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Seeking Solutions Symposium For Issues Facing St. Louis Women and Girls Presented by the Women’s Foundation of Greater St. Louis Tuesday, September 24, 2013

Symposium Summary

Acknowledgements The Women’s Foundation of Greater St. Louis would like to thank all those who helped make the Seeking Solutions Symposium possible, including:  Gourmet to Go  Nine Network of Public Media  Joseph H. and Florence A. Roblee Foundation  Regional Arts Commission  Cynthia Crim, Program Chair for the Seeking Solutions Symposium  Presenters: Janelle Gibson, Patricia Rich, Jennifer Swain, Dawn Thompson  Facilitators: Margaret Howard, Judie Johnson, Jane Klieve, Kathy Lambert, Jennifer Swain, Dawn Thompson  Recorders: Karina Garcia, Antoinette Grier, Serena Muhammad, Sandhya Vollala  Women’s Foundation of Greater St. Louis Board of Directors, committee members and volunteers  Cindy Follman, Independent Consultant, Symposium Summary Writer Background The Women’s Foundation of Greater St. Louis’s mission is to “raise awareness and provide funding for organizations that address the needs of girls and women.” One of the ways in which the foundation helps to raise awareness is through efforts to convene, educate and collaborate with other community organizations to address issues that girls and women face in the St. Louis region. The purpose of the Seeking Solutions Symposium, convened by the Women’s Foundation of Greater St. Louis and supported by grant funds from the Joseph H. and Florence A. Roblee Foundation, was to provide an overview of the challenges facing women and girls in the St. Louis region today, and to identify local strengths, gaps in services and collaborative opportunities to provide effective prevention, intervention and treatment for girls and women in the region who are most at risk. The Symposium also addressed the increasing incidence of human trafficking in the St. Louis region to increase awareness about the issue and to determine strategies for developing a continuum of care for girls and women most affected by this issue. Clips from the documentary, The Makers: Women Who Make America, were shown as Symposium attendees arrived and were seated as an introduction to women’s issues in America. The complete video can be viewed at http://video.pbs.org/program/makers-women-who-makeamerica/. Pat Rich, Founder and Past President of the Women’s Foundation of Greater St. Louis welcomed attendees to the Seeking Solutions Symposium, and provided a brief overview of the Women’s Foundation, including its fundraising strategies and grant making objectives. For more information about the Women’s Foundation of Greater St. Louis, please visit its website at www.wfstl.org.

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State of the Union: Women and Girls To gain a better understanding of the critical issues facing women and girls in the St. Louis region and the state of Missouri, Janelle Gibson, Board Member and Chair of the Research Committee of the Women’s Foundation, presented key data, service areas, trends and issues that women and girls face in the St. Louis region today. Ms. Gibson’s presentation included overwhelming data pointing to the ongoing challenges that women and girls face in the St. Louis region and the state of Missouri. Access and opportunity disparities are at the core of these challenges, particularly as they relate to health care, personal safety, family support and social service assistance, employment and educational attainment at the secondary school level. Women are much more likely to live in poverty in Missouri than men, and this gap increases as women age. Human trafficking has also emerged as an increasing safety risk for women and girls in the state of Missouri. In 2012, the Polaris Project National Human Trafficking Resource Center identified 255 hotline calls for Missouri from which 35 potential victims were identified in 2012. Of those high-risk calls, half were suspected sex trafficking, and most originated from the St. Louis, Kansas City and Branson areas. Ms. Gibson identified key gaps in addressing the access and opportunity challenges to health, safety, education and economic opportunity that women and girls in our community face, which include:  Access to affordable and accessible health care outside the urban core, including preventative services, chronic disease management and outreach to women over 65  Access and education to information and services regarding reproductive health decision making  Bilingual services and outreach  Shared referral sources for co-morbid health issues such as mental health or substance abuse  Identification of and services for trafficking victims  Continued advocacy for pay equity  Funding for “safety net” services to keep women working, such as affordable housing, child care subsidies and health care  Supportive services to keep girls and young women working toward diploma/degree completion  Support for STEM programs for girls  Financial literacy training for women and girls Ultimately, the key is developing an all-inclusive safety net for women and girls that surrounds them with the access and supports they need to be successful in their lives, as demonstrated by the visual below:

