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World Homeless Day, page 3 Farming in the city, page 3 Because 1Matters, page 4 Free2BMe, page 6 Second Chance, page 7
Homeless Youth Most At-Risk for Sexual Exploitation, page 6 Prostitution, page 7
Gregâ€™s garden, page 4 Poetry, page 5 Hoboscopes/Sudoku, page 11
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Toledo Streets - The Paper with a Mission
Ignorance has not been bliss, but tragedy Amanda F. Moore, Managing Editor We’d like to thank you for purchasing this copy of Toledo Streets. We hope you’re enjoying it and discovering a new facet of your community. Please continue to support our vendors when you get the chance. For other ways to support them and the paper, contact us or visit our website for more details. Toledo Streets is a monthly publication called a street paper. We are part of a worldwide movement of street papers that seeks to provide simple economic opportunities to homeless individuals and those experiencing poverty. Our vendors purchase each paper for 25¢, and ask for a dollar donation. In exchange for their time and effort in selling the paper, they keep the difference. They are asking for a handup, not a hand out. By purchasing this paper, you have helped someone struggling to make it. Not just in terms of money, but also in the dignity of doing something for themselves. Many thanks again! We are a non-profit organization operating under a 501(c)3 fiscal agent. This means that any donations made to us c/o 1Matters.org (our fiscal agent) are tax deductible - not to mention greatly appreciated. Our mission is to empower individuals struggling with extreme poverty to participate on a new level in the community through self-employment, job training, and contributorship.
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he American myth of individualism tells people who are struggling with addiction, abuse, mental illness or poverty to simply pull themselves up by their own bootstraps. In reality, specially-designed services and other kinds of support are essential to the process of transformation.” The quote above is from Margo Pierce, whose article Escaping the torment of prostitution appears on page 7. This whole issue, in fact, revolves around specially-designed services and the need for better legislation for those suffering from the reality of human trafficking— especially sex trafficking. I first became aware of the issue watching Law & Order: SVU. Seriously. After that, it was the film Taken in 2008. Since then it seems like human trafficking is in the news everyday. The issue, to me at least,
seems to have loomed up overnight, but it’s not new—just growing. Human trafficking is, simply put, modern-day slavery. The more I learn about the problem, the more horrified I am. I worry about the young girls and women I know. How do you protect them from such an insidious and prevalent evil, particularly in Toledo? Our city, after all, is an origin city in a state where an estimated 2,879 Ohioborn youths are at risk for commercial sexual exploitation, according to the Trafficking in Person Study Commission: Prevalence of Human Trafficking in Ohio, 2009, report. There is hope, however. Awareness is growing. All kinds of government agencies and non-profit organizations are working together, studying the issue, and developing solutions. Most importantly, through a lot of hard work by a lot of people, victims are being rescued.
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So what can you and I do to reverse this, no, end this? How can we protect our loved ones? How can we make Toledo a safe harbor and not a danger zone? We have to recognize the problem. We have to change our thinking to realize many, many sex workers are victims, not criminals. We have to educate ourselves, then educate others. We have to make sure our kids know they are loved and valued and safe, and teach them to treat themselves that way. We have to support efforts on all levels to enact consequences. If we sell out, bury our heads in the sand, then how can any real difference be made, or anyone realize... THERE IS NO SUCH THING AS SMALL CHANGE.
Cover art: Emily Lee
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Vendor code of conduct
hile Toledo Streets is a non-profit, and paper vendors are considered contracted self-employers, we still have expectations of how vendors should conduct themselves while selling and representing the paper. The following list is our Vendor Code of Conduct, which every vendor reads through and signs before receiving a badge and papers. This Code is also printed on the back of each badge. We request that if you discover a vendor violating any tenets of the Code, please contact us and provide as many details as possible. Our paper and our vendors should be positively impacting the city. All vendors must agree to the following code of conduct: • Toledo Streets will be distributed for a voluntary donation of $1. I agree not to ask for more or less than a dollar or solicit donations for
Toledo Streets by any other means. • I will only purchase the paper from Toledo Streets staff and will not sell papers to other vendors (outside of the office volunteers). • I agree to treat all others— customers, staff, other vendors— respectfully, and I will not “hard sell,” threaten or pressure customers. • I agree to stay off private property when selling Toledo Streets. • I understand I am not a legal employee of Toledo Streets but a contracted worker responsible for my own well-being and income. • I agree to not sell any additional goods or products when selling the paper.
• I will not sell Toledo Streets under the influence of drugs or alcohol. • There are no territories among vendors. I will respect the space of other vendors, particularly the space of vendors who have been at a spot longer. • I understand my badge is the property of Toledo Streets and will not deface it. I will present my badge when purchasing the papers and display my badge when selling papers. • I understand Toledo Streets strives to be a paper that covers homelessness and poverty issues while providing a source of income for the homeless. I will try to help in this effort and spread the word.
