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Northern Style Living

Amanda Grace Westphalen

Table of Contents 2

Elements Line 5-8 Texture 9-12 Light 13-21 Color 22-30 Space 31-33 Shape 34-37 Form 38-41

Principles of Design: Balance 42-46 Harmony 47-54 Emphasis 55-56 Massing 57-58 Rhythm 59-62 Proportion 63-64 Scale 65-66


Design Thesis

My design thesis is to include the elements and principles of design by showing pictures of the homes in Northern Maine

About the Editor 4

Amanda Westphalen grew up in New Hampshire, and moved to North Carolina in her early teens. Growing up along with a family of four women helped inspire her passion for design and organization. Amanda began persueing her career as a design major during the start of freshmen year of college. She resides in Greenville, NC.

Line Straight Horizontal 5

Horizontal lines make a home or interior space, seem wider and appear larger.

Straight horizontal lines are commonly used in homes, because they outline the shapes of rooms, the shapes of furniture, and also add detail to the interior of a home.

Horizontal lines are great in Northern homes, because of the little detail on the exterior.

Line Straight Vertical 6 Vertical lines are also used in Northern style homes, because they draw the eye upward, and make the home seem taller and bigger.

Straight vertical lines are used in every interior space, since they help support the ceiling. These kinds of lines increase the positive space, and create a sense of strength in the room.

Line Curved Flowing 7

Curved lines are used in both the interior and exterior of homes.

Curved flowing lines, can help balance out the room of too many horizontal or vertical lines.

Here the use of curved flowing lines are in the curtains next to the bed.


Curved Tightly 8 Curved tightly lines are mostly used on fancy carpets in dinning rooms, or even in textiles. Use these lines to give a room exciting appeal.

Here in this dinning room, the carpet has tightly curved lines that give the room a sense of movement.

Texture Surface Quality Real 9

This kind of texture means you can see and physically touch the texture.

Here the home is given a sense of warmth and love, through the use of old, red bricks.

Add different materials to a wall to give your home and visually pleasing appeal.

Texture Implied 10

The color and appearance of the driveway is a clear example of implied texture. You would think the driveway is rough and has a hard surface.

Implied texture is any texture we think a surface has.

Texture Non Reflective 11

This kind of texture shows no reflection through the surface.

Here you can’t see the natural light reflecting off the wood stairs.

Texture Reflective 12

This kind of material creates reflective texture.

You can see the reflection off of the textured surface, on these tiles.

Lighting Task 13

Most task lighting are bright, bold, and large enough to enlighten an entire living space. In this kitchen, the task lights are used to help the owner see while preforming specific tasks on the counter.

Northern Style Living

Beautiful spaces

Lighting Track 14

Simple, yet elegant

In the living room of this northern home, track lighting is attached to the beams on the ceiling, so that they can create several spotlights onto the working space below. Track lighting is mainly used in living rooms and kitchens because they try to help light up different areas at once. Taken inside of my grandparents home in Northern Maine

Lighting Soffit 15

Nice touch to the outdoors

Soffit lighting is used to project out of an object in the interior or exterior of a home. In this image, the soffit lighting is used to provide a walkway outside so that at night time residences have a clear pathway and are able to see. Soffit lighting can also be used inside kitchens, above or below cabinets to create an accent feel and allow for relaxing lighting and a soft texture. Taken outside of my Raleigh home

Lighting Natural An outdoor view and a relaxing feel


Natural light means any light coming from outside, typically the sun. In this simple living room, the large windows allow for the sun’s light to float into the room, giving the room the ability to have no lamps or light fixtures. Because of the natural lighting coming from outdoors, the room feels relaxed and people sitting in the room feel at ease. Taken inside the geology building of East Carolina

Lighting Colored 17

Cheap lighting but still a nice touch

Colored incandescent lighting is created with colored light bulbs or lamp shades and are used in areas of the house that are typically unusual. This lamp shade is used in a small children’s game room, because the room has funky furniture with bright colors, and a simple neutral wall color. The yellow bulb color gives the room an exciting feel and creates a fun mood for the children. Colored lighting would not be used in the basic rooms of the house, such as the kitchen or family room.

Lighting Uplighter 18

Great way to add lighting in a hallway

Uplighters are used to cast a shadow onto the wall or any direction upward. This light is in a scone shape, making the light go up and outward. Lighting like this can be used in hallways or even bathrooms. Many residences have uplighters in their living rooms as well.

Lighting Combustion 19

Fireplaces make the room feel more like home

Most residences do have combustion lighting in their living or family rooms, and sometimes in the master bedroom.

Combustion lighting consists of lighting created by fire, such as candle light or fire. In this living room, the fireplace is a perfect example of combustion lighting, because of the natural light it creates.

Taken inside my grandparents home of Northern Maine

Lighting Floor lamps 20

Easy, and cheap for a reading space

Floor lamps are useful to have because they give light to a specific area.

Floor lamps are used to create a small area of light underneath it, near a reading chair or sofa. A lot of residences have floor lamps next to a comfortable chair so that they can read under it.

Lighting Table Lamps 21

Just like floor lamps, table lamps are used to create light in a specific area, and add an accent to the wall space behind it. Typical table lamps are places on nightstands, or even hallway tables. Sometimes table lamps are set on timers so that at night time they can turn on to create a nightlight so that residences can use them to guide their way through their home.

Use an assortment of lights!

Lamps are always a good way to add more light to a room

Color Monochromatic 22

This home is a basic example of a monochromatic color scheme. Monochromatic basically means the color scheme consists of one color, with different tones and tints. This house has neutrals browns. The walls of the home are the lightest, and the roof becomes the darkest of the colors. Monochromatic homes create a relaxing appeal.

Neutral color schemes on home make it feel more antique

Beautiful home in Raleigh, NC

Color Analogous 23

Analogous color schemes are colors that are next to each other on the color scheme and clearly go together. This home exhibits a basic example of analogous color scheme because of its light yellows and orange/brown bricks.

Gives off a relaxing and natural feel

The use of analogous color scheme on the outside of homes is relaxing.

Color Direct Complementary 24

Fun and exciting building

This exterior space is a clear example of a direct complementary color scheme. Direct complementary color scheme consists of two colors that are opposite of each other on the color wheel; in this example the colors would be red and green.

Taken on East Carolina Campus

Color Triad Complementary 25

Northern Style Living

This color scheme is a clear example of triad complementary meaning the colors are equally spaced around the color wheel. These colors all go well together and again give an exciting vibe to a room.

A very interesting room if the colors all flow nicely.

Color Double Complementary 26

Northern Style Living

This is the hotel room that I stayed in during Thanksgiving break.

Bright and bold room that really states a strong statement

This color scheme means there are two sets of direct complementary colors, meaning two colors that are directly next to each other on the color wheel. Double complementary sometimes works, but not all the time do the colors accurately flow together.

Color Tetrad Complementary 27

Northern Style Living

Relaxing room with a nice touch of color

A complementary color scheme means there is a great variation of four colors from the color wheel incorporated into the room.

Color Split Complementary

Northern Style Living


Split color schemes are great for a variety of color in a room.

Split complementary colors means the color scheme contains two basic colors next to each other and a color directly across from both of them. This room is a clear example of split complementary because it does contain a hue color, and the two colors directly across from it.

Color Alternative Complementary

Northern Style Living


The color scheme shown here is alternative complementary Most of the time meaning there are three basic colors next to each other used alternative and a direct complement of complementary color schemes are one of these colors is also used on exterior incorporated into the room. of multiple homes.

Don’t be afraid to use this color scheme in a child’s room!