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Safety Net for Women and Girls

Basic Needs Supports

Strong Community Organizations

Economic Opportunities

Personal Safety

Success for Women Educational Opportunities

For more data and information, Ms. Gibson’s complete PowerPoint presentation is available in its entirety on the Women’s Foundation website at www.wfstl.org. Small Group Discussion Highlights The State of the Union: Women and Girls presentation provided an overview of the many challenges facing women and girls in Missouri and the local St. Louis region, and provided the context for Symposium attendees to engage in discussion groups to dig deeper into many of the critical issues identified. Attendees were divided into three discussion groups. Each group rotated between three different topical discussions and engaged in a brainstorming and dialogue session to identify key resources and strengths in the community for the specific topics being addressed, current gaps in services and collaborative opportunities. Topics addressed in each discussion group room were chosen through a voting/prioritization process by the members of the first discussion group that started the rotation in that location. Each of the following groups that rotated to a new location continued the discussion based on those topics selected by the first group. Each group discussion included a facilitator and a recorder. The notes provided by the recorders of each discussion session were compiled. Highlights follow with a more thorough summary of all discussion group sessions included in Appendix A. Overarching Topics Addressed in Discussion Groups  Financial/Economic stability/Entrepreneurship (i.e., credit counseling)  Economic imperatives (i.e., education, child care, housing, employment, transportation)  Building self-confidence/Inner strength and power (i.e., beauty, personal growth, selfconfidence)  Intersection between domestic violence and human trafficking  Formal support systems (i.e., mentoring, qualitative support)  Healthy relationships/Psychological (i.e., education and training) Current Services/Strengths Available in the St. Louis Region The St. Louis Region has many excellent organizations, programs and collaborative efforts currently available that provide services to girls and women in the areas of:

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Domestic violence Education—access to college, after school programming, anti-bullying, early childhood education, innovative education models Employment preparation programs for youth and women Financial education and economic empowerment of youth and women—financial education and savings programs, entrepreneurship and loan programs Housing Human trafficking Immigrant and refugee women’s support Mental health Support services Youth development—self-esteem, confidence, leadership-building

Key Service Gaps/Needs While there are many strong resources in the region, there remain many gaps in services and needs that continue to be unmet for girls and women in the St. Louis region. These include:  Basic needs—affordable housing, child care, reliable transportation, employment that pays a living wage, access to mental and physical health care services  Education and outreach— mentoring for girls and women, efforts that target boys/young men and multiple age-ranges, role models, parental engagement, personal safety and sex education, employment-related education and skill-building, and more  Community resources and collaboration—increased knowledge-sharing, coordination and collaboration between service providers, enhanced connections to develop a stronger continuum of care and shared funding  Advocacy and media—media training regarding the portrayal of girls and women in the media and gender stereotypes, anti-bullying legislation, public policy advocacy for increased support of girls’/women’s issues  Human trafficking services—shelters, mental health services, training, increased public awareness Collaborative Opportunities Discussion group participants then brainstormed a variety of strategies, action steps and ideas to address girls’ and women’s issues collaboratively. One of the significant realizations of many attendees during the course of the Symposium was that they were not familiar with the breadth of organizations represented and what each organization does. Thus, many of the suggestions regarding collaborative opportunities related to convening and networking of girls’ and women’s service organizations in the region, while others focused on collaborations and partnerships to address many of the key issues noted above. Highlights of these strategies follow: Convening/Networking  Convene quarterly meetings for community organizations to share knowledge, experience and develop partnership opportunities  Move out of service “silos,” develop organizational knowledge and relationships across the region  Peer to peer networking

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Bring organizations together that are dealing with similar issues to discuss services, lessons learned, evaluation strategies and increasing service capacity Develop a map of service providers throughout the region/state to increase knowledge and connections and catalyze a more comprehensive safety net for girls and women in need Opportunity for Women’s Foundation of Greater St. Louis to provide a database of information on girls’ and women’s organizations/services