Toledo Streets - The Paper with a Mission
World Homeless Day more than event
Farming in the city:
“Salable somethings” can provide hope for Haiti
William James O’Fahey
hen I made plans to attend the World Homeless Day Commemoration Event downtown Toledo, I had no idea how much it would touch my heart. I envisioned being a part of something bigger than myself, expanding my understanding of homelessness, then going home and back to my life. I expected to hear stories of homelessness in others, I did not expect to hear my own story echoed back to me. Outdoors at International Park, then later at Trinity Episcopal, I listened to the real, raw voices from those unhoused in the past and present. In these stories I heard myself. It made me realize how very alike all of our stories are: a chain of events beyond our control, wrong decisions, and a society unwilling to help. The single thread that runs through each of our stories, no matter what lead us to homelessness is this: hopelessness. It is loosing hope in charity, loosing hope in dignity, loosing hope in others, loosing hope in God, and ultimately and mostly: losing hope in ourselves. I invited my children down to the dock at International Park with me, to light our own candle in memory of the tough times we’ve weathered through as a family. As I watched my son light the candle, and my daughter hold the little paper boat in her hands, I remembered the cold halls of the shelter, the sad stories surrounding us each day, the lack of having choices, the lack of dignity and feeling like we had failed our children. I remembered kissing them good night in a bed not their own, sitting across from other families at the table each meal, when I just wanted some space to myself. I remembered all that loneliness, hopelessness and depression like I had just walked out of it yesterday. But I also remembered our strength, our closeness during that time. We really had nothing but each other. I remembered the strength of those surrounding us in the shelter, their
Jimmy Davis sets a lighted boat in the Maumee River at International Park, while his sister Alisa watches, on 10/10/10 in memory of the Davis family’s own experiences with homelessness. Photo: Michelle Davis
stories not so unlike our own. I remembered those that did take the effort to reach out to us, show us love, and show us dignity. I remembered the decision we made during that time to someday “give back” when we were back on our feet. As I remembered these things, I was filled with so much gratitude—for my life now, and where we have ended up. My children have gone through something that has opened their eyes to the need for love all around them. They have jumped in right along side, giving when they see the need. My husband and I are living a life truly blessed; surrounded by a community of fantastic people; housed and unhoused, sober and struggling, comfortable and poor. And I love it that way. ts
he day arrived when I became convinced that urban farming could change the world. I was already convinced that small rural family farms (like Amish farms) could change the world. Little by little, these quiet farms and related small family businesses – “cottage industries”, let’s call them – create food and jobs and housing. A tomato is grown on the farm, the tomato is cooked into sauce or mixed into salsa and bottled, then you get a designer to make a label and, voila!, you’ve got a locally-made, salable something. And “salable somethings” made locally “are the true bedrock of a healthy economy”, according to Dr. John Slater of the Loman School of Economics. Years ago, by sort of combining my background in Hazmat emergency medicine with my life on the Amish farm, I hit upon the idea to grow healing food herbs, anti-toxic food herbs. My dad had spent his life as a healing foods entrepreneur. Some people call them “snake oil salesmen”. So it seemed natural at that time for me to pursue the life of an “Amish” snake oil salesman. The idea was to pay a generous price to the Amish herb farmer and then commission artists to create the
A donkey carrying a load of bananas in LaSalle, Haiti. Photo: Beth Cloutier
packaging. I got studio glassblowers to make bottles, print makers to create copper intaglio and hand-pulled letterpress labels, consulted natural soap chemists about preserving herbal freshness inside the bottle, and even added kettle-cooked maple syrup to our array of healing foods. And this model of high quality locallyproduced food and farm products, some sold in gourmet and natural foods stores here in the United States, may be one of the keys to rebuilding Haiti’s earthquake-battered economy. Organizations such as Catholic Relief Services are working to find markets for fine traditional Haitian crafts. In particular, Haitian weavers, working in exotic indigenous fibers like banana leaf, are regarded as some of the best in the world. Cheryl Munca, Director of International Development for [SERRV], a nonprofit fair trade and development organization, said of Haiti, “When we asked what they need, nearly all said they need [sales] orders to be able to rebuild. They don’t expect handouts or assistance, but they do want work. These men and women are remarkably resilient, and we will be doing all we can to assist them getting back on their feet.” To order the Catholic Relief Services artisan catalog, call 1-800-685-7572. ts
Toledo Streets - The Paper with a Mission
Streetlight: Punkfest for Childrens Hospital Ken Leslie
ithout action, compassion is just a word. According to HUD, due to job loss and foreclosures the number of families with children living on our streets, and in our shelters is up 30% since 2007. Please read that paragraph again. Since 1990 1Matters – Tent City has worked to move the unhoused off the streets and into housing, connect to services, and advocate as their voice at the table. Tent City rises again October 29 to 31, 2010, and will bring together churches, business, government, media and you to put the spotlight on the needs of those who have lost domestic autonomy in our community. This year on Saturday, October 30th, we are adding the inaugural walk, 1Mile Matters. Promoted by singer John Mellencamp, this 1Mile walk will end for lunch at Tent City. Each year Tent City is support by the generosity of the community. The City of Toledo, Lucas County, United Way, churches, schools, businesses, groups and individuals just like you donate their time, talent or treasure to be 1 who Matters to people who Matter. Presenting sponsors again this year are Cherry Street Mission, NHA Mildred Bayer Clinic for the Homeless, Mercy Health Partners and Toledo Area Ministries. Thank you for your continued support! What can you do? Talk the Talk: Tell everyone about Tent City and 1Mile Matters. Your job is simply to give people the opportunity to get involved so those moved so, will. Walk the Walk: • Walk, build a team, or sponsor a walker for 1Mile Matters • Volunteer to serve over Tent City weekend • Organize an October winter clothing drive at your school, home, business, group or organization. • Camp out overnight to teach the pain of poverty to your children, students, youth group, fraternity or sorority. • Take your winter clothing donation to any Toledo or suburban fire station during the month of
October. • Make a tax deductible gift to help 1Matters change the world 1 at a time. • Visit 1Matters.org for other opportunities. Needed items include backpacks, long underwear, sweatshirts, jeans, winter coats, hats, gloves, and personal hygiene items. Larger sizes of clothing are appreciated. Tent City is a weekend-long event running from Friday noon to Sunday noon and is exclusively devoted to helping those who have lost domestic autonomy. Highlights this year include: • Friday’s Opening Ceremonies, international meal, and entertainment all night. • Saturday’s inaugural walk, 1Mile Matters, Project Humanity Connect, Community Dinner, and entertainment all night. • Sunday’s Reverse Celebrity Pancake Breakfast & Worship service ends the weekend. Project Humanity Connect is the keystone for the weekend. From 9 am to 4 p.m. guests will be connected to free services including medical, dental, optical, hearing, podiatry, and health screenings. Additional items include showers, haircuts, birth certificates, state ID’s or driver’s licenses, clothing, hygiene items. Most importantly, getting connected to the services which can restore them to domestic autonomy. The founding inspiration for 1Matters was a visit by singer John Mellencamp to our Tent City in 2007. Since then, John continues to support and promote 1Matters as well as all of those who have lost domestic autonomy worldwide. John was impressed how the entire community came together to Matter to many in our community need our compassion. We hope you will join us this year to come together once again. Every 1 Matters, won’t you?
