their light 9 - heavens opened 10 - mountains blown away

What we see now, is the position where the stars used to be - this is already mentioned in the Quran - we only discover this in the 20th century. no light

77|9| And when the heaven is opened

- holes / split asunder 77|10| -

And when the mountains are blown away and demolished The mountains will be levelled

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-

The mountains will be levelled In Muzzamil, Ma-arij (wool) - same nusifat - blown away

77|11| -

And when the messengers' time has come/delayed And when the Messengers are Uqqitat.) Al-`Awfi narrated from Ibn `Abbas that he said that Uqqitat means "Gathered.

77|12| -

The day of decision/judgement

77|13| -

What will make you know what the day of judgement is?

77|14| And what can make you know w hat is the Day of Judgement

77|15| - valley in jahanam for those who deny the day of jahanam The Call to Contemplate the various manifestation of Allah's power

77|16| 77|17| 16. Did We not destroy the ancients? 17. So shall We make later generations to follow them.

77|18| Thus do we deal with the criminals 18. Thus do We deal with the Mujrimun (polytheists, disbelievers, sinners, criminals, etc.)!

77|19| 19. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)! Be careful,. Don't be with the deniers

77|20| -

Havent we created you with egg and sperm? If you feel arrogant, - Remember your beginning, a piece of blood, - Remember your end, a dead body - Look at in between - you're nothing but a mobile sewage system

77|21| And We placed it (sperm + egg) in a firm lodging (womb of the mother)

«

77|22| For a known extent

»

(" O Son of Adam ! How can you think that I am unable, and yet I created you from something like this (i.e., semen)'')

77|23| -

What can we understand from this ayah, ‚Did We not create you from a liquid disdained?‛ this is from verse 20 77:20 (Did We not create you from a despised water) meaning, weak and despised in comparison to the power of the Creator. This is similar to what has been reported in the Hadith of Busr bin Jahhash (that Allah says),

Its only with a certain measure that Allah will decide the best day that the baby will be delivered.

77|24| -

3rd time is mentioned. So don't be with the deniers.

77|25| Allah says, We have made the earth as a container for you. Our father Adam is made of earth. When we die, we are covered in dust When we are resurrected, we come out of the earth. Surah Al-Bakarah - out of earth you are created, when you die you return to earth, and out of earth you are resurrected for the 3rd time -

Allah has made the mountains as a stabilizers for the earth. This was only discovered scientifically in the 20th century.

77|26| Of the living and the dead

77|27| And we placed therein lofty, firmly set mountains and have given you to drink sweet water, 77|28| 4th mention of Woe that Day to the deniers The driving of the criminals to their final abode and how it will be done

What is meant by ‚a shadow [of smoke] having

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77|29| They will be told, "Proceed to which you used to deny"

-

three columns‛? 77:30 from tafseer ibn katheer: A flame of fire when it rises and ascends with smoke. So due to its severity and strength, it will have three columns.

77|30| 30. "Depart you to a shadow (of Hell-fire smoke ascending) in three columns, from tafseer ibn katheer: A flame of fire when it rises and ascends with smoke. So due to its severity and strength, it will have three columns. 77|31| 31. "Neither shading, nor of any use against the fierce flame of the Fire." 77|32| 32. Verily! It (Hell) throws sparks (huge) as Al-Qasr [a fort or a Qasr , fortress It is not shade, it is fire. 77|33| 33. As if they were Jimalatun Sufr (yellow camels or bundles of ropes)."

-

Yellowish black camels

The inability of the criminals to speak, make excuses, or step forward on the day of judgement

77|34| Woe that Day to the deniers 5th time Showing the state of humiliation of the sinners (77:35-36)

77|35|

Which Aayat show the state of humiliation of the sinners in the Day Of Judgement?

Ths is a Day they will not speak

77|35| Ths is a Day they will not speak

77|36| Nor will it be permitted for them to make an excuse 77|37| Woe, that Day to the deniers. 6th time

77|36| Nor will it be permitted for them to make an excuse

77|46|

77|38| This is the day of judgement, we will have assembled you and the former peoples. 77|39| So if you have a plan, then plan against Me.