Service Collaboration Opportunities  Enhance collaborations between health/mental health service providers, domestic violence and runaway youth service providers  Enhance collaboration between mental health and physical health providers  Develop educational services for both boys and girls about healthy relationships and respect for one another through public of awareness campaigns, resource fairs, media outlets, counseling & mental health services, etc.  Build on successful current or emerging collaborations

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Human Trafficking Presentation A key area of focus for the Women’s Foundation of Greater St. Louis for the Seeking Solutions Symposium was to address the growing incidence of human trafficking in the state of Missouri and the St. Louis region. According to “Article 3, paragraph (a) of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines Trafficking in Persons as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs” (www.unodc.org). This summary refers to human trafficking throughout, but sex trafficking falls under the umbrella of human trafficking, and was the primary focus of the presentations and discussions at the Symposium. To address this troubling and complex issue, the Women’s Foundation brought two women to St. Louis to speak to Symposium attendees about human trafficking and how they have addressed it in their communities. The presenters were Jennifer Swain, End Child Sex Trafficking Program Manager of youthSpark in Atlanta, Georgia, and Dawn Thompson, Assistant Executive Director of Kristi House Child Advocacy Center in Miami, Florida. Their presentations were moderated by Margaret Howard, a Therapist and Consultant at Mother Ocean Transformation Services and a frequent reporter and writer on the topic of human trafficking. Crucial to this presentation was the introduction by Ms. Howard of the Missouri and federal statutes related to human trafficking. These important to understand statutes follow, and set the stage for the presentations by the guest speakers and the ensuing discussion. Human trafficking is any commercial sex act in which the commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years (Federal Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, Public Law 106-386 (22 USC § 7102; 8 CFR § 214.11(a) and 18 U.S.C. § 1591. Section 1591) and Missouri Laws 566.200—566.213 RSMo). Additionally, the buying (exchange of any good, service, or money) of sex from a person under 18 years of age is subject to penalty under federal and Missouri human trafficking statutes, whether or not a third party is involved. It is not an affirmative defense that the buyer did not know the age of the victim. US Department of Justice, http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/crm/statutes.php. Ms. Swain of youthSpark then presented a very powerful sex trafficking prevention Public Service Announcement developed by her agency that is targeted to boys as young as 12 years of age. The group viewed the video, and then debriefed it with Ms. Swain. One of the goals youthSpark had in producing this video was to create a PSA that would not provoke laughter from the boys who watched it, and Ms. Swain felt they were successful in accomplishing this. youthSpark uses this Public Service Announcement to help youth understand human trafficking,

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and to encourage them to stay away from situations that “look” like the scenarios presented in the video. youthSpark is now working to bring youth into conversation about the prevention of human trafficking with a focus on younger boys. Please note: You can view the PSA at http://www.youth-spark.org/learn/prevention-psa/. Ms. Thompson than addressed her experience with Kristi House and the work that her organization does to support victims of human trafficking. She noted that most youth who are victims of human trafficking tend to be minority, low-income youth, while the consumers of sex trafficking tend to be middle-class, white males. Many of the girls who are engaged in sex trafficking are also in the foster system and have a history of abuse. As a result, these young girls are “poly-victims,” who have suffered severe and repeated trauma. Because of the trauma they have endured, they often run away and return to abusive situations. However, many ultimately return to the safety of Kristi House or another safe location. It is critically important in working with these young girls to ensure that they feel that they are not being judged, and that they are in a safe space with safe people who are nonjudgmental and willing to listen to their stories. Kristi House uses motivational interviewing, and starts by meeting the girls’ most basic needs and providing them with a nurturing environment. The girls also work with case managers who “look like them.” Both youthSpark and Kristi House have conducted extensive training programs for key stakeholder groups that are instrumental in the prevention and intervention of human trafficking. youthSpark led an initiative to provide a training protocol for first-line responders, with a focus on law enforcement in the Atlanta area. Kristi House conducted training for Miami International Airport staff, as well as law enforcement. Once a group of stakeholders are trained, they can then help train others within their own stakeholder group, so it becomes more peer to peer training. An important emphasis of the training initiatives is for these stakeholders to develop policies for their own organizations that lead to changes in how they identify and respond to human trafficking situations. Symposium attendees then engaged in discussion with the presenters. Highlights of this discussion follow:  There is a significant need to build a local infrastructure in the St. Louis region and across the state to address human trafficking. o The St. Louis Rescue and Restore Coalition is a critical group in the area working to address the development of a safety net to address human trafficking in Missouri. Collaboration statewide is imperative, and many partners are needed to be a part of this effort. A significant barrier to accessing services for victims is transportation, and this needs to be addressed. o The Dignity Network is another local collaborative addressing human trafficking locally.  Ms. Swain advised that when forming coalitions and addressing human trafficking, it is vital for all organizations and individuals to “REMOVE THEIR EGOS.”  Other lessons learned and shared by the guest speakers included: be flexible, and be careful about who you collaborate with. Ensure that collaborative partners are part of the solution.