Michael Fisher & Greg Bonnough
elcome. This is the start of a new feature in Toledo Streets. I am likely one of the biggest connoisseurs of Greater Toledo’s music scene and I hope to recruit more fans to experience it with me. Maybe you. Check new issues often. I, with the help of my friend Michael Fisher (a local player and formerly a writer for Fisher’s Kitchen Productions and T-Town Music), plan to introduce you to many of the happenings within the regional music movement. There will often be a deliberate focus on the sometimes under-recognized interaction between our performers and our community. Many artists devote their time, talents and compassion to charity, activism and community involvement. We plan to expose the music and the missions. I want music fans to realize the many choices they have in what they listen to around here. Northwest Ohio’s talent transcends preset categories of genre and is wider than what mainstream radio offers. The pool of talent surrounding us is huge. I hope you decide to go see a live show, and take some of your friends too. Have fun and experience the reward of supporting our up and coming acts. Social networking sites are nice but no substitute for being there. We will expose you to a new artist, venue or event coordinator each issue in our “Streetlight” section. It’s our version of turning the spotlight on the important players that you should know. We’re kicking it off with an interview with Michael Rys of GPR Productions. Thanks for supporting the Northwest Ohio Music/ SE Michigan scene and checking in often. —Greg Hosted by Northwest Ohio’s own GPR Productions, the 3rd annual Punkfest for Childrens Hospital was held on Saturday, September 11th this year and raised lots of cash for a great cause. We wanted to explore what they do, what we can expect next year and what can be done to help them while we wait. Here’s what Mike had to say: Toledo Streets: So, what inspired you to play matchmaker uniting the Punk music scene and the Childrens Hospital of Michigan?
Michael Rys: I’d spent a number of years living in West Virginia. When I returned to Toledo I wanted to seize the opportunity to be involved with the music scene again. The chance came along quickly when I was helping out a benefit show that lacked direction. I volunteered with ideas that everyone liked. We all had a blast and raised a healthy sum of money so we immediately thought, “let’s do it again”. GPR cofounder, Sue Moss Rogers, and I both have families directly impacted by Childrens Hospital of Michigan. We decided they’re indigent fund would be an awesome cause. TS: What are some things someone would hear and see at the Punkfest? MR: Wow, where would I even start?!? ...A wide variety of bands from the new to the legends all in one night... outdoor events like the Punk Rock Olympics and the world famous Detroit Fire Guild performing between bands. TS: Are some people surprised to see the hardcore music scene rallying behind such a compassionate cause? Is this a case of “don’t judge a book by it’s cover”? MR: People unfamiliar with the Punk scene? I wouldn’t doubt for a second if they’re surprised. There are lots of closed mined people out there, but I think anyone familiar with the music scene understands the Punk community is giving, honest, thoughtful and actively engaged in causes all the time. TS: Do you find that musicians and artists are under-recognized for community involvement? MR: Yes. I had a band drive over 300 miles to play a benefit show in which they were getting paid, but they donated the money back to the charity. All we could do was say “Thank you”. That deserves recognition. I hear about bands doing things like that often. TS: It seems most charity events predictably showcase top 40 and cover bands. Yours breaks the clichés. How can causes better entice the artists who make original music to contribute? MR: I swear it’s no more simple than asking. Find the bands you like. I don’t care how big or how small they are. If you want them involved, just ask. Some “Punkfest” continued on page 10
Toledo Streets - The Paper with a Mission
Poetry The Doll
So pristine, sweet perfection Lovely doll behind the glass meant only for observation... ... admiration ... So she smiles as viewers pass. Hiding all her thoughts and feelings safe behind her porcelain mask Being held against her will obedience her only task Sorrow soon wells up within her All this loneliness and rage Porcelain mask Now she cracks Shattering her perfect cage Mandy Lehman
Little Girl Lost
Innocence Childhood games Singing, laughing in the rain Chasing fireflies in the dark The Dark… Innocence lost Not lost but stolen, raped away No longer little girl But by no choice of her own Evil hands teach little body Things it should not know to feel To Feel… Nothing more Numbness brings on no more pain No expectation for another to give a damn Of lessons learned too young an age No risk of misunderstanding Abandonment Weakness Inability to carry weight Back to long lost childhood games Hide and seek Don’t be found again… Found again… By warmth and love Love that seeps deep within… Cleansing sacred places Never should have been defiled Trust again. Take a chance A Chance… To feel truly loved… truly beautiful… truly self… Healing brought by understanding… Commitment… Strength… Willingness to share the weight Of pain so deep and scars unhealed Little girl no longer lost… Has finally found a home…
Toledo Streets - The Paper with a Mission
Homeless youth most at-risk for sexual exploitation
Free2BMe delivers hope, freedom to dancers
State Senator Teresa Fedor
o m e l e s s y o u t h — runaways, throwaways, and other vulnerable youth— represent a population that is most at-risk for being sexually exploited, including being commercially sexually exploited and trafficked. The Ohio Trafficking in Persons Commission, under the aegis of the Ohio Attorney General, reported in 2009 that every year 2,879 youths born in Ohio are at-risk for sexual exploitation and that 1,078 youths born in Ohio Senator Fedor speaking at “Trafficking & Beyond: Preventing Sexual have been sexually exploited Violence and Exploitation” at the University of Dayton. Photo: Senator Fedor in any given year. Children who have run away from home or are otherwise homeless can be one of the ten worst states in the recruited by a trafficker within the first country for its lack of legislation, lack 48 hours they are out on the streets. of victims’ services, and lack of training Trafficking in persons is a business that of law enforcement. Ohio must act now is booming in Ohio, in part because to protect its most vulnerable citizens. of the large population of homeless teenagers in Ohio—teenagers that are The road to combating human preyed on by traffickers. trafficking starts with encouraging your legislator to vote for S.B. 235 and Unfortunately, Ohio does not have H.B. 493—bills that will make human adequate laws to address the trafficking trafficking a stand-alone felony and will problem. The states surrounding expand the rights of trafficking victims. Ohio, and a total of 44 U.S. states, S.B. 235 and H.B. 493 may be up for a have a stand-alone offense of human vote this term, so please contact your trafficking but there is no stand-alone legislators and urge them to support offense of human trafficking in Ohio. these two crucial bills. Ohio has Ohio is making itself vulnerable and created a Trafficking in Persons Study sending a signal to traffickers that they Commission with 6 subcommittees can operate in Ohio with very little risk. to study the problem and formulate In Ohio, if a trafficker is arrested, he will legislation on it. not be charged with the crime of human trafficking; instead, his sentence may Once Ohio develops a law against be increased because of his trafficking human trafficking, it can begin to crime—the way using a gun during address the devastating fallout of this the commission of a crime increases crime. Children are being forced into the penalty for that crime – but only if commercial sex slavery, and far more he has two trafficking-related offenses often than not, it is the traumatized named at indictment. To date, Ohio victim that is arrested. States across the prosecutors have never implemented country have been drafting legislation, the sentencing enhancement. aptly termed “safe harbor,” that will protect these young victims. The logic It is because of Ohio’s weak laws that of safe harbor legislation is this: because Ohio’s cities have become hubs of minors can never legally consent to human trafficking. The FBI ranked sex, it is presumed by law any child Toledo fourth in the nation in terms involved in prostitution is a victim of of trafficking arrests and victim human trafficking—not a prostitute or rescues. Polaris Project, a watchdog a criminal, but a victim. Usually, safe of trafficking legislation, labels Ohio harbor legislation also provides the “Youth” continued on page 10