O disbelievers, eat and enjoy yourselves a little, indeed, you are criminals.

77|48| And when it is said to them, "Bow (in prayer) they do not bow." 48. And when it is said to them: "Bow down yourself (in prayer)!" They bow not down (offer not their prayers) .

77|40| Woe that Day to the deniers 7th time Questions for Surah Al-Mursalaat 5 Requirements of da'wah 3 types of food and drink of the people of Jannah 3 Functions of the stars 3 types of yakeen 3 examples of the meaning of Ibadah (not ibadah, salaah) practical tips

Which ayah completely destroys the claim of those to ‘plan against’ Allah (SWT)? 77|39| So if you have a plan, then plan against Me.

The final abode for those who have Taqwa

77|41| Indeed the righteous will be among shades and springs

1 What are the rewards for the Mutaqeen & Muhsinin? 77:41-44

77|42| And fruits from whatever they desire,

77|41|

77|43| -

Indeed the righteous will be among shades and springs

(Being told) "Eat and drink in satisfaction that you used to do." - will not suffer when you eat, eat everything and anything and be fine and just enjoy it. - because of the dowry you paid for Jannah, your life today is tough and "restricted" according to the way that Allah likes, and you will be rewarded later.

77|42| And fruits from whatever they desire,

77|43|

77|44|

-

Indeed, We thus reward the doers of good.

-

77|45|

-

Woe, that Day, to the deniers 8th time mentioned Repeated over and over, for us to be aware, don't be of the muqazebeen.

(Being told) "Eat and drink in satisfaction that you used to do." - will not suffer when you eat, eat everything and anything and be fine and just enjoy it. - because of the dowry you paid for Jannah, your life today is tough and "restricted" according to the way that Allah likes, and you will be rewarded later.

77|46| O disbelievers, eat and enjoy yourselves a little, indeed, you are criminals.

77|44|

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77|44|

O disbelievers, eat and enjoy yourselves a little, indeed, you are criminals.

Indeed, We thus reward the doers of good.

Nuh alaihi as salaam who was asked about his 1700 years on earth. He equated life as a building with 2 doors. "I entered one door and exited the other." -

Criminals - Shirk, kufr, nifak. The worst is nifak - "Indeed the hypocrites will be in the lowest decree of the hellfire. Coz they show eman, but hides kufr." Al-Baqarah:2-5 Surah 63 Al-Munafikunn

77|47| Woe, that Day, to the deniers 9th time mention

77|48| And when it is said to them, "Bow (in prayer) they do not bow." 48. And when it is said to them: "Bow down yourself (in prayer)!" They bow not down (offer not their prayers) .

77|49| 49. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)! 10th time

77|50| 50. Then in what statement after this (the Qur'an) will they believe? Cross reference to Ar-Rahman 55 "Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinns and men) deny?" Even if we spend the rest of our lives prostrating to Allah, we can never repay Allah's blessing A man who worshipped Allah for 500 years w/o disobeying him. The angels will then come to him and told him, enter jannah due to Allah's mercy. He then said, hold on, how about my deeds? The angels then said, that the instructions from Allah is that you can enter jannah only with His mercy. So they took a scale: His 500 years of worship VS one blessing (his eyesight) and his eyesight just one blessing of Allah, is waaaaaaaaay heavier than all his deeds. Then Allah said, well, this is what you asked for. So here you go to hell fire. As he was walking to hell fire, he kept looking at Allah and Allah asked why are you looking at Me? The man then said, Oh Allah, I only thought highly of you. I didn’t think You'd throw me to hellfire. The man was then placed in Jannah coz he only thought good of Allah.

What is one of the main things this surah entices us to ponder upon? • • • •

the rewards that await the muhsinin and the humiliation that will be faced by the disbelievers those that the deniers will be subjected to - so avoid the traits of the deniers? Even if we spend the rest of our lives prostrating to Allah, we can never repay Allah's blessing What can we (the Muslims) use as an explanation to a person who disbelieves in resurrection who asks us to prove to him whether or not resurrection will take place?