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Lobby days are useful for educating the public sector and local representatives about human trafficking issues and legislation/laws. youthSpark has led significant efforts to advocate for legislative changes to address human trafficking. Trauma-informed assessment/intakes are critical. Agencies and case workers want to ensure that they look at the whole history of the youth’s trauma. However, this cannot happen the first time she/he comes in for care. The first step is to make sure the youth is safe both mentally and physically by doing a simple assessment prior to engaging that individual in a longer assessment. Education and awareness are key. When working with human trafficking victims, do not try to use the language that the youth use. Do learn their street names. Often this can be found through social media. You must be media savvy in doing this work. youthSpark has produced a tool kit and action guide for other communities and agencies to use to address human trafficking. The publication is entitled A Future. Not a Past. Stop the Prostitution of Our Nation’s Children, Toolkit and Action Guide. This resource is available at www.afnap.org.

Human Trafficking Small Group Lunch Discussion Highlights Immediately after the panel presentation and discussion, attendees gathered into three small group discussions over lunch to further address human trafficking prevention, intervention and recovery in the St. Louis region and across Missouri. Each lunch discussion was facilitated by the presenters of the Human Trafficking Panel Presentation. Critical points of information that came out of the small group lunch discussions follow below. Please note: the key information points presented below include lessons learned and other contributions from the human trafficking panel presenters based on their experiences working with sex trafficking victims in their own communities. In addition, a list of local organizations and coalitions addressing human trafficking issues in Missouri and the St. Louis Region was also generated from the lunch discussions and can be found in Appendix B. Human Trafficking Lunch Discussion Highlights  Utilize a motivational interview technique. Start with what person believes are positives and allow them to identify negatives on their own without being labeled.  Start small. Ask specific intake questions to identify girls who may be involved with trafficking. For example, ask “how did you take care of yourself when you were on the street?”  Once girls find safety, it is typical for them to run away and return to the abusive situation they were previously in. However, agencies are required to report these incidents when girls return and disclose what they did while they were away. This has led to a lock-in facility for girls because government-sponsored shelters cannot tolerate the cycle of the girls repeatedly running away and returning to sex trafficking. It is helpful for law-enforcement to move cases from active to inactive instead of closing them so they can work with girls long-term, as they run away often.  Girls can be found through back pages of weekly newspapers where many run ads to attract men, strip clubs and through social media.  Forensic medical exam doctor can make direct referrals for the girls in terms of health needs and services. 8


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Girls who are willing to talk to law enforcement or legal proceedings need to get full protection offered to witnesses. A community environment that includes nearby access to and vibrancy of strip clubs and other adult entertainment venues can set the stage for and be a contributor to sex trafficking within and around that community. Mixed group therapy sessions are difficult for teens. Recruiters pretend to seek out services, but they are really there to talk girls out of receiving support services and back into the sex trade. It is recommended not to cluster girls in residential homes together who have been victims of sex trafficking. State staffing ratio for treatment was 6:1, and was inadequate for providing enough supervision of girls.