his isn’t what I dreamed off as a little girl. Can’t life rewind? Can’t I go back and make a different turn or something?” “I don’t know where I’m supposed to be…but I don’t think it’s here. I was supposed to be a doctor or a nurse, or maybe a teacher. I don’t know. I just know that I wasn’t supposed to end up going home each night smelling of stale smoke and cheap perfume, looking over my shoulder at all times. I wasn’t supposed to have spent my nights the way I do.” “Sure I feel like a woman and I feel in control… but I just don’t feel…well, I just don’t feel…whole. Something is missing…I keep trying to fill it. I tell myself everything is okay. But it’s just not working. The more I dance, the more I feel empty. I feel powerful, yet weak. I feel exhilarated, yet at the same time unable to breath. I feel the adrenaline pumping through my veins. Truthfully, I’m addicted to it. Sometimes I think it’s all that keeps me going, yet I feel like I’m running and have no place to go…” For three years, these are the daily banters Tori would have with herself when she danced in a local gentlemen’s club. They are not necessarily the feelings of all exotic dancers. However, they are real to some, and for Tori they seemed to echo deep in her soul. She was virtually alone with no real support, no genuine encouragement. She felt as if, with the exception of the men who paid for her attention, the world had exiled her. She had no one she was able to trust. So these thoughts remained hers to endure. Thankfully, this does not have to be the case for exotic dancers today. In 2009, out of her life experiences, Tori birthed The Free2BMe Project, a local organization that seeks to directly respond to this felt need in the community. The Free2BMe Project exists to rally round women in the Toledo area who are employed in the adult entertainment/sex industry. Understanding fully the physical,
Tori heads into a local strip club. Photo: Stefani Carol
emotional and spiritual stresses the business places on a woman, The Free2BMe Project aims to be a true friend to these women. The goal is to walk alongside women working in the sex industry as they journey toward the reclamation and fulfillment of their personal hopes and dreams. Tori’s involvement in the sex industry began early on in her teen life. She spent many years of her life making choices based on bad circumstances. She shares today, “All those years that I thought I knew what freedom was I was really living in bondage. I believed that I was the portrait of freedom. I could do anything and everything. I was in control, yet I was trapped. It wasn’t until I began a relationship with Christ that I discovered that it is only in Him that I am truly free to be myself; to be the woman he created me to be.” As a faith-based organization, The Free2BMe Project takes a holistic approach to meeting the needs of these women, caring about their whole being—body, mind and spirit. Taking a not-so-typical slant, Tori firmly believes that while society has tended to exile these women, “the love of Christ knows no boundaries. The real issue is not how these women earn their living, but that they know, encounter, and experience the real love of Christ.” Twice a month The Free2BMe Project hits local strip clubs with love
“Free” continued on page 10
Toledo Streets - The Paper with a Mission
Escaping the torment of prostitution
Second Chance first on frontlines Margo Pierce
Amanda F. Moore
F A go-go dancer waits to go on stage in a red light district bar. Exotic dancing is often a route into prostitution. Photo: REUTERS/Damir Sagolj
am a survivor from the life of prostitution. Everything that we represent here I am a survivor of—domestic violence, prostitution, drug addiction, criminal justice system, homelessness, rape, all of that.” Joy Friedman, women’s program manager at Breaking Free in St. Paul, Minnesota, makes direct eye contact as she speaks. There is no edge in her tone of voice and no hesitation in her manner. She is an advocate in a house of advocates helping women leave prostitution. When the door is closed to her office—what was once a bedroom in a converted house—her presence fills the space between boxes, piles of papers on a cluttered desk and the two guest chairs that leave only a skinny floor space for navigation. “I came here as a client and was a participant in the program in the beginning in 2001. I came straight out of incarceration into treatment and treatment introduced me to Breaking Free.” “We educate the girls on what
they get caught up in, cuz a lot of times we, as victims, blame ourselves and society helps us with that, saying, ‘You should do something else. You should have never gotten in this. It’s your fault. You cause this to happen to you. You chose this.’ “In these groups we actually talk about what led up to it. Little girls don’t daydream about being involved in prostitution. I didn’t ask to get raped at 15 by a pimp and have three of his guys torture me and be held captive for 24 hours. “Yeah, I survived it and got out of it, but the trauma that was done to me is with me the rest of my life. That’s a big piece people don’t really look at or seem to forget, is that in prostitution it’s not just the sex piece. It’s not just, ‘OK, stop having sex, get yourself a regular job.’ “If you’ve had sex with one guy or 1,000 guys, the real impact is in how you had it-the fact that we’re bought, you compromised your morals, your values if you had them in the first placeand here a stranger is doing things to you that’s supposed to be done in an
resh out of the 7th Annual International Conference on Human Trafficking, Prostitution and Sex Work on October 7th and 8th, Mary Schmidbauer kindly squeezed me into her schedule and answered my questions about the 17year old organization and its work. And when I say “squeezed”, I mean squeezed. Second Chance is operating at all levels, from working one-on-one with women and girls seeking to leave the sex trade to collaborating with other area nonprofits in programs and services to cooperating with state and federal government offices and agencies on legislation, education and advocacy. Toledo Streets: What was the catalyst for starting Second Chance? Mary Schmidbauer: Dr. Celia Williamson founded Second Chance in 1993. In her day-to-day work at the Friendly Center, she encountered women working at street level and decided to reach out to them. There was a pilot project of several women who worked with Dr. Williamson in developing individual goal plans, and deciding if they wanted to leave the streets, or just be safer at working them. Many of the women Second Chance has encountered over the years have been victimized by sexual violence and exploitation. Our goal has always been to care for the woman, to help her identify her strengths, and to help her find her voice and speak on her own behalf. TS: What other organizations do you partner with to accomplish your mission? MS: Second Chance works with many organizations throughout our community and beyond. We do not believe in re-inventing the wheel, or duplicating services. If an agency is
known for a particular type of work, we work with members to engage in services that are available. If a member needs a specific type of service or has a unique need, we work on it together, all the while working with each woman or youth to be their own best advocate. TS: Earlier this year, Second Chance received the FBI Director’s Community Leadership Award, which you had to be nominated for by a FBI field office in regards to “tremendous support in investigations to combat crime, terrorism, drugs and violence in America.” Was this part of an ongoing relationship you have with the local FBI field office, or in direct relation to a specific investigation? MS: Convening the coalition, efforts to streamline the continuum of care, training service providers and possible responders, and our work to develop clear protocols for community response to this issue are all part of Second Chance’s commitment to victim services. The Northwest Ohio Violent Crimes Against Children Task force is part of the Innocence Lost National Initiative—a dedicated initiative of the Department of Justice and the Federal Bureau of Investigation—against domestic minor sex trafficking. As part of the LCHTC, we maintain an ongoing relationship and provide support to the Task force as we are able. TS: I see you receive assistance referrals for women and girls from several areas, including the women and girls themselves. Approximately how many are you able to assist each year? Have you seen any rise in the number of women and girls? MS: Each year, we have been able to provide intensive services to approximately 60 to 75 individuals. The