75|3| Does man think that We will not assemble his bones

Surah 75: Al-Qiyamah (The Resurrection) Comes from yaqum - stand up, the day where people are standing and waiting and waiting… The oath about the final return on the day of resurrection and the refutation against the plots of the thinkers

75|1| I swear by the Day of Resurrection

-

The type of nafs are 3: 1. Ammarah bis sooq Nafs that command you to do evil. Always commands the person to do bad But if the person makes tawbah..Allah will accept him From Surah Yusuf 2. An nafsil nawamah - like a roller coaster = up and down Comes from blame Commits a sin coz they feel weak at that point and after they do it, they regret. Then remorse and thus make tawbah to Allah. And then they feel weak and then then commit sin again - Their environment, friends, situations. 3. An nafs mutmah innah - from Surah Fajr

75|2| -

And I swear by the reproaching soul to the certainty of resurrection When Allah takes an oath after an oath, something important is coming.

- the nafs that is constantly blaming himself, trying to correct and imrove himself, it goes up and down

75|3| Does man think that We will not assemble his bones Surah 36:

-

Do you think it is easier to create something out of nothing or to create something that was already created before? Allah is all Mighty and Able. A man was at hjis deathbed and instructed his children to destroy (burn and

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A man was at hjis deathbed and instructed his children to destroy (burn and crush) his body and throw half of it in the sea and half on air. He ignorantly said that if Allah will be able to re-create me, He will punish me in a way that is really... Allah asked him, why did you do this? I was afraid of you.. Allah said, take this man to Jannah our of fear because of Me.

75|4| -

Yes. We are able even to proportion his fingertips. Our fingerprint! No one has the same prints. Identity.

75|5| -

But man desires to continue in sin He wants to commit sins, but doesn’t want Allah to question him for his actions.

75|6| He asks, "When is the Day of Resurrection?"

75|7| -

So when vision is dazzled Your eyes are dazzled/you can't believe it! by things that you've never expected. The chaos and hecticness.

75|8| And the moon darkens

75|9| And the sun and the moon are joined,

75|10| -

Man will say on that Day, "Where is the (place of) escape?" At that point, man will suddenly realize and start questioning where will I go???

75|11| -

No! There is no refuge. Coz everyone will be gathered in front of Allah.

75|12| To your Lord, that Day, is the (place of) permanence

75|13| Man will be informed that Day of what he sent ahead and kept back.

75|14| Rather man, against himself will be a witness There will come a man on the day of judgement, Allah will bring his record and he will refuse it as he claims that I have no witness but me. So Allah will allow him and then seals his mouth so every organ in his body, his hand, eyes‌ will talk And then the person will curse himself and is outraged why did you speak against me? ...

75|15| Even if he presents his excuses. How the Prophet received the revelation

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75|16| Oh Muhammad do not move your tongue and repeat. Don't worry. Just listen coz we will combine it in your heart and you will memorize it. Jibril will teach the prophet sallahu alaihi wa salaam the recitation of the Quran. Question In verse 16, the flow of the Surah is interrupted and the Prophet (SAW) is reminded that he shouldn't rush to memorize the Qur'an. There are two other surahs in the Qur'an where the Prophet (SAW) is reminded this. Name one of them. 1) Al-Muzammil:4 2) Taha, 20:114 114. Then High above all be Allah, the True King. And be not in haste with the Qur'an before its revelation is completed to you, and say: "My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.'') The cause of rejecting the day of judgement is love of the dunya and heedlessness of the hereafter Love of the dunya

75|20| 75|21| 20. Not [as you think, that you (mankind) will not be resurrected and recompensed for your deeds], but (you men) love the present life of this world,

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deeds], but (you men) love the present life of this world, 21. And leave (neglect) the Hereafter. Seeing Allah ta'ala in the Hereafter (this is the greatest reward in the Hereafter.)