Conclusion The Women’s Foundation of Greater St. Louis Seeking Solutions Symposium was well-attended, and, according to the pre- and post-surveys completed by attendees, increased the attendees’ knowledge and understanding of the critical issues facing girls and women in the St. Louis Region and beyond. The Symposium tackled the challenging and difficult topic of human trafficking and how it can be addressed more effectively locally. In addition, attendees learned about one another’s organizations and had ample opportunities to engage in meaningful networking and dialogue. At the conclusion of the lunch discussion groups, a member of the Women’s Foundation Program Committee informed attendees that the Women’s Foundation of Greater St. Louis was committed to providing the following action steps:  Providing a directory of all who attended the Symposium,  Making PowerPoint presentation slides available to attendees and the public via the Women’s Foundation website,  Developing a discussion as a follow-up to the topics presented at the Symposium on the Women’s Foundation’s Facebook page,  Developing a summary of the Symposium, and making it publicly available on the Women’s Foundation website. Opportunities for Additional Action Steps As a result of the information presented at the Symposium and the resulting dialogue in the discussion groups, several ideas for next steps developed. The following suggestions could be developed collaboratively and seem to be important steps to for the community to take in order to develop a more comprehensive and connected safety net for women and girls in the St. Louis Region and surrounding areas.  Develop a resource guide in collaboration with St. Louis Rescue and Restore to identify all social service, legal, advocacy and other key coalitions and efforts involved in addressing youth, women, family and trafficking issues in the region and across the state. o St. Louis Rescue and Restore has an extensive database of organizations, but it is currently not user-friendly and needs to be updated and made more accessible. This could be the foundation for the above resource guide.

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Convene women’s and girls’ social service organizations to get to know one another, share missions, programs, outcomes and strategies for working together. Make this a regular gathering (2x/year). Map women’s and human trafficking service organizations across the state. Use all of the above to drive the development of a regional and state-wide safety net for those women and girls whose personal safety is at risk. Explore collaborative funding for education and awareness, training, advocacy and prevention and recovery services related to human trafficking in the region and the state. Develop and support social enterprise programs that empower girls and women.

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Appendix A

Prioritized Topics Addressed in Discussion Groups  Financial/Economic stability/Entrepreneurship (i.e., credit counseling)  Economic Imperatives (i.e., education, child care, housing, employment, transportation)  Building self-confidence/Inner strength and power (i.e., beauty, personal growth, selfconfidence)  Intersection between domestic violence and human trafficking  Formal support systems (i.e., mentoring, qualitative support)  Healthy relationships/Psychological (i.e., education and training)

Current Services/Strengths Available in the St. Louis Region Domestic Violence  RAVEN  Safe Connections  SLEVAWN (collaboration)  YWCA Sexual Assault Center Education Access to College  College Bound  College Summit  Redevelopment Opportunities for Women—GED/continued education support (ROW works with many organizations in the community as well)  Center for Women in Transition—GED assistance  Safe Connections working with colleges (collaboration) After School Programming  After School for All Partnership (collaboration) Anti-Bullying/Inclusion/Respect  ADL—No Place for Hate program  Wyman Center  Megan Meier Foundation  SLPS provide social services and programs to students in their district through collaboration and partnerships with community agencies Early Childhood Education  Head Start  United 4 Children (assistance with finding quality child care for families) Innovative Education Models

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St. Louis Language Immersion School