“Prostitution” continued on page 9
“Second” continued on page 8
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Chance, continued from page 7 majority of our members are over the age of 18. As more people learn about the services of Second Chance, and more attention is focused on the issue of domestic sex trafficking, we have received more referrals and more inquiries for support services and community trainings. TS: While you provide individualized services and programs for each recipient, do you see any particular needs more than any others? MS: Most women and youth share a common history of sexual abuse, sexual violence, and trauma. Recognizing and healing those wounds, learning to speak for themselves, and rebuilding their self-esteem. The unique quality about Second Chance is that our members define their journey, their learnings, and the things they need to work on. Our efforts are targeted at encouraging and supporting a woman to define her own empowerment—she is able to declare her value, her worth and what she decides to pursue and accomplish. TS: Awareness of human trafficking seems to be growing. Has this impacted your organization at all? MS: Finally! Awareness of the issue has been one of the many things Second Chance works on regularly. We are a very unique organization in that there are so many components of our work. In addition to the direct services for women and children, we also work at community education, prevention, and advocacy. Second Chance has conducted numerous trainings about domestic minor sex trafficking, and its prevalence in the Northwest Ohio area. During 2009, with the efforts of the Second Chance Advisory Board, and the Lucas County Human Trafficking Coalition, we have educated over 2000 people about this issue. Second Chance produced a prevention film for junior high and high school youth that depicts in a dramatization the most common methods used to recruit young women into sex work in the Toledo area. The goal of the film is to spur conversation about this issue between youth and adults, to educate youth and encourage them to be cautious, to raise awareness among parents and adults regarding the extreme vulnerability of our youth to this degree of manipulation.
Second Chance has also been active in educating people about Senate Bill 235, and the importance of developing policies and legislation that support services for domestic victims. We participated in the Victim Services committee of the Attorney General’s Trafficking In Persons Study Commission. This committee is working to assess and streamline services and develop a continuum of care and a standards of care among service providers.
share new information, new findings and build a collaborative strategy to address trafficking in this area. TS: The LCHTC was formed in January 2009, so it’s relatively young. What has it been able to accomplish so far, and/or what is the Coalition trying to accomplish now? MS: The key purpose of gathering was primarily to share information and efforts among providers who may encounter victims of trafficking in their day-to-day
Why has Toledo become a hub of human trafficking?
• Proximity to the Detroit International Airport • Easy access to Canada and the East Coast • Prevalence of agricultural farms, massage parlors, strip clubs – where trafficking victims are often enslaved • Large immigrant communities where it is easy to hide foreignborn trafficking victims • Lenient laws and little risk for traffickers
Factors that Increase Risk to Ohio Youth • Ohio’s weak response to trafficking victims • First responders are unaware and unprepared • Customers and traffickers remain protected • High rates of vulnerable youth in Ohio
Source: Trafficking in Person Study Commission: Prevalence of Human Trafficking in Ohio, 2009
TS: What is Second Chance’s role in the Lucas County Human Trafficking Coalition? MS: Second Chance, The Lucas County Juvenile Court, the Northwest Ohio Violent Crimes Against Children Task Force and The University of Toledo are all founding members of the Lucas County Human Trafficking Coalition. As more and more awareness was raised among service providers, it became important to bring any provider in the area who might engage with a victim of trafficking to the table in an effort to provide clear information sharing, to insure that people working with victims understand and train each other, to insure services are not needlessly duplicated. The coalition is a model throughout the state and has 2530 participating agencies. It has been the best way to coordinate care and services for victims within the Toledo area as well as an incredible forum to develop and
work, to try to streamline a continuum of care and establish a protocol and procedure for standardizing and coordinating our efforts. It is with the support of the coalition that many service providers have been educated about the signs and indicators of trafficking, its prevalence in our area and how to report suspicious behavior or activity. The Toledo Lucas County Health Department (a key member of the Coalition) spearheaded the development of an agency wide response to trafficking within its Department and that response is being shared and customized among other providers and other health departments throughout the state. We are currently working to further analyze and streamline the community’s response and working to develop a solid protocol and procedure we hope will be adopted throughout the community to insure safety and services for victims.
TS: Are there any ties between trafficking and homelessness? MS: The biggest tie is... vulnerability. Not many people like to own their own vulnerability, but being homeless puts people in a pretty vulnerable place. Youth sometimes run away, or are put out by their families. Some people turn to sex work for survival, trading sex for a place to stay, a ride, or sometimes even food. Homelessness is something that adds to the vulnerability of adults and youth. The trafficker or pimp is there waiting to exploit the weakness and vulnerability of anyone, but especially that run away or homeless youth. Shelters are a prime recruiting ground for traffickers and their recruiters, and often people are at their most vulnerable when homeless or relying on shelter. TS: Ohio Senate Bill 235 was introduced earlier this year by Senators Fedor and Grendell. The bill would make labor or sex trafficking a second-degree felony in Ohio, which is one of seven states that currently has no trafficking legislation as defined by the federal government. What is the status of the bill? How will it impact the Toledo area? MS: Senator Fedor has been a tireless advocate. We appreciate her vigilance. People should follow her website and get on her e-mail list if at all possible. We will need testimony as this bill comes forward through the committee process. It would seem declaring trafficking a felony and mirroring the federal definitions would be a no-brainer, but, unfortunately, it has opposition. Ohio is one of six or seven states that has no explicit prohibitions. If Ohio had an anti trafficking provision, it might allow easier prosecution, enhanced penalties, and... if not more convictions, at least the awareness that the state is doing something about it. Ohio is perceived as being soft on trafficking and Toledo being so active as an origin city supports that perception. Often victims originate from Toledo, but cases might be prosecuted in other jurisdictions if possible in an effort to get maximum penalties and sentencing for the trafficker. It’s critical folks educate themselves and join the movement to end trafficking. To follow Schmidbauer’s advice, visit www.secondchancetoledo.org.