75|22| 22. Some faces that Day will be radiant,

75|23| 23. Looking at their Lord. Blackening of the faces of the disobedient People of the day of judgement -

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Believers Faces of the believers will look at Allah's face. And their faces will be radiant and bright. Disbelievers Blackening of the faces of the disobedient people on the day of judgement

75|24| The faces of the disbelievers will be blackened and contorted •

based on tafseer ibn katheer: (And some faces that Day will be Basirah. Thinking that some calamity is about to fall on them.) These are the faces of the sinners that will be Basirah on the Day of Judgement. Qatadah said, "This means gloomy.'' As-Suddi said, "Their (the faces) color will change.''

75|25| Hit the back bone - something will be done to them - backbreaking •

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tafseer ibn katheer, it is translated as (that some calamity is about to fall on them.) Mujahid said, "A disaster.'' Qatadah said, "An evil.'' As-Suddi said, "They will be certain that they are going to be destroyed.'' Ibn Zayd said, "They will think that they are going to enter into the Hellfire.'' Certainty will occur at the time of death; a person's conditon at the time of death and the terrors it contains The coming of death…

75|26| No! When the soul has reached the collar bones

- collar bone 75|27| Who will cure him? cure •

Nay, when it reaches to the collarbones. And it will be said: "Who can cure him) `Ikrimah reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said, "Meaning, who is the person who recites divine prayers of healing so that he may come and cure him'' Abu Qilabah made a similar statement when he said,

"

"

75|28| And the dying one is certain that it is the time of death

75|29| And the leg is wound about/around the other leg

75|30| 30. To your Lord that Day will be the procession. The case of the denier 75:31-35

75|31| 75|32| 75|33| 75|34| 75|35| 31. So he (the disbeliever) neither believed (in this Qur'an, in the Message of Muhammad) nor prayed! 32. But on the contrary, he belied (this Qur'an and the Message of Muhammad) and turned away! 33. Then he walked in full pride to his family admiring himself! 34. Woe to you [O man (disbeliever)]! And then (again) woe to you! 35. Again, woe to you [O man (disbeliever)]! And then (again) woe to you! Man will not be left neglected

75|36| -

Neglected = not resurrected from tafseer ibn katheer: (Does man think that he will be left neglected) AsSuddi said, "Meaning not resurrected.'' Mujahid, Ash-Shafi`i and `AbdurRahman bin Zayd bin Aslam, all said, "Meaning, he will not be commanded and prohibited.'' Apparently the Ayah includes both meanings. This means that he will not be left neglected in this worldly life, without being commanded and prohibited. He also will not be left neglected in his grave unattended to

Where we came from

What's our purpose

Where are we going after?

Never give in to our Nafs (whims & desires)

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prohibited. He also will not be left neglected in his grave unattended to without being resurrected. Rather he will be commanded and prohibited in this life, and gathered back to Allah in the abode of the Hereafter. The intent here is to affirm the existence of the abode of the final return and to refute whoever rejects it from the people of deviance, ignorance and stubbornness. -

You have no excuse coz you've been sent messengers. And Allah will remind us of our beginning - from the sperm and clingling clot (stagese of creation)

75|37| 37. Had he not been a sperm from semen emitted?

75|38| Then he was a clinging clot, and Allah created his form and proportioned him.

75|39| And made of him two mates, the male and the female.

75|40| Is Allah / the Creator able to give life to the dead? -

Here Allah is invoking you to think. - Therefore proofs that Allah (SWT) can certainly give life to the dead

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Contents

Questions for Surah Al-Mulk Sunday, June 19, 2011 4:25 PM

1. How come the word Yad (hand) Allah Allah can call Himself in whatever name He wants and He can attribute them to himself. Al-Qalam:42 - His shin, does not look like his shin

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2. Allah did not say,"which of you does more deeds but said ,which of you is better in deeds" What does this signify? Level of sincerity - Quality VS quantity. 2 conditions - Sincerity + Sunnah Al-Haq:110, Al-Ahzab:3/21 3. It is He who has produced you and made for you hearing and vision and hearts" Of all the human sense organs, only three are mentioned here. Why? These 3 senses will help us to reflect and believe the truth. If the heart(not heart the organ) is sound, the whole body will be sound. ○ Suratul Hajj - its not the eyes that … it’s the heart that.. The inside. Whatever knowledge you know, its little

1.