Employment-Related Programs for Youth and Women  Employment Connection  Job Corps  Sweet Potato Project St. Louis for youth  Family consumer science education in the public schools Financial Education/Economic Empowerment Financial Education and Savings Programs  Bank On Save Up Initiative  Catholic Charities –Financial Literacy course in collaboration with ROW (collaboration)  Federal Reserve free financial literacy program  FDIC program (low cost, provides materials to teach financial literacy courses)  IDA Programs  Kingdom House & St. Louis Community Credit Union (collaboration)  REAP Program (ROW—REAP works with domestic violence programs as well)  Smart Money Week  Start Smart Program (University of Missouri extension)  YWCA 2-year program (Trio Foundation)  YWCA Young Entrepreneur’s Program Entrepreneurship and Loan Programs  Grace Hill Women’s Business Center  Healing Hearts Bank--NCJW  KIVA loans  Micro lending programs Housing  Gateway 180  YWCA Transitional Housing Program Human Trafficking  Committee on Human Trafficking-St. Louis and UAW Network  Symposium at UMSL in November 2013 on Human Trafficking  Increased awareness of how to recognize human trafficking through increased training efforts  Working in schools with girls to understand personal safety and teen dating violence  SLEVAWN (collaboration)  Dignity Network  St. Louis Rescue and Restore Coalition  The Covering House  International Institute—Eastern Missouri-Southern Illinois Rescue and Restore Coalition Immigrant and Refugee Women’s Support 12


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Immigrant and Refugee Women’s Program International Institute Kingdom House-ESOL program

Mental Health  Webster University—partnership with the Webster Groves school district to provide counseling and mental health services to youth (collaboration) Youth Development--Self-Esteem/Confidence/Leadership  Boys and Girls Club (Smart Girls Club)  Faith-based programs  Father’s Support Network (focuses on men)  Girls in the Know (also presented Finding Kind film and expo in St. Louis)  Girls on the Run  Girl Scouts  Junior League—lobbying for anti-bullying legislation  Kingdom House (youth programming, addresses kids age 14-high school graduation)  Sex education  Wyman Center (TOP program)  YWCA—YW Teens, Youth Women’s Leadership Academy Other Youth, Women and Family Support Services  Father’s Support Network  Federation of Settlement Houses (collaboration)  Sister Circles

Key Service Gaps/Needs Basic Needs  Affordable housing located near transportation  Affordable child care (quality, access and availability)  Reliable transportation  Employment (including options for past-offenders/felons) that pays a sustainable living wage or higher  Mental and physical health care services to children, youth and parents  Resources to help families sustain housing income  Resources to help families obtain and maintain ownership of vehicles  Lack of providers in St. Louis County Education and Outreach  Increased outreach and education opportunities for boys and men  Increased outreach to more age ranges-start early and provide role models and mentoring programs for girls  Parental engagement in children’s services and programming 13


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Increased outreach and education to girls in educational settings to address personal safety as it relates to dating and sex Education/outreach to boys and young men regarding healthy relationships, dating, sex, etc. Increased education and training of teachers in local schools Recruitment of professional women to increase mentoring between older and younger women preparing to enter or in the workforce More women-owned businesses Increased job-related skill building and education for youth and women preparing to enter the workforce, including time management skills, etc. Access and exposure to appropriate role models for children and youth to counter much of what they get from popular culture and peer pressure Diversity education Financial literacy for teens Education of donor community about these issues

Community Resources and Collaboration  Increased knowledge-sharing and coordination between service providers to enhance connections and develop a stronger continuum of care  Increased partnerships/collaborations between service providers with shared funding  Increased funding for more women’s programming and to expand its reach, and build program capacity  Explore partnerships with Washington University’s Skandalaris Center for Entrepreneurship  Collaboration with law enforcement (though need to consider legal issues involved)  Collaboration with professional women’s organizations, especially those of women of color  Engaging men in the process of becoming partners and allies for women’s issues and services  Connected safety net across the region and across services and ages to provide better consistent long-term assistance Advocacy & Media  Media training regarding how girls and women are portrayed in the media and the messages being sent to the public about gender roles and stereotypes  Consistent anti-bullying legislation  Voter education programming  Advocating for local, state and federal government policies/programs/legislation to better support nonprofit women’s services Human Trafficking Services  Shelters for survivors of human trafficking  Mental health services for human trafficking survivors  Training for law enforcement, hotel staff, airport staff, religious organizations  Training to effectively identify and treat issues of human trafficking victims/survivors, such as substance abuse and mental health challenges  Increased public awareness about human trafficking, as there is a lack of education and understanding about human trafficking, and many have the misperception that it only applies to immigrant populations 14