Toledo Streets - The Paper with a Mission
Prostitution, continued from page 7 intimate, loving, caring, respectful, agreed-upon relationship. That stuff sticks with you. You feel less, you feel dirty, you feel, ‘Oh my God, what have I done?’ and that itself can be torture. “And then you get that soiled feeling of, ‘Who’s going to want me after that? Am I ever going to be able to get the husband, the white picket fence, the dog, the family? Who’s gonna want a prostitute for a wife?’ And there’s a lot of people who will help you with that as, ‘Once a ho, always a ho.’ “Tricks help you with that. Pimps help you with that to confirm, ‘Don’t go anywhere else because nobody’s going to accept you. Who in society is going to have a prostitute as their day care provider, or their receptionist? You’re never going to be anything. And once they find out about your life, they’re going to get rid of you. So stay with me, I love you for who you are and what you do. Don’t worry. It’s safe, we don’t judge you here.’” Breaking Free is one of only a few dozen organizations in the United States available to assist and an estimated 100,000 prostitutes leave “the life.” Breaking Free offers those currently caught in the life of prostitution as well as survivors of prostitution a lifetime of support through peer counseling, support groups, temporary and permanent housing, case management and access to essential services such as health care, mental health support, addiction programs and more all in one place. By providing a safe place, the house in the heart of an urban center becomes a haven. The first step is a 14-week program called Sisters of Survival. “The dynamics of prostitution is what we talk about in there, such as boundaries, recruitment, self-esteem, do you want this job? We compare the job versus a career, or a real 9-to-5 versus prostitution, escort services or dancing. Is that a job? Then we look at the differences in job, like workman’s comp protection, 401k plans, taxes. You look at all that. “That’s the thing about prostitution people don’t understand, you have low self-esteem and somebody in that lifestyle opens their arms to you, it’ll come down to ‘I need someone to appreciate who I am. I need someone to make me feel important.’ So, a lot of girls get trapped through dancing. When you go into dancing, you’re actually the center of attention. Men come to see
you. They give you money, they’ll buy you drinks. We know there’s an ulterior motive, but that feeds that missing piece. “This is a process for every girl. It’s a process for me and I’ve been out 10 years. I still have problems of my own, where I have to deal with issues, like I don’t have a relationship. Why? Cuz I don’t know how to have one. Even though I’m up here working with women and I’m helping them understand where we’ve come from and where we can go, that piece of relationship—mmmm. Can’t do that yet. “Sex, it has no meaning to me. If that’s what a relationship’s about I guess I won’t have one because I’ve had enough sex to last me a lifetime. If that’s what he wants and that’s what it’s all about then I’m OK with being by myself.” A woman knocks and opens Friedman’s door and tells her that she is struggling to handle a girl on the phone who is in ‘desperate measures.’ As assured Friedman picks up a pencil at the same time she picks up the phone and begins to talk. “Where ya at? It’s OK, honey. Are you OK at the moment? Are you safe? You remember me? Where did I see you? Good for you! You don’t want to do it anymore. You need to see your probation officer. Do you have an addiction? Keep it real with me. Last time you used? What’s your drug of choice? Have you ever been to treatment, honey? It’s OK. You’re tryin’ to fix a problem by admitting to it. That’s not a bad thing. You can let ‘em know you been sober. It’s not like you’re tellin’ on yourself negative, you’re tellin’ them you need help. It’s not your fault-someone’s using your situation. Whatever we’re askin’ of you ain’t nothin’ compared to where you been. We want to get you someplace safe to stay. Have your probation officer call me. I can advocate on your behalf. You don’t have to be with those men. You don’t have to do this. You deserve better than that.
You can do this. It’s going to be hard because it’s going to be change but you can do this. You got bigger and better things waiting on you out there. It’s OK where we are right now.” Friedman hangs up the phone, makes some notes and then looks up. “The girls are real willing and open to hearing me because I talk our language, so they know I’ve been there. There are certain things about that lifestyle that, if you’ve been in it, there’s just certain language and certain things you know that you can’t just read that and learn it. “Word has traveled so a lot of people know me or know of me. And they know me from the streets and they know me from this side. The women are real receptive to it because they want out. “A lot of girls are falsely convinced that there is no way out and they’re terrorized or tortured into believing that if they try to get out this individual will find them, hurt them or hurt their families—that instilled fear is real to us. It may not be real to everybody else, but it’s real to us and that’s all that matters. ‘I believe he’s going to go hurt my kids or my mother or my family members because I’ve watched him do it to other girls.’ “So you’re scared to even try to attempt it, you feel trapped mentally, not to mention physically, so that you don’t go nowhere. You don’t try to escape because you’re scared of the consequences, ‘What if?’ “Right now I have a lady that needs to move into transitional housing. I have two of them actually— one of them is coming from the criminal justice system, one is coming from treatment. Now both these young ladies both these girls have extensive criminal backgrounds and they want to get out. But once again, those barriers of, ‘If I get out, what kind of job am I going to be able to have?’ “I’m a role model for both of them right now because they’ve seen me come up out of the dirt, literally, out of jail with nothing and advance up the ladder as I have and get that respect and bring back things that I never thought I’d have and getting positions that we never would have thought women like us could be in.” “Vednita Carter, (the founder of
Image: Emily Lee
Breaking Free) believes in hiring survivors, regardless of their backgrounds. We believe in second chance opportunities and empowering them. But with these women I show them that we can do this despite our records, despite everything in that. All they have to do is want it. If they want it, Breaking Free and myself are willing to walk, Vednita is willing to walk not in front of them but side-by-side with them, hold their hand the whole journey, not halfway through it. “This program offers a lifetime of support. So it’s not like after 14 weeks you’re done with our program or the funding ran out so your stuff is over. This is ongoing so if you leave us today and go back to the life, we’re not going to feel any different about you. We’ll pray for you and try to hope that God protects you while you’re out there. And that you come back to us alive. We’ve got many women that haven’t made it back and that we ended up attending their funerals. “So what I do is just let them know, ‘If you fall, it’s OK. Call me.’ We have an emergency cell phone, they can call any time. I’m out in the streets doing outreach, so when I see them I treat them no differently from the first day that I met them, which means a lot to them. “We want people to know that we’re human—don’t have that sympathy and pity for us—poor her, poor her. No, it’s just a situation happening. I need help and support to get out of it. We’re women like you. We are somebody’s child. How would you want your child to be treated if this happened to her? “No one’s exempt from this. The women involved in this didn’t cause this. The facts here are a woman’s caught up in a very violent situation and as a community we need to come together and embrace her, otherwise why should she get out of it?” Originally published by Denver Voice. ts © www.streetnewsservice.org
continued from page 4
say “yes”, some say “no”. Its just that easy. TS: Any plans for organizing a similar event in Toledo? MR: I’m interested. There’s certainly the talent here to pull it off. I did a benefit show with Impulse Tattoo this summer for the Cleft Palate Foundation that was a success and I plan to work with them on another one for 2011. TS: What hopes do you hold for the future of Punk Fest? MR: Obviously I want to see it grow every year. I hope these huge companies that I approach start responding and contributing…or at least acknowledging us. The major companies that have their hands in every entertainment dollar out there have not given one ounce of support yet or even returned our calls. I would really love to get even bigger names to play the show too. It would help put us on the national map and make it easier to recruit. TS: How can folks stay up to date on your other shows and upcoming events? MR: I’m on Facebook and MySpace under my own name. GPR Productions has a Facebook page, too. Everything gets posted there. Show fliers are always up at Ramalama, Culture Clash, and Allied Records too.