Surah 67: Al-Mulk

2.

Surat 68: Al-Qalam (The Pen)

3.

Surah 69: al-Haqqah

4.

Surah 70: al-Ma'arij

5.

Surah 71: Nuh (Noah)

6.

Surah 72: al-Jinn (The Jinn)

7.

Surah 73: al-Muzzammil (The One wrapped in Garments)

8.

Surah 74: Al-Muddathir (The One Enveloped)

9.

Surah 76: Al-Insan (Man or Time)

10.

Surah 77: Al-Mursalaat (Those sent forth)

11.

Surah 75: Al-Qiyamah (The Resurrection)

12.

Questions

4. Identify 3 attributes of Allah mentioned in Suratul Mulk and explain the meaning. Al-Kadeer - He's the only One who is able to do anything/everything and no one can stop him Al-Azeez - the Almighty, the All Important Al-Ghafoor - All Forgiving - we commit sins everyday and He forgives us everyday.

5. Visualize and reflect on the reaction of Jahannam when the disbelievers are thrown therein. The adhab of jahanam - is waiting for the disbelievers, when they are thrown into it, - The verb is in the passive, Allah wants us to focus on the action,  When they are pushed, focused on the humiliation.  They are pulled in/it inhales -

The hell fire will pull/inhale them in 67:7 & jahannam has feelings - Furqan 25:12 - The hell fire has feelings, angry - "When it (hell) sees them, from a far, they will hear its raging and roaring." 6."Didnt someone come to warn you?" How do you feel when you hear this question? What do you think about when you hear this question?

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7. Actions speak louder than words. Which is a stronger evidence of belief? Talking the talk or walking the walk? Explain in light of conversation between the angels and the disbelievers in this Surah? When we say we believe but we don’t act upon what we believe, are we true believers then? If you are a true beleiver, don’t miss on that opportunity. Act upon the knowledge now. Don’t procrastinate - this is a trap of Shaitan Aisha Radiallahu anh said, May Allah have mercy on the women of Ansar, when the verse on hijab came out, they instant tore their garment and covered themselves.

8. Being ignorant of the Diving and the infinite power of Allah SWT leads the disbeliever to think that they can hide and say or do things that He will not be aware of it. Name the verse in Suratul Mulk that addresses this and the response from Allah Azza wa Jalla

9. What are the 2 ways in which Allah can punish, from which should not feel secure. -

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Stone storm from the sky 10. What is very vital for life on earth. Explain in light of your study of Suratul Mulk and quote other verse. Reminding of Allah's blessings by springing of water (67:30) If you go in the morning to the well, for the your animals and plants, water the source of life. Who else will give you water? How we take this for granted.

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(Al-Anbiya 21:30) Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and earth‌ And We have made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?

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Questions for Al-Qalam Friday, July 08, 2011 7:38 PM

Al-Qalam: 1. Al-Qalam refers to pen. There are three types of pen. Elaborate on these types supporting your arguments from the Qur'an and the Sunnah. 2. What the characteristics of every "worthless habitual swearer"? How does this apply to people today? 3. What is the analogy behind the story of the companions of the garden? 4. What is with the Lord, for the Righteous?

5. On the Day of Judgement, what will happen to the disbelievers who used to be invited to prostate? 6. What has Allah planned to do with those who deny the Qur'an? 7. What can we learn from what happened to Prophet Yunus, SAWS? 8. Which ayaah is a proof that the Evil Eye is real? 9. For whom will the Qur'an be a reminder? Find other ayaat from the Qur'an. 10. What are the rhetorical questions that Allah has asked the deniers and the disbelievers?