Challenges in addressing this issue include: Human trafficking victims often have difficulty finding shelter because they do not meet the definition of domestic violence and are not eligible for shelter at many domestic violence shelters; sex workers often to not “identify” themselves as sex workers or that they have a drug/alcohol problem; hotels are uncomfortable addressing the issue and reporting suspicious behavior; lack of resources to increase current program capacity

Collaborative Opportunities Convening/Networking  Convene quarterly meetings for community organizations to share knowledge, experience and develop partnership opportunities  Link with educational institutions/organizations, particularly exposing youth to college campuses and courses while still in high school  Move out of service “silos,” develop organizational knowledge and relationships across the region  Peer to peer networking  Bring organizations together that are dealing with similar issues to discuss services, lessons learned, evaluation strategies and increasing service capacity  Women organizations meet to share knowledge and promote diversity  Increase business engagement in women’s services organizations to develop mentorship and greater access to and knowledge about employment opportunities  Further develop partnership with United Way’s 211 program and volunteer bank Service Collaboration Opportunities  Enhance collaborations between health/mental health service providers, domestic violence and runaway youth service providers, such as that developed by Safe Connections and Youth in Need  Enhance collaboration between mental health and physical health providers, such as People’s Health Center, Hopewell Center, People’s Community Action  Develop educational services for both boys and girls about healthy relationships and respect for one another through public of awareness campaigns, resource fairs, media outlets, counseling and mental health services, etc.  Explore revenue streams through social entrepreneurship  Build on successful current or emerging collaborations, such as SLEVAWN and the Ready by 21 program  Develop a map of service providers throughout the region/state to increase knowledge and connections and catalyze a more comprehensive safety net for girls and women in need  Opportunity for Women’s Foundation of Greater St. Louis to develop a repository of information on women’s services and community organizations to encourage collaboration and knowledge about local resources.

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Appendix B

Human Trafficking-Related Community Resources There are several human-trafficking community organizations, coalitions and services operating in the St. Louis region and across the state of Missouri. Many are listed below. 

The Covering House o Seeks to provide refuge and restoration for girls who have experienced sexual exploitation or sexual trafficking. o Provides life skills, clinical program, tutoring, individual and group therapy, supportive adults programming, and more. o Just acquired a residential home to provide a safe shelter for human trafficking victims. o Will provide out-client services as a step-down program from transitional housing.

Kingdom House o Serves underserved families o Able to identify a child in distress or need o Encourage awareness of and ability to identify victims of human trafficking

St. Louis Rescue and Restore Coalition o Provides trauma-informed screenings, education and legal assistance to victims of human trafficking.

Dignity Network o The Dignity Network’s mission is to promote a restorative approach to addressing commercial sex, including both human trafficking and prostitution, through prevention, support, education, and advocacy.

Eastern Missouri, Southern Illinois Rescue and Restore Consortium o Through a grant from the US Department of Health and Human Services, the International Institute manages and supports this Consortium. o It is comprised of 4 coalitions that conduct outreach and education with the ultimate goal of identifying victims. o Social Workers are able to provide comprehensive case management for foreign born victims and referral services for all victims. o www.stoptraffickingmo-il.org

Mental Health America and Hopewell Center o Provide mental health care services o More frequently mental health care providers see PTSD as an indicator of trafficking

Annie Malone Children and Family Service Center o Provides a 24-hour care crisis shelter that serves youth in the city o Will provide transportation for the youth in need to the shelter

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Safe Places o National program that designates safe spaces for youth in need or distress to go o Been through training and agree to help children in distress/need o Allow children to use phone to access services o Need to make sure that all staff recognize the location as a “Safe Place,” and have information and resources to respond appropriately when a youth in need accesses it as such

Places for People o Research and practice evidence based interventions for women & girls involved in trafficking o Use evidence based trauma interventions

U.S. Attorney‘s Office Human Trafficking Task Force, Eastern District of Missouri o Replicating Western District’s programs o Has a list of case managers that can be contacted for trafficking victims o Provide training for agencies that want to participate

National Traumatic Stress Network o Offers resources and webinars to teach best practices for working with these individuals.

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Seeking Solutions Symposium Final Report