Toledo Streets - The Paper with a Mission
minor victim be eligible for counseling and other services at a safe house.
gifts in hand and one aim in mind—to let the women inside know they are loved, they are not alone and they have a friend. From its inception, Tori has been open to allowing The Free2BMe Project to have a fluidity to it. She is going with the flow, being obedient to the direction in which she feels called. Very early on in her brainstorming, she realized her path to exotic dancing did not begin in the clubs at 18 years, but instead as a young teen in the hands of others. Tori has found it hard to ignore the need to advocate the end to modern day slavery—human trafficking, specifically sex trafficking. In addition to its primary objective— building meaningful relationships and journeying alongside women in the sex industry—The Free2BMe Project has also begun to work, when and where it can, to support the battle against human trafficking in Northwest Ohio. Sex trafficking is “any form of sexual exploitation in prostitution, pornography, bride trafficking, and the commercial sexual abuse of children,” as defined by Polaris Project, one of the largest anti-trafficking organizations in the United States and Japan. Sex trafficking is one of the most profitable systems of modern day slavery. According to the report Prevalence of Human Trafficking in Ohio, 2009, from the Trafficking in Persons Study Commission, “Toledo is currently number four in the nation in terms of number of arrests, investigations, and rescue of domestic minor sex trafficking victims among US cities. The top three cities are Miami, Portland, and Las Vegas. Given that the city of Toledo’s population is 298, 446 and Lucas County’s is 440,456, this area can be considered to lead the nation for number of traffickers produced and the number of victims recruited into the sex trade per capita.” The Free2BMe Project has aligned itself with local organizations responding to the social harms of human trafficking, including Second Chance, a social service program in Toledo which provides comprehensive services to victims of domestic sex trafficking and prostitution. Tori and those at The Free2BMe Project have begun to help prevent young girls from being trafficked through community education.
continued from page 6
In 2010, more than 40 bills related to human trafficking have been enacted and roughly 350 introduced in state legislatures across the country. Unfortunately, only five states—Illinois, Texas, and Washington, Connecticut, and New York—have taken steps towards safe harbor legislation protecting sexually exploited minors. One big hurdle to passing safe harbor legislation is that it will require a major change in the way people—including law enforcement and the criminal justice system—perceive prostitutes, johns, pimps, and the sex trade. We need a paradigm shift where we, as a culture, realize that the prostitutes we have been criminalizing are, in fact, often victimized homeless children, and the johns and pimps we have been condoning are, in fact, violent criminals. We need to be vigilant in prevention, protection, and prosecution. State Senator Teresa Fedor (D-11) ts Cosponsor, S.B. 235
TS: How can people contribute or donate while they wait for the next show? MR: I would recommend buying our compilation CD which is available via mail order for $10.00. Just hit me up online or you can go to www. UglyOnline.net to order by PayPal. TS: Any words for those who say Punk is dead? MR: ...Wherever you have angry disillusioned people ... you have punk. The way this country’s been heading we may just have an explosion of punk ts music soon!
Call today for ad rates! 419.825.6397
continued from page 6
Tori has found a new woman. The hopes and dreams of one exstripper have brought her straight back to the clubs she worked, but those dreams do not stop there. The vision of The Free2BMe Project is based on unconditional love. The long-term goal is to provide spiritual counseling, life-coaching, educational resources, and career transition resources. Tori is thoroughly committed to walking through life alongside women in the sex industry, right where they are, as a friend. She believes we were created as relational beings that need one another. She says, “Life isn’t easy and it often takes great friends to help where we want to be. The Free2BMe Project wants to be that friend and to offer whatever help it is able to assist women in the sex industry in fulfilling the dreams and purposes placed on their hearts.” If you would like more information about The Free2BMe Project, please visit their website: www.thefree2bmeproject.org. ts
Toledo Streets - The Paper with a Mission
Hoboscopes Libra | The moon is shrinking, Libra. I’m sorry I have to be the one to tell you, but it’s true. Recent research indicates the moon’s radius has decreased by more than 300 feet in only a billion short years. Who knows how many more feet of moon we’ll lose over the next billion? It’s not as big as it used to be and there is nothing you or me or anybody can do about it. You’ve had a lot on your mind lately, Libra, and rightly so. Some of it is stuff that you really ought to be taking care of, but some of it (I’ll give you a hint: still shrinking) is the kind of thing you need to be able to let go. How about this, take out pen and make a couple of lists. One list for the things you ought to do something about and one for the things you can’t do anything about. When you’re done, take the first list and put it on your refrigerator. Take the second list and mail it to the ever-diminishing moon. Scorpio | I hear there’s a great old haunted house just outside of town. It’s got a broken gate with a rusted latch and the bony branches of the old dead tree in the front yard still sway and scrape across the clouded glass of the upstairs window. Of course, if you think about it, Scorpio, haunted houses might be the only kind of houses. Any place you’ve spent enough time fills up with ghosts, shadows and dusty cobwebs in every corner. But our haunted houses don’t have to be the scary places we make them. Turn the lights on, dust out the corners and maybe try striking up a conversation with some of those ghosts. Talk about the past. Talk about the future. You’ll still be living in a haunted house, but at least you’ll have company. Sagittarius | “The Ocean Pout” isn’t just a great name for an all-girl surf rock band, it’s also the name of an eel-like polar fish that lives in such cold waters its body must produce an “anti-freeze” protein just to keep it’s blood from turning to ice. Recently, scientists have found a way to replicate this amazing protein and are now using it (drum roll please…) as an additive to make low calorie ice-cream bars creamier. As usual, I’ve got a better idea. You know there’s been a coldness in your heart lately, Sagittarius. The colder the world gets around you the less warmth you can feel for the world. Science probably can’t replicate a protein to add anti-freeze to your affections, but, if you really try, you might be able to soften things up on your own.