41, 46-47 __________________ Pasted from <http://forums.almaghrib.org/showthread.php?t=43801>

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Questions for Al-Haqqah Monday, July 11, 2011 9:45 PM Al-Haqqah: 1. Which nations does Allah (SWT) talk about in this surah who were destroyed/ Mentioned the punishment they received backed up by the ayaat. 2. Who are the Prophets sent to these nations? 3. Mention three events that will take place on Day of Judgement which we learn from this surah. 4. How many Angels will be bearing the Throne of Allah (SWT)? 5. What will be the reaction of the one who gets his Record in his right hand? 6. List three rewards for the one who gets his Record in his right hand. 7. What will be the reaction of the one who gets his Record in his left hand. 8. List three penalties for the one who gets his Record in his left hand. 9. What are the two things which people value greatly today but will be of no use for him on that Day? 10. What are the reasons for him getting the Record in his left hand? 11. Which ayaat can be used to prove that Qur'an was not made up by Rasulullah (SAWS)? 12. For whom is the Qur'an a reminder? Quote the ayaah. Pasted from <http://forums.almaghrib.org/showthread.php?t=43801>

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Questions for Surah Al-Insaan Sunday, June 26, 2011 4:15 PM

1.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

7.

Make a list of all the things that the believers in Jannah will taste? Salsabil, spring water, Make a list of all the things the believers in jannah will hear Make a list of all the things the believers in jannah will see 1. The face of Allah, every Friday Make a list of all the things the believers in jannah feel 1. What is the color of the garments of the believers in jannah Describe the appearance of the believers in jannah. What will they look like and what will they be wearing? (answer includes the garments and ornaments) What is meant by "They fulfiill their vows…" which is mentioned in Aayah 7? 1. They fulfil their vows and honor it. - Different types of vows:  Vow Allah likes - that is unconditional □ I vow to slaughter a cow for the sake of Allah.  Conditional □ I will do something, only if Allah fulfils...  Haram vow □ I will never talk to my parents.. □ If you vow to disobey Allah, break that vow, make an oath and make tawbah. □ Most beloved deed in the eyes of Allah, reach out to your parents and take care of them. "And Allah has decreed you associate no partners with him and be kind to your parents"  Even if your parents are non-muslim.

8.

What are the things mentioned in this Surah the believers used to do, which led them to attaining a place in jannah.

9.

It is recorded in Sahih Muslim from ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet Sallahu alaihi wa salaam used to recite Surat Al Insan during a certain prayer and a definite day? Which Salah and which day? a. Salatul Jummah, on Friday Ayah no. 19 mentions "There will circulate among them young boys made eternal. When you see them, you would think them (as beautiful as) scattered pearls." Who are these young boys and what does it mean scattered pearls?

10.

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Questions for Surah Al-Muzzamil Sunday, June 26, 2011 4:35 PM

1. 2. 3.

4. 5.

What phase of the Makkan period was the first part of the Surah revealed? What is the evidence to suggest this period of revelation What is the main reason to think that verse 20 of this Surah was revealed much later, in the Madinan period? What is the meaning of tarteel? a. Recite with tajweed What analogy does eh Qur'an use for the good deeds that a Muslim does in this life?

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Question for Surah 74 Al-Muddathir Sunday, June 26, 2011 4:27 PM

1. 2.

3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8.

The first Aayat in this surah talk about the requirements of a successful Da'iyah. List them Who is the subject of verses 11-26? Waleed Ibn Mugeerah What are the reasons that led this leader of Makkah to end up in Saqar? a. Deny

What is saqar? a. Jahanam Give some background into the context of verses 11-26, and what lesson that we as Muslims living today can learn from it. According to this surah, what are four characteristics that will help put a person into the the Saqar? How many angels are there, guarding the Hell fire? And what does the number signify? a. 19 Allah states in this surah that: "And none knows the soldiers tof your Lord except Him." Elaborate.

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Seminar Notes - Eternal Journey: Tafsir Juz Tabarak