Mr. Mysterio Capricorn | There is an old Scottish Halloween tradition that heartsick, hopeful souls should peel an apple in one long strip, and then toss the peel over their shoulder. It is believed the peel will land in the shape of the first letter of the name of the lonely peeler’s future spouse. Sounds promising, right? Go ahead, give it a try, Capricorn…Let’s see, did that land in the shape of a…”9,” or maybe…a donut…with a…handle? Maybe your future love has a name that begins with an unpronounceable symbol. Don’t worry too much Capricorn, the future of your love life might just be too grand for even an apple peel to foretell. By the way, you should probably eat the rest of that, it’s starting to turn brown. Aquarius | Tolstoy said, “Progress consists, not in the increase of truth, but in freeing it from its wrappings. The truth is obtained like gold, not by letting it grow bigger, but by washing off from it everything that isn’t gold.” Reread that until you get some gold out of it. That’s progress. Pisces | On that first bite, the hand that feeds you actually tastes pretty darn good (still has a little bit of food on it, I guess). Of course, it doesn’t take too many bites before the food is gone and that hand isn’t coming back without a glove. You’ve already learned this lesson, Pisces. The choice now is whether to go forward with resentment or to learn from your mistakes and move on. I’d go with the latter, you’ll be a better person for it. Aries | No need to shell-out $9.50 for the Halloween midnight showing of “Bride of The Butcher III”, Aries. Your life has felt like a real horror movie for weeks now, and it seems like you keep paying the price of admission again and again. It’s like you’ve been all alone, locked in a tiny closet under the basement stairs, too afraid to scream for help. But hang on there, Aries, maybe you’re the one keeping the closet door locked. Turn the latch, open the door and flip the light switch back on. Are you really so trapped and alone, or did you just run down here all by yourself? Come on back up the stairs, you might find some people who care about you up here in the kitchen making popcorn. Careful though, we rented “Bride of The Butcher II: T-Bones of Terror” and you have to sit in the beanbag chair!
Taurus | Henry Ford reportedly once offered, “People can have the Model T in any color—so long as it’s black.” His company got very good at doing one very specific thing in one very specific way. You’ve got a little bit of that yourself, Taurus, and it’s served you well. But the key to this month is diversification. It’s hard to get out of your comfort zone, especially when your comfort zone has been successful so far. You need to experiment, search outside your expertise while the old assembly line is still cranking out the hits. Gemini | It was Pliny the Elder who first reported ostriches try to escape danger by hiding their heads, imagining that if they can’t see they can’t be seen. I know you’d rather be invisible lately, Gemini, but that paper bag over your head is just drawing more attention. Take your head out of the sand, friend, we see you anyway. Pliny also hypothesized ostriches incubate their eggs by staring at them warmingly. I think you can do the same with that smoldering gaze. CANCER | Stephen Hawking was not the first physicist to report the universe we live in is only one universe among countless other universes. In fact, if Hawking is correct, those universes may contain countless Stephen Hawking who have already reported the very same idea. If he’s right, Cancer, than your infinite quest for uniqueness was doomed from the start. I’m not saying your recent foray into the world of fullneck-tattoos doesn’t make you stand out in a crowd (I noticed you as soon as you rolled into the room on your leopard-print Segway), I’m just saying your constant effort to be different than everybody else is getting in the way of your innate need to actually be yourself. So before you work any harder on bringing back the word “forsooth” as a term of ironic affirmation, consider those countless other universes and remember, being completely different than everybody else isn’t just impossible, it’s also pretty lonely.
Leo | On October 18th, 1974, Chicago police were called to investigate reports of a Kangaroo standing on someone’s front porch. The officers located the animal in a nearby alleyway, but were unable to apprehend it. Over the weeks that followed, there were Kangaroo sightings across Illinois, Wisconsin, Michigan, and Indiana. You may feel like you’re in the wrong place at the wrong time, Leo, and you’re not entirely wrong. You don’t fit in here much better than a kangaroo in Chicago, but I’m still going to ask you to stick around. You’re at least making everybody else’s lives more interesting. Virgo | Every year you wait. You walk your blanket out to the middle of the most sincere pumpkin patch you can find and you wait. Sometimes you sit with your skeptical friends and sometimes you just sit alone with your unwavering faith; and you wait. Will this be the year your perseverance pays off? Will it finally happen, just the way you’ve always known it would? You may not know it Virgo, but you aren’t just waiting out there for your own benefit. You’re doing it for all of us. You’re doing it because you can, even when we can’t. You’re doing it because we need to know somebody is out there waiting. I may not have your patience, but I can’t stand the thought The Great Pumpkin could show up and find the patch is empty. Mr. Mysterio is not a licensed astrologer, a trained paranormal investigator or a g-g-gghost! Hoboscopes appear courtesy of The Contributor street newspaper in Nashville, TN Want more tricks and treats of towering truth? Follow Mr. Mysterio on twitter at: http://twitter.com/mrmysterio
1Matters... Will You? Tent City is October 29 - October 31, 2010 Come be part of a team that Matters. We need volunteers to help organize and execute: gathering and sorting clothes, acquiring food donations, licensed hair stylists, podiatrists, and more! Visit our site for a list of meetings, and to register in our organizational forum. Please join us this year and Walk to Make 1 Mile Matter during Tent City.
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Published on Oct 14, 2010